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Chapter 14 Review The Presidency in Action Question 1 President Truman ordered the seizure of _____ to avert a strike. a. Steel mills b. Airlines c. Political prisoners d. The Bill of Rights Answer A. Steel Mills Explanation: When a labor dispute threatened to shut down the nation’s steel industry during the Korean war, Truman ordered the seizure and Federal operation of several steel mills. Question 2 What new country did Harry Truman recognize in 1948, helping it to survive a war for independence? a. Israel b. Panama c. Cuba d. Haita Answer A. Israel Explanation: He recognized Israel shortly after it declared independence. Question 3 Recommending legislation and the power of the veto are the President’s main _____ powers. a. Judicial b. Executive c. Administrative d. Legislative Answer D. Legislative Explanation: These powers are legislative in that they involve the creation of laws. Question 4 President Tyler annexed Texas through a(n) a. Treaty. b. Joint resolution. c. Executive agreement. d. Executive order. Answer B. Joint Resolution Explanation: This method required only a majority vote in each house, not a two- thirds vote in the Senate. Question 5 Richard Nixon received a _____ from President Gerald Ford. a. Reprieve b. Pardon c. Commutation d. Clemency Answer B. Pardon Explanation: Nixon got a pardon “for all offenses against the United States” that he may have committed during his presidency. Question 6 The limited Line Item Veto Act of 1996 allowed a President to eliminate tax provisions that did what? a. Benefited fewer than 100 people b. Benefited special interests c. Cut taxes without cutting spending d. Hurt the economy Answer C. Cut taxes without cutting spending Explanation: Any tax provision that benefited fewer than 100 people could be eliminated according to the act. Question 7 Theodore Roosevelt felt that the role of the chief executive was what? a. Legislating b. Stewardship c. Absolute d. Whatever the Constitution dictated Answer B. Stewardship Explanation: Theodore Roosevelt felt that the President was a “steward of the people.” Question 8 How does the Executive branch of government affect a law once it has been passed? a. By deciding how to enforce it b. By determining its constitutionality c. By deciding whether or not to enforce it d. By rewriting the terms of the law Answer A. By deciding how to enforce it Explanation: The executive branch must enforce the country’s laws, but there can be differences in the manor of execution between various administrations Question 9 Presidential appointees must be approved by a. Three-fourths of the House. b. Three-fourths of the Senate. c. A majority of the Senate. d. A majority of the House and the Senate. Answer C. A majority of the Senate Explanation: Presidential nominations are sent to the Senate, and must be approved by a majority of those present. Question 10 The president’s power to issue executive orders has been upheld because it is necessary for what? a. For the faithful execution of the laws b. For the administration of the executive branch c. For the protection of the citizens d. For the direction of the military Answer A. For the faithful execution of the laws Explanation: The Supreme Court has upheld the power for this reason. Question 11 Which of the following conflicts was NOT declared as a war or otherwise authorized by Congress? a. Vietnam b. World War I c. World War II d. The Korean War Answer D. The Korean War Explanation: There was no Congressional resolution to support the Korean War Question 12 A (n) ________is a diplomat who is sent back to his or her country. a. Absentee ambassador b. Autocratic ambassador c. Personal pro tempore d. Persona non grata Answer D. Persona non grata Explanation: A recalled official is declared to be persona non grata, an unwelcome person Question 13 When a President reduces the sentence or fine for a convicted criminal, he is using what power? a. Administrative b. Commutation c. Legislative d. Amnesty Answer B. Commutation Explanation: The power of commutation is the power to reduce the length of a sentence or fine imposed by a court. Question 14 Some of the framers believed the words of Roger Sherman, who wrote that the executive powers should amount to carrying out the will of the a. Legislature b. Electorate c. Constitution d. Administrative Answer A. Legislature Explanation: Several Framers agreed with Roger Sherman who “considered the executive magistracy as nothing more than an institution for carrying the will of the legislature into effect.” Question 15 The war Powers Resolution was passed in reaction to what extended conflict? a. The Korean War b. The conflict in Iraq c. World War II d. The conflict in Vietnam Answer D. The conflict in Vietnam Explanation: This act was designed to limit the President’s ability to make war and was inspired by Vietnam. Question 16 The Supreme Court found that George W. Bush had overreached his power in what case? a. Dennis v. United States b. U.S. Term limits, Inc. v Thornton c. Raul v. Bush d. United States v. Leon Answer C. Raul v. Bush Explanation: In this case, the court found that it was unconstitutional when the Bush Administration held prisoners at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and elsewhere, without these safeguards. Question 17 What has been called “the most loosely drawn chapter” in the nation’s fundamental law? a. Article I b. Article II c. Article III d. Article IV Answer B. Article II Explanation: Article II, The Executive Article establishes the powers of the presidency in a sketchy fashion. Question 18 The rule of senatorial courtesy gives what member of the Senate power in some appointments? a. Senators from the State where the official will serve who are from the President’s party b. The majority leader c. The Senate president, pro tempore d. The minority leader Answer A. Senators from the State where the official will serve who are from the President’s party Explanation: In this custom, the Senate approves only appointees acceptable to the senator(s) of the President’s party from the State involved. Question 19 President Truman ordered the seizure of _____ to avert a strike. a. Steel mills b. Airlines c. Political prisoners d. The Bill of Rights Answer A. Steel mills Explanation: When a labor dispute threatened to shut down the nation’s steel industry during the Korean War, Truman ordered the seizure and Federal operation of several steel mills. Question 20 The President may NOT appoint _____ in the event of a vacancy. a. Supreme Court justices b. Senators c. Ambassadors d. postmasters Answer B. Senators Explanation: The president may never appoint a senator. Each state has rules about how senatorial vacancies are to be filled. Question 21 When a President reduces the sentence or fine for a convicted criminal, he is using what power? a. Administrative b. Commutation c. Legislative d. Amnesty Answer B. Commutation Explanation: The power of commutation is the power to reduce the length of a sentence or fine imposed by a court. Question 22 The power of the presidency has been cause for debate MAINLY because a. The presidency is the most powerful office in the world. b. The Constitution provided a loose definition of executive power. c. The presidency is an office that operates in full view of the public. d. Leaders wanted to prevent the President from becoming a tyrant. Answer B. The Constitution provided a loose definition of executive power. Question 23 The President’s military powers a. Are strictly limited to times of war. b. Are shared with Congress. c. Only apply to the use of the United States Army and its weapons. d. May never be used to keep the domestic peace. Answer B. Are shared with Congress Question 24 The President CANNOT exercise judicial power by a. Granting amnesty to a group of law violators. b. Reducing the length of a sentence. c. Granting pardons in cases of impeachment. d. Postponing the carrying out of a sentence. Answer C. Granting pardons in cases of impeachment Question 25 Which of the following gives the President the power to issue executive orders? a. The Constitution and the judicial branch b. Congressional acts and the constitution c. Congressional acts and the oath of office d. The oath of office and the Constitution Answer B. Congressional acts and the Constitution Question 26 Presidents who have been considered stronger and more effective leaders have viewed the presidency as a. An imperial office not accountable to Congress. b. What Theodore Roosevelt called a “stewardship.” c. Strictly bound by the Constitution and the laws of Congress. d. What William H. Taft called “the loneliest place in the world.” Answer B. What Theodore Roosevelt called a “stewardship.” Question 27 The difference between a treaty and an executive agreement is that a. A treaty is with a foreign state but an executive agreement is domestic. b. A treaty must begin in the Senate but an executive agreement is made wholly by the President. c. The President needs Senate approval for a treaty but not for an executive agreement. d. A treaty ends or prevents a war but an executive agreement does not. Answer C. The President needs Senate approval for a treaty but not for an executive agreement. Question 28 Upon receipt of a bill, the President can take all of the following actions EXCEPT a. Call on a special session of congressional committees to revise the bill. b. Veto the bill c. Decide to neither sign nor veto the bill, allowing it to become a law. d. Sign the bill to make it a law. Answer A. Call a special session of congressional committees to revise the bill. Question 29 The President has the power to make executive agreements a. That are based only on legislation already passed. b. With the consent of two-thirds of the Senate. c. Only a dozen times each year d. Without any congressional action or approval Answer D. Without any congressional action or approval Question 30 Treaties can be a. Declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court b. Made with the Senate’s consent. c. Repealed by Congress. d. All of the above. Answer D. All of the above.
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