Introduction _ Defining Deviance Adler _ Adler

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Introduction _ Defining Deviance Adler _ Adler Powered By Docstoc
					 Part I
Chapter 2

            Part 1: Ch. 2
Part 1: Ch. 2
Part 1: Ch. 2
Part 1: Ch. 2
Part 1: Ch. 2
Part 1: Ch. 2
Part 1: Ch. 2
 What are “negative deviance” and “rate-
  busting” in the context of middle-class
 Discuss some of the middle-class values in
  the U.S. and provide examples of each.

                                         Part 1: Ch. 2
 Part I
Chapter 3
Part 1: Ch. 3
 Social groups create the rules whose
  violation constitutes deviance
 Those same groups apply their rules to
  persons labeled as outsiders

                                           Part 1: Ch. 3
 Deviance is not an objective, inherent
  quality of the act a person commits, but the
  result of the application of rules and
  sanctions to an “offender”
 A deviant is someone who has been
  successfully labeled as deviant

                                           Part 1: Ch. 3
Part 1: Ch. 3
 A person’s deviant status is the result of the
  responses of others to that person’s actual or
  presumed act
 The process of labeling is not infallible:
   Some persons may be innocent and wrongfully
   convicted of something they have not done
 Other persons may have escaped
 apprehension even though committing acts
 that could result in being labeled deviant

                                           Part 1: Ch. 3
 Focus less on social characteristics of
  deviants than on the process by which they
  come to be viewed as outsiders and their
  reactions to being labeled
 The degree to which people respond to a
  given act as deviant varies widely
 One who commits an act may be responded
  to more leniently on one occasion than
  would have been the case at another time
   Examples: police target a specific area or
   crime for extra attention such as gambling or
   prostitution or a certain neighborhood
                                             Part 1: Ch. 3
 Whether an act is responded to as deviant
 depends on who commits the act and who
 feels they have been harmed by it
   Juveniles from the middle-class do not go as
    far in the legal process as do boys from the
    lower class
   Race matters: a black man who allegedly
    attacks a white is more likely to be sought and

                                            Part 1: Ch. 3
 There is a major change in one’s public
  identity, one acquires a new status that is a
  master status (Hughes)
 It becomes the single most important
  defining characteristic of a person that
  overrides all others:
   One is viewed as a deviant first and first

                                             Part 1: Ch. 3

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