"Bonneville Power Administration"
Bonneville Power Administration FY 2002 Provincial Project Review PART 2. Narrative Project ID: 200105 Title: McCall Fish Hatchery Section 9 of 10. Project description a. Abstract McCall Fish Hatchery (MCFH) was built in 1979 as a result of the Water Resources Development Act enacted by Congress in 1976. A portion of this Act is the Lower Snake River Fish and Wildlife Compensation Plan (LSRCP). The LSRCP compensates Idaho for fish and wildlife losses caused by the Lower Snake River Projects (Ice Harbor, Lower Monumental, Little Goose, and Lower Granite dams). The MCFH was the first hatchery built as a partial fulfillment of the LSRCP. BPA funding for LSRCP is administered by the US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). Funding for MCFH is provided to the Idaho Department of Fish and Game (IDFG). Location and Species Reared: The MCFH is located within the city limits of McCall, Idaho along the North Fork of the Payette River, approximately 0.16 km (1/4 mile) downstream from Payette Lake. The hatchery rears summer chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha. A satellite facility for trapping and spawning adult chinook salmon is located on the South Fork Salmon River near Warm Lake, approximately 26 miles east of Cascade, Idaho. The trap site is approximately 740 miles upstream from the mouth of the Columbia River. The first salmon reared at the MCFH were transferred from the Mackay Fish Hatchery and from the Dworshak/Kooskia National Fish Hatchery complex. These eggs were the products of adult summer chinook trapped at Little Goose and Lower Granite dams. The first eggs from adults trapped at the South Fork of the Salmon River were received in August 1980. MCFH is involved in trapping, spawning, and rearing natural and hatchery produced summer chinook salmon to the smolt stage for release to meet the adult mitigation goal of 8,000 adult summer chinook salmon upstream of Lower Granite Dam. In many years, small numbers of parr and presmolts may also be produced. Additional natural and hatchery produced summer chinook are released upstream of MCFH for natural production and in some years, adults may be outplanted into other appropriate areas for natural production, primarily the South Fork of the Salmon River from Goat 1 Creek to the weir and the upper East Fork of the South Fork of the Salmon River. In 2001, hatchery adults were also translocated to Panther Creek for natural production experimentation. Eyed summer chinook eggs have also been provided to the Shoshone- Bannock Tribes to support their streamside incubation efforts. Hatchery produced juveniles and adults at MCFH include both listed and unlisted groups that are differentiated by marks. b. Technical and/or scientific background The foundation of the LSRCP, which includes MCFH, is a joint 1972 Fish and Wildlife Service/National Marine Fisheries Service Coordination Act Report that described the short and long-term impacts of the four lower Snake River federal dams and recommended mitigation and compensation for both fish and wildlife. The LSRCP was authorized by Congress as part of the Water Resources Development Act of 1976. Cumulative loss was estimated to total 48 percent of the pre-dam Snake River chinook salmon and steelhead runs with no compensation identified for coho or sockeye. The plan called for the creation of hatcheries to produce sufficient juveniles to compensate for the 48% loss with two additional goals of replacing the adult returns in-kind and in-place. Along with chinook salmon and steelhead mitigation goals, the LSRCP also called for resident trout production to compensate for the loss of angler days when the dams inundated about 140 miles of spawning habitat. State and federal planners anticipated that the chinook salmon and steelhead adult returns would primarily provide harvest for sport and tribal fisheries as well as sufficient broodstock for the hatcheries, and some spawners to enhance natural spawning escapement. Relatively unique was the emphasis on monitoring and evaluation for each LSRCP hatchery program, which is reported annually. Workshops in 1990 and 1998 have summarized technical details for hatchery culture and evaluation programs. The adults spawned at MCFH have been classified as endemic based on genetic and life-history features. Since the outset of hatchery production, IDFG has maintained a natural spawning objective upstream from the hatchery. Natural production objectives for the rearing area upstream from the hatchery have been refined by introduction of genetic protocols and mark identification of hatchery fish. MCFH rears listed and unlisted summer chinook. A key IDFG objective for the MCFH program is to restore chinook salmon fisheries to the South Fork of the Salmon River. To date, this objective has been attained 3 years since the program was implemented. The LSRCP adult goal of 8000 adults upstream of Lower Granite Dam has rarely been achieved. The hatchery program has played a role in maintaining the upper South Fork Salmon River stock of chinook salmon. c. Rationale and significance to Regional Programs - Plays a significant role in preservation and enhancement of upper South Fork Salmon River chinook salmon for hatchery and supplementation experimentation, stock preservation, and fishery management purposes such as U.S. v Oregon. 2 This program has intermittently restored chinook fisheries (selective) to the South Fork of the Salmon River. - Provides a rearing facility and culture expertise for the Johnson Creek supplementation program. d. Relationships to other projects Because natural chinook have declined, the role of MCFH has expanded beyond its original mission to focus on fishery mitigation. The hatchery chinook program is currently integrated into the Idaho Supplementation Studies experimental design and the facility plays a key role in the Johnson Creek supplementation program. At the same time, management is conducted to preserve selective fishery options for the future, a key component of the Congressional mitigation promise to Idaho for the four lower Snake River dams. e. Project history (for ongoing projects) See: A review of the Lower Snake River Compensation Plan Hatchery Program, 1990, USFWS, LSRCP, Boise, Idaho. Lower Snake River Compensation Plan Status Review Symposium, 1998, Compiled by USFWS, LSRCP, Boise, Idaho. f. Proposal objectives, tasks and methods Idaho Department of Fish and Game objectives for MCFH are: 1. Contribute to restoration of summer chinook salmon and in the South Fork Salmon River, including fisheries. 2. Trap and spawn adult salmon returning to the South Fork Salmon River. 3. Rear up to 1,000,000 summer chinook smolts for release into the upper South Fork Salmon River. 4. Produce quality fish for fishery mitigation and supplementation programs 5. Implement research programs at the hatchery to improve adult returns. 6. Cooperate with tribal supplementation programs in Johnson Creek and the upper South Fork of the Salmon River drainage. 3 g. Facilities and equipment The hatchery facility consists of six buildings on approximately 15 acres. The largest building contains a shop, parking garage, incubation and early rearing area, generator room, and feed/freezer room. The office and a three-bedroom dormitory are contained in one building. There is a visitor center with restrooms, a flow chart for a self-guided tour, and historical information signs. Three residences for permanent personnel are also located on the site. The fish production facilities include: 1. Twenty-six eight-tray stacks of FAL (Flex-A-Lite, Consolidated) vertical flow (Heath-type) incubators. 2. Fourteen concrete vats 4-ft x 40-ft x 2-ft (water depth); 320 cubic feet (cu ft) of rearing area per vat. 3. Two concrete rearing ponds 196-ft x 40.5-ft x 4-ft (water depth); 23,814 cu ft of rearing space per pond. 4. One concrete collection basin 101-ft x 15-ft x 4-ft (water depth). The hatchery is designed to raise a maximum capacity of 1,000,000 smolts, averaging 17 fish per lb (fpp). Smolts are trucked from MCFH to the upper South Fork of the Salmon River, where they are released upstream of the MCFH weir. The adult trapping and spawning facility is located on the South Fork of the Salmon River near Warm Lake. This facility is equipped with a removable weir, fish ladder, trap, two (10-ft x 90-ft ) adult holding ponds, and a covered spawning area. Water is supplied from the South Fork Salmon River through a 33-inch underground pipeline. Holding capacity for the facility is approximately 1,000 adult salmon. Adults are also passed upstream of the weir to spawn naturally for Idaho Supplementation research. Eggs collected at the facility are transported "green" to MCFH for incubation and rearing. WATER SUPPLY Hatchery water is obtained by gravity flow from Payette Lake through a 36-inch underground pipeline. Water may be taken from the surface or up to a depth of 50 ft, thus providing the capability of obtaining optimum rearing water temperatures. Through an agreement with the Payette Lake Reservoir Company, 20 cubic feet per second (cfs) of water flow is available for hatchery use. Design criteria and production goals were established using this constraint, ensuring the hatchery has enough water to meet its production goals. Water quality analysis reveals a somewhat "distilled" system for rearing fish (Appendix 12). The pH stays about 6.8. There is no indication of problems with heavy metals and temperature is maintained at 52F to 56F, with a low of 37F. 4 h. References Submitted Reference (include web address if available online) w/form (y/n) McCall Fish Hatchery Brood Year Reports 1980 - 1998 N LSRCP Hatchery Evaluation Studies N Section 10 of 10. Key personnel Three permanent employees staff the hatchery: a Hatchery Manager II, Gene McPherson: an Assistant Hatchery Manager, Steve Kammeyer: and Joel Patterson, a Fish Culturist. In addition, there are four temporary employees to assist during the busy field season. 5 Attachment: Appendix 1. McCall Past Accomplishments 6