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Humanitarian Technical Competencies Updated August 2011 Technical Competencies: Humanitarian Advisers The focus of DFID’s Humanitarian Advisory Cadre is to support DFID’s humanitarian policy as well as humanitarian response in developing countries – both long term/chronic and acute/rapid onset. Humanitarian Advisers also have a key role in building resilience and helping reduce the risks of humanitarian crises including climate change, disasters, food insecurity, violence or conflict. Humanitarian Advisers do this through: Humanitarian risk assessment and analysis Managing and planning humanitarian responses Understanding of humanitarian theory, practice and architecture Qualifications and Experience All Humanitarian Advisers are required to have a minimum of a masters degree or equivalent level of academic and professional experience in a subject area clearly related to humanitarian work. In exceptional circumstances substantial experience will be accepted in lieu of higher degrees. Knowledge and experience gained working on or in developing countries and/or in fragile and conflict affected environments, is required. Humanitarian Advisers are required to demonstrate knowledge and experience of technical competencies alongside the core DFID competencies. Competence Levels by Grade The required competence level at each grade is summarised in Table 1. Table 1 - Humanitarian Primary and Specialist Technical Competencies by Grade A2L/SEO A2/G7 A1/G6 Technical Competencies 1 Level of understanding of the required Broad – all Strong with Fully proficient technical competencies depth in some in all aspects aspects - all 2 Knowledge of desired technical Not required One Both - broad competencies based Shared Advisory Competencies 3 Knowledge and understanding of Not required Yes Yes to shared technical competencies leadership level Core DFID Competencies 4 DFID Core Competencies At Grade At Grade At Grade 1 Humanitarian Technical Competencies Updated August 2011 Technical Competencies: Humanitarian REQUIRED Humanitarian risks For example, knowledge/understanding of: assessment and analysis context in which they operate including in particular gender, climate, conflict, and security risks early warning and early response systems humanitarian risk assessment methodologies and analysis humanitarian implications of political, media, scientific, and other non humanitarian reporting government and non government capacities and readiness for humanitarian analysis and response Enabling Advisers to: draw timely, objective and accurate judgments regarding risk reduction and humanitarian response, based on relevant political, social, legal, economic historic and anthropometric analysis and data provide advice to geographic and policy departments regarding the scale, severity and urgency of humanitarian risks, and advise on steps necessary to ensure these adequately and appropriately addressed by DFID and others where appropriate, work with geographic and policy departments to strengthen the capacity of governments to plan for and respond to humanitarian crises, and to be accountable for their actions in disaster management contribute to the development of relevant country strategies specifying how humanitarian and developmental resources can be deployed to reduce risk and meet basic needs in line with humanitarian principles work with regional and policy departments to ensure that humanitarian issues are addressed as an integral part of DFID’s work, providing support and advice as required report succinctly and effectively on humanitarian risks. Planning and managing For example, knowledge/understanding of: humanitarian responses context, operating environment, including security issues humanitarian principles and best practice the principles of Good Humanitarian Donorship the respective roles and responsibilities of different agencies the repertoire of possible interventions including gender dimensions, the actions required to deliver them and the respective risks associated with them international humanitarian aid architecture humanitarian monitoring and evaluation best practice scale and timing of required responses, and how these relate to other interventions, including developmental ones. 2 Humanitarian Technical Competencies Updated August 2011 Enabling Advisers to: advise DFID and HMG more broadly on the range of humanitarian options, including on financing and other forms of support, and on when to withdraw humanitarian inputs develop a comprehensive package of responses, including an effective strategy of financial support to relief agencies; effective working with the broader international humanitarian system and other donors; and, where relevant, efforts by the UK and others to support humanitarian diplomacy monitor the performance of key partners, in particular of the UN, in terms of both operational delivery and coordination roles. Analyse more broadly the overall impact and effectiveness of the humanitarian response advise on the balance of risks related to different types of interventions – for example home based v. centre based therapeutic feeding identify the most important constraints on humanitarian interventions, to advise on how these constraints might be removed, and what it means if they cannot. Humanitarian theory, For example, knowledge/understanding of: practice and architecture humanitarian tools, methodologies, theory and practice, survey techniques and other analytical tools HMG and international humanitarian response system, particularly other state supporters of humanitarian responses, the UN, NGOs and Red Cross system. Civil- Military Cooperation (CIMIC) issues, including with Peacekeeping Operations humanitarian standards, human rights, international humanitarian law and other relevant legal and customary standards expectations of overall systemic performance humanitarian funding mechanisms and associated reporting DFID humanitarian operational and policy objectives UK policies with regard to improving international humanitarian system Enabling Advisers to: have a firm grip on the theoretic and technical underpinnings of humanitarian action understand and advise on the overall international response and the position of UK within this flag up and explain standards and legal issues advise on proper relationships and respective roles of international military and humanitarian engagement ensure that DFID’s response is in line with humanitarian principles and law, and does not inadvertently contribute to increasing the risks facing affected populations promote UK humanitarian reform agenda, and interact with the wider humanitarian community, including donors. 3 Humanitarian Technical Competencies Updated August 2011 DESIRED Disaster Risk For example, knowledge/understanding of: Reduction theory, practice and DFID Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) Policy and architecture (required Implementation Plan for certain posts) DRR methodologies, theory, best practice and analytical tools DRR programmes, objectives and priorities indicators for monitoring and evaluating effectiveness of DRR programmes, including cost effectiveness International system and funding mechanisms for DRR, including the 10% commitment how DRR applies to different contexts and how it relates to other sectors, including climate change adaptation, food security, social protection (safety nets) and the private sector Enabling Advisers to: advise DFID on most effective way of implementing the DRR Policy and ensure current commitments are met by 2009 integrate DRR effectively within DFID’s development and humanitarian programmes, as well as provide training to DFID staff work with other DFID teams which form central components of the DRR Policy to ensure DRR remains a key part of their own strategies monitor performance of key DRR partners, assess impact of programmes and advise DFID on how they could be strengthened and improved if appropriate advise DFID country offices on how DRR can be most effectively implemented drawing on examples of best practice in prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery Practical experience of For example, knowledge/understanding of: running humanitarian operations setting up and running humanitarian operations in the field leading staff to achieve results in difficult conditions, including insecure environments practical problems encountered in the field including deliberate interference by controlling authorities Field based co-ordination arrangements. Supporting DFID country offices in recovery and response phase 4 Humanitarian Technical Competencies Updated August 2011 Enabling Advisers to: have better understanding of the work of concerned authorities, humanitarian and development agencies in the field play a constructive and supportive role with agencies in dangerous, isolated or unhealthy environments. Know when to advocate for improvements – for example increased or safer air transport be an effective support to agencies working with local authorities understand how co-ordination works on the ground, what are the opportunities and pitfalls. SHARED TECHNICAL COMPETENCIES (REQUIRED) There are four areas of knowledge and skills are common to all advisory groups. These are intended to add value to DFID’s professional advisory skill base and the ability of advisers to meet business needs. Knowledge and The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and understanding of international architecture for aid and development the international aid UN, European Union, G20, International Finance Institutions, regional institutions and NGOs Aid instruments and how they are deployed – project financing, sector-wide approaches, budget support, technical assistance, results based aid, and global funds The changing aid landscape and the role of new players – e.g. emerging economies, BRICS, private foundations, business and think tanks The UK international policy framework and its implications for international development – e.g. trade, security, fragility and climate change Collating, analysing Able to access, critically appraise and use evidence, demonstrating and presenting skills in the following areas: evidence/research using statistical and Understand a range of qualitative and quantitative research wider analytical skills methodologies including the application of basic statistical methods Critically appraise* and assess the quality of published research and other potential sources of evidence Interpretation, use and presentation of data and evidence in defining policy and practice Comprehension of key concepts from social and cultural analysis and basic understanding of the use and application of political economy analysis *Critical appraisal is the process of carefully and systematically examining research to judge its trustworthiness and its value and relevance in a particular context 5 Humanitarian Technical Competencies Updated August 2011 Economic concepts, Familiarity with key economic concepts appraisal and value Good level of general numeracy for money Understanding economic approaches to project appraisal and evaluation, including different ways of measuring efficiency, equity and impact High quality professional input to programme design and evaluation in line with assessing value for money and results Evaluation and Competent (level II or above in DFID’s evaluation results competencies) in applying best practice in evaluation design, using a range of rigorous methods, and ensuring high standards of independence and quality Ability to design, commission and manage evaluations including rigorous impact evaluations, with appropriate technical support, in line with DFID standards Familiarity with the core concepts underpinning DFID's approach to results 6
"Technical Competencies Humanitarian Advisers DfID"