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       Affiliated with B.Z University Multan

The Limit College of Engineering & Technology

                         Electrical Power Technology

Name of subject                             Code       T   P   C

Islamic / Pakistan Studies                             1   0   1

Communication Skill                                    2   0   2

Applied Physics                                        2   3   3

Industrial Electronics                                 2   3   3

Logic Design & Switching Theory                        2   3   3

Amplifier & Oscillator                                 2   3   3

Electronic Devices & Circuits                          2   3   3

Communication System                                   2   3   3

Mathematics                                            2   0   2

Project                                                0   6   2

                   COMMUNICATION SKILL (BCS-112)

Introduction to communication

Improper, theories, barriers, components

The seven C’s for effective communication

Listening skills

Blocks, thinking and feeling, notes taking, giving feedback

Reading skills

Active reading techniques, skimming, general reading and careful reading

Introduction to writing skills

Planning, drafting and editing, emphasis and connection

Grammar and vocabulary

Technical and business vocabulary, constructing formal sentences

                          (B-PHY-113) Applied Physics

1. Mechanics:
      Moment of inertia, simple harmonic motion, viscosity, heat, calorimatery,
conductivity radiation and pyrometry.
2. Acoustic
       Consideration of acoustic in equipment’s and large auditoriums. Harmonic
analysis – levels of sound used in various broad casting systems.
3. Lights
       Photo metery and geometrical optic, nature of light, equation of light waves in
electrical and magnetic field configurations. Polarization of light waves, Maxwell
equations. Semi conductor physics, semiconductor materials and conductions in
4. Illumination
       Definition, terms, laws of illumination, measurement of candle power solid
angle, candle, luminous flux, lumen hour, lighting schemes and layout, utilization
factor, depreciation factor, incandescent lamp, low pressure mercury vapor lamp,
sodium discharge lamp.
       Practical based on the above theory.

                        B-ELT 133 Industrial Electronics

Temperature transducer:

T-to-F conversion using Diodes. Direct T-to-F conversion with an IC, Absolute
temperature-to-current conversion, simplest readout, an analog meter, voltage
readout, measuring differential temp T-to-F conversion using diodes, direct T-to-F
conversion with an LC, absolute temperature to current conversion, simplest
readout, an analog meter, voltage readout, measuring differential tempt, average,
minimum and maximum temperatures, circuits, high low temperature monitoring,
multiplexed applications, isolation, 4-20mA current transmission, sound velocity

Pressure transducer interfacing:

 Strain-based transfers, rheostat output, pressure transducer, potentiometer-to-
frequency transducer, potentiometer-to-frequency transducer.

Scanning, pressure meter, interfacing high-level semiconductor transducers, isolated
pressure transmitters, pressure control system.

Force-transducer interfacing:
Spring diven rheostat, strain-gage load cell interface, strain gage and signal
conditioning, high resolution load cell platform interface, piezoelectric transduce,
strain gage to frequency conversion, scanning strain meter, isolators and
transmitters. Robotics fundamental of robotics, programming and application of
robots. Programmable logic controllers.

            Logic Design and Switching Theory (B-ELT 153)

Computer operations
Evaluation of the computer, basic organization of digital computer instruction
formats, some different types of computers, special purpose and general purpose

Number systems:
Conversion between bases, arithmetic with bases other than ten, negative numbers,
binary coded decimal numbers, octal, and hexadecimal number systems.

Truth function
Binary connectives, evaluation of truth functions, many statement compounds,
physical realizations, sufficient sets of connectives, a digital computer examples.

Boolean algebra
Truth functional calculus as Boolean algebra, duality, fundamental theorems of
Boolean algebra, examples of Boolean simplifications, remarks on switching

Switching devices:
Switches and relays, logic circuits, speed and delays in logic circuits, integrated logic

Minimization of Boolean functions
Standard forms of Boolean functions, minterm and maxterm, designation of Boolean
functions, karanaugh map representation of Boolean functions, simplification of
functions on karnaugh maps, map minimization of product of sums expressions,
incompletely specified functions.

Tabular minimization
Cubical representation of Boolean functions, determination of prime implicants,
selection of an optimum set of prime implicants, design of nand and nor networks
and properties of combinational networks, introduction to design and nand and nor
networks, switching expressions for nand and nor networks, transient response of
combinational networks.

Introduction to sequential networks
Latches, sequential networks in fundamental mode, introduction to the synthesis of
sequential networks minimization of the number of states, clocked networks.


Amplifier analysis
Transistor as an amplifier, hybrid model of a transistor. Transistor. Small signal
analysis, large signal analysis, gain calculation of single stage amplifier, cascading,
multistage gain calculations.

Classification of amplifier:
Classification of amplifier on the basis of biasing, class-A, class-B, class AB and class C
amplifier. Push pull amplifier, complementary symmetry amplifier.

Classification of amplifier on the basis of coupling, RC coupled amplifier, transformer
coupled amplifier, direct coupled amplifier.

Classification of amplifier on the basis of frequency. Audio frequency amplifier, radio
frequency amplifier, tuned amplifiers.

Feedback concept, feedback amplifiers, voltage feedback amplifier, current feedback
amplifier, effect of feedback on frequency response, nonlinear distortion and noise,
series and shut feedback amplifier.

Practical amplifier consideration
Input and output impedance, real and apparent gain, amplifier loading, impedance
matching and cascading.

Basic theory of oscillators, tank circuit, damp and un-dump oscillations, phase shift
oscillator, call pit oscillator, Hartley oscillator, wein bridge oscillator.

The bipolar junction transistor structure, transistor as amplifier, transistor biasing,
small signal hybrid pi model, signal stage BJT amplifier configurations, signal stage
mid frequency amplifier, analysis and design, feedback in amplifiers, multi stage
amplifier, high frequency response of single stage amplifier, bipolar transistor as
switch. Structure and physical operation of MOSFET, current-voltage characteristics
of MOSFET. The junction field effect transistor, FET circuit at DC, FET biasing, FET
amplifier and basic configurations of single stage amplifiers, frequency response of
common source amplifier. FET switches, CMOS structure and characteristics.

                  COMMUNICATION SYSTEM B-ELT 143
Fundamental terms and definitions, information, message, signal, analog and digital
signals, elements of communication system, modulation and coding, need for
modulation, coding methods and benefits.

Signals and spectra
Methods of signal representation, time and frequency domain, mathematical
representation of signals, Fourier series and Fourier transform, power in a signal,
parseval’s power theorem, ray Leigh energy theorem, properties of Fourier
transform, convolute on of signals, some specific signals types as impulse step and
signum functions.

Signal transmission and filtering
Linear time invariant system, impulse response and superposition integral, transfer
function, block diagram, analysis, distortion and equalizers. Transmission loss and
repeater, ideal and real filters quadratic filters and hibert transform. Correlation and
spectral density.

Probability and random variables
Probability functions, probability models and distributions, statistical average.

Random signals and noise
Random process, ensemble and time average, stationary and ergodic process, noise,
thermal noise, white noise and filtered noise, noise equivalent B.W. analog base
band transmission.

Transmission lines
Fundamentals of transmission line, theory at radio frequency, basic theory of wave
guide, transmitting and receiving antennas, channel characteristics.

Project B-ELT 162
The department will assign the title and necessary details of the technical work
relating to the subject of department project list. The project topic may emerge
following discussions with potential supervisor. The nature of project may be
predominantly design, experimental, computing/analysis or sometimes a critical
literature survey. The departmental will depute one member of the faculty to act as
project supervisor.

    ‫اسالمیات و مطالعہ پاکستان برائے بی ٹیک پاس )111 ‪(B.I.P‬‬
‫‪Common course for Civil, Mechanical, Chemical, Electrical & Electronics, B-Tech Pass‬‬
                                                                    ‫١۔کتاب و سنت‬
                                             ‫مکی و مدنی سورتوں کی خصوصیات‬
                         ‫قرآن: سورۃ الفرقان: آیات نمبر ٦٣۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔٧٧ (ترجمہ و تشریح)‬
                                                           ‫خصوصیات عبادالرحمن‬
                                    ‫سورۃ المائدہ: آیات ١۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔٣٦ (ترجمہ و تشریح)‬
                                   ‫مسائل حالل و حرام، اسالم میں پاکیزگی کی اہمیت‬
                                                       ‫سنت: اقسام احادیث کا تعارف‬
                            ‫اربعین نوری: احادیث نمبر ٦١ ۔۔۔۔۔۔٤٠ (ترجمہ و تشریح)‬
                                                                      ‫٢۔ دین اسالم‬
                                 ‫زکوۃ و فرضیت زکوۃ، نصاب زکوۃ مصارف زکوۃ‬
                                                                 ‫فوائد و ثمرات‬
        ‫حج: فرضیت احکامات اور مناسک، تجارتی، مالی، روحانی اور معاشرتی فوائد‬
                                                                 ‫٣۔ تاریخ و سیرت‬
                                                ‫حضورﷺ کے حاالت، بعثت تا ہجرت‬
       ‫٦۔ حضورﷺ کی‬               ‫٦۔ دعوت توحید کا ردعمل‬            ‫١۔ مبلغ و داعی‬
         ‫٣۔ ہجرت مدینہ‬                    ‫٥۔ ہجرت حبشہ‬        ‫٠۔ قریش کی مخالفت‬
                                                   ‫٠۔ اسالم کی اخالقی اقدار‬
                                                ‫اسالمی معاشرے کے بنیادی اوصاف‬
                                             ‫اخالق فاضلہ، صدق، تقوی، شکر، صبر‬
                                 ‫مطالعہ پاکستان‬
                                                ‫١۔ نظریہ پاکستان کا تاریخی پہلو‬
 ‫تعلیمی کوششیں، علی گڑھ، دیوبند، ندوہ، انجمن حمایت اسالم اور دیگر تعلیمی ادارے،‬
                                                  ‫سندھ مدرسہ، اسالمیہ کالج پشاور‬
            ‫٢۔ سیاسی جدوجہد: آئینی اسالمیات اور مسلمان، جداگانہ انتخابات‬
                                                        ‫٣۔ تحریک پاکستان:‬
‫٦۔ ہندوستان کی آزادی کا مسئلہا‬            ‫١۔ مسلم قومیت: دو قومی نظرئیے کا ارتقاء‬
                                                                          ‫ور مسلمان‬
‫٠۔ انتخابات ٧٦٣١ء کانگرس کا نظریہ‬                   ‫٦۔ عالمہ اقبالﷺ کا خطبہ آلہ آباد‬
            ‫٣۔ ٣٠٣١ کے انتخابات‬                                    ‫٥۔ قرارداد پاکستان‬

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