RECUPERAÇÃO SEMESTRAL (1º SEMESTRE – 2011)
Inglês - XTUDO
2ª Série do Ensino Médio
PROGRAMA DE ESTUDO
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
INTERPRETAÇÃO DE TEXTOS
LISTA DE EXERCÍCIOS
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention has estimated that foodborne *diseases cause approximately
76 million illnesses, 325,000 hospitalizations, and 5,000 deaths in the United States each year. If you are the mother
of two-year-old Kevin Kowalcyk who died in 2001 after eating a hamburger contaminated with E. Coli, however,
statistics do not tell the story of crushing personal loss. The tragedy of Kevin's premature death spurred legislation
(known as Kevin's Law) introduced by Rep. Anna G. Eshoo, D-Palo Alto, that would give the U.S. Department of
Agriculture the power to close down plants that produce contaminated meat but it has failed repeatedly to pass the
U.S. Congress because of opposition from the meat industry.
E-Coli outbreaks and other food-safety related issues are discussed in the outstanding documentary Food, Inc.,
directed by Robert Kenner, a film, graphic in part, that may leave you with a severe case of indigestion. Kenner is an
unabashed advocate for greater food safety and the film with commentary by Eric Schlosser (Fast Food Nation) and
Michael Pollan (The Omnivore's Dilemma).attempts to convince the public of the shortsightedness of the mega-corporations that
dominate the food industry and their "faster, fatter, bigger, cheaper," method of increasing profits often at the expense of public safety.
Representatives from food-producing giants such as Monsanto, Smithfield, Tyson and Perdue that control our food supply were invited
to be interviewed for the film but declined or did not respond to Kenner's request. According to Schlosser, "The industry doesn't want
you to know the truth about what you're eating - because if you knew, you might not want to eat it."
Interviewing farmers and ranchers, Kenner learned that they are mostly at the mercy of mega-corporations like Monsanto which
have increased their share of the soybean market from 2% to 90% in the last decade. Monsanto developed their own custom gene for
soybeans and now threaten their customers with lawsuits for patent infringement if they save their own seeds to use the next year. The
film observes that part of the reason why the food industry is so hard to regulate is that many of the government officials currently
assigned to watchdog roles were once employed by the companies they now monitor and notes that FDA food inspections have
plummeted from 50,000 in 1972 to 9,200 in 2006.
Other subjects covered are the treatment of cows that are forced to eat corn instead of grass (which then goes into Coke, high fructose
corn syrup, diapers, decongestants, and batteries) and the dreadful conditions of chickens that are herded into darkened cages before
they are slaughtered. On that subject, Kenner interviews Carole Morrison who was unwilling to jam her chickens into cages without
sunlight and, as a result, had her contract canceled by a giant chicken conglomerate who refused to have any further business dealings
with her. Also discussed are the growing rates of diabetes in young people, the soaring incidence of obesity, and the use of low paying
illegal immigrants to work in the food processing industry.
In spite of the horror stories, however, Food, Inc. is not depressing and Kenner seems more interested in educating the public
than frightening them. He shows that people can make a difference by citing the tobacco industry as well as the efforts of an
entrepreneur from Stonyfield Farms who sold his line of organic products to Wal-Mart and a Virginia farmer who insists on raising
animals with dignity and respect. To the strain of Bruce Springsteen singing Woody Guthrie's "This Land is Your Land", advice on how
individuals can make a difference include – buy locally, shop in farmer's markets where possible, seek out quality and organic products
even if they cost a bit more, and be sure to read the labeling to learn where a product comes from and the ingredients it contains.
Food, Inc. by itself may not be the catalyst that will preserve our health and well being and make food taste the way it did fifty
years ago, but it is an important start and should be seen by anyone who eats, that means all of us. As the director puts it, "I think we're
beginning to see the dangers of this inexpensive food that these big agribusinesses are producing. And the more we can see the
cracks in this system, the faster it's going to fall apart. I'm hoping that this film can help people to start to think about it…People are
becoming much more conscious of their food, and the more we think about it, the more good food we're going to get." I'll vote for that..
Foodborne – transmitidas pela alimentação
01 Mark T OR F
According to the text:
1( ). The diseases related to food consumption caused about five thousand deaths each year in US.
2( ). The death of Kevin resulted on a law that now can allow the government to close factories.
3( ). There are factories that helped government to approve kevin’s law.
4( ). Meat industry until now obtained some help from congress to not approve Kevin’s law.
02 MARK T OR F
According to the text
1 ( ). E-Coli outbreaks and other food-safety related issues are discussed in the outstanding documentary Food, Inc .
2 ( ). Factories seldom can increase their profit at the expense of public safety.
3 ( ). Representatives from food-producing giants such as Monsanto, Smithfield, Tyson and Perdue that control our food
supply were invited to be interviewed for the film but declined or did not respond to Kenner's request.
4 ( ). According to the text even if you know the truth about food you will continue to eat it.
In Food, Inc., filmmaker Robert Kenner lifts the veil on our nation's food industry, exposing
the highly mechanized underbelly that has been hidden from the American consumer with the
consent of our government's regulatory agencies, USDA and FDA. Our nation's food supply is
now controlled by a handful of corporations that often put profit ahead of consumer health, the
livelihood of the American farmer, the safety of workers and our own environment. We have
bigger-breasted chickens, the perfect pork chop, herbicide-resistant soybean seeds, even
tomatoes that won't go bad, but we also have new strains of E. coli—the harmful bacteria that causes illness for an
estimated 73,000 Americans annually. We are riddled with widespread obesity, particularly among children, and an
epidemic level of diabetes among adults.
Featuring interviews with such experts as Eric Schlosser (Fast Food Nation), Michael Pollan (The Omnivore's
Dilemma, In Defense of Food: An Eater's Manifesto) along with forward thinking social entrepreneurs like Stonyfield's
Gary Hirshberg and Polyface Farms' Joel Salatin, Food, Inc. reveals surprising—and often shocking truths—about what
we eat, how it's produced, who we have become as a nation and where we are going from here.
Underbelly – entranhas / Handful – poucos
03 De acordo com o texto Marque V para os produtos alterados pelas empresas ou F para os que não aparecem .
1( ). Galinhas com os peitos ampliados
2( ). Herbicidas resistentes a sementes de soja
3( ). Carnes de porcos perfeitas
4( ). Tomates que não ficam ruins.
04 De acordo com o texto marque V ou F .
1( ). As empresas colocam a saúde do consumidor acima de qualquer custo.
2( ). O mundo altamente mecanizado tem sido completamente benéfico a nossa sociedade atual.
3( ). Várias corporações são responsáveis pela distribuição de alimentos.
4( ). A saúde da população é mais importante que o lucro para as empresas.
By the year 2050, nearly 80% of the earth’s population will reside in urban centers. Applying the most
conservative estimates to current demographic trends, the human population will increase by about
3 billion people during the interim. An estimated 109 hectares of new land (about 20% more land than is
represented by the country of Brazil) will be needed to grow enough food to feed them, if traditional farming
practices continue as they are practiced today. At present, throughout the world, over 80% of the land that is
suitable for raising crops is in use. Historically, some 15% of that has been laid waste by poor management
practices. What can be done to avoid this impending disaster?
A Potential Solution: Farm Vertically
The concept of indoor farming is not new, since hothouse production of tomatoes, a wide variety of herbs, and other produce has been
in vogue for some time. What is new is the urgent need to scale up this technology to accommodate another 3 billion people. An
entirely new approach to indoor farming must be invented, employing cutting edge technologies. The Vertical Farm must be efficient
(cheap to construct and safe to operate). Vertical farms, many stories high, will be situated in the heart of the world’s urban centers. If
successfully implemented, they offer the promise of urban renewal, sustainable production of a safe and varied food supply (year-round
crop production), and the eventual repair of ecosystems that have been sacrificed for horizontal farming.
We subject our food-bearing plants to the rigors of the great outdoors and can do no more than hope for a good weather year.
However, more often than not now, due to a rapidly changing climate regime, that is not what follows. Massive floods, protracted
droughts, class 4-5 hurricanes, and severe monsoons take their toll each year, destroying millions of tons of
valuable crops. Don’t our harvestable plants deserve the same level of comfort and protection that we now enjoy? The time is at hand
for us to learn how to safely grow our food inside environmentally controlled multistory buildings within urban centers. If we do not, then
in just another 50 years, the next 3 billion people will surely go hungry, and the world will become a much more unpleasant place in
which to live.
Advantages of Vertical Farming
No weather-related crop failures due to droughts, floods, pests All VF food is grown organically: no herbicides, pesticides, or fertilizers
VF virtually eliminates agricultural runoff by recycling black water VF returns farmland to nature, restoring ecosystem functions and
services VF greatly reduces the incidence of many infectious diseases that are acquired at the agricultural interface VF converts black
and gray water into potable water by collecting the water of evapotranspiration VF adds energy back to the grid via methane generation
from composting non-edible parts of plants and animals VF dramatically reduces fossil fuel use (no tractors, plows, shipping) VF
converts abandoned urban properties into food production centers
VF offers the promise of measurable economic improvement for tropical and subtropical Least Developed Countries.
If this should prove to be the case, then VF may be a catalyst in helping to reduce or even reverse the population growth of LDCs as
they adopt urban agriculture as a strategy for sustainable food production VF could reduce the incidence of armed conflict over natural
resources, such as water and land for agriculture.
05 Segundo o texto, marque, para as afirmativas abaixo, (V) Verdadeira ou (F) Falsa.
1( ). There is still suitable land for raising successful crops.
2( ). About 15% of the land in use is not suitable to crops anymore.
3( ). The earth´s population is moving away from small towns and farms.
4( ). Traditional farming practices should continue as they are today.
06 Segundo o texto, marque, para as afirmativas abaixo, (V) Verdadeira ou (F) Falsa.
1( ). Vertical farms will help increase the production of food in urban centers.
2( ). In order to scale up production, indoor farming must rely on new approaches.
3( ). There is no doubt about the possibility of implementing efficient vertical farms.
4( ). Vertical farms will be based on the same principles used in horizontal farming.
07 Segundo o texto, marque, para as afirmativas abaixo, (V) Verdadeira ou (F) Falsa.
1( ). Frequent weather changes destroy tons of valuable crops each year.
2( ). Plants should be as protected from climate changes as humans are.
3( ). Three billion people will surely go hungry in just another 50 years.
4( ). We have learned how to safely grow food in environmentally controlled buildings.
08 Analise as afirmativas abaixo e, em seguida, marque (V) para as que contêm somente assertivas Verdadeiras ou (F)
para aquelas que são Falsa.
De acordo com o texto, é possível afirmar que:
I - vertical farms do not have to be multistory buildings.
II - vertical farms could even help reduce population growth in some areas.
III - vertical farms are environmentally friendly.
IV - vertical farms will need extraordinary quantities of clean water.
V - there is no available space in urban centers to build vertical farms.
1( ). I e IV
2( ). II e III
3( ). IeV
4( ). IV e V
AS QUESTÕES 09 E 10 SÃO BASEADAS EM SEUS CONHECIMENTOS SOBRE PRESENT PERFECT E PRESENT
09 Mark T to the sentences that are correct and wrong to that aren’t.
1( ). They have stolen all my books yet.
2( ). She has just brought her stuffs to our home.
3( ). They have been working for the beginning of the week.
4( ). Have you ever seen a ghost ?
10 MARQUE V OU F
1( ). O present perfect é usado para descrever uma ação que inicia no passado e apresenta continuidade no presente.
2( ). O termo yet pode ser usado em orações afirmativas, porém no sentido de concessão .
3( ). O present perfect continouos é usado para descrever uma ação que apresenta conseqüências no passado.
4( ). O present perfect pode ser usado para descrever uma ação que acabou de ocorrer no passado.
Imagine there’s no heaven You may say I’m a dreamer
It’s easy if you try But I’m not the only one
No hell below us I hope someday you’ll join us
Above us only sky And the world will be as one
Imagine all the people
Living for today… Imagine no possessions
I wonder if you can
Imagine there’s no countries No need for greed or hunger
It isn’t hard to do A brotherhood of man
Nothing to kill or die for Imagine all the people
And no religion too Sharing all the world…
Imagine all the people
Living life in peace… You may say I’m a dreamer
But I’m not the only one
I hope someday you’ll join us
And the world will live as one
11 MARK T OR F
It is possible to conclude from the song in text that:
1 ( ). the writer’s dream was only his.
2 ( ). the difference of religious beliefs was never a source of conflict.
3 ( ). world peace is possible if you change some of your beliefs.
4 ( ). the world needs more frontiers.
12 Another suitable title for the song presented in text could be:
1( ). Dreaming of a better world.
2( ). Dead or alive.
3( ). Heaven is on Earth.
4( ). Reach for peace.
RIGHT NOW there are more computer operations jobs available than there are skilled computer operations.
And computer Learning Center is the only area institute that offers a comprehensive 6 month training program
in Computer Operation in a State-Of-The-Art, On-Line IBM Mainframe Environment.
Day, Aft, Eve Classes
Financial Aid Available
Nationwide, Lifetime Placement Assist.
Accredited member AICS, NATTS, and
Sthrn. Assn. Of Colleges & Schis (12/84)
Learn more about Computer Operations. Call for an appointment or for a reservation at our no-cost Public
Learning Center (R)
A Service Mark of The BOC Group
6666 Commerce St Springfield VA
Answer in English .
01 What kind of service does The Computer Learning Center provide?
02 At what time can you do the course they offer?
RIO TOURIST POLICE
Rio de Janeiro’s civil and military forces welcome you and hope you enjoy your stay. That is why Rio Tourist Police is
at your service. A system specially prepared for the tourist’s protection and orientation, with guards and precautions in
certain areas. This service, with its specially trained police units, will offer the tourist greater safety and help towards more
efficient judiciary police work.
Please find below some precautions to take while in Rio de Janeiro:
- Do not exchange money with porters at the airport. Do so only at authorized foreign exchange houses or banks.
- Do not open your room or apartment door without first identifying the visitor.
- Keep your door locked and ask to have your valuables kept in the hotel safe.
- Do not walk alone, specially in the evening, through narrow streets, alleys, underpasses or wherever there are trees and
bushes that may be used as hiding places. It is advisable to walk in the middle or at the edge of the sidewalk.
- Only use taxi services that have obligatory identification stickers on the windscreen.
Answer questions in english only:
a) Why was Rio Tourist Police created?
b) This list precautions is incomplete. Please write one additional precaution tourists should take:
We all have a tendency to get hooked on something - be it alcohol, tranquilizers, cigarettes, cocaine, heroin, crack, pot
(marijuana), gambling, even sugar or caffeine. Fortunately, most of us manage to escape from such a tendency by
exercising will power and by avoiding situations of risk.
Chemical addictions occur when the body demands regular quantities of a certain substance to function smoothly.
When we lose the ability to distinguish between our wants and our real needs, when we start to use some form of
behavior as an emotional support, then we may need professional help. The treatment of addiction is often best carried
out by an experienced psychiatrist working in a drug addiction program.
There are also many community self-help groups in the USA and abroad. For example, Alcoholics Anonymous, Pills
Anonymous, Narcotics Anonymous, Gamblers Anonymous and Overeaters Anonymous.
The sympathetic support of family and friends is essential during the treatment.
01 Segundo o texto, muitas pessoas não se deixam levar pelo vício porque:
a) não têm tendência a ele
b) se apegam a alguma outra coisa
c) nunca experimentaram qualquer droga
d) fazem exercícios físicos diários
e) usam sua força de vontade
02 Os vícios químicos ocorrem quando:
a) o corpo exige quantidades constantes de certas substâncias químicas
b) perdemos a capacidade de distinguir entre o certo e o errado
c) o corpo quer cada vez mais do que realmente precisa
d) passamos a não ter mais habilidades emocionais
e) o corpo não conta mais com a quantidade certa de substâncias químicas
03 De acordo com o texto:
a) o viciado não deve viver na comunidade
b) o viciado precisa crescer emocionalmente
c) o vício é uma espécie de apoio emocional
d) a ajuda profissional pouco adianta para o viciado
e) o vício acaba por excluir a vítima da comunidade
04 Para a recuperação do viciado, o ideal é contar com a ajuda:
a) de um psicólogo
b) de um analista
c) da comunidade
d) de um psiquiatra
e) de um desconhecido
05 Pills Anonymous e Overeaters Anonymous são, respectivamente, organizações que ajudam viciados em:
a) cigarro e bebidas
b) remédio e comida
c) narcótico e pílula
d) jogo e comida
e) jogo e pílula