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					                                                   Seat Belt Safety Curriculum
                                                   Save Our Farm Youth (SOFY) Camps & other
                                                   Youth Safety Programs


This lesson plan is intended for a 12 – 15 minute session with elementary age children and youth.
For a longer session, refer to the extended lesson at the end for more information and activities.
*Remember: Kids understand best with demonstrations of the concept

Overview
Children of all ages need to know the importance of wearing a seat belt and wearing it correctly.
Children in this age group vary greatly in height and weight; therefore, it is important to discuss
both car seats and seat belts. Some children in this age group may be required to sit in a booster
seat while in a vehicle, and others may be responsible for younger siblings while in a moving
vehicle. In this lesson, children will also become aware of the harmful consequences of not
wearing a seat belt.

Objectives
Children and youth will . . .
   • Increase their awareness of seat belt safety
   • Demonstrate the proper way to wear a seat belt
   • Increase their usage of seat belts
   • Understand regulations for children required to use a car seat or booster seat.

Materials Included in the Kit
  ü Tri-fold frame and the three (3) laminated posters
  ü Skeleton
  ü 2 pieces of grosgrain (used as the seat belt in the skeleton activity)
  ü Tape Measure
  ü Brochure: Buckle UP. Every trip. Every time. (From SD Dept. of Public Safety)
  ü Brochure: Let’s Talk Twinkie Physics (From BUCK-L-UP)
  ü Booklet: Installing Child Safety Seats (From the USAA Educational Foundation)

Materials Needed
  ü One individual wrapped Twinkie or one individual wrapped cylindrical snack cake with a
      clear wrapper for each demonstration. (The Twinkie/snack cake will be inserted inside
      the torso area of the skeleton)
  ü For extended lesson: paper, markers or crayons, and internet access (optional).

Introduction
Introduce yourself to the students: name, background, and why you are here. Make children and
youth aware that the information presented is very important to their physical safety.

       A) Introduce the topic of Seat Belt Safety
              1. Polling. Have youth close their eyes or put their heads down. Ask the students
                 how many wear their seat belt every time they are in a vehicle? Count the number

                                                                                                  1	
  
	
  
              of kids and write it down. Ask the students how many wear their seat belt only
              sometimes when they are in a vehicle.
              Let the kids know that ____ students wear their seat belts all the time,
              and ____ students only wear it sometimes.
           2. Discussion. Can anyone describe an experience you have had involving a seat
              belt? All students will have their own stories and experiences to tell. Let students
              comment on this as time allows. Use the following questions to guide the
              discussion.
                  § Can a seat belt save your life? Response: Yes.
                  § Can you get in an accident if only traveling a few blocks or a few miles
                      from your house? Response: Yes.


Lesson
   B) Importance of wearing a seat belt
         1. Always buckle up when riding in a moving vehicle. If you are in a vehicle
             accident, you are less likely to get hurt if you are wearing your seat belt. Seat belts
             keep you from being ejected in a crash or hitting your head against a window.
             Wear your seat belt even if you are only going a short distance, remember an
             accident can happen anytime.
         2. When riding in a car, do you think it is better for you to ride in the front seat or
             the back seat? Response: It is better for children to ride in the back seat because of
             their size and weight. Children under age 13 are required to ride in the back seat.
             Children in the back seat are farther away from the dashboard, all of the hard parts
             on it, the glass in the windshield, and the air bag, which might be deployed during
             a crash, even a crash at slow speeds. The impact or force of the air bag is enough
             to injure a smaller person.
         3. For Instructor’s Reference: South Dakota laws
             SD Codified Laws relating to seatbelts and child safety seats
                CHAPTER	
  32-­‐38:	
  SAFETY	
  BELT	
  SYSTEM	
  USAGE	
  IN	
  PASSENGER	
  VEHICLES	
  
                	
  32-­‐38-­‐1	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  Use	
  required-­‐-­‐Public	
  highways-­‐-­‐Front	
  seat	
  passenger.	
  	
  
                32-­‐38-­‐2	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  Passenger	
  vehicle	
  defined.	
  	
  
                32-­‐38-­‐3	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  Exceptions	
  to	
  required	
  use	
  of	
  safety	
  belts.	
  	
  
                32-­‐38-­‐4	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  Failure	
  to	
  comply-­‐-­‐Evidence.	
  	
  
                32-­‐38-­‐5	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  Enforcement-­‐-­‐Violation	
  as	
  petty	
  offense.	
  
                	
  
                CHAPTER	
  32-­‐37:	
  CHILD	
  PASSENGER	
  RESTRAINT	
  SYSTEM	
  
                32-­‐37-­‐1	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  Use	
  of	
  system	
  required-­‐-­‐Violation	
  as	
  petty	
  offense.	
  	
  
                32-­‐37-­‐1.1	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  Operator	
  to	
  assure	
  that	
  passengers	
  between	
  ages	
  five	
  and	
  eighteen	
  wear	
  seat	
  belts.	
  	
  
                32-­‐37-­‐1.2	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  Certain	
  operators	
  required	
  to	
  wear	
  seat	
  belts.	
  	
  
                32-­‐37-­‐1.3	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  Passengers	
  between	
  ages	
  fourteen	
  and	
  eighteen	
  required	
  to	
  wear	
  seat	
  belts.	
  	
  
                32-­‐37-­‐2	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  Exemptions.	
  	
  
                32-­‐37-­‐3	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  Repealed.	
  	
  
                32-­‐37-­‐4	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  Violation	
  not	
  considered	
  negligence	
  or	
  assumption	
  of	
  risk-­‐-­‐Evidence	
  inadmissible.	
  

                	
  
           4. Refer to Extended Lesson, Section F

                                                                                                                                                                            2	
  
	
  
       C) Child Seat Guide (Refer to Poster # 1)
             1. Infant seats (rear facing) are used for children ages birth to one year/up to 35
                 pounds. Direction to face: Infants should ride rear-facing to at least 1 year of age
                 and at least 20 pounds. The seat should be angled to keep the child’s head from
                 falling forward.
             2. Toddler seats (front facing) are used for children ages older than 1 year/ 20-40
                 pounds. Direction to Face: a child older than one year of age and heavier than 20
                 pounds may ride facing forward. Use the upright position recommended by the
                 manufacturer.
                 Booster seats (front facing) are used for children ages up to 8 years old/ less than
                 4’9” or 80 pounds. Types of seats: belt-positioning booster seat, or high-back
                 booster seat.
             3. Booster seats sit on the vehicle seat and are used to properly position the adult
                 seat belt for an older child. There are 2 types of booster seats: belt positioning
                 booster seat and a high back booster seat. Both have the same effectiveness. A
                 booster seat uses no harness. It uses the vehicle’s lap and shoulder belts. Be sure
                 the seat belt is properly buckled. A good booster seat fit: a) lifts the child up and
                 into the adult seat; b) places the lap belt low across the hip bones touching the
                 thighs; and c) positions the shoulder belt across the center of the shoulder and
                 chest area.
             4. Vehicle seat belts are designed to fit an average-sized adult, not a small child.
             5. When riding in a truck, do you think it is better for you to ride in an open truck
                 tailgate or in the back seat of a truck with a jump seat? Refer to Poster #1.
                 Response: It is better for you to ride inside the cab of the truck in the jump seat. It
                 is very unsafe to ride in the open tailgate of a truck.
             6. Refer to Extended Lesson, Section G.

Activity:
Skeleton Wearing a Seat Belt Activity (Refer to poster # 2)
   D) The proper way to wear a seat belt.
       Give a brief anatomy lesson. Identify your skull, shoulder bones, the bone in the center of
       the chest, hip bones, top of the thigh, stomach, and neck.
                                                                            Skull	
  (head)	
  
                                       Neck	
  	
  	
  	
                        Shoulders	
  	
  

                                                                               Chest	
  	
  
                                    	
  	
  	
  Stomach	
  


                                                                                 Hips	
  	
  	
  


                                    Thighs	
  


                                                                     	
  



                                                                                                       3	
  
	
  
       Teacher’s	
   detailed	
   directions	
   for	
   Skeleton	
   Wearing	
   a	
   Seat	
   Belt	
  
       Activity	
  	
  
Before lesson begins, complete steps 1 – 4


                               1.	
   Using	
   a	
   toothpick	
   or	
               2.	
  To	
  help	
  the	
  cake	
  
                               sharp	
   object,	
   poke	
   a	
                      fit	
  inside	
  the	
  
                               small	
   hole	
   in	
   the	
   side	
                skeleton,	
  lightly	
  
                               or	
   back	
   of	
   the	
   cake.	
                  squeeze	
  the	
  sides	
  
                               This	
   allows	
   the	
   air	
   to	
                of	
  the	
  cake	
  to	
  make	
  
                               escape	
   during	
   the	
                             it	
  longer/skinnier.	
  
                               demonstration.	
  	
  	
                                	
  




                               3.	
  You	
  may	
  need	
  to	
                          4.	
  Insert	
  the	
  cake	
  
                               squeeze	
  the	
  rib	
  cage	
                           into	
  the	
  rib	
  cage	
  
                               together	
  on	
  the	
                                   of	
  the	
  skeleton.	
  	
  
                               skeleton	
  to	
  make	
  it	
  
                               easier	
  to	
  insert	
  the	
  
                               cake.	
  




To demonstrate this activity follow steps 5 – 13

                               5.	
  Show	
  the	
  students	
  
                                                                                    6.	
  Use	
  the	
  shorter	
  
                               and	
  explain	
  to	
  them	
  
                                                                                    string	
  to	
  
                               that	
  the	
  cake	
  inside	
  of	
  
                                                                                    represent	
  the	
  seat	
  
                               the	
  skeleton	
  
                                                                                    belt	
  across	
  the	
  hip	
  
                               represents	
  your	
  
                                                                                    bones.	
  
                               insides	
  including	
  your	
  
                               organs.	
  The	
  clear	
  
                               wrapper	
  represents	
  
                               your	
  skin.	
  



                                7.	
  Use	
  the	
  longer	
  
                                string	
  to	
  represent	
  the	
  
                                seat	
  belt	
  crossing	
  the	
  
                                chest.	
  (The	
  belt	
  can	
  
                                cross	
  from	
  the	
  left	
  
                                shoulder	
  to	
  the	
  right	
  
                                hip,	
  or	
  right	
  shoulder	
  
                                to	
  the	
  left	
  hip)	
  


                                                                                                                  4	
  
	
  
         8.	
  Explain	
  to	
  the	
  students	
  and	
  demonstrate	
  that	
  this	
  is	
  the	
  
         correct	
  way	
  to	
  wear	
  your	
  seat	
  belt.	
  With	
  the	
  belt	
  over	
  the	
  
         shoulder	
  and	
  crossing	
  the	
  chest	
  and	
  the	
  lap	
  belt	
  over	
  your	
  
         hip	
  bones.	
  Make	
  sure	
  the	
  students	
  can	
  see	
  that	
  you	
  are	
  
         pulling	
  the	
  string	
  over	
  the	
  hips	
  and	
  nothing	
  is	
  happening	
  
         because	
  the	
  lap	
  belt	
  is	
  securely	
  over	
  the	
  hip	
  bones.	
  	
  
         	
  




       9.	
  	
  Now	
  move	
  the	
  string	
                                                      10.	
  To	
  
       up	
  towards	
  the	
  rib	
  cage.	
                                                        demonstrate	
  the	
  	
  
       The	
  string	
  should	
  be	
                                                               force	
  of	
  impact	
  of	
  
       centered	
  between	
  the	
                                                                  an	
  accident,	
  pull	
  
       hip	
  bones	
  and	
  the	
  rib	
                                                           the	
  string	
  crossing	
  
       cage.	
  Explain	
  to	
  the	
                                                               the	
  stomach	
  area.	
  
       students	
  that	
  if	
  the	
  seat	
                                                       	
  
       belt	
  does	
  not	
  fit	
  
       correctly,	
  the	
  lap	
  belt	
  
       will	
  cross	
  your	
  stomach	
  
       area.	
  	
  
       	
  

         11.	
  Pull	
  the	
  seat	
  belt	
                                                        12	
  .	
  	
  Remove	
  the	
  seat	
  
         strings.	
  	
                                                                              belt	
  strings,	
  and	
  
         	
                                                                                          remove	
  the	
  cake	
  
                                                                                                     from	
  the	
  skeleton.	
  	
  
                                                                                                     	
  




         13.	
  	
  Explain	
  to	
  the	
  students	
  that	
  this	
  is	
  what	
  can	
  happen	
  to	
  your	
  
         internal	
  organs	
  if	
  you	
  do	
  not	
  correctly	
  wear	
  your	
  seat	
  belt	
  when	
  you	
  
         are	
  in	
  an	
  accident.	
  From	
  looking	
  that	
  the	
  clear	
  wrapper,	
  which	
  
         represents	
  the	
  skin,	
  the	
  damage	
  does	
  not	
  look	
  bad.	
  But	
  looking	
  at	
  the	
  
         damage	
  to	
  the	
  cake,	
  which	
  is	
  separated,	
  you	
  can	
  see	
  how	
  the	
  internal	
  
         organs	
  can	
  be	
  severely	
  hurt	
  when	
  wearing	
  your	
  seat	
  belt	
  incorrectly.	
  	
  	
  
                       	
  
         	
  




                                                                                                                           5	
  
	
  
          Time to Talk Physics
                    § Weight x Speed = Crash Force
                    § Ask the students to solve this math problem of physics:
                        A 60 pound child at 10 miles per hour = ________
                        600 pounds of force against the safety belt.
                        Same weight as an adult male boar pig.

       E) Buckle Up, It’s the Law. South Dakota (handout from SD Department of Public Safety)
             1. All operators and passengers under age 18 must be buckled at all times.
             2. Drivers and passengers in the front seat can be ticketed for not wearing their seat
                belts.
                    § The fine is $25.00 for the first offense
             3. As discussed earlier, children less that 4’9” or 80 pounds must be in a booster
                seat. The driver can also be ticketed for children or youth not properly restrained.
             4. Refer to Extended Lesson, Section H for activities.

       F) Things to Avoid When Using a Seat Belt (Refer to poster #3)
             1. NEVER use just the lap belt with a booster seat. Children can be severely injured
                 if not properly restrained.
             2. Children under age 13 should never sit in the front seat of the car because of the
                 air bag. Children should be properly restrained in the back seat of the vehicle.
             3. Read Warning Labels (Don’t forget to read WARNING labels on car seats,
                 booster seats and your automobile to ensure your safety)

Conclusion (Last picture on Poster #3)
Remember, buckling up is one simple act that can have a huge effect on your life. Whether you
are riding to school or just up the street, BUCKLE UP! It only takes 3 seconds and it can save
your life. Be sure everyone in the vehicle wears their safety belts correctly every time. Be a role
model for your younger siblings.




                                                                                                      6	
  
	
  
Extended Lesson
   F. Additional discussions questions for children and youth.
         1. Is it against the law for you to ride in a vehicle without a seat belt? Response:
             YES. (Remember, South Dakota only requires drivers and front-seat passengers to
             wear a seat belt at all times. If this topic comes up, just remind children that they
             should always wear their seat belt)
         2. Should your parents or a police officer wear seatbelt? Response: YES. It doesn’t
             matter if you are 8 years old or 60 years old, you should wear your seat belt. It is
             important for adults to wear their seatbelts to be role models for children like you.
         3. What do you think causes more deaths in the United States: illnesses or car
             accidents for children and young adults? Response: Car accidents are the leading
             cause of death for people ages 4 – 34.
       Leading Causes of Death in 2009 in USA
       By Age Group
       Ages 0 – 3       Age 4 to 34                                                   35 and
                                                                                      older
                        Age: 4 – 15       16 – 20          21 – 24        25 – 34
       Disease          Car Accidents                                                 Disease

           www.nhtsa.dot.gov – National Highway Safety Administration

              4. Some questions that students might ask:
                 § Students may think that sometimes wearing a seat belt can hurt you if you are
                    in a crash. Response: Explain that when wearing a seat belt correctly it can
                    save their life.
                 § The “THINK” signs in South Dakota. Response: Explain to the students that
                    this can be a reminder to always buckle up when in a vehicle. Many of the
                    lives that are lost in car accidents are due to people not wearing seat belts
                    while in a moving vehicle.

       G. Should you be in a booster seat?
             a. Children less than 4’9” or 80 pounds must be in a booster seat. Ask for volunteers
                 of children who think they are taller than 4 feet 9 inches? Using the tape measure
                 device, measure the height of the child. If time allows ask if anyone else wants to
                 see if they are tall enough to not be in a booster seat.

       H. Activity Options
             a. Individually or in pairs of two have the students create posters or a short public
                 service announcement explaining the main reasons why everyone should
                 remember to buckle up. The main purpose of this activity is for youth to work
                 together to summarize the important information related to wearing a seat belt.
             b. Scenarios: Read the following and ask children how they would handle the
                 situation or have the students role play the situations. Give the students sometime
                 to have fun with this activity and get their message about seat belt safety across.
                     Ø You are riding home from soccer practice with a parent of a friend. They
                         aren’t wearing a seat belt. What would you do? Response: The student

                                                                                                   7	
  
	
  
                     should remind the parent of the importance of wearing a seatbelt and that
                     it can save your life. No matter what, the student should wear the seat belt
                     even if the driver chooses not to.
                  Ø Your mom is taking you to school one morning, and she’s not wearing her
                     seat belt. She says she is a safe driver and doesn’t worry about wearing a
                     seat belt. What would you do? Response: Same as above. And reminder
                     that just because she is a safe driver, doesn’t mean everyone else on the
                     road drives safe. Other drivers can cause you to get in an accident.


Resources:
Installing Child Safety Seats brochure created by The USAA Educational Foundation. 2009.
Let’s Talk Twinkie Physics brochure created by www.800bucklup.org.
Project 8 brochure created by SD Dept. of Social Services. 2009.
Basic Car Seat Safety created by Safe Kids Worldwide. 2007.
SD Safety Belt Use Laws. Created by SD Dept. of Public Safety.
        http://www.dps.sd.gov/enforcement/highway_safety/safety_belt_use_law.aspx

Internet Videos
*Make sure to review the videos before showing them to children, so you are aware of content.
Seatbelt Education – Part 1
http://800bucklup.org/videos/index.asp - 5.07 minutes in length
Seatbelt Education – Part 2
http://800bucklup.org/videos/index.asp - 7.54 minutes in length
Booster Seats - How they work, why they are needed (Part 1)
http://800bucklup.org/videos/index.asp - 8.17 minutes in length
Booster Seats - How they work, why they are needed (Part 2)
http://800bucklup.org/videos/index.asp - 5.38 minutes in length




January 2011




                                                                                                8	
  
	
  

				
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