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					                     Figure 1




Public Opinion: Health Care and Election’08




                 Claudia Deane
                 Associate Director
         Public Opinion and Media Research
              Kaiser Family Foundation


                February 2008

                                             Return to kaiserEDU
                        Figure 2


                Tutorial Overview

• Public opinion about health care in the U.S.


• Trends and current priorities for the 2008 election.


• The role of health care in the election.




                                                 Return to kaiserEDU
                                                                  Figure 3

   Majorities of Insured Satisfied with Own Situation
       Among those with health care coverage, percent who…

100%
                                    93%                                                                    93%
                                          89% 88%           90%
                                                                                    88%                                88%
             85%                                                  86% 85%                                                      Satisfied with
                       84%                                                                                       83%
                                                                                          81% 82%                              quality of care
 80%



                                                                                                                               Satisfied with
 60%
                                                                                                                               ability to get
                                                                                                                               latest treatment

 40%
                                                                                                                               Rate health
                                                                                                                               insurance
                                                                                                                               coverage
 20%                                                                                                                           "excellent" or
                                                                                                                               "good"


  0%
                 1994                   1995                    1997                   2003                    2006

Note: Data for this question was not collected in 1994
Sources: ABC News Poll (Jul. 1994, Nov. 1995, Aug. 1997), ABC News/Washington Post Poll (Oct. 2003), ABC News/Kaiser Family
Foundation/USA Today Poll (Sept. 2006)                                                                                        Return to kaiserEDU
                                                            Figure 4


             Insecure About Costs, Losing Coverage
       Percent saying they are VERY worried about the following…
60%


                            49%
50%      47%                                                      47%                           Having to pay
                                      45%                   46%
                                                                                                more for your
                   41%                                                        41%               health care or
                                                40%                     40%               41%   insurance
                                                      38%                           39%
40%

                                                                                                Losing your
         34%                35%                                               34%               health
30%                                                               32%                           insurance
                                      30%                   30%         29%         29%   29%   coverage
                   26%                          27%   26%
20%



10%



 0%
        Dec-04 Feb-05 Apr-05 Jun-05 Oct-05 Feb-06 Aug-06 Oct-06 Mar-07 Jun-07 Oct-07 Dec-07

Source: Kaiser Family Foundation Health Poll Report                                              Return to kaiserEDU
                                                                 Figure 5


                          Problems Paying Medical Bills

        In the past 12 months, did you or                                   Health insurance status among the
         another family member in your                                         25% who reported problems
      household have any problems paying                                          paying medical bills…
               medical bills, or not?



                                                                                                 31%
                                                                                                                Uninsured


                                                  Yes
                   No
                                                  25%
                   75%

                                                                                                 69%            Insured




Source: ABC News/Kaiser Family Foundation/USA Today Health in America Survey (conducted September 7-12, 2006)       Return to kaiserEDU
                                                                       Figure 6


       Looking Back: Health Care as a Voting Issue
                  National Exit Polls
                                        2004                                                                            2006

        Moral values                       22%                          Corruption/ethics                                41%


     Economy/Jobs                        20%                                         Economy                             39%


             Terrorism                  19%                                         Terrorism                            39%


                      Iraq           15%                                Traditional values                              36%


          Health care            8%                                                          Iraq                       35%


                   Taxes 5%                                            Illegal immigration                             30%

                                                                         Saddam Hussein
            Education 4%                                                                                      18%
                                                                                 verdict


Source: 2004 Presidential & 2006 Congressional election exit polls by Edison/Mitofsky for the National Election Pool           Return to kaiserEDU
                                                                  Figure 7


Is Health Care Breaking Through as a Political Issue?
      Thinking about the campaign for the presidential election in 2008, what two issues
      would you most like to hear the presidential candidates talk about? (open-ended)

                                                                         2008
                                          Iraq                              35%


                                Health care                              30%


                                  Economy                          21%


                              Immigration                       17%


                                       Taxes               8%


                     Gas prices/Energy                    7%


Note: Adds up to more than 100% due to multiple responses.
Source: Kaiser Health Tracking Poll: Election 2008 (conducted November 28-December 9, 2007)   Return to kaiserEDU
                                                                   Figure 8


Is Health Care Breaking Through as a Political Issue?
           Thinking about the campaign for the presidential election in 2008, what two
           issues would you most like to hear the presidential candidates talk about?
           (open-ended, top 4 responses shown)

       50%
                      44%               43%                              44%

                                                             38%         38%
       40%
                                                                                 35%     Iraq

                                                             30%                 30%
       30%            26%                                                                Health care
                                        21%                                      21%
                      18%                                                18%
       20%                                  18%                                          Economy
                                                             13%
                                                                                 17%
       10%                             13%
                                                             12%         12%             Immigration
                      9%

        0%
                   Mar-07            Jun-07            Aug-07          Oct-07   Dec-07

Note: Adds up to more than 100% due to multiple responses.
Source: Kaiser Health Tracking Poll: Election 2008                                              Return to kaiserEDU
                                                                         Figure 9


      Interest in Health Care by Party Identification
       Thinking about the campaign for the presidential election in 2008, what two issues
       would you most like to hear the presidential candidates talk about? (open-ended)

                                                     Republicans                          Democrats   Independents

                                      Iraq                30%                                  39%       37%



                          Health care                    26%                                   37%     28%


                             Economy                   19%                               22%          21%


                         Immigration                    24%                            11%            21%


                                  Taxes             9%                                        6%        10%


              Gas prices/Energy                     8%                                        4%       7%


Note: Adds up to more than 100% due to multiple responses.
                                                                                                              Return to kaiserEDU
Source: Kaiser Health Tracking Poll: Election 2008 (conducted November 28-December 9, 2007)
                                                                          Figure 10


                                Interest in Cost vs. Coverage
         Which ONE of the following health care issues would you most like to hear the
         presidential candidates talk about?

                                                                                                 41%
                Reducing the costs of health care                                                  47%
                           and health insurance                                                35%
                                                                                                  43%

                                                                                              31%
                         Expanding health insurance                                  19%
                          coverage for the uninsured                                                42%
                                                                                              29%

                                                                                 14%
                                                                                                          Total
                        Improving the quality of care                            14%
                                                                                                          Republicans
                         and reducing medical errors                             13%                      Democrats
                                                                                  15%                     Independents

                                                                              8%
            Reducing spending on government                                    12%
          programs like Medicare and Medicaid                                6%
                                                                              8%

Source: Kaiser Health Tracking Poll: Election 2008 (conducted November 28-December 9, 2007)                 Return to kaiserEDU
                                                                   Figure 11


   Preferences for Health Care Reform Proposals
    Thinking ahead to the presidential election in 2008, which ONE of the following three
    things would you like to see in a health care reform proposal from a candidate?




                                                                                  33%
       Major expansion – Higher Cost
        A new health plan that would make a major effort to                                   59%
       provide insurance for nearly all of the uninsured and
                                                                                          49%
           would involve a substantial increase in spending


                                                                                 31%
     Limited expansion – Lower Cost
                                                                             22%                    Republicans
          A new health plan that is more limited and would
      cover only some uninsured groups, but would involve                                           Democrats
                                                                                29%
                                             less spending                                          Independents

                                                                               26%
                        Status Quo
                                                                        12%
                         A health plan that would keep things
                                         basically as they are          12%



Note: “Don’t know/refused” responses not shown
Source: Kaiser Health Tracking Poll: Election 2008 (conducted November 28-December 9, 2007)             Return to kaiserEDU
                                                                 Figure 12


    Though Public May Support Coverage Goal…

      Do you favor or oppose the federal government doing more to help provide health
      insurance for more Americans?




                             Favor
                             85%                                                              Oppose
                                                                                                14%




                                                                                           Don’t know/ 1%
                                                                                            Refused




Source: KFF/HSPH The Public’s Health Care Agenda for the New Congress and Presidential Campaign (conducted November 9-19, 2006)
                                                                                                                            Return to kaiserEDU
                                                           Figure 13


                      No Agreement on Best Solution

                                                                                                 When forced to choose…
                                                                                                 Percent who say “MOST
                                                         Percent who FAVOR                       preferred option”

       Tax credits for businesses                                  88%                              23%


   Expanding state government
                                                                 80%                               17%
    programs such as Medicaid

            Expanding Medicare to                              74%                                13%
              people under age 65

                     Tax credits for                           73%                                 17%
              uninsured individuals

  Requiring businesses to offer
                                                              70%                                 12%
       insurance to employees


       National single-payer plan                    37%                                          15%


Source: Kaiser Family Foundation/Harvard Health Care Agenda for the New Congress Survey November, 2004    Return to kaiserEDU
                                                                     Figure 14


                                  The Uninsured and Voting

                                                                  Percent saying they                     Percent saying they
                           Percent saying they are                voted in 2000                           voted in 2002
                           registered to vote                     presidential election                   congressional election

               Total                   77%                                    67%                               50%



      Uninsured
    under age 65                   58%                                    45%                               30%



  Insured under
                                       78%                                    67%                              49%
         age 65



           Ages 65
                                          90%                                      87%                             70%
          and over




Source: Kaiser Family Foundation Health Poll Report (combined surveys from Dec. 2003 and February 2004)                  Return to kaiserEDU
                                                                    Figure 15


 Issues Are Only One Part of What Determines Votes

   Overall, which of the following will be MOST important when you decide who to vote for?




                                                                                              Perceptions of the
                                                                                              candidates’
                 The candidates’                                                              leadership abilities,
             stands on the issues                                                             character, values,
                                                                                              and experience
                                                         46%                          45%




                                                                        10%


                                                                    Don’t know/
                                                                     Refused
                                                                                                             Return to kaiserEDU
Source: Kaiser Health Tracking Poll: Election 2008 (conducted November 28-December 9, 2007)
                        Figure 16


    Places to Turn for More Information


www.kff.org/kaiserpolls
www.health08.org
www.kaiseredu.org/tutorials_index.asp#PublicOpinion1
www.newsu.org/polling
www.aapor.org
www.ncpp.org
www.washingtonpost.com/polls
www.abcnews.go.com/pollingunit
www.pewresearch.org
www.pollster.com


                                                 Return to kaiserEDU

				
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