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Project Centurion_ Reducing - Center for Problem-Oriented Policing.ppt

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									PROJECT
CENTURION

 Reducing Crime & Disorder on
     Douglas Promenade
    Isle of Man, British Isles
                                 1
PROJECT
CENTURION

             Chris Pycroft
   Douglas Development Partnership
Chair – Project Centurion Steering Group
                                      2
PROJECT
CENTURION

      Constable Tony Paxton
     Isle of Man Constabulary
Project Manager – Project Centurion
                                      3
Isle of Man      Geography




                             4
       PROJECT CENTURION
      Isle of Man               Geography




32 miles long x 12 miles wide
Population: 76,000

                                            5
                  PROJECT CENTURION
Isle of Man               Political




 Self Governing British Crown Dependency
 Oldest continuous parliament in the world.




                                              6
          PROJECT CENTURION
Isle of Man          Cultural
       Celtic & Norse Heritage




                                 7
       PROJECT CENTURION
Isle of Man       Cultural

          Manx Language




                             8
       PROJECT CENTURION
Isle of Man          Cultural

              Manx Cats




                                9
       PROJECT CENTURION
Isle of Man       Cultural
          Manx Kippers




                             10
       PROJECT CENTURION
Isle of Man         Cultural
         Isle of Man TT Races




                                11
       PROJECT CENTURION
           Isle of Man              Economy
Historically:   Agriculture
                Fishing
                “Running” & Maritime Trading
                Mass “Seaside” Tourism
Today:          Offshore Financial Services
                Shipping Register
                E-gaming/E-commerce
                Movies
                Cultural, Heritage, Environmental and Sporting
                Tourism
Targets:        Aircraft Register
                Space
                                                            12
                    PROJECT CENTURION
Isle of Man                 Economy




A high quality of life and image are vital to the
continued economic success of the Isle of Man.




                                                    13
            PROJECT CENTURION
Isle of Man      The Promenade




                                 14
       PROJECT CENTURION
      Isle of Man                    The Promenade
Major increase in residential use.



“Seaside” heritage has resulted in Promenade
becoming the island’s focus for evening
economy.



Perceived major increase in alcohol related
crime and disorder during weekend evenings.


                                                     15
                  PROJECT CENTURION
The Birth of Project Centurion
   IOM Constabulary had adopted POP approach
   throughout force.
   IOM Constabulary introduced the POP concept
   to local authorities and other agencies.
   Chief Constable launched “Project Centurion” in
   January 2003.
   Constable seconded full time to work within the
   townhall to manage a POP project with the aim
   of reducing crime, improving public safety and
   improving the image of the Promenade.


                                                16
        PROJECT CENTURION
      The SARA Process

S
can



A
nalysis



R   esponse



A
ssessment

                            17
        PROJECT CENTURION
      The SARA Process

S
can



A
nalysis



R   esponse



A
ssessment

                            18
        PROJECT CENTURION
      The SARA Process

S
can



A
nalysis



R   esponse



A
ssessment

                            19
        PROJECT CENTURION
      The SARA Process

S
can



A
nalysis



R   esponse



A
ssessment

                            20
        PROJECT CENTURION
SCAN

                    21
PROJECT CENTURION
      The SARA Process - SCAN

Initial Scan:   Overview of crime figures for 3 beats.

                Public Meeting, Hilton Hotel, January 2003

                        Crime & Disorder

                        Transportation

                        Youth Issues

                Steering Group

Detailed Scan: Focus Groups & Tasking

                                                             22
                  PROJECT CENTURION
Project Centurion Steering Group Membership

     Dept. of Education Youth Service
         Dept. of Tourism & Leisure
              Dept. of Transport
             Douglas Corporation
     Douglas Development Partnership
         Brian Gresty - Consultant
          Isle of Man Constabulary
      Licensed Victuallers Association
       Michael Taylor – Youth Council
 Manx Entertainment & Nightclub Association
         Manx Off Licence Initiative
     Road Traffic Licensing Committee

                                              23
          PROJECT CENTURION
     Data Collection & Management

Data Collection:      Tasking project partners


Data Management: Problem Record Sheets




                                                 24
                   PROJECT CENTURION
       Data Collection & Management

Task Sheet


Task No.       4
Problem Area   Transportation
Specific       The need to transport people away from the Promenade as quickly
Problem        as possible on Friday and Saturday nights after pubs and clubs close
               in order to reduce crime and disorder and improve public safety.
To             All Nightclubs in Douglas

Task           To provide accurate information on an hourly basis of the numbers of
               customers exiting each establishment on a Friday and Saturday
               night.
                   rd
Completion     23 May 2003
Date




                                                                                25
                        PROJECT CENTURION
          Data Collection & Management
Problem Area
                   Transportation


                                               Actions Taken          Evidence/ Analysis        Response


Specific Problem      The need to transport    Public Forum           Public Anecdotal          Convene a
                      people away from the     Organised.             Evidence                  Transportation Focus
                      Promenade as                                                              Group
                      quickly as possible on
                      Friday and Saturday      Transportation Focus   Views from                Task stakeholders to
                      nights after pubs and    Group convened.        stakeholders on           collate specific,
                      clubs close.                                    contributory problems     detailed scan
                                                                      & specific issues to be   information.
                                                                      addressed.
Contributory          Reduced availability     Founded “Taxiwatch”    Anecdotal evidence of     Instigated “Taxiwatch”
Problems              of taxis due to          to improve             drivers.                  bans.
                      behaviour of             communication with
                      customers.               drivers
                                                                                                Agreed protocol with
                                                                                                Police after incidents.

                      Etc.
                      Etc.
                      Etc.



                                                                                                                   26
                                 PROJECT CENTURION
ANALYSIS

                     27
 PROJECT CENTURION
    Isle of Man                The Promenade
In 2001/2;

28% of all recorded crime in the IOM occurred on
the Promenade, an area representing only 3% of
the island’s geographical area.

19% of all criminal damage.

41% of all assaults.

46% of all public disorder.


                                                   28
                 PROJECT CENTURION
             ANALYSIS        Crime & Disorder
        350

        300

        250
Level




                                                                     Year
        200
                                                                   2000-2001
                                                                   2001-2002
        150
                                                                   2002-2003

        100

        50

         0
                Assault        Criminal Damage   Public Disorder
                                Crime Type

                                                                      29
                          PROJECT CENTURION
ANALYSIS          Crime & Disorder
 Relative levels of target crime by day of the week




                                                Assault
                                                Criminal Damage
                                                Public Disorder




  Mon    Tue    Wed   Thu    Fri   Sat    Sun
                      Day

                                                        30
               PROJECT CENTURION
       ANALYSIS                                         Crime & Disorder
         Average Annual Number of All Target Crimes by Hour
180


160


140


120


100


80


60


40


20


 0
      12:00 13:00 14:00 15:00 16:00 17:00 18:00 19:00 20:00 21:00 22:00 23:00 00:00 01:00 02:00 03:00 04:00 05:00 06:00 07:00 08:00 09:00 10:00 11:00
                                                                           Time




                                                                                                                                                31
                                            PROJECT CENTURION
                                              ANALYSIS                                 Crime & Disorder
                                              1400                                                        80
                                                     Number who have left Nightclubs
                                                     Assaults
                                                     Criminal Damage
                                                     Public Disorder                                      70
                                              1200
Av. people on Prom during May weekends 2003




                                                                                                          60
                                              1000




                                                                                                               Crimes over three years
                                                                                                          50
                                              800

                                                                                                          40

                                              600
                                                                                                          30


                                              400
                                                                                                          20


                                              200
                                                                                                          10



                                                0                                                         0




                                                                                                                             32
                                                                                  PROJECT CENTURION
   ANALYSIS           Crime & Disorder
Data Sources:    Public anecdotal evidence
                 Focus groups and tasks.
                 Crime analysis
                 Public perception survey
Target Crimes:   Assaults
                 Criminal damage
                 Public disorder
Main Offenders: Nightclub customers
Main Victims:    Nightclub customers
                 Promenade property & vehicle owners
                                                       33
                 PROJECT CENTURION
   ANALYSIS             Crime & Disorder
Harm Caused:   Injury
               Damage to property
               Fear of crime (affecting business)
               Negative image and reputation for the
               Promenade (affecting business)
Peak Times:    00.00hrs to 03.00hrs on Saturday & Sunday,
               particularly weekend of month after payday.

Locations:     Hotspots outside nightclubs
               Taxi ranks
               Fast food outlets
                                                       34
                PROJECT CENTURION
   ANALYSIS             Crime & Disorder
Response prior to    Resource intensive cycle of arrest &
Centurion:           prosecution.
                     Alcohol Unit already working with
                     Licensees to reduce drunkenness &
                     improve premises management.
Contributory         Excessive Alcohol Consumption
problems:            The large area over which police resources
                     must be deployed during the peak period.
                     Insufficient provision of late night public
                     transport.



                                                               35
                    PROJECT CENTURION
                                              ANALYSIS   Transportation
                                              1400                        80



                                                                          70
                                              1200
Av. people on Prom during May weekends 2003




                                                                          60
                                              1000




                                                                               Crimes over three years
                                                                          50
                                              800

                                                                          40

                                              600
                                                                          30


                                              400
                                                                          20


                                              200
                                                                          10



                                                0                         0




                                                                                             36
                                                     PROJECT CENTURION
     ANALYSIS                Transportation

Task Sheet
Task No.           10
Problem Area       Transportation
Specific Problem   The need to transport people away from the Promenade as
                   quickly as possible on Friday and Saturday nights after pubs
                   and clubs close in order to reduce crime and disorder and
                   improve public safety.
To                 All Taxi Companies
Task               To provide copies of taxi logs for Friday and Saturday nights
                   from 1st January 2002 to date, providing information on
                   times, destinations, pick up point and any points of note such
                   as customers not paying, violence, abuse, vomiting etc.
                        th
Completion Date    13 June 2003


                                                                             37
                        PROJECT CENTURION
ANALYSIS                            Transportation


25



20



15



10                                                                                   Qty OOT
                                                                                     Qty taxis
5



0
     18-19 19-20 20-21 21-22 22-23 23-00 00-01
                                               01-02 02-03 03-04 04-05 05-06 06-07




                                                                                         38
                           PROJECT CENTURION
    ANALYSIS           Transportation
Data Sources:    Public anecdotal evidence
                 Focus groups and tasks.
                 Public perception survey
                 Bus timetables
                 Survey of taxi operators
Main Problem:    Insufficient provision of public transport at
                 peak times.
Main Partners:   Taxi operators
                 Isle of Man Transport
                 Private Coach Operators
                 Police
                 Nightclubs
                                                             39
                 PROJECT CENTURION
    ANALYSIS         Transportation
Harm Caused:   Frustration
               Increased opportunity for incidents to occur.
               Negative image of poor management.
               Disturbance to residents.
               Disincentive to visit Promenade at peak
               periods.
Peak Times:    Midnight to 3.00am particularly weekend of
               month after payday.
Location of    Whole length of Promenade.
Problem:


                                                          40
                PROJECT CENTURION
    ANALYSIS              Transportation
Contributory   Insufficient taxi licences
Problems:      Non-operation of taxis due to fear of crime etc.
               Inefficient use of taxis to out of town destinations.
               Temporary withdrawal of taxis following incidents.
               Lack of late night bus service.
               Lack of communication between public transport
               providers.
               Insufficient and poorly managed taxi ranks.
               Restrictions in taxi legislation preventing most
               efficient use of taxis at peak periods.


                                                                41
                    PROJECT CENTURION
   ANALYSIS             Youth Issues
Anecdotal evidence from the public meeting and public
perception survey suggested that young people (under 18)
were responsible for much of the antisocial behaviour and
crime on the Promenade.
Whilst data from Youth Service worker logs did reveal a
background level of illegal alcohol and drug use by young
people, there was little evidence from the crime data of their
involvement in other crimes
It became apparent when reviewing the data that many of the
complaints about young people from the public related to the
noise and disturbance caused by large groups gathering in
public places such as the Promenade and surrounding
residential areas.
                                                             42
                   PROJECT CENTURION
   ANALYSIS                        Youth Issues
Indecent Exposure
Theft
Adult purchase of alcohol
Drug/Alcohol Seizure
Hospital Treatment
Serious Assault
Medium Assault
Medium Criminal Damage
Looking for a Fight
Serious Criminal Damage
Minor Criminal Damage
Minor Assault
Drug use Minor
Verbal Abuse
Fighting
Drug use Major
Confrontation
High Alcohol
Minor Alcohol
Medium Alcohol

                            0       10    20    30   40

                                                          43
                                PROJECT CENTURION
   ANALYSIS              Youth Issues
It was also apparent that the location of these gatherings
fluctuated as a result of the weather, police response, the
presence of other attractions and other factors such as time of
year.
Perception is the perceiver’s reality
Project partners recognised that an understanding of the youth
perspective would be vital.




                                                            44
                    PROJECT CENTURION
  ANALYSIS          Youth Issues
Michael Taylor




                                     45
                 PROJECT CENTURION
     ANALYSIS                           Youth Issues
50
                                                                       Skater
45
                                                                       Scally
40
                                                                       Other
35
                                                                       Goth
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
     Dry bar/club Events    Drop In Skatepark Buzz Bus   Ice Rink   Fair   Internet Café Sheltered
                           Centre/café                                                 outside venue


                                                                                                       46
                                PROJECT CENTURION
   ANALYSIS           Youth Issues
Data Sources:    Public anecdotal evidence
                 Focus groups & tasking
                 Youth workers
                 Youth outreach workers logs
                 Crime analysis
                 Complaints to Police
                 Survey of Young People
                 Public Perception Survey
Main Problems:   Intimidation caused by large groups of
                 young people.
                 Background level of underage drinking, drug
                 use and sexual activity.
                                                         47
                 PROJECT CENTURION
    ANALYSIS              Youth Issues
Main Partners:   Youth Service
                 Young people
                 Police
                 Douglas Corporation
                 Church groups
Harm Caused:     Intimidation & fear of crime
                 Disturbance of residents
                 Young people’s health issues
Peak Times:      Mainly Friday/Saturday evenings
                 (variable throughout the year)
Location:        Centred on Promenade but easily displaced.

                                                         48
                  PROJECT CENTURION
   ANALYSIS              Youth Issues
Contributory   Public Misperception.
Problems:      Mobile nature of young people’s social habits.
               Shortage of social facilities, events & activities
               for young people.
               Conflicting approaches by police and youth
               service.
               Lack of understanding of young people’s social
               groupings and their different requirements.
               Lack of forum to represent young people’s
               views.
               The importance of personality in developing
               rapport with young people.

                                                                49
                   PROJECT CENTURION
RESPONSE

                      50
  PROJECT CENTURION
 RESPONSE                   Crime & Disorder
Police Action Plan: 53 potential responses
                  Use of detailed intelligence from
                  Centurion to target resources more
                  efficiently.
                  Project Centurion Task Force.
                  Refusal to grant bail to offenders on
                  Friday/Saturday.
                 Using “Drunk & Disorderly” & “Provoking
                 Behaviour” instead of “Section 3 Public
                 Order” in order to gain stronger sentence
                 & “Pubwatch” ban.


                                                          51
                PROJECT CENTURION
 RESPONSE                   Crime & Disorder
Police Action Plan: 53 potential responses
                 Policing taxi ranks to prevent illegal car
                 parking.

                  Alcohol Unit’s numerous initiatives in
                  collaboration with licensees.




                                                           52
                PROJECT CENTURION
      RESPONSE                     Transportation
     Conclusions;

1.     The target crimes and disorder are either opportunist or
       incidental rather than pre-meditated. Therefore, the quicker
       clubbers are removed from the Promenade, the less
       opportunity or reason they have to commit crime in the first
       place.
2.     Reducing frustration about the lack of taxis and the difficulty
       experienced getting home after a night out was considered
       important in reducing incidents at taxi ranks.
3.     If more people are transported home by vehicle, fewer are
       left to walk home committing opportunistic and incidental
       crimes en route.

                                                                 53
                      PROJECT CENTURION
 RESPONSE               Transportation
Responses:   “TaxiWatch”

             Taxi rank review.

             Improved rank management

             Parking Controllers on horse trams

             Police/Taxi protocol

             Increase in taxi licences

             Late night bus service

                                                  54
             PROJECT CENTURION
 RESPONSE              Youth Issues
Responses:   Douglas Youth Council




                                      55
             PROJECT CENTURION
 RESPONSE              Youth Issues
Responses:   Douglas Youth Council
             Events & Venues
                Monthly Dance Events
                 Outdoor events celebrating
                 creativity of young people




                                              56
             PROJECT CENTURION
 RESPONSE              Youth Issues
Responses:   Douglas Youth Council
             Events & Venues
                Monthly Dance Events
                 Outdoor events celebrating
                 creativity of young people
                 “Youth on the Move”




                                              57
             PROJECT CENTURION
 RESPONSE               Youth Issues
Responses:   Douglas Youth Council
             Events & Venues
                Monthly Dance Events
                 Outdoor events celebrating
                 creativity of young people
                 “Youth on the Move”
                 “Area 51”
             Youth Text Line
             Improved communication and
             collaboration between Youth Service &
             Police.
                                                     58
             PROJECT CENTURION
ASSESSMENT

                       59
   PROJECT CENTURION
  ASSESSMENT
1600

1400

1200

1000                                                          2000-2001
                                                              2001-2002
800
                                                              2002-2003
600                                                           2003-2004

400
                                                              2004-2005

200

  0
       Assault     Criminal Damage Public Order   All Crime

                 33.4% reduction in crime overall.
             Includes a 28% reduction in thefts.
                                                                    60
                     PROJECT CENTURION
 ASSESSMENT
Difficult to assign results to specific responses.

However………….
Police Action Plan appeared to have an instant and
dramatic effect.

Transportation responses took longer to implement.
Transportation likely to result in a steady long term
reduction in crime.

Youth related responses more likely to have impact on
public perception. 2nd Survey proposed November 2005.


                                                        61
                  PROJECT CENTURION
       ASSESSMENT
       Forecast of reported crimes for 2005-6 based on first four months (seasonally adjusted)
1600

1400

1200

1000

800

600
                                                                                                 2000-2001
400                                                                                              2001-2002
                                                                                                 2002-2003
200                                                                                              2003-2004
                                                                                                 2004-2005
                                                                                                 2005-2006
  0
            Assault        Criminal          Public Order    Theft Offence       All Crime
                           Damage



                                                                                                   62
                                  PROJECT CENTURION
 ASSESSMENT



                   Secondary Benefit;

Relationships and partnerships and collaboration between
all organisations and sectors involved.




                                                       63
                PROJECT CENTURION
ASSESSMENT
           The Future of the Project


Phase 2 – Public presentation, meeting and workshop


             Public Perception Survey 2


                Continued Monitoring


  Greater all round understanding of current issues.


                                                       64
              PROJECT CENTURION
ASSESSMENT                      Lessons
Perception versus reality.
Incremental scanning and repeating the SASASARA process.
Patience.
Planning the Project.
The importance of a dedicated person to drive the project.
Information collection process – Tasking.
Information management – Contributory problems.
Communication and collaboration.
The value of politicians.
Publicity & Public Relations including colleagues.
Crime and disorder are community issues that often require
community responses.
Motivation & Enthusiasm.
                                                     65
               PROJECT CENTURION
And finally……………………
The Isle of Man is a beautiful island with a high quality of
life, a strong sense of community and relatively low
levels of crime.




                                                               66
                 PROJECT CENTURION
            Any
         Questions?
Chris Pycroft             Tony Paxton
cpycroft@douglas.org.im   tony.paxton@police.dha.gov.im
                                                   67
                PROJECT CENTURION

								
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