CJEANYS Oct19 2006 by 2335fv

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									                   Teaching Terrorism




COMBATING TERRORISM CENTER      CJEANYS        James JF Forest, Ph.D.
at West Point                19 October 2006   Director of Terrorism Studies
                            CTC Education on
                    Terrorism and Homeland Security
Courses
• Terrorism & Counterterrorism
• Advanced Terrorism Studies
• Homeland Security Seminar
• Intelligence and Terrorism
• Information Warfare
• Forthcoming, Fall 2007:
  Terrorism and Weapons of Mass
  Destruction

•   Minor in Terrorism Studies

•   JTTF Seminars

•   FBI Academic CT Curriculum




    COMBATING TERRORISM CENTER               James JF Forest, Ph.D.
    at West Point                            Director of Terrorism Studies
                            CTC Education on
                    Terrorism and Homeland Security
Central Course Topics
 Visions & Enabling Environments
 Critical, strategic thinking about threats and response


Core Course Lessons
   Definitions and History of Terrorism
   Understanding Contemporary, Networked Terror Organizations
   Ideologies and Strategies: Religious and Non-Religious
   Means and Methods (Crime, Finance, Internet, Suicide Bombings, etc.)
   U.S. and Al Qaeda Pre-9/11 and Post-9/11
   Organizing to Fight Terrorism (Strategy, Legal Issues, etc.)
   Future of Terrorism (Potential for Weapons of Mass Destruction, etc.)

    COMBATING TERRORISM CENTER                        James JF Forest, Ph.D.
    at West Point                                     Director of Terrorism Studies
  CTC Seminars for Joint Terrorism Task Forces
Day 1                                             Day 3
 Islam and the Evolution of Militant Islamic      Terror Financing
  Ideologies
                                                   Security and Control: The
 Beginnings of Sunni Extremism                     weaknesses of AQ
 Global Terrorism and the rise of Al-Qaeda        Tools for
 Al Qaeda, From 9/11 to Now                        investigators/Survey

Day 2
 Virtual Caliphate: Jihadi use of the
  Internet
 Hizballah
                                                New FBI Academy Curriculum:
                                                60 hours of CT instruction, with
 Hamas
                                                case studies of terrorism and CT,
 Iraq and Bleed out from the Levant
                                                WMD issues, interagency
 North African Terror Organizations            cooperation emphasis, etc.
 How do you win? Building a framework
  for investigation

   COMBATING TERRORISM CENTER                              James JF Forest, Ph.D.
   at West Point                                           Director of Terrorism Studies
                               SAMPLE LESSON
Root Causes, Facilitators and Underlying Conditions of Terrorism




  COMBATING TERRORISM CENTER                   James JF Forest, Ph.D.
  at West Point                                Director of Terrorism Studies
       Root Causes, Facilitators and
     Underlying Conditions of Terrorism
                                 Agenda
 Goal: Brief overview of the spectrum of topics addressed in
  the academic literature on root causes, facilitators and
  underlying conditions of terrorism

   Underlying Conditions: Local
   Underlying Conditions: Global
   Facilitating Ideologies of Violence
   Summary
   What to Do?
    COMBATING TERRORISM CENTER             James JF Forest, Ph.D.
    at West Point                          Director of Terrorism Studies
                Underlying Conditions: Local
                              • Could include political, economic
                                and social conditions, before
                                terrorism
                                –   Unemployment
                                –   Socio-demographic pressures
                                –   Authoritarian/repressive regimes
                                –   Ethnic fissures (Tamils, Chechens)


                              • Chaos & capacity
                                – Weak/failing states


                              • These conditions exist in numerous
                                places without history of terrorism
                                – Think globally, act locally?
                                  (e.g., London, Madrid)

COMBATING TERRORISM CENTER                      James JF Forest, Ph.D.
at West Point                                   Director of Terrorism Studies
                Underlying Conditions: Global
                               • Could include global animosities
                                  – e.g., Sunni vs. Shia


                               • Could foreign policies
                                  – U.S. relations with Israel, Egypt,
                                    Saudi Arabia, Iran
                                  – Democracy mandate?
                                  – Perceptions (bias/hypocrisy)
                                  – State-sponsored terror


                               • Energy dependence facilitates
                                 funding streams for violent groups
                                 as well as vulnerabilities for
                                 industrialized nations

COMBATING TERRORISM CENTER                      James JF Forest, Ph.D.
at West Point                                   Director of Terrorism Studies
Other Global Conditions & Facilitators
• Global weapons proliferation (especially in weak/failing states)

• Technology
     – Communication and transportation shrinks time and space; enable
       networked forms of terrorism (including fundraising aspects)
     – Weapons: invention of dynamite helped launch capabilities


• Global criminal networks
     – Profit motive
     – Money laundering
     – Trafficking in drugs, humans, explosives, other ‘bad stuff’


• Ideologies fuel both local and global perceptions of injustices and need
  for action/retribution

COMBATING TERRORISM CENTER                                   James JF Forest, Ph.D.
at West Point                                                Director of Terrorism Studies
      Facilitating Ideologies of Violence
         Nationalist (e.g., Anti-colonial groups)
         Left-wing (e.g., radical Communists revolutionaries)
         Right Wing (often target race and ethnicity)
         Anarchist
         Religious (e.g., militias, jihadists, etc.- “attack on Islam”)
         Others (e.g., apocalyptic, charismatic cults, philosophies of
          “Man is evil” - Hobbes, et al.)


     Overall: These all reflect the importance of
      perceptions, emotions, strategic influence,
      information warfare; The Vision Thing

COMBATING TERRORISM CENTER                              James JF Forest, Ph.D.
at West Point                                           Director of Terrorism Studies
           Summary
         Economic opportunities (lack thereof)
         Political conditions (distribution of power)
         Chaos & capacity (weak/failing states)
         Think global, act local?
         Global animosities
         Foreign policies (incl. state sponsorship)
         Energy dependence
         Weapons proliferation
         Technology
         Criminal Networks
         Ideologies for Action (Retribution?)
         Other grievances . . .

COMBATING TERRORISM CENTER                         James JF Forest, Ph.D.
at West Point                                      Director of Terrorism Studies
            What to do?
     Economic and political dimensions
             Create economic & political opportunities to meet aspirations
             Consider foreign policy dimensions (state sponsorship, bias)
     Chaos & capacity
             Law enforcement, border security; containment
     Weapons proliferation & criminal networks
             Pressure states and private companies to prevent
     Energy dependence
             Alternatives to fossil fuels
     The battleground of ideologies is particularly
      important for attacking the motivation and morale
      of terrorists in Iraq
             Exploit ideological vulnerabilities

COMBATING TERRORISM CENTER                               James JF Forest, Ph.D.
at West Point                                            Director of Terrorism Studies
“You have to be lucky everyday – We only have to be lucky once”
                                             - IRA Bomber

                               Questions?




  COMBATING TERRORISM CENTER                James JF Forest, Ph.D.
  at West Point                             Director of Terrorism Studies

								
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