for the SFA:
Run-ons and Fragments
- to separate dates, cities and states,
person addressed in dialogue, introductory
- before a coordinating conjunction
- series of words or phrases
- a direct quotation
- introductory phrase in a sentence
- appositives, nonessential phrases
“Gotta keep ‘em separated!”
The president lives at 1600
Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington
May 3, 1992, is her birth date.
Whatever, I don’t really care!
(For, and, nor, but, or, yet, so)
You need to take out the garbage before
you go to your friend’s house and,
Sam, don’t forget to take the cans to
the street because tomorrow is
Wednesday, trash day!
“They keep going and going…”
Her chores at home include washing the
dishes, making the bed, and walking
Her favorite colors are blue, orange, and
He hates veggies, dogs, and sports.
“What he said!”
Bob asked, “Is Sue home?”
The girl shouted across the room, “Does
anyone have a pencil I can borrow?”
The bus driver whispered under his
breath, “Only 14 more stops.”
“I’m proud to introduce…”
Because she is my friend, I asked her
With no expectations and only hope in
her heart, she gave her valentine to
With hands in pockets, he walked away.
While Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar is primarily a play
about political and moral issues, the play also focuses
a great deal on various methods of persuasion. The
ancient Greek philosopher, Aristotle identified three
ways a speaker can appeal to an audience. The
characters in Julius Caesar employ all three methods
at various times in the play. Recognizing these
different appeals can help the modern speaker
become more effective in the art of persuasion. For
although Aristotle and the characters in
Shakespeare’s play lived in ancient times, the three
methods of persuasion named by Aristotle are as
current as todays adertisements. In fact, modern
teenagers use all three appeals on a regular basis.
Titles (first, middle important words, last)
First word of sentence
Direction as a location
The young lady, Sandra, and her
boyfriend, Brett, set out on a trip to
the South to visit her favorite
author’s home town and the same
location as her favorite story New
Run-ons and Fragments
a sentence that continues without any
defined breaks using a comma and
conjunction or ending punctuation
a part of a sentence lacking either the
subject or a verb
“Stop that run-on!”
Rewrite the following sentence.
The teacher stood up to walk to the
front of the room and a student
placed his bag where the teacher was
to stand and the teacher tripped on
the bag and fell on her face and the
class laughed and the boy felt silly.
“Hmmm…it needs something.”
Add to the fragment to make it a
Which was found on the floor.
When it was near the end of the day.
As the students were packing to leave.
To show possession
To add ‘s’ to numbers or letters
Make the following scenarios into
1. The dog belongs to Brenda.
2. That homework belongs to Jim.
3. That IPOD belongs to Mr. Foust since
you brought it to school.
“Should a, Could a, Would a”
Make the following words into contractions:
1. Should have
2. Could have
3. Would have
4. Did not
5. Will not
6. Is not
7. Could not
8. Have not
“I love the 80’s!”
Answer the following questions using ‘s:
1. What is your favorite decade?
2. What grade do you hate making?
3. What letters of the alphabet do you
YOU CANNOT USE THE DICTIONARY
ON THE TEST!
YOU WILL HAVE TO GUESS ON
SPELLING IF YOU ARE NOT SURE.
There, their, they’re
To, too, two
Putting the descriptive phrase in the
How to check:
Ask yourself – “Who is being described?”
“Now that’s just crazy!”
Correct the sentences below to make
1. Running into the room, the
typewriter fell over.
2. The lady got on the bus wearing a
3. Blown across the room by the fan,
we picked up the papers.
Wait! It’s not just grammar!
Adding sentences for clarification
Who and Whom
Good and Well
Combine the following sentences:
The robber was masked.
The robber carried a loaded gun and a
The clerk stared at the robber.
The robber shouted, “Everyone down!
Why use transitions?
To make sentences or paragraphs make a
smoother change from one idea to another
or to continue an idea over to another
How do I know which to use?
The purpose of the sentence: opposition,
clarifying, explanation, example, additional
List all of the transition words that
Write a sentence or sentences to clarify
The teacher sat down with the student. A
look of disappoint was on her face.
She couldn’t believe it was happening.
The teacher took a tissue. The paper
was nothing like she expected.
Movers: $20 an hour
Rearrange the sentences for clarity.
The girl sat on the couch. She was hungry.
She made herself a sandwich. She had
forgotten to eat lunch because she was
so busy with her little brother. She also
got a drink and chips. Her favorite show
was on television. She wiped her mouth
Who or Whom?
Who – the subject of a sentence.
Who is standing at the door?
Whom – the object of the preposition (if you
can add to or from in front of who then it
should be whom)
To whom do I give the gift?
Who or whom?
______ is calling?
______ are you calling?
Good and Well
Good – an adjective
Well – an adverb
The boy/girl said, “You look good!”
Ms. Robinson said that I did well on
I did ____ on my exam.
I will do ____ on the TAKS test.