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					   Glasgow (Scottish: Glaschu) is the largest city in Scotland, but it is not Scotland's capital. That is
   Glasgow is in the west of Scotland on the River Clyde and is the capital of the Strathclyde region.
    Glasgow used to be famous for its ship building, but over the last 30 years this industry has decreased and
    few ships are built here now. Glasgow is now often visited by tourists. Many new buildings have been
    built in the city in the last 20 years.
   There are a number of theatres and concert halls in the city. The biggest in the SECC, The Scottish
    Exibition & Conference Centre. Over the years almost every famous popular singer and group have
    performed in Glasgow, including The Beatles, Bob Dylan, The Moody Blues, Diana Ross and many
   In summer it is popular as a base for tourists. They can stay in Glasgow and then travel to see Loch
    Lomond and the Western Isles. One of the oldest paddle-steamer boats is in Glasgow, and in the summer
    one can travel down the Clyde to visit other towns and islands. The city of Edinburgh is one hour's
    journey to the east and there are two airports in or near the city, Glasgow Airport and Prestwick Airport.
    The main railway stations, Glasgow Central and Queen Street stations, provide rail links to the rest of
    Scotland, and to England.
   Glasgow has several football teams - the best-known are Rangers and Celtic. Partick Thistle, Clydebank,
    and Queens Park Rangers also play in the city.
   Glasgow is located on the banks of the River Clyde, in
    West Central Scotland.
   Glasgow weather is typical of Scottish weather and
    often unpredictable.
   The summer months (May to September) are often
    mild but unpredictable. The winds are generally
    westerly, due to the warm Gulf Stream. The warmest
    month is usually July, averaging 19°C (66.2°F).
    However, temperature can change suddenly, and is
    normally a few degrees colder than southern England.
    Mornings may be damp and misty, or dreich (a
    Scottish term for damp and drizzly), but become sunny
    and warm by afternoon.
   Though there are some rainy and windy days, spring
    (March to May) is fairly mild. Many of Glasgow's
    trees begin to flower at this time of the year and the
    parks and gardens are filled with spring colour.
   Winters can be damp with few sunny days; however
    the Gulf Stream ensures that Glasgow stays warmer
    than other cities at the same latitude, e.g. Moscow.
    Winds can be chilling and cold, though severe
    snowfalls are infrequent and do not last. December,
    January and February are the wettest months of the
    year, but can occasionally be sunny and clear.
   The actual city council area of Glasgow peaked in population the 1930s with a population of 1,088,000
    people and for over 50 years was over 1.3 million people. However, after the peak of the 1930s the
    population declined, due to relocation to the 'new towns' in clearings of the poverty-stricken inner city areas
    like the Gorbals. Glasgow was during this period of its history one of the most densely populated cities in the
    world. In addition, successive boundary changes reduced the official city boundaries (and hence official
    population) making direct comparisons difficult as the city continues to expand beyond the official city
    council boundaries into surrounding suburban areas, emcompassing nearly 400 square miles if all adjoining
    suburbs, commuter towns and villages are included.
   There are two distinct definitions for the population of Glasgow; the Glasgow City Council Area (which
    lost the district of Rutherglen to South Lanarkshire and the Greater Glasgow Urban Area which includes
    the urban cornubation around the city. Since the 2001 census the population decline has stabilised and the
    population of both the City of Glasgow council area and Greater Glasgow are forecast to grow in the near
    future (the 2004 population of the City of Glasgow council area was 585,090). However when all suburbs
    and other towns forming the conurbation in the Glasgow area are included the population almost doubles in
   Compared to Inner London (22,438 people per sq mile), Scotland's major city has less than half the current
    population density of the English capital (8,528). However, in 1931 the population density was 16,011,
    highlighting the 'clearances' of the inner city to the suburbs and new towns that were built to empty one of
    Europe's most densely populated cities
                   Here is the Bird that never flew
                   Here is the Tree that never grew
                   Here is the Bell that never rang
                   Here is the Fish that never swam
   Glasgow's Coat of Arms dates back to 1866 when the Lord
    Lyon first granted the city its patent. The emblems depicted
    within the armorial bearings go back much further in history,
    representing legendary incidents in the life of the city's founder
    and patron saint, St Kentigern, or as he was more affectionately
    known, St Mungo, meaning "the dear one".
   The Bell is believed to represent the one given to St Mungo by
    the Pope. Until the 16th century St Mungo's Bell played an
    important role in the life of the city, tolled regularly as a
    reminder to the inhabitants to pray for his soul. A replacement
    was purchased in 1641 and now lies in the People's Palace.
    Inscribed on it is the city's motto: "Lord let Glasgow flourish
    through the preaching of thy word and praising thy name." -
    often shortened to: "Let Glasgow Flourish". The fate of the
    original bell is unknown.
   The Tree - although depicted as an oak - represents the hazel
    branch which the young St Mungo miraculously set alight
    when the holy fire of the monastery at Culross was
    mischievously extinguished by the other boys.
   The Bird represents a robin brought back to life by the young
    saint after St Serf's disciples had accidentally killed it and
    blamed Mungo.
   The area of Glasgow has long been used for
    settlement due to the River Clyde providing a
    natural area for fishing. Glasgow became important
    in the 12th century as the site of a bishopric,
    reorganized by King David I of Scotland and John,
    Bishop of Glasgow. There had been an earlier
    religious site the exact age of which is unknown.
    According to doubtful hagiographical tradition, this
    ecclesiatical site had been established by Saint
    Kentigern. The bishopric became one of the largest
    and wealthiest in the Kingdom of Scotland, bringing
    wealth and status to the town. Somewhere between
    1175 and 1178 this position was strengthened even
    further when Bishop Jocelin obtained for the
    episcopal settlement the status of burgh from King
    William the Lion, allowing the settlement to expand
    with the benefits of trading monopolies and other
    legal guarantees. Sometime between 1189 and 1195
    this status was supplemented by an annual fair,
    which survives to this day as the Glasgow Fair.
 Glasgow grew over the following centuries, and the founding of the University of Glasgow in
  1451 and elevation of the bishopric to an archbishopric in 1492 increasing the town's religious
  and educational status. In the 16th century Glasgow became prominent in international trading as
  a hub of trade to the Americas, especially in the movement of tobacco, cotton and sugar. The
  industries of Scotland produced textiles, coal and steel, which were exported. Shipbuilding
  became a major industry on the Clyde, building many famous ships. By the end of the 19th
  century the city was known as the "Second City of the Empire" and was producing most of the
  ships and locomotives in the world. During this period, the construction of many of the city's
  greatest architectural masterpieces and most ambitious civic projects were being funded by its
 The 20th century showed a great decline in the city's fortunes, especially with the effects of two
  World Wars and the Great Depression. The city's industries became uncompetitive, leading to
  high unemployment, urban decay and poor health for the city's inhabitants. At the end of the
  Second World War there were active attempts at regeneration of the city, when the Glasgow
  Corporation published its Bruce Report which set out a comprehensive series of initiatives aimed
  at turning round the decline of the city.
 By the end of the century there had been a significant resurgence in Glasgow's economic fortunes,
  finding a new role as a European centre for business and finance, as well an increase in tourism.
  The latter due to the legacy of the city's status as European City of Culture in 1990, and the
  product of its thriving artistic community. The ongoing regeneration of inner-city areas has led to
  people moving back to live in the centre of Glasgow, although some areas of the city remain
  amongst the most deprived in the UK.
 Glasgow was historically
  based around Glasgow
  Cathedral, the old High
  Street and down to the
  River Clyde via Glasgow
  Cross: City centre,
  Merchant City, Financial
  district, The West End,
  The East End, The South
  Side, North Glasgow,
   Very little of medieval Glasgow remains, the two main
    landmarks from this period being the 14th century Provand's
    Lordship and Glasgow Cathedral. The vast majority of the city
    as seen today dates from the 19th century. As a result, Glasgow
    has an impressive heritage of Victorian architecture - the
    Glasgow City Chambers, the main building of the University of
    Glasgow, designed by Sir George Gilbert Scott, and the
    Glasgow School of Art, designed by Charles Rennie
    Mackintosh, being outstanding examples. Another architect who
    had a great and enduring impact on the city's appearance was
    Alexander Thomson, who produced a distinctive architecture
    based on fundamentalist classicism that gave him the nickname
    "Greek". He was described as a "quiet, stay-at-home Victorian
    behind whose buttoned-up facade there seethed a kind of
    stylistic corsair who plundered the past for the greater glory of
    the present".
   The buildings reflect the wealth and self confidence of the
    residents of the "Second City of the Empire". Glasgow generated
    immense wealth from trade and the industries that developed
    from the Industrial Revolution. The shipyards, marine
    engineering, steel making, and heavy industry all contributed to
    the growth of the city. At one time the expression "Clydebuilt"
    was synonymous with quality and engineering excellence. The
    Templeton's Carpet Factory on Glasgow Green was designed to
    resemble the Doge's Palace in Venice. The allusions to another
    great trading city, seem appropriate.
 The city has many amenities for a
  wide range of cultural activities,
  from curling to opera and from
  football to art appreciation; it also
  has a large selection of museums
  that include those devoted to
  transport, religion, and modern art.
  The city's principal library, the
  Mitchell Library, is the largest
  public reference library in Europe,
  currently housing some 1,213,000
 Glasgow is home to a variety of
  theatres including The Kings
  Theatre, Theatre Royal and the
  Citizens Theatre and is home to
  many municipal museums and
  art galleries, the most famous
  being the Kelvingrove Art
  Gallery and Museum, the
  Gallery of Modern Art (GoMA)
  and the Burrell Collection. Most
  of the museums in Glasgow
  operate a free entry system.
 The city has hosted many exhibitions over
  the years, including being the UK City of
  Achitecture 1999, European Capital of
  Culture 1990, National City of Sport 1995-
  1999 and European Capital of Sport 2003.
 In addition, unlike the Edinburgh Festival
  (where all Edinburgh's main festivals occur
  in the last three weeks of August),
  Glasgow's festivals virtually fill the entire
  calendar, from January through to
  December. Major festivals include the
  Glasgow Comedy Festival, Glasgow Jazz
  Festival, Celtic Connections, Glasgow Film
  Festival, West End Festival, Merchant City
  Festival, Glasgay, and the World Pipe Band
   Some of the city's main venues include the Glasgow
    Royal Concert Hall, the SECC and King Tut's Wah Wah
    Hut (where Oasis were spotted and signed by Glaswegian
    record mogul Alan McGee) and The Barrowlands, a
    historic ballroom, converted into a mecca of live music.
    More recent mid-sized venues include ABC and the
    Carling Academy, which play host to a similar range of
    acts, and numerous smaller venues play host to the city's
    countless local bands and smaller touring performers. For
    the more alternative crowd, the Cathouse often hosts gigs
    from a variety of Punk, Metal and Industrial bands.
    Glasgow is also home to a thriving electronic music
    scene, with a particularly strong reputation for techno
    and house music. Clubs like The Arches, The Sub Club
    and record labels such as Soma and Glasgow
    Underground have supported this strong underground
    movement for the past two decades in the city.
   In recent years, the success of bands such as Franz
    Ferdinand, Belle & Sebastian, The Fratellis and Sons &
    Daughters has significantly boosted the profile of the
    Glasgow music scene, prompting Time Magazine to
    liken Glasgow to Detroit during its 1960's Motown
 Glasgow has a long sporting
  history, with the world's first
  international football match held in
  1872 at the West of Scotland
  Cricket Club's Hamilton Crescent
  ground in the Partick area of
  Glasgow. The match was between
  Scotland and England and resulted
  in a 0–0 draw. It is the only city to
  have had two football teams
  competing in European finals in the
  same season: in 1967 Celtic were
  in the 1967 European Cup final
  while at the same time Rangers
  were in the Cup Winners Cup final.
•   The city is home to Scotland's largest football stadia: Celtic Park (60,832 seats), Ibrox Stadium
    (51,082 seats) and Hampden Park (52,670 seats), which is Scotland's national football stadium.
    Hampden Park holds the European record for attendance at a football match: 149,547 saw
    Scotland beat England 3-1 in 1937, in the days before British stadiums became all-seated.
•   Glasgow has three professional football clubs: Celtic and Rangers, which together make the
    Old Firm, and Partick Thistle. A fourth club, Queen's Park, is an amateur club that plays in the
    Scottish professional league system. It had two other professional clubs in the late 20th
    century: Clyde, which moved to Cumbernauld, and Third Lanark, which went bankrupt. There
    are a number of Scottish Junior Football Association clubs within the city as well, such as
    Pollok, Maryhill and Petershill, as well as countless numbers of amateur teams.
•   The history of football in the city, as well as the status of the Old Firm, attracts many visitors
    to football matches in the city throughout the season. It is the only city in Europe with three
    stadia each with a capacity of at least 50,000 seats. Hampden Park and Ibrox have also been
    awarded UEFA 5 star status, meaning that they are capable of hosting the final of the
    Champions League. Celtic Park however does not, owing to the changing rooms in the listed
    South Stand being too small. Hampden has hosted the final on three occasions, most recently
    in 2002. Hampden will also host the UEFA Cup final in 2007. The Scottish Football
    Association, the national governing body, and the Scottish Football Museum are based in
    Glasgow, as are the Scottish Football League, Scottish Premier League, Scottish Junior
    Football Association and Scottish Amateur Football Association.
 The city is home to the Scottish national media. It is home to the headquarters of BBC
  Scotland as well as stv (formerly Scottish Television). The Scottish press publishes
  various newspapers in the city such as the Evening Times, The Herald and The Sunday
  Herald. Scottish editions of Trinity Mirror and News International titles are also printed
  in the city. SMG plc is a Glasgow-based media conglomerate with interests in
  Television, Radio and Publishing. ITV plc is believed to own a significant stake in
  SMG. Amongst others, SMG owns and operates both Scottish ITV franchises (Central
  Scotland and Grampian), both now branded stv, Virgin Radio, Pearl & Dean, and
  Primesight - who sell outdoor advertising sites such as billboards.
 Various radio stations are also located in Glasgow. Scottish Radio Holdings dominates
  commercial radio in Glasgow with 2 analogue radio stations : Clyde 1 and Clyde 2
  (which can reach over 2.3 million listeners). In 2004, SMG plc sold its 27.8% stake in
  Scottish Radio Holdings to the broadcasting group EMAP for £90.5m.
Club      Sport        League            Venue         Capacity   Logo

Celtic    Associatio   Scottish          Logo          60,832
          Footbal      Premier League

Partick   Associatio   Scottish          Capacity      10,887
Thistle   n Footbal    Football League

Queen's   Associatio   Scottish          Celtic Park   52,500
Park      Footbal      Football League

Rangers   Associatio   Scottish          60,832        51,082
          n Footbal    Premier League
Glasgow also boasts a professional rugby team, the
 Glasgow Warriors, which plays in the Celtic
 League alongside teams from Scotland, Ireland and
In the Scottish Club leagues, Glasgow Hawks was
 formed in 1997 by the merger of two of Glasgow's
 oldest clubs: Glasgow Accademicals and Glasgow
 High Kelvinside (GHK). Despite the merger, the
 second division teams of Glasgow Accademicals
 and Glasgow High Kelvinside re-entered the
 Scottish Rugby League in 1998.
Club                  Sport                 League                Venue

Glasgow Warriors      Glasgow Warriors      Glasgow Warriors      Glasgow Warriors

Glasgow Hawks         Glasgow Hawks         Glasgow Hawks         Glasgow Hawks

GHA                   GHA                   GHA                   GHA

Glasgow Academicals   Glasgow Academicals   Glasgow Academicals   Glasgow Academicals

Glasgow High          Glasgow High          Glasgow High          Glasgow High
Kelvinside (GHK)      Kelvinside (GHK)      Kelvinside (GHK)      Kelvinside (GHK)
 The city is a multi-cultural, multi-ethnic community
  with diverse religions.
 The Church of Scotland and the Catholic Church are
  the two largest Christian denominations in the city (in
  terms of membership). There are 150 congregations
  in the Church of Scotland's Presbytery of Glasgow
  (of which 106 are within the City of Glasgow
  boundaries, the other 44 being in adjacent areas such
  as Giffnock).
 The Central Mosque in the Gorbals district is the
  largest mosque in Scotland and, along with 12 other
  mosques in the city, caters for the city's estimated
  50,000 Muslim population. Glasgow also has seven
  synagogues. It has the fourth-largest Jewish
  population in the UK but once had a large Jewish
  population second only to London. Glasgow also has
  a Hindu Mandir and a new Sikh Temple is due to
  open in 2007.
 Glasgow opened the St Mungo Museum of Religious
  Life and Art in 1993, which is the only religious
  multi-faith museum in the world.
 Glasgow has a long history of supporting socialist ideas
  and politics. The city council has been controlled by the
  Labour Party for 30 years. Its socialist roots emanate
  from the city's days as an industrial powerhouse, and
  endure through the previously mentioned levels of
  relative poverty amongst many Glaswegians. In the
  aftermath of the Russian Revolution and the Easter
  Rising, the city's frequent strikes and revolutionary
  fervour caused serious alarm at Westminster, with one
  uprising in January 1919 prompting the Prime Minister,
  David Lloyd George to deploy 10,000 troops and tanks
  onto the city's streets. A huge demonstration in the city's
  George Square on January 31 ended in violence after the
  Riot Act was read.
 Later, industrial action at the shipyards gave rise to the
  "Red Clydeside" tag. During the 1930s, Glasgow was
  the main base of the Independent Labour Party. Towards
  the end of the 20th century it became a centre of the
  struggle against the poll tax, and then the main base of
  the Scottish Socialist Party, a left wing party in Scotland.
  The British Communist Party also have a notable
  following in the city of Glasgow in particular.
 Glaswegian, otherwise known as The Glasgow Patter is a local, anglicised variety of
 Glaswegian is a dialect, more than an alternative pronunciation; words also change their
  meaning, e.g. "away" can mean "leaving" as in A'm awa, an instruction to stop being a
  nuisance as in awa wi ye, or "drunk" or "demented" as in he's awa wi it. Pieces refers to
  "sandwiches". Ginger is a generic term for carbonated soft drink, generally in a glass
  bottle (A boatal a' ginger). Then there are words whose meaning has no obvious
  relationship to that in standard English: coupon means "face", via "to punch a ticket
  coupon". A headbutt has come to be known in many parts of Britain as a "Glasgow kiss".
 A speaker of Glaswegian might refer to those originating from the Scottish Highlands
  and the Western Isles as teuchters, while they would reciprocate by referring to
  Glaswegians as keelies. A (rather old-fashioned) Glaswegian insult is hieland, which
  means "awkward" and is Scots for "Highland". Example: that wean's got an awfu hieland
  wey o haudin that spuin meaning "that child has a very awkward way of holding that
 The TV series Chewin' the Fat, Rab C. Nesbitt and Still Game capture the humour of the
  Glaswegian patois, while Billy Connolly has made Glaswegian humour known to the rest
  of the world.
 Glasgow is also a major education centre with four
  universities within 10 miles (16 km) of the city centre:
  the 15th century University of Glasgow (which has one
  of the highest ratios of students who continue living at
  home in Scotland), the University of Strathclyde, the
  Glasgow Caledonian University, and the University of
  Paisley; as well as teacher training colleges, teaching
  hospitals such as the Glasgow Royal Infirmary, the
  Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama, Glasgow
  School of Art, and ten other further education colleges.
  The University of Glasgow is a member of the Russell
  Group of elite British Universities and is a founding
  member of the organisation Universitas 21, an
  international grouping of universities dedicated to
  setting world-wide standards for higher education.
 Glasgow is home to a student population in excess of
  168,000, the largest in Scotland and second largest in
  the United Kingdom, the majority of them living in the
  West End of the city.
   Glasgow is the largest and most dynamic economy in
    Scotland and is at the hub of the metropolitan area of West
    Central Scotland which has a total population of around
    2.3 million, nearly half of Scotland's total population. The
    city itself sustains more than 410,000 jobs in over 12,000
    companies. The wider area of Glasgow Greater Glasgow
    sustains over 900,000 in 40,000 companies. Over 153,000
    jobs have been created in the city since 2000 - a growth
    rate of 32% The city now outstrips most of its European
    counterparts and rivals most North American cities in
    terms of growth. 55% of the residents in the Greater
    Glasgow area commute to the city every day.
    Manufacturing industries such as shipbuilding and heavy
    engineering have been gradually replaced in importance
    by a modern mixed economy, supported by public and
    private investment and a skilled workforce.
   Glasgow's economy is now dominated by key tertiary
    sector industries such as financial and business services,
    communications, biosciences, creative industries,
    healthcare, retail and tourism. Between 1998 and 2001, the
    city's burgeoning financial services sector grew at a rate of
•   Glasgow has a large urban transportation system, mostly
    managed by the Strathclyde Partnership for Transport (SPT),
    part of Transport Scotland. Until 2006 it was known as
    Strathclyde Passenger Transport and was the only Passenger
    Transport Executive in Scotland. SPT is formed and financed
    out of the twelve unitary authorities in the Greater Glasgow
    area including Glasgow City Council It has responsibility for
    local train services, the Subway, certain ferries and buses.
•   The city has many bus services, almost all provided by
    private operators since bus deregulation in 1986, however
    SPT fund services where there is public need but no service.
    SPT also own and run the principal bus station in Glasgow,
    Buchanan Bus Station, which is a terminus point for many
    long distance intercity coach services as well as local
    journeys. A number of controversial 'bus corridors' have been
    invested in by Glasgow City Council focusing on main bus
    routes with real time information, and bus priority measures
    at a significant cost. The Greater Glasgow Passenger
    Transport Executive (GGPTE), formerly the municipal
    transport operator, is as a result of bus deregulation now
    privately owned by First Group, who operate a vast bus
    network in the city. Other large operators in Glasgow are
    Arriva and Stagecoach with a number of smaller operators
    catering to individual districts including First Stop Travel and
    many others.
•   Glasgow has the most extensive urban rail network in the UK
    outside of London, with rail services travelling to a large part of the
    West of Scotland. All trains running within Scotland are operated by
    First ScotRail, who own the franchise as determined by the Scottish
    Executive. This company is part of the First Group that runs the
    majority of bus services in the country. There are two main railway
    terminals which provide train services throughout the United
    Kingdom: Central Station and Queen Street Station. Local trains
    within Glasgow are however run by First Scotrail to the
    specification and requirements of SPT, who provide rolling stock in
    the distinctive SPT livery of Carmine and Cream. The city's
    suburban network is currently divided on both sides of the River
    Clyde. Many have long pressed for a link which will join the two
    halves of the urban railway network together, making possible
    through journeys via the central area without having to disembark at
    either Central or Queen Street and traverse the city centre by foot or
    road. The Glasgow Crossrail initiative has been proposed as a
    solution and is currently awaiting funding from the Scottish
•   As well as the suburban rail network, SPT also run UK's only
    completely underground metro system, the Glasgow Subway
    (nicknamed by journalists the 'Clockwork Orange' after its 1970s
    renovation due to the new orange livery of the trains and its single,
    circular line, but not called this by locals, who actually simply refer
    to it as the "the underground", "the subway" or "the tube"). The
    Subway avoids traffic between the city centre, the Southside and the
    West End A single ticket is £1, and a return £2, however after 0930
    a "discovery" day ticket can be purchased for £1.90.
•   A number of ferries used to link opposite sides of the
    Clyde in Glasgow. However, these have steadily
    disappeared, mainly due to the construction of new
    bridges and tunnels including the Erskine Bridge,
    Kingston Bridge, and the Clyde Tunnel, which
    rendered them obsolete. The only remaining crossings
    are the Renfrew Ferry between Renfrew and Yoker,
    and the Kilcreggan Ferry in Inverclyde, both run by
    SPT but outwith the city boundary. The paddle-
    steamer PS Waverley, the last operational sea going
    paddle-steamer in the world, still provides services
    from Glasgow City Centre, mainly catering to the
    pleasure cruise market. A regular service by Pride of
    the Clyde waterbuses link the City Centre with
    Braehead in Renfrewshire, some 30 minutes
   A BROWN bear rescued by Brigitte Bardot and brought to Scotland
    has become the latest symbol of conflict between animal-rights
    campaigners and the debt-ridden Glasgow Zoopark.
   Bongo the Bear was to be put down tomorrow, but the plans have
    been shelved after Advocates for Animals claimed it would be the
    first in a mass cull of animals unable to be rehoused when the zoo
    closes in September.
   Management at the zoo last night dismissed as "disgracefully
    sensationalist" the claims by the animal-rights campaigners. They
    claim Bongo’s death will be a mercy killing, as the beast is suffering
    from old age and disease.
   The war of words came as it emerged that other Scottish zoos have
    no space to commit to the Glasgow animals.
   The 100-acre site at Calderpark in the east end of the city has run up
    debts approaching £3.65 million and saw a rescue plan involving the
    sale of land to housebuilders hit by planning delays.
   The Scottish Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
    (SSPCA) has been brought in to assist the zoo in finding new homes
    for the 68 species.
   However, yesterday, management at Edinburgh Zoo and Blair
    Drummond Safari Park, in Stirlingshire, admitted they cannot offer
    accommodation for the beasts.
•   Glasgow has over 70 parks within the City boundaries and such
    is the diversity of these parks you will always be able to find
    somewhere to suit your taste.
    If you are looking for peace and quiet to enjoy a good book
    during your lunch break why not try Kelvingrove Park at one
    of the many picnic benches located throughout the park and
    beside the River Kelvin? A great day out for the whole family
    can be found at Glasgow’s parks, for example Queens Park,
    with its outstanding Rose Gardens and Play Areas, or why not
    attempt the Healthy Walk Course at your own pace then visit
    the café at the Display Houses for a snack?
•   For the active in the community there are a range of outdoor
    pursuits in the parks to suit all: Orienteering Trails, Bowling
    Greens, Putting and Pitch and Putt courses, Croquet Lawns
    and even Skateboard Parks.
•    There is fantastic range of events throughout the year at the
    parks including model boats at Queens Park, concerts at
    Glasgow Green, poetry recitals at the Botanic Gardens and
    woodland walks at Pollok Park.
•   So whether you want some peace and quiet away from the
    crowds or want an inexpensive family day out, one of
    Glasgow’s parks will fit the bill.
 Texas is a pop music band from
  Glasgow, Scotland. It was founded by
  Johnny McElhone (formerly of the
  bands Altered Images and Hipsway) in
  1986 and had their performing debut in
  March 1988 at Scotland's University of
  Dundee. They took their name from the
  1984 Wim Wenders movie Paris,
  Texas. Their musical sound went from
  blues rock on their debut album
  Southside via the blue-eyed soul of
  White on Blonde to the disco pop of
  Red Book.
•   Billy Boyd (born 28 August 1968 in Glasgow) is a Scottish actor
    and musician most widely known for playing Peregrin Took
    (Pippin), in the film adaptations of The Lord of the Rings (2001-
    2003) and Barrett Bonden in Peter Weir's film Master and
    Commander: The Far Side of the World (2003).
•   He and his sister Margaret were raised by their grandmother after
    their parents died when he was 13. In 1984, aged 16, he appeared
    in local musical company Theatre Guild, Glasgow's production of
    "Hans Anderson".
•   As well as being an actor, he can sing, and play the guitar, bass,
    and drums. He wrote and sang a song in Peter Jackson's The Lord
    of the Rings: The Return of the King called Edge of Night.
•            He is a graduate of the Royal Scottish Academy of Music
    and Drama, where he earned a diploma in Dramatic Arts. He is a
    stage actor as well as a screen actor. He has been in several plays;
    recent ones include "San Diego" and "The Ballad Of Crazy
•   He currently owns a house in Lesmahagow with his girlfriend,
    Alison McKinnon. On 26 April 2006, he and McKinnon
    welcomed their first child, son Jack William Boyd.
•   In 2007, Boyd will star in the movie adaptation of Irvine Welsh's
    best-selling novel Ecstasy: Three Tales of Chemical Romance.
 Glasgow's wonderful, Italian-style
  City Hall hosts many Glasgow
  events throughout the year and has
  become an important entertainment
  venue in the Merchant City area of
  Glasgow. Other attractions at
  Glasgow City Hall include the Old
  Fruitmarket,    musical     events,
  concerts, exhibitions and stylish
  meeting rooms. Glasgow City Hall
  is close to the St. Enoch train
 Glasgow landmark open: Monday
  to Saturday 09:00 to 18:00
•   The Cunard Shipping Line was founded in Glasgow and that the liners Queen Mary, Queen Elizabeth, QE2 and the Royal
    Yacht Britannia were all built on the River Clyde at Clydebank.
•   Greenock-born James Watt invented the separate condenser after a walk on Glasgow Green in 1765, an invention which
    made the steam engine economically viable.
•   Paisley Museum houses the world's largest collection of Paisley Pattern shawls.
•   Craignethan Castle, by Crossford, is where Mary Queen of Scots is reputed to have spent her last night of freedom.
•   Charles Macintosh, inventor of the waterproof coat, lived and worked in Glasgow where, in 1824, he was responsible for
    the first commercial manufacture of the waterproof material.
•   Granville Sharp Pattison, a Glasgow Surgeon, emigrated to the United States in 1816 and founded the Baltimore Infirmary,
    the country's first teaching hospital.
•   Hamilton Mausoleum, which dates from the 1850s, has the longest echo of any building in Europe - 15 seconds!
•   The Waverley, the world's last ocean going paddle steamer was built in 1947 by A & J Inglis on the River Clyde.
•   Charles Rennie Mackintosh, the world-famous architect and designer, was born in Glasgow in 1868. His work can be seen
    in many locations in and around the city.
•   Sir William Burrell was estimated to have spent around £20,000 a year on works of art for more than 45 years of his life.
•   In 1939, Glasgow had 114 picture houses, seating in excess of 175,000; more cinema seats per head than any other city in
    the world. The average Glaswegian would go an incredible 51 times per year!
•   Billy Connolly, the comedian and actor, was born in Partick in Glasgow in 1942.
•   Robert Carlyle was originally a Glasgow house painter prior to becoming a major television and cinema actor.
•   Roy Rogers and Trigger are reputed to have descended the staircase of Glasgow's Central Hotel. .
•   'Braveheart' William Wallace is reputed to have been born in the Renfrewshire village of Elderslie. He also lived in Lanark
    for a few years around 1297 and is commemorated by a statue on the town's St Nicholas Church.

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