Exercise by alicejenny

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									EXERCISE 7-8
(a) Allowance for Doubtful Accounts ..................................6,000
         Accounts Receivable..............................................                6,000

(b)   Accounts Receivable                                                              $800,000
      Less: Allowance for Doubtful Accounts                                              40,000
           Net realizable value                                                        $760,000

(c)   Accounts Receivable                                                              $794,000
      Less: Allowance for Doubtful Accounts                                              34,000
           Net realizable value                                                        $760,000

EXERCISE 7-9
                                                                          5,350
(a) Bad Debt Expense ...........................................................
         Allowance for Doubtful Accounts .........................                        5,350
           ($90,000 X 4%) + $1,750 = $5,350

(b)                                                                         6,800
      Bad Debt Expense ...........................................................
           Allowance for Doubtful Accounts .........................                      6,800
             $680,000 X 1% = $6,800

EXERCISE 9-10
(a) If the commitment is material in amount, there should be a footnote in the
    balance sheet stating the nature and extent of the commitment. The
    footnote may also disclose the market price of the materials. The excess of
    market price over contracted price is a gain contingency which per FASB
    Statement No. 5 cannot be recognized in the accounts until it is realized.

(b)    The drop in the market price of the commitment should be charged to
       operations in the current year if it is material in amount. The following entry
       would be made:

       Unrealized Holding Gain or Loss—Income
        (Purchase Commitments) ............................................   10,800
            Estimated Liability on Purchase
              Commitments.......................................................         10,800
      The entry is made because a loss in utility has occurred during the period
      in which the market decline took place. The account credited in the above
      entry should be included among the current liabilities on the balance sheet,
      with an appropriate footnote indicating the nature and extent of the
      commitment. This liability indicates the minimum obligation on the
      commitment contract at the present time—the amount that would have to
      be      forfeited     in    case      of      breach        of     contract.

(c)   Assuming the $10,800 market decline entry was made on December 31,
      2008, as indicated in (b), the entry when the materials are received in
      January 2009 would be:

                                                                                    97,200
      Raw Materials...................................................................
      Estimated Liability on Purchase Commitments ............                      10,800
             Accounts Payable...................................................           108,000
      This entry debits the raw materials at the actual cost, eliminates the
      $10,800 liability set up at December 31, 2008, and records the contrac-tual
      liability for the purchase. This permits operations to be charged this year
      with the $97,200, the other $10,800 of the cost having been charged to
      operations in 2008.

EXERCISE 9-14
Beginning inventory                                                            $170,000
Purchases                                                                       390,000
                                                                                560,000
Purchase returns                                                                (30,000)
Goods available (at cost)                                                       530,000
Sales                                                           $650,000
Sales returns                                                    (24,000)
Net sales                                                        626,000
Less: Gross profit (40% X $626,000)                             (250,400)        375,600
Estimated ending inventory (unadjusted for
  damage)                                                                        154,400
Less: Goods on hand—undamaged (at cost)
  $21,000 X (1 – 40%)                                                            (12,600)
Less: Goods on hand—damaged (at net
  realizable value)                                                              (5,300)
Fire loss on inventory                                                         $136,500

								
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