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Informal Institutions - Formal Schooling

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					From Informal Institutions to Formal
           Schooling
     Resources for Learning
             Rob Semper
       Science education reform in US
                1955-1965
Scientists engaged in science education
New curriculum predicated on students actively engaged with the
   world
Many development projects
   1956 - PSSC [Physical Science Study Committee] (HS)
       Followed by Chem Study [Chemical Education Materials Study]; BSCS
         [Biological Science Curriculum Study]; ESCP [Earth Science
         Curriculum Project]
   1960 - ESS [Elementary Science Study] (K-6)
   1963 SCIS [Science Curriculum Improvement Study] (K-6)
   1965 SAPA [Science A Process Approach]
      Roots of early US science center
                 movement
Some informed by formal curriculum development projects
    Exploratorium (Oppenheimer) ESS
    Lawrence Hall of Science (Karplus) SCIS
Adjunctive educational institutions supporting schools
Exhibit curriculum strategy
Early exhibits from school activities and
                  demos




                          Exploratorium Reverse Distance
Dove Prism ESS Activity
                                      Exhibit
Informal institutions creating resources for
                   schools
                   1980’s
Next wave of curriculum development
Supplemental resources
Kit and activity based curriculum
Questions for examination
   What is the value added of an informal institution?
   What is the flow of development from exhibit to product?
   Examples of curriculum from informal
           science education
Supplementary activity modules
    GEMS (Great Explorations in Math and Science)
    Lawrence Hall of Science
Full materials-based curriculum
    FOSS (Full Option Science System)
    Lawrence Hall of Science
Informal environment-based curriculum
    Life Lab Science Program
    UC Santa Cruz
 Features of informal science institutions
Content
    Real world topics
    Current science and school science
    Integrated and multidisciplinary
Pedagogy
    Learner centered
    Material focused
    Inquiry based
Design
    Engaging and dramatic
    Spatial and physical
    Social and multi-generational
                             Light Island
Started as an ESS activity




    Lending Library Kit
                               Exhibit


                                         Webpage Construction Plans
                   Colored Shadow Wall
Started as a staff observation




        Exhibit

                         Classroom Version
                                             On-line Resource
                 Cow’s Eye Dissection
Started as a high school lab




     Museum Demo

                               Webpage
                                         Middle School
                                          Classroom
                        Publications




Institute for Inquiry   Teacher Institute   Exhibit Cookbook
                           Internet




Educator’s Web Portal   Wireless Network   On-line Community
            Questions for future study
What are the unique features of content, pedagogy and design that
  informal science institutions have to offer the educational
  enterprise?
What institutional developmental processes and points of view are
  important for the creation of useful educational materials and
  strategies?
How can the educational system as a whole make better use of
  informal science institutional capabilities?

				
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posted:10/14/2012
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