From Informal Institutions to Formal Schooling Resources for Learning Rob Semper Science education reform in US 1955-1965 Scientists engaged in science education New curriculum predicated on students actively engaged with the world Many development projects 1956 - PSSC [Physical Science Study Committee] (HS) Followed by Chem Study [Chemical Education Materials Study]; BSCS [Biological Science Curriculum Study]; ESCP [Earth Science Curriculum Project] 1960 - ESS [Elementary Science Study] (K-6) 1963 SCIS [Science Curriculum Improvement Study] (K-6) 1965 SAPA [Science A Process Approach] Roots of early US science center movement Some informed by formal curriculum development projects Exploratorium (Oppenheimer) ESS Lawrence Hall of Science (Karplus) SCIS Adjunctive educational institutions supporting schools Exhibit curriculum strategy Early exhibits from school activities and demos Exploratorium Reverse Distance Dove Prism ESS Activity Exhibit Informal institutions creating resources for schools 1980’s Next wave of curriculum development Supplemental resources Kit and activity based curriculum Questions for examination What is the value added of an informal institution? What is the flow of development from exhibit to product? Examples of curriculum from informal science education Supplementary activity modules GEMS (Great Explorations in Math and Science) Lawrence Hall of Science Full materials-based curriculum FOSS (Full Option Science System) Lawrence Hall of Science Informal environment-based curriculum Life Lab Science Program UC Santa Cruz Features of informal science institutions Content Real world topics Current science and school science Integrated and multidisciplinary Pedagogy Learner centered Material focused Inquiry based Design Engaging and dramatic Spatial and physical Social and multi-generational Light Island Started as an ESS activity Lending Library Kit Exhibit Webpage Construction Plans Colored Shadow Wall Started as a staff observation Exhibit Classroom Version On-line Resource Cow’s Eye Dissection Started as a high school lab Museum Demo Webpage Middle School Classroom Publications Institute for Inquiry Teacher Institute Exhibit Cookbook Internet Educator’s Web Portal Wireless Network On-line Community Questions for future study What are the unique features of content, pedagogy and design that informal science institutions have to offer the educational enterprise? What institutional developmental processes and points of view are important for the creation of useful educational materials and strategies? How can the educational system as a whole make better use of informal science institutional capabilities?
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