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									ESPRIT Project 25652                                               SIT-MOON

               SIT-MOON: ESPRIT PROJECT 25652

     System of Integrated Tools for the Creation of
   Multimedia Contents Delivered Off-line and On-line

Classification:                       Deliverable 1.3
Title:                                Permanent Observation Task

Creation date:                        18.Jan.99
Release date:                         26.Mar.99

Author(s):                            Herzog, Peratello TUW
Status:                               released

Access Rights:                        restricted
Version:                              02.01
Work Package:                         WP1
Filename:                             Del1_3_2.doc
Authority:                            TU Wien
Distribution:                         SIT-MOON consortium,
                                      EC commission

SIT-MOON Permanent Observation of the Market                              1
ESPRIT Project 25652                                                       SIT-MOON

This document gives an overview of the latest technical and market developments in
the field of multimedia publishing. Important new developments are pointed out and
possible changes to the project strategies are indicated. The structure and topics of
the report are as follows:
        Multimedia archive solutions
        Media editing tools
        Copyright management systems
        Multimedia distribution channels

SIT-MOON Permanent Observation of the Market                                       2
ESPRIT Project 25652                                     SIT-MOON

Table of Contents
1. DOCUMENT CONTROL INFORMATION                                 5

1.1     CHANGE HISTORY                                          5
1.2     DOCUMENT CROSS REFERENCE                                5
1.3     SCOPE                                                   5

2. GENERAL                                                      5

2.1     INTRODUCTION                                            5
2.2     TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS USED                            5

3. OBSERVATION STRATEGY                                         6

3.1   WHAT WE OBSERVE                                           6
3.2   HOW WE OBSERVE                                            6
3.3   WHERE WE OBSERVE                                          6
3.3.1   CORPORATE WEB SITES:                                    6
3.3.2   PROFESSIONAL WEB SITES:                                 6
3.3.3   JOURNALS AND MAGAZINES:                                 6
3.3.4   ONLINE NEWS SITES:                                      6
3.3.5   NEWSGROUPS AND FAQS                                     7
3.3.6   CONFERENCES, FAIRS, AND EXHIBITIONS                     7

4. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY                                            7

4.1     MULTIMEDIA ARCHIVE SOLUTIONS                            7
4.2     MEDIA EDITING TOOLS                                     7
4.4     MULTIMEDIA DISTRIBUTION CHANNELS                        8

5. MULTIMEDIA ARCHIVE SOLUTIONS                                 8

5.1   GENERAL APPROACH OF SIT-MOON                              8
5.1.1   M-BOX                                                   8
5.1.2   IMAGE-FINDER                                            9

6. MEDIA EDITING TOOLS                                         11

6.1     TEXT                                                   11
6.1.1      QUARKXPRESS.                                        11
6.2     IMAGES                                                 13
6.3     AUDIO                                                  13
6.4     VIDEO                                                  13
6.4.1      ADOBE PREMIERE                                      13
6.4.2      DARIM                                               14
6.4.3      CASABLANCA                                          14
6.4.4      AVID                                                16

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ESPRIT Project 25652                           SIT-MOON

6.5   GENERAL ISSUES                                 18
6.6   COPEARMS                                       18
6.6.1   COPEARMS TOOLS                               20


7.1   ON-LINE DISTRIBUTION                           20
7.1.1    ACTUAL BROADBAND SOLUTIONS                  20
7.1.2    FUTURE DEVELOPMENT                          21
7.1.3    ADSL                                        23

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ESPRIT Project 25652                                                                  SIT-MOON

1. Document Control information
1.1 Change history
Index created 18th of January 1999

1.2 Document cross reference
1. System of Integrated Tools for the Creation of Multimedia Contents Delivered Off-line and On-
   line - Esprit Project No. 25652 Technical Annex
2. SIT-MOON Deliverable 6.1. Exploitation Plan

1.3 Scope
This deliverable covers task 1.3 of WP1, started 01.09.1997, ending 28.02.1998. The task 1.3 is
permanent, than it continues after the end of WP1 till May 1999.
Responsible partner: TUW.
Involved partners: ROB, SIE

2. General
2.1 Introduction
The period covered in this report ranges from September 1998 to March 1999. There has been a
continuous update on the content. Please refer to the dates given at the individual news items. We
have not identified any new developments that could cause risk to the project. In contrast new
achievements in the media domain fit into the overall strategy of the project.

2.2 Terms and abbreviations used

ARI    Arista
ED4    EDIT 4
PAN    Pan-Verlag
PMI    Politecnico Milano
ROB    Robotiker
SIE    Siemens
TUW    TU-Wien

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ESPRIT Project 25652                                                                     SIT-MOON

3. Observation Strategy
3.1 What we observe

Within this document we observe the latest technological development in the domain of digital
audio, video, and multimedia production and its influence on the project. We will observe the
market trends for multimedia content products (e.g. CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, Web) and multimedia
production tools. We will also observe standards bodies and developments in standardisation
procedures related to topic of the project.

3.2 How we observe

The report is an informal collection of news items, press releases and other information material
related to the objectives of the project. The purpose is to compile an internal newsletter which will
be distributed to all partners and will serve as common ground for technological decisions taken
during technical meetings. This report is an open forum where all partners can contribute. We also
comment on individual postings where applicable.

3.3 Where we observe

We will take all possible sources of information into account. The following is a list of the most
relevant sources.

3.3.1 Corporate Web Sites:
 Adobe
 Apple
 Macromedia
 Microsoft
 Symantec

3.3.2 Professional Web Sites:
 DVD Forum http://www.dvdforum.org/
 MPEG http://www.mpeg.org/

3.3.3 Journals and Magazines:
 AV Video and Multimedia Producer: http://www.kipinet.com/av_mmp/
 DV Magazine http://www.dv.com/
 New Media Magazine http://www.newmedia.com/
 Emedia Professional http://www.onlineinc.com/emedia/index.html

3.3.4 Online News Sites:
 Business Wire: http://www.businesswire.com/
 C|net: http://www.news.com/
 ETHOS News: http://www.tagish.co.uk/ethos/news/default.html
 The Electronics Design, Technology, and News Network: http://www.edtn.com/
 DVD Digital Domain http://www.dvddigital.com/

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ESPRIT Project 25652                                                                       SIT-MOON

3.3.5 Newsgroups and FAQs
 DVD FAQ http://www.videodiscovery.com/vdyweb/dvd/dvdfaq.html

3.3.6 Conferences, Fairs, and Exhibitions

4. Executive Summary
4.1 Multimedia archive solutions

SIT-MOON is designed as an open system able to link together and make each other co-operating
different tools involved in multimedia assets management and multimedia applications production.
In order to complete this declared openness the system must be open not only to the integration of
new authoring and editing tools but also to the usage of archive systems other than CARAT
provided by SIEMENS. This approach intends also to address the “lite” version of SIT-MOON.

This report explores the features offered by different products and some topics over the feasibility of
their integration in SIT-MOON. Such systems are : M-BOX by Daten Unlimited, Image Finder by
Image-Finder AG and APOLLO by APOLLO GmbH.

4.2 Media Editing Tools

As the most important target of SIT-MOON is represented by the publishing domain, the media
editing tools that can be candidate for future extensions of the system should be those having a
large diffusion in this domain. We have already mentioned in the previous version of this
Deliverable the importance of the product QuarkXPress by Quark Inc in the publishing sector. The
actual report provides some highlights about the product and the possibility of its integration within

Another aspect explored in this report concerns tools for the editing and management of MPEG-
2and or MJPEG videos . Possible candidate for integration are:
Adobe Premiere
Third Dimension

4.3 Electronic Copyright Management Systems (ECMS)

Refereeing to the Business Model adopted by the SIT-MOON Consortium described in Deliverable
6.1 Version 01.00, ECMS are strongly related with the relationships among publishers, distribution
agencies and consumers (market). This part of the present report investigates the modality to extend
the usage of digital assets from the production environment (which is the main objective of SIT-
MOON) to the “commercial” environment.

An ECMS is a system aimed at authorising the access and the usage of copyrighted applications (
such as those produced with SIT-MOON) and/or row multimedia assets and managing their IPR
(Intellectual Property Rights). An ECMS manages the IPR by registering the terms of contracts
between agents, by permitting or denying the access to copyrighted application and assets and by
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ESPRIT Project 25652                                                                       SIT-MOON

reporting these usage and invoicing them, according to the terms of the contracts. ECMS does not
check the compliance of the contracts with the laws: it is a legal issue.

4.4 Multimedia Distribution Channels

We do not need to spend a lot of word about the evolution of the technology for distributing off-line
multimedia contents: CD-ROM and DVD are the actually the proper channels. The situation
concerning on-line distribution remains critic in terms of performance and bit rate. The most
important progresses for solving the “last mile” problem seems to be represented by the evolution of
the products using the xDSL technology. In particular asymmetric digital subscriber line (ADSL)
makes it possible to convert existing telephone lines into high speed arteries, allowing for ultra-fast
connection speeds. ADSL puts voice and data on the same line, allowing end users to surf the web,
telework and talk on the telephone at the same time.
A powerful broadband switching infrastructure will deliver next generation services to consumer
and business clients. A single access ATM line to end users will effectively handle multiple
applications and will allow organizations to better manage the delivery of their services. An
interesting test was performed in Italy in the geographic area of our partners.

5. Multimedia archive solutions
5.1 General approach of SIT-MOON

In order to complete the declared openness of SIT-MOON, the system must be open not only to the
integration of new authoring and editing tools but also to the usage of archive systems other than
CARAT provided by SIEMENS. The consortium investigated some digital archives products,
particularly the company Daten Unlimited (producer of M-BOX)has manifested a strong interests
fin a future collaboration for integrating M-BOX in SIT-MOON. Moreover ROBOTIKER
addressed the issue of the “lite” version through the product CULMULUS by Cumulus.

5.1.1 M-BOX Product description.
M-BOX is a software for professional cataloguing and archiving any kind of objects and
information and including support for digitised audio-visual media. M-BOX is the result of ten year
experience in computer based archiving by the company Daten Unlimited.

The most important function of M-BOX are:
 Cataloguing of objects and information about them
 Administration of collection information
 Administration of thesauri
 Research and Selection possibility
 Digitisation and editing of pictures
 Administration of users’ rights
 Export and import of data (including audio-visual data)

The following formats are actually supported by M-BOX:

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ESPRIT Project 25652                                                                       SIT-MOON

   For pictures: TIFF, TIFF-CCITT, CCITT, Targa, Lead CMP, JPEG (several variations),
    Windows BMP, OS/2 BMP, Metafile, EPS, EPS with TIFF, CALS Raster, Sun Raster,
    Microsoft Paint, Mac Paint, Mac Pict, GEM Image, World Perfect, Kodak Photo CD, PNG,
    Adobe Photoshop, IBM IOCA, ZSOFT PCX.
   For videos M-BOX currently supports AVI
   For sound the formats are Wave and MIDI.
   Textual data and pictures can be transferred into an MS-Word file.

The viewing of audio-visual media is made in a separated windows. Pictures have the zoom
function. Moreover M-BOX permits all major editing functions, such brightness, contrast,
inverting, rotating etc. For more sophisticated editing the pictures can be exchanged with
specialised software (e.g. Photoshop) using the Windows clipboard.

For managing the security issues M-BOX includes the following additional application based
 User right. The system administrator defines who may use the M-BOX database to which
   extent. More than 30 different types of actions can be enabled or disabled (such data entry,
   printing exporting etc.)
 Back up is done on the operating system level, not from within m-BOX. The documentation of
   M-BOX contains detailed information on what has to be backed up and a proposal on how to
   organise the back up.
 Database recovery. The underlying database has an automatic recovery function. In case of
   abnormal program termination the maximum loss are the data currently being entered.
   Nevertheless it is strongly recommended to perform backups regularly. Requirements for the integration.
M-BOX can be used in standalone version or in a multi-users version. The server operating system
can be either Windows NT or Novell Netware. The underlying database system can be accessed
via ODBC. A the Windows NT platform is used also for SIT-MOON, it can be possible to integrate
M-BOX with SIT-MOON with a relatively moderate effort using the DCOM technology.

5.1.2 Image-Finder

Product description. (Raphael)

Image-Finder is a modular software that serves for archiving, searching, administrating and
distributing of images and related text information. The programme supports the management of
digital images and comprehensive documentation of images with text, keywords, and information
related to administration, commercial operations, production and projects.
 It is based on a search engine, that enables the user to find large image stock by full text elements,
keywords, or a wide array of other criteria.

The programme offers tools to edit computer generated search results: illustrated lists with images
of variable size and selectable text fields, a digital "light-box" and a page editor for designing
presentations that can be printed out or electronically forwarded to clients by e-mail. It reduces
manual handling of slides, films or prints. Image-Finder offers functions that cover aspects of
managing commercial or institutional image archives. The software supports the production of

SIT-MOON Permanent Observation of the Market                                                         9
ESPRIT Project 25652                                                                    SIT-MOON

delivery notes, invoices, reminders, copyright-accounting, statistical analysis and other tasks. It
offers remote access options, Internet connections and a module for editing and producing CD's for
distribution. The programme also offers a tool that links the advantages of CD's with online

Selection Editing and Presentations:

Image-Finder contends several tools for evaluating editing and presenting search results.
Illustrated lists present either one large image, three medium sized ones or seven small pictures
together with information from selected data-fields. Images that fulfil the user requirements can be
marked and imported into selections.

Archive Administration:

Image-Finder is suited to serve in archives with physical image stock, as well as archives with
electronic image data or mixed stocks. A dual purpose design helps archivists to master the phase of
transition to electronic trading.

Online options and CD production:

Image-Finder offers online options. To present and market images via Internet there is the systems
standard web interface or a CGI with developer documentation to link the archive to the homepage.
Standard web browsers such as Netscape or Explorer can be used to explore Image-Finder based
online services.

Archiving and Documentation

Image-Finder enables the user to document images with text information, such as descriptions,
keywords, manuscripts or other background information. Users can select an input form. Depending
on the required depth of information they will chose a simple complex form.

A choice of different systems for keyword registration is offered. Used in the multi-catalogue mode,
up to eight different hierarchical catalogues can be combined and viewed side by side. Keywords are
assigned from pre-definable catalogues. Existing keyword catalogues can be imported. Authorised
users can expand, re-edit or alter catalogues at any time.

Search and Presentation:

Images stored in the database are accessible for search and presentation. The programme offers the
choice between four different search methods:

 Search in full text areas (descriptions, captions)

 Search for keywords or keywords combinations (with options for various priority settings)

 Search for administrative criteria

 Search operations by combination of search methods

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ESPRIT Project 25652                                                                     SIT-MOON

A selection of different search forms are provided to ease users tasks: an Internet type of search
form is provided for simple searches or users that are not accustomed to the system. Complex search
operations including combinations of criteria or search methods can be performed by use of
detailed forms.

The number of available images is indicated as soon as a search word is entered. Search results can
be evaluated in illustrated lists or by an overview on a “light-box”.

Image-Finder completes complex searches across big archives in short time. The processing speed
remains constant, independent of the database volume. Requirements for the integration.

Image-Finder is available for single station users or client server installations. PC versions are
operating under Windows 95/98 or NT.

6. Media Editing Tools
6.1 Text

6.1.1 QuarkXPRESS.

We have already mentioned QuarkXPress in the previous version of the present deliverable.
We did a further analysis over the main features of the product with particular attention to two
aspects: the production of contents supported by different media and formats and the integration in
the SIT-MOON work-flow.

QuarkXPress is the most used layout and design software in the publishing sector. It is available
in 11 languages. QuarkXPress is a tool for users who publish newspapers, magazines, business
cards, user guides, annual reports, full-color brochures, catalogs, books, etc. For this reason to
introduce this product in the SIT-MOON environment could be a strategic step for winning
customers in the publishing sector and at the same time for facilitating the evolution of traditional
publishers into the electronic publishing.

QuarkXPress is more than just a page layout software. As integrated publishing package,
QuarkXPress permits to combine pictures, text, typography, writing, editing, and printing -- in one
application. This program gives allows to the user a total command over page layout.

The commercial diffusion by the publishers of this product and the technical characteristics makes
it a strong candidate for integration in the SIT-MOON environment.

SIT-MOON Permanent Observation of the Market                                                      11
ESPRIT Project 25652                                                                  SIT-MOON

Considering the SIT-MOON approach to the multimedia publishing process, the features
concerning picture importing (linking) and updating represent an important enhancement to the
work-flow. These features are:

Importing and Updating
 View picture file's full path, file size, modification date, dimensions, and color depth.
 Paste pictures into boxes to embed them in the document, or import them to conserve document
 Drag and drop picture files directly from Windows file lists into a layout (Windows version).
 Import pictures in most Mac OS and Windows formats.
 Preview pictures before importing or updating them.
 List all imported pictures in a document.
 Automatically update modified pictures
 Automatically add custom colors from imported EPS pictures to document color list.

Picture manipulation
 Create clipping paths automatically from within QuarkXPress (based on white areas, an alpha
    channel, or an embedded path).
 Edit clipping path using Bézier tools.
 Invert any clipping path.
 Remove a picture from its bounding box.
 Mask parts of a picture using five standard picture box shapes or a custom Bézier shape, and use
    any line style to stroke the frame.
 Suppress or enable picture printout.
 Apply color and shade to 1-bit and grayscale pictures.
 Convert color pictures to grayscale or grayscale pictures to line art by pressing modifier key
    during import.
 Scale, crop, rotate, and skew pictures.
 Position pictures numerically.
 Specify line frequency, screen angle, and dot function for grayscale pictures.
 Control contrast of a grayscale bitmap picture, or for each channel of a color bitmap picture.
 Display and modify grayscale pictures in 256 levels of gray.

 Automatically learn which item is causing a printing problem using Quark's PostScript error
 View how your page will be positioned on the selected paper size.
 Print a non-continuous range of pages.
 Create reusable print styles for common print settings.

Particular interesting from the SIT-MOON perspective is the following subject:

QuarkXPress with other software:
 Manage which XTensions or XTension sets will be active when you launch using new
  XTensions Manager.
 Add XTensions™ - software modules created by Quark™ and third-party developers that
  expand the user interface and capabilities of QuarkXPress (more than 450 XTensions available).
 Use QuarkXPress 4.0 with the next QuarkImmedia™ upgrade to author interactive multimedia
  titles for publication on the web or on CD-ROM.
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ESPRIT Project 25652                                                                       SIT-MOON

   Use QuarkXPress 4.0 and the next QPS™ (Quark Publishing System™) upgrade to implement a
    highly integrated publishing environment for newspaper and magazine production.
   Register your program with Quark quickly and easily on disk using your computer.
   Sites that own multiple QuarkXPress copies can update all copies from a file server.

6.2 Images

6.3 Audio

6.4 Video

6.4.1 Adobe Premiere

Adobe Premiere 5.0 software is a digital video editing tool for small video studios, industrial video
professionals, event videographers, multimedia and web developers. It offers tools for producing
short- and long-format movies. Adobe Premiere 5.0 also works as an offline editor fitting into the
most demanding broadcast video and post-production workflows. The product delivers audio tools,
titling capabilities, keyframeable filters, and support for long format editing.

With Adobe Premiere 5.0 users can edit videos with a Source/Program metaphor and more tools
available on traditional non-linear editing systems, an approach that allows 3-point editing and other
techniques. Other features include enhanced media management tools, a revised Timeline, and a
Transitions palette for quickly applying and customising transitions. It also offers the possibility to
view source clips and edited footage simultaneously in the Monitor window. Soundtracks can be
produced by using up to 21 audio filters. The created videos can be about three hours long and allow
audio-video synchronisation . The software permits integration of other editing tools.

The Monitor window resembles the monitors in a conventional editing bay, placing controls for
viewing, editing and inserting clips on the Timeline. The Timeline provides single or multiple track
working. Its also possible to target tracks and insert clips by industry-standard keyboard shortcuts.
The editing control performs three-point edits, slip and slide tools or other techniques. Applying key
frames to the video and audio filters helps managing the sound quality. The Titler adds common
video titles such as text rolls and text crawls.

System Requirements:

Adobe Premiere software works with video system software like Apple QuickTime 3.0 and
Microsoft DirectShow. It offers complete compatibility across Windows 95, Windows NT 4.0 and

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ESPRIT Project 25652                                                                       SIT-MOON

Power Macintosh systems to share files in mixed platform environments. Adobe Premiere shares an
interface with Photoshop, Illustrator, and After Effects to move among the products for performing
video-production tasks.

 Recommended is, (for Windows 95/NT), a MMX processor or multiprocessor system, 64 MB or
more of RAM, large capacity hard disk or disk array, 24-bit colour display adapter or Truecolour
display, Apple QuickTime 3.0 for Windows, Microsoft DirectX Media 5.1, or other video software
(QuickTime and DirectX Media included with the program), Microsoft Video for Windows-
compatible or QuickTime for Windows-compatible video capture card and a Sound card.

6.4.2 DARIM

Darim Forward is a video and audio editing tool that supports linear and non-linear editing, colour
keying, 8-bit alpha channel mixing, real time titling and logo overlaying. Forward consists of a PCI
add–on card and an easy-to-use software.

Target applications are video/audio capture and output ( MJPEG or Uncompressed), linear and non-
linear video and audio editing, mixing and transitions using live or recorded video and computer
graphics and real time title and animation logo insertion into live video

Features include the support of industry standard diver for video capture and audio recording/output
(compatible with all existing video editing packages), the capture of full screen, full motion, and full
colour video up to 720x480 at 30 fps (NTSC) or 720x576 at 25 fps (PAL, SECAM), 4 Composite, 2
S-Video and 2 Component inputs, software selectable, and the output of video to a VCR at full-
screen resolution and 30 fps (NTSC) or 25 fps (PAL) with optional gen-lock sync to external source
or internal video input.

Composite, S-Video and Component outputs are provided with 9 bit DAC resolution and table-
based colour keying with mask filtering and clipping. Other features are real-time 8-bit alpha
mixing of live video and CG with anti-aliasing capability, Synchronised stereo audio input and
output at up to 48 kHz sampling rate and 16-bit dynamic range, real-time titling and animated logos
overlay, digital video editing speed up to 5 fps with hardware acceleration, video sampling
structure: YUV + alpha 4:2:2:4, 8 bit per component, onboard memory: 2x1024KB video buffer and
512 KB transparency buffer, use of high speed bus master transfers to and from host computer, and
a single slot full size PCI card.

System Requirements:

IBM PC/AT compatible computer with Pentium MMX 200 MHz CPU or better 32 MB of system
RAM or more, PCI based display adapter with built-in support for Microsoft DirectDraw, one
empty 32-bit PCI slot with bus mastering capabilities, Ultra Wide SCSI hard disk of desired
capacity, Microsoft Windows 95, Windows 98 or Windows NT 4.0 operating system.


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ESPRIT Project 25652                                                                       SIT-MOON

Casablanca is a digital video editing system that is not one machine, but 4 different machines
combined in one interface.

 Video editing system - For cutting videos.
 Video effect machine - For giving videos effects.
 Video titler - For titling videos using different fonts and functions.
 Audio mixing - For mixing the video sound.

Casablanca allows to edit, cut, re-arrange and sort video scenes. Adding effects and various kinds of
cuts is done without the usual quality loss like when following the traditional way of editing (thus
making several copies). This is because of Casablanca's digital recording method. Scenes can be
rearranged in real-time without limitation in repetition. Three digital stereo tracks can be mixed, and
Casablanca works without video tapes, making it immune to the typical aging of mechanical parts.
The finished version can be recorded to tape. Casablanca is simply plugged into a TV or video-

The method of digitally saving video data opens up an array of possibilities for Casablanca. The
following is a list of the functions and possibilities:

 Record video films to Casablanca.
 Split the material into single scenes.
 The scenes are then edited, trimmed, deleted.
 Rearrange the video's scenes in the story-board.
 Playback the result in real time without quality-losses and make corrections.

 Add effects. For e.g.:

      hard cuts or gentle fades going from one scene to the other.
      many effects like page turning, roll, shove, colour fades,...

 Image processing effects:

     Colour corrections, coal drawings, mirror, relief,...
     Slow motion, backwards, strobe, false colours,...

Add various titles to the scenes: text tables, scroll texts.
 Mix the sound, add background sound to the original.
 Record the final video to video tape.

The software is not fixed in these functions, it is expandable, so that new functions and effects can
be added.

Technical data:

Video standard:                        PAL-B/G 50 Hz or NTSC-M 60 Hz, digital standard CCIR 601
Video bandwidth:                      5,8 MHz (-3 dB)

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ESPRIT Project 25652                                                                       SIT-MOON

Resolution:                        >700 Horizontal, >560 Vertical (PAL), >460 Vertical (NTSC)
Inputs:     CVBS and YC at the front and rear of the machine (typ. 75 Ohm), I-Link DV (optional)
Outputs:    CVBS and YC and RGB at the rear of the machine (typ. 75 Ohm), I-Link DV (optional)


Frequency:         20-20000 Hz
S/N difference:     72 dB
Inputs: Stereo-cinch, at the front and at the rear (typ. 22 kOhm), I-Link DV (optional)
Output: Stereo-cinch, at the rear (<600 Ohm, typ. 0,707 Vrms, max. 2.8 Vpp), I-Link DV (optional)

Recording system:

Principle:        Motion JPEG
Data Rate:         0.5 - 3.5 MBytes/Second (without Audio), Bit rate control
Data storage:      FAST- SCSI-II Hard disk
Capacity:         internal up to 18 GB, external up to 2048 Gigabyte

System Requirements:

TV Set and a video recorder.

6.4.4 Avid

Avid MCXpress for Windows NT is a , PCI-based digital non-linear online editing solution. It is a
tool for professional media entrepreneurs who require predictable project throughput and high-
quality results when creating videotapes and digital media content for CD-ROM and Internet

Based on Avid's industry-leading editing technology, MCXpress for Windows NT features support
for multiple delivery options including AVI output, integration with third-party Windows
applications, professional picture quality and support for 720 pixel media as specified in the CCIR-
601 specification. It also includes editing features, media management, a title tool and a plug-in
effects architecture.

MCXpress for Windows NT supports component, composite and S-video I/O and high-quality
640x480 or 720x486 (or PAL equivalent) images. The software features a built-in waveform
monitor and vectorscope and Avid's unique Dial-a-Quality feature, which lets adjust image quality
to meet specific system, storage and delivery needs.

It is possible to display clips in Frame or Text view, and locate shots using search and sort utilities,
create programs interactively using timeline editing, frame-accurate trimming and full-screen

MCXpress features two video tracks for creating titles and layered effects, over 50 transition effects
with instant preview and a ully-integrated, title tool for creating rolling and crawling titles with any
TrueType font or f imported graphic. The software provides streamlined integration with Windows

SIT-MOON Permanent Observation of the Market                                                         16
ESPRIT Project 25652                                                                        SIT-MOON

applications. Import and export standard Windows file formats including WAV audio and FLC
animation as well as over 15 graphics formats. Rapidly exchange full-screen, 24-bit colour AVI
images between applications on the system. Through OMF Interchange, it is possible to import
video and audio files from other OMF- compatible applications. Comprehensive audio control
includes rubberband level and pan settings, four channel monitoring of two channels of 44.1 kHz
audio I/O, waveform display in the timeline and digital scrub.

In the end, it is possible to print the program to tape in real time or export the project as an AVI file
for use with any multimedia authoring or Internet publishing application. Multiple software codecs
with variable frame rates and sizes are available for AVI export. MCXpress for Windows NT also
provides an OMF MCI (Multimedia Control Interface) player which enables some authoring
packages to use the video board rather than a laserdisc to play full-screen, professional-quality OMF
video through the standard MCI layer.

Technical Data:


   ITU 601-R broadcast industry standard image output (720x486 NTSC; 720x576 PAL)
   3:1 image compression—200 KB/NTSC; 240 KB/PAL)
   Two video tracks for compositing
   Offline (draft mode) and online image quality available
   Sony RS-422 serial and VLAN deck control
   Batch digitizing
   Waveform monitor and vectorscope
   SMPTE timecode support
   Integrated EDL import/export


   8-track audio editing
   4-track, real-time audio mixing
   44.1, 48 kHz sampling rate
   Real-time, 3-band EQ
   Real-time rubberband gain adjustments
   Adjustable audio input/output levels
   Control volume and pan between channels by clip or track
   Display audio waveforms and scan audio
   Two channels audio I/O
   Scrubbing with pitch change
   Waveform display in timeline
   Single-track audio crossfades
   Downsample audio to 22 kHz and 11 kHz for export
   Digidesign AudioSuite plug-in support (Macintosh only)
   Built-in Pro Tools compatibility (Macintosh Only)

  Copyright management systems

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ESPRIT Project 25652                                                                        SIT-MOON

6.5 General issues

The intellectual property rights (IPR) are relative complex legal instruments conferring a limited
monopoly right in respect of intellectual property on the owner of things such as patents trademarks
and copyrighted works. Generally speaking IPR include authors rights, neighbouring rights and sui
generis rights.
 Authors rights or copyright (Anglo-Saxon system) include moral rights, which is the exclusive
   right of the originator to disclose his work, to claim authorship and to modify or to agree
   modification proposed by third parties to his work. Authors rights include also patrimonial
   rights or exploitation rights which determine the right of the originator and his heirs to exploit
   the work in any form.
 Neighbouring rights include rights of performing artist-interpreters ( to playing, to sing, to recite
   etc a work), and publishers/producers rights related to the rights of the persons or organisations
   which fix the work on a media aimed at a public dissemination.
 Sui generis rights are applicable in the specific domain of the databases. They include the right
   of the person or organisation that invested a significant resources for producing a database to
   prevent the extraction and /or re-utilisation of the database.

A last possibility of IPR is represented by the fair use to the exclusive right of the author and related
rights such as private copy without commercial purposes, right to cite and right for libraries to copy
with a remuneration to the author.

The general scenario concerning electronic copyright management systems (ECMS) is strongly
influenced by they evolution over the last fifteen – twenty years of the digitisation processes. They
are transferring most of the intellectual works, such as books, journal, music records, films ...
previously recorded on analogue medium , to a digital medium. Nowadays, such intellectual works
can be sold in digital form, either through a network or on portable medium, or broadcasted through
a digital TV channel.

Even if they already exist computer based licence management systems, they are proprietary and do
not communicate each other. With the recent advent of multimedia products and superhighways, it
now appears that these management systems should, while remaining proprietary, become
interoperable. This is true at least at least for the reason that the same piece of information could be
included in several copyrighted applications, managed by several publishers and distributors.
Moreover the same publisher has to report usage and to pay fees to many right holders, such as
authors, collecting societies etc.

It should be made a distinction between standalone ECMS, and distributed ECMS. The case occurs
when all components are located in the same site and are operated by the same agent, such as
publishers or fee collecting societies. A distributed ECMS is a system of which some components
are located in a central site and other components may be located in several local sites. In any case,
all ECMS, be they standalone or distributed, should in the near future intercommunicate and thus
become interoperable. This requirement is particular urgent in case of copyrighted works belonging
to several right holders, each having his own ECMS.


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ESPRIT Project 25652                                                                       SIT-MOON

The SIT-MOON consortium has focused his analysis on the solution proposed by COPEARMS
(Co-ordinating Project for Electronic Author Right Management System), Esprit project 20460
launched in 1996. TU-WIEN had the opportunity to test this approach during the project VENIVA
(Venetian Virtual Archive) Esprit 20638.

Studying the official documentation of COPEARMS we remarked that the business model adopted
by the SIT-MOON consortium describing the publishing sector (Del. 6.1 Exploitation Plan),
matches perfectly with the schema developed by COPEARMS. As this last was thought for the
specific issue of ECMS, it results to be more detailed than the SIT-MOON model. Any way the
general approach is the same.

COPEARMS calls agents people and organisations operating in the digital information market and
define the basic roles they play in that market. Of course the services provided by an ECMS should
support these roles. We give here a short description of the agents.

   Originators, also called creators. They include authors, writers, teachers, composers, painters
    etc., and create intellectual works for usage by other agents.
   Publishers/Producers. Book and journal publishers, CD producers, film producers etc. In this
    case the model of SIT-MOON is more precise, because it specify more precisely the different
    roles of publishers and producers in the publishing work-flow: the producer is a technological
    partner of the publisher.
   Distributors. Books shops, libraries, dealers, retailers, information brokers etc. They acquire
    copyrighted works from their publishers and distribute them to the end-users.
   Collecting societies. They recover royalties for the exercises of representation and reproduction
    rights of some type of intellectual works such as musical, dramatic, choreographic and
    cinematography ones. Some example of this kind of societies are: AKM in Austria, SIAE in
    Italy, SGAE in Spain, GEMA in Germany and PRS in UK.
   Collective end-users. Industries, enterprises, associations, government services, schools etc.
    They obtain the right, through a purchase contract or a utilisation licence concluded with either a
    distributor or directly with a publishers, to access to a copyrighted work.
   Individual end-users are members of a collective end-user organisation (employees,
    teachers/professors, students etc.
   Private users. Consumers, listeners, spectators etc. They can access and use copyrighted works
    buying them, or paying a fee (pay per view), or concluding a contract (radio-TV network
   Use rights managers (URM). These organisation create, manage and customise ECMS by
    recording all information concerning works, agents accessing and using works, by declaring
    which operation should be performed and monitored by the ECMS and defining the format of
    the reports. In some case some parts of responsibility are delegated use right administrators
    (URA) who are located by the end-users or by the distributors.
   Trusted Third Parties (TTP). They are independent and neutral entities performing operations
    trusted and agreed by other parties such as end-users and service providers. TTPs identify agents
    and copyrighted works/applications, authenticate digital signatures, manage public keys,
    monitor usage operations.
   Sub-licensors are agents that acquire this role by sub-licensing a copyrighted work/application
    concluding a contract with the right holders. They can be societies, universities or other

SIT-MOON Permanent Observation of the Market                                                        19
ESPRIT Project 25652                                                                      SIT-MOON

It appears clear that an agent can play more than one role, depending from the specific business
scenario. Therefore the entity that has in charge the preparation of the business requirements of an
ECMS should identify and describe the agents (and their roles) that it should manage.


COPEARMS describes services providing a set of functions which are necessary for different
ECMS users such as creators, authors, publishers etc. that work together in a trusted environment.
Such ECMS components can exist in both open distributed environments and closed environments.
In case of distributed environments, the solution adopted is to make interoperable the ECMS
components using services based on existing specifications such as CORBA and EDIFACT. The
ECMS object services (EOS) are:
 Repository service
 Contract service
 Registration service
 Financial service
 ECMS security service

The software modules realised by EURITIS member of the consortium COPEARMS are:
 Licensee: defines the electronic contract
 Wrap: binds the ECMS digital information object (EDIO) with the specific condition of use
 Marker: inserts digital signature, watermarking to the EDIO
 Host: repository
 URDB: users and use rights
 PLAY/MONITOR: monitoring and reporting
 TTP, NOTARY: authentication, public keys, notarisation.

7. Multimedia Distribution Channels
7.1 On-line Distribution

7.1.1 Actual broadband solutions

Several ongoing field trial projects and their roll out as well as field tests of brand new techniques
show that the actual existing network service provider recognised the need on offering appropriate
network capacity as well on offering them to reasonable conditions. The
offered techniques are different for various service providers.

   The German Telekom and her subsidiary T-Online offers a new internet access service called T-
    DSL. Since the beginning of that year that service is available now in Frankfurt, until July 1999
    should be connected 7 other cities. At the end of that year the T-DSL will be available in 43
    cities. The max. bandwidth with the ADSL technology is 768 kb/sec. There are several price

    “T-Online speed 50” with 50 hours free usage costs about 50 ECU
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ESPRIT Project 25652                                                                     SIT-MOON

    “T-Online speed 100“ with 110 hours free usage costs about 75 ECU
    Every exceeding hour costs1,8 ECU

    A rough calculation with that basis show a rate of 183 ECU for monthly usage (160 hours).
    The basis equipment costs 115 ECU, monthly basis rate is about 49 ECU, including Analogue
    and ISDN connection. This service will be available at April for business user, and at July for
    private ones.

   The German Company TELES plans to offer a service called “sky DSL” for mainly private user.
    The data rate downstream is 2 Mbit/sec. To use the high-speed access via satellite the user needs
    only an appropriate antenna and a sky DSL –PC board. Prices are not published up to now.

   In Austria the private network provider UTA offers 3 types of broadband services.
     Leased lines ranging 64kBits up to 155 Mbit/sec, based on SDH technology for fixed data
     Frame service for bursty traffic with variable network resources, scalable from 16 kbit up to
        2 Mbit/sec, based on ATM technology
     Cell service for multimedia data with scalable bandwidth.

    Even tough they are not publishing prices for the last service (which is the most interesting for
    us) they offer the frame service to a price which is 1/9 of the normal leased line as a monthly
    rate. So it is most probably that they also offer a very competitive price for the Multimedia
    connection as well. Up to now these services are only available for business user.

    They also offer an Internet access using theit frame service offering a very high speed access
    to very reasonable prices.

7.1.2 Future development

Two field trials using an optical network which was developed and established in an ACTS
program has been performed from three month each. PHOTON (Paneuropean Photonic Transport
Overlay Network) is using a wavelength multiplex technology. The combination and separation of
the signals is done optically as well as the by amplifiers and switching. Access involving 8
wavelength with up to 10 Gbit/sec was available between Vienna, Passau and Munich.

During the two field trial one main achievement was the test of real applications. In a workshop in
June 1997 the project presented the layout and the capability of PHOTONET to potential users like
universities, companies with offices in Vienna and Munich, and TV companies. From the
discussion several proposals arose and finally two main groups of trials were realised: Leased
Wavelength Services and ATM connections.

 Leased Wavelength Service:

    IRT (Institut für Rundfunktechnik, Munich) utilised channel 2 for experiments within a loop
    between IRT in Munich and ORF in Vienna (1089 km incorporating 4 WDM multiplexer /
    demultiplexer combinations). A wavelength transponder installed at IRT was fed by the
    following test signals:
     270 Mbit/s serial digital component signals (SDC). SDC is one of the in-house studio formats
      for high quality video signal transport. However, SDC was not created for transmission via
      optical fibre. Bit errors occurred due to frequency components in the signal which were lower
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ESPRIT Project 25652                                                                    SIT-MOON

     than the cut-off frequency of the laser driver circuit. Modifying of the circuit improved the
     transmission properties.
    MPEG-2 signals (Asynchronous Serial Interface (ASI), 270 Mbit/s) can be utilised in a
     transport stream combining several individual video signals (e.g. different camera
     perspectives). With a MPEG test generator the leased wavelength service has been tested
   direct ATM signals at 622 Mbit/s are interesting for bi-directional exchange of broadcast
   applications and signal exchange via ATM High speed file transfer (TV material) using special
   protocols via ATM. First loop tests showed proper operation.

   The Technical University of Vienna took the opportunity to perform several PMD
   measurements on the PHOTONET using the leased wavelength service.

 ATM connection

   In order to provide flexible broadband services via PHOTONET the two ATM cross-connects in
   Munich and Vienna (and hence the German and the Austrian ATM networks) have been
   connected to PHOTONET. The connections between the cross-connects and the PHOTON
   OTMXs have a capacity of 155 Mbit/s, limited by the available interface cards.
   ZDF in Munich and ORF in Vienna prepared a transmission with 34 Mbit/s ETSI-Codices. In
   addition, an ATM connection via the T-Net ATM network of Deutsche Telekom was prepared.
   Due to technical and administrative problems the full operation of the video application will be
   shown after the end of the project PHOTON. However, the ATM connection itself managed by
   the Network Management Centres in Bamberg for the German part and in Vienna for the
   Austrian part was running stable over PHOTONET for several weeks.

Further experimental activities:

 The Vienna university of technology took the opportunity to investigate the properties of the link
  and the PHOTONET.
   10 Gbit/s transmission in a loop Vienna-Munich-Vienna (single channel) evaluating different
     dispersion compensating schemes.
   Long-term measurement of optical signal-to-noise ratio (published at ECOC'98)
   Long-term PMD measurements
   Long-term measurement of polarisation fluctuations
 Project-internal experiments and demonstrations have been performed with video equipment:
   155 Mbit/s PAL transmission between Munich, Passau and Vienna with BBC coders and
   Bi-directional video transmission between Passau and Munich with high quality 140 Mbit/s
     PAL equipment
 For the Siemens Corporate Network (SCN) fibre access to the ATM node in Vienna and to the
  OTMX in Munich was realised, respectively. SCN wants to use PHOTONET for experimental
  LAN-LAN coupling.

 Some more sites in Munich and Vienna have been prepared but due to different reasons no
  further connections have been established during the project life time.

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ESPRIT Project 25652                                                                   SIT-MOON

7.1.3 ADSL

ADSL is expected to play a crucial role over the next twenty years as telephone companies enter
new markets connecting subscribers to the Internet and delivering information in video and
multimedia formats. New broadband cabling will take decades to reach all prospective subscribers
but success of these new services is dependent upon reaching as many subscribers as possible
during the early years. Bringing the Internet, corporate LANs and movies into homes and small
businesses soon, ADSL will make these markets viable for telephone companies and application
suppliers alike.

Telephone companies world-wide are facing competition for the first time. Their most formidable
weapon is twisted pair copper, already connecting every prospective customer to a switching centre.
ADSL lets them capitalise on this existing asset. More than 800 million such lines exist around the
world today; new cabling, whether fibre alone or combined with coax, will take decades to replace
them all. With ADSL, telephone companies can connect almost every home and business to exciting
new interactive broadband services now.

ADSL modems use digital coding techniques to squeeze up to 99% more capacity out of a phone
line without interfering with your regular phone services. That means you could be simultaneously
talking on the phone or sending a fax - while surfing the World Wide Web.

ADSL provides speeds up to 8 Mb/s downstream (to the user) and up to 1 Mb/s upstream,
depending upon line length and loop and line conditions. Benchmark in Italy.

Some Italian areas have already started a experimentation of the ADSL technology. Central nodes
for this services was installed in the second half of the 1998 in the following provinces : Milano,
Torino, Bologna, Padova, Roma and Brescia. Particularly interesting are the tests instanced in the
province of Milano because they will offer the ADSL services in the next future to the SIT-MOON
partners located in that zone ( EDIT4, S. PAOLO and POLIMI).

This new offer will enhance as well as the communication business to business and those between
content-services provider and end-user.
The pricing for the ADSL service is the following:

Costs of activation:         205 Euro
Annual fee:                  340 Euro

Service Provider.
 Access to the node “Telecom Italia”: fees will change depending from the kind of connection
   port (E1/E3).
 Lease of direct connections for accessing the central ATM node: the costs are regulated by
   special norms ( Business Direct)
 ATM transport in the urban area: annual fees depending from the number of final users and the
   width of the band. The minimum cell rate can change from 1 to 25 Mbit/s.

The following picture shows the genera schema adopted.

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ESPRIT Project 25652                                                                 SIT-MOON

A medium term strategy suggests that a specialised provider like EDIT4 could install a direct
numeric connection to the ATM node, while its customers (publishers) could perform operations
related to the production phase using an end-user ADSL connection. A second step should give the
possibility to the home-users to access to the contents provided by the publishers and managed by
the service provider. The costs are nowadays the main problem, secondarily the diffusion of this
solution is depending by the national telecom companies.

SIT-MOON Permanent Observation of the Market                                                  24

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