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Indian Revolution

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					India’s Independence
   Pages: 865-867 & 1016-1019
          British Control of India
   British conquered India by
    exploiting its diversity.
   East Indian Company’s goal
    was to make money in India.
   India growing discontent with   British East India company flag
    British:
   Sepoys- fight in India or
    overseas.
   Hindu widows allowed to
    remarry.
        British Control Cont.
 Viceroy governed India in the name of
  Queen and British officials.
 Population increases – medical
  advancements and farming methods
 Food shortages – food farms to cash crop

 British knew little about Indian achievement
  and dismissed Indian culture.
              Rise of Nationalism
   Indian National Congress

            Congress Party
            Peaceful protest to gain ends
            Greater democracy, more power to Indians
            Eventual Self-rule, supported westernization.
            Called for full independence following Amritsar
            Massacre.
                     Activity
   The following chart defines the concept of
    nationalism.

   Using pages 865-867 & 1016-1019 in your book
    write down examples from India that would
    illustrate and promote the ideas of nationalism.
               Amritsar Massacre
   Protests against
    British rule.
   April 13th, 1919 Indian
    crowds gathered in a
    enclosed field.
   British commander,
    Dyer, banned public
    meetings.
   400 killed and more
    than 1,100 wounded.
   Convinced India it
    need to govern itself.
Gandhi
 Fought laws that
  discriminated against
  Indians in South Africa for
  20 years.
 United Indians across
  class lines.
 Leader of the Congress
  party
              Gandhi’s Ideas
 Theories embraced Hindu traditions.
 Ahimsa- doctrine of nonviolence and
  reverence for all life.
 Preached non-violent resistance.

 Civil disobedience- refusal to obey unjust
  laws.
 Influenced by Western Ideas:
     Democracy and Nationalism
                     The Salt March
   Boycotts-
    refusal to
    buy British
    goods.

     March 12, 1930 Gandhi and 78 followers march 240 miles to sea.
     Crowds respond to Gandhi, followers reach thousands.
     Gandhi, along w/thousands Indians arrested for selling salt.
     World newspapers criticized British for harsh reaction to protest.
     Campaign forced British to hand some power over to India and
     agreed to meet other needs of Congress Party.
India becomes Independent

           Gandhi’s demonstrations
            made British rule difficult.
           U.S. and USSR overshadowed
            England in WWII.
           Demanded British give India
            full independence.
           British realized they had to
            withdraw.
           1947 INDIA GAINS
            INDEPENDENCE
             Religious Unrest
 Violence grew following Gandhi’s (daughter)
  assassination.
 100 different languages spoken.

 Religious divisions lead to violence.

 Hindu and Muslim had biggest conflict.

 Having a variety of languages, religions and high
  population has lead India to become the largest
  democracy.
         Independent Nation
 Gandhi assassinated in January 1948
 Jawaharlal Nehru- Leader of Congress Party and
  first Prime Minister (1950-1964).
 Instituted democratic, federal government.

 Individual states reserved power over local
  affairs.
 Outlawed caste system, equal rights to women
  including the right to vote.
            Economic Policy
 Industrialize by working with western capital.
 Population one billion, increased by 3 times
  since 1920.
 Job creation in industrial sector.

 Nehru supported literacy programs.

 Increase 15%-1947 to 30%-1970’s.
           Building a nation
 Nehru dies in 1964
 1964 congress party elects Indira Gandhi as
  prime minister.
 Gandhi rise to power marked advancement for
  Indian women.
 Assassinated in 1984 after igniting religious
  violence.

				
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posted:10/14/2012
language:English
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