Pages: 865-867 & 1016-1019
British Control of India
British conquered India by
exploiting its diversity.
East Indian Company’s goal
was to make money in India.
India growing discontent with British East India company flag
Sepoys- fight in India or
Hindu widows allowed to
British Control Cont.
Viceroy governed India in the name of
Queen and British officials.
Population increases – medical
advancements and farming methods
Food shortages – food farms to cash crop
British knew little about Indian achievement
and dismissed Indian culture.
Rise of Nationalism
Indian National Congress
Peaceful protest to gain ends
Greater democracy, more power to Indians
Eventual Self-rule, supported westernization.
Called for full independence following Amritsar
The following chart defines the concept of
Using pages 865-867 & 1016-1019 in your book
write down examples from India that would
illustrate and promote the ideas of nationalism.
April 13th, 1919 Indian
crowds gathered in a
Dyer, banned public
400 killed and more
than 1,100 wounded.
Convinced India it
need to govern itself.
Fought laws that
Indians in South Africa for
United Indians across
Leader of the Congress
Theories embraced Hindu traditions.
Ahimsa- doctrine of nonviolence and
reverence for all life.
Preached non-violent resistance.
Civil disobedience- refusal to obey unjust
Influenced by Western Ideas:
Democracy and Nationalism
The Salt March
March 12, 1930 Gandhi and 78 followers march 240 miles to sea.
Crowds respond to Gandhi, followers reach thousands.
Gandhi, along w/thousands Indians arrested for selling salt.
World newspapers criticized British for harsh reaction to protest.
Campaign forced British to hand some power over to India and
agreed to meet other needs of Congress Party.
India becomes Independent
made British rule difficult.
U.S. and USSR overshadowed
England in WWII.
Demanded British give India
British realized they had to
1947 INDIA GAINS
Violence grew following Gandhi’s (daughter)
100 different languages spoken.
Religious divisions lead to violence.
Hindu and Muslim had biggest conflict.
Having a variety of languages, religions and high
population has lead India to become the largest
Gandhi assassinated in January 1948
Jawaharlal Nehru- Leader of Congress Party and
first Prime Minister (1950-1964).
Instituted democratic, federal government.
Individual states reserved power over local
Outlawed caste system, equal rights to women
including the right to vote.
Industrialize by working with western capital.
Population one billion, increased by 3 times
Job creation in industrial sector.
Nehru supported literacy programs.
Increase 15%-1947 to 30%-1970’s.
Building a nation
Nehru dies in 1964
1964 congress party elects Indira Gandhi as
Gandhi rise to power marked advancement for
Assassinated in 1984 after igniting religious