United States Cuisine

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					United States Cuisine


Guide to Good Food Chapter 27
First Inhabitants
   Native Americans first inhabitants
   Excellent farmers & hunters
   vegetables, fruits, beans, corn squash,
    game, berries, nuts, fish
European Settlers

   This is reflected in our cuisine. The
    American diet will continue to change as
    does its population.
   First colonists British-Plymouth, MA &
    Jamestown, VA
   Spanish-St. Augustine, FL
   Later- French- Louisiana
   Dutch-New York
Culture of Immigrants

   The United States used to be known as
    the “Great Melting Pot”. Why?
   Recently it has been referred to as “The
    Salad Bowl”. Why?
People of Habit

   Processed and prepackaged foods
    came about in WWII.
   Women had to work and time/money
    was tight. Fast food was born!
   Despite health concerns, processed and
    fast food continue to be a staple in the
    Amercian diet.
Daily diet
   Large breakfasts (Yankee breakfasts)
    are popular.
   Farmers and cowboys needed hearty
    and filling foods to keep them full while
    working hard outside and away from the
    home all day.
   Soup, salad and sandwiches for lunch
   Dinner eaten together followed by a
    sweet snack
New England-ME, VT, NH, MA, CT, RI

   British- corn beans squash- keep during
    winter
   harsh winter, rugged, rocky coastline,
    forests
   Native Americans- cornmeal- made into
    mush (Hasty Pudding) and cornbread
    (Jonny or Journey cakes)
   Coastline made fish available
New England

   Everyone had a fireplace- used one
    large pot for cooking (Dutch oven)
   salt and dry, corned beef, beets
   succotash, baked beans,cod salted and
    dried, clams (chowder)
   brown bread (cornmeal/molasses)
   maple syrup, blueberries
Mid-Atlantic-NY, PA, MD, DE, NJ

   Dutch, German, Swedish, British
   Better farmland, milder climates
   NYC founded by Dutch
   Immigrants landing in Staten Island-
    settled there- foods from all over the
    world can be found
   Many Jewish immigrants- bagels
Pennsylvania Dutch

   Germans escaping Europe for religious
    freedom- also-Amish, Mennonites
   Plain, healthy food- home grown, thrifty
   Pork, sweets, pickling, canning
   scrapple, bloodpudding, stuffed heart,
    pig feet, tongue, bologna
   soup, baking, sausages, noodles
   7 sweets/7 sours
South- AR, LA, MS, AL, GA, FL, TN, KY,
WV, VA, NC, SC

   Native Americans- corn & beans
   English & French- rice & cotton
   Africans- economy & traditions
   seafood/shellfish, chicken, pork, sweet
    potatoes, okra, chilies, peanuts
   Cajun- African/Caribbean- spicy, soupy,
    usually with rice
   Creole- French & Spanish
South

   Year round farming
   sugarcane, rice, peanuts, fruit, corn
   catfish, turtle, crayfish, shrimp
   squirrel, turkey, chicken, pork
West & Southwest-ID, MT, WY, CO,
UT, NV, AZ, NM, TX

   Old mining towns, ranches, deserts,
    mountains, oil fields
   Tex-Mex- Former parts of Mexico-
    border states
   tortilla bases topped with cheese
   Barbecues
   Native Americans- breads, chilies
   lamb, wild game, pheasant, corn, beans
W & SW

   Simple
   homemade breads
   beef - all parts
   stews- beef stew, chili
   chuck wagons- coffee, potatoes
Midwest- ND, SD, NE, SK, OK, MN, IA, MO,
WI, IL, MI, IN, OH

   Breadbasket
   Flat land, fertile soil, rivers/lakes
   Farm products, eggs, wild game
   Family, community (church) “potluck”
    dinners- everyone brings food to share
   religious groups settled “Bible Belt”
Midwest

   Soybeans, pork, lamb, beef, corn,
    wheat, fish, dairy, fruit, grains,
    vegetables
   fairs, festivals, picnics
   hash browns, hot cereals, coleslaw,
    corn, apple pie, steak, bake potato
Pacific Coast-CA, AK, OR, WA

   Fusion of Asian, American,
    Mediterranean- healthy
   Diverse geography
   Tree fruits, pineapple, sugar cane,
    citrus, cherries, olives, grapes
   Cold water fish- salmon, shellfish
   Warm water- mahi-mahi, tuna,
    swordfish
Pac Coast

   Simple and natural
   Native American, Asian, Mexican
   Gold Rush- prospectors brought
    Sourdough
   Wild game, berries, freshwater fish
Hawaii
   South Pacific roots
   Japanese, Indian Polynesians
   Newest state- 1959
   King Kamehameha-caputured all islands
   Poi- paste from taro root
   Pineapple, sugarcane, tourism, fish
   Rice, soybeans, curry, banana, seaweed
   Luau- Kalua puaa (pig) in imu (pit)
Canada
   2rd largest inhabited country
   smaller pop. than California
   10 provinces- varied geography
   Great Lakes & St. Lawrence river-
    coastlines, rainy, snowy
   Constitutional Monarchy- Queen
    Elizabeth II/Michaelle Jean
   Aboriginals (First nations/Inuit), French,
    British
Canada

   Some of the best wheat in the world
   fruit, cattle, cod, maple syrup, caribou,
    berries, potatoes, salmon, dairy
   hardtack, fiddlehead fern, one pots
    meals
   pickle, canning, baking, poaching
Canada

   British Columbia- English tea, California
   Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta-
    farming
   Vancouver- Asian
   Quebec- still speaks French

				
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posted:10/14/2012
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