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Module 13: Section I Quiz by JMD12345

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Module 13: Section I Quiz

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									Module 13: Section I Quiz

  Question 1
 1 out of 1 points

 The difference between plasma and serum is that:
 Answer
  Selected Answer:
                      Serum does not contain clotting
                      elements
  Correct Answer:
                      Serum does not contain clotting
                      elements
  Response     Rationale: Serum is blood plasma minus the clotting elements. Blood is the fluid
  Feedback:    that consists of plasma, a yellow liquid containing the formed elements of the
               blood (erythrocytes, leukocytes, and platelets). Plasma is the fluid part of the
               blood in which these formed elements are suspended. Serum is the cell-free
               portion of the blood from which the fibrinogen has been separated in the process
               of clotting.
               Objective: Identify the blood cells and blood components.
               Text page(s): 511
               MTO: Section I, Lessons 1.7, 6.2



      1. Question 2
 1 out of 1 points

 Blood has all of the following functions except to:
 Answer
  Selected Answer:
                      Regulate respiration
  Correct Answer:
                      Regulate respiration
  Response        Rationale: Blood does not regulate respiration, but when oxygen enters the air
  Feedback:       sacs of the lungs (alveoli), blood cells then transport the oxygen to cells
                  throughout the body.
                  Objective: Recognize and define blood-related terms.
                  Text page(s): 504
                  MTO: Section I, Lesson 1.1
      1. Question 3
 1 out of 1 points

 Persons with ________ blood are referred to as universal recipients.
 Answer
  Selected Answer:
                      Type AB
  Correct Answer:
                      Type AB
  Response     Rationale: Type AB is correct because this blood type contains neither the anti-A
  Feedback:    nor the anti-B antibodies. Consequently, people with this blood type can safely
               receive blood from any donor type. Type O blood is called universal donor blood
               because it contains neither antigen A nor antigen B and therefore can be
               administered with minimal risk of clumping of the blood cells.
               Objective: Identify the blood groups.
               Text page(s): 510
               MTO: Section I, Lesson 5.3



      1. Question 4
 1 out of 1 points

 ________ blood contains anti-A antibodies.
 Answer
  Selected Answer:
                      Type B
  Correct Answer:
                      Type B
  Response       Rationale: Type B blood contains anti-A antibodies. Type A blood has anti-B
  Feedback:      antibodies. Type AB blood has neither anti-A antibodies nor anti-B antibodies.
                 Type O blood has both anti-A and anti-B antibodies.
                 Objective: Identify the blood groups.
                 Text page(s): 510
                 MTO: Section I, Lesson 5.2



      1. Question 5
 1 out of 1 points

 PMN is the abbreviation for:
 Answer
  Selected Answer:
                       Polymorphonuclear
  Correct Answer:
                       Polymorphonuclear
  Response      Rationale: As they mature, granulocytes develop multilobed nuclei, making
  Feedback:     them polymorphonuclear (poly- = many; morph/o = shape; nucle/o = nucleus).
                Three of the five kinds of mature leukocytes are polymorphonuclear
                granulocytic leukocytes: basophils, neutrophils, and eosinophils.
                Objective: Identify the blood cells and blood components.
                Text page(s): 526
                MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.6



      1. Question 6
 1 out of 1 points

 Special proteins called _____________, abbreviated ____, trigger the production, maturation,
 and activation of granulocytes.
 Answer
  Selected Answer:
                       colony-stimulating factors, CSFs
  Correct Answer:
                       colony-stimulating factors, CSFs
  Response            Rationale: Colony-stimulating factors (CSFs) are special proteins that
  Feedback:           stimulate the growth of white blood cells in bone marrow.
                      Objective: Identify the blood cells and blood components.
                      Text page(s): 507, 512
                      MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.6



      1. Question 7
 1 out of 1 points

 The combining form thromb/o means:
 Answer
  Selected Answer:
                       Clot
  Correct Answer:
                       Clot
  Response      Rationale: Thromb/o means clot. Medical terms built from this combining form
  Feedback:     include thrombocytopenia (a disorder caused by decreased platelet production or
                increased platelet destruction), thrombocytes (platelets), and thrombin (an
                enzyme that converts fibrinogen to fibrin during blood clotting).
                Objective: Identify the blood cells and blood components.
                Text page(s): 515
                MTO: Section I, Lesson 4.1



      1. Question 8
 1 out of 1 points

  The combining form erythr/o means:
  Answer
  Selected Answer:
                      Red
  Correct Answer:
                      Red
  Response Feedback:      Rationale: Erythr/o means red. Erythrocytes are red blood cells.
                          Objective: Identify the blood cells and blood components.
                          Text page(s): 514
                          MTO: Section I, Lesson 1.5



      1. Question 9
 1 out of 1 points

 Which white blood cell type has granules that stain dark purple in response to alkaline dye?
 Answer
  Selected Answer:
                      Basophil
  Correct Answer:
                      Basophil
  Response     Rationale: Basophils get their name from the fact that their granules stain dark
  Feedback:    purple in response to an alkaline, or basic, dye. (Base/basic is the opposite of
               acid/acidic.) The granules of eosinophils stain with eosin, a red acidic dye. The
               granules of neutrophils are neutral. Basophils, eosinophils, and neutrophils are
               all granulocytes, meaning that they have granules in their cytoplasm.
               Objective: Identify the blood cells and blood components.
               Text page(s): 507
               MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.3
      1. Question 10
 1 out of 1 points

 ________tion is the process of blood clotting.
 Answer
  Selected Answer:
                      Coagula
  Correct Answer:
                      Coagula
  Response Feedback:     Rationale: Coagulation is the correct answer. To coagulate is to clot.
                         Objective: Recognize and define blood-related terms.
                         Text page(s): 510
                         MTO: Section I, Lesson 6.1



      1. Question 11
 1 out of 1 points

 ________globin is the blood protein that enables the transport of oxygen.
 Answer
  Selected Answer:
                      Hemo
  Correct Answer:
                      Hemo
  Response        Rationale: Hemoglobin is made up of heme, the iron-containing portion, and
  Feedback:       globin, the protein portion. Hemat/o means blood; bas/o means base; and
                  erythr/o means red (blood cell).
                  Objective: Identify the blood cells and blood components.
                  Text page(s): 504, 512
                  MTO: Section I, Lesson 1.7



      1. Question 12
 1 out of 1 points

 Granulocytes are formed in red bone marrow, or ________oid tissue.
 Answer
  Selected Answer:
                      myel
  Correct Answer:
                      myel
  Response          Rationale: The question is asking for the combining form for bone marrow,
  Feedback:         which is myel/o. Hemat/o = blood, erythr/o = red (blood cell), and eosin/o =
                    red, rosy.
                    Objective: Identify the blood cells and blood components.
                    Text page(s): 516
                    MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.6



      1. Question 13
 1 out of 1 points

 A(n) _______phil is a white blood cell that does not stain intensely with either alkaline or acidic
 dye.
 Answer
  Selected Answer:
                      neutro
  Correct Answer:
                      neutro
  Response      Rationale: The granules of neutrophils are neutral and don't stain. Basophils get
  Feedback:     their name from the fact that their granules stain dark purple in response to an
                alkaline, or basic, dye. (Base/basic is the opposite of acid/acidic.) The granules
                of eosinophils stain with eosin, a red acidic dye. Basophils, eosinophils, and
                neutrophils are granulocytes.
                Objective: Identify the blood cells and blood components.
                Text page(s): 507, 513
                MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.5



      1. Question 14
 1 out of 1 points

 The enzyme that converts fibrinogen to fibrin during coagulation is called:
 Answer
  Selected Answer:
                      Thrombin
  Correct Answer:
                      Thrombin
  Response     Rationale: Thrombin is an enzyme that converts fibrinogen to fibrin during
  Feedback:    coagulation. Fibrin is a threadlike substance that traps red blood cells to form a
               meshlike fibrin clot. Thromboplastin promotes coagulation by converting the
               plasma protein prothrombin to thrombin in the presence of calcium. Related
               terms include thrombocyte (platelet) and thrombus (a clot).
               Objective: Recognize and define blood-related terms.
               Text page(s): 511, 513
               MTO: Section I, Lesson 6.1



      1. Question 15
 1 out of 1 points

 Protein substances stimulated by the presence of antigens are called:
 Answer
  Selected Answer:
                      Antibodies
  Correct Answer:
                      Antibodies
  Response     Rationale: An antibody (Ab) fights disease by recognizing and destroying
  Feedback:    antigens, harmful or abnormal substances such as bacteria and viruses.
               Immunoglobins are a kind of antibody. Monocytes are phagocytic cells that fight
               disease. They leave the bloodstream and enter tissues as macrophages, where
               they help break down old RBCs and ingest bacteria and tissue debris.
               Objective: Recognize and define blood-related terms.
               Text page(s): 507
               MTO: Section I, Lesson 3.2



      1. Question 16
 1 out of 1 points

 __________ is formed by the breakdown of hemoglobin.
 Answer
  Selected Answer:
                      Bilirubin
  Correct Answer:
                      Bilirubin
  Response       Rationale: Macrophages break down hemoglobin into heme and globin
  Feedback:      (protein). The heme releases iron and decomposes into a pigment called
                 bilirubin. Heparin is an anticlotting substance found in basophils.
                 Objective: Identify the blood cells and blood components.
                 Text page(s): 506, 512
                 MTO: Section I, Lesson 3.4
      1. Question 17
 1 out of 1 points

 The protein that maintains proper proportion and concentration of water in blood is:
 Answer
  Selected Answer:
                      Albumin
  Correct Answer:
                      Albumin
  Response     Rationale: Albumin is a plasma protein that regulates the amount of water in
  Feedback:    blood. Fibrinogen is a plasma protein that is converted to fibrin in the clotting
               process. Globulin is the portion of plasma that contains antibodies.
               Erythropoietin is a hormone secreted by the kidneys to stimulate bone marrow to
               make red blood cells. Prothrombin is the protein converted to thrombin in the
               clotting process.
               Objective: Identify the blood cells and blood components.
               Text page(s): 509, 512
               MTO: Section I, Lesson 4.3



      1. Question 18
 1 out of 1 points

 The protein converted to fibrin in the clotting process is:
 Answer
  Selected Answer:
                      Fibrinogen
  Correct Answer:
                      Fibrinogen
  Response     Rationale: Fibrinogen converts to fibrin in the clotting process. Albumin is the
  Feedback:    protein found in plasma that helps maintain the proper balance of water between
               the capillaries and the tissues. Globulin is the portion of plasma that contains
               antibodies. Erythropoietin is a hormone secreted by the kidneys to stimulate bone
               marrow to make red blood cells. Prothrombin is the protein converted to
               thrombin in the clotting process.
               Objective: Identify the blood cells and blood components.
               Text page(s): 509, 511
               MTO: Section I, Lesson 6.1



      1. Question 19
 1 out of 1 points

 The portion of plasma that contains antibodies to protect the body against antigens is:
 Answer
  Selected Answer:
                      Globulin
  Correct Answer:
                      Globulin
  Response     Rationale: Globulin is a plasma protein that protects the body from antigens.
  Feedback:    Albumin is the protein found in plasma that helps maintain the proper balance of
               water between the capillaries and the tissues. Fibrinogen is a plasma protein that
               is converted to fibrin in the clotting process. Erythropoietin is a hormone
               secreted by the kidneys to stimulate bone marrow to make red blood cells.
               Prothrombin is the protein converted to thrombin in the clotting process.
               Objective: Identify the blood cells and blood components.
               Text page(s): 509, 512
               MTO: Section I, Lesson 4.3



      1. Question 20
 1 out of 1 points

 The hormone secreted by the kidneys to stimulate the bone marrow to make RBCs is:
 Answer
  Selected Answer:
                      Erythropoietin
  Correct Answer:
                      Erythropoietin
  Response     Rationale: The question describes erythropoietin. Albumin is the protein found in
  Feedback:    plasma that helps maintain the proper balance of water between the capillaries
               and the tissues. Fibrinogen is a plasma protein that is converted to fibrin in the
               clotting process. Globulin is the portion of plasma that contains antibodies.
               Prothrombin is the protein converted to thrombin in the clotting process.
               Objective: Identify the blood cells and blood components.
               Text page(s): 506, 512
               MTO: Section I, Lesson 1.5



      1. Question 21
 1 out of 1 points

 The plasma protein converted to thrombin in the clotting process is:
 Answer
  Selected Answer:
                      Prothrombin
  Correct Answer:
                      Prothrombin
  Response     Rationale: Prothrombin is converted to thrombin in the presence of calcium.
  Feedback:    Albumin is the protein found in plasma that helps maintain the proper balance of
               water between the capillaries and the tissues. Fibrinogen is a plasma protein that
               is converted to fibrin in the clotting process. Globulin is the portion of plasma
               that contains antibodies. Erythropoietin is a hormone secreted by the kidneys to
               stimulate bone marrow to make red blood cells.
               Objective: Identify the blood cells and blood components.
               Text page(s): 513
               MTO: Section I, Lesson 6.1



      1. Question 22
 1 out of 1 points

 This white blood cell contains heparin and histamine.
 Answer
  Selected Answer:
                      Basophil
  Correct Answer:
                      Basophil
  Response            Rationale: Basophils contain heparin, which prevents clotting, and
  Feedback:           histamine, which is involved in allergic responses.
                      Objective: Identify the blood cells and blood components.
                      Text page(s): 507
                      MTO: Section I, Lesson 2.3



      1. Question 23
 1 out of 1 points

 Antibodies that bind to and sometimes destroy antigens are:
 Answer
  Selected Answer:
                      Immunoglobulins
  Correct Answer:
                      Immunoglobulins
  Response       Rationale: Immunoglobulins are antibodies that bind to and sometimes destroy
  Feedback:      antigens, or foreign substances. Examples include IgG, found in high
                 concentration in plasma, and IgA, found in breast milk, saliva, tears, and
                 respiratory mucus.
                 Objective: Identify the blood cells and blood components.
                 Text page(s): 509, 513
                 MTO: Section I, Lesson 4.3



      1. Question 24
 1 out of 1 points

 A person with Type A blood will have type __ red cell antigens.
 Answer
  Selected Answer:
                      A
  Correct Answer:
                      A
  Response          Rationale: Type A blood will have A antigens. Type B blood has B antigens.
  Feedback:         Type AB blood has both A and B antigens. Type O blood has neither A nor B
                    antigens.
                    Objective: Identify the blood groups.
                    Text page(s): 510
                    MTO: Section I, Lesson 5.2



      1. Question 25
 1 out of 1 points

 The formation of blood cells is a process called:
 Answer
  Selected Answer:
                      hematopoiesis
  Correct Answer:
                      hematopoiesis
  Response       Rationale: Hematopoiesis is the formation (-poiesis) of blood (hemat/o) cells.
  Feedback:      Differentiation is the process during which unspecialized cells change and
                 achieve specific physical forms, physiologic functions, and chemical
                 properties.
                 Objective: Recognize and define blood-related terms.
                 Text page(s): 516
                 MTO: Section I, Lesson 1.4

								
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