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					     Applying Image Capturing
      Production Engineering.




Describe about multimedia
          Applying Image Capturing Production
                      Engineering


  The film is a work of
    art that comes
    from a
    combination of
    many elements,
    such as sound,
    images, and
    motion, etc..


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    The government itself defines the film as follows:

    "Film is a cultural art works that are mass
      communication media to hear the view is based
      on cinematography with selluloid recorded on
      tape, videotapes, video discs




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     or materials other technological inventions in the form,
        type, size of the chemical, electronic processes or other
        processes or without voice or dapt performed and
        displayed with the project system mechanic, electronic
        and / or other (th Film Act. 1992, Chapter I, Article 1 ). "




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   • The film is a series of many frames images shown in
   certain speed.
   * Video is a series of many picture frame that contains
      the stages of a movement / skuen who played with a
      certain speed.




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                     DEFINITION CAMERA

      The camera is one important aspect in the making of
         the film, the camera functions that take / record
      scenes directed by the director and then visualized by
                 the players that make the scenes.




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   # The camera operated by
     the usual film crew
       called the cameraman.


   # Cameraman, the camera
     operates in accordance
       with the director.




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   There are a few things to note relating to the camera device.
     Before any shooting is a good idea if a cameraman
     preparations as follows:


   * Mastery of the camera device to be used. Should follow the
      written rules on the use of the manual book. Understand
      the strengths and weaknesses.




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      * Once familiar with the ins and outs of the camera, the
         scene also understand what and how the technique is
         desired.
      * Creating a breakdown of equipment to be used like a
         battery, microphone, extension cord, etc..
      * Make sure the battery in good shape and full, and all the
         facilities at the camera worked well.




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   In video production activities / movies, there are many
      kinds of cameras are used. The division of a video
      camera / film divided over the media used to store
      data (image & sound) that have been taken. Just as
      in photography, who has taken pictures stored on the
      roll of film. But in this type of camera, film rolls in
      addition there are also magnetic tape to store the
      voice data.


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   In a 1-second shots, it takes
     about 30 frames the film.
     The type of film used is a
     positive film (slides), in
     which to view its contents
     should be washed in the
     laboratory first film and is
     projected by using a
     special projector.


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                       TYPE - TYPE CAMERA


              # In general there are 2 types of cameras:

                         1. Analog (AV)
   The data is stored as a stream of strong signals (waves) on
     the camcorder tape. This type of camera types including
                  VHS, S - VHS, 8mm, and Hi - 8.




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   2. Digital (DV)


   Camera digital video recorder stores data in binary
     code format of bits per byte which consists of series
     1 (on) and 0 (off). Types of cameras include mini DV,
     and Digital 8.




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                         KIND - KIND VIDEO

   Analog Video:

   1. Usually used cassette (tape)
   2. Magnetic tape-based
   3. Requires digital compression of the order to
   transferred to the computer.
   4. Excess full colors
   5. Weakness will experience thirst as
   time.


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    # Type - type of Video Analog:

    1.    U Matic
    2.    Betamax
    3.    VHS
    4.    S-VHS




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    Video Digital:


    1. Can record sound and images at the same
     time.
    2. CCD (Charge Couple Device)
    3. There is no reduction in image compression
     process




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   * Types of Digital Video:

   1. Mini DV
   2. DV Cam
   3. DVC Pro




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                PART - PART VIDEO CAMERA




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   In general, the parts consisting of a video camera:


   1. Battery for power supply
   2. Place tape
   3. Zoom
   4. Recorder button
   5. Output port video / audio
   (can be analog or digital)




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   6. Focus Ring
   7. Preview window (View Fender)
   8. Microphone
   9. Light controls
   10. Keys Player (for playing back
      video).
   11. DC input terminal.




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  CAMERA TYPES


  Type of camera used in the movie is very diverse kinds,
    but the camera roughly divided into three namely:




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   1. 1. Camera images (still photography)
   2. The camera produces photo images that are not
      moving (still single picture). The raw material comes
      from the image storage selluloid tape, so that after
      making the recording must be processed again with
      the chemical processing.




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       Example:




             Analog cameras                digital cameras




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   2. Camera film (cinema photography)
   Camera film has the same material with the camera image
     and the results obtained are different, the movie camera
     to produce a moving image or still commonly called
     motion.




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   Example :




  8 mm camera            16 mm camera       35 mm camera.


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   3. Video camera (video photography)
   Vide for the camera itself has much in common with a
      movie camera for producing a moving picture (still
      motion), but what distinguishes the raw material in the
      form of video tapes after shooting results could be
      viewed as the image optically and electronically.




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       Example :




    Betacam camera                 MiniDV              HDCam


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                  Operating the video camera


   @. Step-by-step video camera operation:




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                               1. Remove the lens cap
                               2. Move the position of the power button off
                                    to the camera by pressing and hold
                                    down the key, then push down
                               3. Open the LCD screen, by pressing the key
                                    LCD screen, and then opened in the
                                    direction of the arrow. Viewfinder
                                    automatically going to die
                               4. Press the start / stop to start recording.
                                    Press the start / stop again to stop
                                    recording.


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   @. The steps to install the tape on the camera handy
   are:
   1. Press the release button in the direction of the arrow and
   open the lid.




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       2. Insert a tape with cassette glass window position seen
            from above and press the center of the rear cassette.




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   3. After the cassette holder automatically fall down and
       then press the cover tape.




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             How It Works Digital Camera.




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           If we know the pictures in the camera, then when do
      we shoot can take into account and would like to imagine
      what the look or the output of the object that we will capture
      in the camera.




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 By the time we pressed the shutter button, the camera happens
   in stages to process the image. Although only briefly felt, but
   the stage is done in the digital camera long enough. It's just
   that, the process is done very quickly. Here is a description
   of the process:




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  Lens to capture an image, and then forwarded to the panel
     catcher image. Catcher image or so-called CCD sensor,
     which also serves as a view finder, sending images to the
     LCD. While the DSLR camera, the image is also passed to
     the reflection mirror that reflects the image to the window
     peep (eye finder).




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    Images are captured by the lens, color filter is passed on
     to then be captured by the CCD or image sensor. The
     distance between the lens and the sensor is known as
     the focal length. This distance will also be a factor in the
     lens.




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    CCD task is to transform the analog signal (image
     captured by the lens) into an electrical signal. In this
     CCD sensors there are millions of points known as
     pixels. So the term pixels or megapixels on digital
     cameras actually refers to the number of points on this
     sensor. The smaller the sensor and the more points the
     sensor, the more refined and higher resolution images
     produced.




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    Images are captured by the CCD sensor forwarded to
     the image processing tasks to process all the data from
     the CCD sensor into digital data of image format files,
     and compression processing according to the selected
     image format (RAW, JPEG, etc.). In this section other
     than the role chipset, software (firmware) from the
     camera in question also determines the outcome of the
     picture.




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   The second part is what will determine the character of the
     digital camera. That is why, each of their cameras have
     software and its own chipsets in their cameras.


   The last process is to send the image files in the selected
     format to the storage (storage) or memory card. Typically, a
     SD memory card, CF and so on.




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   The next stage is the process conducted outside the camera.
      But in the modern digital cameras, still provides a direct
      printing option called PictBridge, ExifPrint and so on.




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   Thus the process of drawing on a digital camera. But
      these steps only basic or foundation of almost all
      digital cameras. In some brands of digital cameras,
      usually still add a few processes to improve picture
      quality, including the addition of features on
      casement or software applications.




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    Additional Features Additional features of the
     software functions on the level more often we
     meet, for example, the addition of frame images,
     effects such as the Sephia photos, black and
     white, etc.. Although these effects in addition to
     nature only, but sometimes very helpful to
     reduce the image during printing.




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   Some additional features are very useful is the backlight,
     which is photographing objects back light, white balance,
     face recognition for photography as well as anti-shake
     models that have cameras on each term as varied as anti-
     shake, MEGA OIS, VR (Vibration Reduction), Super steady
     shot, and so on.




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   LEARNING TO USE THE VIDEO CAMERA.




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           Basic Video Camera Operation Camera there are
      various brands, shapes, and variants. So is the image
      storage media also vary. Examples of famous brands
      including: Sony, Panasonic, Phillips, Ikegami, JVC, and
      others. Of the various brands that each has different
      variants and shapes. Began amateur camera, semi
      professional and professional cameras. Image storage
      media including: Betacam, Dvcam, DVC Pro, MiniDV, or
      shaped card (memory card).




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   For beginner users / amateurs auto mode is usually
     enough to get a standard image. But in certain
     conditions, auto mode can not we use to get a picture in
     accordance with our will. That is why the professional
     Cameraman often use the manual mode of operating the
     camera.




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   The Main Control
   There are six basic control on the camera:
   1. Exposure:
      * Aperture             * Shutter Speed
      * (ND Filter)          * (Gain)
   2. Color Filter
   3. White Balance
   4. Zoom
   5. Focus
   6. Audio Levels



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   Aperture, Shutter speed, ND filters, and gain is part of the
     exposure.

   -Exposure: exposure I could simply mean the camera lighting.
     To obtain a normal image, not dark (under exposure) and
     not very bright (over exposure) should be noted:




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           · Aperture (diaphragm) In the television cameras
      also called Iris, which is a thin metal sheet arranged in
      such a way that can be opened and closed to adjust the
      amount of light entering the camera lens. Iris as our
      pupils can grow and shrink according to the incoming
      light.




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           When Iris is opened as wide as possible, the lens
      sends light maximum with the camera, otherwise when
      opening the iris diaphragm opening is reduced to narrow,
      so that light entering the camera a bit. Not the diaphragm
      is measured in f-stop: f/1.4 - f/22. smaller f-stop number
      = large diaphragm openings, larger f-stop number =
      small diaphragm opening. Iris settings manually can be
      done by rotating the iris ring on the camera lens.




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      · Shutter Speed


           shutter speed is usually the standard in the
      television camera 1 / 50. unless you want to use the
      shutter effect or to synchronize with the object, the new
      Shutter Speed in the ON position for the next match we
      can choose our destination.




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   · ND Filter

   ND filter (Neutral Density) serves to reduce the
     intensity of light that is too strong without affecting
     the quality of light colors. This filter is used when
     light conditions are too hard, like a sunny midday.




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   · Gain
   In contrast to the ND filter, gain of function when taking
      pictures in less light, which in normal circumstances
      when the opening maximum f-stop (f/1.4) is still under
      exposure. With Gain exposure we can lift digitally, the
      consequences become a little coral image (cracked).




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   Color Filter
   Function to change or match the light coming into the
     camera. Generally, the video camera has two color
     correction filters. For shooting indoors with tungsten light
     (red) filters we put 3200 º K and for shooting with the sun
     lighting filter we use 5600 º K.




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          Sunlight contains blue. If we install the filter
      2 (5600 º K) to the sun, we actually put on an
      orange filter to compensate for the blue color of
      the sun. More light bulb contains the color red, so
      we put a filter no.1 (3200 º K) is bluish.




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           Light source of higher intensity light containing blue,
      light source intensity low beam contains more red. The
      difference is the color of light depends on the temperature
      and measured with a degree Kelvin.




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       . White Balance
            The intensity of light varies at different times and
      different places in a day. Outside sunlight (daylight) has
      a temperature of approximately 5600 º K, the light bulb in
      the room has a temperature of approximately 3200 º K,
      TL lights have temperatures between 5000 º K, 6000 º K.
      because the intensity of light is very different from the
      color correction filter can not produce the right white
      color.




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   Thus the video camera is also equipped with buttons to set
     the white balance. The easiest way is for the white
     balance by pointing the camera to the white stuff
     whatever is in the same light conditions with the light that
     we use to record the scene.




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     How to set the white balance: * First match with the
 color correction filter light conditions that we use .*
 Point the camera shooting of any white stuff on the
 camera zoom until you see the viewfinder white only.




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   * Press the AWB (Auto White Balance)
   * The camera is ready to record.

   Note:
   "The camera should be in the white balance again when the
     light changed circumstances".




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   TECHNICAL PICK VIDEO CAMERA IMAGES


    The video camera is a camera device that is used
      to move moving picture and save them on
      certain media, which then will be processed.


   Video Camera Type
   Based on the format:
   ~ Analog
   ~ Digital



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   2) Based Media Record:
                                   `` Betamax Betacam
                                   `VHS` Memory stick
                                   `` Mini Disc 8mm
                                   `VHS-C
                                   `DV (Digital Video)
                                   `Mini DV




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   Retrieving Images


   Kind of shooting angle is:


   1. Normal Angle
   Position the camera parallel to the height of the eye
     (the focus) object is taken.




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                          2. High Camera Angle
                          Angle of the objects that look so
                            impressive small objects. This
                            technique has a dramatic impression
                            of the value of "dwarf".




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                        3. Low Camera Angle


                        Angle from the direction of the objects
                          that look so impressive large objects.
                          This technique has the great value
                          dramatic/ prominance, authoritative,
                          powerful, dominant.




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   4. Bird's Eye View
   Shooting technique that is above the height of the
       object. The result will look spacious environment
       and other things seem small and scattered.


   5. Subjective Camera Angle
   Retrieval technique in which the camera trying to
      engage the audience in the event. As if the camera
      lens as the eye of the spectator or one of the actors
      in the scene.



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   6. Objective Camera Angle
   Retrieval technique in which the camera presents in
      accordance with reality.


   7. Eye Level
   Shooting angle parallel to the object. The results
     showed catch someone's eye view. This technique
     does not have a dramatic but natural impression.




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                                       8. Frog Eye
                                 Shooting angle with the height of
                                   the camera parallel to the
                                   base / bottom position of the
                                   object or lower. The result will
                                   look as if the audience's eyes
                                   represent the eyes of frogs.

                                 9. Over Shoulder
                                  taking pictures from behind the
                                    shoulder.


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        Kinds of views at the time of recording the
         image is:


        Extreme Close Up (ECU / XCU):
   Shooting a very detailed look like the player's
    nose or lips or tip of the heel of the shoe.




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   · Big Close Up (BCU):
   Taking pictures of the limited head-to -
   chin.

   · Close Up (CU):
   Images taken from close range, only part of the object
      that looks like just his face alone, or a pair of new
      shoes feet.




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   · Medium Close Up (MCU):
   Almost the same as MS, if the object of people and
      taken from the chest upwards. · Medium Shot (MS):
   Retrieval of medium-range, if the object of it is visible
      only half his body alone (from the stomach / waist
      up). · Knee Shot (KS):
   Object shooting from head to knee.




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   · Full Shot (FS):
   Object shooting in full from head to toe.
   · Long Shot (LS):
   Decision as a whole. Images taken from a distance, all
      objects exposed to the background object.
   · Medium Long Shot (MLS):
   Images taken from a reasonable distance, so if for
      example there are 3 objects of the whole will be
      seen. If the object is a person looking from head to
      knee.



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   · Extreme Long Shot (XLS):
   Images taken from very far distance, you'll enjoy no longer the object but
      the background. Thus it can be seen the position of the object to its
      environment.
   · One Shot (1S):
                      Taking pictures of objects.
   · Two Shot (2S):
                      Shooting two people.
   · Three Shot (3S):
                      Shooting three people.
   · Group Shot (GS):
                      Shooting a group of people.

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   CAMERA MOVEMENT
   Pan, Panning is a horizontal camera movement (horizontally)
         from left to right or vice versa
   a). Pan right (moving the camera around to the right)
   b). Pan left (the camera moves around to the left)
   Tilt, Tilting is a vertical camera movement, looking up from
         bottom to top or vice versa
   a). Tilt up: up to top
   b). Tilt down: up and down


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          Dolly, Track is on the movement tripot or dolly toward or away from the
           subject
          a). Dolly in: approaching the subject
          b). Dolly out: stay away from the subject
          Pedestal is on the camera movement can be raised pedestal down.
           Currently used Porta-Jip Traveler.
          a). Pedestal up: the camera is increased
          b). Pedestal down: camera revealed




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    Crab is the camera movement laterally or sideways,
     running parallel to the current subject.
    a). Crab left (move left)
    b). Crab right (move to the right)
    Arc is a turn around the camera movement of objects
     from left to right or vice versa.




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   •       Zoom.
   •       zoom lens is a movement toward or away from the optical object,
           by changing the lens focal length from the narrow perspective to a
           wide angle of view or vice versa


   •       a). Zoom in: closer objects from long shot to close-up
   •       b). Zoom out: keep the object of close-ups to long shots
   •       Follow:
   •       Camera movements follow a moving object.
   •       Crane shot:
   •       Camera movement is mounted on the crane wheels.

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    Fading:
    Substitution images slowly. If the images fade in and fade out
     appears if the image disappears and the cross-fade if the image 1
     and 2 interchanged simultaneously.
    Framing:
    Object is in framing Shot. In the frame when entering the frame and
     the frame out if the exit frame.
    Track is tracking camera movement toward or away from the object.
    a). Track in: moving the camera toward the object
    b). Track out: move the camera away from the object
    Follow The camera follows an object moving in the direction.

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    Shooting techniques without moving the camera, so
     quite a moving object:

    · Object moves parallel to the camera.
    · Walk In: The object moved toward the camera.
    · Walk Away: Objects moving away from the camera.

    This technique is said because not only rely angle,
     image size, camera movements and objects but also
     other elements such as light, property and the
     environment. Average shooting by using these
     techniques produce more dramatic impression.



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   · Backlight Shot: shooting techniques to lighting on the object from
      behind.
   · Reflection Shot: making techniques that are not directed to its object
      but from the mirror / water that can reflect the image of the object.
   · Door Frame Shot: pictures taken from outside the door while the scene
      was in the room.
   · Artificial Framing Shot: objects such as leaves or twigs placed in front
      of the camera so as if the object is taken from behind the branches.




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   · Jaws Shot: a camera object as if surprised to see the camera.
   · Framing with Background: the object of focus in front of the
      background but there appear so beautiful impression.
   · The Secret of Foreground Framing Shot: making objects that were in
      front until the background so that the fusion scene.
   · Tripod Transition: the camera position above the tripod and move from
      one object to another object rapidly.




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   · Artificial Hairlight: given the object hair effects of artificial light so shine
      and more dramatic.
   · Fast Road Effect: techniques taken from the car was speeding.
   · Walking Shot: This technique takes a picture of the current object.
      Usually used to indicate who was walking in a hurry or pursued by
      something.




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   · Over Shoulder: taking pictures from behind the object, the
      object is usually only seen the head or shoulders only.
      Obtaining this to show that the object was seeing things or
      objects can also chatting.
   · Profile Shot: if two people are in dialogue, but the shot from
      the side, one showing the camera first and second camera
      showed the second person.




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   For the professional cameramen often also do the white
     balance manually is to set the Color Temperature in the
     menu on the camera.
   Zoom
   Zooming is a zoom lens movement toward or away from the
     optical object, by changing the lens focal length from the
     narrow perspective (telephoto) to a wide angle (wide
     angle).



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   1. Zoom in: closer objects from long shot to close-up
   2. Zoom out: keep the object of close-ups to long shots.
   3. Zooming can be done in two ways:
       a). Manual: by turning the zoom ring on the lens
       b). Servo: Usually there servo zoom button on the handle
         so affordable camera the finger at the camera operates.




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   Focus
   The focus is the proper lens settings for a certain
     distance. Picture said the focus when the
     resulting image projected by the lens falls on the
     surface of the tube or CCD clear and sharp. Thus
     appear also in the viewfinder and monitor. Depth
     of field or depth of field is a field where the
     objects in front of and behind the main object
     was in focus. Technically, the shot with a wide
     depth of field allows cameramen to follow the
     object movement. Narrow depth of field that
     requires us to continuously follow focus if the
     camera or object moves.

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 In aesthetic depth of field was instrumental in creating a visual
    perspective on the whole scene (shot) .* 3 things that
    determine the depth of field: 1. The lens focal length lens
    focal length = depth of the narrower the field or any other
    word more tipis.2 focus. Bigger f-stop/iris iris opening
    (smaller f-stop) = narrower depth of field / focus
    increasingly thin. For example f/16 depth field is wider than
    f/2.0




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   3. Distance of the camera with the object
   a). The farther the distance the camera with the object = wider
      field
   depth.
   b). The closer the object = camera increasingly narrow
   depth of field.




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   Audio Levels
          Do not ignore the audio level on the camera
     because in addition to image quality, audio
     quality is also important. Remember TV is a
     combination of image and sound. There is a
     picture without a good audio is very disturbing to
     viewers even information that will be delivered is
     not up to the audience. Set the audio level should
     not be under or over (peak).




Hal.: 90            Isikan Judul Halaman   Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
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   Stages Maximizing the Use Video Camera


   1. Know and Understand Camera Video
   All equipment must be used correctly - is controlled
      so that the shooting minimize future errors.


   2. Decent Videotape Views and Saved
   The videotape is said to be seen and feasible saved
     if meet 4 requirements: sufficient lighting, focus,
     stable and sufficient duration.


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   3. Decent Videotape Enjoyed
   Decent video recording must meet the rule enjoyed - the rule as follows:


   a). Balance, Framing, Compositions: Horizontal Lines, Vertical Lines,
       Ratio Thirds, Diagonal Lines, Triangle, Perspective, Looking Room,
       Walking Room, Head Room, the Golden Mean, Background,
       Foreground.

   b). Frame Cutting Points: Extreme Close Up, Big Close Up, Close Up,
       Close Up Medium, Medium Shot, Medium Long Song, Long Shot,
       Extreme Long Shot.

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   c). Other Types Of Shot: 2 Shot, 3 Shot, Group Shot, Over Shoulder
       Shot, Establishing Shot.

   d). Camera Movement: Panning (Left, Right, Up, Down), Tracking (In,
       Out, Follow, Revolve), Truck (Left, Right), Zooming (In, Out)

   e). Camera Angle # 1: Normal Angle, Low Angle, High Angle

   f). Camera Angle # 2: Objective Camera, Camera subjective

   g). Shot By Camera Positions: Face Shot, ¾ Shot, Profile Shot, Over
       Shoulder Shot

   h). Shooting Rules: Jump Cut, Crossing The Line, Continuity.
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   4. Videotape of the Finish and Watch Fair
   A videography work is finished and ready for general audience through
        the stages below:

   a). Pre-Production: The process of planning and preparation of
        production in accordance with the needs, objectives and the
        intended target audience. Facilities including the preparation and
        production techniques, operational mechanisms and creative
        design (research, writing an outline, scenario, storyboard, etc..).
   b). Production: The process of taking pictures in the field (shooting).



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   c). Post Production: The process of editing the
     editing room, combining the results of the video
     recordings with various other audiovisual
     elements.


   d). Presentation: Presenting the results of edits
     (editing) in a format ready to watch (cassette,
     VCD, DVD, etc..)


   e). Distribution: The dissemination of the work of
     videography (screening, sales, broadcasting,
     webcasting, etc..).
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   Caring for Battery Power and Stock Videos
   A Shooting


   @. Element Performance criteria:
   Coordinate material stock 01 video 1.1.
     Coordination with relevant personnel and
     understand and ensure the requirements for
     video stock shots.
   1.2. Certainty ratio schedule and taking pictures
     with the relevant personnel.



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   1.3. The selection of all the necessary stock and that can
   used and ensure that stock is available in a number of
   Sufficient to meet the needs of production schedule needs.
   1.4. Monitoring of existing stocks associated with end dates
   stock.
   1.5. Completeness of all necessary stock demand and
   certainly available at the time of filming.
   1.6. Handling and storage of video stock to avoid
   damage and protection of the environment at risk.


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   1.7. Completeness of documents and tape labeling, according
      to company requirements.
   1.8. Certainty of all equipment and stock available at the right
      location and at the time of filming.
   1.9. Taking pictures and recording the order with complete
      drills camera report carefully.
   1.10. Documentation stock used for production and stocks for
      shooting conclusions.



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          National Work Competence Standards Indonesia
      Sector Information and Communications Technology Sub-
      Sector Multimedia and Audio Visual Resources Caring
      Battery and Stock Videos for A Shooting
   1.11. Monitoring of stock and notification of relevant personnel
      to ensure that the stock is still enough available amount
      during the production




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      02. Set the time code:
   2.1. Setting the time code according to the
     company's instructions.
   2.2. The selection and setting of time code
     according to the requirements of the production.
   2.3. Setting time codes synchronized with other
     equipment when necessary.




Hal.: 100            Isikan Judul Halaman   Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
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   03 Preparing, recorded videotapes and
   check image video:

   3.1. Examination tape heads are damaged or soiled
     prior to the record.
   3.2. Preparation of videotape with the markers and
     the tone and playing back the tape to check the
     tape.
   3.3. Labeling all the tapes carefully.
   3.4. Recording and checking the video tape in the
     camera for recording.
   3.5. Readiness taking pictures with personnel-
     related.


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   04 Filling and maintaining long battery
           filmmaking:

   4.1. Certainty that the supply of sufficient and
     there battery.
   4.2. Battery to be used have been charged enough.
   4.3. Battery charging according to company
     recommendations.
   4.4. Battery charged that the shooting
     requirements.
   4.5. Battery labeling according to status.

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   Organizing Cables - Camera Cable

   01 Selecting and preparing the camera cable:

   1.1 Coordination with the relevant personnel and
   cable requirements to ensure
   shooting.
    1.2 Cable selected and recognized the mistake
     and
   damage, to then be
   corresponding improvement according to skill level.

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   1.3 Handling, repair and assembly re -
   cable fault according to safety requirements and the
     appropriate manufacturer's instructions.
   1.4 The submission of a complex repairs on
   technical specialists with consultation to the relevant
      personnel.
   1.5 rig documentation, in accordance with company
      requirements.
   1.6 Ensure that all cables can operate and available at the
      location and the time is right when shooting
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   Handling the camera cable 02:
   2.1 Ensure appropriate resources and available
     energy.
   2.2 Use the camera plans and information cable
   to ensure the cable places and
   running cables.
   2.3 Determination of the place, and the length of
     cable run
   according to the camera motion and anticipation of
     crossing the cable is reduced.
   2.4 Portrayal plan to prevent a cable node or
   twist when in use.
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   2.5 Connect the power cable from the contactor to the
      camera.
   2.6 cables secured to prevent tension
   plug.
   2.7 Route verifiable and regular cable, so that the unit
   controlling the camera, hanging wires, cables spread
   ramps have been complete in accordance with the motion
     plan
   camera and fulfilled in a safe manner.
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   2.8 All confirmed the camera cable from the point
   the right outlet to the camera and
   certainly does not hinder the camera
   used in the manufacture of production.
   2.9 Ensure that the cable is installed cameras
   have functions and does not endanger personnel
   involved in making films or
   the general public.


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   03 Noting the shooting:

   3.1 To participate in meetings or hearings
   before production if necessary, and certainly the end of
   camera motion and the motion of the cable understood.
   3.2 Communication with relevant personnel during the
   shooting and determined the position and
   motion of the camera cable and the signal according to
      the instructions
   received.
   Consistent reaction at 3.3 signal received from
   relevant personnel and ensure consistency
   time without making mistakes.
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   3.4 camera cable is moved without disturbing
   operation of the camera operator and worked
   together with other personnel to get
                          the desired camera motion.

   3.5 Ensure that the camera operator does not
                        collide with other elements.


   3.6 Operation completed without damaging the cable
                        equipment or injure personnel.


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   Camera cable 04 breaks down:

   4.1 All cable extended and confirmed cable
   the wound to avoid
   strain and damage.
   4.2 cables are free of certain circular complexity
     and quite safe.
   4.3 Cable packed in clean and safe condition
   to avoid damage and ready for
   moved if necessary.


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   4.4 Reporting and documentation of the damaged cable
      and the necessary treatment at the relevant personnel.


   4.5 Work in left field its original state, certainly there is no
      detrimental effect on the field work.




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                           FUNCTION CLAPPERBOARD

                           But when you are recording using a
                              video camera recorder, pictures and
                              sound will be aligned as recorded on
                              the same tape. Starting from
                              duration, number / name of the
                              scene, shooting date, and the
                              shooting sequence number.
                           * Clapperboard is a way to handle the
                              process of equalization or
                              synchronization. The bottom board
                              clapperboard usually used for
                              expression.


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    Things to Look For:

    What to Look For In Image Capturing:
    1. Do not break the imaginary line / directional line. If this
     is done, then the image will be impressed by a collision
     or back - back, also called jump shoot. Note head room,
     adequate space at the top head.




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   3. Consider looking room, living a balanced eye.
   4. Note the nose position, set right on the nose position in
      the middle layer television.
   5. Avoid sporius object, objects - objects that interfere with
      the composition.
   6. All the images we record must have the motivation and
      information.




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       7. Note the continuity, sustainability, the story not to get
      lost, so the story line intact.
   8. Try to always do the edit by camera when taking
      pictures, especially for when - a very short time, which
      takes pictures as soon as possible.
   9. Special Coverage on interviews taken looking toward a
      different room each guest speaker (to the right of x to the
      left) to avoid monotony.




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   10. To facilitate the editing process, while taking
          still establish a minimum 8 ", as well as zooming /
     panning give beginning and end still 8“.
   11. Setting audio min max 3.0 db 0 db (lower atmosphere).




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            SMK NEGERI 2 CIKARANG BARAT




                              The End



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