Educating & Advocating for Policy, Systems & Environmental Change to Address Obesity August 12, 2010 Lisa Daily, MPA email@example.com The Legislative Process 1. Bill introduction 11. Vote on final passage 18. President signs into law or allows bill to become law 2. Referral to committee(s) 12. Reconciling differences without his signature between the house and 3. Committee hearings senate 19. President vetoes bill 4. Committee mark-up 13. Amendments between the 20. First chamber vote on houses, or overriding veto 5. Committee report 14. Conference committee 21. Second chamber vote on 6. Scheduling legislation negotiations overriding veto 7. House: special rules, 15. Floor debate on conference 22. Bill becomes law if 2/3 suspension of the rules, report vote to override is or privileged matter achieved in both chambers 16. Floor vote on conference 8. Senate: unanimous consent report 23. Bill fails to become law if agreements or motions one chamber fails to to proceed 17. Conference version override presented to the president 9. Floor debate 10. Floor amendment Red States White States Blue States Time 80% Time 70% Time 54% Comp $68,599 Comp $35,326 Comp $15,984 Staff 8.9 Staff 3.1 Staff 1.2 AK NJ AL KY OR GA WV CA NY AZ LA SC ID MT IL OH AK MD TN IN NH FL PA CO MN TX KS ND NA WI CT MO VI ME SD MI DE NE WA MS UT HA NC NV WYO IA OK NM RI VT NCSL, 2008 Lobbying Advocacy Education What is lobbying? Any activity designed to influence action in regard to a particular piece of pending legislation: Congress State legislatures Local legislatures Influencing action on executive branch policies-- rules, regulations & executive orders Indirect or “grass roots” efforts designed to induce public to urge support or oppose legislation 31 U.S.C. Section 1372 & HHS, AR-12 Educate, Advocate, Lobby Educate: give factual information-- program description, goals, current budget, people served, accomplishments. No value judgments or legislative action. Advocate: convey a value “Using seat belts saves lives.” Makes a value judgment, but does not seek specific legislative action. Lobby: ask Congress to increase a budget, or support/oppose a bill, amendment, regulation or policy. Refer to a specific piece of legislation AND Reflects a view on that legislation. State Lobbying Laws National Conference of State Legislatures: How States Define "Lobbying" and "Lobbyist" http://www.ncsl.org/default.aspx?tabid=15344 Who Can do What? Understand the extent and limits of your role Understand the extent and latitudes of your partners and coalitions Why is educating policy makers is different? Short term interests In the public eye Sticking your neck out Sources of Public Health Information: Legislators Your government support staf f The Kansas Department of Health and Environment Advocacy groups Lobbyists Other legislators Individual citizens in your district University researchers Your ow n healthcare provider Inf ormation f rom the Internet Other scientif ic experts New spaper reports Your local health department Other healthcare providers in your district Party leadership Television or radio reports 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Frequently Occasionally Never Kansas Health Institute, 2003 Preferred Ways to Receive Information Legislators County Commissioners Talking 1-on-1 w informed individual 8.7 8.8 Reading brief summary material 8.4 7.9 Receiving testimony at hearing 7.9 6.5 Forums/seminars lasting 1-3 hours 5.8 6.3 News media articles/reports 5.3 6.0 Reading in-depth articles or reports 4.8 5.7 Watching videotapes 4.7 5.3 Conferences lasting 1 day or longer 4.2 4.9 0-10 scale, Kansas Health Institute 2003 When? Plan early Be flexible Be opportunistic Chapter 25. Changing Policies Section 1. Changing Policies: An Overview Section 2. Promoting Regular Community Assessment, Reporting, and Accountability Section 3. Using Tax Incentives to Support Community Health and Development Section 4. Supporting Local Ordinances to Modify Access to Unhealthy Products and Practices Section 5. Changing Policies to Increase Funding for Community Health and Development Initiatives Section 6. Promoting Community-Friendly Policies in Business and Government Section 7. Supporting Local Ordinances Regarding Tobacco Control Section 8. Supporting Local Ordinances Regarding Violence Section 9. Changing Policies in Schools Section 10. Modifying Policies to Enhance the Quality of Services Section 11. Promoting Family-Friendly Policies in Business and Government The “Elevator” Pitch Deliver it in 60 seconds: What Member needs to know CDC just released study on the positive impact of breastfeeding on obesity. Why info is important Obesity among children in our state is a major health problem. What you are doing about it Working with partners to promote breast feeding. Describe solutions. Who supports it Name your local partners Impact on State Identify number of overweight/obese children in state. Tell a story. Keep in Touch Listen - Read - Pass it on Relationships are a key to success Sharing information-make it routine Have vehicles in place before you or partners need them - newsletters, listservs, mailing lists, fax lists How to Engage Policy Makers Show the Story You are the best link in state chronic disease policy!
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