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Strategy:   Divide the work in to chunks,
                   separated by breaks

Tips:       Rapid presentation of task, don’t
                  dwell on instructions, keep
them              moving
              “To Do List”

Strategy:     To do list, daily assignment
              notebook, or checklist; this will
                      help students stay on task
and                   know what needs to be

Tips:         Keep it close by at all times, a
                      simple finger tap on the list
can be a              quiet reminder.

Especially useful for students with ADHD
        Building Community

Strategy:   Give the general education
            students strategies to use when
                   the student with a disability
is                 behaving inappropriately

Tips:       This is not intended to be “tattling”
            but to empower the children to
                    have ownership of their
classroom           and enforce
         Praise the positive

Strategy:    Reinforce good behavior, try to
                    give less attention to
outbreaks or        misbehavior

Tips:           If classroom safety becomes at
                        risk, immediate
intervention is                       necessary

This may be especially useful with an emotional
Misbehavior and Self Correction

 Strategy:     When misbehavior occurs, give
                    the student an opportunity
 to self            correct

 Tips:           If classroom safety becomes at
                         risk, immediate
 intervention is                       necessary

 This may be especially useful with an emotional
  Family-Teacher Interaction

Strategy:   Send home a parental survey at
                  the beginning of the year.
            things like special concerns, best
            way/time to contact them, classroom
            volunteer opportunities, parental
                     workshop request, lesson

Tips:       This should be written in the parents
            language. Great care should be
                   used to maintain a friendly
        Cultural Differences

Strategy:    Recognize the diverse needs of
                  families. Integrate as
much of this      diversity into your daily

Tips:        Let students & parents be active
                    planners and participants
when                integrating diversity into
your                lessons.
  Family-Teacher Interaction

Strategy:      When scheduling a meeting with a
               parent it should be at a time
                      convenient to them.
                      Transportation and child
care may              be provided.

Tips:          This should be written in the
                      parents language and an
                      interpreter present if
             ***Tip for ESL students***
            Question Protocol

Strategy:     See 3 before me. After directions
                    have been given, students
need                to ask 3 of their peers
before they                ask me.

Tips:        This will free up valuable time,
                    save some personal
frustration,                 and empower
classmates to help                 one another.

Strategy:     Include observation of students as
              they engage in academic activities
              and social interactions.

Tips:         This can tell invaluable
              information about the student’s
                     overall well being. This
provides                      important
information that                     traditional
assessment cannot                    measure.
            Assignment Trays

Strategy:      Designate areas where students
                      can turn in their
assignments or                       pick up
assignments and                      materials
when they were absent.               Students can
bombard a teacher                    with
questions at the beginning of
       class. By targeting an area and
               adopting a procedure that
               students need to follow, the class
                      will have fewer
interruptions and                    flow more
Weekly Assignment Schedule

Strategy:   Designate an area where you
                  post your assignments on
a                 weekly basis. Students will
be                able to plan out their week
and               can know in advance what
they              can expect. Many
questions                about assignments
will be           answered by this display.
              Class List

Strategy:   Generate multiple blank checklists
            with your students’ names on the
                   side. You can use these
for                checking off who was on
the                computer, who went to the
                   bathroom, who brought in
                   permission slip, and who is
on the      bus for the field trip.

Tip:        Save yourself time and print off
       Building Relationships

Strategy:   Take time during lunch to
            meander through the lunchroom
                   and talk to students in an
informal           setting. This is a great
time to                    joke with students
and see how                they are doing.

Tip:         Use the opportunity to build
         Beginning of Class

Strategy:      Begin each class period or each
                      day with a variety of
activities as                 soon as the
students enter the                  classroom.
For example, a math
         problem, vocabulary word, or
               journal writing.

Tip:         Each activity needs to be short
                   and should be completed
within             the first few minutes of
            Scavenger Hunt

Strategy:     This can be used at the beginning
              of the year to get to know the
                      classroom. It can also be
used to                      research a group
project or paper.            Give the students a
list of items                and it is their job to
find them                    physically, in text, or
on the                computer.
            Student Work

Strategy:   Keep folders for student work in
                  marked crates or boxes
where the         students have access to
their own         work. Students will be able
to                view the progress that they
make              during the year. It is also
an                organizational technique to
keep              the papers together.
        Weekly Newsletter
Strategy:    Send home a weekly newsletter
                   to guardians. Include
things like                upcoming lesson
topics,                    completed projects,
classroom                  needs, upcoming
deadlines, and                    such.
Tips:        Be consistent, guardians will feel
                   more empowered in their
role in            education, if they are
informed on                a regular basis.
        Welcome Back Letter
Strategy:     Send every family a personal
                    letter welcoming them to
your                classroom and introducing

Tips:         You are setting the tone for the
                    entire year, so keep it
positive. If                you believe it will be
a great year,               then so will they!
            Be prepared!
Strategy:   Make extra copies of handouts,
                  worksheets, and exams.
                  Students misplace and
lose              papers and you will want to
keep              several in your file for next
      End of the Year Letter
Strategy:       Write each student a personal
                       letter which includes a
story,                 highlight, or
accomplishment by                     that student
this year. Tell the                   student you
enjoyed having him                    or her in
class and offer your                  assistance
for the future.
            Computer Files
Strategy:    Always back up your files.
             Accidents do happen and hard
                     drives do crash, don’t be a
victim,                     be pro-active and
back up your                files. Title them for
easy                 recognition. Group them in
                     computer “folders”
according to                subject or theme.
Tip:         If you don’t have means to back
                     up your file, attach it to an
e-mail               and e-mail it to yourself!
         Beginning of Class
Strategy:       Before school begins in the
                morning stand near your
                classroom door and greet
                students using their first names.
                       You can also add a
compliment or                 a quick question.
This provides                         as a
welcome and you may be the                   first
adult to talk to them that day.
        Ticket Out the Door
Strategy:      End each day or period by asking
                     each student, as they walk
out the              door, to respond to an
unfinished                  statement such as “I
learned”, “I                would change”, or “I
didn’t               understand”. This is a
great                lesson assessment tool
and it               also builds a sense of
Tip:           It doesn’t always have to be
                      verbal, it could be written
or some               other variation.
            Classroom Rules
Strategy:   Keep the number of rules short.
                    Teachers and students
won’t be                    able to remember
more than 5                 rules.
Tips:       Allow the students to participate in
            the rule making process. State
                    the rules positively to show
                    students how to behave.
Make                sure students can translate
rules               into their own words to
ensure                      understanding.
        Behavior Management

Strategy:   Don’t feed the personalities.
                   (drama queen, clown, etc.)
Focus       on their strengths, and at the
                   same time deal with any
behavior                   that may disrupt

Tips:       Lose the sarcasm, it is rarely
                   funny, and can really hurt.
            Nonverbal Cues

Strategy:    Utilize nonverbal cues to send
                     messages to students to
stop                 misbehaving and refocus.
This                 will not disrupt the class,
yet send                     a quick message.
Tips:        Examples are tap quietly on desk,
             use thumbs up, down, side to
                     communicate, or tap on
your                 watch to get back on task

Strategy:   Don’t reprimand a student publicly
            unless his or her safety or
            someone else’s safety is in

Tips:       A quick, quiet, and firm reprimand
            will have a better impact on the
                    student’s behavior and
self-               esteem.

Strategy:    Use detention time to catch up on
                   missing assignments, talk
with the           student, or work together
on the             day’s work.

Tips:        Use the time for learning. Never
                   give an entire class a
      Meeting with Parents
Strategy:     Be careful how you state the
                      misbehavior that occurred
in                    class. Consider asking the
                      student about his or her
                      perceptions about an
incident or                   series of
occurrences. This gives                    the
student some power and
       control at the meeting. Continue
              to ask appropriate, non-
              threatening questions to direct
                      their thinking.
       Multiple Intelligence
Strategy:      When you are designing a lesson,
               you are taking content and
               developing strategies to
               effectively reach your students.
                       Structure your lessons to
                       incorporate multiple
intelligences.                The 8 intelligences
are                    verbal linguistic, logical
                       mathematical, visual
spatial,                      musical rhythmic,
bodily                 kinesthetic, naturalist,
                       interpersonal, and
Lesson Planning in a New Position
  Strategy:      If you don’t already have them
                         find the standards and
                         benchmarks for your
  subject or                     grade level. Next,
  find any                       sample lessons or
  units that the                 previous teacher
  kept. Take time                       to review the
  information. This                     will be helpful
  when you structure                    your own
  lesson plans.
              Lesson Plan
Strategy:     Clearly state what students are
                     expected to accomplish
during               each lesson by including a
                     specific statement of the
learning.            As you are writing a
lesson, the                  objectives will guide

Tips:         The assessment should only
                    measure the objectives.
  Performance Expectations
Strategy:      Have clear and specific academic
                     expectations for your
students.                   Communicate them
to your                     students, their
families, and the                  school

Tips:        Explain to the various parties how
             you plan to help students meet
                    these expectations.
           Lesson Plan Filter
Strategy:     1) Keep essential, basic info
              2) Place ideas or supplemental
                    information you think you
will use                    in a separate file
              3) Discard information or ideas
                    that you know will cause
you or              the class to stray from the
main                lesson
                       Blooms Taxonomy

   Knowledge            Requires memorization
   Comprehension        Requires rewording of information
   Application          Requires applying knowledge to figure out answer
                        Recognizes causes,
                        draws conclusions,
   Analysis             determines evidence
                        Makes predictions,
                        combine elements to produce original product,
   Synthesis            solves problems with more than 1 answer
   Evaluation           Makes judgments, offers opinions

Purposefully plan questions that cause students to think (analysis, synthesis, evaluation)
    Choices during Lessons
Strategy:      Give students choices during a
                        lesson. You can provide a
list of                 supplemental activities for
the                     students to do, such as
novel to                       read, experiments
to do, or                      projects to
complete. Students                    feel
empowered and more in
        control of their learning.
     Debate and Discussion
Strategy:    When planning a lesson, schedule
             time for debate and discussion,
                    rather than lecturing all the
time.               Let the students develop
solutions           to question through critical
                    thinking and discussions
with their          peers.

Tips:        Mix up the format, use traditional
                    debate, flash debate, etc.
              Quick Drills
Strategy:   For quick drills that require short
                   answers, use individual
white              boards. The students can
quickly                    hold them up and
you can see                who understands
and who                    doesn’t.

Tips:        To save money, buy the
             whiteboard in a large sheet and
                   then cut them in smaller
             Time of Day
Strategy:    Think about the time of day when
                    you teach students. Vary
your                teaching strategy to
address                    student needs
based on the time                 of day.
Preparation for Standardized Tests
  Strategy:      Use questions in your lessons to
                         help students make
  inferences.                   The majority of
  standardized test                    questions
  are inferential, and the
          majority of students need practice
          using inferences to find answers.
             Setting Goals
Strategy:    Teach students how to set goals.
                   Long-range goals can be
set for            the school year. Short-
term goals         can be set for each unit.
Take the           time to incrementally look
at                 where the student perceive
                   themselves in terms of
meeting                   the goals.
              Lesson Plans
Strategy:     On a daily basis make notes
                    about what went well in
your                lesson and what needs to
be                  changed. If you don’t
make these          notations, you will forget
what you            intended to change.
Tips:         Keep these notes either in your
                    planner or attached to the
unit.               You can refer back to
these notes         when planning next year’s
            Group Lessons
Strategy:     Assess individual achievement by
                    holding students
accountable for                    their own
learning by giving                 individual
quizzes, tests, and                written
papers during a                    cooperative
learning lesson.
Strategy:    Do an “energizer” when you know
             that student energy is low. Some
                     examples include getting
students             on their feet, stretching,
walking                     like monkeys, or
doing the wave.

Tips:        Energizers only need to be 30
                   seconds and can be very
effective          at the beginning of the day,
after              lunch, or at the end of the
Strategy:    Do an “energizer” when you know
             that student energy is low. Some
                     examples include getting
students             on their feet, stretching,
walking                     like monkeys, or
doing the wave.

Tips:        Energizers only need to be 30
                   seconds and can be very
effective          at the beginning of the day,
after              lunch, or at the end of the
             Big Projects
Strategy:    Whenever you assign a big
             project or paper, break the project
             into manageable sections for the
                     students. Some students
will                 automatically; others need
the                  direct instruction and step
by step                      procedures to help
them organize                        and manage
such a major project.
Tips:        A few students will need a very
                     detailed timeline.
             Big Projects
Strategy:    Whenever you assign a big
             project or paper, break the project
             into manageable sections for the
                     students. Some students
will                 automatically; others need
the                  direct instruction and step
by step                      procedures to help
them organize                        and manage
such a major project.
Tips:        A few students will need a very
                     detailed timeline.
Strategy:      Appeal to your students’ five
                       senses to enhance the
learning                      process. When
students can                  divide a pie in
eighths, they more                    readily
understand the concept of
       division. When students
       experience hot and cold changes
               in a lab experiment, they are
                       learning the rules of
Supplemental Reading Material
 Strategy:      Supplement classes with a variety
                of reading material in your class
                       or grade level. Students
 need to                      be reading a variety
 of materials                 including fiction,
 non-fiction,                 poetry, manuals,
 and                   newspapers.
 Tips:          Encourage the kids to bring in
                       their own reading materials
 to                    contribute to the subject
            Grading Papers
Strategy:       Refrain from grading papers with
                        a red ink pen. Use a green
pen                     which is a more positive
color and                       also signals to the
reader to “GO”                          ahead and
make revisions. When
        correcting, use a slash instead of
                a large X, which is a more negative

Tips:         When recording points, give the
                    positive points, not a
negative                    number. Add
comments to the                     points.
        Planning for a Sub
Strategy:   Leave the following information:
            -Class list & seating chart
            -Classroom rules
            -Detailed lesson plans
            -Daily schedule
            -Any special medical concerns

Tips:       Try to structure lessons that will
                    keep the students
  Emergency Lesson Plans
Strategy:   Have an emergency folder with 3
                  days of lesson plans in the
event             of an emergency. This will
allow             you to be prepared in the
event of          a sudden illness or family

Tips:       Notify the secretary, building
                    administrator, or teacher’s
aide of                   the location of the
emergency                 folder.
Strategy:     One of the purposes of
              assessment is to help the teacher
                    make good decisions on
                    appropriate instruction.
When                analyzing assessment
data, think                about what
resources and                     strategies will
help your students                improve
      Test Taking Strategy
Strategy:    Tell students to read all the way
                     through the test before
they                 begin, and answer all of
the                  questions they are sure of
first                before going back and
completing           the test.
      Test Taking Strategy
Strategy:   Tell students to pay attention to
                    questions that have more
point               values and that will have
the most            influence on their final test
      Test Taking Strategy
Strategy:     Teach students how to answer
                    essay questions. Explain
to them                   how to make a brief
outline with              key points before
they begin to             write their answer.
Strategy:    Find out what students know
                    about a subject before you
begin               a unit.

Tips:         You can find out what
              students know by observations,
                    asking questions, or
surveying the               class with a quiz.
Use the data to                    help design
the unit.
            Self Assessment
Strategy:      Solicit student feedback by asking
               them how they view themselves
                       as learners and as test
takers.                       Encourage them to
give you                      honest answers so
you can work                  together to improve
their learning                techniques.
  Student Led Conferences
Strategy:      Let the students run their own
                      conference with their
                      parents/guardians. This is
a great               way to reach the parents
and also              to build self esteem within
the                   student.

Tips:          This could be done at the end of
                      the year, a sampling of the
year’s                work could be assembled
in a                  portfolio. The students
should                        have an opportunity
to rehearse.
            Home Libraries
Strategy:    Help students build their home
                    libraries through book
exchanges,          used book sales, garage
sales, or           by requesting books as
Christmas           gifts. Many students are
unable                      to purchase books.

Tips:        Consider using used books as
                   part of your token
economy.                   Hit garage sales for
some               bargains.
            Home Libraries
Strategy:    Help students build their home
                    libraries through book
exchanges,          used book sales, garage
sales, or           by requesting books as
Christmas           gifts. Many students are
unable                      to purchase books.

Tips:        Consider using used books as
                   part of your token
economy.                   Hit garage sales for
some               bargains.
       Assessment Review
Strategy:      Review with your class before a
                     test by devising a review
game,                developing skits, or
creating other               activities that help
students                     remember
concepts. By                          reviewing as
a class everyone if                   involved in
teaching and learning                        from
each other.
Tips:          There are great jeopardy
               templates on-line for older
       Be a Bargain Hunter
Strategy:      Search for place where you can
                     find costumes, furniture, or
toys                 for very little money.
Goodwill                     stores, Salvation
Army stores,                 and garage sales
are places for                        great finds.
These can be used                     as part of
your classroom props or               part of the
token economy.
        Classroom Web Page
Strategy:     Build a web page where students
                     can find their assignments
posted                      and download the
assignments                 and any
supplemental material                     from
home, within the class, or                in the
school computer lab.

Tips:         You must be faithful in keeping
                   the web page current if this
is to              be successful.
            Class E-mail List
Strategy:     Set up a class e-mail list. This will
              empower the students to work
                     together and also give
them a                      venue of
communication to you                       after
hours or on the weekend.

Tips:         There will have to be ground rules
              set up for what can be done via e-
              mail. This would also be
              wonderful to incorporate the
                     parents as well.
         ESL Modifications
   –Allowing extra time
   –Introducing vocabulary before each lesson
   –Writing key words on the board
   –Grading only what the student has completed
   –Making a summary of the text for the student
   –Showing verbs with body language
   –Providing a bilingual dictionary that includes native
   language, English, and picture of the word
  ESL Social Survival Skills
Strategy:     Teach the new student basic
                    survival words so he or she
can                 be socially accepted by
their               peers. These would
include basic       greetings, lunch line
language                   skills, library lingo,

Tips:       Give English speaking students
                  tips on how to
communicate with                 the ESL
 ESL “Words, I use a lot list”
Strategy:   Tape your classroom instruction
                  for a few hours. From this
                  recording make a list of
words             that you use often and their
                  meaning. These will be
words             your ESL student will hear
often             and help them with the
overall           comprehension.

Tips:       You could also have an English
                  speaking student compile a
list of           words.
Strategy:      Understand that by law you must
                      follow the special needs
student’s                     IEP. Know
specifically what the
       accommodations and
       modifications are for special
               needs students and what you
                      must do to meet their
   Special Needs Resources

•Office of Special Education & Rehabilitation Services
(202) 205-8241
•The Council for Exceptional Children
•ADHD Warehouse- 1-800-233-9273
•National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented
(203) 486-4826
•Learning Disabilities website:
  Special Needs Instruction
Strategy:     Teach your special needs students
                     how to learn and study,
include the                 following:

•Organizing material and information
•Time management
•Tools for remembering information
•Taking notes
 Special Needs Technology
Strategy:      Stay up to date with new
               technology designed to assist
                       students in their learning.
                       Examples include new
auditory                      devices for the
hearing impaired,                    computers
that attach to sensors                       to
assist the mobility of students,
        and scanners that can read print
               and translate into an auditory
    Special Needs Students
Strategy:     Listen and observe the student
                     that seems to have no
interest in                 anything. Be
patient and                 respectful, even if
the student                 show no emotion.
Develop                     routines to try to
reach the student           and be consistent.
       Retention Questions
Strategy:      Questions to answer when
               considering retention as an
•Will the program be the same in year 2 of the
•Will retention affect the child’s self esteem?
•Have their been ongoing conversations with the
guardians regarding the possibility of retention?
            Special Needs

Strategy:      Ask the special education teacher
               to teach instructional strategies
                      and techniques that will
benefit all                   students. Their
background                    training will provide
your students                         with multiple
ways to learn.
          Parents University
Strategy:      Based on results of your early
                      year parental survey-team
up with               some of your colleagues to
put                   on workshops to
                      assist parents.
               Examples: ways to help
               kids with homework, positive
                      parenting, guest lecturer,
                      computer workshop,
parent/child                 project, etc.
Tips:          Contact PTO for funding.
         Lessons with Flair

Strategy:       Don’t get caught giving the same
                       old lessons, day after day.
Mix it                 up, include things like:
mock                   trials, science fairs, health
fairs,                 history day, set a lesson to
music,                 use flash debate, use
classroom                       competitions
(around the world,                    spelling
football, spelling baseball,          Family Feud,
Parent Teacher Conferences
Strategy:   Begin with students strengths.
            The child:
            »Is motivated
            »Is excited about being in school
            »Enjoys working with classmates
            »Is a diligent worker
            »Completes assignments
            »Follow directions
            »Is focused on learning
            »Finished work on time
            Tip: Also end on a positive note
Content Knowledge

Strategy:      Teach students first. Be student
                     centered in every decision
that                 you make. Students are
the                  reason why you are in
education.           Be careful not to fall into
the trap                    of focusing on
content first and                   students
Instruction & Technology
Management & Organization
Parent-Teacher-Student Interaction
            Sponge Activities

Strategy:      Things that soak up extra time.
               Use a table or box with activities
                      that can be used
independently                       (computer
time, trivia games,                 word search,

Tips:         It must feel like a reward and be
                     quiet. Consider a different
box for              each thematic unit.
              Ice Breaker

Strategy:      Students get in a circle. Each
                       student must choose an
animal                        and make a sound
and/or motion                        for that
animal. One person is in                     the
middle, to get out of the
       middle must say someone else’s
               real name and corresponding
name/sound/motion. This
       procedure repeats until the ice is
               broken and/or names are learned.
            Ticket Economy

Strategy:     Students can earn tickets for
              good behavior. You can give
                    daily prizes, weekly prizes,
or                  even classroom rewards
based               on whatever factors you
feel will                   be motivational and
achieve the                 desired response.

Tips:         Start collecting McDonald’s toys
                     and hitting garage sales
            Ice Breaker

Strategy:   Students partner up and
            talk for a few minutes
            looking at one another. Then
                    students turn back-to-back
and                 each student changes 3
things              with their appearance,
partner                    then must guess
what they                  changed.
            Assessment Grid

Strategy:       Make an assessment grid after
                       grading a test. Record the
                       problems each student
missed or                     the ones they got
correct. This                 can tell you what
areas students                        need help
and which areas they                        excel.
If a large number of people           missed a
question, you may want                      to re-
visit the topic and/or                consider
revising the question.
  Kinesthetic Writing Activity

Strategy:   Use sand trays or shaving
            cream for writing. The kids love
                  this and it is great for the
                  kinesthetic learner.

Tips:       If using sand trays, cover them
                    w/wax paper between
            Use for K-1-2
 Sparkle (spelling test prep)

Strategy:     To prepare for a spelling test. Put
              the children in a line and give
                      them a word to spell. Each
child                 says one letter, if the letter
is                    correct they remain in the
game, if              the letter is wrong they sit
down.                         At the end of the
word the next                         person says
             Popsicle Sticks

Strategy:     To avoid picking on the same
                    people in class have a cup
of                  popsicle sticks with each
students            name on one. When you
want to                     ask a question, you
can make                    your choice by
choosing a                  popsicle stick.

Tips:         Be careful if you have an “cue”
                    arrangement with a child
with a              disability.

Strategy:      Revisit a topic to refresh their
                      memory and to ensure that
it has                found its way into the long
term                  memory section of the
brain. A                      good rule of thumb
is 3 days later,              3 weeks later, 3
months later.

Strategy:   K- kids don’t care how much you
                    know until they know how
much                you care
            F- firm, fair, & friendly
            C- consistent
          Transfer of Learning

Strategy:     Try to encourage the independent
              application of knowledge and
                     skills learned to a new
similar                       situations but with
new                  information. This will begin
to                   show the interrelatedness
of all               your lessons.

Strategy:         Use a timer to get the dawdler
                         moving. They have a
specific,                       sufficient amount of
time to                         accomplish their
task. If it isn’t                       done in that
amount of time it can                          be
done at recess or at home.
       Sight Word Practice

Strategy:     Use the clear tabs for the kids to
                      highlight words. For
example you                  may say, “find the
word dog in the              text”, they then
would take their                      fluorescent
tab and highlight the                        word
            Thumbs What?

Strategy:    Have the kids use thumbs up,
                   thumbs down, or thumbs
                   sideways to communicate
their              degree of understanding.
This               can be your gauge on how
quickly            your lesson should move
and who            is getting it vs. who is not.
        Hidden Curriculum

Strategy:   Every school has a hidden
            curriculum, clue new or young
                   students on the “hidden
                   curriculum”. This will give
them               confidence and may help
them               avoid being embarrassed
or                 ridiculed.
       Social Skill Autopsy

Strategy:    When there is a problem take that
             opportunity to do a social skills
                   autopsy. This is done to
change                     behavior, not to
punish or reward.          It is an opportunity
to teach,                  determine the
damage, cause,                     and possible
prevention                 alternatives.

Strategy:      Prepare children with ADD for a
                     new situation. Let them go
and                  familiarize themselves with
a new                situation ahead of time.
Also                 prepare the situation
(people &                    place) of the
circumstances                       surrounding
the child with ADD.
          Collective Rewards

Strategy:    Give the entire classroom a
                    reward when a challenged
student             does something well. This
will                build community within the
                    classroom and acceptance
of the              challenged individual.

• Maintain eye contact
• Clear & concise instructions
• Be consistent
• Make sure instructions are understood
• Repeat calmly if necessary
• Be available for assistance
• Check at consistent, yet when ready
increasing intervals
  ADHD-Giving Instructions

• Maintain eye contact
• Clear & concise instructions
• Be consistent
• Make sure instructions are understood
• Repeat calmly if necessary
• Be available for assistance
• Check at consistent, yet when ready
increasing intervals
            Curricular Goals

•Gaining a sense of self-efficacy
•Regulating motivation
•Improving self control
•Reducing inappropriate behavior
      Implement Instruction

•Multimodal approach to mediation
•Academic motivations
•Professional organizers
•Other issues (behavioral, physical, self-
    Encourage Participation
•Practice Inclusion
•Foster Collaboration
  ADD Attention Getter pg. 1
• Pause and create suspense
• Randomly pick reciters
• Signal that someone is going to have to answer
• Use the child’s name in a question or in material
being covered
• As a simple question to a child whose attention is
beginning to wander (related or unrelated to topic)
• Develop a private running joke between you to re-
involve you with the child
 ADD Attention Getter pg. 2

• Stand close to an inattentive child, touch
him/her on the shoulder as teaching
•Walk around and tap place in book
•Decrease length of assignment
•Alternate physical and mental activities
• Increase novelty of lessons by using
alternative methods
•Incorporate children’s interests into lesson
•Structure some guided daydreaming time
 ADD Attention Getter pg. 3
• Give simple, concrete instructions
• Investigate the use of simple mechanical
devises that indicate attention versus inattention
•Teach children self monitoring strategies
• Use a soft voice to give direction.
• Employ peers or older students or volunteer
parents as tutors.
Cognitive Impulsive Children pg. 1

  • Provided as much positive attention and recognition
  as possible.
  • Clarify the social rules and external demands of the
  • Establish a cue between teacher and child
  • Spend personal discussion time with these students
  emphasizing similarities between student and teacher
  • Get in habit of pausing 10 to 16 seconds before
Cognitive Impulsive Children pg. 2
  • Probe irrelevant responses for possible connections
  to the question
  • Have children repeat questions before answering
  • Choose a student to be the question keeper
  • Using a well known story, have the class orally recite
  it as a chain story
  • When introducing a new topic, have the class
  generate questions prior
  • Do not confront lying by making children admit they
  have been untruthful
Cognitive Impulsive Children pg. 3
  • Play attention and listening games
  • Remove unneeded stimulus from the room
  • Keep assignment short
  • Communicate the value of accuracy over speed
  • Evaluate your own tempo as a teacher
  • Using the wall clock, tell children how long they will be
  working on an assignment
  • Teach children self talk
  • Encourage planning by frequent list, calendars,
  charts, etc.
        Cooperative Learning
Strategy:     See your Cooperative Learning
                     book by Dr. Spencer
Kagan. It                    has a ton of great
activities                   covering areas of
teambuilding,                       classbuilding,
master, thinking                    skills,
information sharing, and
         communication skills.

Tips:         Great especially if you are
              teaching social studies!!!
      Multiple Intelligences
Strategy:   See your Multiple Intelligences
                  book by Dr. Spencer
Kagan. This       is applicable for all ages
and has                   strategies to teach
to all 8                  intelligences.
        Table of Contents
1.   Management & Organization
2.   Instruction & Technology
3.   Teacher/Student/Family Interaction
4.   Content Knowledge
5.   Diversity
6.   Assessment

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