1388 Abnormal Psychology
Worksheet: Bipolar Disorder
Instructions: Answer the questions below using your own words.
1. Three emotional symptoms of mania are ____________________________,
_________________________ and _________________________.
2. Three cognitive symptoms of mania are _________________________,
___________________ and ____________________________.
3. According to the DSM-IVR, persons with __________________ have full manic and
major depressive episodes while persons with ______________________ have
hypomanic and major depressive episodes.
4. According to the DSM-IVR, persons with _____________ experience alternating
periods of mild mania and mild depression.
5. The prevalence of bipolar disorder is ________________%.
6. The most typical age of onset for bipolar disorder is between ages ____ and _______.
7. According to research by Post et al, 1980, persons with bipolar disorder have higher
than normal levels of the neurotransmitter________________.
8. What seems to be true of serotonin levels in persons with bipolar disorder?
9. Current research on unipolar and bipolar disorders seem to indicate that the
combination of high norepinephrine and low serotonin leads to ________________
while low levels of both serotonin and norepinephrine seems to
10. Research by Li and El Mallakh, 2004 and El Mallakh & Huff, 2001, found that
problems in the transport of _____ ions at the semipermeable cell membrane may
cause neurons to fire more or less easily.
This research suggests that a diagnosis of ___________ is more likely to be given
to persons whose neurons fire too easily while a diagnosis of __________ is more
likely to be given to persons whose neurons have more difficulty firing.
11. Deciding on a correct dosage of lithium is often difficult for patients and their
12. About ____% of persons with bipolar disorder improve when they take Lithium.
According to research by Suppes et al, 1991, the relapse rate is ____ times higher for
patients who stop taking the drug. This type of research indicates that Lithium may
be a prophylactic drug. Explain.
13. Explain the following research on Lithium therapy.
a. Hlastala et al, 1997
b. Carmen & Goodwin, 2005
c. Abou-Saley, 1992
14. Two psychotropic drugs commonly used for persons who do not respond to lithium
are _____________________ and ______________________.
15. The chemical messengers called _________________ in the brains of persons with
bipolar seem to be “setting up” the neuron to fire too quickly, producing the
symptoms of bipolar disorder. ______________ seems to work by adjusting this
16. Explain why some type of adjunct therapy is desirable both for bipolar persons and
for their families.