The Voice - Get as PDF by zarni1975

VIEWS: 1,960 PAGES: 47

									                                                                                   VOICE
                                                                        The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           1
                                   Monday, October 15 - 21, 2012                                                                                                                                                    VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  The




                                 Vol.8 / No.41                                                                       Weekly                                                              Monday, October 15 - 21 , 2012
http://www.thevoicemyanmar.com




                                   KNU
                                                                                                                                                             jrefrmUpufoHk;qDu@
                                                                                                          a':atmifqef;pkMunf                                 &if;ESD;jr§KyfESH&ef
                                   tzGJY uJGjyóem
                                                                                                          w½kwfokdh                                          TOTAL
                                   ajyvnfrI
                                                                                                          oGm;a&mufvdk                                       avUvmrnf
                                   vrf;pay:                                                               pm 4                                                 pm 12
                                     pm 3
                                                                                "mwfyHk - rdk;ausmfvGif                "mwfyHk - rdk;ausmfvGif                                          "mwfyHk - rdk;ausmfvGif




                                 jrefrmEkdifiHwGif                       OIC                  ½kH;pkdufrnfr[kwf[k e,fpyfa&;&m0efBuD;Xmeqkd
                                 &efukef? atmufwdkbm 11

                                  tpövmrf            dfH
                                                   Ekiirsm; pkaygif;zGUJ pnf;xm;aom OIC (Origanization of The Islamic Cooperation) u jrefrmEkiiwi½kH;pkdufrnf[k owif;rsm;xGufay:vmNyD;aemuf &efukefNrKdUESihf &ckdifjynfe,f
                                                   ppfawGNrKUd wkYdwif OIC ukd uefYuuqE´azmfxwrrsm; qufwujf zpfay:cJaomfvnf; jrefrmEkiiwif OIC ½k;pku&ef oabmwlnxm;jcif;r&SaMumif; e,fpyfa'oESifhwdkif;&if;om;vlrsKd;rsm;
                                                                    G               G f        k fI         dk        h
                                                                                                                                     jref d f H G f
                                                                                                                                       dfH G         H d f           D       d
                                 zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufa&;OD;pD;XmerS ñTefMum;a&;rSL;csKyf OD;axG;vSu ajymMum;onf/
                                        tqkdygtzGJUtpnf;jrefrmEkdifiH               d
                                                                             ]]vlrsK;bmomra&G; vlom;csi;f        xm;w,f/ ½kH;pkdufr,fhudpörygbl;/     wpf½Hk; tcsdeftuefYtowfeJY cGifhjyK    a&;xdk;rIudk ¤if;ukd,fwdkifvufrSwf
                                 wGif ½kH;cGJzGifhvSpf&ef e,fpyfa&;&m                 hH
                                                                        pmemaxmufya&; tpDtpOftwGuyJ   f          'gayrJh vkdtyfcsuft& ,m,D½kH;pkduf   oGm;r,f}} [k ¤if;u &Sif;jyonf/              k
                                                                                                                                                                                             a&;xd;cJjh cif;jzpfaMumif; OD;axG;vSu
                                 0efBuD;XmeESihf OIC wkdYtMum; em;      OIC eJY em;vnfrI pmcRefvTma&;xkd;        r,fqkd&if &efukefrSmyJ ,m,D½Hk;             OIC ESifh em;vnfrIpmcRefvTm     qdkonf/                         pm 10
                                 vnfrIpmcRefvTma&;xkd;xm;aMumif;
                                 jynfyrD'D,mtcsKdUwGif azmfjycJhonfh
                                 tay: ¤if;u,if;okdYjiif;qkdvkduf
                                 jcif;jzpfonf/
                                                                            tysHoifp bPfvkyfief;
                                 KIA      ESifU
                                 Nidrf;csrf;a&;
                                 qufvuf
                                 aqG;aEG;&ef
                                 tpdk;&urf;vSrf;               pm 4



                                 KNU
                                 A[dkaumfrwD0if
                                 ref;Nidrf;armifESifU
                                 awGYqHkjcif;                 pm 22
                                                                          "mwfyHk - rdk;ausmfvGif                                                                                                                         pm 6



                                                  OD;ydkifESifU aMu;eDpDrHudef;a'ocHrsm; qm;vif;BuD;&Jpcef;wGif tjyeftvSeftrIzGifU                                                                         pm 7
                                                                                        V
                                                                         The

                                                                                                           SUPPLEMENT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 A
   Monday, October 15 - 21, 2012



Nidrf;csrf;a&;Edkb,fvfnaecif;
                                                                                                           OICE     Weekly
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 47




cGef;oka&;om;í owif;tzGJY yHUydk;onf ( 12-10-2012)
          aeYnaewGif tm;vHk;eD;yg; pdwf0ifpm;aeonfrSm olYtaMumif;jzpfaeonf/ vlrIuGef&ufpmrsufESm Facebook &Sd Home Page wGif atmufwdkbm 12 &ufaeY nae 3em&DausmfrS 4em&DtwGif;
  ,       toHk;jyKolrsm; toD;oD;a&;om;xm;aom rSwfcsufrsm;rSm olYtaMumif;rsm;csnf;jzpfaeonf/
                                                                                                                    ]]b,fvkdrS raebl;}}                                                wifpm&if;wGif OD;odef;pdefyg0ifjcif;                                             or® w BuD ; ud k arQmf v if h w BuD ;
                                                                                                                    ppfudkif;wkdif;a'oBuD; 0ef;odk                                     onf vkyfaqmifcJhaom wkd;wuf                                                      tm;ay;NyD; qkvGJcJh&NyD;aemuf vwf
                                                                                                           NrdKUrS ausmfav;qkdolurl or®wBuD;                                           ajymif;vJrIrsm;aMumifh a&mifjyef[yf                                              wavma&yef ; pm;aeaom *syef
                                                                                                           udk The Voice Weekly Facebook                                               jcif;[k xifjrifaMumif; OD;aZmfaX;u                                               a&muf Ed k i f i H w umr,f N yd K if y G J 0 if
                                                                                                           pmrsuf E S m rS w pf q if h atmuf y g                                       qkdonf/                                                                          jrefrmr,fbufukd ajcOD;vSnjhfyefonf/
                                                                                                           twkdif;ESpfodrfhonf/                                                                  ]]or®wBuD;&JUpdwfqE´uawmh                                                       touf 27 ESpft&G,f owif;
                                                                                                                    ]]tba& tJ'gBuD;u jynfolY                                           ½dk;½dk;yJaecsifw,f/ xifay:ausmf                                                       kH                            d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        "mwfyq&m wpfO;D u ytd;k 0f wki;f &if;ol
                                                                                                           arwåmavmuf ta&;rBuD;ygbl;}}                                                 Mum;wmudk rvkdcsifygbl;}}[k ¤if;u                                                                        d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        r,fjrefrmtay: Ekb,fvqk tvGef      f
                                                                                                                    qkaMunmcsdefwGif or®wBuD;                                          qkdonf/                                                                          arQmfvifhcsufudk ol\ Facebook
                                                                                                           rSm 0efBuD;rsm;ESifh tpnf;ta0;cef;r                                                   Ekdb,fvfnaecif; nae 6                                                  pmrsuf E S m wG i f atmuf y gtwd k i f ;
                                                                                                           twGif; a&muf&SdaeaMumif; or®w                                                       D
                                                                                                                                                                                       em&De;onftxd or®wBuD; OD;ode;pdef         f                                      a&;om;xm;avonf/
                                                                                                           ½Hk; nTefMum;a&;rSL; OD;aZmfaX;u                                            ESifh Edkb,fvfqk taMumif;rSm vlrI                                                                      d               d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ]]or®wBu;D Nir;f csr;f a&;Ekb,fvf
                                                                                                           ajymMum;onf/                                                                uG e f & uf p mrsuf E S m rsm;ay:wG i f                                          qkvGJoGm;awmh e*dkqufvuftm;
                                                                                                                    qkr&&Sdaomfvnf; Ekdb,fvf                                           ajymrqHk;aygif awmoHk;axmif&SdqJ                                                 ay;aeus eef;cifaZ,smav;yJtm;
                                                                "mwfyHk - rdk;ausmfvGif                    qka&G;cs,fa&;tzGJUrS teD;uyfBuD;                                            jzpfonf/                                                                         ay;awmhr,f/ olav;r&&ifawmh
                                                                                                           Muyfol wpfOD;cefYrSef;cJhaom qefcg                                                    Facebook oH k ; pG J o l t csKd U rS m                                 &ifawGuGJawmhr,f/}}
                               fS
         Facebook pmrsuEmwpfavQmuf                a&mif;ol ponfwdkYrSm xdkudpudkrod               ö
or®wBuD; OD;ode;pde\ Edb,fvqk
                       f f k
&? r&udpörSm t"duBuD;pdk;aeonfh
                                              f   &SaMumif; ajymqdNk y; AdvcsKyatmifqef;
                                                    d
                                                  vrf;ray:&Sd [dw,fwpfcrS vHNk cHKa&;
                                                                            k
                                                                                D k f f
                                                                                           k
                                                                                                                                                                          or®wBuD;ESifU Nidrf;csrf;a&;Ekdb,fvfqk
enf;wl jrefrmEdkifiH\ tBuD;qHk;                   0efxrf;url ,if; owif;od&aMumif;              dS                                   S f dk                              df f
                                                                                                                          ,ckEpEb,fvNf ir;csr;a&;qk csD;jr§ifh&efqefcgwifa&G;cs,fc&ol ig;OD;pm&if;wGif 'Drua&pDjyKjyifajymif;vJa&;                      H                                   dk
                                 h
vufum;aps;uGuf bk&ifaemif&dS tcsKUd               ajzqdkonf/ odkYaomf rSwfcsufray;/                                  f                         hf
                                                                                                               vkyief;pOfrsm;ESiywfoufí Ekiiwumtoki;f t0ki;f \tHMh owBu;D cs;rGr;ajymqkrtrsm;qk;cH&ol jrefrmEkdifiHawmf
                                                                                                                                                                                         dfH                d         d                                   D f         d I                 H
ae&mrsm;wGifvnf; avmif;aMu; xyf                                aejynfawmf? &efukefNrdKUawmf                                                          f f
                                                                                                               or®wBuD;OD;ode;pdeyg0ifaMumif; Ediiwumowif;Xmersm;u a&;om;azmfjycJhonf/             k f H
                   df
onftxd t&SewufvmcJonf/             h              wk d Y &S d tpd k ; &Xmeqd k i f & mtcsKd U ud k                                           D                       f f
                                                                                                                          or®wBu;OD;ode;pdeonf jrefrmEkdifiHtwGif; Nidrf;csrf;a&;azmfaqmifrIvkyfief;pOfukd qifhuJajymif;vJ
         ]]wcsKdUyJorm;awGqkd ode;&mcsD f         qufoG,far;jref;&m or®wBuD;wpf                                ay:aygufvmatmif jznf;nif;pGmOD;aqmiftaumiftxnfazmfc&m ¤if;\BudK;yrf;csuudk todtrSwjf yKonfh                                           hJ                                     f
avmif;aMu;xyfMuw,f}} [k bk&ifaemif          h     ajy;rIudk od&Sdaomfvnf; qkaMunm                              taejzifh aemfa0EkiiH atmfpvkd Nir;f csr;f a&;okawoe tifpwDusK (Peace Research Institute of Oslo)\ tBuD;tuJ
                                                                                                                                             df                                  d
rS yJukefonfwpfOD;uqdkonf/                        rnfhtcsdefESifh aeY&ufudkrod&SdbJ                            vnf;jzpfNyD; Ekb,fvqk vkyief; pOf teD;uyfBuD;MuyfapmifhMunhfol Kristian Berg Harpviken u qefcgwif
                                                                                                                                        d                        f                     f
         jrefrmEdkifiH\tajymif;tvJudk             apmifhMunfhjcif;vnf; r&SdaMumif;                                                                        h G
                                                                                                               ig;OD;pm&if;wGif xnfoi;f ay;vkduf jcif;jzpfonf/ xkdYjyif ucsifjynfe,fwi; jzpfym;vsu&aom ppfrufy#dyu©                                             G f             G                 f dS
                hJ         k f
azmfaqmifcaom AdvcsKyfBuD;a[mif;                  ajzqdkMuonf/                                                 rsm;wGif wyfrawmf\tvGJokH;pm;jyKrI? csKd;azmufrIwkdYr&SdygaMumif; or®wBuD;OD;ode;pdeu jiif;qkvuNf yD;                                                                             f f                   d dk
OD;odef;pdef Edkb,fvfqk&? r& pum;                              OD ; od e f ; pd e f Nid r f ; csrf ; a&;       aemufwpf&ufwGif xkdokdYEkdb,fvfNidrf;csrf;a&;qktwGuf emrnfpm&if;oGif;vkdufjcif;vnf;jzpfonf/
0dkif;rsm;onf NyD;cJhonfhtywftwGif;               Edkb,fvfqk r&ojzifh pdwfraumif;                                                                                         d f                          f G f
                                                                                                                          ucsijf ynfe,f? vkiZm&Sd ucsivwvyfa&;tzGUJ (autkit)wyfpcef;rsm;ukd wyfrawmfu aemufq;ydwf                          d f dk                                                                             Hk
jynfwGif;? jynfyowif;rD'D,mtcsKdU                 olrsm;wGif yk*vu IT vkyief; wpfck
                                                                        ¾ d                  f                                                                                                   l
                                                                                                               xk;d ppfqif&ef BudK;yrf;aeonf[aom owif;ay;ykYrrsm;jzpfay:aeaomfvnf; or®wBuD;OD;odef;pdefu tpdk;&wyfzGJU  dI
wGif azmfjyaom OD;odef;pdef Nidrf;csrf;           rS tBuD;wef;t&m&SdwpfOD; vnf;                                                                                                            f                  fS
                                                                                                               (wyfrawmf)rsm;onf umuG,rjI yKonfh vIy&m;rIrsm;ukomvkyaqmifaejcif;jzpfaMumif; tmrcHajymqkxm; onf/                  d       f                                                                     d
a&; Edkb,fvfqk&&ef wpfajy;ae                                 l
                                                  jzpfoa':MuLMuLoef;vnf; yg0ifonf/                                        rMumao;rDu BBC owif;XmeESifh jyKvkyfaom tifwmAsL;wGif rwfvtwGi;xGuay:cJaom vlYtcGihf                                                                        f                   f h
onfh owif;aemufqufwGJtjzpf                                     ]]'gayrJh (wpfay;cH&wJh) ig;OD;                 ta&;apmifhMunfha&;tzGJU(HRW) \ tpD&ifcHpmESifhywfoufí OD;odef;pdefu r[kwfrrSefaMumif; jiif;qkdNyD;
ay:xGef;vmonf/                                    pm&if;rSm ygwJhtwGuf *kPf,lyg                                wpfzufowfa&;om;tpD&ifcHxm;jcif;omjzpfonf[k qkonf/                                                                       d
         1991 ckESpfu a':atmifqef;                w,f}} [k olru qdkavonf/                                                                                 H                                  k
                                                                                                                          ,if;tpD&ifcpmwGif tpd;&wyfzUJG rsm;onf t&yfom;rsm;tay: pepfwus n§O;f yef;ESypufrrsm;jyKvycaMumif;                                                               df I                     k f hJ
pkMunfqGwfcl;cJhaom Nidrf;csrf;a&;                             q,f p k E S p f i g;ck a usmf t Mum                      h G f
                                                                                                               xnfoi;azmfjycJhonf/
Edkb,fvfqkudk aemufxyf tESpf 20                   tmPm&SifvufatmufwGif aexdkif                                                    f
                                                                                                                          ]]uReawmfwYdk&UJ wyfrawmf[m tifrwefpnf;rsO;pnf;urf;vkuemrI&ygw,f? rk'r;f usiwmwkY?d owfjzwfwm          f                         d f dS                   d                  hf
ausmftMumwGif olr\ 'Drdkua&pD                     cJh&aom wdkif;jynfudk 'Drdkua&pD                                 d                                               f
                                                                                                               wkYudk wyfrawmfuvkyzYdk taMumif;r&Sdygbl;}}[k or®wBuD;OD;odef;pdefuajymMum;onf/
jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;wGJzufOD;odef;pdef             ajymif;&ef umvwdktwGif; odom                                                                                                                 k
                                                                                                               ucsifjynfe,fwGif; jrefrmtpd;&wyfzUJG rsm;onf t&yfom;rsm;tay: csK;d azmufusL;vGerrsm;jyKvyaeonf[aom                                                                 fI                        kf              l
&Edkifrvm; arQmfvifhcsufxm;apmifh                 aomajcvSrf;rsm; azmfaqmifEdkifcJh                                                       I                 hf                                                   dI
                                                                                                               owif;ay;ykYd rrsm;ESiywfoufí a0zefajymqkrrsm;rjyKvkyfbJaecJhonfhtwGuf Ekdb,fvfNidrf;csrf;a&;qk&iEihf                                                                                                                SfS
MunfhcJhMuonf/                                    aomfvnf; ucsifESifh &cdkifuJhodkY                                         l T f                       dk f
                                                                                                               jynfoYvwawmfu,pm;vS,f a':atmifqef;pkMunfonfyif jypfwifa0zefrIrsm;cHcJh&onf/
         odkYaomf jrefrmjynfolrsm;\               aom ajz&Sif;p&mta&;udpörsm;u                                            ]]'Dudpötay:rSm uRefrbmrS rajymbJNidrfaewJhtwGuf uRefrukdtjypfwifwoawG&ygw,f/ uRerukd                                                                   hJ l dS                                          f
arQmfvifhcsufu ESrf;xGufrudkuf                    wHwdkif;ozG,fjzpfaeao;onf/                                           f dk f                                  h                     f
                                                                                                               pdwwi;rusjzpfaewJtwGuaMumifh olwYdktaeeJY a0zefjypfwifEiygw,f/ 'gayrJh uRefrtaeeJYuawmh y#dyu©                                   dk f
jzpfoGm;cJhonf/                                                ,if;uJhodkYaom taetxm;                          wpfckrSm b,fbufukdrS rD;tylxyf ray;csiygbl;}} [k a':atmifqef;pkMunfu tar&duefjynfaxmifpc&D;pOf       f                                                                                                     k
         jrefrmpHawmfcsdef nae 3 em&D             aMumifh or®wBuD;OD;odef;pdef qkr&                            twGif; e,l;a,mufNrdKUü ajymMum;cJhonf/
rdepf 30 wGif Edkb,fvfqkaumfrwD                   EdkifaMumif; cefYrSef;olrSm ppfudkif;                                   Ekb,fvqvyief;pOf teD;uyfBuD;MuyfapmifhMunhfol Kristian Berg Harpvikenu jrefrmEkdifiHor®w
                                                                                                                             d              f k kf
u Nid r f ; csrf ; a&;Ed k b ,f v f q k u d k     wdkif;a'oBuD; a&TbdkNrdKUrS ausmif;                                      f f                     d                           f                                 hf
                                                                                                               OD;ode;pdetm; Ekb,fvNf idr;csrf;a&; qkcsD;jr§irnfqygu tjiif;yGm;p&mrsm;jzpfay:aprnfjzpfaMumif;? okYd aomf      dk
Oa&myor*¾ (EU) udk ay;tyfvdkuf                    q&mwpfOD;jzpfonf/                                            ,if;qkonf olawmfpifrsm; (wpfenf;tm;jzifh ajcmufjypfuif;oJvJ pifyk*d¾KvfrsdK;)ukdom oD;jcm;a&G;cs,f csD;jr§ifh
aMumif;aMunmcsdefwGif Facebook                                 ]]aemufESpfawmh &&if&rSmaygh}}                  onfhqkrsKd;r[kwf[laomtcsufukd (Ekdb,fvfqk)aumfrwDu rMumcPqkdovkd xkwfazmfajymqkdxm;NyD;
vlrIuGef&ufpmrsufESmwpfavQmuf                     [k oluqdkonf/                                                jzpfaMumif; AFP owif;Xme okdYajymMum;onf/
ydkrdkaygufuGJvmaom rSwfcsufrsm;                               &cdkifjynfe,fwGif a'ocHrsm;                                                                                                          h l
                                                                                                                          tcsKUd aom avhvmapmifMh unforsm;url jrefrmEkiiwif or®wBu;D OD;ode;f pdef tpk;d &vufxuf wki;f &if;om;   dfH G                                                                           d
xGufay:vmonf/                                     ESifh b*FgvDwdkYtcsif;csif; wdkufcdkufrI                     vufeufukdiftrsm;pkESifh typftcwf&yfpJa&; oabmwlnDcsuf&&SdcJhaomfvnf; ucsifESifh&ckdifjynfe,fwkdYwif                                                                                                                      G
         jref r mEd k i f i H o m;tenf ; pk       rsm; pwifjzpfyGm;&m t&if;cHae&m                                                                                                        f
                                                                                                               vwfwavmumvrsm;twGi; jzpfay:aeonfh y#dyu©rsm;ESiywfoufí ar;cGe;xkwMf uNyD; wpfwi;f jynfv;Hk                                   hf                                f                                     dk
uRrf ; 0if u suf p m;&m Facebook                  rsm;teuf wpfcjk zpf onfh armifawm                                                                   G
                                                                                                               y#dyu©uif;pifom; ygrS okYdr[kwf or®wBuD;\ 'Drua&pD jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;vkyfief;pOfrsm; aemufaMumif;jyef      dk
pmrsufESmwGif xdkodkYysHUESHYaeaomf               NrdKUrS vlrIa&;vIyf&Sm;olwpfOD;u                                       hf
                                                                                                               rvSn&ef aocsmonfh tcsdefa&mufrS Ekdb,fvfNidrf;csrf;a&;qk&&Sdoihfonf[k okH;oyfMuonf/
vnf ; &ef u k e f N rd K Uawmf t wG i f ; &S d    Ed k b ,f v f q k t wG u f OD ; od e f ; pd e f                                                                           d f H
                                                                                                                          ]]wu,fvYdk jrefrmEkiiu ae&ma'oawGtm;vk;rSm ppfrewNhJ idr;csrf;a&;ay:xGe;f vmr,f? trsKd;om;jyefvnf        H           S f            f
jynfoltcsKdUudkar;jref;&m ¤if;wdkY                wpfay;cH&onfudk odaomfvnf;                                   oihjf rwfa&;ukd OD;wnfr,f? zGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;rSm wk;wufjzpfxe;f rIawGjzpfvmr,fq&if                                             d                          G                                     dk
teuf xuf0ufcefYom ,if;owif;                       atmufwdkbm 12 &uf naewGif                                                                       f f                              d
                                                                                                               or®wBuD;OD;ode;pdetaeeJY Ekb,fvf Nidrf;csrf;a&;qkukd &,lxkdufygw,f}} [k Chistian Solidarity Worldwide
    hf                  dS
ESiywfoufí od&onfuawGU&onf/          kd           Ed k b ,f v f q k a Munmrnf u d k rod                        rS Asia Team Leader jzpfol Benedict Togers u ol\tjrifukd aqmif;yg;a&;om;onf/
         &efukefNrdKUawmf\ txifu&                 aMumif; tajzay;onf/                                                     Kristian Berg Harpviken onf Ekdb,fvfNidrf;csrf;a&;qktwGuf ¤if;tBudKufqkH;ig;OD; a&G;cs,f&mü
ql;avbk&m;vrf;rwGif awGUqHaom             k                    qkr&onfhtwGuf cHpm;csuf                         OD;odef;pdefukd aemufqkH;ae&mwGif xm;&Sxm;jcif;jzpfonf/                                    d
acwfay:atmfwm&Syf0wfqifxm;                        udkar;jref;aomtcg y#dyu©aMumifh                                         aumfrwDonfqka&G;cs,f&mwGif Nidrf;csrf;a&; vkyief;pOftwGuf Mum;0ifnEi;f aqmif&uay;aom yk*Kd¾ vrsm;?         f                                  d§ dI                     G f                            f
aom vli,fwpfOD;url Edkb,fvfqk                     rD;ab;oifhcJhaom uav;i,frsm;                                 y#dyu©jzpfaeaom tzGJUtpnf;rsm;rS yk*¾dKvfrsm;ukd qkcsD;jr§ifhavh&Sdonf/ okdYaomf Nidrf;csrf;a&;tusdK;ukd
udk apmifhMunfhaeonfhowif;rsm;                    twGuf ynma&;azmifa';&Sif;wpfck                               arQmfonhftaejzifh qkcsD;jr§ifhay;cJhrIrsm;vnf; &SdaMumif;? teD;uyfqkH; Oyrmwpfckjy&rnfqkdygu tar&duef
udk rod[kqdkonf/                                  wnfaxmifxm;aom touf 40                                                                                              d
                                                                                                               jynfaxmifpkor®wtkbm;rm;onf or®wjzpfvmNy;D aemuf vyki;tMumrQwif ,if;qkcs;jr§ijhf cif;cHcJh&aMumif; The                       df                    G                      D
         xd k e nf ; wl uG r f ; ,monf            t&G,fcefY&Sdolu atmufygtwdkif;                               Diplomat pmapmifu okH;oyfa&;om;onf/
tcsKd U ? wuú p D , mOf a rmif ; ? CD             cyfwkdwkdajzMum;onf/
    B
    46
  The
        VOICE                                                                                                                                                                                               Monday, October 15 - 21 , 2012




{&m0wD0efBuD;csKyfcGifU,lxm;ojzifU pGyfpGJjypfwif&ef tqdk&ufa&TY
         atmuf
&efukef? atmufwdkbm 11
                                                                                                                                                                                                              u ajymMum;onf/
               dk, m;vS
  vTwf awmfucsKyffpuvT,frsm;\tcGifhta&;udk xdfccGidkufalojzifh tqdkwifdkumef&pGuffpaGJjypfUvdku&faefMumifOf;x{&m0wDvnff;;
       0efBuD;          wfawmftpnf;ta0;wGi fh,
                                                        omaMumifh[kq
                                                                        &
                                                                               y wif pDp m;aomf
                                                                                       &T                          wdki
                                                                                                                                                     353udk csKd;azmufjcif;jzpfaMumif;
                                                                                                                                                     ,if; twGuaMumifh tajccHOya'yk'r
                                                                                                                                                                 f                         f                         ,if;jyóemudk rlvu jynf
a'oBuD;vTwfawmfOuú| OD;qef;qifhu ajymMum;onf/                                                                                                        263 (u) t& wdkif;a'oBuD;jzpfap?                                      h kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                              axmifpBk uHcia&;ESihf zGUH NzdK;a&;ygwDu
       ,if;tqdkudk pwkw¬ajrmuf ywfoufí rod&Sd&ao;aomf vnf;                                             apjcif;? vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;             0efBuD;wpfOD;udkjzpfap pGyfpGJjypfwif                    oabmwlcsufav;csufjzifh n§dEdIif;
vTwfawmftpnf;ta0;wwd,aeY jynfaxmifpkBuHhcdkifa&;ESifh zGHUNzdK;a&;                                     \ *k P f o d u © m ud k xd y g;jcif ; ?              k f            f
                                                                                                                                                     jcif;qdi&mtcef;rS yk'rcGJ (2) (zGUJ pnf;                 ay;cJhNyD; ,if;oabmwlnDcsufav;
wGif wifoGif;&ef pDpOfxm;aomf ygwD t wG i f ; a&;rS L ; OD ; aX;OD ; u                                 vT w f a wmf u d k , f p m;vS , f r sm;ud k   yHktajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csufwpf&yf                        csufudk aqmif&Gufay;jcif;r&Sdojzifh
vnf; 0efBuD;csKyf\cGifh,lrIaMumifh n§dEdIif;ay; vdkaMumif; ajymqdkcJhonf/                              ,HkMunfav;pm;rIavsmhenf;atmif                 udk azmufzsufjcif;) jzifh pGyfpGJjypfwif                 ,ckuJhodkY pGyfpGJjypfwif&jcif;jzpf
atmufwdkbmv 19 &ufaeYwGif                                 ]]uRef a wmf v T w f a wmf u d k             jyKvkyfjcif;rsm; aqmif&GufcJhaom              oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; {&m0wDwdkif;                          aMumif; vTwfawmfOuú| OD;qef;qifh
                                                      f
jyef v nf p wif r nf h yOö r ajrmuf pGuzufcsifwm r[kwygbl;/ 'gayrJh        f                           aMumifh zJGUpnf;yHktajccHOya'yk'fr                          f
                                                                                                                                                     a'oBuD; vTwawmfOuú| OD;qef;qifh                          u ajymMum;onf/
vT w f a wmf t pnf ; ta0;wG i f o m ygwDu wm0efay;&if vTwawmfOuú|                 f
wif o G i f ; &ef qH k ; jzwf c J h a Mumif ; eJY0efBuD;csKyfudk n§dEdIif;ay;csifw,f}}
OD;qef;qifhu qdkonf/
       pwkwajrmufvwawmf tpnf;
                ¬            T f
                                              [k ¤if;uqdkonf/
                                                          tqdkyg{&m0wDwdkif;a'oBuD;
                                                                                                                         H d f dk
                                                                                                          a&Taps; qufvufpcsewifEif
ta0;ud k oH k ; &uf w musif ; ycJ h N yD ; 0efBuD;csKyfESifh 0efBuD;wpfOD;udk pGyfpGJ                  &efukef? atmufwdkbm 11
usKaysmwijf zpfym;cJonfh ig;zrf;tif; jypfwifjcif;tqdkudk jyefvnfoHk;
    H f G            G h                                                                                                 d f H
                                                                                                                 jrefrmEkii\ a&TvufvD vuf            yH k r S e f t wk d i f ; ta&mif ; t0,f j zpf            vQif 1768 a':vmrS Oa&myaiGaMu;
wGif aoewfjzifh typfcH cJ&onfupö oyfay;&ef wdkif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmf
                                 h        h d                                                          um;aps;EIef;rsm;udk t"dutajccH                vsuf&SdaMumif; a&TbHkomvrf;&Sd a&T                             f        I
                                                                                                                                                                                                              rNidroufrrsm;aMumifh a':vm 1800
udk ta&;BuD;tqdtjzpf wifoi;jcif;? Ouú | ud k yk o d r f N rd K Urd N rd K Uzrsm;u
                      k                Gf                                                                   k                  k
                                                                                                       qH;jzwf&m &efueNf rdKU a&Tbomvrf;&Sd
                                                                                                                                          kH                        f f l
                                                                                                                                                     aps;uRr;usiowpfO;u oH;oyfajym   D      k                 txd j zpf E k d i f r nf [ k v nf ; a&T a ps;
                                                             k G
wpf E S p f p m wd k i f ; a'oBuD ; tpd k ; & awmif;qdom;&ef tpDtpOf&aMumif;?            dS                                      f
                                                                                                       tacgufa&Taps;EIe;rsm;onf ,ckwpf               Mum;onf/                                                 uG u f u Rrf ; usif o l r sm;u cef Y r S e f ;
&oHk;rSef;ajcaiGpm&if; tNyD;owf 0ef B uD ; csKyf OD ; od e f ; atmif E S i f h                                     G    f k        d f f
                                                                                                       ywfwif usycepfoe;&Spaomif;ckepf                            ]]bPf a umvm[vowif ;                        Muonf/
                                                        f
aqG;aEG;jcif;wdkY t"dujyKvkyfcJhonf/ vTwawmfOuú| OD;qef;qifwYkd ESpO;                  h         f D   axmif0ef;usixd jrifwufaeNyD; aps;
                                                                                                                           f         h               xG u f w J h yxrwpf & uf a vmuf                                   jynfwGif;a&Taps;uGufrSm puf
       ]]b,faeYjyefwifjzpfr,fqdk pvHk;onf {&m0wDwdkif;a'oBuD;                                                 f              H d f
                                                                                                       EIe;qufvufpcsewifum ckepfoe;            d f   (atmufwkdbmv 7 &ufaeY)u yJ                                                      f
                                                                                                                                                                                                              wifbmvtwGi;rS pwifum orki;                d f
wmawmh wdwdususajymvdkYr&ao; zGUH NzdK;a&;twGuf r&Srjzpfvtyforsm;        d          kd        l        ud;aomif;txd a&muf&vmEdiaMumif;
                                                                                                          k                            dS k f                        dk f
                                                                                                                                                     t0,fvuw,f/ aemufNy;ykrejf yefjzpf    D HS                umvwpfavQmuf tjrifhqHk;pHcsdef
                                                                  d
bl;/ 19 &ufaeY aemufydkif; jyefwif jzpfaMumif; ykorNf rdKUtajcpduf y&[dw       k                                kf        f f
                                                                                                       a&Tvyief;uRr;usiol OD;cspaumif;u      f       oGm;w,f}}[k &efuewi; a&Tvyief;
                                                                                                                                                                                 k f dk f      k f                 f k            f f
                                                                                                                                                                                                              usycepf ode;&Spaomif;0ef;usiwif         f G
                                                    f
jzpfr,f}} [k {&m0wDwdkif;a'oBuD; vkyief;rsm; vkyuivsu&ol touf       f kd f   f dS                      The Vocie Weekly odYkajymMum;onf/                  f                        f
                                                                                                                                                     &Sirsm;toif; twGi;a&;rSL; OD;0if;jrifh                   qufvufwnf&SdaeNyD; ,ckxuf
vTwfawmf owif;xkwfjyefa&;tzGJU 50 t&G,f ykodrfNrdKUrdNrdKUz toif;0if                                             &efukefwGifNyD;cJhonfh &ufydkif;    u qufvufajymMum;onf/                                       df
                                                                                                                                                                                                              wkiqufvuf jrifwufvsuyif&ao; h      f dS
wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/ wpfOD;uqdkonf/                                                                         h
                                                                                                       ujzpfay:cJaom uarÇmZbPf*,uf                                jrefrmha&Taps;ESifh qufpyfae                                    kH
                                                                                                                                                                                                              aMumif; a&Tbomvrf;&Sd a&Taps;uGuf
       xkdodkYa&TUqdkif;vdkufjcif;aMumifh                 jynfe,fESifh wdkif;a'oBuD;                   umvtwG i f ; 0,f v k d t m;od o d                                  h
                                                                                                                                                     aom urÇma&Taps;onf wpfatmifp                                      f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                              twGi; pkprf;od&&onf/     dS
                                                  k f
vTwfawmfESifh 0efBuD;csKyfwdkY tMum; qdi&m 0efBuD;csKyftaeESihf vTwawmf                     f          omomwufoGm;aomfvnf; ,ck
                                                  k f            f hf
ajyvnf & ef v rf ; pay:? ray:ES i f h ud,pm;vS,tcGita&; epfemqH;½H;                             k I    tcgaps;uGuftwGif; 0,fvkdtm;rSm
                                                                                                                                                         ½kyf&Sife,fy,f tusKd;jyKcJUolrsm;tm;
    at;&Sm;a0gESifU w&m;pGJrnfqdkonfUvkyfief;&Sifrsm; ajyvnf                                                                                             yxrqHk;tBudrf*kPfjyKqkay;tyfrnf
             atmuf
    &efukef? atmufwdkbm 11                                                                                                                                    atmuf
                                                                                                                                                     &efukef? atmufwdkbm 12
             at;&Sm;a0gukrÜPDrS aiGoef;aygif;wpfaxmifausmfay;&efusef&Sdrludk oHk;vtwGif;ray;ygu w&m;pGJ                                                        jrefrmh½kyf&Sife,fy,f wdk;wuf                  OD;wif,kudkvnf;aumif;? pnfolbGJU
    qdkrnf[krD'D,mrsm;udk ajymMum;vkdufaom vkyfief;&Sif 10 OD;ygtzGJUonf atmufwkdbm 12 &ufaeY eHeuf                                                  zGHUNzdK;a&;twGuf yg0ifaqmif&GufcJh                                                      k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                              ajcmufO;D jzpfonfh Advuav;wifhatmif?
    10 em&DwGif tvkyform;0efBuD;Xmevufatmuf&Sd n§dEdIif;jzefajza&;tzGJUESifh awGUqHkaqG;aEG;rI tNyD;ajyvnfrI                                         olrsm;udk yxrqHk;tBudrftjzpf *kPf                        OD;atmifjrifhjrwf? OD;Munfpdk;xGef;?
                                    k
    &&SdoGm;NyDjzpfaMumif; tqdygtzGUJ wGiyg0ifaom vkyief;&SiwpfO;jzpfol OD;atmifrsKd;&Sdefu The Voice Weekly
                                             f              f     f   D                                                                              jyKqkcsD;jr§ihfyGJudk atmufwkdbm 17                      a':pH&Sm;wif? a':jrihfjrihfcif? a':EGJU
    odkYajymMum;onf/                                                                                                                                 &ufaeYwGif qD'Dk;em;[dkw,fü jyK                          EGJUpef;wdkYudkvnf;aumif;? ½kyf&Sif
             at;&Sm;a0gu ajcmufvtwGif;ay;acs&ef&Sdonfrsm;udkay;acsygrnf[k uefx½dkufwmrsm;ESifh yPmr                                                  vkyfoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; jrefrmEkdifiH                             J                  S f k
                                                                                                                                                                                                              ol&aumif;qkEpqukd OD;ol& (Zm*em)
    oabmwlnDrI&SdcJhaMumif; tqdkygvkyfief;&Sifrsm;tzGJUwGifyg0ifaom OD;atmifrsKd;&Sdefu The Voice Weekly odkY                                        ½kyf&Siftpnf;t½Hk;jyefMum;a&;Xme                         ES i f h OD ; ausmf o l u d k v nf ; aumif ; ?
    ajymMum;onf/                                                                                                                                     rSL; OD;at;MuLu ajymMum;onf/                             xYkdjyif ½kyf&SifavmurS vlrIa&;vkyf
             tqdkygaqG;aEG;yGJudk eHeuf 10em&DwGif aejynfawmfv,fa0;NrdKUe,f&Sd NrdKUe,ftkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;½Hk;wGif tkyf                                           toHwdwf½kyf&SifacwfrS ,aeY                     aqmifaeol 11 OD;udvnf;cs;jr§irnf      k         D hf
    csKyfa&;rSL;ESifh wuGn§dEdIif;jzefajza&;tzGJUa&SUarSmufütBudwfte,faqG;aEG;cJhNyD; nae 3 em&D 30 rdepf cefYü                                      umvxd ½k y f & S i f e ,f y ,f t wG u f                                              fSf
                                                                                                                                                                                                              jzpfaMumif; ½ky&itpnf;t½H;k rS owif;
    n§dEdIif;ajyvnfcJhMuaMumif; ¤if;uqkdonf/                                                                                                         enf;ynmzGHUNzdK;a&;? t&nftaoG;                           ESifh jyefMum;a&;rSL; OD;at;MuLu
             uefx½dkufwmrsm;\ oHk;v twGif;ay;acs&efawmif;qdkrIudk at;&Sm;a0grSudk,fpm;vS,frsm;u tcsdef                                               jrifhrm;a&;ESifhvlxk tusKd;jyKvkyf                       xyfavmif;ajymMum;onf/
    xyfrHavQmhcsay;&ef awmif;qdkcJhNyD; uefx½dkufwmrsm;u av;vtwGif;wGif vpOf 50 &mckdifEIef;? 20 &mckdifEIef;?                                       ief ; rsm;aqmif & G u f c J h M uol r sm;ud k                         ½k y f & S i f o l & J a umif ; qk & S i f E S i f h
    20 &mckdifEIef;? 10 &mckdifEIef;ay;acs&efavQmhcsay;cJhonf/ at;&Sm;a0grS udk,fpm;vS,fawmfrsm;u ay;acs&rnhf                                        qkay;tyfrnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;u                             ywfoufí ]]uRefawmfu tckrS ppf
    aiGudk 6jzifhpm;í ajcmufvtwGif; tcsKd;usay;acs&ef jyefvnfawmif;qdkcJhonfhtay: uefx½dkufwmrsm;u                                                   qkdonf/                                                  awGujyefvmwmyg/ uRefawmfhudk
    tcsKd;uspepfudk vufrcHEkdifí ajcmufvtwGif;vpOf 40 &mckdifEIef;? 15 &mckdifEIef;? 15 &mcdkifEIef;? 15 &mckdifEIef;?                                         ]]t&ifuawmh jrefrmh½kyf&Sif                        h D              J
                                                                                                                                                                                                              tJ'vkd ol&aumif;qkqwacgif;pOfeYJ          kd hJ
              d f I f
    10 &mckiEe;? 5 &mcdiEe;jzihf ay;acs&ef jyefvnfawmif;qdconf/ nae 3 em&D 30 rdepfcefYwif uefx½duwm
                           k f I f                              k hJ                             G           k f                                     xl;cRefqk&&SdolawGudk jyefvnf*kPf                        ay;awmh uRefawmfuawmfawmfav;
    rsm; awmif;qdkonfhtcsKd;udk at;&Sm;a0gukrÜPDu oabmwlvufcHcJhonfhtwGuf atmufwkdbm 16 &uf                                                          jyKwJh tpDtpOfawmh&Sdw,f/ 'gayrJh                        *kPf,lpGmeJYqkudk vufcHcsifw,f}}
    odkYr[kwf 17 &ufaeYwGifoabmwlvufrSwfa&;xkd;oGm;rnf[k oabmwlnDcJhMuonf/                                                                           tck v d k j ref r mh ½ k y f & S i f t pnf ; t½H k ;     [k OD;ol& (Zm*em) u The Voice
             aemufq;&&Saom owif;rsm; t& {vmavqdyaqmufvya&; uefx½duwmrsm;uvnf; atmufwdk bm
                      kH d                                    f      k f          k f                                                                uaeNyD; ½kyf&Sifavmuudk tusKd;jyK                        Weekly odkYajymMum;onf/
    12 &ufaeY nae 4 em&D 20 rdepftcsdefxd qufvufn§dEdIif;vsuf&SdaMumif;od&onf/                          ausmfOD;Edkif                                wJh tEkynm&SifawGudkqkcsD;jr§ihfwm                                    tcsdefumv 11 ESpfausmfMum
                                                                                                                                                     u yxrOD;qHk;tBudrfvkyfwmyg}} [k                          tusOf ; csxm;jcif ; cH c J h & NyD ; ,ck
                                                                                                                                                          f S f S D kd
                                                                                                                                                     ½ky&iEihf AD',o½kyaqmifO;xl;om  f          D             aemufydkif;jyefvnfvGwfajrmufvm
                                                                                                                                                     uajymMum;onf/                                            csdefwGif ½kyf&SifavmurS ,ckuJhokdY
                                                                                                                                                               tqdkyg qkay;yGJwGif½kyf&Sifwpf                 qkcsD;jr§ifhjcif;udk *kPf,lpGmvufcHvkd
                                                                                                                                                     oufwmqk wpfq?k pnfobUJG ajcmuf         l                 aMumif;? ½kyf&Sifavmuom;rsm;\
                                                                                                                                                     OD;? ½kyf&Sifol&Jaumif;qkESpfOD;? usef                               d k dk
                                                                                                                                                                                                              tusK;udvvm;í ½ky&ie,fy,fxoYkd           fSf              J
                                                                                                                                                     vlrIa&;vkyfief;vkyfol ½kyf&Sife,frS                      0ifa&mufcJhaMumif;ESihfaemufxyf
                                                                                                                                                     yk*¾dKvf 11 OD;wdkYudk csD;jr§ifhrnfjzpfNyD;             vnf; tEkynme,fy,fwif qufvuf                  G
                                                                                                                                                     pkpkaygif; 20 OD;jzpfaMumif;? ½kyf&Sif                             f
                                                                                                                                                                                                              vkyaqmifaeOD;rnf jzpfaMumif; OD;ol&
        "mwfyHk - rdk;ausmfvGif                                                                                                                      wpfoufwmqkudk ywåjrm;&wktxd                              (Zm*em) u xyfavmif; ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                                     tEkynme,fy,fwif usivnfcol     G          f    hJ                                                     [efolxGef;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             C
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             47
  Monday, October 15 - 21, 2012                                                                                                                                                                                                        VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     The




   D G kd        k f                I                l
ygwwi;f 'Drua&pDcw;kH vkyroifjU rwfrrsm;aMumifU jynfoukd a':atmifqef;pkMunfawmif;yef
&efukef? atmufwdkbm 12
         rmEkdifiHwGif jynfolvlxk\,HkMunfaxmufcHrItrsm;qHk;&&Sdxm;onfh trsKd;om;'Drdkua&pDtzGJUcsKyf (NLD) twGif; 'Drdkua&pDudkckwHk;vkyfNyD; oabmxm;uGJvGJrIrsm;jzpfyGm;cJhonfhtwGuf
         okH;cGNrdKUe,f a'ocHjynfolrsm;udkawmif;yefaMumif; ,if;ygwDOuú|a':atmifqef;pkMunfu atmufwkdbm 11 &ufaeYu ajymMum;onf/
                                                                    Photo by NLD
                                                                                               a':atmifqef;pkMunfu atmufwkd                        ajrmif;jr? rHk&Gmtygt0if NrdKUe,f                         aumhrSL;NrdKUodkY zGHUNzdK;a&;vkyfief;rsm;
                                                                                               bm 11 &ufaeYwGif oHk;cGNrdKUe,fü                    trsm;tjym;wGif jzpfay:aeaMumif;                           twGufoGm;a&mufcJhum atmufwkd
                                                                                               ajymMum;jcif;jzpfonf/                               NLD ygwD0ifrsm;xHrS od&onf/                               bm 11 &ufaeYwGif a&&Sm;yg;rI
                                                                                                                       l l k
                                                                                                       ]]jynfovxawG pdwrcsr;om     f f                  ygwDOuú| a':atmifqef;pkMunf                          ESpfpOfBuHKawGUaeaom oHk;cGNrdKUodkYyg
                                                                                               atmif tcsif;csif;pum;rsm;wmawG?                     u tar&duc&D;pOftNyD; &ufydkif;                                         hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                             oGm;a&mufconf/
                                                                                                      f f                h
                                                                                               tcsi;csi;rwnfwmawGukd awmif;yef                                      dk
                                                                                                                                                   tMum atmufwbm 10 &ufaeYwif     G
                                                                                               ygw,f/ 'gayrJh pdwfrylMuygeJYvkdY
                                                                                                    f                f
                                                                                               uRerajymcsiygw,f/ 'g[m jzpf½;                  kd
                                                                                               jzpfpOfyg}}[k ¤if;uqkonf/
                                                                                                       ,ckEpueyi;wGif usi;yrnfh
                                                                                                               S f k f kd f
                                                                                                                                 d
                                                                                                                                      f            jrefrmUqifESifU w½kwfzsHvJvS,f
                                                                                               trsKd;om;'Drkdua&pDtzGJUcsKyf (NLD)                         atmuf
                                                                                                                                                   rEÅav;? atmufwdkbm 12
                                                                                               ygwD \ A[d k n D v mcH t pnf ; ta0;                         jynf a xmif p k j ref r mEd k i f i H E S i f h   axmuf e m;um &wemyH k w d & pä m ef
                                                                                                                           kd f
                                                                                               twGuf NrdKUe,fu,pm;jyKa&G;cs,&m          f          w½kwfjynfolYor®wEdkifiHwdkYtMum;                          O,smOf (rEÅav;)ESihf rEÅav;-vm;½d;  I
                                                                                                             G
                                                                                               wGif &yfuu?f NrKd Ue,f nDvmcHaumfrwD                EdkifiHawmftpDtpOfjzifh aumifa&                           vrf; 169^4 rdkif opfawm½Hk;wGif n
                                                                                               wkdYwGif vla&G;cs,frIESifh ywfoufí                  avsmhyg;aeaom jrefrmhqifwpfpHkESifh                       tdyf&yfem;aMumif; ¤if;uajymMum;
             h
       ,if;uJoYkd oabmxm;uGvrIJ GJ                  NLD ygwD A[dknDvmcHwuf                     ygwD0iftcsi;csi; oabmxm;uGvJG
                                                                                                                    f f                   J        yifv,furf;ajcwGif aygrsm;pGmawGU                          onf/
             Gf
onf ygwDwi; oabmxm;uGvrrS   J JG I           a&muf&ef ud,pm;vS,f a&G;cs,&m
                                                              k f               f              um tcsif;rsm;rIjzpfay:aeaMumif;                     Ekdifonfh w½kwfyifv,fzsHwpfpHkwdkY                               ]]uRefawmfwdkYqDuae n 12
jynfaxmifpkjyóemjzpfvmEkdifonfh                         k
                                             wGif oH;cGNrdKUe,f NLD ygwD0ifrsm;                   k
                                                                                               oH;cG NLD ygwD0ifrsm;xHrS pHprf;od&dSk                    S f
                                                                                                                                                   vJv,rnfjzpfaMumif;}} rEÅav;wdi;                k f                       S
                                                                                                                                                                                                             em&D 12 rdepfrm jzwfoef;ygw,f}} [k
                l   k
twGuf jynforsm;udawmif;yefjcif;              twGi; oabmxm;uGvum wif;rm
                                                    f                  J JG                    &onf/                                               a'oBuD; opfawmOD;pD;XmeñTeMf um;                          wHwm;OD;NrdKUe,f opfawmOD;pD;XmerSL;
jzpfaMumif; a':atmifqef;pkMunfu                       G
                                             rIjzpfym;cJjh cif;aMumifh a'ocHjynfol                     ,if;uJoYkd oabmxm;uGvjJG cif;
                                                                                                                  h                   J            a&;rSL; OD;atmif0if;uajymMum;onf/                                  k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                             OD;0if;xduu The Voice Weekly odYk
   f
&Si;jyonf/                                   rsm;udk awmif;yefaMumif; ygwDOuú|                             k
                                                                                               rsm;rSm oH;cGNrdKUe,fwiomru ykor?f
                                                                                                                                Gf          d              ,if;qifrsm;udk rlq,f 105 rdif             k       ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                  kfH
                                                                                                                                                   wGif w½kwjf ynfoYlor®wEdiiwm0ef&dS                               rEÅav;NrdKUawmf wd&pämefO,smOf
                                                                                                                                                   olrsm;xH &Sr;f jynfe,f(vm;½d;I )opfawm                    wGif ntdyf&yfem;NyD; atmufwdkbm

txufaygif;avmif;qnfaMumifU aus;&Gm 23 &Gm                                                                                                          OD;pD;Xme 'kwd,ñTefMum;a&;rSL;
                                                                                                                                                   OD;jynfhpHkrsKd;uwpfqifh vTJajymif;ay;
                                                                                                                                                   rnfjzpfaMumif;}} ¤if;uqdkonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                             12 &ufaeY? eHeuf 10 em&DcefYwGif
                                                                                                                                                                                                             rEÅav;rS rlq,fodkYxGufcGmaMumif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                             rEÅav;wdi;a'oBuD; opfawmOD;pD;
a&epfjrKyfEdkif[kqdk                                                                                                                                       ,if;qifwpfpHkrSm &efukefNrdKU
                                                                                                                                                   awmf wd&pämef½HkrS qifwpfpHkjzpfum
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Xme? ñTeMf um;a&;rSL;OD;atmif0if;oef;
                                                                                                                                                                                                             u The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;
&efukef? atmufwdkbm 12                                                                                                                             atmuf w d k b m 11 &uf a eYwG i f                         onf/
         &Sr;f jynfe,fawmifyi;f yifavmif;
                               kd            rS m a&tm;vQyf p pf p D r H u d e f ; wpf c k     cJhaomfvnf; ajzMum;Edkifrnfholr&Sd                  &efukefNrdKUrS ,mOfwef;rsm;ESifho,f                              ,cifuvnf; jrefrmhrD;&xm;
NrdKUe,fEihf aejynfawmfta&SUbufjcrf;
            S                                jzpfNyD; tjrifh 103 rDwmESihf a&avSmif            aMumif;ESifh ajzqdkrnfr[kwfaMumif;                                           f
                                                                                                                                                   aqmifNyD; 0g;uwkwysKd;O,smOf? 115                         \ orkdif;0iftzkd;wefa&aEG;aiGUokH;
&Sd aygif;avmif;qnftxufydkif;wGif            onfhyrmP 61 pwk&ef;uDvdkrDwm                      udk ,if;Xmewm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u                        rdkif ,mOf&yfem;pcef;? 16 rdkif ,mOf                      &xm;acgif;wJGrsm;ukd w½kwfvkyf
qnfwpfckwnfaqmufvsuf&SdNyD;                  tus,f&Sdu ESpfpOfvQyfppf"mwftm;                   jyefvnfajzMum;onf/                                  &yfem;pcef;? aemifcsKdopfawm½Hk;?                         t&nftaoG;edrfh 'DZ,fpufacgif;
                            S f G
,if;qnfukd 2013 ckEpwif a&wHcg;              xkwfay;rnfhyrmP em&Doef;aygif;                                                                        uGwfcdkifopfawm½Hk;wdkYwGif c&D;wpf                       ta[mif;rsm;ESihf vJvS,fcJhzl;onf/
ydwfrnfjzpfaomaMumifh ,if;teD;               434 uDvdk0yfudk xkwfay;Edkifrnfjzpf
a'o&Sd aus;&Gmaygif; 23 &Gma&epf             onf/
jrKyfrI awGUBuHKEdkifaMumif; u,ef;                   2013 ckESpfwGif yxrtqifh
    d
rsK;qufopfvi,ftzGUJ rS OD;vG;pD;Nidr;
u ajymMum;onf/
                     l            D      f   tjzpfvnf;aumif;? 2014 ckESpfwGif
                                             'k w d , tqif h t jzpf v nf ; aumif ; ?
                                                                                                     0efBuD;csKyfa[mif;oufqifudk xkdif;w&m;½Hk;csKyf
         tqdkygtxufaygif;avmif;
qnfa&tm;vQyfppfpDrHudef;aMumifh
aus;&Gmaygif; 23 &Gm a&epfjrKyfrI
                                             aemufqHk;tqifhudk 2015 ckESpfwGif
                                             tNyD;a&avSmifívnf;aumif; tqdyg
                                             a&tm;vQyfppfprue;udk pwifvnf
                                                                  D H d f
                                                                                           k         zrf;0&rf;xkwf
                                                                                                     befaumuf? atmufwdkbm 12
'PfudkcHpm;&rnfjzpfNyD; a'ocHrsm;            ywfoGm;rnfjzpfonf/                                             jynfywGifcdkvIHaeaom xdkif;0efBuD;csKyfa[mif;oufqifudk tusifhysufvmbfpm;rIwGif yg0ifywfouf
taejzifh tcuftcJrsm;jzpfay:Edkif                     tqdkygpDrHudef;&yfwefYEdkif&ef                  onf[kqdkum w&m;½Hk;csKyfu zrf;0&rf;xkwfjyefvkdufjcif;aMumifh EkdifiHwGif;&Sd ,if;vwfOD;aqmifaom tpdk;&
aMumif;? aus;&Gm 23 &GmrS ¤if;wdkY           twGuf EdkifiHawmfor®wBuD;xHodkY                         ESifh w&m;½Hk;rsm;Mum;ü wif;rmrIrsm;ydkrkday:aygufvmEkdifaMumif; Wall Street Journal wGifazmfjyxm;onf/
v,fajr{uaygif; 6000 ausmfESifh               Mo*kwfv 8 &ufaeYu aygif;avmif;                                 2011 rS 2006 ckESpftwGif; 0efBuD;csKyfwm0efxrf;aqmifpOf tpdk;&ydkif Krung Thai bPf\ acs;aiG
tdrf? NcH? ajraygif; 1600 ausmftjyif         a'ocHrsm;u pmjzifhwifjyawmif;qdk                        tar&duefa':vm oef; 380 xkwfay;a&;udpöwGif ay;tyfxm;aomvkyfydkifcGifhudkcsKd;azmufNyD; 0ifa&muf
bkef;BuD;ausmif;? pmoifausmif;rsm;           cJhaMumif; ,if;tzGJUxHrSod&Sd&onf/                      pGufzufrIjyKonf[kqkdum w&m;½Hk;csKyfu oufqifudkzrf;qD;&ef trdefYxkwfjyefcJhjcif;jzpfonf/
ysufpD;qHk;½HI;EdkifaMumif;? ,if;odkY                txufaygif;avmif;a&tm;                                                                      k       d                k
                                                                                                            oufqiftygt0if wjcm;aomtpd;&t&m&Sa[mif; 26 OD;udk tpd;&a&SUaecsKyfu w&m;pGqxm;aMumif;   J dk
qHk;½HI;rIrsm; awGUBuHKEdkifonfhtwGuf              f DH df             d
                                             vQyppfprue;u &&SvmaomvQyppf                 f           owif;wGifazmfjyxm;onf/
oufqdkif&mwm0ef&Sdolrsm;u ajr                "mwftm;udkrl NrdKUawmfaejynfawmf                               xdkYtjyif pHkprf;ppfaq;rIrsm;udkvnf; oufqiftm; 2006 ckESpfwGif tmPmodrf;cJhonfh ppfwyfu
ae&mtpm;xdk;jyifqifrIESifh usyfaiG           wGif toHk;jyK&efjzpfaMumif;ESifh ouf                    tm;ay;axmufcHaom tpdk;&vufxufwGif pwifjyKvkyfcJhaMumif; 0efBuD;csKyfa[mif;\a&SUae Noppadol
ig;aomif;epfemaMu;ay;rnf[k ajym              qdkif&mt&m&Sdrsm;\ ajymqdkcsufudk                       Paffama u xkwfazmfajymMum;oGm;onf/
qdkrIrsm;&Sdaomfvnf; vufawGUwGif             ud;k um;í a'ocHrsm;uajymMum;onf/                               ]]'Dw&m;pGJqdkrI[m w&m;Oya'pdk;rdk;rIudk csKd;azmufwmyJjzpfw,f}}[k ¤if;uqkdonf/
aqmif&Gufay;jcif;r&Sdao;aMumif;              vQyf p pf p G r f ; tm;0ef B uD ; Xmeurl                       xdkYtjyif tpdk;&ydkif Krung Thai bPf\ qkH;jzwfcsufcsrSwfrItydkif;wGif 0efBuD;csKyfa[mif;onf
¤if;uqdkonf/                                 owif;xkwfjyefjcif;r&Sday/                               rnfonfhtcgrQ yg0ifywfoufrI&Sd[k oufqif\a&SUaeuajymMum;oGm;onf/
         ]]olwdkYajymif;cdkif;wJhae&mu               tqd k y gud p ö E S i f h y wf o uf í                  tqkdygudpötay: Krung Thai bPfu rnfonfhrSwfcsufrS ray;acs/
vnf; awmifukef;awGay:qdkawmh                 The Voice Weekly u atmufwbm              kd                    0efBuD;csKyfoufqifvufxufwGif usef;rma&;apmifha&SmufrIpepfudk aps;oufomatmifjyKvkyfjcif;?
v,fpdkufaewJholawGtwGuf tcuf                 12 &ufaeYwGif aejynfawmfvQyfppf                         acs;aiGxkwf,l&ef vG,fulatmifjyKvkyfjcif;ponfh tcsufrsm;jyKvkyfjcif;aMumifh vlxkaxmufcHrIrsm;&&SdcJh
              dS          D
tcJawG&w,f/ tJ'awmh a'ocHawG                 pGrf;tm;0efBuD;Xme wm0ef&SdolxH                         aomfvnf; xdkif;ppfwyftygt0if awmf0iftodkif;t0dkif;u oufqiftay: vkdvm;rIr&Sday/
bufuawmh &Gma&TUay;rSmr[kwb;/        f l     qufoG,far;jref;cJh&m ¤if;ñTef;qdk                                     hJ                                              f I                D
                                                                                                            ,ckuoYkd 0efBuD;csKyfa[mif;oufqiftay: zrf;0&rf;xkwraMumifh oufqifnr,if;vwfO;aqmifaom        D
      H d f       kd f kd
pDrue;&yfqi;zdYk uyJ awmif;qdom;    k G      csuf t & a&tm;vQyf p pf X meyd k i f ;                     d f k                    k                                                         k kd dk
                                                                                                     xki;tpd;&tzGUJ ESihf w&m;½H;rsm;tMum; ,cifuwnf;uwif;rmaeaom tajctaeonf ydrq;&Gm;oGm;rnfjzpf
r,f}} [k ¤if;uajymMum;onf/                   qdkif&m ñTefMum;a&;rSL;½Hk;cef; zkef;-                  aMumif; owif;wGifazmfjyxm;onf/
         ,if;txufaygif;avmif;qnf             067-411070 odYk qufo,ar;jref;       G f
    D
    48
  The
        VOICE                                                                                                                                                                                          Monday, October 15 - 21, 2012




yJcl;wGif 14 ESpft&G,fuav;i,fudk ½dkufESufppfaq;
       atmuf
yJcl;? atmufwdkbm 12
            aMu;cdk;,lonf[kpGyfpGJcH&ol touf 14 ESpft&G,f armifrif;xufatmifudk yJcl;NrdKUtrSwf (3) &JwyfzGJUpcef;uzrf;qD;í ½dkufESufppfaq;cJhojzifh yJcl;aq;½HkwGif wufa&mufukoae&jcif;
            udpöESifhywfoufí yJcl;c½dkif&JwyfzGJUrSL;u ppfaq;ta&;,loGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
              k   öSf
       tqdygudpreuefygu &Jpnf;urf;                  onf/                                                     Mu,fwpfyGifhyg&Jt&m&Sdu yg;udkxdk;              ajymMum;onf/                                     &JwyfzGJU0ifrsm;taejzifh pHkprf;
t& ta&;,l o G m ;rnf j zpf u m                             ]]ydkufqHaysmufwJhtaMumif;udk                     Budwfjcif;? ajcovHk;udk rsOf;vHk;ESifh                 txufygudpöESifhywfoufí              ppfaq;&ef zrf;qD;xm;olrsm;udk
                   G k
avmavmq,fwif pHprf;ppfaq;rIrsm;                     tJ'Dnu &JuvmajymNyD; uav;udk                             vSdrfhjcif;? 0rf;Adkufudk rsOf;vHk;ESifh½dkuf   The Voice Weekly u yJcl;trSwf              wpfpHkwpf&mESdyfpufn§Of;yef;cGifhr&Sd
jyKvkyf&rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;uajym                    &Jpcef;ydkYay;zdkYajymw,f/ tJvdkajym                     jcif;rsm;jyKvkyfum ppfaq;cJhaMumif;             (3) &JwyfzGJUpcef;odkY ½dkufESufppfaq;     onfhtjyif ½dkufESufppfaq;rIaMumifh
qdkonf/                                             NyD; n 9 em&DavmufrSm uav;udk                            tqdkyguav;udk atmufwdkbm 12                     onfh udpöudkar;jref;cJh&m tqdkygaeY        aoqHk;cJhygu vlowfrIusL;vGef&m
            k f
       ]]wdipm&onfjzpfap? r&onf                     pcef;ac:oGm;w,f/ uRefrwdkYvnf;                           &ufaeYwif The Voice Weekly u oGm;
                                                                                                                         G                                               S J k f S
                                                                                                                                                             u wm0efrL;'k&tyrm c&D;oGm;aeNyD;           a&mufaMumif;? ½dkufESufppfaq;rI
                S       l kfJ
jzpfap ppfrmyg}}[k yJc;c½di&wyfzUJG rSL;            pcef;vdkufawmh &JawG½dkufppfaevdkY                       a&mufawGUqHkpOf ¤if;\tjzpftysuf                 pcef;rSL;rSmvnf; avmavmq,fr&Sd             aMumifh xGufqdkcJhaom 0efcHcsufrsm;
u uwdjyKajymMum;onf/                                uav;idkoHMum;&w,f/ uRefrwdkY                             udk jyefvnfajymqdkonf/                                                        h
                                                                                                                                                             ojzifh ¤if;taejzifh rnfonftaMumif;                      k
                                                                                                                                                                                                        onf w&m;½H;ü trIrajrmufaMumif;
          l           f       G
       yJc;NrdKUtrSw(2) &yfuuf r[m                  (¤if;ESihf uav;rdcif) udk pcef;tjyifrmS                          aiGusyfav;odef;aysmufqHk;                       k      dS
                                                                                                                                                             t&mudrS rod&aMumif; atmufwbm        kd     jynfolYvTwfawmfw&m;Oya'pdk;rdk;
NrdKifvrf;&Sd taqGawmf qdkifu,fa&                   &JuxGufapmifhcdkif;w,f}} [k atmuf                        oGm;ol a&aq;qDxdk;vkyfief;&Sif                  12 &ufaeYu wm0efrSL;'k&Jtkyfu              a&;aumfrwD0ifwpfOD;u ajymMum;
aq;? qDxdk;qdkifwGif atmufwdkbm                         k
                                                    wdbm 9 &ufaeY n 10 em&D0ef;usiu     f                    trsKd;om;url ]]uRefawmfwynfav;h       h         &Sif;vif;ajymqdkonf/                       onf/
9 &ufaeYu aiGusyfav;odef;aysmuf                     &Jpcef;odkYoGm;a&mufcJhol armifrif;                      ygyJ/ ydkufqHawmhjyefrawGUbl;/ &Ju
onfhtay: qdkifydkif&Sifu armifrif;                  xufatmif\ta':u ,if;aeYnu                                 em;&if;awG bmawG½dkufw,fMum;vdkY
xufatmifudk cdk;,lonf[kpGyfpGJum
trSwf (3) &JwyfzGJUpcef;ü trIzGifh
                                                    tjzpftysufudk &Sif;jyonf/
                                                           yJcl;aq;½HkBuD;wGif aq;ukorI
                                                                                                             oem;NyD; aemufaeY (atmufwdkbm
                                                                                                             10 &ufaeY) trIywvuw,f/ 'DaiG
                                                                                                                                  d f kd f                   t*Fvdyf - jrefrmppfyGJwGif
wdkifMum;cJhaMumif; tqdkygpGyfpGJcH&ol              cH,laeaom touf 14 ESpft&G,f                              yrmPavmufawmh vlwdkif;rSm &SdEdkif
\ ta':jzpfola':,OfrsKd;EG,fuqdk                     armifrif;xufatmifu ¤if;udk ycH;wGif
                                                                                      k                      wmyJav}}[k trIywor;jcif;tay:
                                                                                                                                   d f d f                   toHk;jyKcJUaom tajrmufawGY &Sd
                                                                                                                                                                      atmuf
                                                                                                                                                             &efukef? atmufwdkbm 12
                                                                                                                                                                      &efukefNrdKUawmf\ txifu&          9 ay? ajymif;tjyif xdyf0 tcsif; 1
   aiGacwfjrefrmUvufa&G;pif abmvHk;orm; apmbjrifU                                                                                                            ae&mwpfcjk zpfaom jynfoYl&ifjyifwif
                                                                                                                                                             1852 ckESpf0ef;usift*Fvdyf-jrefrm
                                                                                                                                                                                                 G                        d
                                                                                                                                                                                                        ay 5 vufr&SaMumif; ,if;Xmexkwf
                                                                                                                                                                                                        jyefcsuft&od&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                   d        JG
                                                                                                                                                             'kw,ppfyü jrefrmhwyfrawmf toH;        k                 d kH           kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                               a&Tw*apwDwpf0uonf t*Fvyf       d
   avUusifUa&;uGif;twGif; vJus&mrSaoqHk;                                                                                                                     jyKcJhaom ppfoHk;tajrmufwpfvuf
                                                                                                                                                             udk atmufwkdbm 10 &uf eHeufydkif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                        ppfwyftajcpkdufcJhaomae&mjzpfNyD;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 h k H l
                                                                                                                                                                                                        ,if;uJoYkd yHpwtajrmufu,cifu       kd
         atmuf
&efukef? atmufwdkbm 12                                                                                                                                                    d hJ
                                                                                                                                                             wGif awGU&ScaMumif; a&S;a[mif;okaw         awGU&SdcJhzl;ojzifh &Sifapmykvrf;buf
              jrefrmabmvH;k tm;upm; aiGacwf         [k OD;pd;rd;u&Si;vif;ajymMum;onf/
                                                                  k k            f                                  OD;apmbjrihfrSm u&ifvlrsKd;              oe trsK;om;jywkuEihf pmMunfwuf
                                                                                                                                                                        d          d fS     h dk        0ifaygufjynfoYlO,smOfwif jyoxm;  G
[k wifpm;ac:a0:Muonfh 1990                                      ]]uRefawmfwdkYeJY enf;jyBuD;wdkY             wpfOD;jzpfNyD; c&pf,mefbmomudk;                 OD;pD;Xme tBuD;wef;t&m&SdwpfOD;u           aMumif; a&S;a[mif;okawoetrsK;d om;
        f S f              f
jynhEp0ef;usirS jrefrmhvufa&G;pif                   twlupm;aewkef;armw,fuGmqkd                               uG,foljzpf&m uG,fvGefpOftouf                    ajymMum;onf/                               jywkuEihf pmMunhwuO;pD;XmetBuD;
                                                                                                                                                                                                            d fS              f dk f D
abmvHk;toif;\ aemufwef;upm;                                    d f kH
                                                    NyD; xki½cPyJ&ao;w,f/ vJusom;  dS                    G   46 ESpft&G,f&SdNyD; ZeD;ESifhorD;oHk;OD;                 tqkdygtajrmufrSm t&Snf 13         wef;t&m&SwpfO;u ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      d     D
orm;a[mif;wpfOD;jzpfonfh OD;apm                     w,f/ 'geJYteD;qHk;aq;cef;jzpfwJh                         usef&SdcJhaMumif; aqmuforf;jrefrm                                 k
                                                                                                                                                             ay 1 vufr? vH;ywf 10 ay 3 vufr?                   ]]avmavmq,f 0efBuD;Xmeudk
            f
bjrihonf atmufwbmv 12 &uf      dk                        G f
                                                    ykZeawmifurd;oD; txl;ukaq;cef;
                                                                               k                             toif;u xkwfjyefxm;onf/                          xdyf0ajymif;tcsif; 47 pifwDrDwm?           ay;ydkYxm;ygw,f/ &efukefrSmyJ&Sdao;
aeY eHeuf 11 em&DcefYu (Southern)                   udkoGm;wm/ tajctaeraumif;bl;                                                                                     f G f
                                                                                                                                                             usnxuayguftwGi;om; 0 'or   f               w,f}} [k ¤if;uajymMum;onf/
aqmuforf;toif;avhusia&;uGif;           hf           ajymvdkY &efukefaq;½HkBuD;udktoGm;
wGif upm;orm;rsm;ESitwl avhusihf  hf                                  k
                                                    vrf;rSmqH;oGm;w,f}} [kaqmuforf;
                  J
aepOfvusoGm;ojzifh &efueaq;½Hk             k f      jrefrmtoif;acgif;aqmif aZmfcg;u
BuD;odYkyYkaqmifpOf vrf;üuG,veom;
                d
aMumif; jrefrmEkdifiHabmvHk;tzGJUcsKyf
                                          f Gf G    The Voice Weekly udk ajymMum;onf/
                                                                aiG a cwf j ref r mh v uf a &G ; pif
                                                                                                                 e0a';tdrf&mwGif w½kwfEkdifiHom;towfcH&rI
rD'D,mwm0efcHOD;pdk;rdk;u twnfjyK                                  k
                                                    abmvH;orm;a[mif;wpfO;jzpfonfh                  D
ajymMum;onf/
              touf 46 ESpft&G,f&Sd jrefrmh
                                                    OD;apmbjrifhonf 1990 jynfhvGef
                                                    ESpfrsm;u 0if;atmif? rsKd;vdIif0if;?
                                                                                                                 pum;jyeftrsKd;orD;udk zrf;qD;
                                                                                                                 &efukef? atmufwdkbm 12
vufa&G;pifaemufwef;upm;orm;                         vuf&jdS refrmhvufa&G;piftoif;enf;jy
                                                                                                                          vdIifom,mNrdKUe,f (6) &yfuGuf e0a';O,smOfwGif pufwifbmv 10 &ufaeYu touf 50 t&G,f
a[mif;onf ESvHk;a&m*gjzifhaoqHk;                                             h
                                                    tzGUJ 0if wifjrifatmifwYEitwl b@m^     dk S hf
                                                                                                                 w½kwfEdkifiHom; rpöwmavmf&SJarpdrf;aoqHk;rIESifhywfoufí ¤if;\pum;jyeftygt0if oHo,&SdolESpfOD;udk
jcif;jzpfaMumif; jrefrmEkdifiHabmvHk;               tcGefabmvkH;toif;wGif twlupm;
                                                                                                                 zrf;qD;xm;aMumif; &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD; &JwyfzGJUrSL;½Hk;rS &Jt&m&SduajymMum;onf/
tzGJUcsKyfESifh aqmuforf;rS wm0ef&Sd                  h
                                                    cJojl zpfaMumif;ESihf 2009 ckEpf jrefrm            S
                                                                                                                               d       f dk f H                     k f kd f hJ                     f     f l d
                                                                                                                          tqkygw½kwEiiom;xH pum;jyeftjzpfvyuicol touf 30 t&G,f &Sr;w½kwvrsK; a':&if&ifarESihf
olrsm;uajymMum;onf/                                          f          df
                                                    ae&Sie,fv*pwifcserpí aqmuforf;    dfS
                                                                                                                 oli,fcsif;jzpfol OD;0if;udkwkdYu w½kwftrsKd;om;aetdrftdyfcef;wGif bPfpmtkyf0if,l&mrS w½kwftrsKd;om;
              ]]olu aqmuforf;jrefrmtoif;            jrefrmtoif;wGif wJzufenf;jytjzpf     G
                                                                                                                 Ekd;vmpOf aqmif,lvmaom opfom;wkwfjzifh½dkufNyD; yg;pyfxJwGif apmifqkdYxm;um rsufESmudkacgif;tHk;ESifh
          J
rSm wGzufenf;jywm0ef,xm;wmyg/        l              wm0efxrf;aqmifaeoljzpfaMumif;
                                                                                                                 tkyfxm;NyD; bPfpmtkyf&SmazGaepOf NidrfoGm;aMumif;? ,if;bPfpmtkyfudk,loGm;NyD; atmufwkdbmv 11 &uf
toif;om;awGeJYtwl ,kZeO,smOf                        tm;upm;uavmif&if OD;csp0if;armif   S             f
                                                                                                                 aeYwGif bk&ifhaemifuarÇmZbPfrS aiGodef;wpf&mxkwf,loGm;aMumif; &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD; &JwyfzGJUrSL;½Hk;xHrS
                    S d
NrdKUawmfrm&SwhJ ppfawmif;avhusia&;            hf   \ ajymMum;csuft&od&onf/
                                                                                                                 od&onf/
      f                 hf   f
uGi;rSmavhusiaewke; armw,fqNkd yD;                                         kd kH
                                                                ]]tckvq;oGm;wJtcserSm i,f       h df
                                                                                                                          tqkdygpum;jyefudk r&rf;ukef;NrdKUe,f&Sd nDrjzpfol\aetdrfwGif zrf;rdcJhNyD; ¤if;\oli,fcsif;jzpfoludkrl
xkdifaewm/ tJ'DrSmvJusoGm;awmh                      ao;wJhtwGuf ESajrmzkdYaumif;yg
                                                                                                                 vIdifom,mNrdKUe,faetdrfwGif zrf;rdcJhaMumif; ,if;½Hk;rSwm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
aq;½HktoGm;vrf;rSm qHk;oGm;wmyg}}                   w,f}}[k ¤if;uajymqdkonf/
                                                                                                                          w½kwfEkdifiHom;onf ukrÜPDvkyfief;wGif toHk;jyK&eftwGuf pum;jyeftrsKd;orD; a':&if&ifar\trnf
                                                                                                                 jzifh uarÇmZbPfwGif aiGpm&if;zGifhvSpfxm;aMumif;? tqdkygbPfpmtkyfudkrl w½kwfEkdifiHom;uodrf;qnf;xm;
                                    jyifqifzwf½Iyg&ef                                                            aMumif;? a':&if&ifaronf ,if;bPfpmtkyfudkawmif;,l&m w½kwfEdkifiHom;uray;ojzifh vGefcJhaom ESpfvu
             ,aeYxkwf   The Voice Weekly Vol.8/ No. 41 pmrsufESm 22
                                                                                                                 tvkyfrSxGufcJhaMumif;? aiGvkdtyfcsufaMumifh oli,fcsif;jzpfolESifhwkdifyifum ,if;jypfrIusL;vGef
        &Sd 'BUSINESS INTERVIEW' tpm; 'INTERVIEW' [kom jyifqif                                                   cJhjcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;wkdY\xGufqdkcsufrsm;udkudk;um;í &JwyfzGJU0ifwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
        zwf½Iyg&ef/                                                                                                       tqkdygvlowfrIESifhywfoufí vIdifom,m&Jpcef;u (y)1063^12 yk'fr 302 jzifh trIzGifhxm;aMumif;
                                                                                     t,f'Dwm                     &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD; &JwyfzGJUrSL;½Hk;xHrS od&onf/
 Vol.8 / No.41 - October 15 - 21 , 2012                                                                                                          THE VOICE WEEKLY 33




                                                        NEWS
  Monday, October 15 - 21, 2012                                                                                                                                                            VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                         The




KNU tzGJYuGJjyóem                                    ajyvnfrIvrf;pay:
&efukef? atmufwdkbm 11

 u             d               H                                                      f      f   dk f
        &iftrsK;om;tpnf;t½k; (KNU) (A[kd)u xdyfykdif;acgif;aqmifo;kH OD;ukd tzGUJ twGi;rS xkwy,fvuojzihf tiftm;Bu;D rm;onfh KNU tzGUJ twGif; ESpfykdif;uGJoGm;onfh jyóemukd ESpfzufacgif;aqmif
        rsm; rsufESmcsif;qkdiftajz&Sm&ef oabmwlnDrI&oGm;ojzihf KNU tzGJUuGJ jyóemajyvnfrItwGuf vrf;pay:vmNyDjzpfaMumif; A[kdtvkyftrIaqmif OD;ref;Nidrf;armifu The Voice Weekly
okdY ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                     tyfaeonfh Nidrf;csrf;a&;axmufyHh      ygw,f}}[k Nidrf;csrf;a&;pifwmrS          zkd;wkdYbufwGif &yfwnfonfh KNU
                                                                                                     dk f  dk
                                                                                     aMu;rsm; &yfqi;rnfqonfh owif;                  dS l    D   f
                                                                                                                           wm0ef&owpfO;u &Si;jyonf/                 A[kdaumfrwD0ifrsm;\ owif;pm
                                                                                                        f
                                                                                     rsm;vnf; xGuay:vmonf/                       KNU tzGJUtwGif; ajyvnfrI&          &Sif;vif;yGJukdvnf; wpfzuftzGJU\
                                                                                                              hH
                                                                                            ]]aemfa0u axmufyaMu;&yfr,f                             dk
                                                                                                                           oGm;jcif;aMumifh atmufwbmv 13                       d f         d d f
                                                                                                                                                                    awmif;qkcsut& a&TUqki;f vkuaMumif;
                                                                                        d
                                                                                     qkwmrsK;d awmh rMum;ao;ygbl;/ KNU     &ufaeYwGif u&ifjynfe,f? jr0wDNrKdU       OD;ref;Nidrf;armifu qkdonf/
                                                                                          ö
                                                                                     udpu rMumcifajyvnfom;r,f xifG         ü usif;yrnfhAkdvfcsKyfBuD;rlwl;ap;



                                                                                        AkdvfrSL;csKyfausmfaZmpsmye rD;oN*KØ[f
                                                                                        &efukef? atmufwdkbm 11
                                                                                               jrefrmEkdifiHvGwfvyfa&;&&eftwGuf wkdufyGJ0ifpGefYpm;cJhonfh &JabmfokH;usdyf0if AkdvfrSL;csKyfausmfaZm
                                                                                        \½kyfuvmyfukd atmufwdkbm 11 &ufaeY eHeufydkif;wGif ¤if;aexkdif&m w½kwf jynfolYor®wEkdifiH ulrif;NrdKUü
                                                                                        rD;oN*KØ[fvkdufNyD;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;rdom;pk0ifrsm;ESihf eD;pyfolwpfOD;u The Voice Weekly okdY ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                               ,if;psmyetcrf;tem;okdY jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEkdifiHawmfor®w½kH;rS jynfaxmifpk0efBuD; OD;atmifrif;u
                                                                                        vGrf;olUyef;acG ykdYaqmifcJhaMumif; ¤if;u qkdonf/
 "mwfyHk - rdk;ausmfvGif                                                                       jynfcspfyk*dK¾ vf wkdif;jynfNidrf;csrf;apvkdol[k orkwfcH&olwpfa,mufonf wkdif;jynftwGif;wGif acgif;cs
                                                                                        oifhNyD; uG,fvGefoGm;onfhtcg jynfwGif;Nidrf;csrf;a&;? urÇmhNidrf;csrf;a&; pGrf;pGrf;wrHvkyfaqmifolwpfOD;
                                d f
         ]]uRefawmfwYdkbufu uk,pm;       &mrS ESpfzufacgif;aqmifrsm; rsufESm            taeESihf t½kd;tkd;ukd a&Twd*kHbk&m;ajc&if;&Sd ocifukd,fawmfrIdif;tkwf*lab;wGif xm;oihfaMumif; Armjynf
       f         d
vS,awGeYJ [kbuftzGUJ awG awGUMu          csif;qkdif tajz&Sm&ef oabmwlnDrI               uGefjrLepfygwD\ xkwfjyefaMunmcsufwGif azmfjyyg&Sdonf/
w,f/ tckjzpfNyD;oGm;wmawG oifye;    kf   &oGm;jcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqkonf/  d                  ]]t½kd;tkd;eJY ywfoufNyD; olYrdom;pku qkH;jzwfygvdrhfr,f}} [k ArmjynfuGefjrLepfygwDrS ajyma&;qkdcGifh
                      S H D
acsr,f rsufEmpkntpnf;ta0;jyef                     u&iftrsK;d om;tpnf;t½k;H (KNU)        &Sdolu qkdonf/
               G f
ac:NyD; nDnwa&;a&S;½INyD; tajz&SmzkYd    A[kdu u&iftrsKd;om; vGwfajrmuf                          d fS f f                            S
                                                                                               AkvrL;csKyausmaZm\rdom;pkEifh eD;pyfowpfO;url ]]t½k;jymukawmh rdom;pku xde;odr;NyD;awmh Ekiiawmf
                                                                                                                                            l    D       d    d                 f f          dfH
olwYdkbufu oabmwlw,f/ olwYdk             a&; wyfrawmf (KNLA) ppfOD;pD;csKyf                                                      D                              d         d
                                                                                        tajymif;tvJay:rlwnfNyD; qufppOfr,f}}[k rdom;pk0ifwYdk \ajymqkcsufudk uk;um;um jyefvnfajymjyonf/
                         H
bufu arwåm&yfcwmu tckvyr,fh      kf      AkvcsKyfBuD;rlw;ap;zk;? A[kw&m;a&;
                                           d f              l    d    d                        tqkdygtaMumif;t&mESifh ywfoufí AkdvfrSL;csKyfausmfaZm\om;jzpfol OD;atmifausmfaZmxH
owif;pm&Sif;vif;yGJukd a&TUqkdif;zkdY                d
                                         Xmeu z'ka';ApfaxmESihf vlr0efxrf;I             tBudrfBudrfqufoG,faomfvnf; qufoG,fír&ao;ay/
             H
arwåm&yfcw,f}}[k ¤if;uqkonf/d            ES i h f u,f q ,f a &;Xme wm0ef c H                   AkvrL;csKyfausmfaZmonf ukvee,fcsJUqefYusifa&;? vGwvyfa&;wkuyEifh zufqpfawmfvea&;wkYd wif
                                                                                                  d f S                            d dk D                  f        d f JG S             S f       G
         xkwfy,fxm;onfh xdyfykdif;           d
                                         z'ka&m*smcifwYdkudk wm0efrS &yfpvuf  J dk      xif&Sm;onfh wyfrSL;wpfOD;jzpfouJhodkY EkdifiHwGif;okdY usL;ausmfajccsvmaom ulrifwefw½kwfjzLwyfrsm;ukd
                   Hk         f
acgif;aqmifo;OD;ukd jyefvnfvufcH         jcif;ukd KNLA wGif wyfr[mckepf                 ajymifajrmufpGm wkdufxkwfay;Ekdifonfh pGrf;aqmifcsufaMumifh wkdif;jynf\ol&Jaumif;tjzpf jynfwGif;jynfyrS
a&;ukd rsufESmpkHnDtpnf;ta0;wGif         ck&Sd&m wyfr[m 1? wyfr[m 4?                    todtrSwfjyKcH&olvnf;jzpfonf/
  d dI f              dS
n§Ei;oGm;&ef&aMumif; ¤if;u quf           wyfr[m 6? wyfr[m 7ESihf A[kd                          AkdvfrSL;csKyfausmfaZmuG,fvGefjcif;twGuf xkdif;EkdifiHtajcpkduf EkdifiHa&;tzGJUtpnf;rsm;u o0PfvTm
          Sf
vuf&i;jyonf/                             aumfrwD0ifrsm;u vufrcHojzihf                   toD;oD;ay;ydkYMuaMumif; ,if;tzGJUrsm;xHrS od&onf/
         KNU A[kdaumfrwD 45OD;wGif       KNU tzGJUtwGif; ESpfjcrf;uGJonfh                      AkdvfrSL;csKyfausmfaZmonf touf 93 ESpf atmufwdkbmv 10&ufaeY jrefrmpHawmfcsdef eHeuf3em&D
17OD;om wufa&mufojzihf KNU zGUJ          jyóemrsm; ay:aygufvmjcif;jzpf                  30 rdepfwGif w½kwfjynfolYor®wEkdifiH ,leefjynfe,f ulrif;NrKdUüuG,fvGefcJhonf/
pnf;ykHpnf;rsOf;t& tpnf;ta0;             onf/                                                  ruG,fvGefrDu a&Twd*kHbk&m;okdY vma&mufzl;ajrmf&efqE´&SdaMumif; xkwfazmfajymqkdcJhaomfvnf; ¤if;\
usif;yí r&aMumif;? ,if;aMumifh                    ,if; KNU tzGUJ twGi;f jyóem           qE´rjynfh0cJhay/
usefwpfzufu vma&mufurf;vSrf;             rsm;aMumifh aemfa0EkdifiH axmufyHhay;
      4
The
      VOICE                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Monday, October 15 - 21 , 2012



                                                                           EDITORIAL




                         aumvm[vESifU EkdifiHom;wkdh\ wm0ef                                                                                                        a':atmifqef;pkMunf
                  NyD;cJaom&ufyi;twGi;u yk*vubPfwpfcEiywfoufaom aumvm[vwpf&yfaMumifh wpfEkdifiHvkH;&Sd
                              h              kd f         f         ¾ d
      tqdkygbPfcGJrsm;wGif aiGxkwfolrsm;ESifh jynfhESufoGm;cJhygonf/ ukefcJhonfh 2011 ckESpfuvnf; tqdkyg
                   JG S hf                                                  k G f
      bPfcEiywfoufaom aumvm[vwpfcxucNhJ yD;jzpfygonf/ jrefrmEdiiwif aumvm[vrsm; xGuay:
                                                                                     k S hf

                                                                                                                     k f H G                                   f
                                                                                                                                                                   w½kwfokdh oGm;a&mufvkd
                                                                                                                                                                   &efukef? atmufwdkbm 8
                  kf                                                  l l k
      vmwdi; aumvm[vtay: jynfovxu wkYHjyefyrm ESprsK;ESppm;&Sygonf/ yxrwpfrsK;rSm aumvm[vHk S f d f d                                        d
                                 k f kd f
      owif;udk ud,wi,MHk unfouJoYkdjzpfNyD; qufvufjzefYa0um wkYHjyefjcif;ESihf 'kw,wpfrsK;rSm aumvm[vudk
      oHo,pdwfjzifh qifjcifokH;oyfwHkYjyefjcif; jzpfygonf/
                                                                h                                                               d        d
                                                                                                                                                                            di HESi
                                                                                                                                                                   jref rmEkwfifjynfhf oe,fr®wdwdifcfisifHE;Sixdpyfaeonfh urÇmYvlOD;;a&trsm;qkH;f
                                                                                                                                                                        w½k
                                                                                                                                                                                            edr
                                                                                                                                                                                         lYo Ek               fh qufqHa&;rSmta&;BuD onfhtwGu
                  rsm;pGmaomvlwdkYonf yxrtrsKd;tpm;wGifomyg0ifNyD; tenf;i,faom vlwdkYonfom 'kwd,                                                                   w½kwfEkdifiHokdY oGm;a&mufvnfywfvkdaMumif; trsKd;om;'Drkdua&pDtzJGUcsKyf
      trsKd;tpm;wGif yg0ifygonf/ jrefrmEdkifiHwGif yxrtrsKd;tpm;&SdolwdkYonf aumvm[vxGufxGufcsif;                                                                  Ouú| a':atmifqef;pkMunfu ajymMum;onf/
      qef? qD? qm; uJhodkY tajccHpm;ukefrsm; yrmPrsm;rsm; 0,f,lodkavSmifxm;jcif;? bPfaumvm[vjzpfygu                                                                                                                                                       "mwfyHk - rdk;ausmfvGif
      bPf&SdaiGrsm; tajy;tvTm;xkwf,ljcif; pojzifh jyKrlwwfMuygonf/ 'kwd,trsKd;pm;url owif;tcsuf
      tvuf ckdifrmrI&Sd r&Sd apmaMumpkHprf;um ckdifvHkwdusrIr&Sdygu rdrdESifh ywf0ef;usif&Sdolrsm;udk pdk;&drfaomu
      rjzpfMu&ef tusKd;taMumif;oifh &Sif;jywwfolrsm;jzpfygonf/ þae&mwGif yxrtrsKd;tpm;ESifh 'kwd,
      trsKd;tpm;uGmjcm;csufrSm qifjcifcsifhcsdef okH;oyfpOf;pm;EdkifrI pGrf;&nfjzpfygonf/
                  rSefygonf/ todynma&csdeftay:rlwnfum BuKHawGYvmaom tcuftcJ? jyóemrsm;udk &ifqdkifMu
      onfrSm ouf&Sdowå0gwdkY\ ADZpdwfjzpfygonf/ vlom;wdkYtwGufrl wd&pämefrsm;xuf omvGefaom
      pOf;pm;awG;ac:rIrsm;&Sdygonf/ ,if;rSm trsm;twGuf? rdrdywf0ef;usiftwGuf? rdrdEdkifiHtwGufESifh rdrd
      vlYtzGJYtpnf;twGuf? vlom;vlYabmifavmuwpfckvkH;twGuf pojzifh xnfhoGif;pOf;pm;rIrsm;pGm &Sdygonf/
      xkdodkY xnfhoGif;pOf;pm;EdkifrIpGrf;&nf rsm;pGmjrifhrm;olrsm;onf NyD;cJhaom&ufydkif;u xGufay:cJhaom bPf                                                              atmufwkdbmv 8 &ufaeYu                                     ESifhawGUqHkpOf or®w&mxl;ESifh ywf
      aumvm[vrsKd;qdkygu xdkbPfwGif tyfESHxm;aom rdrdydkifESifh rdrdukrÜPD? tzGJYtpnf;ydkifaiGrsm;udk xkwf,l                                                       trsKd ; om;'D r d k u a&pD t zG J U csKyf ½ H k ; ü               ouf í rd r d t aejzif h ajym&vQif
                                                                                                                                                                           f
                                                                                                                                                                   jyKvkyonfh owif;pm&Si;vif;yGwif f         J G                             l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     jynforsm;\ oabmxm;om t"du
      jcif;rjyKonfhtjyif tajctae&Sdygu aemufxyfwdk;jr§ifhtyfESHjcif;? aiGpkpmtkyftopfzGifhjcif;wdkYjzifh tm;ay;                                                    tzGUJ csKyfOuú| a':atmifqef;pkMunf                                jzpfaMumif; a':atmifqef;pkMunftay:
      ulnDonfhoabmrsKd;txd wkHYjyefwwfMuygonf/                                                                                                                                    D
                                                                                                                                                                   u owif;rD',mrsm;ukd ,if;odYk ajym                                                  f f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     oabmxm; rSwcsuay;xm;onf/
                  aumvm[vaMumifh bPfwpfcktajctaeqdk;oGm;ygu avmufavmufvm;vm; pD;yGm;a&;tiftm;                                                                      Mum;jcif;jzpfonf/                                                        a':atmif q ef ; pk M unf \
      r&Sdao;bJ enf;vrf;aygif;pkHjzifh &yfwnf&efBudK;pm;ae&aom jrefrmEdkifiH yk*vdubPfavmuESifh pD;yGm;a&;                ¾                                                ,if;okdYajymqdkcJhaomfvnf;                                Oa&myc&D ; pOf t wG i f ; wd b uf
      e,fy,fBuD;wpfckvkH;yg 'dkrDEdkoDtdk&Doabmt& qifhuJxdcdkufoGm;Edkifp&m&Sdaeygonf/ xdktajctaeudk                                                                                      f dk f H
                                                                                                                                                                   vwfwavm w½kwEiioYdk oGm;a&muf                                     bkef;awmf BuD; 'vdkif;vm;rm;ESifh
      yk*Kd¾ vfa&; tmCmw? emMunf;rIESifh tvJxdk;vdkpdwfwdkYjzifh &nf&G,fcsuf&Sd&Sd aumvm[vxkwfvTifholwdkY                                                          &ef tpDtpOfr&Sdao;aMumif; ¤if;u                                   NAdwdefEdkifiH vef'efNrdKUü 2012ckESpf
      em;vnfEdkifpGrf;&Sdrnfr[kwfay/ tjcm;wpfzufwGifvnf; EdkifiH\vuf&Sd'Drdkua&pDtajymif;tvJrsm; aMumifh                                                           qkdonf/                                                               f               G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ZGev 19&uf aeYwif awGUqHconf/  k hJ
      tcGifhta&;? vkyfydkifcGifh? &mxl;? pnf;pdrfrsm; avsmhyg;oGm;rnf[k tpdk;&drfBuD;aeolrsm;u 'Drdkua&pD                                                                  ygwDacgif;aqmifwpfOD;tae                                                             J G kfH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            owif;pm&Si;f vif;yGwif Ediiawmf
      tajymif;tvJudk vdkvm;ESpfoufjcif;r&SdbJ enf;rsKd;pkHjzifh ckcHwwfMuygonf/ tcktcHrsm;olwdkYu                                                                  ESihf or®wvkyf0Hhonfh owdå&SdaMumif;                              zGJUpnf;yHk tajccHOya'udk tjrefqHk;
                                                                                                                                                                   vnf; ¤if;uqkdonf/                                                                   k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     jyifqifrnf[k qdaomfvnf; jyifqif
      'Drdkua&pDtoGifajymif;umv jrefrmEdkifiH\ t"dua'gufwdkifBuD;ESpfck ,dkifeJYoGm;ap&ef &nf&G,fcsuf&Sd&Sd                                                                or®wBuD; OD;odef;pdef\ tar                                rnfhtaMumif;t&m? tcsdefwdkYESifh
      aumvm[vxkwfvTifhjcif;rsKd;qdkygu EdkifiHom;tm;vkH; txl;owdBuD;BuD;xm;&efvdkygonf/ rodpdwfjzifh                                                               &duef c&D;pOfwGif jynfyrD'D,mrsm;                                 ywfoufí ajymqdkcJhjcif;r&Sday/
      aumvm[vudk oHa,mifvdkufum tpdk;&drfBuD;BuD; rwkHYjyefMu&efvkdygonf/ rdrdydkifaiGudk bPfrSxkwfr,l
      jcif;jzifh ,if;bPfwpfckwnf;udkomru EdkifiHawmf\bPfvkyfief;e,fy,fBuD;wpfckvkH;udkyg tultnD
                                                                  G          H                       k
      ay;&ma&mufygonf/ ,if;bPfwif aiGxyfrtyfEjHS cif;? aiGppmtkytopfzijhf cif;jzifvnf; Ediiwnfaqmufa&;   f         G              h        k f H
      vkyfief;pOfBuD;wGif wpfaxmifhwpfae&mrS ulnDEdkifygonf/
                  bPfwdkY\ tajccHoabmrSm tyfESHaiGrsm;udk tjcm;wpfzufwGif vkyfief;vkyfudkifolrsm;udk jyefvnf
                                                                                                                                                                        KIA ESifU Nidrf;csrf;a&;
      xkwfacs;jcif;jzpfygonf/ xkdYxufykdvGefpGmajym&ygu bPfwdkYonf jynfolvlxktyfESHaiGrsm;udk EdkifiHwGif;
      vSnfhywfokH;pGJrIrsm; jrefqefoGufvufap&ef? tvkyftudkiftcGifhtvrf;rsm; wdk;yGm;vmap&ef? EdkifiHom;                                                                 qufvufaqG;aEG;&ef tpk;d &urf;vSr;f
      wpfOD;csif;pD\ 0,f,lokH;pGJEdkifpGrf;jrifhrm;vmap&ef qyGm;enf;jzifh jzefYa0okH;pGJaejcif;jzpfygonf/ xkdYaMumifh                                                            atmuf
                                                                                                                                                                        vm;½dI;? atmufwdkbm 11
      bPfwi;wGif tyfExm;aom aiGyrmPtwdi; &SraeMuyg/ wpfcsdewnf;? wpf&ufwnf;wGif tyfExm;aom
                      kd f                HS                                   k f d                           f                                      HS                             wyfrawmfESifh wdkufyGJrsm;qufwdkufjzpfyGm;aeonfh KIA (ucsif
      aiGrsm;udk tvk;t&if;vmxkwygu rnfonfbPfrQ MumMumxkway;Ekirnfr[kway/ aumvm[vaMumifh
                                   H                        f                   h                          f d f                    f                                   vGwfajrmufa&;wyfrawmf) ESifh Nidrf;csrf;a&;aqG;aEG;rIrsm; qufvuf
      bPfwpfcktajctaeqdk;oGm;ygu csdwfqufaeaom bPfvkyfief;ESifh aiGaMu;avmu? b@ma&;e,fy,fESifh                                                                          jyKvkyfoGm;&eftqdkjyKcsufwpf&yf atmufwdkbmv 10&ufaeYu ay;ydkY
      pD;yGm;a&;u@BuD;wpfckvkH; xdkrSonf EdkifiHa&;tusyftwnf;txd qdkufa&mufoGm;Edkifygonf/ xdktajctae                                                                   xm;aMumif; or®w½Hk;0efBuD; OD;atmifrif;u The Voice Weekly \
                                                                                                                                                                        ar;jref;rIudk jyefvnfajzMum;onf/
      udk od&Sdol apwemqdk;&SdoltcsKdUu &nf&G,fcsuf&Sd&Sd aumvm[vxkwfvTifhwwfonfudk EdkifiHom;tm;vkH;                                                                                                     kd
                                                                                                                                                                                     atmufwbmv 11 &ufaeY eHeufyi;u &Sr;jynfe,fajrmufyi;  kd f          f                                kd f
      trsKd;om;a&;pdwf"mwftajccHum pOf;pm;qifjcifÚmPfjzifh owd&Sd&Sd wkHYjyefMu&efvdkygonf/                                                                                      I               f f
                                                                                                                                                                        vm;½d;NrdKUwGiusi;yaom SSA/SSPP ESihf jynfaxmifptqifNh idr;csr;a&;                    k                f f
                  EdkifiHwpfck tcsdefwdktwGif; BuD;yGm;wdk;wuf&efrSm xdkEdkifiH\ EdkifiHa&;ESifh pD;yGm;a&;u@ESpf&yfu                                                                     J
                                                                                                                                                                        aqG;aEG;yGü KIA ESihf Nidr;csrf;a&; qufvufaqG;aEG;&ef urf;vSr;xm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   f                                                             f
      txl;ta&;BuD;ygonf/ xdkYtwl xdku@ESpf&yfonf tjyeftvSeftm;jzifh trSDo[JjyKae&ygonf/ vuf&Sd                                                                          onfqdkaom owif;ESifhywfoufí The Voice Weekly \ ar;jref;rI
      jrefrmEdii\ tajymif;tvJrsm;udMk unfvQiyif pD;yGm;a&;rl0g'rsm;udk aAGaqmfO; jyKjyifajzavQmh ay;cJonfukd
                     k f H                                              h f                                                   D                          h              udk0efBuD;u ,if;odkYjyefvnfajzMum;jcif;jzpfonf/
      awGYjrifEiygonf/ Ediirsm;pGmwdYk \ pD;yGm;a&;onf xdEiiwYkd&dS aiGaMu;qdi&mrl0g'ESihf b@ma&;ay:vpDwYkdu
                         kd f                  k f H                                        k kd f H             k f                                                                 ]]Nidrf;csrf;a&;qufvufaqG; aEG;zdkY KIA udk tqdkjyKcsuf ay;ydkY
      tc&musygonf/ xdEpcukd axmufray;xm;onfrm bPfpepfjzpfygonf/ xdbPfpepftay: jynfovx\
                                                k S f k                                S                                    k                              l l k        xm;ygw,f/ aqG;aEG;r,fhae&meJY tcsdefawmh n§dEdIif;aew,f}} [k
      ,kMH unfravsmhusoGm;ygu BuD;rm;aom pD;yGm;a&;jyóemESihf &ifqif &wwfygonf/ xdoYkd rjzpfap&eftwGuf
                            I                                                                               kd                         k                                                                f
                                                                                                                                                                        jynfaxmifpNk idr;csrf;a&;azmfaqmif a&; vkyief;aumfrwD 'kw,Ouú|        f                              d
                                                                                                                                                                        vnf;jzpfol OD;atmifrif;u ajym Mum;onf/
             k                  f fIS                   f                k
      tpd;&\ tkycsKyrEihf vGwuif;aom A[dbPfpepfjzifh rQajcjzpfatmif xde;uGy&ygonf/ jrefrmEdiiwivnf;               f f                            k f H G f                           tpdk;&bufrS ay;ydkYxm;aom urf;vSrf;csufudk &&Sdxm;aMumif;?
      tajccHtm;jzifh xdktwdkif;usifhokH;aomfvnf; A[dkbPfrSmrl ,aeYtxd oD;jcm;rjzpfao;ay/                                                                                taMumif;jyefMum;&eftwGufudkrl atmufwdkbmv 12 &ufaeYwGif
                  ESpfaygif;twefMum yGifhvif;jrifomrIr&Sdaom pepfatmufwGif aexdkifvmcJhaom jrefrmEdkifiHom;rsm;                                                                k            f
                                                                                                                                                                        A[dtvkytrIaqmiftpnf;ta0;ac:,lNyD; qH;jzwfom;rnf jzpf aMumif;              k         G
      pdk;&drfaomuBuD;um aumvm[vrsm;udk ,kHrSwfrSm;wwfjcif;udkvnf; tjypfwifír&yg/ rMumao;cifu                                                                                                           df f                  d
                                                                                                                                                                        ucsijf ynfe,fNir;csr;a&;tusK;awmfaqmif OD;vrdi*r*sm u &Si;jyonf/              kfGf                 f
               hJ                                             f
      jzpfcaom bPfaumvm[vwGivnf; pepfq;kd \MoZmoufa&mufraMumifh oHo,pdwBf u;D aeqJ jrefrmjynfoltcsKdU  I                                                                             ]]t&ifwpfcg autdkifatbufu a&TvDrSmawGUr,f/ 'kcsKyfrS
      tpdk;&drfBuD;pGm aiGrsm;xkwf,lcJhMuaomfvnf; ,if;pepfqdk;ESifhrwlaom yGifhvif;jrifomrI &Sdvmonfh rD'D,m                                                                       f            k f JG         kd f                 f k f l kd
                                                                                                                                                                        r[kwb;l / wduyukd &yfEiatmif trdeYay;Edioq&w,f/ aqG;aEG;r,fqNkd yD;
      rsm;ESifh oufqdkif&m yk*¾vdubPf? A[dkbPfwdkYu csufcsif;qdkovdk owif;xkwfjyef&Sif;vif;cJhMuojzifh                                                                                                       d
                                                                                                                                                                        taMumif;jyefxm;wm&Sw,f/ tckay;ydYkw[mudawmh A[dtvkytrIaqmif   hJ            k              k     f
      tcsdefwdktwGif; jyefvnfwnfNidrfoGm;cJhygonf/                                                                                                                                                   k D         k          S
                                                                                                                                                                        tpnf;ta0;xdiNf y;rS qH;jzwfrmjzpfygw,f}} [k ¤if;uqdonf/                                      k
                  aumvm[vrsm;onf yGifhvif;jrifomrIr&SdcJhaom pepfqdk;wkdYwGifom EdkifiHtay:xdcdkufrI BuD;rm;Edkif                                                                               kf                     h D G
                                                                                                                                                                                     autdiattaejzifa&Tvwif aqG;aEG;í rl0g'wpfck csrwNf yD;ygu                          S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  G
                                                                                                                                                                        jrpfBuD;em; odYkr[kwf aejynfawmfwif qufvufaqG;aEG;rnfjzpfaMumif;
      NyD; yGifhvif;jrifomrI&Sdvmaom 'Drdkua&pDvlYtzGJYtpnf;wdkYwGifrl xdcdkufrIenf;yg;wwfygonf/ rsm;pGm                                                                           kf                 d                 f kd f G f
                                                                                                                                                                        autdiat 'kw,ppfO;D pD;csKyAvcsKyf*rarmfu pufwifbmvukeyi;ü                                                 f kd f
      ta&;BuD;onfrSm aumvm[vudkwkHYjyefaom jynfolvlxk\ todynma&csdefjzpfygonf/ trsKd;om;a&;                                                                             The Voice Weekly ESifh awGUqHkpOfajymMum;onf/
      pdwf"mwfjzifh wpfwyfwpftm; yg0ifulnDEdkifjcif;r&SdvQifyif rdrdaMumifh bPfavmu? aiGaMu;ay:vpD? b@m                                                                                       k                      S
                                                                                                                                                                                     tpd;&wyfrawmfEihf KIA wdYkonf wduypwifconfh 2011 ckEpf k f JG              hJ                        S
      a&;ay:vpDESifh pD;yGm;a&;? EdkifiHa&;u@BuD;rsm; xdcdkufroGm;ap&ef EdkifiHom;wpfa,muftaeESifh wm0ef&Sd                                                                  f                     S
                                                                                                                                                                        ZGev 8 &ufEihf 9 &ufrS pwifum 2012 ckEpf pufwifbmvuketxd                S                                  f
      aeygaMumif; txl;owday;vdkygonf/                                                                                                                                       k f JG                                              G h
                                                                                                                                                                        wduyaygif; 2000 0ef;usijf zpfym;cJaMumif; autditrS ajyma&;qdcihf                 k f kd                        k G
                                                                                                                                  t,f'Dwm (11-10-2012)                    d
                                                                                                                                                                        &Sol OD;veefuajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     5
  Monday, October 15 - 21, 2012                                                                                                                                                                                               VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            The




 INSTITUTIONAL




jrefrmudk EdkifiHwumb@ma&;tzGJYtpnf;rsm; axmufyHUEdkifrnfUOya'
tdkbm;rm;vufrSwfa&;xdk;
           atmuf
0g&Sifwef? atmufwdkbm 6

urÇmh bPfp;k ay;vdukiNf yDfijHwum b@ma&;tzGJUeftdrfjzLawmf\ owiffi;xkay:fjyefcsufudk rsm; ydkrdkazy;Edkiwif;h wGif azmfjyxm;onf/ uefor®wtdkbm;rm;u atmufwdkbmv 5 &ufaeYwGif vufrwf
      a&;xd
             aom Ed
                  k zpfaMumif; tar&du
                                             tpnf;rsm;u jrefrmEdki Ht tultnD
                                                                     w               attuf fyDo
                                                                                                        frnf Oya'wpf&yfudk tar&d                                                S

         jref r mEd k i f i H w G i f t&yf o m;   cJhNyD;jzpfonf/                                 u ulnDaxmufyHhEdkifap&ef vrf;yGifh                 tpnf;rsm;rS acs;aiGrsm;udk 1980                tzGJUrsm;\ rl0g'rsm;? vufawGU
tpd k ; &wuf v mNyD ; aemuf or® w                          tar&duefor®w\ ,ckuoYkd       hJ        oGm;apcJhonf/                                      jynf h E S p f a emuf y d k i f ; umvrsm;u     vkyfaqmifrIrsm;tay: tar&du u
OD;odef;pdef\ EdkifiHa&;? pD;yGm;a&;jyK           vufrSwfa&;xdk;rIaMumifh EdkifiHwum                       tar&duefuGef*&ufu jrefrm                  aemufqHk;&,lcJhjcif;jzpfonf/                   0ifa&mufyHkazmfEdkifrnfjzpfonf[k
jyifajymif;vJrIrsm;udk tm;ay;onfh                 b@ma&;tzGJUtpnf;rsm;&Sd tar                     EdkifiHtay: EdkifiHwumb@ma&;                               ,ckjzpf&yfaMumifh jrefrm EdiiH   k f   tar&duefvufaxmufb@ma&;
taejzifh tar&dueftpdk;&u jrefrm                   &d u ef u d k , f p m;vS , f r sm;taeES i f h   tzGJUtpnf;rsm;u acs;aiGtultnD                      wGif aumif;rGefaom tpdk;&tkyfcsKyf                               kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                    0efBuD; eD;vf0vifu ajymMum;onf/
EdkifiHtay: ,cifucsrSwfxm;aom                     jrefrmEdkifiHudk urÇmhbPfuJhodkYaom             rsm;ay;Edkifrnfh Oya'udk NyD;cJhonfh               a&;ESifh aumif;rGefaom pD;yGm;a&;                      ,ckESpf Zlvdkifvuwnf;u
ta&;,lydwfqdkYrIrsm;udk z,f&Sm;ay;                EdkifiHwumb@ma&;tzGJUtpnf;rsm;                  vaESmif;ydkif;u twnfjyK jy|mef;                    rl0g'rsm; csrSwfEdkif&ef ydkrdkcdkifrm         ,cifu ta&;,lydwfyifxm;aom
                                                                                                  ay;cJhNyD;aemuf tar&duefor®w                       aom tifpwDusL;&Sif;rsm;jzpf atmif              tar&duefukrÜPDrsm; jrefrmEdkifiH
  SECURITY
                                                                                                  tdkbm;rm;u ,ckvufrSwfa&;xdk;                       taxmuf t yH h a y;oG m ;Ed k i f r nf j zpf                 D f HS G hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                    wGif &if;ES;jr§KyEcir&Sjd cif;udk y,fzsuf

avmydwpuf½HkteD; ajrjr§Kyfrdkif;rsm;                                                              cJhjcif;jzpfonf/
                                                                                                           jrefrmEdkifiHu urÇmhbPfESifh
                                                                                                  tm&SzGHUNzdK;a&;bPfrsm;odkY 2013
                                                                                                                                                     aMumif ; tar&d u ef b @ma&;
                                                                                                                                                     0efBuD;Xmeu ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                        k
                                                                                                                                                             or®w tdbm;rm; ,cktwnfjyK
                                                                                                                                                                                                    ay;cJhNyD; ,ckESpf pufwifbmvu
                                                                                                                                                                                                    vnf; jrefrmydkYukefrsm; tar&duodkY
                                                                                                                                                                                                    wifydkY a&mif;cscGifhydwfyifxm;jcif;udk

a'ocHrsm; xdwfvefh                                                                                    Sf kf
                                                                                                  ckEprwdirD jyefqyf&rnfh a<u;NryrmP
                                                                                                  tar&duefa':vmoef; 900 cefYudk
                                                                                                  vnf; avQmfypf&ef tm&SzGHUNzdK;a&;
                                                                                                                                         D           vuf r S w f a &;xd k ; aom Oya'ud k
                                                                                                                                                     vufawGU taumiftxnfazmfjcif;
                                                                                                                                                     jzifh jrefrmEdkifiHwGif jyKvkyfvsuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                    y,fzsuf ay;cJhonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                            xdkYjyif jrefrmor®wOD;odef;pdef
                                                                                                                                                                                                    ESifh jynfolYvTwfawmfOuú| ol&
         atmuf
&efukef? atmufwdkbm 10
        avmyd w a&tm;vQyf p pf                              ,if;odkYajrjr§Kyfrdkif;rsm; csxm;                               JG k f
                                                                                                  bPf ESihf vufwvyaqmifom;rnf              G         &S d a om jyKjyif a jymif ; vJ r I r sm;       OD;a&Tref;wdkYESpfOD;\ EdkifiH&yfjcm;&Sd
                      kH
"mwftm;ay;puf½teD;ESihf "mwftm;                   rIESifh ywfoufí u&ifeDtrsKd;om;                 [k urÇmhbPfu ajymMum;onf/                          wdk;wufrI&Sdvmap&ef urÇmhbPf                   ydkifqdkifrIrsm; &,lcGifhudkvnf; cGifhjyK
ay;vdkif;ausmufwdkifrsm;wGif vHkNcHK              wdk;wufa&;ygwD? u&ifeDvlYtzGJU                           jref r mEd k i f i H u tqd k y gtzG J U   uJhodkYaom EdkifiHwumb@ma&;                    ay;cJhonf/
a&;t& jr§ K yf E S H x m;onf q d k a om                               f      S
                                                  tpnf;rsm; uGe&ufEihf u,ef;vli,f
ajrjr§Kyfrdkif;rsm;aMumifh a'ocHrsm;              tzGUJ rsm;? a'ocHrsm;uvnf; u,m;                       POLITICS
twGuf xdcdkufrIrsm;jzpfay:Edkifonfh               jynfe,ftpdk;&udk wifjyawmif;qdkrI
twGuf xdwvefYaeaMumif; u,ef;
                f
vli,ftzGJUrS OD;vTD;pDNidrf;u ajym
                                                  rsm; jyKvkyfcJhaMumif;? qufvufí
                                                  vnf; ajrjr§Kyfrdkif;rsm; z,f&Sm;ay;&ef                 k f JG                                    kd
                                                                                                       wduyrsm;xyfrjzpf&ef tpd;k &ESiUf SSA ajrmufyi;f oabmwl
Mum;onf/                                                      k
                                                  awmif;qdrnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;tzGUJ rsm;                &efukef? atmufwdkbm 11
        tqdkyga&tm;vQyfppfpuf½Hk                  \ tqdkt& od&Sd&onf/                                           jynfaxmifpktqifh typftcwf&yfpJa&; vufrSwfa&;xdk;xm;aomfvnf; ESpfzufwyfrsm;Mum;
teD;odYk a'ocHrsm;ESihf uR?J EGm;wd&pämef                   ,if;owif;ESifh ywfoufí                     wdkufyGJrsm; rMumcPjzpfyGm;vsuf&Sdaom tpdk;&wyfrawmfESifh &Srf;jynfwdk;wufa&;ygwD &Srf;jynfwyfrawmf
rsm; r0ifa&mufEdkifatmif vHkNcHKa&;               avmydwa&tm;vQyfppftrSwf (1) rS                       ajrmufydkif; (SSA/SSPP) wdkYtMum; wdkufyGJrsm; xyfrHrjzpfyGm;ap&ef oabmwlnDcsuf vufrSwfa&;xdk;
t& jr§KyfESHxm;aom ajrjr§Kyfrdkif;rsm;            puf½HkrSL;udk qufoG,far;jref;cJhNyD;                 vdkufaMumif; atmufwdkbmv 11 &ufaeYu vm;½dI;NrdKUwGif usif;yjyKvkyfcJhonfh jynfaxmifpktqifh
aMumifh a'ocHrsm; oGm;vma&; cufcJ                 xdkolrS ,if;owif;udk jyefvnfajz                      Nidrf;csrf;a&;aqG;aEG;yGJ ü ESpfzufacgif;aqmifrsm;u xkwfjyefaMunmonf/
ae&NyD; "mwftm;ay;vdi; ausmufwif
                         kf             kd        Mum;Edkifjcif;r&SdaMumif;ESifh xdkol\                         tpdk;&wyfrawmfESifh &Srf;jynfwyfrawmfajrmufydkif;wdkYonf jynfaxmifpktqifh typftcwf&yfpJa&;
rsm;wGifvnf; ajrjr§Kyfrdkif;rsm;xm;               ñTef;qdkcsuft& u,m;jynfe,f                           vufrSwfa&;xdk;rItNyD; e,fajrusL;ausmfrIrsm;aMumifh wdkufyGJaygif; 30 ausmf xyfrHjzpfyGm;cJhaMumif; SSA
&Sdjcif;aMumifh a'ocH v,form;rsm;                 wdkif;a'oBuD;tpdk;&½Hk; wm0ef&Sdol                   tzGJU\ xkwfjyefcsufrsm;t& od&onf/
taeESihf rdkif;xdrSefaoqHk;rIrsm;jzpf             wpfO;udk atmufwbmv 10 &ufaeY
                                                          D               kd                                    tqdkygtpdk;& Nidrf;csrf;a&;vkyfief;aumfrwDESifh &Srf;jynf wyfrawmfajrmufydkif;wdkYonf ESpfzufwyfrsm;
ay:aecJhaMumif;? 2011 ckESpfwGif                  u qufoG,far;jref;cJh&mwGifvnf;                       jyefvnfae&mcsxm;a&;? a'ozGHUNzdK;a&;vkyfief;rsm; vkyfaqmifa&;? vufeufudkifrdom;pkrsm; axmufyHhay;a&;?
a'ocH &Gmom;wpfOD;ESifh uRJ? EGm;ESpf             ½Hk;wGifr&Sdjcif;? vufudkifzkef;rsm;udk              rdkif;½l;? wef,ef;NrdKUe,frS 'ku©onfoHk;axmifausmfukd jyefvnfae&mcsxm; a&;udpörsm;ukd vnf; aqG;aEG;
aumif aoqH;cJ&jcif;aMumifh v,f,m
                k h                               ydwxm;jcif;wdYk aMumifh tpd;& wm0ef
                                                        f                            k                 cJhMuaMumif; Nidrf;csrf;a&;tusKd;awmfaqmif OD;vSarmifa&Tu ajymMum;onf/
vkyfudkifola'ocHrsm;rSm pdk;&drfrIrsm;            &Sorsm;bufrS tjrifukd vwfwavm
                                                    d l                                                         tqdkygaqG;aEG;yGJudk atmufwdkbmv 10 &ufaeYrS 11 &ufaeYtxd ESpf&ufqufwdkufusif;ycJhNyD;
awGUBuHKae&aMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/                   &&Sdjcif;r&Sdao;ay/                                  jynfaxmifpktqifh Nidrf;csrf;a&;azmfaqmifa&;vkyfief;aumfrwD 'kwd,Ouú| OD;atmifrif;? OD;odef;aZmfwdkY
        ]]t"duuawmh puf½ywfvnf kH                           avmydwa&tm;vQyfppfpuf½Hk                   wufa&mufcJhMuNyD; SSA ajrmufydkif;rS taxGaxGtwGif;a&;rSL;AdkvfrSL;BuD;p0fcGefqdkifESifh tzGJU0if 11 OD;wdkY
vlr0ifatmif t&ifu ypfcwfwm                        udk *syefEdkifiH\ ppfavsmfaMu;aiGjzifh               wufa&mufcJhMuonf/
awGvnf;&Sw,f/ avmydwpuf½awG
              d                      kH           1954 ckESpfwGif pwifwnfaqmufcJh                               SSA ESifh Nidrf;csrf;a&;vkyfief;aumfrwDwdkY 2012 ckESpf ESpfqef;ydkif;rSpwifum jynfe,ftqifhESifh
em;u ausmufwdkifawGeJY u&ifjynf                   NyD; 1960 jynfEpwif pwifvnfywf
                                                                    h S f G                            jynfaxmifpktqifh typftcwf&yfpJa&;vufrSwfa&;xdk;cJhMuonf/
e,foGm;wJhbufjcrf;ausmufwdkif                     cJhonf/ jrefrmEdkifiH\ yxrOD;qHk;                             &Srf;jynf wyfrawmf SSA ajrmufydkif;tzGJUonf 1989 ckESpfwGif tpdk;&ESifh yxrtBudrf Nidrf;csrf;a&;
awGatmufrSm rdkif;oHk;vHk;avmuf                   tBuD;pm;a&tm;vQyfppfpuf½Hk jzpfNyD;                  aqG;aEG;rIrsm; jyKvkyfcJhNyD; 2010 jynfhESpf a&G;aumufyGJtNyD;wGif e,fjcm;apmifhwyfjyóemaMumifh ypfcwfrIrsm;
csxm;wmawG&Sdw,f}} [k ¤if;u                       pufwyfqiftm;rSm 168 r*¾g0yfjzpf                      jyefvnfjzpfyGm;cJhonf/
ajymMum;onf/                                      onf/

                                                    Chief Editor - Kyaw Min Swe, Editor in-Charge-Zeya Thu, Managing Editor-Kyaw Naing,
                                                    Senior Executive Editors - Khine Cho Zaw Win Tin, Zin Zin Thaw, Thiri Zaw, Nwet Kay Khine,
                                                    Executive Editors - Kyaw San Min, Tin Aung Kyaw, Editor-Mya Hnin Aye, Contributing Editor-Thu Rein Hlaing @ Khunn Thu,
  The
         VOICE         Weekly
                                                    Graphic Editors -Myo Htoo Htet, Ngu War Khine, Soe Han, Hein Tint, Chief Reporter -Naing Min Wai, Photo Editor-Moe Kyaw Lwin,
                                                    Editorial Secretary- Aung Soe, Foreign Affairs - Aung Kyaw Soe (Desk Editor), Tin Aye Kyaw, Thant Zin Soe, Aung Nyein Chan,
                                                    Editorial Assistant- Swe Nyein Aye, Chan Nyein Phyu, Senior Reporters-Tin Linn, Min Myo, Moe Khine, Kyu Kyu Thin (Moe
                                                    Myay), Min Htet San, Kyi Kyi Lwin, Zin Mar Lar Htay @ Green, Kyaw Swar Soe, Aung Bo Bo Shein,
                                                    Junior Reporters - Pyae Phyo Lin, Aung Myint Htun, Aung Aung Tun, Zay Nway Tun,Thazin Oo, Kan Zaw, Le Yee Myint,
              The Product of                        Freelance Reporters - Han Htet @ Myo Aung (Dawei), Ei Mon Aung, Thi Ha Phone Mo (Magway),
                                                    (Mandalay)- Ye Win Naing, Aye Thanda Tun,Win Shwe Yi Oo, Min Min Soe, Monywa - Ko Thet
                Myanmar
                                                    Designer - Thein Aung Htut, Production - Aung Kyaw Sann (Manager) , Soe Win Zaw
                 Partners                           DTP - Ma Khine (Manager), Cho Cho Zin, Khin Mar Myint, Kyi Chan Hnin,
               Think Tank                           Finance - Pe Aung Zin(Genernal Manager), San Thida (Manager), Htet Htet Nyein (Deputy Manager),
                  Group                             Saw Thandar Aye (Assistant Manager, HR), Publisher - Daw Khin Kywe Oo (4099),
                 (A Sister                          Marketing - Kyaw Than (Manager), Phyu Phyu Thi (Deputy Manager), Min Aung, Pyae Phyo Aung, Nu Nu Nge, Shwe Sin Tun,
               Publication of                       Distribution - Htet Khaung (Manager), Khin Myo Chit (Deputy Manager), Jack Too Too, Htet Aung, Receptionist - Su Eindray Oo,Lai Yee Oo
                                                    Web Administrator - waiyan, Web Team- thevoicewebteam@gmail.com, Website - www.thevoicemyanmar.com,
               Living Color                         Office -No (458-460), 4th Floor (E), Corner of 31st Street and Mahabandula Road, Pabaedan Township, Yangon.
                Magazine)                           Tel: 01 - 242424, 389210, 389211, 372905.
                                                    Marketing - 01 242424, 09 51 76835, 01 11220284 , Distribution - 09 42 1006579, Hot Line (News) - 09 73248886, 0973064592.
                                                    E-mail-Admin; Chief Editor : c-editor@thevoiceweekly.net, News Room : newsroom@thevoiceweekly.net,
                                                    Press- Hnit Thit Oo Printing House Nawaday Cinema Compound , MayangoneTsp,Yangon.
          6
    The
          VOICE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Monday, October 15 - 21 , 2012


   BANK



tysHoifp bPfvkyfief;
cGef;ok?               Green ?                  cs,f&D
     n                           ae 3 em&DwGif xHk;pHtwdkif; bPfum;ydwfavNyD/ jrefrmEdkifiH\ aps;uGufa0pkoHk;yHkwpfyHkudk &,lxm;onfqdkaom EdkifiHtwGif;tBuD;qHk;yk*vdubPf\ aumifwmtoD;oD;\ aemufyg;wGif
                                 &maygif;rsm;pGmaom aiGpuúLxyfrsm;u ae&m,lqJjzpfonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ¾

                  ]]jrifwJhtwdkif;yJ bPfydwfwJh                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  jrefrmEdii\ pD;yGm;a&;udk wGe;wif aMumif; OD;atmifolNidrf;uqkdonf/  f
tcsdeftxd ydkufqHvmoGif;olrsm;vdkY                                                                                                                                                                                                                              "mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif ay;Edi&ef t"dutouf[k qdEiaom                             kf                                              k kd f             ]]xkdif;A[dkbPfu t&m&SdBuD;
aiGa&vdkYrNyD;ao;bl;}} [k uarÇmZ                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  bPfpepfrSm tawmiftvufpHk&ef wpfa,mufajymwm Mum;zl;ygw,f/
bPf\tkycsKyfrI 'g½duwm OD;atmif       f                         k f                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ½kef;uefqJtaetxm;om&Sdaeao; olajymwmu xkdif;EkdifiHrSm ykdufqH
ausmfrsKd;u &Sif;jyonf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           onf/                                                                     odyf&Sd&if 0efBuD;csKyfvkyfvdkY&w,f/
                  bPf y d w f a omf v nf ; bPf                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    tiftm;tBuD;qHk;[k qdkaom 'gayrJh bPfxlaxmifzdkYawmh jzpf
twGif;&Sd azmufonfrsm; xdkifapmifh                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                uarÇmZwGifyif 80 ckajrmuf bPfcGJ csifrS jzpfr,fajymygw,f}} [k ¤if;u
             dS h
avh&onfae&mwGif vlusJusJusefae                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         hf S f                      J
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  zGivp&ef pDpOfqtajctaeu bPf azmufonfcsonf/
ao;onf/ cef;rtwGif; xkwfvTifh                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  vkyief;? aiGa&;aMu;a&;vkyief;rsm;\                   f                          ,cktjzpftysufonf tpdk;&
aeaom ½kyovi;wpfcwif uarÇmZ         f H kd f                          k G                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            IS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ysUH ESUH rI? xda&mufrrm arG;uif;ptae ESiaygif;vkyp;yGm;a&;pepf\ tusKd;      hf         f D
bPfvkyfief;rsm; yHkrSeftvkyfvkyf                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              d                            k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  txm;yif &Sao;aMumif; jyqdaeonf/ qufjzpfonfh vlyk*dK¾ vftay:tajccH
aeaMumif; awGUqHkar;jref;cef;udk                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  aumvm[vwpfcku ,ckuJh aom pepfaMumifh[k oHk;oyfolrsm;
jyoaeonf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         odkYaom pkd;&drfzG,ftaetxm;udk vnf;&Sdonf/
                  xdkaeYu xl;xl;jcm;jcm; bPf                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      wGef;ydkYoGm;apEkdifjcif;u bPf 19                                               bPf u d k ½ d k u f c wf o nf t xd
twG i f ; od k Y owif ; rD ' D , mrsm;ud k                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        bPf&Sd jrefrmEkdifiH bPfpepf\ jzpf y G m ;cJ h a om aumvm[vrS m
       f
zdwac:NyD; "mwfy½uciay;cJonf/                             kH kd f G hf h                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          csnhfeJYaom taetxm;udk jyoae bPftBuD;tuJ OD;atmifudk0if;\
                  ,if;bPfwGif aiGtyfESHxm;                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        qJjzpfaMumif; ynm&Sif? vkyfief;&Sif xifxifay:ay: aeavhr&SaomaMumifh                                      d
                         k f d
olrsm; pd;&drpwjf zifh NyD;cJonfh &ufu qdconf/                         h                                      k hJ                                                                                                        onfh aumvm[vrsm;rSm *syef? tcsKdUu ajymqkdonf/                                                                                                                                   jzpfyGm;&jcif; jzpfaMumif; uarÇmZ
wef;pDaiGxkwf,lcJhaom ,if;bPf                                                                                                 yk*vubPfrsm;onf jrefrm NAdwdefponfh EdkifiHBuD;rsm;wGifvnf;
                                                                                                                                         ¾ d                                                                                                                                                                                                      ]]olrsm;EkdifiHu bPfawGrSm bPf'kwd,Ouú| OD;oef;vGifu
rSm yHkrSeftajctaejyefvnf a&muf&Sd EdkifiHawmfA[dkbPf\ pepfwus jzpfcz;Ny; bPftcsKUd ydw&onfh tjzpf aumvm[vwkdufcdkuf½HkeJY bmrS owif;rD'D,mrsm;udkajymqdkcJhonf/                                                                  hJ l D                                                  f
aeNyDjzpfaMumif; bPfwm0ef&Sdol BuD;Muyfuyuratmufwif bPfvyf txda&mufz;l ojzifh jrefrmEdiiwivnf; rjzpfavmufbl;xifw,f/ olwdkYckcH OD;oef;vGifrSm jrefrmEkdifiHA[dkbPf
                                                                                                                                                 Gf JI                                  G                              k                                                                        kfH Gf
rsm;u qdkonf/                                                                                            xH;k vkyenf;rsm;? pnf;urf;Oya'rsm;ESihf tvm;wltajctaersK;rjzpfay:ap&ef EkdifpGrf; raumif;bl;qdk&if xdckdufEkdif \ 'kwd,Ouú| wm0efxrf;aqmif
                                                                                                                               f                                                                                                                                                    d
                  jrefrmEdkifiHwGif tiftm;tBuD; tnD vkyief;rsm;udk wnfNidrcirmpGm txl;owdxm;oifaMumif; pD;yGm;a&; wJhtajctaeudkjyaewmaygh}} [k cJhzl;oljzpfonf/
                                                                                                                                             f                                                 f kd f                                                                    h
qH;aiGa&;aMu;a&;tzGUJ tpnf; wpfck ESifh vnfywfvkyfudkifvsuf&Sdojzifh ynm&Sif a'gufwmatmifuuuajym OD;atmifolNidrf;uqkdonf/
     k                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  kd kd                                                                                                     ausmufoHywåjrm;wGif;xGuf
jzpfaom uarÇmZbPfOuú| yk*vubPfrsm;tay: jynfovxk Mum;onf/                                                         ¾ d                                                                                    l l                                                                                                                                       rD'D,mrsm;rSwpfqifh vsifjref qki&m rSwwrf;wif"mwfyrsm; tav;  df       f                    kH
OD;atmifudk0if;ppfaq;ar;jref;cH& rsm;taeESihf ,HMk unfpwcsEiaMumif;                                                                                                             d f kd f                                                  bPfvyief;qkonfrm tjcm; pGm jyefvnfajz&Si;Ekijf cif;? A[dbPf ay;csdwfqGJxm;&m uarÇmZbPf\
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             kf                   d                       S                                                          f d                            k
aMumif; owif;xGufay:NyD;aemuf udk A[dkbPfESifh uarÇmZbPfwdkYrS aom pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;rsKd;ESihfrwlbJ u vlodxif&Sm; tmrcHay;jcif;wdkYu ½Hk;csKyfwGif owif;pmq&mrsm;udk
                    l
jynforsm;tMum; pd;k &drpwjfrifwufvm wm0ef&orsm;u &Si;jycJonf/    fd h                                                               dS l                                     f h                                          wki;jynf\aiGaMu;wnfNirr?I ukeaps; ]rD;p} udk rBuD;xGm;aponftaMumif; zdwfac:&Sif;vif;NyD; wpfem&Dausmf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             df                                                                   df                    f                                                        h
cJhNyD; 'a&maomyg;aiGxkwf,lcJhMu                                                                                              ]]wpfcwnf;yJajymygr,f/ tJ'D wnfNirr?I pD;yGm;a&;wnfNirrwYktay: &if;jzpfaMumif; jrefrmEkii&dS xdywef; tMum nae 4 em&Dausmfonftxd
                                                                                                                                                      k                                                                                    df                                                      dfI d                                                                 d f H                         f
jcif;jzpfonf/                                                                                            ar;cGe;u odyajzp&mtaMumif;r&Syg wGif rsm;pGmoufa&mufray;Ekiaom vkyief;&Sirsm;teuf wpfO;jzpfaom aiGpuúLrsm; a&wGufrNyD;ao;ay/
                                                                                                                            f                                f                                                       d                                                                          I d f                                        f            f                              D
                  2003ckEpf bPftcsKdUpnf;rsOf; bl;/ 2003 rSm bPfawGywvu&wJh aMumifh A[kbPftaeESifh Monitor and ausmif;q&ma[mif;OD;atmifukd0if;
                                                 S                                                                                                                                        d f kd f                                                    d                                                                                                                                                           tysHoifp jrefrmhbPfvkyfief;
pnf;urf; rvkuemrIaMumihf ydwor; txdjzpfom;w,f/ 'gayrJh tJ'bPf Surveillance aumif;rGepmxm;&S&ef u oHk;oyfonf/
                                              d f                                      f df                                                         G                                                 D                                                                                          f G                        d                                                                              u@wGif tiftm;tBuD;qH; bPf\           k
vkduf&NyD;aemufykdif; jrefrmEkdifiHwGif awG r S m pk a qmif ; xm;wJ h o l a wG vktyfonf/                                                                                                                                     d                                                                                                                                  kf                   kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  &efuepufrI wuúovausmif; tBuD;tuJ OD;atmifudk0if;rSm vm
tBuD;rm;qkH;aiGa&;aMu;a&; qkdif&m wpfa,mufrS rqH;½H;cJb;/ tJ'gtajz                                                                                                      k I h l                                                           ]]vlawG&UJ pd;&drxwvefYrrjzpfzYkd qif; tif*sifeD,mbGJU& ukefonf a&mufavhvm owif;,laeaom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      k f d f                                 I
vIyfcwfrI jzpfyGm;cJhonf/                                                                                yJav}} [k jrefrmEdiiawmfA[dbPf vdwmaygh/ jzpfavhjzpfx&SwhJ udpyg/ OD;oufEiwivnf; wlnaomtjrif owif;pmq&mrsm;udk rdepfydkif;rQ
                                                                                                                                                                            k f H                   k                        k                                                                     d                      ö                           dk f G f                 D
                  ,if;tcsdefu aiGom;pepfrS 'kw,ñTeMf um;a&;rSL;csKyf OD;0if;aomfu odyp;kd &drp&mr&Sygbl;}}[k ¤if;uqdonf/ &Sdonf/
                                                                                                                  d                                                                                                            f f                           d                                                  k                                                                                          awGUqHkNyD;ar;jref;csufrsm;udk twef
yvwfpwpfuwfpepfaiGay;acsrI pwif ajymMum;cJonf/                                                                                               h                                                                                            bPfwpfbPf\ aumvm[v                                                                                                d                                dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ]]A[kbPfu tmrcHvuawmh i,ft&Sufa&mifoef;onfh tae
         hf d
usio;Hk csef bPftusytwnf; jzpf                                     f                                                          ,ciftajctaersm;\ tm;enf; aMumifh jzpfyGm;aom tusKd;qufrSm ,HkMunfrIydkwkd;oGm;w,f}} [k olu txm;jzifh cyfoGufoGufyifajzqdk
um ydwfodrf;cH&onf/ ,if;aemuf csursm;ay:rlwnfNyD; aiGaMu;udp&yf tjcm;bPfrsm;odYk ul;pufroGm;ap&ef qkdonf/             f                                                                                          ö                                                                                                                                                                                         aeonf/
tqkdyguwfpepfed|dwHcJhonf/ ,ck rsm;tm;vH;udk A[dbPfu Muyfrwf A[dbPfu jrefjrefqefqefjzifh 0ifa&muf                                              k                          k                                                     k                                                                                                                 xdkenf;wl ,HkMunfrIudk ykHtyf                                   ]]xifxifay:ay:ae&if jyóem
tcsewivnf; uwfpepfudk jyefvnf aqmif&uaeojzifh NyKd vp&mtaMumif; ajz&Si;ay;&rnfwm0efrm ta&;BuD; tvkyfvkyfudkif&aom bPfvkyfief; jzpf w wf v d k Y Low Profile (od k o d k
       df Gf                                                                                                                       G f                                              J                                                   f                         h                         S
           fh Hk                                                     f dfS d
usio;&ef pwifajcvSr;cseEifh wkuf r&SaMumif; ¤if;uxyfavmif;ajymMum; aMumif; ¤if;u&Si;jyonf/                     d                                                                                                                                                       f                                                          wGif vl\ tcef;u@onfvnf; odyfodyf) aewmrsm;ygw,f}} [k
qkdifaejyefonf/                                                                                          onf/                                                                                                                             ½kwf½kwfoJoJtaetxm;wGif ta&;ygaMumif; oHk;oyfolrsm;&Sd q&mausmif;[k trsm;ac:avh&aom                                                                                                                     dS
                  ppf a q;cH a e&onf q d k o nf h                                                                             bPfrsm;u ¤if;wdkYxH tyfESH ¤if;\rdwaqGtcsKUd aiGom;xkw,caomf onf/                                                 f                                     G                     f l hJ                                                                                         ol \ xif x if a y:ay:rae&jcif ;
                                        f h                                             kd
owif;xGuay:cJaom OD;atmifu0if; xm;onfaiGrsm;wGif usyfwpfoe;rS vnf; touf 40 t&G,cefY&dS ukeonf                                             h                                                                  d f                                                                        f                         f                               aiGa&;aMu;a&; tzGJUtpnf; taMumif;udk owif;pmq&mrsm;ukd
rSm &Sm;&Sm;yg;yg; vljrifui;a&SUxGuf ig;ode;txdudk jrefrmhtmrcHvyief; OD;oufEirm aiGxw,cjhJ cif;r&Say/ rsm;tajccdkifNyD;jzpfonfh xdkif;uJhodkY cyfNyHK;NyHK;&Sif;jyavonf/
                                                                            Gf                                                   f                                                                      k f                                   kd f S                         k f l                                    d
vmcJNh yD; owif;rsm;r[kwrrSeaMumif; wGif tmrcHay;xm;ojzifh bPfwpfcck ,cif om"ursm;t& aiGxw,&&Sd aom EkdifiHwGif bPfwpfckxlaxmif
                                                                           f f                                                                                                                                         k                                                                                    k f l
w&m;0ifjiif;qdconf/                                k hJ                                                  jzpfonfwif pd;k &dr&efrvdaMumif; yk*vd cJjh cif;aMumifh xdoYkdrxkw,cjhJ cif;jzpf &efrsm;pGm tppfaq;? tprf;oyfcH&
                                                                                                                                      h kd                            f               k                            ¾                                                k                             f l                                                                                                                      cGef;ok? Green? cs,f&D
                      kfH                               f
                  EdiitwGi;&Sd tiftm;tBuD;qH; ubPfrS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u The aMumif; olu&Si;jyonf/       k                                                                                                                                                        f
aiGa&;? aMu;a&;tzGUJ wpfcukd xdoYkd Voice Weekly odYk ajymMum;onf/           k                k                                                                                                                                           ]]oGm;awmhMunfvuao;w,f}}               h kd f
rwnfrNidrjf zpfap&ef BuH&,jf cif;onf
pD;yGm;a&;omru Ediia&;udyg xdcuf aiGwupmcsKyrsm; trsm;tjym; 0,f,l
                                                            kfH
                                                                         G
                                                                               k                kd                        kd f
                                                                                                                              uarÇmZbPftaeESifh tpdk;& [k OD;oufEiuqdonf/
                                                                                                                                                          f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         kd f k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          bPfvyief;rsm;vkyui&mwGif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             kf                                      f kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            News in Brief
&ef &nf&G,fonfh ya,m*ygaom xm;ojzifh vdktyfonfhtcsdefwGif pm;oH;k ol\ ,HMk unfrukd t"dutav;                                                                                                                                                                               ajcvsifESifUawmifwuf *kPfxl;aqmifem,ursm; ylaZmfrnf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               I
]wdkufcdkufrI}[k OD;atmifudk0if;u aiGom;rsm;vdtyfovdk xkw,Eijf cif; teufxm;&onf/                                                                        k                                    f l kd                                                                                                                               &efukef? atmufwkdbm 3
trnfwyfonf/                                                                                              uvnf; jyóemudk ajyvnfaponfh                                                                                                                f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ES p aygif;rsm;pGm pGxifaeaom                       J                                                   wuúodkvfrsm;ajcvsifESifh awmifwuftoif;uESpfpOfaqmif&GufcJhaom
                  ]]'gawGudk &nf&G,fcsuf&Sd&SdeJY taMumif;&if;jzpfaMumif; OD;atmifu0if; 'Pf &mrsm;aMumifh bPfrsm;tay: *kPfxl;aqmifem,uBuD;rsm; ylaZmfuefawmhyGJudk wuúodkvfajcvsifESifh                       kd
                      D
vlwpfO;wpfa,muf 'grSr[kwf tzGUJ uqdonf/                                                                                 k                                                                                                 jynfolrsm;\ ,H k M unf r I a vsmh & J awmifwuftoif;obm0ac:oHazmifa';&Sif;uqufcHí (17)Budrfajrmuf
tpnf;wpfckcku vkyfaqmifaewm                                                                                                   ,cif&ufydkif;ü uarÇmZbPf aeqJjzpfNyD; xduoYkdaom tuJqwf                                                                          k hJ
vnf;jzpfEiygw,f}} [k OD;atmifu0if; wGif aeYpOfysrf;rQaiGxkwf,lrIxuf onf h taetxm;rS m twd w f u tjzpf vmrnfh 2012 ckESpf Ekd0ifbmv 3 &uf paeaeY rGef;vGJ 1 em&D 30 rdepf
                                 kd f                                                      kd
u atmufwbmv 9 &ufaeY &efuef av;qrQrsm;jym;aom xkw,r&cNhJ yD; jzpf&yfrsKd; rMumcP jzpfyGm;&ef wGif &efukefNrdKU wuúodkvf&dyfomvrf;&Sd wuúodkvfrsm;"r®m½HkBuD;ü usif;yrnf
                                         kd                                                          k                                                                                      f l I dS
NrdKUawmf jynfvrf;&Sd urm&GwbPf½;Hk tjcm;bPfrsm;wGif oGm;a&muftyfErI aph a qmf a omtaMumif ; jcif ; &m jzpfonf/
                                                                                   f                                                                                                                                   HS
csKyfwGif rD'D,mrsm;ESifhawGUqHkpOf rsm;jym;cJonf/                                                                                     h                                                                                  wpf&yfjzpfonf/                                                                                                          tqkdygylaZmfyGJwGif wuúodkvfajcvsifESifh awmifwuftm;upm;vIyf&Sm;
ajymMum;cJonf/                 h                                                                                              ]]tckawmh yHkrSefjzpfoGm;ygNyD/                                                                             ,if;tajctaeudk ukpm;&ef rIrsm;udk pGrf;pGrf;wrHOD;aqmifyHhydk;ulnDcJhMuaom touf 65 ESpfESifhtxuf
                  ueOD;taetxm;wGif ajz&Si; trsm;BuD;vmtyfwmrsK;vnf;r&Sawmh tcse,&rnfjzpfaMumif; ynm&SitcsKUd *kPfxl;aqmifem,uBuD; 12 OD;tm; ylaZmfuefawmhMurnfjzpf&m jrefrmEkdifiH
                                                                                                       f                                                                          d                      d                        df l                                                                              f
                   k k kd hJ
&efrvd[qcaom bPfwm0ef&orsm; ygbl;}} [k tm&Spr;f vef;rIzUHG NzKd ;a&;bPf u qdonf/     dS l                                                                       d                                                                     k                                                                                                             f S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ajcvsiEihf awmifwuftzGUJ csKyfEihf wuúovtoD;oD;rS ajcvsiEihf awmifwuf  S  kd f                       f S
ESihf A[dbPfwYkd yl;aygif;um tjref AGD tkycsKyr'g½duwm OD;&Jrif;OD;u
                        k                                                                                                                   f fI k f                                                                                      bPfrsm;taeESihf tzGUJ tpnf;cdif tzGUJ 0ifa[mif;^opfrsm; wufa&mufMuyg&ef wkuwe;EI;aqmfxm;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                k                                                                                 d f G f d
tqefowif;pm&Sif;vif;yGJvkyftNyD; qdonf/AGD rSm EdiitwGi;f xdywef; rma&;tm;pduoifNh y; trSway;pepfukd        k                                                            kfH                               f                                            k f                D                          f                                           *kPfxl;aqmifem,uBuD;rsm;twGuf xnfh0ifylaZmfvSL'gef;vkdygu
&ufyi;omMumcJNh yD;aemuf yHretajc vkyief;&Sif wpfO;jzpfaom OD;awZ\ taotcsmxm;um ESppOftpD&ifcpm OD;rsKd;oefY(&efukefwuúokdvf jrefrmpmXme wGJzufygarmu©-Nidrf;) zkef;-09-
               kd f                                                              kSf                                f                                               D                                                                                                                   f                                     H
                                                            hJ
taeodYk jyefa&mufconf[k wm0ef&ol vuf0,fyif vkyief;wpfcjk zpfonf/                                  dS                                             kd               f                                                       rsm;udk aocsmusepGm Munfh½Ioifh 5010754? a':aqGaqGtkef;('*Hkwuúodkvf "mwkaA'Xme uxdu) 09-
rsm;uqdconf/              k hJ                                                                                                ynm&SiftcsKdUurl xdkudpöudk aMumif; A[kzUHG NzKd ;a&;tzGUJ rS OD;atmifol 73086199? OD;ausmfEkdif (wm0efcHt,f'Dwm The Voice Weekly) 09-
                  A[dkbPfuvnf; bPfrsm; jzpf½;dk jzpfpOf[k trnfwyfonf/                                                                                                                                                       df
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Nir;u oH;oyfonf/        k                                                                               420015350? OD;atmifjrifhjrwf 09-5016658? a':tdrfhtdrfhol 09-
aemufyg;wGi&aMumif; xkwazmfajym             f dS                                 f                                            bPfvyief;rsm;ESihf ywfouf     k f                                                                           tem*wftm&Susm;[kqdkaom 5094181 wdkYxH qufoG,fvSL'gef;EkdifMuonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          7
  Monday, October 15 - 21, 2012                                                                                                                                                                                               The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 VOICE


OD;ydkifESifU aMu;eDpDrHudef;a'ocHrsm; qm;vif;BuD;&Jpcef;wGif tjyeftvSef trIzGifU
rHk&Gm? atmufwdkbm 9
                   ES           y#d                                               ;awmif              lr
aMu; eD pDrHude;f;BuDi;fhywfoufítvSyeu©rrIsm;jzpfykdiGmfM;aeaomsm;vufyefc;H&awmifm;aMumifa;'ocHawmifo;Nrdsm; ESi&fh jrefyfrzmhGJUppcefm;;a&;OD;tki&m&Swm0efD;&u lrsm;onf ppfudkif;wkdioda'oBuD; rHk&GmNrd/KUwpfzufurf;&Sd
     qm;vif wGif tjyef               ft zGifhw um;rIr vuf &Sdx                              qm;vif;BuD KUe,f Jw
                                                                                                                                   D;yG
                                                                                                                                         rS &J
                                                                                                                                               yd frS
                                                                                                                                                      dwpfO
                                                                                                                                                              Sdo                     f;
                                                                                                                                                                                         kYajymMum;onf
                                                                                                                                                                            The Voice Weekly

                 D            d f
         jrefrmhp;yGm;a&;OD;ykirS pufwif                                   k f
                                               txJu NrdKUe,ftycsKyfa&;rSL;u yk'r              f    atmufwbmvtwGi;wGif jyefvnf
                                                                                                            dk          f                       jrefrmh&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIaumfr&SifOuú|          emrI tm;enf;jcif;wdYk aMumif[qum   h k kd
bmv 5 &ufaeY ykodrf-rHk&Gmvrf;r                                   f
                                               144 xkww,fqwmukawmh trIzihf  kd       d         G   jzpfay:vmjcif;jzpfaMumif; vufyef;                 k f
                                                                                                                                                OD;pd;ode;u tar&duefjynfaxmifpk                  a'ocHrsm;u pDrHudef;&yfqkdif;&ef
BuD;ESifh anmifyifBuD;? ,if;rmyif              ay;vdkYr&ygbl;/ usefwJhtcsufESpf                    awmif;awmifta&; pdwf0ifpm;ol                                             G
                                                                                                                                                e,l;a,muf NrdKUawmfwif jyKvyaom   kf             awmif;qdk aecsdefwGif or®wBuD;\
vrf;qHkteD; jrefrm0rfaygifukrÜPD                       f kd
                                               csuuawmh trIvufcay;oGm;rSmyg/       H               wpfOD;u oHk;oyfajymMum;onf/                  jrefrmrdom;pk r sm;ES i f h awG U qH k y G J ü   cGifhjyKcsufjzifh jyefvnfoHk;oyfEkdifNyD;
½Hk;teD;wGif jyKvkyfcJhaom tacgif;             vufyef;awmif;awmifta&;eJYywf                              a'ocH r sm; tjyif ; txef               ajymMum;cJhonf/                                  xdkodkY½kyfodrf;EkdifaMumif; or®w½Hk;
oHk;ckrD;½IdUrIESifh ywfoufíyg0ifol                         hJ
                                               oufwtrIawGtm;vH;u ppfaq;ae        k                                               DH d
                                                                                                   uefYuGufaeaom aMu;eDawmifprue;f                     a'ocH r sm;\ a&&S n f b 0                 0efBu;D vnf;jzpfol OD;pd;k ode;f u tar&duef
16 OD;udk trIzGifhta&;,lay;yg&ef               qJjzpfygw,f}} [k qm;vif;BuD;NrdKU                   onf ywf0ef;usifxdcdkufrI&Sdonf               tmrcHcsufr&Sdjcif;? obm0ywf0ef;                  c&D;pOftwGif; ajymMum;cJhjcif;jzpf
atmufwkdbmv 4 &ufaeYwGif wkdif                 e,f pcef;rSL;uajymMum;onf/                          qdkygu jyefvnf½kyfodrf;EkdifaMumif;          usif pnf;rsOf;pnf;urf;rsm;udk vkduf              onf/                         udkouf(rHk&Gm)
Mum;rIudkyk'fr 143? 147 ? 500 wdkY                                       kf f
                                                         NrdKUe,ftycsKya&;rSL; wpfa,muf
jzifh trIzGifhxm;aMumif;ESifh v,f                                   f
                                               taeESihf yk'r 144 udk xkwjf yefEicifh     dk f G
odrf;cH awmifolrsm;uvnf; ¤if;wdkY
  k f dk f
ydiqionfh v,f,majrrsm;ay:wGif
ajrpmrsm;yHkjcif;ESifh taqmufttHk
                                               &SdNyD; vufyef;awmif;awmifpDrHudef;
                                               {&d,mtm; ,if;yk'fr xkwfjyefxm;
                                               jcif;rSm vrf;aMumif;tenf;i,fvGJ
                                                                                                       f
                                                                                                   w½kwe,fpyfucsi'uonfpcef;rsm; ta&;ay:aq;uko&efcufcJ
                                                                                                                 fk ©
                                                                                                                atmuf
                                                                                                   rdkif*sm,ef? atmufwdkbm 11
rsm; aqmufvkyfjcif;udkoGm;a&muf                aeNy;D jynfolrsm;tm; umuG,fonhf
wm;qD;onfhtcg qJa&;wkdif;xGm                   taeESiom xkwjf yef&NrJjzpfaMumif;
                                                               fh                                            wpf E S p f a usmf M um w½k w f
jcif;? rzG,fr&mjyKrljcif;? qm;vif;             rHk&GmNrdKUcHa&SUaewpfOD;u ajymMum;                 e,fpyfwGif ppfajy;'ku©onftjzpf                                                                                     "mwfykH-rif;xufpH
BuD;NrdKUe,ftycsKya&;rSL;u vufyef;
                 kf f                          onf/                                                aexdkifae&olrsm;onf 'ku©onf
awmif ; awmif pD r H u d e f ; {&d , mud k               jrefrmhpD;yGm;a&; OD;ydkifu pGJqdk        pcef;&Sd aq;ay;cef;wGif ukoí
yk'r 144 xkwjf yefjcif;ESihf v,for;
    f                                   d f    xm;aom yk'frrsm;rSm yk'fr 143 ?                     r&Ed k i f a omta&;ay:vl e mrsm;ud k
cHawmiforsm;u v,f,majrtwGi;
               l                          f    Oya'qefYusifaom tpkta0;wpfck                        aq;½Hkwif&eftwGuf w½kwfEdkifiH
ajrpmyHkjcif;udk oGm;a&mufwm;jrpf              wGifyg0ifjcif;? yk'fr 147 (½kef;&if;                wGif; 0ifa&mufuko&mwGif jynf0if
onhftcgwGif OD;ydkifrS yk*¾dKvfoHk;OD;         qefcwfrI usL;vGefrIwGifyg0ifjcif;)?                 cG i f h t cuf t cJ r sm; &S d a eaMumif ;
u oufqkdif&mvufeufudkiftzGJU                   yk ' f r 500 (rnf o l r qd k t jcm;ol               rdkif*sm,efa'o&Sd 'ku©onfpcef;rsm;
tpnf;ESifhtwl rw&m;Ncdrf;ajcmuf                wpfOD;\ toa&udk zsufjcif;) wkdY                     xHrS od&onf/
wm;qD;rIrsm;&SdcJhjcif;aMumifh &Gmwpf          jzifh pGJqdkxm;jcif;jzpfonf/                                  tajctaeqdk;aomta&;ay:
&GmvQif oH;OD;ud,pm;jyKí atmufwdk
             k       k f                                 vufyef;awmif;awmifta&;                    vlemrsm;udk e,fpyfw½kwfvl0ifrI
bmv 8 &ufaeYwGif qm;vif;BuD;                   vIyf&Sm;rIaMumifhpufwifbmv 10                       BuD;Muyfa&;ESifh &JwyfzGJUu vHk;0
&Jpcef;ü trIzGifhay;&efwkdifMum;cJh            &ufaeYwGif a'ocHtrsKd;orD; 12 OD;                   t0ifrcHjcif;aMumifh tonf;toef
aMumif; ¤if;uqufvufajymMum;                    rSm rHk&GmNrdKUwGifzrf;qD;jcif;cHcJh&um             vl e mrsm;ud k jrpf a csmif ; rsm;?          axmif ' k u © o nf p cef ; tajcpd k u f          u,fq,fa&;aumfrwD\ pm&if;rsm;
onf/                                                                           f f
                                               av;&ufMum xde;odr;jcif;cHcJh&NyD;                   awmvrf;rsm;rS ,if*sef;NrdKUwGif;odkY         u,fq,fulnDa&;vkyfaqmifay;ae                      t& od&onf/
         ]]awmif o l r sm;wk d i f M um;wJ h   aemuf ,ckuoYk dtjyeftvSew&m;pGJqdkrI
                                                                      hJ               f           cdk;0Sufo,faqmif&aMumif; ygu                 onf h ud k w l ; rd k i f u The Voice                    vd k i f Z mNrd K U jynf o l Y a q;½H k r S
                                                                                                                                                Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/                         q&m0ef w pf O D ; jzpf o l a'guf w m
        POWER
                                                                                                                                                        ]]tpdk;&wyfeJY KIA wyf&SdwJh             &S&G,facgefawmifu ]]OD;aESmufeJY
                                                                                                                                                a'oawG & J U Mum;rS m &S d a ewJ h v l a wG      tm½HkaMumcGJpdwfukor,fqdk&ifawmh
               dk f G f              df
    MunfjU rifwiwif vQyppfjzefhjzL;Eki&efpm&if;Z,m;aumuf,l                                                                                      tm;vHk;u olwdkY&yf&GmawGrSm rae
                                                                                                                                                &JawmhbJ 'ku©onf pcef;awGrSm
                                                                                                                                                vma&muf a exd k i f M u&wmjzpf y g
                                                                                                                                                                                                 w½kwfEdkifiHu aq;½HkrSm oGm;cGJpdwf
                                                                                                                                                                                                 ygw,f/ wjcm;a&m*geJY cGJpdwfuko
                                                                                                                                                                                                 wmudk 'D (vdkifZmjynfolYaq;½Hk) rSm
    &efukef? atmufwdkbm 11
             vQyppfpr;tm;0efBuD;Xmeu &efueNf rKUd awmfwif vQyppf"mwftm;jzefYjzL;cGiudk yk*vuokYd vkyuiciavQmuf
                  f Gf                       k         G     f                     fh     ¾ d        f dk f G hf                                w,f}} [k udkwl;rdkifu qdkonf/                    yJ cGJpdwfukoay;ygw,f/ ydkufqH
                                                                                                                                                        rdkif*sm,efa'orS w½kwfEdkifiH            ay;p&mrvdkygbl;}} [k qdkonf/
              h
     xm;apcJ&m Capital Development Ltd. taejzihf MunfhjrifwkdifNrKdUe,fwGif vQyfppfjzefYjzL;Eki&ef pm&if;Z,m;
                                                                                                 d f                                                   f
                                                                                                                                                twGi; armfawmfum;jzifh (w&m;r0if)                        NyD;cJhonfh Mo*kwfvu w½kwf
                 l I jyKvkk f
     aumuf,rrsm; jyKvyaeNyDjzpfaMumif; ,if;ukrÜPD\ 'g½kdufwmu The Voice Weekly okdY ajymMum;onf/                                                ul;vl;oGm;vmEdkifonfh ajreDvrf;                  EdkifiHwGif;&Sd ucsifppfajy;'ku©onf
                                                                                      G f     f
             ¤if;uyif 'kdif;rGef;pum;ukrÜPDonf vQyfppfjzefYjzL;rIvkyfief;ukd aqmif&urnfr[kwbJ Capital Develop-                                  rsm; ajrmufjrm;pGm&Sdonf/                        pcef;ajcmufckrS 'ku©onfav;axmif
     ment Ltd. taejzihfom aqmif&GufrnfjzpfaMumif;? 'kdif;rGef;pwm;ukrÜPD\ pDrHa&;&mXmerS refae*smtaejzihf                                               w½k w f e ,f p yf w pf a vQmuf           ausmfaexdkifjcif;rjyK&ef zdtm;ay;cJh
                               ö
     vQyfppfjzefYjzL;jcif;udpESihf oufqkdifaom ajzqkday;rItcsKdUonf rSm;,Gif;ajzqkdjcif;omjzpfaMumif;? ¤if;tae                                  ae&yfpGefYcGm&onfh 'ku©onfpcef;                  onfhtwGuf autdkiftdkxdef;csKyfe,f
     jzihf wm0efr&SdbJ ajzqkdjcif;jzpfojzihf ,if;tifwmAsL;wGif yg0ifaomajzqkdcsuftcsKdUukd trSefjzpfonf[k                                       aygif; 11 ck&SdNyD; veZGyfESifh ref0def;         ajrtwGif;&Sd 'ku©onfpcef;rsm;odkY
     r,lqapvkdaMumif;? ajzqkdcsufrsm;ESifh ywfoufí oufqkdif&m0efBuD; XmeESihf tzGJUtpnf;rsm;ukd xdckdufrI                                       BuD;aus;&GmwdkYwGif 'ku©onfaygif;                ac:aqmifcJh&aMumif; 'ku©onfrsm;
     &SdapcJhygvQifvnf; awmif;yefygaMumif; ¤if;u &Sif;vif;ajymMum;onf/                                                                          av;axmifausmf&SdaMumif; ucsif                    ud k ul n D a qmif & G u f a y;ol w d k Y u
                                                                                                                                                vG w f v yf a &;tzG J U (autd k i f t d k )      ajymqdkMuonf/
        8
  The
        VOICE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Monday, October 15 - 21 , 2012




EkdifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jr§KyfEHSrIOya' atmufwkdbmtwGif;                                                                                                                                                                                 VOICE OF THE WEEK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ]]w&m;pD&ifa&;eJY vmbfay;vmbf,leJYu vHk;axG;&pfywfaewJh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              tajctae &Sdaewmudk b,folrSjiif;vdkYr&bl;/ tJ'gudk rjyifEdkif&if
tNyD;owfzG,f&Sd                                                                                                                                                                                                               a&SUrSm uRefawmfwdkY ajymcJhwJh w&m;Oya'pdk;rdk;a&;qdkwm qE´yJ&Sdr,f/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              vufawGUjzpfvmrSmr[kwfbl;/ avhvmrdoavmuf tydkif;rSm oHk;oyfrd
&efukef? atmufwdkbm 11                                                                                                                                                                                                        wmu w&m;pD&ifa&;tydkif;uawmh yGifhyGifhvif;vif;ajym&if tckjy|mef;
               iHawmfor®wBuD; OD;ode;pdeu oabmxm;rSwcsuEiwuG jynfaxmifpvwawmfoYdk jyefvnfay;ykYdxm;aom
                                                  f f                      f f S fh                k T f                                                                                                                      xm;wJh jynfaxmifpkw&m;pD&ifa&;Oya'udka&m? 'Dw&m;pD&ifa&;pepfrSm
 Ekdif         EkdifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIOya'onf atmufwbmvtwGi; tNyD;owftwnfjyKEkiz,&aMumif; oufqi&m
                                                                    kd              f                        d f G f dS                      dk f                                                                             yg0ifwJholawGudka&m jywfjywfom;om; jyefvnfoHk;oyfoifhNyDvdkY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              uRefawmf,lqw,f}} [k qdkonf/
           f
vTwawmftoD;oD;rS Oya'Murf;aumfrwD0ifrsm;u ok;oyfajymMum;onf/           H                                                                                                                                                              ]]jynfolawG odyfarQmfvifhaewJhtwGuf 'DaumfrwDtaeeJY t&rf;
               df                         f HS l
             EkiijH cm;&if;ES;D jrK§ yEorsm; umv tpnf;ta0;wpf&yf usif;ycJhonf/ ueOD;EkdifiHjcm; &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI tenf;                                                                                                     wm0efBuD;av;w,f/ jrefrmjynfw&m;Oya'pdk;rdk;rI&zdkYu 'DaumfrwD&JU
                             f f
Mum&Snf apmiharQmaeaom ,if;Oya'                                   d                                   H
                                                              tqkygtpnf;ta0;u oabm qk;yrmP tar&duefa':vmig;oef;cefY                                                                                                           rlv&nfrSef;csuf yef;wdkifyg? tJh'g&zdkYtwGufu aumfrwDtaeeJYa&m?
                                   dk
Murf;ukd atmufwbmv 22 &ufaeY wlxm;aom qkH;jzwfcsufrsm;ESihf &Sd&rnfqaomtcsuukd jynfaxmifpk                      dk                 f                                                                                          aumfrwDOuú|taeeJYa&m? 'DaumfrwDudk wm0efay;wJh vTwfawmf Ouú|
                                 f
wGif jyefvnfusi;yrnfh jynfaxmifpk oabmxm;rSwfcsufrsm;onf vTwf vTwfawmfu jyefvnfjyifqifowf                                                                                                                                     taeeJYa&m? jynfolYvTwfawmftaeeJYa&m tm;vHk;udk,fhwm0efudk,f
       f
vTwawmftpnf;ta0;wGif jyefvnf awmfqkdif&menf;Oya'vkyfxkH;vkyf rSwfcJhonf/                                                                                                                                                      ausyGefatmif vkyfMu&rSmyg}} [k ajymMum;cJhonf/
aqG;aEG;Murnfjzpfonf/                                    enf;rsm;t& xkwfjyefEkdifjcif;r&SdbJ                              k f
                                                                                                         zufpyfvyief;tjzpf zGUJ pnf;&m                                                                                                pufwifbmv 30 &ufaeYxkwf armfeDwmowif;*sme,fyg
                                                     f
             ]]trsm;Bu;D jyifp&mvnf; odyr&Sd jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmftpnf;ta0; wGif aumfr&Sifjy|mef;xm;aom vkyf                                                                                                                    ]jynfaxmifpkw&m;pD&ifa&;Oya'ESifh w&m;pD&ifa&;pepfwGif yg0if
                                        f
bl;}}[k trsK;d om;vTwawmf Oya'Murf; wGif xkwfjyefoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ief;rsm;rSty EkiijH cm;rwnfaiGonf                    d f                                                                                                  olrsm;udk jywfjywfom;om; jyefvnfoHk;oyfoifhaMumif; jynfolY
                                                   d
aumfrwD0if a'gufwmjrwfÓPpk;u tqkdyg tpnf;ta0;wufa&mufcJh pkpkaygif;rwnfaiG&if;\ 35&mckdif
The Voice Weekly okYd ajymMum;onf/                       onfh vTwfawmftoD;oD;rS Oya' EIef;tenf;qkH; yg0if&rnfqkdaom                                                                                                                 f       kd f              f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              vTwawmfu,pm;vS,f OD;ode;ñGeYf ajymMum;} owif;rS aumufEwcsuf  k f
             jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfokdY jyef Murf;aumfrwD0ifrsm;u qkdonf/                              uefYowfcsufukd ESpfOD;oabmwlnD
vnfay;ykdYxm;aom EkdifiHjcm;&if;ESD;                          tqkdygEkdifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI csuft&om owfrwvyaqmifoihf
                                                                                                    csuf                         S f k f                                                                                              'gayrJh tajccHOya'taMumif; wpfck ar;csifygao;w,f/ Oyrm
jr§KyfErI Oya'rlMurf;wGif jyifqifcsuf Oya'rlMurf;wGif Ekiiawmfor®wBuD; aMumif; Ekiiawmfor®wu rSwcsuf
       HS                                                                    d fH                                  d f H                   f                                                                                  qdk&&if a':atmifqef;pkMunf[m tajccHOya't&qdk&if cifyGef;onf
11 csufyg0ifNyD; tjiif;yGm;zG,f&m u t"duusonfh yk'frESpfckjzpfaom jyKxm;onf/                                                                                                                                                  a&m? om;ESpfOD;yg jynfyEdkifiHom;cH,lxm;wmrdkY olrtaeeJY wdkif;jynf&JU
tcsursm; tenf;tusOf;omaqG;aEG; yk'frcGJ 4 &Sd yk'frcGJrsm;ESihf yk'fr 10\
             f                                                                                           jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmftpnf;                                                                                             or®w jzpfrvmEdkifygbl;/ or®wBuD;taeeJY olra&G;aumuf wifajr§muf
&rnfjzpfaomaMumifh wpfywftwGi; yk'frcGJrsm;ukd jznfhpGufjyifqifNyD; ta0;rsm;ukd atmufwbmv 18&uf
                                                       f                                                                             dk                                                                                       cH&&if or®wjzpfvmEdkifatmif 'DtajccHOya'udkajymif;vJzdkY jyifqif
NyD;pD;zG,f&SdaMumif; ¤if;uqufvuf oabmxm;rSwfcsufjyKxm;onf/                                         aeYwGif jyefvnfpwifrnfjzpfonf/                                                                                            xm;wm &Sdygovm;/
ajymMum;onf/                                                  ,if;EkdifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI         jynfaxmifpvwawmfwif tjcm;
                                                                                                                              k T f      G                                                                                            zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'udk uRefawmfwpfa,mufwnf;oabmeJY
             trsK;om;vTwawmf Oya'Murf; Oya'wGif yg&SaomtcsKUd yk'rrsm;onf ta&;BuD;tqkdrsm;ESihf wpfESpfpm
                    d                 f                                  d            f                                                                                                                                       jyifvdkYr&ygbl;/ tJ'Dawmh uRefawmfwdkYzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'udk jyifr,fh
aumfrwDEifh jynfoYlvwawmfOya' c½kersm;twGuf a&;qGxm;jcif;jzpfonf bwf*suuprsm;ukvnf; tNyD;owf
                      S                       T f          dD                   J                              f dö             d                                                                                                 f kH f                         J S d         k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              vkyx;vkyenf;awGt& ygvDrefxrm&SaewJh ud,pm;vS,awGtrsm;pkeYJf
Murf;aumfrwDwkdY yl;aygif;um NyD;cJh [k a0zefoHrsm;xGufay:NyD;onfh a&;qGJoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; oDaygNrKdU                                                                                                                        jynfolvlxk&JUaxmufcHrIeJY jyifvdkY&rSmjzpfygw,f/
onfh &ufykdif;twGif;u EkdifiHjcm; aemuf jynfwGif;jynfy&if;ESD;jr§KyfESH e,f jynfolYvTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,f                                                                                                                               atmuf w d k b mv 4 &uf a eY x k w f 7 Day owif ; *sme,f y g
         D             HS I S fh
&if;ES;jr§KyfErEiywfoufonfh txl; olrsm;tMum; a0zefp&mjzpfaeonfh OD;&JxGef;u ajymMum;onf/                                                                                                                                      ]or®wOD;odef;pdefESifh bDbDpD Hardtalk tpDtpOf awGUqHkar;jref;jcif;}
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              rS aumufEkwfcsuf


        Nidrf;csrf;a&;qE´jyolrsm; w&m;pGJ&mwGif                                                                                                                                                                                    trsm;jynfolESifhoufqdkifaom pDrHudef;rsm;wGif Public Hearing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              qdkaom jynfoludkwifjytoday;NyD; jynfolYtjrifudkem;axmif&onfh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              vkyfief;pOfwpfck&Sdygonf/ 'DvdkjynfolESifh yGifhvif;jrifoma&;qGJ
        waygif;wnf;pGJ&ef avQmufxm;rnf                                                                                                                                                                                                                       H df                              S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              taumiftxnfazmfjcif;uom pDrue;rsm; atmifjrifzYkd eD;pyfrm jzpfygonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   atmufwdkbmv 4 &ufaeYxkwf jynfolYacwfowif;*sme,fyg
        &efukef? atmufwdkbm 11                                                                                                                                                                                                ]ratmif j rif a om trsKd ; om;pD r H u d e f ; rsm; acgif ; pOf a y;xm;aom
                       tjynfjynfqi&m Nidr;csr;a&;    dk f                  f f                                                                                                                                                t,f'Dwmhtmabmf} rS aumufEkwfcsuf
        aeYwif cGijhfyKcsur&bJ pDwef;vSnvnf
                   G                  f                                        hf                                                                                                          "mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif
        qE´jyrIjzifh uda*sm*e;ESihf rarpHy,fjzL
                                     k fGf                                                                                                                                                                                           tajccHOya'u qE´jyzdkYvlawGudk cGifhjyKxm;w,f/ olu avQmuf
        wkYdukd '*HNk rdKUe,fw&m;½k;ESihf prf;acsmif;         H                                                                                                                                                               vmwJholawGudky,fcsw,f/ y,fcswmrsm;w,fqdk&ifawmh tajccH
        NrdKUe,f w&m;½H;wdYk wif trIEpccí
                                        k                   G               S f k JG                                                                                                                                          Oya'udk zsufaewJhvljzpfrSmaygh/ olYrSm ay;zdkYwm0ef&Sdw,f/ ay;zdkY
        w&m;pGJqkdxm;rIudk waygif;wnf;                                                                                                                                                                                        wm0ef&Sdwmudk olYtaMumif; jycsufeJYolawmh cdkifvHkw,f&SdrSmaygh/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              vrf;ay:rSm vlydwfw,fqdkwm taMumif;jycsufr[kwfbl;/ aemuf
          J
        pG&ef avQmufxm;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              wpfckuawmh vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fawGudku awmif;&rSm/ usKduúqH
                        J kd H
        w&m;pGqc&onfh udr&rfa*sm*e;u                      k                  f G f                                                                                                                                            uGif;BuD;udk jyefay;yg/ jynfolY&ifjyifBuD;[m jynfolawG&JUae&m? tJ'DrSm
        The Voice Weekly odYkajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              pka0;vdkY&Sd&if b,folYudkrS cGifhawmif;p&mrvdkatmif vkyfay;yg/
                       pufwifbmv 21 &ufaeYwif                                              G                                                                                                                                         atmuf w d k b mv 4 &uf a eYxk w f Venus News *sme,f y g
        wpfcsdefwnf;? wpfae&mwnf;wGif                                                                                                                                                                                         ]odyÜHESifh enf;ynm0efBuD;Xme ñTefcsKyf (Nidrf;) a'gufwmwifvdIif
        wpfqufwnf;jzpfyGm;cJhonfh trsKd;                                                                                                                                                                                      (bdk;vdIif) ESifh awGUqHkjcif;} rS aumufEkwfcsuf
                               dö
        tpm;wluptay: '*HNk rdKUe,fw&m;½H;                                                    k
                                                                         k             G                    dk f
        ESihf prf;acsmif;NrdKUe,fw&m;½H;wkYdwif trI&ifqiae&aMumif;? jypfrqi&m Oya'yk'r 71 (wpfcsewnf;? wpfae&m                                 I dk f                     f                    df                                      þu@wGif aumufEkwfazmfjyxm;aom taMumif;t&mrsm;
                                             f hJ                 d                  I                  k
        wnf;ü usL;vGecaom rsK;wljypfrrsm;udk ½H;awmfuppfaq;NyD;aemuf jypfrxif&m;vQif jypf'PfwpfBudromcsrw&                                                     I S                                       f           S f       onf oufqdkif&mrD'D,m odkYr[kwf pma&;olrsm;\ tmabmfom
                                    I dk f                      hf kH                          f
        rnf)ESihf jypfrqi&m usix;Oya'yk'r 234 (wpfEptwGi; usL;vGecaom rsK;wljypfrrsm;udk oH;rItxdaygif;í                 Sf        f                    f hJ          d                  I         k                           jzpfNyD; The Voice Weekly t,f'DwmtzGJUtaeESifh oabmwljcif;
        waygif;wnf; yl;aygif;ppfaq;&rnfqaom Oya'jy|mef;csursm;t& trIuEpck waygif;wnf;ppfaq;ay;ap   dk                                      f                       kd S f                                                                    k f                                f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               rwljcif;udk ud,pm;rjyKbJ taygif;vu©Pmjzpfap? tEkwvu©Pmjzpfap
             d                                                      kd f k                            k
        vkaomaMumifh taemufyi;c½dif w&m;½H;odYk Oya'ESitnDavQmufxm;&ef pDpOfaejcif;jzpfaMumif; w&m;pGqc&                    hf                                                                                     J kd H      xl;jcm;aom toGifwpfckaqmifaeygu pmzwfy&dowfrsm; owdjyKrd
                  h
        onfbufrS txufwef;a&SUae OD;aZmfaZmfatmifu qkdonf/                                                                                                                                                                      apvdkí jyefvnfudk;um;azmfjyjcif; jzpfygonf/
                                          dk
                       atmufwbmv 10 &ufaeYu '*HNk rdKUe,fw&m;½H;wGif trIppfaq;pOfw&m;pGqc&onfbufrS tusK;aqmif                  k                                              J dk H         h               d
        txufwef;a&SUae OD;aZmfaZmfatmifu trIEpcuwaygif;wnf;ppfaq;ay;ap&ef taemufyi;c½diw&m;½H;odYk            S f k kd                                                                         kd f k f               k
        wifjyrnfjzpfaomaMumifh vuf&ppfaq;aeaomtrIukd acwå&yfqi;xm;ay;&ef ½H;awmfoYkdavQmufxm;cJonf/
                                                                                  dS
        txufwef;a&SUae OD;aZmfaZmfatmif\wifjyrItNyD;wGif w&m;vkbufrS Oya't&m&Su OD;aZmfaZmfatmif \                                               d
                                                                                                                                                   dk f                         k
                                                                                                                                                                                       d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 h                                          jyifqifcsuf
                             f S hf
        wifjycsuEiywfoufí ]wifjy&efr&Syg}[k w&m;½k;H odYavQmufxm;cJonf/                  d                             k                     h                                                                                                  S        dk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2012 ckEpf atmufwbmv 8-14 &ufxwf The Voice Weekly Vol.8/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            k
                       '*HNk rKd Ue,fw&m;olBu;D u trIppfjcif;acwå&yfem;NyD;aemuf qufvufppfaq;&mwGif w&m;pGqc&onfbufrS                                                                            J dk H        h            No.40            f S        k f           k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       pmrsuEm 6 &Sd &cdiowif;yg &cdipmayESihf ,Ofaus;rItoif;Ouú|
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              f                                            f S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            a':cifapmode; tpm; a':cifapmwifh [kvnf;aumif;? pmrsuEm 14 &Sd yckuL            ú
                     d
        tusK;aqmifa&SUae OD;aZmfaZmfatmif\wifjyrI ESiywfoufNyD; w&m;vkbufrS uefYuupmwifoi;oGm;rnfjzpf               hf                                       d                        G f            G f                                                                      k f        kd f d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            wGif ILO pmwrf;jzefYa0aom.....owif; yxrpmyd'yg ppfui;wki;a'oBuD;
                                                  kd
        aomaMumifh trIuaemufwpfywf ½H;cse;tjzpf atmufwbmv 24 &ufaeYwif xyfrppfaq;rnfjzpfaMumif;  k d f                               dk                                     G              H                                       ú Ue,f                   df            ú
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            yckuLNrdKUe,f tpm; rauG;wki;a'oBuD; yckuLNrdKUe,f [kvnf;aumif; jyifqif
        '*HNk rdKUe,f w&m;olBuD; a':cifoefYZifu qH;jzwfonf/                                               k                                                                                                                         I      S        f S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            zwf½yg&efEihf pmrsuEm 35 tifwmAsL;u@yg DIAMOND STAR CO.,LTD.
                                                                                  df G                         k                 d
                       trIppfaq;rI acwårem;rDtcsewif w&m;vdOya't&m&Su ] wifjy&efr&Syg}} [k ajymMum;cJNhy;D trIppfaq;rI acwåem;Ny;D                        d                                                                 pDra&;&mXme refae*sm OD;pef;NrdKionf vQyppf"mwftm;jzefYjzL;rIukd wm0ef,vyf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                H                              f    f                                 l k
                                                                                  k
        qufvufppfaq;&mwGif w&m;vdbufu uefYuupmwifoi;oGm;rnf[k ajymif;vJom;jcif;tay: ]]uReruawmh                   G f                   Gf                                          G                      f                   k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            udirnfh CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT CO.,LTD. ESihf oufqijf cif;r&Syg       dk        d
                                                                        J kd H
        b0ifrusygbl;}}[k w&m;pGqc&ol rarpHy,fjzLu ¤if;\tjrifukd The Voice Weekly odYk ajymMum;onf/                                                                                                                                                l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            aMumif; pmzwforsm;udk today;tyfygonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  t,f'wm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      9
   Monday, October 15 - 21, 2012                                                                                                                                                                                              VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            The




wuúpDrsm;udk xdef;odrf;MuyfrwfrnfUtoif;zGJY&ef pDpOf
         atmuf
&efukef? atmufwdkbm 9

  vl       OD;a&ajcmufoef;cefYaexdkifNyD; urÇmvSnfhc&D;oGm;rsm; t"du0ifa&muf&m &efukefNrdKUawmfwGif armif;ESifaeaom wuúpD (tiSm;,mOf)rsm;\ pnf;urf;azmufzsufrIrsm;udk xdef;odrf;Muyfrwf&ef
           twGuf wuúpD,mOfarmif;rsm;toif; zGJUpnf;&ef tqifhoHk;qifhjzifh aqmif&GufoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; r.x.o (A[dk) Ouú|OD;vSatmifu The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
       &efukefwdkif;a'oBuD;tpdk;&                                                                                                                awmhr,f? ,mOfydkif&SifeJY zGJU&rvm;?              jyKjyifzdkYu 0efaqmifrIaumif;wJh
tzGJU\ ñTefMum;csuft& wuúpD                            "mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif                                                                     ,mOfarmif;eJY zGJU&rvm; rodao;                    rD w mwuú p D p pf p pf a wG ay:vmzd k Y
rsm;udk xdef;odrf;uGyfuJ&eftwGuf                                                                                                                 bl ; / BuD ; Muyf a &;tzG J U zG J U rvm;?        vdkygw,f}} [k wuúpDpD;eif;avh&Sdol
toif;wpfoif;zGJU&ef r.x.o A[dk                                                                                                                   toif ; tzG J U zG J U rvm;vnf ; rqH k ;           &efukefNrdKUcHwpfOD;uajymMum;onf/
udk ñTeMf um;cJjh cif;jzpfaMumif;? vuf&dS                                                                                                        jzwf & ao;bl ; / tao;pd w f u d k                         &efukefwdkif;a'oBuD;twGif;
&ef u k e f N rd K UwG i f ; &S d wuú p D r sm;ud k                                                                                              aemufrSxkwfjyefygr,f}}[k r.x.o                                   D S f kH
                                                                                                                                                                                                   wGif wuúprwywif&ef c½dipnfyif k f
c½dkifpnfyifom,ma&;tzGJU? ,mOf                                                                                                                   A[dkOuú| OD;vSatmifu ajymqdk                      ½Hk;av;ck&SdNyD; wuúpDpD;a& ESpfaomif;
pnf ; urf ; xd e f ; od r f ; a&;tzG J U ?                                                                                                       onf/                                              oHk;axmifausmf&SdaMumif; w&m;0if
                 S hf
unewdYkEitwl yl;aygif;í r.x.o                                                                                                                            ta0;ajy;,mOf & yf e m;pcef ;              pm&if;rsm;t& od&onf/ aeYpOfc&D;
A[d k u yg0if p pf a q;rnf j zpf N yD ;                                                                                                                                      k
                                                                                                                                                 rsm;wGif ,cifu tqdygwuúptoif;        D            onf OD;a&ysrf;rQ 2 'or 6 oef;
yxrtqifhtaejzifh c½dkifpnfyif                                                                                                                    tzGJUrsm; zGJUpnf;zl;aomfvnf; ,ck                                         f dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                   ausmf oGm;vmvsu&aMumif;? r.x.o
rSwfyHkwif½Hk;wGif wuúpDrsm; rSwfyHk                                                                                                             uJhodkY &efukefNrdKUwGif;wGif zGJUpnf;&ef         A[dkvufatmufwGif ,mOfvdkif; 17
wif&ef EdI;aqmfjcif;? 'kwd,tqifh                                                                                                                 rMum;rd a Mumif ; ES i f h ¤if ; taeES i f h          k f          f
                                                                                                                                                                                                   vdi;&SNd yD; ZGevtxd pm&if;Z,m;t&
taejzifh rSwfyHkwifpm&if;Z,m;t&                                                                                                                  oufqdkif&mc½dkifpnfyifwGif ,mOf                   c&D ; onf w if b wf p f u m;ajcmuf
tzGJUtpnf;udk ,mOfydkif&SifESifhaomf                                                                                                             rSwfyHkwifxm;jcif;r&SdbJ zrf;qD;cH&               axmifausmfajy;qGJvsuf&SdaMumif;
                                                                                                 vnf;aumif;? ,mOfarmif;ESifhaomf                 ygu usyf w pf a omif ; ES p f a xmif              r.x.oA[dk\ w&m;0ifpm&if;rsm;
    SPORT                                                                                        vnf;aumif; zGJUpnf;&ef aqmif&Guf                'Pf a iG a y;aqmif v suf & S d a Mumif ;          t& od&onf/ xdkYjyif c&D;onfwif
                                                                                                 jcif ; ? wwd , tqif h t aeES i f h              touf 25 ESpft&G,f wuúpD,mOf                       ,mOfydkif&Sifrsm;pkpnf;í jrefrmEdkifiH
   csJvfqD;toif; jrefrmEkdifiHwGif                                                               BuD;Muyfa&;tzGJU odkYr[kwf toif;
                                                                                                 tzGJUtjzpf zGJUpnf;jcif; ponfwdkYudk
                                                                                                                                                 armif;wpfOD;uqdkonf/
                                                                                                                                                         ]]&ef u k e f r S m wuú p D p D ; &if ;
                                                                                                                                                                                                   c&D;onfydkYaqmifa&;,mOfydkif&Sifrsm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                   toif;udkvnf; zGJUpnf;oGm;rnfjzpf
                                                                                                 vk y f a qmif o G m ;rnf j zpf a Mumif ;                  G
                                                                                                                                                 b,fom;rSmvJ? b,favmufay;rvJ?                      aMumif; tqdkygtoif;jzpfajrmuf
   vma&mufupm;Ekdif&ef BuKd;pm;rnf[kqkd                                                          ¤if;uqufvufajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                         ]]wcsKdUu wuúpD rSwfyHkwif&
                                                                                                                                                 vrf;rBuHKbl;qdkNyD; wuúpDarmif;wJh
                                                                                                                                                 olawGu tNrJtompD;,lxm;w,f/
                                                                                                                                                                                                   a&;,m,DaumfrwDtzGJU0if ,mOf
                                                                                                                                                                                                   ydkif&SifwpfOD;jzpfol OD;udkudkEdkifu
&efukef? atmufwdkbm 11                                                                           rSmudk rodbJ rwifMuwmrsm;w,f/                   aps;EIef;uvnf; rDwmeJYr[kwfbJ                     The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;
       t*Fvefy&D;rD;,m;vd*f xdyo;       f D           ¤if;uqkdonf/                               um;rsm;vmwmeJY BuD;MuyfuGyfuJ&                  BuHKovdkawmif;aew,f/ 'gawGudk                     onf/
toif;wpfoif;jzpfonfh csvq;abm J f D                            pmcsKyft& IBTC ukrÜPDtae
   H                  dk f
vk;toif; tm&SwuoYdk ajcprf;yGrsm;     J               ESihf csJvfqD;toif;\ trSwfwHqdyf                FOREIGN INVESTMENT
                         h
vma&mufupm;onftcg tcGita&;         hf                 ESihf abmvkH;orm;rsm;\ "mwfykHrsm;
&ygu jrefrmEkiioYdk vma&mufupm;
  df
                 dfH
Eki&ef BuK;d pm;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; csvf  J
                                                      ukd Grand Royal 0DpuDEifh aomufa&
                                                                                     S
                                                      oefYwkdYwGif tokH;jyKí ta&mif;jr§ifh
                                                                                                    qlZluD;um;puf½Hk jrefrmEdkifiHwGif wnfaqmuf&eftqkdjyK
qD;toif;\ tm&StycsKyr'g½kuwm
                         kf fI d f                    wifEkdifrnfjzpfaMumif; IBTC ukrÜPD            &efukef? atmufwdkbm 10
Mr. Adrian u ajymMum;onf/                             Ouú|OD;atmifrdk;ausmfu ajymMum;                                      dk f H
                                                                                                              *syefEiirS qlZu;um;xkwvya&;ukrPonf jrefrmEkiiwif um;puf½wpfcwnfaqmuf&eftqkjd yKxm;aMumif;
                                                                                                                                        l D             f kf          Ü D            dfH G            kH k
       jrefrm0DpuDaps;uGuftwGif;                      onf/                                          awmif'*HkpufrIZkef&Sd qlZluD;um;xkwfvkyfonfhpuf½HkrS trnfrazmfvkdol0efxrf;wpfOD;u The Voice Weekly odkY
a0pktrsm;qkH; &&Sdxm;onfh Grand                                                  f
                                                               OD;atmifr;kd ausmonf zsuor;f df      ajymMum;onf/
Royal 0DpuDukd xkwfvkyfjzefYcsdonfh                   &ef pDpOfaeonfh [Hom0wDabmvkH;                                                kH
                                                                                                              ]]um;puf½wnfzYdktqdjk yKxm;ygw,f/ 1999 ckEpuwnf;u qlZu;ukrPeYJ jrefrmpufr0efBuD;XmeeJY tusK;wl
                                                                                                                                                    yKxm;ygw,f                   Sf           l D Ü D                 I                d
              Ü D J f D
IBTC ukrPu csvq;ESifh atmufwdk                        toif; ydkif&Sifvnf;jzpfonf/                                                      f k f hJ                                             h G h
                                                                                                    yl;aygif;NyD; um;xkwvycygw,f/ 2010 rSm oabmwlpmcsKyf jynfom;wJtwGuf xkwvyr&yfem;xm;wm 2 ESpf             f k f I
                   G
bm 9 &ufaeYwif csux&D,[w,f f     H dk                          IBTC ukrÜPDESihf csJvfqD;abm                      dS                              Hk                k f kfS
                                                                                                    avmuf&ygNyD/ tckrS puf½wnfNyD; jyefxwzYkdvyrmyg}}[k ¤if;uqufvufajymMum;onf/
            f
ü jyKvkyonfh pD;yGm;a&;tusKd ; wl ;                   vkH;toif;wdkY ESpfESpfMum pD;yGm;a&;                            l D Ü D                                                       D yf HS         k fH D
                                                                                                              qlZu;ukrPonf *syef,ef;aiGoef;aygif;rsm;pGm &if;ES;jr§KyfEí jrefrmEdiiov0g txl;pD;yGm;a&;Zkef &Sd [ufwm
yl;aygif;rIpmcsKyf yxrqkH;pmcsKyf                                  l
                                                      tusKd;wly;aygif;&eftwGuf aiGaMu;                              f
                                                                                                    40 us,aom ajray:wGif um;puf½wnfaqmufom;rnfjzpfaMumif;? wpfEpvQif um;pD;a&ESpaomif;rS oH;aomif;txd
                                                                                                                                                          kH                   G                 Sf                 f        k
vufrSwfa&;xkd;NyD;aemuf ¤if;u                                              dk hJ
                                                      rnfrQjzihf csKyfqconfurl xkwazmf dk  f               f kf
                                                                                                    xkwvyrnfjzpfaMumif;? tqkygpuf½ukd 2015 ckEpf rwkirD taumiftxnfazmfom;rnfjzpfaMumif;? puf½aqmufvyrnfh
                                                                                                                                                    d        kH            S     df                     G                kH         kf
txufygtwkdif; ajymMum;vkduf                           ajymqkdcJhjcif;r&Sday/                        ajrae&mudk qlZluD;ukrÜPDrSt&m&SdwpfOD; Munfh½IavhvmNyD;jzpfaMumif; *syefEkdifiHxkwftqm[d&SifbGef;owif;pm\
jcif;jzpfonf/                                                  tm&SwGif abmvkH;oifwef;              tifwmeufowif;wGif azmfjyxm;onf/
       ]]'DaeYcsKyfqkdwJhpmcsKyfu yxr                                              hf S f
                                                      ausmif; ckepfausmif;zGivpxm;aom                                         dfH G            f kH                                                        S
                                                                                                              jrefrmEkiiwif rSwywifxm;aom um;pD;a& 2 'or 3 oef;&SNd yD; trsm;pkrm *syefEiixwum;rsm;jzpfaMumif;dk f H k f
tqifhyg/ tcGifhta&;&r,fqkd&if                         csJvfqD;toif;taeESihf jrefrmEkdifiH           owif;wGiazmfjyxm;onf/f
csJvfqD;toif;tm&Sukd ajcprf;yGJvm                     wGif oifwef;ausmif;zGifhvSpf&ef                                  d
                                                                                                              tqkyg um;puf½wnfaqmufrEihf ywfoufí ,cktcsexd tqdjk yKavQmufxm;jcif;r&Sao;aMumif; jrefrmh&if;ES;
                                                                                                                                            kH                  IS                    df                          d                      D
upm;wJhtcgrSm jrefrmEkdifiHukdvm                      tvm;tvm&SdrnfjzpfaMumif; Mr.                       f HS I                   f                                     dk f D
                                                                                                    jr§KyEraumfr&SirS nTeMf um;a&;rSL;csKyf OD;atmifEiO;u The Voice Weekly odYkajymMum;onf/                                 Thant Zin Oo
upm;Ekdifatmif pDpOfoGm;rSmyg}}[k                     Adrian u ajymMum;onf/
   10
 The
       VOICE                                                                                                                                                                                                 Monday, October 15 - 21 , 2012




vufyef;awmif;awmifteD;okomefwGif a'ocHrsm; o½kyfjyyGJjyKvkyfí qE´xkwfazmf
        atmuf
rHk&Gm? atmufwdkbm 10
                                                                                               f
           yef;awmif;awmiftm; xdef;odrf;&efaoqHk;NyD;olrsm;\ 0dnmOfrsm; jyefvnfE;kd xvmNy;D use&pfolrsm;udk rSmMum;onfhyHkoP²mefjzifh o½kyfjyyGJwpfckudk atmufwdkbmv 9 &ufaeY naeydkif;wGif
 vuf       vufyef;awmif;awmifteD; qnfwnf;aus;&GmokomefwGif jyKvkyfcJhaMumif; tqdkyg&GmcHwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
       ]]'DyGJ bmvdkYvkyfjzpfwmvJqdk        jcif;ESiywfoufí ¤if;u&Si;jyonf/
                                                     hf                    f                  vG w f v yf c G i f h t &awmh vk y f E d k i f y g   88 rsKd;qufausmif;om; OD;*sifrDudk                          vm;rodbl;/ 'DygazmhrmefYqdkwmu
awmh EdkifiHa&;em;vnfwJh tpfudkawG                  ]]jynfolYvGwfvyfcGifht&awmh               w,f/ 'Dtay:awmh roHk;oyfcsifyg                       qufoG,far;jref;&m ¤if;taeESifh                              vnf; wjcm;NrdKUBuD;awGrSmvkyfwm
u vkyfoifhw,fvdkY qHk;jzwfcsufcs            vkyfcsifwmvkyfvdkY&ygw,f/ 'gayrJh                 bl ; / ab;ya,m*awG y gvmr,f h                        oabmxm;rSwfcsufray;vdkaMumif;                               rMumao;bl;/ a'ocHawG pnf;pnf;
ay;w,f/ uRefawmfwdkY&Gmu 0dkif;pOf;         tcktcsdefrSm w&m;Oya'pdk;rdk;a&;                  taetxm;udkawmh pdwfylw,f}} [k                        jyefvnfajzMum;onf/                                          vHk;vHk; 'Dta&;udk vkyfMuwmvm;
pm;ay;w,f/ vkyfoifh rvkyfoifh               twGuf Oya'vrf;aMumif;twdkif;                      trsKd;om;'Drdkua&pDtzGJUcsKyf ykvJ                          ]]twdwfedrdwf raumif;wJh                             awmhrodbl;/ or®wBuD;OD;odef;pdef
pOf ; pm;w,f / &G m om;awG v nf ;           oG m ;aewJ h t csd e f r S m wpf z uf E S i f h   NrdKUe,f jynfolYvTwfawmfudk,fpm;                     twGuf tJ'DvdkyGJrsKd;rvkyfoifhbl;vdkY                       ajymovdk aemufuG,fuvlawGrsm;
oabmusw,fqdkawmh vkyfjzpfoGm;               wpfzuf txiftjrifvGJrSm;EdkifwJh                   vS,f a':cifpef;vdIifu qdkonf/                        xifygw,f/ awmifolawGtaeeJY                                  &Sdaervm;? 'Dvufyef;awmif;udpu          ö
wmyg}} [k tqdkygo½kyfjyyGJjyKvkyf&          udpöawGudkawmh rjzpfapcsifbl;/                           ,if;o½kyfjyyGJESifh ywfoufí                   vdktyfwm&Sd&if w&m;0ifenf;vrf;                              tpuwnf;u rajz&Sif;cJhvdkY tckvdk
                                                                                                                                                   wus pmeJYwifjywmwdkY ajyajyvnf                              tusKd;qufawGjzpfaewmvdYk oH;oyf     k
                                                                                                                                                   vnf n§dEdIif;wmwdkY vkyfoifhygw,f}}                         ygw,f}}[k rHk&GmNrdKUcH 0g&ifha&SUaeBuD;
                                                                                                                                                   [k qm;vif;BuD;NrdKUe,f tkyfcsKyf                            wpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
   e,fpyftxGufrsm;í jynfwGif;Budrfvkyfief;&Sifrsm; tcufBuHK                                                                                        a&;rSL;uqdkonf/
                                                                                                                                                          ,if;o½kyfjyyGJjyKvkyfcJhonfrSm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Ediiawmfor®wBuD;OD;ode; pd e f
                                                                                                                                                                                                               onf tar&duefjynfaxmifpc&D;pOf     k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     f
   {&m0wD? atmufwdkbm 10
           BudrfukefMurf;t"duxGuf&Sd&m ucsifa'oü ppfyGJrsm;jzpfyGm;vsuf&SdNyD; w½kwfESifh tdE´d,EdkifiHe,fpyf                                      rdrdwdkYtaeESifh tjcm;olajymrSom                            wGif jynfyrD'D,mwpfckrS vufyef;
              f
   aps;uGursm;odYk ukeMf urf;xGu&rI rsm;vsu&jdS cif;aMumifh jynfwi;Budrvyief;&Sirsm; tcufBuHKvsu&dS aMumif;
                                       f dS     f                      G f f k f         f                     f                                   vQif od&SdcJh&jcif;jzpfaMumif; xdkudpö                      awmif;awmifta&;ESifh ywfoufí
   jrefrmEdkifiHBudrfvkyfief;&Sifrsm;toif;Ouú| OD;ausmfolu The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/                                                      twGuf oHk;oyfcsufray;vdkaMumif;                             ar;jref;&m vufyef;awmif;awmif
                 kd D
           tif'e;&Sm;Edii\ BudrueMf urf;wifyYkdrywvuonftwGuf w½kwjf ynfoYlor®wEdiionf jrefrmEdiiH
                         k f H        f k           I d f kd f h                                   k f H                  k f                      jref r mh p D ; yG m ;a&;OD ; yd k i f v D r d w uf r S     ta&;\ aemufuG,fwGif aoG;xdk;
   xGufBudrfrsm;udk yHkrSefukefoG,fa&;ESifh e,fpyfukefoG,fa&;ESpfrsKd;vHk;rS &orQ0,f,lvsuf&Sdjcif;? jynfwGif;                                      wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/                              vHIYaqmfolrsm;&SdEdkifaMumif; ajymMum;
   BudrfukefMurf;aygufaps;onf 2012 ckESpf ESpfqef;ydkif;wGif 50 &mcdkifEIef;cefYtxd ckefwufoGm;cJhjcif;wkdYaMumifh                                        ]]ygazmhrmefYqdkwm aus;&Gmu                          cJhonf/
   jynfwGif;Budrfvkyfief;trsm;pkvkyfief;vnfywf&ef tcuftcJrsm;ESifh&ifqdkif&vsuf&SdaMumif; {&m0wD                                                   awmolawmifom;awG Mum;zl;cJh&JU                                                      udkouf (rHk&Gm)
   wdkif;a'oBuD;tajcpdkuf Budrfvkyfief;&Siftodkif;t0dkif;xHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/                                                                    rsufESmzHk; jrefrmEdkifiHwGif OIC ½Hk;pdkufrnfr[kwf[k rS tquf
           ]]tckBudrfu w&m;0ifa&m? w&m;r0ifa&moGm;aew,f/ ucsifu rNidrf;csrf;awmh ukefMurf;xkwfwm                                                                                    k
                                                                                                                                                              OIC onf &efueNf rKdUESifh ppfawG           NrKdUwGif atmufwkdbmv 10&ufaeY
   avsmhw,f/ aps;uGufxJrSm vufusefyJ&Sdw,f/ w½kwfu t0,fMurf;aew,f/ e,fpyfudk wpf&ufwefoHk;q,f                                                      NrKdUwGif rMumrD ½kH;pkdufrnfjzpfNyD; u trsKd;orD;rsm;tygt0if a'ocH
   yg um;tpD; 20? 30 avmufxGufaew,f/ wpf&ufwnf; wef 200? 300avmufoGm;wmvnf;&Sdw,f/                                                                 &ef u k e f ½ k H ; uk d AD Z mud p ö t ygt0if 4000 cefYonf "Get Out OIC, No
   opfawm0efBuD;udkawmh wifjyxm;w,f/ ukefMurf;eJY ukefacsmaps;awGudk n§day;r,fvdkYawmh ajymw,f}} [k                                                axmuf y H h a &;tpD p Of r sm;twG u f OIC, Stop OIC" ponfh pmwef;rsm;
   jrefrmEdkifiHBudrfvkyfief;&Sifrsm;toif;Ouú| OD;ausmfoluqdkonf/                                                                                  zG i f h v S p f r nf j zpf u m ppf a wG ½ k H ; uk d yg0ifonfhtusÐrsm;ukd 0wfqifum
           ,if;odkY BudrfukefMurf;aps; ,cifaps;\ESpqcefYjzpfom;jcif;aMumifh jrefrmEdkifiH\ Budrfukefacsmt"du
                                                          f         G                                                                              axmufyHha&;udpörsm;twGuf ½kH;pkduf qE´azmfxkwfcJhMuaMumif; a'ocH
   xkwvy&m {&m0wDwi;a'oBuD; a&Munfa'o&Sd Budrtacsmxnfvyief;av;yHwpfycefYvyief; vnfywfrI
          f k f                kd f                               f             k f        k    kH     k f                                         oG m ;rnf j zpf a Mumif ; ? tpö v mrf rsm;xHrS od&onf/
   &yfem;oGm;aMumif; {&m0wDwi;a'oBuD; jrefrmh½;&mBudrtacsmxnfvyief;&Sirsm;toif; Ouú| OD;cifarmifxe;
                                    kd f               kd       f              kf      f                                   Gf                      bmom? Ak ' ¨ b mom rcG J j cm;bJ                                 ]]OIC vkYd Mum;vkuwi;f tonf;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             d f dk
   u ajymMum;onf/                                                                                                                                  axmufyHhulnDoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ukd tyfeJYqGaeovkd cHpm;&w,f/
                                                                                                                                                                    f
                                                                                                                                                   OIC rGwqvif vlenf;pk&yf0ef; Xme                       OIC &ckdifrSm ½kH;pkdufr,fqkdwm &ckdif
           jrefrmhBudrftacsmxnfrsm;onf 1990-1991 b@mESpfrwdkifrDu tm&SwGifomru Oa&myESifh tar&du
                                                                                                                                                   \ ½kd[if*smta&;qkdif&m wm0efcH wpfrsKd;om;vkH;ukd aoG;qlatmif
   odkYyg aps;uGufwifydkYrI&SdcJhaomfvnf; 2003 ckESpfwGif pD;yGm;a&;ydwfqdkYrIjzpfpOfESifh 2010 jynfhESpf aemufydkif;rS                                     D                              f         D
                                                                                                                                                   rpö'emref'eD\ ajymMum;csuudk bDbpD vk y f w myJ } } [k ppf a wG N rKd U qE´
                                                                          f
   pwifum BudrfukefMurf;aps; ESpfpOfjrifhwufvmjcif;aMumifh vkyom;tiftm;oHk;aomif;ausmfcefYjzifh vkyfief;                                                        d f               G               kd
                                                                                                                                                   jrefrmyki;tpDtpOfwif atmufwbm azmfxkwfrIwGif yg0ifcJhaom &ckdif
   vnfywfcJhonfh {&m0wDwdkif;a'oBuD; a&MunfNrdKUtajcpdkuf Budrftacsmxnfvkyfief;onf vuf&SdtcsdefwGif                                                v 10 &ufaeYu azmfjycJhonf/                            trsKd;orD;wpfOD;jzpfol a':nKdat;
        f                            h G D f                             kfIf
   vkyom; 5ç000 cefYtxd avsmusom;Ny; vkyief;vnfywfrI 25 &mcdiEe;cefYtxd usqif;oGm;aMumif; a&MunfBurf                         d                                OIC &ckdifjynfe,fwGif ½kH;pkduf            u &Sif;jyonf/
   tacsmxnfvkyfief;&SifOD;rsKd;ñGefYu ajymMum;onf/                                                                                                          h d ö S
                                                                                                                                                   rnfupEifh ywfoufí &ckijf ynfe,f       d                          &ck d i f j ynf e ,f t wG i f ; OIC
           jrefrmEdkifiHrSxGuf&Sdonfh Budrf 90&mcdkifEIef;udk jynfyodkYwifydkYNyD; usef 10 &mcdkifEIef;cefYudkom wefzdk;                           tpdk;&tzGJUrS &ckdifjynfe,fy#dyu© ½kH;pkdufrnf[k owif;rsm; xGufay:
   jrifhxkwfukeftjzpfxkwfvkyfum xdkif;ESifh AD,uferfaps;uGufrsm;odkY wifydkYvsuf&Sd&m ukefMurf;aps;EIef;wufvm                                      twGif; ,m,DzGJUpnf;cJhaom owif; vmrI? b*Fvm;a'h&EiiH aumhubZm;                    fS dk f        f
   csdefwGif ukefacsmaps;EIef;wdk;jr§ifhr&onfhtwGuf vkyfief;vnfywfrIcufcJum aps;uGufaysmufvkeD;yg;jzpfvsuf                                         jyef M um;a&;Xme twG i f ; a&;rS L ; ESihf ppfwaumif;a'owdkYwGif Ak'¨
   &SdaMumif; {&m0wDwdkif;a'oBuD;tajcpdkuf jynfyydkY Budrftacsmxnfvkyfief;&SifOD;pdk;Edkifu ajymMum;onf/                                           OD;0if;NrKdifukd qufoG,far;jref;cJh&m bmom0ifrsm; tMurf;zufcH&rIrsm;
           BudrfukefMurf;aygufaps;onf NyD;cJhonfh 2010 jynfhESpftwGif;u Budrftacsmif; 200 yg wpfpnf;vQif                                                              ö
                                                                                                                                                   OIC udpESihfywfoufí wpfpkHwpf&m                       twGuf &efukefNrKdUESihf &ckdifjynfe,f
   usyfwpfaomif;cefYaps;aygufcJh&mrS vuf&BdSurwpfpnf;vQif usyEpaomif;cefY aps;jrifwufom;aMumif; jynfwi;
                                                  df                   fSf                   h      G                       G f                    taMumif;Mum;xm;jcif; r&SdaMumif; wkdYwGif oHCmawmfrsm;tygt0if
   Budrfaps;uGuftwGif;rS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/                                                               rif;rif;OD;? rdk;cdkif                    jyefvnfajzMum;onf/                                    wk d i f ; &if;om;rsm; qE´azmfxkwfrI
                                                                                                                                                              &ckdifjynfe,fNrKdUawmf ppfawG qufwuf jzpfay:cJonf/      dk                h
                                                                                                                                                                                                              11
  Monday, October 15 - 21, 2012                                                                                                                                                                         VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                      The




    kSf                                        k kf
q,fpEpausmMf um &yfem;xm;aom EVA avaMumif; &efue-f wdiayc&D;pOf jyefvnfajy;qGJ
         atmuf
&efukef? atmufwdkbm 10

 jref rmEdki;rsKdH ;aMumifkeh fNrdKUawmfkEESpSifwpfckiusmfEMum&yfem;cJfahayNrdKUwdkYMum;avaMumifeaomc&D;pOfatmufwtaMumif9;
      trsKd
             fi &efu
                                q,fp
                                                fh xd f0rf dkifiH&Sd wdki
                                                     ka                   om EVA
                                                                                         ajy;qGJa
                                                                                                  ;vdkif;onf
                                                                                                             rsm;udk
                                                                                                                     dkbmv
                                                                                                                                Photo - tws3d.com

&ufaeYrSpwifNyD; &efukef-wdkifayavaMumif;c&D;pOfudk jyefvnfajy;qGJNyDjzpfaMumif; tqdkygavaMumif; vdkif;rS
Operation Director OD;vSa&Tu ajymMum;onf/
      tywfpOf t*Fg? aomMum?               tqdkygavaMumif;vdkif;onf jyefqGJwJhavaMumif;vdkif;yJ jzpfap
                  kf       k
paeaeYrsm;wGif wdiay-&efuef c&D;pOf jrefrmEdkifiHwGif 1997 ckESpfrSpwif 0rf;ajrmuf0rf;om vufcH&rnfjzpf
udk BR287 ? &efukef-wdkifay c&D;pOf í ajy;qGJcGifh&&SdcJhNyD; ,if;ESpfwGifyif aMumif;? avaMumif;vdkif; rsm;ygu
udk BR-288 jzifh c&D;onf 160 OD;qHh ,if;avaMumif;vdkif;emrnftpm; c&D;oGm;rsm; rsm;vmNyD; EdkifiHwum
MD90 trsKd;tpm; av,mOf toHk;        UNI AIR trnfjzifh ajy;qGJcJhum            {nfhonf0ifa&mufrI jrifhwufvm
jyKum jyefvnfajy;qGaeNyDjzpfaMumif; 2000 jynfhESpfwGif &yfem;cJhaMumif; rnfjzpfaMumif; jrefrmEdkifiHc&D;oGm;
                     J
¤if;u qufvufajymMum;onf/                                                          f     f
                                    jrefrmEdkifiHavaMumif;vdkif;udk,fpm; vkyief;&Sirsm;toif; trIaqmiftzGUJ 0if
      ]]tcku wpfpD;wnf;eJY jyefp vS,frsm;xHrS od&Sd&onf/                      OD;aemif;aemif;[efu ajymMum;onf/
w,f}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/                     avaMumif;vdkif;opfjzpfap?                 ]] FlightwpfcktaeeJY aps;uGuf
                                                                                                                              prf ; oyf w mjzpf a yr,f h &ef u k e f -       jrefrmEdkifiHodkY jyefvnfqif;ouf
                                                                                                                              wdkifayc&D;pOftaeeJY wpfywfoHk;                vmaom avaMumif;vdkif; rsm;rSm
                                                                                                                              Budrfqdkawmh trsm;BuD;aumif;yg                 umwmavaMumif;vdkif;? udk&D;,m;
   yGifUjzLNrdKYe,f tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;a[mif;udk                                                                                 w,f/ wcsKdUqdk wpfywfwpfBudrfyJ
                                                                                                                              ajy;Muwm&S d w ,f / bmyJ j zpf j zpf
                                                                                                                                                                             avaMumif;vdkif;? wdkifayavaMumif;
                                                                                                                                                                             vdkif; (tDAm) vdkif;rsm; jzpfNyD; ,ckv
                                                                                                                              olwdkYrvmao;&ifawmif udk,fu                    aESmif;ydkif;wGif atmeDyGef avaMumif;
   EdkifiHydkif"mwfajrMoZm tvGJoHk;pm;rIjzifUppfaq;                                                                           jyefac:&ygr,f}} [k jynfwGif;odkY
                                                                                                                              avaMumif;vdkif;rsm; wdk;csJUysHoef;
                                                                                                                                                                             vdkif; (*syef) onf jyefvnfajy;qGJ
                                                                                                                                                                             rnf [ k v nf ; avaMumif ; vd k i f ;
          atmuf
   rauG;? atmufwdkbm 11
          rauG;wdi;a'oBuD; yGijhf zLNrdKUe,f&dS tkycsKya&;rSL;a[mif; OD;vSaX;udk usyoe;f wpfaomif;cGe;D yg; (1ç425ç250ç000)
                    kf                               f f                              f d           J                         vmrItay: OD;aemif;aemif;[efu                   udk,fpm;vS,frsm;u ajymMum;onf/
        kd k f H kd
   wefz;&Sd Ediiyif "mwfajrMoZmpm&if; cdivpmrjyoEdijf cif;aMumifh vuf&yijhf zLNrdKUe,f tkycsKya&;rSL; OD;oufaqGu
                                            k f kH G        k                    dS G          f f                            oHk;oyfajymqdkonf/                                        jrefrmEdkifiHwGif tJuarÇmZ?
                                                         G
   w&m;vdkjyKvkyfí atmufwdkbmv 10 &ufaeYwif tqdygNrdKUe,f&wyfzUJG pcef;odkY wdkifMum;cJhaMumif; ,if;&JwyfzGJU
                                                               k          J                                                                      kfH G
                                                                                                                                      jrefrmEdiiwif ajy;qGjJ cif;rjyKbJ      tJ y k * H ? at;&S m ;0if ; ? tJ r EÅ a v;?
   pcef;xHrS od&onf/                                                                                                          q,f p k E S p f a usmf M umcJ h a om ,if ;     jref r mh a vaMumif ; ? tjynf j ynf
          tqdkygtkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;a[mif; OD;vSaX;onf yGifhjzLNrdKUe,f tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;wm0efudk 2011 ckESpf Edk0ifbmv            avaMumif;vd k i f ; onf wd k i f a yES i f h   qkdif&mjrefrmavaMumif;? &efukef
   4 &ufaeYwGif OD;oufOD;aqGxHodkY vTJajymif;ay;cJhNyD; vuf&SdwGif {&m0wDwdkif;a'oBuD; zsmyHkNrdKUe,f\                        tar&duefjynfaxmifpkc&D;pOfrsm;                                            G f
                                                                                                                                                                             tJa0;wdYk onf jynfwi;c&D;pOfrsm;udk
   tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;tjzpf wm0ef,lvsuf&SdaMumif;? ¤if;udkyGifhjzLNrdKUe,f &JwyfzUJG pcef;u y-74^12 yk'r 409 jzifh f                                               H
                                                                                                                              ESihf Oa&myc&D;pOfrsm;udk ysoef;vsuf           ajy;qGvsu&NdS yD; jrefrmEdiiukd 0ifxuf
                                                                                                                                                                                      J      f            kfH         G
   trIzGifhppfaq;vsuf&SdaMumif; tqdkyg&JwyfzGJUpcef;xHrS od&onf/                                                              &Sdonf/                                                   J         kfH
                                                                                                                                                                             ajy;qGaeaom EdiiwumavaMumif;
                                                                                                                                               S f
                                                                                                                                      ,ckEpatmufwbmvtwGi; kd           f     vdkif; 16 vdkif;cefY &Sdaeonf/
   12
  The
        VOICE                                                                                                                                                         Monday, October 15 - 21, 2012




ref;ausmuf0dkif; odef;&m*Pef;wef
ausmufpdrf;vufaumufrsm; ta&mif;t0,fjzpf                                                                                          pOf
                                                                                                                                 1/    yJqD
                                                                                                                                               trnf           4 . 10 . 2012
                                                                                                                                                                   4500
                                                                                                                                                                                  11 . 10 . 2012 +^-
                                                                                                                                                                                       4500
rEÅav;? atmufwdkbm 9                                                                                                             2/    pm;tkef;qD                  1500                1500
                  wdkif;a'oBuD;? r[matmifajrNrdKUe,f&Sd ausmufrsufa&mif;0,fa&;pcef;wGif usyfodef;&m*Pef;wef                      3/    tmvl;                   430 - 560            430 - 600     +
                  ausmuf p d r f ; vuf a umuf r sm; ,ck & uf y k d i f ; twG i f ; ta&mif ; t0,f j zpf v suf & S d a Mumif ;     4/    &Srf;MuufoGefjzL       600 - 1050           600 - 1050
tqdkygausmufrsufa&mif;0,fa&; pcef;tajcpdkuf 0,fa&mif;vkyfudkifolrsm;u ajymMum;onf/                                               5/    MuLukwfMuufoGefjzL          1500                1500
        ,if;uJhodkY ta&mif;t0,fjzpf onfhtwGuf arSmfxJüausmufrxGuf t0,fenf;yg;rIaMumifh ,if;ausmuf                                6/    MuufoGefeD              570 - 790           750 - 900      +
aeonfrm ESpywfcefY&NdS yD; w½kw½;dk &m ouJhodkY w½kwfjynfolYor®wEdkifiH rsm;udk jzwfawmufum jyefvnf
            S f                     f                                                                                            7/    0g;c,fri½kwf&Snf            2150                2100       -
yGawmfEihf eD;uyfjcif;uvnf; taMumif; bufrS 0,fvufrsm;vnf;qif;rvm xGuf&Sdvmonfh jzwfprsm;udk yHkNyD;
  J       S                                                                                                                      8/    oMum;                       1060                1060
                                                          Gf d       f l d
wpfckjzpfaMumif; tqdkyga&mif;0,f jcif;ESihf jynfwi;&Sw½kwvrsK;trsm;pk usyfwpfaomif;zdk;? ESpfaomif;zdk;
                                                                                                                                 9/    anmifOD;aq;xef;              850                 840       -
olrsm;uqdkonf/                            rSm aps;ESdrfrIrsm;&SdonfhtwGuf ,ck jyefvnfa&mif;csonfh ausmufjzwf
        ]]vufaumufydkif;u t&nf uJhodkY ta&mif;t0,f&yfwefYaejcif; paps;uGufrSmvnf; ta&mif;t0,f                                    10/   refusnf; (tom;)              950                 950
taoG;aumif;&if ode;&m*Pef;txd jzpfaMumif; vkyfouf ESpf 20 cefY at;oGm;aMumif; tqdkyg a&mif;0,f
                         f                                                                                                       11/   *ZD,mqef                   14000               13700       -
ta&mif;t0,fjzpfw,f}} [k touf ausmuf0,fa&mif;vkyuiol OD;jynfpkH a&;aps;uGufxHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/
                                                                   f kd f         h                                              12/   *awmifysHqef               25000               24500       -
50 t&G,f vkyfouf&ifhausmuf0,f u ajymMum;onf/                                                ]]tck[mu vmMunf?h jyefom;    G       13/   *ay:qef;qef                27000               27000
a&mif;wpfOD;uqdkonf/                            ]]uRefawmfwdkYu jyefoHk;r,fh wmyJrsm;w,f/ qlygrm;uufawGrSm                       14/   *a&Tbkday:qef;             36000               36000
        vuf&ausmuf0i;wGif ausmuf ausmuform;udkyJ arQmfae&wm/ 0ifMunfhNyD; bmrSr0,fbJ jyefxGuf
               dS          kd f
pdrf;vufaumufrsm;om aps;uGuf tck[mu ud,vy0,fNyD; jyefa&mif; oGm;wJhvlrsm;vdkayghAsm}} [k ausmuf
                                                         k hf kd J                                                              wpfydóm^wpftdwf* tcsdefESifhvkdufí aps;EIef;tajymif;tvJ&SdEkdifygonf/
jzpfNyD; usefausmufrsm;rSm aps;uGuf r,fhvlyJ&Sdwmqdkawmh olwdkYaps;ESdrf jzwfprsm;udk ta&mif;t0,fvkyfae
at;vsuf&SdaMumif;? ,if;uJhodkY aps; wm xHk;pHygyJ/ aiGvdkwJholyJavQmhaps; onfh rEÅav;NrdKUawmf pdefyef;&yfrS
                                              k f                          k
uGuf ta&mif;t0,fat;aejcif;rSm eJYxwa&mif;w,f}}[k ¤if;uqdonf/ OD;&mZmu ajymMum;onf/
                   G
ucsifjynfe,fwif e,fajrrat;csrf;                 txufausmufrsm; ta&mif;                               zdk;prf;acsmif; (GG)
                                                                                                                                                     jrefrmha&Taps;                   urÇmYa&Taps;
                                                                                                                                                        (usyf)                         (a':vm)
jrefrmUpufoHk;qDu@ &if;ESD;jr§KyfESH&ef                                        TOTAL
                                                                                                                                    &ufpGJ
                                                                                                                                             zGihfaps;          ydwfaps;        zGihfaps;      ydwfaps;
                                                                                                                                 6.10.2012 786ç500             786ç000          1780            1780
avUvmrnf                                                                                                                         8.10.2012 784ç700
                                                                                                                                 9.10.2012 786ç800
                                                                                                                                                               785ç600
                                                                                                                                                               787ç000
                                                                                                                                                                                1772
                                                                                                                                                                                1779
                                                                                                                                                                                                1767
                                                                                                                                                                                                1771
&efukef? atmufwdkbm 5
                                                                                      u xkwfjyefxm;onf/                          10.10.2012 786ç000            787ç000          1762            1762
                                                                                              jrefrmEkdifiH\ a&eHESifh obm0      11.10.2012 787ç200            787ç400          1764            1769
                                                                                      "mwfaiGUu@onf EkdifiHwumu
                                                                                      xdywef;ukrPrsm; 0ifa&mufvmEdif
                                                                                            f         Ü D                  k    Source   / / &efukefwdkif;a'oBuD; a&Tvkyfief;&Sifrsm;toif;
                                                                                      onfhtwGuf jrefrmEdkifiH\ pGrf;tif
                                                                                                             f h
                                                                                      u@wGif aumif;rGeonfajymif;vJrI
                                                                                         d
                                                                                      rsK; jzpfvmEkdifaMumif; a':cdkifrmxGef;
                                                                                      u ajymMum;onf/                            (4-10-2012) ac:aps;
                                                                                              jynfwGif;ü xGuf&Sdonfh a&eH                                                            aps;EIef;
                                                                                      xkwfvkyfrIyrmPonf vrf;yef;                         ,mOftrsKd;tpm;               armf',f   tu©&m
                                                                                                                                                                                  (usyfodef;)
                                                                                                G f              d
                                                                                      qufo,a&;ESihf zGUH NzKd;wk;wufrrsm;I
                                                                                                                                 HONDA INSIGHT (Hybrid)         2009    7C            170
        &wem obm0"mwfaiGUpDrue;   H df    ydkif;u rkwårurf;vGefa&eH pDrHudef;ü        ajymif;vJvmygu av;qrS ig;q
wGif t"duOD;aqmifvkyfudkifaeonfh          xkdif;EkdifiH PTTEP ukrÜPD\ M-11            txd ykdrkdvkdtyfvmEkdifaMumif; jynf        SUZUKI Swift                   2007    9C            120
jyifopfpGrf;tifukrÜPD TOTAL u             vkyfuGufwGif 40 &mckdifEIef; yg0ifcJh       wGif;a&eHESifh obm0"mwfaiGU wl;            PAJERO (zm;jyKwf)              2000    7C            220
vmrnfh 2013 ckESpfü jrefrmEkdifiH\        aMumif;? ,ckuJhodkY &if;ESD;jr§KyfESH&ef    azmfa&;ukrÜPDwpfckrS wm0ef&Sdol            PRADO TZ                       1997    7C        370 - 400
yk*vu pufo;qDqiEihf acsmqDrsm;
    ¾ d            kH  dk f S             avhvmrIonf a&eHu@wGif xyfrH                 wpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/                       LANDCRUISER TX                 1997    7C        330 - 340
xkwfvkyfa&mif;csa&;aps;uGufwGif           jr§KyfESHjcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;u xyf                 &wemESifh &JwHcGefpDrHudef;wdkY    HILUX Surf (ypönf;pkH)         1997    7C        320 - 340
&if;ESD;jr§KyfESH&ef vma&mufavhvm         avmif;ajymqkdonf/                           wGif 2006-2007 ckESpfü a':vm 2
                                                                                                                                 TOYOTA BELTA                   2009     1i       150 - 170
rnf [ k Total E&P Myanmar rS                        &wem obm0"mwfaiGUpDrue;  H df     'or 174 bDvD,HeD;yg;? 2007-
          G f
qufo,a&;ESihf jynfoYlqufqa&;       H      wGif wpfaeYvQif obm0"mwfaiGU                2008 ckESpfwGif a':vm 2 'or                TOYOTA PROBOX                  2007     1i           135
refae*sma':cdkifrmxGef;u The Voice        ukAayoef; 780 xGu&NdS yD; xki;EkiiH
                                                                   f      d f d f     448 eD;yg;odkY wkd;csJUcJhNyD; 2011-       HONDA FIT                      2009     1i       130 - 150
Weekly odkYajymMum;onf/                   odkY ukAayoef; 600 eD;yg;cefY jyef          2012 ckEpwif a':vm 3 'or 611
                                                                                                  S f G                          MARK II (a&Tig;) (½kyfajymif;) 2010    9C            230
        urf;vGefobm0"mwfaiGUudk           vnfwifyYkdaMumif;? jynfwi;ü toH;
                                                                      G f         k   bDvD,HcefY wkd;csJUcJhaMumif; pGrf;tif     NISSAN AD (Van) ykHajymif;     2007     1i           135
t"duvkyfudkifvsuf&Sdonfh TOTAL            jyKonfh yrmPpkpaygif;onf ukAay
                                                               k                      0efBuD;Xmeu w&m;0ifxkwfjyefxm;            ,mOf\tajctaetay:rlwnfí aps;EIef;ajymif;vJEdkifygonf/
EdiiwumukrPonf ,ckEpaESmif;
  k f H           Ü D         S f         oef; 180 &SaMumif; TOTAL ukrPD
                                                          d                    Ü      onf/

              tar&duefa':vm? ,l½kdESifU pifumyla':vm aehpOfaygufaps;
                                                                                                                                a&eHpdrf;       -    1 bbl             tar&duefa':vm             114.99
         &ufpJG           tar&duefa':vm                              ,l½kd                        pifumyla':vm                  "mwfaiGU        -    1 MMBtu           tar&duefa':vm               3.48
                              (usyf)                                (usyf)                            (usyf)                    "mwfaiGU&nf     -    1 MT              tar&duefa':vm            1006.00
    8.10.2012                     849                                1104                               689                     oMum;           -    1 lb                   qifh                  20.84
                                                                                                                                yJykyf          -    1 Ton             tar&duefa':vm              466.4
    9.10.2012                     848                                1101                               690                     ajymif;         -    1 bu                   qifh                 755.25
   10.10.2012                     847                               1090                                688                     *sKH (CBT)      -    1 bu                   qifh                  867.5
   11.10.2012                     848                               1089                                689                     *sKH(KCB)       -    1 bu                   qifh                  887.5
                                                                                                                                aMu;eD          -    1 lb                   qifh                 378.35
tcsdefESifhvkdufí aps;EIef;tajymif;tvJ&SdEkdifygonf/ w&m;0ifaygufaps;rsm;jzpfonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                            13
  Monday, October 15 - 21, 2012                                                                                                                                                        VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                     The




udk&D;,m;ynmoifqkrsm;
atmifatmif(IR)
          he Voice Weekly \ twGJ (8)? trSwf (13) wGif Korean Government Scholarship Program (KGSP) acgif;pOfjzifh udk&D;,m;EdkifiH? qdk;vfNrdKU&Sd KDI School of Publich Policy and Man-
   T                                k                hl         d                             l d                                                      H d hJ           l
          agement uay;tyfaom ynmoifqtaMumif; azmfjycJz;ygonf/ xkoYkdazmfjycJNh yD;aemuf pmzwfotcsKUxHrS ar;jref;pmrsm;udk pma&;ol\ Email rSwpfqifh vufc&&Scygonf/ pmzwforsm;onf
KDI School            rS ay;tyfaom ynmoifqkrsm;\ oabmobm0uGJjym;rItay: ar;jref;Mujcif;jzpfygonf/ r[mbGJUtjzpfay;tyfaom tcsKdUynmoifqkrsm;onf wufa&mufcsdefumv
wpfESpfom&SdNyD; tcsKdUrSm 2 ESpfjzpfonf/ tcsKdUynmoifqkrsm;rSm oHk;ESpftxday;avh&Sdonf/ ynmoifqktrsKd;tpm;udkvdkufí tcsdefumvuGmjcm;rI&SdrnfjzpfNyD; a,bk,stm;jzifh wpfESpf
ynmoifqkrsm;rSm KDI School wGif tcsdefjynfh wpfESpfwufNyD; Thesis udkrl udk,fhwdkif;jynfjyefía&;NyD; ajcmufvtwGif; jyefvnfwifjy&onf/ 2 ESpfynmoifqkrsm;rSmrl KDI School wGifyif
tcsdefjynfhwuf? Thesis udkvnf; KDI School wGif &SdpOfüyif tNyD;a&;wif&onf/ oHk;ESpfynmoifqkrsm;rSmrl yxrwpfESpf KDI School ü udk&D;,m;pmudk oD;oefYoif? usef 2 ESpfudk ausmif;wuf?
Thesis tNyD;wif&onf/ udk&D;,m;pmwpfESpf tcsdefjynfhoifMum;jcif;\oabmrSm udk&D;,m;bmompum;ESifh ,Ofaus;rItay: ydkrdkem;vnfrI&Sdap&ef tydkxyfaqmif;oifMum;ay;jcif;jzpfonf/
,cktcg tqdkyg KDI School rSyif vuf&Sdausmif;rSay;tyfaeaom ynmoifqkrsm;\ owif;tcsuftvufrsm;udk pma&;olwdkY ausmif;om;ausmif;ola[mif;rsm;xH Email ay;ydkYí oufqdkif&m
EdkifiHrsm;&Sd udk&D;,m;EdkifiHwGif ynmoifMum;&ef pdwfyg0ifpm;aom ausmif;om;ausmif;olrsm;tm; xyfqifha0iSay;yg&ef taMumif;Mum;vmygonf/ udk&D;,m;wGif ynmoifMum;&ef pdwf0ifpm;aom
nDi,f? nDri,frsm;twGuf wpfpHkwpf&m tusKd;&Sdrnf[k ,lqojzifh The Voice Weekly rSwpfqifh xyfqifha0rQvdkufygonf/
              KDI School rS a y;tyf a om                                                                                                                                         h
                                                                                                                  r[mbG J U rsm;twG u f Ed k i f i H w um rSm &SmazGMunfaomfvnf; ,if;wdYk\
ynmoifqkrsm;taMumif; rwifjyrD                                                                                     ausmif ; om;ausmif ; ol r sm;tm; Information rsm;rsm;pm;pm; rawGU
KDI School taMumif; tenf;i,f                                                                                      Scholarship &SpfrsKd;ay;tyfvsuf&Sd             rdyg/ odkYayrJh jyifyrS pdwf0ifpm;ol
a&;om;ygrnf/ KDI School onf                                                                                       onf / ¤if ; wd k Y rS m (1) Global rsm;taeES i f h taxmuf t ul j zpf
udk&D;,m;or®wEdkifiH qdk;vfNrdKUawmf                                                                              Ambassador Scholarship (2) Seoul               apEdkifaom owif;tcsuftvuf
wGif wnf&SdNyD; udk&D;,m;tpdk;&\                                                                                  G20 Global Leaders Fellowship (3)              tcsKdUudk A[kokwtvdkYiSm xyfqifh
ynma&;ES i f h vl o m;t&if ; tjrpf                                                                                KOICA Scholarship (4) NIIED                    azmfjyvdkufygonf/
zG H U Nzd K ;wd k ; wuf a &;qd k i f & m0ef B uD ;                                                               Korean Government Scholarship
                                                                                                                                                                 Global Ambassador
XmerS 1997 ckESpfwGif pwifwnf                                                                                     (5) IDB Scholarship (6) POSCO
axmifcJhygonf/ udk&D;,m;tpdk;&\                                                                                   Fellowship (7) KOGAS Global                    Scholarship
Think Tank wpfckjzpfaom Korea                                                                                     Fellowship ESifh (8) Colombo Plan                    'Dynmoifqku tjynfht0
Development Institute (KDI) ESifh                                                                                 Scholarship wdkYjzpfMuonf/ ¤if;wdkY            ynmoifqkqdkayr,fh toGm;tjyef
csdwfqufxm;aom ausmif;vnf;                                                                                        teuf trSwfpOf 5 rSvGJí usef av,mOfvufrSwfudkawmh uscHr,f
jzpfonf/ ausmif;wGif udk&D;,m;ESifh                                                                               ynmoifqkrsm;tm;vHk;udk jrefrm vd k Y a zmf j yrxm;ygbl ; / 'gaMumif h
EdkifiHwumausmif;om;rsm;                                                                                          jynfrS avQmufxm;cGifh&Sdaomfvnf; avQmufxm;&&SdcJh&if toGm;tjyef
wufa&mufNyD; oifcef;pmrsm;udk                                                                                     owdjyK&rnfrSm tcsKdUrSm tpdk;& av,mOfvufrSwfcudk avQmufxm;
t*Fvdyfbmomjzifhom oifMum; ausmif;wpfckvnf;jzpfonf/ vuf&Sd jyefaumuf&vQif KDI School rS 0efxrf;rsm;twGuf oD;oefYowfrwf atmifjrifolu ay;&r,fhoabm           S
                                                                                                                                                                   d
aomfvnf; EdkifiHjcm;ausmif;om;rsm; KDI School wGif r[mbGJUESifh yg&*l Master of Public Policy ESifh Master xm;aom ynmoifqkrsm;jzpfonf/ &Sygw,f/ 'gayrJh qdcovdk ud&;,m;                k hJ     k D
twGuf &nf&G,faom udk&D;,m; bGJUrsm;tjyif tjcm;aom ynma&; of Development Policy [lí r[m Oyrm-trSwfpOf 2? 3? 6 ESifh 8 rSm&SpOf ukeusp&dwf tm;vH;udawmh                d        f               k k
bmomESifh ,Ofaus;rIoifwef;rsm; tpDtpOfrsm;udkvnf; ydkYcsay;vsuf&Sd bGJU ESpfrsKd; oifMum;ydkYcsay;vsuf&Sd wd k Y r S m tpd k ; &0ef x rf ; rsm;twG u f ynmoifqku uscHay;rSmyg/ 'D
vnf; &Sdygonf/ vlxktkyfcsKyfrI onf/ pwifwnfaxmifonfh 1997 onf/ t"duar*smbmom&yfrsm;rSm oD;oefYowfrSwfxm;onf/ qdk& ynmoifqukd urÇmt0ef;u owfrwf                              k                       S
qdkif&mESifh zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufrIqdkif&m ckESpfrS ,cktcsdeftxd KDI School Fiscal and Social Policy, Trade and vQif tpd;k &0efxrf;r[kwaom jyifyrS t&nftcsif;eJY jynfhrDwJh pdwfyg0if
                                                                                                                                           f
rl 0 g'rsm;ud k OD ; pm;ay;oif M um; wGif EdkifiHaygif; 79 EdkifiHrS ausmif; Industrial Policy, Global Finance pdwf0ifpm;olrsm;taejzifh trSwf pm;ol rnfolrqdk avQmufvdkY&yg
onfhausmif;jzpfNyD; udk&D;,m;EdkifiH\ om;ausmif;olrsm; ynmoifMum; and Regulation, Public Management pOf (1) Global Ambassador w,f/ Spring Addmissions twGuf
pD;yGm;a&;zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufrItm; zGHUNzdK; zvS,fcJhMuNyD;jzpfonf/              and Leadership, Regional            Scholarship ? trS w f p Of (4)                 avQmufvTmaemufqHk;wif&r,fh&uf
qJ E d k i f i H r sm;od k Y rQa0ay;aeaom           ynmoif q k r sm;taMumif ; Development and Environment, N I I E D K o r e a n G o v e r n m e n t u 26-10- 2012 jzpf N yD ; Fall
                                                                              Global Governance and Political     Scholarship ES i f h trS w f p Of (7)                             f
                                                                                                                                                                 Admissions twGuuawmh 30-5-2013

  r[mbGJYusrf;jyKolrsm; MINZA                                                 Economy, and Entrepreneurship
                                                                              and Private Sector Development wdkY
                                                                              jzpfMuonf/
                                                                                                                  KOGAS Global Fellowship wdkYudk
                                                                                                                  om avQmufxm;Edkifonfhoabm ay;tyfrSm jzpfygw,f/
                                                                                                                  &S d o nf / 'D y nmoif q k o H k ; rsKd ; eJ Y
                                                                                                                                                                 jzpfygw,f/ r[mbGJUtrsKd;tpm;

                                                                                                                                                                                qufvufazmfjyygrnf/
                                                                                                                                                                                      atmifatmif (IR)
  ynmoifqk avQmufxm;Ekdif                                                           KDI School rS txufazmfjyyg    ywfoufNyD; KDI School &JU Website

&efukef? atmufwdkbm 8
     xdkif;EkdifiH&Sd Mekong Institute-   jyefvnfaqG;aEG;tBuHay;Murnfjzpf
                                                                                            k               U                   I
                                                                                        u@pHuaqG;aEG;onfynma&; jyKjyifajymif;vJr&v'frsm;
New Zealand Ambassador's Scholarship      onf/ Programme \ aemufqHk;
Program t& uarÇm'D;,m;? vmtdk?
jrefrmESifh xdkif;EkdifiHwkdYrS r[mbGJU
                                                     hS
                                          tqifrm okawoeusr;f udk tNy;D owf
                                          jyKpkNyD; rdrdwkdYoufqkdif&mwuúovf     kd
                                                                                        ynma&;jr§ifUwifrIaumfrwDxH wifoGif;rnf
usrf;jyKausmif;ol? ausmif;om;rsm;                d         Gf
                                          xHoYkwifoi;&rnfjzpfum okawoe                  &efukef? atmufwdkbm 7
udk a&G;cs,fac:,lNyD; yxrtqifh            ud k tajccH í a&;om;xm;aom                          yk*¾vduynma&;? bkef;awmfBuD;oifynma&;ESifh ynma&;okawoee,fy,frsm; tp&Sdojzifh u@
xkdif;EkdifiH Khonkaen NrdKUü Research    ynm&yfqkdif&mpmapmifrsm;wGif yHkESdyf         aygif;pHku yg0ifí tif;pdefNrdKUe,f jrefrmEdkifiH c&pf,mef"r®wuúodkvfwGif atmufwdkbmv 6 &ufESifh 7
Methodology wpfvoifwef; wuf               xkwfa0ay;oGm;rnfjzpfonf/ ,if;                 &ufaeYrsm; u jyKvkyfonfh jrefrmEdkifiHynma&;jyKjyifajymif;vJrIqdkif&m aqG;aEG;yGJ&v'frsm;udk trsKd;om;
a&mufEkdif&ef pDpOfay;rnfjzpfaMumif;      Programme twGuf a&G;cs,c&aom       f H        'Drdkua&pD tzGJUcsKyfrSwpfqifh jynfolYvTwfawmf ynma&;aumfrwDodkY wifoGif;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; tqdkyg
        d
tqkygynmoifqk owif;xkwfjyef               ausmif;ol? ausmif;om;rsm;udk okawoe           aqG;aEG;yGJ pDpOfol Thinking Classroom Foundation wnfaxmifol a'gufwmodef;vGifu ajymMum;onf/
csuft& od&Sd&onf/                         usrf;jyKpka&;om;rI ukefusp&dwf                      tqdkyg&v'frsm;udk vmrnfh jynfolYvTwfawmfwGif MuefYMumrnfqdkyguvnf; tBudrfBudrfxyfrH
                          G f fS
          oifwef;\&nf&,csurm r[m          twGuf tar&duefa':vm 2500                      wifoGif; oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; a'gufwmodef;vGifu ajymMum;onf/
rJacgifa'o (GMS) Ediirsm;rS okawoe
                      kfH                 csD;jr§ifhoGm;rnfjzpfNyD; xkdif;EkdifiHodkY   aqG;aEG;cGifhtcsdefenf;aeonfhtwGuf tao;pdwfu@wpfckpDtwGuf aqG;aEG;yGJrsm; xyfrHjyKvkyf&efvnf;
jyKvk y f o l r sm;tMum; ok a woe         oGm;a&muf&ef c&D;pOftm;vH;twGuf  k
vkyfief; yl;aygif;aqmif&GufrIrsm;udk      vnf; p&dwNf idr;pDpOfay;oGm;rnfjzpf
                                                              f                         pDpOfaeaMumif;? ,ck&&Sdonfh aqG;aEG;yGJ&v'frsm;udkvnf; jynfolvlxkudk,fwdkif yg0ifaqmif&Gufvdkpdwf
jr§ifhwifay;&efESifh vli,frsm;twGuf       onf/ tqdkygynmoifqktpDtpOf                    jzpfay:vm&ef pDpOfaqmif&GufoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;u ajymMum;onf/
okawoevkyfief;rsm;wGif uRr;usif   f       ESihf pyfvsO;í xdi;EkiirS ynmoifqk
                                                        f        kf dfH                       ynma&;0efBuD;Xme\ tajymif;tvJudk apmifharQmfaernfhtpm; ,ckuJhodkY aqG;aEG;yGJrsm; jyKvkyfum
pGmudkifwG,faqmif&GufvmEkdifaom           a&G ; cs,f a &;tzG J U u 2012 ck E S p f      vGwfvyfaom ynma&;pepfudk taumiftxnfazmfjcif;u ydkrdkaumif;rGefaMumif; a'gufwmwifvdIifu The
tcGifhtvrf;rsm;&&Sdap&ef jzpfonf/         atmufwkdbmv 30 &ufaeYwGif                     Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
          tqdygtpDtpOf 'kw,tqifh
              k                 d         &efueNf rdKU jynfvrf; &efuep;yGm;a&;
                                                   k                    k f D                 ]]bmrSrvkyfwmxufpm&if 'DvdkrsKd;aqG;aEG;yGJawGvkyfwmu ydktusKd;&Sdygw,f}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/
taejzifh oifwef;wufa&mufNyD;aom           wuúodkvfü eHeuf 9 em&DrS 11 em&D              tqdkygaqG;aEG;yGJwGif ynma&;vGwfvyfcGifhudk t"duaqG;aEG;jcif;jzpfNyD; ynma&;jyKjyifajymif;vJrI aumfrwD
ausmif;ol? ausmif;om;rsm;u ouf            twGif; a[majymaqG;aEG;rnfjzpf&m               ay:aygufvmap&eftwGufvnf; &nf&G,faMumif; a'gufwmodef;vGifu xyfavmif;ajymMum;onf/
qki&mokawoepmwrf;rsm;udk xdi;
    d f                             k f   wuf a &muf v d k o l r sm;taejzih f                 jrefrmEdkifiHynma&;jyKjyifajymif;vJrIqdkif&maqG;aEG;yGJwGif ynma&;ESifh qufET,faeonfhu@pHku
EkdifiH Khonkaen NrdKUwGif usif;yrnfh     sopheak@mekonginstitute.org xH                tzGJUtpnf; 30 ausmfrS yg0ifaqG;aEG;ol pkpkaygif; 225 OD;&SdNyD; aqG;aEG;yGJumvtwGif; ynma&;
Roundtable Meeting wGif wifjyaqG;         pm&if; ay;oGif;&rnfjzpfaMumif;ESifh           vGwfvyfcGifhESifh pDrHcefYcGJrI? tajccHynmjyKjyifajymif;vJa&;? wuúodkvfynmjyKjyifajymif;vJa&;? toufarG;
aEG;&rnfjzpfNyD; txufygav;EkiiEihfdfHS                    f d dk
                                          tao;pdwovygu www.mekong                       0rf;ausmif;ynma&;? ausmif;jyifyynma&;? bkef;awmfBuD;oif ynma&;? bmoma&;tzGJUtpnf;rsm;\
tjcm;EkdifiHrsm;rS zdwfMum;xm;aom         institute.org/minza 0ifa&mufzwf½I             ynma&;vkyfief;rsm;? wdkif;&if;om;bmompum;ESifh ynma&;? ynm'geausmif;rsm;? yk*¾vdu ynma&;[lí
ynm&Sifrsm;? rdrdwkdYEkdifiHrS usrf;      EdkifaMumif; pDpOfolrsm;xH pHkprf;od&Sd       tzGJU 10 zGJUcGJum u@tvdkufaqG;aEG;rIrsm; jyKvkyfcJhonf/
BuD;Muyfay;aom q&m? q&mrrsm;u             &onf/
      14
   The
         VOICE                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Monday, October 15 - 21 , 2012




cJGjcm;qufqHjcif;rjyK&ef awmf0ifopftacsmxnf vkyfom; 400 cefh awmif;qkd
&efukef? atmufwdkbm 9

 t vkyjynfrm;rsmK;udk cG0g;w&mpufcr&ZrIetdS ygt0ififrtcsm;pkuopfuEihfmtvkyp&uff½tvkoorm;csKyfcefY xm;aomjrefoabmwlpaD mcsUwGuf atmufywibmv 8 &ufareYcuazmufconfMhJ[qum ;&efueywi;f a'oBuD;
        f
        o
   a&T omNrd Ue,f
                        jJ cm;qufqH H
                                      I k & awmf0 o
                                          f           d
                                                             kd
                                                        uf ;cs f S
                                                                tacs xnf
                                                                           fi
                                                                            S
                                                                                kH k
                                                                                vyf m; 400 awmf0if rmukrP &S i
                                                                                     yf    yqdk
                                                                                              f
                                                                                                                Ü
                                                                                                                                     f f
                                                                                                                          Kyf kd tvk &S u tBudrBf ud f sK;
                                                                                                                                        dk
                                                                                                                                                         d     hJ
                                                                                                                                                                   d
                                                                                                                                                                      k dk     k f dk
                                                                                                                                                                                       f
                                                                                                                                                           awmif;qkc uaMumif tqkd gtvkyorm;
rsm;xHrS od&&onf/      dS
                          fSfS
          tvky&iEihf qufqa&;tqif                      H                                                                                                                    ukrP\Ouú|jzpfol OD;uduaxG;u
                                                                                                                                                                               Ü D                                     k kd                                      d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             awmif;qkaeaom tvkyorm;rsm;rSm               f
ajyygu vkyoufenf;onfh tvkyff                                                                                                                                                               dk
                                                                                                                                                                           atmufwbmv 8 &ufaeYwif rD',m                  G D                                         kH G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ,if;puf½wif tenf;qH; vkyouf                   k   f
orm;qkdvQifvnf; &mxl;wkd;ay;NyD;                                                                                                                                           rsm;udk ajymMum;onf/                                              wpfESpf&SdNyD; vkyfoufq,fESpfausmf
tusKd;cHpm;cGifhvnf;aumif;aMumif;?                                                                                                                                                ]]cGjJ cm;qufqwmr[kwygbl;/H               f                     f kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             vkyuiNf yD;olrsm;yg0ifum aqmufvyf                   k
odYkaomfvnf; puf½xwif vkyouf               kH J G                 f                                                                                                        tvkyf&Sif oabmuswJhol vkyfief;                                                 f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             a&;vkyief;cGirvmaom vkyom;rsm;fS                f
                   f
&ifh tvkyorm;rsm;udk &mxl;wk;ay;                                    d                                                                                                      twGuvnf; tusK;&Satmif tJ'vdk
                                                                                                                                                                                    f                         d d                     D                f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             r[kwaMumif; qkMd uonf/
                     d
jcif; tusK;cHpm;cGirsm; wk;ay;rIenf;hf              d                                                                                                                      vlawGukd cHpm;cGiawGw;kd ay;wmyg}}[k
                                                                                                                                                                                                     hf                                                                d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    tqkyg vkyom;rsm;awmif;qkd f
yg;ojzifh ,if;odYkcjJG cm;qufqjH cif;rsm;                                                                                                                                                f
                                                                                                                                                                           ¤if;u&Si;jyonf/                                                   rIudk tvkyf&Sif tvkyform;tpdk;&
              f
rjyKvky&ef t"duxm;awmif;qkjd cif;                                                                                                                                                             d
                                                                                                                                                                                  tqkygpuf½wif tvkyorm;   kH G                f              oHk;yGifhqkdifajz&Sif;cJh&m cGJjcm;qufqH
jzpfaMumif; tvkyorm;rsm;udk ar;        f                                                                                                                                   600 cefY&Sdonfhteuf tvkyform;                                     jcif;tygt0if awmif;qkcsuav;csuf          d f
                f
jref;csursm;t& od&&onf/                      dS                                                                                                                                                 f kd
                                                                                                                                                                           wpf&mausmuom tNrJwrf;0efxrf;                                                            f S f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             udk tvky&iu vkuavsmí tqif          d f
                             hf
          Oya'ESitnD wifjyxm;aom                                                                                                                                           tjzpf cefYtyfxm;NyD; usetvkyorm;         f           f                           d hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ajyrI&&ScaMumif; tvkyorm;0efBuD;          f
Employment Contract pmcsKyukd tNyD;                     f                                                                                                                  rsm;rSm aqmufvkyfa&; vkyfief;cGif                                                          f kH S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Xme tvky½Eihf tvkyorm; ppfaq;          f
       kd
csKyfqay;&ef? puf½wif tvkyorm;           kH G                f                                                                                                             toD;oD;rS aeYpm;vma&mufvyuif                           k f kd     a&;OD;pD;Xme nTefMum;a&;rSL;csKyf
rsm;udk cGjJ cm;qufqjH cif;rjyKbJ wef;                                                                                                                                     olrsm;jzpfonf[k OD;uduaxG;u qkd        k kd                                   d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             OD;0if;&Seu ajymMum;onf/
wltcGita&;ay;&ef? tajccHvycvpm
           hf                                             kf                                         f
                                                                          vmjcif;jzpfaMumif; tvkyorm;acgif;                    f
                                                                                                                         tvkyorm;wpfO;u &Si;jyonf/
                                                                                                                                        D        f                         aomfvnf; tvkyorm;rsm;url ,ck f
wdk;jr§ifhay;&ef? aeYpm;rsm;udk puf½Hk                                    aqmifwpfOD;jzpfol OD;xufudkudku                      tvkyform;rsm;udk Oya'ESifh
0efxrf;tjzpf cefYtyfay;&ef ponfh
tcsufrsm;tygt0if tcsufu;csuf                                   dk
                                                                          ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                         kH S           d
                                                                                   ]]puf½rm awmif;qkwm av;
                                                                                                                                    f
                                                                                                                         tnD tvkyorm;tcGita&;rsm;udk
                                                                                                                                              hf
                                                                                                                         tjynfht0ay;xm;NyD;jzpfNyD; tvkyf
                                                                                                                                                                           uav;NrdKYawmifydkif;a'o a&eHvkyfom;rsm;
                  fSf
udk tvky&ixH wdu½uawmif;qd&ef
ESihf tvky&if OD;uduaxG;ESihf awGUqHk
                   fS
                                  k f kd f
                                   k dk
                                                                      k        f                   l
                                                                          Budr&NdS yD/ ratmifjrifb;/ tJ'gaMumifh
                                                                                   fS       k kd
                                                                          tvky&if OD;uduaxG;eJY wku½uawGU
                                                                                                       d f kd f
                                                                                                                         orm;rsm;tay:cGJjcm;qufqHjcif;rSm
                                                                                                                         vnf; r[kwfrSefaMumif;? tqkdyg                     tvkyform;or*¾zGJYrnf
aqG;aEG;&ef prf;acsmif;NrdKUe,f OD;0dpm&                                     H d§ dI f                    d
                                                                          qknEi;zkYdvmwmyg}}[k tqkyg puf½kH              tvkyorm;rsm;ESivnf; awGUqHaqG;
                                                                                                                               f          hf          k                    ppfudkif;? atmufwkdbm 6
vrf;ay:&Sd tqkygukrPoYkd cswuf  d               Ü D              D        rS touf 25 ESpt&G,f trsK;orD;
                                                                                                 f            d                       f
                                                                                                                         aEG;rnfr[kwaMumif; awmf0ifrom;pk
                                                                                                                                                    d                                ppfudkif;wdkif;a'oBuD; uav;                             ponf wkdYaMumifhtxufcsif;wGif;
                                                                                                                                                                                           kd f
                                                                                                                                                                           NrdKUawmifyi; ewfajrmif;aus;&GmteD;                               vli,ftzGJU0if r sm;u tjynf j ynf

pGrf;tifu@ uRrf;usifvkyfom; txl;&Sm;yg;[kqkd                                                                                                                                       kd f            f
                                                                                                                                                                           wpf0u&dS a&eHarSmrsm;rS a&eHvyom;
                                                                                                                                                                           rsm;ESifh uav;NrdKUay:&Sdtxufcsif;
                                                                                                                                                                           wGif;vli,ftzGJU(,m,D)tzGJU0ifrsm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                             k f                                                   f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             qdkif&mtvkyorm;tzJUG (ILO) a'o
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                k f                  f S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ud,pm;vS,Eihf qufo,í tvkyf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             orm;or*¾ zGUJ pnf;NyD; ukrPrsm;ESihf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Ü D
&efukef? atmufwdkbm 5
                                                                                                                                                                           yg0ifonfh a&eHvkyfom;rsm;tvkyf                                    n§ E I d i f ; vk y f u d k i f r nf j zpf a Mumif ;
        EkdifiHjcm;0ifaiG trsm;qHk;&&Sd                                           pufrIwuúodkvf ausmif;qif;              xdyfwef;ukrÜPDBuD;rsm; 0ifvmygu                   orm;or*¾ukd atmufwbmv 'kw,  dk          d                         ¤if;wkdYu qkdonf/
onfhvkyfief;wpfckjzpfaom jrefrmh                                          ausmif;om; ausmif;olrsm;? q&m?                 jrefrmtvkyform;rsm;twGuf enf;                     ywfcefYwGifzGJUpnf;rnfjzpfaMumif;
pGr;tifu@wGif vkyui&ef uRrf;
    f                        f kd f                                       q&mrrsm;taejzifh ¤if;wkYd wwfuRrf;             ynmydkif;qkdif&m taxmuftyHhrsm;                                                                                               a&eHvkyfom;rsm; tvkyform;
      f kf
usivyom; txl;&Sm;yg;onfh jyó                                              onfhynm&yfjzifh jrefrmEkdifiHwGif              &&SdvmNyD; uRrf;usifvkyfom;&Sm;yg;                tqkdygtzGJU0ifrsm;xHrS od&onf/                                    or*¾zGJUpnf;&ef atmufwkdbmv 10
                   dk
emrsm;ESihf &ifqiBf uHKawGUae&aMumif;                                     tvk y f & &S d r I cuf c J j cif ; aMumif h    rIjyóemudk ajz&Sif;ay;Edkifrnf[k                            a&eHukrÜPDrsm;u a'ocHa&eH                                               G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             &ufaeYwif ILO a'ocHu,pm;vS,f             kd f
EdkifiHwum pGrf;tifukrÜPDBuD;wpfck                                                f k f
                                                                          tvkytuditcGitvrf; aumif;rGef
                                                                                              hf                         arQmfvifhaMumif; a&eHwl;azmfonfh                  vkyfom;rsm;tay: &ydkifcGifh? vkyfydkif                            ESihf awGUqHí tvkyorm;or*¾zYJG ay;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               k              f
jzpfonfh Total E&P Myanmar rS jyef                                        aom pifumylEkdifiHwGif a&TUajymif;             jynf w G i f ; uk r Ü P D w pf c k j zpf o nf h   cGifhrsm;udk jc,fvS,fjcif;? a'ozGHUNzdK;                                 D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             &efppOfxm;aMumif; txufcsi;wGi;                  f f
Mum;a&;wm0efcH a':cdkifrmxGef;u                                           vkyfudkifMuaMumif;? rdrdwwfuRrf;               yg&rD pGrf;tifukrÜPD\ refae*sm                    a&;[kacgif;pOfwyfxm;aomfvnf;                                      vli,ftzGJU0if OD;ausmfouf0if;u
The Voice Weekly od k Y ajymMum;                                          onfh twwfynmjzifh jynfwi;wGif        G f       a':eE´ m aomif ; u The Voice                      a'ozGHUNzdK;a&;twGuf vkyfudkifay;rI                               ajymMum;onf/
onf/                                                                      tvkyftudkiftusKd;cHpm;cGifhrsm; tm             Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/                                                         I
                                                                                                                                                                           r&Sjd cif;ESihf zrf;qD;ta&;,lrrsm;&Sd jcif;                                                   rif;&JppfEkdif(uav;)
        uRrf;usiftvkyform; &Sm;yg;                                        rcHcsuf&SdNyDqkdygu jynfawmfjyefrnf
rIjyóemonf jrefrmEdkifiHudk aemuf                                         jzpfaMumif; pifumylEkdifiH Marine &
xyf0ifa&mufvmrnfh pGrf;tifu@
EdkifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIvkyfief;rsm;
twGuf txl;tcuftcJ jzpfay:vm
                                                                          Offshore ukrÜPDwGif Mechanical &
                                                                          Piping Designer tjzpfvkyfukdifaeol
                                                                          OD;aZmfrif;OD;u ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                            fD                          f
                                                                                                                              rav;&Sm; at*siptcsKYd jrefrmtrsK;d orD;vkyom;ac:&efvufwehf
                                                                                                                                                                                     G
rnfjzpfNyD; ,if;jyóemrsm;udk ajz                                                  ]]pufrIausmif;qif;awG q&m                   &efukef? atmufwdkbm 6
&Sif;&ef EkdifiHwumwGifa&muf&Sdae                                         uefawmhyGJ vkyf&ifawmif pifumyl                             rav;&Sm;EdkifiH&Sd at;*sifhrsm;u jrefrmtrsKd;orD;vkyfom;ac:,l&onfh aESmifhaES;MuefYMumjcif;rsm;
aom jrefrmuRrf;usiftvkyform;                                              rSmyJ vkyfw,f}}[k pufrIwuúodkvf                     aMumifh tvkyfac:pm (Calling) oufwrf;&ufausmfí tBudrfBudrfjyefvkyf&NyD; wm0ef,l&rIvnf; rsm;jym;aom
rsm; jynfawmfjyefí tvkyfvkyf&ef                                           ausmif ; qif ; rsm; jynf w G i f ; wG i f           aMumifh ac:,l&ef vufwGefYaeMuaMumif; jynfytvkyftudkif&SmazGa&;at*sifpDtcsKdUxHrS od&Sd&onf/
vkdtyfaMumif; ¤if;uqkdonf/                                                tvkyftudkif&&Sd&ef cufcJrIaMumifh                           rav;&Sm;tajcpdkuf tvkyf&SmazGa&;at*sifpDrsm;onf trsKd;orD;tvkyform;aps;uGufwGif AD,uferf?
        uRrf ; usif t vk y f o rm;rsm;                                    pifumylEkdifiHodkY ,dkpD;oGm;rIudk pufrI                             kd D   k f H        d            k                                        H k
                                                                                                                              eDaygESihf tif'e;&Sm;Ediiom; trsK;orD;rsm;udom tav;ay;ac:,laeMuaMumif; ¤if;wdYkxrS pHprf;od&&onf/       dS
xGufay:&ef tajccHtvkyform;rsm;                                            wuúodkvfausmif;om;a[mif;wpfOD;                                     d           f                           G hf d        f
                                                                                                                                      trsK;orD;tvkyorm;rsm; w&m;0ifyYkdaqmifci&&S&ef tvkyorm;0efBuD;Xmeu tcsutvuf taxmuf   f
udk oifwef;ay;NyD; uRrf;usifrI w                                          u &Sif;jyonf/                                       txm;rsm; jynfhpHkpGm pdppfcGifhjyKonfrSm vHkNcHKrI&Sdaomfvnf; tqifhqifhpdppfrIrsm; tcsdefMuefYMumvGef;ojzifh
jznf ; jznf ; jr§ i f h w if o G m ;Ek d i f a omf                                a'owGif;EkdifiHrsm;ESifh EIdif;             rav;&Sm;EdkifiHtvkyfac:pmoufwrf;ukefonftxd cGifhjyKcsufr&&SdrIaMumifh rav;&Sm;EdkifiHrS tvkyftudkif
vnf; vwfwavm vkdtyfaeaom                                                  ,S O f y gu enf ; ynmyd k i f ; qk d i f & m        at*sifpDrsm; vufwGefYaeouJhodkY jrefrmEdkifiHrS jynfytvkyftudkif&SmazGa&;at*sifpDrsm;yg trsKd;orD;
tqifhrD uRrf;usiftvkyform;rsm;                                            aemufusaerIaMumifh enf;ynm&Sif                      ydkYaqmifrIudk&yfwefY&ef pOf;pm;aeMuaMumif; at*sifpDrsm;u ajymMum;onf/
&&Sd&ef cufcJaMumif; a':cdkifrmxGef;                                      ydkif;qkdif&m uRrf;usifvkyfom;rsm;                               f
                                                                                                                                      ]]ESppavmufuwnf;u Calling usxm;wJh trsKd;orD;tvkyform;awGawmif ckxdroGm;&ao;bl;}} [k
u &Sif;jyonf/                                                             &Sm;yg;&jcif;jzpfaMumif;? EdkifiHwum                     Gf
                                                                                                                              ykZeawmifNrKd Ue,f&dS jynfytvkyftudkif&SmazGa&;at*sifpDrS 'g½dkufwmwpfOD;u qdkonf/
                                                                                                                                      rav;&Sm;EdkifiHwGif oGm;a&mufvkyfudkifaom jrefrmtrsKd;orD;tvkyform;rsm; vHkNcHKrI&Sd&Sd? tmrcH
                                                 NGO tvkyftukdif                                                              csuf&Sd&Sdjzifh vkyfudkifEdkif&ef jrefrmEdkifiHwGif rav;&Sm;EdkifiHu urf;vSrf;aomtvkyfac:pm? tvkyfcefYpm
                                                                                                                              ponfh tcsuftvufrsm;udkomru tvkyfac:pmwGifygaom tvkyfae&mrsm; rSef rrSefudk rav;&Sm;EdkifiH
                             Action aid                                                                                       qdkif&m jrefrmEdkifiHoH½Hk;ESifh csdwfqufí pdppfcGifhjyKaeaMumif;? tcsuftvufrsm;rSefuefygu tjrefqHk;
         1/ tvkyf           - Documentation Officer                                                                            &&Sdatmif aqmif&Gufay;vsuf&SdaMumif; tvkyform;0efBuD;XmerS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
         ae&m               - &efukef                                                                                                 jrefrmtrsKd;orD;rsm; oGm;a&mufvkyfudkif&m tvkyfae&mrsm; rSef rrSef od&Sdap&ef tvkyform;
         aemufqHk;avQmuf&uf - 22 &uf atmufwdkbmv 2012                                                                         0efBuD;XmerSt&m&Sdrsm; rav;&Sm;EdkifiHodkY pufwifbmvtwGif;u oGm;a&mufppfaq;rIrsm; jyKvkyfcJhaMumif;
         vdyfpm             - trSwf (1)? 0uFbmvrf;? a&T*kHwdkif?                                                              at*sifpDrsm;xHrS od&Sd&onf/
                              A[ef;NrdKUe,f? &efukefNrdKU/                                                                            rav;&Sm;EdkifiHodkY trsKd;orD;rsm; w&m;0ifydkYaqmif&ef MuefYMumrIrsm;&Sdaeaomfvnf; jynfytvkyftudkif
         Email              - Aamyanmar.Job@actionaid.org                                                                     &SmazGa&;at*sifpDtcsKdU trsKd;orD;tvkyform;rsm;ukd w&m;0ifydkYaqmifaeMuaMumif; rav;&Sm;EdkifiHodkY
         2/ tvkyf                                    -       Program Officer                                                   tvkyform;rsm; t"duydkYaqmifay;aom jynfytvkyftudkif&SmazGa&;at*sifpDtcsKdUxHrS od&Sd&onf/
                                                                                                                                      rav;&Sm;EdkifiHwGif jrefrmEdkifiHtygt0if tdrfeD;csif;EdkifiHrsm;jzpfMuonfh xdkif;? tif'dkeD;&Sm;? w½kwf?
         OD;a&              - 2 OD;                                                                                           uarÇm'D;,m;? AD,uferf? b*Fvm;a'h&Sf? eDaygEdkifiHwkdYrS trsKd;orD;tvkyform;rsm;onf tdrftul?
         ae&m               - &efukef                                                                                         aqmufvkyfa&;? pdkufysKd;a&;? puf½Hktvkyf½Hkrsm;wGif vkyfudkifvsuf&Sdonf/
         aemufqHk;avQmuf&uf - 22 &uf atmufwdkbmv 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           15
   Monday, October 15 - 21, 2012                                                                                                                                                                                      VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    The




obm0ywf0ef;usif? pGrf;tif&if;jrpfESifU jyefvnfjynfUNzdK;NrJpGrf;tif
bkef;jrifU(enf;ynmwuúokdvf)
,cifwpfywfrStquf                                          ay;jcif;? aus;vufa'opGrf;tif&&Sd                   ESifh ysrf;rQwpf,lepfukefusp&dwf        rsm;xJu wpfckrSm ,if;pDrHudef;\            p&dwfBuD;rm;aom a&xdef;qnfBuD;
                                                                                       k
                                                          apjcif;ESihf zGUH NzdK;wd;wufapjcif;ponfh          rsm;rSm atmufygtwdkif;jzpfonf/          'DZdkif;ESifhwnfaqmufyHkonf ppfrSef                           k
                                                                                                                                                                                                rsm; wnfaqmuf&efrvdbJ "mwftm;
Sustainable Energy for All                                jyefvnfzGHUNzdK;NrJpGrf;tif\ us,fjyefY                                                          &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIukefusp&dwf        ysrf;rQ"mwftm;ukefusp&dwf
         2010 jynfhESpfwGif usif;ycJh                     aom tusK;d aus;Zl;rsm;udk odoomom        d
aom ukvor*¾taxGaxGnDvmcH                                  *½kjyKrdvmMuonf/                                                                                    (2010 USD/kW)                (2010 USD/kWH)     (usyf^wpf,lepf)
BuD;u 2012 ckESpfukd ]vlom;wdkif;                                     2011 ckEptwGi; wpfurÇmvH;
                                                                                    Sf        f          k    a&tm;vQyfppf
twGuf a&&Snwnfwaprnfpr;tif f    hH          h G f         wGif xyfrw;dk jr§ixwvycaom vQyf
                                                                            H        hf k f k f hJ            tBuD;pm;a&tm; (100 r*¾g0yftxuf)             1050 - 7650                      0.02 - 0.19       17 - 161.5
qdkif&m tjynfjynfqdkif&mESpf} tjzpf                                    f
                                                          ppf pGr;tiftm;vH;\ xuf0ufausmf k                    tao;pm; (20 r*¾g0yfatmuf)                   1300 - 8000                      0.02 - 0.27       17 - 229.5
owfrwconf/ ukvor*¾taxGaxG
           S f hJ                                         jzpfaom r*¾g0yf 208000 rSm jyefvnf                  tpm;xdk;^tqifhjr§ifhjcif;                   500 - 1000                       0.01 - 0.05       8.5 - 42.5
twGi;a&;rSL;csKyf befure;OD;aqmif
         f                         D G f                  zGHUNzdK;NrJpGrf;tifudk toHk;jyKxm;jcif;            avtm;vQyfppf
í ouú&mZf 2030 wGif atmifjrif                             jzpfonf/ topfxyfw;dk aom jyefvnf                    w½kwf^tdE´d,                                1300 - 1450                      0.06 - 0.11       51 - 93.5
&rnfh &nfrSef;csufokH;&yfjzpfaom                                         Gf
                                                          zGUH NzdK;NrJpr;tifyrmP\ 40 &mcdiEe;        kfIf    Oa&my                                       1850 - 2100                      0.08 - 0.14       68 - 119
acwfopfpr;tif0efaqmifrI rsm;tm;
                    G f                                   udk avtm;vQyfppf? 30 &mcdkifEIef;udk                ajrmuftar&du                                2000 - 2200                      0.07 - 0.11       59.5 - 93.5
vlwdkif;&&SdEdkifa&;? pGrf;tifxkwfvkyf                    aetm;vQyfppfjzifh xkwfvkyfcJhNyD; 25                aepGrf;tifoHk;pepf
                                                                                                              Crystalline Silicon (c-Si)                     3800 - 5800                 0.25 - 0.65           212.5 - 552.5
       k
toH;cs&mwGif pGr;aqmif&nfuEpqf                 kd S f     &mcdkifEIef;cefYtm; a&tm;vQyfppfjzifh
jr§iwifEia&;? jyefvnfzUHG NzdK;NrJpr;tif
     hf kd f                                   Gf         xkwfvkyfonf/ 2010 ESpfukefwGif                       c-Si with Battery Storage                     5000 - 6000                 0.36 - 0.71           306 - 603.5
&if;jrpfrsm;tm; ESpfqwdk;toHk;csa&;                                           k
                                                          wpfurÇmvH;&Sd jyefvnfzUHG NzdK;NrJpr;tif   Gf        Amorphous Si Thin Film                        3600 - 5000                 0.26 - 0.59           221 - 501.5
udk csrSwftaumiftxnfazmfvsuf                              xkwfvkyfrIyrmPrSm 1360 *pf*g0yf                    rSwfcsuf - wpfa':vm 850 usyfjzifh wGufcsufxm;onf/
&SdMuonf/                                                 ausmfvGefcJhNyDjzpfonf/                                    ,if;avhvmcsufpmwrf;rsm; aom a&&SnfzGHUNzdK;rI&&Sda&; (Truly xkwfwmbdkif&Sd&modkY a&vTJajrmif;jzifh
                          S f l
         rl0g'csrworsm;onf pGr;tif                f                   tzGJU0if 158 EdkifiHyg0ifaom           t& a&tm;vQyppfxwvya&;onf Sustainable) aocsmatmifaqmif&uf oG,,jl cif;? pD;qif;aeaom jrpfa&xJ
                                                                                                                                   f    k f k f                                         G           f
qdkif&m vHkNcHKpdwfcs&rI? oGif;ukefay:                    tjynfjynfqdkif&m jyefvnfzGHUNzdK;NrJ               &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIESifh wpf,lepfukefus &jcif;jzpfonf/ xdkYaMumifh a&tm; wmbdkifpufESpfjr§Kyfí "mwftm;xkwf
rSDcdk&rIudk avQmhcsEdkifjcif;? zefvHktdrf                pGrf;tifat*sifpD (ARENA) rS 2012                   p&dwftenf;qHk;jzpfonf/ odkYaomf vQyfppfwnfaqmufxkwfvkyf&mwGif ,ljcif; ponfhenf;rsm;udk toHk;jyK
                        f T fI
"mwfaiGUxkwvwrukd avQmcsEijf cif;?       h kd             ckESpf ZGefvwGif xkwfjyefcJhaom jyef               a&tm;vQyf p pf x k w f v k y f & mae&m taumif;qHk;jzpfap&eftwGuf pD;yGm; onfh tao;pm;a&tm;puf½Hkrsm;udk
ZD0rsKd;uGJrsm; qHk;½HI;rIudk umuG,fEdkif                                       G f        kd f
                                                          vnfzUHG NzdK;NrJpr;tifqi&m enf;ynm                 a'oudvuí ukeusp&dwrmrsm;pGm a&;qdkif&mcefYrSef;rI (Economic Ass- wnfaqmufjcif;onf ukefusp&dwf
                                                                                                                       k kd f         f        f S
                  k
jcif;? vlxusef;rma&;udk wd;wufap          k               rsm;\ ukefusp&dwfrsm;tm; avhvm                     uGmjcm;oGm;Edionf/ a&tm;vQyfppf essment) rsm;tjyif oifhavsmfaom oufomNyD; tcsdefwdktwGif;toHk;jyK
                                                                                                                               k f
                      f k f hf
jcif;? tvkytuditcGitvrf;zefw;                         D   oHk;oyfcsufpmwrf;rsm;t& &if;ESD;rI                 xkwfvkyfrI\ tBuD;rm;qHk;pdefac:rI vlra&;obm0ywf0ef;usifwYkd tay: Edkifonf/
                                                                                                                                                         I
                                                                                                                                                                         I
                                                                                                                                                     oufa&mufrrsm;tm; avhvmoH;oyf     k                  a'ocHvlxkukd udk,fwdkifwnf
                                                                                                                                                     onfh Social and Environmental aqmuf? udk,fwdkifjyKjyif xdef;odrf;
abmfqdkif;owÅKwl;azmfa&;pDrHudef;wGif rdkif;azmufcGJrIaMumifU                                                                                        Impact Assessments rsm; rjzpfrae         wwfap&ef enf;ynmjzefYjzL;ay;
                                                                                                                                                     jyKvy&rnfjzpfonf/ tu,fí a'ocH jcif;? ydkifqdkifcGifhxkwfvkyf jzefYjzL;cGifh
                                                                                                                                                             kf
                                                                                                                                                     vlxk? a*[pepfESifh ZD0rsKd;uGJrsm; ay;jcif;wdkYonf tao;pm;a&tm;
pdkufcif;rsm;ysufpD;qHk;½HI;[kqdk                                                                                                                    tay: oufa&mufrrsm;&Saeygu pDrH vQyfppfrsm; a&&SnfzGHUNzdK;wdk;wufrI
                                                                                                                                                                              I d
                                                                                                                                                     csufa&;qGJ&mwGif ,if;wdkYtm;xnfh &&SdEdkif&eftwGuf tajccHtcsufrsm;
&efukef? atmufwdkbm 7                                                                                                                                oGif;ajz&Sif;oGm;&rnfjzpfonf/            jzpf ½ H k o mru a'ocH r sm;twG u f
            f
         &Sr;jynfe,fawmifyi; uavm  kd f                   rsm;udk wm;jrpfcsufowfrSwfcsuf                     olwpfOD;u jyefvnfajymMum;onf/                        þae&mwGif obm0ywf0ef; tvkyftudkiftcGifhtvrf;zefwD;ay;
NrdKUe,f abmfqdkif;owåKwl;azmfa&;                         rsm;jzifh pepfwusvkyfaqmifavh&Sd                           abmfqdkif;a'o zl;&J&Gm&Sd jynfh usitay: oufa&mufrenf;yg;aom &ma&mufNyD; aus;vufaejynforsm;
                                                                                                                                                           f                      I                                               l
pDrHudef;twGif; owåKwl;azmfa&;                                            kH
                                                          aMumif;? puf½rwnfaqmufruvnf; D                     vQHydkif owåKwl;azmfa&;vkyfief;u tao;pm; a&tm;vQyfppfxkwfvkyf zGUH NzK;wk;wufvmaponf/ (trsK;om;
                                                                                                                                                                                                   d d                          d
ukrÜPDtcsKdUu rdkif;azmufcGJrI jyKvkyf                    ywf0ef;usifavhvmrIrsm;? usef;rm                    2012 ckESpf {NyDvrSpwifí cJowåK a&;udk ydrtm;ay;oifonf/ tao;pm; vTwfawmftwGif; pGrf;tif0efBuD;\
                                                                                                                                                                  k kd         h
jcif;aMumifh awmifolrsm;\ pdkufcif;                       a&;ppfaq;rIrsm;udk jyKvkyfcJhaMumif;?                             f                f
                                                                                                             wl;azmfvsu&NdSy;D wpf{uusyig;aomif; a&tm;vQyppfpuf½rsm; wnfaqmuf ajzMum;csuf t &) jref r mEk d i f i H \
                                                                                                                                                                       f   kH
rsm; ysufpD;qHk;½HI;rIESifh ywf0ef;usif                   rdkif;cGJjcif;aMumifh ausmufwHk;rsm;?                 f                               k  f
                                                                                                             EIe;jzifh opfawmOD;pD;Xmeuday;oGi; &mwGivnf; tBu;D pm;uJoYyif obm0 aus;&Gm 64346 &GmwGif 57557 &Gm
                                                                                                                                                                f                h kd
xdcdkufrIrsm; BuHKawGUae&aMumif;                          pdkufcif;rsm;tay: usa&mufcJhygu                    í vkyfuGuf{u 50 udk wl;azmfvkyf ywf0ef;usif? enf;ynmESihf pD;yGm;a&; (98 'or 5) &mckdifEIef;rSm vQyfppf
,if;a'ocHrsm;u ajymMum;onf/                               vnf; ydkif&SiftwGuf epfemaMu;ay;                   udkifvsuf&SdaMumif; ,if;ukrÜPDpDrH qdkif&mrsm;udk xnfhoGif;pOf;pm;oGm; "mwftm;r&&Sdao;ojzifh aus;vuf
                k
         tqdyga'owGif owåKwl;azmf                         rnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;puf½Hk wm0ef&Sd                 udef;refae*smu ajymMum;onf/             &rnfjzpfonf/ txl;ojzifh ukefus                              pmrsufESm-18 okdY
                        Ü D
a&;ESihf oefYpifa&;ukrPtcsKUd u a&jzL
       G              G
uef&m? wHwm;uef&m? qDpuf&m? zl;&J       G
&GmwdkYwGif puf½Hkrsm;wnfaqmufí
0ifa&mufvkyfudkifvsuf&SdNyD; ,if;                               awmqif½dkif;rsm;\pm;usufajrrsm; avsmUenf;vmrIaMumifU a'ocHrsm;
ukrÜPDtcsKdUu rdkif;azmufcGJrIrsm;
aMumifh a'ocHrsm;\ pdkufcif;rsm;ESifh
ywf0ef;usifukd ausmufcrsm; vGipif
                              J             hf
                                                                touftEå&m,fpdk;&drfzG,f&Sd[kqkd
vsuf&SdaMumif;? awmifeH&Hrsm;udk                                &efukef? atmufwdkbm 8
              k f
vnf; vdPacgif;rsm;azmufum rdi;                 k f                     wkdufBuD;NrdKUe,f rD*g&D (Magayi) opfawmBudK;0dkif;twGif;&Sd awmqif½dkif;rsm;rSm ¤if;wkdYaexdkif&m pm;usufajrrsm;avsmhenf;vmojzifh
cGJjcif;rsm;aMumifh teD;ywf0ef;usif&Sd                          teD;aus;&Gmrsm;odkY0ifa&mufum pdkufcif;rsm;? vlaetdrfrsm;udk zsufqD;rIrsm; jyKvkyfvsuf&Sdaejcif;aMumifh a'ocHrsm;\touftEÅ&m,fudk xdcdkuf
tyifrsm;ysufpD;rIrsm;ESifh awGUBuHK                             vmEdkifaMumif; ,if;a'oodkYoGm;a&mufavhvmcJhol jrefrmiSuf0goem&Siftoif;\trIaqmifjzpfol OD;cifarmifBuD;uajymMum;onf/
                         kd f
ae&aMumif; abmfqi;aus;&Gmtkyfpk                                        rD*g&DopfawmBudK;0dkif;twGif;&Sd tv,fajrmif&Gm? om,mat;&Gm? uGrf;oD;ajrmif&Gm? *sKH;*sKH;us&Gm? uif;rxD;&GmESifh vmri,f&Gmrsm;wGif qif½dkif;
a'ocHwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/                                       rsm; 0ifa&mufzsufqD;jcif;rsm; jyKvkyfvsuf&Sdaeonfudk avhvmcsufrsm;t&od&Sd&aMumif;? awmqif½kdif;rsm; aus;&Gmrsm;odkY0ifa&mufí touf
                                kH
         ]]owåKoefYpifpuf½awG[m vl                              tEÅ&m,fjyKMujcif;\ t"dutaMumif;t&if;rsm;wGif awmqif½dkif;rsm;aexdkif&mpm;usufajrrsm; avsmhenf;vmjcif;aMumifhvnf;yg0ifaMumif; ¤if;u
ae&yf0ef; av;rdkiftuGmrSm &Sd&rSm/                              oHk;oyfonf/
'gayrJh tckwpfrdkif0ef;usifrSmyJ &Sd                                   ]]avhvmwJhtcgrSm a'ocHawGwnDwnGwfwnf; ajymoHMum;wmu tay:bufrSmqnfwnfNyD;aemufydkif;upNyD; pm;usufajrajymif;vmwmvkdY
aewm/ 0efBuD;udk pmwifxm;awmh                                   ajymw,f/ tcku pyg;ay:csdefvnf;jzpfvkdY qiftEÅ&m,fydkpdk;&drf&w,f}}[k ,if;aus;&Gmrsm;odkY ig;&ufMumoGm;a&mufokawoejyK&mrS &&SdcJhaom
0efBuD;u a'ocHcGifhjyKcsufr&&if                                 tcsuftvufrsm;udktajccHí ¤if;uajymMum;onf/
       f
rvkyygeJYajymw,f/ 'gayrJh qufvyf                 k                     awmqifrsm;taejzifh ¤if;wkdYaexkdifusufpm;&m pm;usufajrrsm;ESifh vlaetdrfrsm;eD;uyfpGm&Sdvmjcif;aMumifh aus;&Gmol? &Gmom;rsm;\
          f
aewke;yJ}}[k uavmNrdKUe,f trsK;om;        d                     toufudkyg tEÅ&m,fjyKvm&onfh tajctaetxdjzpfvm&aMumif; ¤if;uoHk;oyfajymMum;onf/
'Drdkua&pDtzGJUcsKyf½Hk; twGif;a&;rSL;                                 vuf&Sd jrefrmEkdifiHwGif qifab;rJhawmtjzpf rEÅav;wkdif;a'oBuD; oydwfusif;NrdKUe,f&Sd a&TOa'gif;qifab;rJhawmESifh &cdkif½dk;rqifab;rJhawm
uqdkonf/                                                        ESpfckom&SdNyD; xyfrHí yJcl;wkdif;a'oBuD;&Sd ajrmufZmr&DopfawmBudK;0dkif;udk qifab;rJhawmtjzpfowfrSwf&efpDpOfaeaMumif; opfawmOD;pD;XmexHrS
         ]aumif ; aomtif t m;Mu,f }                             od&Sd&onf/
owåKoefYpifpuf½Hktaejzifh rdkif;cGJrI
   16
 The
       VOICE                                                                                                                                                               Monday, October 15 - 21, 2012




{&m0wDjrpfqHk&yfqdkif;jcif; pdrf;a&mifpdk\ oabmxm;aMunmcsuf or®wxHwifrnf
rEÅav;? atmufwdkbm 4
                                                      kH
         a&mifpdk Activities u pDpOfaom {&m0wDjrpfqqnf&yfqdkif;jcif; wpfESpfjynfh {&m0wD-&Sdrf;rum;c&D;pOfwGif oabmxm;aMunm csuf ESpfapmifxkwfjyefNyD; ,if;oabmxm;aMunmcsufudk
         EdkifiHawmf or®wxH ,ckvydkif;twGif; wifjyoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; pdrf;a&mifpdk Activities Ouú| OD;wifopfu The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
       ,if;oabmxm;aMunmcsuf tpnf;rsm;xHrS od&Sd&onf/                         raqmufoifh[k rSwf,laMumif;? {&m
rsm;udk c&D;pOfvdkufygol vlrItzGJU                 kH    DH df
                                              jrpfqqnfprue;oabmxm; 0wD jrpfqqnf&yfwefY&efvnf;aumif;?
                                                                                       kH
tpnf; 33 ck? vlyk*¾dKvf 240 OD;wdkY aMunmcsufü or®wBuD;onf rdrd {&m0wDjrpfBuD; t"GefY&Snf&efvnf;
                                                                   DH d
u vuf r S w f a &;xd k ; xm;aMumif ; oufwrf;twGif; jrpfqHkqnfprue;f aumif; vdktyfaom obm0ywf0ef;
tqdkygtzGJUxHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/          kd f                 hJ
                                      &yfqi;aMumif; xkwjf yefconfhtay: usifxdef;odrf;a&; vkyfief;rsm;udk
       ,if;oabmxm;aMunmcsuf uREfkyfwdkYjynfolrsm;u aus;Zl;wif uREywYtm;vH;k vufwí t&Set[kejf rihf
                                                                               kf f kd          JG  df      §
ESpcrm jrpfqqnfprue;? vufyef; aMumif;? {&m0wDjrpfqHkonf jrefrm aqmif&Guf&if; rdcif{&m0wDjrpfBuD;
   fkS         kH   DH df
                                       kfH                 kd f     d
awmif;awmifpDrHudef;ESifh ywfouf Edii\ wefz;dk rjzwfEiaom trsK;om; udk umuG,fapmifha&SmufoGm;rnfjzpf
aom oabmxm;rsm;jzpfaMumif; vu©Pm? trsK;d om;tarGtESpjf zpfonfh aMumif; azmfjyxm;onf/
{&m0wDc&D;pOfvdkufygol vlrItzGJU twGuf b,faomtcgrS a&umwm                           vufyef;awmif;awmif oabm



rEåav;wGif ,cifESpfrsm;xuf ,mOfwkdufrIESpfqcefhwdk;                                                                                                                                      "mwfykH -   The Voice


rEÅav;? atmufwdkbm 6                                                                                                        xm;aMunmcsuf ü pD r H u d e f ; tm;             txnfazmfrItqifhwdkif; yg0ifqHk;
        armfawmfqkdifu,fpD;eif;ol      268 OD;rS 503 OD;&Sdvm&m 235 OD;                   d f I kd   G               f G
                                                                                       wkuryrjkd zpfym;vm&NyD; ntcsdewif    csufcsif;&yf&ef? oD;jcm;vGwfvyfí                jzwfyiciukd Oya'aMumif;t& tmrcH
                                                                                                                                                                                 kd f G hf
rsm;jym;vmNyD; vrf;pnf;urf; ,mOf       wkd;vmaMumif; tqkdygXmexkwfjyef                 rawmfwq,mOfwkdufrI ydkrdkjzpfyGm;    ynm&Sifrsm;ygaom aumfrwDzGJUpnf;                csufay;&efwdkYjzpfaMumif; azmfjyxm;
pnf;urf; vkuemrItm;enf;jcif;aMumihf
             d f                       xm;aom pm&if;rsm;t&od&onf/                                      k f
                                                                                       wwfojzifh nydi;wGif txl;ppfaq;                  kH d kd f I
                                                                                                                            í bufpxcurrsm;udk ppfaq;awGU                    onf/
rEÅav;wkdif;a'oBuD;twGif;,cif                         h hS
                                               NyD;cJonfEpf 'DZifbmvydi;wGifkf         a&;tzGJUrsm;u t&ufaomufarmif;        &Sdcsufrsm;udk jynfolodkY today;&ef?                   {&m0wD - &S d r f ; rum;c&D ; pOf
ESpfrsm;xuf ,mOfwkdufrIESpfqcefY                       dk f      D
                                       armfawmfqiu,fp;a& oH;ode;ausmf  k f             ESifrIESifh pnf;urf;rvkdufe monf h   pDrHudef;aMumifh vlrIb0xdcdkufrIrsm;            tjzpf pufwifbmv 30 &ufaeYwif          G
    d
wk;vmaMumif; tqkygwki;a'oBuD;
                    d d f                                S
                                       &S&mrS ,ckEpMf o*kwvukewif pD;a&
                                         d                         f    f G            qkdifu,fpD;eif;rIrsm;udk ta&;,l      ESifh obm0ywf0ef;usifqdkif&m ysuf               oabFmjzifh rEÅav;NrdKUawmfrS &Sdrf;
vrf;yef;qufoG,fa&;0efBuD;Xme                       f
                                       av;ode;ausm&vmNyD; pufwifbmv
                                                            f dS                       aqmif&Gufvsuf&SdaMumif; 0efBuD;      pD;rIrsm;udk oufqdkif&mukrÜPDu                  rum;ab;rJhawmodkY oGm;a&mufum
               f
0efBuD;OD;ausmqef;uajymMum;onf/        uk e f x d armf a wmf q d k i f u ,f p D ; a&   OD;ausmfqef;uqkdonf/                 csuf c sif ; wm0ef , l a jz&S i f ; ay;&ef ?    opfyifpdkufysKd;NyD; oabFmay:wGif
             SfSf
        ,ckEp&pvtwGi; ,cifEpEihf
                        f        SfS   wpfodef;ausmfcefYudk pDrHcsufjzifh                     touf 17 ESpfjynfhNyD; armf    tpdk;&taeESifh tvm;wlpDrHudef;rsm;              obm0ywf0ef;usifa&;&m xdcdkuf
EIdif;,SOfygu armfawmf,mOfwkdufrI      vkipifxway;NyD;jzpfaMumif; tqkyg
                                           df        k f                          d    awmfqdkifu,f,mOfarmif;vkdifpif       udk taumiftxnfazmfrnfqdkvQif                    ysufpD;qHk;½HI;epfemrIpmwrf;rsm;udk
193 rIrS 412 rItxd&Sdvmojzifh 219      XmexHrSxyfrHod&onf/                             avQmufxm;olrsm;udk pepfwusoif        a'ocHrsm;udk pDrHudef;\ taumif                  aqG;aEG;cJhMuonf/
      d                   k S
rI wk;vmaMumif;? aoqH;olrmvnf;                 armfawmfqkdifu,fpD;eif;ol               wef;ay;í pmawGUvufawGUatmifjrif
                  d           Sf
96 OD;rS 133 OD;&Svm&m ,cifEpxuf       rsm;\ vrf;pnf;urf;,mOfpnf;urf;                  rSom vkdifpifxkwfay;&efvkdaMumif;
37 OD;wkd;vmaMumif;ESihf 'Pf&m&ol      vkdufemrI tm;enf;jcif;aMumifh ,mOf              ¤if;uxyfrHajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                            wuúodkvfq&m? q&mrrsm;tzGJY w&m;0ifzGJYpnf;cGifU&
                                                                                                                            rEÅav;? atmufwkdbm 6
                                                                                                                                       rEÅav;wkdif;a'oBuD; wuúodkvfokH;ck&Sd q&m? q&mrrsm;yg0ifonfh
   rºav;c½kdif w&m;r0ifpufoHk;qDqdkifrsm; ydwfodrf;&rnf                                                                     tajccHtvkyform;tzGJUtpnf;(r[matmifajr)onf zdtm;ay;rItrsKd;rsKd;&SdcJh
                                                                                                                                                                   hf S f kH                  d
                                                                                                                            aomfvnf; w&m;0ifzUJG pnf;cGirwywif&&SNd yDjzpfaMumif; tqkygtzGUJ xHrpprf;       S kH
   rEÅav;? atmufwdkbm 7                                                                                                     od&Sd&onf/
          rEÅav;wkdif;a'oBuD; rEÅav;c½kdif&Sd w&m;r0ifpufoHk;qDa&mif;csaeonfhqkdifrsm;udk atmufwkdbmv 7                                ]]'DtzGJUzGJU&mrSmyg0ifvkdY ygarmu©csKyf? 'kwd,ygarmu©csKyfwkdY&JU ac:,l
   &ufaeYrSpwifum ESpfywftwGif;ydwfodrf;&ef pufoHk;qDta&mif;qkdif&Sifrsm;udk ac:,lajymMum;cJhaMumif;                        ppfaq;rIawG&SdcJhw,f}}[k ,if;tzGJUtwGif;a&;rSL; OD;okwuajymMum;onf/
   tqkdygc½kdif taxGaxGtkyfcsKyfa&;½Hk;wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/                                                                  wuúodkvfq&m? q&mrrsm;tajccHtvkyform;tzGJUtpnf; (r[m
                                                                                                                            atmifajr) \ w&m;0ifrSwfyHkwifcGifhjyKcsufudk pufwifbmv 24 &ufaeYü
          rEÅav;NrdKUawmftwGif; rD;ab;tEÅ&m,fvHkNcHKapa&;twGuf 2002 ckESpfuyif pufoHk;qDta&mif;qkdif                                                  dk                       G            S f
                                                                                                                            cGijhf yKNyD; atmufwbmv 4 &ufaeYwif todtrSwjf yKvufrwukd tvkyorm;             f
   rsm;udk rEÅav;NrdKUawmftjyifbufodkYajymif;a&TUa&mif;csapcJhNyD; ,cktcg w&m;0ifpufoHk;qDta&mif;qkdif                      nTefMum;a&;OD;pD;Xmeuxkwfay;cJhaMumif; ¤if;uqkdonf/
   r[kwfygu ydwfodrf;&ef NrdKUe,ftkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;u ac:,laqG;aEG;cJhaMumif; ykodrfBuD;NrdKUe,f rEÅav;-rwå&m                             ]]wuúodkvf&JUynm&nfjrifhzdkY vkyfaqmifrSmjzpfovkd ausmif;om;awG&JU
   um;vrf;ab;&Sd a&Tusifwef;wGifa&mif;csaeonfh pufoHk;qDta&mif;qkdif&Sifrsm;u The Voice Weekly                                                                               d   f    kd
                                                                                                                            ynma&;u@? q&m? q&mrawG&UJ vktyfcsuawGuvnf; jznfqnf;aqmif&uf       h                  G
   odkYajymMum;onf/                                                                                                           k f                                    kd f                kd
                                                                                                                            EdizYkd BudK;pm;oGm;rSmyg/ wuúovuq&m? q&mrawGuvnf; 'DtzGUJ tpnf;rSm
          tqdkyg a&Tusifwef;pufoHk;qD ta&mif;qkdifwef;rsm;wGif pkpkaygif; pufoHk;qDta&mif;qkdif 57 qkdif&SdNyD;             yg0ifEkdifzdkY zdwfac:ygw,f}} [k tqdkygtzGJUtrIaqmif a'gufwmwifEGJU&Du
   trsm;pkrSm wpfEkdifwpfydkifpufoHk;qDa&mif;csaeolrsm;jzpfonf[k tqdkygqdkif&Sifrsm;u ajymMum;onf/                          qkdonf/
          ]]w&m;0if pufoHk;qDta&mif;qkdifvkyfr,fqdk&if yefYwpfckudk odef;ESpf&mavmuf&Sdw,f/ uRefawmfwdkYu                              ,if;tzGJUonf rEÅav;wkdif;a'oBuD;&Sd EkdifiHjcm;bmomwuúodkvf?
   tJavmuft&if;tESD;r&Sdbl;/ "mwfqD? 'DZ,fqdkwmvnf; jrefrmEkdifiHtxufydkif;wufwJh um;orm;awGeJY                             ta0;oifwuúodkvf? rEÅav;wuúodkvfwkdYrS tvkyftrIaqmif ajcmufOD;?
   ta[mif;ay;topf,yprsK;eJY a&mif;&wm? vufvq&ifvnf; ig;&mzd;avmufuae pa&mif;ay;&w,f? ckcseu
                           l kH H d                D kd                k                                    d f             tzGJU0if 90 OD;ausmfyg0ifum ZGefv 26 &ufaeYwGif rSwfyHkwifjcif;vkyfief;rsm;
   pD;yGm;a&;raumif;vdkY ta&mif;yg;aecsdefrSm w&m;0ifr[kwf&if ydwfvdkYajymvmw,f/ ckwkdif;a&mif;ae&wmu                       pwifcJhaMumif; tqkdygtzGJUxHrSod&onf/
   uRefawmfwdkYtwGuf tqifajyw,f/ qkdifydwf&&ifawmh uRefawmfwdkYpm;0wfaea&; vHk;0tqifajyawmhrSm
   r[kwfbl;}}[k a&Tusifwef;&Sd awmf0ifpufoHk;qDta&mif;qkdif&Sd OD;jrifhEkdifuqkdonf/                                        rEåav;pmayESifU tEkynm&Sifrsm; v,fwDy@dw
          wpfEkdifwpfydkifa&mif;0,faeolrsm;jzpfojzifh w&m;0ifqkdifzGifhvSpfa&mif;cs&ef ajrae&mESifh vkdtyfonfh
   t&if;tESD;r&Sdjcif;onf t"dutcuftcJjzpfaeonf[k pufoHk;qDta&mif;qkdif&Sifrsm;u wnDwnGwfwnf;
                                                                                                                            OD;armifBuD;&GmwGif uxdefcif;rnf
   ajymMum;onf/                                                                                                             rEÅav;? atmufwkdbm 6
                    d f H       kH   G f
          ]]jrefrmEkiipufo;qDwifoi; a&mif;csjzefYjzL;a&;toif; twGi;a&;rSL;uawmh w&m;r0ifa&mif;aeolukd
                                                                         f                                                                                                f             f     Hk
                                                                                                                                     rEÅav;NrdKUawmf pmayESihf tEkynm&Sirsm; (11) Budrajrmufbuxdeudkf
                                                                                                                            'DZifbmv 6 &ufaeYwGif v,fwDy@dwOD;armifBuD; arG;zGm;&mZmwdjzpfaom
                               Ü D     f     f          D       G f kd
   w&m;0ifjzpfatmif ukrPawG? vkyief;&SiawGu ulnaqmif&uzYkd vw,fvYkd ajymxm;wm *sme,fwpfapmifrm                  S           rHk&GmNrdKUe,f anmifjzLyifaus;&Gm uyfausmfausmif;wkdufü cif;usif;rnfjzpf
   zwf&w,f/ ckuRefawmfwdkYudk ESpfywftwGif;ydwfqdkawmh uRefawmfwdkYb,fvdkvkyf&rvJ}} [k oufwefYa&mif                         aMumif; tqkdygpmayynm&Sifrsm;xHrS od&onf/
   pufoHk;qDqkdif&Sif OD;xGef;xGef;uqkdonf/                                                                                          ,if;tzGJUuxdefudk 2002 ckESpfrSpwifum pmay,Ofaus;rIESifh ESD;ET,f
          rEÅav;wkdif;a'oBuD; pufoHk;qDta&mif;qkdifrsm;BuD;Muyfa&;aumfrwD\ *gvefyHk;rsm;jzifh a&mif;cs                                                                                k
                                                                                                                            aom ppfudkif;awmif½dk;-uleDacsmif? tr&yl&-awmifav;vH;ausmif;? pvif;NrdKU-
   aeaom 'DZ,f? "mwfqDta&mif;qkdifrsm;ydwfodrf;&ef c½dkifrSwpfqifh nTefMum;vmaMumif; ykodrfBuD;NrdKUe,f                                Sf                                   d                    f
                                                                                                                            anmifEpyifausmif;? rEÅav;-r[mpdMwm&mrwku?f uefYbvlNrKd Ue,f? csyoif;&Gm-
   taxGaxGtkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;½Hk; wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;xHrS od&onf/                                                                                        d                                        d
                                                                                                                            a&0ef;ausmif;? ykorBf uD;NrdKUe,f? tifMu,faus;&Gm-&Gmrausmif;wku?f aemifcsKd
          ykodrfBuD;NrdKUe,fwGif w&m;0ifpufoHk;qDta&mif;qkdif 30 0ef;usifcefY&SdaMumif; tqkdyg½Hk;xHrS xyfrHod&Sd                               kf                      d        h l
                                                                                                                            NrdKUe,f? o&ufue;aus;&Gm-jyifBuD;ausmif;wku?f pOfu;NrdKUe,f? cufoifaus;&Gm-
   &onf/                                                                                                                                             d          D             f
                                                                                                                            ausmif;opfausmif;wku?f anmifO;NrdKUe,f? iSuypfawmif-aZw0efausmif;wkuf     d
                                                                                                                                   G          f        h            d           S d
                                                                                                                            wkYdwif cif;usi;vSL'gef;cJaMumif; tqkygtzGUJ xHro&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    17
   Monday, October 15 - 21, 2012                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           VOICE


rdw¦DvmavaMumif;wuúodkvf av,mOfi,fprf;oyfatmifjrif
rEÅav;? atmufwdkbm 8
                rmEdkifiHavaMumif;ESifh tmumoynmwuúodkvf (rdw¬Dvm) rS pwkw¬ESpfausmif;om;ckepfOD;u vHkNcHKa&;qdkif&mapmifhMunfha&;vkyfief;rsm;wGif toHk;jyKEdkifonfh av,mOfajy;vrf;rvdktyfaom
                yef;uefjym;ysHyHkoP²mefwlQuadrotor Flyer av,mOfi,fudk Mo*kwfv'kwd,ywfcefYwGif prf;oyfwDxGifEdkifcJhaMumif; tqdkygwuúodkvf okawoeXmeXmerSL; a'gufwmoJarmifarmifu
The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
             tqdkygav,mOfi,fudk ,if;                                                                                                                                                                                                k
                                                                                                                                                                                         rSm rdepf 30 txd aeEdiNf yD; tav;csef twGuf tcuftcJawGeYJ BuHKcJ&w,f}} d                                                                           h
wuúodkvf pufESifhysHoef;bmom&yf                                                                                                                                                                                                              kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                         wpfaygiftxd o,faqmifEiygw,f/ [k wDxiprf;oyfol ausmif;om;rsm;u                              Gf
txl ; jyK pwk w ¬ E S p f a usmif ; om;                                                                                                                                                  uifr&mwyfqifNyD; aumif;uif"mwfykH qdonf/                                   k
armifaevif;OD;? armifa&mfbifqif;(*f)?                                                                                                                                                    ½dkuf,lEdkifygw,f/ vHkNcHKa&;qdkif&m                                                              f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ]]uReawmfwYkdwuúovausmif;                        kd f
                      f
armifausmaZrif;? armifa0vGiatmif?                                     f                                                                                                                  apmifhMunfha&;vkyfief;awGtwGuf om;rsm;u tckvdkwDxGifprf;oyf
armif&Sdef;jynfhausmf? armifrsKd;rif;?                                                                                                                                                               k                        G f
                                                                                                                                                                                         toH;jyKzdYk &nf&,xm;ygw,f}} [k atmifjrifwtwGuf *kP,ygw,f/                                           hJ                                 f l
                       Gf
armifaZmfcewYkd yg0ifaom Sky Alien                                                                                                                                                       Sky Alien Group ausmif;om;rsm;u                                          ausmif;om;awGtaeeJY pmawGUudk
Group u wDxiprf;oyfcjhJ cif;jzpfNyD;       Gf                                                                                                                                                k
                                                                                                                                                                                         qdonf/                                                                   vufawGUjyeftoH;jyKvYkd&w,f qdwm               k                              k
,aeYtxd 4 Budrprf;oyfysHoef;NyD;                 f                                                                                                                                                         k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                         Ediiwumü Quadrotor rsm;udk odawmh bmom&yftay:rSmpdw0ifpm;rI?                                                                        f
jzpfaMumif; tqdygausmif;om;rsm;xHrS    k                                                                                                                                                                            d d           kH d d
                                                                                                                                                                                         ae&mtrsK;rsK;wGif yHptrsK;rsK;jyKvyí wefz;xm;rIyvmr,f/ ausmif;wuf kf               kd                      kd
      dS
od&&onf/                                                                                                                                                                                           f               f G          k            f
                                                                                                                                                                                         wGius,pm toH;jyKvsu&NdS yD; ,ck &wmvnf; ydkwefzdk;&Sdvmr,f}} [k
             ]]av,mOf i ,f u d k Remote                                                                                                                                                  wnfaqmufxm;onfh av,mOfi,f jrefrmEdiiavaMumif;ESihf tmumo                                  k f H
                                    f f H
Control eJY xde;csKyysoef;NyD; tjrifay                                        h                                                                                                          'DZi;udk 18 vufrt&Sn&dS tvlre,H ynmwuúovf (rdwvm)ygarmu©csKyf
                                                                                                                                                                                                kd f                                   f                 DD                                      kd                     D¬
200 txd ysoef;Ediygw,f/ avxJ     H               kf                                                                                                              "mwfykH - &J0if;Ekdif                           f
                                                                                                                                                                                         acsmif;ESpacsmif;udk taygif;vu©Pm a'gufwmMunfoGifu The Voice
                                                                                                                                                                                         yHkpHwnfaqmufxm;NyD; tvlrDeD,H Weekly odYkajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                         acsmif ; rsm;\ xd y f a v;zuf w G i f                                                                         k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 jrefrmEdiiavaMumif;ESihf tm
uav;NrdKYodkh b*FgvDrsm;cdk;0ifrI ,cifESpfxufydkrdkrsm;jym;                                                                                                                              Brushless Motor ESihf yefumav;ckukd
                                                                                                                                                                                         Rotary Dynamics qdi&m wGucsurI             kf                f f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  umoynmwuúovf (rdwvm) udk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     SfS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2002 ckEprpwifzivpNf y;D ynmoifEpf           G hf S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     kd                D¬
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 S
ppfudkif;? atmufwdkbm 9                                                                                                                                                                  rsm;jzifh udunatmif wnfaqmuf ig;ESpowfrwí avaMumif;tif*sif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       k f D                                                   f                S f
                          kd f d f
             ppfui;wki;a'oBuD; uav; ckEpwif tdE,Ekiiom; ckepfO;? b*Fg wGif cd;0ifb*FgvD av;OD;udk xyfrzrf; xm;aMumif; a'gufwmoJarmifarmifu eD,mbmom&yfrsm;udk oifMum;ydkYcs
                                                                                     Sf G            ´d d f H                  D                    k                             H
c½dkiftwGif;odkY b*FgvDvlrsKd;rsm; vDvrsK; 13 OD;wkYdukd ulnac:aqmif qD;&rdcNhJ yD; uav;&Jpcef;wGif twnf The Voice Weekly odYk &Si;jyonf/ vsu&aMumif;? ZlvivtwGi;f uvnf;
                                                                                        l d                             D                                                                                                                      f                           f dS                                   kd f
                                                                      S f
w&m;r0if0ifa&mufrI ,cifEpxuf vmol jrefrmEdiiom; ig;OD;ESihf 2012 jyKxuqcsu&,laeaMumif; tqdyg             kfH                                      G f dk f                          k                    ysoef;wJtcg ysup;qH;½H;rIr&Sd SWAKZAH trnf&Sd armif;olrJh
                                                                                                                                                                                                            H               h            fD k I
  k                                                                       k
ydrsm;jym;vmaMumif; uav;c½dif vl ckEpwi; tdE,Ediiom; wpfO;ESihf &Jpcef;xHrS od&onf/  S f G f             d´ k f H                  D                                                     apwJh Design &atmif prf;oyfwnf av,mOfukd wDxiprf;oyfEicaMumif;                                                       Gf                    kd f hJ
0ifrIBuD;Muyfa&;ESifh jynfolYtiftm; b*FgvDvrsK; 37 OD;wkYdukd ulnac:                             l d                             D                                       jrwf(uav;) aqmufc&w,f/ yxrtBudrjf zpfwhJ tqdygwuúovxrS xyfro&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                              hJ                                                         k                             kd f H                    H d
                          kfD                                      kf
OD;pD;Xme c½diO;pD;XmerSL; OD;pdi;brif; aqmifvmol jrefrmEdiiom; ajcmufO;                                          kfH                    D
u The Voice Weekly odYkajymMum; wkYd ukd zrf;qD&rdcNhJ yD; v.0.u tuf
onf/                                                                               Oya'rsm;jzifh ta&;,laqmif&uEichJ           G f dk f
             ]]'DEptwGi;rSm c½ditwGi;udk aMumif; tqkygXmexHrS od&onf/
                     S f
w&m;r0ifc;0ifvmrIawG ydrrsm;jym;
                            dk
                                               f             k f
                                                                 k kd
                                                                            f                          d
                                                                                          pufwifbmv 13 &ufaeYwif                     G
                                                                                                                                         uav;NrdKYwGif ESpfavmif;NydKifvlowfrIjzpf
vmygw,f/ uReawmfwYdkXmeuawmh or®wajymMum;csuf axmufcyjJG yKvyf ppfudkif;? atmufwdkbm 6
                                             f                                                                              H          k
b*FgvDvrsK;rS r[kwygbl;/ Oya'rJh cJhNyD; aemufydkif; a'ocHjynfolrsm;
                    l d                                f                                                                                              ppfudkif;wdkif;a'oBuD; uav; &JwyfzGJUpcef;xHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/ udkifaqmifvmonfh udkif;ckwf"m;jzifh
w&m;r0if cd;0ifvmolawGtm;vH;udk tMum; b*FgvDrsm;cd;0ifvmrIjyóem Nrd K U apmf b G m ;a&&S i f a us;&G m teD ;
                               k                                            k                                   k                                                                                        tqd k y gjzpf p Of ü w&m;cH [ k ckwvupOf a':usierrefonf nm     f kd f                                             fd f
ta&;,lom;rSmyg}}[k ¤if;uqdonf/ udk pdwf0ifpm;olrsm;jym;vmcJhNyD; v,fawmwpfckwGif pufwifbmv ,lq&ol jra&Tudk pufwifbmv 21 bufyg; "m;ckwf'Pf&mwpfcsufjzifh
                        G                                               k
             uav;c½ditwGi;&Sd uav;NrdKU owdxm;apmifhMunfhaeMu&aMumif; 19 &ufaeY n 7 em&Dü vli,f &ufaeYn 10 em&DwGif rif;uif; NrdKU vJusoGm;NyD; twlygvmol OD;a'gif
                                            kf           f
e,f? uav;0NrdKUe,f? rif;uif;NrdKUe,f uav;NrdKU a'ocHwpfO;u ajymMum; obm0 cspfBudKufNyD; om;r,m; e,f awmifwi;acsmifaus;&Gmü zrf;rd Zxefyg EIwywonfoabmjzifh "m;
                                                                                                                      D                                                                                                   G f                                                                     f d f h
rsm;odYk e,fpyfa'orsm;jzpfaom wrl; onf/                                                                                                    tjzpf qufqHcJhonfudk wdkifMum; cJhaMumif;? aoqHk;ol a':usifedrfref ESifhckwfowfvdkufaMumif;? a':usif
                  f
NrdKUESihf csi;awmifrsm;rSwpfqifh w&m;                                                    atmufwbmv 7 &ufaeYu rnfpdk;í "m;ESifhckwfum EIwfydwfcJh ESihf jra&TwYkdonf v,f,mvkyui&if; edrfrefudk tcif;jzpfvrf;ay:rS csKH
                                                                                                           kd                                                                                                                                       f kd f
r0if e,fpyfjzwfausmfawmvrf;rsm; vnf; uav;taemufajrmufydkif; onfh ESpfavmif;NydKifvlowfrIwpfck cifrif&if;ESD;MuNyD; vli,fobm0 twGif;odkY qGJoGif;pOf a':usifedrfref
jzifh 0ifa&mufvmcJMh ujcif;jzpfNyD; 2011 ajrmufacsmawm ysOf;awmOD;aus;&Gm jzpf y G m ;cJ h a Mumif ; tqd k y gNrd K Ue,f cspfBudKufcJh&mrS om;r,m;tjzpf onf ½ke;uefvy&m;aeojzifh xyfrH                                                                                                 f                     I f S
                                                                                                                                                                                         oHk;BudrfwdkifaecJhaMumif;? ,cktcg í OD;acgif;aemufaphukd "m;jzifh wpf
                                                                                                                                                                                         a':usdefedrfrefonf csif;trsKd;om; csuf ckwowfvujf cif;jzpfaMumif; jra&T                     f                    kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                       D
                                                                                                                                                                                         wpfO;ESihf vufxyfaygif;oif;aeonfh u uav;&Jpcef;wGif xGufqdkonf/
   ucsif½dk;&mESifU ,Ofaus;rIvkyfief;rsm; tdrfeD;csif;EkdifiH&Sd                                                                                                                         twGuf jra&Tonf ¤if;\rSm;,Gif;rI
                                                                                                                                                                                         udk rnfolwpfOD;wpfa,mufudkrQ onf jypfrIusL;vGefaMumif; rdrd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ,if;trIESifhywfoufí jra&T
                                                                                                                                                                                              k
                                                                                                                                                                                         wdiMf um;jcif;rjyKap&ef tcif;jzpfym; oabmqE´tavsmuf ajzmifcsufay;    G                                                                           h
   aexdkifolrsm;ESifU vkyfaqmifrnf                                                                                                                                                       onfhaeYü v,fawmodkYvma&mufí vdonf[wifjyojzifh uav;NrdKUe,f
                                                                                                                                                                                         a':usifedrfrefudk awmif;yefpum; w&m;½Hk;u jypfrItaxGaxG trSwf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    k                    k
csif;rkdif? atmufwdkbm 5                                                                                                                                                                                 k
                                                                                                                                                                                         ajymqdonfukd vufrcHbJ oufqi&m 83^2012 jzifh ajzmifhcsuf&,lxm;   kd f
             ucsijf ynfe,fEihf e,ferwcsi; vkyui&ef tBuHrsm;ay;oGm;rnfjzpf ,lxm;onfh ucsiwi;f &if;om;aomif; aus;&GmtkycsKya&;rSL;xH wdiMf um;rnf aMumif; ,if;trIudk uav;&Jpcef;
                                                     S              dd f f             f dk f                                                                       f dk                                              f f                  k
qufpyfaeonfh tdE,EkiiEihf w½kwf NyD; bdef;pkdufcif;rsm;yaysmufap&ef *Pef;cefYaexkifMuouJhodkY w½kwf jzpfaMumif; ajymqdkojzifh jra&Tonf u (y) 381^2012 jypfrI yk'fr 302
                                                   d´ d f H S                                                                                                  d
jynfoYlor®wEkiiwYkd&dS ucsivyief; bdef;tpm;xdk;opfcGrsm; pdkufysKd;a&; e,fpyfwivnf; ode;*Pef;cefYae rcHr&yfEdkifjzpfum a&SUrSoGm;aeonfh jzifh ta&;,laqmif&Gufxm;aMumif;
                                      d f H                        f k f                                                                                 G f             f
&Sifrsm;pkpnf;í ½dk;&m,Ofaus;rIxe; twGuf vkyfudkifay;oGm;rnfjzpf xkiaMumif; ,if;e,fpyfoYkd om;a&muf a':usifedrfrefESifh twlygvmaom tqdkyg&JwyfzGJUpcef;xHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&
                                                                                df                                                            df                              G
odrf;a&;ESifh pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;rsm;udk aMumif; ¤if;uqkdonf/                                                                               cJholrsm;xHrS od&Sd&onf/                      OD;a'gifZxefwdkYudk ¤if;vufxJwGif onf/                                                                                            rdwfqufatmif
KIO e,fajr rki*sm,efwivyaqmif      df                      G f k f                        ]]bdef;yaysmufa&; rvkyfvkdYr&
oG m ;rnf j zpf a Mumif ; Ek d i f i H w um bl;/ ucsiawGtwGuf ta&;Bu;D w,f/                       f
ucsifukefoG,fa&;ESifh ,Ofaus;rI wpfrsKd;om;vHk; pD;yGm;ysufaeNyD}} [k
zvS,a&;tzGUJ Ouú| OD;"grQmarma&S (Da ausmif;q&ma[mif;wpfOD;vnf;jzpf
           f
Mya Maw She) u ajymMum;onf/                                                        ol OD;"grQmarma&Su qkdonf/
                                                                                                                                                jyifOD;vGifwGif odef;ig;axmifausmfwefzdk;&Sd
             atmufwbmv 6 &ufaeYwif       dk
rkdif*sm,ef ½Hk;cef;wpfck zGifhvSpfum aeaom ucsifrsm;twGuf ½dk;&m
                                                                                G         ppfaMumihf pdwfyef;vlyef;jzpf
                                                                                                                                                pdwf<u½l;oGyfaq;jym;rsm;zrf;rd
vkyfief;rsm;pwifrnfjzpfNyD; ppfab; ,Ofaus;rIvkyfief;rsm;onf vkdtyf                                                                               rEÅav;? atmufwkdbm 6
'ku©onfrsm;\ uav;rsm;twGuf csuf j zpf a eNyD ; 'k u © a &muf o nh f                                                                                      rEÅav;wkdif;a'oBuD; jyifOD;vGifNrdKUe,f 0uf0Haus;&GmwGif Mo*kwfvtwGif;u armif;ESifvmaom
ynma&;vkyfief;rsm;ESifh pm;0wfae vlrsm;twGuf pdwftyef;ajzp&mjzpf                                                                                          l                            d f                                                       kd
                                                                                                                                                 rwfw;tjzLa&mifum;ay:ü usyfoe;aygif;ig;axmifausmfwefz;&Sd pdw<f u½l;oGyaq;jym;rsm;zrf;qD;&rdaMumif;                   f
a&;rsm;twGuf EkdifiHwumrS &efyHkaiG Ek d i f a Mumif ; KWAT wm0ef & S d o l                                                                      rEÅav;ajrmufydkif;rl;,pf (txl;)tzGJUxHrSod&onf/
rsm; &SmazGay;rnfjzpfonf[k ¤if;u a':rGefe,fvDuqkdonf/                                                                                                    tqkdygum;xJwGif w½kwfjynfvkyfrkefY*syfzmxJwGif pdwf<u½l;oGyfaq;jym; ESpfodef;eD;yg; tav;csdef
qufvuf&Sif;jyonf/                                                                         ]]tcuftcJaygif;pHkjzpfaewJh                            16 'or2 *&rf&Sdaomaq;jym;rsm;udk zrf;qD;&rdaMumif;? tqkdygpdwf<uaq;jym;rsm;o,faqmifvmoludk
             xdkYjyif ucsifvlrsKd;rsm;onf olawGtwGuf tm;wpfckjzpfoGm;Ekdif                                                                       jyifOD;vGif NrdKUe,f ydwfcsif;ajrmif&Jpcef; r,(y)? 2^2012? rl;,pfyk'fr 15^19^(u)? 20 (u)? 21jzifh trIzGifh
pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;wGif ruRrf;usif w,f}} [k a':rGee,fvu qkonf/                                                 f       D   d                      ta&;,lxm;aMumif; tqkdygtzGJUxHrSxyfrHod&onf/
ojzifh tzGJUrS pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;rsm;                                                         d´
                                                                                          tdE,e,fpyfwGif EkdifiHom;cH
   18
  The
        VOICE                                                                                                                                                                             Monday, October 15 - 21, 2012




]wdkif;&if;om;tm;vHk;u ppfudkrvdkcsifygbl;qdkrSawmU b,folhtwGufwdkufaewmvJ}
&JjynfUZmenf? Ó PfrsKd;atmif
          jynfjynfqdkif&mNidrf;csrf;a&;aeYwGif wpfEdkifiHvHk;ppfyGJrsm;&yfwefY&ef qE´azmfxkwf&mü
          OD;aqmifcJhaom Nidrf;csrf;a&;uGef&uf (Peace Network) rS vli,frsm;jzpfMuonfh
rcifpE´mñGefY? udkrdk;aoG;wdkYESifh awGUqHkar;jref;xm;onfudk azmfjyvdkufygonf/
Voice / / tjynfjynfqdkif&mNidrf;csrf;a&;             wpfom;wnf;0ifa&muf aqG;aEG;wmyJjzpfjzpf?
aeYu tpfudkwdkYawGtaeeJY wpfEdkifiHvHk;ppfyGJ&yf Observer taeeJYyJjzpfjzpf t&yfbufvlYtzGJU
qdkNyD; qE´azmfxkwfcJhMuw,f/ tpfudkwdkYtae tpnf;udk vrf;aMumif;zGifhay;oifhygw,f/
                                                          f f                        k f
eJY ppfjzpf&wJhtaMumif;t&if;u bmaMumifhvdkY Nidr;csr;a&;aqG;aEG;0di;rSm vGacsmrawG&vm&if         J f I dS
xifygovJ/                                            Third Party taeeJY vGJacsmfrIawG ydkqdk;roGm;
udkrdk;aoG; / / ppfbmaMumifhjzpf&ovJqdkwJh atmif xdef;n§day;Edkifw,f/
ae&mrSm uRefawmfwdkYar;csifwmu b,fae&m Voice / / tjynfjynfqi&m Nidr;csr;a&;aeYu             kd f       f f
                            kd f                                              k f
rSmyJjzpfjzpf ppfwuaewJh ppfacgif;aqmifawGu tpfrwkYd qE´azmfxwwm? NyD;awmh aejynfawmf
                kd kd f              kd f
b,foYluu,pm;jyKNyD; ppfwuaewmvJ/ b,f umuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf½Hk;a&SUrSm qE´azmfxkwfzdkY
                          kd f            kd f
olYtwGuf ppfwuaewmvJ/ b,fwi;&if;om; BudK;pm;wmeJYywfoufNyD; jynfwi;rSma0zefwm                        G f                                                                                               "mwfykH - rkd;ausmfvGif
                     kd f              kf        k
twGuf ppfwuaewmvJ/ wdi;&if;om;tm;vH; wcsKdU&Sdygw,f/ a0zefwmu ESpfzufjzpfaewJh
u ppfurvdcsiygbl;qdrawmh b,foYltwGuf ppfyGJawGrSm tpdk;&udkyJ wpfzufowfzdtm;ay;
            kd k f               k S                                                                                    tcrf;tem;awG uRefawmfwdkYtaeeJY &Sdr,f/                 ajymif;a&;udk ydktm;aumif;vmatmif ulnDwm
wdkufaewmvJ? ucsiftwGufqdkwJh taMumif; aew,fvdkYqdkygw,f/ tJ'g bmrsm;ajymcsifyg                                                      J dS
                                                                                                                        aqG;aEG;yGawG&r,f/ at;at;aq;aq;awmif;yef                yg/ tjrifr&Sif;wJhvlawGudk ul;ajymif;a&;udk
jycsuf? u&iftwGufqdkwJh taMumif;jycsuf? ovJcifAsm/                                                                      cJhw,f/ olwdkYr&yfMubl;/ tJ'gudk vspfvsL½I              wu,foGm;csif&JUvm;qdkwm ar;cGef;xkwfzdkY
ArmtwGufqdkwJh taMumif;jycsufeJY ppfwdkuf cif / / uRefrwdkY Slogan (aqmifyk'f) qdkvdk                                                                  k f
                                                                                                                        awmh uRefawmfwYkd qE´azmfxww,f/ tJ'gukrS        d       vdkygw,f/
aewmawmh vdrfaewmvdkY uRefawmfjywfjywf wmu wpfEdkifiHvHk;ppfyGJ&yfvdkY awmif;qdkwm/                                     xyfNyD;vspfvsL½I&ifawmh ydkNyD;rsm;wJhvlawGeJY?         Voice / / aemufqHk;ar;csifwmu tpfudkwdkY
om;om; ajymcsifygw,f/                                ppfy&yfvYkd qw[mu wduaewJEpzufpvH;eJY
                                                            JG        kd hJ                k f        h S f         k   ydkNyD;us,fwJhtoHeJY ydkNyD;awmha0;wJh t&yfawG          awGtaeeJY Nidrf;csrf;a&;azmfaqmifa&; udk,f
Voice / / vuf&Sdtpdk;&bufu Nidrf;csrf;a&;               k f
                                                     qdiygw,f/ 'gayrJtrsm;pkuawmh ppfqwmeJY
                                                                                 h                          kd          qDuMum;&atmif jyif;jyif;xefxeft&Sdefjr§ifhNyD;          pm;vS,fawGjzpfwJh OD;atmifrif;wdkYvdk yk*¾dKvf
azmfaqmifa&;tzGJUeJY vufeufudkifawGbufu tiftm;BuD;wJh[mudk oGm;jrifw,fav/ 'gu                                           vkyfaqmifoGm;ygr,f/ vkyfcGifh&Sdw,fvdkYvnf;             awGeJY awGUcGifh&r,fqdk&if vuf&SdNidrf;csrf;a&;
Nidrf;csrf;a&;azmfaqmifa&; udk,fpm;vS,ftzGJU awmh obm0yJ/ uRefrwdkYaMunmcsuf ig;csuf                                    uRefawmf,HkMunfygw,f/                                   azmfaqmif&mrSm bmrsm;tBuHjyKvdkygovJ/
awG aqG;aEG;aewJh Nidrf;csrf;a&;jzpfpOfu trSef &JU oHk;csufajrmufrSmvnf; umuG,fa&;OD;pD;                                Voice /           / vuf&Sdul;ajymif;qJumvrSm            udkrdk;aoG; / / aqG;aEG;yGJrSm b,fpum;awmh
                                                               S
wu,f Nidrf;csrf;a&;udk azmfaqmifEdkifr,fvdkY csKyfrpwifí ypfreYf&yfwefYay;&efeYJ oufqi&m
                                                                            d                                  kd f     qE´azmfxkwfwmu toGiful;ajymif;a&;udk                    rajym&bl;? zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufa&;udk t&ifajymyg?
tpfrwdkY,HkMunfygovm;/                                                         kd f
                                                     vlrsKd;pk vufeufuibufu ypfreYf &yfwefYa&;           d              t[efYtwm;jzpfapw,f? aemufjyefvnapwJh    S hf            EdkifiHa&;udk t&ifrajymygeJY? vlrIa&;udk rajym
rcifpE´mñGefY / / Nidrf;csrf;a&;aqG;aEG;yGJawG rsm; xkwfjyefay;&efqdkwm ygygw,f/ 'Dawmh                                         f                   dS
                                                                                                                        vky&yfvYkd a0zefwmawG&ygw,f/ 'geJYywfouf                        kd                           k S dS d
                                                                                                                                                                                ygeJYqwhJ tuefYtowfawG wpfcr&vYkr&ygbl;/
              f         kd f
rSmu ESpzufqi&macgifcsif;acgifcsif;? ESpzuf uRefrwdkYtaeeJY bufvdkufwJh taetxm;rSm
                                               f                                                                        NyD; bmajymcsifygovJ/                                                   h J kd
                                                                                                                                                                                bmaMumifvqawmh tm;vH;uqufE,aewm  k            T f
oufqdkif&mtkyfpkESpfckcsif; awGUqHkaqG;aEG;½HkeJY r&Sdygbl;/                                                            udkrdk;aoG; / / toGiful;ajymif;wm aMumifhyJ             jzpfwJhtwGuf zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufa&;taMumif;
tppftrSefNidrf;csrf;a&;udk &Edkifr,fvdkY uRefr Voice / / tckvkd Nidr;csr;a&;twGuf ppfyawGf f                     JG     uRefawmfwdkYu 'Dvdkvkyf&wm/ uRefawmfwdkYu                             k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                ajym&if Ediia&;urygvdYkr&bl;/ vlra&;rygvdYk I
vHk;0r,HkMunfygbl;&Sifh/ jynfolvlxk&JUqE´udk &yfwefYzdkY tpfudkwdkYtaeeJY qE´azmfxkwfawmh                                         kd l                  f
                                                                                                                        b,fuu;ajymif;rSmvJ/ ajr&Siya'o&mZfpepfukd               r&bl;/ qdkawmh tm;vHk;tuefYtowfr&SdwJh?
pm;yGJ0dkif;aqG;aEG;yGJrSm ESpfzufacgif;aqmifawG oufqi&meJY tpfuwYkdu,wiywwurawG
                                                                 kd f              kd kd f kd f G f kd f I              ul;ajymif;rSm r[kwfbl;/ yGifhvif;vGwfvyfwJh             tm;vHk;yg0ifEdkifwJh Nidrf;csrf;a&;aqG;aEG;yGJBuD;
u b,fES&mcdkifEIef; udk,fpm;jyKvJ/ Nidrf;csrf; &Sdaew,f/ 'Dawmh Nidrf;csrf;a&;azmfaqmif&mrSm                                 kd            kd l
                                                                                                                        'Drua&pDpepfuu;ajymif;rSmjzpfw,f/ yGivif;    hf         azmfaqmifEdkifr,fqdkvdkY&Sd&if Nidrf;csrf;a&;
a&;eJYywfoufwJh aqG;aEG;0dkif; Dialogue rSm ydrjkd refqefNyD;atmifjrifzYkd tpfuwYkdtaeeJY wjcm;
                                                      k                                           kd                    vGwfvyfwJh 'Drdkua&pDpepfrSm 'Drdkua&pDqdkwJh                      kH                      f
                                                                                                                                                                                tjrefq;&r,fvYkd vuf&NdS idr;csrf;a&;azmfaqmif
t&yfbufvlYtzGJUtpnf;&JU yg0ifywfoufrIudk b,fu@uae yg0ifoGm;zdkY&SdygovJ/                                                pum;vHk;t&yJ jynfolvlxk&JUyg0ifrIu t&rf;                aewJhvlawGudk tBuHjyKcsifygw,f/
vrf;aMumif;zGifhay;xm;zdkYvdkw,f/ wdkuf½dkuf udkrdk;aoG; / / yxrwkef;uawmh Indoor                                       udk ta&;ygygw,f/ uRefawmfwdkYu toGiful;                                        &JjynfhZmenf? ÓPfrsKd;atmif

pmrsufESm-15 obm0ywf0ef;usif? pGrf;tif&if;jrpfESihf jyefvnfjynhfNzdK;NrJpGrf;tif rStquf
                       d f                     f
a'orD;ay;Ekia&;rSm tvGeta&;BuD; jynfajrmufatmifjrifap&ef aps;uGuf vk y f a om "mwf t m;wpf , l e pf u d k
                                                              h                                                                               rcsdwfaom "mwftm;ay;pDrHcsufrsm;             rdrdEkdifiHtwGufyifru urÇmom;
aom tajctaewGifjzpfwnfaeyg pD;yGm;a&;pepfEitnDy*vu tydi; tenf;qHk; 7 'or 2 US qifh (61
                                                                          S hf       k ¾ d       k f                                          (off-grid Projects) wGif pufwyfqif           tm;vH;a&&SnwnfwEia&;twGuyg
                                                                                                                                                                                                    k          f     hH dk f             f
onf/                                                     rS yg0ifEkdifatmif wGef;tm;ay;onfh 'or 2 usyf)rS trsm;qHk; 32 'or                    jcif;? xkwfvkyfa&;? pufypönf;jyKjyif                         d d
                                                                                                                                                                                           aumif;usK;&Sojzifh jyefvnfjynfNh zdK;NrJ
            jrefrmEkdifiHonf jrpf? acsmif; taejzihf oufqkdif&mtpdk;&rsm;onf 1 US qifh (272 'or 85 usy)txd                             f       xdef;odrf;a&;? "mwftm;a&mif;csjcif;          pGrf;tifudk toHk;csEkdif&ef EkdifiHwum
aygrsm;aomEkdifiHjzpfojzifh toHk;rcs jyefvnfzUHG NzdK;NrJpr;tifukd taxmuf ay;acsNyD; tenf;qHk; 15 ESpfwm
                                                                               G f                                                            rsm;wGif tvkyfrsm;zefwD;ay;jcif;ESifh        rS enf;ynm? aiGaMu;taxmuftyHh
&ao;aom a&tm;t&if;tjrpfrsm;pGm tyHhay;aom pGrf;tifxkwfvkyfa&; umvtxd tpdk;&rS0,f,lrnf[k                                                       a'ocHrsm;\ pD;yGm;a&;jr§ifhwifay;                                    f
                                                                                                                                                                                           rsm;vnf; tvG,wul&&SEiygonf/          d dk f
usef&Sdaeao;onf/ xdkYaMumifh rdk;ESifh rl0g'tm;csrwusio;Hk Muonf/ ,if; tmrcHay;xm;Muonf/ enf;ynmESihf
                                                                       S f hf                                                                 jcif;wdkYtwGuf tvGefBuD;rm;aom                           d f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ekiirsm;taejzifh jyefvnfjynfh
aqmif ; wG i f ; &S d omref " mwf t m; rl0g'rsm;wGif &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrItwGuf aps;uG u f w k d ; wuf r I t ajctaeud k                         tvm;tvmrsm;&SdaMumif; oufao                  NzdK;NrJpGrf;tifudk tjynhft0toHk;cs
vdktyfcsufudk a&tm;jzifh jznfhqnf; aiGt&if;tES; (acs;aiG^rwnfaiG&if;) vkdufí FIT rate tcgtm;avsmfpGm
                                                                        D                                                                     jyNyD;jzpfonf/                               &ef wGefYqkwfae&jcif;rSm ¤if;pGrf;tif
                               G                       k
ay;NyD; aEGOwkwijf zpfvmaom toH; xkwfay;jcif;? Investment or Pro- jyefvSefoHk;oyfjcif;ESifhay;acsEIef;                                                 2011 ck E S p f 'D Z if b mtxd      \ pGrf;aqmif&nfenf;yg;rIaMumifh
trsm;qHk;tajctaeudk aEG&moDwGif duction Tax Credit &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI jyefvnfjyifqifowfrSwfjcif;rsm;                                         b*Fvm;a'h&SfEkdifiHwGif aetm;oHk;                       f d f H
                                                                                                                                                                                           r[kwbJ Ekiia&;orm;rsm;ESihf pD;yGm;
xkwfvkyftm;taumif;qHk;jzpfaom odkYr[kwf xkwfvkyfa&;wGif tcGef vnf; jyKvkyfavh&Sdonf/                                                                        df
                                                                                                                                              aus;vuftrrsm; (Solar home System)            a&;vkyfief;rsm;rS axmufyHhxm;aom
aepGrf;tifjzifhvnf;aumif;? rkd;tcg avQmhcs^y,fzsufay;jcif;? ta&mif;                                                                           1 'or 2 oef;cefY wyfqifcJh&mrS               tvGefBuD;rm;pGm &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHxm;&
"mwftm;toH;enf;NyD; a&yrmPrsm; cGef (Sale Tax) ? ukeacsmxkwcersm; tvkyftukdiftcGifUtvrf;rsm;
                           k                                                       f       f G f                                                       f k f hf
                                                                                                                                              tvkytuditcGitvrf; 60000 cefY                 onfhvuf&Sd ½kyf<uif;pGrf;tifqkdif&m
onfhtcsdefwGif ydkvQHaeaom "mwf (Value-Added Tax) avQmhcsay;jcif;                                                      dk f H
                                                                                                          zGUH NzdK;qJEiirsm;onf jyefvnf      zefwD;EkdifcJhonf/ ukvor*¾zGHUNzdK;rI        tajccHtaqmuftODrsm;udkz,f&Sm;
tm;udkoHk;í a&pkyfpufrsm;jzifh tjrifh ponfh b@ma&;qkdif&m tultnD zGUH NzdK;NrJpr;tifqi&m vkyief;rsm;ESihf      G f         dk f   f           tpDtpOf(UNDP) uOD;aqmifí eDayg               NyD; topfjyefp&ef cufcJaejcif;jzpf
&Sa&avSmifuef? a&tkioYkd wGe;ydYkxm; rsm;yg0ifonf/
    d                                 d f        f                                                   ywfoufaom tvkyftukdiftcGifh              EkdifiHwGif 1998 ckESpfrS pwifum             onf/ ¤if;tjzpfudk oifcef;pm,lNyD;
NyD; vdktyfaomtcgrS jyefvTwfum                                  xdYktjyif Oya'qki&mrl0g'rsm; tvrf;rsm;udk ykdrdkwkd;wuf&&SdvmMu
                                                                                      d f                                                     rdkufc½dk a&tm;vQyfppf (5-100 KW)            oefY&Sif;aom? vHkNcHKpdwfcs&aom jyef
"mwftm;xkw,onfenf; (Pumped wGif Feed-In Tariff (FIT) tm;jznfh onf/ Oyrmtm;jzifh 2009 ckESpf
                             f l h                                                                                                            323 ckwnfaqmufcJh&mrS tNrJwrf;                                     G f
                                                                                                                                                                                           vnf jynhNf zdK;NrJpr;tifuom toH;cskd        k
-Stroage hydroelectricity) rsm;udk                       tcGefOya'udk EkdifiHtrsm;pk (2012 twGif; tdE´d,EkdifiHwGif jyefvnf                          f                k
                                                                                                                                              tvkyae&m 3850 udcefYxm;Ekiconf/  d f hJ      rnfh pGrf;tifqkdif&mrl0g'rsm; aqm
toHk;jyKEkdifygonf/                                      ckESpftpydkif;txd tenf;qHk; 65 zGHUNzdK;NrJpGrf;tifqkdif&m tvkyftukdif                                                            vsifpGm csrSwftaumiftxnfazmf
                                                                                                     350ç000 cefYudk azmfxkwfay;EkdifcJh      ed*Hk;
pGr;f tifxwvya&;qki&m rl0g'rsm; EkdifiH)/u tus,fjyefYqHk;toHk;jyKMu aMumif;cefYrSef;xm;onf/ xkdtxJrS
                  k f kf df                              onf Feed-in Tariff (FIT) qkdonf                                                               jrefrmEkdifiHtaejzifh wkdif;jynf
                                                                                                                                                                                           oifhygaMumif; wifjytyfygonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                           &nfnGef;
            jyefvnfzGHUNzdK;NrJpGrf;tifzGHUNzdK; rSm jyefvnfjynfhNzdK;NrJpGrf;tif&if;jrpf tvkyf 190ç000 cefYrSm aus;vuf                       zGHUNzdK;vmonfESifhtrQ pGrf;tifvdktyf        - 2012 Renewables Global Status
wkd;wufaprnfh t"duarmif;ESiftm; wpfckckrSxkwfvkyfxm;aom pGrf;tif a'ozGHUNzdK;a&;qkdif&m r[m"mwftm;                                            csufwkd;jr§ihfvmrnfjzpf&m ¤if;tm;            Report
rSm tpdk;&rsm;\ jyefvnfzGHUNzdK;NrJpGrf; udk trsm;jynfoltm; owfrSwfxm; vkdif;ESifh rcsdwfqufbJ oD;jcm;xkwf                                    urÇmwnfaeoa&GU rukefcef;aom?                 - IRENA'S Renewable energy
tifukd taxmuftyHhay;aom rl0g' aom tcsdeftwkdif;twmwpfcktxd vkyfaom off-grid tao;pm;a&tm;?                                                                            f
                                                                                                                                              obm0ywf0ef;usiukd rnpfEr;apbJ    Gf          technologies: cost analysis series,
rsm;ESifh &nfrSef;csufrsm;yifjzpfonf/ (trsm;tm;jzihf tESpf 20) tpdk;&rS aetm;? ZD0"mwfaiGUoHk;aus;vuf                                                            f
                                                                                                                                              oefYpifaom pGr;tifjzpfonfh jyefvnf           June 2012
        d       dk f
zGUH NzK;qJwi;jynfxuf0ufausmf yg0if tmrcHxm;aomEIef;xm;wpfckjzifh a'o"mwftm;ay;vkyfief;rsm;wGif                                               jynfhNzdK;NrJpGrf;tifudkomvQif tm;           - The Quest: Energy , Security and
onfh EkdifiHaygif; 118 EkdifiHwkdYu a&mif;cscGifhjyKjcif;ESifh r[m"mwftm; jzpfonf/                                                            xm;toHk;jyKoifhygonf/ ½kyf<uif;              the remaking of the modern world,
                           JG             dk f d f H
jyefvnfzUHG NzK;d Nrpr;f tifqi&m Ekiiawmf vkdif;xJodkY a&mif;csEkdif&ef tmrcHjcif;                        zGHUNzdK;qJEkdifiHrsm;wGif avhvm    avmifpmrsm;aMumihf jzpfay:vmaom              Daniel Yergin (2011)
          S          f              S f
&nfre;f csursm; csrwxm;Ny;D jzpfonf/ jzpfonf/ 2011^2012 twGif;EkdifiH xm;csufrsm;rS awGU&aomtaxmuf                                            avxk? a&xknpfnrf;rIrsm;onf                   - Blood Money, Nicola M. Black(2009)
              d                  S f                 d f
            xkoYdk&nfre;xm;onfh twki; 20 tm;avhvmrIt& a&tm;rSxkwf txm;rsm;u r[m"mwftm;vdi;jzifh                                         k f                 k                 I dS
                                                                                                                                              wpfurÇmvH;ysUH ESYHoufa&mufr&ojzifh                bkef;jrifh(enf;ynmwuúokdvf)
   BUYING GUIDE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  19
  Monday, October 15 - 21, 2012                                                                                                                                                                             VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                          The




 Vol.8 / No.41
                                                                                                        The
                                                                                                              VOICE                                                                     October 15 - 21 , 2012

                                                       BOOK                                                                                                                                  BOOK




         urÇmausmf'dwf'dwfBuJZmwmrsm;                                                                                                                                 aus;Zl;jyKí ararUudk
           a[muGufa[mudef;rsm;ESifU                                                                                                                                   MunfU½IapmifUa&Smufyg
                                                                                                                                                                                        Ekdif;Edkif;pae
     oufa&mufa[mudef;t&HoifU uHMur®mZ,m;                                                                                                                                               xkwfa0wkduf-
                                                                                                                                                                                         wefzdk;-
                                                   jyKpkol - ar
                                   xkwfa0wdkuf - oif;pmay? wefzdk; - 2000                                                                                          aqmifrIawGaMumifh ,kwåd&Sdwm r&Sdwm xnfh
                                                             twdkif; a*gwrjrwfpGmbk&m; Zmwmawmf                                                                    rawG ; Ek d i f b J ud k & D ; ,m;tBud K uf a wG U aewJ h
                                                             tqifhqifheJY tpcsDjyKpkjyxm;wJhtjyif v,fwD                                                                                              f
                                                                                                                                                                   jrefrmy&dowfawGtwGuvnf; ud&;,m;pmay        k D
                                                             q&mawmfbk&m;BuD;Zmwm? OD;0dpdwåom&m                                                                   udkyg jrnf;prf;MunfhcGifh &Ekdifr,fh pmtkyfrsKd;yg/
                                                             bd0oq&mawmfb&m;BuD;Zmwm? tavmif;rif;
                                                                  H              k                                                                                 qkd;vfNrdKU ajratmuf&xm;blwmuvltkyfMum;
                                                             bk&m;Zmwm? pOfhul;rif;Zmwm? qifjzLr&Sif                                                                     S               G
                                                                                                                                                                   xJrm aysmufom;wJh tarjzpfoukd vkuv&mazG l      d f HS
                                                             Zmwm? pk z k & m;vwf Z mwm? tJ v pf Z buf                                                                                       k kH       f IfS
                                                                                                                                                                   aewJh rdom;pkwpfcv;&JU pdwvy&m;zG,?f &ifeifh
                                                             bk&ifrBuD;Zmwm? r[wår*DEZmwm? tar&duef
                                                                                           D´                                                                      zG,fcHpm;csufawGudk yDjyifatmifa&;zGJUxm;
                                                             or®wvifuGef;Zmwm? AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;                                                                 wmyg/ 'Dpmtkyfudk zwfaepOf bmomjyefaepOf
                                                             Zmwm? p0fa&TodkufZmwm povdk cyfpHkpHkjyKpkjy                                                          rSmyJ rsuf&nf0JNyD; &ifxJqkdYeifh cJhwJhtcsdefawG&Sd
                                                             xm;w,f/ Zmwm rsm;? N*Kd [ciqi&mta[mrsm;?
                                                                                       f G f kd f                       xkwa0vkuwmeJY wpfNydKifeuf ud&;,m;
                                                                                                                              f d f                      k D         h                                   l
                                                                                                                                                                   cJaMumif;vnf; bmomjyefou olY&UJ cHpm;csuf
                                                             v*f&Sd&mrSa[maom a,bk,sta[mrsm;?                   EdkifiHrSmyJ tkyfa&wpf oef;cGJausmfa&mif;cJh&wJh   udk zGifh[xm;ygao;w,f/ yxrqHk; vHk;csif;
                                                             trsKd ; rsKd ; aom uH Z mwmrsm;? pD ; yG m ;a&;?   pmtkyfjzpf Ny;D bmompum;aygif;rsm;pGmeJY bmom      bmomjyefqkdwJh pmtkyfjzpfwmrdkY trSm;awG?
                                                             use;rma&;? &mxl; twuftus? jynfyc&D;oGm;?
                                                                    f                                           jyefqkdcHcJh&wJh pmtkyfvnf;jzpfwJhtjyif 21 &mpk    0gustxm;todk rrSefwmrsKd;awGawGUcJh&if
                                                             ynma&;? td r f a xmif a &;tajctaersm;?             rSm rdcifbGJUudk taumif;qH k ; a&;pyf x m;wJ h     cGifhvTwfay;zkdYudk vnf; Ekdif;Ekdif;paeuxnfha&;
                                                             oufa&mufa[mudef;t&Hoifh uHMur®mZ,m;                pmtkyfvdkY nTef;qkdxm;wJhpmtkyfvnf; jzpfyg                                 k hf
                                                                                                                                                                   xm;ygw,f/ ]ud,&UJ i,fb0eJY pdwf ul;tdyruf           f
                                                             qdkNyD; tcef;ajcmufcef; ydkif;qpfwifjyxm;yg        w,f/ rl &if;pma&;ol Kyung-Sook Shin &JU                       kd
                                                                                                                                                                   awGuarhNyD; om;orD; awGBuD;jyif;vmwmeJYtrQ
                                                             w,f/ tcef;wpfcef;csif;pD&JU atmufrSmrS             Please Look after Mom qd k w J h pmtk y f u d k        k fh kd       k f          h G h
                                                                                                                                                                   ud,u,f ud,arhavsmom;cJwhJ trsK;d orD; wpfO;D }
                                                             oufqdkif&mtaMumif;t&mawGeJY yHhydk;jyKpkay;                df            dk
                                                                                                                t*Fvybmomjyefqxm;&mu jrefrm bmomjyef               taMumif; tckyJjzpfjzpfawG;ay;NyD; udk,fhrdcif
                                                             xm;ygw,f/ trsKd;rsKd;aom uHZmwmrsm;qdkwJh          qkdcJhwmjzpfw,fvdkY jrefrmbmom jyefqdkolu                  kd f dk f d
                                                                                                                                                                   *½kpuvurapwJh tusK;d u 'DpmtkyzwfNy;D &vm   f
                                                     g
      ynm&yff q d k i f & m pmtk y f w pff t k y f y g/      tcef;rSmqdk &nf;pm;rsm;rnfhZmwm? tysKdBuD;                            kD           J
                                                                                                                qkdygw,f/ ud&;,m;Zmwfvrf;wGawG&UJ vTr;f rd;k rI?   Ekdifygvdrfhr,f/ rdcifawGtay: udk,fcsif;pm
tajccH &SdolawGtwGuf tvG,fwul avhvm                          Zmwm? 0efBuD;uawmfZmwm? azmufjyefwwf                   k            f
                                                                                                                ud&;D ,m;o½kyaqmifawG&JU touf0ifwJho½kyf           pdwfay:vmrdapr,fh pmtkyfrsKd;yg/
Edkifovdk tajccHr&Sdao;olawGtwGufvnf;                        aomrd e f ; rZmwm? vif r ½d k a oaomZmwm?                                                         BOOK

avhvm& vG,fulatmif ZmwmawG? N*dK[fcGif                       bkef;BuD;aomZmwm? wpfudk,faumif;qefrnfh
wGudk yHkawGpmawGeJYwuG wifjyay;xm;w,f/
urÇmausmf'dwf'dwfBuJZmwmrsm;vdkY qdkxm;wJh
                                                             Zmwm povdk avhvmEdkifrSmrsKd;awG yg0ifyg
                                                             w,f/
                                                                                                                                 qkd&S,f'Drdkua&pDoabmw&m;ESifU
                                                           BOOK

                                                                                                                                      EkdifiHa&;aqmif&Gufcsuf
      vlBuD;vlaumif; rdk;wdrf? rD;wm;vrf;ESifU . . .                                                                                                        nDxufatmif
                                                                                                                                                    xkwfa0wkduf- HUMANITY ? wefzdk;- 2000
                &opmwrf;pkpnf;rI                                                                                          *smref E k d i f i H a &;ynm&S i f a wG j zpf w J h
                                                                                                                Thomas Meyer eJY Nicole Breyer wkdY&JU *smref
                                                   pma&;q&mpHk                                                     k
                                                                                                                vda&;xm;wJh The Future of Social Democracy
                                       xkwfa0wkduf- vif;vGef;cifpmay?                                           qdkwJh pmtkyfukd t*Fvdyfbmomjyefqkdxm; wJh
                                            wefzdk; - 2000 usyf                                                 pmtkyfxJurSwpfqifh EkdifiHa&;eJY qufET,fwJ
                                                                                                                                  k               k
                                                                                                                tcef; 5cef;udaumufEwNf yD; jrefrmbmomjyef
           ayzl;vTm? uvsm? yef;tvuFm? &eHYopf?                                                                  qkdxm;wm jzpfw,fvkdYqkdw,f/ tck'Dpmtkyf
                                                             pmwrf;pHkudk pkpkpnf;pnf;eJY xkwfa0 xm;wmrdkY      xJutydkif;wcsKdUudkvnf; pHy,fjzLr*¾Zif;rSm
                G hf
ydawmufyiopf? ra[oD? a&TtjrKaw pwJh                                                hf d      kd
                                                             &oudk t&omcH wpdrprhf zwfvol awGtwGuf              tcef;quftjzpf azmfjycJhzl;ygw,f/ EkdifiHa&;
                                  h
r*¾Zif;wcsKdUrSm azmfjycJwhJ &opmwrf;tcsKUd udk              tqifajyygvdrfhr,f/                                 tawG;tac: wpf&yftaMumif;a&;om;xm;
pkpnf;xm;wmyg/ ]nOfhoef;acgif tarSmif&yrm      d f S                                                            wmrdkY zwf&if;awG;? awG;&if;zwf&r,fh pmtkyf
         f        f f             fS
wdwwqdwcRweif; rsuEmzH;k pGy?f y0gpnf;wmrS                                                                      trsKd;tpm;jzpfwJhtjyif 'Drdkua&pDpepf&JUt"du
      kd         f k                k
olc;r[kw/ cd;wmudk cd;wmvdYkrod? wpfenf;                                                                        pD;aMumif;ESpfck teufwpfckjzpfwJh qkd&S,f
tukodkvfrSef;? ukodkvfrSef; cGJjcm;rodEdkifwJh                                                                       dk                                 d f
                                                                                                                'Drua&pD oabmw&m;udk wki;jyKjynfjyKyk*K¾ vf             d
tEko, arm[ac:onfh tMurf;pm; arm[                                                                                awG? EkdifiHa&;orm;awG? EkdifiHa&;udk pdwf0ifpm;
                     kd                      d
Bu;D ol[m vlru?f vlrnf;? vlarSmif? vlNye;f ? vlt?                                                               olawG ravhvmrjzpf avhvmoifwhJ taMumif;      h
vle? vlxdkif;? vlrdIif;? vlysif;? vlzsif;[k                                                                     t&mrsKd;jzpfw,fvkdYvnf; jrefrmbmomjyefqkd
           S f               kd
owfrwonfqawmh ud,ya,m*jzifh wpfyg;    k hf                                                                      ol nDxufatmifu trSmpmrSmxnfhoGif;
ol \ tcsdefawGudk qHk;½HI;avvGifhapcJhzl;ol                                                                     a&;om;xm;ygw,f/ vufawGU tjzpftysuf
uRefawmfonf ]tEko, arm[BuD;ol} jzpfre;             S f                                                                                      kd
                                                                                                                awGukd tajccHNyD; 'Drua&pDenf;usus vufawGU
rod jzpfaeygyaum} qdwhJ pmom;awGu &JoQr;
                                k                      f                                                        aqmif &GufEkdifatmif azmfxkwfxm;wm[m
&JU ]uRefawmf tcsdefolcdk;} qdkwJh &opmwrf;                                                                     qkd&S,f'Drkdua&pDoDtkd&Djzpfw,fvkdY qkdxm; (Reality) wkdY\ jcm;em;csufudk uGJuGJjym;jym;
xJu aumufEkwfxm;wmyg/ olcdk;vdkY trnf                                                                           wmrdkY 'DtaMumif;t&mudk em;vnfoabm cGJjcm; EkdifpGrf;r&Sdawmhyg}/ rD'D,mawGrSm udk,fh
rwyfcH&bJ ukd,fukd,fwkdif b,fvdk enf;vrf;                                                                       aygufxm;vkdol awGtwGuf toHk;wnfhygvdrfh *kPfudk,fazmfNyD; EkdifiHa&;vkyfw,fqkdwm ynm
rsKd;eJY bmawGudkcdk;rdovJvdkY qef;ppfawG;awm                                                                   r,f/ EkdifiHa&;aqmif&GufcsufqdkwJh tcef;u om;ygvSwmrdkY Zmwfobif&JUusifhxkH;enf;em
MunfhrdapwJh pmwrf;rsKd;yg/ MunfEdkif? jr0if;                                                                   ]rD'D,mrsm;wGif EkdifiHa&;udkwif qufjcif;}qkdwJh awGyg ygvmavh&w,fvYdkqxm;wJtjyif AsL[m
                                                                                                                                                                                        dS      dk   h
('óe)? armifcivwf? armif&ifrm (ausmif;uke;f )?
                        kd f               h                                                                    acgif ; pOf a tmuf r S m tck v d k pmom;rsKd ; eJ Y oHk;&yfjzpfwJhtjzpftysuf EdkifiHa&;? vlvkH;jy
ae0if;jrifh? ausmif;ukef;{nfhrSL;? rif;csrf;rGef?                                                               tqHk;owfxm;w,f/ ]rD'D,m vTrf;rdk;aom EkdifiHa&;? wDxGifzefwD;xm;aom oauFwjyK
armifviref (uom)? nDrif;ndK? ajrvwf armifjrifol?
            GfG                                  h                                                                     kd               G
                                                                                                                'Drua&pDpepfwif jynfoYl ukd,fpm;jyKEkdifiHa&; Ed k if iH a &;awG rS m rD 'D , mawG b,f v k d y g0if
&JoQrf;wdkY&JU &opmwrf;awGudk pma&;q&m                                                                          ESifh vufawGUvkdtyfcsuf ay:rlwnfí Oya' ywfoufw,fqwmrsK;d avhvm&vdrr,f/ tajccH
                                                                                                                                                                                     dk                hf
wpfOD; ESpfyk'fEIef;eJY pkpnf;xm;wmyg/ r*¾Zif;                                                                  jyKa&;qkdonfhudpöESpf&yfudk rlt&pnf;jcm; wefzdk;xm;rIrsm;ESifh tajccHrlrsm;? EdkifiHa&;
                                                                                                                xm;Muonf/ jynfolvlxkrSmrl pdwful;,Of aqmif&Gufcsuf? EkdifiHa&;,Ofaus;rIpovkd
rsKd;pHkrSm yg0ifcJhwJh pma&;q&mawG&JU &o                                                                       zefwD;csuf (Fiction) ESifh wu,fh tjzpfrSef tcef; 6 cef;ydkif;qpfjyefqkdxm;ygw,f/
    20
  The
        VOICE                                                                                                                                                                                                       Monday, October 15 - 21 , 2012


             PRODUCT                                                                                                                                                                  PRODUCT




     BuHcif;                                                                                                                          txl;EIef;eJh a&mif;r,fqdkwJU AD'D,dkuifr&m
                                                                                                                          yHk&dyfawGudk tNrJwap                              l k f
                                                                                                                                                                       ½dkufu;Edir,fh 'Duifr&mu 20 rdepf              508-512? o&zDuGef'dk? ukefonf
    xrif;okyf                                                                                                    rSwfwrf;wifvdkolawGtwGuf toHk;
                                                                                                                 wnf h y gvd r f h r ,f / txl ; aps;usyf
                                                                                                                                                                       tm;oGif;½HkeJY 60 rdepfavmufoHk;Edkif
                                                                                                                                                                       r,f h vQyf p pf a cRwmrI & Ed k i f r ,f h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      vrf;eJY qdyfurf;omvrf;axmifh?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ausmuf w H w m;Nrd K Ue,f u Multi
                                                                                                                 wpfodef;cGJeJY a&mif;r,fqdkwJh 'D                     enf;ynmyg0ifw,fvdkY qdkw,f/                    Generation Electronics Whosales
                                                                                                                     D kd
                                                                                                                 AD',uifr&mu AD',a&m "mwfyyg  D kd             kH      Memory 16 GB eJY uifr&mtdwtBuD;  f             Centre rSm 0,fvdkY&ygw,f/
                                                                                                                 ½dkuful;EdkifrSmyg/                                   vufaqmifyg0ifygw,f/ trSwf
                                                                                                                          *syef E d k i f i H u xk w f v k y f w J h
                                                                                                                 Canon trSwfwHqdyf AD'D,dkuifr&m
                                                                                                                 jzpfNyD; armf',fvfu FS 405 yg/ 41
                                                                                                                 x Advanced Zoom yg0if w mrd k Y
                                                                                                                 ta0;u yHk&dyfawGudkvnf; Zoom csJU
                                                                                                                 ,l½dkuful;Edkifygvdrfhr,f/ EIS with
                                                                                                                 Dynamic Mode yg0ifwmrdkY Hand
                                                                                                                 Shade eJ Y Wide-angle Shooting
                                                                                                                 Mode oHk;pGJEdkifwmaMumifh Tripods
           xrif;okyfqdk&if qDcsuf? yJrIefY                         H             f kd
                                                            Bucif;xrif;okyupm;csiw,fqdk          f               rvdkbJ ½dkufvdkY&rSmyg/ 2 'or 7
awG? MuufoGefaMumf? i½kwfoD;rIefY eJY              &if xrif;yef;uefjym;tao;wpfa,muf                              vuf r Widescreen Colour eJ Y
okyfxm;wJh xrif;okyfu xrif;eJY                                    f kfS
                                                   pmeJY okypm;EdirmjzpfNy;D xrif;okyyref               f Hk S
[if;rpm;csifolawGtwGuf topf                                d l
                                                   pm;vkotwGuf tenf;i,fyxnfNh yD;           kd                                                                                                               PRODUCT
tqef;jzpfEkdifovkd tqmajypm;wJh                          f df
                                                   okypm;Ekiygw,f/ 'ghtjyif ud,Bf uKd uf  k
tokyfwpfrsKd;vnf;jzpfygw,f/
           xrif;okyfqkd&if emrnfausmf
wJh {&m0wDwkdif;a'oBuD; BuHcif;
                                                       f               dk
                                                   ESpoufr,fq&ifawmh rkeY[if;cg;zwf?
                                                   acgufq?JG MumqHtjyif taMumf? yJo;D
                                                                                        f
                                                                                                                                                                       ta&;BuD; tcsuftvufawGtwGuf
                                                             kSf              kH d
                                                   povdEpouf&m yHprsK;eJY wGzufpm;             J
NrdKUe,fuokyfwJh xrif;okyfyHkpHudk
td r f r S m tqif o if h p m;vd k o l a wG e J Y
     fH
Ekdii&yfjcm;rSm aexdiwta0;a&muf
                           k f hJ
                                                   aomufEiygw,f/dk f
                                                            'DBuHcif; xrif;okyftrIefYudk                                                                                        toHzrf;puf
                                                   pdwf0ifpm;vkdY 0,f,lcsifw,fqkd&if                                                                                   tcsdefrSm q&mbmawGajymoGm;vJ                   rSmyg/ Battery uvnf; jyefNy;D tm;oGif;
a&TjrefrmawGtwGuf xrif;wpfyef;                                D                 kf
                                                   vufvaps;u wpfxyukd usyf 400 eJY                                                                                     qkdwmudk jyefem;axmifzdkYvdktyf&if             toHk;jyKvdkY&wJh Battery jzpfNyD; HQ
        dS kH             h df
uef&½eYJ tqifoifpm;Ekir,fh &,f'D                   vufum;aps; usyf 300 eJY a&mif;cs                                                                                               G f
                                                                                                                                                                       toHoi;wwfMuygw,f/ tJ'vrsKd;        D kd        Record Mode eJY toHzrf;r,fqdk&if
      f            f
rdwxrif;okyukd nTeay;r,f/   f                                              f
                                                   ygw,f/ oH;k xkyyg vufaqmifb;l udk                                                                                   toHoGif;zkdYvdktyfwJholawGtwGuf                10 em&DMumtoHzrf;,lvdkY&r,fvdkY
           'Dxrif;okyfudk ]oefYpif}qkdwJh                                           f
                                                   awmh usyf 1000 0ef;usieYJ 0,f,EiNf y;D             l dk                                                                       Gf
                                                                                                                                                                       toHoi;pufav;wpfv;Hk udk rdwquf      f          qdkxm;ygw,f/ olYtm;omcsufu
           f H df k f kf
trSwwqyeYJxwvyxm;Ny; yvwf         D                e,fuaerSm,lvdkolawG twGufudk                                                                                        ay;yg&ap/ tJh'DtoHoGif;pufu                    awmh Telephone adapter yg0ifwJh
pwpftxkyfxJrSmawmh ykpGefajcmuf?                   vnf; ydYkaqmifay;ygw,f/                                                                                             Built-in 4GB yg0ifNyD;awmh rsufESm                                 D k f    f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      twGuf w,fvze;rSmzke;ajymae&if;
              Gf
MuufoeaMumf? yJreY?f ig;iHjym&nf? qD
                      I                                     &efuerm zke;- 01-726971?
                                                                     kfS      f                                                                                        jyif t&G,ftpm;u 24.6 mm &Sdyg                  eJY toHzrf;,lxm;vdkY&r,fqdkNyD;
                 f D
csu?f i½kwo;rIeYfukd csK?d csO?f iH? pyf                                                                                                                               w,f/ Resolution uawmh 128x64                                   k f kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Philips &JUud,yif Website rSmaMujim
                                                   09-5158900? 09-5196732eJY                                                                                           Pixels &Sdygw,f/ toHoGif;&ifvnf;               xm;ygw,f/ ta&miftaeeJYuawmh
t&omudkufatmif xrif;wpfyGJpm                                              S d
                                                   BuHcif;NrdKUe,frmqk&if 044-40182                                                                                    HQ Stereo Mode aMumihf toHaumif;               aiGa&mifeJYtjyma&mif ta&mifESpfrsKd;
     f kd               h
okyvY&atmif xnfxm;wJh t&omrIeYf                                       G f
                                                   wkYdukd qufo,0,f,Eiygvdrr,f/    l dk f          hf                                                                  rGefpGm oGif;EkdifrSmjzpfNyD; wjcm; wpf        &SdNyD; tav;csdefuawmh 0.037Kg
tpkH yg0ifygw,f/                                                                                                                                                       qif h e d r f h N yD ; LP Mono Mode, SP                      h         f df D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      om av;wJtwGuoyrBu;wJh Weight
                                             PRODUCT
                                                                                                                                                                       Mono ModeqdkNyD;oGif;vkdY&ygao;                    k       k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      vdYvnf;qd&rSmyg/ trsK;d tpm;uawmh
                                                                                                                                                                       w,f/ HQ Stereo Mode eJYtoHoGif;                                               D  f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      VTR-5600trsKd;tpm;jzpfNy; aps;EIe;u

                aejynfawmfrSm ylaevm;                                                                                    tckacwfxJrSm ta&;BuD;wJh
                                                                                                                 pum;awGqkd&if toHoGif;zkdYvdkvmyg
                                                                                                                 NyD/ Oyrm-owif;orm;awG owif;
                                                                                                                                                                       &ifawmh 68 em&DoGif;vdkY&rSmjzpfNyD;
                                                                                                                                                                       SP qkd&ifawmh 272 em&DoGif;vdkY&rSm
                                                                                                                                                                       yg/ SP Mode eJYtoHoGif;r,fqdk&if
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      69000 usyf jzpfygw,f/ trSwf-77
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      yef;qdk;wef;vrf;? atmufbavmuf?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ausmufwHwm; Nrd K Ue,f ? zk e f ; -
                     S
        aejynfawmfrm tajccs aexdif   k             MITSUBISHI SPLIT TYE Air-Con
                                                                                                                     d
                                                                                                                 vkuNf yD;a&;awmhr,fq&if toHoi;
                                                                                                                                         kd       G f                  awmh 1082 em&DwwtoHoi;vdYk &rSm
                                                                                                                                                                                                 d d   Gf             382868? 398343? 09-73113483
aeolawG&moDOwkylvmvkdY Air-Con                     u Compressor rSm Overload Relay                               zdkYvdkovdkrsKd;yJ oifwef;awG wufwJh                  jzpfygw,f/ toHzrf;,ltm;uawmh                   rSm0,fvkdY &EkdifrSmyg/
wpfvHk;avmufwyfr,fpdwful; ae&if                                      kd            df h
                                                   yg0ifwmrdYk tyluwm;qD;Ekir,ftjyif                             olawGuvnf; oifwef;wufwJh                              tawmfa0;a0;u toHukd zrf;,lEif           dk
                             S
tqifajyatmif aejynfawfrm a&mif;                    ysufpD;rIudk avsmhenf;apw,fvkdYqkd
ay;aewJh MITSUBISHI trSwwqyf   f H d               w,f/ tck atmufwkdbmvtwGif;                                                                                                     PRODUCT

Air-Con udknTefay;ygr,f/ tpdk;&½Hk;                                 fSf df
                                                   0,fr,fqdk usyEpoe;ajcmufaomif;
tajcpdkuf&mNrdKUwpfckvnf;jzpfwmrdkY
      k f k J
&efueu½H;cGawGvnf; oGm;a&mufzihf       G
                                                      f
                                                   ESpaxmifeYJ a&mif;ay;rSmjzpfNyD; tcrJh
                                                             G f
                                                   aqmif&uay;r,fvYkd vnf; a&mif;ol
                                                                                                                         tdrfoHk;uaevkyfief;oHk;txd&SdwJU                                                      Techno Eye
    f                    d
vSpaeMuwmawGU&vdYk vktyfvmcJ&if   h                awGu qkdw,f/
xnfhpOf;pm;vkdY&atmif nTefMunfh                          aejynfawmf ysOf;rem;NrdKUu                                     tckacwfxJrSm uGefysLwm
wmyg/                                              vjynf0ef; tDvufx&Geepf trSwf
                                                          h                      f                                           d f S
                                                                                                                 udk wpftrrm wpfa,mufe;yg;      D
        vSyyg;vsm;wJh Mr. Slim 'DZdkif;                                                                          avmuf toH k ; jyKaeMuygNyD /
                                                                      k f f
                                                   (2^25)? 7vrf;eJY Advvusmvrf;axmifh                            tJ'DvdkrsKd; toHk;jyKaewJh acwf
jzpfwm&,f tat;EIef;u wpfaumif                                    f
                                                   &,f trSw(4^16) Advawmufxefk f         d                       xJrSm uGefysLwmawGuvnf;
tm; (1HP) udk (9000 BTU) jzpfayr,fh                                f dk f dS
                                                   vrf;rSm&,f ESpqi&wmrkYd eD;pyf&mrSm                           Brand trsKd;rsKd;? yHkpHtrsKd;rsKd;eJY
10000 BTU xkway;EkiwmrdYk tat;
                  f df                             0,fvkdY&ygvdrfhr,f/ zkef;- 067-                               aps;uGufxJudk 0ifa&mufvm
ydkuJwm&,faMumifh tBudKufawGUEdkif                 22957? 09-5157102 wkYd uvnf;       kd                         ygw,f/ uGefysLwmqdkifawG
rSmygvkdY 'Dypönf;udk,fpm;vS,f &,l                          G f
                                                   qufo,vYdk&rSmyg/                                              xJu aps;EIef;vnf;oufomNyD;
jzefYjzL; olawGu qkdygw,f/ 'D                                                                                    wpfckcsif;vdkuf 0,fp&mrvdkwJh
                                                                                                                 ae&mudk ñTejf yay;csifygw,f/ wpfck
                                                                                                                 csif; vdkuf0,fp&mrvdkwJhtwGuf                         &Edkifr,fh Intel Dual Core eJY Core i3                               k f d d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          vufcuawmh oH;ESpwwtcrJh
                                                                                                                 tcsdefukef? vlyifyef;? acgif;½Iywm       f                         kd
                                                                                                                                                                       pufawGuvnf; tqifoifh qifay;                    jyifqifay;rSmjzpfNyD; wu,fvYkd 0,f
                                                                                                                 vnf; oufomoG m ;Ed k i f y gw,f /                     xm;ygao;w,f/ Core i3 pufqdk&if                 ,lcsifw,fqdk&ifawmh Techno Eye
                                                                                                                 tJ'Dae&mrSm uGefysLwmudk tdrfoHk;                     wcsKd U qd k i f a wG r S m 500 GB, 2GB        Computer Sale & Service Center
                                                                                                                 uae vkyfief;oHk;txd trsKd;tpm;                        DDR3 yg0ifwJh Casing yHk;csnf;yJ               trSwf (170-D1)? 87 vrf;eJY jrefrmh
                                                                                                                 cGJxm;ay;NyD;awmh tdrfoHk;taeeJY                      oHk;odef; ckepfaomif;ausmf avmuf&Sd                 f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      *kP&nfvrf;axmif?h uefawmfav;?
                                                                                                                 Intel Pentium uae vkyief;oH; Intel
                                                                                                                                             f        k                NyD; tck 'DqdkifrSmawmh Monitor,               r*FvmawmifñGefYNrdKUe,f? &efukef?
                                                                                                                 Dual Core txd cGJay;xm;ygw,f/                         KeyBoard, Mouse tygt0if                           f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      zke;-09-73214057? 09-42812-
                                                                                                                 tJ'gtjyif *drf;aqmhcsifwJholawG                                                    f
                                                                                                                                                                       av;ode;f wpfaomif; &SpaxmifavmufyJ             8782 rSm ar;jref;0,f,lvdkY&rSmyg/
                                                                                                                 'grSr[kwf Designer awGtwGuvnf;         f              &SdwJhtwGuf aps;oifhw,fqdk&rSmyg/
                                                                                                                 aumif; aumif;rG e f r G e f t oH k ; jyKvd k Y        olYqdkifrSm0,folawGtwGuf jyifqif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           21
  Monday, October 15 - 21, 2012                                                                                                                                                                                                                      VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   The




                     Uf l I YJ                                 dk h G
rEåav;oHCmawmfrsm;ESivra&;tzGtpnf;rsm; Bi Weekly Eleven *sme,fuuefuuf
rEÅav;? atmufwdkbm 11

 rEÅav;                                f                                      l I dS         h
                   ESifh e,ftvGwowif;axmufrsm;Mum;wGif vufaqmif,r&aeqJ azmfjycJrjI zihf Bi Weekly Eleven
                   *sme,fukd rEÅav;NrKdUcHoHCmawmfrsm;? vlrIa&;tzGJUtpnf;rsm; uefYuGufrIrsm;jyKvkyfoGm;&ef aqmif
&Gufvsuf&SdaMumif; jrefrmEkdifiHowif;pmq&mrsm;toif; (rEÅav;) 'kwd,Ouú| OD;xGef;0if;u ajymMum;onf/
         uefYuGufrIrsm; jyKvkyfonfh &,ljcif;rsm;u &SaeqJjzpfaMumif; od& 0g;vH;odr; ajymqdpypa&;om;rIrsm;
                                                              d                          k f             k G f JG
oHCmawmfrsm;wGif a&Tusifomoem ygonf}}[k a&;om;azmfjycsufESif h udk xifomjrifom&Saom awmif;yefrjI zifU d
ykdifq&mawmf? rpdk;&drfwkdufopfq&m ywfoufNyD; cdivwusrSeuefaom Bi Weekly Eleven owif;*sme,fu
                                                            k f kH d     f
                                    f D
awmf? jrawmifq&mawmf t&Si0&ol owif;rsm;udk azmfjy&jcif;wnf;[l rEåav;ESie,frsm;&Sd taerSef owif;hf
paom yk*¾dKvfrsm;yg0ifNyD; vlrIa&; aom rD',mwpfc\wefz;k d ESih f *kPoum orm;rsm;ukd jyefvnfawmif;yef&ef
                                                     D          k          f d ©
                             dk f
tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;wGif jA[®p&?f pdr;a&mifpdk udk rsuu,jf yKum wpfzufowfpGyfpGJ ,if;aMunmcsuwif azmfjyxm;onf/
                                                    f G                                              f G
ESihf edAÁmefokcpaom tzGJUrsm;yg0if a&;om;azmfNyjcif;[k oabmwlq;kH                         rEå a v;owif ; axmuf r sm;
aMumif; ¤if;uxyfrHajymMum;onf/ jzwfí ,if;a&;om;csufukd jrefrm vufaqmif,jl cif; tvQi;r&SaMumif;                      f d
                   kd
         atmufwbmv 5 &ufaeUxkwf Ediiowif;pmq&mrsm;toif; (rEÅav;) oufaojy&rnhwm0efrm jrefrmEdiiH
                                               kfH                                                 f              S     k f
                                G
Bi Weekly Eleven *sme,fwif jrefrmh             u tav;teuf uefUuGufaMumif; owif;pmq&mrsm;toif; (rEåav;
                kf Dd              kf                    kd                      G
pD;yGm;a&;OD;ydivrwufu jyKvyaom ukd atmufwbmv 6 &ufaeYwif wdkif; a'oBuD ; ) wm0efjzpfNyD; vuf                                                                      wGif a&;om;csuf rrSefuefygu                                     ]]rEÅav;rSm b,fta&;udpö
                                  D H d f
vufyef;awmif;awmif aMu;eDprue; xkwjf yef cJhonf/                                     aqmif&,lcJhaMumif; oufaojy&rnf                                                             kf
                                                                                                                                                                   jrefrmEdiiH owif;pmq&mrsm;toif;                        rqdk q&mawmf? NrdKUrdNrdKUzawGeJU
ESiYf ywfoufonfh owif;pm&Si;vif;     f             ,if; rEåav;wdkif;a'oBuD; rSm Bi Weekly Eleven *sme,f\                                                                   å
                                                                                                                                                                   (rEav;wdkif;a'oBuD;)u w&m;pGJ                          rEåav;pme,fZif;tzGJUawG yl;aygif;
yGJü owif;axmufrsm;udk uifr&m owif;pmq&mrsm;toif; azmfjycsuf wm0efjzpfaMumif;? oufaotaxmuf                                                                         qkdEdkifouJhodkU Bi Weekly Eleven                                   G f hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          NyD; aqmif&ucwh J tpOftvmawG&w,f?dS
                          hJ
vufaqmifay;tyfcaMumif; owif; wGif rEÅav;ESifh e,ftvGwfwef; txm;ES i f h wuG trsm;jynfoludk                                                                         *sme,f t vk y f trI a qmif t zGJUu                     'Dvkd tpOftvmaumif;awG&ygvsuf dS
            H l                            f G
rsm; ysUH ES[aom owif;azmfNycsuwif owif;axmuftm;vHk;ukd rsufuef; owif;xkwjf yefjcif;? w&m;½H;ü ouf                    k                                            vnf; Oya'aMumif;t& ta&;,l                                        G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          rsufu,jf yKNy;D wpfO;D wpfa,muf wpfzUJG
                                         f                        f d © hG f
]]txl;ojzifh rEåav;ESiYf e,ftvGwwef; wapäraMumuf *kPoumrJpmykwcwf aotaxmuftxm;wifjyjcif;rsm;                                                                       wH k U jyef o G m ;rnf j zpf a Mumif ; Bi              wpfpnf;wnf;ay:rSm oD;jcm;ajymqdk
owif;axmufrsm;tMum; vufaqmif apmfum;aom ta&;tom;jzpfojzifU jyKvkyfoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;? *sme,f                                                                       Weekly Eleven *sme,f\ taMumif;                         wmr[kwfbJ ]]rEÅav;}}vdkUoHk;EIef;
                                                                                                                                                                   jyefcsuft& od&onf/                                                         f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          xm;wm uefUuGuw,f/ tjyeftvSef
                                                                                                                                                                              ,if;xkwfjyefcsufwGif tcrf;                      f JG                    fS f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          pGypa&;om;wmawG? pmrsuEmjzKe;wD;
pDrHudef;ESifUywfoufaom ajr,mtjiif;yGm;rI                                                                                                                          tem;rsm;ü vufaqmifypönf;rsm;
                                                                                                                                                                   ay;aeonftay: rEÅav; owif;orm;
                                                                                                                                                                                        hf
                                                                                                                                                                                           h
                                                                                                                                                                   tcsKd U usi0wfazmufzsurrsm;&SEiNf yD;     f I d kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          wmawG? w&m;pGJqdkwmawGudk ½Iwfcs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ygw,f? tm;BuD;wJou a&SUaqmif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 h l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          vrf;jywJh tjyKtrlrsdK;? az;rulnDwJh
rEåav;wkdif;wGif trsm;qHk;[kqdk                                                                                                                                          å
                                                                                                                                                                   rE av;[laaom toHk;tEIef;jzifh
                                                                                                                                                                   tm;vHk;udkNcHKNyD; txifao;pGm pGyfpGJ
                                                                                                                                                                   jypf w if a om rnf o nf h a &;om;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          tjyKtrl r sd K ;udk vdkvm;w,f}} [k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          rEÅav;pma&;q&mql;iSufu aNym
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Bum;onf/
rEÅav;? atmufwdkbm 6
                                                                                                                                                                                             f T
                                                                                                                                                                   a[majymxkwvijhf cif;udrqdk tav;         k                       txufygudpöESihf ywfoufí
                     kf
        rEÅav;wdi;a'oBuD; v,fajr                         k
                                                      udrl vwfwavmtaejzifh ajymEkijf cif;               d        vuf0,f&oukd avsmaMu;ay;n§Ei;
                                                                                                                                 dS l        f            d dI f                              f
                                                                                                                                                                   teufuefUuGuaMumif;? owif;rD',m                     D   The Voice Weekly u Bi Weekly
ESifh tjcm;ajrrsm;todrf;cH&rI pHkprf;                      d
                                                      r&Sao;aMumif; ¤if;uqkonf/                    d             onfhoabmudkawGU&Sd&aMumif;? xdk                   orm;rsm;taejzihf usi0wfazmufzsuf     hf                Eleven *sme,fwm0efcHt,f'Dwm
a&;tzGJUodkY wkdifwef;cJhaom ajr,m                              tqkdygajr,mtjiif;yGm;rIrsm;                              f
                                                                                                                 avsmaMu;ay;pOfumvu wpf{uudk                                       kd
                                                                                                                                                                   jcif;? wHp;vufaqmif&,lNyD; owif;                       OD;jrwfopf xH qufoG,far;jref;cJh&m
                              H d f hf
tjiif;yGm;rI 122 rIü pDrue;ESiywf                                 d f
                                                      wGif wkiwef;olwpfO;jzpfonfh tr         D                   usyoe;500cefY aps;EIe;&Saomfvnf;
                                                                                                                      f df                       f d               rSm;rsm;udk bufvua&;om;jcif;rsm;kd f                   *sme,fwGif azmfjycJhaomtaMumif;
oufaom ajr,mtjiif;yGm;rIrsm;rSm                       &yl&NrdKUe,f pnfyif&m&Sd touf 50G                          od e f ; 50jzif h avsmf a Mu;ay;onf               &Su ½IwcsygaMumif;? rD',morm;
                                                                                                                                                                     d                f                         D         t&mrSm rEÅav;ESifh e,fowif;axmuf
            k
trsm;qH;jzpfonf[k tqkyg pHprf;a&; d k                                     d
                                                      t&G,f trsK;om;wpfO;u odr;qnf;      D            f          udvufc&efztm;ay;cJonf[k wkif
                                                                                                                    k           H d            h              d              f f
                                                                                                                                                                   tcsi;csi; txiftjrifao;pGypjJG cif;?            f       rsm;ukd &nfnTef;jcif;r&SdbJ owif;
tzGUJ tzGUJ acgif;aqmif jynfoYl vwf           T              dk f
                                                      cHvu&aom v,fajrrsm;tay:wGif                                                         f dk
                                                                                                                 wef;olrsm;u xGuqonfukd awGU&Sd                    tiftm;csnfheJYatmif enf;rsdK;pHkjzifh                  usifh0wfazmufzsufaom owif;
          kd f
awmfu,pm;vS,f OD;ode;xGe;OD;u       f f               wpfESpfvQif oHk;oD;pm;pdkufysKd;MuNyD;                     &aMumif;? ,if;wdYkxrS ajrav;{ucefY
                                                                                                                                           J                                    G                D
                                                                                                                                                                   aqmif&ujf cif;? rD',mrsm; tcsi;csi;              f f   axmuftcsKdUukdom qkdvkdjcif;jzpf
The Voice Weekly odYkajymMum;onf/                     0ifaiGusyf q,fodef;cefY&&Sdaom                                          f         f df
                                                                                                                 udk avsmaMu;usyoe; 1350&&Scaom      d hJ          nDnGwfrQwNyD; oabmxm;BuD;pGm                           aMumif ; ? *sme,f \ oabmxm;
                d d f
        tqkygwkiwef;xm;onfh pDrH                                        d
                                                      aMumifh xkpOfu avsmaMu;ay;aom            f                 wyfrawmftNidrf;pm;a[mif;wpfOD;&Sd                 tjyKoabm aqmif&Guf&efponfh                                            f G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          xkwjf yefcsuwif azmfjyxm;NyD;jzpfyg
      f hf
ude;ESiywfoufaom ajr,mtjiif;                                 f                     kd
                                                      ode; 50udk r,lvbJ rdrv,fukd om             d               onfurl awGU&S&aMumif; OD;ode;xGe;
                                                                                                                           kd         d                f f                    f
                                                                                                                                                                   tcsursm;yg0ifaMumif; ,if;xkwjf yef                     aMumif; ajzMum;onf/
                 k
yGm;rItrsm;qH;jzpfaomfvnf; vuf&dS                     quf v uf y d k i f q k d i f v k d a Mumif ; ? zd          OD;u ajymMum;onf/                                 csuft& od&onf/
wGif trIajcmufrIcefYudkomppfaq;                       tm;ay;Ncd r f ; ajcmuf r I r sm;aMumif h
&ao;aomaMumifh rnfuoYdkaom pDrHhJ                     oabmwlacgif;ndwfvkduf&aomf
udef;trsm;qHk;jzpfonfudkrl rod&Sd&
ao;aMumif;? rEÅav;wkdif;a'oBuD;
twGi; ajr,mtjiif;yGm;rIrsm;ESiywf
        f                                  hf
                                                      vnf; ,cktcgwGif ¤if;wkdY\ rd½dk;
                                                      zvmv,fpuysK;jcif;udk rvkyuiEif
                                                                            kd f d
                                                      aomaMumifh BuHK&musyef;omvkyuif
                                                                                                     f kd f kd
                                                                                                          f kd
                                                                                                                 vufjzifU pma&;Ekdifaom
oufaom pHkprf;a&;awGU&Sd&rIrsm;udk
,ckv 22 &ufaeYwif pwifusi;yG                    f
                                                      ae&ojzifh tcuftcJrsm;pGmBuHKawGU
                                                      ae&aMumif; ¤if;uajymMum;onf/                               Android rdkbkdif;vfzkef;aqmUzf0Jvf yxr&
rnfh yxrtBudrf jynfaxmifpvwf             k T                                     k
                                                                ppfaq;pHprf;cJNh yD;aom ajr,m                    &efukef? atmufwdkbm 8
awmf yOörtpnf;ta0;trDwifoi;                     G f   trIrsm;wGif v,fajrrsm;udk odr;,l                     f                k
                                                                                                                       &efueNf rdKU Myanmar Info Tech              zkef;rsm;ay:wGif vufjzifhpma&;om;                      mobile Wallet u wwd,qkwdkYudk
oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;? jynfaxmifpvwf         k T         avsmfaMu;ay;olrsm;&SouJoYkd v,f   d h                      wGif atmufwbmvyxrywfuusi;f
                                                                                                                               kd                                                                    J
                                                                                                                                                                   Ekdifaom rkdbkdif;vfzkef;aqmhzf0vjf zifh               vnf;aumif; toD;oD;&&SdcJhonf/
                   f
awmftrDcsrSwrnfh trIEiywfouf       S hf                                                    D
                                                      ajrrsm;udk OD;pGm0,f,Nl y;rS *&efavQmuf                    ycJaom IT Business Plan Contest 2012
                                                                                                                    h                                              yxrqk&&SdcJhaMumif; tqkdyg Appli-                                             df f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   jrefrmEkiiH uGeysLwmtoif;csKyf
              k         f G f
aom qH;jzwfcsuxuay:rnftcsef             h d                           h
                                                      xm;&rnftpm; *&efusNyD;rS v,fajr                                                  f JG
                                                                                                                 aemufq;kH tqifNh yKd iyü Android Smart                         k         h  k f f
                                                                                                                                                                   cation uda&;om;cJol udausmausmZif                                      dk f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ESihf *syefEiirS CIESF wdYk yl;aygif;í
                                                                                                                                                                   u atmufwkdbmv 8 &ufaeYu                                'kwd,tBudrfajrmuf usif;yaom

     xm;0,fwkdif;&if;om;rsm; ygwDxlaxmifrnf                                                                                                                        ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                           ]]rESpfuvnf; 0ifNydKifjzpfcJh
                                                                                                                                                                   ayr,fh uRefawmfqkr&cJhbl;av?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          tqkyg aemufqHk;tqifh NydKifyGJwGif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          atmufwdkbmvtwGif;u usif;y
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          cJhaom 'kwd,tqifhNydKifyGJrS trSwf
     &efukef? atmufwdkbm 11
               xm;0,f½;&m,Ofaus;rI "avhx;wrf;rsm;ukd xde;f odr;f apmifa&Smuf&efEifh zGUH NzK;a&;vkyief;rsm;vkyuiEi&ef
                          dk                                 Hk                h       S    d          f        f dk f dk f                                        aemuf v nf ; wjcm; Application                         trsm;qHk;&&SdcJhol NydKifyGJ0if 10 OD;0
       dfH                           l                          f dS
     Ekiia&;ygwDwpf&yfxaxmif&ef pDpOfvsu&aMumif; ,if;ygwDxaxmif&efppOfaeol OD;bkbatmifu The Voice
                                                                             l       D               d dk                                                          av;awG xyfNyD; zefwD;oGm;zdkY&Sdyg                     ifa&muf,SOfNydKifcGifh&&SdcJhjcif; jzpfNyD;
     Weekly okdYajymMum;onf/                                                                                                                                       w,f}} [k ¤if;uajymMum;cJhonf/                          Cloud Application ES i f h Mobile
                      d                           dk f                     k     D       D
               tqkygygwDudk xm;0,fwi;&if;om;rsm;ygwD[trnfay;&efppOfxm;Ny; ygwDxaxmifa&;vkyief;pOfrsm;
                                                                                                  l           f                                                                   d   f JG G k f f
                                                                                                                                                                           tqkygNyKd iywif udausmausmZif                                                    S f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Application rsm;udk oD;oefY,ONf ydKiap
                 f Hk   d                       S        f D         G f G
     ESifh rSwywif&&S&ef 2012 ckEpf rukeraqmif&uom;rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;u qufvufajymMum;onf/
               ,if;ygwDudk vyki;f twGi;f pkpnf;xlaxmifom;&ef&NdS yD; txufygvkyief;rsm;ukd Ekiia&;yvufazmif;rSw&m;0if
                                       d                               G           f          dfH                                                                  a&;om;zefwD;aom ayzl;vTm Hand-                         jcif;jzpfonf/
           f dk f G d
     vkyuiom;vkojzihf xkoYxaxmif&ef jyifqifjcif;jzpfaMumif; pDpOfaeol xm;0,fa'ocHrsm;xHro&onf/
                                         d dk l                                                     S d                                                            Writing Application u &rSwf 119                                 tqdkygNydKifyGJrS qk&&Sdolrsm;udk
               xm;0,fwi;f &if;om;rsm;onf jrefrmEkdifiHwGif;rSDwif;aexkdifonf[k owfrSwfxm;onfh wkdif;&if;om;
                             dk                                                                                                                                    'or 6 rSwfjzifh yxrqkudkvnf;                                        dk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          atmufwbmv 12 &ufaeYwiusi;          G f f
     135 rsKd;wGifyg0ifonf/                                                                                                                                        aumif;? udkaZmfrsKd;atmif\ Easy                        yrnfh Myanmar International ICT
                                dk f                   f
               weoFm&Dwi;a'oBuD;twGi; xm;0,f? Arm? u&if? rGefESihf qvkHwkdif;&if;om;rsm; trsm;pkaexkdifonf/                                                        Ticket Mobile Application u &rSwf                      Exhibition 2012 zGifhyGJ tcrf;tem;
               'Drkdua&pDzGHUNzKd;a&;ESifhtwl 14 jynfaxmifukd tajccHaom zuf'&,fjynfaxmifpkpepfxlaxmifa&;                                                           116 'or 4 rSwfjzifh 'kwd,qkESifh                       wGif qkcsD;jr§ihfay;oGm;rnf[k jrefrm
     twGuf 'Drkdua&pDrdwfaqG 10ygwD yl;aygif;aqmif&GufrnfjzpfaMumif; xkwfjyefxm;NyD; rMumrDEkdifiHawmif
     ykdif;wGif xm;0,fwkdif;&if;om;rsm; ygwDxlaxmif&ef pDpOfvmjcif;jzpfonf/                                                                                        tzGJU0ifESpfOD;jzifh yg0if,SOfNydKifaom                EkdifiH uGefysLwmtoif;csKyfu aMu
                                                                                                                                                                   ud k r if ; atmif a usmf \ Myanmar                     nmxm;onf/
    22
   The
         VOICE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Monday, October 15 - 21 , 2012




]r&&atmif Nidrf;csrf;a&;wnfaqmufoGm;rSmyg}
KNU                    A[kdaumfrwD0if ref;Nidrf;armifESifUawGYqHkjcif;
ausmfqef;rif;
   u         &iftrsKd;om; tpnf;t½kH; (KNU) A[kdu u&iftrsKd;om; vGwfajrmufa&;wyfrawmf (KNLA) ppfOD;pD;csKyf AkdvfcsKyfBuD; rlwl;ap;zkd;? A[kdw&m;a&;Xmeu z'kda';ApfaxmESifh vlrI0efxrf;ESihf
             u,fq,fa&;Xme wm0efcH z'kda&m*smcifwkdYukd wm0efrS &yfpJvkdufjcif;aMumifh KNU tzGJUwGif; tzGJUuGJjyóemrsm; jzpfay:aeNyD; tpkd;&ESihf KNU tMum; Nidrf;csrf;a&; vkyfief;pOfrsm;tay:
½kdufcwfrI jzpfEkdifaMumif;? aemufaMumif;jyefrnfh tEÅ&m,frsm;&SdaeaMumif; okH;oyfcsufrsm;xGufay:aerIaMumifh KNU tzGJUtwGif; jzpfay:aeonfhjyóemrsm;ukd wdwdyy od&SdEkdifap&ef KNU
A[kdaumfrwD0if ref;Nidrf;armifESihf awGUqkHar;jref;xm;onfrsm;udk azmfjytyfygonf/
Voice / / jr0wD? &efukef?                                  csi; qufqa&;u ta&;BuD;ygw,f/ uawmh u&ifjynfoUl ygwD KPP u
                                                                 f                  H
                   H
armfvNrKdif ok;ae&mrSm wpf&ufwnf; wyftcsif;csif; wpfOD;eJY wpfOD; ,kH OD;pD;NyD; usif;ywmyg/ uRefawmfwkdY
owif;pm&S i f ; vif ; yG J v k y f r ,f v k d Y MunfrI&SdzkdY av;pm;rI? tjyeftvSef uawmh wufa&mufolawGtaeeJY
od&yg w,f/ [kwfygovm;cifAsm/ todtrSwjf yKrawGu ul;vl;qufqrI oGm;rSmyg/                   I                                                    H
MNM / / tJvkdr[kwfygbl;As/                                   d                                                  H dk
                                                           &SrS &rSmyg/ ul;vl;qufqzYu qufqH Voice / / tck KNU tzG J U uG J
         k f                f S
&efueeYJ armfvNrKdirmuawmh u&if a&;½k;&SzYdkvygw,f/ KNLA taeeJY jyóemu tpkd;&wnfaqmufaewJh
                                                                     H d dk
       k
vlxawG? u&iftzGUJ tpnf;awG? vlrI qufqHa&;½kH;&Sdoihf &SdxkdufwJh ae&m Nidrf;csrf;a&;vkyfief;pOfukd aemufjyef
                                                     S
toif;tzGUJ awGeYJ awGUrSmyg/ jr0wDrm awGrSm qufqHa&;½kH;vkdufzGihfwmyg/ vSnfhoGm;apEkdifw,fqkdwJh okH;oyf
           D                          f
u rD',mawGeYJ owif;pm&Si;vif;yGJ Voice / / uRefawmfwYdk odxm;& wmrsKd;awG awGU&ygw,f/ tJ'tay:                                                                                          h D
      fS
vkyrmyg/                                                   wJh owif;awGt& KNLA tzGJUBuD; b,fvkdjrifygovJ/
Voice / / 'DvkdawGUqkH&Sif;yGJ vkyf                        rSm zGJUpnf;xm;wJh wyfr[mckepfck MNM / / rjzpfEkdifbl;/ rjzpfEdkif
wmu KNU tzGJUxJrSm jzpfaewJh xJu 1? 3? 4? 6? 7 u AkdvfcsKyfBuD; bl;cifAs/ 'gukdawmh uRefawmfwkdY
tzGUJ uGjJ yóemawGudk rD',meJY jynfol rlwl;ap;zkd;wkdYbufu &SdaeNyD;awmh? xde;odr;oGm;rSmjzpfygw,f/ ajymcsif
                                  D                                                                                                                f f
vlxkukd csjyzkdY jyKvkyfwmvm; cifAs/ usefwyfr[mawGu A[kdbufu wmu uReawmfwYdk[m ESpaygif; 60                                                                   f                    f
MNM / / [kwuhJ tJ'gawGvnf;     f h                         &Sdw,fqkdwm [kwfygovm;/                                                                  f                k
                                                                                                                                                ausmavmuf tpd;&tqufqufeYJ y#d
ygygw,f/ aemufNyD;awmh vlxtjrif MNM / / tJ'gu 'Dv&ygw,f/ yu© jzpfym;cJw,f/ 'gukd or®wBuD;
                                          k                                                        h                    dk dS                               G h
ukvnf; &,lcsivYyg/ vlxu b,fvdk uRefawmfwkdY A[kdaumfrwDtpnf; OD;ode;pdef wufvmwJtcgusrS tck
   d                 f dk           k                                                                                                                 f                       h
jzpfapcsifw,f? bmvkyfcsifw,fqkd ta0;u 8 &ufaeYu usi;yygw,f/ tqifudk aqmif&uEiwmjzpfw,f/                               f                                 h              G f dk f
wmawG od&zkYdvnf; ygygw,f/                                 acgif;aqmifokH;OD;ukd xkwfwJhudpukd 'DjzpfpOfudk txdtckuf rcHygbl;cifAs/       ö                             d
Voice / / u&iftrsKd;om; vGwf                               wyfr[m 1? wyfr[m 4? wyfr[m r&&atmif Nidr;csr;a&; wnfaqmuf                                              f f                                        jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;OD;atmifrif;ESifh z'dkref;Nidrf;armif
ajrmufa&;wyfrawmf KNLA ppfOD; 6? wyfr[m 7 &,f? 'gawGu wyfr[m oGm;rSmyg/ b,fvkdtcuftcJyJ&Sd&Sd
pD;csKyf AkdvfcsKyfBuD; rlwl;ap;zkd;? A[kd a&m c½kdifa&maygh/ aemufA[kdu &ifqkdifoGm;r,f/ ajz&Sif;oGm;r,f/ &GufEkdifr,fh tawGUtBuKHawG &Sdyg Voice / / jr0wDrSmjyKvkyfr,fh
w&m;a&;Xmeu z'kda';ApfaxmeJY acgif;aqmifwcsKdU uRefawmfwkdYtyg 'Dvkdajz&Sif;wJhae&mrSm 'Drkdua&pD w,f/ tJ'twGuawmh pk;&dryyefrI owif;pm&Sif;vif;yGJu tjrifrwlwJh                                               h D       f             d f l
vlrI0efxrf;ESihf u,fq,fa&;Xme t0ifaygh/ 'gukvufrcHb;/ qefYusif ta&;ukd OD;xdyfxm;ajz&Sif;oGm;rSm rjzpfapcsiygbl; cifAs/
                                                                                             d                      l                                                                                            f                               tzGJUESpfzGJUvkH;u vkyfwmvm;cifAs/
wm0efcH z'kda&m*smcifwkdYukd wm0ef w,fqwhJ tcgusawmh uReawmfwYdk jzpfw,f/  kd                                                  f                                                           Voice / / tckjzpfaewJh tzGJUuGJ                       MNM / / r[kwygbl;cifAs/ tck                    f
uae &yfpvuwmukd w&m;0ifxwf A[kaumfrwDtpnf;ta0;ukd usi;y Voice / / KNU tzGUJ uGJ jyóem jyóemukd b,fvkdykHoP²mefrsKd; vkyfr,fhowif;pm&Sif;vif;yGJu Akdvf
              J dk f                             k                 d                                                                        f
jyefvkdufNyDvm; cifAs/                                     vkYd r&ygbl;/ 'Dtajctaeav;&Sw,f/ aMumifh Nidr;csr;a&;twGuf aemfa0u ukdifwG,fajz&Sif;oGm;zkdY &SdygovJ/
                                                                                                                                      d                      f f                                                                                 csKyfBuD; rlwl;ap;zkd; OD;pD;cJhwJh tzGJU
MNM / / tjyifrmawmh rxkwyg      S                  f       aemufuReawmfwYdk tcsi;csi;Mum;rSm aeNyD; axmufyHhaewJh&efykHaiGawG MNM / / uRefawmfwkdYu wpf taeeJY uRefawmfwkdY jyKvkyfwmjzpf
                                                                                  f                             f f
bl;cifAs/ XmewGi;rSmawmh xkwjf yef vnf; jzpfaewmawG&awmh uReawmf &yfvkdufw,fvkdY od&ygw,f/ KNU avQmufvkH; vkyfazmfukdifzufawGyJ w,f/ AkvcsKyBf uD;rlw;ap;zk;ukd trsK;
                          f                                                                                  dS                         f                                                                                                                        d f                              l          d          d
xm;ygw,f/                                                  wkYd tzGUJ tpnf;nDnwa&;? ajyvnfa&; udpöjyefajyvnfoGm;rS jyefay;r,f av/ 'DvlawGu wjcm;olawGvnf; rsK;d pGypywcwf wkucuwmukd nDnwf
                                                                                                        G f                                                                                                                                                f JG k f                 d f dk f                          G
Voice / / tckacgif;aqmifo;OD;                 Hk           twGuf a&S;½IBuK;d yrf;aewJh tcsejf zpfyg qkdwmawGvnf; Mum;ae&ygw,f/ r[kwfbl;av/ twlvufwGJ vkyfcJh a&;ukd xde;odr;NyD;awmh bmrS rwHYk
                                                                                                                                 d                                                                                                                                     f f
txkwfcH&wm A[kd&JU oabmwlnDrI w,f/ uReawmfwYdk owif;pm&Si;f vif;yGJ KNU tzGJUuGJjyóemu jyefajyvnf MuwJh &Jabmf&bufacgif;aqmifawGyJ jyefbaeawmh trsK;d rsK;d ajymaeMuw,f/
                                                                                f                                                                                                                                    J                                      J
r&SdbJ bm;tHrSm qufqHa&;½kH;oGm; qkwmuvnf; tJ'gukd t"duOD;wnf zkdY &SdEkdifygovm;cifAs/
                                                               d                                      h                                                                                    av/ uRefawmfwkdYuawmh &Jabmf&J 'gaMumihf oabmxm;xkwoihw,f                                                        f f
zGifhvkdYqkdwm rSefygovm; cifAs/                           jyKvyrm jzpfygw,fcifAs/ &efueeYJ armf MNM / / aemfa0tultnDjzwf bufrdwfzufy#dyu©taeeJY ajz&Sif; qkwhJ tajccHeYJ wki;jynfudk wifjycsif
                                                                     kfS                                                         kf                                                                                                                  d                                 d f
MNM / / tJ'gu qufqa&;½k;
                       h                H H vNrKirm vlxvwef;pm;tzGUJ tpnf;awG? wmuawmh uRefawmfwkdY vufvSrf; oGm;rSmjzpfygw,f/ uRefawmfwpfck w,f/ uRefawmfwYdk trsKd;om;xkudk
                                                                     dfS              k l
zGifhw,fqkdwm KNLA wyftaeeJY acgif;aqmifawGeYJ awGUr,fqwmu rrDawmh rodygbl;cifAs/ uRefawmf ajymcsifwmu b,ftzGJUtpnf;rSm &Si;vif;wifjycsiw,fqwhJ &nf&,f
                                                                                                                                   dk                                                                                                                  f                             f                   dk         G
oGm;zGifhwmyg/ uRefawmfwkdY tpkd;&eJY vnf; jynfoUl qE´uc,Nl y;D awmh 'DaeY wkYd tzGUJ twGi;jzpfwhJ jyóemu ESpf rqkd tjrifrwlwmawG? t,ltqrwl csueYJ uReawmfwYdk vkywmjzpfw,f/
                                                                                                          dk H                                                  f                                                                                        f           f                                 f
y#dyu©jzpfwm vufeufukdifwyf 'Dtcserm vlxu b,fvoabmxm; aygif; 60ausmtwGi; tjrifrwlwm wmawG&Sdwm obm0yJav/ 'gukdn§d Voice / / aus;Zl ; wif y gw,f
                                                                        dfS                k                     dk                                                f        f
tcsif;csif;jzpfwm? vufeufuiwyf awG&w,f/ bmawGvyapcsivqwm awG tBudrfBudrf tawGUtBuKHawG EIdif;ajz&Sif;vkdY &ygw,f/
                                         dk f                        dS                                      kf               f J dk                                                                                                             cifAs/ bmrsm;xyfajymvkdwm &Sdyg
u ta&;BuD;w,fcifAs/ wyftcsif; awGozYdk &nf&,Nf y;D vkywmyg/ &efueyJG &Sxm;ygw,f/ xde;f odr;f Ny;D awmh aqmif Voice / / tck j yóemtpu ao;ovJ cifAs/
                                                                         d             G                     f                              kf   d
                                                                                                                                                                                           2012 ckESpf Zefe0g&D 13u bm;tHrSm MNM / / 'Day:rSm wkdif;jynfukd
                                                                                                                                                                                           typftcwf&yfpJa&; vufrSwfxkd;pOf vnf; ajymcsifw,f/ uRefawmfwkdY
                                                                                 udk,fa&;tusOf;                                                                                            u tzGJUxJrSm tm;vkH;oabmwlnDrI u&iftrsKd;om;xkukdvnf; ajymcsif
                                                                                                                                                                                           r&SdbJvkyfvkdYjzpf&wmqkdwJh a0zef w,f/ KNU twGif;rSm jzpfaewJh
               jrpf0uRe;ay:Zmwd u&iftrsK;om; z'dref;Nidr;armifonf 1957 ckESpfwGif ajratmufEkdifiHa&;vIyf&Sm;ol
                             f                         d                      k                f                                                                                           oHawGxGufaeygw,f/ tJh'g[kwfyg oabmxm;tjrif rwlnDrIawGukd
      UG tjzpf yxrtBudrfaxmifuscJonf/ 1969 ckEpwif udu;uRe;odYkyYkdNyD; xde;odr;cH&ol Ediia&;orm;
                                                         h                                           S f G                k kd f                          f f             k f H            ovm;cifAs/                                            pkd;&drfaMumifhMu rjzpfapcsifygbl;/
      ta,mufESpf&meD;yg;wGif wpfa,muftygt0ifjzpfonf/ OD;ref;Nidrf;armifonf vufjzpfavSazmifi,fwpfp;jzihf                                                                              D     MNM / / tJ'gr[kwygbl;cifAs/ h           f             uRefawmfwkdYu rSefrSefuefuefwnf
                 l
      u&ifvi,ftzGUJ rS ref;atmifMunf? txufwef;jyq&m udkatmifaiGwkdYESifhtwl yifv,fc&D;Murf;udk 14 &uf                                                                                      tzGUJ tpnf;&JU tm;vk;oabmwlnrI wnfNidrNf idrajz&Si;oGm;r,f/ nDnwf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 H           D                          f               f                           G
      Mumjzwfoef;um udkudk;uRef;tusOf;pcef;rS xGufajy;vGwfajrmufcJhonf/ udkudk;uRef;ESifh rkdif 250 tuGm&Sd                                                                                eJY vkycwmyg/ f hJ                                                      f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 a&;OD;xdyxm;NyD; ajz&Si;oGm;ygr,fqdk                f
      rGejf ynfe,f a&;NrdKUe,furf;ajc 'l;,m;&Gm yifv,fqyurf;uda&muf&NdS yD; wpf&uftMumrSm jyefvnfxe;odr;
                                                                                                 d f             k                                                              d f f      Voice / / KNU/KNLA tzG J U                            wm ajymcsiygw,f/         f
      jcif;cHcJh&um armfvNrdKifaxmifwGif axmif'PfuscHcJh&onf/ 1973 wGif jyefvnfvGwfajrmufNyD; 1974 ckESpf                                                                                  twGi;rSm axmufcrrwlwhJ wyfr[m (KNU tzGJUtwGif; jzpfay:aeonfh
                                                                                                                                                                                                       f                 HI
      wGif awmcdkcJhum u&iftrsKd;om;tpnf;½Hk;wGif 0ifa&mufNyD; vufeufudkifawmfvSefa&;udk qifETJcJhonf/                                                                                     tcsi;csi; ypfcwfzYdk tqiftxdjyKvyf jyóemrsm;udk rsufESmpHknDtpnf;
                                                                                                                                                                                                      f f                            h         k
      1983 ckESpfrS 1985 ckESpftxd wwd,tBudrfxyfrHaxmifuscJhonf/ 2011 ckESpf Zlvdkifv 24 &ufaeYu                                                                                           zkYd &efapmifaew,fqwhJ owif;awG ta0;usif;yum tajz&SmoGm;&ef
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            dk
      w½kwfjynfolYor®wEkdifiH ulrif;avqdyfrSwpfqifh jrefrmEdkifiHodkYydkYaqmifjcif;cH&onf/ KNU acgif;aqmif                                                                                 xGuaeygw,f/ 'Dtay:rSm bmrsm; oabmwlnr&&ScNhJ yD; atmufwbmv
                                                                                                                                                                                                    f                                                                       DI d                                 kd
      wpfOD;jzpfol z'dkref;Nidrf;armifudk jrefrmtpkd;&u ,ckv 13 &ufaeYu rw&m;toif;qufoG,frI? EdkifiHawmf                                                                                   ajymcsiygovJcifAs/
                                                                                                                                                                                                           f                                                                 f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 13&ufaeUwGiusi;f yrnfh owif;pm&Si;f
      ykefuefrIpGJcsufrsm;jzifh wpfoufwpfuRef;ESihfaxmif'PfoHk;ESpfcsrSwfcJhNyD;aemuf rwfv 19 &ufaeYu or®w                                                                                 MNM / / r[kwygbl;/ owif;            f                              J kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 vif;yGuvnf;a&TUqdi;vduaMMumif; OD;        k f k f umif
      OD;odef;pdef\trdefYjzifh jyefvTwfay;vdkufjcif;jzpfonf/ jrefrmtpkd;&ESifh KNU wkdYtMum; vkyfaqmifaeonfh                                                                               wpfckckjzpfvm&if 'DvkdyJtjyifu ref;Nidr;armifEixyfrawGUqHar;jref;rI f               S hf           H                k
      Nidrf;csrf;a&;qkdif&mvkyfief;pOfrsm; taxmuftuljzpfap&eftwGuf z'dkref;Nidrf;armifudk jyefvTwfay;&jcif;                                                                                aumvm[vawG xGufvmwmyg/ t&od&onf/)
      jzpfonf[k OD;atmifrif;acgif;aqmifonfh jrefrmtpkd;&Nidrf;csrf;a&;aqG;aEG;a&;tzGJUu ajymMum;onf/                                                                                              f
                                                                                                                                                                                           uReawmfwYdk w&m;0ifjiif;qkygw,f/             d
                                                                                                                                                                                           tJ'gr[kwygbl;cifAs/
                                                                                                                                                                                                h                  f                                                                                ausmfqef;rif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        23
  Monday, October 15 - 21, 2012                                                                                                                                                                                The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  VOICE


aiGaMu;ESifUb@ma&;avmu tajymif;tvJ
aZ,sol
             k                                  k f        k
           cktywftwGi;f owif;Mu;D ok;H ck Mum;vdu&onf/ wpfcu jynfyu? ESpfcku jynfwGif;uvmonf/ okkH;ckvkH;u jrefrmjynfaiGa&;aMu;a&;udk ajymif;ypfrnfhowif;rsm;csnf;/ uarÇmZbPf
   ,                                    d f         S   h          k
           owif;? b@ma&;ta&;,lywqYkdrI z,f&m;onfowif;ESihf A[dbPf vGwfvyfpGmvIyf&Sm;awmhrnfhowif;/
         uarÇmZbPfESifh ywfoufonfh aumvm[vonf                                                                                                       taxmuftyHh ay;aiGrsm;aMumifha&m? pD;yGm;a&;ydkvkyfvmMuo
Ouú|OD;atmifudk0if;ESifh qufpyfumxGufvmjcif;jzpfonf/                                  EdkifiHwGif;vnfywfaeaom aiGvkH;aiG&if;                        nfhtwGufa&mvnfywfaiGvk H;aiG&if;rsm;pGmwkd;vmEkkdifonf/
      Hk
wtkaEG;aEG; ar;Mujref;Mu&mrS wpfa,mufutpwpf&mqkovkdk              dk                                                                                     k    f G                   H
                                                                                                                                                    xdtcsdewif aumvm[v'Pfc&vsif jyifqifxm;jcif;r&Sygu        d
                                                                                                                        S
                                                                                vnf; enf;yg;ao;onf/ aemifwpfEp?f ESpEpcefh   f S f
owif;wjznf;jznf;ysHYoGm;jyD;uarÇmZbPfwGif aiGpkxm;ol                                                                                                ,ckxuf rsm;pGmxdcdkufEkdifonf/ ,ckwpfMudrf jzpfcJhysufcJhonf
tcsdKUtajy;tvTm;xkkwfMuonf/ aemufqkH; OD;atmifudk0if;                                        df      k f kd f          f HS
                                                                                MumvQif EkiijH cm; wdu½u&if;ES;D jrK§ yEaiGrsm;a&m?                 rsm;udk oifcef;pm,lEkdifum MudKwifumuG,f tpDtrHrsm; csrSwf
abmvkkH;yGJMunfh&onfh tjzpfa&mufawmhonf/ OD;atmifudk0if;                        taxmuftyHh ay;aiGrsm;aMumifha&m? pD;yGm;a&;                         EkkdifvQif aemifa&;twGuf rsm;pGmpdwfat;&jyD jzpfonf/
                   h Hk S            kf      f
abmvk;kH yGMJ unf½Eihf rNyD;? bPfvyief;&Sirsm;toif;ESihf A[dbPf k               ydkvkyfvmMuonfhtwGufa&m vnfywfaiGvkH;
wdYkuowif;pm&Sif;vif;yGJvkyfumA[dkbPfu wm0ef,lonf[k                                                                                                 ydwfqdkhrI y,fzsuf
tmrcHvuonf/ 5.10.2012 aomMumaeYwif uarÇmZbPfrsm;
             kd f                                   G                           aiG&if; rsm;pGmwkd;vmEkkdifonf/ xdktcsdefwGif                               tar&duefEkdifiHucsrSwfxm;aomb@ma&;ydwfqdkYrI
          f G             S      k
rS xkwom;aomaiGrmoef;ud;axmifcefY&onf[k xkwjf yefonf/
                                               dS                               aumvm[v'PfcH&vsif jyifqifxm;jcif;r&Sdyg                                               dk f H
                                                                                                                                                    aMumifh jrefrmEkiionf Ekiiwumb@ma&;tzGYJ tpnf;rsm;xHrS
                                                                                                                                                                                   d f H
         OD;atmifudk0if; abmvkH;uGif;xJ a&mufaeonfhykHrsm;?                                                                                         ouf o maomtwd k ; EI e f ; jzif h aiG a cs;r&cJ h / jref r mEk d i f i H u d k
                                                                                                       kd f dk f
                                                                                u ,ckxufrsm;pGmxdcuEionf/ ,ckwpfMurf               d
owif;rsm;udk jrifae&csdefwGif wdkufwdkufqdkifqdkifyif jrefrmEkkdifiH                                                                                                                        dk f H G f
                                                                                                                                                    jzwfonfh tm&Svrf;rMuD;rsm; jrefrmEkiiwi;wGif rp&ao;jcif;
tm;tar&duefucsrSwfxm;onfh b@ma&;qdkif&mydwfqdkYta&;
                                                                                jzpfcJUysufcJUonfrsm;udk oifcef;pm,lEkdifum                         rSmtm&SzGHYNzdK;a&;bPfuJhodkY aiGaMu;tzGJYtpnf;rsm;u jrefrm
,lrIudk ½kyfodrf;onfh trdefYudk tar&duefor®wtkdbm;rm;u                          MudKwifumuG,f tpDtrHrsm; csrSwfEk difvQif                           EkdifiHudk aiGray;aomaMumifh tjcm;enf;vrf;&Sm&if;tcsdefMum
vufrSwfa&;xdk;onfhyk HESifh owif;rsm;uwufvmjyefonf/                                                                                                 oGm;jcif;yif/ ,cktar&duefuvrf;zGifhay;vdkufonfhtwGuf
                                                                                aemifa&;twGuf rsm;pGmpdwfat;&jyDjzpfonf/
owif;utm;vkkH;arQmfvifhapmifhpm;aeonfh owif;aumif;/                                                                                                 urÇmhbPfESifh tm&SzGHYjzdK;a&;bPfESpfckaygif;odkY jrefrmuay;&ef
,ck½kufodrf;rIygaygif;vdkufvQif jrefrmEkkdifiHtm;csrSwfxm;onfh                                                                                        d                          k       f        k
                                                                                                                                                    &Sonfh a':vmoef;ud;&mudk &Si;ypf&ef xdbPfEpcv;uaqmif  S f k Hk
ydwfqdkYta&;,lrItm;vkH;avmuf eD;eD;udktar&dueftpdk;&u                       aMumifhcsufcsif;azsmufr&/ owif;qkdonfrSmzkH;xm;zdxm;                    &GufMuawmhrnf/ jyefay;&rnfh taMuG;2013tapmydkif;avmuf
½kyfodrf;ay;vdkufjyD/ wpfurÇmvHk;u tkwfatmfaomif;eif;apmifh                 avav? vGwf&mtaygufrSxGufum aumvm[vtoGifjzifh                            wGif &Sif;oGm;vQif xdkbPfwdkYxHrS aemufxyf xyfrHacs;,lEkdifjyD/
Munf h c J h & onf h a':atmif q ef ; pk M unf a&mOD ; od e f ; pd e f y g   vkdwkd;ydkavQmh BuD;xGm;Ekdifavav/ twnfrjyKEkkdifojzifh owif;           b@ma&;ydwfqdkYta&;,lrIrsm;ESifhywfoufonfh tqD;twm;
tar&duefjynfaxmifpkodkY c&D;vSnfhvnftNyD; jrefrmjynfokdY                           G hf
                                                                            jzpfcir&awmhaomaMumifh aumvm[vtjzpf MuD;csifwi;MuD;?            dk f                             G f                       JT
                                                                                                                                                    wdYkvnf; aysmufu,awmhrnf/ aiGay;&ef? aiGv&ef? aiGvufcH&ef
c&D;a&mufrqduwiyif tdbm;rm;uxdtrdeYf cs vdujf cif;jzpfjyD;
                  k f G f      k           k             k                  Zmwfemonfxuf emEkkdifcGifh &&SdoGm;jcif;yif/ a&;r&onfh ,cif             'kku©tm;vkH; jy,fvGifhawmhrnf/ EkdifiHwumokH; Visa? Master
tar&duefa&G;aumufyGJrwdkifcif vufrSwf xdk;vdkufjcif;vnf;                    tcsdefrsdK;uqdkvQif,ckktjzpfrsdK;onf udef;*Pef;rsm;ydkwdk;um            Card rsm;vnf;okH;Ekdif&ef vrf;yGifhoGm;jyD/
jzpfonf/                                                                    tajctaeydkqdk;oGm;Ekdifonf/ ,ckrlyGifhyGifhvif;vif; jrefjref
                                   dfH k
         wwd,owif;u jrefrmEkiiA[dbPfurMumrD vGwvyfpm  kd      f G                                    f
                                                                            qefqefjzifh vla&SUxGu&yf? tifwmAsL;ajz? owif;pm&Si;vif;yGJ    f         A[dkbPf
vIyf&Sm;cGifhay;awmhrnf[laom A[dkbPfwm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u                       vkyfvdkufaomaMumifh cyfjrefjref &yfwefYoGm;jcif;jzpfonf/                          A[dkbPfonf EkdifiHwGif;t"duaps;EIef;rsm;wnfjidrfa&;
                                   d f H G        d
ajymMum;csujf zpfonf/ jrefrmEkiiwif A[kbPfEihf b@ma&;     S                 oef; udk;axmifqdkonfrSmodef;udk;aomif;/ odef;wpfaomif;                                          Sf                        dk f hH D
                                                                                                                                                    twGuf wm0eftyfEi;cH&aomtzGYJtpnf;jzpfjyD; Ekiip;yGm;a&;wGif
ESifhtcGef0efMuD;XmewdkY wGJpyfxm;onfrSmMumcJhjyD/ EdkifiHtrsm;             wefajruGuf q,fuGufpmom &Sdonf/ a':vmjzifhqdkvQif                        t"duusvSonf/ EkkdifiHa&;t&a&wdkwGufcsufrIrsm;uif;uif;
tjym;wGif A[dkbPfonf aiGaMu;rl0g' (monetary policy)                         q,foef;cefY/ uarÇmZuJhodkY bPfcGJ 80 ausmf&SdbPfrsdK;                   (Oyrm-a&G;aumufyGJwGif atmifEkdifa&;rl0g'rsm;ESifh ra&maESm
udkudkifwG,f&jyD; b@mtcGefu b@ma&;rl0g' (fiscal policy)                      twGuf raxmif;wm/ odkYaomf cyfjrefjref&yfwefYoGm;jcif;rSmt               atmif) ESifh pDrHEkdifrS olYwm0efudk taumif;qkH;xrf;aqmif?
udk wm0ef,l&onf/ aiGaMu;rl0g'udk xdxda&mufa&muf                             vG e f a umif ; onf / bPf o nf Nyd K vQif quf w d k u f j zpf j yD ;    taumif;qkH;qkH;jzwfcsufrsm; csrSwfEkdifrnfjzpfaomaMumifh
udkifwG,fEdkifvQif EdkifiHpD;yGm;a&;Nidrfatmif xdef;Edkifrnf/ jrefrm        tjcm;bPfrsm;yg rD;cdk;<uufavQmufvdkufwwfonf/ pD;yGm;a&;                 A[dkbPfudk EkkdifiHa&;orm;wkkdYvufrS cyfa0;a0;xm;Muonf/
EdkifiHwGif xdkodkYESpfckaygif;xm;ojzifh A[dkbPftpGrf;udk                           k Hk        G f                  dk f
                                                                            wpfcv;yg wpfE,iifwpfpifyg xdcuovdk ,kMH unfrI trust                     vGwfvGwfvyfvyfxm;Muonf/ A[dkbPf\ t"duwm0efrSm
odyfrjrif&/                                                                 aysmufaomaMumifh twefMumemvefrxlbJ &Sdwwfonf/                           aiGaMu;wnfjidrfa&;yifjzpfonf/ vGwfvyfonfh A[dkbPfonf
         tqdkyg owif;okkH;yk'fvkH;u jrefrmhaiGaMu;avmuESifh                 ,ckuJhodkY ATM uwfrsm; jyefp? wdkufcef;? um;wkkdY0,f&mwGif              b@m tcGef0efMuD;XmeESifhrl owif;tcsuftvuf rjywfwrf;
pD;yGm;a&;tajctaewdkYudkowday;aeonf/                                        bPfrsm;updk ufxm;jyD;t&pfusaiGay;pepfwdk Yjzifh bPfwdk Y                tjyeftvSef zvS,f&rnfjzpfonf/
                                                                            tnTefYpvlcsdef? wdkif;jynfpD;yGm;a&; jyefaqmufcsdefwGif ,ckkuJhokdY               A[dkbPfOuú|ae&monf wdkif;jynftwGuf tvGefta&
uarÇmZbPf                                                                   jyóemjrefjref&Sif;Ekkdifjcif;rSmr*Fvmyif/                               ;MuD ; aomae&mjzpf a omaMumif h pG r f ; aqmif & nf j rif h o nf h ?
                              f         dfH
        uarÇmZbPf tjzpftysuu jrefrmEkiionf aumvm[v                                           I    h k          h
                                                                                     aemuf½axmifwpfcrS MunfvQif uarÇmZbPf tjzpftysuf                wdkif;jynfudkopöm&Sdonfh? awmfvnf; awmf aumif;vnf;aumif;
ESifh ywfoufvQif Ekke,faeqJ[ktcsufay;onf/ owif;rsm;                         aMumifh aemifvmEdkifonfh tvm;wlpdefac:rIrsdK;udk&ifqdkif&ef                   d f               f            k
                                                                                                                                                    yk*K¾ vrsKd ;udk a&G;cs,cefYxm;&ef vdonf/ tar&duefjynfaxmifpk
yGifhyGifhvif;vif;a&;r&cJhonfrSmq,fpkESpfcsDMumcJhjcif;aMumifh              jyifqifcsdef&oGm;jyDjzpfonf/ ,cktcsdef jrefrmhpD;yGm;onf                wGif A[dkbPfOuú|tjzpf ESpf 20 cefY wm0efxrf;aqmifcJhonfh
vlwdkYonf owif;udkaumvm[vxif? aumvm[vudk                                    bPfpepfudk pwifjyifqifpom&Sdao;onf/ EdkifiHwGif;vnfywf                  emrnfausmf *&if;pyef; (Alan Greenspan) onf *k½[emrnfMuD;
                                                                                                                                                                                                           k k
owif;xifcJhMuonf/ owif;vGwfvyfcGifh&vmaomfvnf;                              aeaom aiGvkH;aiG&if;vnf; enf;yg;ao;onf/ aemifwpfESpf?                   ovdk vuf&SdOuú| Ben DBernnke onfvnf; emrnfausmf
owif ; ES i f h aumvm[vruG J o nf u d k t usif h y gaeMuaom                 ESpfESpfcefYMumvQif EkdifiHjcm;wdkuf½dkuf&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHaiGrsm;a&m?   pD;yGm;a&;ynm&Sifjzpfonf/ t&G,fa&mufNyD; pD;yGm;a&;jzpfonfh
                                                                                                                                                    tar&duefpD;yGm;a&;udk udkifwG,fMuonfhxdkolwdkYonf ÓPf
                                                                                                                                                    MuD;&Sifrsm;jzpfMuonfqdkvsif wufopfp jyifwkef;qifwkef; jr
                                                                                                                                                    efrmhpD;yGm;a&;udkudkifwG,f&rnfh jrefrmhA[dkbPfOuú|onf
                 The Voice Weekly wGif                            tcef;qufazmfjyyg&SdcJUaom                                                         ÓPfBuD;&Sifxufyif omvGefaomoljzpf&efvdkonf/ jrefrmh
                                                                                                                                                    pD;yGm;a&;onf rodudef;rsm; rsm;vSonfhtjyif jyKjyifajymif;vJ
                                                      aqmif;yg;rsm;pkpnf;rI                                                                         a&;umvtwGif; tajymif;tvJrsm; MuD;rnfjzpfaomaMumifh
                                                                                                                                                    ÓPfynmMuD;MuD;? EkdifiHa&; rvkkyf? wdkif;jynfrsufESmudkomMu

                               rSefeef;aqmifuefhvefhumrsm;                                                                                          nfhonfh A[dkbPfOuú|rsdK; vkdtyfaejcif;jzpfonf/
                                                                                                                                                              jrefrmhaiGaMu;avmu? b@ma&;avmu? pD;yGm;a&;
                                                                                                                                                    avmuwdYkonf tajymif;tvJBuD;rsm;ESihf BuKHawGYae&NyDjzpfonf/
                                                                                                                                                    aumif;aomajymif;vJjcif;rsm;jzpfonfhtwGuf EkdifEkdifeif;eif;

                                                                                                                       xGufawmh rnf
                                                                                                                                                    toGiful;ajymif;EkdifvQif jrefrmhzGHYjzdK;a&;t&Sdeft[kef aumif;
      aeoefarmif                                                                                                                                    aumif;jzifh a&SYqufEkdifrnf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                aZ,sol
    24
  The
        VOICE                                                                                                                                                                                                                Monday, October 15 - 21, 2012




{&m0wDwkdif;wGif usyfodef; 2500 ausmf yJvdrfvnfrIjzpfyGm;
&efukef? atmufwdkbm 10
                                dk f                       k S f f
              &m0wDwi;a'oBuD; yJrsKd;pHEihf ESr;ukeonfrsm;toif;\ 'kw,Ouú|                              d                                                   J
                                                                                                                      cefYygoGm;onfh "EkjzLNrdKU usm;rif;yG½Hk      \ZeD; a':cifjrif&xH qufo,ar;
                                                                                                                                                                                       h D      G f                                        d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              oG,jf cif;r&SawmhaMumif; a':cifjrif&Dh
              OD;rsKd;quftygt0ifyJukefonf 13 OD;xHrS rwfyJ (Raw) ydómcsdef                                            ydkif&Sif OD;Zifrif;xufu ajymMum;                              ö kd kH dS
                                                                                                                                                                    jref;&m ,if;udpuv;0rod&aMumif;?                           u The Voice Weekly \ qufo,f        G
30 yg 10ç497 tdwfudk "EkjzLNrdKU&Sd '*kefyJrsKd;pHkyGJ½Hkydkif&Sif OD;at;rif;xdkufu                                   onf/                                                      k f S hf
                                                                                                                                                                    OD;at;rif;xduEivnf; ,if;jzpfpOf                           ar;jref;rIudk atmufwkdbmv 10
aiGay;acsrIrjyKbJ xGufajy;wdrf;a&Smifvsuf&SdaMumif; {&m0wDwkdif;a'oBuD;                                                        tqkdyg jzpfpOfESifhywfoufí           rsm;rwkdifrDuyif w&m;0ifuGm&Sif;                                     f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              &ufaeY rGe;vGJ 2 em&D rdepf 40 cefYu
yJrsKd;pHkESifh ESrf;ukefonfrsm;toif; twGif;a&;rSL;OD;jrifhodef;OD;u The Voice                                               f       f
                                                                                                                      xGuajy;wdr;a&Smifol OD;at;rif;xkuf d          xm;NyD; vuf&wivnf; ¤if;ESiquf
                                                                                                                                                                                  dS G f         hf                           jyefvnfajzMum;cJhonf/
Weekly \ qufoG,far;jref;rIudk jyefvnfajzMum;onf/


        f
                                                    l
              ,if;a'ocHawmiforsm;ESihf yJ 0efBuD;csKyfukd qufNyD;wifjyxm;w,f
                                     HS
ukeonfrsm; tyfExm;onfh rwfyJ vkYdajymw,f}}[k {&m0wDwi;a'oBu;
tdwfrsm;udk yJzdk;aiGay;acs&ef ysuf yJrsKd;pHkESifh ESrf;ukefonfrsm;toif;
                                                                                                 dk f             D      rEåav; za,mif;wkdifxGef;qE´jyolrsm;trI ,m,Dqkdif;iHU
uGuum xGuajy;wdr;a&Smifom;jcif; twGif;a&;rSL; OD;jrifhodef;OD;u qkd
          f                  f            f             G                                                             rEÅav;? atmufwdkbm 11
ESiywfoufí jrefrmEkiiH yJrsKd;pHEihf onf/
     hf                                      d f          k S                                                                                         G
                                                                                                                                rEÅav;NrdKUawmfwif ,ckEpf ar  S     'kw,aeYrjyzkYd wm0ef&oawG arwåm
                                                                                                                                                                          d                               dS l                rEÅav;NrdKUawmf owif;wyfzUJG u ac:
    f f
ESr;ukeonfrsm;toif;u oufqif                                  dk            tqkyg yJz;aiG ay;acs&efysuf
                                                                              d      kd                               vaemufqHk;ywftwGif;u jyKvkyfcJh                         H
                                                                                                                                                                    &yfcwmudk rjyawmhb;vkYduwday;NyD;   l                     ,lppfaq;rIrsm; jyKvycaMumif; tqdk  k f hJ
                           kd f                       k
&m {&m0wDwi;a'oBuD;tpd;& tzGUJ uGuum xGuajy;wdr;a&SmifaerIEihf        f            f         f                S       aom vQyppfr; 24 em&D&&Sa&; qE´
                                                                                                                                     f D                d           arv 21 &ufaeYrm za,mif;wkir;   S                 d f D    ygac:,lar;jref;cH&olrsm;xHrS pHprf;od       k
                      dk f
ESihf oufqi&mtoif;rsm;odYk quf ywfoufí atmufwbmv 10 &uf                                   dk                          azmfxkwf&mwGif yg0ifcJholtcsKdUtm;            xGe;qE´jyzdYk qufvycMhJ uw,f}}[k
                                                                                                                                                                            f                         k f                     &S&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                d
            f            G f
oG,aqmif&uvsu&aMumif; tqkd aeYpGJjzifh oufqkdif&m "EkjzLNrdKUe,f
                                        f dS                                                                          tqkygNrdKU trSw(8)&Jpcef;ü Nir;f csr;f pGm
                                                                                                                            d             f               d         ¤if;uqkonf/    d                                                       ]]rD;xGef;wmeJYawmh ta&;r,l
ygtoif; taxGaxGtwGif;a&;rSL; &JwyfzUJG pcef;wGif yk'r 406 jzifh trIzihf                 f                       G     pDwef;vSnvnfciqi&m yk'r 18
                                                                                                                                      hf    G hf dk f       f                   ]]tpfrqDudk 6 &ufaeYuvm                       ygbl;/ uRefawmftmrcHxm;wm&Sdyg
                 kD
OD;rif;udO;u ajymMum;onf/                                         d
                                                                wkiMf um;xm;aMumif;? tqkygyJz;aiG     d kd            ESifh trIzGifhppfaq;aerIukd ,m,D              taMumif;Mum;w,f/ pcef;rSmppfcsuf                          w,f/ wjcm;tajctaeaMumifh jzpfyg
              ]]umvwefz;dk u ode;ESpaxmifh ay;acs&efysuuuol OD;at;rif;xkuf
                                                   f f                          f G f                       d            d f H
                                                                                                                      qki;ihxm;aMumif; ,if;&Jpcef;rSL;u             ,lr,fqwm/ olwYkd vmac:wJtcsdef
                                                                                                                                                                                     dk                            h                 fh              f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              vdrr,f/ uReawmfrodygbl;/ uRef
ig;&mausmf&Sdw,f/ awmifolawGudk onf pwifxuajy;wdr;a&Smifconfh                    G f           f         hJ           The Voice Weekly odYk ajymMum;onf/            rSm rtm;ao;vkdY 'DaeYrSoGm;vkduf                          awmfta&;r,lygbl;/ w&m;vnf;rpGJ
qufo,pm&if;ay;zdYk ajymxm;w,f/ atmufwkdbmv 6 &ufaeYrwkdifrD
                G f                                                                                                             ]]a':trmeDtygt0if ajcmufO;      D   w,f/ ar;wmuawmh za,mif;wkif                          d    ygbl;}}[k rEÅav;wki;f a'oBu;D vQyppf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             d                     f
awmifol b,fESOD;&SdrvJawmh rod &ufyi;cefYu ¤if;\ZeD;ESihf rtlyif        kd f                                          udk arv 21 &ufaeY qE´jyrIeYJywf                       f f
                                                                                                                                                                    xGe;wke;ujzpfpOfawGukd ar;w,f/                                              I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ESihf pufr0efBuD; a'gufwmjrifMh uLu
&ao;bl;/ wki;toif;udvnf; quf NrdKUe,fw&m;½Hk;ü w&m;0ifuGm&Sif;
                          df                     k                                                                    oufNyD; arv 25 &ufaeY&ufpGJeJY                tpfrvnf; jyefar;vkuw,f/ arv      d f                      ajymMum;cJhaMumif; jynfwGif;rD'D,m
oG,xm;w,f/ wki;toif;u wki; jywfpom;cJaMumif; rwfyJ tdwf 1ç600
          f                          df                     df            J G h                                               G hf
                                                                                                                      trIzixm;wmyg/ yxraeYqE´jyNyD;                 22 &ufu axmufvr;a&;½H;rSm ppf      S f       k            tcsKUd wGif azmfjyyg&Sonf/       d
                                                                                                                                                                    csufay;NyD;om;qdkawmh pcef;utrI                                        rEÅav;NrdKUawmfwGif za,mif;
                                                                                                                                                                       hf                    f d
                                                                                                                                                                    zGiwm &Jppfcsur&Sao;vkYd ppfar;wm                             k f G f              f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              wdixe;í vQyppf"mwftm;rsm; jynfh
trf;wGif zrf;qD;xm;onfU b*FgvDrsm;udk                                                                                                                               ygvkYdajzw,f/ tpfrwdYkukd arv 27
                                                                                                                                                                    &ufuwnf;u trIzGifhxm;w,fvkdY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0pGm&&Sa&;twGuf qE´azmfxwrrsm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              jyKvycpOfu Nidr;csr;pGmpka0;cGiEihf pD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        k f hJ              f f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        k f I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              hf S
                                                                                                                                                                    pcef;rSL;uajymw,f}}[k atmufwkd                            wef;vSnfhvnfcGifhOya'xGuf&SdNyDjzpf
axmif'Pf 2 ESpfESifU ajcmufvcsrSwf                                                                                                                                                               G
                                                                                                                                                                    bmv 6 &ufaeYwif w&m;pGc&olrsm;
                                                                                                                                                                    xJü wpfO;tygt0ifjzpfol a':trmeD
                                                                                                                                                                                        D
                                                                                                                                                                                                               JH             aomfvnf; enf;Oya'rSm rxGu&ao;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              aMumif;? ,ckuoYkd &Jpcef;uaemuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            f dS
&efukef? atmufwdkbm 9                                                                                                                                               u The Voice Weekly odYk ajymMum;onf/                      aMumif;jyefta&;,ljcif;onf jynfol
         &ck d i f j ynf e ,f trf ; Nrd K Ue,f                         ]]olwYkdukd vrf;jyac:aqmifvm                   v 17 &ufaeYu zrf;qD;cJhaMumif;                                      d
                                                                                                                                                                                tqkyg 24 em&D vQyppfr;&&Sd      f D           vlxkudkNcdrf;ajcmufonfhyHkpHjzpfae
rJvufarmif;aus;&Gmü pufwifbmv
  h                                                         wJholawGudkawmh oD;oefYw&m;pGJ                            uav;NrdKUe,f&JwyfzGJUpcef;xHrS od&Sd                                  d f D f
                                                                                                                                                                    a&; za,mif;wkir;xGe;qE´azmfxwf                     k      aMumif; a':trmeDu ¤if;\tjrifukd
wwd,ywftwGif;u zrf;qD;cJhaom                                xm;ygw,f}} [k ¤if;wdYk uvrf;jyac:  kd                     &onf/                     csKdarmif           &mwGif yg0ifcJholudk ,if;&ufydkif;ü                           k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              oH;oyfajymMum;onf/
     d                          k
&ckijf ynfe,frS &efueNf rdKUodYk c;0ifvm  kd                aqmifvmonfh &ckdifwkdif;&if;om;
onfh b*FgvD 27 OD;teuf 26 OD;udk                            ESpfOD;ESifh csif;vlrsKd;wpfOD;udk jypfrI
v.0.u Oya'jzifhw&m;pGJqdkNyD; trf;
NrdKUe,fw&m;½Hk;u axmif'Pf 2 ESpf
                                                            qkdif&m Oya'yk'fr 367 jzihfoD;oefY
                                                            w&m;pGJqdkxm;aMumif; txufyg
                                                                                                                          tcGifUta&;awmif;qdkaom awmf0ifopfpuf½Hk
ESihf ajcmufvcsrwvuaMumif; trf;
                          S f dk f
                                      kfD
NrdKUe,f &JwyfzUJG pcef;rSL; &JtyO;wifukd
u The Voice Weekly odYk ajymMum;onf/
                                                            yk*¾dKvfu&Sif;jyonf/
                                                                       tqdkyg b*FgvDrsm;udk trf;NrdKU
                                                            e,f rJhvufarmif;aus;&GmteD; awm
                                                                                                                          vkyfom;ckepfOD; ta&;,lcH&
                                                                                                                                   atmuf
                                                                                                                          &efukef? atmufwdkbm 11
         zrf;qD;xm;onfb*FgvD 27 OD; h                       xJwGif a'ocH&cdkifwdkif;&if;om;rsm;                                   a&TjynfomNrdKUe,f awmf0ifrdom;pk opftacsmxnfpuf½Hkvkyfom; 400 cefYteuf tvkyform;rsm;udk
teuf wpfOD;rSmtoufrjynhfonfh                                             h                   J
                                                            uawGUcJum trf;NrdKUe,f&wyfzUJG pcef;                          cGJjcm;rqufqH&eftygt0if tcsufudk;csufudkOD;aqmifawmif;qdkcJholckepfOD;udk prf;acsmif;NrdKUe,f &JwyfzGJU
                       h
uav;jzpfonftwGuf ¤if;aexki&m                   d f          odkY owif;ay;ydkYcJhí ,if;okdYzrf;qD;                         pcef;rSL;u (y)377^2012 Nidrf;csrf;pGmpka0;cGifh? Nidrf;csrf;pGmpDwef;vSnfhvnfcGifhOya'yk'fr 18 t& trIzGifh
aus;&GmodkYjyefydkYcJhNyD; usef 26 OD;udkrl                 cJhEkdifjcif;jzpfaMumif; a'ocHrsm;uqkd                        ta&;,lxm;aMumif; tqdkyg&JwyfzGJUpcef;rS od&Sd&onf/
vl0ifrIBuD;Muyfa&;Oya' yk'fr (y)                            onf/ ]]olwdkYudk tvkyfukrÜPDwpfck                                     tvkyform;rsm;udk cGJjcm;rqufqHbJ wef;wltcGifhta&;ay;&eftygt0if tcsufudk;csufawmif;qdk&ef
61^63 csKd;azmufrIjzifh trf;NrdKUe,f                        uac:vdkY &efukefudktvkyfvkyfzdkYoGm;                          ESifh tvkyf&Sif tvkyform;oabmwlpmcsKyfudk tvkyf&SifucsKd;azmufcJhonf[kqdkum atmufwdkbmv 8
          k
w&m;½H;u pufwifbmv 20 &ufaeY                                w,fvdkYajymw,f}} [k trf;NrdKUe,f                              &ufaeYu prf;acsmif;NrdKUe,f OD;0dpm&vrf;&Sd awmf0ifrdom;pkukrÜPDodkY tvkyf&SifOD;udkudkaxG;ESifh wdkuf½dkuf
wGif axmif'Pf 2 ESpcsrSwum jypfrI f   f                                                    J
                                                            &JwyfzUJG pcef;rS wm0efus&t&m&SwpfO;      d        D          awGUqHkaqG;aEG;&ef vma&mufcJhMuaMumif; tvkyform;rsm;xHrS od&Sd&onf/
qkdif&m Oya'yk'fr (y) 188 udk csKd;                                                      k
                                                            u The Voice Weekly odYajymMum;onf/                                    tqdkygukrÜPDodkYvma&mufí tvkyform;tcGifhta&;awmif;qdk&ef wpfpHkwpf&mcGifhjyKcsuf,lcJhjcif;r&Sd
azmufrjI zifh pufwifbmv 24 &ufaeY                                      &ckdifjynfe,frS &efukefNrdKUodkY                   cJhaMumif; prf;acsmif;NrdKUe,f&JwyfzGJUpcef; pcef;rSL;OD;jratmifu atmufwdkbmv 8 &ufaeYwGif ajymMum;onf/
wGif axmif'Pfajcmufv xyfrcsrwf               H S            oGm;a&muf&mwGif t"duvrf;aMumif;                                       tvkyform;tcGifhta&;rsm;udk tvkyf&SifxHwdkuf½dkufwifjyawmif;qdk&ef tqdkygukrÜPDa&SUodkY vma&muf
cJhaMumif; ¤if;uqkdonf/                                     oHk;ck&SdNyD; ,if;wdkYrSm trf;vrf;?                           jcif;omjzpfNyD; qE´jy&efvma&mufjcif;r[kwfojzifh w&m;0ifcGifhjyKcsufr,lcJhjcif;omjzpfaMumif;? tvkyf&SifESifh
         ,if;odYk ck;0ifvmolrsm;teuf
                         d                                  awmifukwfvrf;ESifh *Gvrf;wdkYjzpf                             awGUqHk&ef ueOD;wGif ¤if;wdkYckepfOD;oGm;a&mufawGUqHk&ef pDpOfxm;aomfvnf; tvkyform;rsm;yg vdkufygvdk
b*FgvD 24 OD;udk pufwifbmv 17                               aMumif;? ,if;vrf;aMumif;rsm;rS                                                k        f                           k f                     k       Ü D
                                                                                                                          ojzifh tqdygtvkyorm;rsm;\ qE´t&omvduygMujcif;jzpfNyD; tqdygukrPa&SUodYk vma&muf&efrmvnf;                      S
&ufaeYu zrf;qD;cJhNyD; usefb*FgvD                           &efue?f armfvNrdKifponfh jrefrmEkiiH
                                                                     k                                   d f              ¤if;wdkYOD;aqmifcJhjcif;r[kwfaMumif;? ,if;tvkyform;ckepfOD;u wnDwñGwfwnf;qdkonf/
oHk;OD;? &ckdifESpfOD;ESifh csif;wpfOD;udk                  tESYHNrdKUe,frsm;odYk oGm;a&mufEionfh   dk f                          ]]olaX; puf½Hkudkvmwkef;u awGUcGifhawmif;w,f/ puf½HktkyfcsKyfa&;ydkif;u awGUcGifhray;cJhwJhtwGuf?
pufwifbmv 19 &ufaeYwif xyfrH            G                   tjyif rav;&Sm;? xkdif;ponfhjynfy                              awGUcGifhr&cJhwJhtwGuf tckvdktvkyf&Sifudk wdkuf½dkufvmwifjywmyg/ tvkyform;jyóemudk tvkyf&Sifwifjy
zrf;qD;cJhjcif;jzpfaMumif;? ,if;wdkYudk                     EkdifiHrsm;udkygoGm;a&mufEkdifaMumif;                         wmyg/ Oya'csKd;azmufwmr[kwfbl;}} [k tqdkygckepfOD;teuf wpfOD;jzpfol OD;aevif;OD;u &Sif;jyonf/
&JwyfzGJY0ifrsm;uppfaq;&m &ckdif                            tqkdyga'ocHrsm;u qkdonf/                                                          H                    f                d       f                           d
                                                                                                                                  ta&;,lcxm;&aomtvkyorm;rsm;wGif trsK;om;tvkyorm;av;OD;yg0ifNyD; trsK;orD;oH;OD;yg0ifonf/      k
jynfe,fajrmufyi;NrdKUe,frsm;jzpfonfh
                           kd f                                        tvm;wl &cdijf ynfe,frS &efuef
                                                                                      k                      k                    Nidrf;csrf;pGmpka0;cGifhESifh pDwef;vSnfhvnfcGifhenf;Oya't& vkyfaqmifvdkolrsm;onf jyKvkyfrnfhaeY&uf
ajrmufOD;NrdKUe,fESifh rif;jym;NrdKUe,f                     NrdKUodkY ckd;0ifvmaom b*FgvD 10 OD;                          rwdkifrD ig;&ufBudKwifí oufqdkif&m&JwyfzGJUpcef;rSL;xHavQmufxm;&rnfjzpfNyD; cGifhjyKcsufESifhom w&m;0if
wdkYrSvmonf[k ajzMum;aMumif;                                udvnf; ppfui;wki;a'oBu; uav;
                                                                k               kd f d f          D                       Nidrf;csrf;pGm pka0;pDwef;vSnfhvnfEdkifaMumif;? cGifhjyKrdefYr&&SdbJ Nidrf;csrf;pGmpka0;jcif; odkYr[kwf Nidrf;csrf;pGm
,if;&JwyfzGJUpcef;\ ajymMum;csuf                            NrdKUe,f ewfacsmif;teD; taemuf                                pDwef;vSnfhvnfaMumif; jypfrIxif&Sm;pD&ifjcif;cH&vQif xdkoludk wpfESpfxufrydkaom axmif'Pfjzpfap? usyf
                                                                                                                          oHk;aomif;xufrydkaom aiG'Pfjzpfap? 'PfESpf&yfvHk;udkjzpfap csrSwfEdkifonf[k azmfjyxm;onf/
t&od&Sd&onf/                                                aygufawmaus;&GmwGif pufwifbm
                          NET N TECH                                                                                      '                                                                                               25
  Monday, October 15 - 21, 2012                                                                                                                                                                                     VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  The




 Vol.8 / No.41
                                                                                                                 The
                                                                                                                       VOICE                                                                         October 15 - 21 , 2012

                                                                                                                                                            SOFTWARE



                                                                                                                         vuftrlt&meJh oDcsif;ydwfzGifUvkyfr,f
      WEBSITE                                                                                             oDcsif;zGifhaewkef; ta&;BuD;         toHk;jyKvdkY&ygw,f/ tm;enf;csuf               Tutorial udk Munfhcsif&ifvnf; Right
                                                                                                   zkef;vm&if csufcsif;udkif&wJh tcsdef        uawmh Webcam u tNrJwrf;yGifh                  Click axmufNyD; Gesture Tutorial
  Logo                                                                                             awG&Sdygw,f/ tJ'DtcsdefrSm oDcsif;
                                                                                                   awG ql q l n H n H z G i f h x m;wmwd k Y
                                                                                                                                                                        f D k f
                                                                                                                                               aerSmjzpfNyD; Webcam ysup;Ediw,f
                                                                                                                                               vdkY uRrf;usifolawGu ajymMuyg
                                                                                                                                                                                             qdkwmudk a&G;ay;NyD; Tutorial Munfh
                                                                                                                                                                                             Edkifygw,f/ File Size taeeJYuawmh
                                                                                                   [d k b uf u zk e f ; u toH w d k ; NyD ;    w,f / tJ ' D t wG u f Software &J U           3.28 MB yJ&SdNyD; Download jyKvkyf
                                                                                                   oDcsif;toHeJYvHk;ae&if zkef;toH               k
                                                                                                                                               yHav;udk Right Click axmufNyD;awmh            csifw,fqdk&ifawmh https://flutter-
Design                                                                                             rMum;wm jzpfzl;MurSmyg/ tJvdkrsKd;          Turn Camera Off qd k w mav;ud k               app.com/ rSm 0ifa&muf Download
                                                                                                   jzpfaewJholawGtwGuf ta0;uae                 a&G;NyD; Webcam udk ydway;xm;Ediyg
                                                                                                                                                                      f         kf           jyKvkyfvdkY&rSmyg/
   qGJr,f                                                                                          vuftrlt&meJY oDcsif;udk ydwfvdkYzGifh
                                                                                                   vdkY&wJh Software av;udk ajymjyay;
                                                                                                   csif y gw,f / tJ ' D Software u
                                                                                                                                               w,f/ tJ'gtjyif


                                                                                                                 k f
                                                                                                   vuf0g;jyvdu&if oDcsif;zGiaew,f   hf
                                                                                                   qdk&if ydwfoGm;rSmjzpfNyD; ydwfae&if
                                                                                                   yGifhoGm;rSmjzpfygw,f/ vufoD;udk
       Photoshop vnf; odyfruRrf;                ay;&rSmjzpfNyD; pmvHk;t&G,ftpm;                    qkyfNyD; vufreJYb,fbufudkjy&if
usif? Tools awGvnf; roHk;wwfwJh                 b,favmufxm;r,f? b,fpmvH;udk     k                  aemuftyk'fudk jyef&pfay;rSmjzpfNyD;
ol a wG t wG u f vG , f v G , f u l u l e J Y   toHk;jyKr,f? b,fta&mifudk toHk;                    nmbufeJYjy&if a&SUtyk'fudk ausmf
Logo Design qGJvdkY&r,fh Website                jyKr,futp a&G;cs,fay;&rSmjzpfNyD;                  ay;rSm jzpfygw,f/ tm;omcsuf
udk ñTefjyay;csifygw,f/ tJ'D Web-               b,favmuftus,f x m;r,f ?                            uawmh Software udk Free &wJhtjyif
site rSm Logo udk Text taeeJYa&m                        H
                                                aemufcub,fvdk xm;r,fqdkwmudk                       MAC rSmqdk&if Quick Time, iTune,
Logo yHkpHrsKd;eJYyg toHk;jyKvdkY&rSmjzpf       yg a&G;cs,fay;&rSm jzpfygw,f/                      VLC Player pwmawGrSm toHk;jyKol
NyD; 'DZdkif;u 3D 'DZdkif;? rD;avmif                         f S
                                                Create rvkycifrmvnf; File Format                   awGeJY Windows toHk;jyKolawGtae
aewJh'DZdkif;pwJhyHkpHrsKd;eJY jyKvkyfvdkY      taeeJ Y PNG, JPEG, GIF, PSD                        eJYuawmh Window Media Player,
&rSmyg/ Twitter vdk*dkyHkpHrsKd; BudKufwJh      pwmawGukd a&G;cs,f&rSmjzpfygw,f/                   iTune, VLC, Quick Time awGrSm
olawGtwGufvnf; Twitter yHkpHrsKd;               NyD;&if Create Logo qdkwmudk ESdyf
Design jyKvkyfvdkY&rSmjzpfNyD; udk,f            vdkufNyD;awmh &vmr,fh Logo udk                                                                                 TECH

vdkcsifwJhpmudkGenerate vkyfay;½HkeJY           toHk;jyKvdkY&rSmyg/ Logo jyKvkyfcsif
vdk*dk Design &&SdvmrSm jzpfygw,f/
ppcsif;rSm udk,fvdkcsifwJhyHkpHudk a&G;
                                                w,fqdk&ifawmh http://www.flam-
                                                ingtext.com rSm 0ifa&mufjyKvkyfvdkY
                                                                                                                 wpfoufwm tmrcHeJha&mif;wJU                                       Memory Stick
cs,f&rSmjzpfygw,f/ a&G;cs,fNyD;&if              &rSmyg/                                                                                                                 f H d
                                                                                                                                                            ADATA trSwwqyf                   awmhygbl;/
udk,fvdkcsifwJhpmom;udk ½dkufxnfh                                                                                                                          UV 110 Memory Stick                      wpfoufwmtmrcHvkdYqkdxm;
                                          WEBSITE                                                                                                            av;awG y g/ cspf p &m           wmrkdY 0,f,lolawGtBudKufawGUEdkif
                                                                                                                                                              aumif ; wJ h t a&mif v k d Y   r,fh tmrcHrsKd;vkdYqkd&r,f/ 8 GB eJY
              NrdKY ½dk;udk umuG,f&wJU *drf;                                                                                                                   qkd&r,fh tjzLa&mif
                                                                                                                                                               eJY yef;a&mif ESpfrsKd;
                                                                                                                                                                                                      f d
                                                                                                                                                                                             16 GB ESprsK;&SNd yD; 8 GB u tar&duef
                                                                                                                                                                                             a':vm 6.5 eJU 16 GB u tar&duef
                                                                                                                                                                a&G;p&m &Sdygw,f/            a':vm 11.5 owfrSwfa&mif;ay;wm
            f             d f kd f
        arSmynmawGeYJ wkucuae&wJh                              f
                                                a&cJeYJ vQyppfukd toH;k jyKNy;D &efoawG  l                                                                        cvkwfeJYwGef;xkwf          awGUw,f/ trSwf-143? 46 vrf;
*drf;udk upm;&wm BudKuf ESpfouf                 udk ESdrfeif;EkdifwJhtjyif aemufydkif;                                                                             oHk;&r,fh 'DZkdif;                k f
                                                                                                                                                                                             tay:? AdvwaxmifNrdKUe,fu Micro
wJholawGtwGuf *drf;av;wpfckudk                  tqih f j rif h v mavav wjcm; rD;                                                                                    rsKd ; jzpf w mrd k Y    Computer rSm 0,fvkdY&r,fhtjyif
ajym jyay;csifygw,f/ tJ'D*drf;u                 abmvHk;xuf ykNdy;D jyif;wJ h abmvH k ;                                                                               tzkH;aysmufrSm          www.micromyanmar.com rSmvnf;
Android Os rSm toHk;jyKEkdifr,fh *dr;     f     awG udk tqihjf r§ i h f w if E k d i f avav                                                                               ylp&m rvdk         0ifMunfhvkdY&ygw,f/
trsKd;tpm;wpfcjk zpfNyD; &efolawGu              jzpf v mygvd r f h r ,f / tJ ' gtjyif
udk,hfNrdKU½dk;udkvmNyD; zsufqD;rS m rsKd ;        k         k k
                                                ud,Nfh rdKU½d;udvnf; tqifjh r§ihfwifEkdif
                                                                                                                                 TECH
uae umuG,f&rSm jzpfygw,f/                       rSm jzpfNyD;awmh udk,hf&JUwkdufcdkufrI
toH k ; jyK&r,f h vuf e uf u awmh               pG r f ; &nf a wG u d k v nf ; tqif h j r§ i h f
ppcsif ; rS m av;wpf a csmif ; wnf ;            wifEkdifygao;w,f/ 'Dvdktqifhjr§ihf                             Lenovo A 789
ay;xm;ygw,f/ tJ'geJY udk,hfNrdKU                                             l
                                                wifwmrSmvnf; &efoawGukd acsre;             If
½dk;udkvmNyD; zsufqD;wJh&efolawGudk             vdkY&r,fhtrSwfeJY tqifhjr§ihfwif&rSm                       quf o G , f a &;uG e f & uf a wG          'D Lenovo
umuG,f&rSmjzpfNyD; arSmftaqmuf                  jzpfNyD; NrdKU½dk;udkrxd&if usmufw;kH              wdk;wufvmNyD;aemufydkif; zkef;udkif                   f
                                                                                                                                               A789 zke;av;
ttHkrSm wyfqifxm;wJh rD;abmvHk;                           kd
                                                awGuvnf; ay;ygao;w,f/ http://                      aqmifolta&twGuf rsm;jym;vm                  &JU Camera u
udkvnf; toHk;jyKNyD;awmh &efolawG               goo.gl/kjpyd rSm Download tcrJh                    w,f/ tJ'DxJrSm Laptop awG trsm;             5 MP &SdwJh
udk ESreif;Ekiygao;w,f/ aemufydkif;
      df df                                     vkyfvdkY&rSmyg/                                    qHk;xkwfvkyfwJh Lenovo Brand u              tjyif a&SU
                                                                                                   GSM trsKd;tpm;oHk; LenovoA789               uifr&mu
rSm arSmfynmxJu rD;abmvHk;tjyif                                                                    qdkwJh Smartphone av;udk ñTefay;            vnf; ygao;
                                                                                                   csif w ,f / 'D z k e f ; av;u Screen        wmrdkY taysmf
                                                                                                   t&G,ftpm; av;vufr&SdwJhtwGuf                            kH kd
                                                                                                                                               wrf; "mwfy½uf
                                                                                                   t&G,ftpm;cyfBuD;BuD;BudKufolawG             &wm BudKuf
                                                                                                   twGuf tqifajyaprSmyg/ NyD;awmh                 f
                                                                                                                                               ESpoufoawGl
                                                                                                   zkef;&JU Processor uvnf; 512MB              rSmyg/
                                                                                                   Ram udk toHk;jyKxm;wmaMumifh                      Android
                                                                                                   Application awG toH k ; jyK&mrS m           Version u 4.0.4
                                                                                                   vsifjrefoGufvufrSmygvdkY a&mif;cs           jzpfNyD;wjcm;
                                                                                                   oluqdkygw,f/ Internal Memory                armf ' ,f v f j rif h [ef ; quf a wG r S m    xkwfjzpfNyD; aps;EIef; 125ç000 eJY
                                                                                                   u 4GB yg0ifNyD; Memory xyfpdkuf             yg0ifaeus Function tawmfpHkvif                trSwf-174 ^182? yef;qkd;wef;
                                                                                                   csifolawGtwGufvnf; 32GB txd                 wm awGU&ygw,f/ 'Dzkef;av;&JU                  tv,fbavmuf? ausmufwwm;NrdKU H
                                                                                                   xyf p d k u f v d k Y &vd k Y tcsuf t vuf   tm;enf;csufuawmh a&G;cs,fp&m                  e,f? &efukefrSm 0,fvkdY&rSmyg/
                                                                                                   rsm;rsm; xnfhoGif;vdkolawGtwGuf             ta&mifr&SdbJ teufa&mifwpfrsKd;
                                                                                                   tqif a jyaprS m yg/                         wnf;om &Edkifwmyg/ w½kwfEdkifiH
   26
  The
        VOICE                                                                                                                                                                             Monday, October 15 - 21 , 2012



                                                                    "mwfcGJ^10 yg/ b,faq;½HkrSmrS wpfvausmfMumatmifxm;NyD;                              wifjy&jcif; jzpfygw,f/
odkY                                                                rydkYygbl;/ trItwGufqdk&if csufcsif;ydkY&ygw,f/ tajzjyef&wJh                               EdkifiHawmfor®w\ 2012 ckESpf Mo*kwfv 13 &ufaeYu
t,f'Dwm                                                             &ufpGJu "mwkaA'0ef½Hk;\ 16-7-2010 &ufpGJyg pmtrSwf                                  usif;ywJh pDrHudef;aumfr&Sif 'kwd,tpnf;ta0; rdefYcGef;rSm
         20-8-2012 aeYpGJyg The Voice Weekly Vol.8, No.33           222^r,q^2010 &ufpGJjzpfygw,f/ 'DvdkuGm[csuf&SdaewJh                                 vnf; ]t*wdvdkufpm;rIonf EdkifiH\ *kPfodu©mudkyg xdcdkuf
pmrsufESm 26 yg Letter to the Editor u@rS usef;rma&;0efxrf;         tajzudk uRefawmfvufrcHEdkifwmyg/ uRefawmfudk,fwdkifvnf;                             aponfhtwGuf xdxda&mufa&muf tjypfay;ta&;,ljcif;jzifh
wpfOD;\ aqmif;yg;yg rSwfcsufudk zwfNyD; 'Dpma&;&jcif;yg/ ]          rl;,pfaq;0g; (WY) pdwf<uaq;udk wpfcgzl;rQ oHk;pGJjcif;r&SdcJh                       wm;qD;oGm;&ef vdktyfaMumif;} wdkufwGef;ajymMum;cJhygw,f/
udk,fhvkyf&yfudk udk,fudk,fwdkif wm0ef,l&rnf} qdkwJh tajccH         yg/ aoG;^qD; erlem,lpOfuvnf; uRefawmhfukd tcsKyfcef;xJrSm                                  usef;rma&;0efBuD;Xme0efBuD;uvnf; jrefrmEkdifiHrSm
vlYusifh0wfpnf;urf;udk av;pm;ygw,f/ usef;rma&;pepfBuD;              wpfvausmfcefYxm;NyD;rS yJcl;c½dkifjynfolYaq;½HkBuD; O.P.D Xme                       q&m0eftiftm;eJY olemjyKtiftm;awG trsm;BuD;vkdtyfaeao;
        k kH      f
wpfcv; a&pkearsmNyD; vlemeJY q&m0efMum; ,HMk unfrysufoO;I     k f   rSm oGm;a&muf Sample ay;cJh&ygw,f/ qD;xJrSm tajzu                                                             h     k f hH
                                                                                                                                                        aMumif;? t&nftaoG;jynf0wJh Edii0efxrf;aumif;rsm;udk qufvuf
oGm;rSmudkawmh rvdkvm;ygbl;/ q&m0efwpfOD;csif;pDudkvnf;             Amphetamine Positive wJh/ aiGrvm&if Positive ? aiGvm&if                                        f                               S       kd f
                                                                                                                                                        arG;xkway;&rSmjzpfaMumif;? 'ghaMumifh ,ckEpf wuúov0ifwef;
Professional Ethics awGudk rvdkufemEdkif&ifawmif razmufzsuf         Negative ? qD;wpfykvif; usyfckepfodef;qdkwJh jynfolawG&JU                           pmar;yGJatmifjrifolrsm;xJrS aq;wuúodkvfodkY wufa&muf
zdkY wdkufwGef;vdkygw,f/                                            &ifxJ uvmwJhtoHawGudkvnf; rMumcP Mum;ae&ygw,f/                                      oifMum;Ekdifrnfhta&twGufudk 2012- 2013 ynmoifESpf
         uRef a wmf u 2004 ck E S p f 'D Z if b mrS m wyf r awmf    azmfxkwfta&;,lrIawG jyKvkyfay;oifhaeygNyD/                                          wGif xuf0ufavQmhcsac:,lcJhaMumif;wkdYudk ajymMum;cJhygw,f/
aq;wuúodkvfu M.B.,B.S bGJU&cJhygw,f/ [pfyfydkua&wD;                        aq;ynmrS m tNrJ w rf ; Positive qd k w m r&S d y gbl ; /                            uRefawmfuJhokdY vkyfouf&NyD;om; q&m0efwpfa,muf
Oath udk usrf;usdefNyD; Professional Ethic udk vdkufemcJhygw,f/     False Positive rsm;pGm&Sdygw,f/ oifMum;cJh&wJh Reference                            onf ,cktcsdefwGif trsm;jynfol\usef;rma&;apmifha&SmufrI
vkyfoufvnf; 10 ESpf&SdygNyD/ 'gayrJh Ethic aysmufNyD; t*wd          awGudk &SmazGMunfhEdkifygw,f/ False Positive udk Positive                           udk rvkyfay;EkdifwJhtjyif tcsKyfxJ? axmifxJa&mufNyD; vlrI'ku©
vdkufpm;aewJhq&m0efwcsKdU trSefwu,f&SdaewJhtcsufudk                 vkyfvdkYr&ygbl;/ tJ'Dvdk Positive rSwfcsufay;cJh&if cHpm;&wJh                       trsKd;rsKd;udk awGUBuHKae&ygw,f/ 'g[m Professional Ethic r&Sd
trsm; jynfola&m oufqdkif&m0efBuD;Xmeyg azmfxkwfpdppfNyD;            wpfzufvl&JU epfemrIudk xnfhoGif;pOf;pm;oifhygw,f/ usifh0wf                          wJh q&m0efwpfa,muf&JUrSm;,Gif;wJh vkyf&yfaMumifhyg/ ,cif
ta&;,l ay;apvdkygw,f/                                               eJYvnf; rnDygbl;/ HIV/AIDS a0'em&SifudkawmifrS Positive                             uvnf; uRefawmfuJhodkY cHpm;cJh&wJh vlaygif;rsm;pGmudk axmif
         taMumif;uawmh udk,fawGUBuHK&NyD; onf;cHEdkifpGrf;ukef      trSefjzpfaecJhayr,fh vlem&JU Concent &rS ppfaq;&w,f/ tajz                           xJ ydkYcJhzl;rSmyg/ rdrd\vkyf&yfudk jyefvnfokH;oyfoifhaeygNyD/
oGm;vdkYyg/ q&m0efqdkayr,fh r[kwfwm? rrSefwmudk acgif;iHkY          udk zGifhajym&w,f/ 'g[m q&m0efawG&JU 'Ethic' yg/                                           av;pm;&ygaom t,f'DwmBuD;cifAsm? uRefawmf\pmudk
rcHEdkifygbl;/ uRefawmfwdkY&JU r[mu½kPmarwåmawmf&Sif Ak'¨                  wyfrawmfrSmqdk&ifvnf; t&m&SdawG oifwef;wpfck                                 em;vnfwwfuRrf;aom q&m0efwpfOD;OD;(odkY) "mwfcGJyg&*lESifh
jrwfpGmbk&m;&SifawmifrS twdwfumvwkef;u aq;q&mZD0u                   wuf&awmhr,fqdk&if HIV, Hepatitis B,C wdkYudk ppfaq;rI                               wkdifyifaqG;aEG;NyD; The Voice Weekly wGif tar;tajzu@
b0rSm 0rf;avQmaewJh ol<u,fBuD;wpfOD;udk aysmufuif;atmif             rSefuefEdkifzdkY ae&ma'oESpfckudk ydkYNyD;rS twnfjyKcsuf &,l&yg                        h
                                                                                                                                                        uJoYkd azmfjyay;apcsifygw,f/ taMumif;t&mESihf tcsuftvuf
ukoay;cJhygw,f/ tJ'Daemuf ol<u,fu usoifhwJhtzdk;tc                  w,f/ tJ'Denf;vrf;udkoHk;&ifvnf; Confirmation rSefuefwdus                             rsm;onf wdusrSefuefygojzifh tjynfhtpHkazmfjyay;EkdifvQif ydkí
ay;&rSmudk ESajrmwGefYwdkNyD; vdrfnmcJhwmaMumifh q&mZD0uu           NyD; t*wdvdkufpm;rIawGvnf; yaysmufEdkifygw,f/ ay;ol&SdvdkY                          aumif;rGefygonf/
0rf;avQmapwJhaq;udkay;NyD; wpfzufom;ysufpD;atmif? 'ku©              ,lol&Sdwmyg/ ESpfae&mqdk&if cJ,Of;ygw,f/                                                   t"duuawmh usef;rma&;0efBuD;Xme? jynfxJa&;0efBuD;
a&mufatmif jyKcJhygw,f/ 'g[m ykxkZOfb0u onf;cHEdkifpGrf;                   uRefawmf\ trIjzpfpOfESifhywfoufí "mwkaA'0ef½Hk;rS                            Xme? EkdifiHawmfw&m;olBuD;csKyf½Hk; ponfhXmersm;rS od&Sdap&ef
ukefcJhwJhaq;q&mwpfa,muf&JU om"uyg/                                 usifh0wfazmufzsufNyD; t*wdvkdufpm;cJhwJh q&m0ef odkYr[kwf                           t"du&nf&G,f&ifzGifh&jcif;jzpfygw,f/
         uRefawmfhemrnf ausmfZifOD;yg/ 2010 ckESpf arv 21           wm0ef & S d y k * ¾ d K vf u d k pd p pf a zmf x k w f ta&;,l a y;Ed k i f y g&ef                                             a'gufwmausmfZifOD;
             S                f                       l k f J
&ufaeYrm rl;,pfaq;0g;uGi;qufw&m;cHtjzpf yJc;c½di&wyfzUJG
rSm zrf;qD;ta&;,lrIcHcJh&ygw,f/ w&m;pGJwifEkdif&ef vHkavmuf
aomoufaocHtaxmuftxm;r&SdvkdY? trIrajrmufvkdY cH0efeJY                                                                                                   Mu&wJholawG rsm;pGm&SdMurnfxifygonf/
                                                                    odkY                                                                                            omydkíqkd;qkd;&Gm;&Gm;cH&wJholawGuawmh twkd;BuD;BuD;eJY
jyefvTwfay;cJhygw,f/ 2011 ckESpf Mo*kwfvrSm yJcl;trSwf (1)          t,f'DwmcifAsm
&Jpcef;rS trIppf ,Ofrif;odkufu rl;,pfaq;0g;oHk;pGJxm;w,f?                                                                                               rormolvkdifpifrJhtwkd;cspm;MuwJholawGxHu aiGacs;xm;Mu
                                                                                                   dfH                l
                                                                                (11-5-2012)u Ekiiawmfor®wu ]jynfoawGwpfO;csi; D f                           h l
                                                                                                                                                        wJoawGjzpfr,fvYdkxifygw,f/ Mo*kwv 17 &ufaeYu ]jynfoYl  f
qD;rSmawGUw,fajymNyD; yJcl;c½dkifw&m;½Hk;awmfodkY vkyfBuHNyD;       xdawGUcHpm;ae&wJh? aeYpOfawGUBuHKae&wJh? pm;0wfaexdkifa&;?
w&m;pGJqdkwifydkYcJhygw,f/                                                                                                                                      f
                                                                                                                                                        vTwawmftpnf;ta0; 29 &ufajrmufaeYrm omauwrJqE´e,f              S
                                                                               f k       hf
                                                                    tvkytudi?f tcGitvrf;awG ajymif;vJw;kd wufatmif aqmif&Guf                            rS OD;armifarmifpdk;\} 1945 ckESpfaiGwkd;csxm;olrsm; tufOya'
         vkyfBuHNyD; ,kwfrmaumufuspfw,fvdkY ajym&jcif;u qD;?                 d f h                     d         D
                                                                    ay;Ekir,ftpDtrHawGukd xdxa&mufa&mufprMH uzdYk? ta&;wBuD;
aoG;erlem,lcJhonfhaeYpGJawGudk &Jvkyfief;qdkif&meJY udkufnDNyD;                                                                                         t& w&m;0ifrSwfyHkwifjcif;rjyKbJ ]pmcsKyf}tvGwf&,lí
                                                                    vkdtyfvmygw,f}[k rdefYrSmajymMum;cJhwmeJYywfoufNyD; jynfol                          Oya'ESifh nDap&efvkyfBuHzefwD;azmfjyíw&m;pGJqdkaeMuonfh ]
trI rajrmufajrmufatmif jyifqifa&;cJhygw,f/ taMumif;u                                           f G       d hJ
                                                                    wpfa,muftaeeJY vGepmaus;Zl;wifrwtwGuf 'Dpmudk a&;om;
awmh qD;? aoG;ppfwJh"mwkaA'0ef½Hk;odkY aiGvdkufay;r,fajymNyD;                                                                                                                    dk
                                                                                                                                                        w&m;r0if aiGw;acs;pm;oltm; azmfxwta&;,l&eftpDtpOf&?dS k f
                                                                    vkdufwmyg/                                                                                                                   d
                                                                                                                                                        r&Sd? Oya'em;rvnfonfh r&Sqif;&Jom;rsm;tm; vdrvnfw&m;pGqdk                   f        J
uRefawmfhxHrS aiGig;odef;awmif;&m ray;cJhaomaMumifhjzpfyg                            l J            l       D
                                                                                jynfoxu jynfowcsKdU\wpfO;csif;xdawGUcHpm;ae&wJh
w,f/ uRefawmfeJYwpfaeYwnf; qD;? aoG;ppfaom trsKd;orD;                                                                                                                                 f            h
                                                                                                                                                        cHae&jcif;udk umuG,ay;rnftpDtpOf&dS r&SovaMumif;} ar;cGe;       d d kd                  f
                                                                    taetxm;tajctaeeJYywfoufNyD; w&m;½Hk;awGudk oGm;&wJh                                 ar;cJhonf/
aemufwpfOD;uawmh usyfq,fodef;awmif;vdkY ay;cJh&w,f/                 xdawGUcHpm;rIESifh ywfouf NyD; wm0ef&SdMuwJholrsm;udk,fwkdifu
tJ'D trsKd;orD;u qD;^aoG; vGwfw,f/ uRefawmfuqD;rSm                                                                                                                  odyfaMumufp&maumif;aomjzpf&yfrsKd;awG jrefrmEkdifiHtESHY
                                                                           f                dk f G f d              k
                                                                    uGi;qif;avhvmzdYkwuwe;vkygonf/ w&m;½H;awGrm ]Oya'}   S                              &Sd r&Sdawmh wyftyfaocsmrodyg/ armfvNrdKifNrdKUwGifawmh trSef
Amphetamine Positive jzpfNyD; aoG;rSmawmh Negative yg/ tJ'D         csK;d azmufMuvdkY oGm;&wJholeJY rw&m;cH&vkdY oGm;&wJhol? w&m;
tcsufeJY w&m;pGJwifcJhw,f/                                                                                                                                               dS
                                                                                                                                                        wu,f&ygonf/ pma&;ol\rdwaqGwpfO; ,aeYvufawGUBuHK    f             D
                                                                    rQwrIudkOya'abmiftwGif;uawmif;qdkwJhol? tawmif;qdk                                  ae&qJyg/ aiGusyfodef;aygif;q,fcsDudk ukd;usyfwkd;eJYacs;cJhyg
         qD;^aoG; erlem &ufpGJu 29-5-2010/ aq;½HkrSydkYwJh&uf       cH&wJhol pojzifh &SdMuygw,f/ tJ'DvkdvlawGrsm;teufrSm
pGJu 30-6-2010 &ufpGJyg pmtrSwf 1686^q&tu^ycw^                                                                                                          onf/ twkd;aiGt&if;xuf odef;( )aomif;ausmfay;qyfcJhNyD;
                                                                    rw&m;cH&wJholrsm;twGuf vGefpGmrS epfemNyD; b0ysufoGm;                                                                    d f hJ d
                                                                                                                                                        jzpfonf/ odYk ygvsuf vkipifrtwk;acs;pm;olu OD;armifarmifp;                              kd
                                                                                                                                                        wifjycJhovkd pmcsKyftvGwf&,lí Oya'ESifhnDap&ef vkyfBuH
   odkY                                                                                                                                                 zefwD;í odef;aygif;acs;aiGxuf ESpfqacs;wmudk acs;aiGxuf
   t,f'Dwm                                                                                                                                                                  f
                                                                                                                                                        (av;q)ode;aygif; 4 x q,fcsacs;cJonf/ twk;rJapwemeJYacs;cJh
                                                                                                                                                                                                     D h                     d h
   ppfrSefaom arQmfvifhapmifhqdkif;jcif;                                                                                                                ygonf/ b,faeYb,f&uf b,favmufMumcJh&if odef;aygif;
            20-9-2012 &ufaeYxkwf jrefrmhtvif;owif;pmwGif usyf 5000 wef BudKwifaiGjznfhuwfxGufNyD[laomacgif;pOf                                          acs;aiG 4q (4 x acs;aiG) ay;avsm&rnf[aompmcsKyfukd a&;om;
                                                                                                                                                                                                         f        l
   jzifh owif;wpfyk'fudk atmufygtwdkif; azmfjyxm;ygonf/                                                                                                 csKyfqkdcJhonf[k rrSefruefjyKvkyfum w&m;pGJygonf/ tJ'D
            vufvkyfvufpm;tajccHvlwef;pm;trsm;pk arQmfvifhapmifhpm;aeaom usyf 5000 wef BudKwifaiGjznfhuwfrsm;udk                                         twkd;acs;pm;olonf xkdtcsdefrwdkifrDu xkduJhodkYyHkpHrsKd; zefwD;
   jrefrmhqufoG,fa&;rSwpfqifh zkef;ESifh tydkypönf;ta&mif;qdkifrsm;? &yfuGuftwGif; tcsKdUaomta&mif;qdkifrsm;wGif ,aeYpwif                               jyKvkyfum ½Hk;tawGUtBuHK A[kokwenf;yg;aomolrsm;xHu
   a&mif;csaeNyDjzpfaMumif; awGU&Sd&onf/                                                                                                                          d f
                                                                                                                                                        aiGoe; (10) *Pef;avmuf acs;ay;NyD; twk;BuD;,lcum twd;              d          hJ       k
            vukecgeD;wdi; zke;aiGjznf&ef tcuftcJ&orsm;twGuf rsm;pGmtqifajyoGm;NyDjzpfonf/ ,ckuoYkd v0ufusKd;&ufrsm;
                   f    k f f        h               dS l                                                hJ                                             ay: t&if;xyfaygif;NyD; odef;oHk;&m av;&mweftdrf&mrsm;udk
   twGif; xGufvmonfhtwGuf zkef;ta&mif;qdkifwdkif;ü ta&mif; t0,foGufvsuf&Sdaeonf/ ,cktcg aejynfawmf? &efukef?                                                          hJ            dk f H            df
                                                                                                                                                        odr;f ,lconf/ wpfEiiv;Hk twki;twmESiqygrl ,if;udp&yfrsKd;   hf dk                  ö
   rEÅav;NrdKUBuD;rsm;tygt0if tjcm;NrdKUrsm;\ rdkbdkif;vfzkef; ta&mif;qdkifrsm;wGif tNydKifa&mif;csae&aMumif; od&onf/                                                         JG        f hJ                 dfH
                                                                                                                                                        aMumifh qif;&Jraw? tdrr&mrJjh zpfum Ekii&yfjcm;wGif uReoayguf                    f
            ,aeYa&mif;tm;taumif;qHk;ypönf;awGxJrSm 'DaeYxGufwJh usyf 5000 wefaiGjznfhuwfpm&if;0ifoGm;NyD[k zkef;ta&mif;                                 b0a&mufMu&onfh jrefrmjynfom;awG rsm;pGm&Sdrnfxifyg
   qdkifwm0efcHwpfOD;u ajymcJhonf/                                                                                                                      onf / 'gaMumif h OD ; armif a rmif p d k ; wif o G i f ; aomtqk d E S i f h
            ,if;owif;udkyif ,if;aeYü aMu;rHkowif;pmwGif atmufwGifazmfjyygtwdkif; owif;a&;om;xm;onfrSm -                                                 ywfoufNyD; av;av;eufeufpOf;pm;um tjrefq; taumif;qH;                      kH             k
            pufwifbmv 18 &ufaeY eHeufydkif;rSpí &efukefNrdKUwGif;&Sd zkef;qdkifrsm;wGif usyf 5000 wefaiGjznfhuwfrsm;                                    jzpfatmif aqmif&Gufay;Muyg&ef wkdufwGef;a&;om;vkduf&
   pwifjzefYjzL; a&mif;csay;aeNyDjzpfonf/ usyf 5000 wef aiGjznfhuwf0,f,laeonfh ausmif;olwpfOD;uvnf; ]]orD;wdkY                                          ayonf/ usef;rmcsrf;omygap/                                             jrwfxufa0,H
   rkefYzdk;xJupkNyD; 0,f&wm? ig;axmifwefqdkawmh tqifajyoGm;NyD}} qdkwJhtoHudkvnf; Mum;&onf/
            jrefrmhqufoG,fa&;vkyfief;onf rdkbdkif;zkef;oHk;pGJolrsm;tm; CDMAI GSM vufudkifzkef;rsm;udk csKdomaom aps;EIef;jzifh                         t,f'DwmcifAsm
   t&pfusa&mif;csay;cJh&mrS ,cktcg aiGjznfhuwfrsm;udkvnf; trsm;jynfoloHk;pGJ&mwGif tqifajyap&eftwGuf usyf 5000                                                                       l                    h
                                                                                                                                                                uRefawmfwYkd yJc;NrdKUwGif pnf;urf;rJarmfawmfqiu,frsm; kd f
   wef aiGjznfhuwfrsm; a&mif;csay;jcif;aMumifh zkef;oHk;pGJol jynfolrsm; auseyf0rf;ajrmufaeMuaMumif; od&onf/                                                          f D
                                                                                                                                                        zrf;qD;vsu&NdS y; zrf;qD;&rdygu Owner Book yg&SvQior;,lNy;  d f df D
            owif;pmESpfapmifwGif azmfjyaom owif;wpfyk'fonf taMumif;t&mwpfrsKd;wnf;jzpfaomfvnf; azmfjyyHkrwlyg/                                                       kf          kd d f
                                                                                                                                                        rygvQif qdiu,fuor;,lygonf/ w&m;½H;wGif 'PfaiGaqmif  k
                                                          k f              l                     h     h
   jrefrmhtvif;owif;pmwGif azmfjyxm;onfh vufvyvufpm; tajccHvwef;pm;trsm;pkarQmfvifapmifpm;aeaom usyf 5000                                               NyD;rS jyefay;ygonf/ trsm;pkrSm ,mOfvdkifpifESifh ,mOfarmif;
   wef BudKwifaiGjznfhuwf[k zwf&aomtcg pdwfxJ0,f cdk;vkd;cdk;vk jzpfoGm;&onf/ aMu;rHkowif;pmwGif azmfjyxm;aom                                           vdkifpifomygMuygonf/ Owner Book rygMuyg/ ½Hk;ydwfcsdef
   jrefrmh qufoG,fa&;vkyfief;onf rdkbdkif;vfzkef;oHk;pGJolrsm;tm; CDMA ? GSM vufudkifzkef;rsm;udk csKdomaomaps;EIef;jzifh                               odkYr[kwf ½Hk;ydwf&ufjzpfaeonfhtcgwGifvnf;aumif;? tcsKdUrSm
   t&pfus a&mif;csay;cJhonf[k zwf&ojzifhvnf; 'kwd,tBudrf pdwfxJ0,f cdk;vdk;cdk;vkjzpfoGm;&jyefygonf/                                                    qdkifu,ftodrf;cH&í oGm;vma&;cufcJívnf;aumif;? Owner
                     kf                        kf                             kH             l
            wpfaeYvyrS wpfaeYpm;&aom vufvyvufpm;? qif;&Jom;atmufq;tvTm tajccHvwef;pm;rsm;onf tenf;qH; usyf            k                                 Book udk yGJpm;rsm;xHrS aeYbufwGif 12000? nbufwGif
   ESpfodef;wef SIM Card ESifh taygqHk;usyfESpfaomif;cGJwef Handset rsm;udk tukeftuscHí toHk;jyKEdkifMuNyDvm;¿ oHk;aeMuNyD                              15000? 20000 txd ay;iSm;Mu&ygonf/ tqdyg Owner Book      k
   vm;¿ oHk;aeMuNyDqdkvQifawmh jrefrmhtvif;rSm a&;xm;ovdk vufvkyfvufpm;tajccHvlwef;pm;awG arQmfvifhcsufawG                                              jzifh oGm;a&G;aomtcg qdkifu,frS eHygwfESifh ,if; Owner Book
   jynfh0oGm;NyDaygh/ jrefrmhqufoG,fa&;vkyfief;uvnf; tajccHvlwef;pm;rsm;&JUqE´udkjznfhay;vdkufonf[k ,lq&rnfaygh/                                        rS eHygwfrwlaomfvnf; qdkifu,fudk jyefxkwfay;ygonf/ xkoYkd             d
            vufvkyfvufpm;tajccHvlwef;pm;rsm;tygt0if jynfoltrsm;\ arQmfvifhcsufrSm usyf 5000 wef BudKwif aiGjznfh                                                                       J                                    k
                                                                                                                                                        zrf;qD;a&;tzGUJ 0ifrsm;ESihf yGpm;rsm;yl;aygif;í rormrIrsm; jyKvyfaejcif;
   uwfvm;¿ usyf 5000 wef SIM Card vm;¿ olwdkYtrSefwu,f arQmfvifhapmifhqdkif;aeMuonfrSm .../                       xdefvif;                                             f           k f               kf
                                                                                                                                                        [kwf r[kwyg azmfxwta&;,lay;Ediyg&ef vlBu;rif;wdYk *sme,frSD
                                                                                                                                                        wpfqifh wifjytyfygonf/                                    atmifausmfxl;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             27
  Monday, October 15 - 21, 2012                                                                                                                                                                                                    The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      VOICE

vTwfawmf\ xdef;ausmif;rIESifU w&m;pD&ifa&;u@
xD,k (Oya'twkdifyifcH)
             iHawmfzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'yk'fr - 331 ESifh EkdifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'qkdif&m cHk½Hk;Oya'yk'fr - 28 ygjy|mef;csufrsm;t& zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'qkdif&mcHk½Hk; Ouú|ESifh cHk½Hk;tzGJU0ifrsm;
   Ekdif     EkwfxGufcGifhudk EkdifiHawmfor®w½Hk;\ 2012 ckESpf pufwifbmv 6 &ufaeYpGJyg trdefYtrSwf -29^2012 jzifh EkwfxGufcGifhjyKcJhNyD;jzpfonf/
        xdkYaMumifh EkdifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'qkdif&mcHk½Hk;\                  pGyfpGJjypfwifcH&onfh jynfaxmifpkw&m;olBuD;csKyf odkYr[kwf
2012 ckESpf rwfv 28 &ufaeYu csrSwfcJhaom 2012 ckESpf                                 jynfaxmifpk w&m;vTwfawmfcsKyfw&m;olBuD;tm; &mxl;rS
wifoGif;vTm trSwf (1) \qHk;jzwfcsufonf rSm;,Gif;í                                    &yfpJ&rnf[kvnf;aumif;? wkdif;a'oBuD;w&m;vTwfawmf
tvkdtavsmuf ysufjy,fonf[k rSwf,l&rnfjzpfayonf/                                       od k Y r [k w f jynf e ,f w &m;vT w f a wmf w&m;ol B uD ; csKyf E S i f h
        odkYaomf xdkodkYtajccHOya'cHk½Hk;\ qHk;jzwfcsufrSm;,Gif;                     wk d i f ; a'oBuD ; w&m;vT w f a wmf od k Y r[kwf jynfe,fw&m;
ysufjy,fNyD; rnfonhftcsufutrSefjzpfaMumif; twnfjyK                                   vTwfawmfw&m;olBuD;rsm;tm; pGyfpGJjypfwifjcif;ESifh ywfoufí
qHk;jzwfcsufwpfpHkwpf&mudk jynfolrsm;&Sif;vif;pGmodap&ef                             zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'yk'fr 311 yk'frcGJ (ps) t& EkdifiHawmf
                       k        d kd
Oya'ESihf tnDxwjf yefzYkvtyfrnfjzpfonf/ taMumif;rSm zGUJ pnf;yHk                     or®wonf pGyfpGJjypfwifcH&onfh wkdif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf
tajccHOya'qkdif&mcHk½Hk;\ wifoGif;vTmtrSwf 1^2012 \                                  jynfe,fw&m;vTwfawmfw&m;olBuD;csKyf odkYr[kwf wkdif;
qHk;jzwfcsufudk jynfolrsm;od&Sdap&ef 16.8.2012 &ufaeYwGif                            a'oBuD; odkYr[kwfjynfe,fw&m;vTwfawmfw&m;olBuD;udk
aeYpOfxkwfowif;pmrsm;ü xnfhoGif;azmfjyay;cJhNyD;jzpfonf/                             &mxl;rS&yfpJ&rnf[kvnf;aumif; jy|mef;xm;ayonf/
        EkdifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'wGif vTwfawmfrsm;tm;                                    þwGif zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'yk'fr - 295 yk'frcGJ (i) ESifh
         k                             k          f
w&m;½H;rsm;\ pD&ifcsu?f qH;jzwfcsutrdeYfwpfpwpf&mudk jyif        kH                  jynfaxmifpkw&m;pD&ifa&; Oya'yk'fr (13) wGif jynfaxmifpk
qifydkifcGifhay;rxm;ay/ Oya'jyKydkifcGifhESifh w&m;pD&ifa&;u@                        w&m;vTwfawmfcsKyfonfw&m;½Hk;wpf½Hk;ucsrSwfaom pD&ifcsuf
udk xdef;ausmif;cGifhom&Sdayonf/                                                     odkYr[kwftrdefYudkOya'ESifhtnDjyifqifrI pD&ifydkifcGifhtmPm&Sd
        xdkYaMumifh jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfu EkdifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHk                      onf[k jy|mef;xm;onf/
tajccHOya'tcef; (12) yg twkdif;jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfqkdif                                         xkdYaMumifh wkdif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fw&m;
&mOya'yk'fr 2? yk'frcGJ (p)wGifvnf;aumif;? jynfolYvTwfawmf                           vTwfawmfrsm;upD&ifcsuf? trdefYqHk;jzwfcsufwpfpHkwpf&m rSm;
qkdif&m Oya'yk'fr -2 yk'frcGJ (Z) wGifvnf;aumif;? trsKd;om;                                 f k           hJ             h               k
                                                                                     ,Gi;qH;jzwfcvQif tqifjh rifonfh jynfaxmifpw&m;vTwawmf          f
vTwfawmfqkdif&mOya'yk'fr - 2 yk'frcGJ (Z) wGifvnf;aumif;                             csKyfrS jyifqify,fzsufcGifh&Sdojzifh tcuftcJ&Sdrnfr[kwfay/
jynfaxmifpktqifhtzGJUtpnf;udk t"dyÜm,fzGifhqdkxm;aom-                                           xkdYjyif zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'yk'fr - 296 (u) ESifh
                           k       h                k
        jynfaxmifptqiftzGUJ tpnf;qdonfrm zGUJ pnf;yHtajccH   S       k               jynfaxmifpkw&m;pD&ifa&; Oya'yk'fr- 16 (u)wdkYwGif jynf
Oya't& zGJUpnf;aom jynfaxmifpktpdk;&tzGJU? trsKd;om;                                 axmifpkw&m;vTwfawmfcsKyfonf-
umuG , f a &;ES i f h vH k N cH K a&;aumif p D b@ma&;aumf r &S i f ?                            (1) a&SUawmfoGif;pmcRefawmftrdefY
jynfaxmifpk w&m;vTwfawmfcsKyf EkdifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHktajccH                                      (2) tmPmay;pmcRefawmftrdefY
Oya'qk d i f & mcH k ½ H k ; ? jynf a xmif p k a &G ; aumuf y G J a umf r &S i f ?              (3) wm;jrpfappmcRefawmftrdefY                                    jynf a xmif p k w &m;vT w f a wmf c sKyf w &m;ol B uD ; rsm;tay:
jynfaxmifpkpm&if;ppfcsKyfESifh jynfaxmifpk&mxl;0eftzGJU                                         (4) tmPmydkifar; pmcRefawmftrdefY                                pGyfpGJjypfwifjcif;jzifhvnf;aumif;aqmif&GufcJhygvQif tqdkyg
wdkYudkvnf;aumif;? jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf? jynfolYvTwfawmf                                         (5) trIac:pmcRefawmftrdefYrsm;xkwfydkifcGifhtmPm&Sd              w&m;½Hk;rsm;\ pD&ifcsufodkYr[kwf trdefY odkYr[kwf qHk;jzwf
ESifh trsKd;om;vTwfawmfwdkYu zGJUpnf;onfhaumfrwD? aumfr&Sif                                           d f
                                                                                     ojzifh wki;a'oBuD; odYk r[kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwawmfrsm;\    f                  csuf o nf r S m ;,G i f ; aMumif ; od k Y r [k w f ysuf j y,f a Mumif ; ?
ESifh tzGJUwdkYudkvnf;aumif;qkdonf}} [laom pum;&yfudk                                pD&ifcsuftrdefYqHk;jzwfcsufwpfpHkwpf&mudk pmcRefawmftrdefYjzifh             odkYr[kwf y,fzsufaMumif; odkYr[kwf jyifqifaMumif;[laom
EkdifiHawmf zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'wGif jyifqifxnhfoGif;cJhvQif                        y,fzsufjyifqifEkdifayonf/                                                                    f             f                      Yk
                                                                                                                                                                 qHk;jzwfcsuwpf&yfuk drnfonhtzGUJ tpnf; odr[kwfrnfonhf yk*dK¾ vfu
                                 d f k kH
zGUJ pnf;yHk tajccHOya'qki&mcH½;\ wifoi;vTmtrSwf 1^2012G f                                      odkY&mwGif jynfaxmifpkw&m;vTwfawmfcsKyf\ pD&ifcsuf               csrSwfay;Ekdifrnfenf;qkdonfhtcsuf jzpfay:vmayonf/
\tNyD;owfqHk;jzwfcsufonf tvdktavsmufysufjy,faMumif;                                  trdefYqHk;jzwfcsufwpfpHkwpf&mESifhywfoufí                                            ,cifqdk&S,fvpfpepfu w&m;½Hk;csKyf\ tNyD;tjywfqHk;
xif&Sm;NyD;jzpfayrnf/                                                                           ]]zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'yk'fr - 295 ?yk'frcGJ (*)wGif             jzwfcsufudk 1974 ckESpfEkdifiHawmf zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'yk'fr
        odkYaomf EkdifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'wGif jyifqif&ef                     jynfaxmifpkw&m;vTwfawmfcsKyf\ pD&ifcsufrsm;onftrItm;                        73 (!) t& EkdifiHawmfaumifpDu jyifqifqHk;jzwfcsufcsrSwf
vdktyfonhf taMumif;tcsufay:vmwkdif; EkdifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHk                               k                                 H G hf d
                                                                                     vH;wGif tNyD;tjywfjzpfít,lc0ifcir&Sap&}} [k vnf;aumif;?                     cGifh&Sdayonf/
tajccHOya'udk rMumcPjyifqifaeíawmh rjzpfay/ taMumif;                                            ]]jynfaxmifpk w&m;pD&ifa&;Oya'yk'fr 22? yk'frcGJ (c)                      xk d Y aMumif h 2008 ck E S p f E k d i f i H a wmf z G J U pnf ; yH k t ajccH
rSm - EkdifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHk tajccHOya'onf EkdifiHom;tm;vHk;u                        wGif jynfaxmifpkw&m;olBuD;csKyfyg0ifaom jynfaxmifpkw&m;                     Oya'udkrqefYusifbJ tNyD;tjywftwnfjzpfaomqHk;jzwfcsuf
qE´rJjzifh twnfjyKjy|mef;xm;aom Oya'jzpfonf/ wpfenf;                                 vTwfawmfcsKyf\ pD&ifcsufrsm;onf trItm;vHk;wGiftNyD;                         rsm;jzpfonfh EkdifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'qdkif&mcHk½Hk;\
tm;jzifh EkdifiHawmf\toufyifjzpfonf/                                                 tjywf jzpfít,lcHcGifhr&Sdap&}}[k jy|mef;xm;onf/                             qHk;jzwfcsufESifh jynfaxmifpkw&m;vTwfawmfcsKyf\qHk;jzwf
        xdkYaMumifh EkdifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'udkjyifqifrnf                               qdkvdkonfrSm jynfaxmifpkw&m;pD&ifa&; Oya'yk'fr -                                          f
                                                                                                                                                                 csuftay:rSm;,Gi;aMumif; odYk r[kwf y,fzsufaMumif; odYk r[kwf
qdkvQif txufazmfjyygt"dyÜm,fzGifhqdkcsufomru EkdifiHawmf                             20 wGif azmfjyxm;aom jynfaxmifpkw&m;olBuD;csKyfESifh jynf                   jyifqifí rnfonhftcsufudk twnfjyKaMumif;[lonfudk
            k
zGJUpnf;yHtajccHOya'wGif tjcm;jyifqifoifonf[k ,lqonfh      h                         axmifpk w&m;vTwfawmfcsKyf w&m;olBuD;rsm;yg0ifonhftxl;                                          k T f
                                                                                                                                                                 jynfaxmifpvwawmfujzpfap? vTwawmfrsm;\wifjycsuft&  f
tcsufrsm;udkyg vTwfawmfrS Oya'ESifhtnD wpfNydKifwnf;                                 t,lcHcHk½Hk;odkYr[kwf pHknDcHk½Hk;jzifh ppfaq;pD&ifqHk;jzwfxm;onfh              f H
                                                                                                                                                                 Ekdiiawmfor®wujzpfap xkwjf yefaMunmay;vQif oifavsmfrnf                     h
jyifqifvQif ydkíoifhavsmfrnfjzpfaMumif;tBuHjyKtyfygonf/                              pD&ifcsufrsm;onf trItm;vHk;wGif tNyD;jywfqHk;jzwfcsufrsm;                   [k ,lqrdygonf/
        wpfqufwnf;pOf;pm;rdonfrSm tu,fírsm; ,ckjzpfpOf                               jzpfayonf/                                                                           vT w f a wmf r sm;u jynf a xmif p k w &m;pD & if a &;Oya'
                                     f           S k f
rsKd;jynfaxmifpk w&m;vTwawmfcsKyfEihf wdi;a'oBuD;odYk r[kwf                                     xdkYtwl - EkdifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'yk'fr (324) ESifh      ESifh EkdifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHk tajccHOya'qkdif&m cHk½Hk;Oya'wdkYudk
jynfe,fw&m;vTwfawmfwdkYwGif jzpfcJhygvQifqdkonfh tawG;0if                            EdkifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'qkdif&m cHk½Hk;Oya'yk'fr (23) wdkY          jyifqifjcif;? vkdtyfaomenf;Oya'rsm;xkwfjyefapjcif;jzif h
rdygonf/                                                                             wGif EkdifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'qkdif&m cHk½Hk;\qHk;jzwfcsuf           aqmif&GufygvQif EkdifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'udk jyifqif
                                          k
        taMumif;rSm jynfaxmifpw&m;olBuD;csKyfEihf jynfaxmifpk     S                  onftNyD;tjywftwnfjzpfonf[k azmfjyxm;ayonf/                                  &eftaMumif;&Sdawmh rnfr[kwfay/ w&m;pD&ifa&;r@dKifudk
w&m;vTwfawmfcsKyfw&m;olBuD;rsm;tm; pGyfpGJjypfwifjcif;ESifh                                     xdkYaMumifh tNyD;tjywftwnfjzpfaom qHk;jzwfcsufrsm;               vnf; wnfhrwfxdef;ausmif;&m a&mufayrnf/
                             k              f
ywfoufí zGUJ pnf;yHtajccHOya'yk'r - 302 yk'rcGJ (*) tyk'cJG 2  f         df          jzpfonfh EkdifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'qkdif&mcHk½Hk;\ qHk;jzwf                    tcsKyftm;jzifhqdkaomf vTwfawmfrsm;onf jynfolYtusKd;
wGif jynfaxmifpkw&m;olBuD;csKyf odkYr[kwf jynfaxmifpkw&m;                            csufESifh jynfaxmifpkw&m;vTwfawmfcsKyf\ qHk;jzwfcsufwpfpHk                  twGuf &nf&G,fíOya'rsm;udkjy|mef;aqmif&Gufay;aejcif;jzpf
vTwfawmfcsKyfw&m;olBuD; wpfOD;OD;tay:pGyfpGJjypfwifrIonf                             wpf&mESifh pyfvsOf;í jynfolYvTwfawmfodkYr[kwf trsKd;om;                                          l       k                  d
                                                                                                                                                                 onf/ jynforsm;Oya'udem;vnfo&MdS uNyD; 'Drua&pDtESpom                kd             f
      f         f JG H                         k
rSeuefípGypc&olonf jynfaxmifpw&m;olBuD;csKyf odYk r[kwf                              vTwfawmfrS EkdifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'yk'fr (334) t&                   &rsm;udk tjynfht0cHpm;Ekdif&ef jznfhqnf;ay;jcif;jzifh pnf;urf;
jynf a xmif p k w &m;vT w f a wmf c sKyf w&m;ol B uD ; &mxl ; wG i f                 EkdifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHk tajccHOya'qkdif&mcHk½Hk;Ouú|ESifh tzGJU0ifrsm;       jynfh0NyD; acwfrDzGHUNzdK;wdk;wufonfh 'Drdkua&pDEkdifiHawmfBuD;
qufvufxrf;&Gufap&ef roifhaMumif;pHkprf;ppfaq;onhf                                    tay:pGyfpGJjypfwifjcif;jzifhvnf;aumif;? EkdifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHk              rvGJ raoGjzpfrnfjzpfaMumif; tBuHjyKa&;om;vkdufygonf/
vT w f a wmf u qH k ; jzwf w if j yvQif Ek d i f i H a wmf o r® w onf                tajccHOya'yk'fr 302 t&? jynfaxmifpkw&m;olBuD;csKyfESifh                                                                         xD,k(Oya'twdkifyifcH)
   28
  The
        VOICE                                                                                                                                                                   Monday, October 15 - 21 , 2012




jrefrmUpD;yGm;a&;jyKjyifajymif;vJrI\ EkdifiHa&;abm*aA' (5)
MYANMAR : THE POLITICS OF ECONOMIC REFORM
INTERNATIONAL CRISIS GROUP
ausmf0if;
(C) tuefhtowfESifUom&Sdaom pGrf;aqmif&nf                                        ay:vpDopfrsm;udk pdwfaumif;apwemrSefjzifh taumif                  (i) <uif;usefqJ pD;yGm;a&; ta&;,lydwfqdkhrIrsm;
         pD;yGm;a&;jyKjyifajymif;vJrIjzpfpOf\ t"dut[efYtwm;          txnfazmfMuvQifaomfrS pGrf;aqmif&nfydkif;qkdif&m pdefac:csuf
wpfckrSm uRrf;usifrIESifh ynmydkif;qkdif&m pGrf;aqmif&nfrsm;         rsm;um; trSefyif&SdaeqJjzpfonf/ rMumao;rDu taumif                                         jrefrmEkdifiHrSm taemufEkdifiHtoD;oD;\ tcsdefumv
tqifh toD;oD;wGif tm;enf;vpf[maeonfh tcsufjzpfonf/                                        hJ
                                                                     txnfazmfcaom armfawmfum;wifoi;rIqi&m ajzavQmhrrsm;G f dk f              I                   d      f
                                                                                                                                                  trsKd;rsK;twGi; taumiftxnfazmfaqmif&ucMhJ uaom pD;yGm;a&;
                                                                                                                                                                                                         G f
þonfrSm q,fpkESpfaygif;rsm;pGm emwm&Snfa0'emBuD;vdk jzpf             rSyif þtcsufudk ]q0g;} Ekdifp&m&Sdygonf/ tqkdyg ajzavQmh                     ta&;,lydwfqdkYrIESifh tjcm;aom tpDtpOfrsm;\'Pfudk umv
aecJhaom ynma&;u@&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI rjynhfrDrI\ tusKd;quf           rI t& ig;ESpfxufrenf; EkdifiHjcm;aiG bPfpm&if;udkifxm;Ekdif                  wm&SnfcHcJh&aom EkdifiHwpfckjzpfygonf/ uREkfyfwdkY ICG tzGJU
jzpfayonf/ trsm;jynfolqkdif&m 0efaqmifrIvkyfief;qdkvQif              ol rnfolrqdk ygrpfrvdkbJ armfawmfum;wifoGif;cGifh&Sdonf/                                                              d f I
                                                                                                                                                  taeESifh tqdkygta&;,lywqYdkrrsm;rS qefYusibuftusK;quf        f            d
wyfrawmftpdk;& tqufqufatmufwGif wufcEkdu&ufpGrf;                     odkYwap þodkYvufawGU wifoGif;Ekdif&ef bPfaxmufcHcsufvdk                                          f               hf
                                                                                                                                                  rsm;omxGuay:vmvdrrnf[k [d;a&S;rqGuyif cH,xm;onf/k                l
aqmif&nfxuf wyfrawmfaemufcHESifh wyfrawmftay:opöm&Sd                                                    G f
                                                                     onf/ þaMunmcsufxutNyD; &ufrsm;twGi; tqdygaxmuf             f        k        ,cktcgwGifum; jrefrmEkdifiHwGif vufawGUxGufay:vmae
rIudkom OD;pm;ay;cJhonfhtwGuf qkd;qdk;0g;0g;yif tm;enf;              cH c suf & &S d & ef wef ; pD a pmih f a eMuaom vl w ef ; BuD ; rsm;ud k     NyDjzpfaom jrefqefonfh tajymif;tvJrsm;udk wkYHjyefonftaeESihf           h
csnhfeJYcJh&onf/ þuJhodkYaom usOf;usyfvSonfh ywf0ef;usif             bPfrsm;a&SUwGif rjrifcsiftqHk;awGUae&onf/ bPf0efxrf;                           d f H                   k f k f          d hJ
                                                                                                                                                  Ekiiwumtodi;t0di;rS qkcyg ta&;,lywqYdkrrsm;udk tawmf  d f I
tajctaerSm pGrf;aqmif&nfydkif;qkdif&m OD;aESmuf,kdpD;rIudk tm;                                     ö
                                                                     rsm;rSmvnf; þudptwGufom rEkdifreif;aqmif&GufaeMu&í                                                   h
                                                                                                                                                  twefajzavQmay;cJNh yDjzpfonf/ odYkaomf tuketpifr[kwao;/    f                f
ay;ovdk&SdaecJhonf/ 'DvdkESifh taumif;qHk;t&nftcsif;&Sd onhf         bdZeufydkif;qkdif&m? yk*¾vduydkif;qkdif&m bPf\yHkrSefvkyfief;                        f
                                                                                                                                                  useoavmuf useaeayao;onf/      f
EkdifiHom;rsm;rSm rMumcPqdkovdkyif wkdif;jynfrS xGufcGm              rsm;rSm vpf[mukef&awmhonf/                                                                Oa&myor*¾ (EU) u ]]¤if;ESifh jrefrmEkdifiH\qufqHa&;
oGm;cJhMuNyD; EkdifiH&yfjcm;odkY oGm;a&muftvkyfvkyfcJhMuonf/                    jyKjyifajymif;vJrIjzpfpOfudk t&Sdefjr§ihf&ef tkyfcsKyfa&;ydkif;   wGif u@opfwpf&yfzGifhvSpfvkdufNyD}}[k 2012 ckESpf {NyDvwGif
                                                                     taeESihf tckdiftrmtusKd;aus;Zl;rsm;azmfxkwfvkyfjyEkdif&ef                    aMunmcJhonf/ wpfqufwnf;rSmyif vufeufta&mif;t0,f
         tqkdyg OD;aESmuf,kdpD;rIaMumifhyif tpdk;&tzGJU? trsm;jynf                                                                                      f I S JG                    k f H
                                                                                                                                                  ydwyifrrví jrefrmEdiitay:csrSwxm;aom ta&;,lywqYdk  f                          d f
olqkdif&m 0efaqmifrIvkyfief;ESifh Oya'jyKa&;e,fy,frsm;&Sd            EkdifiHa&;bufrS tqufrjywfzdtm;ay;Muonfrsm;vnf;&Sd
                                                                     onf/ jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;rsm;u rdrdwdkYoufqkdif&m 0efBuD;Xme                   rItm;vkH;udk qkdif;iHhxm;vkdufNyD[k qkdygonf/ (vHk;0z,f&Sm;ay;
ay:vpDazmfxkwfjyKpka&; pGrf;aqmif&nfrSm tuefYtowfESifh                                                                                            onfr[kwf? qkdif;iHhxm;jcif;omjzpfonf/)þodkYqkdif;iHhvkduf
om <uif;usef&pfawmhonf/ onfvdkESifhay:vpDopfrsm; tH0if               rsm;udk 0efaqmifrIvkyfief;rsm;wkd;wufaumif;rGefjrefqefvmap
                                                                     &ef w&pyfwGef;tm;ay;MuonfrsKd;jzpfygonf/ Oyrm-EkdifiHom;                     aom tpDtpOfrsm;wGif owfrSwfxm;onhf vlyl*¾Kdvfrsm;ESifh
cGifusjzpfapa&;twGuf vdktyfaomt&nftaoG;ydkif;wGifvnf;                                                                                             pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;rsm;tay: xdef;csKyfuefYowfxm;onfrsm;
jyif;xefaom zdtm;rsm;jzpfay:apcJhonf/ tkyfcsKyfa&;u@\                pdppfa&;uwfvdk? EkdifiHul;vufrSwfvdk taxmuftxm;rsm;xkwf
                                                                     ay;&mwGif pm&Gufpmwrf;tvkyfrsm;udk tcsdefavQmhcsNyD; tjref                   omru u@tvkduf &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrsm;ESifh oGif;ukeftay:wm;
atmuftqifhrsm;qdkvQif txufrSatmufodkYvmaom nTefMum;                                                                                               jrpfcsufrsm;yg tusKH;0ifonf/ odkYwap EU taeESifh a,bk,s
csufrsm;ESifhom tom;usaeonfjzpfí ukd,fpGrf;udk,fp? udk,f             qHk;aqmif&GufMuzdkY nTefMum;Muonfrsm;jzpfonf/ odkYESifhwkdif
                                                                     zGJUpnf;yHktajymif;tvJudk rwdkYrxdbJ vuf&SdvkyfxHk;vkyfenf;                  OD;pm;ay;pepft& jrefrmydkYukefrsm;&&SdcJhzl;onf/ txl;tcGef
ydkifÓPfESifh aqmif&GufonfrsKd;r&Sdoavmufyif &Sm;onf/                                                                                             taumuftcGifhtvrf;rsm;udkyg jiif;y,fxm;qJjzpfonf/ tqkd
þtcsufuvnf; ,ckvdkta&;BuD;onf ay:vpDtajymif;tvJ                      twkdif; tjrefvkyfzdkY wGef;wGef;wdkufwkdufvkyfckdif;onfjzpf&m
                                                                     xifomjrifom tusKd;aus;Zl;rsm;xGufay:vmzdkY cufcJEkdifyg                      yg txl;OD;pm;ay;tcGifhtvrf;udk ,ckavmavmq,fjyefvnf
umvrsKd;wGif rao;vSonhf jyóemrsm;udkjzpfay:aponf/                                                                                                 toufroGif;ao;aomfvnf; rMumrwiftcsdeftwGif; rlv
         txufqifhacgif;aqmifpkMum;wGif ay:vpDa&;&mESifh              onf/ zGJUpnf;yHk tajymif;tvJudk xdxda&mufa&mufvkyfzkdYqdk
                                                                     vsifvnf; jyefvnfpdppfoHk;oyfonfrsm;? tqkdjyKcsufopfrsm;                      twkdif;jyefjzpfvmEkdifp&m&Sdygonf[kqkdonf/
ywfoufí a&vnf&Sif;vif;atmif txdkuftoihfvkyfEkdifcJhMu                                                                                                          tar&duefjynfaxmifpkuvnf; ¤if;\b@ma&;qkdif&m
aomfvnf; vufatmufcHtqifhtoD;oD;wGifrl oabmayguf                                        JT      k                   f
                                                                     a&SmifvvYkd r&vdtyfonfjzpf&m pGr;aqmif&nf tjynhjf zifaqmif            h
                                                                     &GufygrS vuf&SdBudK;eDpepfudk z,f&Sm;Ekdifygvdrhfrnf/ þudpö                  ESifh &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIqkdif&m ta&;,lydwfqkdYrIrsm;udk 2012 ckESpf
em;vnfEkdifpGrf;ESifh pdwftm;xufoefrIrsm;vpf[m aeqJyifjzpf                                                                                        Zlvkdifv 11 &ufaeYwGif avQmhayghay;vkdufNyDjzpfygonf/ ta&;
onf/ csrwvuonfay:vpDrsm;udk vufawGUtaumiftxnf
              S f dk f h                                             rSm aeYcsif;ncsif; jrefjrefqefqef aqmif&GufEkdifonfr[kwfyg/
                                                                     odkYwap a'owGif;EdkifiHrsm; (txl;ojzifh uarÇm'D;,m;) \                       ,lydwfqkdYrIqkdif&m Oya'udkqufvufjy|mef;xm;qJ&Sdaomf
azmf&onfh tqifhrSmqdkvQif aemufxyfnTefMum;csufukdom                                                                                               vnf; or®wtdkbm;rm;taeESifh ¤if;\vkyfydkifcGifhudktoHk;jyKNyD;
tNrJvdkapmihfaecJhMuNyD; bmwpfckrS [kwf[kwfnm;nm;rvkyf&J             tawGUtBuHKt& vHk;0taumiftxnfrazmffEkdifonfawmhvnf;
                                                                     r[kwfygacs/                                                                  1997 ckESpfuwnf;u wm;jrpfxm;cJhaom tar&duef&if;ESD;
     k f                                 h
rudi&jJ zpfaeMuonf/ txuftqifrS tao;pdwneMf um;csuf  f T                                                                                           jr§KyfESHrIopfrsm;udk jyefvnfcGifhjyKay;cJhonf/ wpfNydKifeufwnf;
rsm;ESifh aemufxyf&Sif;vif;csufrsm;udkom r&yfrem;awmif;qdk                          d f H
                                                                                Ekiiwum tawGUtBuHKrsm;u ,aeYjrefrmEkiirsuarSmuf     d f H f
                                                                     jyKae&aom tajymif;tvJyHkpHrsKd;twGuf vdktyfonfh wef&m                        rSmyif 2003 ckESpfuwnf;u wm;jrpfxm;cJhaom b@ma&;
aeMuonfjzpfí vufawGUtaumiftxnfazmfa&;vkyfief;rsm;                                                                                                 0efaqmifrIrsm;wifydkYrIudkvnf; jyefvnfcGifhjyKay;vkdufonf/
tuefYtowfr&Sd&yfqkdif;ae&onfrSm edpö"l0udpövdkyifjzpfae                      kd                       d         dS
                                                                     wefz;rsm;udk rD;armif;xk;jyvsuf&ygonf/ þvdtyfcsufrsm;rSm     k
                                                                     pD;yGm;a&;pGrf;aqmif&nfomru tjcm;t&mrsm;vnf;&Sdonf/                          tqkdyg 2003 wm;jrpfcsufrSm vufawGUtm;jzifh jrefrmEkdifiHudk
awmhonf/                                                                                                                                          EdkifiHwum? US a':vm tajccHaiGpm&if;&SifpepfrS z,fxkwf
                                                                     t*wdvkdufpm;rItwGuf tusKd;tjrwftrsm;qHk; tcGihftvrf;
                                                                     tcsKdUqkvQif tvGetuRxe;csKyjf cif;rSay:xGuvmonfh oabm&Sd
                                                                                  d              f H df                      f                    vkdufovkd&Sd&m tkdbm;rm;\vkyfaqmifcsufrsm;rSm aomhcsuf
   EkdifiHwum tawGYtBuHKrsm;u                                                                                                                     usaomwkd;wufrIajcvSrf;[kqkdEkdifp&m&Sdygonf/ ,ckavmavm
                                                                     onf/ odkYESifhtrQ AsL½dku&ufwpfcvkwfuefoif;rsm;udk z,f&Sm;
   ,aeh jrefrmEkdifiHrsufarSmufjyKae&aom                             jcif;onfyif t*wdvdkufpm;rI udkifwG,fajz&Sif;a&;twGuf txd                     q,f jrefrmEkdifiHwGif wm0ef,lEkdifaom pD;yGm;a&;vkyfaqmifrI
                                                                     a&mufqHk;enf;vrf;rsm;xJrS wpfckjzpfEkdifayonf/                               rsm;tm;aumif;jzpfxGef;vmapa&;twGuf a':vm 500ç000
   tajymif;tvJyHkpHrsKd;twGuf vdktyfonfU                                        em;vnf&efcufcJaom tajymif;tvJjrefaom ½IyfaxG;                     zkd;txd &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrnf[k od&onf/ odkYESifhwkdif tar&dutae
   wef&mwefzdk;rsm;udk                                               aom pnf;rsOf;pnf;urf;rsm;rSmvnf; ]vufoifh&mpm;awmfac:                        ESifh ]EkdifiH&yfjcm; tufqufrsm;xdef;csKyfa&;½Hk;}uowfrSwfxm;
                                                                     0g'} (Cronyism) udktm;ay;tm;ajr§mufjyK&ma&mufygonf/                          aom jrefrmEkdifiH&Sd vlyk*¾Kdvfrsm;? ukrÜPDrsm;ESifh pD;yGm;a&;quf
   rD;armif;xkd;jyvsuf&Sdygonf/                                      taMumif;rl qH;jzwfcsucsrworsm;ESihf taMumif;taygif;oif;ol
                                                                                             k       f S f l                                      qHrIrsm;rvkyf&ef tar&duefEkdifiHom;rsm;udk ,ckxufwkdif wm;
                                                                     rsm;omvQifqdkcJhygpnf;rsOf;pnf;urf;rsm;ESifh qufET,faeaom                    jrpfxm;qJ&Sdonf/
   þvdktyfcsufrsm;rSm                                                                                                                                          vGefcJhaom ESpfaygif;rsm;pGmuyif tar&duefjynfaxmifpk
                                                                     cufcJonhf twm;tqD;rsm;udk ausmfvTm;EkdifNyD; tqifajyajy
   pD;yGm;a&;pGrf;aqmif&nfomru                                       tvkyfvkyfEkdifaomaMumifh jzpfonf/ tpdk;&opfacgif;aqmifrsm;                   taeESifh EdkifiHwum b@ma&;tzGJUtpnf;rsm;&Sd ¤if;\rJay;cGifh
                                                                     taeESifh olwdkYxkwfazmfajymqdkxm;ovdk vufoihf&m pm;awmf                      tmPmudk toHk;jyKNyD; jrefrmEdkifiHudk tultnDray;ap&ef wm;
   tjcm;t&mrsm;vnf;&Sdonf/                                           ac:0g'rS cGmNyD; pnf;rsOf;pnf;urf; tajcjyKpepfodkY OD;wnfEkdif               jrpfuefYowfxm;cJhonf/ odkYwkdifatmif ,cktcgwGifrl tqdkyg
   t*wdvkdufpm;rItwGuf                                               pGrf;&Sdr&SdrSm tifpwDusL;&Sif;rsm;\ zGJUpnf;yHkqkdif&m tajymif;             tzGJUtpnf;rsm;ESifh jrefrmEkdifiHwkdY\ tuefYtowfjzifh pwif
                                                                     tvJrsm;udk atmifjrifpGm aqmif&GufEkdifpGrf;&Sd r&Sdtay: rlwnf                aeNyDjzpfaom jyefvnfxdawGUqufqHa&;udk tar&du udk,f
   tusKd;tjrwftrsm;qHk; tcGifUtvrf;                                  ygvdrhfrnf/                                                                  wkdifu axmufcHvmNyD jzpfygonf/ urÇmhbPfqkdvQif Mum;
                                                                                pGrf;aqmif&nfrjynhfrDrIrSm tpdk;&u@udkxdcdkufap½HkrQ              jzwfenf;ynmtultnDtpDtpOf vufawGUtaumiftxnf
              dk        f H d
   tcsKdYqvQif tvGetuRxe;f csKyjf cif;rS                                                                                                                    dk f                       k f G k J G hf k f
                                                                                                                                                  azmfEia&;twGuf &efuewif ½H;cGzi&ef pdi;jyif;vsu&aeonf/             f dS
                                                                                     ¾
                                                                     ru yk*vduvkyfief;rsm;twGufyg jyóemwpf&yfjzpfayonf/
            G f
   ay:xuvmonfU oabm&Sdonf/                                           vlYpGrf;tm;t&if;tjrpfzGHUNzdK;a&;qkdif&m jyóemrsm;udk tom                                 odkYwap jrefrmEkdifiHtaeESifh EkdifiHwumb@ma&;tzGJU
                                                                     xm;? a&SUaersm;? pm&if;tif;ynm&Sirsm; pm&if;ppfrsm;tygt0if
                                                                                                                     f                            tpnf;rsm;rS acs;aiGrsm;jyefvnf&,lEdkifzdkY qkdvQifrl ¤if;\
   odkhESifUtrQ AsL½dku&ufwpf                                        taxmuftuljyK 0efaqmifrIvkyfief;rsm;wGifyg pGrf;aqmifydkif;                   a<u;usefrsm;udk jyefqyfzkdYvkdygvdrfhrnf/ þtwGif; ]EkdifiHpHk
   cvkwfuefoif;rsm;udk                                               rSm tuefYtowfrsm;pGm&Sdaeonf/ jrefrmEkdifiHrSm a'oqkdif&m                    &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI tmrcHat*sifpD}ESifh jrefrmEkdifiHwkdY qufoG,fEkdif
                                                                     ,SOfNydKifrIrsm;udk &ifqkdifEkdif&ef pdwf"mwfa&;&mt& toifhrjzpf              a&;rSm tvm;tvmrsm;pGm&SdaeNyD jzpfonf/ tqkdygat*sifpDrSm
   z,f&Sm;jcif;onfyif t*wdvdkufpm;rI                                 ao;[k ay:vpDrdwfum awmfawmfrsm;rsm;ua&m pD;yGm;a&;                           urÇmhbPf\tpdwftydkif;wpfckjzpfNyD; aps;uGuf&Sd yk*vduu@        ¾
                                                                     todkif;t0kdif;uyg cHpm;odjrifxm;Mu[ef&Sdonf/ odkYwap                         udk EkdifiHa&;ra&&mrIrsm;rS tmrcHay;aom tzGJUtpnf;jzpfonf/
   udkifwG,fajz&Sif;a&;twGuftxd                                                                                                                   þodkYaom at*sifpDESifh qufoG,fEdkifrIrSm EdkifiHjcm;wkduf½dkuf
                                                                     2015 ckESpfodkYa&mufvQif ta&SUawmiftm&SEkdifiHrsm;toif;BuD;
   a&mufqHk;enf;vrf;rsm;xJrS                                         (ASEAN) \ pD;yGm;a&;todkif;t0kdif;rSm touf0ifvmawmh                          &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrsm; tqifajyvG,fulapa&;twGuf vGefpGmrSyif
                                                                     rnfjzpf&m a'owGif;NydKifqdkifrIESifh rvTJra&Smifom &ifqkdif&                 ta&;BuD;ygvdrfhrnf/
   wpfckjzpfEkdifayonf/                                              awmhrnfjzpfygonf/                                                                                                                    pmrsufESm 29 odkY
                                                                                                                                                                                                            29
  Monday, October 15 - 21, 2012                                                                                                                                                                       VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                    The




t½kPfOD;vGwfvyfa&;(3)
aeoefarmif
armifatmifqef; ausmif;aeNyD
         atmifqef;\rdom;pkrSm ÓPf&nfaumif;NyD; ynm                    tysufwpfckudk jyefajymif;ajymqdkcJhzl;onf/
bufwGif xGef;aygufolrsm;tjzpf ewfarmufNrdKUwGif emrnf                              k                                     f d
                                                                             wpfcaomaeYcif;wGif ausmif;om;rsm; tvkyr&Sí tvkyf
aumif ; &xm;Muonf / atmif q ef ; \tpf u d k o H k ; OD ; qd k v Qif   r&Sd&if tdyfaeMu? rupm;MueJY[k bkef;BuD;u trdefY&Sdavonf/
toufi,fi,fav;wGif ausmif;pwufMuonf/ atmifqef;                         tm;vHk;aomausmif;om;rsm;tm; rtdyfcsifbl;vm;[k ar;aom
rSmrl tarwufrS wufrnfqdkum uwfzJhaeonf/ a':pk                         tcg rtdyfcsifMuaomfvnf; bkef;awmfBuD;pdwfBudKuf vdkufNyD;
onf om;axG;av;udk tvGefn§mavh&SdNyD; olpdwfygrSwufyg                  tdyfcsifMuonf[k bkef;BuD;tvdkus avQmufMuonf/ uRefawmfh
apawmh[k qHk;jzwfxm;[ef&Sdonf/                                        tm; bkef;BuD;u]]atmifqef;aum ... rtdyfcsifbl;vm;}}[k txl;
         tpfudkatmifoef; &SifomraPabmifodkY0ifaomtcg                                           f          f f
                                                                      wvnf ar;\/ uReawmfu ]]rtdycsiygbk&m;}}[k jyefavQmuf&m
atmifqef;onf upm;zuftpfudk&Sd&m bkef;BuD;ausmif;odkY                       f
                                                                      bke;awmfBuD;rSm NyHK;íaeavonf/                                                                         f kH               J kd
                                                                                                                                           ao;onf/ a':pkonf tcspq;om;av;udk rcGEijf zpfNyD; ]]i,fyg
aeYpOfvdkufoGm;onf/ xdkYaemuf udk&if0wfcsifpdwfaygufvmNyD;                           SfSf                  k f kd
                                                                             touf&pEptxd ausmif;rvduvaomfvnf; ynmoif&ef                    ao;w,f/ enf;enf;apmifhygOD;}}[kajymum tcsdefqGJaeonf/
rd c if x H cGifhawmif;onf/ a':pku ]]ud k & if 0 wf w ,f q d k w m    qHk;jzwfvdkufonfhtcg atmifqef;onf tjcm;ausmif;om;rsm;                a&eHacsmif;rydkYygu xrif;rpm;bl;[kqdkum atmifqef;onf
pmwwfrS &w,fuG/ rif;vdk pmrwwfwJholu udk&if0wfcsifvdkY                xuf ydkíxl;cRefaMumif; jyoEdkifcJhonf/ 2 ESpfcefYausmif;wuf          tpmiwfcH qE´jyavonf/ a':pkonf acgif;rmvSaom olr\
b,fjzpfrvJ}}[k ajym&m ]]'Dvdkvm;/ 'Dvdkqdk ausmif;aer,f}}             aemufusaomfvnf; yHkrSef 14 ESpfwGifwuf&rnfh ajcmufwef;odYk           tcspfqHk;om;axG;av;udk om;BuD;armifb0if;&Sd&m a&eHacsmif;
[k ajymonf/                                                           atmifqef;onf ausmfvTm;wufa&mufEkdifcJhonf/ xdkpOfu                   odkYausmif;wuf&ef cGifhjyKcJhonf/
         atmifqef; ausmif;pwufonfhtcsdefrSm touf&SpfESpf              jrefrmjynfwGif jrefrmbmomjzifh oifMum;aom bkef;BuD;                          1928wGif atmifqef;onf a&eHacsmif;NrdKU trsKd;om;
&SdNyDjzpfonf/                                                        ausmif ; oif ynma&;? t*F v d y f - jref r m ES p f b momjzif h       txufwef;ausmif;\ ausmif;om;jzpfvmonf/ twef;wdkif;ü
         ausmif;pwufonfESifh xl;cRefaomausmif;om;jzpf                 oifMum;aom ausmif;ynma&;ESifh t*Fvdyfbmomjzifhom                                            d
                                                                                                                                           yxr&onf/ trsK;om;ausmif;rsm;onf 1920 &efuewuúovf           k f         dk
aMumif; ay:vGifvmonf/ pmBudK;pm;NyD; pnf;urf;½dkaoojzifh              oifMum;aom ynma&;[lí oHk;rsKd;&Sd&m ewfarmufNrdKUü                   tufOya'qefYusifa&; yxrausmif;om;oydwfrS xGufay:vm
twef;xJwGif xdyfqHk;rStNrJ&SdaecJhonf/ atmifqef;wufaom                t*Fvdyfbmomjzifhoifaomausmif; r&Sday/                                aom ausmif ; rsm;jzpf o nf / wuú o d k v f tuf O ya't&
ausmif;rSm ewfarmufNrdKU q&mawmfOD;aombdw\ 'DyuF&m                           ausmif;ydwf&ufumvrsm;ü ewfarmufodkY jyefvmavh&Sd              tcGifhxl;cH vltenf;i,fom wuúodkvfynmqnf;yl;Edkif&ef
       f                     k
bke;BuD;ausmif; jzpfonf/ xdausmif;wGif avmukw&mynm&yfå                                              k             df
                                                                      aom atmifqef;\tpfukd udb0if;onf t*Fvyvkd ajymqdkonfudk               NAdwdoQwdkYu &nf&G,fcJhonf/ trsKd;om;ausmif;rsm;onf
omru acwfopfavmuDynm&yfrsm;udkyg oifMum;ay;aom                        atmifqef;awGU&onf/ ewfarmufü ynmqufoifygu                            jrefrmvli,frsm;tm; jrefrmEdkifiH\ udkvdkeDvufatmufcHb0
xdkacwftac: avmu"mwfausmif;rsKd;jzpfonf/ xdkpOfu                             d f          kd f        d
                                                                      t*FvypmrwwfEi[k oloxm;onf/ ol 13 ESpjf ynfaomtcg     h               tajctaeudk EdkifiHa&; todw&m;t& em;vnfapNyD; uRefb0rS
ewfarmufausmif;wGif t*FvdyfpmoifMum;ay;jcif;r&Sday/                   ajcmufwef;atmifojzifh tpfudkBuD; udkb0if;&Sd&m a&eHacsmif;           vGwfajrmufvdkpdwfrsm; jzpfay:vmap&ef usKdcsufay;vdkufaom
         q&mawmf OD;aombdw\ausmif;wGif pmoif&NyD; wpfaeY              ae&Sife,fausmif;odkYydkYay;&ef ylqmavonf/                            ae&mrsm;jzpfonf/
wGif OykoaeYjzpfaomaMumifh ausmif;ydwxm;onf/ ausmif;om;
               f                     f                                                           kd     S
                                                                             rdbrsm;ESihf nDtpfuarmifErrsm;u olYtm; uav;[kom                       rdrdEdkifiHudk vlrsKd;jcm;wdkY tkyfcsKyfrIatmufrS vGwfajrmuf
trsm;pkrm ausmif;odYk om;um a&cyf? jrufEwf ponftvkyrsm;
             S           G                k            h       f      ,lqxm;&um; wpfe,fwpfaus;ü cGJxm;&ef tvGef0efav;Mu                                      G f kd
                                                                                                                                           atmif aqmif&uvaomqE´onf a&eHacsmif; trsK;d om;txufwef;
udk vkyf&onf/ atmifqef;udk,fwdkif xdkausmif;aepOfu tjzpf              onf/ xdkt&G,fxd atmifqef;rSm tdyf&mxJ npOf ao;ygavh&Sd               ausmif;odkY rwufa&mufrDumvuyif atmifqef;\pdwfwGif
 pmrsufESm 28 jrefrmhpD;yGm;a&; jyKjyifajymif;vJrS tquf                                                                                    udef;atmif;aecJhyHk&onf/ uav;b0u NAdwdoQwdkYudk ykefuef
       tHhMozkdYaumif;onfrSm 2012 ckESpfwGif oufwrf;ukef              &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrItwGuf ta&;,lydwfqkdYrIrsm;u t[efYtwm;             armif;xkwf&ef tBudrfBudrf pOf;pm;cJhyHk? wpfcgwpf&H jy'g;&SifvHk;
awmhrnfjzpfaom tar&duodkYwifydkYonfh jrefrmydkYukeftm;vHk;            jzpfaeonf[k olruqkdonf/ qkd&vQif tar&dutaeESifh                      uJhodkY wefcdk;od'¨d&Sdaomypönf;rsm;\ tultnDjzifh jrefrmjynf
udkwm;jrpfxm;onfh Oya'qufvuftouf0ifaeao;onfh                          oGif;ukefydwfyifrIudk oufwrf;wkd;vkdufonfrSm jrefrmEkdifiH\          vGwfajrmufatmif pdwful;,OfcJhyHktaMumif; ol\udk,fa&;
tcsufjzpfonf/ Zlvif 18 &ufaeYwif txufvwawmf b@m
                       dk           G           T f                   yuwdt&Sdxuf a&G;aumufyGJESpfjzpfaeaom tar&duefEkdifiH                tw¬KyÜwådaqmif;yg;ü a&;om;cJhonf/
a&;aumfrwDu tqkdygOya'udk oHk;ESpfoufwrf;xyfwkd;&ef                   a&;ESifhvnf; qkdifaumif;qkdifygvdrfhrnf/ rnfodkYyifqkdap þ                   trsKd;om;txufwef;ausmif;ü ausmif;wuf&aom
axmufcHtqkdjyKcJhonf/ jrefrmtpdk;&bufrSjyKjyifajymif;vJrI             odkYaom ta&;,lydwfqkdYrIrsm;udk z,f&Sm;Ekdifonfh tmPm                atmifqef;tzdkY trsKd;om;a&;pdwf"mwfrsm;ESifh EdkifiHa&;tjrifudk
rsm; qufvufaqmif&Gufap&ef zdtm;ay;Ekdifa&;twGuf þ                     or®wwGif &Sdonfjzpf&m tar&dueftpdk;&taeESifh ajymif;vG,f             tjrpfwG,f BuD;xGm;vmaponf/ 1930 jynfhESpfwGif ckepfwef;
Oya'rSmaomhcsufusonf[k tqkdjyKaxmufcHMuolrsm;u                        jyifvG,fEkdifpGrf;&Sdvdrfhrnf[k arQmfvifh&ygonf/ &Sdrnfh vu©Pm       atmifjrifcJhNyD; paumvm;&Spf &&SdcJhonf/ ynmxl;cRefrIaMumifh
taMumif;jyonf/ odkYESifhwkdif txufESifh atmufvTwfawmf                 tcsKdUudkvnf; awGUoavmufawGUae&ygonf/                                wpfvvQif tpdk;&\ynmoifaxmufyHhaMu; 10 usyfudk vpOf
ESpf&yfvHk;u axmufcHrSom tqkdygOya'udk twnfjyKjy|mef;                         or®w OD;odef;pdefuvnf; taemufEkdifiHtcsKdU\ ta&;                        k f d d d                  f        d
                                                                                                                                           tjzpf oH;ESpww&&Sonf/ &Spwef;? uk;wef;ESihf 10wef;twGuf
Ekdifrnf jzpfygonf/ tu,fí þOya'om twnfjzpfcJhvQif                     ,lydwfqdkYrIrsm; z,f&Sm;ray;ao;onfhtcsufudk yGifhyGifhvif;           ynmoifaxmufyHhaMu;&&Sdonf/ jrefrmwpfjynfvHk;wGif av;OD;
jrefrmhpD;yGm;a&; jyefvnfemvefxrItay: qkd;qkd;0g;0g; xdcdkuf          vif;xkwfazmfajymqkdcJhonf/ ]]ta&;,lydwfqkdYrIudk z,f&Sm;             om&&Sdaom OD;a&Tcdkqkvnf; &&Sdonf/ tpdk;&u BuD;rSL;usif;y
Ekdifp&m&Sdayonf/ tvkyftudkifopfrsm; zefwD;ay;Ekdifp&m&Sd             wmr[kwfbJ qkdif;iHhvkdufwJh EU &JUqHk;jzwfcsufu ra&&m                aom 10 wef;pmar;yGJwGif jrefrmESifhygVd ESpfbmom*kPfxl;jzifh
onfh xkwvya&;u@wk;wufa&;twGuvnf; t[efYtwm;
             f k f          d              f                          raocsmrIawGukd zefwD;vdkufovdk jzpfygw,f/ &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI        atmifjrifcJhonf/ &v'ftaejzifh aumvdyfyxrESpftwGuf
jzpfvdrfhrnf/ ajym&vQif jrefrmhpD;yGm;a&;jyKjyifajymif;vJrI           twGuf rufvHk;awGudk acszsufvkduf&ma&mufygw,f}}[k olu                 ynmoifaxmufyHhaMu; qufvuf&&Sdavonf/
wpfckvHk;udkyif OD;wnfcsufajymif;oGm;Ekdifp&m&Sdayonf/                qkdonf/ rMumao;rDu jyKvkyfcJhaom tifwmAsL;wpfckwGif                          txufwef;ausmif;om;b0wGif atmifqef; t"dupdw0if                f
       trSepifppf oGi;ukeuwm;jrpfywyifonfh tqkygOya'
              f           f f kd       d f           d                vnf; or®wu ,ckvkdajymcJhonf/ ]]tcktcsdefrSm 'DEkdifiH                pm;aombmom&yfrSm ordkif;ESifhpmaywdkYjzpfonf/ xdkbmom&yf
taumiftxnfrazmfrDu tar&duodkY t"duwifydkYaom jrefrm                   twGuf tonf;toefvdktyfaewJh &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIeJY ukefoG,f                                     k f h
                                                                                                                                           rsm;udk txl;avhvmvdupm;cJonf/ olYta&;tom;u olu,wif               kd f kd
oGif;ukefrSm t0wftxnfomjzpfygonf/ t0wftxnfvkyf                        a&;yGifhvef;vmzdkYqdk&if ta&;,lydwfqkdYrIawGudk z,f&Sm;zdkY odyf     t,f'Dwmtjzpf wnf;jzwfxkwfa0aom a&eHacsmif; trsKd;om;
ief;rSm jrefrmvlxktrsm;pkudk tvkyftudkifay;aeonfh xkwf                udkta&;BuD;ygw,f/ b@ma&;ydwfqkdYrIa&m wjcm;pD;yGm;a&;                ausmif; owif;vTmwGif vltrsm;ukd txifwBuD;jzpfapcJhonf/
vkyfa&;vkyfief;wpfckjzpfonf/ jrefrmEkdifiH&Sd oabmxm;wif;             ydwfqdkYrIawGudkyg z,f&Sm;&rSmjzpfygw,f/}}                                                                   k f kd
                                                                                                                                                   atmifqef;onf taetxdi½;om;NyD; qefYusibuf rde;r      f             f
rmolrsm;\ pD;yGm;a&;tusKd;pD;yGm;rsm;rSm þodkYaom xkwfvkyf                    jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;jzpfpOf\ vuf&SdtqifhwGif tar&du                ö
                                                                                                                                           udpESifh ywfoufvmvQif tifrwef t&SuftaMumufBuD;oljzpf
a&;vkyfief;rsm;wGif &SdMuonfr[kwfyg/ odkYtwGuf oGif;ukef              ESifh EU wkdY\ ta&;,lydwfqkdYrIrsm;rSm jrefrmvlxk\tusKd;             onf/ ckepfwef;ausmif;om;b0u a&eHacsmif;ü pmar;yGajzqd&ef       J     k
ydwfyifrIrSm acgif;rm*dkPf;tay: xdxda&mufa&mufzdtm;ay;                pD;yGm;udk trSewu,fu,pm;jyKEdiyg\avm/ jrefrmh'ru&uf
                                                                                         f        kd f      k f                 D kd       todrdwfaqGwpfa,muf\tdrfwGif wnf;cdkaexdkifcJh&m xdktdrfü
Ekdifp&m taMumif;r&Sdygacs/ omrefvlxk\ tvkyftudkifrsm;                wkdifaZ;&Sif;jzpfpOfudka&m trSefwu,fulnDjznfhqnf;&m                  t&G,fa&mufp rdef;uav;rsm;&Sdojzifh tayghtyg;oGm;&ef
udkom xdcdkufqHk;½IH;apygvdrfhrnf/                                    a&mufygoavm/ ,HkMunfzkdY tvGefcufaom ,kwådrsm;om                     &SufvGef;? aMumufvGef;ojzifh tBudrfBudrf atmifhxm;cJh&onf/
       þtwGufaMumifhyif a':atmifqef;pkMunf udk,fwkdif                 jzpfygonf/                                                           xdkYaMumifh tdyf&mxJ ao;ygcJhaMumif; oludk,fwdkif 0efcHcJhonf/
Zlvkdifv 16 &ufaeYu txufvTwfawmftrwfrpf(cs)rufaum                                                                              ausmf0if;           ewfarmufü aexdkifpOfuvnf; olYtaMumif;odonfh
e,f(v)ESifh w,fvDzkef;jzifhqufoG,fNyD; usef&Sdaeao;aom                                                           qufvufazmfjyygrnf/        tdrfeD;csif;rsm;u rMumcPpavh&Sdonf/ ajrwdkif;pma&;uawmf
ta&;,lydwfqkdYrIrsm;udk z,f&Sm;ay;&ef wkdufwGef;ajymqkdcJhjcif;                                                      a&SUwpfywftnGef;      wpfa,mufu atmifqef;tm; ]]ighorD; ,lrvm;}}[k ar;&m tvGef
jzpfonf/ jrefrmvlxk\ toufarG;0rf;ausmif;tvkyftudkif                                                             aygufolavm? uGJolavm       pdwfqdk;NyD; wkwfqGJ? "m;qGJvkyfwwfonf/
rsm;wkd;wufaumif;rGefapa&;wGif qkd;qdk;0g;0g;vdktyfaeaom                                                        Winners or Losers ?                                                                  aeoefarmif
     30
   The
         VOICE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Monday, October 15 - 21 , 2012




21 ESpfc&D;&JY tdrftjyeftrSwfw&rsm; (1)
a'gufwmrif;aZmfOD;
 21                                                                                                              JS                     f
                 ESpfMum wdkif;jynfu xGufvmcJhjyD;aemuf aemufwpfywfxrm uReawmfjrefrmjynfukd tNyD;jyefawmhr,f/ ud,tru,,mvdYk owfrwjf yD; jyefaezdYkyg/ 1988 upjyD; avQmufcwJh 'Dc&D;rSm
                 'Drdkua&pDta&;vIyf&Sm;ol twdkuftcHwpfa,muf taeeJYwifru jynfya&muf jrefrmwpfa,muftaeeJYyg jzwf oef;cJh&w,f/ 'DtawGUtMuKHawGMum;xJrSm EdkifiHa&;&yfwnfcsuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  k hf d f dk hf                                 S                                                                           hJ

awGomru ukd,fhb0eJUywfoufNyD; eufeuf½dIif;½dIif; tajymif; tvJjzpfapr,fh qkH;jzwfcsufawGcscJh&w,f/ 'Dc&D;udk b,fvdk avQmufcJhw,f? tcsdK;tauGUawG b,fvdkMuKHjyD; b,fvdkqkH;jzwf
csufawG cscJhajymif;cJhw,fqdkwJh wpfpdwfwpfa'oudk a0iScsifwmyg/ ordkif;wpfckudk twljzwfMuw,fqdkayr,fh tJ'Dordkif;ukd jrifwJhtjrif b0ZmwfckHay:rSm u&wJh Zmwf0ifcef;awGuawmh
wpfa,mufeJYwpfa,muf b,fwlMurvJ/ 'Daqmif;yg;uawmh tdrfuxGufjyD; tdrfudkjyefvmcJhwJh jrefrmEdkifiHom;wpfa,muf&JU jzwfoef;cJh&wJh c&D;tydkif;tpwpfckyg/
               1988 rwfv ausmif;om;vIyf&Sm;rIawGjzpfawmh EdkifiHa&;
vIyf&Sm;rIawGxJ uRefawmf pjyD;yg0ifvmcJhw,f/ tJ'DtcsdefrSm
udk;wef;ausmif;om; touf 15 ESpfomom&SdwJh olwpfa,muf
twGuf a'goxGufaewmu OD;ae0if;OD;aqmifwJh jrefrmhqdk&S,f
                               k                      hJ
vpfvrf;pOfygwDtpd;&udk jzpfcw,f/ 'Dtpd;&aMumifh wdYkwi;jynf                k                    kd f
                                        Sd f H
qif;&J&wm? wdYkawGtzdEyc&wm qdwtjrifeYJ tpd;&udk qefYusif      k hJ                  k
                             f S S h
zdUk ausmif;om;vIy&m;rIrmygcJw,f/ 'Drua&pDpepftaMumif;udk            kd
                                                   f l
odvYdk em;vnfvYkdawmhr[kwb;/ 'gayrJh 'Drua&pD&&if wkYdawmh                   kd
qif;&JwGif;u vGwfajrmufjyDvdkY xifcJhwmawmh trSefyJ/
               8av;vHk;vIyf&Sm;rIMuD; t&Sdeft[kefjrifhvmwJh Mo*kwfv qufpyfvYkd &olawG&w,f/ aemufNyD; rif;orD;pcef;rSm tajcpduf &Jabmftrsm;pku A[dkeJYa0;wmaMumifhvnf;ygw,f/ ABSDF
                                                                                                                                                                      dS                                                                                                     k
xJrSm vkHNcKHa&;wyfawGu ypfcwfEdSrfeif;cJhNyD;wJhaemuf 'DvIyf&Sm; wJhwyf&if; 203 qdkwm wyf&if;wpf&if;vkH;eD;yg; Nrdwfe,fom; twGi;f a&;awGqwm wyfxrm &SpOfuxuf tjyifa&mufrS ydoc&wm/                                                                                                                              kd              JS d                                             k d hJ
rIBuD;udk vdktyf&if vufeufudkifwdkufyGJtxd jr§ifhwif&r,fqdkwJh rsm;w,f/ uRefawmhftazbufu wpfaqGrsK;vk;u Nrdwom;awG                                                                                                                d H                      f                                   tcuftcJawG? jyóemawG&Sdayr,fh ABSDF rSm&SdcJhwJh
                d d hJ                              kd f kd f JG
tjrifrsK;&Scw,f/ vufeufuiwuyeYJ ywfoufNyD; odem;vnf qdawmh aqGrsK;pyf&wmvG,w,f/ 'DvdkeJY ABSDF (MTZ) u av;ESptcserm b,fwe;urS ]vmcJrwmrSm;avjcif;}vdYk wpfcg
                                                                                                                 k                                  d                                     f                                                                                                     f d fS                       k f                    h d
                        f l k f f                                                        df                S
vdYkawmhr[kwb;/ AdvcsKyatmifqef;eJY &Jabmfo;kH usyu *syefrm wyf&if; 203 rSm olykefausmif;om;&Jabmf jzpfcw,f/ ppfom;jzpf rS aemifwr&cJzl;bl;/ uRefawmfb0rSm awG;NyD;auseyfcwhtcsdef                                                   hJ                                                                        h                         h                                            Jh J
ppfynmoGm;oifjyD; vGwfvyfa&;udk t&,loGm;cJhwJh Oyrmudk csiw,fqwpwuvnf; i,fi,fxu &Scw,f/ tarhbufu awGxJrSm tJ'Dwkef;u tcdkuftwefYawGvnf;ygw,f/ 'Dtcuf
                                                                                                                    f                     kd hJ d f                                                          J d hJ
uRefawmfwdkY tawmfawmfrsm;rsm; tm;uspdwful;,OfcJhwm tbdk;u jrefrmhwyfrawmfu AdkvfrSL;a[mif;/ &[wf,mOf tcJawGudk BuhHBuhHcH&yfEdkifcJhwJh t"dutaMumif;wpfcku udk,feJY
trSefyJ/ ppfwyfu tmPmrodrf;cifuwnf;u AuoeJY wjcm; ysufusjyD; qkH;oGm;wJh twGi;a&;rSL; 2 AdvcsKyfBuD;wifOD;eJY twl ½kef;uefcJhwJh &JabmfawGaMumifhyJ/ aemufydkif;avhvm&if;eJY                     f                                 k f
ausmif;om;tkyfpkawGxJrSm e,fpyfu vufeufudkiftzGJUawGeJY tywfpOfwpfcwnf;/ uReawmf i,fi,fxu tbd;&JUppfpmapmif odvmwmu wjcm;ppfyGJawGudk okawoejyKxm;wJhusrf;awGrSm
                                                                                                                                                  k                                 f                                       J                   k
qufoG,fjyD; ajratmufvufeufudkifvkyfief;awGtwGuf awG? ppfenf;ynmawGzwfNyD; tNrJoabmusaecJhwm/ tJ'D &Sif;jywmcJhwm&Sdw,f/ ppfom;awG ppfwdkufMuwJhtcgrSm olwdkY
jyifqifwmawGvkyfaeMuNyD/ ppfwyfu tmPmodrf;NyD;wJh pdwtajccHawGeYJ ppfom;awmh ppfom;yJ? 'gayrJh olykefppfom; twGuf t"duta&;tMuD;qkH;u t,l0g'wdkY? acgif;aqmifwdkY?
                                                                                                                      f
tcsdefrSm &JabmfokH;usdyf EdkifiHa&;,Ofaus;rIeJY vli,fyDyD pGefYpm; jzpfcJha&m/                                                                                                                                                                                                       tzGJYtpnf;wdkYxuf olwdkYab;u &Jabmf&JbufawGu ydkt"du
csifwJhpdwfawGaMumifh uRefawmfwdkY vli,ftawmfrsm;rsm;                                                                       ABSDF a&mufwJhtcsdefrSm owdxm;rdwmu 1992 ukef                                                                                                             usw,fvdkY qdkw,f/ udk,feJY 'dk;wlaygifzufaecJhwJh &Jabmf
awmckdjzpfcJhw,f/                                                                                              avmufuwnf;u awmifydkif;rSm A[dkaumfrwD0ifawGuvGJ&if awGu udk,fh&JUcGeftm;vdkjzpfvmw,f/ aemufwpfcku awmxJ
               ppfwyftmPmodrf;jyD;prSm vIyf&Sm;aewJhvli,fawGMum; wyfxJrSmwm0ef,lwJholawGxJrSm wuúodkvfausmif;om;qdkwm rSm&Sdaewkef;u udk,fhukd,fudk,f awmfvSefa&;orm;MuD;qdkwJh
xJ UG (Underground) ajratmufvy&m;rIu acwfpm;vmw,f/ &Sm;oGm;NyD/ tJ'tcseu wyf&if; 203 qdwm ABSDF rSm tBuD; owfrSwfcsufeJY wdkif;jynfudk u,fwifzdkY igwdkY awmfvSefa&;vkyf
                                                                 IfS                                                                                    D d f                                                            k
UG vkyf&wmudk *kPf,lvmw,f/ 'DvdkeJY uRefawmfvnf; UG                                                            qkH;wyf&if;vdkYajymvdkY&w,f/ e,fajrcH a'oajymufusm;eJYyg aewmqdkjyD; auseyfaecJhwmyJ/
vkyf&if; rajzcsifajzcsifeJY 1989 rSm 10wef;ajzjzpfvdkufw,f/ aygif;&if tiftm; 400 avmuf&SdcJhw,f/ 'gayrJh wyfxJrSm                                                                                                                                                                              aemufwpfck owdxm;rdwmu awmxJrSmaecJhpOf awmuf
'DMum;xJrSm e,fpyfeJY csdwfqufjyD;vkyfaewJh udk,fhtxufu wuúovausmif;om;qdvYkd wpfa,mufy&w,f/ A[da'orSm&Sd avQmufrSm uRefawmftygt0if uRefawmfwdkY &JabmfawGMum;rSm
                                                                                                                              kd f                                              k                                          J dS                       k
Auoacgif;aqmifawG tzrf;cH&w,f/ 10wef;NyD;wJhtcsdef aewJh wyfawGxJrSmawmh wuúodkvfausmif;om;wcsdKU wyfrSL; raqG;aEG;jzpfwm ESpfck&Sdw,f/ wpfcku uRefawmfwdkY&JUtem*wf
                  S
avmufrm aemufwpfcsD atmufjrefrmjynf Auouacgif;aqmif ae&meJY Xmeqdkif&mawGrSm wm0ef,laewm&Sdao;w,f/ 'gayrJh taMumif;/ uRefawmfwYkd b0rSm bmjzpfzYkd &nfre;csuf&w,fwYkd ?                                                                                                                                                                                           S f              dS
awG e,fpyfujyeft0ifrSm xyftzrf;cH&jyefa&m/ tJ'DtcsdefrSm 1993 avmufrSm A[dkaumfrwD0ifawGuvGJ&if wuúodkvf aemuf 10 ESpf ESpf 20 rSm wdYkb0 bmjzpfvmr,fwYkd qdwm rajym                                                                                                                                                                                                            k
10 wef;atmifpm&if;&JU &rSwfu YIT 0ifvdkY&aew,f/ tJ'DrSm ausmif;om;qdkwm wyfawGrSm rsm;rsm;pm;pm; rusefawmhbl;/ Mubl;/ aemufwpfcku uRefawmfwdkY&JU rdbawGudk b,fvdkvGrf;
       f            fl                                                            Sf
tdrupdwya&m/ txl;ojzifh tazuaxmufvr;a&;&JY ppfausm jynfwi;jyefr0ifwhJ wuúovausmif;om;trsm;pku befaumuf w,fqdkwJhtaMumif; tcsif;csif; ajymudkrajymMuwm/ ykxkZOf
                                                                                                                             Gf                                                       kd f
a&;rSm tppfcHcJh&zl;awmh om;vnf; 'DvdkcH&awmhr,fqdkjyD; rSm a&mufaeMuNyD/ ucsifajrmufydkif;eJY tdEd´,e,fpyfa&muf vlom;yDyD b0rSm jzpfcsiwmawG r&SvYkdvnf;r[kwb;/ ud,&UJ                                                                                                                                                        f                  d                           f l k hf
         fl
pdwya&m/ YIT a&muf&ifyjkd yD; Ediia&;xJygawmhr,fqjkd yD; tbk; ausmif;om;awGu xdi;e,fpyfa&muf ausmif;om;awGv'uonf rdbudk owdr&vdkY rcspfvdkYawmhr[kwfbl;/ 'gayrJh 'DtaMumif;
                                                           kfH                                               d                                                             kf                                                                           kd k ©
tbGm;awGuvnf; pdwfylMuw,f/ 'geJY 1991 rSm pifumyludk tjzpf taemufEiiawGuom;EdiwhJ tcGitvrf; enf;yg;cJw,f/ awG pOf;pm;vdkuf&if udk,fcHae&wJh'ku©awG &ifqdkifzdkUtm;aysmh
                                                                                                                                                          kd f H                  kd G k f                             hf                                        h
xGufzdkYvTwfvdkufw,f/                                                                                          'gaMumifhrdkYvkdY &mcdkifEIef;t&Munfh&if xdkif;e,fbufa&mufwJh oGm;rSmrdkU uRefawmfwdkY&JU rodpdwfxJu tvkdtavsmuf 'gawG
               uRefawmf pifumylrSm tvkyfvkyf&if; ausmif;wufaeay ausmif;om;awGu EdkifiHjcm;xGufcGifh&wm ydkrsm;w,f/ 1995 rpOf;pm;rdatmif uefYvefYumcsxm;wmvdYk aemufawmhjyefawG;rdw,f/
r,fh pdwfu b,fvdkrSraysmfbl;/ EdkifiHa&;vIyf&Sm;rIawGqDyJ pdwf aemufyi;awmh tdE,bufu ausmif;om;wcsKd Uvnf; EdiijH cm;           kd f                               ´d                                                                                           k f                            ABSDF rSmu EdkifiHwumqufqHa&; vdktyfcsufawGt&
ua&mufaew,f/ 'DvdkeJY ABSDF eJYtquftoG,f&SdNyD; wwf xGufcGifh&cJhw,f/                                                                                                                                                                                                                 t*Fvdyfpum; a&;EdkifajymEdkifwJholawGudk befaumufeJY wjcm;
EdkiforQ axmufyHhay;aewJh oli,fcsif;wpfa,mufeJYtwl                                                                          awmxJrmaewJb0u ½kyyi;f qdi&mt& Murf;w,f/ uReawmf ae&mu NrdKUay:½k;awGrm wm0efay;avh&w,f/ uReawmfuawmh
                                                                                                                                                      S                  h                     f kd k f                                                                f                                              H S                               dS               f
ABSDF pcef;oGm;vnfzdkY pDpOfNyD; 1992 ckxJrSm rif;orD;pcef;                                                    wdkY awmifydkif;ppfa'ovdk xdkif;ig;zrf;avSawGqDu ydkufqH&SmEdkif awmxJae&wm oabmusw,f/ wpfcgwav wyfaxmufwm0ef
udka&mufvmw,f/ tJ'DtcsdefrSm t&if&SdcJhzl;wJh awmfvSefa&; wJhwyfawGrSmawmif &du©mqdkwm jzpf½kH&wm/ qefuGJMurf;qef? eJY xdi;rSm &dum ppfvufeufypön; oGm;0,fwmuvG&if 'Dav;ESpf                                                                                                                kf               ©                             f                               J
ppfom;vkyfcsifpdwfu xdef;r&awmhbl;/ pcef;udkoGm;vnf&if;eJY i½kwo;D ajcmuf? qDu wpfa,mufukd wpfvykvif;wpf0uf? ig;ydMurf;? vkH;vkH; trsm;pku weoFm&D½dk;rrSmyJ tcsdefukefcJhwmrsm;w,f/
                                                                                                                        f
ABSDF wyf&if; 203 uwyfawG a&SUwef;xGuawmh vkucr,f                               f             d f hJ           qm;eJYtcsKreYfqwmyJygw,f/ 'gudjk zpfatmif BuHzefpm;/ ppfrwduf xdkif;EdkifiHu uRefawmfwdkYvufeufukdiftzGJYawG&JU axmufyHha&;
                                                                                                                                       d I kd                                                                                                                                  k
qdkjyD; jrdwfeJY weoFm&DNrdKUe,fawGu a&SUwef;a'oudk vdkuf cif iSuzsm;eJYraoatmif t&ifv;yef;&w,f/ xdi;e,fpyfuae ausm½kd;/ qefutp vufeufcJ,rf;tqkH; xdkif;u0,f&awmh
                                                                                                                                f                                                                        Hk                                   k f
oGm;cJhw,f/                                                                                                    jrefrmjynfxu pcef;a&mufatmif ykreqefxrf;&wmu av;em&D xdkif;axmufvSrf;a&; &JwyfzGJUawGudkvnf; cPcP vmbfxdk;&
                                                                                                                                                J                                                           HSf
               a&SUwef;rSm wpfveD;yg;MumcJhw,f/ 'DtacgufrSmyJ udk,fh Mumw,f/ a&SUwef;rSm 'Pf&m&vmvdYk&&if aq;½krydYkEicif veJYcsD w,f/ xdkif;ppfwyfeJU xdkif;axmufvSrf;a&;aygif;NyD; vufeuf                     dS                           H kd f
tcsif;csif; &efolxifNyD; rSm;ypfvdkY &JabmfESpfa,muf udk,fh Mumw,f/ 'Pf&mykyfNyD;aoolawGvnf; trsm;BuD;yJ/ 'DMum;xJ arSmifcdko,fjyD; jrefrmjynfxJu vufeufudkiftzGJUawGudk a&mif;
         f d                       G                                     J
rsupa&SUrSmwif usom;a&m/ vJaewJh 'D&abmfwpfa,mufacgif; tpd;k &eJYppfwuvYr[kwbJ wjcm;vufeufuitzGUJ awGu qGowf w,f/ xdi;tpd;&&JU ay:vpDxufpm&if 'guolwYkdtwGuf Mum;
                                                                                                                                              kd f kd                         f                                                 kd f                                J                              k f k
udk oGm;rvdkufawmh rwJhvufu olYOD;cGHxJudk uRH0ifoGm;w,f/ vdYk aocJ&olawGvnf;wpfyMHk uD;/ uReawmf ABSDF xJ0ifprSm ayguf&SmwmyJ/ xdkif;bufudkvnf; oGm;&vG,fawmh awmxJrSm
                                                                                                                                     h                                                                               f
                         f       G               k                            D
acgif;udk usn0ifom;wmud;/ vufu olYO;aESmufawGukd prf;rd DNA bufjcrf; wyf&if; 201 u &Jabmf 11 a,mufukd u&ifwyfu vufeufuib0eJY qufraecsiwhJ &JabmfwcsKd Uvnf; xdi;e,fxJ                                                                                                                                 kd f                             f                                           kf
                                           f                   G                            H
a&m/ jzpfpuawmh tawmhukd vefYom;wmyJ/ 'gyxrqk; aoewf &Si;f ypf wJh tjzpftysuuvnf; &Scz;w,f/ pm&if;awGt& vGecwhJ 0ifajy;jyD; befaumufxGufoGm;MuolawGvnf; renf;bl;/          f                       d hJ l                                                                  f hJ
                       h l         kfl                   k                             S               k
ypfNyD; aowJoukd udiz;wmud;/ 'gayrJh awmxJrmaeNyD; olyef 23 ESpfausmfumvawGtwGif;rSm ABSDF wpfckvkH;rSm usqkH;                                                                                                                                                                                 ABSDF wyf & if ; awmf a wmf r sm;rsm;u wd k i f ; &if ; om;
ppfom;jzpfcsifwJhpdwfu aysmufroGm;bl;/ a&SUwef;uae jyef 629 a,muf? 'Pf&m& 402? pkpaygif; 1031 a,muf&cw,f/ vufeufuiawG&UJ e,fajrxJrm cdv&wmqdawmh olwYkd&UJ tuefY                                       k                                                     dS hJ                                      kd f                          S k HI                  k
a&mufwmeJY pifumyludkcGmjyD; ABSDF rSm olykef&JabmfvkyfzdkY uRefawmf wdkYwyf&if; 203 wpfckwnf;rSmwif usqkH; 50 towfxJrSm aecJh&w,f/ 'gayrJh uRefawmfwdkY awmifydkif;u
qkH;jzwfjyD;om; jzpfaea&m/                                                                                     ausmavmuf&dS w,f/ awmckcwhJ ABSDF &JabmfawGtm;vk;H vdvrm wyf&if; 201? 102 eJY 203 uawmh 1993 ckEpvnfavmufupNyD;
                                                                                                                          f                                                             d hJ                                                                          k kd S                                                                                 Sf
               ABSDF rSmtJ'Dtcsdefu udkrdk;oD;ZGef(MTZ) eJY a'gufwm                                            'DtcuftcJawG jzwfcJh&w,f/                                                                                                                                              weoFm&D½kd;ru rGefwyfeJY KNU vufatmufcH rGwfqvifwyf
Edkifatmif (DNA) OD;aqmifwJhtkyfpkqdkjyD; ESpfckjzpfaejyD/                                                                  ABSDF [m vufeufudkiftzGJUjzpfwJhtwGuf olYzGJUpnf;ykH                                                                                                      ESpfckMum;u ae&mudk0if,ljyD; ABSDF udk,fydkife,fajrqdkNyD;
ABSDF wyfawGu a,bk,stm;jzifh ucsifa'oajrmufydkif;?                                                                                          D                                                Hk H J
                                                                                                               a&m trdeYfp;qif;rIu ppfwyfypy/ uReawmfwYkdrm v0 (vQKUd 0Su) owfrwvuw,f/ ud,e,feYJu,qawmh vGwvwvyfvyff                       S                                        f          S f kd f                     k hf             dk f kd                    f G f
rme,fyavm A[kda'o? Nrdwf-xm;0,fawmifydkif;eJY &cdkif- pnf;rsOf;Oya'awG&Sdawmh tzGJYtpnf;udpö awmfawmfrsm;rsm;udk &Sdvmw,f/ trJom;ig; &Sm&wmvnf; vG,fvmw,f/ opfvm
      ´d                             kd f D                             f J d                            S
tdE,e,fpyftaemufyi;qdjk y; tMurf;zsi;cGvYk&w,f/ 1992 ckEpf A[dkaumfrwD0ifr[kwfwJh uRefawmfwdkYvdk atmufajc&JabmfawG ckwfwJholawGqDu tcGeftaumuf&w,f/ ABSDF &JUajcukyf
             f             S
tukeavmufrm ABSDF ud0ifr,fqawmh pOf;pm;p&mawGvnf; rodMubl;/ A[dkaumfrwD0ifxJrSmawmif OD;aqmifaumfrwD0if &vmwJh ae&mjzpfvYkd KNU u ABSDF acgif;aqmifwcsKd Uudk ,m,D
                                               k                  kd
  d
&Svmw,f/ ucsifbufrSm olvQKdrIeJY towfcH&wJhZmwfvrf;u avmufyJ ta&;MuD;wJh udpöawG odcGifh&w,f/ Oyrm-DNA xde;odr;cJjh yD;wJaemufyi; 1994 avmufrm ABSDF A[dvyief;                                                                                                                             f f                      h     kd f                             S                            k kf
vnf; ylylaEG;aEG;/ tpdrf;MuD; 'Dtwdkif; pifumylu awmvmcdk bufjcrf; ucsiuprm olvQKvYkdpypjJG yD; owfypfwmrsKd ;awG? MTZ eJY acgif;aqmifwcsKUd awmifyi;f a&GUvmcJw,f/ tJ'tcserm awmifyi;f
                                                                                                                                                         f döS                              d Gf                                                                                                                                  kd            h                D dfS                       kd
wmqdk&if udk,fhudk rouFmrsm;jzpfrvm;vdkY pdwfyl&ao;w,f/ bufjcrf;u udkaX;Edkifudk pydkiftjzpfeJU zrf;NyD;csKyfxm;wJhudpawG wyf trsm;pkuvnf; aemufwef;a&mufaeawmh A[du wm0efay;                                                                                            ö                                                                                            k
DNA bufxuf pm&if MTZ tjcrf;rSm AuouvIy&m;rItEG,eYJ                                       fS          f         qdwm ABSDF rSm&SpOftcgu cyfa&;a&;yJ odc&wm/ awmifyi;
                                                                                                                 k                                               d                                                                      hJ                                       kd f                                                                           pmrsufESm 31 odkY
                                                                                                                                                                                                            31
  Monday, October 15 - 21, 2012                                                                                                                                                                      VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                   The




y,fzsufoifUonfUpepfa[mif;? acwfa[mif;rS Oya'rsm;
armifudkeD (w&m;½Hk;csKyfa&SYae)
                                        D              D       f      D
        &uf The Voice Weekly rS t,f'wmtzGUJ 0ifwpfO;ESihf uReawmf rD',mESioufqiaom jrefrmEdiitwGi; jy|mef;xm;&SNd yD;jzpfonfh Oya'rsm;taMumif; aqG;aEG;&eftaMumif; wduqi-
                                                                             hf    kd f            k f H  f                                                             k f kd f
wpf     cJhygonf/ uRefawmfu 1861 ckESpfuwnf;u&SdcJhNyD;jzpfaom rD'D,mESifhqdkifonfh Oya'rsm;ESifh vGwfvyfa&;&NyD;aemufydkif; ydkrdkcsKyfcs,fuefYowfvmaom rD'D,mOya'rsm;taMumif;
           pum;vrf
ajymjy&m pum;vrf;aMumif;oifhoGm;NyD; The Voice Weekly \ t,f'Dwmu 'Drdkua&pDEdkifiHa&;pepfESifh rudkufnDawmhonfhtwGuf y,fzsufoifhaom Oya'rsm;taMumif; aqmif;yg;a&;om;&ef tBuH
ay;ajymqdkvmojzifh uRefawmfutcsdef&vQifa&;ygrnf[k uwdjyKcJhonfrSm wpfvausmfcJhNyDjzpfaomfvnf; uRefawmfrtm;vyfojzifh ra&;EdkifcJhyg/ The Voice Weekly rS udkausmfqef;rif;u BuHK
awGUwdkif; ar;jref;aeojzifh a&;om;&ef wGef;tm;wpf&yfjzpfvmNyD; þaqmif;yg;udk a&;om;&jcif;jzpfygonf/
jrefrmEdkifiHOya'ordkif;                                           pepfusonfh t*FvdyfwdkY xHk;pHtwdkif; Oya'rsm;jy|mef;í
       jrefrmEdkifiHOya'ordkif;udkavhvmygu -                       tkyfcsKyfygonf/ 1935 ckESpfrwdkifrD jrefrmjynfudk tdE´d,EdkifiH
       (1) jrefrmrif;rsm;vufxufOya'rsm;                            \ jynfe,ftjzpfxm;&Sdí 1935 ckESpfaemufydkif;wGif oD;jcm;
       (2) t*FvdyfudkvdkeDacwfOya'rsm;                             udkvdkeDEdkifiHwpfcktjzpfcGJjcm;í tkyfcsKyfcJhygonf/ tdE´d,\
       (3) 1948 ckESpf vGwfvyfa&;&NyD;aemuf 1962 ckESpf            jynfe,ftjzpf xm;&SdtkyfcsKyfaepOftwGif; tdE´d,EdkifiHtwGuf
tmPmodrf;rcH&rDtxd ygvDref'Drdkua&pDacwfwGif jy|mef;cJh            udkvdkeDtpdk;&u jy|mef;orQ Oya'rsm;onf jrefrmEdkifiHtwGuf
aomOya'rsm;                                                        tvdkvdktusKH;0ifoufqdkifygonf/ 1935 ckESpf tdE´d,\
       (4) 1962 ckESpf? wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf? AdkvfcsKyf   jynfe,ftjzpfrS cGJxkwfNyD;aemufydkif; jrefrmjynftwGuf
BuD;ae0if; tmPmodrf;,lNyD;aemuf jy|mef;cJhonfh awmfvSef            oD;oefYjy|mef;aom Oya'rsm;vnf;&Sdygonf/
a&;aumifpDacwfOya'rsm;                                                    xdkYaMumifh t*Fvdyfu udkvdkeDtjzpf tkyfcsKyfcJhonfh umv
       (5) jrefrmhqdk&S,fvpfvrf;pOfygwDacwf 1974 ckESpfrS          twGif; jrefrmEdkifiHtwGuf jy|mef;cJhaom Oya'trsm;tjym;
1988 ckESpftwGif; jy|mef;cJhaomOya'rsm;                            &Sd&m xdkOya'rsm;teuf t*FvdyfwdkY\ tusKd;pD;yGm;twGuf
       (6) 1988 ckESpf? wyfrawmfrS xyfrHtmPmodrf;,lNyD;            jy|mef;cJhaom Oya'rsm;? ajymif;vJwdk;wufvmonfh acwfpepf
tkyfcsKyfaepOfumv 2011 ckESpf ESpfqef;ydkif;txd jy|mef;cJhaom      ESifh rudkufnDonfhOya'rsm; trsm;tjym;&Sdae&m t*Fvdyf
Oya'rsm;ESifh                                                      udkvdkeDacwftwGif; jy|mef;cJhaom Oya'rsm;teuf y,fzsuf
       (7) 2011 ckESpf rwfvaemufydkif; vuf&Sdjynfaxmifpk           oifhonfhOya'rsm;udk jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfrS avhvmoHk;oyf
vTwfawmfrS jy|mef;cJhonfhOya'rsm;                                  aeaMumif; Mum;od&ygonf/
                 kf     kd f                   h kH
       [lí tydi;ckepfyi; cGjJ cm;avhvmrSom jynfprnfjzpfonf/          k kd D                  f      U
                                                                   udveacwfOya'tm;vH;k y,fzsu&ef oif^roifU
       odkYaomf uRefawmf\ &nf&G,fcsufonf Oya'ordkif;udk
wifjy&ef r[kwfbJ rnfonfhOya'rsm;udk y,fzsufoifhaMumif;                   udkvdkeDtpdk;&u jy|mef;cJhonfh Oya'rsm;jzpfonfqdkonfh
a&;om;rnfjzpfí Oya'ordi;aMumif;udk tus,csUJ rwifjyawmh
                              k f             f                    taMumif;jycsufjzifh udkvdkeDacwfOya'tm;vHk;udk y,fzsuf&ef
bJ y,fzsufoifhonfh Oya'rsm;taMumif;udkom t"duxm;                   roifhaMumif; ajymvdkygonf/ udkvdkeDacwftwGif; trsm;jynfol
                                                                   tusKd;twGuf&nf&G,fí jy|mef;cJhonfhtcsKdUaomOya'rsm;                 Oya'udk zsufodrf;um tmPmodrf;í tkyfcsKyfcJhaom ppftmPm
aqG;aEG;wifjyoGm;ygrnf/                                                                                                                &SifwpfOD;u jy|mef;cJhonfh (1962 ckESpfrS 1974 ckESpftMum;&Sd)
                                                                         k             f   h                 hf kH
                                                                   rSm vH;0y,fzsu&efroifbJ qufvufusio;&rnfh Oya'rsm;
jrefrmrif;rsm;vufxufOya'rsm;                                         d
                                                                   &Saeygonf/ (Oyrm-1861 ckEpwif jy|mef;cJonfh (Penal Code)
                                                                                                 Sf G          h                       Oya'rsm;udk trsm;tjym;y,fzsuf&rnf[k xifjrif,qygonf/l
      jrefrmrif;rsm;vufxufwGif &Sifbk&ifrS jy|mef;owfrSwf                       D             Sf G         h
                                                                   &mZowfBu;Oya'? 1898ckEpwif jy|mef;cJonfh &mZ0wfusix;kH      hf               'Drdkua&pDpepfudk jyefoGm;rnf[k wyfrawmftygt0if
onfh &mZowfOya'ESifh ,Ofaus;rItpOftvmxHk;pHudk tajccH                  k
                                                                   ud"Oya' (Criminal Procedure Code) ? 1859 wGif jy|mef;cJh onfh       wpfEdkifiHvHk;&Sd jynfolrsm;u oabmwlnDMuNyD;jzpfí 1962
                              f      f
jy|mef;onfh "r®owfOya'[lí ESprsKd;ESppm;&SNd yD; &Sib&if acwf
                                                    f k            w&m;rusix;Hk ud"Oya' (Civil Procedure Code) (1908 ckEpwGif
                                                                             hf      k                                     S f            S f S            S f
                                                                                                                                       ckEpEihf 1974 ckEptMum; a&;qGxm;aom Oya'tawmfrsm;rsm;
                                                                                                                                                                         J
ukefqHk;oGm;onfESifh &mZowfOya'rsm;vnf; csKyfNidrf;oGm;NyD;        topfjyefvnfa&;qGJonf/) 1872 ckESpfwGif jy|mef;cJhonfh               udk y,fzsuf&ef vdktyfaeygonf/ (Oyrm - 1962 ckESpf yHkESdyf
"r®owfOya'rsm;um; ,aeYtxd usifhoHk;aeqJ jzpfygonf/                 ouf a ocH O ya' (Evidence Act) ponf h O ya'rsm;rS m                 olrsm;ESifh xkwfa0olrsm;Oya'onf vHk;0r&Sdoifhaom Oya'
                            f
"r®owfOya'rsm;tay: tus,aqG;aEG;wifjy&ef r&Syg/       d             vHk;0y,fzsufí r&EdkifaomOya'rsm; jzpfygonf/ tvm;wl                  wpf&yfjzpfygonf/)
                                                                   y,fzsufír&aom aemufxyfOya'rsm; &Sdygao;onf/                         1974 ckESpfrS 1988 ckESpftxd Mum;umvOya'rsm;
    d f kd kd D
t*FvyuveacwfOya'rsm;
      t*FvdyfudkvdkeDacwfqdk&mwGif jrefrmjynfudkvdkeDvuf                   f                    D D kd
                                                                   1948 vGwvyfa&;&Ny;D aemuf ygvref'rua&pDacwfOya'rsm;                         1974 ESifh 1988 Mum;umvrSm qdk&S,fvpfwpfygwD
atmuf usa&mufonfhtcsdefumvrsm; rwlnDyg/ jrefrmjynf                         yxrqHk;ygvDref'Drdkua&pDacwf\ tBudKOya'rSm jrefrm           tmPm&Sifpepfjzpf&m xdkacwfwGif jy|mef;cJhaom Oya'trsm;pk
awmifydkif; (weoFm&DESifh &cdkif) yxrOD;pGm usa&mufNyD; 'kwd,      wdkYudk,fwdkif a&;qGJjy|mef;onfh 1947 ckESpf jynfaxmifpk            onf 'D r d k u a&pD E d k i f i H a &;pepf E S i f h qef Y u sif a eonf j zpf í
&efukefESifh atmufydkif;a'orsm; usa&mufí aemufqHk; 1885            jrefrmEdkifiHzGJUpnf;tkyfcsKyfyHktajccHOya'jzpfygonf/ (24-9-        y,fzsuf&ef vdktyfaeygonf/ Oyrm - vrf;pOfygwDudk
ckEpwif rEÅav;tygt0if jrefrmEdiiwpfEiiv;kH usa&mufconf/
   Sf G                           k f H kd f H          hJ         1947) aeYwGif twnfjyKjy|mef;cJhygonf/ jrefrmEdkifiHtwGuf            umuG,fonfhOya'? qdk&S,fvpfEdkifiHawmfudk aESmifh,SufzsufqD;
      t*FvdyfudkvdkeDtpdk;&u jrefrmEdkifiHudk tkyfcsKyf&mwGif      tonf;ESvHk;ozG,f ta&;ygvSaom jynfolYqE´jzifh a&;qGJxm;              vdkolrsm;\ tEÅ&m,frS umuG,fonfhOya' ponfwdkYrSm
                                                                   onfh tqdkygzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'BuD;udk 1962 ckESpf rwfv            acwfpepfESifh vkH;0rqDavsmfaom Oya'rsm;jzpfygonf/
pmrsufESm 30 21ESpfc&D;&JU tdrftjyefrS tquf                        wGif ppftmPm&Sifwpfpk\ zsufodrf;jcif;udk cHcJh&ygonf/                       pum;tvsOf;oifhí q&marmif0Ho\ pum;wpfckudk
csuft& uRefawmfeJYtwl vmulay;aewJh MopBwD;,m;EdkifiH               1948 ckESpf aemufydkif; 1962 ckESpf wyfrawmfrS tmPmrodrf;           ajymjyvdkygonf/ q&marmif0Hou qdk&S,fvpfacwfwGif
om; ppfom;wpfa,mufeYJ twlwNJG yD; 1995 twGi;rSm ppfoifwef;
                                               f                   rDtxd jy|mef;cJhaomOya'rsm; trsm;tjym;&Sd&m xdkOya'rsm;             jy|mef;cJhaom (a':atmifqef;pkMunfudk ESpfaygif;rsm;pGm
ay;wmawG vkyfaecJhw,f/ wcsKdUEdkifiHjcm;om;awGu olwdkYEkdifiH      onf 'Drdkua&pDpepfudk taxmuftuljyKonfh Oya'rsm;jzpfí                csKyfaESmifcJhonfh) EdkifiHawmftm; aESmifh,SufzsufqD;vdkolrsm;\
rSm tJ'Dtcsdefu ppfyGJawGr&Sdawmh tawGUtBuKH&atmifqdkjyD;          y,fzsuf&efrvdktyfbJ vdktyfovdk acwfESifhnDatmif jyKjyifí            ab;tEÅ&m,frS umuG,fonfhOya'udk zsufodrf;í 'Drdkua&pD
jrefrmjynfu olykefawGeJY vmwdkufulaeolawG &Sdw,f/ wcsKdU           jyefvnfusifhoHk;Mu&rnfjzpfygonf/                                    EdkifiHawmftm; aESmifh,SufzsufqD;vdkolrsm;\ ab;tEÅ&m,frS
uvnf; c&pf,mef vuf,m*dkPf;0ifawGjzpfjyD; jrefrmtpdk;&u                     acwfpepfESifhrnDawmhonfh Oya'rsm;udkrl y,fzsuf&rnf          umuG,fonfhOya'udk tpm;xdk;jy|mef;um 'Drdkua&pDEdkifiHawmf
c&pf,mefbmom0ifawGudk EdSyfuGyfw,fqdkjyD;awmh KNU? KIO             jzpfygonf/ Oyrm-1950 jynfhESpfwGif jy|mef;cJhonfh ta&;ay:           wnfaqmufaerIukd qefYusifaeolrsm;tm; ta&;,loifaMumif;                 h
pwJh tzGJUawGbufrSm wkdufulaeolawGvnf; 'DaeYtxd&Sdw,f/             pDrHrItufOya'onf jrefrmEdkifiHtwGif; a&mifpHkolykefrsm; xae         ajymqdkcsufonf ta&;ygvSojzifh jynfolrsm;ESifh vTwfawmf
                       f
MopBwD;,m; oli,fcsi;eJYtwlygvmwJh AD,uferfppfytaMumif;
                                                    JG             NyD; tpdk;&u wpfEdkifiHvHk;udk tkyfcsKyfEdkifonfh tajctaer&Sd       trwfrsm;tav;xm;pOf;pm;oifhygaMumif; wifjyvdkygonf/
wdkY vufeufudkifykefuefrIudk tpdk;&awGacsrIef;wJh enf;AsL[meJY     awmhonfhtwGuf ta&;ay:tajctaet& jy|mef;cJhonfh Oya'                          Sf           USf                   U U
                                                                                                                                       1988 ckEprS 2010 jynfEptxd Mum;umvjy|mef;cJonfOya'rsm;
ywfoufwJh pmtkyfawGudk zwf&wJhtcg uRefawmfwdkYem;vnfwJh            jzpf&m ta&;ay:tajctaevGefajrmufonfESifh tqdkygOya'udk                      1988 rS 2010 tMum; jy|mef;cJhonfh Oya'trsm;pkwGif
armfpDwkef;a&;cJhwJh a&&Snfppfr[mAsL[mtay: ar;cGef;xkwf            vnf; y,fzsuf&rnfjzpfygonf/                                          jynfolvlxkudk tvGeftrif;zdESdyfonfhOya'rsm;&SdcJhaMumif;
p&mawG jzpfvmcJhw,f/                                                       odkYaomfvnf; tqdkygOya'onf tkyfcsKyfoltpdk;&wdkYu           awGU&ygonf/ tqdkygOya'rsm;udk jy|mef;cJhol wyfrawmf
                                         a'gufwmrif;aZmfOD;        rdrdwdkYtm; qefYusifonfh jynfolrsm;udk tvG,fwulzrf;qD;              t&m&SdBuD;rsm;udk,fwdkifu 'Drdkua&pDEdkifiHa&;pepfomvQif
                                                                   csKyfaESmifí BuD;av;aomjypf'Pfrsm;ay;Edkifonfjzpfonfh               jynfolrsm;tvdkvm;qHk;jzpfaMumif; oabmwlvufcHí 'Drdk
          a'gufwmrif;aZmfOD;onf tar&dueftajcpdkuf De-              tavsmuf ta&;ygonfhvufeufud&d,mwpfck[krSwf,lNyD;                     ua&pDEdkifiHa&;pepfudk azmfaqmifay;cJhonfjzpf&m 1988 ckESpf
  mocracy International Inc.        \ tmz*efepöwefEdkifiH          rzsufodrf;bJ ,aeYtxd toHk;jyKaeonfudk awGU&ygonf/                   ESifh 2010 jynfhESpftMum; jy|mef;cJhaom 'Drdkua&pDpepfESifh
  qdkif&ma&G;aumufyGJpepf cdkifcHh&ifhrma&;pDrHcsufwif 'kw,
                                                     G       d     (tqdkyg 1950 jynfhESpf ta&;ay:pDrHrItufOya'udk y,fzsuf              rudkufnDonfh Oya'rsm;udkvnf; zsufodrf;&ef vdktyfaMumif;
  wm0efcH (Deputy Chief of Party) tjzpf wm0efxrf;aqmif             oifhaMumif; tcGifhoifhvQif tusKd;taMumif; cdkifvHkpGm a&;om;        a,bk,soabmwifjyvdkygonf/
  vsuf&Sdonf/ 'Drdkua&pDtajymif;tvJ 115 cktm; avYvm                wifjyoGm;ygrnf/)                                                           acwftvdkuf Oya'wpfckcsif;udk rnfonfhtaMumif;
  oHk;oyfusrf;jyKpkjyD; George Mason University rS yg&*lbGJU
  (Ph.D.) udk&&dScJhonf/ Georgetown University rS trsdK;om;
                                                                   1962 ckESpfaemufydkif; 1974 ckESpftwGif;                            aMumifh zsufodrf;oifhaMumif; odkYr[kwf acwfpepfESifhtnD
                                                                                                                                       jzpfap&ef jyifqifoifhaMumif; tcGifhoifhygu qufvufa&;
  vHkjcHKa&;qdkif&m r[m0dZm(M.A.) ESifh George Mason Uni-
                           Æ                                       awmfvSefa&;aumifpDrS jy|mef;cJUonfU Oya'rsm;                        om;azmfjyoGm;ygrnf/
                              f                         d hJ
  versity y#dyu©oHk;oyfajz&Si;rI r[modyHÜ (M.S.) wdYk&&Sconf/                                                                                                       armifudkeD (w&m;½Hk;csKyfa&SUae)
                                                                         'Drdkua&pDpepfESifh 1947 ckESpf 'Drdkua&pDzGJUpnf;yHktajccH
   32
  The
        VOICE                                                                                                                                                                             Monday, October 15 - 21 , 2012




Aokef
           ckESpf rdk;&moD&JUapmapmydkif;umvrSm &moDOwktBuD;tus,f azmufjyefcJhwmjzpfvdkY EdkifiHtwGif;rSm pdkufysKd;MuwJh aumufyJoD;ESHawG&JU xGuf&SdrIEIef;rsm;pGm avsmhenf;Edkifw,f
  ,        vdkY pdkufysKd;a&;ynm&Sifrsm;u avhvmoHk;oyfajymqdkMuygw,f/ vuf&SdtajctaerSmawmh rauG;wdkif;a'oBuD;? rEÅav;wdkif;a'oBuD;eJY ppfudkif;wdkif;a'oBuD;wdkYtwGif;rSm
t"duqDxGufoD;ESHjzpfwJh rdk;ESrf;xGuf&SdrI[m ,cifESpfrsm;xufrsm;pGmavsmhenf;aewmudk awGU&Sd&ygw,f/ 'Dtajctae[m a&m*gonf;aewJh EdkifiHtwGif;u pm;oHk;qDBudwfcGJrIvkyfief; rsm;udk
wkwfeJY xyf½dkufovdkjzpfaeygvdrfhr,f/
         'geJYywfoufvdkYwifjy&&if jynfwGif;tajccHukefxkwf awGudk tEdkifusifhovdkjzpfcJhNyD; yk*¾vdupdkufysKd;xkwfvkyfrIom v,form;awGtaeeJY pdkufysKd;xkwfvkyfxm;wJh oD;ESHawGudk
vkyfrIrsm;&JU tpdwftydkif;wpfckjzpfwJh pm;oHk;qDBudwfcGJxkwfvkyf t"dujzpfaewJh v,f,mukefxkwfpGrf;tm;udk tBuD;tus,f trdIufeJYoJ pwmawGudk z,f&Sm;oefYpifwmuvGJvdkY yxrwef;
rIvkyfief;[m tusyftwnf;awG awGUae&wm umvtwef xdcdkufusqif;apcJhygw,f/ tusKd;quftaeeJY jynfwGif;pm; pm;? 'kwd,wef;pm; ponftm;jzifh twef;tpm;cGJjcm;rI
MumcJhNyD; 2012 ckESpf ESpfOD;ydkif;rSmawmh jynfwGif;&Sd pm;oHk;qD oHk;rItwGuf avmufi½HkomjzpfaewJh qDxGufoD;ESHxGuf&SdrI[m rvkyMf uygbl;/ 'D oabmt& jynfyodYk oD;ESwifyYkdci&olrsm;[m                      H            G hf
BudwfcGJxkwfvkyfrIvkyfief;trsm;pkwdkY[m vnfywfEdkifjcif;r&Sd vnf; zlvHkrIr&SdwJhtajctaeukd a&mufcJh&ygw,f/ 'gaMumifh olwdkY vdkcsifwJhtwef;tpm;udk oD;ESH ta&mif;t0,fvkyfMuwJh
                                                                                                                                                              f
awmhbJ &yfem;vdkufMu&ygw,f/ 'g[m jrefrmEdkifiHvGwfvyf r.q.vtpdk;&acwf aESmif;ydkif;upvkdY jynfyrS pm;tkef;qD oD;ESH ukeonfrsm;xHuom wpfqifh 0,f,Ml u&wmjzpfygw,f/
a&;&NyD;wJh tcsdefupvdkY jynfwGif;rSm t"duuswJhtajccHukef wifoGif;cJh&NyD; jrefrmjynfolwdkY[mvnf; pm;tkef;qDeJY tuRrf; tJ'Dawmh jynfyudkydkYzdkY tqifhtwef;rDwJh oD;ESHtwef;tpm;om
xkwfvkyfief;wpfck yxrqHk;tBudrftjzpf BuD;pGmaom tusyf 0ifcJh&ygw,f/ aemufawmh r.q.vtpdk;&&JUrl0g'rSm;,Gif;rI aps;aumif;&MuwmjzpfNyD; 'DtusKd;udk awmifolv,form;awG
                                                                                   l l k                                                 f
twnf; BuHKawGU&jcif;jzpfygw,f/ 'Dvdktajctaersm;udk awG[m jynfovxukd pm;0wfaea&;taxGaxG tusytwnf; cH p m;Mu&wm r[k w f y gbl ; / jynf y ud k y d k Y z d k Y tqif h r rD w J h
                                                                                                    S f S             k               hJ
jynfolYvTwfawmfOuú| ol&OD;a&Tref;eJY pD;yGm;a&;toif;tzGJU jzpfay:vmapNyD; 1988 ckEprm r.q.v tpd;& jyKwfuscygw,f/ twef;tpm;awGudkawmh jynfwGif;aps;uGufrSmyJ jyefvnf
rsm;rS wm0ef&Sdolrsm; pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&Sifrsm;&JU 30-6-2012                         k                                 h k
                                                                          r.q.v tpd;&jyKwfusNyD; wufvmwJtpd;&taeeJY vnf; a&mif;csMu&wmjzpfygw,f/
aeYu awGUqHkyGJrSm UMFCCI 'kwd,Ouú| OD;vSarmifa&TeJY wuf v mcgp? tapmyd k i f ; umvawG r S m jynf o l v l x k                                           'gaMumifh qDxGufoD;ESHrsm;[mvnf; 'Doabmtwdkif;
jrefrmEdkifiH qefpyg;vkyfief;&Sifrsm;toif; Ouú| OD;cspfcdkifwdkY BuHKawGUae&wJh pm;0wfaea&;tusyftwnf;jyóem ajyvnf jzpfaeNyD; jynfwGif;upm;oHk;qDBudwfcGJxkwfvkyfwJhvkyfief;&Sif
u jrefrmEdkifiH&JU tajccHukefxkwfvkyfief;rsm;[m tqdk;qHk; apzdkY tjyif;txefBudK;pm;cJh&wmudk awGU&ygw,f/ qeftwGuf rsm;twGuf 'kwd,wef;pm;? wwd,wef;pm; pwJhtnHhrsm;
                                                                                                                                                   k
tajctaeeJY &ifqdkifae&NyDjzpfwJhtaMumif; jynfolYvTwfawmf ajz&Sif;rIudkawmh r.q.v tpdk;&&JU vufikwfpepftwdkif; udomvQif 0,f,Bl udwczYkd tcGita&;&Sygawmhw,f/ wpfquf             f JG       hf         d
Ouú|BuD;udk wifjycJhMuygw,f/                                       v,form;awGxHrS pyg;udk uefYowfaps;eJY0,f,lNyD; ajz&Sif; wnf;jzpfvmwJh tusKd;qufawGuawmh jynfwGif;rSm pm;oHk;qD
         jynfwi;pm;oH;qDBudwcxwvyrvyief;[m a&S;jrefrm ay;cJhygw,f/ tJ'Dtcsdefu EdkifiHjcm;oHk;aiG enf;yg;rI tusyf oD;ESHukefMurf;&Sm;yg;rIeJY BuHK&ygw,f/ 'DtcsufudkodwJh
                Gf       k       f JG k f k f I k f
bk&ifrsm;vufxufuyif&SdcJhwJhvkyfief;jzpfygw,f/ xdkpOfu twnf;&SdaewJhtwGuf tpdk;&[m pm;oHk;qDrvHkavmufrI oD;ESHukefonfawG&JU aps;upm;rIaMumifh oD;ESHtnHhrsm;udkyif
½dk;&mopfom;qDBudwfqHkrsm;udk EGm;eJYvSnfhum Budwf&wJh twGuf enf;wpfrsKd;eJY ajz&Sif;cJhwmudk awGU&ygw,f/ tJ'D aps;BuD;pGmeJY 0,f,lBudwfcGJ&wJhtajctaersKd;awG&SdcJhygw,f/
vkyfief;jzpfNyD; ajrvwfydkif;eJY tnma'oaus;&Gmwdkif;rSm enf;vrf;uawmh aps;aumif;aumif;&r,fh jynfwGif;qDxGuf 'kwd,wef;pm;? wwd,wef;pm;pwJh tnHhrsm;udkom 0,f,l
&Scwvyief;jzpfygw,f/ udveacwfaESmif;ydi;eJY vGwvyfa&; oD;ESHukefMurf;rsm;jzpfwJh ESrf;eJYajryJqHwdkYudk jynfyodkYwifydkY BudwfcGJMu&wmjzpfvdkY qDxGufEIef;edrfhusNyD; xGufvmwJh yJq?D
  d hJ hJ k f                   k kd D              k f     f
&NyD;umvawGupvdkY pm;oHk;qD BudwfcGJxkwfvkyfrIvkyfief;[m a&mif;cscGifhjyKcJhNyD; aps;csKdwJh pm;tkef;qDrsm;udk jyefvnfwif ES r f ; qD a ps;EI e f ; awG u d k csEd k i f z d k Y c uf c J v mygw,f / jynf y rS
acwfrDqDBudwfqHkrsm;? pufrsm;eJYxkwfvkyfwJhtqifhtxd oGif;apjcif;jzpfygw,f/ aemufawmh tJ'Dtpdk;&oufwrf; pm;tk e f ; qD w if o G i f ; ol rsm;uvnf ; jynf w G i f ; rS m ol w d k Y
                                                                                                                                                         k f hJ
wdk;wufzGHUNzdK;vmcJhygw,f/ odkYaomfvnf; z.q.y.v tpdk;& umvwpfavQmufvHk; 'Drl0g'udk rydwfryif rjyifqifbJ a&mif;Ediwaps;eJY a&mif;wmrsK;rvkyawmhbJ jynfwif;u ESrf;qD?                 d         f                          G
vufxuf jynfwGif;pm;oHk;qDvdktyfcsuf&SdwJhESpfawGrSm tdE´d,rS qufvufusifhoHk;cJhygw,f/ tJ'Drludk avhvmqef;ppfrI rjyKbJ yJqDaps;ukdMunfhNyD; pm;tkef;qDaps;udk jr§ifhvdkY& oavmufjr§ifhNyD;
ajryJqDwifoGif;cJh&w,fvdkY od&ygw,f/ r.q.v tpdk;& quf v uf u sif h o H k ; &wJ h t aMumif ; ud k avh v mMunf h w J h t cg a&mif;csMuygw,f/ 'DtajctaerSmyJ w&m;0ifwifoGif;wJh
vufxuf apmapmydkif;umvawGrSm EdkifiHjcm;aiG,dkaygufwpfck wm0ef&SdolawG&JUtjrifrSm qDxGufoD;ESHpdkufysKd;wJhawmifolawG pm;tkef;qDxuf ydkrdktqifhjrifhwJhpm;tkef;qDrsm;udk w&m;r0if
                                                                                                            kd   hf       kd
ydwfEdkifa&;twGuf jynfwGif;qDxGufoD;ESH ydkrdkpdkufysKd;a&;udk aps;aumif;aumif;&NyD; 0ifaiGw;Muvdrr,fqwhJ tjrifrsKd;om&Sd vrf;rsm;rS taumuf cGefrJhwifoGif;vmum jynfwGif;pm;oHk;qD
tm;ay;cJhNyD; jynfyrS pm;oHk;qDwifoGif;rIudk ydwfxm;cJhyg aecJhwmudk awGU&ygw,f/ 'Dtjrif[m vufawGUtajctaeeJY aps;uGufudk 0ifa&mufvmygw,f/ aemufydkif;rSm w&m;r0if
w,f/ jynfwGif;rSxGuf&SdwJh qDxGufoD;ESHrsm;udkvnf; EdkifiHjcm; tvGefuif;uGmwJhtjrifjzpfaeNyD; jynfwGif;pm;oHk;qDxkwfvkyf vrf;aMumif;rS pm;oHk;&efroifhwJhqDawG jynfwGif;pm;oHk;qD
                                                                                                                                                            f
odkY wifydkYa&mif;cscGifh vHk;0cGifhrjyKcJhygbl;/ 'gaMumifh r.q.v rIvkyfief;udk vHk;0Oayu©mjyKwJhtjrifvnf; jzpfaeygw,f/ aps;uGuxJ 0ifa&mufvmcJjh yefum jynfwi;pm;oH;qDavmurSm                           G f          k
tpdk;&&JU yxrydkif;umvawGvdkY ajym&r,fh 1974 ckESpfavmuf aemufNyD; pm;tkef;qDwifoGif;jzefYjzL;rIudk aocsmusepGm rormrIawG? tqifhedrfhusrIawG ay:aygufvmcJhygw,f/
txd jynfwGif;pm;oHk;rIeJY qDxGufoD;ESHxGuf&SdrIwdkY[m rQwae BuD ; Muyf j cif ; r&S d c J h w J h t wG u f jynf w G i f ; pm;oH k ; ol r sm;[m jynfolawG aps;EIef;csKdompGmeJY pm;oHk;EdkifapzdkYqdkwJh apwem eJY
w,fvdkY qdkEdkifygw,f/                                             tqifhrrDwJhpm;tkef;qDrsm;udk jynfwGif; u ESrf;qD? ajryJqDwdkYeJY &nf&G,fcsufawG vHk;0uG,faysmufoGm;cJhNyD; jynfwGif; pm;oHk;qD
         odkYaomf 1974 ckESpfaemufydkif;umvrSm r.q.v &JU aps;ruGmbJ 0,f,loHk;pGJMu&ygw,f/                                                      BudwfcGJxkwfvkyfwJh vkyfief;&Sifrsm;[mvnf; ikwfwkwfarh
atmifjrifrIr&&SdcJhwJh or0g,rpD;yGm;a&;pepf[m oD;ESHpdkufysKd;            wu,fawmh jynfyukd oD;ESHrsm;wifydkYa&mif;csvdkufwJh wJhtjzpfudk a&mufcJh&ygw,f/
                                                                              H kd f d h
xkwfvkyfwJhawmifolv,form;awGudk tusyftwnf;awGUap twGuf oD;ESpuysK;wJawmifoawG aps;aumif;aumif;&Muw,f      l                                             jynfwGif;uxGuf&SdwJh qDxGufoD;ESHukefMurf;rsm;udk
                                                                     k hJ                                      k f D hJ                    f
cJhygw,f/ pyg;? ajryJ? ESrf;wdkYyg0ifwJh oD;ESHwcsKdUudk pDrHudef; qdwtjrif[m yuwdtajctaeeJY udunwtjrifr[kwygbl;/ jynf y od k Y wif y d k Y a &mif ; csjcif ; aMumif h qd k ; usKd ; rsm;ud k o m
                                                                                H          G hf                                              h
oD;ESHtjzpf owfrSwfNyD; umva'ocGJjcm;raebJ pdkufysKd;ap jynfyudk oD;ESwifyYkdci&Muolrsm;u jynfyudk ydYk zYkd0,f MuwJtcg jzpfay:apcJhw,fqdkwm avhvmawGU&Sd&ygw,f/ tusOf;csKyf
                                                                        H                                           d k
jcif;? xGuf&SdvmaompDrHudef;oD;ESHrsm;udk uefYowfaps;jzifh oD;ESawG&UJ yxrwef;pm; taetxm;rsK;udom a&G;cs,f0,f,l tm;jzifhwifjy&vQif (1) jynfwGif;pm;oHk;qDavmuodkY rrSef
owfrSwfay;aomta&twGuftwdkif; or0g,rodkY a&mif;cs Muwmjzpfygw,f/ 'Dvdkyxrwef;pm;taetxm;udk awmifol uefaom qDrsm;0ifa&mufvmonfh rormrIrsm;jzpfay:vmjcif;?
                                                                                    D           k f kd
apjcif;rsm;&SdcJhygw,f/ tJ'Dvkyf&yf[m awmifolv,form; v,form;awGqu wdu½uf 0,f,lvdkYr&Edkifygbl;/ awmifol (2) w&m;r0ifvrf;aMumif;rS pm;oHk;qDrsm;0ifa&mufvmojzifh
                                                                                                                                               tcGefb@mqHk;½HI;&jcif;? (3) tqifhrrDaomqDrsm;? pm;oHk;&ef
                                                                                                                                                      h                      k                   f
                                                                                                                                               roifaomqDrsm; pm;oH;qDaps;uGuoYkd 0ifa&mufvmjcif;aMumifh
                                         CARTOON OF THE WEEK                                                                                   jynfolvlxk\ usef;rma&;jyóemrsm;jzpfay:vmEdkifjcif;? (4)
                                                                                                                                               jynf w G i f ; pm;oH k ; qD B ud w f c G J xk w f v k y f r I v k y f i ef ; ES i f h w uG
                                                                                                                                               ,if;vkyfief;ESifh ESD;ET,faeaom pufrIvkyfief;rsm;ü tvkyf
                                                                                                                                               tudkif&&SdaeMuonfh odef;*Pef;eD;yg;rQ aom tvkyform;rsm;
                                                                                                                                               tvkyfvufrJhjzpf&jcif;pwJh qdk;usKd;awGjzpfay:cJh&ygw,f/
                                                                                                                                                        trSeftm;jzifh jynfwGif;qDxGufoD;ESHrsm;xGuf&SdrItajc
                                                                                                                                               taeudk teD;pyfqHk;jzpfatmif avhvmqef;ppfaeoifhNyD; xGuf&Sd
                                                                                                                                                     D G f D H
                                                                                                                                               wJhqxuo;ESwYkdtajctaet& jynfwi;pm;oH;zdYk trSewu,f   G f        k              f
                                                                                                                                               rvHkavmufrSomvQif jynfyrS pm;oHk;qDwifoGif;cGifhjyKoifhyg
                                                                                                                                               w,f/ ,cktcg ESpfaygif;rsm;pGmusifhoHk;vmcJhwJh jynfwGif;rSm
                                                                                                                                               pm;oHk;qDrvHkavmufvdkY jynfyrS pm;oHk;qDwifoGif;wJhrl0g'udk
                                                                                                                                               usifhoHk;vsuf&SdNyD; wpfzufrSmvnf; jynfwGif;u qDxGufoD;ESH
                                                                                                                                               ukefMurf;rsm;udk jynfyodkY wifydkYa&mif;cscGifhjyKwm[m rl0g'
                                                                                                                                                                                                     kf
                                                                                                                                               wpf&yftay:rSm qefYusifpGm &yfwnfvyaqmifaewJh tpGe;ESpck                               f f
                                                                                                                                                                                             S f hJ
                                                                                                                                               vdk jzpfaeygw,f/ txl;ojzifh ,ckEpuoYkd &moDOwkazmufjyefvYkd
                                                                                                                                               qDxGufoD;ESHrsm; aocsmayguftxGufavsmhenf;r,fhtcsdefrSm
                                                                                                                                               qDxGufoD;ESHukefMurf;rsm;udk jynfyodkY vHk;0wifydkYcGifhrjyKoifh
                                                                                                                                               ygbl;/
                                                                                                                                                        'gaMumifh vuf&Sdtpdk;&tzGJUopftaeeJY aumif;usKd;xuf
                                                                                                                                               tqrwef qdk;usKd;rsm;aewJh jynfwGif;rS pm;oHk;qDoD;ESH
                                                                                                                                               ukeMf urf;rsm; jynfyodYkwifyYkdaerI&,f jynfyrS pm;oH;qDwifoi;rI         k              G f
                                                                                                                                               udpöawG&,fukd avhvmqef;ppfNyD; tjrefqHk;jyKjyifzdkY vdktyfae
                                                                                                                                               NyDjzpfaMumif; wifjyvdkuf&ygw,f/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Aokef
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     33
   Monday, October 15 - 21, 2012                                                                                                                                                                                                VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              The




jrefrmUyxrOD;qHk;aoG;cGJpuf *syefvSL'gef;
&efukef? atmufwkdbm 5
          ukefNrdKUawmf&Sd trsKd;om;aoG;XmeodkY aoG;trsm;tjym;oGif;&aomvlemrsm;wGiftjzpfrsm;onfh aoG;rSwpfqifhjyefYyGm;aom Akdif;&yfpfESifh a&m*grsm;umuG,fEkdif&ef tar&duefa':vm 60ç000
          (jrefrmaiGusyf odef; 500) wefzdk;&Sd aoG;cGJpufudk *syefwm½l;rdk; (Terumo) ukrÜPDu jynfwGif;&Sd okc"eukrÜPDrSwpfqifh atmufwkdbmv 5 &ufaeYwGif vSL'gef;cJhonf/
      ,if;puf\ta&;ygyHrm WBC  k S                         aoG;vSLXmerS wm0efcHq&m0efBuD;                cGJjcm;ay;NyD; a&m*gtrsKd;tpm;ay:               &efueta&SUydi;f aq;½H?k &efuetaemuf
                                                                                                                                                               kf     k             kf                 wkdYrSty &efukefNrdKU&Sd &efukefjynfolY
aoG;jzLOxJyg0ifaom Leucocyte                                J
                                                          wGzufygarmu© a'gufwmoDwmatmif                              k           h
                                                                                                        rlwnfí vdtyfonfaoG;trsKd;tpm;                   ydkif;aq;½Hk? ajrmufOuúvmyaq;½Hk?              aq;½HkBuD;tygt0if aq;½HkBuD;udk;½Hk
rsm;udk z,f&Sm;ay;aMumif;? tqkdyg                         u ajymMum;onf/                                udk vlem&SifukdxnfhoGif;ay;Ekdifrnf             tif;pdefaq;½HkESifh oCFef;uRef;aq;½kH                J                        dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                       udk cGwrf;csjzefYjzL;ay;vsuf&onf/
Leucocyte rSm rMumrMumaoG;oGi;&     f                           ]]jrefrmjynfrSmawmh yxrOD;                                                   k
                                                                                                        jzpfaMumif;? xdYkaMumifh aoG;wpfyvif;rS
olrsm;tzkdY zsm;emjcif;rsm;jzpfapEkdif                    qHk; pufaygh/ aoG;oGif;cH&wmrsm;wJh           vlemav;OD;\toufuu,fEirnf       kd      kd f
ouJhodkY ¤if; Leucocyte rsm; yrmP
rsm;vmygu Allo Immunisation uJh
                                                          vlemawGtjzpfrsm;wJh a&m*gawGudk
                                                          umuG,Eirmyg}}[k ¤if;uajymMum;
                                                                    f dk f S
                                                                                                                                   Ü D
                                                                                                        jzpfaMumif; okc"eukrP\'g½duwm
                                                                                                        OD;oef;0if;u The Voice Weekly odYk
                                                                                                                                            k f
                                                                                                                                                        rav;&Sm;usef;rma&;0efaqmifrIESifU
                  k f     f d
odYkaom cE¨mud,twGi;&SaoG;rsm;udk                         onf/                                          ajymMum;onf/
qGay;NyD; oGi;orQaoG;rsm;udk jyefccH
                f
onfh jzpfpOfrsm;tjyif aoG;rSwpfqifh
                                      k                         tqkygpufonf vl\aoG;wGif
                                                                        d
                                                          yg0ifaomaoG;trsKd;tpm; av;rsKd;
                                                                                                               &efuetrsK;om;aoG;Xmeonf
                                                                                                                     kf d
                                                                                                        wpfvvQif aoG;,lepfaygif; 3500rS
                                                                                                                                                        c&D;oGm;vkyfief; yxrqkH;jyo
jyefYaom Akdif;&yfpfESifh a&m*grsm;udk                    jzpfonfh aoG;jzLO? aoG;eDO? yvdwf             4000 tMum; odavSmifxm;Ny; &efuef
                                                                                                                           k              D         k   &efukef? Mo*kwf 11
         f dk f
umuG,EirnfjzpfaMumif; trsK;om;    d                       vwfESifh yvmprmtp&SdonfwkdYudk                uav;aq;½HkBuD;? trsKd;orD;aq;½Hk?                                dfH G
                                                                                                                                                                 jrefrmEkiiwif yxrqH;tBudrf  k         a0'em&Sifrsm;oGm;a&mufaq;uko
                                                                                                                                                                                   f
                                                                                                                                                        tjzpf rav;&Sm;use;rma&;0efaqmif                       h I f
                                                                                                                                                                                                       onfEe;onf 2010 jynfEpuxuf      h S f
                                                                                                                                                        rIESifh c&D;oGm;vkyfief;jyyGJudk pufwif        2011 ckESpfwGif 46 &mckdifEIef;xd jrifh
&efukeft½dk;aq;½HkBuD; ckwif 50 qUH                                                                                                                     bmv 20 &ufrS 22 &ufaeYtxd
                                                                                                                                                        &efukefNrdKUawmf qD'dk;em;[dkw,fwGif
                                                                                                                                                                                                       wufcJhNyD; taMumif;&if;rSm ukorI
                                                                                                                                                                                                           f           f
                                                                                                                                                                                                       ukeusp&dwoufomjcif;ESihf use;f rma&;
                                                                                                                                                              f             J S hf
                                                                                                                                                        usi;yoGm;&m jyyGEitwl use;rma&;        f                     I
                                                                                                                                                                                                       0efaqmifraumif;jcif;wdYk aMumifh jzpf
cg;½dk;txl;ukaq;ukoaqmif wkd;csJYwnfaqmuf                                                                                                                                    J
                                                                                                                                                        qkdif&ma[majymyGvnf;yg0ifaMumif;
                                                                                                                                                        yGJpDpOfonfh rav;&Sm;usef;rma&;
                                                                                                                                                                                                       aMumif; rav;&Sm;usef;rma&;apmifh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  IS             f
                                                                                                                                                                                                       a&SmufrEihf c&D;oGm;vkyief;aumifprS   D
&efukef? pufwifbm 27                                                                                                                                    apmifha&SmufrIESifh c&D;oGm;vkyfief;           pDtD;tdk a'gufwm Mary Wong Lia
                                                                                                        t½dk;a&m*gtxl;ukaq;½HkBuD;tjzpf                 aumifpDxHrSod&onf/                             Lin u ajymqkdonf/
                                                                                                                                hf S f
                                                                                                        ajymif;vJw;kd jr§ihf zGivpcjhJ cif;jzpfonf/              tqkdygjyyGJ&ufrsm;wGif rav;                     ,if;jyyGJudk rav;&Sm;usef;rm
                                                                                                                 ,cktcg jrefrmEkiiü &efueNf rdKU
                                                                                                                                       dfH      k       &Sm;EkdifiHrS aq;½Hk 15 ½Hkausmftjyif          a&;apmifha&SmufrIESifhc&D;oGm;vkyfief;
                                                                                                             k
                                                                                                        t½d;a&m*gtxl;uk aq;½HBk uD; (ckwif                             f kf f kÜ D
                                                                                                                                                        aq;0g;xkwvyonhurPrsm; yg0if                    aumifpDonf jynfaxmifpkor®w
                                                                                                                                     k
                                                                                                        300)? rEÅav;NrdKU t½d;a&m*gtxl;uk               jyooGm;rnfjzpfNyD; jyyGJvma&muf                jrefrmEkdifiH ukefonfrsm;ESifhpufrI
                                                                                                        aq;½HkBuD; (ckwif 200)ESifh r*Fvm'Hk                                           d f H
                                                                                                                                                        olrsm;twGuf rav;&Sm;Ekii&dS aq;½Hk             vufrIvkyfief;&Sifrsm;toif;csKyf
                                                                                                        wyfrawmft½dk; a&m*gtxl;ukaq;½Hk                 rsm;\ usef;rma&;0efaqmifrIrsm;ESifh            (UMFCCI)? jrefrmEkdifiH yk*¾vdu
                                                                                                        Bu;D (ckwif 500)[lí t½d;k a&m*gtxl;uk                           kf           f
                                                                                                                                                        aq;ukorIueusp&dwrsm;udk &Si;f vif;                     k                     df
                                                                                                                                                                                                       aq;½Hrsm;toif;? jrefrmEkiiH aq;0g;
                                                                                                                k kH
                                                                                                        aq;½Ho;ck&NdS yD; t½d;a&m*ga0'em&Sif
                                                                                                                                   k                    ajymMum;ay;jcif;wdkYyg0ifa Mumif ;                   f kf l
                                                                                                                                                                                                       xkwvyorsm;toif;ESihf jrefrmEkiiH     df
                                                                                                        rsm;udk vufcHukoay;vsuf&Sdonf/                  tqkdygaumifpD wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u                                      f     f
                                                                                                                                                                                                       c&D;oGm;vma&;vkyief;&Sirsm;toif; wkYd
                                                                                                                                                        ajymMum;onf/                                                     f
                                                                                                                                                                                                       yl;aygif;usi;yjcif; jzpfonf/
  "mwfykH - rkd;ausmfvGif                                                                                             a&TpifOD;?   Living Color                  rav;&Sm;EkdifiHodkY jrefrmEkdifiHrS

          t½kd;a&m*ga0'em&Sifrsm;ukd                      &mcdkifEIef;cefY NyD;pD;aeNyDjzpfaMumif;
t"duukovsuf&aom &efuet½d;
                        dS
a&m*gtxl;ukaq;½HBk uD;wGif ckwif 50
                                               k f k      ¤if;uqufvufajymMum;onf/
                                                                        tqkdyg aq;ukoaqmifrSm
                                                                                                            &efukef? rEåav;NrdKYaq;½HkBuD;rsm;wGif
               kd k f d f
qHh cg;qpf½;ydi;qki&ma&m*gtxl;uk                          oHk;xyftaqmufttHkjzpfNyD; t&nf
aq;ukoaqmifukd wk;csUJ wnfaqmuf
                             d
                               d
vsuf&SdaMumif; tqkygaq;½H\aq;½Hk             k
                                                                                k kH
                                                          taoG;jrifh aq;½Ho;ypön;rsm;? enf;
                                                          ynmopfrsm;? ukoenf;rsm;ESifh ZD0
                                                                                              f             tar&duef"mwfrSefpufopfBuD;rsm; wyfqifrnf
tkyBf u;D a'gufwm0if;jrifhuajymMum;                       ukx;rsm;udk ,cifxufyrtqifjh rifh
                                                                   kH                       kd kd           &efukef? pufwifbm 28
onf/                                                      vmap&ef t½dk;txl;ukq&m0efrsm;                              &efukefESifh rEÅav;NrdKUawmfBuD;wdkYtjyif tjcm;NrdKUe,frsm;&Sd jynfolYaq;½Hkrsm;wGif tar&duefvkyf"mwfrSef
          ,cif ESpf 2011-2012 ckESpf                      udk jynfyodkY tvSnfhusapvTwfí                     puftopf ckepfvHk;wyfqifawmhrnfjzpfaMumif; usef;rma&;0efBuD;XmerS wif'g&&SdcJhonfh Sea Lion ukrÜPD
twGi;wGif cg;qpf½;dk ESiywfoufonfh
        f                        hf                       enf;ynmESifh ukoenf;rsm;ESD;aESm                  refae*sif;'g½dkufwm OD;0if;aZmfatmifu ajymMum;onf/
jyifyvlem 7294 OD;txd&cNhJ yD; twGi;  dS              f   zvS,fjcif;? oif,lqnf;yl;jcif;rsm;                          tqdkyg"mwfrSefpufopfrsm;wGif 128-Slice Optima CT 660 CT ESpfvHk;? 16-slice Bright Speed Elite
vlem 125 OD;&SdaMumif;ESifh tjcm;                         jyKvkyf&efjyifqifxm;vsuf&SdaMumif;                CT ig;vHk;udk NrdKUBuD;rsm;&Sd jynfolYaq;½Hkrsm;wGif wyfqifoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;? puftoHk;jyK&efvdktyfonfh
t½dk;a&m*gvlemrsm;xuf vlemOD;a&                           ¤if;uajymMum;onf/ xdYktjyif tqkyg         d       enf;ynmydkif;twGufvnf; *sDtD;tDvufx&GefepfukrÜPDrS uRrf;usifynm&Sifrsm; vma&mufjyoay;rnfjzpf
ydaeaomaMumifh cg;qpf½;ydi;qki&m
  k                                      kd k f d f       cg;qpf½dk;ukoaqmifü ukd&D;,m;ESifh                aMumif; *sDtD;\jrefrmEdkifiHtwGuf udk,fpm;vS,f Sea Lion rS 'g½dkufwmOD;rif;OD;u ajymqkdonf/
a&m*grsm;udk acwfrenf;ynmrsm;jzifh
                           D                              jyifopfEkdifiHwYdkrS t½d;a&m*gyg&*lrsm;
                                                                                      k                              ]]tckoHk;aewJh wdk&SDbmuxkwfwJhpufqdk odef;oHk;&muae av;&mavmuftxd&Sdw,f/ &ifbwf "mwfrSef
oD;oefYukoay;Ekdif&ef &nf&G,fí                            ESiy;aygif;í jrefrmEkiirvemrsm;udk
                                                              hf l                   d f H S l              ½dk;½dk;½dkufwJholqdk ig;axmifavmuf,lw,f/ uGefysLwmeJYyHk&dyfzrf;NyD; ½dkufwJhpufqdk wpfaomif;avmuf,l
ckwif 50qHhaq;ukoaqmifopfudk                              cGJpdwfukooGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;                 w,f}} [k aq;½Hkwpf½Hkcsif;tvdkuf toHk;jyKonfh "mwfrSefpufrsm;ay:rlwnfum aps;EIef;rsm;vnf; rwlnD
xyfrHaqmufvkyfjcif;jzpfaMumif;?                           aq;½HkxHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/ tqkdyg               aMumif; &efukefNrdKUawmf&Sd yk*¾vduaq;½Hkwpfck\ tkyfcsKyfrI'g½dkufwmwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
,if;taqmufttHukd ausmomaqmuf
                      k                    f              aq;½Honf ,cifuemwm&Sna&m*g
                                                                      k                           f                  jrefrmEdkifiHwGif *sDtD;ukrÜPDrSxkwfvkyfonfh aq;½HkoHk;ypönf;rsm;ukd A[dk&fpnfyk*¾vduaq;½Hk? yef;vdIif
vkya&;tzGUJ u wm0ef,aqmufvyf
      f                             l               k     ESifh ukd,fta&jym;a&m*gonfrsm;ukd                 aq;½HkESifh &efukefNrdKU&Sd tjcm;yk*¾vduaq;½Hkrsm;wGif toHk;jyKvsuf&SdNyD; *sDtD;ukrÜPDonf tar&duwdkY jrefrm
jcif;jzpfNyD; taqmufttHk\ 60                              vufcHukoay;cJhNyD;aemufykdif;wGif                 EdkifiHtwGif; jyefvnfoHwrefqufqHvmrIESifhtwl yxrqHk;jyefvnf0ifa&mufvmaomukrÜPD jzpfonf/
   34
  The
        VOICE                                                                                                                                                                                           Monday, October 15 - 21, 2012




zm;uefhfwGif wkdufyGJrsm;qufwkdufjzpf
&efukef? atmufwdkbm 10
         ypftcwf&yfpJa&; vufrSwfa&;xkd;jcif;rjyKEkdifao;onfh wpfckwnf;aom wkdif;&if;om;vufeufudkifwyfzGJUjzpfonfh ucsifvGwfvyfa&;wyfrawmf (autkdifat) ESifh wyfrawmfwdkY ucsif
         jynfe,f zm;uefYNrdKUe,fwGif wdkufyGJrsm;qufwkdufjzpfyGm;aeaMumif; a'ocHrsm;u The Voice Weekly odkY qufoG,fajymMum;onf/
       zm;uefY-rdk;aumif;um;vrf;              aus;&GmteD;wGif vufeufBuD;rsm;                         v,fjyifaus;&GmwGifjzpfyGm;cJh          xkw,f/ tdrfa&SUrSm wpfvHk;usw,f?                             NrdKUe,ftkyfcsKyfa&;tzGJU\ owif;
ay:&S d eef Y wd e f a us;&G m teD ; wG i f               f           G h
                                              tjyeftvSeypfcwfrjI zpfym;cJaMumif;               onfh wkuyrm wyfrawmfppfaMumif;
                                                                                                        d f JG S                            b,fbufuxk (ypf) rSef;rod&bl;}}                                           f Gf
                                                                                                                                                                                                         ay;ydYkcsuwiazmfjyxm;onf/ atmuf
atmufwdkbmv 8 &ufaeYn 7 em&D                  a'ocHrsm;ESifh oufqkdif&m NrdKUe,f               cr& 382 rSwyfom; 200 cefYEihf    S           [k arSmfpDpm bk&m;teD;aexkdifol                              wkdbmv 8 &ufaeYn 7 em&DcefY
0ef;usifü rdepf 30 MumwkdufyGJrsm;            tkyfcsKyfa&;tzGJYxHrSod&onf/                           df
                                                                                               autkiatwyfr 2 atmufwyf&if; 6                 trsKd;om;wpfOD;uqkdonf/                                      uvnf; qdyfrlaus;&Gm&yfuGuf 1
jzpfyGm;cJhNyD; atmufwdkbmv 9 &uf                           k f JG
                                                     ,if;wduyrsm;wGif wyfrawmfrS               wdYkawGUqHNk yD; vufeufBuD;? vufeuf                  ,if ; wd k u f y G J j zpf y G m ;csd e f w G i f    ppfwyfukef;teD; rkdif;wpfvHk;uGJcJh
                         G      d f kf
aeY eHeuf 7 em&DcefYwif ig;rkiue;ü            wyfMuyfBuD;wpfOD;ESifh 'kwyfMuyf                 i,f r sm;jzif h tjyeftvSefypfcwf             ausmif;om;oHk;axmifausmf wuf                                 aomfvnf; xdcdkuf'Pf&m&rIr&SdcJh
wkdufyGJrsm;jzpfyGm;cJhaMumif;? ,if ;         wpfOD;'Pf&m&&SdcJhNyD; autkdifat                 Mujcif;jzpfaMumif; a'ocH r sm;u              a&mufaeaom vHk;cif;txufwef;                                  aMumif; rsufjrifa'ocHrsm;u The
aemuf eHeuf 8 em&D 50 rdepfwGif               bufrS 'Pf&m&&Sdolrsm;udkrl rod&                  ajymMum;onf/                                 ausmif;\ ausmif;wufcsdefjzpfaom                              Voice Weekly odkYajymMum;onf/
  k
vH;cif;aus;&Gm\ ta&SUbufv,fjyif               ao;ay/                                                 ]]vufeufBuD; tvHk; 20 ausmf            aMumifh ausmif;om;rsm;oHk;em&DcefY                                     ,if;wkdufyGJrsm;ESifhywfoufí
                                                                                                                                            ydwfrdcJhaMumif; ausmif;om;rdb                               vkdifZmNrdKUteD;&Sd autkdifatt&m&Sd
                                                                                                                                            wpfOD;u The Voice Weekly odkY                                wpfOD;udk ar;jref;&mwGif ]]tpkd;&
                                                                                                                                            ajymMum;onf/                                                 ppfwyfu wyftiftm;jznhfzdkYwuf
armifawmnrxGuf&trdefh 'kwd,tBudrf ajcmufem&DavQmU                                                                                                   ]]vufeufBuD;awG jyefypfMuNyD}}
                                                                                                                                            [k atmufwkdbmv 9 &ufaeY nae
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 h
                                                                                                                                                                                                         vmwJppfaMumif;awGeYJawGUvdYk ypfcwf
                                                                                                                                                                                                         Muwmyg/ vkdifZmbufawmh wkuyJG      d f
         atmuf
&efukef? atmufwdkbm 9                                                                                                                       6 em&D 20 rdepfwGif a'ocHwpfOD;                              awG at;aeygw,f}} [kqonf/        kd
        a'owGif;y#dyu©jzpfyGm;rIrsm;                                      f
                                              eHeuf 5 em&Dtxd ESpem&DomavQmhcs                 OD;0if;NrdKifuajymMum;onf/                   u The Voice Weekly odYkw,fvze;                    D k f                wyfrawmfESifh autkdifatwdkY
aMumifh &cdkifjynfe,f armifawmNrdKU           cJhaMumif; armifawmNrdKU trsKd;om;                      &cdkifjynfe,fwGif jzpfyGm;cJh         jzifhqufoG,fajymMum;onf/                                     onfzm;uefYNrdKUe,ftwGif; Mo*kwf
e,fwGif ZGefv 8 &ufaeYrSpwifum                azmifa';&Sif;rS Ouú| OD;atmifausmf               onfh qlyltMurf;zufrIrsm;aMumifh                      ,if;aeYwGif zm;uefYNrdKUe,f                          vqef;ydkif;rSpwifum wkdufyGJrsm;
nae 6 em&DrS eHeuf 6 em&Dtxd                  ñGefYu qdkonf/                                   nrxG u f & trd e f Y yk ' f r 144 ud k       a0cgaus;&Gmü eHeuf 10 em&DcefY                               jyif;xefpGm jzpfyGm;cJhonfhtwGuf
xkwfjyefcJhonfh nrxGuf&trdefY                            ]]olwdkYu cGifhjyKw,fqdkayr,fh        ZGefvrSpí &cdkifjynfe,f\ NrdKUawmf           wGif &wemMu,fausmufrsuw;azmf               f l               ae&yfpGefYcGm&onfh a'ocH'ku©onf
yk'fr 144 udk 'kwd,tBudrftjzpf                b,folrStjyifxGufroGm;&Jygbl;}}                   ppfawGNrdKUtygt0if ausmufawmf?               a&; ukrÜPD\ pGefYypfajrpmyHkü rkdif;                         aygif; wpfaomif;cefY &SdaeaMumif;
atmufwdkbmv 8 &ufaeYrSpwif                    [k nrxGuf&trdefYudk ,if;odkYtcsdef               bl;oD;awmif? armifawm? oHwGJ?                uGJrIjzpfyGm;cJh&m a'ocHaus;&Gm om;                                           D        f
                                                                                                                                                                                                         ¤if;wdYk ukd ulna&;vkyaqmifaeaom
um n 10 em&DrS eHeuf 4 em&Dtxd                       h kd f
                                              avQmcsvuaomfvnf; avmavmq,f                       ausmuf j zL? &rf ; NAJ ck e pf N rd K Ue,f   wpfOD;aoqHk;NyD; wpfOD;rSm zm;uefY                           tzGJUtpnf;rsm;xHrSod&onf/
xyfrHavQmhcsvdkufaMumif; armif                armifawmNrdKUe,ftwGif;&Sd a'ocH                  twGif; xkwfjyefcJhonf/ csKdarmif                             f              dS
                                                                                                                                            aq;½HBk uD;wGia&muf&aeaMumif; ,if;
awmNrdKUcHrsm;u The Voice Weekly              rsm;rSm ntcsdeftwGif; oGm;vmMu
odkY qufoG,fajymMum;onf/                      jcif;r&Sdao;aMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/
        a'owGif;y#dyu©jzpfyGm;rIrsm;                     tvm;wl&cdkifjynfe,f oHwGJ
jyef v nf w nf N id r f v mNyD j zpf o nf h
twGuf nrxGuf&trdefYudk ,if;odkY
                                              NrdKUESifh ausmufjzLNrdKUwdkYwGif xkwfjyef
                                              xm;onfh nrxGuf&trdefYrsm;udk
                                                                                               q,fpkESpf ESpfckeD;yg; qifqmcGifUjyKcsufr&cJUonfU
xyfrHavQmhcsvdkufjcif;jzpfonf[k               vnf ; rMumrD ½ k y f o d r f ; oG m ;&ef & S d
atmufwdkbmv 8 &ufaeY nae 6
           G
em&DcefYwif armifawmNrdKUe,f tkycsKyf f
                                              aMumif; oufqdkif&mNrdKUe,ftkyfcsKyf
                                              a&;rSL;rsm;ESifh a'ocHNrdKUrdNrdKUzrsm;\
                                                                                               ½kyfoHr*¾Zif;xkwfrnf
a&;rSL;½Hk;u NrdKUwGif;odkYvSnfhvnf           ajymMum;csuft& od&Sd&onf/                                 atmuf
                                                                                               &efukef? atmufwdkbm 11
                  h
xkwjf yefaMunmcJaMumif; armifawm                         tvm;wl ppfawGNrdKUwGifvnf;                    jrefrmEdkifiHwGif ½kyfoHqifqm        rnfjzpfaMumif; [motEkynm&Sif                                 [k ¤if;u qufvufajymqdkonf/
NrdKUcHrsm;uqdkonf/                           nrxGuf&trdefYukd atmufwkdbmv                     rsm; wif;usyfcJhonfh vGefcJhaomESpf          Zm*em ac: 'g½dkufwmOD;ol&u The                                         k      f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                               tqdyg½kyor*¾Zif;wGif uAsm?
        ]],ckwpfBudrfwGif ajcmufem&D          10 &ufrSpí n 10 em&DrS eHeuf 4                                    f
                                                                                               aygif; 20 ausmumvu ½kyoqifqm  f H            Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/                               Documentry ? aMu;pifawmifprue;  D H d f
avQmhcsvdkufaMumif;? nrxGuf&                  em&DtxdokdY 6 em&DavQmhcsay;cJh                  cGifhjyKcsufr&cJhonfh ½kyfoHr*¾Zif;                          k f H           d
                                                                                                                                                     tqdyg½kyor*¾Zif;trsK;tpm;                           (c&D;oGm;aqmif;yg;)? 3D Animation
trdefYukd Mo*kwfv 10 &ufaeYu                  aMumif; &ckdifjynfe,ftpkd;&tzJGU                 trsKd;tpm;udk ,ck'Drdkua&pDtpdk;&            rsKd;udk 1989 ckESpfESifh 1999 ckESpfwdkY                            f
                                                                                                                                                                                                         (umwGe;)? ,HMk unfcsuftusOf;om;
yxrtBudrf avQmhcspOf n 7 em&DrS               owif;xkwjf yefa&;tzJUG twGi;a&;rSL;f                                 G
                                                                                               opfvufxufwif xkwa0cGi&awmh  f     hf         wGif qifqmcGifhjyKcsuf ESpfBudrf                             rsm;\ rdom;pk0ifrsm;udk ar;jref;xm;
                                                                                                                                            avQmufxm;cJh&mr&cJhbJ ,cktcgrS                               onf h tif w mAsL;tpD t pOf r sm;?
                                                                                                                                            om qifqmcGifhjyKcsuf&&SdcJhojzifh                            Short Film, Short Story (0w¬Kwdk)
                                                                                                                                            rdk;&Sif;r*¾Zif; (DVD trsKd;tpm;) udk                        ponfwdkY yg0ifrnfjzpfonf/
    jrefrmEdkifiHoef;acgifpm&if;aumuf,lrItwGuf a':vm                                                                                                   h kd
                                                                                                                                            vmrnfE0ifbmvwGif Home (House
                                                                                                                                            of Media & Entertainment) u
                                                                                                                                                                                                               tqdkygr*¾Zif;udk ESpfvwpf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                         BudrfxGuf&SdrnfjzpfNy;D ,ckxuvmrnfh
                                                                                                                                                      k f
                                                                                                                                            pDpOfxwa0rnfjzpfaMumif; ESpaygif; f                          tacGudk usyf 1500 ESifh usyf 3000
    38 oef;ausmfvdkjyaiG                                                                                                                    20 ausmfMum ¤if;\tdyfrufjzpf
                                                                                                                                            ajrmufvmcJ&yHukd ¤if;u&Si;jyonf/
                                                                                                                                                             h k          f
                                                                                                                                                                                                         Mum; a&mif;csay;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                         Home (House of Media & Enter-
             atmuf
    &efukef? atmufwdkbm 10                                                                                                                           ]]'DtacGrSm vuf&SdjzpfaewJh                         tainment) ukrÜPD½Hk;tzGJUxHrS pHkprf;
             2014 ckESpfwGifpwifrnfh jrefrmwpfEdkifiHvHk; oef;acgifpm&if;aumuf,lrItwGuf ukefusaiGyrmP                                       aMu;eDpDrHudef;u cHpm;ae&wJh jynf                            od&Sd&onf/
    tar&duefa':vm 58 'or 3 oef;wGif tar&duefa':vm 38 'or 3 oef;ausmf vdkaiGjyvsuf&SdaMumif;                                                 olawGukd ar;jref;xm;wmawGygr,f}}
    ukvor*¾vlOD;a&&efyHkaiGtzGJU jrefrmEdkifiHXmaeudk,fpm;vS,f Mr.Mohamed Abdel Ahad u ajymMum;onf/
             ukvor*¾ vlOD;a&&efyHkaiGtzGJUESifh jrefrmEdkifiHtpdk;&wdkY yl;aygif;&&SdonfhyrmPonf tar&duefa':vm
    oef; 20 &Sdaomfvnf; ,if;yrmPtjyif xyfrHjznfhqnf;ay;&rnfh tvkyftudkifoifwef;rsm;? enf;ynm
    tultnDrsm;? avhvma&;c&D;pOfrsm;uJhodkY vdktyfcsufrsm;&Sdjcif;aMumifh tar&duefa':vm 38 oef;ausmfudk
    xyfrHvdktyf&jcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;u&Sif;jyonf/
             vmrnfh 2013 ckESpf rwfv 30 &ufaeYrS {NyDv 10 &ufaeYtxd prf;oyfaumuf,lrIrsm;jyKvkyfoGm&ef                                       yef;csDq&mrBuD;a':vGef;jrjr &SpfBudrfajrmufwpfukd,fawmf
    &SdNyD; 2014 ckESpf rwfvwGifrl vufawGUuGif;qif;aumuf,loGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;? 2015 ckESpf tapmydkif;wGif
    tNyD;owfaMunmoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ukvor*¾vlOD;a&&efyHkaiGtzGJUxHrS od&onf/ jrefrmEdkifiHwGif yxrqHk;                                      yef;csDjyyJGusif;yrnf
    vlOD;a&pm&if;udk NAdwdoQtpdk;&vufxuf 1872 ckESpfwGif aumuf,lcJhNyD; pm&if;aumuf,lcJhonfha'orsm;rSm                                      &efukef? atmufwdkbm 11
    &cdkifjynfe,f? weoFm&Dwdkif;? &efukefwdkif;? yJcl;wdkif;wdkYomyg0ifcJhonf[k The Voice Weekly, Vol.8/No.26                                     yef;csDq&mrBuD;a':vGef;jrjr\ Fine Garden trnf& &SpfBudrfajrmuf
    wGif azmfjycJhonf/                                                                                                                             dk f              G        k   d f
                                                                                                                                            wpfu,awmfyef;csDjyyJudk &efueNf rdKUAkvcsKyfatmifqef;aps; ta&SUbufwef;&Sd
             jrefrmEdkifiH\ jynfvHk;uRwfoef;acgifpm&if;aumuf,lrIudk 1973 ckESpfESifh 1983 ckESpfwdkYwGif                                    Myanmar Traditional Artists And Artisans Organization yef;csDjycef;wGif
    ESpfBudrfwdkifwdkif aumuf,lcJhaMumif;? vmrnfh 2014 ckESpf oef;acgifpm&if;aumuf,lrIonf ESpf 30 MumNyD;                                   17.10.2012 &ufaeYrS 21.10.2012 &ufaeYtwGif; jyornfjzpfaMumif;
    aemuf jyefvnfaumuf,jl cif;jzpfonftwGuf tcuftcJrsm;awGUEdiaMumif; Ediiawmf'w,or®w a'gufwm
                                           h                                 k f       k f H  k d                                           a':vGef;jrjrxHrS od&onf/
    pdkif;armufcrf;u aejynfawmfwGifusif;yjyKvkyfonfh A[dkoef;acgifpm&if;aumfr&Siftpnf;ta0;wGif ajym                                                          G              G          S f
                                                                                                                                                  yef;csDjyyJaygif; 30 cefYwif 1999 ckEpuwnf;uvuf&mrsm;yg0ifjyo
    Mum;onf/                                                                                                                                cJhonfh a':vGef;jrjronf emrnfausmf Impressionist yef;csDq&mBuD;
                                                                                                                                            OD;vGef;<u,fxHwGif yef;csDynmukd qnf;yl;cJhonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 35
   Monday, October 15 - 21, 2012                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       VOICE


b0ajzmifUaMumif; wapUwapmif; (34)
ZmvDausmf
                     h
            0ajzmifaMumif;waphwapmif;                 qdkawmh ukodkvfqdkwm tjypfr&Sdbl;                atmif taMumif;u pdw"mwfaumif;            f                                     f
                                                                                                                                                                   av/ pdea&m tukev;aygh/ ausmuf                 f kH                   ay;vduw,f/ tJ'gudk pOf;pm;w,f/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        k f
            qdkNyD; bkef;bkef;wdkYajymvmcJh           wJh/ csrf;omwJh tusKd;ay;w,fwJh                                        kH f
                                                                                                       av;yJ/ ESv;oGi;aumif;av;yJ/ at;                                  f               f
                                                                                                                                                                   pdr;ygvkyw,f/ ud,yuqay;xm;?                 k hf kd f H              tJ'gukovy/ tJ'gukovjf zpfovm;/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              kd f J                   kd
           k f kd f kd
wm ud,u,wif b0udBk udK;pm;NyD;                                    kd f J
                                                      tJ'gukovy/ ukovuqwmvnf;      kd f H kd           9 wef;wke;f u[kwygw,f/ ausmif;u
                                                                                                                                    f                              udk,feJY ta&mif;t0,fvkyfwJholawG?                                    tJ't&G,?f tJ'tcsdewe;u tJ'gudk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                D                      D             f k f
       h hJ d
ajzmifcwm&Sw,f/ ywf0ef;usitodi;            f kf       tjypfr&SdwJhtusKd;ay;w,f/ csrf;om                jyefvmawmh {nfhcef;rSm vlr&Sdbl;/                           ud,,MkH unfpwcswJoawG? &wem
                                                                                                                                                                       k f                           d f h l                            ukovjf zpfovm;vdYk 'DvpOf;pm;w,f/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     kd                                   kd
t0dkif;u q&morm;aumif;awGudk                          wJhtusKd;ay;wJhuHyJ/ ukodkvftvkyf                rD;zdkacsmifxJrSmvnf; wpfa,muf?                             awG tbqDtyfxm;w,f/ tyfxm;                                                              f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        igvkywm rSm;ovm;? igvkywm rSef                                 f
MunfhNyD; ajzmifhcJhwmvnf; &Sdovdk                    qdkwmvnf; tjypfr&SdwJhtvkyf? csrf;               ES p f a ,muf y J & S d w ,f / vl B uD ; awG                awmh ypönf;oGm;jyr,fqdk&if ,loGm;                                    ovm;/ tukefvHk;[m rD;n§yfawGeJY
olwdkYqHk;rwmudkemcHNyD;awmh ajzmifh                                  d        h
                                                      omwJh tusK;ay;wJtvkyvYkdajymwm/     f            b,fom;pkaeMuovJqawmh tdrom
                                                                                                                  G                          kd              f     &wmaygh/                                                             EdIufaewJhtxJrSm usefwJh nDtpfudk
wmvnf;&Sdw,f/                                                  'gwifrubl;/ ukodkvfrSmu                 rSm oGm;pkaeMuw,f/ bke;bke;wdYku             f f                          ausmufyGifhav;awGqdk&if olY                            armifESrawGvnf; rSwfrd&ifrSwfrdMu
         q&morm;aumif;awG? rdb                        olYowåd&Sdw,f/ olYowådu olbm                     jrpfab;rSmaewm/ tdromu a&avmif;  f                          txkyeYJol ,lom;NyD; jy&a&mif;&wm/
                                                                                                                                                                                 f                        G                             vdrr,f/ od&ifoMd uvdrr,f/ olwYkd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  hf                                           hf
aumif;awGajzmifhatmif qHk;rwmudk                      vkyfovJ/ oltjypfuif;aewJhtcg                     tdrfom? usif;BuD;wl;&ao;w,f/                                &wemypön;vuf0wfvufpm; jzpf&iff                                       vnf; 0dkif;Munfhaew,f/
em;axmif&ifawmh q&morm;rdbudk                         rSm tjypfudky,fEdkifw,f/ aumif;                           a&wufvm&if jrpfa&wdk;wJh                           awmh vufpGyfvdkqdk&if vufxJpGyf                                                       udk,fu r&GHr&SmeJYEdIufwm/ ig
av;pm;wJhpdwf? ,HkMunfwJhpdwfeJY                      usKd;csrf;om&wJhtcgrSm qdk;usKd;'ku©             ckvkd 0gqd?k 0gacgif? awmfovif;qd&if                    k   oGm;w,f/ t"dujzpfwJhudpu tJ'g                                  ö     bmvdkYEdIufwmvJ/ olwdkYu bmvdkY
igvkyfwmrSefovm;? rSm;ovm;?                           awGudk y,fEdkifwm/ 'g olYtvkyfyJ/                jrpfa&uwdk;wwfw,f/ jrpfa&wdk;                               yJ/ vufpGyfyJrSwfrdao;w,f/ eDvm                                      rEdIufwmvJ/ 'Dvdktrsm;u &GH&Smp&m
aumif;&JUvm;? qdk;aevm;? tJvdkrsKd;                   'gwifruao;bl;wJh/ tJ'Dukodkvf                    wmudkvnf; vGwfatmifvkyf&w,f/                                vufpy?f wpfui; oH;ode;wefw,f/
                                                                                                                                                                                   G                      Gf k f                        vdkY owfrSwfxm;wJh[mBuD;udk udk,f
jyefNyD; oHo,rjzpfwwfygbl;/ 'Dvdk                                h d f S k hf d f J S
                                                      jzpfaewJtcserm ud,pwxrmjzLpif                    tJ'Dawmh tdrfomBuD;u tay:rSmudk                             tJ'we;u 9 wef;qdawmh vufzuf
                                                                                                                                                                            D k f                                   k                   u r&GHr&SmeJYEdIufwm[m igrsm;rSm;
qd k & if aumif ; rS m yJ v d k Y q d k N yD ; awmh   aew,f/ udk,fhpdwfxJrSm Munfvif                   vlwpf&yfausmf&Sdw,f/ ajrBuD;xJrSm                           &nfwpfcGufudk wpfusyfawmhjzpfae                                      ovm;/ trsm;BuD;pOf;pm;cJhwm/
udk,fwdkifvkyfcJhwmav;awGusawmh                       aew,f/                                           vnf; vlwpf&yfausmavmufw;xm;        f                l       NyD/ oHk;odef;qdkawmhwGufMunfh/                                      Za0Z0gjzpfcJhw,f/ udk,fhÓPfu
igvkyfcJhwm aumif;&JUvm;? igvkyfcJh                                              D
                                                               [kwNf yD/ tJ'avmufaumif;wJh             w,f/ jrpfab;qdkawmh a&qdk;xkwf                                            ajym&rSm &,fp&myJvm;? idp&m                        k   tJ'DvdkodwJhÓPfrSr&SdbJeJY/ rSm;? rSm;
wm rSm;rsm;aevm;qdkNyD; jyefjyefNyD;                       kd f J         kd f kd
                                                      ukovy/ ukovqwm tjypfuif;wJh                      wmawG bmawG rvkyfawmhbl;/ jrpf                              yJvm;rodb;/ &wemawG a&mif;0,f  l                                     w,faygh/ rSef&ifvnf; rSefw,faygh/
awmh pOf;pm;rdw,f/                                           d
                                                      tusK;ay;w,f/ pdwcsr;omwJtusK;  f f      h    d   udk taESmift,Sujf zpfrmpd;vdYk / usif;
                                                                                                                         h                  S k                    azmufum; 'Dvyvyaewm/ rEÅav;          kd J k f                        tJ'DvdkqHk;jzwfEdkifwJh ÓPfr&Sdbl;/
             k f kf
         ud,vywmrSm;w,f? rSew,f?              f       ay;w,f/ ukodkvfqdkwm tukodkvf                    BuD;yJ teufBuD;wl;xm;w,f/ tdrf                              ujyefvm? rEÅav;vufpGyfvmMunfh                                                         omoemh a bmif a &muf a wmh
aumif;w,f? qdk;w,fqdkwm cGJjcm;                                         f
                                                      tjypfawG ½IyaewmawG&i;oGm;w,f/     Sf            omu tvHkydwfaygh/                                           wJholawGudkjyzdkY ta&mif;t0,fvkyf                                    aMomf ukodkvfqdkwm[m tjypfuif;
                       k hf
odzYkd[mvnf; ud,todÓPfeYJawmh                         pdwfnpfwmawG &Sif;oGm;w,f/ pdwf                           tay:rSmuawmh tckacwfvdk                            r,fh vufpyuvufxpyxm;w,f/ G f kd                       J G f          NyD;awmh pdwfcsrf;omw,f/ udk,fh
                 f l
w,frvG,b;av/ i,fi,fwe;u                         k f   ylaewmawG at;oGm;w,f/ qif;&J                     a<ucGufawGroHk;ao;bl;/ vGefcJhwJh                           udk,f0wfaeus vufpGyfr[kwfbl;/                                                            f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        twGuvnf; tjypfuif;w,f? olrsm;
b0qdk ydkrvG,fao;/ i,fwkef;u                          wmawG rBuHK&awmhbl;/ csrf;om                     ESpf 40 ausmfuqdkawmh wGufMunfh                             Ny;awmh tdromrSmpka&mufaeMuw,f/
                                                                                                                                                                     D                        f                                         vnf; pdwfcsrf;omw,f/ tylawG
b0qdkwm bkef;bkef; 9 wef;avmuf                        wmawG BuHK&w,f/                                  ayghav/ ppfudkif;uxGufwJh wmwm                              tJ'awmhbmjzpfNyqwm oabmayguf
                                                                                                                                                                          D                                 D kd                        &Si;oGm;w,f/ t½IyawG&i;oGm;w,f/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             f                                     f Sf
u? 9 wef;? 10 wef;avmufu vkyf                                  'gjzifh 'Dukodkvfjzpfatmif bm           qdeYJ a&avmif;tdromcGuvyw,f/
                                                                                                            k                         f              f k f         ayawmh/ vufpGyftdrfomcGufxJ                                          wpftdrfvHk;? wpfzGJUvHk; pdwfcsrf;om
cJhwJhtvkyfwpfck&Sdw,f/ rSm;vm;?                                           ta&;BuD;ovJqdk&if           'DvdkygyJ vSwywav;aygh/ vlBuD;                              jyKwfusvdkY/                                                         w,f/ ukodkvfqdkwm udk,fvkyfcJhwJh
rSefvm;vdkY pdwfxJrSmZa0Z0g                                                              ukodkvfjzpf   awGuyJ 'DrmpkaeMuwm/ tbvnf;
                                                                                                                           S                                                     oGm;acsmif;Munfhawmh rD;zdkxJ                                                  k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        tvkyf ud,jf yefawG;pdwat;&w,f/                       f
jzpfwJh tvkyf/ rSm;wm                                                                                  &Sdw,f/ tMunfvnf;&Sdw,f/ tb                                 rSm n§yfwJhrD;n§yfawmif oHacsmif;eJY                                 udk,fajymcJhwJh tajymjyefawG;&if
rSefwmxm;OD;/                                                                                          qdkwm tazhtpfudk? tMunfqdkwm                                vkyfwJhrD;n§yfa&m? oHjym;eJYvkyfwJh                                          f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        pdwat;&w,f/ ud,pOf;pm;cJwhJ tBuH         k f                 h
         uk o d k v f e J Y                                                                            tarhtpfr? tukefvHk;&SdaeMuwmaygh                            rD;n§yfa&m rae&bl;/ wkwfacsmif;eJY                                                              k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        tpnfukd ud,jf yefawG;&if pdwat;&                                 f
ywfoufNy;D odvm                                                                                        av/                                                         xdk;wmuvnf; wpfrsKd;? tkef;qHzwf                                     w,f/ 'gjzifh ud,vycwm pdwat;     k f k f hJ                         f
&wJhtcg pdwfxJ                                                                                                  bke;bke;wdYkb0rSm aus;Zl;wif
                                                                                                                       f f                                         BudK;eJYcsnfNyD; tdrfomcGufaq;wJh                                    vm;qdk&if olrsm;awGtwGufaysmfNyD;
rSm wtm; aus                                                                                               k f hJ l
                                                                                                       xduwo[m tJ'tbqdwmygw,f/    D               k                Brush vnf;rae&bl;/ xd;ESuaeMu                                k f     pdwfat;vdkufMuwm/
eyf? oabmus                                                                                               aus;Zl;BuD;w,f/ wu,fhaus;Zl;                             wm/ tdrfomwufNyD;umpqdkawmh                                                           olwdkYurSwfrdcsifrS rSwfrdr,f/
w,f/ ukodkvf                                                                                                   &Sif yJ/ tazh&JUtpfudk? tazvdkyJ                    b,folrS acgif;rcs&Jbl;/                                                  k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ud,u pdwrat;bl;/ vkyay;vduf  f                             f          k
qdkwm aumif;                                                                                                        apmifha&Smufwm/ ynma&;?                                      tb bmjzpfaevJ? tMunf                                   &vdYk 0rf;omwmu 90 &mcdiEe;qd&if                          kfIf k
w,fav/                                                                                                              pD;yGm;a&;? vlrIa&;awGuRrf;                    bmjzpfaevJqdkawmh 'Daumifav;                                         10 &mcdkifEIef;u pdwfrat;bl;/ bm
ukodkvfudk                                                                                                                     f
                                                                                                                    usiw,f/ ynma&;qdk reuf                         oGm;prf; tvkyf½Iyfae&wJhMum;xJ/ 9                                    jzpfvdkYwkH;/ trsm;unpfwD;npfywf
bk&m;&Sif                                                                                                       reufpmusufzdkY pmusufcsif                          wef;qdkwm aumifav;vdkY wGufMu                                                         dI f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        vufEup&mr[kwb;vdYk owfrwwhJ               f l                      S f
udk,fawmfjrwf                                                                                                 pdwfay:atmif ajymqdkqHk;rwm                          ao;wmudk;/ r[kwfygbl;/ bmjzpf                                        qDrSm udk,fuvufEdIufcJhwm/ trsm;
BuD;u? t|uxm                                                                                                  vkyfay;ygw,f/                                        aewmvJ/ 'Dvdk? 'Dvdkjzpfaewm/ eifh                                   u npfwD;npfywfBuD; raumif;bl;
q&mjrwfBuD;                                                                                                         pD ; yG m ;a&;buf r S m vnf ; yJ               tb? eifhtb/ eifhtb olrsm;                                            vdkY owfrSwfwmudk igu*½krpdkufbJ
awGu b,f                                                                                                opf ta&mif;t0,f? &wemta&mif;                               vufpGyfBuD;0wfNyD; tdrfomwufwm                                       vkyfrdovm;/ tJ'gyJawG;NyD;awmh
vdkrsm;ajym                                                                                            t0,f rsKd;pHkvkyfw,f/ ywåjrm;wdkY?                          a&mif;rS0wfwmr[kwb;/ tMunfu                     f l                  tJ'gyJ pdwfarm&w,f/
xm;wk H ;                                                                                                           eDvmwdYk uav;ajymajym&if                       yGpdyGpdajymw,f/                                                                      tJ'Dvdkqdkawmh wpfcgwav
                                                                                                                                 awmh vH k ; acsmwd k Y ?                        tMunfu tbudajymcJw,f/                      k           [kwfw,f/ bkef;bkef;uav udk,fh
                                                                                                                                        wmyvmwdkY?                 'gayrJh cifyGef;a,musfm;eJY ZeD;r,m;                                 tawG;u olrsm;eJYwlcsifrSwlwm/
                                                                                                                                            wmyvm                            G
                                                                                                                                                                   yJu,f tuGuawGU&ifawmhajymawmh    f                                   udk,fhtjrifu olrsm;eJYwlcsifrSwlrSm/
                                                                                                                                                  uGufwdkY         wmaygh/ tbuvnf; bmrSjyefrajym                                        udk,fvkyfwmu olrsm;eJYwlcsifrSwl
                                                                                                                                                      bmwdkY         kf l k f
                                                                                                                                                                   Edib;/ oH;ode;wefBuD;qdawmhvnf;                            k         rSm/ Munfhygvm; wpftdrfvHk;u0dkif;
                                                                                                                                                           aygh    cufom;/ [m 'DvdkvkyfraeygeJY/                                        NyD; tJvdkjzpfaewm/ z,fprf;ygqdkNyD;
                                                                                                                                                                   tbwdkY? tMunfwdkY tJ'DvufpGyfjyef                                           D kd k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        tJ'vvycsifwpway:NyD; uJtukef      hJ d f
                                                                                                                                                                               f
                                                                                                                                                                   &csiwmr[kwvm;/ z,f tbvnf;          f                                 vHk;xGuf uRefawmfvufpGyf&atmif
                                                                                                                                                                   xGuf? tMunfvnf;xGuf? b,fol                                           vkyfay;r,fqdkNyD; vkyfvdkufwm/
                                                                                                                                                                                          f
                                                                                                                                                                   vnf;xGuqkd NyD; xGuci;vduwm/                         f kd f k f                                            kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         aMomf olwYawG 0rf;omaew,f/
                                                                                                                                                                                            f
                                                                                                                                                                                 xGuvnf;xGua&m b,fbuf                 f                 udk,fhpdwfxJrSm oHo,&Sdw,f/ tJ'D
                                                                                                                                                                   vufeJY npfywfaya&aewJhcGufxJudk                                      oHo,&Sdwm[m ckawmhem;vnfNyD/
                                                                                                                                                                                     Id f D
                                                                                                                                                                   aumufEu,Nl y;awmh vufaq;w,f/                                         bmvdYk oHo,&SwmvJqawmh odEif        d                  kd               kd
                                                                                                                                                                   vufa&m vufpGyfa&maq;NyD;awmhrS                                                                                 pmrsufESm-36 okdY
   36
  The
        VOICE                                                                                                                                                                  Monday, October 15 - 21, 2012




rD'D,mOya' (Media Law)
     ckazmfjyygpmpkrSm tar&duefjynfaxmifpk EdkifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;Xme EkdifiHwumjyefMum;a&;tpDtpOf AsL½dkrSxkwfa0onfh rD'D,mOya'ESifhywfoufaom vufpGJpmtkyfudk bmomjyefqkdxm;jcif;
     jzpfygonf/ owif;rD'D,mvGwfvyfrIwefzdk;? owif;pmwdkY\tcef;u@ tp&SdonfwkdYtygt0if owif;orm;(0g) owif;pmq&mwkdY vkdufemapmifhpnf;&rnfh usifh0wfESifh Oya'pnf;rsOf;
pnf;urf;rsm;;taMumif;udk vkd&if;wkd&Sif; uspfuspfvspfvspf a&;om;azmfjyxm;&m The Voice Weekly pmzwfy&dowfESifh jrefrmowif;rD'D,mavmuom;wkdY A[kokw&&Sd&eftvdkYiSm tywfpOf
tenf;i,fpD tcef;qufoabmjzifh azmfjyoGm;&ef pDpOfxm;ygonf/                                                                                                            t,f'Dwm
rdwfquf                                               tcsKdUu owif;rD'D,mrsm;udk          rsm;udk av;pm;rIjyKoifovkd xif[yf
                                                                                                                h                 ck\ txl;tcGita&;rsm;ESihf wm0ef
                                                                                                                                                     hf                                                       D
                                                                                                                                                                                taejzifh ]]owif;rD',m[lonf tpd;k &
        tav;teuf pOf;pm;awG;ac:                         ö
                                               ta&;udprsm;twGuf wkuy0ifajymqkd
                                                                    d f JG                rIvnf;jyKoifonf[k ,HMk unfMuyg
                                                                                                       h                                I
                                                                                                                                  ,lrrsm;udk nTe;qkazmfjyonfh pHcsdef
                                                                                                                                                    f d                               f
                                                                                                                                                                                xde;csKyfuiw,rveupmcH&aom
                                                                                                                                                                                                kd f G f I G f J G
                           D
Muolrsm;u owif;rD',m\ ppfref              S         D            l
                                               ay;Ny; trsm;jynfotwGuf axmufcrI  H         onf/ tcsKUd uawmh owif;rD',mrsm;
                                                                                                                     D                T        d
                                                                                                                                  pHne;f rsm;&Sonf[k tBujH yKtyfygonf/                            f
                                                                                                                                                                                t&mr[kw/ aMumfjim&Sirsm;tygt0if      f
aom tcef;u@ESifhywfoufNyD;                                                  dfH
                                               jyKay;oltjzpf &yfwnfapvk?d Ekiia&;                            I
                                                                                          taejzifh ,if;vlrtzGUJ tpnf;rsm;ESihf            yxrOD;qH;k ta&;Bu;D onfh tcsuf        yk*¾vdutcef;u@rS vGefuJonfh
oabmwlnDrIr&SdMuyg/ owif;pm                    wGifvnf; taetxm;wpfck&,lap                 xHk;wrf;tpOftvmrsm;udk ar;cGef;         rSm vGwvyfNyD; rScruif;aomowif;
                                                                                                                                            f           D kd I                  aiGaMu;MoZmvTr;f rd;k rIrS vGwuif;aom? f
q&m(*sme,fvpf)rsm;taejzifh tpd;&        k                                                                                                                                           ¾ d
                                                                                                                                                                                yk*vutcef;u@ pD;yGm;a&;vkyief;             f
udk taxmuftyHjh yKum tpd;&uoifh  k                                                                                                                                              rsm;rS pD;yGm;a&; odYkr[kwf bdZeufvyf        k
                                                       Yd          D               ö                d f JG
                                                   tcsKu owif;rD',mrsm;udk ta&;udprsm;twGuf wkuy0ifajymqkay;Ny;D trsm;jynfotwGuf
                                                                                                               d           l                                                              df
                                                                                                                                                                                ief;qki&m zdtm;ay;rIrvwuif;aom  S G f
wifhavsmufywfonf[k ,lqonfh
                f
owif;tcsutvufrsm;udom trsm;    k                   axmufcHrIjyKay;oltjzpf &yfwnfapvkd? EkdifiHa&;wGifvnf; taetxm;wpfck&,lapvdkonf/                                                                       k
                                                                                                                                                                                tzGUJ tpnf;wpfctjzpf ½Ijrifonf/
jynfoo&&eftvkYdim a&;om;jzefYa0
         l d dS         S                                                                                                                                                                 vGwfvyfNyD; rSDcdkrIuif;aom
                                                                              D                d            dk f I
                                                   tjcm;aomolrsm;url owif;rD',m[lonf "r®"|mefusNy;D bufvuruif;&Si;f &rnf[k ,HMk unf
oifonf[k ,HMk unfMuonf/ tcsKUd
    h                                                                                                                                                                                         D
                                                                                                                                                                                owif; rD',m[lonf pmzwfy&dowf
url owif;rD',m[lonf tpd;&ukd
                  D                   k            xm;onf/                                                                                                                                         h I           l
                                                                                                                                                                                rsm;? Munf½em;qiforsm;udk ¤if;wkYd
apmifMh unhol (Watchdog) (rSwcsu/
             f                       f f                                                                                                                                                               f
                                                                                                                                                                                taejzifh vGwvyfonfvYltzGUJ tpnf;   h
                      d
Watchdog udk tcsKUu tdrapmifacG;   f h            k
                                               vdonf/ tjcm;aomolrsm;url owif;                    f
                                                                                          xkwum pdeac:rIjyKoifonf[k ,Hk
                                                                                                       f      h                      D                  f
                                                                                                                                  rD',m[lonf vGwvyfaomrnfonfh                            k dfH
                                                                                                                                                                                wpfcrS Ekiiom;rsm;tjzpf tjynft0          h
[kvnf; wifpm;ac:qkMd uonf)jzpf                 rD',m[lonf "r®"|mefusNyD; buf
                                                     D                 d                  MunfMuonf/ þpmtkyftaejzifhrl            vlYtzGUJ tpnf;wGirqdk r&Srjzpfvtyf
                                                                                                                                                    f        d       kd         yl;aygif;yg0if&efvtyfaom owif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                           dk
oifhNyD; pHkprf;&SmazGazmfxkwfrIrsm;jyK        vkuruif;&Si;&rnf[k ,HMk unfxm;
                                                    d fI       f                          txufygtwkdif; rwlnDaomtqdk              onf[aomtcsuyifjzpfonf/ odYaomf
                                                                                                                                           l          f            k            tcsutvufrsm; jzefYa0ay;onf}}[k
                                                                                                                                                                                          f
      f
vkyum tmPmtvGo;pm;rIrsm;udk
                          J kH                 onf/ tcsKdUuawmh owif;rD'D,m                                 DI d
                                                                                          rsm;(0g) oabmrwlnrrsm;&Saeonfh               f
                                                                                                                                  vGwvyfaom owif;rD',m[lonfD                    t"dym,fzivuygonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                        Ü G hf dk f
a&;om;azmfjyoifhonf[k qkdMujyef                              I
                                               rsm;onf vlrtzGUJ tpnf;rsm; (Social            d       f
                                                                                          wkif vGwvyfaom vlYtzGUJ tpnf;wpf        ukd uREfkyfwkdYrnfokdY t"dyÜm,fzGifhMu
onf/                                                                 k
                                               Institutions) ESihf xH;wrf;tpOftvm                  f                D
                                                                                          ck&dS vGwvyfaom owif;rD',mwpf           rnfenf;/ þpmtkyfwGif uREkfyfwdkY

pmrsufESm-35 b0ajzmifhaMumif; waphwapmif; rStquf
                  k          kd f
wJh 'grSr[kwf qH;jzwfEiwhJ todÓPf              npfywfudkr[kwfbl;/ pdwfydkif;qdkif               olrsm;tqifajyatmifawmh            w,f/ pdwfydkif;qkdif&mtnpftaMu;                         ukd,fpGrf;EkdiforQ udk,fht&nf
r&SdorQuawmh oHo,&SdrSmyJ/ 'gudk                           D              H
                                               &m npfw;npfywfukd &G&rSm/ ½kyyi;  f kd f   udk,favmbwBuD;eJY vkyfray;csif          usawmh ra&SmifEkdifao;&if? raq;                        f kd
                                                                                                                                                                                tcsi;eJYu,Bf udK;pm;wmygyJ/ t&d,m
    k        kd f     k d kd f
qH;jzwfEiwhJ 'gudoEiwhJ todÓPf                 qdkif&m npfwD;npfywfu aq;vdkuf             bl;/ olrsm;awG tqifajycsrf;om½Hk        Ekdifao;&if rwdk;wmaumif;w,f/                           kd
                                                                                                                                                                                awGuawmh b,fv,rmvJ/ ykxZOf  G f S             k
  d                        k
&S&ifawmh oHo,qdwm r&Sawmhb;/     d      l     &ifcsufcsif;&w,f/ pdwfydkif;qdkif&m        oufoufawmh udk,fha'goeJYawmh            avmbrjzpfatmif a'go? arm[                     olawmfaumif;taeeJY tJovktnpf              d
oHo,wdkY? jyóemwdkY pdwfqif;&J                 npfwD;npfywfusawmh csufcsif;               vkyfray;Edkifbl;/ olrsm;awG tqif        rjzpfatmifaeMuzdkY[m w,fta&;                  taMu;awGrwdk;rdatmif BudK;pm;Edkif
               kd
p&mwdYkqwm[m todÓPf&om;&if          dS G       aq;EdkifzdkYu rvG,fbl;/ rdrdwdkYu          ajyatmif oufoufawmh udk,f               BuD;wmygvm;/                                  ojzifh rdrdukd,fwkdif'Dtodav;awG&Sd
'gawGu &Sif;oGm;wJhtvkyf/                      ykxkZOfyJ? pdwfydkif;qdkif&m npfax;rI      arm[BuD;eJY rwdk;bl;/ tck tJ'Dtod               tusKd;&Sdr,fvkdY udk,fxif&if                       J
                                                                                                                                                                                NyD;awmhyaeoGm;&if b,favmufpif
         tJ'Duwnf;u pOf;pm;w,f/                  k      dS
                                               qdwm &SrmyJ/ avmb? a'go? arm[              ÓPfav;ay:vmawmhrS aMomf ½kyyi; f kd f   awmifrS ½kyfydkif;qkdif&mnpfcsifnpfyg         Mu,frvJ/ tJ'DvkdpifMu,foGm;rS
olrsm;u npfywfw,fvdkY owfrSwf                  qdkwm &Sdw,f/                              qdkif&m npfwD;npfywfvkyfwm[m            ap tusKd;&Sdatmifvkyfyg/ NyD;usjyef                  kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                ukovtppfjzpf? ukovtjynftpHk       kd f      h
        k f
&if ud,ua&Smif&rSmvm;/ ra&SmifbJ                      ½kyfydkif;qdkif&m npfax;rI[m        ajzomw,f/ igrrSm;bl;/ tpwkef;           aq;jyif&w,f/ 'gobm0yJ/ i,fu                                           dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                jzpfNyD;awmh ukovuay;wJaumif;           h
eJY tJ'Dvdk0ifwdk;&rSmvm;/ olrsm;u             igaq;vdkY&w,f/ igvufeJY EdIuf&J            uawmh ½kyfydkif;qdkif&m npfwD;npf       wnf;uBuHKcJh&w,f/ pdwyi;qki&m  f kd f d f          d f
                                                                                                                                                                                usK;csr;omawGrwvnf;&? wvnf;
aumif;w,fvdkYowfrSwf&if udk,fu                               f kd f k f
                                               w,f/ pdwyi;qdi&m npfywfayaw                ywfudk udk,furSm;w,fxifaewm/                           k
                                                                                                                                  usawmhrxd;jzpfatmifBudK;pm;/ xd;NyD;    k     &NyD;awmh jynfjh ynfppeYJ txufwef;
                                                                                                                                                                                                          h kH kH
      f             k f
vky&rSmvm;/ ud,ua&Smif&rSmvm;/                 aewmusawmh igraq;Edkifbl;/ ig              uav;tawG;aygh/ todÓPfr&Swe;   d kf                        k      k
                                                                                                                                  &ifx;dk &if;? xd;&if;? xd;&if;eJYaemufjyef                   fS               S k
                                                                                                                                                                                usus rsuEmyef;vSvaexdiNf yD; edAmef             Á
olrsm;owfrSwfwmeJY wu,fh&v'f                   raq;wwfao;bl;/ raq;Edkifao;                u awG;wJhtawG;aygh/                           f          f l
                                                                                                                                  qkwzYkdrvG,b;/ tJ'npfw;npfywf
                                                                                                                                                             D       D              df
                                                                                                                                                                                wkixd r*fuov&? r*fÓPf zkvÓPf
                                                                                                                                                                                                k kd f                 d f
tajzeJYu bmvJ/ bkef;bkef;awmh                  bl;/ tJ'grsKd;udkawmh avmbxJudk                  wu,fwrf;usawmh ½kyfydkif;         aya&eHapmfaewJh udavomtnpftaMu;?                                 kd f hJ l
                                                                                                                                                                                awG&NyD; pH0ifEiwoawmfaumif;awG
tJ'DvdkvkyfcJhw,f/ tckawmhodNyD/               igrwdk;csifbl;/ a'goxJudk ig;rwdk;         qkdif&m tnpftaMu;rsKd;ua&SmifvdkY       pdwfydkif;qkdif&m tnpftaMu; udk               jzpfMuygap/
           H           f kd f k f
         &G&rSmu ½kyyi;qdi&m npfw;         D   csifbl;/ arm[xJudk igrwdk;csifbl;/         &w,f/ aq;vkdY&w,f/ jyifvkdY&            b,fawmhrrxk;jzpfatmifBudK;pm; yg/
                                                                                                                                                S d                                                                  ZmvDausmf
    40
  The
        VOICE                                                                                                                                                                               Monday, October 15 - 21 , 2012




tdE´d,tusifUysufvmbfpm;rIOya'udk jyKjyifajymif;vJrIrsm;jyKvkyf
e,l;a'vD? atmufwdkbm 10

  tdE´d,           dfH        fh f
                 Ekii\tusiysuvmbfpm;rIwkdufzsufa&;Oya'udk ydkrdkpGrf;aqmif&nfjynfh0ap&ef jyKjyifajymif;vJrI rsm;
                 jyKvkyfoGm;rnfjzpfNyD; vmbfay;onfhukrÜPDrsm;udk ta&;,lrIrsm;? ½dk;om;onfh tpkd;&t&m&Sdrsm;udk
tumtuG,fay;rIrsm;yg0ifrnfjzpfaMumif; tdE´d,0efBuD;csKyf refrdk[efqif;\ajymMum;csufudk udk;um;NyD; Wall
Street Journal wGifazmfjyxm;onf/
       1990 aemufydkif;aqmif&GufcJh 0efBuD;csKyfu ajymMum;oGm;onf/          ygwDrS xdyfwef;acgif;aqmifrsm;
onfh jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;tpDtpOf                                                                f dS
                                              EkdifiH\qufoG,fa&;vkyfief;? yg0ifywfoufvsu&aMumif; owif;
                                                                                  f      d f G
rsm;aMumifh vmbfpm;rIrsm;avsmhus ausmufrD;aoG;vkyfief;ESifh 2020 "e xGuay:aecsewif 0efBuD;csKy\ajym     f
oGm;aomfvnf; EkdifiHhpD;yGm;a&;wkd; o[m, tm;upm;NydKifyGJusif;ya&; Mum;csufay:xGufvmjcif;jzpfonf/
            S hf            f
wufvmrIEitwl tusihysufvmbf tpDtpOfrsm;wGif vmbfpm;rIrsm;jzpf                        tqkdygowif;rsm;udk tpdk;&
pm;rIrsm;vnf; wkd;jrihfvmaMumif; ay:aeNyD; tmPm& tdE´d,uGef*&uf tzGJUu jiif;y,fajymMum;oGm;NyD;

uae'gEkdifiHwGif;                           Huawei                   pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;rsm;wkd;wuf
wkd&efwdk? atmufwdkbm 10                                                                                                                      tusifhysufvmbfpm;rIwkdufzsufa&;                 Mum;oGm;onf/
                 f         G f
         w½kwqufo,a&;ypön;rsm;              f     ukrÜPDudk ydwfqdkYta&;,lrIrsm;jyK         rIudk usifhoHk;oGm;rnfjzpfNyD; tqkdyg                                    d kH d f
                                                                                                                                              Oya'rsm;jyK&efxuf rdry&yrxdcuf         kd               tdE´d,vmbfpm;rIwkdufzsuf
xkwfvkyfonhf Huawei ukrÜPDudk                     vkyfvsuf&SdaMumif; owif;wGifazmf          tcsuft& tcsKdUaom ukrÜPDrsm;udk                   ap&efomvkyfaqmifvsuf&SdaMumif;                  a&;Oya'wGif vmbfpm;oludkom
tar&duefvTwfawmftpD&ifcHpmwGif                    jyxm;onf/                                 ydwfqdkYta&;,loGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;                  owif;wGifazmfjyxm;onf/                          ta&;,l&efazmfjyxm;ojzifh vmbf
       d
trsK;om;vHNk cHKa&;udk xdcuEionfh kd f dk f                tar&duefajrmufydkif;jynfe,f      uae'g 0efBuD;csKyf\ajyma&;qdkcGifh                      vmbf p m;rI j yKvk y f o l r sm;ud k      ay;oludkvnf; w&m;pGJta&;,lEkdif
                       d f
twGuf ,HMk unfpwcs&rIr&S[k w&m;      d                            hf f
                                                  rsm;\ a&ESivQyppf"mwftm;jzefYjzL;         &Sdolu ajymMum;oGm;onf/                           ta&;,loGm;rnfjzpfaomfvnf; ½dk;                  &ef tdE´d,tpdk;&u BudK;yrf;vsuf
0ifazmfjyxm;aomfvnf; tar&duef                     a&;pepfrsm;udk tdrfeD;csif;uae'g                 ]]vHkNcHKa&;eJY owif;tcsuf                          h    d
                                                                                                                                              om;onft&m&Srsm;udk taESmift,Suf  h              &Sdonf/
\ td r f e D ; csif ; uae'gEk d i f i H w G i f   EkdifiH rSwpfqifh ,laqmifoHk;pGJvsuf      tvuf t jyef t vS e f p D ; qif ; Ek d i f w J h   rjzpfap&ef umuG,frIay;oGm;&ef                                         I l kH
                                                                                                                                                                                                      xdYk tjyif vlrzva&;tpDtpOf
Huawei ukrÜPD\ pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;                 &Sdjcif;aMumifh Huawei ukrÜPD xkwf        tar&duefeJY r[mrdwfEkdifiHeuf0yf                  vnf; vdktyfaMumif; tdE´d,0efBuD;                rsm;t& tpdk;&at*sifpDrsm;rSwpfqifh
rsm; wkd;wufvsuf&SdaMumif; Wall                   ypönf;rsm;wkd;jr§ihfoHk;pGJvsuf&Sdaom     pepfawGrSm Huawei ypönf;awG ysHUESHY              csKyfuajymMum;oGm;onf/                          EkdifiHom;rsm;udk axmufyHha&;rsm;ay;
Street Journal wGifazmfjyxm;onf/                  tqdkygEkdifiHwGif qkdufbmwkdufckdufrI     aewmaMumifh vHkNcHKa&;uRrf;usifol                       ]]yrmPBuD;rm;wJh tusifhysuf               tyfcJhaomfvnf; ,cktcg EkdifiHom;
                   dfH          d
         uae'gEkii\'kw,ESifh wwd,                 rsm;ay:aygufvmygu tar&duef                eJY rl0g'csrSwfolawGMum;rSm pkd;&drf              vmbfpm;rIawGrSm ukrÜPDBuD;awG&JU                rsm;udk wkduf½dkufaxmufyHh&efpDpOf
           k         G f
tBuD;qH;qufo,a&; ukrPDESpfck           Ü          jynfe,ftcsKUd ygxdcuc&rnfukd tpd;&
                                                                           kd f H     k     aomuawGay:aygufaew,f}} [k                         yg0ifywfoufrIawGUae&wmaMumifh                   jcif;jzifh aiGaMu;avvGifhrIESifh vmbf
jzpfaom BCE ESifh Telus ukrÜPDrsm;                t&m&Sdrsm;u pdk;&drfvsuf&Sdonf/           tGefvkdif;vHkNcHKa&;&m uRrf;usifol                vmbfay;rIrjzpfatmif rumuG,Eif         f dk      pm;EkdifrI tEÅ&m,fudk umuG,f&efpD
\ BudK;rJhuGef&ufpepf tqihfjr§ihf                          ]]rdrdwdkY&JUavhvmcsufrsm;t&     Dmitri Alperovitch uajymMum;oGm;                  wJh ukrÜPDawGudkvnf; ta&;,loifh                 pOfaeaMumif; owif;wGifazmfjyxm;
wifa&;wGif urÇmh'kwd,tBuD;qHk;                    uae'gEkdifiHrSvnf; vHkNcHKa&;qkdif&m      onf/                                              w,f}} [k tdE´d,0efBuD;csKyfu ajym               onf/
quf o G , f a &;uk r Ü P D j zpf o nf h           ab;tEÅ&m,fawGjzpfay:aew,f}}
Huawei u 0ifa&mufunvyaqmif
ay;oG m ;rnf j zpf a Mumif ; uae'g
               f        Sf
                               l D kf

0efBuD;csKy\ ,ckEptapmydi; w½kwf     kf
                                                  [k tar&d u ef a xmuf v S r f ; a&;
                                                  aumfrwDtpD&ifcpma&;om;ol wpfO;
                                                                         H
                                                  jzpf o l &D y wf b vpf u ef t rwf
                                                                                        D      armfpudkrS qD;&D;,m;odkh ysHoef;onfUav,mOfrS
EkdifiHc&D;pOfwGif xkwfjyefaMunm
oGm;onf/
                                                  Ruppersberger uxkwazmfajymMum;
                                                  oGm;onf/
                                                                                  f
                                                                                               w&m;r0ifukefypönf;rsm; wl&uDodrf;qnf;&rd
         tm&SESifh Oa&mywkdufEkdifiHrsm;                   w½kwfqufoG,fa&;ukrÜPD                     atmuf
                                                                                            tefum&m? atmufwdkbm 11
wGif Huawei ukrPxwf qufo,f
                      Ü D k                   G   Huawei tay:rSwfcsufjyKajymMum;                  ½k&Sm;EdkifiHNrdKUawmf armfpudkrS           qnf;&rdcaMumif; wl&uDEiijH cm;a&;
                                                                                                                                                            hJ                   kd f                 tqdyg A-320 Airbus av,mOf
                                                                                                                                                                                                             k
             f
a&;ypön;rsm; a&mif;tm;wk;jr§ivsuf   d hf          oGm;jcif;r&Sdaomfvnf; uae'gEkdifiH                   kf
                                                                                            qD;&D;,m;EdiiNH rdKUawmf 'rwfpuwfoYkd             0efBuD; Ahmet Davutoglu \ ajym                  wGif c&D;onf 35 OD;vdkufygvm
&S d a omf v nf ; tar&d u ef E k d i f i H        \ owif;tcsuftvufe,fy,f                      H
                                                                                            ysoef;aeonfh c&D;onfwifav,mOf                     Mum;csufudkudk;um;í t,fvf*smZD;                 jcif;jzpf&m trSefwu,fpD;Edkifaom
EkdifiHa&; twkduftcHrsm;u tqkdyg                  wGif vHkNcHKa&;qkdif&m t"dyÜm,fzGifhqdk                          k f
                                                                                            ay:rS w&m;r0ifuepnfrsm;udk odr;       f           ,m;owif;wGifazmfjyxm;onf/                       c&D;onfyrmPjzpfaom 180 xuf
                                                                                                                                                       tqdkygc&D;onfwifav,mOf                 rsm;pGmavsmhenf;vsuf&Sdonf/
                                                                                                                                              ay:rS wm;jrpfxm;aom ukefpnfrsm;                         ,ckjzpf&yfrwdkifrD oDwif;ywf
           kd                     ¬ d       H
        [l*csmAufZf or®wtjzpf pwkwtBurf xyfra&G;cs,c&
                                                   fH                                                                                         awGU&SdaMumif; wl&uDEdkifiHjcm;a&;
                                                                                                                                              0ef B uD ; u ajymMum;aomf v nf ;
                                                                                                                                                                                              uvnf; qD;&D;,m;ESihf wl&uDe,fpyf
                                                                                                                                                                                              wGif tajrmufrsm;jzifh ESpfzuftjyef
        u&muwfpf? atmufwdkbm 8                                                                                                                rnf o nf h u k e f y pö n f ; rsm;jzpf o nf     tvSefypfcwfwdkufcdkufMu&m wl&uD
                                            h                       J                            dS
              uifqma0'emcHpm;cJ&NyD; tar&duefqefYusifa&; &J&awmufpum;rsm;ajymMum;avh&aom [l*csmAufZf         kd                               qdkonfudkrl ajymMum;jcif;r&Sday/                ESifh qD;&D;,m;wdkY\ qufqHa&;rSm
                      D JG      k f H                  ¬          f
        onf AifeZvm;Edii\or®wtjzpf pwkwtBudrajrmuf xyfra&G;cs,fctEdi&vduNf yDjzpfaMumif; Ediiwum
                                                                          H   H k f k                      k f H                                       odkYaomf wl&uD NTV ½kyfoH              tajctaeqdk;0g;vsuf&Sdonf/
        owif;rD'D,mrsm;u azmfjyxm;Muonf/                                                                                                      owif;url wl&uDtpdk;&odrf;qnf;                                     h     f
                                                                                                                                                                                                      ,if;uJoYkd ESpzuftjyeftvSef
                    k                          f           k f I f
              pkpaygif;rJay;olta&twGu\ 54 &mcdiEe;jzifh tEdi&&Som;jcif;jzpfaMumif; a&G;aumufyaumfr&Siu
                                                                      k f d G                           JG         f                          &rdaom ukefypönf;rsm;rSm 'Hk;usnf               tajrmufrsm;jzifh ypfcwfwdkufcdkufrI
        aMunmcsufxkwfjyefvdkufonf/ &v'fxGufay:vmNyD;aemuf [l*dkcsmAufZfudk axmufcHolrsm; NrdKUawmf                                            vufeuftpdwftydkif;rsm;jzpfzG,f                  jzpfyGm;NyD;aemuf uDvdkrDwm 910
        u&muwfpfvrf;rrsm;ay:xGufvmNyD; nvHk;aygufqlnHpGmatmifyGJcHvsuf&SdMuonf[k owif;axmufrsm;u                                              &Sdonf[k azmfjyonf/                             t&Snf&Sdaom e,fpyfwpfavQmuf
           k               D JG       k f H      k S f
        qdonf/ AifeZvm;Ediitaejzifh qd&,vpfwi;jynftjzpfoYkd qufvufcswufom;rnfjzpfum ¤if;taeESihf
                                                             kd f               D       G                                                              ½k&Sm;EdkifiHNrdKUawmf armfpudkrS      wGif wl&uDwyfzGJUrsm;udk wdk;jr§ifh
        vnf; ydkaumif;rGefaomor®wjzpfvmatmif BudK;pm;rnfjzpfaMumif; [l*dkcsmAufZfu ajymMum;cJhonf/                                            qD;&D;,m;EdkifiH NrdKUawmf'rwfpuwf              csxm;cJhNyD; wl&uDppfwyftBuD;tuJ
        rJay;ydkifcGifh&SdolvlOD;a&\ 90 &mcdkifEIef;u vma&mufrJay;cJhMuonf[k a&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sifu aMunm
                                                                                                                                                     H
                                                                                                                                              odYk ysoef;onfh c&D;onfwifav,mOf                  k f
                                                                                                                                                                                              AdvcsKyfBuD; Necdet Ozel u wyfrsm;
        xm;NyD; rpöwmcsmAufZfu ,if;rJrsm;\trsm;pkudk&&SdoGm;jcif;jzpfonf/
                                                                                                                                              udk wl&uDavaMumif; ydkifeufwGif                 udk ppfaq;cJhonf/
              ]awmfvSefa&;BuD;atmifjrifcJhygNyD} [k [l*dkcsmAufZfu ¤if;udkaxmufcHonfhvltkyfBuD;udk ¤if;tdrf
        0&efwmrSaeí ajymMum;cJhonf/ ]]uRefawmf[m t&ifwkef;uxufydkaumif;wJhor®wjzpfvmzdkY tm½HkjyK                                                H
                                                                                                                                              ysoef;aepOf ppfbufqi&mukeypön;kd f      f f             wl&uDESifh qD;&D;,m;e,fpyf
        xm;ygw,f}}[k or®woufwrf;oH;Budrtyp;cJNh yD;ol csmAufZuqdonf/ twdutcHacgif;aqmif umy&Dvpf
                                              k f k f kd                 f k        k f                              D                        rsm; o,faqmifvmonf[k oHo,                       wGif tajrmufrsm;? wdkufav,mOf
        uvnf; [l*dkcsmAufZf\tEdkif&v'ftwGuf csD;usL;pum;ajymqdkoGm;NyD; ¤if;udkaxmufcHolrsm;udkvnf;                                           &Sdí wl&uDtmPmydkifwdkYu Mum;                   rsm;udkvnf; wdk;jr§ifhcsxm;vdkufNyD;
        pdwfrysufMu&ef ajymqdkoGm;onf/ ]]AifeDZGJvm;EdkifiHtESHY uRefawmfwdkYrsKd;aphawGcsNyD;cJhygNyD/ 'DrsKd;aphawG                         jzwfí wl&uDEdkifiH tefum&mNrdKU&Sd              qD;&D;,m;u qufvufwdkufcdkufyg
        &SifoefaygufajrmufaeygNyD}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/                                                                                           tDqefbdk*gavqdyfodkY qif;oufap                                            G
                                                                                                                                                                                              u jyefvnfwYkH jyefom;rnf[k wl&uD
              [l*dkcsmAufZfudkaxmufcHolwpfOD;jzpfonfh rm&D&defemu olYtaejzifh tvGefaysmf&TifaeaMumif;? [l*dk                                  cJhonf/                                         ppf w yf t BuD ; tuJ Ad k v f c sKyf B uD ;
                  f
        csmAufZonf vufwiftar&du\arQmfvifcsufjzpfaMumif; owif;axmufrsm;\ar;jref;rIukd ajzMum;cJonf/
                                                         h                                                       h                                     xdkYaemuf tqdkygav,mOfudk              Necdet Ozel u ajymMum;onf/
        touf 58 ESpft&G,f&SdNyDjzpfaom [l*dkcsmAufZfonf uifqma0'emcHpm;cJh&NyD; 1999 ckESpfuwnf;u                                             &Spfem&DMum ppfaq;rIrsm;jyKvkyfcJhNyD;                                k          kd f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                      xdYk jyif aewd;tzGUJ 0ifEiiwpfck
        tmPm&&SdcJholjzpfonf/ Zefe0g&DvwGif ¤if;\aemufxyfor®woufwrf; ajcmufESpfwmumv xyfrH                                                    aemuf jyefvnfxGufcGmcGifhay;vdkuf               jzpfaom wl&uDudkumuG,fay;&ef
        pwifrnfjzpfonf/                                                                                                                       aMumif ; wl & uD t mPmyd k i f w d k Y u              k
                                                                                                                                                                                              aewd;wyfzUJG uvnf; tqifoifyifjzpf     h
                                                                                                                                              ajymMum;onf/                                    aMumif; aewd;k tzGUJ u ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          41
    Monday, October 15 - 21, 2012                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              VOICE


wl&uD-qD;&D;,m; ppfjzpf rjzpf
oefYZifpdk;
                                                      dk f                        f
                                ck&ufyi;twGi; wl&uD-qD;&D;,m; vufeufBuD;ESihf tjyeftvSefypfcwfMuaomowif;rsm;u EkdifiHwum
      ,                         owif;acgif;BuD;ykdif;rsm;wGif ae&m,lxm;vsuf&Sdonf/ qD;&D;,m;ukd ppfa&;t& wkHYjyefaqmif&Gufjcif;onf
ckcHumuG,fwm;qD;aomoabmtjzpfowfrSwfNyD; oabmwlcGifhjyKaMumif; wl&uDygvDrefuvnf; xkwfjyef
ay;NyD;jzpfonf/ xkdYaMumifh wl&uD-qD;&D;,m; ppfjzpfawmhavrvm;[k EkdifiHwumowif;avhvmolrsm;Mum;wGif
pdwf0ifpm;p&mjzpfvmonf/ NATO ppftkyfpkuvnf; qD;&D;,m;ESihfjzpfaomjyóemwGif wl&uDbufu&Sdonf[k
twdtvif;ajymqkdxm;onf/ wl&uD-qD;&D;,m;ta&SUtv,fykdif;aemufxyf rD;ckd;vkH;rsm;avm .../
                                                                                                             &uf p f r uf p f q ef \ rS w f c suf r S m tdre;csi;ESifh jyóemrJa&; ay:vpD                               f D f                                                   h
wl&uDppfwyf\ jyifqifrI                                                                                       wl&uD-qD;&D;,m; y#dyu©wif NATO &Scaomfvnf; qD;&D;,m; rwnfNidrrI          G                        d hJ                                                                                       f
                                                   df
               wl&uDxywef;ppfacgif;aqmif taejzihf tjyif;xefqkH;aom owd rsm; &ScNhJ yD;aemuf tajctaeajymif;jyef                                                                                                              d
e,fpyfwyfpcef;rsm;okYd vma&mufppf ay;Ncdr;ajcmufrrsK;jzpfonf/ ]]NATO jzpfom;onf/                                                f                         I d                                                                 G
aq;pOf ¤if;uwl&uDajray:okYd rnfonfh ppftyp&UJ wpfom;wnf; jzpfrtay:                                                         kfk                                                                 I                                qD;&D;,m;bufrS vufeufBuD;
wkdufckdufrIrsKd;ukdrqkd vufwkHYjyef&ef wl&uDu tm;uk;tm;xm;Ekiygw,f}} jzihf ypfcwfjcif;cH&aom tuúmumvD                                                     d                          df
             h                                                               f
aESmifaES;aernf r[kw[k owday; [k NATO tBuD;tuJu tzGUJ 0ifEiiH a'orSm qD;&D;,m;-wl&uDe,fpyfrS                                                                                                          dk f
                          d dk f
pum;qkvuonf/ qD;&D;,m;tpk;& wl&uDbufrS ajymMum;cJonf/ wl&uD awmifyi;qefv,zmjynfe,f c½kif                 d                                                            h                                                            dk f                      D l                                        d
                                                                 dk
taeESifh ¤if;\&efvaom tjyKtrlwYdk ukd umuG,fzkdY tqifoihfjzpfaeNyD[k wpfckjzpfonf/ vlOD;a&ckepfaomif;
                             kf
ukd qufvyaevQif wl&uDu rvG{uef vnf; ¤if;wkdYu qkdonf/                                             J                                                                                                          ckepfaxmifcefY&\/ a&S;a[mif;,Ofaus;   dS
                 Hk
wyfo;&vdrrnf[k 0efBuD;csKyf &Dqyf       hf                                                                                     wl&uDjynfol ppfrvkdvm;ol rI e,fajrjzpfonf/
                                    d
aw&pftm'k*efu vTwawmftrwfrsm; rsm; vrf;rrsm;ay:okdY xGufvmMu          f                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ypfcwfcjhJcif;aMumifjh zpfonf/ xkYaemuf u qD;&D;,m;avaMumif; NzKdcGif;a&;
ukd ajymMum;onf/ tckdiftrmwyfpGJ onf/ wl&uDNrKdUBuD;wkdif;vkdvkdwGif qD;&D;,m;-wl&uDjyóem                                                                                                                                                                                                                     d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            yki; e,fpyfa'owGif wl&uDwyfrsm; wGifvnf; tqdyf&SdaMumif; cefYrSef;
xm;onhf e,fpyfwyfpcef;rsm;ukd um jzpfysufcJhonf/ 0efBuD;csKyf\ tBuH                                                                                                                                                             Ekiiwumtoki;t0ki;rS z,f ykrNdk yD; wyfpvmonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  d fH                                     d f d f                            d                  JG                                                 d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Ekionf/ wl&uDtpk;d &taeESifh tqkyg                     d
uG,a&;OD;pD;csKyf AkvcsKytaZ;vfu,f ay;t&m&Sd ukd,fwkdif Twitter wGif MuOfaeaom qD;&D;,m;ukd jyKjyifajymif;
           f                                            d f f dk                                      dk                                                                                                                                                                                                                            df
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       wpfcsewnf;rSmyif qD;&D;,m;&Sd jyóemukd ausmfvTm;Ekdifapjcif;iSm
                                                                                                                                                                                                              uOf
wkdif oGm;a&mufppfaq;Munfh½IcJh wl&uDu qD;&D;,m;ESifh ppfrjzpfyg[k vJa&; pOD;tpDtpOfrsm; csjyuln&m vlenf;pkumh'vrsK;rsm;u qD;&D;,m; tar&d u ES i h f tpö a &;ponf w k d Y r S                                                                                                                         D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       f l d
jcif;ukaxmuf½í wl&uD\toihtae wifxm;onf/ okdYaomf wl&uDu wGif wl&uDrm xdywef;u EkiijH zpf\/ ajrmufyi;{&d,mukd pwifxe;csKyvm armif;olrav,mOfrsm;? zkuwm*suf
               d                                 I                                                  f                                                                                                                                          S                f                        df
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           dk f                                        df f                         hJ                       d f
txm;&Saejcif;ukd odEionf/ tcsef ¤if;\ e,fpyfa'orsm;ukd umuG,f wl&uD0efBuD; tm'k*efudk ay;xm;onfh Ekionf/ wl&uDbufwivnf; umh'f rsm; xyfrHjznfhwif;onfh enf;vrf;
                      d                                                 dk f                               d                                                                                                                                                      d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             df                                         Gf
ra&G;ppfqifa&;jyKvkyfEkdifaom wihf &rnfjzpfNyD; vktyfygu vufwYHkjyef qD;&D;,m;or®wtmqwf\ uwdu rsm; tvm;wltm;aumif;vmrnfudk ukd tm½kHpkdufvmonf/ okdYaomf
                                                                                                                                                      d
um;rsm;? avaMumif;&ef NzKdci;aom &rnf[k ¤if;uqkxm;onf/ wl&uD 0wfrsm;ukd taumiftxnfrazmf[k wl&uDupk;&dronf/ ESpEiiH jyóem tar&du\ armif;olrJhav,mOfESihf
                                                                                         G f                                                                    d                                                                                                                                                               d f                     f dk f
vufeufBuD;rsm;? xlxyftm;aumif; apmifhMunhfavhvmolrsm;uvnf; apmifMh unforsm;u qkonf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      dI f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            rsm;u wpfpwpfpykNd yD; euf½i;vmae zkdufwm*sufrsm; wl&uDukd a&mif;&ef
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            h l                              d                              onf/ qD;&D;,m;bufrS ypfcwfonf aemufwGefYaerIESihf tpöa&;-wl&uD
aom ppftiftm;rsm; ponfwkdYukd wl&uDtaeESifh qD;&D;,m;ukd ppfqif                                                                                                                                                                 'rwfpuwftpkd;&\ jyKjyif
wl&uDppfwyfu jzefYMuufum e,fpyf a&;rvkyavmuf[k ok;H oyfMuonf/ vuf ajymif;vJrrsm; uwdrwnfjcif;onf qkaom vufeufBu;D rsm;aMumihf wl&uD qufqa&; at;pufaerIwYu qD;&D;,m;
                                                                                                                                    f                                                                                                    I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 d                                                                               H                        dk
wpfavQmuf wyfpxm;NyD;jzpfonf/                                JG                                              &Sd wl&uD ppfjyifaejcif;onf e,fpyf ta&SUtv,fyi;&Sd aphpyfnEi;ay;rI Ekiiom; ig;OD; aoqk;xm;onf/                                           dk f                                  d§ dI f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              d fH                                  H                             ukd wl&uD\ tompD;,la&;wGif
                                                                                                                                              f d
                                                                                                             jzwfausmxyg;vmygu csucsi; jyef ae&mukd ,lxm;onfh wl&uD\ trnf                f f                                                                                                                                                                       d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ]]u'gzDvdk uHMur®mrsK; tmquf BuK&rnfh pdeac:rIrsm;jzpfonf/       H                f
NATO \ tcef;u@                                                                                               wkHYjyefEkdifjcif;ukd jyvkdíjzpfaMumif; *kPowif;ukd xdcuaponf/ xkYdjyif vnf; BuK&ygap}}[k qD;&D;,m;vuf     f                                             dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         BuKHH                                                               wl&uD\qD;&D;,m;ta&; ajz&Si;f
               &ufowåwpfywfMum e,fpyfjzwf ukdvnf; EkdifiHjcm;a&;ay:vpDuRrf; ESpEiiH oHwrefcif; qufqa&;ukd eufBuD;aMumihf rdcifaoqk;um om; rI tem*wftajctaeukd National                                              f dk f                                                                        H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 H
ausmf vufeufBuD;rsm;? armfwmrsm; usiol tDwmwl&efu ajymMum;onf/ vnf; rsuEmysuom;apcJonf/ qD;                           f                                                                                                                                                                                                  H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            orD;ok;OD; 'Pf&m&oGm;onfh e,fpyf Interest r*¾Zif;u cefYre;rIrsm; jyKvyf                                   S f            jyKvkk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             fS                f G                     h
                        I
ypfcwfraMumifh ESpzufwif;rmrI tjrifh                       f                                                                   ]]wl&uD&UJ ajymcsiwhJ tcsuu &D;,m; 'kuonfrsm; wl&uDEiitwGi;f a'cHw&uDom; tkrmwDrpifu ajymMum; xm;Muonf/ wl&uDtpk;d &\ vufeuf
                                                                                                                                                                        f                               f                                  ©                                             dk f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       l                  d           l
qk;H taetxm;a&muf&aepOf (ajrmuf awmh &Si;vif;ygw,f/ tuúmumvD okYd ajy;0ifcvvmrIrsm; wufvmjcif; onf/ wl&uDuvnf; vufeufBuD; 0,f,lrIrsm;? tqifhjr§ihfrIrsm; ,ck
                                                                          dS                                                            f                                                                                                    dk HI
twåvEÅdwfppfpmcsKyf) (NATO) u a'oukd vufeufBuD;eJY ypfwtwGuf aMumifvnf; qufqa&; ykq;kd 0g;oGm; vm&mae&mukd cefYre;wGucsuMf uNyD; aemufykdif;wGif jrihfwufvmEkdifajc                       hJ                                    h                                        H           d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                S f                  f
wl&uDukd umuG,fay;&ef toihf&Sd wkYHjyefjcif;jzpfygw,f/ 'gayrJh 'Dxuf um qD;&D;,m;EkiiEifh wl&uDEiiMH um; csucsi;jyefypfonf/                                                                                                                             dfHS                                   dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     f f                                                          &Sdonf[kvnf; yg0ifonf/ rnfokdY
onf[k aMunmvkujf cif;jzihf qD;&D;,m; a&SUwk;vmr,fqdk ykNd yD;jyif;xefwEe;eJY uefYowfZexm;&S&ef oihf roihf ar;cGe;f wl&uD qD;&D;,m;ukd EkdifrSmvm;
                                                         d                                                                   d                                                                   hJ I f                                                                                                                                                                           yifjzpfap wl&uD-qD;&D;,m; ppfjzpfyg
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         kf                d                                                                                                                      u a&&Snf b,folu b,folUukd
ukd wkduf½kdufowday;rIjyKcJhonf/ wkYHjyefrmyg}} [k ¤if;uqk\/ wl&uD rsm; ay:xGuvmonf/ wl&uD0efBuD;                                 S                                            d                                                                 f
NATO taxGaxGtwGif;a&;rSL;csKyf                                                                               EkiijH cm;a&;0efBu;D tmruf'gAkw*v\ csKyu ukvor*¾ausmaxmufaemufcH
                                                                                                               df                                                                            dk f k                                                                                                                    NyD;cJhonfh vykdif;umvrsm;u tjywfracsre;Ekiaom ppftBD uD;wpfck                    If df
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     f                                                                                      wl&uDawGUBuKHae&aom qD;&D;,m; jzpfrnfjzpfum? tzk;tcvnf; ykBd uD;                                     d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    k              kf
                                                                                                                                                                                                             jyKaom ppfrMhJum;cHZef jyKvyum wl&uD jyóemu ykNd y;D odomvmonf/ wl&uD oGm;Ekionf/ wl&uDEifh qD;&D;,m;wkYd                                                                      df                      S
      10 vtwGif;                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ©                                 H
                                                                                                                                                                                                             wGif 'kuonfrsm; ykvmjcif; tusyf u tar&dueftygt0ifEiipu ppf b,fa&GUb,frQ tajrmftjrif&aMumif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       f
                                                                                                                                                                                                             twnf;ukd ajz&Si;&ef BuKd;pm;aomf a&;t& 0ifa&mufpuzufrudk wGe; ,ckxywuf &ifqirrsm;ukd b,fvdk                                         G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              dk f H Hk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       I        f               d f dk         dk f I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                             vnf; EkdifiHwum tokdif;t0kdif;u tm;ay;aeqJjzpfonf/ wl&uDtaeESifh b,fyajz&Si;Muonfudk Munfí tuJ                                                                                  Hk        f                           h
      tD&efEsLuvD;,m;AHk;xkwfEkdifzG,f&Sd                                                                                                                                                                    wkYHqi;aeonf/dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ESpEiiwif;rmrI pwifNyD; vuf aMumif;rS wpfukd,fawmf wkdufckduf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      f dk f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            NATO rygbJ qD;&D;,m;ukd av                                                    dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  cwfEionf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Ref: BBC, National Interest
wD[D&ef? atmufwdkbm 9                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                SfGf df
                                                                                                                                                                                                             ygvmjcif;rSm ,ckEpZevyki;u jzpfchJ EkiajcrSm tuefYtowf&onf/ F-14                                  d f                                         dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              df
                                                                                                                                                                                                             aom wl&uD pykiav,mOfudk qD;&D; wkuav,mOf ypfcscHvu&uwnf;                                              d f                                   dk f                                                                 oefYZifpdk;
                                                                    k               f kf
               EsLuvD;,m;AH;xkwvy&efBud; oGm;a&mufppfaq;cJonfh tjynfjynf ,m;avaMumif;umuG,a&;u 'k;jzihf                                                             h                                                                                                            f                  H
                           f dS
yrf;vsu&onf[k Ekiiwum\ ½Ijrif qdi&mtEkjrLpGr;tifat*sipD (IAEA)  dfH                                              kf                                     f                           f
jcif;cHxm;&aom tD&efonf 10 vtwGi;f \tcsutvufrsm;tay: tajccHí                                                                              f
EsLuvD;,m;AH;xkwvyz,&onf[k wGucsuxm;jcif;jzpfonf/
     HÜ S d f H
odyEihf EkiiwumvHNk cHKa&;tzGUJ tpnf;
                                               k                f k f G f dS                                             f f
                                                                                                                               EsLuvD;,m;vufeufwpfck jyK                                owif;rD'D,m                                                                                           Research & Development                                           0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf
\cefYrSef;csufudk udk;um;í bDbDpD vky&ef tvGeoefYpifaom ,la&eD,H                                                    f                               f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Living Color r*¾Zif;ESifh The Voice Weekly wkYdyrexwa0aeaom Living Color Media wGif okawoe   Hk S f k f
owif;wGif azmfjyxm;onf/                                                                                      yrmP 25 uDv*&rfvtyf&m ,if;                      dk           dk
               tD&efonf vufeufxwvyEif yrmP&&S&ef tD&ef\vuf&dS ,la&eD,H                 k f k f dk                                           d                                                                               ESifh zGHUNzKd;a&; Research & Development (R & D) vufaxmufwm0efxrf;aqmif&eftwGuf wuúokdvf
aomtqif&onfh oefYpifNyD; ,la& oefYpifrukd 3 'or 5 &m cdiEe;xd
                                      h dS                                                                                            I                                                   kfIf                              wpfckckrS bGJU&&Sdxm;NyD; ½kH;okH;uGefysLwmuRrf;usifol? touf 25ESpfatmuf (t&nftcsif;tay:rlwnfí
eD,ukd ESpvrS av;vtwGi; xkwf wd;k jri&efvtyfNy;D 20 &mckiEe;f oefYpif
        H                       f                                                         f                             § hf kd                                              dfI                                            toufuefYowfcsufavQmhayghpOf;pm;rnf) owif;rD'D,mvkyfief;pOfvkdtyfcsufESihf n§dEIdif;aqmif&Guf&ef
vkyEiz,&um EsLuvD;,m;AH;tjzpf NyD;,la&eD,rsm; vdtyfrnfjzpfonf/
       f dk f G f dS                                                                        k                                                   H                 k                                                         pdwf0ifpm;oltrsKd;orD;0efxrf;wpfOD; tvkd&Sdygonf/
          f kf
xkwvy&ef aemufxyf &SpvrS 10txd                                                  f                                              tD&eftaeESifh EsLuvD;,m;                                                                                        pdwf0ifpm;í avQmufxm;vkdygu þaMumfjimyg0ifNyD; wpfywftwGif; "mwfykHESpfykH? ukd,fa&;tusOf;?
Mumjrifz,&aMumif; odyEiEiiwum vufeufxwvy&ef qk;jzwfcygu
                    h G f dS                                                 HÜ S hf dk f H                                                       k f k f                    H                     hJ                       bGJUvufrSwfrdwåL? qufoG,f&efzkef;ESihf ae&yfvdyfpmtjynfhtpkHazmfjyí Living Color Media trSwf 458?
vHkNcHKa&;tzGJUtpnf; (Insti tute for wpfpwpf&mta&;,lrjI yKvy&ef wpfEpf                                                    kH                                                     kf                        S
Science and International Security)                                                                                               df
                                                                                                             cefYtcse&rnfjzpfaMumif; tar&duef                                                                               460? av;vTm (E)? 31vrf;ESihf r[mAE¨Kv vrf;axmifh? yef;bJwef;NrKdUe,f? &efukefNrKdU? zkef; 01 242424?
ISIS u cefYre;wGucsuxm;onf/                   Sf                    f f                                      umuG,fa&;0efBuD; vD,Gefygeuf                                                                                   389210? 389211 (okdYr[kwf) E-mail : zinzin.thaw@gmail.com okdY qufoG,favQmufxm;Ekdifygonf/
               tqkygtzGUJ \cefYre;wGucsurI wmu ajymMum;onf/
                                  d                                            Sf                f f                                                                                                                                           yPmra&G;cs,fcH&olrsm;ukd taMumif;jyefygrnf/
onf tD&ef&EsLuvD;,m;puf½rsm;odYk           dS                                                 kH
    42
  The
        VOICE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Monday, October 15 - 21 , 2012



                           Soccer Weekly Fixtures
                                                     13-10-2012 (paeaeY)                                                                                        2014 urÇmhzvm;ajcppfyGJ
                                                         l D
                                                      qlZu;zvm;ajcppfyJG
jrefrm - vmtdk                                                                                                                               nae 3;00 em&D                   2014 urÇmhzvm;ajcppfyGJ? urÇmhZkeftoD;oD;wGif
b½lEi; - ta&SUwDarm       dk f                                                                                                               n 6;00 em&D        ,SOfNydKifupm;&rnfh &ufowåywfjzpfwmaMumifh urÇmh
                                                                                                            d f H
                                                                            tmz&duEkiirsm;zvm;ajcppfyJG ('k-ausm)                          h                    Ed k i f i H t oD ; oD ; &J U jynf w G i f ; vd * f a wG v nf ; &yf e m;cJ h y g
rmvm0D - *gem                                                                                                                                n 7;00 em&D        w,f/ xdkZkefrsm;xJrS Oa&myZkefxJu yGJtcsKdUtaMumif;
abmhqmem - rmvD                G                                                                                                             n 7;30 em&D        ajym&&ifjzifh ...
,l*E¨m - Zrfb,m                                                   D                                                                          n 7;30 em&D                                                                                                             dk               S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  enf;jyumy,fvvufxufrm &v'faumif;awG&aeNyD; ajcppfyGJatmifjrif
  df D
Eki*s;&D;,m; - vkuab;&D;,m;                                                        d f                                                       n 9;30 em&D                 S
                                                                                                                                                                 ½k&m; (12) Vs tZmbdiusef (108)     k f
                                                                                                                                                                             aemufq;awGUqHrI (3) yGJ
                                                                                                                                                                                             kH   k                                   h kH                 S f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       zdYk tjrifq;&nfre;xm;&mrSmawmh a'owGi;upm;orm;trsm;pkeYJ pkzUJG xm;NyD;       f
              D
wle;&Sm; - qD&,mvD,ef                                           D                                 G                                H
                                                                                                                         (we*FaEGeeuf) eHeuf 00;45 em&D                                                                tm&SmAifvdkupm;orm;rsKd;udkawmifrS a&G;cs,frIrjyKcJhygbl;/ wdkufppfrSmawmh
                                                                                                                                                                                 S
                                                                                                                                                                           ½k&m; 3 - 1 tZmbdiusef         kf
              D
qDea*g - tdiA&DuYkdpf                                  kf                                                                          H
                                                                                                                         (we*FaEGeeuf) eHeuf 1;00 em&D                     ½k&m; 2 - 1 tZmbdiusef
                                                                                                                                                                                   S                      kf                                  f kd                                      D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ywfAvsLcseuu OD;aqmifaeNyD; 'Deaqmh? &Sm½daumhAwYkd&UJ tv,f wef;uvnf;           k     f
armf½ukd - rdZrfApf    kd                        k                                                                       (we*FaEGeeuf) eHeuf 1;30 em&D
                                                                                                                                   H                                       tZmbdiusef 1 - 1 ½k&m;
                                                                                                                                                                                         k f                 S         rsm;pGmtaxmuftuljyKaewmrdkY ajcpGrf;jyupm;aeygw,f/ tZmbdkifusef
tJv*s;&D;,m; - vpfAsm;
                  f D                                                                                                    (we*FaEGeeuf) eHeuf 5;30 em&D
                                                                                                                                   H                                                                                   taejzifh EdkifyGJr&ao;ovdk tkyfpkwGif NydKifbufaumif;vJr[kwfwmaMumifh
                                                                                                  14-10-2012 (we*FaEGaeY)                                       tdrf&Siftm;eJY &moDOwktm;aygif;pyfNyD; ½k&Sm;wdkY *dk;jywftEdkifupm;oGm;ygvdrfhrnf/
                                                                            tmz&duEkiirsm;zvm;ajcppfyJG ('k-ausm)
                                                                                                            d f H                          h                                                                                      ½dkar;eD;,m;toif;[m tkyfpkwGif; Clean Sheet upm;xm;wJhtoif;jzpf
                                                                                                                                                                  k
                                                                                                                                                                ½dar;eD;,m;(46) Vs e,fomvef(6)
tDo,;yD;,m; - ql'ef
                  D kd                                                                                                                       n 7;30 em&D                   aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (3) yGJ                  wmeJYtnD tkypwi;emrnfBuD;e,fomvefeYJy[mvnf; ESpoif;pvH;&JU ajcppfyJG
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    fk Gf                                                JG             f          k
uifr&Ge; - udyAm&D                  f                                f                                                                       n 8;30 em&D                                                               atmifzYktajzvdYkq&ygr,f/ tdrui;f qd&if ajcpGr;f jyavh&whJ ½dar;eD;,m;toif;[m
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   d                    kd                        f G k                           dS k
                                                                                                                                                                    ½dkareD;,m; 1 - 0 e,fomvef
Eki*sm - *le,m
  df                                           D                                                                                             n 9;30 em&D         e,fomvef 2 - 0 ½dkar;eD;,m; AefygpD? a&mfbif? [efw,fvmwdkY&JU wdk;tm;udkawmh wm&SnfawmifhcHzdkY
tef*vm - ZifbmabG   kd                                                                                                                       n 9;30 em&D         ½dkar;eD;,m; 0 - 0 e,fomvef rvG,fygbl;/ a'owGif; tajcpdkufupm;orm;trsm;pkudk tajccHzGJUpnf;xm;vdkY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Team Work uawmh ajymp&mrvdkayr,fh tdrf&Siftoif;&JUupm;orm;aumif;
          d
wk*kd - *gbGef                                                                                                                               n 10;00 em&D
tDauGw&&,f*e,m - uGe*DR               dk D                          lD                                       f DRkd      (wevFmaeYeeuf) eHeuf 00;30 em&D
                                                                                                                                     H                          awG&JU wpfOD;csif;pGrf;&nftjyif 0geJYorÇmaMumifh {nfhonftoif;udk *dk;tenf; eJY tEdkif,loGm;r,fvdkYxifygw,f/
bmuDemzmqkd - pifx&,ftmz&du (wevFmaeYeeuf) eHeuf 00;30 em&D                                                                          H                           c½dkat;&Sm; (11) Vs a0;vf (57)                                   urÇmtqifowfrwcsut& ajcpGr;ydi;rSmuGm[rI&aeygw,f/ rdv'&pf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            h               h             S f f                 f k f                dS                  k f
                                                                                                                                                                           aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (3) yGJ                  OD;aqmifwJh c½dkat;&Sm;wdkYtkyfpk A rSm xdyfqHk;ae&ma&mufzdkY 'DyGJudk aocsm
                                                                                                        16-10-2012 (t*FgaeY)                                                                                           jyifqifxm;r,fqdkwm oHo,&Sdp&mrvdkygbl;/ a0;vftoif;[mvnf;
                                                                                       2014 urÇmzvm;ajcppfyJG Oa&myZkef
                                                                                                                     h                                                     c½dkat;&Sm; 3 - 1 a0;vf
                                                                                                                                                                           a0;vf 1 - 2 c½dkat;&Sm;                     tkyfpkwGif; cH ppftm;tenf;qHk;toif;tjzpf owfrSwfxm;NyD; Oa&mya&muf
            S
½k&m; - tZmbdi*sef                                                  kf                                                                       n 9;30 em&D                                                               upm;orm;awG&JU pkpnf;avhusifhcsdefenf;vdkY &v'fawG[m ta0;uGif;qdk&if
tpöa&; - vlZifbwf                                                                                                                            n 9;30 em&D                   c½dkat;&Sm; 2 - 2 a0;vf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ydkqdk;wwfwmaMumifh wdkufppfaumif;wJh c½dkat;&Sm;wdkY *dk;trsm;eJY tEdkif,l
bDvm½kpf - a*sm*s,m                                                    f D                                                                   n 10;30 em&D       oGm;Edkifygw,f/
vwfA;,m; - vufcsipwde;       D                                                                  f              f                             n 11;30 em&D               ydkvef (14) Vs t*Fvef (5)                                                                                         D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  toif;acgif;aqmif bvufuaumpwD;'Pf&maMumifh t*FvefeYJ ypOfrm                                               JG S
                    kd
tef'&m - tufpw;eD;,m;                                                         f kd                                                           n 11;30 em&D                  aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (3) yGJ                       J h                                k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       vG&r,fowif;[m ydveftwGuf t"duxd;k ESucsujf zpfvmygw,f/ ydveftoif; rSm       f                             k
½dar;eD;,m; - e,fomvef
    k                                                                                                                    (Ak'[;eHeuf)
                                                                                                                             ¨ l             eHeuf 00;30 em&D                         ydkvef 1 - 2 t*Fvef              Oa&mytajccsupm;orm;trsm;pkyg0ifzUJG pnf;xm;vdYk toif;&JUajcpGrf;udk NydKifbuf
zm½d;uRe;pk - tdi,mvef
                k f                                                        k f                                           (Ak'[;eHeuf)
                                                                                                                             ¨ l             eHeuf 00;30 em&D                         t*Fvef 2 - 1 ydkvef              awGavQmhrwGufoifhygbl;/ t*Fveftoif;&JU t"dutm;enf;csufuawmh
csuf - blva*;&D;,m;                                  f                                                                   (Ak'[;eHeuf)
                                                                                                                             ¨ l             eHeuf 00;30 em&D                         ydkvef 0 - 0 t*Fvef              aemufwef;ae&mjzpfaeNyD; &GefeDeJY 0Jbufyg0ifvmjcif;[m wdkufppftwGufawmh
c½dat;&Sm; - a0v
            k                                                                                                            (Ak'[;eHeuf)
                                                                                                                             ¨ l             eHeuf 00;30 em&D                                                          tvGefyJtm;udk;&Edkifovdk ydkveftoif;&JU wdkufppfrSL; vD0efa'ghpuD;&JU wdk;tm;
,lu&de; - rGewe*½d;               f                         f DD k                                                       (Ak'[;eHeuf)
                                                                                                                             ¨ l             eHeuf 00;30 em&D   uvnf; t*Fvefaemufwef;udk tvkyf½IyfapEdkifwJhtwGuf oa&yGJeJYNyD;qHk;oGm;r,fvdkY xifjrifrdygw,f/
                                                                                                                                                                 csuf (22) Vs bla*;&D;,m; (55)                                    urÇmhzvm;ajcppfyGJatmifzdkY &nfrSef;csufBuD;rm;wJh csufwdkY tdrfuGif;rSm
abmhpeD;,m; - vpfoa&;eD;,m;                                                                 l                                ¨ l
                                                                                                                         (Ak'[;eHeuf)        eHeuf 00;30 em&D                                                          tpGrf;jyzG,f&Sdygw,f/ xdyfoD;tDwvD toif;&JUtkyfpkxJrSma&mufaevdkY
qduy&yfpf - aemfa0
          k f                                                                                                            (Ak'[;eHeuf)
                                                                                                                             ¨ l             eHeuf 00;30 em&D                        aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI
                                                                                                                                                                      csuf 3 - 1 bla*;vf&D;,m;                         ½kef;uef&zG,f&SdaeNyD; tdrfuGif;rSmom ajcpGrf;jyEdkif&ifjzifh tkyfpkuwpfqifh
[efa*&D - wl&uD                                                                                                              ¨ l
                                                                                                                         (Ak'[;eHeuf)        eHeuf 1;00 em&D                                                           wufEdkifygvdrfhr,f/ bla*;&D;,m;[mvnf; vuf&Sdtcsdeftxd ½HI;yGJr&Sdao;bJ
                                                                                                                                                                      csuf 6 - 0 bla*;vf&D;,m;
MopBwD;,m; - umZufpwef                                                                                                       ¨ l
                                                                                                                         (Ak'[;eHeuf)        eHeuf 1;00 em&D          bla*;&D;vf,m; 0 - 1 csuf                         ajcpGrf;aumif;udkjyoaevdkY tpOftvmBuD;wJhcsufwdkY tdrfuGif;rSm ½kef;uef&zdkY
rufq';eD;,m; - qm;bD;,m;     D kd                                                                                            ¨ l
                                                                                                                         (Ak'[;eHeuf)        eHeuf 1;00 em&D                                                           &Sdygw,f/ rDvefbm;½dkUpf&JU i,frli,faoG;ajcpGrf;aMumihf tdrfuGif;rmwJh csufwdkY
qefrm&DEdk - armfv'Am                                                                f kd                                    ¨ l
                                                                                                                         (Ak'[;eHeuf)        eHeuf 1;00 em&D    u {nhfonfudk tEdkifupm;oGm;Ekdifygw,f/
pvdAufu;,m; - *&d
              k                            D                                                                             (Ak'[;eHeuf)
                                                                                                                             ¨ l             eHeuf 1;00 em&D               *smreD (2) Vs qGD'if (21)                              urÇ m h z vm;csef y D , H j zpf z d k Y a&yef ; pm;aewJ h Ek d i f i H a wG x J r S m *smreD
tkupvef - qGrZmvef
        d f                                                                      f                                       (Ak'[;eHeuf)
                                                                                                                             ¨ l             eHeuf 1;00 em&D               aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (3) yGJ                  vnf;ygaew,f/ tkyfpk C rSm vnf; ½IH;yGJr&Sd? oGif;*dk;trsm;qHk;eJY xdyfqHk;rSm
*smreD - qD'if                               G                                                                           (Ak'[;eHeuf)
                                                                                                                             ¨ l             eHeuf 1;15 em&D                    *smreD 0 - 0 qGD'if                    &yfwnfaewmaMumifh qGD'iftoif;tom&zdkY rvG,fvSygbl;/ *smreD toif;rSm
tDwvD - 'de;rwf                                        f                                                                 (Ak'[;eHeuf)
                                                                                                                             ¨ l             eHeuf 1;15 em&D                    *smreD 3 - 0 qGD'if                    upm;orm;aumif;awGrsm;pGm&SdNyD; qGD'iftoif;uawmh rdkApfwpfOD;wnf;&JU
b,fv*s,H - paumhwvef             f D                                                                                         ¨ l
                                                                                                                         (Ak'[;eHeuf)        eHeuf 1;15 em&D                    qGD'if 0 - 2 *smreD                    wdk;tm;omtm;udk;&zG,f&SdwmrkdY 'DyGJudkawmh tdrf&Siftoif; *dk;tenf;eJYom
ay:wl*D - ajrmufti,mvef                                                                dk f                              (Ak'[;eHeuf)
                                                                                                                             ¨ l             eHeuf 1;15 em&D                                                           uyfEkdifoGm;Ekdifygw,f/
                                                                                                                                                                             tDwvDtoif;rSm jyóemaygif;pHkeJY jynfhESufaeygw,f/ 'gayrJhtoif;&JUupm;uGufudk *sLAifwyf&JU
                  f
tJvab;eD;,m; - qvdaA;eD;,m; (Ak'[;eHeuf)                                                            k                        ¨ l             eHeuf 1;15 em&D
ydvef - t*Fvef
  k                                                                                                                      (Ak'[;eHeuf)
                                                                                                                             ¨ l             eHeuf 1;30 em&D         tDwvD (8) Vs 'def;rwf (18) upm;orm;trsm;pkeJY tajccHxm;vdkY team work uawmh ajymp&mrvdk
pydef - jyifopf                                                                                                          (Ak'[;eHeuf)
                                                                                                                             ¨ l             eHeuf 1;30 em&D               aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (3) yGJ                  atmifaumif;rGefygvdrfhr,f/ csD,,feDvD? yD,mvdk? bdkEkcsDeJY *sDtdkAif*dkwdkY&JU
                                                                                                                                                                             tDwvD 0 - 0 'def;rwf                              J                 kd                f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       twGtzufuawmh 'de;rwftoif;awmifczYkd rvG,vygbl;/ 'de;rwftoif;[m       h H             f S            f
                                                            2014 urÇmzvm;ajcppfyJG (awmiftmz&duZke)      h                                     f                             'def;rwf 1 - 2 tDwvD
bkv;AD;,m; - O½ka*G;
          d D                                                                                                            (Ak'[;eHeuf)
                                                                                                                             ¨ l             eHeuf 2;30 em&D                                                           tdrfuGif;qkd&if upm;tm;aumif;wwfayr,fh ta0;uGif;&v'fuawmh tm;&
                                                                                                                                                                             tDwvD 2 - 3 'def;rwf
AifeZvm; - tDauG'g
                 D JG                                                                                                    (Ak'[;eHeuf)
                                                                                                                             ¨ l             eHeuf 4;30 em&D                                                           p&mr&SdwmrdkY tdrf&SifwdkY *dk;trsm;eJYyJ yGJudk tEkdif,loGm;ygvdrhfr,f/
yg&ma*G; - yD½;                                           l                                                                  ¨ l
                                                                                                                         (Ak'[;eHeuf)        eHeuf 4;30 em&D                 ajcpGr;tqiftwef;odyruGmayr,fh ajcpGr;wufaewJh tdr&iwYkd ajcppfyatmifzYkd 'Dyuaocsmjyifqifvmygvdrfh
                                                                                                                                                                              jcpG f            h              f                          f                                 f S f            JG                JG kd
      D
csvD - tm*siw;em;                                        f D                                                                 ¨ l
                                                                                                                         (Ak'[;eHeuf)        eHeuf 6;35 em&D    b,fv*s,(30) Vs paumhwvef(56) r,f/ z,fvkdifeD? [mZufwdkYvdk ajcpGrf;wufaewJh upm;orm;awGtjyif
                                                                                                                                                                               f D H
                                                                    2014 urÇmzvm;ajcppfyJG (uGeumuyfzZe)   h                     f        fkf                              aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (3) yGJ                  Oa&mytajcpkduf upm;orm;trsm;pkeJY pkzGJUxm;vkdY tkyfpkwGif; ajcppfyGJatmifzdkY
[Ge';&yfpf - uae'g
              fl                                                                                                         (Ak'[;eHeuf)
                                                                                                                             ¨ l             eHeuf 2;30 em&D     b,fvf*sD,H 2 - 0 paumhwvef a&yef;tpm;qHk;toif;vnf;jzpfygw,f/ paumhwvefuawmh wkdufppfrSL;
usL;bm; - yem;rm;                                                                                                            ¨ l
                                                                                                                         (Ak'[;eHeuf)        eHeuf 2;30 em&D                                                                                          f
                                                                                                                                                                 b,fvf*sD,H 2 - 2 paumhwvef zvufcsm&JUajcpGr;aumif;rIeYJtwl toif;udO;aqmifaeygw,f/ 'gayrJh 'Dyrmawmh                            kD                                   JG S
tar&duef - *GgwDrmvm                                                                                                     (Ak'[;eHeuf)
                                                                                                                             ¨ l             eHeuf 5;45 em&D     paumhwvef 2 - 0 b,fvf*sD,H trSwfvdkaewJh tdrf&SifwdkY tBudwfte,fupm;NyD; tEdkif,loGm;Ekdifw,fvdkY
*sarum - tefw*tm                                                                    Dl                                   (Ak'[;eHeuf)
                                                                                                                             ¨ l             eHeuf 5;45 em&D                                                           xifygw,f/
aumfpwm&Dum - *l,mem                                                                                                     (Ak'[;eHeuf)
                                                                                                                             ¨ l             eHeuf 7;30 em&D                 urÇmhzvm;csefyD,HpydefeJY enf;jy'ufcsrfhvfvufxufrSm ajcpGrf;wufaewJh jyifopfwdkY&JUyGJ[m 'Dwpfywf
ruúqukd - tJvqmaA'k;         D                                              f                         d                  (Ak'[;eHeuf)
                                                                                                                             ¨ l             eHeuf 7;30 em&D               pydef (1) Vs jyifopf (6)                    &JUtaumif;qHk;yGJvdkYawmif qdk&rSmyg/ pydeftoif;rSm yl,kd;vfeJY yDau;rygvdkY
                                                                                       2014 urÇmzvm;ajcppfyJG (tm&SZe) h               kf                                  aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (3) yGJ                  aemufwef;tm;enf;EkdifNyD; 'DtcGifhta&;udk befZDrmwdkY vlwpfokduftoHk;cs
                                                                                                                                                                                pydef 2 - 0 jyifopf                    Ekdif&ifawmh {nhfonftwGuf tcGifhtvrf;awGydk&ygvdrfhr,f/ ESpfoif;pvHk;rSm
umwm - OZbwfupöwef                                                                                                                           n 6;55 em&D                        pydef 0 - 2 jyifopf                    tqHk;tjzwfay;r,fh upm;orm;aumif;awG pkpn;faewmaMumifh tdrf&Sif&JU
        k
tdref - a*sm'ef                                    f                                                                                         n 7;30 em&D                        jyifopf 1 - 0 pydef                               qH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       tvGefqHk;arQmfvifhcsufuawmh oa&avmufygyJ/
tD&wf - MopaMw;vs                                                                                                                            n 10;45 em&D                                                                         Oa&myrS                               f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Oa&myrSm ajcpGr;jyaewJh upm;orm;trsm;pkukd jynfwi; upm;orm;                                G f
tD&ef - awmifu&;,m;                                                            kd D                                                          n 11;00 em&D       ay:wl*D (3) Vs ajrmufti,mvef(30)     dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       aumif;awGeJY aygif;pyfxm;vdkY ajcppfyGJatmifzkdY tcGifhtvrf;rsm;aeygw,f/
                                                                                                              Ekiiwumajcprf;yGJ
                                                                                                                    dfH                                                    aemufqHk;awGUqHkrI (3) yGJ                  vuf&Sday:wl*D&JU tv,fwef;eJY a&SUwef;[m NydKifbuftoif;wki;udk Ncdr;ajcmuf                          d f          f
ul0wf - zdvpfyif
              d                                                         kd                                                                   n 6;00 em&D        ay:wl*D 1 - 1 ajrmuftkdif,mvef Ekipr;tjrifq;tqihfrSm&Sdygw,f/ ajrmuftkdif,mveftoif;uvnf; ½IH;yGJr&Sd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          d f G f              h kH
pifumyl - tdE,                                               d´                                                                              n 6;30 em&D        ay:wl*D 1 - 0 ajrmuftkdif,mvef upm;xm;Ek d i f a yr,f h aemufwef;uawmh raumif;vSygbl;/ 'gaMumifh
udvb,m - uifr&Ge;
          k H D                                                                               f                          (Ak'[;eHeuf)
                                                                                                                             ¨ l             eHeuf 1;30 em&D                                                                           kd d
                                                                                                                                                                ajrmuftkdif,mvef 0 - 0 ay:wl*D a&mfe,f'wYk&UJ ay:wl*ajrrSm yGJcsdefjynfhcHupm;zdkY&m rvG,favmufwmrdkY *dk;trsm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       eJY tdrf&SiftEkdif,loGm;Ekdifygw,f/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         43
  Monday, October 15 - 21, 2012                                                                                                                                                                                                                    VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 The




   Vol.8 / No.41                                                                                                                                                                                                        Monday, October 15 - 21, 2012




xm;0,fpDrHudef; *syefjr§KyfESH&ef ajcvSrf;pwif
befaumuf? atmufwdkbm 6
                      0,fa&eufqdyfurf; taumiftxnfazmfa&;ESifh &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIudk                     jrefrm? xdkif;wdkYESifhtwl *syefEdkifiHuvnf; pwif&if;ESD;jr§KyfESH&ef pdwftm;xufoefaMumif; xdkif;EdkifiHpufrI0efBuD;
                      yGefAufpAxDu befaumufydkYpfowif;pmodkY ajymMum;onf/
               xm;0,fpDrHudef;t&Sdefjr§ifh&ef AGefAufuqdkonf/                                             apmifhqdkif;aMumif; xm;0,fpDrHudef;                              oGm;rnf[k ajymqdkxm;NyD; a&euf                vlrItzGJUtpnf;rsm;u xdkif;tpdk;&udk
xdkif;ESifh jrefrmtpdk;&tqifh yl;wGJ                              xdi;ESihf jrefrm pD;yGm;a&;pufrI
                                                                      k f                                 qdkif&m avhvmol befaumuftajc                                          f          k f
                                                                                                                                                                           qdyurf;ESihf xdi;-jrefrme,fpyfquf             awmif;qdkxm;onf/
aumfrwDzUJG pnf;NyD;aemuf *syefrS xdoYkd ZkeMf um; cswqufom;Edia&; pDrcsuf
                                                          k             d f      G k f             H      pdkuf okawoD OD;aZmfatmifu oHk;                                  oG,onfh vrf;rBuD;udazmufvycihf
                                                                                                                                                                                  f                k        k f G                      f             k h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   vkyief;tqifh oH;qifyg0ifrnfh
&if;ES;jr§KyfE&ef pdw0ifpm;rIjyvmjcif; udk trsKd;om;pD;yGm;a&;ESifh vlrIzGHUNzdK;
             D        HS              f                                                                   oyfonf/                                                          &&Sd&ef arQmfvifhaeonf/                             k                J
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         tpd;&tqifh yl;wGaumfrwDukd or®w
jzpfonf/                                                     a&;tzGUJ u a&;qGaeonf[k xdi;0ef
                                                                              J                  k f             ]]*syefu pdwf0ifpm;w,fqdk                                                   H kf k f
                                                                                                                                                                                    ]]tDwmvs-xdi;ud,üu *syef             OD;odef;pdefESifh xdkif;0efBuD;csKyf ,if;
               xdi;pufr0efBuD; yGeAufonf BuD;csKyf\ pD;yGm;a&;tBuHay;tzGJUrS
                  k f           I              f                                                          awmh *syeftpdk;&qDu &if;ESD;jr§KyfESH                            ukrÜPDawGeJY EdIif;,SOfvdkufr,fqdk&if         vwf&Sifem0yfx&mwdkY e,l;a,muf
JETRO (Japan External Trade                                  tBuD;tuJ'g½dkufwm yefqyfAif,m                rI vdkcsifw,fqdk&if jrefrmtpdk;&eJY                              aiGa&;aMu;a&;t&a&m? ukrÜPD&JU                 NrdKUawmfü awGUqHkpOf zGJUpnf;cJhonf/
Organisation) \ Ouú| Setsuo Iuchi                            &yfu ajymMum;onf/                            xdkif;tpdk;&uvnf; wpfpHkwpf&m                                    tiftm;a&m ao;wmudk;}} [k OD;aZmf                        jrefrmtpdk;&xHrS w&m;0ifvkyf
ESihf befaumufNrKd UwGif xm;0,fprue;f                DH d         ]]tpydi;rSmawmh ESpEiitpd;&
                                                                          k f            f kd f H k       vmr,fhtay:rSm tmrcHcsufay;zdkY                                   atmifu rSwfcsufjyKonf/                        udkifcGifh&&Sdxm;aom tDwmvsH-xdkif;
udpaqG;aEG;tNyD; JETRO rS xm;0,f awGu pDrHudef;udk axmufcHaMumif;
        ö                                                                                                 vdkNyDav}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/                                                xm;0,fpDrHudef;udk taumif                    Ü D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ukrPonf b@maiG&m&eftcuftcJS
pDrHudef; taumiftxnfazmf&mwGif yk*¾vdu&if;ESD;olawGudk jywJhtaeeJY                                               xm;0,f p D r H u d e f ; ud k pwif                        txnfazmf&mwGif jzpfay:vmEdirnfhk f            awGUNyD;aemuf xdkif;-jrefrm yl;aygif;
yg0if&ef twnfjyKvuonf[qonf/ pDrHudef;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrSm yg0ifoGm;
                                        kd f     k kd                                                     taumiftxnfazmf&ef jrefrmtpdk;&                                   obm0ywf0ef;usifESifh vlrIppfwrf;              vkyfaqmifonfh pDrHudef;tjzpf vkyf
               ]]&if;ES;jr§KyErprcsuf (xm;0,f r,f}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/
                         D f HS I D H                                                                                     k f kd f G hf d
                                                                                                          xHrS w&m;0ifvyuici&&Sxm;aom                                      rsm;udk topfjyefvnfaumuf,Nl yD;rS                             f kd f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         aqmif&ef ESpEiiacgif;aqmifrsm;u
pDrue;zGUH NzdK;a&;pDrcsuf)udk Ed0ifbm
     H d f                                H        k              xm;0,fpDrHudef;rSm a':vm                tDwmvsH-xdkif;ukrÜPDrSm pDrHudef;\                                                k f
                                                                                                                                                                           om a&SUqufvyaqmif&ef? xm;0,f                  oabmwlcJhjcif;jzpfonf/
vrSm aMunmoGm;zdYk arQmvif&w,f/ oef;aygif;rsm;pGm &if;ESD;jr§KyfESH&ef
                                             f h                                                                   kfIf k
                                                                                                          25 &mcdiEe;udom qufvufvyuif           k f kd                     pDrHudef;udk jyefvnfoHk;oyf&ef xdkif;
tJ'awmhrS b,fEiiu b,fu@rSm vdktyfonfhtwGuf *syefukrÜPDrsm;
      D                           kd f H
jr§KyfErvJ? xdi;? jrefrm? *syefo;EdiiH taejzifh *syeftpdk;&\ axmufcHrI
          HS              kf                          kH k f
aygif; yl;wGjJ r§KyfErvm;? oD;jcm;yk*vd odkYr[kwf xdkif;ESifh jrefrmtpdk;&rS
                             HS                            ¾
u jr§KyfESHrvm;qdkwm od&r,f}} [k rnfonfhtmrcHcsufrsm;ay;rnfudk
                                                                                                          xm;0,fwGif oHk;bD;qkdifu,fvkdif;0ifaMu; oHk;ESpftwGif;
                                                                                                          tq 40 jrifUwuf
xm;0,fatmufqD*sifvSL'gef;a&;tzGJY                                                                         xm;0,f? atmufwdkbm 9
                                                                                                                                     dk
                                                                                                                    weoFm&Dwi;f a'oBu;D xm;0,f
                                                                                                          NrdKUwGif vkdif;0ifajy;qGJrnfh oHk;bD;
&yfwnf&eftcufBuHK                                                                                                               dk f
                                                                                                          armfawmfqiu,frsm;\ vki;0ifaMu;
                                                                                                          onf oHk;ESpftwGif; tq 40 txd
                                                                                                                                                      df

xm;0,f? atmufwdkbm 8                                                                                            h            hJ
                                                                                                          jrifwufcaMumif; oH;bD;,mOfyi&if k                   kd f S
         weoFm&Dwi;f a'oBu;D xm;0,f
                      kd                           Mum;onf/                                               rsm;xHrS od&onf/
NrdKUwGif tm,k'geyg&rDajrmufuovf    k kd                        ,ckvuf&SdwGif atmufqD*sif                           oHk;bD;armfawmfqkdifu,fvkdif;
jzpfta&;ay: atmufqD*sifvSL'gef;                    udk &efukefwGifjznfhNyD;wpfqifho,f                     udk pwifwnfaxmifcJhonfh 2009
ay;aeonfhtzGJUonf atmufqD*sif                      ,lae&onfhtwGuf o,f,lp&dwf                              ckESpfwGif vkdif;0ifaMu;ig;axmifusyf
toHk;jyKonfh vlemta&twGuf rsm;                     ukefusrIjrifhrm;ojzifh atmufqD*sif                     om &Sdaomfvnf; ,ckESpf 2012 ckESpf
jym;vmjcif;aMumifh vkyfief;a&&Snf                  xkwfonfhpuf0,f,lEdkif&efBudK;yrf;                      wGif vkdif;0ifaMu; usyfESpfodef;txd
vnfywfEi&eftwGuf tcufBuHKvm
              kd f                                 vsu&aMumif; ,if;tzGUJ xHro&onf/
                                                              f dS                          S d           wkd; jr§ifhowfrSwfvkdufjcif;jzpfonf/
aMumif; ,if;tzGJUxHrSod&onf/                                    atmufqD*siftzGJU&yfwnf&ef                           ,if;odkY vkdif;0ifaMu;wkd;jr§ihf
         tqdkygatmufqD*sifvSL'gef;                 cufcJvmygu trSefwu,f rwwf                              aumufcjH cif;tay: wm;jrpfay;&efEihf                          S
a&;tzGJUonf xm;0,fNrdKU jynfolY                    Ed k i f o nf h o l r sm;rS m aq;zd k ; tjyif          vkdif;0ifaMu;avQmhcsay;&ef atmuf
aq;½HBk uD;wGif wufa&mufuoonfh  k                  atmufqD*sifzdk;yg ukefusvmonfh                             k
                                                                                                          wdbmv 3 &ufaeYpjJG zihf wki;f a'oBu;D    d
vlemrsm; atmufqD*sifvdktyfonfh                     twGuf tcuftcJjzpfvmEdkifaom                            0efBuD;csKyfxHodkY vkdif;r0ifxm;onfh
tcg tvG,fwultoHk;jyKEdkif&ef                       aMumifh trSefwu,faiGaMu;rwwf                           oHk;bD;,mOfydkif&Sif 93 OD;u tdwfzGifh
ulnDaxmufyHhay;vsuf&Sdonf/                         Edkifolrsm;udkom vSLay;oifhaMumif;                     pmay;ydkYwifjycJhonf/ vki;0ifaMu;          d f
         NyD;cJhonfhESpfu wpf&ufvQif               ,if;tzGJUtm; vpOfyHkrSeftvSLaiG                             k fh dk f h
                                                                                                          wd;jr§ivuonftwGuf oHk;bD;armf
atmufqD*siftoHk;jyKEIef; bl;BuD;                   xnfh0ifaeonfh touf 25 ESpf                                         dk f
                                                                                                          awmfqiu,f trsm;pkrmvki;0ifaMu;    S df
ig;bl;cefYom&Sdaomfvnf; ,ckvuf                                               D
                                                   t&G,f NrdKUcHwpfO;u rSwcsujf yKonf/  f                                f k            d
                                                                                                          ay;oGi;Edijf cif;r&SbJ tqifajyovdk
  d G                         D f
&Swif wpf&ufvQif atmufq*sitoH;k jyK                             ]]vSLwmur&SwoawGtwGuf
                                                                                   d hJ l                 ajy;qGJMu&aMumif; wkdif;a'oBuD;                                              k f              k     d f I f
                                                                                                                                                                           NrdKUe,ftycsKyfa&;½H;odYk 13 &mckiEe;         jzifh 0ifa&mufpGufzufjcif;? vkdif;0if
     f          l    f l   dS
EIe; ckepfb;rS &Spb;txd&vmaMumif;                  vSLwm/ &SdwJholawGtwGuf vSLwm                                                             f
                                                                                                          0efBuD;csKyfxH ay;ydYk onhpmwGiazmfjy             f              xnfh0ifNyD; ta&;ay:a'ozGHUNzdK;a&;            aMu;? vpOfaMu;rsm;vnf; owf
,if;atmufq*sif vSL'gef;a&;tzGUJ udk
                   D                               r[kwfbl;}} [k ,if;NrdKUcHuqdkonf/                      xm;onf/                                                          vkdtyfcsufrsm;udk c½dkif^NrdKUe,f tkyf        rSwfjcif;r&SdaMumif; c.x.o tzGJUrS
OD;aqmifvkyfudkifaeolrsm;u &Sif;jy                              tm,k'geatmufq*sif vSL'gef;D                         ]]vkdif;0ifaMu;ESpfodef;awmh                                           k
                                                                                                                                                                           csKyfa&;rSL;½H;rsm;u c.x.o^r.x.o              wm0ef&Sdolu&Sif;jyonf/
onf/                                               a&;tzGJUudk ysHvGefawmfrlNyD;jzpfonfh                  r0ifEkdifbl;/ oHk;aomif;qkd&ifawmh                               ESifh n§dEdIif;NyD;toHk;jyKaMumif;? oHk;             ]]vkdif;0ifaMu;awG avQmhay;zkdY
         vuf&SdwGif wpfvysrf;rQtvSL                qDqHkausmif;q&mawmf OD;awZ0Ho                          vdkif;0ifNyD;qGJr,f/ vpOfaMu;ay;zkdY                             bD;vkdif; wm0efcHrsm;axmufyHhaiG udk          vmawmif;qkdxm;vdkY txufudkwif
cH&&SaiG usyf 14 ode;rS 16 ode;txd
       d                 f        f                u pwifwnfaxmifcNhJ yD; 2008 ckEpf                 S    vnf; oabmwlw,f}} [k touf                                         55 &mckdifEIef;? ½Hk;vkyfief;ESifhtaxG        jyxm;w,f}} [k ,if;wm0ef&Sdolu
&SdNyD; wpfvtoHk;p&dwfrSm ysrf;rQ                                                G
                                                   rwfv 13 &ufaeYwif xm;0,fjynfoYl                        48 ESpft&G,f&Sd oHk;bD;,mOfydkif&Sif                             axGp&dwf 20 &mckdifEIef;ESifh usefaiG         qkdonf/
usyfodef; 30 0ef;usifcefY&SdaMumif;?               aq;½HBk uD;ü vkyief;udpwiftaumif
                                                                           f         k                    OD;pkd;aX;u xkwfazmfajymqdkonf/                                  rsm;udk oHk;bD;ydkif&Sifrsm;\ ema&;                  xm;0,fa'otwGif; r.x.o
,ckEIef;twdkif; qufoGm;ae&ygu                      txnfazmfaqmif&GufcJhonf/                                         c½diarmfawmf,mOfvi;aygif;pHk
                                                                                                                           k f                         kd f                                        hH
                                                                                                                                                                           twGuf axmufyay;aMumif; c.x.o                  atmufwGif ajy;qGJvsuf&Sdaom armf
aemufoHk;vcefYMumonfhtcg quf                                    ,cktcsdefwGif tzGJUcGJ 15 ckjzifh                 f f
                                                                                                          xde;odr;a&;tzGUJ (c.x.o)ESihf r.xo                               rS wm0ef&Sdolu &Sif;jyonf/                    awmf,mOfrsm;udk toif;0ifaMu;
vuf&yfwnf&ef tcuftcJjzpfvmEdif           k                  f
                                                   vkyief;rsm;udk vkyaqmifvsu&onf/
                                                                               f                f dS      wkdY\ vufatmufwGif oHk;bD;,mOf                                           c.x.o? r.x.o taeESifh                 oHk;odef;? vpOfaMu;oHk;axmifusyf
aMumif; ,if;tzGJUuxkwfazmfajym                                                  Dawei Watch               vkdif; wm0efcHrsm;&SdNyD; vkdif;0ifaMu;                          oHk;bD;qkdifu,ftoif;udk pnf;urf;              aumufcHonf/ oHk;bD;,mOfvkdif;
                                                                                                                        d f H
                                                                                                          onf EkiiawmfoYkd tcGeb@mtjzpf        f                           xdef;odrf;a&;ESifh tkyfcsKyfa&;udkom                            Sf G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         rsm;udk 2009 ckEpwif pwifzUJG pnf;NyD;
                                                                                                          ay;oGif;&jcif;rsKd; r[kwfay/                                     vkyfaqmifNyD; toif;? tzGJUu@ESifh             vkdif;wm0efcHrsm;\BuD;MuyfrIjzifh
                                                                                                                    vpOfaMu;aumufc&aiGrS c½dif   H                   k                                ö
                                                                                                                                                                           aiGa&;aMu;a&;udprSm oHk;bD;toif;              ,mOfpnf;urf;xdef;odrf;a&;udk vkyf
                                                                                                          tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;½Hk;odkY 15 &mcdkifEIef;?                             hf            dk f
                                                                                                                                                                           ESiom oufqiaMumif;? rdrwYkd taed              aqmifvsuf&Sdonf/
     ii
     42
   The
         VOICE                                                                                                                                                                                               Monday, October 15 - 21, 2012




wkdifpm
onfrGef
                i,fuawmh wkdifpmqdkvdkY cGifhwkdifpmyJawGUzl; a&;zl;ygw,f/ tckawmh wkdifpmawGudk yHkpHrsKd;pHkeJYawGUzl;NyD;oGm;ygNyD/ 'Drdkua&pDpepfudk poGm;NyD;wJhtcsdefrSm Xmeqkdif&mawG t&ifqHk;BuHK&
                wmuawmh wkdifpmawGrsm;vmwmvdkY xifygw,f/
           &G m rS m a&puf a ysmuf w mtp                                ]]wkdifpmvm; igwdkYpmyGJab;rSm   vkdufr,f}} qdkwmrsKd;uvnf; &Sdao;                     bufu or®wqDwifwm av;Budrf?                     vkyfwJh tzGJUtpnf;awGu 'gawGudk
         kH D H d f        k d f
jrpfqprue;tqH;/ wkipm? tdwzifh                           f G   yHkxm;vkdufwmyJ/ zwfawmifrzwf             w,fr[kwfvm;/                                          ygwDbufuwifwmvnf; av;Budrf                     ulnDEkdifr,fvdkY arQmfvifh&ygw,f/
ay;pm? toem;cHpm pojzifh trsK;rsK;                      d d    jzpfbl;}} vdkY Xmeqkdif&mu wm0ef&Sd                 wavmuawmh tkycsKyfa&;rSL;   f               xufrenf;&Sdygw,f/ qdkawmh ppf                           xm;0,fu owif;axmuf
taxGaxG/                                                       olwpfOD;ajymwJh pum;udkrdwfaqG            awGudk 'Drdkua&pDenf;vrf;rusvdkY                      ppfaygufayguf pOf;pm;vdkuf&if 'D                                  kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                              wpfa,mufuawmh olYoi,fcsi;awG     l        f
           b,fae&muawmhjzifh a'ocH                             wpfa,mufu jyefazmufonfcsyg                qdNk yD; &Gmol&mom;awGu wkivm&if
                                                                                                                           G                     d f           wkdifpmawG[m wu,fhjynfolYtoH                   u wkipma&;&m uRr;usiovYkaemuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       df                 f f l d
b,f a vmuf u vuf r S w f x d k ; NyD ;                         w,f/ wkdifpmwkdif;awmh rjzpfwef           pdppfNyD; jyefa&G;cs,fwifajr§mufay;                   ppfppfvm;qdkwmudk Xmeqkdif&mawG                      dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                              avh&ygw,f/ a'ocHawGu Xmeqkif                d
awmif;qkdvkdufNyD/ b,fae&mujzifh                               avmufygbl;/ 'gayrJh tJvdkwu,f             w,fvdkY od&ygw,f/ tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;                    u pOf;pm;ygawmhr,f/ jynfolYtoH                 &mawG u d k wk d i f p m? toem;cH p m?
EkdifiHawmfor®wqDudk toem;cHpm                                 BuD;yJ yHkxm;w,fqdk&ifawmh tawmf          udk ajymif;apcsifygvsufeJY rwkdif&J ?                 tppfjzpfwmawmifrSyJ pkpkpnf;pnf;                    f G hf            dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                              tdwziay;pm? ydYkwi;olwYkdquvnf;      D kd
wifvkdufNyD/ b,ftzGJUtpnf;ujzifh                               udk 0rf;enf;zdkYaumif;ygw,f/              rawmif;qd&bJ aMumufNyD; iHYkcaeMu
                                                                                                                       k J                           H         r[kwfwJhtwGuf oufa&mufrItm;                    a&mufaewmrdkYyg/ tJ'DwkdifpmawG
                        f G hf
b,foYl ukd tdwziay;pm ay;ydYk vuf                         dk            tm;udk;wBuD;eJY ajz&Sif;ay;ap    &wJh &Gmol&Gmom;awGtwGuf tm;                          aysmhEkdifygw,f/                               aMumifhyJ toa&zsufrIeJY w&m;pGJcH&
NyD pojzifh Mum;&wmawGrsm;vmawmh                               csifvdkY wkdifMuwmr[kwfvm;/ wpf           aq;ygyJ/ tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;ajymif;ay;zdkY                         cPcPwdi&ifawmh yGpypajym
                                                                                                                                                                                      kf          dGd         awmhrvdk jzpfcJhzl;ygw,f/
wu,fa&m wkdifpmawGu wu,f                                       cgwav avmurw&m;bl;vdkYawG;                    d f
                                                                                                         wkiwhJ pmawGtrsm;BuD;xyfwufvm                         wJh tareJY ae&wJhuav;vdkyJ tar                                                    f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ta&;Bu;D qH;k wpfcsuu jyóem
a&m tvkyfjzpf&JUvm;/ aemufwkdifpm                              rdygw,f/ owif;rD',mawGuvnf;
                                                                                      D                  r,fvdkY xifygw,f/                                     vnf;ajymcsifwmajym uav;vnf;                    utm;vHk;eJYqufpyfaew,f/ 'grS
                      k
awGua&m ½d;om;&JUvm;/ wkipmawG                 d f             ao;ao;av;awGudk tm½Hkr&bl;/                         aemufwpfcu wkipm? toem;
                                                                                                                                 k       df                    vkyfcsifwmvkyfqkdwmrsKd;jzpfrSmygyJ/           r[kwfvlawGb,favmufeJYxdpyf
&JU tcsuftvufawGu ckirm&JUvm;           d f                    Xmeqdkif&mawGuvnf; ao;ao;                 cHpmrsm;udk ay;ydkYwJhtcg aoaocsm                               aemufwpfcku usKd;aMumif;             aew,fqdkwmudk ajymjyEkdifzdkYvdkyg
pojzifh taotcsmjyefpOf;pm;rdyg                                 av;awGudk tav;rxm;bl;/ EkdifiH            csm aqG;aEG;NyD;rS tusKd;taMumif;                     qDavsmfryg/ wkipmjzpfjzpf? toem;
                                                                                                                                                                            I      d f                        w,f/ 'grSvnf; tbufbuf&JU
w,f/                                                           awmfuvnf; ao;ao;av;awGudk                 cdkifcdkifvHkvHkeJYay;ydkYzdkYyg/ qdkvdkwmu           cHpmjzpfjzpf? tdwfzGifhay;pmyJjzpfjzpf         yg0ifyl;aygif;rIudk &rSmjzpfygw,f/
           wkdifpmawG? toem;cHpmawG                            arharhaewwfygw,f/                         udk,fh&yfwnfcsufu bmqdkwmudk                          tusK;taMumif;qDavsmzYkdvygw,f/
                                                                                                                                                                       d                     f kd             tckqdk&ifEkdifiHawmfor®w&JU 0ufbf
a&;wJhtcgrSm wwfEkdiforQ wpfrsuf                                        NrdKUxJvrf;rawGuom ajzmifh       jywfjywfom;om;jyzdkYyg/ wcsKdUpm                      bmaMumifhausmufrD;aoG;udk rvdk                 qkdufudkwkdifpmwkduf½dkufydkYvdkY&ae
ESmxufrydkatmif BudK;pm;&ygr,f/                                jzL;om,maewmudk awGUwkdif;NyHK;rd         awGu bmrSjywfjywfom;om;ryg                            wmvJ/ bmaMumifa&umwmudk rvdk
                                                                                                                                                                                         h                    ygNyD/
uspfuspfvspfvspfeYJ tusKd;taMumif;                             ygw,f/ bmvdkYqdktJ'Dvrf;eJY quf           wm? qdkvdk&if;aysmufaewm? pmydkwJh                    wmvJ/ bmaMumifh avsmfaMu;rvdk                              d f k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       wkipmqdwm wpfenf;tm;jzifh
ckdifckdifvHkvHk&Sd&ygr,f/ jyóemawG                            aewJh vrf;Mum;av;awG caemfceJY            oludk,fwdkifu bmjzpfcsifrSef;rod                      wmvJ? rajymif;csiwmvJ/ bmaMumifh
                                                                                                                                                                                       f                      awmh jynfolYtoHygyJ/ rl0g'csrSwf
udk t&ifajymwmrsKd;r[kwfbJ ajz                                 r[kwfvm;/ pnfyifom,muvnf;                 wmawGrsKd;&Sdygw,f/ aemufwpfcku                       jrpfxJu oJawGa&mif;wmudk uefY                  olawG? pDrHtkyfcsKyfolawG rMum;Ekdif
&Sif;apcsifwmudk t&ifa&;&yghr,f/                               vrf;rBuD;awGudkyJ tm½Hkpkdufw,f           pkppnf;pnf;wkiwiyifyifeYJ vufrwf
                                                                                                              k              d f dk f