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PIA Member Survey August The Victorian Planning System


									    Planning challenges:
Integrated planning, working
   with three government
    levels & design tools

   Stuart Worn – Executive Officer
     Planning Institute Australia
          Victorian Division
      PIA Member Survey – August 2011
        The Victorian Planning System
Question: Is the present planning system right for
                           69% of responses don’t think so!

 15                                            21%

       Yes                 No              Unsure
     PIA Member Survey – August 2011
       The Victorian Planning System
Structural problems of the Victorian planning system:

• Lack of integration between planning and other relevant legislation
  (e.g. Public Health and Wellbeing Act)
• The Planning & Environment Act
• The current system unable to respond quickly to issues as they

Policy reform problems of the Victorian planning system:

• Lack of directions and mechanism to address social impacts of
  planning, including health
• Need for more open spaces (recreation, interaction, food
       PIA Member Survey – August 2011
         The Victorian Planning System
Identified opportunities to improve the Victorian Planning
System include:

• Review and improve the clarity of the Planning and Environment
  Act (1987)

• Facilitate increased density, particularly around activity centres

• Prioritisation of sustainable transport methods, including cycling
  and walking.
Question: Are the respective roles of the State
and Local government in the planning system
still appropriate?

 Relevant Vic. Govt. Reviews & Initiatives
1.    Metropolitan Planning Strategy
2.    Planning System Expert (Underwood) Review
3.    Urban Renewal Authority - establishment from the former VicUrban
4.    Introduction of Code Assessment
5.    Development Contributions Plan Review
6.    Logical Inclusion to the UGB Review (2 reviews – growth areas and non-growth areas)
7.    Green Wedge Review
8.    Establishment of Planning Referral Committees formally Development Assessment
9.    Victorian Design Review Panel
10.   Corridor Plans and Biodiversity Strategies
11.   Parliamentary Inquiries:
        a. Liveability of Outer Suburban Areas
        b. Role of the Built Environment in Public Health
        c. Establishment & effectiveness of Register Aboriginal Parties
        d. Floods
12.   Numerous other specific issues, such as:
        a. Aboriginal Heritage Act
        b. Contaminated Land (3 reviews simultaneously)
        c. EPBC Act Offsets & Time stamping process
        d. Signage
        e. Planning Fees
Our approach to affecting change
Historical reasons for planning
  PIA Victorian – Call to Action
• Key advocacy positions of the Victorian
      1. Spring Clean the Planning
The Planning and Environment Act (1987) is outdated
  in a number of ways:
• Lacks relevance to current planning policies such
  as ‘Melbourne@5 Million’.
• Creates a complex and ineffective process of
  development contributions
• Provides for a planning approval process which is
  not best practice.
       1. Spring Clean the Planning
         Action and Implementation Strategy
a.   Undertake a comprehensive, independent review
     of the Planning and Environment Act (1987).
b.   Establish a ‘governor in council’ appointed
     position of Victorian State Planner
c.   Introduce expert decision making panels across
     the State (PRA’s)
d.   Introduce ‘code assessment’ and delegation of
     decision making
e.   Review all state and local planning policies every
     4 years
f.   Wholesale review of the Victorian Planning
     Provisions format planning schemes
2. Where and How We Live
    Victoria is undergoing unprecedented population
    growth which is expected to continue as a result of
    increasing birth rates and immigration.

    Planning is an essential element in accommodating
    this growth and to ensure the availability of affordable
    housing, employment, appropriate infrastructure and
    the creation of liveable communities.

    The expansion of Melbourne’s fringe needs to be
    minimised and attention directed to existing urban
      2. Where and How We Live
         Action and Implementation Strategy
a.   Determine Urban Growth Boundaries for
     Melbourne and Victoria’s regional cities
b.   Introduce higher density zoning
c.   Protect farming areas
d.   Use developer contributions to ensure key
     infrastructure, particularly public transport, is
     available from the establishment of growth areas
e.   Increase the diversity and affordability of housing
     (including social housing) by introducing
     inclusionary zoning, transferable development
     rights and tax incentives.
f.   Strategic land use plans need to be developed for
     Melbourne’s peri-urban areas
  3. Integrated Transport and Land
              Use Plan
PIA supports the genuine integration of land use and transport
planning. The Institute believes that transport and land development
are not separate issues, but are two facets of the same challenge.
Integrated decision making needs to permeate land use and
transport legislation, regulation and policy.
  3. Integrated Transport and Land
              Use Plan
       Action and Implementation Strategy
a. Land and transport planning to be integrated
   through the amalgamation of the Department of
   Planning and Community Development and the
   Department of Transport
b. The Victorian State Planner (see issue 1B) should
   oversee, direct and report to Parliament on the
   integration of land use and transport planning
c. The reviewed Planning and Environment Act
   should include the integration of transport and
   land use planning.
4. Sustainable Development
     PIA is committed to the creation of sustainable
     communities, and will continue to work with industry
     and government to ensure that the design of all new
     development, including the retrofitting of existing
     communities, facilitates reductions in energy and
     water demand, whilst promoting the use of
     sustainable and renewable services.
     4. Sustainable Development
         Action and Implementation Strategy
a.   Clause 56 water recycling requirements be
     expanded to cover all development.
b.   State and local planning policies to foster
     sustainable development.
c.   State policy and planning controls be amended
     to facilitate renewable and sustainable energy
     generation, recycling and re-use of water.
   5. A Better Built Environment
PIA believes strongly in the role that good quality urban design plays in
creating places that are liveable, functional, attractive and sustainable.
The Institute actively promotes and advocates the values of good urban
design, and continues to foster, promote and acknowledge high quality
and innovative urban environments.
5. A Better Built Environment
               Action and Implementation Strategy
      a.   The 12 principles of the Victorian Urban Design
           Charter should be included in the State Planning
           Policy Framework of planning schemes
      b.   All state and local government building and
           infrastructure projects should meet the 12
           principles of the Urban Design Charter
      c.   A body similar to the independent UK
           Commission for Architecture and the Built
           Environment (CABE) is established in Australia
      6. Participation in Planning
The Institute is committed to increasing the
community’s awareness, dialogue, activism and
ownership of planning issues. Community
engagement can work to create cultural change rather
than relying on ‘engineering solutions’ to solve social
justice and safety issues.
      6. Participation in Planning
                Action and Implementation Strategy
a.   Planning decisions need to be ‘depoliticised’ and made in a
     bipartisan manner
b.   Government at all levels needs to employ consistent, best
     practice processes of community engagement and consultation
Next Installment – Report Card
• The Institute’s Report Card - will be released in
  November 2011 to mark the 1st anniversary of the
  election of the Victorian Coalition Government.
           Leading Change
• Use best practice to drive
  market forces, to in turn
  ease the burden and
  create a mandate for
  government to create
  legislative and policy
  change based on
Putting Health at the Centre of Planning
         6 Key Priority Areas

 •   Social Inclusion
 •   Childhood Health
 •   Physical Activity
 •   Safety
 •   Food
 •   Mental Health
              Selandra Rise
•   Collaborative Partnership between Industry,
    Government & the Private Sector
•   Project Objectives:
        • Improving housing diversity
        • Promoting local employment
        • Creating a healthy and engaged
•   Independent, longitudinal and comparative
    evaluation with RMIT University
                       Selandra Rise
  Open spaces, walking &
      cycling paths                    Various housing options

                                       Business & retail
Community facilities

                                   Sustainable living hub
                   Selandra Rise
Key Initiatives

    1. Timely Delivery of Services

    2. Selandra Community Place

    3. Affordable & Diverse Housing

    4. Community Creation

    5. Local Employment

    6. Integrated Neighbourhood Activity Centre
        Simplified Planning Process
               Existing Area
                                                          (Growth Area)

                Master Plan                             Framework Plan

               Structure Plan                         Precinct Structure Plan

              Development Plan                            Urban Design
                                         Plan                                   Local Government

What is the Federal Govt’s role?
                                                                                State Government
•Funding for infrastructure        Planning Permits
•Legislation (EPBC Act)                                                     Federal Government

                                   Land Development                                Developer

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