"Population problem solution"
Population Problem One of the greatest of scourges for man's undoing is the growth of the population of the world. This is called population explosion and people who know say that if this explosion continues at the rate it does there may even be no standing space on the earth by the end of this century. With the conquest of diseases, better environmental conditions, measures of social welfare and better mother and child care, the balance of the living over the dead is improving; hence the great number of people on the earth. Population explosion has brought about a strain on government because the responsibility to feed the teeming millions rests with the state. In spite of all the advances in farming and agriculture the production of food cannot keep pace with the requirements. The modem state is in charge of the many welfare activities and as such a vast percentage of the national revenue has to be spent on welfare activities like education, medical care, roads and housing. As such money will not be available for economic betterment. Many Governments are caught up with the problem. The question now is how to contain it. In principle all are agreed that it is better to mend the roof before it rains. There are, of course, differences of opinion on religious grounds but even then they are coming to an agreement. Various measures have been suggested to control population growth. They are the pill, the loop, sterilization of both men and women and the rhythm method. Now the pill for females only are available though the time may not be far off when the pill for the male also will be in the market. The pill taken by the female as advised by the doctor would help her avoid pregnancy. But there are some side effects in taking the pill like blood pressure, over weight and sometimes even cancer. Such incidence is far and few between. The medical opinion is divided on this question. Perhaps it may be sometime before a fool proof pill may be put into the market. The loop is another method. A tiny gadget in the form of a loop is inserted in the uterus and this helps the female avoid getting pregnant. This is said to be a comparatively cheap and convenient method. The loop itself can be removed when the need arises. Even here there is some danger in that some people develop complications after the insertion of the IUCD as the loop is called. The rhythm method follows nature's calendar. Between the monthly cycles there is a period in women when they can conceive. If that period is avoided by the couple, then there is no chance of conception. This is good but man being an animal, his ability to self control is very limited and any intimacy may lead to conception. This method is highly ethical, provided there is a strict agreement between the husband and wife. The problem is one cannot always be remembering the calendar. The next best and most fool proof method is sterilization. Vasectomy in the case of the male and the tubectomy in the case of the female, when properly done, will help them avoid conception permanently. Vasectomy is much easier and a few men are willing to undergo that operation. The majority fear that they may go impotent but according to medical opinion there is no ground at all for such a fear. Tubectomy is better done immediately after a delivery. The next method is abortion and this has been legalized by almost all governments though once it was looked upon as a sin. They call it medical termination of unwanted conception. Once it was resorted to when the health of the prospective mother didn't warrant a conception. Now very simpler method of aborting has come and under competent hands abortion is not dangerous. It raises a moral question because this may encourage pre- marital conceptions and immorality among careless youths. Postponement of marriage is one of the methods suggested but it does not appear to be an answer. Weighing the pros and cons of the various methods, until a simpler method is devised, sterilization alone seems to be the answer today. Hence governments are bringing in legislation to make sterilization compulsory. Whatever opinions one may have, whatever objections one may raise on moral or religious grounds to save humanity from self destruction, family planning is a must.