female education system in Bangladesh by yasinseo


More Info
									                                 Female Education

There are several factors which appear to militate against the continuation of ritual customs
and ceremonies in modern society. The first is the life-style norm in industrialized and
westernized countries. An agricultural existence may be hard, but it is steady and unhurried.
Modern living is fast living. Men and women work perhaps sixty hours a week in the factor,
office or shop. Food imports means that they are less dependent on the land, so the old
customs connected with fertility and the propitiation of hostile spirits, all based in animistic
beliefs, have become irrelevant. The climate of outlook has also changed. The religious and
political hold of the old time chiefs has largely been replaced by democracy, in some cases
one of the enlightened religions, an din others a kind of hybrid of materialism and
humanism. So it might seem that the new will inevitably replace the old, inexorably if not

In some respects, ritual, custom and ceremony may have a reactionary, indeed at times
positively malevolent influence. The modern world has set certain standards of human
rights, in religion, in sexual and racial parity, in speech, in education, in political freedom, in
freedom of travel. The objective is humane behavior within countries, and international
peace and co-operation. Yet in certain countries barbaric customs remain, especially where
women are denied equality. Suttee. The harem. Slavery. Female circumcision. the cutting off
of hands for theft. Floggings. Automatic torture, isolation and deprivation for prisoners,
whether political or criminal. There is no place for these customs in the modern world.

Yet some customs remain good, and should not be abandoned. The custom of hospitality to
strangers, and of ensuring their safety while they stay with the host. The custom of giving to
the poor. The custom of helping one's neighbor in distress. Many customs connected with
the dead, for example the wake. This ensures solidarity with the bereaved, and has a strong
therapeutic effect. Customs connected with courtesy; behavior in public and as a guest;
good manners at table, the wearing of the correct dress for a particular occasion. Modern
society would be poorer without these things.

Much the same applies to rituals and ceremonies. Where any of these retain a helpful
meaning they are worth preserving. Of course some have lost their original significance with
the passage of time, and should be discarded. yet very many, particularly those connected
with religion, remain powerful for good. Religious services are more meaningful if they
include music, color and movement, and where each action brings an article of the faith
concerned vividly to life. Much the same applies to the coronation of a monarch, where
religion meets power and authority in ceremonial. the fact that judges wear special robes,
and enter court in procession, reflects the dignity of the law. The same applies to the
Speaker's procession in the UK House of Commons. The same applies to the military
ceremonies of Changing the Guard and Trooping the colors. The service for the lunching of a
ship recognizes the mariner's dependence on God. There are also worthwhile ceremonies
connected with receiving a degree, or being called to the bar. Wedding and funeral
ceremonies reflect happiness or sorrow and solemnity. Even the All Blacks carry out a Maori
war dance before a match, and they remain very hard to beat !

However modern, practical and enlightened modern society may be, people remain the
products of their ancestry. History has passed on a profusion of rituals, customs and
ceremonies. Some have become meaningless, or are positively inhumane and society can do
without them. However, probably far more enrich the lives of those whose existence could
easily become barren and humdrum if the past were to be discarded.

To top