Directions: As you view the power point, fill in the notes on this sheet. You will be responsible for
learning and understanding these notes for homework, quizzes, and a test.
The _____________ period is the earliest recorded time period in __________
Few people _________ in this period
Oral tradition – was performed and/or sung by a Bard (________) from memory
** This is why there are often several versions of the same story.
Scops – ____________/______________
Authors were __________________
THE STORY OF BEOWULF
_____________ marks the beginning of English literature
Beowulf is one of the earliest known _________________ in the __________
language; written in Old English
It contains specific Motifs
o Motifs – a motif is a recurring _________ or ___________ in a work of
___________ and ___________ Allusions
Traits of the _____________
The story of Beowulf wasn’t written down until about ____________ by
“The Beowulf Poet” who is unknown. He wrote down the poem which for many
years had been only ________ or _____________.
Scholars believe “The Beowulf Poet” was most likely a ____________________,
thus adding a ______________ perspective.
There is only________ original Beowulf manuscript existing today. It is in the
___________________ Museum in London.
BEOWULF is an _________ poem.
o _____ – a long, narrative poem that relates the great deeds of a
larger-than- life hero who embodies the values of a particular
Examples of other EPICS are…
Greek “________” and “___________” – Homer
_______________ and __________________ – Tolkien
And of course there’s the EPIC HERO!!!!
___________ – must undertake a quest to achieve something of tremendous value
to himself and his society
SUMMARY OF EPIC FEATURES:
A ____________, ____________ poem
________________ hero; often with ________________ characteristics
Concerns eternal human problems like the struggle between _________________
Presented in a __________ manner using elevated (___________) language
Hero represents widespread _____________, ___________, or _________ values
This EPIC poem of BEOWULF is often divided into 3 sections; it is about
o …the Battle with ___________ (Grendel represents_______)
o …the Battle with ___________________ (She also represents ______.)
o …the Battle with _________________
(It not only represents evil but also___________.)
Just in case you wanted to know, Beowulf himself represents ____________:
Beowulf: Where does it take place?
o Geatland and Denmark (Modern ______________ and _____________)
Note: None of the action takes place in _______________!!!
The Scary, Horror Movie “Where”
Beowulf takes place in a “once upon a time world” which taps into “three
archetypal sites of _________.”
o The barricaded night house / _______________ (____________)
o The infested underwater ___________(Grendel’s ___________)
o The Reptile-taunted rocks of a wilderness and cave (Fire Breathing
I like to think of them this way, in terms which may mean more to your or my
o Our bed on a story night when we are alone in the house (where we should
o A murky lake or a beach where Jaws takes place.
o The dark recesses of the earth: a cave, or even your own dark basement!!!
Why do we read Beowulf?
It’s a very creative, imaginative, poetic ___________________.
It gives us insight into the origins of the __________ people, the culture, who,
through seafaring conquests, founded the world we currently live in.
It gives us insight into the _________of our ________________.
It gives us insight into _____ _________ everywhere and throughout time (time,
birth, death, fame/success/glory, honor, friendship, conflict, home, country,
adventure, spirituality – all of these things _______________________ and
matter to all people)
It’s __________________ and we love a good challenge!!!
It’s ____________ and gets us to think about our own worst____________
It’s a VERY important piece of ______________ historically
(This is the “because we have to” reason!!)
Characteristic features of Anglo-Saxon Literature
Alliteration - the repetition of ___________ __________ ___________ in lines of poetry
______________________ – a metaphorical phrase used to replace a concrete noun
Ex: sea = _____________________
Ex: battle = _______________________
It is like a _______________________
Caesura – a _______________________ in the middle of a line of poetry.
•2 part line – each line is separated by a ____________ or _____________ in the middle
of the line; each part generally has ____ _________ ________.
Caesura example: Put a smiley face where there is a separation.
Then the Scylding warrior savage and grim,
Seized the ring-hilt and swung the sword
Struck with fury despairing of life
Thrust at the throat broke through the bone rings:
The stout blade stabbed through her fated flesh.