Fiction Fiction Plot The story’s ACTION which is by fmouton



The story’s ACTION, which is a series of events called a plot line.

Plot Line
A typical plot line contains 5 parts.

1. Exposition – The beginning of a story when the setting, characters, and conflict are introduced. 2. Rising Action – The MAIN PART of a story, when the main character tries to solve his or her problem. 3. Climax – The MOST EXCITING PART of a story, when the main character tries to solve his or her problem. 4. Falling Action – The part of a story that leads to the ending, or resolution. The conflict is – or begins to be – settled. 5. Resolution – The end part of a story, when the problem is solved.

Fiction Reading
When you read a fiction story you need to be able to identify the following…

1. Characters – Main characters and minor characters. Flat, round, and static characters. ETC.

2. Setting (s) – When (time = present, past, future) and Where (place). *Be careful! Settings change within stories!

3. Conflict of Main Character & Type of Conflict – -Man vs. man -man vs. nature -man vs. himself
The Queen turned crimson with fury, and, after glaring at her for a moment like a wild beast screamed, “Off with her head!” The rabbit-hole went straight on like a tunnel for some way, and then dipped suddenly down, so suddenly that Alice had not a moment to think about stopping herself before she found herself falling down what seemed to be a very deep well.

“Who are you?” said the Caterpillar.
This was not an encouraging opening for a conversation. Alice replied, rather shyly, “I-I hardly know, Sir, just at present – at least I know who I was when I got up this morning, but I think I must have changed several times since then.”

4. Plot Line – A. Exposition – Main character, setting, conflict, etc. B. Rising Action – Series of events Crisis = hopelessness C. Climax – Turning point = hope D. Falling Action E. Resolution

Alice in Wonderland

-Alice participates in the trial of the Knave of Hearts. The Queen orders her beheading.

-Alice plays croquet with the Queen of Hearts and the Cheshire Cat insults the King who sentences him to execution. -Goes to the Mad Hatter Tea Party and is treated rudely by all 3 guests. -Alice grows to a huge size.

-Alice knocks over the Queen’s army of playing cards.

-Alice meets the Cheshire Cat who tells her everyone in Wonderland is mad, including herself. -Alice meets and argues with the Caterpillar -Alice eats and drinks strange treats, and grows and shrinks as a result -Alice follows the White Rabbit down a well and pursues him through Wonderland -Alice finds herself awake on her sister’s lap at the riverbank.

Exposition Resolution
Setting: Victorian era England, Wonderland Protagonist: Alice Alice goes inside to tea with her sister and tells of her adventure in Wonderland.

5. Theme – Message about life or human nature.
Alice in Wonderland -The tragic and inevitable loss of childhood -Life as a meaningless puzzle -Death as a constant and underlying menace

6. Point of View – Vantage point from which a writer tells a story.
1. Omniscient – The narrator is NOT a character in the story and almost never refers to himself or herself directly. Omniscient means all-knowing and the narrator is able to tell us everything about every character. 2. First Person – One of the characters is telling the story using the pronoun I. The reader gets to know the narrator very well, but can only know what the narrator knows, and we can only observe what he/she observes. The reader should question is the narrator is reliable. An unreliable narrator does not always know what is happening in the story, or he/she may only be telling us part of the story. 3. Third-Person Limited – The narrator, who plays no part in the story, zooms in on the thoughts and feelings of just one character.

Format – • Short Story • Novel

Sub Genres – • Fable • Fantasy • Folktale • Historical Fiction • Legend • Mystery • Myth • Realistic Fiction • Science Fiction • Tall Tale • Fairy Tales

Fiction Notes
1. Theme – 4th story element. A message about life or human nature that the writer is sharing with the reader. 2. The reader must usually figure out the theme, since is NOT stated directly but is “hidden.
Alice in Wonderland

-The tragic and inevitable loss of childhood
-Life as a meaningless puzzle -Death as a constant and underlying menace

3. Mood – a story’s atmosphere or the feeling it evokes. It is often created by the setting.

Alice in Wonderland -curious and inquisitive -child-like innocence -whimsical -menacing

4. Narrator – The person or character who is telling the story. It is told from their point of view.

Alice was beginning to get very tired of sitting by her sister on the bank; and of having nothing to do: once or twice she had peeped into the book her sister was reading, but it had no pictures or conversations in it, “and what is the use of a book,” thought Alice, “without pictures or conversations.”

5. Protagonist – The main character in a story, novel, or drama. The protagonist is often a good or heroic character, but not always.

6. Antagonist – The person or force that fights against the hero or protagonist.

Any person and/or thing who represents or is symbolic of adult authority.

7. Tone – The writer’s attitude toward his or her subject. A writer’s tone can be serious, funny, satiric, and so on. The feeling is revealed by the characters, the word choice, and the writing style.
Straightforward & avuncular

Writing Techniques
1. Foreshadowing – Hints or clues that a writer uses to suggest what will happen next in a story.

The Mouse’s history about Fury and the Mouse foreshadows the trial at the end of the story.

2. Flashback – A technique in which a writer interrupts a story to go back and explain an earlier event.

Recurring structures, contrasts, or literary devices that can help to develop and inform the text’s major theme
Dreams, Subversion, & Language (especially the use of puns and multiple meanings of words) Ex: “curious and curiouser”

Objects, characters, figures, or colors used to represent abstract ideas or concepts.

The garden, the mushroom

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