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					Testing the boundaries                                   What to do
                                                            After an episode of vomiting or after consuming
                                                                                                                         Mouthguards should be worn during training as
                                                                                                                         well as during games.
                                                                                                                                                                                     Tooth whitening                                                                                         Patient Information:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Oral Health for
Young adults may start smoking; may start drinking          acidic foods or drinks, the surface of the teeth may                                                                     There is increasing interest in tooth whitening
alcohol; may increase intake of caffeine by drinking        be ‘soft’ for a period of time. The teeth should NOT       Orthodontics (braces)                                         and many whitening products are available.
coffee, tea, or energy drinks; or may try recreational      be brushed immediately. Instead, chew sugarless                                                                          Some products work by removing the stains

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Teens and 20’s
drugs. All these habits can affect the mouth.               gum to stimulate the flow of saliva. Alternately,           The teen years are a common time for orthodontic              that build up on the outside of teeth from
                                                            the mouth can be rinsed with a weak solution               treatment. It can be more difficult to keep teeth and          smoking or drinking tea,
Oral problems linked with these habits include
                                                            of freshly made baking soda (one teaspoon in a             gums healthy with all the wires and brackets needed           coffee or red wine. This is
staining of teeth, reduced saliva, gum disease and
                                                            glass of water) to help neutralise the acid. Wait 30       to move the teeth. The Colgate Oral Care brochure             the kind of stain that most
oral cancer.
                                                            minutes then brush with a fluoride toothpaste.              ‘Oral Care During                                             whitening toothpastes remove. Care needs to be taken
                                                            If any condition is causing vomiting on a regular          Orthodontic Treatment’                                        in selecting a whitening toothpaste that the ingredients
Medicines                                                   basis, of course, you should consult a doctor. As          gives details of how to                                       used to remove the stains are not too abrasive.
                                                            well, a dental professional should be consulted to         care for your teeth and                                       Other whitening products
Some medicines can affect teeth and gums through            advise and assist with measures that will prevent          gums during orthodontic                                       contain peroxide and lighten
high levels of ‘hidden sugars’ or by reducing saliva.       severe damage to the teeth.                                treatment.                                                    the colour of the tooth itself.
Inhalers, particularly those containing steroids, can                                                                                                                                New whitening products are becoming available in
cause erosion of tooth enamel. Oral contraceptives
(‘the pill’) can increase the likelihood that gum        Sporting interests                                            Tongue and lip piercing                                       pharmacies and super-markets. For best results, consult
                                                                                                                                                                                     a dental professional. Some dental professionals also
problems can develop.                                                                                                                                                                use lasers for whitening teeth.
                                                         Some habits related to playing sport can affect the           There are risks of infection with any body piercing
What to do                                               teeth. Dehydration from sporting activities can reduce        procedures. Individuals should ensure that instruments        Temporary sensitivity is common during or after tooth
  Never change medicines without speaking with           the amount of saliva you produce. If athletes regularly       to be used have been properly sterilised beforehand           whitening procedures. There are a number of products
  your doctor first. Ask your doctor about the sugar      drink sugary or acidic drinks to replace fluids, the risk of   to avoid the risk of hepatitis B and C, tetanus or HIV.       available from pharmacies and dental surgeries to help
  content of medicines or the affect on saliva.          tooth decay is increased. Many sports drinks are acidic       Barbells in the tongue can chip or break teeth. Gums          reduce sensitivity.
  Sometimes another medicine can be substituted          and can erode the enamel on teeth. Energy drinks can          can also be damaged if
  by your doctor.                                        be high in caffeine which can affect dental health by         a piercing rubs against
                                                         changing the way the body handles water and saliva.           the gum. This is of
                                                                                                                       particular concern with
Strong acids can cause big                               Some sports can put players at risk of having a tooth
                                                                                                                       lip (la bret) piercings.
                                                         damaged or knocked out. Such damage can have life
problems                                                 long consequences.                                            What to do
                                                                                                                                                 Photo courtesy of Dr Jamie Lucas,
Any condition where vomiting or gastric reflux occurs     What to do                                                      Watch the size and                 Melbourne
frequently – such as bulimia, nausea from pregnancy                                                                      position of barbells
                                                            Drink plenty of WATER before, during and after                                                                                                                                     Endorsed by the ANZ Society
or nausea from drinking/drugs – can cause rapid and                                                                      in the tongue so teeth will not be damaged                       Partnering with health professionals
                                                                                                                                                                                          to keep you healthy throughout life.                    of Paediatric Dentistry
                                                            playing sports. Consume sports drinks or energy
severe erosion of tooth enamel.                                                                                          Watch the position of la bret piercings to ensure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Changing lifestyles
                                                            drinks in moderation                                                                                                       Practice Name:
                                                                                                                         they do not rub against the gum                                                                                                                                          and oral health
                                                            Professionally made mouthguards are highly                                                                                 Practice Phone:
                                                            recommended for athletes who play contact sports.            Never sleep with piercings in.
                                                                                                                                                                                       Practice Address:

                                                                                                                                                                                                       When using the oral care products found in this brochure:
                                                                                                                                                                                     Always read the label Use only as directed See your health care professional if symptoms persist
                                                                                                                                                                                     TMs “Colgate Total”, “Colgate 360o”, “Colgate Actibrush”, “Neutrafluor”, “Plax”, “Visible White”,
                                                                                                                                                                                                               “Simply White” and “Colgate Sensitive” Reg                             0212
The teenage years and early twenties are exciting             Use floss to remove plaque                                     Changing diets & eating patterns                                  day. A good general rule                                What to do
times of many changes – starting high school, first jobs,      between teeth                                                                                                                   is to limit eating times                                  Early signs of gum disease can be reversed with
many new relationships, finishing high school, technical                                                                                                                                       to 5 each day –                                           more attention to brushing and flossing. This does
                                                              Have regular dental check-ups                                 Some young adults become very conscious of good
training, university, moving out of home, starting                                                                                                                                            3 meals + 2 snacks                                        NOT mean brushing harder (scrubbing) or using
                                                                                                                            diet. Others start substituting fast foods for regular
careers, engagements, weddings and young families.            Don’t share toothbrushes –
                                                                                                                            nutritious meals. ‘Eating on the go’ and frequent                 ‘Tooth friendly’                                          a harder toothbrush. Scrubbing and hard brushes
These are years of exploring new interests and testing        bacteria that cause tooth decay
                                                                                                                            snacking can become common. Teeth can be affected                 snack choices such                                        can damage teeth.
boundaries. These changes and challenges can affect           can be spread from person to
                                                                                                                            by these eating patterns as well as by the types of               as nuts, unsalted                                         You can reverse
conditions in the mouth and can form habits that have         person!
                                                                                                                            foods and drinks that are consumed.                               popcorn, cheese, fruits and                               the early signs of
long term effects on oral health.                                                                                                                                                                                                                       gum disease by
                                                           More tips                                                                                                                          vegetables are to be encouraged
                                                                                                                            Acidic foods and drinks can ‘erode’ enamel from
                                                                                                                                                                                              over less healthy snacks of the sugary, sticky type,      brushing gently with
                                                           On occasions when a second daily                                 teeth if consumed too frequently or sipped over a
More tooth decay!                                          brushing is not possible, fluoride                                long period of time and held in the mouth. Acidic
                                                                                                                                                                                              such as lollies or muesli bars. Keep healthy snack        a SOFT brush and
                                                                                                                                                                                              choices ready and visible to ‘grab on the go’             by flossing – give
                                                           can be applied simply by placing                                 drinks include soft drinks (diet and regular), wine,
Studies have shown that young adults (18–24 year                                                                                                                                                                                                        special attention to   Heavy plaque Bleeding gums
                                                           some fluoride toothpaste on a                                     cordials, fruit juices, fruit drinks and sports drinks.           You do not need to eliminate ALL the foods and
olds) in Australia have more tooth decay compared to                                                                                                                                                                                                    the areas that look
                                                           finger and smearing the paste on                                  Acidity can also be a problem with some foods                     drinks that can have a bad effect on teeth. If tooth
Australian children at 12 years of age. Similarly in New                                                                                                                                                                                                red and puffy or bleed
                                                           the teeth. Fluoride mouthrinses                                  that are considered ‘healthy’, such as citrus fruits or           decay or erosion of enamel is a problem for you,
Zealand oral health gains made during school years         can also be a source of additional                               salad dressings made of vinegar, if such foods are                even small changes that substitute some more              Persistent swelling or bleeding despite regular
are not continued into adulthood. It is thought that the   fluoride application.                                             consumed too frequently. The chart below shows the                ‘tooth friendly’ choices each day can help                cleaning are signs that something is not right and
many changes in the lives of young adults may result                                                                        acidity of some common drinks and foods.                                                                                    that the advice of a dental professional is needed.
in less frequent tooth brushing, new eating patterns       Look in your mouth regularly
and less regular dental check-ups – changes that can       for early signs of tooth decay and other                         Acidity of some common foods and drinks
increase the risk of tooth decay.                          problems. Gently lift your upper lip and look                                                                                                                                              Bad breath
                                                                                                                             Acid Foods & Drinks             Low acid foods & drinks
                                                           for white spots near the gumline. If you see
                                                                                                                             (pH less than 4.5)              (pH > 4.5)
what to do – remember the basics!                          white spots (or dark spots) near the gumline,                                                                                                                                              Bad breath can have many causes such as smoking,
  Fluoride is needed DAILY throughout life to protect      seek advice from a dental professional.                           Apples, apricots, cherries,    Bananas, mangoes, melons,                                                                 gum disease, foods and drinks, or gastric reflux.
                                                           Keep in mind that signs of tooth decay are                        oranges, peaches, pears,       pawpaws
  teeth against decay                                                                                                        plums, pineapples, raspberries
                                                           not always visible. Often tooth decay starts                                                                                       Drinking lots of water can be a healthy, practical      What to do
  Fluoride is most                                                                                                           Tomatoes                        Soups, pasta
                                                           between teeth. Dental professionals have                                                                                           and money saving alternative to sugary or acidic          Thorough daily cleaning, including brushing the
  easily applied DAILY                                     the equipment and training necessary to thoroughly                Soft drinks (regular & diet),   Milk, soda water, flat spring     drinks. Be aware that not all bottled water has           tongue, is the best defence against bad breath.
  through brushing with                                                                                                      cordial, sports drinks, wine,   water, dairy foods
                                                           examine your mouth for decay and other problems.                  fruit drinks, fruit juices
                                                                                                                                                                                              fluoride in it. Drinking bottled water exclusively may     Choose a brush such as Colgate 360o® with a
  fluoride toothpaste and                                   So visit your dental professional for regular check-ups.                                                                           not give you the daily fluoride protection you need.       tongue cleaner on the reverse side. Do not use
                                                                                                                             Pickled vegetables              Vegetables
  drinking fluoridated                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   sugary mints or sugary gum to freshen your
  water                                                                                                                      Salad dressings                 Meat, poultry, seafood
                                                                                                                             Lemons                          Eggs, soda crackers            Gum problems                                                breath as these can cause tooth decay if used
  Brushing twice a day with fluoride toothpaste                                                                                                                                                                                                          frequently. On occasions when you do not have
  reduces the risk of tooth decay much more than                                                                                                                                                                                                        time to brush, use sugarless gum or mouthrinse.
                                                                                                                            What to do                                                      Early signs of gum disease – bleeding gums when
  brushing only once a day                                                                                                                                                                                                                              If bad breath persists, a dental professional can
                                                                                                                               Saliva is the body’s natural defence against tooth           brushing or red and puffy gums – may arise if daily
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        help you identify the cause and find solutions.
  The most important time to apply some fluoride is                                                                             decay – constantly washing away acids and                    tooth brushing routines slip. Changing hormones,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Rinses and gum are not substitutes for daily
  before bedtime as the flow of saliva (which protects      White spots near gumline may Xrays may be needed to see             replenishing minerals in teeth. Give saliva time to          such as during puberty or pregnancy, can increase the
                                                                indicate early decay       decay between teeth                                                                                                                                          brushing and flossing!
  teeth against decay) is lowest during sleep                                                                                  work by limiting the number of times you eat each            likelihood that gum problems can develop.
                                                           (Photo courtesy of Prof John McIntyre, University of Adelaide)

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