Testing the boundaries What to do
After an episode of vomiting or after consuming
Mouthguards should be worn during training as
well as during games.
Tooth whitening Patient Information:
Oral Health for
Young adults may start smoking; may start drinking acidic foods or drinks, the surface of the teeth may There is increasing interest in tooth whitening
alcohol; may increase intake of caffeine by drinking be ‘soft’ for a period of time. The teeth should NOT Orthodontics (braces) and many whitening products are available.
coffee, tea, or energy drinks; or may try recreational be brushed immediately. Instead, chew sugarless Some products work by removing the stains
Teens and 20’s
drugs. All these habits can affect the mouth. gum to stimulate the ﬂow of saliva. Alternately, The teen years are a common time for orthodontic that build up on the outside of teeth from
the mouth can be rinsed with a weak solution treatment. It can be more difﬁcult to keep teeth and smoking or drinking tea,
Oral problems linked with these habits include
of freshly made baking soda (one teaspoon in a gums healthy with all the wires and brackets needed coffee or red wine. This is
staining of teeth, reduced saliva, gum disease and
glass of water) to help neutralise the acid. Wait 30 to move the teeth. The Colgate Oral Care brochure the kind of stain that most
minutes then brush with a ﬂuoride toothpaste. ‘Oral Care During whitening toothpastes remove. Care needs to be taken
If any condition is causing vomiting on a regular Orthodontic Treatment’ in selecting a whitening toothpaste that the ingredients
Medicines basis, of course, you should consult a doctor. As gives details of how to used to remove the stains are not too abrasive.
well, a dental professional should be consulted to care for your teeth and Other whitening products
Some medicines can affect teeth and gums through advise and assist with measures that will prevent gums during orthodontic contain peroxide and lighten
high levels of ‘hidden sugars’ or by reducing saliva. severe damage to the teeth. treatment. the colour of the tooth itself.
Inhalers, particularly those containing steroids, can New whitening products are becoming available in
cause erosion of tooth enamel. Oral contraceptives
(‘the pill’) can increase the likelihood that gum Sporting interests Tongue and lip piercing pharmacies and super-markets. For best results, consult
a dental professional. Some dental professionals also
problems can develop. use lasers for whitening teeth.
Some habits related to playing sport can affect the There are risks of infection with any body piercing
What to do teeth. Dehydration from sporting activities can reduce procedures. Individuals should ensure that instruments Temporary sensitivity is common during or after tooth
Never change medicines without speaking with the amount of saliva you produce. If athletes regularly to be used have been properly sterilised beforehand whitening procedures. There are a number of products
your doctor ﬁrst. Ask your doctor about the sugar drink sugary or acidic drinks to replace ﬂuids, the risk of to avoid the risk of hepatitis B and C, tetanus or HIV. available from pharmacies and dental surgeries to help
content of medicines or the affect on saliva. tooth decay is increased. Many sports drinks are acidic Barbells in the tongue can chip or break teeth. Gums reduce sensitivity.
Sometimes another medicine can be substituted and can erode the enamel on teeth. Energy drinks can can also be damaged if
by your doctor. be high in caffeine which can affect dental health by a piercing rubs against
changing the way the body handles water and saliva. the gum. This is of
particular concern with
Strong acids can cause big Some sports can put players at risk of having a tooth
lip (la bret) piercings.
damaged or knocked out. Such damage can have life
problems long consequences. What to do
Photo courtesy of Dr Jamie Lucas,
Any condition where vomiting or gastric reﬂux occurs What to do Watch the size and Melbourne
frequently – such as bulimia, nausea from pregnancy position of barbells
Drink plenty of WATER before, during and after Endorsed by the ANZ Society
or nausea from drinking/drugs – can cause rapid and in the tongue so teeth will not be damaged Partnering with health professionals
to keep you healthy throughout life. of Paediatric Dentistry
playing sports. Consume sports drinks or energy
severe erosion of tooth enamel. Watch the position of la bret piercings to ensure
drinks in moderation Practice Name:
they do not rub against the gum and oral health
Professionally made mouthguards are highly Practice Phone:
recommended for athletes who play contact sports. Never sleep with piercings in.
When using the oral care products found in this brochure:
Always read the label Use only as directed See your health care professional if symptoms persist
TMs “Colgate Total”, “Colgate 360o”, “Colgate Actibrush”, “Neutraﬂuor”, “Plax”, “Visible White”,
“Simply White” and “Colgate Sensitive” Reg 0212
The teenage years and early twenties are exciting Use ﬂoss to remove plaque Changing diets & eating patterns day. A good general rule What to do
times of many changes – starting high school, ﬁrst jobs, between teeth is to limit eating times Early signs of gum disease can be reversed with
many new relationships, ﬁnishing high school, technical to 5 each day – more attention to brushing and ﬂossing. This does
Have regular dental check-ups Some young adults become very conscious of good
training, university, moving out of home, starting 3 meals + 2 snacks NOT mean brushing harder (scrubbing) or using
diet. Others start substituting fast foods for regular
careers, engagements, weddings and young families. Don’t share toothbrushes –
nutritious meals. ‘Eating on the go’ and frequent ‘Tooth friendly’ a harder toothbrush. Scrubbing and hard brushes
These are years of exploring new interests and testing bacteria that cause tooth decay
snacking can become common. Teeth can be affected snack choices such can damage teeth.
boundaries. These changes and challenges can affect can be spread from person to
by these eating patterns as well as by the types of as nuts, unsalted You can reverse
conditions in the mouth and can form habits that have person!
foods and drinks that are consumed. popcorn, cheese, fruits and the early signs of
long term effects on oral health. gum disease by
More tips vegetables are to be encouraged
Acidic foods and drinks can ‘erode’ enamel from
over less healthy snacks of the sugary, sticky type, brushing gently with
On occasions when a second daily teeth if consumed too frequently or sipped over a
More tooth decay! brushing is not possible, ﬂuoride long period of time and held in the mouth. Acidic
such as lollies or muesli bars. Keep healthy snack a SOFT brush and
choices ready and visible to ‘grab on the go’ by ﬂossing – give
can be applied simply by placing drinks include soft drinks (diet and regular), wine,
Studies have shown that young adults (18–24 year special attention to Heavy plaque Bleeding gums
some ﬂuoride toothpaste on a cordials, fruit juices, fruit drinks and sports drinks. You do not need to eliminate ALL the foods and
olds) in Australia have more tooth decay compared to the areas that look
ﬁnger and smearing the paste on Acidity can also be a problem with some foods drinks that can have a bad effect on teeth. If tooth
Australian children at 12 years of age. Similarly in New red and puffy or bleed
the teeth. Fluoride mouthrinses that are considered ‘healthy’, such as citrus fruits or decay or erosion of enamel is a problem for you,
Zealand oral health gains made during school years can also be a source of additional salad dressings made of vinegar, if such foods are even small changes that substitute some more Persistent swelling or bleeding despite regular
are not continued into adulthood. It is thought that the ﬂuoride application. consumed too frequently. The chart below shows the ‘tooth friendly’ choices each day can help cleaning are signs that something is not right and
many changes in the lives of young adults may result acidity of some common drinks and foods. that the advice of a dental professional is needed.
in less frequent tooth brushing, new eating patterns Look in your mouth regularly
and less regular dental check-ups – changes that can for early signs of tooth decay and other Acidity of some common foods and drinks
increase the risk of tooth decay. problems. Gently lift your upper lip and look Bad breath
Acid Foods & Drinks Low acid foods & drinks
for white spots near the gumline. If you see
(pH less than 4.5) (pH > 4.5)
what to do – remember the basics! white spots (or dark spots) near the gumline, Bad breath can have many causes such as smoking,
Fluoride is needed DAILY throughout life to protect seek advice from a dental professional. Apples, apricots, cherries, Bananas, mangoes, melons, gum disease, foods and drinks, or gastric reﬂux.
Keep in mind that signs of tooth decay are oranges, peaches, pears, pawpaws
teeth against decay plums, pineapples, raspberries
not always visible. Often tooth decay starts Drinking lots of water can be a healthy, practical What to do
Fluoride is most Tomatoes Soups, pasta
between teeth. Dental professionals have and money saving alternative to sugary or acidic Thorough daily cleaning, including brushing the
easily applied DAILY the equipment and training necessary to thoroughly Soft drinks (regular & diet), Milk, soda water, ﬂat spring drinks. Be aware that not all bottled water has tongue, is the best defence against bad breath.
through brushing with cordial, sports drinks, wine, water, dairy foods
examine your mouth for decay and other problems. fruit drinks, fruit juices
ﬂuoride in it. Drinking bottled water exclusively may Choose a brush such as Colgate 360o® with a
ﬂuoride toothpaste and So visit your dental professional for regular check-ups. not give you the daily ﬂuoride protection you need. tongue cleaner on the reverse side. Do not use
Pickled vegetables Vegetables
drinking ﬂuoridated sugary mints or sugary gum to freshen your
water Salad dressings Meat, poultry, seafood
Lemons Eggs, soda crackers Gum problems breath as these can cause tooth decay if used
Brushing twice a day with ﬂuoride toothpaste frequently. On occasions when you do not have
reduces the risk of tooth decay much more than time to brush, use sugarless gum or mouthrinse.
What to do Early signs of gum disease – bleeding gums when
brushing only once a day If bad breath persists, a dental professional can
Saliva is the body’s natural defence against tooth brushing or red and puffy gums – may arise if daily
help you identify the cause and ﬁnd solutions.
The most important time to apply some ﬂuoride is decay – constantly washing away acids and tooth brushing routines slip. Changing hormones,
Rinses and gum are not substitutes for daily
before bedtime as the ﬂow of saliva (which protects White spots near gumline may Xrays may be needed to see replenishing minerals in teeth. Give saliva time to such as during puberty or pregnancy, can increase the
indicate early decay decay between teeth brushing and ﬂossing!
teeth against decay) is lowest during sleep work by limiting the number of times you eat each likelihood that gum problems can develop.
(Photo courtesy of Prof John McIntyre, University of Adelaide)