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					                                                                                                              From the Editor
                                                                                                              Before there were mammals, birds, snakes or even crocodiles, turtles were living
                                                                                                              side-by-side with their planet-mates—the dinosaurs. Turtles have been on earth since
                                                                                                              the Triassic Period, over 220 million years ago. Their shells make them unique to the
                                                                                                              point that some scientists feel they should occupy their own Class of vertebrates—
                                                                                                              Chelonia—separate from lizards and snakes. There is nothing like a turtle.
                                                                                                              In spite of their exceptional survival skills, turtles (including tortoises) are now at
                                                                                                              the top of the list of species disappearing from our planet. Partners in Amphibian
                                                                                                              and Reptile Conservation (PARC) reports that 47% of turtle species are identified
                                                                                                              as “threatened” worldwide. Their plight is part of the ongoing worldwide loss of
                                                                                                              biodiversity, including about 30% of amphibians, 25% of mammals, and 12% of birds
                                                                                                              in similar straits.
                                                                                                              Year of the Turtle 2011 is an opportunity to raise awareness of the issues facing turtles
                                                                                                              (habitat loss and degradation and overexploitation for food, traditional medicines,
                                                                                                              and pets) and increase our collective conservation action. The last act of the Zoo’s
                                                                                                              Conservation Committee in December 2010 was to create the Turtle Conservation
     For more information about 2011 Year of the Turtle, visit:                                               Fund. The Zoo will work with partners like the Turtle Survival Alliance (TSA) to support
             www.parcplace.org/yearoftheturtle.htm                                                            priority field projects in 2011 and beyond. Read about a recent turtle rescue and how
                                                                                                              the Zoo responded through the Emergency Conservation Fund on page 17.
                                                                                                              In 2010, we joined Polar Bears International (PBI) to become a partner in an exciting
                                         Note from the editor                                                 new project—the International Polar Bear Conservation Centre (IPBCC) located in
                                         March 28, 2011                                                       Manitoba Canada. The IPBCC is a rescue facility, research center, and international
                                         As this issue of Commitment to Conservation goes                     hub for education and public awareness on polar bears and their Arctic environment.
                                         to press, we are pleased to announce a grant from                    See an update on the Zoo’s support for polar bear conservation on page 27.
                                         the Zoo’s newly created Turtle Conservation Fund
                                         awarded to the Turtle Survival Alliance. The funds                   We hope you enjoy the inspiring stories of on-the-ground conservation from Congo
                                         will create breeding ponds to save the critically                    to Zimbabwe and at home in the Northern Rockies in this year’s Commitment to
                                         endangered Sundarbans mangrove terrapin from                         Conservation report. Many thanks to all of our supporters—your generosity makes our
                                         extinction.                                                          stewardship possible.
Conservation Funds for 2010                                                                                   Sincerely,
Board Allocated Funds ................................................................... $566,000
Partners In Conservation (PIC) ....................................................... $289,037
Individual Donations ......................................................................... $97,322
Sulatalu Fund for Great Apes ........................................................... $58,000
Wine for Wildlife Donations ............................................................. $35,990
TOTAL .......................................................................................... $1,046,349   Rebecca Rose
                                                                                                              Field Conservation Coordinator
                                                                                                              Rebecca.Rose@columbuszoo.org
                                                                                                              To view the Conservation Report online,
                                                                                                              please visit contribute.columbuszoo.org/             A toast to Bill and Chris
                                                                                                              conservation/conservation_reports/default.aspx      This issue of Commitment to Conservation is
                                                                                                                                                                dedicated to Bill Goldman and Chris Godley. Bill
                                                                                                                                                                and Chris received the Board Leadership Award
                                                                                                                                                               in 2010 for their roles in launching and cultivating
                                                                                                                                                                Wine for Wildlife and advancing the Zoo’s role in
Photos courtesy of Turtle Survival Alliance.                                                                                                                    global conservation. See full article on page 26.
Left - Dr. Lisa Dabeck, founder and director of the Tree Kangaroo Conservation Program, visited the Zoo in January. Center left - The lush cloud forests of Papua New Guinea
are home to the Matschie’s tree kangaroo. Center right - Found only on the Huon Peninsula, Matschie’s tree kangaroos are shy, arboreal marsupials. Center photos courtesy of
Nic Bishop. Far right - The Zoo has supported Lisa’s work since 1998, including providing education materials to village schools. Photos courtesy of the TKCP.



Commitment to CONservATiON                                                                             The Columbus Zoo and Aquarium Conservation Report
Is There Room for Magnificence? .......................... pages 2 - 4 Don’t Let Their Tough Exterior Fool You .......... page 17
Long-term planning is needed to save the smart, social pachyderms of Borneo             Turtles need us now

Small But Mighty .............................................................. page 5 Terrible Trade ........................................................... pages 18 - 19
With the sun on their chest, honey bears inch towards a better life                     A triumph and a disappointing turn in Congo

No Time to Waste ...................................................... pages 6 - 7 Standing Strong and True ................................... pages 20 - 21
Commitment to frogs continues in a Latin American hotspot                               Projects with heart work wonders in Rwanda

Perfect Social Harmony ............................................ pages 8 - 9 Wide Open Spaces .................................................. pages 22 - 23
Can people take a page from the painted dog playbook?                                   The Wilds offers a living laboratory and unique experiences in nature

Ohio’s Wild Treasures .......................................... pages 10 - 11 Primate Pioneers ...................................................... pages 24 - 25
Kind hearts and caring hands mobilize to rescue thousands                               Bonobos can go home again

A Dog in Sheep’s Clothing ................................. pages 12 - 13 Big Fun Under the Big Tent ...................................... page 26
Focused canines save domestic and wild alike                                            Raise your glass for endangered wildlife

Cowboys for Conservation .................................... pages 14 - 15 Happy Birthday Polar Bears ..................................... page 27
Riders armed with telemetry and great instincts avert conflict                          Honoring our girls through support for their wild cousins

Feathered Friends ............................................................ page 16 Commitment to Conservation ............................. pages 28 - 29
A favorite writer draws a flock of bird-lovers to the Whittier Peninsula                Projects funded by the Columbus Zoo and Aquarium

                                                                                                                                                                       1
“The Asian elephant requires much larger areas of natural range than any other terrestrial mammal in Asia. In order
to coexist with humans, we need to move from short-term mitigation measures to long-term land use planning.”
Elephants are record-breakers in every sense; from their enormous forms to their impossibly long (22-month) gestation
period, everything about an elephant looms large. Their legendary appetite (an adult can consume up to 300 pounds of
vegetation in a single day) is understandable since their plants-only diet must make up in quantity what it lacks in energy.
Seeking out all of these leaves, stems, fruit, grasses and bark requires an elephant to move a lot, sleep a little, and cover
a large territory. With much of the available habitat converted to farmland, elephants turn to domestic crops,
with serious and often deadly consequences for elephants and people.
For a team of elephant conservationists in Borneo, there is much to learn and much to gain from
documenting the behavior of these intelligent endangered animals. They are working towards a
plan that will “restore more harmonious relationships between the local communities and the
elephants.”




                                                                                                                                Photo by Paul Swen.
2
          The disruption of
       traditional elephant
    migration routes along
   the Kinabatangan River
       has forced elephant
 families to move through
      village orchards and
    oil palm plantations in
            search of food.




                                                    New tracking collar
                                                    technology provides 24
                                                    GPS (Global Positioning
                                                    System) locations per
                                                    day and information is
                                                    downloaded through a
                                                    local telephone network –
                                                    a vast improvement over
                                                    previous collars.              Suitable habitat available to the elephants is decreasing while the population itself is
                                                                                   increasing. Well-maintained electrical fences are the most effective method for
                                                                                   preventing destruction of crops and possible harm to the elephants.


The Bornean elephant (an Asian elephant subspecies) is the most                  been gazetted as a Wildlife Sanctuary and is recognized as an area of high
endangered member of the Proboscidea family with only 1,200 to 1,500             importance for many protected species—orangutans, proboscis monkeys,
surviving on the island of Borneo—the world’s third largest island. Many of      clouded leopards, more than 300 species of birds, and countless other
the animals are living in small, fragmented populations—making the need for      animals and plants). The collaring team included individuals from the Sabah
conservation action even more urgent. The remaining elephants live mainly        Wildlife Department, the Elephant Conservation Unit of the French non-
in eastern Sabah (Malaysian Borneo), and the importance of learning more         governmental organization HUTAN, scientists from WWF, and researchers
about their behavior, movements, and family structure, was identified by the     from Danau Girang Field Centre. The team plans to follow the same
Sabah Wildlife Department (SWD).                                                 elephants for at least two to three years. Only long-term data on the same
                                                                                 individuals will allow the team to understand how the elephants are using the
Launched in 2007 by Dr. Benoit Goossens, director of the Danau Girang Field      Kinabatangan and adapting their movements to human pressure and habitat
Centre, the project (Satellite-tracking and social behavior of the Bornean       fragmentation and disturbance.
elephant in Kinabatangan) seeks to provide crucial biological information on
the Bornean elephant to be included in the Bornean Elephant Management           Following the herd
Plan for Sabah. This information will contribute to the long-term conservation   The Kinabatangan elephant herd is monitored daily by the Elephant
management of the species in Borneo.                                             Conservation Unit (ECU) and Malaysian Ph.D. student Nurzhafarina Othman,
                                                                                 using satellite positions and VHF-receivers. Ms. Othman works with GIS
satellite tracking: it takes a TeAM                                              (Geographic Information System) experts from HUTAN to produce maps
In July 2008, three elephants were fitted with satellite collars in the          showing the movements of the elephants with collars.
Kinabatangan. (The Lower Kinabatangan River Floodplain has recently                                                                                                  3
Future Leaders
One of the most important aspects of the project is the opportunity for         historic migration routes and forced to enter villages in search of food. Local
capacity building. At the end of the project, Nurzhafarina Othman will          people become the victims of these conflicts and have to face frequent
become one of the most experienced elephant biologists and will play a          destruction of their food crops and damage to their buildings. They come to
leadership role in the conservation of the Bornean elephant in Sabah. Staff     see the elephant—a globally endangered species—as a pest that raids their
from HUTAN’s Elephant Conservation Unit also receive training in behavioral     crops.
ecology through their involvement in the project.
                                                                                For this reason, elephant conservation in Kinabatangan must encompass a
From Conflict to Compromise                                                     two-pronged approach, focusing on both human-elephant conflict mitigation
The importance of local conservation leadership cannot be overstated. More      and field research to unlock the secrets of the elephants’ behavior and
than 80 percent of the original landscape along the Kinabatangan River was      movements. The development and long-term support of these efforts are
recently converted to large oil palm plantations, resulting in severe habitat   critical to the survival of these fascinating island elephants.
loss and a drastic increase in conflicts between people and animals. As large
oil palm estates erect electric fences, elephants are diverted from their




                                                                                   The Kinabatangan elephants rarely try to harm humans, but
                                                                                   they become habituated to certain deterrent methods like
                                                                                   noise canons. Researchers have witnessed an increase in
                                                                                   mock-charges, especially during daylight hours.




                                                                                                                  Sabah, Borneo

           Dr. Benoit Goossens is the Director of
            Danau Girang Field Centre in Sabah.
                 Nurzhafarina Othman (right) is a
            Malaysian Ph.D. student conducting
                 the social behavior study on the
            Bornean elephants in Kinabatangan.

                      All photos courtesy of Benoit Goossens
      4                                   and Marc Ancrenaz.
Sun bears in Southeast Asia face many threats       been kept illegally with inadequate care.
throughout their range. People are rapidly          This was their first step in a process that
destroying their forest habitat. Poachers hunt      will allow them to return to the wild. The
them for their body parts and fur. Some farmers     bears adapted to their new home quickly—
kill them on site because they eat crops like oil   sniffing and tapping the floor, then exploring
palm, coconuts, and bananas. Females are killed     their nest boxes and water basins. Enrichment
and their cubs taken as pets. The population has    items were added to relieve boredom and
declined by 30% in the past 30 years.               help develop climbing and foraging skills.
                                                    After integrating the bears into three groups
                                                    and teaching them about electric fencing,
Hope for the smallest Bears
                                                    the doors were opened to the large, forested
In the Malaysian state of Sabah on the island
                                                    enclosures.
of Borneo, sun bears are protected and it is
illegal to kill them. Still, many young orphaned
                                                    As highly intelligent individuals—each bear
and confiscated bears are held in small cages
                                                    reacted differently. One female put her nose out
and deplorable conditions. An innovative
                                                    and “tested” the air, but did not venture out.                                     Photo courtesy of Siew te Wong.
project—the Bornean Sun Bear Conservation
                                                    A male, Om, stepped out tentatively with two
Centre (BSBCC), will provide hope for these
                                                    paws touching a ramp leading to the ground.
bears through a holistic solution—combining
                                                    Days later, he went all out, running and barking
improved facilities for rescuing and housing
                                                    with excitement—eagerly exploring his new
bears, programs to increase public awareness,
                                                    forest. The youngest, Surya, went outside with
and rehabilitation.
                                                    her caregiver and played heartily, exploring
                                                    small nearby trees.
The first phase is complete and includes a new
bear house with indoor quarters and large
                                                    In July, the Wildlife Department rescued seven
outdoor areas in primary and secondary forest.
                                                    more bears, including a cub. The BSBCC is
In April, an international team comprised of
                                                    committed to helping all of the animals adjust to
BSBCC staff, Sabah Wildlife Department staff
                                                    life in the wild. The next steps for rehabilitation   A young bear at the Bornean Sun Bear
and volunteers from Australia, Cambodia,
                                                    include learning to find food and use trees           Conservation Centre has a chance to return to
Holland, Singapore and the U.S., gathered
                                                    for shelter. The goal is to arm the bears with        the wild following rehabilitation at the Centre.
in Sabah to perform health checks and move
                                                    all of the skills and confidence they need, and
twelve young bears from their temporary
                                                    eventually return them to their natural forest
holding to the new bear house. All twelve were
                                                    home. Visit sunbears.wildlifedirect.org for more
confiscated from private owners where they had                                                                                                              5
                                                    information.                                                     Background photo by Allision Martin.
During 2008 Year of the Frog, alarming statistics were brought to
light by conservationists around the globe. Three-thousand—one-
half—of our planet’s 6,000 amphibian species are threatened with
extinction. The Amphibian Ark describes the crisis as “the greatest
species conservation challenge in the history of humanity.”
The decline can be attributed to three forces: habitat loss,
environmental contaminants, and emerging infectious diseases.
Amphibian chytrid fungus is one such disease now pandemic in
distribution. Infection by this pathogen can lead to the lethal
condition known as chytridiomycosis.

In late 2007, the Zoo established the Amphibian Conservation
Fund, so far providing funds for field projects in eight countries.
A crisis of this magnitude requires a long-term commitment, and
the Zoo will continue connecting with researchers throughout the
world who are conducting urgent work.

Jonathan Kolby, senior herpetologist with Operation Wallacea,
launched a novel investigation in Cusuco National Park in 2009.
He receives support from the Zoo’s Amphibian Conservation Fund.




                                           Climbing into the
                                           rainforest canopy,
                                           Jonathan Kolby collects
                                           water from bromeliad
                                           pools for his research in
                                           Cusuco National Park.




6
                                                                     Miniature radio transmitters are used to track
                                                                     amphibians through challenging terrain. Secured
                                                                     with a fine cotton thread, the rubber waist belt
                                                                     will eventually break and fall off in the event the
                                                                     frog cannot be recaptured.



                                                                                            Jonathan Kolby studies
                                                                                            amphibians in Cusuco National
                                                                                            Park, Honduras. The Park is
                                                                                            recognized by the Alliance for
                                                                                            Zero Extinction as an important          Honduras
                                                                                            hotspot of amphibian diversity.
    Fleischmann’s glass frog, Hyalinobatrachium                                             All photos courtesy of Jonathan Kolby.
    fleischmanni.



Up in the Air
Previously, researchers considered the chytrid fungus to be confined to            reach the canopy; amphibians, arthropods, wind/rain, and human movement.
terrestrial water sources, so they focused on the plight of amphibians with        They will also evaluate the risk of extinction faced by each of the National
life stages in rivers and lakes. However, in 2008, Kolby’s team was alarmed        Park’s 16 endangered and critically endangered amphibian species. The
to discover infected arboreal (tree-dwelling) amphibians in Cusuco National        lack of these crucial pieces of information seriously impedes the success of
Park—raising concern for many critically endangered frogs. In 2009,                any long-term conservation efforts. Jonathan’s investigation will strengthen
researchers began to perform the first risk analysis for the threat of exposure    understanding of the presence and dynamics of this devastating fungus,
to arboreal amphibians and the possibility for an arboreal epidemic to occur.      using the Cusuco National Park as a model system.
They discovered that tree-living amphibians are indeed exposed to the
fungus, and that it can remain virulent and infectious even outside of rivers      Diversity Hotbed
and lakes. This was clearly demonstrated by the infection of tadpoles they         Half of the world’s amphibian diversity occurs in Latin America, and half of
tested that were living in small pools of water contained inside bromeliad         Honduras’ 41 endemic (found nowhere else) amphibians have declining
plants growing in the canopy—600 meters away from the nearest stream               populations or have already disappeared. Unexplained population declines
habitat. How the fungus arrived in these aerial pools is a mystery. The fact       have now occurred within the boundaries of Honduran national parks, and
that it could remain viable and virulent along a non-aquatic pathway is            may mean widespread chytrid epidemics. In 2007, critically endangered
alarming. Inside some bromeliads pools—even though the team detected               frogs in Cusuco were found to be infected, and the Park has now been
environmental parameters believed to suppress the fungus (low pH value             established as a long-term study site. Cusuco National Park is recognized
indicating acidic conditions)—amphibians were still found infected. Although       by the Alliance for Zero Extinction for the critical habitat it provides to six
many facets of the chytrid fungus have been intensively studied over the past      endemic species. The Park is at high altitude and holds isolated fragments of
10 years, the pathways of global and regional dispersal are unknown.               cloud forest. In spite of its designation, Cusuco is declining in size and quality
                                                                                   of habitat. The research team has encountered this firsthand, witnessing
2010: A Year of investigation                                                      intentionally set forest fires and illegal logging. The Park provides critical
Mounting evidence suggests that the pathways of dispersal and distribution         habitat to 16 endangered and critically endangered amphibians—including
of the fungus is very complex. Jonathan and his team are currently studying        the rediscovered Miles’ robber frog (Craugastor milesi), a species previously
the three-dimensional distribution of the fungus in the Cusuco National Park,      listed as extinct. The results of this study will help guide and prioritize
the mechanisms by which it disperses, and the environmental reservoirs of          Honduran national amphibian conservation efforts.
disease. They will examine four possible scenarios whereby the fungus can                                                                                      7
    African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus), also called painted dogs, are the
    most endangered large carnivore in sub-Saharan Africa, and the
    second most endangered large carnivore on the African continent.
    (The Ethiopian wolf is the most endangered.) Sustainable populations
    live in only eight of the thirty-nine countries where they once existed,
    and researchers estimate that only 5,750 individuals are left in the
    wild. Their survival is threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation,
    death and injury from wire snares, disease (especially rabies), loss of
    prey species, human persecution and competition with lions.

    For the past two years, Dr. Rosemary Groom, Project Manager for the
    Lowveld Wild Dog Project in Zimbabwe, has received support from
    the Zoo for her work with wild dogs. The project is part of a wider
    effort to conserve globally significant populations of wild dogs in the
    Greater Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area (GLTFCA), which
    encompasses parts of Zimbabwe, Mozambique and South Africa.
    This fragile species is threatened in the Zimbabwean part of the
    GLTFCA, largely because of habitat loss that continues to threaten
    wildlife areas in the region. Fragmentation of habitat, resulting in loss
    of genetic connectivity between sub-populations, leads to genetic
    stagnation and increased vulnerability to local extinction. In some
    areas, snaring causes the highest number of adult wild dog deaths.
    In the Savé Valley Conservancy (SVC) between August 2001 and
    July 2009, 84,396 wire snares were removed and at least 6,454 wild
    animals were killed. Rabies is also a major threat; an outbreak in
    August wiped out an entire breeding pack in the project’s study area.

    “ It was a heartbreaking setback. The pack had dropped to
    only two individuals, but was just starting to become viable
    again when the disease hit.”

8
 In some areas, snaring causes
   the highest number of adult
     wild dog deaths with more
   than 6,000 killed in the Savé                                                                       Dr. Rosemary
  Valley Conservancy between                                                                           Groom, Project
    2001 and 2009. The project                                                                         Manager for the
   focuses on keeping den site                                                                         Lowveld Wild Dog
    areas and core home range                                                                          Project, listens to
    areas free from wire snares.                                                                       a signal from a
                                                                                                       collared dog. The
                                                                                                       Zoo previously
                                                                                                       supported
                                            Project scouts and                                         Rosemary during
                                            the Savé Valley                                            her Ph.D. work
                                                                                                                                            Zimbabwe
                                            Conservator stay                                           with the Maasai in
                                            with a recently                                            Kenya.
                                            collared dog.                                              All photos courtesy of
                                                                                                       Rosemary Groom.




Through focused research (monitoring wild dog packs and investigating           To protect areas with the highest densities of wild dogs, the project will focus
lack of genetic connectivity between populations) and three, targeted           on keeping den site areas and core home range areas free from wire snares.
conservation activities, (anti-poaching, vaccination campaigns and              Funds from the Zoo will provide equipment and training for anti-poaching
environmental education), the project will mitigate the major threats to wild   scouts and the coordination of area-wide sweeps of snares.
dogs in Zimbabwe while promoting the effectiveness of the Greater Limpopo
Transfrontier Conservation Area. This work benefits wild dogs and many other    A wide range of educational activities will expand in the coming year – with
species in the area.                                                            several local environmental education officers employed to travel to key
                                                                                schools for teacher training and distribution of materials. In addition, the
A portion of the Zoo grant supports trained and experienced local trackers      project supports Zimbabwean university students with Master’s and Ph.D.
who monitor the wild dogs. Through radio telemetry, camera traps and            projects, and educates local land managers and game ranchers – many of
observations at den sites, trackers can understand pack dynamics and litter     which still have very negative attitudes towards wild dogs.
sizes, and allow the project to build a photographic identification database
for all pack members. Genetic samples – blood, tissue and hair, are collected   Wild dogs are highly intelligent and intensely social animals. They do
from dogs found dead or dogs that have been immobilized to treat an injury.     everything together, and never leave an injured pack member behind.
These samples are analyzed to show levels of genetic diversity within a         Researchers have described their interactions as “perfect social harmony.”
population.                                                                     Pack members rarely fight among themselves, and they are famous for their
                                                                                elaborate and affectionate greeting rituals, which involve lots of tail-wagging,
Wild dogs living in close contact with human and domestic dog populations       face-licking, leaping and squealing. There is much more to learn about wild
are at risk. Vaccination campaigns are the most effective way of preventing     dogs – relatives of jackals, wolves and domestic dogs. Rosemary Groom and
an outbreak of a disease like rabies. In collaboration with the Zimbabwean      her team in Zimbabwe are determined to turn things around for the
Wildlife Veterinary Unit, Dr. Groom and her team will vaccinate domestic        graceful, misunderstood painted dogs of Africa.
dogs in key wildlife areas within the GLTFCA. The goal is to vaccinate 1,500
domestic dogs living near the boundaries of protected wildlife areas.                                                                                   9
                                          For more than 25 years, citizens from every county in Ohio have relied on the Ohio
                                          Wildlife Center (OWC) as a unique resource. From assistance with injured and
                                          orphaned wild animals to expertise in human-wildlife conflict mitigation—OWC’s
                                          mission is to foster awareness and appreciation for Ohio’s native wildlife through
                                          rehabilitation, education, and health studies.

                                          Founded in 1984 by Dr. Donald Burton, OWC operates an emergency wildlife hospital
                                          with full veterinary capabilities. Each year, nearly 5,000 ill, injured and orphaned
                                          animals of more than 130 species arrive at the Center. The main causes for admission
                                          include young animals orphaned either due to the mother’s death or to unnecessary
                                          intervention by people who believe young animals they encounter are orphans,
                                          attacks by pet dogs and cats, animals struck by vehicles, and wildlife disease.
Dr. Don Burton releases a juvenile red-
tailed hawk following treatment and
rehabilitation at the OWC.

All photos courtesy of OWC.




 10
The road to recovery                                                                  •	Nature	Education	Center – The center is open seasonally to the public and
Nearly two hundred OWC volunteers donate over 30,000 hours and provide                  provides programming through day camps, field trips, and guided tours.
                                                                                        Visitors can view animal exhibits and hike the nature trails.
around-the-clock care 365 days a year. In order to accommodate the volume
of animals in need, OWC utilizes several avenues of care. After any necessary         •	Outreach - OWC provides education programs to children and adults at
surgery, medication and care to reach stability, an animal will follow one of           schools, businesses, and senior centers. These programs feature up-close
four paths:                                                                             encounters with the Center’s wild animal ambassadors.

•	Release – Rehabilitated animals are released back to the wild in accordance         •	Interpretive	and	Husbandry	Training – OWC’s teen program, Seeds of
  with State of Ohio Division of Wildlife and U.S. Fish and Wildlife rules and          Awareness, Respect & Stewardship (SOARS), is a volunteer and mentoring
  regulations.                                                                          program for students 13 to 17.

•	Pre-Release	Facility – The Pre-Release Facility (PRF) is a safe haven for animals   Wildlife Health studies
  that do not need frequent care, but who still need outdoor conditioning prior
                                                                                      By studying the medical problems affecting animals admitted to the
  to release.
                                                                                      emergency hospital, OWC is uniquely positioned to recognize, diagnose
•	Prison	Foster	Care	Program – The Prison Care Program is a unique partnership        and report environmental hazards affecting central Ohio communities.
  between OWC and two local correctional facilities. The inmates successfully         The organization’s staff and volunteer veterinarians and trained wildlife
  rehabilitate nearly 1,000 animals each year. Not only does this responsibility      rehabilitators are available to offer biologically accurate information to local
  help with inmate reform, but the program enables OWC to admit animals that          health agencies, municipalities and citizens. OWC has conducted research
  may otherwise need to be turned away, due to lack of space and manpower.
                                                                                      and provided valuable data to local agencies on diseases including rabies,
•	Home	Care	Program – OWC has 37 trained volunteers who provide care for              West Nile virus and distemper, and has conducted research on the impacts
  animals in their homes. Animals enter this program because of a need for            of cat predation on native wildlife. OWC offers a professional training ground
  medication every hour or two, or they are infants that need to be fed around        for veterinarians and veterinary students wishing to learn more about and
  the clock.                                                                          effectively treat wildlife diseases and injuries.

The Hotline is the First Line                                                         Humane Wildlife solutions
Many animals brought to OWC’s hospital do not need the assistance of                  Humane Wildlife Solutions (HWS) was created in 2002 as an extension of
people and have a better chance of survival if they stay in the wild. In an           OWC as a fee-for-service program dedicated to implementing non-lethal,
effort to assist citizens with wildlife questions before they bring an animal         animal-friendly solutions to human-wildlife conflicts at homes and businesses.
to the hospital, OWC operates a 24-hour hotline monitored by staff and                Unlike traditional methods of wildlife control commonly used by pest control
volunteers. Each year, OWC interacts with more than 32,000 citizens via the           companies (trapping and euthanizing), HWS uses a variety of non-lethal
Wildlife Hotline.                                                                     techniques that focus on the use of exclusionary methods and devices that
                                                                                      provide long-term solutions to wildlife problems. All proceeds benefit the
Conservation education                                                                Ohio Wildlife Center’s rehabilitation and education programs.
Through community outreach and visits to the 20-acre Nature Education
Center in Powell, Ohio, OWC reaches over 100,000 individuals each year.               For more information visit www.ohiowildlifecenter.org
Highlights of OWC education programming include:
                                                                                                                                  A beaver pup receives care
•	Hands	on	the	Land – Sponsored by the Delaware Environmental Education                                                           at the Ohio Wildlife Center.
  Partnership, Hands on the Land is a fourth-grade curriculum that serves 1,500                                                   With their impressive dam
  students.                                                                                                                       building skills, beavers are
                                                                                                                                  among the small group of
•	Seasons	of	Change – To assist teachers in meeting state standards for
                                                                                                                                  animals (including humans)
  second-grade science, Seasons of Change workshops offer the opportunity to                                                      that can drastically modify their
  incorporate winter and spring field trips to OWC’s Nature Education Center.                                                     environment to their benefit.
                                                                                                                                                                      11
              Big buff brown-eyed dogs have become the latest conservation heroes in
              South Africa.

              The Anatolian shepherd originated in Turkey more than 6,000 years ago
              where they protected herds against wolves and bears. Independent
              and tough, Anatolians have a superior ability to protect livestock. They
              were bred to be the same size and color of the sheep and goats they
              guarded in order to blend in with the herd and remain undetected by
              predators. Thousands of guardian dogs watch over herds of domestic
              animals in Europe, Australia and the U.S., and the Anatolian shepherd
              has recently been introduced in Africa. An initial pilot program in 2005
              demonstrated their effectiveness on African farmlands, and the Cheetah
              Outreach Trust, based in Cape Town, South Africa, is the only non-profit
              organization in South Africa that is breeding, placing and monitoring
              Anatolian shepherds on livestock farms. The dogs act as a force for non-
              lethal predator control, protecting sheep and goats from wild African
              carnivores, and saving the lives of these endangered predators in the
              process.

              Ranging freely across commercial farmlands in South Africa, the graceful
              cheetah often comes into conflict with livestock farmers. Sheep, goats
              and other domestic animals look like an abundant source of unprotected
              food to a cheetah—food they don’t have to expend energy chasing.
              Since cheetahs hunt during the day, they are often sighted by farmers,
              and wrongly accused of killing more livestock than they do. Nevertheless,
              cheetahs – along with many other species—are trapped for removal
              or worse; removed by lethal methods of control such as indiscriminate
              poisoning, hunting and trapping. Hundreds of years of using these
              methods has not been successful in reducing loss of livestock to
              predators, but has seriously threatened the survival of one of the most
              charismatic species—the cheetah.

       12
[ Page 12 ]
South Africa is home to less than 1,500              dog diet and veterinary care, the Cheetah
cheetahs—the global population is estimated          Outreach Trust covers expenses for the dogs
at 10,000 to 12,000. Founded in 1997 by Annie        for the first year. Though primarily used to
Beckhelling, the Cheetah Outreach Trust is           guard sheep and goats, for the first time in
an education and community-based program             southern Africa, dogs are now guarding cattle
created to raise awareness of the plight of          as well. In a November 2010 update, Annie
the cheetah and to campaign vigorously               Beckhelling said, “Slowly but surely, we are
for its survival. After witnessing the success       getting a strong foothold in a difficult area, and
                                                                                                          With the goal of “planting the seed of a conservation
of the Cheetah Conservation Fund’s (CCF)             we are establishing ourselves as a conservation      ethic”, the Cheetah Outreach education department
livestock guarding program in Namibia, a trial       organization that cares for our farmers and the      facilitates increased pride and respect for South
program was launched in 2005 to introduce            farming community we are working with.”              Africa’s wildlife – using the cheetah as an ambassador
the Anatolian shepherd to farmers in South                                                                species. Many Africans have never seen, and know
Africa. To give this trial the best possible                                                              little about, the iconic species that Europeans and
chance of success, farmers were carefully              Since the program was implemented,                 Americans travel to Africa to photograph on safari. In
                                                       Anatolian guard dogs have been placed              an article published recently in the New York Times,
selected and given information booklets                                                                   Michael Wamithi, Director of the Kenya Wildlife Service
outlining introduction and management                  on farms in three provinces, where they            said, “The future is not secure for wildlife unless
strategies for their Anatolians and veterinary         have reduced livestock losses by ninety-five       children learn to love these animals.”
protocols to ensure the health of the dogs.            percent and in some cases by one-hundred
For optimal results, dogs need to be in top            percent.                                           Cheetah Outreach welcomes thousands of local
physical condition. To promote a good working                                                             learners each year. Interactive presentations are
                                                                                                          followed by tours of the facility and a chance to meet
                                                                                                          the ambassador cheetahs and other animals. A literacy
                                                                                                          program started in 2007 was designed to empower
                                                                                                          teachers while improving the reading, writing and math
                                                                                                          skills of young children. The program raises awareness
                       The Cheetah Outreach                                                               of South Africa’s natural heritage (South Africa is the
                       Trust breeds Anatolian                                                             third most biologically diverse country in the world)
                  shepherd dogs and places                                                                using the cheetah as the central figure in a book called
                      them on farms in South                                                              “The Hunt.” AAWARE – a user-friendly natural science
                 Africa in an effort to reduce                                                            curriculum for grades 4 to 6 provides teaching guides
                    conflict between farmers                                                              and lesson plans in English, Xhosa, and Afrikaans. The
                    and predators. Anatolian                                                              materials have been distributed to more than 1,000
                      puppies are raised with                                                             schools in the Western Cape.
                                  their flocks.
                                                                                                          For more information on the Cheetah Outreach Trust,
                                                                                                          see www.cheetah.co.za.
                                                        Farmers selected
                                                       for the guard dog
                                                         program receive
                                                  extensive training. The
                                                      Cheetah Outreach
                                                    Trust covers the cost
                                                  of food and veterinary
                                                    care for the first year
                                                         after placement.
                                                           All photos courtesy of
                                                         Cheetah Outreach Trust.


                                                                                                                                                       13
                               South Africa                                                                                                          [ Page 13 ]
Conflict between people and wildlife is a serious threat to conservation worldwide and is becoming more prevalent as human population
increases, development expands, and global climate changes. People and wildlife are in greater direct competition for a shrinking resource base
(Human-Wildlife Conflict Collaboration).
Discovering ways to accommodate wildlife, people, and domestic animals on the landscape is critical to coexistence. We need look no further
than the U.S. Northern Rockies (parts of Idaho, Wyoming and Montana)—where the land on which wildlife depends also forms the basis for the
region’s livestock ranching economy. The Northern Rockies still harbors most of the species that were there when Lewis and Clark launched
their expedition over 200 years ago. However, this beautiful 80-million acre landscape is also one of the fastest growing regions in the U.S. and
the area is facing unprecedented threats from human encroachment (The Nature Conservancy).




                                                                                      Keystone Conservation partners with rural
                                                                                      communities, combining local knowledge with
                                                                                      scientific research for practical conservation
                                                                                      solutions.

14                                                                                    Photo courtesy of Randy Wimberg.
Way of the West
Since 1991, Keystone Conservation (formerly the Predator Conservation                   The traditional cowboy on horseback monitoring his domestic herds has
Alliance) has worked to protect and restore native predators and their                  always had an integral role to play in minimizing conflict with wolves and
habitats in the Northern Rockies. Keystone looks for innovative solutions               other predators. Yet, small ranching operations with slim profit margins
that help people and wildlife coexist—partnering with rural communities                 often cannot financially support dedicated riders. For the past five years,
to design strategies that save a place for America’s keystone species.                  Keystone Conservation’s Range Riders program has ensured that riders patrol
Finding strategies for the coexistence of people and predators requires                 Montana’s open range on horseback to deter conflicts with predators before
understanding the interrelatedness of wolves and other predators, natural               they arise. The Riders use telemetry, herding, keen observation and non-
prey such as elk, domestic animals, and the habitat they share. The programs            lethal hazing techniques to keep domestic herds safe. Few conflicts occur in
of Keystone Conservation combine local knowledge, hard science, and the                 the presence of the riders, despite a growing wolf population. The program
entrepreneurial spirit of the West to devise and implement practical solutions          has pioneered a path for cooperation between ranching families and wolf
for conservation.                                                                       conservationists. By supporting new Range Rider efforts through active
                                                                                        mentoring and helping transfer experience from its field sites, Keystone
Wild ride                                                                               Conservation is changing understanding of domestic animal husbandry
While the return of the wolf to the Northern Rockies and beyond 15 years                where wild wolves roam.
ago is one of the greatest conservation success stories of our time, the
biological success of the wolf has not been easy for those whose livelihoods            For more information about Keystone Conservation and their innovative
depend on this shared habitat. Ranchers and outfitters have faced income                programs for wildlife, visit www.keystoneconservation.us.
losses and a steep learning curve when dealing with expanding wolf
populations (Keystone Conservation).



      The Northern Rockies
         were once home to
  thousands of gray wolves.
    By the 1930s, they were
   nearly exterminated from
      the Lower 48. Almost
       50 years later, wolves
     became one of the first
    species listed under the
   Endangered Species Act.




                                                      Keystone Conservation’s
                                                      Range Riders program
                                                      has pioneered a
                                                      path of cooperation
                                                      between ranchers and
                                                      conservationists. Few
                                                      conflicts occur when riders
                                                                                            Predators like wolves and grizzlies are Keystone species. Since 1991, Keystone
                                                      are in the field.
                                                                                            Conservation has focused on predators of the Northern Rockies in recognition
                                                      All photos courtesy of Keystone       of the complex and vital roles they play in healthy ecosystems.
                                                      Conservation.                                                                                                     15
                                            Back by popular demand, the Zoo welcomed best-selling author and lecturer Sy
                                            Montgomery for a May presentation co-hosted by the Grange Insurance Audubon
                                            Center. Sy spoke on her 2010, critically acclaimed book, “BIRDOLOGY: Adventures
                                            with a pack of hens, a peck of pigeons, cantankerous crows, fierce falcons, hip hop
                                            parrots, baby hummingbirds, and one murderously big living dinosaur.”

                                            Three-hundred bird enthusiasts were delighted as Sy Montgomery described how
                                            she bashed through the Australian rainforest to meet up with the most dangerous
                                            bird in the world, the 150-pound cassowary. She described the impossibly delicate
                                            and determined work of a wildlife rehabilitator who raises and releases orphaned
                                            baby hummingbirds; and shared her heartwarming stories of 20 years living with
                                            affectionate and individualistic hens.

                                            Ms. Montgomery signed copies of BIRDOLOGY as well as her new children’s book,
                                            Kakapo Rescue: Saving the World’s Strangest Parrot—the latest in her award-
                                            winning Scientists in the Field series for young readers. The books show people
                                            immersed in the unpredictable and dynamic natural world, making science more
                                            accessible, relevant, and exciting to young readers. The Zoo’s Animal Encounters
                                            staff enhanced the evening by engaging guests through up-close encounters with
                                            a flamingo, penguin, macaw, owl and hawk. Many lecture attendees arrived early
                                            to hike the scenic grounds and riverside paths at the Grange Insurance Audubon
                                            Center. The Zoo is grateful to the Audubon Center staff for their warm hospitality
                                            and enthusiasm for collaborating on future events.

                                            The Conservation Lecture Series launched in 1990 and provides an important
                                            opportunity for the Zoo to offer adult education addressing timely conservation
                                            issues around the globe. Guest speakers include award-winning authors and
                                            internationally recognized scientists and conservationists who stand at the top of
                                            their fields of study. Many speakers are conservation partners and receive grants
   With her 2010 book, Birdology, Sy
                                            from the Zoo’s Conservation Fund.
Montgomery wants to “restore both
our awe and our connection to these
 winged aliens.” Sy visited Columbus
for a lecture in May as a guest of the      Check	the	Zoo’s	website	or	contact	Rebecca	Rose	at	Rebecca.Rose@
  Zoo’s Conservation Lecture series.        columbuszoo.org	for	news	about	guest	speakers	coming	to	Columbus	in	2011.


                     Photo by Grahm Jones
  16
                                                       Packed inhumanely into over-crowded shipping           of turtles that are maintained as a hedge against
                                                       crates, 1,300 turtles were seized in February 2010     extinction.
                                                       by Hong Kong police. The turtles were headed
                                                       for food markets in China–many did not survive         The Turtle Survival Alliance is an action-oriented
                                                       the rough handling and cruel treatment of their        global partnership that is committed to zero turtle
    A veterinarian at the Kadoorie Farm
    and Botanic Garden in Hong Kong                    capture from the wild.                                 extinctions in the 21st century. The organization
    marks one of the surviving turtles                                                                        mobilized in response to the rampant and
    following the rescue operation.                    Among the survivors were 85 yellow-headed              unsustainable harvest of Asian turtle populations
                                                       temple turtles (Heosemys annandalii) that were         to supply Chinese markets, a situation known as
                                                       placed at Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden for         the Asian Turtle Crisis. Recognizing that some
                                                       triage, treatment and rehabilitation. Because of       species of turtles and tortoises were unlikely
                                                       space restrictions, Kadoorie was not able to keep      to survive without well-managed populations,
                                                       the survivors permanently, and they appealed           the Turtle Survival Alliance was charged with
                                                       to the U.S.-based Turtle Survival Alliance (TSA)       developing breeding programs for the most
                                                       for assistance in placing the animals. The TSA         critically endangered of the world’s chelonian
                                                       committed to take 50 of the temple turtles, with       species.
                                                       the remaining 35 going to TSA Europe. Each
                                                       turtle weighs between 13 and 16 pounds, so             Asia’s turtles are being extirpated from nature
                                                       the Turtle Survival Alliance issued an appeal for      to supply the insatiable demand from export
                                                       help to cover the estimated $11,000 to $12,000         markets. According to some estimates, as
                                                       freight bill. The Columbus Zoo is a long-term          many as 15 million turtles are traded annually
                                                       supporter of the TSA, and due to an Emergency          in the region, most ending up in China where
                                                       Conservation Fund established at the Zoo in 2004,      the country’s rapidly developing economy has
                                                       funds were available to answer the call and save       generated demand for expensive foods and
                                                       the lives of these turtles.                            traditional medicines made from turtles. Of an
                                                                                                              estimated 90 species that are native to the region,
                                                       Yellow-headed temple turtles are classified            more than 50% are listed as Critically Endangered
                                                       as Endangered by the IUCN Red List and                 or Endangered.
                                                       have disappeared over much of their range in
                                                       Southeast Asia due to conversion of their habitat
                                                       to rice cultivation. In a few places, they can still   Conversion	of	their	habitat	to	rice	cultivation	
A grant from the Zoo’s Emergency Fund helped
transport the survivors to their new home in Florida   be seen in Buddhist temple ponds—hence their           has	landed	yellow-headed	temple	turtles	
where they form an assurance colony for the            common name. The survivors will become part            on the endangered species list.
species.                                               of the TSA’s assurance colonies—captive groups
                                                                                                                                                         17
All photos courtesy of the Turtle Survival Alliance.
A hastily compiled page of tally marks—523 in all— tells the sad but all-
too-common story. An illegal shipment of 523 African grey parrots was
confiscated in the Democratic Republic of Congo on September 18,
2010. The parrots were bound for Singapore, according to the forged
CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild
Fauna and Flora) documents that accompanied their crates. Government
authorities at a regional airport in Kavumu seized the shipment as it was
being loaded onto a cargo plane. The first of its kind in the DRC, the
confiscation is an important step towards permanently ending the wildlife
trade for this imperiled species, threatened by decades of unsustainable
levels of trade.




                                                            Lwiro manager Dr. Carmen Vidal tends
                                                            to one of the hundreds of seized birds
                                                            that arrived after being confiscated by
18                                                          Congolese wildlife authorities in 2010.
The birds were taken to Lwiro Primate             The chimpanzees and monkeys at Lwiro
Rehabilitation Centre, a rescue facility that     have more in common with the recently
cares for over 100 orphaned chimpanzees           arrived parrots than just their current
and monkeys. Lwiro had no facilities for          address. Parrot traffickers sell apes and
birds, and the arrival of more than 500           vice versa. The recent parrot seizures are
parrots caused tremendous strain on the           following established black-market routes
staff. “We cannot do this alone,” said            for apes, across Africa from west to east
Carmen Vidal, manager of Lwiro. “We               and out to the Middle East and Asia.
didn’t have much warning. We were told            African grey parrots are found throughout
                                                                                                  Late in 2010, this story took a decidedly disappointing turn when the
these parrots are coming on Saturday and          Central and West Africa, but have been          government of the Democratic Republic of Congo (Ministry of the
then they were here. We are doing the             heavily hunted for the pet trade in recent      Environment) seized the parrots from the Lwiro Primate Rehabilitation
best we can. The government institutions          years. Experts believe that up to 21 percent    Centre with the intention of returning the birds to the original wildlife
                                                                                                  dealer.
are doing a great job of law enforcement          of the wild population is captured each
and the efforts of the DRC government             year, making greys one of the most heavily      The Pan African Sanctuary Alliance issued a press release condemning
authorities are commendable; we are very          traded parrots on the international market.     this action saying, “PASA is outraged at the manner in which the
                                                                                                  government of the Democratic Republic of Congo has removed these
pleased that they are taking this strong                                                          parrots from a PASA member sanctuary. We were given no warning and
stand on behalf of wildlife!”                     In response to this emergency, the World        no cause. We rescue and rehabilitate wildlife to conserve important
                                                  Parrot Trust (WPT) is providing technical       species, not make them well so that dealers might get rich. We condemn
                                                                                                  this action, and will do anything we can to keep this shipment from
Shipped in small over-crowded crates with         guidance and funding and is coordinating        leaving Africa.”
no food or water, twenty-nine of the birds        activities with the Pan African Sanctuary
                                                                                                  While it is still not clear what ultimately happened to these parrots,
were already dead when discovered by              Alliance (PASA) to garner further support       two shipments of African greys moved through Africa shortly after the
Congolese authorities. Some of the birds          for Lwiro. The Zoo is a long-term supporter     Lwiro re-confiscation, and there is a strong feeling that both could have
were found tied to one another by one             of PASA and provided an emergency               been related to the Lwiro birds. One group of over 100 parrots was
                                                                                                  stopped by Ugandan officials along that country’s Congolese border.
wing to prevent them from flying, severely        conservation grant to the World Parrot          Ugandan wildlife officials later discovered that the birds had been fed
damaging their flight feathers. The birds         Trust to help care for the birds over the       alcohol-laced sugarcane to make them drowsy for the journey. Another
are undergoing intensive rehabilitation to        coming months.                                  shipment of hundreds of parrots died on a one-hour flight between
prepare them for release back to the wild.                                                        Johannesburg and Durban, South Africa. State veterinarians are still
                                                                                                  investigating, but early research indicates that the birds died of carbon
                                                                                                  monoxide poisoning.

                                                                                                  PASA and the World Parrot Trust submitted a brief to the Convention
                                                  Packed inhumanely into small, cramped crates,   on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) asking the CITES
                                                  twenty-nine of the birds did not survive the    Secretariat to investigate this action by the DR Congo government and
                                                  ordeal of their capture and transport.          take steps to halt this and future illegal and inhumane consignments of
                                                                                                  African grey parrots.

                                                                                                  For more information, visit the websites of PASA and the World Parrot
                                                                                                  Trust – www.pasaprimates.org; www.parrots.org


                                                                                                   Photo by Grahm Jones.                      Uplisted to near
                                                                                                                                              threatened in 2007,
                                                                                                                                              African grey parrots
                                                                                                                                              are captured from the
                                                                                                                                              wild by the thousands
                                                                                                                                              each year, primarily for
   A Lwiro primate keeper and members of                                                                                                      the pet trade. They
   the World Parrot Trust veterinary field team                                                                                               are endemic to the
                                                                                                                                              rainforests of West and
   work side-by-side to administer treatment                                                                                                  Central Africa.
   to the parrots as they began their path to
   rehabilitation.
                                                                                                                                                                  19
                                                  All photos courtesy of World Parrot Trust.
                                      Personal experiences in Rwanda in the early 1990s
                                      led Partners in Conservation (PIC) founding member
                                      Charlene Jendry to see conservation through the eyes
                                      of local people. PIC incorporated the concept that the
                                      lives of people and mountain gorillas are intertwined,
                                      and that it is vital to find ways to help both. Over the
                                      years, many Rwandan associations heard promises from
                                      outside organizations that were broken. PIC assured
                                      local groups that they would keep their word and would
                                      wait to earn the trust of the Rwandan people. Nineteen
                                      years later, honored promises and patience has led to
                                      close friendships and successful partnerships.




                                        Columbus Zoo Director Emeritus Jack Hanna with staff and
     Photo courtesy of Rick Prebeg—
     World Class Images.                kids from the Imbabazi Orphanage in Rwanda.
20
Long-term Partnerships                               •	More	than	35,000	energy	saving	stoves	
•	PIC	is	honored	to	be	one	of	the	longest	             are being used by families living near the
  on-ground supporters of the Mountain                 Nyungwe National Park. The stoves use
  Gorilla Veterinary Project (MGVP).                   75% less wood, and produce less
  Currently, PIC funds salaries for two                smoke—protecting trees and people.
  Rwandan vets responsible for providing             •	PIC-funded	livestock	projects	including	
  health care and security for mountain                workshops on organizing successful
  gorillas in Rwanda and the Democratic                cooperatives and managing livestock
  Republic of Congo (DRC).                             provide an economic alternative to former            Completed in 2008, the Ubumwe Community
•	Since	1991,	PIC	has	supported	projects	              poachers.                                            Center offers a host of activities and opportunities
  through the Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund                                                                      for disabled children and adults. From training for
                                                     •	At	a	cost	of	only	34	cents	per	tree,	PIC	is	         marketable job skills, to the opportunity to learn
  International (DFGFI). Located one mile              funding a reforestation project in the               American Sign Language—the Ubumwe Center
  from the Volcanoes National Park, the                DRC that will result in 80,000 trees planted.        makes it possible for disabled adults to live with
  Bisate Primary School hosts more than                The native species will prevent soil erosion         dignity and deaf children to attend school. Nine of
  2,000 students—including children of                 and provide sustainable resources for local          the hearing-impaired students have progressed to
  mountain gorilla trackers and members of             people.                                              a point where they are able to enter a local primary
  anti-poaching teams. PIC provides                                                                         school. A grant from PIC will pay an ASL-fluent
  textbooks, school supplies, funding for            •	Founded	by	the	legendary	Roz	Carr,	the	
                                                                                                            teacher to accompany the students so they can
  a conservation education program, and                Imbabazi Orphanage gave shelter and
                                                                                                            fully embrace their school experience. The teacher’s
  cisterns for clean drinking water.                   hope to children whose families were
                                                                                                            annual salary is only $3,000.
                                                       killed during the Rwandan genocide of
•	Since	2004,	the	Beekeeper	Project	has	               1994. Partners in Conservation has
  expanded to all 23 sectors surrounding                                                                    The spirit of trust and collaboration between Partners
                                                       provided operating expenses since                    in Conservation and the people of Rwanda and the
  the Nyungwe National Park. No forest fires           1995, as well as funds for dormitories and           DRC is expressed in a student’s letter from the Bisate
  have occurred, and beekeepers now collect            a refectory. Current Imbabazi programs               School:
  fifty percent more honey. The next step is           are helping young people transition to
  to acquire official organic certification from       independent living. PIC founding member                 Dear Guests,
  the government. This will allow beekeepers           Jeff Ramsey now serves as the executive                 Your annual visit to our school and your
  to sell their honey to international markets.        director of the Imbabazi.                               participation in the development of our school is a
                                                                                                               symbol of PIC and the Columbus Zoo wanting to
                                   Energy-saving stoves made
                                                                                                               help us. We do not see you as a sponsor, but you are
                                   by local people significantly                                               one among our parents. As our conservation parents,
                                   reduce the amount of wood                                                   you have shown us that good conservation starts
                                   harvested for cooking.                                                      from people. We promise to be one of the good
                                                                                                               partners of PIC, because of this acquired instruction
                                                                                                               from you. Thank you very much for helping us to
                                                                                                               help ourselves…and the mountain gorillas.
                                                                                                            For more information, contact:
                                                                        Rwandan women, many widows
                                                                                                            Charlene Jendry, Partners in Conservation
          Rwanda                                                        of the genocide, benefit from PIC
                                                                        programs by earning money to        Charlene.Jendry@columbuszoo.org
                                                                        send their children to school.                                                    21
                                                                               Scientists are studying
                                                                              the link between animal
                                                                            welfare and reproduction.
                                                                               The Wilds has recently
                                                                               celebrated the birth of
                                                                            two Persian onagers using
                                                                                assisted reproduction
                                                                                           techniques.


From the beginning, the Wilds has had a clear intention of advancing
conservation through a strong scientific approach, while offering
opportunities for experiential learning. Program staffing at the Wilds
is comprised of a unique team of professionals who contribute to the                                     The Wilds manages the
collaboration of conservation research on a global scale. Recently, the                                  largest group of Sichuan
Wilds and the Columbus Zoo have formed a stronger relationship.                                          takin in North America.
With a shared vision of the future for wildlife science, education, and                                  A Chinese research
                                                                                                         partner has been
visitor experience, this integrated team can have a significant impact on                                observing the herd to
conservation.                                                                                            increase knowledge of
                                                                                                         takin behavior.




22
Animal Management, Husbandry and Health                                               innovative Prairies: Biomass and Carbon sequestration
                                                                                      The Wilds is studying and demonstrating the use of diverse prairie in biomass
Program Highlights                                                                    production and biodiversity improvements on previously coal-mined lands.
successful Breeding of the southern White rhinoceros                                  Applied on a large scale, the massive root systems improve soil, sequester CO2,
Very few captive born white rhinos go on to reproduce. The rhino breeding             and address climate change, while the shoots can be used in energy generation,
program at the Wilds has been very successful (a total of seven calves in the past    high quality meat production, and economic development.
6 years). We believe that the open land and herd management strategies used
at the Wilds have contributed to the only fourth-generation white rhino born in       Conservation education
captivity.                                                                            K-12 Curriculum-based Day-long and Overnight Programs
reintroduction of scimitar-horned oryx                                                Conservation Educators at the Wilds have developed a number of programs to
Due to over-hunting and habitat loss, the scimitar-horned oryx is extinct in the      take advantage of the “living laboratory” at the Wilds. Day-long and overnight
wild. A young oryx born at the Wilds was part of a new founder population sent        programs are designed to align with Ohio’s academic content standards, so they
to Tunisia to bolster the herds remaining in their national parks. The free-ranging   fit in easily with classroom curriculum.
conditions at the Wilds produce animals better adapted for release programs.          summer Camps for Children and Families
                                                                                      While having immersive experiences in lakes, forests, wetlands, and habitats
Field Conservation Program Highlights                                                 of all kinds, WildeCampers and Family Campers learn reverence, respect, and
sichuan Takin Program                                                                 responsibility for every living thing. Enjoyment of our natural world and growing a
The Wilds currently maintains the largest multi-male/multi-female herd of Sichuan     concern for stewardship are at the heart of summer programs.
takin in North America. This large group currently serves as a model population
for the development of satellite tracking collars to monitor behavior, habitat use,   Conservation science Training Center
and conservation status.                                                              Functioning as a unique and innovative research and education venue, the
                                                                                      Wilds is currently poised for further development of its vast landscape and rich
saiga                                                                                 programming. The new Conservation Science Training Center, which opened
Saiga antelope were once found throughout Eastern Europe and central Asia.            in June 2010, is equipped with classroom, laboratory, office, conference space,
Natural populations have declined by more than 80% in the past 10 years. The          and on-site lodging. This new facility enables the exploration and discovery of
Wilds, along with the Conservation Center for Species Survival, is providing          the natural world and assists in the dissemination of knowledge throughout the
training and resources to support a captive breeding center for saiga in Russia.      region and the world, networking scientists directly to conservation and wildlife.
Wildlife and Conservation Medicine
Freshwater mussels are the most endangered group of animals in the world.
The Wilds is discovering new ways to study the health and well-being of these
                                                                                      The restoration ecology team is researching
vital members of our aquatic ecosystem in hopes of improving the ability to           and demonstrating large-scale prairie
propagate them for reintroduction and conservation.                                   plantings for habitat enhancements and
stress and reproduction in Ungulates                                                  other services such as biomass production,
Maintaining healthy breeding populations is imperative to global conservation.        grazing, and carbon sequestration.
However, the breeding process itself can be very stressful. The Wilds is exploring
the link between stress and reproduction in ungulates by studying the medical
management of stress.

restoration ecology
Wetland restoration                                                                                                                       A young visitor and staff member
Wetlands are considered the most biologically rich ecosystems in the world.                                                               turn discarded plastic bottles into
Development has caused these habitats to become among the world’s most                                                                    functional bird feeders during a
endangered. The Wilds is working to restore a 20-acre wetland that will support                                                           conservation education program.
a wide diversity of vegetation, waterfowl and aquatic wildlife, while at the same
time offering ways for the public to experience its unique features.
                                                                                                                                                                   23
                                                                       By truck, plane and boat, the bonobos traveled to their new home in the forest. Local
                                                                       trackers continuously monitor the released bonobos.


In June 2009, the first group of bonobos rehabilitated at Lola ya Bonobo (“paradise of the bonobo”) was released at Ekolo ya Bonobo (“land
of bonobos”), a swamp forest in the Èquateur Province of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Nine bonobos (four females and five males) were
selected from the 60 cared for at Lola—the world’s only sanctuary for the endangered bonobo. In mid-June, the bonobos were transported from
Lola to Ekolo—traveling in custom crates under close veterinary supervision. First by cargo plane between the Congolese capital of Kinshasa and
Basankusu, then by truck to the project headquarters, and finally a 50-minute raft trip to the reintroduction site.




                             Photo courtesy of Craig Sholley.




                                                                                                   Lola is the only sanctuary in
                                                                                                   the world for the endangered
                                                                                                   bonobo.
24                                                                                                 Photo courtesy of Vanessa Woods.
The detailed plan called for the bonobos to               such as feeding, movement and inter-group              monkeys, wild hogs and antelopes have returned—
be kept in a large isolation enclosure under              dynamics.                                              they have even seen elephant tracks.
observation for 72 hours before opening the gates
                                                          A minor setback occurred when three of the             While thrilled with the results so far, Claudine
into the forest. Lisala, an eight-year-old female, had
                                                          bonobos began showing aggression towards the           acknowledges the on-going challenges. “There is
decided otherwise. On the first morning, using her
                                                          trackers. It was decided to move these animals         no magical solution—we must talk to the people,
own creative technique, she became in the words
                                                          back to Lola ya Bonobo so the team could continue      educate, and then talk some more. Alternative
of Lola founder and director Claudine Andre, “The
                                                          effectively monitoring the bonobos before the          incomes are not the be-all and end-all. Bonobos
first ever self-released bonobo!”
                                                          seasonal rise in river water risked dispersing the     can easily learn once again to live free in the wild.
She spent the night outside the fence, making a
                                                          group further away into the forest. In October 2009,   We just have to convince the humans, their only
nest for herself in a tree right next to the enclosure.
                                                          Max, Lisala and Lomami returned to Lola and easily     real predator, to leave them to live in peace.”
On June 17, the gate was thrown open, and all of
                                                          reintegrated with their former groups, as Claudine
the bonobos were allowed to leave the enclosure                                                                  The Zoo is a long-term supporter of Lola
                                                          Andre described, “Like they just went on a short
and explore their new forest home, under the                                                                     ya Bonobo sanctuary. To follow the bonobo
                                                          holiday.”
watchful eyes of Claudine and Suzy Kwetuenda.                                                                    adventures, visit www.friendsofbonobos.org.
A Congolese graduate student who has observed             The return of the bonobos to Èquateur Province
the bonobos at the sanctuary for several years,           met with great excitement; scores of people
Kwetuenda was hired to lead the post-release              stopped by the project to watch the bonobos and
monitoring activities.                                    speak to the reintroduction team. In September
                                                                                                                                                            Lola ya Bonobo
                                                          and October alone, 386 pirogues (traditional boats)                                               founder Claudine
These pioneer bonobos adapted rapidly to their
                                                          with over 2,000 people came through. Some                                                         Andre enjoys time with
new environment. The group stayed together,
                                                          traveled from villages far upstream, deep in the                                                  local families in the
under the leadership of 23-year-old female Etumbe.
                                                          bonobo habitat. None of the villagers had ever                                                    bonobo release area.
She was more than six months pregnant, but                                                                                                                  Trust and cooperation
                                                          seen a bonobo before and many willingly admitted
Etumbe lead the group in actively foraging for food                                                                                                         is key to a successful
                                                          that if they had ever eaten bonobo meat before,
in the forest. They quickly discovered and eagerly                                                                                                          release project.
                                                          they would never do so again. The educational
devoured numerous local fruits, leaves and stems.
                                                          impact of the reintroduced bonobos was far greater
Although the reintroduction team continued to
                                                          than initially anticipated, and this constitutes an
offer water at the release site, the bonobos drank
                                                          important initial success of the project.
from the river and licked dew from leaves and
stems. The newly wild group immediately began             Since the 2009 release, the bonobos have
making nests to sleep high in the trees. On July          continued to adapt beautifully. They are exploring
18, Etumbe gave birth to a healthy baby, and              the far reaches of the release area, and are living
immediately rejoined the group to resume her              in total harmony with their wild environment.
dominant position.                                        Working with local communities, the project team
                                                          has strengthened ties and continued to bring aid
Monitoring reintroduced animals is critical. The
                                                          to people who have very little. They established
team following the bonobos was recruited from
                                                          Village Development Committees to continue
the local communities—the Ilonga-Pôo and the
                                                          education and awareness, and provided much-
Kodoro. Their job includes a mix of eco-guard
                                                          needed equipment to the schools and medicines to
duties (verifying that there are no settlements,
                                                          the health clinics. During 2010, they supplied tools
hunting, snares or other illegal activities in the                                                                 Suzy Kwetuenda, head of post-release monitoring,
                                                          for fishermen and farmers in the area—hoping to
protected area) and tracking of the bonobos. They                                                                  helps Congolese children spot the released bonobos.
                                                          encourage alternatives to hunting in the protected
received training on using a compass and a GPS                                                                     All photos courtesy of Lola ya Bonobo.
                                                          reserve. After three years of carrying out anti-
unit, as well as anti-poaching monitoring. Training
                                                          poaching patrols, the team reports that troops of
also focused on documenting post-release activities                                                                                                                     25
Dubbed the “Excellent Event under the Tent” in         •	The	Turtle	Conservation	Project	–	conservation	
its 2009 inaugural year, Wine for Wildlife 2010          and alternative income development for
again put the “fun” in fundraiser with a second          coastal communities to protect endangered
successful year. The wine-tasting and auction to       	 sea	turtles	in	Sri	Lanka.	
benefit the Zoo’s Conservation Fund was held on        •	Ohio	Wildlife	Center	–	rescue,	rehabilitation	
Saturday evening, October 2. It was a cold and         	 and	release	of	native	Ohio	wildlife.
rainy night, but four tasting stations hosted by
Spagio, Level Dining Lounge, Weiland’s Gourmet         London-born auctioneer extraordinaire David
Market and the Columbus Zoo and Aquarium took          Reynolds brought his boundless energy to the
the chill off as 300 guests entered the friendly       floor and led the crowd through an exhilarating
competition to place bids on more than 50 silent       30 lots—from a chance to “paint” with an
auction items—each lot accompanied by a bottle         endangered black rhino at the Zoo to a seven-day
of wine. Columbus icon and award-winning singer/       South African safari, David knows art, travel, and
songwriter Donna Mogavero rocked the tent with         has a unique expertise in wine. He whipped the
her signature smoky voice and surround-sound           crowd into a bidding frenzy, and then brought
rhythm guitar.                                         the room to a hush when he focused all attention
                                                       on the Fund-a-Conservation-Need Lot. Starting
Prior to the live auction, guests took a spin around   with bids of $2500 and ending with a flurry of
the globe via Google Earth to visit the fruits of      $50 donations, David raised $19,500 for the
Wine for Wildlife 2009. A video presentation           International Polar Bear Conservation Centre that
highlighted six projects in six countries on four      will open in Manitoba, Canada next year.
continents that received $50,000 in grants—
another $50,000 went to the Zoo’s Conservation         The 2010 event raised more than $110,000 for
Endowment Fund. Grant recipients from 2009             wildlife conservation projects across the globe. A
proceeds were:                                         special thanks to Wine for Wildlife 2010 corporate
                                                       sponsors, Interim Healthcare and IQity, and food
•	ARCAS	–	The	Association	for	the	Rescue	and		         partners Gordon Food Service (thank-you Chef
	 Conservation	of	Wildlife,	Guatemala.                 Todd Gross) and Jeni’s Ice Cream. Great thanks
•	ProDelphinus	–	a	grassroots	organization	            to our wine partner, Heidelberg Distributing
	 based	in	Lima,	Peru.	                                Company. Without the experience and passion
•	The	Limbe	Wildlife	Centre	–	a	primate	rescue	        of event founders William Goldman and Joanna
	 facility	in	Cameroon,	West	Africa.	                  Felder, and the continued leadership of chair Chris
                                                       Godley—Wine for Wildlife would not be possible.
•	KOCP	-	The	Kinabatangan	Orangutan	                   Next year’s event is scheduled for October 15,
	 Conservation	Project	–	research,	                    2011. You will not want to miss it!
  environmental education, and community                                                                     The Snow Leopard Trust received a grant from
  involvement to benefit the endangered                                                                      WFW 2010 for a ground-breaking collaring
  orangutan in Malaysian Borneo.                                                                             project in Mongolia shedding light on these
                                                                                                             endangered cats. Photo courtesy of SLT.
26
Many of the field conservation projects supported by the Zoo are directly             2008 – Here a Bear, There a Bear
connected to the animals our visitors have grown to know and love. Throughout         •	Understanding	the	big	conservation	picture	is	critically	important	to	saving	a	
the Zoo’s five regions (North America, Shores, Asia Quest, African Forest, and          species. With a grant from the Zoo, Dr. Steven Amstrup will provide a valuable
Australia & the Islands), the wild counterparts of our Siberian tigers, western         estimate of the historic and current trends in polar bear abundance and
lowland gorillas, Asian elephants, and many others, receive a helping hand              survival in the Southern Beaufort Sea—including both the Canadian and
from grants awarded through the Zoo’s Conservation Fund. Visitors join in by            Alaskan sides.
donating money at several collection points throughout the grounds—all of
these funds directly benefit wildlife conservation. Each year, the Zoo provides       •	Dr.	Tom	Smith’s	project,	“A	Study	of	Polar	Bear	Behavior	at	Den	Sites	in	
support to more than 70 projects in 30 countries.                                       Northern Alaska,” seeks to understand the sensitivity of denning polar bears
                                                                                        to human activity.
Since 2007, the Zoo has earmarked funds for polar bear conservation and has
awarded $100,000 in grants to projects in three of the five polar bear nations        2009 – Advancing the Field
(U.S., Canada, Russia, Denmark [Greenland], Norway.) As our polar bear sisters        •	A	2009	grant	from	the	Zoo	will	allow	Dr.	Steven	Amstrup	to	develop	accessible	
Aurora and Anana near their fourth birthday, the Zoo marks four years of                software for delineating home range and population boundaries of polar bears
support for scientists studying wild bears and their polar habitat.                     and other wildlife.

2007 – To russia with Love                                                            2010 – international Polar Bear Conservation Centre
•	For	more	than	20	years,	Dr.	Nikita	Ovsyanikov	has	conducted	research	on	the	        •	With	a	$30,000	grant	to	Polar	Bears	International,	the	Zoo	becomes	a	partner	
  polar bears of Wrangel Island. These bears are part of the Chukchi-Alaska             in an exciting new project already underway in Manitoba, Canada. The IPBCC
  population that spans the U.S. and Russia.                                            is a rescue facility, research center, and international hub for education and
                                                                                        public awareness on polar bears and their Arctic environment.
•	Dr.	Ovsyanikov	has	gained	a	number	of	important	insights	into	the	behavioral	
  skills of polar bears that could enhance their survival in a severe and variable    For more information on polar bear projects supported by the Zoo, see
  environment.                                                                        www.polarbearsinternational.org.


     Three fit polar bears walk the beach on Wrangel Island, Russia.
                   Photo courtesy of Nikita Ovsyanikov.




                                                                         Weighing an anesthetized bear in Alaska.    Taking a swim in the Zoo’s newest exhibit—
                                                                         Males weigh between 775 and 1200            Polar Frontier. Polar bears are classified as
                                                                         pounds—females range from 330 to 650        marine mammals and are protected in the
                                                                         pounds. Photo Courtesy of Steven Amstrup.   U.S. by the Marine Mammal Protection Act        27
                                                                                                                     of 1972. Photo by Grahm Jones.
environmental education/Local Capacity-Building/                                      •	Increase	Cheetah	Conservation	Fund	(CCF)	housing	capacity	–	Namibia
                                                                                      •	Rehabilitation	of	African	grey	parrots	at	Limbe	Wildlife	Centre	–	Cameroon
Workshops and Conferences                                                             •	Post-release	monitoring	of	West	Indian	manatee	–	U.S.
•	SECORE	(Sexual	Coral	Reproduction)	Project	–	Curasow,	Dutch	Antilles                •	Expanding	the	Turtle	Survival	Alliance	assurance	colony	for	yellow-headed	temple	
•	Conservation	education	around	Sambisa	Safari	Park	–	Nigeria                           turtles through placement of trade seizures in Hong Kong – U.S.
•	Zoos	and	Aquariums	Committing	to	Conservation	(ZACC)	–	2011	Sponsorship             •	Urgent	care	for	confiscated	African	grey	parrots	–	Democratic	Republic	of	Congo
•	Ohio	Ornithological	Society/Columbus	Audubon	Waterfowl	Symposium	–                  •	West	African	manatee	calf	rescue	and	rehabilitation	-	Gabon
  Columbus, Ohio
•	Conservation	Breeding	Specialist	Group	(CBSG)	–	workshop	sponsorship
•	Captive	gibbon	care	training	–	Indonesia,	Myanmar,	Thailand                         Conservation of species and Habitat
•	International	Otter	Colloquium	–	sponsorship                                        •	Lukuru	Wildlife	Research	Project	–	Democratic	Republic	of	Congo
•	Twenty-first	century	crisis	management	for	South	Asian	zoos	–	workshop	             •	Status	and	conservation	of	the	West	African	manatee	–	range	countries	
  sponsorship                                                                         •	Satellite-tracking	and	social	behavior	of	the	Bornean	elephant	in	Kinabatangan	–	
•	African	and	Asian	elephant	conservation	and	human-elephant	conflict	resolution	       Malaysian Borneo
  project                                                                             •	Lowland	Tapir	Conservation	Initiative	–	Brazil
•	Capacity-building	program	for	Turtle	Conservation	Project	–	Sri	Lanka               •	Ape	TAG	Conservation	Initiative	–	Africa/Asia
•	Human-Wildlife	Conflict	Collaboration	marketing	and	outreach	development	–	U.S.     •	Goualougo	Triangle	Ape	Conservation	and	Research	Project	–	Republic	of	Congo
•	Limbe	Wildlife	Centre	education	programs	–	Cameroon                                 •	Anatolian	shepherd	guard	dog	program	–	South	Africa
•	Schools	Awareness	Program	–	Sri	Lanka                                               •	Conservation	of	the	scalloped	hammerhead	shark	and	its	critical	habitats	–	
•	Development	of	innovative	teaching	resources	for	environmental	education	in	          Costa Rica
  primary schools – Zimbabwe                                                          •	Resolving	conflict	between	humans	and	threatened	carnivores	around	Ruaha	
•	Public	awareness	and	increasing	involvement	of	local	people	in	the	Saiga	antelope     National Park – Tanzania
  conservation program – Russia                                                       •	The	Tree	Kangaroo	Conservation	Program	(TKCP)	–	Papua	New	Guinea
•	Reinforcement	of	the	HEAP	mobile	program:	Reaching	out	to	local	communities	        •	Conservation	of	the	Cross	River	gorilla	–	Cameroon	and	Nigeria
  for biodiversity conservation – Sabah, Malaysian Borneo                             •	Improving	the	conservation	status	of	the	endangered	African	wild	dog	–	Zimbabwe
•	Central	Ohio	Vernal	Pool	Monitoring	Workshop	–	U.S.                                 •	Mbeli	Bai	Study	of	western	lowland	gorillas	–	Republic	of	Congo
•	National	Conservation	Planning	Workshop	for	Cheetah	and	Wild	Dog	–	Ethiopia         •	Siberian	Tiger	Project:	Research,	training	and	conflict	mitigation	–	Russian	Far	East
•	Conservation	in	the	Classroom:	A	technology	and	inquiry-based	approach	to	ocean     •	Preparing	the	way	for	research	at	the	International	Polar	Bear	Conservation	Centre	
  literacy – U.S.                                                                       – Canada
•	Field	station	to	expand	capacity	of	the	Kinabatangan	Orangutan	Conservation	        •	Long-term	ecological	study	of	snow	leopards	(Snow	Leopard	Trust)	–	Mongolia
  Project (KOCP) – Malaysian Borneo                                                   •	Conservation	of	the	Eastern	hellbender	–	U.S.
                                                                                      •	White	Oak	Conservation	Center	Okapi	Conservation	Project	–	Democratic	Republic	
                                                                                        of Congo
Wildlife rescue/rehabilitation/reintroduction                                         •	Elephants	for	Africa	–	Botswana
•	Post-release	monitoring	of	released	chimpanzees	(HELP)	–	Republic	of	Congo          •	Supporting	anti-snaring	activities	of	the	South	Luangwa	Conservation	Society	–	
•	Improving	the	husbandry	and	reproduction	of	Asian	pangolin	species	–	Vietnam          Zambia
•	Returning	the	Louisiana	pine	snake	to	restored	habitat	–	U.S.                       •	Beach	bottle	beads	–	Reducing	the	slaughter	of	sea	turtles	by	providing	alternative	
•	Sanaga-Yong	Chimpanzee	Rescue	Center	–	Cameroon                                       livelihood options (WIDECAST) – Caribbean
•	Wildlife	rehabilitation,	research	and	environmental	education	(ARCAS)	–	Guatemala   •	Cheetah	conservation	and	human	impact	–	Kenya
•	Drill	monkey	post-release	monitoring	–	Nigeria                                      •	Wildlife	Research	and	Conservation	Trust:	Coral	replanting	and	restoration	–	Sri	
•	Lola	ya	Bonobo	Sanctuary	–	Democratic	Republic	of	Congo                               Lanka
•	Bornean	Sun	Bear	Conservation	Centre	–	Malaysian	Borneo
28
Conservation research
•	Bobcat	monitoring	at	the	Wilds	and	beyond	via	
  biotelemetry – U.S.
•	Habitat	use	and	movement	of	larval	giant	salamanders	–	
  Japan
•	The	effects	of	forest	conversion,	fragmentation	and	
  hunting on Sunda clouded leopard – Malaysian and
  Indonesian Borneo
•	Forest	canopies	as	safe	havens	from	amphibian	chytrid	
  fungus – Honduras
•	Distribution	survey	of	giant	otters	–	Brazil
•	Spatial	distribution	of	herpetofauna	–	Nepal
•	Distribution	and	conservation	of	red	panda	–	Bhutan
•	Verification	of	carnivore	use	of	an	important	wildlife	linkage	–
  Montana, U.S.
•	Glacier	memories,	water	resources	and	aquatic	bioassessment:	
  Environmental change indicator in the Tibetan Himalayan
  Range – China
•	The	impact	of	deforestation	on	female	red	colobus	
  reproduction in the Kibale National Park – Uganda
•	Investigation	into	the	consumptive	utilization	and	trade	of	
  pygmy hippopotamus – Sierra Leone
•	Population	status	and	ecology	of	a	rare	gelada	monkey	
  subspecies – Ethiopia
•	Kinabatangan	carnivore	survey	program	–	Malaysian	Borneo
•	Investigating	the	present-day	ivory	trade	–	China


                                                                                                                                                               Photo by Grahm Jones.


                       During 2009-2010, the Zoo provided support to the
                       following organizations through annual dues and other donations:
                       •	Amphibian	Ark
                       •	Captina	Creek	Coalition
                       •	Conservation	Breeding	Specialist	Group	–	CBSG
                       •	Elephant	Care	International
                       •	Elephant	Managers	Association	–	EMA
                       •	Human-Wildlife	Conflict	Collaboration	-HWCC
                       •	International	Elephant	Foundation	-	IEF
                       •	International	Iguana	Foundation	-	IIF
                       •	International	Rhino	Foundation	-	IRF
                       •	International	Rhino	Keepers	Association	-	IRKA
                       •	Manatee	Rehabilitation	Partnership	–	MRP
                       •	Ohio	Biological	Survey	–	OBS
                       •	Ohio	Environmental	Council	-	OEC                                 Commitment to Conservation
                       •	Ohio	Wildlife	Center	–	OWC                                       The Columbus Zoo and Aquarium aims to have a direct effect on wildlife conservation
                       •	Pan	African	Sanctuary	Alliance	–	PASA                            through awarding grants which promote sound and sustainable practices that
                       •	Polar	Bears	International	–	PBI                                  integrate conservation research, capacity-building, education, and community
                       •	Snow	Leopard	Trust	–	SLT                                         involvement around the globe.
                       •	Timber	Wolf	Alliance
                                                                                          For more information, or to view this report on-line, visit http://contribute.
                       •	Turtle	Survival	Alliance	–	TSA
                                                                                          columbuszoo.org/conservation/conservation_reports.                             29
                       •	Zoo	Outreach	Organization	–	ZOO
®

    Design by Samuel Ballinger.
    Back cover image courtesy of Paul Swen.

				
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