Secondary Mathematics and Science Teachers in Texas_ Supply

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					Secondary Mathematics and
 Science Teachers in Texas:
Supply, Demand, and Quality
            Ed Fuller, PhD
 University Council for Educational Administration
    Department of Educational Administration
         The University of Texas at Austin


          Sponsored by
  Texas Instruments and TBEC
                                                     1
 Number of Middle School Teacher
FTEs Assigned Out-of-Field (1999-2008)
 3000

 2500                                          +30%

 2000
                                                        +40%
 1500

 1000

  500

   0
        1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

                       Mathematics   Science

                                                            2
Number of High School Teacher FTEs
 Assigned Out-of-Field (1999-2008)
                                                     +65%
3000

2500

2000
                                                       +30%

1500

1000

 500

  0
       1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

                      Mathematics   Science
                                                           3
Percentage of Middle and High School
  Mathematics and Science Teacher
 FTEs Assigned Out-of-Field (1999-2008)
50
45                                                                   > 30%
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
 5
0
     1999     2000   2001    2002   2003    2004   2005   2006   2007   2008

            MS-Mathematics     MS-Science     HS-Mathematics     HS-Science    4
Production of Secondary Mathematics
  Teachers by Route to Certification
                                    (1995-2007)

                                       NCLB
                       100%
                        90%
% Teachers Certified




                        80%                             Permit
                        70%                             Cert by Exam
                        60%
                                                        Out-of-State
                        50%
                                                        Alternative
                        40%
                        30%                             Post Bacc
                        20%                             Traditional
                        10%
                         0%
                            95

                            96

                            97

                            98

                            99

                            00

                            01

                            02

                            03

                            04

                            05

                            06

                            07
                         19

                         19

                         19

                         19

                         19

                         20

                         20

                         20

                         20

                         20

                         20

                         20

                         20
                              Spring of Academic Year
                                                                       5
                       Production of Secondary Science
                       Teachers by Route to Certification
                                       (1995-2007)
                                          NCLB
                       100%
                        90%
% Teachers Certified




                        80%                                Permit
                        70%                                Cert by Exam
                        60%
                                                           Out-of-State
                        50%
                                                           Alternative
                        40%
                        30%                                Post Bacc
                        20%                                Traditional
                        10%
                         0%
                            95
                            96
                            97
                            98
                            99
                            00
                            01
                            02
                            03
                            04
                            05
                            06
                            07
                         19
                         19
                         19
                         19
                         19
                         20
                         20
                         20
                         20
                         20
                         20
                         20
                         20
                                 Spring of Academic Year
                                                                         6
Production of Secondary Mathematics
and Science Teachers by Program Type
      and Route to Certification
Program Type and         Mathematics                  Science
Certification Route   2002    2008     CHG    2002     2008     CHG
Univ Traditional      34.4%   21.7% -12.7     19.1%     9.9%     -9.2
Univ Post-Bacc        1.8%    2.7%      0.9   2.6%      3.9%      1.3
Univ ACP              7.2%    6.4%     -0.8   10.9%     8.3%     -2.6
District ACP          2.7%    3.1%      0.4   2.9%      4.1%      1.2
District ACP Permit   3.2%    0.1%     -3.1   3.0%      0.2%     -2.8
Region ESC ACP        7.1%    5.6%     -1.5   8.1%     10.1%      2.0
Comm College ACP      2.8%    2.2%     -0.5   1.7%      3.2%      1.5
Private ACP           1.9%    23.1%    21.2   3.3%     30.4%    27.1
Out-of-State          16.7%   12.7%    -4.0   18.6%    13.9%     -4.7
Cert-by-Exam          6.3%    21.3%    15.0   12.7%    15.2%      2.4
Permit                15.9%   1.1% -14.8      17.1%     0.8%    -16.2
                                                                    7
    First-Time Test Takers on TExES
   Middle- and High School Math and
    Science Exams by Program Type
                   FIRST-TIME TEST-TAKERS

    Prep Program        Mathematics          Science
        Type              MS       HS       MS     HS

University             74.8% 63.9% 63.1% 50.3%
District ACP           70.8% 62.4% 65.3% 51.5%
Region ESC ACP         74.0% 62.6% 66.4% 57.0%
Comm College ACP 69.5% 62.1% 63.6% 53.1%
Private ACP            59.7% 53.7% 54.3% 42.1%
Total                  70.2% 61.1% 61.5% 49.1%
                                                        8
   Last-Time Test Takers on TExES
  Middle- and High School Math and
   Science Exams by Program Type
                   LAST-TIME TEST-TAKERS

    Prep Program        Mathematics         Science
        Type             MS       HS       MS     HS

University             89.8% 83.4% 81.7% 69.6%
District ACP           87.6% 78.9% 81.7% 82.9%
Region ESC ACP         88.3% 82.1% 87.1% 77.9%
Comm College ACP 84.4% 79.2% 81.5% 72.8%
Private ACP            71.5% 69.1% 68.1% 59.9%
Total                  84.4% 79.2% 78.9% 68.8%
                                                       9
    High School Math and Science Passing Rates for
                First-Time Test-Takers
             Organization/ Entity       Mathematics   Science
State Average                                53.1%       46.1%
University of Texas - Austin                 89.4%       87.7%
Texas A&M University                         86.4%       67.7%
Region 04 Education Service Center           65.3%       67.3%
Region 10 Education Service Center           63.4%       57.8%
Region 20 Education Service Center           71.2%       55.4%
University of Texas - San Antonio            56.3%       50.8%
iteAChtexas.com                              62.3%       50.8%
Dallas ISD                                   64.6%       47.1%
ACT-Houston                                  61.7%       38.5%
Region 01 Education Service Center           43.3%       39.2%
Education Career Alternatives Program        50.5%       38.5%
Texas Teachers of Tomorrow                   46.5%       42.2%
University of Texas - El Paso                42.7%       37.5%
ACT Rio Grande Valley                        50.0%       35.0%
Alternative-South Texas Educ Prgm            32.7%       21.0%
                                                             10
 Percentage of High School Math
Teacher FTEs Assigned Out-of-Field
       by Student Poverty
50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

 0%
      2003   2004    2005     2006     2007   2008

                Low-Poverty   High-Poverty
                                                     11
Percentage of High School Science
Teacher FTEs Assigned Out-of-Field
       by Student Poverty
50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

0%
      2003   2004    2005     2006     2007   2008

                Low-Poverty   High-Poverty           12
 % of Algebra I Teachers Assigned Out-of-
 Field by 9th Grade TAKS Math Performance
                             (2008)
      All High Schools            High-Poverty High Schools

50%                              50%

40%                              40%

30%                              30%

20%                              20%

10%                              10%

0%                                0%
       Highest      Lowest              Highest    Lowest
         Perf        Perf                 Perf      Perf
                                                              13
     Measures of High School Math
   Teacher Quality for Low- and High-
     Performing Schools (2003 and 2007)
                                                 Failed Cert
Performance     Out-of-Field     Beginning
                                                   Exam
   Level        2003    2007    2003    2007    2003    2007


  Lowest
Performing      22.1    19.4     7.4    11.0    30.3    35.8

 Highest
Performing      10.4     8.0     4.2     3.9    19.5    19.9


Diff: HP - LP   -11.7   -11.4    -3.2    -7.1   -10.9    -16.0

                                                               14
   Measures of High School Science
  Teacher Quality for Low- and High-
    Performing Schools (2003 and 2007)
                                                Failed Cert
Performance     Out-of-Field    Beginning
                                                  Exam
   Level        2003    2007    2003    2007    2003    2007



  Lowest
Performing      36.2    40.9     9.0    12.7    35.9    39.4

 Highest
Performing      20.0    19.8     5.6     5.0    23.1    22.7


Diff: HP - LP   -16.2   -21.1    -3.4    -7.8   -12.9   -16.7
                                                              15
    Three-Year Attrition Rates for
Secondary Math & Science Teachers by
      Program Type and Route
    Univ Traditional
                                                    Science
     Univ Post-Bacc
                                                    Math
          Univ ACP

        District ACP

    Region ESC ACP

  Comm College ACP

        Private ACP

             Permit

       Out-of-State

      Cert-by-Exam

                       0.0   10.0   20.0   30.0   40.0     50.0   16
  Costs of Differential Turnover Rates
• If all other programs and routes had the same
  retention rate as traditional preparation
  programs, school districts would save:

• Between $3,500,000 and $7,000,000 per year on
  math teachers

• Between $2,700,000 and $5,400,000 per year on
  science teachers

• This is enough to fund mentoring and induction
  for every beginning math & science teacher

                                                   17
Projections of Supply and Demand for
 Secondary* Mathematics Teachers
              12,000

              10,000

               8,000                                         5,200
 # Teachers




               6,000

               4,000

               2,000

                  0
                       2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

                                           Supply   Demand

* Secondary includes grades 7 through 12                              18
Projections of Supply and Demand for
    Secondary* Science Teachers
             12,000

             10,000

              8,000                                                6,100
# Teachers




              6,000

              4,000

              2,000

                   0
                        2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

                                              Supply   Demand
        * Secondary includes grades 7 through 12                       19
             Relatively Low Pay for Teachers
             $100,000
                                                                                            All Secondary
               $90,000                                                                      STEM
                                                                                            Teachers
               $80,000                                                                      (Total Salary)
               $70,000                                                                      Computer and
                                                                                            Mathematical
               $60,000                                                                      Occupations
Avg Salary




               $50,000
                                                                                            Architecture
               $40,000                                                                      and
                                                                                            Engineering
               $30,000                                                                      Occupations
               $20,000                                                                      Engineering
                                                                                            Occupations
               $10,000                                                                      Only
                      $0
                                       2000                        2007
                                                     Year


             Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (2000 and 2007); PEIMS 2000 and 2007
             Analysis: Dr. Ed Fuller, The University of Texas at Austin
                                                                                                             20
    Policy Recommendations
Require all preparation programs to provide at least
  80 clock hours of pre-service training before
  teacher can start teaching.

Provide funding for a statewide teacher mentoring
  and induction program for secondary STEM
  teachers, especially in hard-to-staff schools.

Create monetary incentives for traditional and post-
  baccalaureate university-based programs to
  produce STEM teachers.

Provide a statewide stipend for secondary STEM
  teachers teaching in high-needs schools.


                                                    21
    Policy Recommendations
Fund a statewide, systemic professional development
  program that provides help to under-qualified teachers.

Provide service scholarships (like the North Carolina Teaching
  Fellows) that subsidize teacher preparation for individuals
  who will enter secondary mathematics and science
  teaching and pledge to stay for at least fours years.

Provide money to pilot urban school teacher academies
  )separate from STEM academies) where aspiring STEM
  teachers learn their craft under master teachers.




                                                             22
  Policy Recommendations
Develop a well-funded, thoughtful, and systemic plan to
  address the shortage and quality of STEM teachers that
  addresses preparation, retention, distribution, and
  professional development.

Fund and plan a high-quality evaluation of these efforts.




                                                            23
For comments or questions, please
       contact Ed Fuller at:
       edfuller@mail.utexas.edu

       or Carol Fletcher at:
    carol.fletcher@austin.utexas.edu


                                       24

				
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