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					Philips Semiconductors                                                                                               Product specification


                                                                                                 LM124/224/324/324A/
  Low power quad op amps
                                                                                                      SA534/LM2902


DESCRIPTION                                                                PIN CONFIGURATION
The LM124/SA534/LM2902 series consists of four independent,
                                                                                                 D, F, N Packages
high-gain, internally frequency-compensated operational amplifiers
designed specifically to operate from a single power supply over a
wide range of voltages.                                                               OUTPUT 1   1              14       OUTPUT 4


                                                                                      –INPUT 1   2   1      4   13       –INPUT 4
                                                                                                     –+    +–

UNIQUE FEATURES                                                                       +INPUT 1   3              12       +INPUT 4
In the linear mode, the input common-mode voltage range includes
ground and the output voltage can also swing to ground, even                               V+    4                  11   GND

though operated from only a single power supply voltage.
                                                                                      +INPUT 2   5              10       +INPUT 3
The unity gain crossover frequency and the input bias current are                                    –+    +–
                                                                                      –INPUT 2   6   2      3       9    –INPUT 3
temperature-compensated.
                                                                                      OUTPUT 2   7                  8    OUTPUT 3

FEATURES
• Internally frequency-compensated for unity gain
                                                                                                     TOP VIEW
                                                                                                                                       SL00065

• Large DC voltage gain: 100dB                                                            Figure 1. Pin Configuration

• Wide bandwidth (unity gain): 1MHz (temperature-compensated)
• Wide power supply range Single supply: 3VDC to 30VDC or dual
  supplies: ±1.5VDC to ±15VDC
• Very low supply current drain: essentially independent of supply
  voltage (1mW/op amp at +5VDC)
• Low input biasing current: 45nADC (temperature-compensated)
• Low input offset voltage: 2mVDC and offset current: 5nADC
• Differential input voltage range equal to the power supply voltage
• Large output voltage: 0VDC to VCC-1.5VDC swing

ORDERING INFORMATION
                             DESCRIPTION                                    TEMPERATURE RANGE             ORDER CODE                 DWG #
 14-Pin Plastic Dual In-Line Package (DIP)                                     -55°C to +125°C              LM124N                  SOT27-1
 14-Pin Ceramic Dual In-Line Package (CERDIP)                                  -55°C to +125°C              LM124F                   0581B
 14-Pin Plastic Dual In-Line Package (DIP)                                     -25°C to +85°C               LM224N                  SOT27-1
 14-Pin Ceramic Dual In-Line Package (CERDIP)                                  -25°C to +85°C               LM224F                   0581B
 14-Pin Plastic Small Outline (SO) Package                                     -25°C to +85°C               LM224D                  SOT108-1
 14-Pin Plastic Dual In-Line Package (DIP)                                      0°C to +70°C                LM324N                  SOT27-1
 14-Pin Ceramic Dual In-Line Package (CERDIP)                                   0°C to +70°C                LM324F                   0581B
 14-Pin Plastic Small Outline (SO) Package                                      0°C to +70°C                LM324D                  SOT108-1
 14-Pin Plastic Dual In-Line Package (DIP)                                      0°C to +70°C               LM324AN                  SOT27-1
 14-Pin Plastic Small Outline (SO) Package                                      0°C to +70°C               LM324AD                  SOT108-1
 14-Pin Plastic Dual In-Line Package (DIP)                                     -40°C to +85°C               SA534N                  SOT27-1
 14-Pin Ceramic Dual In-Line Package (CERDIP)                                  -40°C to +85°C               SA534F                   0581B
 14-Pin Plastic Small Outline (SO) Package                                     -40°C to +85°C               SA534D                  SOT108-1
 14-Pin Plastic Small Outline (SO) Package                                     -40°C to +125°C             LM2902D                  SOT108-1
 14-Pin Plastic Dual In-Line Package (DIP)                                     -40°C to +125°C             LM2902N                  SOT27-1




1995 Nov 27                                                            1                                                   853-0929 16050
Philips Semiconductors                                                                                                         Product specification

                                                                                                         LM124/224/324/324A/
   Low power quad op amps
                                                                                                              SA534/LM2902


ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
       SYMBOL                                       PARAMETER                                             RATING                      UNIT
 VCC                   Supply voltage                                                                     32 or ±16                    VDC
 VIN                   Differential input voltage                                                            32                        VDC
 VIN                   Input voltage                                                                     -0.3 to +32                   VDC
                       Maximum power dissipation,
 PD
                       TA=25°C (still-air)1
                          N package                                                                         1420                       mW
                          F package                                                                         1190                       mW
                          D package                                                                         1040                       mW
                       Output short-circuit to GND one amplifier2
                                                                                                         Continuous
                          VCC<15VDC and TA=25°C
 IIN                   Input current (VIN<-0.3V)3                                                            50                        mA
 TA                    Operating ambient temperature range
                          LM324/A                                                                         0 to +70                      °C
                          LM224                                                                          -25 to +85                     °C
                          SA534                                                                          -40 to +85                     °C
                          LM2902                                                                         -40 to +125                    °C
                          LM124                                                                          -55 to +125                    °C
 TSTG                  Storage temperature range                                                         -65 to +150                    °C
 TSOLD                 Lead soldering temperature (10sec max)                                                300                        °C
NOTES:
1. Derate above 25°C at the following rates:
        F package at 9.5mW/°C
        N package at 11.4mW/°C
        D package at 8.3mW/°C
2. Short-circuits from the output to VCC+ can cause excessive heating and eventual destruction. The maximum output current is approximately
   40mA, independent of the magnitude of VCC. At values of supply voltage in excess of +15VDC continuous short-circuits can exceed the
   power dissipation ratings and cause eventual destruction.
3. This input current will only exist when the voltage at any of the input leads is driven negative. It is due to the collector-base junction of the
   input PNP transistors becoming forward biased and thereby acting as input bias clamps. In addition, there is also lateral NPN parasitic
   transistor action on the IC chip. This action can cause the output voltages of the op amps to go to the V+ rail (or to ground for a large
   overdrive) during the time that the input is driven negative.




1995 Nov 27                                                              2
Philips Semiconductors                                                                                              Product specification

                                                                                                     LM124/224/324/324A/
  Low power quad op amps
                                                                                                          SA534/LM2902


DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
VCC=5V, TA=25°C unless otherwise specified.
                                                                                   LM124/LM224         LM324/SA534/LM2902
 SYMBOL                PARAMETER                TEST CONDITIONS                                                                  UNIT
                                                                             Min     Typ     Max       Min   Typ      Max
                                                       RS=0Ω                          ±2      ±5             ±2        ±7
 VOS          Offset voltage1                                                                                                    mV
                                                 RS=0Ω, over temp.                            ±7                       ±9
 ∆VOS/∆T      Temperature drift                  RS=0Ω, over temp.                    7                       7                 µV/°C
                                                    IIN(+) or IIN(-)                  45     150             45       250
 IBIAS        Input current2                                                                                                      nA
                                              IIN(+) or IIN(-), over temp.            40     300             40       500
 ∆IBIAS/∆T    Temperature drift                      Over temp.                       50                     50                 pA/°C
                                                     IIN(+)-IIN(-)                    ±3     ±30             ±5       ±50
 IOS          Offset current                                                                                                      nA
                                               IIN(+)-IIN(-), over temp.                     ±100                    ±150
 ∆IOS/∆T      Temperature drift                      Over temp.                       10                     10                 pA/°C
              Common-mode voltage                     VCC≤30V                 0             VCC-1.5     0           VCC-1.5
 VCM                                                                                                                              V
              range3                            VCC≤30V, over temp.           0             VCC-2       0            VCC-2
              Common-mode rejection
 CMRR                                                 VCC=30V                70       85               65    70                   dB
              ratio
                                                 RL=2kΩ, VCC=30V,
 VOUT         Output voltage swing                                           26                        26                         V
                                                    over temp.
                                                RL≤10kΩ, VCC=30V,
 VOH          Output voltage high                                            27       28               27    28                   V
                                                    over temp.
                                                      RL≤10kΩ,
 VOL          Output voltage low                                                      5       20              5        20        mV
                                                      over temp.
                                                  RL=∞, VCC=30V,
                                                                                     1.5         3           1.5       3
                                                    over temp.
 ICC          Supply current                                                                                                     mA
                                                        RL=∞,
                                                                                     0.7      1.2            0.7      1.2
                                                      over temp.
                                               VCC=15V (for large VO
                                                                             50      100               25    100
                                                 swing), RL≥2kΩ
 AVOL         Large-signal voltage gain        VCC=15V (for large VO                                                            V/mV
                                                 swing), RL≥2kΩ,             25                        15
                                                   over temp.
              Amplifier-to-amplifier              f=1kHz to 20kHz,
                                                                                     -120                    -120                 dB
              coupling5                             input referred
 PSRR         Power supply rejection ratio              RS≤0Ω                65      100               65    100                  dB
              Output current                     VIN+=+1V, VIN-=0V,
                                                                             20       40               20    40
               source                                VCC=15V
                                                VIN+=+1V, VIN-=0V,
                                                                             10       20               10    20
                                                VCC=15V, over temp.
                                                                                                                                 mA
                                                 VIN-=+1V, VIN+=0V,
 IOUT         Output current                                                 10       20               10    20
                                                      VCC=15V
                                                 VIN-=+1V, VIN+=0V,
                sink                                                          5       8                 5     8
                                                VCC=15V, over temp.
                                                 VIN-=+1V, VIN+=0V,
                                                                             12       50               12    50                   µA
                                                     VO=200mV
 ISC          Short-circuit current4                                         10       40      60       10    40        60        mA
 GBW          Unity gain bandwidth                                                    1                       1                  MHz
 SR           Slew rate                                                              0.3                     0.3                 V/µs
 VNOISE       Input noise voltage                       f=1kHz                        40                     40                nV/√Hz
 VDIFF        Differential input voltage3                                                    VCC                      VCC         V




1995 Nov 27                                                            3
Philips Semiconductors                                                                                                           Product specification

                                                                                                         LM124/224/324/324A/
  Low power quad op amps
                                                                                                              SA534/LM2902


DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (Continued)
VCC=5V, TA=25°C unless otherwise specified.
                                                                                                             LM324A
  SYMBOL                 PARAMETER                            TEST CONDITIONS                                                             UNIT
                                                                                                   Min         Typ         Max
                                                                     RS=0Ω                                      ±2          ±3
 VOS            Offset voltage1                                                                                                            mV
                                                               RS=0Ω, over temp.                                            ±5
 ∆VOS/∆T        Temperature drift                              RS=0Ω, over temp.                                 7          30            µV/°C
                                                                  IIN(+) or IIN(-)                              45          100
 IBIAS          Input current2                                                                                                             nA
                                                           IIN(+) or IIN(-), over temp.                         40          200
 ∆IBIAS/∆T      Temperature drift                                  Over temp.                                   50                        pA/°C
                                                                   IIN(+)-IIN(-)                                ±5          ±30
 IOS            Offset current                                                                                                             nA
                                                             IIN(+)-IIN(-), over temp.                                      ±75
 ∆IOS/∆T        Temperature drift                                  Over temp.                                   10          300           pA/°C
 VCM            Common-mode voltage range3                          VCC≤30V                         0                    VCC-1.5            V
                                                             VCC≤30V, over temp.                    0                     VCC-2             V
 CMRR           Common-mode rejection ratio                         VCC=30V                         65          85                         dB
                                                              RL=2kΩ, VCC=30V,
 VOUT           Output voltage swing                                                                26                                      V
                                                                 over temp.
 VOH            Output voltage high                     RL≤10kΩ, VCC=30V, over temp.                27          28                          V
                                                                   RL≤10kΩ,
 VOL            Output voltage low                                                                               5          20             mV
                                                                   over temp.
 ICC            Supply current                            RL=∞, VCC=30V, over temp.                             1.5          3             mA
                                                               RL=∞, over temp.                                 0.7         1.2            mA
 AVOL           Large-signal voltage gain           VCC=15V (for large VO swing), RL≥2kΩ            25         100                        V/mV
                                                    VCC=15V (for large VO swing), RL≥2kΩ,
                                                                                                    15                                    V/mV
                                                                  over temp.
                                                               f=1kHz to 20kHz,
                Amplifier-to-amplifier coupling5                                                               -120                        dB
                                                                 input referred
 PSRR           Power supply rejection ratio                         RS≤0Ω                          65         100                         dB
                Output current
                                                         VIN+=+1V, VIN-=0V, VCC=15V                 20          40                         mA
                 source
                                                   VIN+=+1V, VIN-=0V, VCC=15V, over temp.           10          20                         mA
 IOUT           Output current                           VIN-=+1V, VIN+=0V, VCC=15V                 10          20                         mA
                  sink                             VIN-=+1V, VIN+=0V, VCC=15V, over temp.           5            8                         mA
                                                        VIN-=+1V, VIN+=0V, VO=200mV                 12          50                         µA
 ISC            Short-circuit current4                                                              10          40          60             mA
 VDIFF          Differential input voltage3                                                                                VCC              V
 GBW            Unity gain bandwidth                                                                             1                        MHz
 SR             Slew rate                                                                                       0.3                        V/µs
 VNOISE         Input noise voltage                                  f=1kHz                                     40                       nV/√Hz
NOTES:
1. VO ≈ 1.4VDC, RS=0Ω with VCC from 5V to 30V and over full input common-mode range (0VDC+ to VCC -1.5V).
2. The direction of the input current is out of the IC due to the PNP input stage. This current is essentially constant, independent of the state of
   the output so no loading change exists on the input lines.
3. The input common-mode voltage or either input signal voltage should not be allowed to go negative by more than 0.3V. The upper end of the
   common-mode voltage range is VCC -1.5, but either or both inputs can go to +32V without damage.
4. Short-circuits from the output to VCC can cause excessive heating and eventual destruction. The maximum output current is approximately
   40mA independent of the magnitude of VCC. At values of supply voltage in excess of +15VDC, continuous short-circuits can exceed the
   power dissipation ratings and cause eventual destruction. Destructive dissipation can result from simultaneous shorts on all amplifiers.
5. Due to proximity of external components, insure that coupling is not originating via stray capacitance between these external parts. This
   typically can be detected as this type of coupling increases at higher frequencies.




1995 Nov 27                                                               4
Philips Semiconductors                                                                                                      Product specification

                                                                                                             LM124/224/324/324A/
  Low power quad op amps
                                                                                                                  SA534/LM2902


EQUIVALENT CIRCUIT

                                  v+


                                             6 µA             100µA          6µA

                                                                                               Q5


                                                                                                       Q6

                                                                      CC

                                                                                               Q7



                                        Q2      Q3                                                           RSC


                                                                                                                   OUTPUT
                                   Q1                    Q4


                         INPUTS                                                    Q11                     Q13
                          +

                                                                           Q10           Q12        50µA

                                  Q8                Q9




                                                                                                                                    SL00066


                                                         Figure 2. Equivalent Circuit




1995 Nov 27                                                           5
Philips Semiconductors                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Product specification

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            LM124/224/324/324A/
   Low power quad op amps
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 SA534/LM2902


TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS

                                                                                                                                                  Output Characteristics
                                                        Supply Current                                                                              Current Sourcing                                                                                      Current Limiting
                                         4                                                                                                8                                                                                                90
                                                                                                                                                                 V+
          SUPPLY CURRENT DRAIN (mAdc)




                                                                                                                                          7                                                                                                80




                                                                                                  REFERENCE TO V+ (V DC )
                                                                                                   V∆ – OUTPUT VOLTAGE




                                                                                                                                                                                                           OUTPUT CURRENT (mAdc)
                                         3                                                                                                        +V+ /2                      V2                                                           70
                                                                                                                                          6
                                                                                                                                                           +                                                                               60
                                                                                                                                          5                –             IO                                                                50
                                         2
                                                                                                                                          4                                                                                                40

                                                                                                                                          3        INDEPENDENT OF V+                                                                       30
                                         1        TA = 0oC to +125oC                                                                                   TA = +25oC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           20
                                                                                                                                          2
                                                                        TA =   -55oC                                                                                                                                                       10
                                         0                                                                                                1
                                              0                                                                                                                                                                                             0
                                                       10         20           30          40                                             0.001     0.01       0.1            1            10      100                                          55 35 –15   5     25    45 65        85 105 125
                                                    SUPPLY VOLTAGE (VDC)                                                                      IO+ – OUTPUT SOURCE CURRENT (mA DC)                                                                           TEMPERATURE (oC)
                                                                                       OP05450S
                                                                                                                                                                                                OP05460S                                                                                   OP05470S




                                                                                                                                                  Output Characteristics                                                                             Open–Loop Frequency
                                                            Voltage Gain                                                                             Current Sinking                                                                                      Response
                                        160                                                                                             10                                                                                                 140
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               V+
                                                                                                                                                                V+ = +5 VDC                                                                                                          10M
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0.1µf
                                                                                                                                                               V+ = +15 VDC
                                                                                                           V O– OUTPUT VOLTAGE (VDC )




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           120
                                                                 RL + 20 KΩ                                                                                                                                                                                                      –
                                                                                                                                                               V+ = +30 VDC                                                                                     VIN
  VOL — VOLTAGE GAIN (dB)




                                        120                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      +
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           100
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       VOLTAGE GAIN (dB)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            VO
                                                            RL + 2 KΩ                                                                    1                                                                                                                                V+/2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           80
                                        80                                                                                                                                            V+                                                                               V+ = 30 VDC AND
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           60                          –55oC < TA < +125oC
                                                                                                                                                                                  –
                                                                                                                                        0.1                      V+ /2
                                                                                                                                                                                  +               IO                                       40
                                        40                                                                                                                                                  VO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              V+ = 10 to 15 VDC AND
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           20 –55oC < TA < +125oC
  A




                                                                                                                                                                     TA = +25oC
                                                                                                                                 0.01
                                         0                                                                                                                                                                                                  0
                                              0        10         20           30          40                                       0.001         0.01     0.1                1            10      100                                           1   10   100     1K     10K     100K 1M 10M
                                                      SUPPLY VOLTAGE (VDC)                                                                     IO – OUTPUT SINK CURRENT (mA DC)                                                                                 FREQUENCY (Hz)
                                                                                       OP05480S                                                                                                                                                                                         OP05500S
                                                                                                                                                                                                OP05490S

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             SL00067

                                                                                                  Figure 3. Typical Performance Characteristics




1995 Nov 27                                                                                                                                                          6
Philips Semiconductors                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Product specification

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             LM124/224/324/324A/
  Low power quad op amps
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  SA534/LM2902


TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS                                                                                                                                    (Continued)



                                                            Large-Scale                                                                                                Voltage-Follower
                                                        Frequency Response                                                                                             Pulse Response                                                                                       Input Voltage Range




                                                                                                               OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
                                        20                                                                                                                4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             15
                                                                               VDC                                                                                                 RL < 2K V+ = 15 VDC




                                                                                                                                                                                                                          +V IN — INPUT VOLTAGE ( + V DC )
                                                                                       100K                                                               3
             VO — OUTPUT SWING (Vp–p)




                                        15                               1K                                                                               2
                                                                                   –
                                                                                   +
                                                                                                                                                          1                                                                                                  10
                                                              VIN                                VO
                                                                        +7V                 2K                                                                                                                                                                                NEGATIVE
                                                                              DC
                                        10                                                                                                                0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              POSITIVE
                                                                                                               INPOUT VOLTAGE (V)
                                                                                                                                                          3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               5
                                         5                                                                                                                2

                                                                                                                                                          1

                                         0                                                                                                                0
                                             1K            10K                 100K               1M                                                           0       10             20              30        40                                             0               5              10                15
                                                                  FREQUENCY (Hz)                                                                                                 TIME (µS)                                                                          — POWER SUPPLY VOLTAGE (+ VDC)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              V+ OR V–


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Voltage-Follower Pulse
                                                                                                                CMRR — COMMON–MODE REJECTION RATIO (dB)




                                                          Input Current                                                                                       Common-Mode Rejection Ratio                                                                               Response (Small–Signal)
                                                                                                                                                          120                                                                                                  500
                                  90
                                                                             VCM = 0 VDC
                                  80
  IB – INPUT CURRENT (nA DC )




                                                                                                                                                          100




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    EO – OUTPUT VOLTAGE (mV)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               450                                   EO
                                  70                                V+ = +30 VDC                                                                                                                                                                                                                    50pF
                                  60                                                                                                                      80                                                                                                                VIN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               400
                                  50                                                                                                                                                 +7.5 VDC
                                                                   V+ = +15 VDC                                                                           60                                 100k
                                  40                                                                                                                                              100                                                                                                         INPUT
                                                                                                                                                                                             –             VO                                                  350
                                  30                                                                                                                      40
                                                                                                                                                                       +          100        +                                                                                OUTPUT
                                                                                                                                                                    VIN
                                  20                              V+ = +5 VDC
                                                                                                                                                          20                      100k      7.5 VDC                                                            300
                                  10                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          TA = +25oC
                                                                                                                                                              0                                                                                                                               V+ = +30 VDC
                                        0                                                                                                                                                                                                                      250
                                         –55 –35 –15          5    25   45    65       85 105 125                                                             100      1k             10k         100k          1M                                                0     1     2      3    4         5   6   7        8

                                                        TA — TEMPERATURE (Co)                                                                                              f — FREQUENCY (Hz)                                                                                      L — TIME (µS)


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            SL00068

                                                                                                      Figure 4. Typical Performance Characteristics (cont.)



TYPICAL APPLICATIONS

                                                                        RF                                                                                            V+
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       V+

                                                                         V+                               V+
                                                  RIN                    8                                2                                                                                      V+
                                                                                                                                                                           10K                                                                                                             V+
  VIN                                                               –                                                                                                                                                                                                   10K
                                                                                                  VO
                                                                    +                                                                                                                             8
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                8
                                                                         4                                                                                    VIN                            +                       VO                           VIN                                     +
                                                                                       RL                                                                                                                                                                                                                            VO
                                                                                                                                                                                             – 4                                                                                          +
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          – 4
                                                         V+                                                                                                            10k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        10k
                                                          2                                                    BLOCKS
                                                                                                               DC.
                                                                                                               GAIN                                                  R1                          RF




                                              Single Supply Inverting Amplifier                                                                                     Non–Inverting Amplifier                                                                        Input Biasing Voltage–Follower
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            SL00069

                                                                                                                                                              Figure 5. Typical Applications



1995 Nov 27                                                                                                                                                                       7

				
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