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                  (R1-3-A004, Russell Offices, Canberra, ACT 2600)


                                    May 2007

Australian Services Cricket Association Constitution
AL2 - Revised May 2007

The Australian Services Cricket Association (ASCA) Constitution is issued to provide
guidance and direction for the conduct of cricket within the ADF at both the national inter-
Service and ADF representative levels. The Constitution is issued under the authority of the
standing President and Secretary of the ASCA.

Original Signed By                                 Original Signed By

S.J. DUNN, AM                                      G.C. PINDER
Brigadier                                          Squadron Leader
President ASCA                                     Secretary ASCA

1 May 2007                                         2 May 2007

Australian Services Cricket Association Constitution
AL2 - Revised May 2007

                            AMENDMENT CERTIFICATE

                                   ASCA Constitution

Proposals for amendment to this instruction are to be directed to the Secretary ASCA or the
President ASCA. Such proposals for amendment are to include a DRAFT of the suggested

Amendment      Details of Amendment                         Entered by       Date
Number                                                      Whom             Amendment
1              Removal of Chairman position and inclusion L.J. Coyle         12 Oct 04
               of AGM
2              Complete Revision                          S.J. Dunn, AM      1 May 07

Australian Services Cricket Association Constitution
AL2 - Revised May 2007

A. DI(G) PERS 14-2 Australian Defence Force policy on sport
B. Australian Defence Sports Council–Sports Associations Consolidated Annual Return

1.   The name of the association is the Australian Services Cricket Association (ASCA).

Management Authority

2.  The ASCA is a registered sporting association with the Australian Defence Sports
Council (ADSC).

3.  The ASCA is required to act in accordance with policy requirements dictated by the
ADSC and submit annual report returns accordingly.


4.    The ASCA Executive is the management body that is required to report to the ADSC on
all matters regarding the activities of the ASCA. The Executive is to be structured to achieve
the ASCA objectives stated in this constitution.


5.   The ASCA objectives are to:

     a.      Encourage and promote the sport of cricket amongst the members of the
             Australian Defence Organisation (ADO);

     b.      Foster ADO cricket competition at the regional intra-Service and inter-Service

     c.      On an annual basis, coordinate and manage the conduct of the Australian National
             Inter-Service Carnival;

     d.      Select the ASCA Team to compete in invitational matches/carnivals within
             Australia or on international tours when organised;

     e.      Organise intra-national and international tours by the ASCA team representing the

     f.      Host, and assist where possible, other nations’ Combined Service’s cricket teams
             tours of Australia;

     g.      Provide the command and control structure for the ASCA Cricket team when
             touring either within Australia or internationally; and

     h.      Provide an appropriate level of assistance to the respective Service cricket
             associations, where formed, with the conduct of their activities.


6.    The ASCA will have a permanent affiliation with each of the respective Service cricket
associations, where formed.

Australian Services Cricket Association Constitution
AL2 - Revised May 2007

7.   The ASCA may affiliate with other national and state cricket associations or sporting
bodies that the ASCA Executive deems appropriate. Any affiliation fees are to be paid by the


8.  Membership of the ASCA shall be open to all full-time and part-time servicemen and
women of the Australian Defence Force (ADF) and Australian Public Service members of the
ADO, and past members of the ADO who have been granted Life Membership of the ASCA.

9.    Life membership. Members of the ASCA, who have contributed significantly to the
objectives of the ASCA and/or contributed as a player or official in an outstanding and
consistent manner over an extended period, may be nominated for Life Membership of the
ASCA. Life Membership is to be considered an honour by the members of the ASCA and
granting of such category of membership should be rigidly scrutinised by the ASCA

10. Any member of the ASCA may submit a nomination for Life Membership in respect of
another individual. A nomination must be seconded by a member of the Executive prior to
submission at an ASCA Executive meeting. The Executive will consider all nominations and
recommendations will be made to the President of the ASCA. Successful nominations will be
recorded in ASCA Executive minutes. The President ASCA has the right to overrule, or
determine, selection for nomination of Life Membership of the ASCA.

11. Following selection, a Life Member of the ASCA will be recognised through the award
of a framed certificate or suitable presentation at an ASCA function.

12. Revoking of Life Membership. Life membership can be revoked at anytime at the sole
discretion of the President of the ASCA should the recipient bring the Association into
disrepute or their actions are of such a nature that is contrary to the Association’s charter.

ASCA Executive

13. Committee Composition. The President of the ASCA will determine the composition
of the Executive necessary to achieve the objectives of the ASCA. The position of President
will be determined by the outgoing President and confirmed by the Patron of the ASCA.

14. The ASCA Executive positions will be determined by the membership of ASCA at the
Annual General Meeting (AGM). All committee position changes are to be confirmed in the
Minutes of the AGM and endorsed by the President ASCA.

15.   The ASCA committee structure is at annex A.

16. The position of Service representatives will be passed on by the outgoing Service
representative or Service cricket association, and confirmed by the President of the ASCA.

17. Executive Meetings. Committee meetings will be held when called by the President
ASCA. Normally meetings will be held twice yearly with one meeting coinciding with the
conduct of a national carnival. A meeting will be convened when a minimum of four
personnel are available.

18. Annual General Meetings. The AGM of ASCA will be held during a national carnival.
Where national carnivals are not conducted due to an overseas tour, the AGM should be held

Australian Services Cricket Association Constitution
AL2 - Revised May 2007

during the gathering of players for such tour. The AGM will hear reports from the ASCA
President, Secretary and Treasurer. The Executive committee positions shall be elected by a
majority of ASCA members at an AGM.

19. Voting Rights. Only ASCA Executive position bearers have the right to vote at ASCA
Executive meetings. Invited members of the ASCA may attend ASCA Executive meetings
and contribute to discussion of agenda items. The President will have a casting vote if there is
a deadlock on a decision by the Executive. All ASCA members will be eligible to vote at the

20. Review of Executive Positions. The ASCA Executive positions will be reviewed
annually prior to the AGM and reflected on the ASCA website. Where a committee member
is unable to attend a meeting, a suitable representative, endorsed by the President ASCA, will
be permitted to hold the position of ‘acting’ member for a defined term of office.

21. Conduct of Meetings. The Secretary ASCA will be responsible for coordinating ASCA
meetings when called by the President. Agenda items will be recorded and, where practical,
distributed to all committee position holders prior to each meeting.

22. ASCA Meeting Minutes. Copies of all ASCA Executive meeting and AGM minutes
are to be distributed to the ADSC, all committee members, and where appropriate to affiliated
Service Cricket Associations. The Secretary ASCA will be responsible for holding the master
copy of all ASCA Minutes. Copies of all ASCA meeting minutes are to be posted on the
ASCA website.

Australian Defence Sports Council

23. The policy procedures for the conduct of the ASCA are contained in the relevant ADSC
Instructions (refer reference A). The responsibility for meeting reporting obligations to the
ADSC rests with the President ASCA.

24. Consolidated Annual Return. In accordance with ASCA requirements, a report is
required to be prepared by the Treasurer ASCA on an annual basis and submitted via the
President to the ADSC Secretary. The report normally comprises the following:

      a.    Audit Component (Treasurer),

      b.    Sponsorship Component (Treasurer),

      c.    Activity Forecast Component for the coming season (Secretary),

      d.    Activity Longcast Component for next Five Years (Secretary), and

      e.    General Component – Annual Report past and present (President).

25. The annual report submission is due to the ADSC by 01 September each year. All
component reports are due to the President ASCA, NLT 15 August prior to September of that

ASCA Coach and Manager

26. 'The ASCA Executive will appoint a coach and/or team manager as deemed appropriate
for both touring ASCA teams and national tours. The positions of ASCA Coach and ASCA
Manager shall be reviewed after each National Carnival and Combined Services tour.
Australian Services Cricket Association Constitution
AL2 - Revised May 2007

National Inter-Service Competition

27. Conduct. The conduct of a National Inter-Service Carnival is to be in accordance with
the Laws of Cricket. Matches will be 50 overs a-side played over one day. The rules and
playing conditions for one-day matches are to be confirmed annually by the Umpires’

28. Player Selection. It is the responsibility of the respective Service Representative to
coordinate the selection of players and team officials for their national Service team.
Reservists and civilian employees of the Department of Defence may participate in sport at all
levels. However, Reservists should not be called up for full-time duty purely to participate in
sports events, nor should training days be used for them to do so. Participation by Defence
civilian employees in representative sports teams is subject to normal Public Service Leave
regulations. Should any APS member wish to participate in a National Inter-Service Carnival
then they can do so by forming a dedicated team. Single Service teams are not to comprise
any APS members.

29. In accordance with reference A, selection of a Reservist or Department of Defence
civilian employee (APS member) as a representative of the ASCA is subject to the approval
of the President ASCA. The ASCA President is the Commanding Officer for the conduct of
National Inter-Service Carnivals, any tours or associated matches. Requests are to be directed
to the President ASCA in writing through the Secretary not less than seven days prior to the
requested participation of a Defence Reservist, Department of Defence civilian employee
(APS member) or team.

30. Female members. The ASCA fully supports the participation of female ADO members
at the national or Combined Services level. Participation is limited to selection on equal terms
with male members in a Services or Combined Services side due to the lack of numbers
warranting a dedicated female sides being formed, and matches played, as part of a National
Inter-Service Carnival. However, should demand warrant then a dedicated female side shall
be formed, or separate competition established, which is to be considered by the ASCA
Executive on a case-by-case basis.

31. Disabled APS Members. Participation of disabled APS members in a dedicated APS
side, or in a Combined Services side, would be considered on a case-by-case basis given the
inherent dangers in playing or officiating in this sport.

32. Organisation Responsibilities. The ASCA Executive will forecast the staging of a
National Inter-Service Carnival, which is normally conducted annually. On a rotational basis,
or as volunteered, each Service will take the lead role in the coordination of a National
Carnival, including match venues and all necessary team facilities connected with the conduct
of such carnival and the follow-on Combined Services fixture(s) if played in the same

33. Playing Venue. The playing venue for the conduct of competition is to be endorsed by
the ASCA Executive.

34. Sports Safety Management Plan. The ASCA is required to maintain a Sports Safety
Management Plan (SSMP), which is to form part of all Carnival, and also Combined Services
Tour, Instructions. The SSMP is at annex B and is to be reviewed every two years.

35. Awards. The ASCA will sponsor the following competition and individual awards at
each National Inter-Service Carnival:
Australian Services Cricket Association Constitution
AL2 - Revised May 2007

     a.      Competition Trophy. The competition trophy awarded at each National
             Carnival, known as the Lindsay Hassett, MBE, National Inter-Service
             Championship Trophy, will be held by a representative of the winning team at a
             location endorsed by the ASCA Executive. The ASCA will meet routine repair
             and engraving costs associated with the competition trophy. The trophy holders
             are responsible for any loss or damage to a trophy.

     (b)     Individual Awards. The following individual awards will be acknowledged at
             each National Carnival, unless otherwise determined by the Executive, and
             funded by the ASCA:

             (1)   Player of the Series. For the most outstanding individual contribution made
                   by a member of the competing sides at the National Inter-Service Carnival.
                   An endorsed representative of each Service at the National Carnival and the
                   President ASCA, or their nominated representative, will adjudicate this

             (2)   Outstanding Batting Award. A batsman who achieves the most runs at a
                   National Carnival.

             (3)   Outstanding Bowling Award. A bowler who takes the most wickets at a
                   National Carnival.

ASCA Team Selection

36. The President ASCA, or their nominated representative, will be the Chair of Selectors
for the ASCA Team (also known as the Combined Services Team) and each Service will
provide an appropriate representative on the selection committee, endorsed by the ASCA
Executive. The ASCA Team Coach can advise the selection committee of the desired team
make-up, but does not have a casting vote in the selection process. Team selection is the
purview of the appointed selection committee and is to be endorsed by the President ASCA.
Should any dispute arise, the final decision will rest with the President ASCA or their
nominated delegate.

37. Reservists, female ADF members, and APS employees, who have participated in a
National Inter-Service Carnival, are to be considered on equal basis with male ADO members
when an ASCA Team is being selected. Selection of such personnel is subject to the approval
of the President ASCA.

ASCA International Tours

38. When an international tour has been approved by the CDF, as Patron, and the ADSC, a
separate Tour Organising Committee is to be formed. While the ASCA Executive will largely
comprise the Tour Organising Committee, additional participation from interested ASCA
members, past and present, will be welcomed. The Tour Organising Committee is to be
coordinated by the President ASCA, or their nominated representative.


39. The ASCA Executive has the right to veto any proposed award for awarding to a
member participating in a National Carnival or Combined Services team on the basis of any
on-field mis-conduct that is brought to the attention of the President ASCA. All players and
officials are to abide with the ASCA Code of Conduct detailed at annex C. In the case of any
Australian Services Cricket Association Constitution
AL2 - Revised May 2007

on-field matter that is brought to the attention of the President ASCA within 14 days of the
incident and a Disciplinary Committee will be convened by the ASCA President.

40. Punishments available to the Disciplinary Committee may be range from suspension in
future carnivals to a reprimand. Any disciplinary action will be notified to the member’s
Commanding Officer.
A. ASCA Executive Committee Structure
B. ASCA Sports Safety Management Plan
C. ASCA Code of Conduct

Australian Services Cricket Association Constitution
AL2 - Revised May 2007
                                                                          ANNEX A TO
                                                                   ASCA CONSTITUTION
                                                                             1 MAY 07
ASCA Executive Committee Structure

1.   The ASCA Executive is to comprise the following:

     a.    Patron,

     b.    President,

     c.    Treasurer,

     d.    Secretary,

     e.    Assistant Secretary,

     f.    Navy Representative,

     g.    Army Representative, and

     h.    Air Force Representative.

2.   The following appointments are permanently invited to an Executive meeting, but have
no voting rights:

     a.    ASCA Team Coach,

     b.    ASCA Webmaster,

     c.    Property Member, and

     d.    Sponsorship Member.

3.   An invitation is to be extended to the APS side participating in a National Inter-Service
Carnival for a representative to be invited to an Executive meeting.

Australian Services Cricket Association Constitution
AL2 - Revised May 2007
                                                                            ANNEX B TO
                                                                     ASCA CONSTITUTION
                                                                                     1 MAY 07

ASCA Sports Safety Management Plan


1.    The aim of this plan is to detail the mandatory minimum requirements to be in place for
the Australian Services Cricket Association (ASCA) to conduct a carnival or competition
under its auspices. The following requirements are to be adopted by all Defence members
participating in ASCA-organised cricket carnivals, Combined Services matches and tours,
training camps, or social activities.


2.    All sporting teams and individuals must be managed correctly. The requirements are as

      a.   ASCA is to ensure that all teams and sides played within and outside Australia
           have a Manager proficient in cricket and its administrative requirements.

      b.   National and State Manager(s) are to be of Senior Non Commissioned Officer or
           above with broad administrative and management experience in cricket at state,
           national or Combined Service level.

Injury Surveillance

3.    The Manager is to ensure that all injuries are recorded within relevant Service health
reporting media, This does not absolve any individual player or official from the
responsibility of initially informing the Manager (or another appropriate official) of any
injuries sustained.

4.    Managers. Managers are responsible for the following:

      a.   Pre–participation screening of players prior to starting a team event.

      b.   Ensuring that First Aid facilities are available at the venue in use.

      c.   Players have checked all cricket equipment in use and that the equipment is in
           good condition.

      d.   Venues are booked and if possible, plan alternative venues as required.

      e.   Administration support (eg transport, accommodation, rations are available when

      f.   Details of nearby Defence and civilian medical facilities are recorded in
           carnival/tour documentation and made known to the relevant officials.

      g.   The Manager is to provide the appropriate supervision and brief players on the
           Safety Plans and attendant risks of participating in a cricket-related activity.

5.    Pre-Screening. Physical health and anthropometric factors (eg body somatype, static
balance, anaerobic fitness) may be associated with an increased risk of injury. Pre-
participation screening aims to identify people with conditions that may predispose them to
serious injury or death. Screening is designed as a primary injury prevention method,
although secondary and tertiary aspects are also included. The overall goal of pre-
participation screening is to locate diminished motion, strength and flexibility or increased
instability in an individual.

6.    The Manager is to be aware of the relevant medical history of all players should such be
likely to influence any scheduled activity. The Manager is to co-ordinate the completion of an
ASCA-approved pre-selection screening questionnaire by all players and ensure that an
adequate level of fitness, ability and health exists for the proposed activity. The following
conditions may require a medical clearance and possibly affect play:

     a.    Blood pressure;

     b.    Muscular or Skeletal problems;

     c.    Asthma;

     d.    Overweight; and

     e.    Prescribed medication (eg blood thinners, antihistamines, Ventolin).


7.    A training program should be designed that is specifically tailored to optimise
performance in the sport. In order to devise efficient and safe training programs, coaches (in
consultation with players) need to consider the capabilities of the individual in their charge
and the physical requirements of the sport.

8.   A good training program should include:

     a.    a warm-up and stretching period,

     b.    gradual increases and variation in training intensity, frequency and duration,

     c.    drills specific to the sport;

     d.    a time for cool-down and stretching after exercise; and

     e.    adequate rest and recovery periods.

During the Game

9.    All Team Managers (and officials) are responsible for ensuring that players and officials
are not under the influence of alcohol during the conduct of any match. Should a team
manager, or carnival official, suspect that a member is under the influence, then they are to
take the appropriate administrative or disciplinary action given members are on duty.

Referees/Rules Officials

10. The implementation of the rules as detailed in the National Carnival Administrative
Instruction during matches is to be observed. Umpires and officials should be appropriately
accredited where possible. Appropriate sanctions must be applied for any rule infringements.

Protective Clothing and Equipment

11. Any protective equipment worn by cricketers in matches is the responsibility of the
individual to ensure that such equipment (eg helmets, protectors, body guards) is fully
serviceable. At the minimum, players are to wear a helmet and protector when batting or
fielding close-in. Helmets are strongly encouraged to be worn when batting and fielding
close-in. The ASCA Manager is to ensure any such equipment owned and supplied by the
ASCA is fully serviceable for use by players and officials.

12. Footwear. The footwear worn in cricket should provide appropriate cushioning, support
and stability, and must maintain reasonable flexibility and traction. It is important that the
material used in sports shoes allows the feet to ‘breathe’ in order to reduce moisture and
prevent blisters. Tight or badly fitting shoes cause blisters, corns, loss of toenails and other
foot ailments.


13. Environmental conditions must be assessed prior to commencing any activity or event.
The guidelines for differing environments are detailed below cognisant that the Laws of
Cricket provide guidance to Umpires and Captains regarding the commencement or
resumption of play in inclement or indifferent weather conditions.

14. Hot or Humid Conditions. Participants should be observed closely by team officials
and umpires for onset of heat stroke, heat exhaustion, and hypothermia. Fluids should be
consumed regularly before, during, and after the game to prevent dehydration. Players should
have regular rest periods during practice games with appropriate clothing to be worn and
sunscreen applied. Should the syndrome persist, then urgent medical treatment should be
applied; the level of which is to be determined by a medical representative or, in the absence
of any, a qualified first aider, team manager or NCC.

15. Cold Conditions. Observe players for the onset of hypothermia. Avoid standing in
exposed conditions for long periods of time. Players should have sufficient clothing on hand
for the prevailing conditions.

16. Thunderstorm Activity. Players must make every effort to maintain a safe position
during such occurrence and observe all local venue rules and the Laws of Cricket in relation
to continued play under these conditions.

National and Overseas Tours

17. A risk analysis will be conducted for each national carnival and overseas tour to ensure
that appropriate considerations are made in respect of the operating location(s).

Medical Assistance

18. Sports First Aid is an important injury countermeasure at all sports competitions and
training. The following safety requirements should be observed:

     a.    Venue to have short notice access to medical personnel or a qualified first aid

     b.    The National Carnival Coordinator (NCC) is to ensure that an emergency contact
           list of all emergency phone numbers is readily accessible by participants at the
           playing venue.

     c.    The NCC is to ensure that the venue have a basic First Aid Kit available for use.
           In addition, the NCC is responsible for compiling a list that details contact details
           of the local military and civilian hospital and medical facilities. In respect of any
           local ADF medical facilities, the NCC is to make contact with them prior to the
           commencement of the carnival to provide details and confirm support the support

     d.    The NCC is to ensure that the venue have Ice Packs available if necessary.

     e.    The NCC is to ensure that the venue has adequate fluids available for all players.

     f.    The NCC is responsible for contacting medical support in an emergency and
           coordinating the recovery of an injured member to a medical facility.

     g.    Blood Rule. Any member who sustains a loss of blood, suffer any cuts of a
           significant nature or head injuries on the field of play, or during a training session,
           are to be treated immediately and not to be allowed to come in contact with any
           other player or official to avoid potential of exchange of fluids. A member can
           only resume participation once the injury has been properly treated and that there
           is no chance of another person coming in direct contact with the wound.

19. Rest, ice, compression, elevation and referral (RICER) is a well known procedure for
the initial management of injury. This treatment regime is believed to reduce the risk of
exacerbating the injury; decrease haematoma, swelling and the amount of tissue damage; and
speed recovery.

20. Injuries need to be properly managed to promote healing and to reduce the risk of
further damage. The treatment goals are:

     a.    pain relief;

     b.    promotion of healing;

     c.    decreased inflammation; and

     d.    return to full function and sporting activities as soon as possible.

This process may involve first aid, taping or bracing of the injured body part and referral for
expert treatment and general rehabilitation.

Post Injury/Illness

21. It is important to treat, rest, and rehabilitate a player/official before resuming
participation. Team Managers should educate players on the following:

     a.    Individuals must be made aware that they are to take responsibility to inform the
           Manager of any current injuries or illnesses.

     b.    After an injury or illness, a player should ensure that a doctors or physiotherapist
           clearance has been secured prior to commencing further cricket activity.

     c.    Passive countermeasures such as strapping, ankle or knee brace, etc can assist in
           preventing recurring injury.

22. Team Managers should closely observe players that have recently recovered from a
major illness such as chronic fatigue syndrome, glandular fever, etc. Be aware that fatigue
may be induced earlier in a player who has recently recovered from such illnesses, as opposed
to a healthier individual.

Preventing Cricket Injuries

23. Common injuries from Cricket. Compared with some other sports, the overall risk of
injury is considered to be medium. However, short periods of intensive play can lead to
muscle imbalances in high-level players. Common injuries are to the back, wrist and upper
arm and thighs.

24. Cause of injuries. As for most sports, faulty playing technique is probably a major
cause of cricket injuries. The technique used by players has the potential to prevent or,
conversely, cause injury. Incorrect technique includes poor bowling technique, poor pre-spell
warm ups or poor balance. As mentioned below, specific balance and strength training
programs can reduce the risk. Player technique should be continually reviewed by
coaches/senior players for faults or dangerous practices.

25. What are the associated problems? Overuse injuries and aggravation of previous
injuries are common. Such injuries typically occur to the lower back, wrist/upper arm, knee
and shoulder. These injuries are not always severe but can limit performance in the game.

26. Overuse injury can be caused by the forces and repetitive nature of bowling or batting
technique, or a previous injury for which the body compensates by increasing the stress on
another part of the body. The process of compensation eventually leads to tissue breakdown
and overt injury at the vulnerable site.

Venues, Sports Equipment, Coach and Safety List

27. The maintenance and safety of all playing venues and sports equipment used is
imperative to ensure that any injuries do not occur or are at least minimised. Inspection of
these facilities is to be conducted by the National Carnival Coordinator. Playing equipment
must be regularly checked and maintained. Appropriate supply of sporting equipment is to be
available to all players; however, the onus remains on the individual (be it player or umpire)
to ensure their equipment is fully serviceable and adequate for the role(s) they perform in the
match. All players should undertake proper and adequate warm-up procedures before each
game. This warm up is to be under the direction of the team coach (preferably a coach

qualified to Level One as a minimum) and should include gentle movement and mobility
exercises, leg and shoulder stretches, back and torso stretches.

Safety tips

28. All players should undertake proper and adequate warm-up procedures before each
game. This should include gentle movement and mobility exercises, leg and shoulder
stretches, back and torso stretches.

29. All players should undertake general strength and fitness programs including weight
training and/or aerobic activities (eg walking or jogging (obtain medical advice if necessary)).

30. Delivery and technique improvement, for both injury prevention and performance, can
be achieved by taking lessons from an accredited Cricket Australia coach.

31. All cricket equipment (including shoes, pads, helmets, bats) should be professionally
fitted before purchase.

32. All players should be prepared to stop playing immediately when a muscle
problem/injury occurs.

33. All injured players, irrespective of how severe the injury is, should seek first aid or
prompt medical treatment of their injury.

34. Injured cricketers or umpires should not resume playing or officiating until they have
completely recovered from their injury.

Pre-Game Warm-up

35. ‘Warm-up’ is a term that encompasses the light exercise, stretching and psychological
activities that are undertaken just prior to sporting activity to increase readiness. Warm-up to
a light sweat followed by slow and relaxed stretching, immediately prior to exercise, are
generally recommended to athletes as a means of enhancing performance and reducing the
risk of musculotendinous injury, particularly muscle tears. Clearly, warm-up and stretching
should not unduly strain or tire the player.

36.   All players should undertake a pre-game warm up that is to include the following:

      a.      Stretching program as detailed should take approximately 10 minutes.

      b.      All sports have a period of warm up prior to the competition taking place. A
              systematic progressive warm up utilising stretching and practice prior to playing
              will ensure that players are warm and ready to commence the game.


37. Pre-game static stretching is important for players and should also be adopted by
umpires; albeit the latter should be undertaken in a modified form given their less active role
compared to a player. Stretching exercises should be thorough and effective for the role being
performed by the player or official. Areas which should be stretched include:

      a.      forearms and upper arms,

      b.    the neck,

      c.    calf and lower legs, and

      d.    lower back.


38. Adequate physical fitness is an essential pre-requisite for participation in any sport
because fatigued athletes have decreased skills performance that can lead to injury. Physical
fitness is important for cricketers and umpires who can be assisted to attain optimal levels for
the sport through regular practice and exercise.

39. To bowl, bat or field well, players need to be flexible with good coordination, balance
and endurance. This flexibility and stability are required so that players can ensure their
flexibility and reaction times. Obviously this will also keep players competitive in cricket for
much longer.

40.   Some useful exercises and areas to be exercised for the player to remain toned include:

      a.    grip strength to enable to have a firm grip on the bat or ball,

      b.    sit ups,

      c.    push ups,

      d.    abdominal exercises,

      e.    range of motion (hips and lower back) exercises, and

      f.    walking and/or jogging.


41. Returning to play or officiating too early after an injury can make the player or umpire
susceptible to re-injury. The coach or a manager should make sure that the risk of re-injury is
reduced by ensuring that players only return to play when fully rehabilitated. The coach or
manager should also monitor that recommended warm-ups are practised and appropriate
taping and bracing is used, if recommended.

42. A rehabilitation program must not be regarded as completed until the player or umpire
is free from pain, muscle strength has returned to near pre-injury level, and articulatory
mobility (joint union movement) has recovered to the pre-injury level.

Injury Countermeasures

43. Injuries may be viewed as the culmination of a set of circumstances and pre-existing
conditions that may best be understood as a chain of events: pre-event, event and post-event.
Injury countermeasures are measures that can ‘counter’ (ie prevent or reduce) the risk of
injury. They should be targeted at the links in this chain, equating to primary (pre-event),
secondary (event) and tertiary (post-event) prevention.

44. Primary countermeasures, such as pre-participation fitness programs, act before an
event or incident that could potentially lead to injury. Secondary countermeasures, such as
protective equipment use, act during the event to prevent the injury occurring or to reduce the
severity of the injury. Tertiary countermeasures, such as prompt and appropriate first aid, act
in the immediate aftermath of an injury event and minimise the consequences of injury.

    The injury chain                     Opportunities for injury prevention and control

                                                     Primary countermeasures
         Pre-                          Act before the event to prevent the event from occurring

                                                     Secondary countermeasures
        Event                           Act during the event to prevent the injury occurring or
                                                       reduce the severity of the injury
        Post-                                         Tertiary countermeasures
                                        Act after the event to minimise the consequence of the
                                                                             ANNEX C TO
                                                                      ASCA CONSTITUTION
                                                                                      1 MAY 07

ASCA Code of Conduct

1.    Strengthening and protecting the spirit of cricket is a priority for the Australian Services
Cricket Association (ASCA) as it is for Cricket Australia. We believe that cricket's appeal to
fans and participants is closely related to the values that are firmly entrenched in the game,
whether it is at unit, inter-Service or international level. We want to create an environment in
which the game's values can be upheld as well as promoting the positive aspects of the game.

2.     As a member of ASCA, and as cricketers, we acknowledge and embrace ‘The Spirit of
Cricket’ and the Laws of our game. We acknowledge that our professionalism, integrity and
conduct will reflect not only upon ourselves, but also our Services, our sponsors and the sport
of cricket. For these reasons it is necessary that we conduct ourselves in an exemplary manner
at all times whilst participating in ASCA activities.

3.   Listed below are some guidelines, which will serve as a guide to the shared standards of
behaviour that we expect of ourselves and of the values we hold.

ADF Values

4.    We will abide by the ADF Values of:

      Innovation; and

Our On-field Behaviour

5.    We play our cricket hard but fair and accept all umpiring decisions as a mark of respect
for our opponents, the umpires, the game and ourselves. We view positive play, pressure,
body language and banter between opponents and ourselves as legitimate tactics and integral
parts of the competitive nature of cricket. We do not condone or engage in sledging or any
other conduct that constitutes personal abuse.

6.    We encourage the display of passion and emotion as a sign of our enjoyment, and pride
in the game, as a celebration of our achievements and as a sign of respect for our opponents.

Our Off-field Behaviour

7.    It is acknowledged that we have a private life to lead, but understand our off-field
conduct has the potential to reflect either positively or adversely on us as individuals, the
ADF and also on the game of cricket. In particular, alcohol abuse leads to a breakdown in
discipline and offensive behaviour, and may bring the ASCA into disrepute. We consider off-
field conduct that may be likely to warrant legitimate public criticism to be unacceptable

Our Team

8.    We take pride in our sense of the importance of the team and acknowledge the role of
the team captain and our direct support staff. We demonstrate this by displaying loyalty and
compassion to each other and by supporting each other to abide by these values. We value
honesty and accept that every member of the team has a role to play in shaping, and abiding
by our shared standards and expectations. We acknowledge and follow the traditions of our

Our Opponents

9.    We acknowledge and respect that our opponents may hold different cultural values and
beliefs from our own, and value the diversity and richness this adds to the game.

10. By treating our opponents with dignity, and forging bonds of mutual respect, we will
overcome any cultural barriers.


11. We respect the history of the game, other ASCA members, other teams, players,
officials and spectators. Opposing teams are to be made welcome.

12. Adherence to this Code of Conduct will ensure we meet our responsibilities and
obligations as members of the ASCA to the ADF, our sponsors and just as importantly to

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