Center for by wuzhenguang




                                                                                                         18 5S
                                                            `ca1annas gladio fortiopt
                                                                                                                                                                      Axonornetric showlng the relationshtp
                                                                                                                                                                      between the Old Library, MaÅ}n Ltbrary,
                                                                                                                                                                      and Graduate School.
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 No one can ignore the two buildings on                   street in the city. The new graduate school
                                                          building is styled after the City Halls in
the Mita campus, the newly built library
and the graduate school building. Tb-ese                  Western European cities. As a City Hall is                                                               xY-----
buildings on campus have a characterized
appearance and give this campus an ap-
                                                          usually located in the comer of a busy
                                                          street, so does the new graduate school
                                                                                                                                                   S•z3                                                   pt-

parent contrast to that of the old library.               building. Also, the large clock on the roof
Mr. Wakatsuki, the chief-constructor, of
Maki-Total-Planning Architecture Of-
fice, talked to us about these buildings.
                                                          and the stairs leading up to the main en-
                                                          trance is typical of many City Halls.
                                                            Going up the stairs, walls with slightly                                     a7fa,af/
                                                          different surfaces come into our sight at                                •,•

Mita campus has briefly three genera-                     every floor. These designed wal}s aim to
tions of buildings. First is the generation               make students go to the upper floors not
of the old library built in 1910 and the ad-              by elevator but by foot and also to in-
ministration office seen facing the eastern               dicate each floor not only by numbers but
gate. Second is of the old graduate school                by individually characterized wall
building and third, the newly built ones.                 decorations.
 Designers had to make an architectual                     Many indented dots on the graduate
balance among these buildings from the                    school wall give accent to the naked con-                                                                                  11r."-•.

three generations. One decade before,                     crete wall. These dots are not really for
campus planning generally adopted the                     decoration but are the print of bolts                                                                                                       cb
uniformed style of architecture. But the                  fastening enclosure to shape up raw con-
current architecture mode is moving                       crete. But constructors were wise enough
toward a style in which each building has
its own character and tries to accord with
                                                          to use these dots visually as wall decora-
                                                          tion. They carefully considered how these                                                                          -//   1                                            /
its circumstances. Keio's new buildings                   dots should be rowed and accorded them
were designed on this conception.                         with the lines of the building.
                                                           In the blue print stage, the balance of
                                                          this new pair of buildings was highly
                                                          demanded. The new library is wood col-
                                                          oured and the very academic Iooking
                                                          graduate school building is partly naked                                                                                              as
                                                          concrete and coloured beige emphasizing
                                                          the image of modernized buildings. Both
                                                          buildings are almost equal in height and             double walled outside. The air condi-                               building would have scaled more than
                                                          from the central space one can see two               tioner of a library is not for people there                         twice the size of the building which stands
                                                          different characterized buildings standing           but for keeping books in good condition                             now. This reason also .made the library
                                                          stably on each side.                                 and that of Mita library is for that pur-                           dig into 5th undereground floor.
 Sk.                                                       When asked why the library looks like a                 pose too.                                                        When asked which building Mr.
,utstElkSlats ......                                      ship, Mr. Wakatsuki replied, "one of 'the                Though there were many requests to the                          Wakatsuki would want to reconstruct in
       Constructor Mr. VVakatsukg                         important elements of architecture is that           construction of the new buildings, carry-                           Keio, his reply was, ``The South school
 The Mita lihrary has two different faces                 it should look like something more than a            ing out the plan was very easy as it had                            building. That building is now out of date
to fit its surroundings; in front ofthe ad-               plain building. Its indicating shape is the          been considered since the 100th anniver-                             and does not fit the image of Keio ariy
ministration office, it is very silent and                character of the building."                          sary of Keio's establishment. The first                             more. Ithink that the face of Keio should
 static, on the contrary the space behind                  Beside the avenue from Hiyoshi station              pian had no intention to build an                                   be better," Takashi Sano with Chiyo
 the old graduate school is very dynamic,                 to campus stands the new Hiyoshi library.                underground floor. But otherwise, the                            Shibata
 busy and the center of passing students.
 Set between these different characterized
 spaces, the new library provides'            an accor-
                                                          The wall with vertical rows of windows
                                                          are intended so that they could be seen
                                                           from the spaces between the vertical row
                                                                                                                                                                  Center for
 ding atmosphere to each space. The side
 facing the dynamic space has very large
 windows connecting the inside and the
                                                           of avenue trees. The Iarge front entrance
                                                           fits the air of this open spaced campus
                                                           and looks as if it is swallowing the
                                                                                                                                                                       Area Studies
 outside visually and enables students to                  students into the building.                                                               common and interdisciplinary study. This
                                                                                                                    ``The Center for Area Studies" on the
 see both sides, thus allowing the students                JudgiBg from their appearance, it is dif-                                                center
                                                                                                                   eighth floor of the graduate school aims at large-scaled common inter-
 studying inside to see the green of the                  ficult to find common features among                     building was founded in 1984, innational studies. Not only the researchers
 trees and the students passing by outside.               buildings in Mita and Hiyoshi. But each                                                  of Keio
                                                                                                                   memoration of the 125th anniversary of University but also researchers
 The setback style, a recession on the up-                building indicates something sensuous                                                   outside of Keio can participate in the
                                                                                                                   Keio University. According to Prof.
 per part of the building, responds well to               which associates with each other. The im-                Hideo Oda who directs this center,research studies. Of course, researchers of
                                                                                                                                                      it had
 the dynamic space and gives a stable im-                 age of Keio is well reflected in the design              been planned since around 1965.Keio University are expected to take the
                                                                                                                                                   In the
 age. The modernized new gr. aduate school                of the three new buildings.                              field of area studies, specialists in each
 building also faces the dynamic space.                    A library is expected not only to give                                                       As the
                                                                                                                   field study the same subjects about one staff of this center is made up of
 About half of the students walking into                  convenience but also to keep books in                                                        people involved various projects, there is
                                                                                                                   area to grasp the culture of it. Keio
 this space go toward the west school                     good condition. Mita library keeps most                                                       no
                                                                                                                   University has gradually taken initiativefull time staff. After the project is
 building cornering through the edge of the               of its books in the underground floor                                                         finished, the researchers retaire from
                                                                                                                   in the studies of this field in Japan.
 new graduate school. This course is the                  where the temperature is very modified                                                       research
                                                                                                                   Though each researcher had been busy in center. The center expects that in
 main stream in this campus, like a busy                  and soives the problem of humidity of                    his own study, they had no places for                           Continued on Page 2

 Vol. XXXX No. 3 203                                                                                                                                                KEIO UNIVERSITY, TOKYO, JAPAN JULY 1985                                 ,

     Page 2                                                                                                                                                                               The Mita Campus July I985
    (Continued from Pagel)                                                                                                                                                                                                s

    this way, walls among each department                  VIEWS OF 0UR           (SERIES 3)
    and solititude would fade away.
      Prof. Oda expressed his hope to
    establish this new organization as the in-
    formation center of the area studies in
    Japan. He also attaches great importance
    to the comparative area studies. Since this
    center is an educational institute founded                                                                                                                           review it before listening to the Iecture".
    in the University, he wishes to utilize it in
                                                                                                                                                                         In our short interview, Kokin gave us
    educational ways. He expects to let                                                                                                                                  some interesting views about Japan. One
    everybody know results of studies                                                                                                                                    of these was about the crowded train.
    through lectures and publications. He                                                                                                                                When Kokin experienced her first rush-
    also plans to play an important role in in-
                                                                                                                                                                         hour train ride, she was more impressed
    ternational exchange by introducing the
                                                                                                                                                                         that annoyed. She observed that people,
    Japanese studies to foreign countries and
                                                                                                                                                                         young and old, were reading newspapers,
    inviting foreign scholars to Japan.
                                                                                                                                                                         magazines, and books. This of course, is
     This year, ``Area Studies Center'' plans
                                                                                                                                                                         nothing new to the average Japanese. Yet
    to study four projects. The first, "The
                                                                                                                                                                         to Kokin, it was a phenomenon. "It's
    Study of the Chinese in Modern Times''
                                                                                                                                                                         amazing that people go on reading with
     which will reconstruct the view of the
                                                                                                                                                                         poker-faces, no matter how crowded the
     history of modern China (by studies of
                                                                                                                                                                         tram is. How can they ever concentrate'',
     Chinese people as individuals or as a
                                                                                                                                                                         she says, shaking her head. "But I
    group). Nine researchers from the field of
                                                                                                                                                                         remember reading in some book that peo-
    Politics, Economics, Literature, and                                                                                                                                 ple do this to settle their irritation from
    History have joined in this project. The
                                                                                                                                                                         being squashed in a crowded train.''
    second, ``The Study in the Relationship
                                                                                                                                                                         Nevertheless, Kokin observes the
    Between Africa and Latin-America''. The
                                                                                                                                                                         crowded-train-phenomenon as a symbol
    relationship between these two areas                                                                                                                                 of the Japanese people's diiigence.
    which started in 16th century when they                                                                                                                               Although she is generally happy here,
    traded slaves, entered upon a new phase
                                                                                                                                                                         Kokin is bothered by the vague and
    when Latin-America took an active role in
                                                                                                                                                                         evasive way of communication the
    the independence of African countries.                                                                                                                               Japanese tend to take. "There are times
    Prof. Oda and six other members are                                                                                                                                  when it's difficult to distinguish between a
    engaged in this project. The theme of the              Miss Kokin Ro is a freshman belonging         pub) or the karaoke bar with her freinds                        yes and a no in Japan. It seems to me that
    third project is ``The comparative Study              to the department of literature. She came      once in a while. "What's the use of study-                      people have a strong tendency to shun
    of Religion in the Mediterranean World' ' .           to Japan a year and nine months ago from       ing in a foreign country if you just stay in                    saying things directly. It's very difficult to
    The fourth planed by Prof. Asami of the               Seoul, Korea and was accepted to Keio          the library all day", she says                                  understand what people really mean in
    Medical Dept. and others researches,                  this April. She is one Qf approximately        mischievously.                                                  this kind of communication. At first, I
    "Environmental Factors in the Disease                 IOO foreign students who are                    Kokin has not joined any clubs at IÅqeio                       even thought I would never get along with
    Structure of Japanese Emigrant in                     undergraduates at our university.              so far but she plans to join one in her                         Japanese people.'' she says. Recently,
    Bolivia". The theme of these projects tell             Straightforward, earnest, and fun-            sophomore year. She likes sports,                               however, Kokin has begun to understand
    us that the area studies covers a very wide           loving. These three words describe Kokin       especially skiing and playing tennis.                           that vagueness is prefered in Japan for a
    range of interests and that inter-                    we!1. ``I value the concept of Key'ime and     Recently, she has started to take private                       smoother human relationship. Because of
    disciplinary studies are just getting under           belive in the proverb, aU work and noplay      golf lessons twice a week.                                      this, she feels that the evasiveness does
    way.                                                  makes Jaek a dull boy", says Kokin              During her four years at Keio, Kokin                           not bother her as much as it used to. So-
     Besides these projects, they also plan to           confidently.                                    plans to major in Western Art and hopes                         meone told me that the Japanese prefer to
    collect and study the fundamental                     Kokin, far from being a duU girl, feels        to enter the graduate school. Her final                         be indirect in conversations to avoid
    materials for the area studies in Japan ap-          that the best way to enjoy a foreign coun-      goal is to become a teacher or a specialist                    Kado,
                                                                                                                                                                          or harsh conflicts. This aspect of
    plying for the Fund for the Development              try is to go out on the town. On one of         of this field. With this goal in mind,                         the Japanese, reveals a unique trait which
    of Education. Area studies will definitely           these occasions, she went to a matsuri (a       Kokin has been trying hard to keep up                          distinguishes them from other Asian
    develop more by ``The Center for Area                Japanese style festival) in Asakusa. ``It      with school work. When she has difficulty                       peoples."
    Studies''.                                           was really exciting watching the colorful      grasping what the professors lecture, she                        Kokin will probbly face many similar
     Finally, we would Iike to express our               omikoshi (a portable shine) being carried      never hesitates to seek help. ``I tell the                      confiicting situations during her long stay
    deepest gratitude to Mr. Wakatsuki. Mr.-             around with cheerful shouts. Also, the         professors straight out that I have a pro-                      in Japan. But her eagerness in trying to
    Nabuchi, Mr. Sone (the director of the               bon odori (a traditional dance) with its       blem understanding because of my Iimited                        undestand the Japanese people will surely
    Newspaper Research Center), Prof. Oda,               distinct rythm especially left a strong im-    Japanese: Then I ask the professor to sug-                      help her to overcome these conflicts.
    and Mrs. Miyamoto for their kind help.               pression on me", she recalls. she also likes   gest a book which would help ine to                             Kokin has only begun to learn about our
    Tomoko Matsuda with Kyoko Kuga                       going to the izakaya (a Japanese style         understand the topic so that I could                            country. Nozomu Kitadai

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                                                                                                                                                                       fi' ma ic i


        The Mita Campus July 1985                                                                                                                                                                         Page 3   s

  REPORT                                                                                                                                                          ESSAY (I)
        Tsuyaku-Hyakuto-Ban                                                                       the common Japanese. I hope to hold a
                                                                                                  similar event with Keio next time at any
                                                                                                  cost.'' Watanabe said in an excited tone.                Shochu Boom
  Recently, TSUYAKU-HYAKU-TO-to have troubles with various things which                            There are less volunteer activities for
BAN, A volunteer interpretation                  may be tirfle to a Japanese, caused by the       foreigners in Japan than in foreign coun-             "Where the shochu boom came from?"
telephone service, has been attracting in-       differences in life-style. On the other          tries. It can be said that this activity which        -the big damage for the consumer's
terests. ``The association of the Umted          hand, the members are very glad to work          sprang up in Kashiwa is the force to true             market under the inf]llence of "Åí10e."-
Nations in Kashiwa, Chiba (the 96th edi-         as they not only have acquired a place           international relations.
tion m Japan)" established this program          where they can improve their language              hours(Mon.-Fri.)AM10:OO-PM 3:OO                     "Ikki, ikki, ikki, ... " is heard at
as one of varlous programs for interna-          ability but also to widen their view and              (sat.) AM Io:oo-AM 12:oo                        every corner of town during the months
tional relations in this district.               understand different cultures Some                        office: 0471-64-1467                        of April, May, and early June. But today
 When the association put out want-              members simply want to make a return                           Tokuko Fujii                           there is somewhat of a change from
adds for personnels competent in foreign         for the kindness they have received in                                                                yesterday. Today, students yelling,
languages, especialiy in international rela-
tions, about 120 citizens subscribed,
greatly exceeding their expectations of 5
                                                 other countnes. Havmg thoughtful hearts
                                                 Iike their's is the first step towards a true
                                                 international relationship.
                                                                                                            LECTURE                                    "Ikki," drink shochu or shochu
                                                                                                                                                       cocktails, while yesterday they drank
                                                                                                                                                       whiskey. What brought about this
or 6 voluntees. There is no use in wasting
these abilities, they thought and what they
                                                  It is said that about 930 thousands              Dr. Vogel's Lecture                                 change? Why does everybody prefer
                                                 foreigners hve in Japan. TSUYAKU-                                                                     shochu to whiskey?
came up with was the TSUYAKU- HYAKU-TO-BAN hopes many of them may 14, Dr. Ezra Vogel, the well-
                                                                          On                                                                            In the papers it is cailed the "Shochu
HYAKU-TO-BAN. Centering around will find out about the system and receive known author of "Japan As Number                                             Boom''. Although at the highclass bars
housewives in their thirties, several            kmdness without hesitation. However the         One'' and a professor of Harvard Univer-              and cabarets in Ginza or Akasaka, it may
generations, from a high school student          association cannot answer all of the   sity, visited the Hiyoshi campus to give a                     still be whisky, among the students
up to an elder of seventy-three years old,       demands, especially long-distant ones, lecture titled ``Kokusaishakai e no Taio                       shochu is more popular. According to the
give councel to foreigners in Japan The          because they only have an office in    (Adapting To An Increas!ng Globai In-                          newspaper statistics, a whEsky producmg
service offers help for many kinds of            Kashiwa and because each members have terdependency)''. The event was held as                         company, Suntory suffered a great loss: a
Ianguages, English, French, Germen,              families or jobs. The activities have its       one of a series of lectures commemorating             drop of more than 15cye in profits. In
Russian, Spanish, Greek. Chinese,                limit. So does the volunteer What we            the late Dr. Shmzoh Koizumi. Room 32                  order to take positive action, the president
Korean, Thai, Malay and etc. ...                 must do in order to so}ve these problems        which seats approximately 300 people was              held a press conference to discuss reac-
 As a rule their sphere of activity is           is to place at Ieast two or three more of-      filled with students and teachers eager to            tionary measures. Could there perhaps be
within two hours range from their office.        fices in other prefectures and to find          hear what Dr. Vogel had to say.                       an anti-whisky boom or could the taste of
The system of TSUYAKU-HUAKU-TO-
                              many more members out of different                                 The lecture given in fluent Japanese ran              whisky be gettmg old? ``No!''
BAN works just as calling 110 for                language fields There must be plenty            approximately an hour and was followed                 Then what causes this shochu boom?
emergency because of its immediate cer-          more who are eager to put their excellent       by questions from students. Dr. Vogel's               the main reason can be found in the
respondence to the emergency calls. There        tallent to good use There must be so            talk centered on how Japan is looked                  political policy of the MOF (Mmistry of
are different members corresponding to           many foreigners in trouble. It would be         upon by foreigners and on what role it                Finance) sub-comrmttee. A few years ago,
needs from all sorts of enterprises,             ideal to have TSUYAKU-HYAKU-TO-should play m the world Dr. Vogel                                      the committee had great infiuence on the
hospitals, department stores, or anyone.         BAN in general circulation throughout           roughly traced back to the Edo period and             whisky-fields. A meeting was held by the
These members are selected from a list of        Japan.                                           proceeded to talk about modern Japan,                MOF where it was decided that there
names of the associations.                        The representative, M. Watanabe says,           comparing it with European countries.                should be a tax-hike for the spirits; beer,
 Only m its third month since its start,         ``
                                                    Now that we are facmg an international        Then he went on to explain the                       whisky, and of course, shochu. The tax
the system is being used fully For exam-         soclety, lt ls most lmportant for us to have     peculiarities of Japan's modermzation                rate for each of these categories has pro-
ple, as well as requests for translation and     a heart to heart communication with     and the difficulties involved in the at-                      bably caused the difference in the amont
guides, they say that even a person at an        foreigners We are the same human being, tempt of its internationaiization. In con-                    of consumption. This decision was the
interchange of a speedway or pohce re-           so why not be open to each other and tryclusion, the lecture was summed up very                       magic key to this crisis.
quested help from the association. Ai the       to show our hearts. Otherwise, true      quickly with a few advice on what Japan                        The MOF had a plan that was to be
beginning of May, a Yugoslavian who             mutual understandmg caR never be ac-     can do in an age of increasing global in-                     presented to the compames The first was
came to Japan for his son's medical treat-      complished." The first convivial meeting terdependency, especially as an economic                      a minimal tax hike, but its effect was in-
ment was helped by the members of the           for the member of TSUYAKU-HYAKU- super-power. All throughout the lecture,                              variably larger than expected. The first
association. Durmg his 2 weeks stay he          TO-BAN and the foreign students in       Dr. Vogel spoke with a gentle smile joking                    price plan of ``Old", the most popular
was accompanied by 3 members a day to           Waseda, "A Heart to Heart Festival''             occasionally, giving us a pleasant                    whisky of Suntory was \2950, but the
help him with difficulties such as taking                              '
                                                was held on May 1lth. They had dmner at          lmpresslon.                                           fmal plan was \3050. \3050 = \3ooO + 50.
the train to the hospital or translation for    the members' houses and they spoke in             The lecture was interesting ]n a way that            \2950 =3eOO -\50. This \100 was a
his doctor. At the end, a total of 30           Japanese. "I wanted them to see the              it enabled us to hear a straight-forward              problem.
members had taken care of him.                  average Japanese family by not bemg in           view on where Japan stands in the world                If you buy a bottle of whisky from the
 Foreigners probably feel this volunteer        the classroom but outside. They will not         today However, Dr. Vogel's opinions                   first plan with \3000, you save \50. But
activity very heart-warming, for they tend      know Japan until they enter the hves of          tended to be rather too well-balanced and             today, you cannot buy the same bottle of

                                                                                                 seemed to lack anything new. In this                  whisky for even \3000. You have to pay

                                                             cmBANÅqe                            respect, the lecture was a b!t disappoin-
                                                                                                 ting. Perhaps one reason may be that the
                                                                                                                                                       \3000 plus \50. This slight increase was a
                                                                                                                                                       serious mental blow to the buyer. This be-
                                                                                                 Iecture was too short to cover such a com-            ing the first reason for the decline in
                                                                                                 plex subject in depth. But overall, the lec-          whisky consumption, the second is very
                                                                                                 ture was successful m that Dr. Vogel was              simple; the price of shochu is much
                                                                                                 able to create an ``at home'' atmosphere              cheaper than that of whisky.

                The                  Citl      Never Sleeps                                      enabling students to feel free to ask ques-
                                                                                                 tions. The questions ranged from
                                                                                                                                                        The students- now the great consumers-
                                                                                                                                                       like Shochu better for this reason. Thus
                                                                                                 "whether Dr. Vogel thought that the hfe-              the popularity of shochu has been greatly
                                                                                                 time employment pohcy in Japan would                  dependent on the price. Happiness can
                                                                                                 change'' to "what one should do m order               still be attained for less money and the
                                                                                                 to find an mternationally active job." Dr.            same physical "sensations" occur with
                     Oeoer 2400 offzces throughoztt                  Countnes                    Vogel's answer to these questions were to             shochu as with whisky.
                                                                                                 the pomt, concrete and acurate. Many at-              For the young people, it is simply, "the
                                                                                                 tending the lecture will probably agree               cheaper, the better.'' Although this
                                                                                                 that this `question and answer time" was              "small' battle between shochu and
                                                                                                 the highlight of the event.                           whisky" is inrisible, somewhere tonight at

                                                 Citibank,N A                                     Today, Japan is in the center of world-
                                                                                                 wide criticism for its trade policy. Dr.
                                                                                                                                                       some small pubs, a yell, a cry of "ikki,
                                                                                                                                                       ikki, ikki,..." will sound. The
                                                                                                 Vogel's lecture reminded us that under                students pay no heed to the company
         Tokyo Branch Ohtemachi Ch,yoda Tokye lOO                 Telephone (03)2795411          such a situation Japan must learn to                  troubles and most hkely will not feel the
         Akasaka Branch21 20 Akasaka chome Minato Tokyo 107 Telephone (03}586 101                become more cooperative to the rest of
         Yokohama Branch 74 Yamashita che Naka Yokohama Telephone (045)681 7641
                                                        231                                                                                            effect of the extra 100 yen tax hike.
         Nagoya Branch 1825 Marunovchi Naka Nagoya 460 Telephone (05?) 231 7 #51                 the world. Let us hope that Dr. Vogel will            Here then, is another example of the
         Osaka Brench 35 Kitahama H,gashiku Osaka 541             Telephone (06)2275611
         Kobe Branch69 Kyomachi Chuoku Kobe 650                   Telephone (078) 392 4121       pay us another visit in the near future.              students today.
                                                                                                 Shoko Saito with Nozomu Kitadai                                      Tetsuya Kawabe
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           The Mita Campus July 1985
       Page 4                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    e

VVORLD                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                SDI SYSTEM AND ITS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             The Anti-ICBM defense system did not
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Just start recently. Since the 1960's, the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Su" viet Umon has been experimentmg with
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            killer satellite weapons and have aiready
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            assured the prospect of its utilization.
On March, 1983, U.S. President
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Both the U.S. and the Soviet Union had
Ronald Reagan announced the SDI pro-
posal which would highten the U.S                                                                                                                                                                                                                           experirnented with the ABM (Anti-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Ballisitic-Missile) defense system and
defense policy to outer-space. To carry
out the 26 billion dollar pian, the U.S. has
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            deployed it. Later in 1972 and 1974, the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            U.S. and the Soviet Umon concluded the
been asking Westem allies including
Japan to participate in its research and                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ABM treaty to limit its deployment.
has sent the SDI mission to these nations                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ABM's experiment and deployment
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            was a serious problem. First, m 1967,
to explain the plan. This January, meeting
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            former president Johnson planned a small
Japanese premier Yasuhiro Nakasone, the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ABM system called ``Centmel''. In 1969,
president asked him to consider the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            N!xon carried out the deployment of
possibility of Japan's participation.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ABM called ``Safeguard''. Meanwhile the
Nakasone showed "understanding" but
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Soviet Union had also built stiong ABM
did not give a def}nite answer.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             nets around Moscow during the 1960's
Although the U.S. believes m its
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             and they are still being deployed. (The
supenority to the Soviet Umon in many
fields of military technologies, it still feels                                                                                                                                                                                                              U.S. abolished the ABM system accor-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             dmg to the ABM treaty m 1975.)
the menace of the Soviet's space weapon
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              In the 1970's, all sorts of problems were
development smce the early l960's. This is
one reason why the U.S. is pushing the                                                                                                                                                                                                                       dicussed over ABM deployment. "Does
SDI plan so hastily to the practical stage.                                                                                                                                                                  ABM
                                                                                                                                                                                     SDI FOR PROMOTING DISARMA- really defend effectively and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             perfectly?'', ``Isn't the cost too high?",
But this is not the only reason.                                                                                                                                                               MENT CONFERENCE                                                `` Will this defense system agitate other
                                                                                                                                                                                   The U,S began deploymg Pershing II
                                                                                                                                                                                   missiles and GLCM's (Ground Launched                                       countries into producing more powerful
                                 -        N e:..-ut.watwaE
                                                                                                                                                                me                 Cruise Missile) m Western Europe a few                                     weapons?" Now, the same problems are
                                                                                                                                                                                   years ago This raised tension in the                                       being pointed out over the SDI.
                                                                                                                                                                                   Soviet Union. The Soviet Union tried to                                    Nevertheless, the SDI plan is already
                                                                                                                                                                                   prevent the missiles from bemg deployed                                    declared. One reasen for this comes from
                                                                                                                                                                                   by handling an anti-nuclear weapon cam-                                    the political scheme for the INF con-
                                                                                                                                                                                   paign. But the movement did not grow as                                  ference and anotlter from the defects of
                                                                                                                                                                                   much as the Soviet Umon had expected                                     the ABM system In the l960's, there was
                                                                                                                                                                                   and they finally resorted to emergency                                    enough technology to develope the
                                                                                                                                                                                   measures, renouncmg the INF disarma-                                      MIRV-ICBM system (Multiple
                                                                                                                                                                                   ment conference                                                          independently-targeted-re-entry vehicle-
                                                                                                                                                                                    Once the Soviet Union renounced the                                     mtercontmental ballistic missile) and it
                                                                                                                                                                                    INF conference, resumption was difficult                                 was dep}oyed to encounter the ABM
                                                                                                                                                                                    and hesitative. In early 1984 when the                                   system. Thus the ABM system was urged
                                                                                                                                                                                    Soviet Umon felt the deadlock m the rela-                               to increase its number of missiles to meet
                                                                                                                                                                                    tion with the U.S., their leader Chernenko                               each re-entry vehicles but it cost too
                                                                                                                                                                                    declared opposition to the militarization                                much. The experiment of ultra high
                                                                                                                                                                                    m space. The purpose of this declaration                                nuclear explosion in 1958 and 1962 prov-
                                                                                          tw`,re                                                                                    was to sweep away the threat of SDI and                                 ed that the explosion had ill effect on
                                                                                               ige'ag                                                                               to go back to the conference table.                                     radio communication and radars and that
                                                                                                                                                                                         For both super powers, arms expen-                                  electromagnetic pu!se, which was
                                                                                                                                                                                    ditures is a serious burden for their                                   generated when tlte nuclear bomb explod-
                                                                                                                                                                                     economy However there is a paradox                                     ed, broke down the electro circuit of the
                                                                                                                                                                                     that they can not decrease military spen-                               communication satellites and weapons.
                                                                                                                                                                                     dmgs although they admit the necessity of                              As a result, non-nuclear weapons for the
                                                                                                     me                                                                              disarmament. The U S. planned tactic to                                 defense agamst ICBM were promoted and
        Director of SDI, U.S. Air FoTce Lt. Gen. James A. Abrahamson explains SDI                                                                                                    make the Soviet Union return to the con-                               m the 1970's, [he BMD (Ballistic missile
                                                                                                                                                                                     ference table was an effective measure.                                defense) plan started.
system. (WVVP)
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    The Mita Campus luly 1985                                                                                                                                                         Page 5

 SDI is directly related to BMD as its          against the cruise missile, which flys          The demerit of Japan's participation in      complicated pqsition in the world. Peace
predecessor. The BMD system is also the         under the radar, have also been pointed        SDI would be the wjthdrawal of original       constitution, self-defense-force, economic
defense system for ICBM that detects fly-       out.                                           hi-technology from Japan. But on the          power and its limitation. ... the pro-
ing re-entry vehicles with the radar and in-     SDI was effective in bringing back the        other hand, when Japan starts the             blems are heeping up. In these conditions,
frared rays which sensors and hits them         Soviet Union to the INF conference table.      development of her own weapons, it can        Japan's future should be decided through
down by a mechanical co}lision. The most        But there is also fear that it may make        adapt the military technique of the U.S..     the prudent consideration and discussion
important part of SDI is the stratu.m           disarmament difficult when depioyment is       In any case, Japan should reconsider its      of its people. Takashi Sano
BMD that phases out missiles at each            begins. (There is the possibility that the
boosting and flying stage.                      Soviet Union may interfere with the SDI
                                                plan by putting ASAT (anti-satellite
                                                weapon) forward as a bargaining point.)
  THE INFLUENCE OF SDI iA,ND                     The common conclusion toward SDI is
      RESPONSES OF ALHES                        that it will never be accomplished 100nyo,
 At the Bonn summit this May, Presi-            either technically er politicaliy. And most     In the midist of recent arguments over       absolute figure and the people naturalry
dent Reagan hesitatingly mentioned the          opposition groups think that the U.S.          the reconsideration of Japan's political      accepted it.
SDI plan. Despite the U.S.' advance ex-         should keep present deterrence by MAD          polices after World War II, more and           To establish an absolute figure means
planation and persuation, France stiffly        rather than run a risk with SDI to improve     more people are trying to build and ad-       that every judgment must assure the
rejected Reagan's proposal. Though other        the militarization of space based              vocate a new concept of patriotism for        stability and prosperity for that figure.
allies, England, West Germany and               weapons.                                       Japan. However, most of these advocates       From this view point, th.e over-run
                                                                                               not only long for old memories of ``tbie      military before the war could be justified
                                                                                               strong Japan'' before World War H, but        as one of the consequences which sup-
                                                                                               also try to revive misconceived patriotism    ported th:e Tenno-system. Then,
                                                                                               from that time. The general Japanese          Patriotism was aimed not at Japan, the
                       tsi 7ma s
                                                                                               public have tended to regard patriotism as    nation, put at the Emperor, an absolute
                                                                                               a taboo and have avoided to think about       figure. Usually, Patriotism is aimed at the
                                                                                               it since World War II. But now, if we do      prosperity for the mass and not at that for
                                                                                               not reconsider the true concept of            a personal figure. The Japanese made a
                                                                                               patriotism for Japan, we may fall into the    mistake in regarding the people's pro-
                                                                                               ltands of right-wing extremists as we did     sperity in the same light with that of the
                                                                                               before World War II.                          Emperor's. Because this grave mistake
                                                                                                In considering this issue, we should first   brought Japan to the war, we should
                                                                                               of all pay attention to the misconceived      never accept the same concept of
                                                                                               patriotism before World War II, which         patnotlsm agaln.
                                                                                               was based on the Tenno-System. This             Japan can not prosper without a
                                                                                               misconceived Patriotism spread through-       peaceful and cooparative international
                                                                                               out Japan before World War II and lead        environment. So the new concept of
                                                                                               Japan to the War. And we may be in the        Patriotism should strive to bring up this
                                                                                               danger of taking in this Patriotism now,      environment in a positive way. Under this
                                                                                               because the national trait which sup-         concept, armament should only be carried
                                                                                               ported the Tenno-system during World          out to the extent that it wil} not be a threat
                                                                                               War II, still exists today.                   to other nations. Concerning the recent
                                                                                                This national trait is that most Japanese    trade dispute, we should have reformed a
                                                                                               do not have a deep religious sense of         fairer trade condition before receiving
                                                                                               value, making it easier for them to accept    criticism from other nations. Also,
                                                                                               an absolute figure besides God; in this       bureacrats should not have opposed these
Japan, showed understanding with an af-           A NEW AGE OF JAPAN - U.S.                    case the. emperor. The other national trait   criticizms, just for the sake of protecting
firmative attitude, they did not clearify                 SECURIT"Y                            is the tendency of the people to admire       their own power. In short the new concept
about actual participation.                     Forty years have passed since the end of       self-order such as thriftness, diligence,     of Patriotism should aim to pursue the
 Even though Western European coun-             World War II and the military relation         filial duty, etc.                             prosperity ot' the Japanese people within
tries are interested in the hi-technical        between Japan and the U.S. hqs become           The same national trait mentioned            the circle of foreign people's knowledge.
research of SDI, at the same time they          very important in the world strategy.       above basically gave the Japanese father          What we have mentioned is just one ap-
doubt whether SDI is a truly effective          Japan's high economical growth caused a     the role as an absolute figure within the        proach to the reconsideration of a new
defense system. They are also afraid that       movement among the U.S. and European family unit to maintain order. So, when                 concept of Patriotism. As we have said
the Soviet Union will increae its power         nations, stressing that Japan should in-    an absolute figure emerged for the whole         earlier, the Japanese people have tended
upon their area. France, the initiator of       crease its military power. Also in Japan,   nation the people accepted it. Considering       td shun this issue. However, now that we
the Eureka Proposal and the possesser of        Nakasone's action to meet realistic pro-    the whole nation as one big family it was        are standing at the turning point of
their own nuclear weapons, acts cautious-       blems and international relations is dissi- quite easy for the people to accept the          Japan's political policies after World War
Iy against SDI and stiffly rejects participa-   dent from the opposition of people who      emergence of an absolute figure. The Mei-        II, each one of us should carefully con-
tion to the SDI plan. The reasons of            insist Japan should observe the peace con-  ji Government set up the Emperor as that         sider the new concept of Patriotism.
France's rejection of SDI comes from the        stitution and deny armament. Right or
fear that their own nuclear power will          wrong, Nakasone's positive foreign policy
grow powerless by the U.S. and Soviet           makes people reconsider Japan's role in
Union's space-based weapons, and that           world security. SDI is a non-nuclear
Western Europe will completeiy be ruled         weapon and maybe the ideal defense
by the United States. After the Bonn sum-       system. But, without discussing its ef-
mit, West Germany has been behaving             fects, it actually extends the present
subtly toward the SDI proposal as she was       weaponry to the space and brings about
accused of her over dependence on the           the militarization of the space. What
U.S. military and of her behavior which         Japan should do first is not to discuss
did not represent the European interest.        ideal, theory or philosophy but to seek
More or less, other European countries          out the real purpose of SDI correctly and
are fully hesitative towards the SDI            not just participate in but help the disar-
proposal.                                       rnament conference go forward steadily
                                                by collecting information and offering
     THE CAPACITY OF SDI                        helpful opinions.
The groups opposing SDI in the U.S. and          Japan, living mainly on foreign trade
Europe pointed out the faults of space          and needing world peace for trading, is a
based defense. President Reagan explain-        weak country from the international point
ed that the deterrence by SDI is stronger       of view. Since Japan depends on the
than that of MAD, and that SDI will drive       power of the U.S., Japan can not be indif-
nuclear weapons out of date and work for        ferent. to SDI. However, the reality is that
world peace.                                    Japan does not have direct say in the
 Against this explanation the same pro-         military tactics of the world. Thus, SDI
blems of ABM have been discussed over,          will go forward without the cooperation
and the doubt of SDI's self-defense ability     of Japan.


Page 6                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      The Mita Campus July 1985

                                                                                                                                                                                  two different independent characters in xNosy
                                                                                                                                                                                  the caricature wor}d, but the following ar-
                                                                                                                                                                                  tist would be an exact comparison to
                                                                                                                                                                                  Ohtomo. The famous Osamu Tezuka,
                                                                                                                                                                                  noted for many comics and cartoons;
                                                                                                                                                                                  `` Tetsuwan Atom'', "Jungle Taitei Leo'',

                                                                                                                                                                                  "B!ack Jack'', etc.; has been working on                                                                                                            /Z
                                                                                                                                                                                  the motive scenes and he may be con-                                                                                                     v
                                                                                                                                                                                  sidered as the representative of it. Tezuka                                                                        'K'
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4v YtteeKX'Xy•
                                                                                                                                                                                  has stressed curve m his works, yet                                                                                      lts xkxg ii
                                                                                                                                                                                  Ohtomo has stressed straight 1ines Ob-                                                                                                       Xo9
                                                                                                                                                                                  viously, curves and straight lines are used
                                                                                                                                                                                  m both of these artist's works but these
                                                                ti                                                                                                                different use of 1ines characrerise the two                                                                         7.. X-xÅr Å~

                                                                                                                                                                                  artists. Tezuka's motive scenes can stress                                                                                 f--                    .s".- /.N
                                                                                                                                                                                  the action of characters, yet lack in reality
                                                                                                                                                                                  which tends to make his works more com-
                                                              ss                                                                                                                  ical, and sometimes that is what he in-

                                                                                                                                                                                  tends to do. However, Ohtomo's scenes                                                                                    A 1!/ ?1
                                                                                                                                                                                  are based on the characters' forms That
                                                                                                                                                                                  is, if you take a picture of a motive model,                                              These are the reasons for Ohtomo's
                                                                                                                                                                                  Ohtomo's scenes would look just as it is.                                               success and popularity.
                                                                                                                                                                                   In caricature expressmg an action or                                                     There is another reason which is
                                                                                                                                                                                  motion of the characters is as important                                                thought to be the basis of Ohtomo's
                                                                                                                                                                                  as m books. But the difference lies on how                                              popularity, When he wrote "Kibun Wa
                                        !/                                                                                                                                        to express them. By arrangmg contmuous                                                   Mo Senso (Feels Like A War)'' about two
                          Y.sw..$ee                                                                                                                                               framed pictures we can understand the ac-                                                years before ``Akira" the readers thought
                                                                                                                                                                                  tions and the motions of the characters.                                                 something was different. That !s, when he

                                                                                         x                                                                                        Also we have no trouble understandmg
                                                                                                                                                                                  the characters intention either. However,
                                                                                                                                                                                  these techmques of cancature were what
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           began to "destory'' m his works, h!s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           popular`tty exceeded, His destruction in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ``    Domu'' is outrageous, for he did not
                                                                                                                                                                                  used be common sense, with Ohtomo's                                                      feel it "ras a total waste of time to il-
                                                    ge-"{.?                                                                                                                       appearance there have been some change                                                   Iustrate fragments of destruction in detail.
                                                                                                                                                                                  m this aspect. It is obvious that Ohtomo                                                 Many readers are attracted by this
                                                                                                                                                                                  does express by the same way, but he also                                                destruction technique, but the main point
  From the start of his career, Katsuhiro                     pieces, C`Akira" and ``Domu", clearly                                                                                                                                                                        is that he is good at it.

 Ohtomo has been out of the cancatura!                        show this. Until now, ``Akira'' has sold
  mamstream in Japan. But now, it is said                     400 thousands copies, and "Domu'' has                                                                                                                                                                          What ever the reasons for his success,
  that he could be leadmg the stream to                       sold 450 thousands.                                                                                                                                                                                           Katsuhiro Ohtomo will surely progress
  another new demention.                                       In addition to his fame he has given a                                                                                                                                                                       and bring us, more excitement and
    In 1982, a series of comics began on                      new concept to the public regarding                                                                                                                                                                           enchantment
  `` Young Magazme'' published by Kodan-                      caricature. Ohtomo's works were                                                                                                                                                                                   For those who do not know any of
  sha. For those who had waited for this, it                  welcomed by the literature world.                                                                                                                                                                             Ohtomo's works, here are brief examples
  was obviously a masterpiece, but for                        "Domu" has won the fourth Japan                                                                                                                                                             1                 of them. ``Akira'' and `Domu",
  those who had not, it still was something                   Science Fiction Award, first time ever to                                                                                                                                                                      Characters of Genma-Taisen",

  they could not overlook The series of                       be accomplished by comics. ``Akira'' has                                                                                                                                                     ,7               ``   Sayonara-Nippon (Goodbye Japan)",
                                                                                                                                                                                  rsel                                                                                      ``   Short Piece'', ``Boogie Woogie Waltz",
  comics were called "Akira". In 1983, a                      been introduced in a leadmg polite                                                                                                  {",        'N
  comic book was published by Futaba-sha                      literature magazme, and m 1983, Japan's                                                                              A)                        ff                        et                                   "Good Weather", ``Highway Star", and
  This was called ``Domu'' and until this                     major book store, Kino-Kum-Ya Books,                                                                                has committed to put reality mto his                                                      more.
  tirne nobody would have ever guessed that                   recommended ``Akira" as one of the                                                                                  works. So whahs important m his works
  with these two comics Katsuhiro Ohtomo                       ``   best 1iterature books of the month'',                                                                          are reality within the frames. The impor-                                                    "Akira'' is serialized on "Young
  would become the revolunonary m the                         which it a}1 very surprising.                                                                                       tance of motion comes second. We                                                          Magazme'', published every other Mon-
  caricatural world of Japan.                                   While his competitors were on to                                                                                   readers have been }argely mfiuenced by                                                   day with a price of 200 yen.
   Katsuhiro Ohtomo is famous. His fame                        creatmg motive scenes, he was workmg                                                                                this aspect of his works for there have                                                  "Domu" is published by Futaba-sha
  is without a word, an enormous one. The                     mmutely to create something more ``stop                                                                              been many appearances of new artists                                                     and the prtce is 680 yen. Hidetaka
  number of c}rculation of his two master-                     motive''. It will not be suitable comparmg                                                                          who resemble Ohtomo so much                                                              Kurimoto

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The Mita Campus luly 1985                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Page 7   e

ART                                                                                                                                                                                                      ESSAY (I I)


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                                                                                Generation of
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Go For It
   The performance of the Twelfth Dan-                                                                                               features were influenced by people and                               Summer is a state of mind for most
 juro (Photo 1) started this April under the
                                                                                                                                     religions and were succeeded by the se-                             everyone-all that is carefree, light, and
  name of ``The Succession of the                                                  i'l.,{Vew;
                                                                                                                                     cond Danjuro. In Aragoto, players make                              easygoing-until the days of July and
 Twelfth". The succession of the name                                                                                                it a rule to put on characteristic make-up,                         August settle in. Then summer's reality -
  Danjuro is the most important and tradi-                                                                                           `Kumadori' (Notes 2), and to carry a long                           the wiliing heat comes to visit us until
  tional ceremony in the Kabuki world.                                                                                               katana (sword). Aragoto's most typical                              September. Just as one dresses and eats
  Thus it took the former-Ebizo three years                                                                                          character is Gengoro-Kagemasa Kama-                                 differently in The summer, one should
                                                                                                                                                                                                         drink to suit the occasion and the season.
  to accomplish the succession ceremony.                                                                                             kura in "Shibaraku". (Notes 3) (Photo 2)
  After he received the commission to suc-                                                                                                                                                                How does one make summer's casual,
  ceed the name Danjuro from Shochiku                                                                                                 The Twelfth Danjuro and the Kabuki                                 impromptu activities more fun? As often
                                                                                                                                                                                                         heard on a hot day, "Let's go for a
                                                                                                       . .tt.

  Co. Ltd., (a promoter of Kabuki) in July                                                                                           world will be evaluated after the
  1982, the then-Ebizo made up his mind to                                                        \                                  ceremony's accomplishment next spring.                              drink.'' AImost any hour of a summer
  take the name. On June 29th, 1983,                                              in
                                                                                                   "su "f
                                                                                                                                     It is often said that the ups and downs of                          day, it is appropriate to offer friends a
  Shochiku formally announced the succes-                                         ee                                                 the Kabuki world depend on the new Dan-                             glass of wine. A wine to sip on-light and
  sion. This year is the 90th unniversary of                                                                                         juro's activity in the future. We wish him                          not too austere or perhaps an aperitif
                                                                                                'f '
  the foundation of Shochiku Co. Lrd. and
                                                                                  lr• ,•

                                                                                            kpa""'v..                                to become the most conspicuous Danjuro                              wine to drink by itself on a sunny after-
  the succession ceremony was intended to                                                   Sg.                                      ever.                                                               noon. Of course, drinking is not limited
  be linked to the chain of these events.                                                                             Photo 1         For Kabuki to maintain its liveliness in                           to just alcohol, However, "casual sipp-
   The climax of the ceremony was `oneri'                                                  Edo-Kabuki had an art style,              the 21st century, it should always keep in                          ing" of one's favorite drink with a
  (the parade lead by the then-Ebizo with                                              ``Aragoto'' (or wild style). Aragoto was      mind the spirit and energy of the common                            "casual'' group is an excellent way to
  his wife and child who is the seventh Shin-                                          created by the first Danjuro about three      people which existed in Kabuki from the                             calm and soothe the tired nerves at the
  nosuke) held on October 28th, 1984 at the                                            hundred years ago. The noun `kabuki'          start. Kabuki must always be within the                             end of the day.
  Shinshoji Temple in Mt. Narita. The                                                  derives from the verb `kabuku'. It seems      people's reach. We hope that Kabuki will                             Instead of droping into your usual cafe
  Shinshoji Temple is famous for its con-                                              that the word `kabuku' meant taking a de-     gain the support of many people and con-                            bar-dark and stuffy with the summer heat
  nection with the Ichikawas. The `oneri'                                              fiant attitude on custorns and common         tinue to grow and not be put away on the                            locked inside, stay outside. Gather a few
  impressively attracted thirty thousand                                               sense. It is very interesting that the        shelf as ``traditonal art.''                                        friends, a few bottles of your special drink
  people.                                                                              representation of Japanese classical art of                                                                       and have a house party or a garden party
   Danjuro has a `yago' (or a style)                                                   today comes from the common people's          Notes 1: In the Edo period because the                              by invading the nearest park. Since there
  "Naritaya.'' (Notes 1) The `yago' tradi-                                             yearning of Samurai tradition. Aragoto                ``Chonin'' (tradesmen and ar-                               is always a limit to the amount one can
  tion began with the first DanjuTo in 1697.                                           was also brought up by the audience's                 tisans) were not allowed to                                 consume, it is necessary to take certain
  The first Danjuro made his son Kyuzo                                                 longing to behave like the characters. In             have famiiy names, they form-                               precautions. First don't test your limit
  play Narita-Fudoson in `Tsuwamono-                                                   other words, the common people yearned                ed the custom of identifing                                 (you should already know that before
  Nemoto-Soga' which had been dramatiz-                                                for the characters as t"he symbol of the              themselves with the `yago'                                  summer has started). Secondly, if there is
  ed as a miraculous efficacy story. This                                              emancipation of hard rules and conven-                status.                                                     a lake or pond nearby, don't go for the
  was Kyuzo's debut on stage. Kyuzo later                                              tions which they were shackled to. This is    Notes 2: Kumadori are lines drawn on a                              Oiyrnpic record and thirdly, don't try to
  went on to become the second Danjuro.                                                why Kabuki has always handed down                     face with paint such as ver-                                create a brand new drink by mixing Beer,
   Advance tickets for the April perfor-                                               people's feelings. When Kyuzo made his                milion and indigo, It is said                               Vodka, and a squeeze of lemon and call-
  mance went on sale last November (they                                               debut, religious elements were added to               that vermilion simbolizes the                               'ing It-the ``Killer."
  are usually sold a month before) and they                                            Aragoto. Convulsions of nature from                   strong and the curageous and                                  But most importantly one should
  were soon sold out. The May perfor-                                                  1704 to 1710 - for example Mt. Fuji's                 indigo the evil.                                            remember that drinking is something that
  mance was also a sellout. The twelfth                                                eruption and poor crops and so on -           Notes 3: ``Shibaraku" is the master-                                should not be overdone. It should simply
  Danjuro started off with a heavy                                                     were some of the factors which added to           piece which contains all the                                    tingle one's senses to breathe the sum-
  schedule. He was off to a fine start.                                                the religious tendency. Since then the                beautiful aspects of Kabuki. A'                             mer's air and let one enjoy the company
                                                                                                                                             friend of the justice heroically                            of friends.
                                                                                                                                             beats men of power who abuse                                 So as the summer approaches with its
                                                                                                                                            honest men, the story was                                    romantic sunsets and distant starfilled
                                                                                                                                            popular among the people                                     skies -do "go for a drink'' and enjoy
                                                                                                                                            from that time.                                              yourself. But keep in mind your friends
                                                                                                                                          (Photos by Engekishuppansha)                                   too -don't overdo it.
                                                                                                                                     Tadashi Nagata                                                      Yuri Tsuzuki


                                                                                                                                                 406                29                    Sendagaya Shibuyaku Tokyo
                                                                                                                                                                 03-423-1 254

                                                                                Photo 2

Page 8                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  The Mita Campus July 1985                 .

            Shoichi Nakagawa


                                                                                                                                                                                of the military strength. Especially,               military force which would go as far
                                                                                                                                                                                the second one, to have the U.S. aid                as beating the Soviet Union's arm
                                                                                                                                                                                Japan, is very important and                        forces ifthey ever attack Japan. If we
                                                                                                                                                                                necessary. Therefore, Japan needs to                wanted to do this, we would have to
                                                                                                                                                                                get in a closer relation with the U.S.              become the world's strongest military
                                                                                                                                                                                 Hewever the U.S. criticizes Japan                  nation, but we wouldn't want to do
                                                                                                                                                                                that it takes its "waters'' and defense             that. What Japan needs is enough
                                                                                                                                                                                capabilities for granted. In other                  military strength to protect herself
                                                                                                                                                                                words, while asking the U.S. for all                for about a week till the seventh Fleet
                                                                                                                                                                                the military protection, Japan uses                 of the U.S. reach Japan for help.
                                                                                                                                                                                the expense which would have other-                 AIso, if we had such armaments, the
                                                                                                                                                                                wise been spent on military affairs,                Soviet wouldn't try to attack Japan.
                                                                                                                                                                                for its economic growth, to become                  What we need are not the armaments
                                                                                                                                                                                the second leading nation in GNP,                   to fight but to prevent the Soviet
                                                                                                                                                                                and moreover being offensive to the                 from attacking Japan.
                                                                                                                                                                                U.S. by over-exporting. Thus Japan
                                                                                                                                                                                is shifting its military responsibility    Staff:    Asahi and other newspapers are
                                                                                                                                                                                to the U.S. and getting only the bet-               active]y arguing over armament
                                                                                                                                                                                ter part on the deal. It's natural for              reduetion. As far as the present state
                                                                                                                                                                                this kind of criticism to rise, and we              shows, it's not likely that the U.S.
                                                                                                                                                                                must surely bear the proper costs for               and the Soviet Union winl reach
                                                                                                                                                                                its military strength by ourselves.                 satisfactory negotiation. What is
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    your yiew2
 ShoiehiNakagawa is the son of the late                                                                              closeness in distance makes us feel its           Staff:     But is military strength reaily                   Armament reduction is
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Mr. Nakagawa:
Iehiro Nakagawa who was one of the                                                                                   threat even stronger. Then there's a                       necessary for Japan2 Actualny,                      necessary. However, it seems that in
leaders of the Liberal Democratic Party                                                                              problem of fishery. The fishermen of                       nothing inas happened since the iast                present negotiations, the Soviet is
(L.D.P.). Atpresent, he is the youngest                                                                              Hokkaido are working within or in                          war under the present state of                      trying to freeze armaments at a pro-
member of the House ofRepresentatives.                                                                               the adjacent sea to the waters of the                      military strength. Is is too optimlstic             fitable point for itself. For instance,
Electedfor thefifth district ofHokkaido,                                                                             Soviet Union and many problems                             ao think that Japan witl not be at-                 the Soviet has completed the place-
he is strongly concerned about the                                                                                   have been breaking out. AII these                          tackedi as eong as it doesn't expand                ment of SS20 within her territory and
military problem.                                                                                                    factors cause people in Hokkaido to                   armaments?                                               in Eastern Europe. On the other
 We Mita Campus do not necessarily                                                                                   take the military problem as                               As I mentioned before,
                                                                                                                                                                       Mr. Nakagawa:                                                hand, the U.S. has not yet completed
agree with all his views. however woutd                                                                              something urgent and very close to                         it' there is a nation that can give                 the placement of Pershing II.
like to see his views as sources of                                                                                  themselves.                                                Japan an actual threat, it is the Soviet
argument.                                                                                                                                                                       Union. In fact, the Soviet Union is        Staff: Thank you very much. Lastly, do
Excerpt:                                                                                             Staff: II]kere are many arguments regar-                                   placing the MIG 25 in the North, and         yoll have any message to the KEIO
                                                                                                      ding tke security system of japan.                                        recently expanding armaments to the          students?
Staff: First of aEl it is said that the con-                                                          Some say that 3apan shouid follQw                                         North. These factors are definitely a      Mr. Nakagawa: The best thing about the
  sciousness toward the miAitary pro-                                                                 our constitutiQn which meRtions tke                                       threat to Japan. If Japan doesn't                   KEIO students is that they love their
  bftem differ between peop]e in Hok-                                                                 abandonEnent of military strength                                         care for strengthening her own                      own school very much. I belive this is
  kaido aHd Tokyo. How do you, com-                                                                   and some say that JRpan shouid de-                                        military abilities under such cir-                  unique to KEIO. I want you students
 ing from Hokkaido, feel about this?                                                                  fend gtseaf by strengtEnening ar-                                         cumstances, although this might be a                to make much of this feeling. The
Mr. Nakagawa: ln tke present situation,                                                               maments. What is youm opinion on                                          radical argument, it will be too late               students of today are said to be in a
 the Soviet Union is perhaps the most                                                                 this?                                                                     after the Soviet Union attackes us.                 constant state of moratorium, but
  threatening country for Japan as                                                                   Mr. Nakagawa: There are three prin-                                        Therefore we must realize that Japan                for you people studying in the
  Iong as we belong to the liberal camp.                                                                            ciples to the security problem. First,                      must protect herself with her own                   leading private univ. KEIO, I vvant
  Now, Hokkaido is within a stone's                                                                                 to be freindly with ali nations of the                      hands.                                              you to hold the spirit ofindependen-
  throw from the Soviet Union. The                                                                                  world. Second, to have the U.S. help                                                                            cy and extend this spirit to
  closest part is only 4 kilo meters                                                                                Japan according to the Japan-U.S.                  Staff: Then to what scage is it necessary                    patrlotlsm.
  apart. It is closc;i' from Nemro to                                                                               Security Treaty. And third, for                     for Japan to expand armaments?
  Khabarovsk than to Tokyo. Such                                                                                    Japan to bear the minimum expense                  Mr. Nakagawa: We don't need to have a                             Nobuhiko Arita with Shoko Saito

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