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APQ SC Kenwood Academy High School Powered By Docstoc
					Mr. Brush
A.P. U.S. History
APQ#SC-Supreme Court
Multiple Choice

1. In his thirty years as a Supreme Court justice, John Marshall
[A] strengthened the power of the states in relation to the federal government
[B] ruled time and again in support of the compact theory of government
[C] ruled that the Supreme Court could not overturn a decision handed down by a state
Supreme Court
[D] blocked state regulations that limited property rights
[E] upheld the constitutionality of monopolies

2. While Chief Justice John Marshall presided over the Supreme Court, its decisions
[A] were generally protective of states’ rights
[B] showed no clear leaning toward either a “broad” or “strict” interpretation of the
Constitution
[C] laid the groundwork for a “broad” interpretation of the Constitution
[D] reflected the impact of Thomas Jefferson’s Kentucky Resolutions
[E] were hostile to the development of business

3. The Supreme Court’s decision in McCulloch v. Maryland
I.     weakened the implied powers of the Congress
II.    asserted the principle of strict and limited construction of the Constitution
III.   confirmed the Hamiltonian, or “loose”, interpretation of the Constitution
IV.    established the constitutionality of the Bank of the United States

[A] I only
[B] I and II only
[C] I, II, and III only
[D] II, III, and IV only
[E] III and IV only

4. In which Supreme Court case was the concept of judicial review established?
[A] Plessy v. Fergusson
[B] Dartmouth College v. Woodward
[C] Brown v. Board of Education
[D] Gibbons v. Ogden
[E] Marbury v. Madison
5. The concept of judicial review means that
[A] the executive branch can veto legislation
[B] the president has the final say on all decisions of the judicial branch
[C] the courts have the power to determine the constitutionality of laws
[D] the Supreme Court is required to review all bills passed by Congress
[E] a state court can overturn a decision by the Supreme Court if it believes doing so
would be in the state’s best interest

6. The first chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court was
[A] John Marshall
[B] John Jay
[C] Thomas Paine
[D] Edmond Genet
[E] Thomas Pinckney

7. In the first half of the 19th century, Cherokee efforts to retain their tribal lands in
Georgia received direct support from
[A] the White residents of Oklahoma
[B] the United States Supreme Court
[C] the Democratic press
[D] President Andrew Jackson
[E] the United States Congress

8. Supreme Court decisions concerning Native Americans in 1831 and 1832
[A] reinforced the rights of states to remove Native Americans from disputed lands
[B] denied them the right to sue in federal court but affirmed their rights to land that was
traditionally theirs
[C] voided previous treaties between Native Americans and the United States on the
grounds that the treaties were unfair
[D] granted tribes official status as foreign nations
[E] ruled that the federal government had a unilateral right to relocate Native Americans
to lands west of the Mississippi

9. The Supreme Court ruled in Worcester v. Georgia that
[A] Native American tribal land could not be purchased by the state of Georgia.
[B] Georgia must grant citizenship rights to the Cherokees living within its borders.
[C] the Cherokees could not sue the state of Georgia in federal court.
[D] Georgia’s state laws had no authority within Cherokee territory.
[E] Georgia had a responsibility for the care of the Cherokees living within its borders
10. In the Dred Scott decision, the Supreme Court
[A] avoided controversy by ruling that Dred Scott had every right to sue in federal court
[B] ruled that the Kansas-Nebraska Act was unconstitutional
[C] ruled that Congress could not prohibit slavery in the territories because slaves were
private property
[D] ruled that slaves could sue in federal court only if their masters allowed them to do so
[E] ruled that a slave that had been transported to a free state or territory was a free
citizen of the United States

11. In Dartmouth College v. Woodward, the Supreme Court upheld
[A] the segregation of public facilities
[B] that the courts have the power to determine the constitutionality of laws
[C] the constitutionality of the Bank of the United States
[D] that segregated facilities are unconstitutional
[E] the validity of a contract between two parties

12. Which of the following was the main issue in Munn v. Illinois?
[A] suppression of a major strike by the federal government
[B] monopolistic practices of the Standard Oil Company
[C] state regulation of grain elevator operators and railroad rates
[D] state regulation of labor unions
[E] state prosecution of a federal official

13. Which of the following is true of the 1873 Slaughterhouse Cases and the 1883 Civil
Rights cases?
[A] They weakened the protections given to African-Americans under the Fourteenth
Amendment.
[B] They weakened the protections given to women under the Fourteenth Amendment.
[C] they were revered in Plessy v. Ferguson.
[D] They were the concerned with the constitutionality of the Emancipation
Proclamation.
[E] They were deplored by President Grant.

14. The internment of Japanese-Americans as a wartime necessity was upheld by the
Supreme Court in
[A] Plessy v. Fergusson
[B] Munn v. Illinois
[C] Schenck v. United States
[D] Dred Scott v. Sanford
[E] Korematsu v United States
15. The Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) did which of the
following?
[A] Denounced business combinations in restraint of trade.
[B] Sanctioned separate but equal public facilities for African Americans
[C] Declared that the Fourteenth Amendment applied principally to the protection of
corporations
[D] Defined the Constitution as color-blind
[E] Empowered Congress to cancel treaties with American tribes unilaterally

16. In which Supreme Court case did the Court rule that as long as property was “devoted
to public use” states could place regulations on the railroads for the good of the public?
[A] Peik v. the Chicago and Northern Railway
[B] Munn v. Illinois
[C] Illinois v. Wabash
[D] Pollock v. Farmers Loan and Trust
[E] Dred Scott v. Sandford

17. The Wabash case
[A] granted rate-making powers to the federal government
[B] declared railroad mergers to be monopolistic
[C] denied the states the power to regulate interstate railroad traffic
[D] reduced railroad rates
[E] overturned Plessy v. Fergusson

18. Which of the following held that those living in I.S. territories are not accorded the
same constitutional rights as U.S. citizens?
[A] Foraker Act
[B] Jones Act of 1916
[C] Root-Takaira Agreement
[D] Insular Cases
[E] Platt Amendment

19. Which Supreme Court case decision made Keating Owen Child Labor Act
unconstitutional?
[A] Lochner v. New York
[B] Hammer v. Dagenhart
[C] Muller v. Oregon
[D] Northern Securities v. United States
[E] Adkins v. Children’s Hospital

20. Which of the following was NOT associated with the Progressive movement?
[A] Lochner v. New York
[B] Muller v. Oregon
[C] Adkins V. Children’s Hospital
[D] Hammer v. Dagenhart
[E] Dred Scott v. Sanford
21. In the U.S. Supreme Court case Schenck v. United States, the Court ruled that
[A] that the Sedition Act of 1918 was unconstitutional
[B] the American Socialist Party represented a clear and present danger to the United
States
[C] the Espionage Act of 1917 was constitutional
[D] the government could prohibit U.S. citizens from traveling on ships of nations at war
[E] conscientious objectors could not be forced to serve in the U.S. military

22. “Free speech would not protect a man falsely shouting fire in a theatre and causing
panic.”
The excerpt above is from a 1919 Supreme Court ruling prohibiting speech that
represented “clear and present danger”. The defendant in the case had
[A] given a speech urging Black residents of Chicago to demand equal rights
[B] written a magazine article in support of the Russian revolution
[C] sent letters to military draftees arguing that conscription was illegal
[D] given a speech suggesting that Texas be returned to Mexico
[E] posted fliers denouncing a department store in St. Louis

23. The Eighteenth Amendment
[A] gave women the right to vote
[B] ended Prohibition
[C] made it illegal to purchase, distribute, or consume liquor
[D] made it illegal to belong to a radical organization
[E] made it legal to teach evolution in public schools

24. The Volstead Act
[A] allowed the government to purchase railroad companies from private companies
[B] provided a tax cut to wealthy Americans
[C] place railroad companies under combined government and private management
[D] restricted immigration
[E] provided enforcement of the Eighteenth Amendment

25. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled this agency unconstitutional in the 1930’s.
[A] National Industrial Recovery Act
[B] Home Owners’ Loan Corporation
[C] Tennessee Valley Authority
[D] Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
[E] Federal Housing Administration

26. The Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933 sought to lessen the effects of the
Depression by
[A] purchasing farms and turning them into government collectives
[B] paying farmers to cut production and, in some cases, destroy crops
[C] instituting an early retirement program for farmers over the age of 50
[D] encouraging farmers to increase production
[E] subsidizing food processing plants in order to lower food prices
27. In response to several unfavorable Supreme Court rulings concerning New Deal
programs, FDR
[A] urged the voting public to write letters of protest to Supreme Court justices
[B] submitted four separate Constitutional amendments broadening the powers of the
presidency
[C] abandoned the New Deal and replaced it with a laissez-faire policy
[D] instructed both the legislative and executive branches to ignore the rulings
[E] proposed legislation that would allow him to appoint new federal and Supreme Court
judges

28. President Franklin Roosevelt’s “court-packing plan” called for
[A] the addition of up to six new justices if present justices over the age of 70 did not
retire
[B] the immediate and mandatory removal of all Supreme Court justices over the age of
70
[C] the immediate and mandatory removal of all Supreme Court justices who voted
against New Deal legislation
[D] the addition of up to 15 new justices if present justices over the age of 70 did not
retire
[E] the mandatory requirement of justices over the age of 70 combined with subsequent
expansion of the Court to 15 members

29. The “court-packing” scheme proposed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on
February 5, 1937
I.     was triggered by Supreme Court decisions that undid much of the first New Deal
II.    was withdrawn when a majority of the Supreme Court justices retired
III.   became unnecessary when the Supreme Court began reversing previous decisions
       and upholding New Deal legislation
IV.    was replaced by a Judiciary bill that denied the president the power to enlarge the
       federal courts but conceded badly needed procedural reforms

[A] I and II only
[B] I, II, and IV only
[C] I, III, and IV only
[D] II, III, and IV only
[E] I, II, III, and IV

30. Which of the following is TRUE about the internment of those Japanese living in the
United States during World War II?
[A] The majority of those confined were native-born Americans.
[B] Many of those relocated were known dissidents.
[C] Only 2,000 Japanese Americans were relocated.
[D] Congress passed a law requiring the relocation of all aliens during the war.
[E] Those who were relocated eventually recovered their homes and possessions
31. The internment of Japanese-Americans by the United States during World War II was
primarily because
[A] of evidence and suspicions that they were involved in treasonous activity
[B] they were Japanese
[C] of desires by business leaders to grab valuable Japanese-owned properties in
California
[D] many of them openly supported Japanese government policies, even after Pearl
Harbor, although none of them actually engaged in treasonous behavior
[E] most of them refused to take oaths of loyalty to the United States even though they
also publicly denounced Japanese government actions and condemned the Pearl harbor
attack

32. President Reagan’s nominations of Justices Scalia, O’Connor and Kennedy to the
Supreme Court
[A] was warmly supported by Democrats in Congress
[B] failed to win the approval of the Senate
[C] reveal his attempt to make the Supreme Court more conservative
[D] indicated to many Americans his moderate stance on constitutional issues
[E] ultimately backfired, as the three justices were far more liberal than was Reagan

33. The Supreme Court case Roe v. Wade dealt with
[A] voting rights
[B] environmental protection laws
[C] reproductive rights
[D] Social Security benefits
[E] federal fundraising for welfare programs

34. In the Supreme Court case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas
[A] the Court reaffirmed the Plessy v. Ferguson decision in 1896
[B] the Court affirmed voting rights of all citizens in accordance with the Fifteenth
Amendment
[C] Black Americans were outraged by the Court’s support for segregation
[D] segregation was ruled unconstitutional
[E] the Court ruled that the federal government was not responsible for integrating
facilities and institutions

35. The failed Equaled Right Amendment to the Constitution was intended to prevent
discrimination against
[A] African Americans
[B] Native Americans
[C] women
[D] legal immigrants
[E] children and adolescents
36. The United States Supreme Court ruled in Brown v. Board of Education (1954) that
I. segregation in public schools was unconstitutional
II. the schools of Topeka, Kansas, must integrate
III. the decision in Plessy v. Ferguson was unconstitutional
IV. separate was not equal

[A] I and II only
[B] II and III only
[C] III and IV only
[D] I, II, and III only
[E] I, II, III, and IV

37. Ada Lois Sipuel v. Board of Regents (1948) was a precursor to
[A] Dred Scott v. Sanford
[B] Schecter v. United States
[C] Plessy v. Fergusson
[D] Miranda v. Arizona
[E] Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

38. In the Civil Rights Cases (1883)
[A] public schools should be integrated
[B] all persons should have equal access to public accommodations
[C] African-Americans were entitled to vote
[D] former slaves had a right to sue their masters for compensation
[E] the military academies should be open to African-Americans

39. The key issue in the 1978 Supreme Court decision in Bakke v. Board of Regents was
[A] school desegregation
[B] affirmative action
[C] freedom of the press as applied to student newspapers
[D] abortion
[E] school prayer

40. Muller v. Oregon (1908) dealt with
[A] affirmative action
[B] women being weaker
[C] abortion
[D] freedom of the press as applied to student newspapers
[E] school prayer
41. Engel v. Vitale (1962) angered conservative Americans because in it the Supreme
Court said that this was unconstitutional?
[A] school prayer
[B] affirmative action
[C] school desegregation
[D] military academies should be opened to African-Americans
[E] former slaves had a right to sue their masters for compensation

42. Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) ruled that state courts are
[A] deemed unconstitutional to compose an official school prayer and require its
recitation in public schools.
[B] required under the Sixth Amendment of the Constitution to provide counsel in
criminal cases for defendants who are unable to afford their own attorneys.
[C] justified to discriminate basis of gender.
[D] required to use force whenever necessary.
[E] justified to imprison a person because they cannot afford their lawyer.

43. In Miranda v. Arizona, the Supreme Court ruled that
[A] is was unconstitutional to compose an official school prayer and require its recitation
in public schools
[B] federal courts were required under the Sixth Amendment of the Constitution to
provide counsel in criminal cases for defendants who are unable to afford their own
attorneys
[C] military academies should be opened to African-Americans
[D] Both A and B
[E] the defendant should be informed of the right to consult with an attorney before and
during questioning; the right against self-incrimination prior to questioning by police, and
that the defendant not only understood these rights.

44. In New York Times v. United States (1971), the Supreme Court ruled
[A] it is was unconstitutional to compose an official school prayer and require its
recitation in public schools
[B] federal courts were required under the Sixth Amendment of the Constitution to
provide counsel in criminal cases for defendants who are unable to afford their own
attorneys
[C] military academies should be opened to African-Americans
[D] that it was possible for the New York Times and Washington Post newspapers to
publish the then-classified Pentagon Papers without risk of government censure
[E] the defendant should be informed of the right to consult with an attorney before and
during questioning; the right against self-incrimination prior to questioning by police, and
that the defendant not only understood these rights
45. In United States v. Nixon (1974), the Supreme Court limited
[A] a president’s power
[B] how much money should be designated to campaign finance reform
[C] how much coverage President Nixon should be allowed to have
[D] how presidents judiciously appointed justices to the Supreme Court
[E] how many justices FDR received from his court-packing plan

46. Island Trees Schools v. Pico (1982) had to do with
[A] school prayer
[B] banning books in schools
[C] school desegregation
[D] banning indecent software on computers
[E] school mascots

47. Bush v. Gore decided
[A] the 2008 election
[B] whether or not the United States went to war with Iraq
[C] whether president Bush knew ahead of time about the September 11 attacks
[D] the 2000 election
[E] the 2004 election

48. In Fletcher v. Peck (1810) it was
[A] ruled that the states do not have the power to regulate interstate railroad traffic
[B] ruled that the courts have the power to determine the constitutionality of laws
[C] one of the first cases in which the Supreme Court ruled a state law unconstitutional
[D] ruled that Congress could not prohibit slavery in the territories because slaves were
private property
[E] one in which the validity of a contract between two parties was upheld

48. Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
[A] ruled that the courts have the power to determine the constitutionality of laws
[B] ruled that the states do not have the power to regulate interstate railroad traffic
[C] held that the Supreme Court could rule a state law unconstitutional
[D] held that the power to regulate interstate commerce was granted to Congress by the
Commerce Clause of the United States Constitution
[E] federal courts were required under the Sixth Amendment of the Constitution to
provide counsel in criminal cases for defendants who are unable to afford their own
attorneys

49. The Charles River Bridge Case of 1837 involved Chief Justice
[A] John Marshall
[B] John Jay
[C] Roger B. Taney
[D] Salmon P. Chase
[E] William Howard Taft
50. In Sweatt v. Painter (1950) the case involved a Black man, Heman Marion Sweatt,
who was refused admission to the School of Law of the University of
[A] Illinois
[B] Maine
[C] South Carolina
[D] Texas
[E] Hawaii

				
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