Conservation Easements Nature Saskatchewan

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					  residential, commercial and industrial
  development. Limits can be put on

                                                                                                              FACT SHEET
  commercial logging, yet timber and
  firewood can be removed for personal
  use. A CE does not necessarily restrict
  approved development projects such as
  mineral exploration.
• In most cases yard sites should be
  excluded by the CE.
• It is important for the CE holder to
                                                                                                                                    Conservation Easements
  monitor the CE on a regular basis or the
  CE could be invalid.
                                                                                                             What is a Conservation Easement (CE)?                   • Each CE is individual and conditions are
• Determine who benefits from the                                                                                                                                      negotiable. Activities not specifically
  Ecological Goods and Services derived
                                                                                                              • A CE is a voluntary legal agreement between a          prohibited within the conditions are allowed.
  from the land, and the monetary credits
                                                                                                                grantor (landowner) and a holder
  from possible greenhouse gas
  mitigation, carbon credits, native
                                                                                                                (conservation organizations, government             Who is eligible to hold a CE in
                                                                           Photos courtesy of Don Fontaine      agencies or rural municipalities) that is
  prairie biodiversity and endangered species protection.                                                                                                           Saskatchewan?
                                                                                                                registered against the title for a specified time
                                                                                                                or in perpetuity.                                    •   All levels of government
                                                                                                              • The terms of the agreement are negotiated to         •   Ducks Unlimited Canada
                                                                                                                meet the interests of the landowner and the          •   Meewasin Valley Authority
                                                                                                                conservation objectives of the holder, with the      •   Nature Conservancy of Canada
                                                                                                                main objective being to protect and preserve         •   Nature Saskatchewan
   How long have CEs been in Saskatchewan?                                                                      biological, physical and cultural attributes of      •   Saskatchewan Archaeological Society
                                                                                                                land.                                                •   Saskatchewan Parks and Recreation
     • The Conservation Easement Act came into effect in Saskatchewan in 1997. A copy of the                  • It is an opportunity for a landowner to                  Association
       legislation is available at Queen’s Printer                                            formalize their commitment to long-term              •   Saskatchewan Watershed Authority
     • Other CE information sources:                                                                            conservation of their land that ensures the land     •   Saskatchewan Wildlife Federation
 ;                                         will continue to have careful stewardship by         •   Wakamow Valley Authority
                                                           future owners.                                       •   Wascana Centre Authority

   Please remember that each situation involving a CE is unique. It is                                       What is the legal status of a CE?                      What are the benefits to a private
   recommended that whether the CE is donated or purchased the landowner                                                                                            landowner?
   should seek independent legal and tax advice.                                                              • A CE is a legal document that is registered on
                                                                                                                the title and binds all future owners.               • The main benefit is the assurance that the
                                                                                                              • Once a CE is registered on the title, it can only      property will remain in a natural state,
                                                                                                                be removed by mutual consent of the parties            regardless of who owns the property in the
                                                                                                                (grantor and holder) if the conservation values        future.
                                                                                                                are no longer met. A CE can be terminated by         • It is an opportunity for a landowner to create a
                                                                                                                the Court of Queens Bench if the landowner             legacy for future generations without giving up
                                         Prairie Conservation Action Plan                                       can prove severe hardship.                             private ownership or the use and enjoyment of
                                         Box 4752, Regina SK, S4P 3Y4                                         • The only method of ‘modifying’ a CE is to              the land.
                                         Phone: 306-352-0472; Fax: 306-569-8799                                 cancel the original agreement and register an        • The land may be passed down through the
                                         E-mail:                                               amended version that is mutually agreeable to          generations or sold to any purchaser willing to
                                         Website:                                               both parties and is consistent with the original       uphold the CE agreement, all with the
                                                                                                                intent for the long-term conservation of the
   assurance that the holder is legally empowered     How restrictive is a CE?                            Is a CE ever purchased?
   to monitor and enforce the conditions set out
   in the CE.                                          • CEs are voluntary and are negotiated by the       • Purchased CEs may be considered by
 • The grantor may receive an income tax                 grantor and holder.                                 conservation agencies and are often
   incentive on donated CEs or receive income on       • Most grantors will negotiate terms that enable      preferred by landowners.
   a paid CE.                                            traditional land uses to continue.                • Typically the value of a paid CE is
                                                       • The terms of a CE are negotiated depending on       linked to the fair market value of the
                                                         the purpose and goals of the agreement.             property based on the CE conditions
                                                                                                             and as determined by an accredited
                                                      Who enforces the obligations of a CE?                  appraiser. The process for determining
                                                                                                             the value of a paid CE can vary slightly
                                                       • Through the Court of Queen’s Bench,                 between agencies.
                                                         obligations may be enforced by the holder; the
                                                         grantor; a subsequent owner of the land; or in   What are the tax implications of a
                                                         the Court’s discretion, an eligible holder.      CE?

                                                      Who controls public access on lands                  • Some donations of CEs may be eligible
                                                      with a CE?                                             for special income-tax incentives. For
                                                                                                             more information, please consult           What should landowners consider before
                                                       • The CE provides the holder access for               Environment Canada’s Ecological Gifts      signing a CE?
                                                         inspection purposes. However, landowners still      Program at http://www.cws-
                                                         retain control to public access.           or phone the          • Signing a CE in perpetuity may affect your
                                                                                                             Regional Coordinator at (306)780 -            resale value and what future owners can do in
Under what conditions can a CE be                                                                            5322. Tax information is available at         terms of developing yard sites, cultivation, use
granted?                                              Can a CE be transferred?                                                                             of chemicals, as well as commercial,
                                                                                                             the Canada Revenue Agency
                                                                                                                       residential, and industrial development.
                                                       • A CE can be transferred to another eligible CE
 • A CE can be granted to:                                                                                 • A property’s municipal tax base is not      • Check with your financial institution about
      protect, enhance or restore natural                                                                    affected by a CE. In most cases, land         whether a CE will affect your ability to use the
                                                       • It is advisable to consult with the holder to
      ecosystems, wildlife habitat or habitat of                                                             uses do not change.                           land as collateral. A CE is an encumbrance (a
                                                         identify a mutually acceptable alternate CE
      rare, threatened or endangered plant or                                                                                                              charge on the property).
      animal species;                                                                                                                                    • Make sure you know who has access to the CE
      retain significant botanical, zoological,                                                                                                            and who will conduct the monitoring of the
      geological, morphological, historical,                                                                                                               CE.
      archaeological, or palaeontological features;                                                                                                      • A CE may have income tax ramifications. It is
      conserve soil, air and water quality.                                                                                                                important to seek professional financial and
 • The CE may be applied to the entire property                                                                                                            tax advice.
   or just a portion of the property containing the                                                                                                      • Determine if the CE allows flexible
   significant natural features.                                                                                                                           management to work around droughts and
                                                                                                                                                           other natural disasters.
Who can grant a CE?                                                                                                                                      • Learn what activities are allowed. Any use that
                                                                                                                                                           does not compromise the integrity of the
 • Any landowner may grant a CE.                                                                                                                           natural habitat may be allowed. Examples
 • More than one CE can be granted on the same                                                                                                             include: hunting, outfitting, ecotourism,
   parcel of land if there are no conflicts between                                                                                                        grazing, hay storage, water development, fence
   the rights and privileges granted and the                                                                                                               construction and trail development.
   obligations imposed by the different CEs.                                                                                                             • Learn what activities are restricted. Examples
                                                                                                                                                           include: cultivation, introduction of tame
                                                                                                                                                           forage species or noxious weeds and

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