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					TUESDAY, AUGUST 14 ©

VICTORY OVER JAPAN DAY [OFFICIAL]/
WORLD WAR II MEMORIAL DAY/
UNOFFICIAL V-J DAY
LIBERTY TREE DAY [MASSACHUSETTS)
NAVAJO CODE TALKERS DAY
WORLD LIZARD DAY
NATIONAL CREAMSICLE DAY
DVD/ BLU-RAY RELEASE: "THE RAID: REDEMPTION", IKO UWAIS
DVD/ BLU-RAY RELEASE: "THE GRUFFALO'S CHILD", HELENA BONHAM CARTER
DVD/ BLU-RAY RELEASE: "ASSASSIN'S BULLET", CHRISTIAN SLATER

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410 AD [OS], the VISIGOTHS, led by ALARIC I, sacked ROME.
1040, SCOTLAND'S KING DUNCAN I was killed in a battle against the man who would replace him,
MACBETH.
1248, construction of a new COLOGNE CATHEDRAL began. Built in many stages, this GOTHIC
classic was not finished until 1880.
1385, the PORTUGUESE, led by KING JOÃO I, retained their independence when they defeated the
CASTILIANS at the "BATTLE OF ALJUBAROTTA".
1498, CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS landed at the mouth of the ORINOCO RIVER in what is now
VENEZUELA.
1551, the TURKISH fleet captured TRIPOLI in NORTH AFRICA.
1585, BRITAIN'S QUEEN ELIZABETH I refused to accept the crown of the NETHERLANDS.
1598, the IRISH defeated the ENGLISH at the "BATTLE OF YELLOW FORD" in IRELAND.
1645, in SCOTLAND, the EARL OF MONTROSE defeated the army of the "NATIONAL COVENANT"
at the "BATTLE OF KILSYTH".
1756, the FRENCH captured OSWEGO, NEW YORK.
1762, the BRITISH fleet took control of HAVANA, CUBA.
1765, under the LIBERTY TREE, an elm, BOSTON patriots, known as FREE MEN AND SONS OF
LIBERTY, first challenged BRITISH rule by suspending two effigies from the tree's branches.
GENERAL GAGE'S BRITISH troops burned the tree to the ground in 1776, but it remained the first
symbol of freedom in the REVOLUTIONARY WAR.
1784, the RUSSIANS established their first NORTH AMERICAN settlement on KODIAK ISLAND off
ALASKA'S PACIFIC coast.
1790, RUSSIA and SWEDEN signed the "PEACE OF VERELA".
1813, the crew of the BRITISH warship "HMS PELICAN" boarded, and captured, the AMERICAN
battle-brigantine "USS ARGUS".
1820, the nation's first eye hospital, the NEW YORK EYE INFIRMARY, opened in MANHATTAN.
1842, the SECOND SEMINOLE WAR ended with the defeated SEMINOLES removed from FLORIDA
and sent to OKLAHOMA.
1846, authorities arrested writer HENRY DAVID THOREAU for his failure to pay taxes. The same
day, a 2.3 kilogram meteorite landed near CAPE GIRARDEAU, MISSOURI.
1848, CONGRESS established the OREGON TERRITORY.
1856, ANTHONY FASS received a patent for the accordion.
1861, during the CIVIL WAR, ST.LOUIS, MISSOURI, was place under martial law.
1864, MAJOR-GENERAL JOSEPH WHEELER'S CONFEDERATE cavalry began the siege of
DALTON, GEORGIA. After two days of skirmishes, WHEELER'S force withdrew.
1870, ADMIRAL DAVID FARRAGUT died at 69.
1873, "FIELD AND STREAM" magazine was first published.
1880, in GERMANY, 632 years after fire had all but destroyed the original COLOGNE CATHEDRAL,
reconstruction was completed.
1882, BRITAIN'S QUEEN VICTORIA gave audience to ZULU CHIEF CETEWAYO.
1888, at WALLACK'S THEATRE in NEW YORK, before an audience that included members of the
CHICAGO WHITE SOX and the NEW YORK GIANTS, vaudevillian DE WOLF HOPPER incorporated
"CASEY AT THE BAT" into his act. It was the first public performance of the classic poem.
HOPPER went on to perform "CASEY" several thousand times.
1893, FRANCE introduced the driving license and motor-vehicle registration.
1900, about 2,000 UNITED STATES MARINES, arriving in BEIJING, CHINA, assisted a large,
international force in ending the "BOXER REBELLION".
1903, in SAN FRANCISCO, knocking out JIM CORBETT in the tenth round, boxer JIM JEFFRIES
retained his heavyweight title.
1908, a race riot broke out in SPRINGFIELD, ILLINOIS. The same day, FOLKESTONE, ENGLAND,
introduced the first recorded beauty contest.
1912, the U-S MARINES invaded NICARAGUA, where they would remain until 1925.
1914, the play "TWIN BEDS" opened at the FULTON THEATRE in NEW YORK for a run of 411
performances.
1915, a GERMAN U-boat sank the BRITISH troop-transport "HMS ROYAL EDWARD", killing more
than 900 on board.
1917, in WORLD WAR I, CHINA declared war on GERMANY and AUSTRIA-HUNGARY. 1920, the
OLYMPIC GAMES opened in ANTWERP, BELGIUM. The same day, CZECHOSLOVAKIA and
YUGOSLAVIA formed an alliance called the LITTLE ENTENTE.
1928, "THE FRONT PAGE", the BEN HECHT and CHARLES MACARTHUR play, opened at the
TIMES SQUARE THEATRE in NEW YORK for a run of 276 performances.
1932, in LOS ANGELES, the TENTH OLYMPIC GAMES ended.
1935, with the signature of PRESIDENT FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT, the "SOCIAL SECURITY ACT"
became law.
1936, in OWENSBORO, KENTUCKY, RAINEY BETHEA became the last victim of a public hanging
in the UNITED STATES.
1937, CHINA declared war on JAPAN.
1938, in LONDON, the BBC aired "THE STUDENT OF PRAGUE" -- its first feature film on television.
This silent film had been produced in GERMANY in 1926. 1941, aboard a cruiser in the ATLANTIC,
AMERICAN PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT and BRITISH PRIME MINISTER CHURCHILL signed the
"ATLANTIC CHARTER".
1943, WARNER BROTHERS released its film version of IRVING BERLIN'S "THIS IS THE ARMY",
starring GEORGE MURPHY, JOAN LESLIE, GEORGE TOBIAS, ALAN HALE, CHARLES
BUTTERWORTH, DOLORES COSTELLO, UNA MERKEL, ROSEMARY DE CAMP, RUTH
DONNELLY, FRANCES LANGFORD, GERTRUDE NIESEN, KATE SMITH, RONALD REAGAN, and
JOE LOUIS. The same day, the ALLIES first bombed JAPANESE-held BORNEO.
1945, PRESIDENT TRUMAN announced JAPAN'S unconditional surrender, ending WORLD WAR II.
V-J DAY was officially celebrated on the 15TH and the surrender became official aboard the "USS
MISSOURI" in TOKYO BAY on SEPTEMBER SECOND.
1948, the 14TH OLYMPIC GAMES ended in LONDON.
1949, HUSNI EL-ZAIM, president of SYRIA, was shot to death.
1951, WILLIAM RANDOLPH HEARST, the powerful newspaper publisher, died at 88 in BEVERLY
HILLS, CALIFORNIA.
1953, in CHICAGO, the DETROIT LIONS defeated the COLLEGE ALL-STARS, 24-10, at the 20TH
NFL ALL-STAR GAME.
1958, GLADYS PRESLEY, ELVIS'S mother, 46, died of a heart attack; and folk-singer BIG BILL
BROONZY died at 65. The same day in the first CANADIAN FOOTBALL LEAGUE game, WINNIPEG
defeated EDMONTON, 29-21.
1959, the AMERICAN FOOTBALL LEAGUE was formed in CHICAGO, with franchises in NEW
YORK, DENVER, DALLAS, LOS ANGELES, HOUSTON and MINNEAPOLIS. The same day in
CHICAGO, the BALTIMORE COLTS beat the COLLEGE ALL-STARS, 29-0, to win the NFL
ALL-STAR GAME.
1962, a mail-truck holdup in PLYMOUTH, MASSACHUSETTS, netted the robbers more than $1.5
million.
1963, playwright CLIFFORD ODETS died at 57.
1964, COLUMBIA PICTURES released "BEHOLD A PALE HORSE", starring GREGORY PECK,
ANTHONY QUINN, OMAR SHARIF, and MILDRED DUNNOCK. The same day, boxer MUHAMMAD
ALI married SONJI ROI.
1965, SONNY and CHER'S "I GOT YOU BABE" topped the pop-singles charts. The same day, the
CONTINENTAL FOOTBALL LEAGUE played its first games; BANG RECORDS released the
MCCOYS' "HANG ON SLOOPY"; and actress JANE FONDA wed FRENCH film-director ROGER
VADIM.
1966, NASA'S "LUNAR ORBITER ONE" began its orbit around the MOON. The same day, the
BEATLES performed at CLEVELAND STADIUM'S first rock concert.
1968, JIMMY ELLIS defeated FLOYD PATTERSON in a 15-round decision for the heavyweight
boxing title.
1969, BRITISH troops intervened in NORTHERN IRELAND to stem the violence between
PROTESTANTS and CATHOLICS.
1970, at a motel in LA JOLLA, CALIFORNIA, rock-star STEPHEN STILLS was arrested for cocaine
possession.
1971, in baseball, the ST. LOUIS CARDINALS' BOB GIBSON at 35 no-hit the PITTSBURGH
PIRATES, 11-0. The same day, GEORGE VON OPEL, the GERMAN automaker, died at 59; and ROD
STEWART released what turned out to be his signature song, "MAGGIE MAY".
1972, actor-pianist OSCAR LEVANT died at 65. The same day, shooting began on the WILLIAM
FRIEDKIN film, "THE EXORCIST", a film adapted from the WILLIAM PETER BLATTY novel.
1974, the RIAA certified PAUL ANKA'S gold-recording "(YOU'RE) HAVING MY BABY".
1976, more than 10,000 women in NORTHERN IRELAND joined a BELFAST demonstration for
peace. The same day, CAPITOL RECORDS released the STEVE MILLER BAND'S "ROCK'N ME".
1977, golfer LANNY WADKINS, firing a 282, won the PGA CHAMPIONSHIP at PEBBLE BEACH in
CALIFORNIA. 1980, the NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION nominated PRESIDENT JIMMY
CARTER to run for a second term. The same day in GDANSK, POLAND, a shipyard workers' strike
began, which soon led to the creation of the SOLIDARITY labor union; and former
"PLAYBOY"-playmate DOROTHY STRATTON was murdered by her boyfriend, PAUL SNIDER.
1981, the PHILADELPHIA PHILLIES' MIKE SCHMIDT hit his 300th major-league home run.
1982, in its war with IRAQ, IRAN began its "RAMADAN OFFENSIVE". The same day, PETE ROSE,
surpassing HANK AARON, set a record of 12,365 major-league at bats.
 1985, with a $47.5-million offer, MICHAEL JACKSON purchased the ATV MUSIC CATALOG which,
at the time, included 251 BEATLES' tunes.
1987, CHICAGO received ten inches of torrential rain. The same day, OAKLAND'S MARK
MCGWIRE hit his 39th home run of the year -- a major-league record for a rookie. At season's end,
he would have 49.
1988, ENZO FERRARI, ITALIAN sports-car maker, died at 90. The same day, golfer JEFF SLUMAN,
posting a 272, won the 70TH PGA CHAMPIONSHIP; and at FENWAY PARK, ending the BOSTON
home-game winning streak at 24, the DETROIT TIGERS beat the RED SOX, 18-6. 1989, BON JOVI'S
"NEW JERSEY" became the first AMERICAN album legally released in the SOVIET UNION. The
same day, PRESIDENT P-W BOTHA of SOUTH AFRICA resigned his post.
1991, NBC newsman DOUGLAS KIKER died at 61. The same day, the MINNESOTA TWINS' DAVE
WINFIELD hit his 400th major-league home run.
1992, the former lead singer of the PLATTERS, TONY WILLIAMS, died at 64 from the
complications of diabetes.
1993, the NEW YORK YANKEES retired REGGIE JACKSON'S number 44.
1994, the HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE photographed the rings of URANUS. Also in 1994, golfer
NICK PRICE, with a 269, won the PGA CHAMPIONSHIP at SOUTHERN HILLS in TULSA,
OKLAHOMA.
1995, SHANNON FAULKNER became the first woman to attend the CITADEL military academy.
1996, in SAN DIEGO, CALIFORNIA, the NATIONAL REPUBLICAN CONVENTION nominated BOB
DOLE as its presidential candidate. 1997, a revival of the musical "1776" opened at the CRITERION
CENTER STAGE RIGHT in NEW YORK for a run of 333 performances. The same day, the
OKLAHOMA COURT OF APPEALS formally upheld the death sentence of OKLAHOMA CITY
bomber, TIMOTHY MCVEIGH.
1999, baseball-great PEE WEE REESE died at 81.
2002, football-player KYLE ROTE died at 74 in BALTIMORE, MARYLAND.
2003, a massive power outage produced a blackout in parts of the northeastern UNITED STATES
and eastern CANADA.
2004, on a sales-tax holiday in MASSACHUSETTS, all sales taxes were voided on purchases of
$2,500 or less.
2006, the LEBANON WAR cease fire, brokered by the UNITED NATIONS, took effect. ISRAEL did
not lift its naval blockade until early SEPTEMBER. Also in 2006, actor BRUNO KIRBY died at 57 in
LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA.
2010, SINGAPORE hosted the first YOUTH OLYMPIC GAMES.


BIRTHDAYS:

Novelist SIR WALTER SCOTT (1771)
Gambler-Gunfighter JOHN HENRY "DOC" HOLLIDAY (1851)
Writer ERNEST "CASEY AT THE BAT" THAYER (1863)
Baseball-Player PAUL "DAFFY" DEAN (1913)
Painter MAX KLEIN (1915)
NFL-Owner WELLINGTON MARA (1916)
Actress ALICE GHOSTLEY (1926)
Boxer DICK TIGER (1929)
Author RUSSELL BAKER is 87
Singer BUDDY GRECO is 86
Baseball-Great EARL WEAVER is 83
Football-Player JOHN BRODIE is 77
Singer DASH CROFTS is 72
Singer DAVID CROSBY is 71
Country-Star CONNIE SMITH is 70
Sports-Analyst JIMMY JOHNSON is 69
Comedian-Actor STEVE MARTIN is 67
Actor ANTONIO FARGAS is 66
Actress SUSAN SAINT JAMES is 66
Singer-Musician LARRY GRAHAM is 66
Author DANIELLE STEEL is 65
Singer TERRY ADAMS of NRBQ is 62
Cartoonist GARY LARSON of "THE FAR SIDE" is 62
Olympic-Swimmer DEBBIE MEYER is 60
Film-Composer JAMES HORNER is 59
Actress JACKEE HARRY is 56
Actress MARCIA GAY HARDEN is 53
Basketball-Legend EARVIN "MAGIC" JOHNSON is 53
Actress-Singer SARAH BRIGHTMAN is 52
Actress SUSAN OLSEN is 51
Actress HALLE BERRY is 46
Actress CATHERINE BELL is 44
Golfer DARREN CLARKE is 44
Actress LALANYA MASTERS is 39
Football-Player JULIUS JONES is 39
Actress MILA KUNIS is 29
Baseball-Player CLAY BUCHOLZ is 28



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