What is sustainable Urban Planning ?
With regard to urban planning and building, the municipal actions can influence planning, directing planners decisions to reduce travel and energy needs of citizens while maintaining compact citiesand efficient, while decisions in the field of building should be aimed at reducing energy needs and the incorporation of renewable energy in the building. It is important to assume the role of urban planning in the source of emissions of greenhouse gases and therefore climate change because it is not only direct emissions by the residential sector (air conditioning, hot water and cooking), add the indirect emissions associated with other energy consumption, such as from electricity consumption and, especially, the close relationship between urban structure and mobility in a municipality. In addition, land management also affects the preservation and development of ecosystems by altering their ability to act as hubs of greenhouse gases, mainly CO2. Municipalities need to be designed according to the new climate needs. To this end, local governments have tools and skills to be able, through urban planning measures and sustainable building, adapting to a climate and environmental circumstances that increasingly show more signs of having been tampered. The general purpose of sustainable urban planning are: - Limiting the occupation of land to allow the planting of trees (by setting a percentage ...), avoiding unnecessary excesses of the road paving and open space. - Prioritize pedestrian network design and open space as the main component of urban planning, expanding the areas established by law and tending their environmental conditions (creating shadow paths, areas of CO2 sequestration, etc.). - Prioritizing also the route planned for public transport, besides studying their impact on the itineraries of the environment. - Distribute applications and equipment appropriately, with good accessibility, ensuring walking. - Ordering the road network and public spaces to encourage the building with the best possible orientation (solar energy use, ventilation) of buildings. - Improving conditions of use of land already occupied, to make them more attractive and help to balance supply and demand. - To develop criteria for future sustainable urban transformation of the existing rail corridor. - Priority will be given in designing the road to non-motorized transport modes (pedestrians and bicycles) and public transport (with priority on exclusive and private vehicles). - Proper allocation of uses and allocations, with good accessibility, ensuring walking. - Encouraging to have best possible orientation (solar energy use, ventilation) of buildings. - creating a new urban open space system, access routes and urban facilities that will redefine the structure of the city center. Defining a new sustainable use equipped Corridor: walk, linear park facilities, public transport corridor. - Reducing energy consumption in municipal buildings, especially in regard to air conditioning and lighting. - developing a program to improve the thermal and lighting of existing municipal buildings. - developing a guide to technical criteria for energy efficiency and passive binding parameters regarding the performance of air conditioning facilities and lighting, to implement in the development of new public building projects in the municipality.