Know About What Types Of Diabetes You Are Carrying by sharifbd16


									Know About What Types Of Diabetes You Are

There are two main clinical groups of diabetics who many be differentiated as follows:

The Juvenile-Onset Type

This type occurs characteristically with an abrupt onset in patients who are less then 25
years old. They are also usually underweight. These patients are deficient in insulin in
their blood plasma and show no insulin response when fed large amounts of glucose.
They are liable to ketosis. Ketosis, as you may recall, described under carbohydrates
earlier in the book, is an accumulation of ketone bodies in the blood, which in excess
amounts can lead to coma and ultimately death. Hence, this type requires insulin therapy
for control of the diabetes.

The Maturity-Onset Type

This type develops insidiously in middle-aged, usually obese, patients. They normally
ignore symptoms for several months before counseling help from a doctor. A second
classification of diabetes mellitus and allied categories of glucose intolerance as per
WHO is given below.

Clinical Classes

Diabetes Mellitus (DM)
1. Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM)
2. Non- Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM)
        (a) Non-obese
        (b) Obese
3. Malnutrition related diabetes mellitus (MRDM)
4. Other type of diabetes associated with certain conditions and syndromes
        (a) Pancreatic disease
        (b) Disease of hormonal etiology
        (c) Drug-induced or chemical-induced conditions
        (d) Abnormalities of insulin or its receptors
        (e) Certain genetic syndromes
        (f) Miscellaneous
5. Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT)
        (a) Non-obese
        (b) Obese
        (c) Associated with certain conditions and syndromes
6. Gestational diabetes mellitus

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