Changes to Australia Skilled Migration Program Department of

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					   Changes to Australia’s
Skilled Migration Program

                 May - June 2012
 A long history of successful migration

A long history of successful migration
          Composition of the Migration Program






                                                                 Total Skill
                                                                 Total Family




                                    Source: DIAC internal data
                                    2012/13 Budget: Highlights & Implications

                   2012/13 Skilled Migration Program Composition
                                                          2011/12    2012/13

                                        ENS                30,000    31,250
                Employer                RSMS               16,000    16,000
                                                           46,000    47,250
                                        Independent        44,350    45,550
                Points                  State Sponsored    24,000    24,650
                Tested                  SAS                4,100     4,200
                                                           72,450    74,400
                                                           7,200     7,400

                Skilled Stream Target                      125,850   129,250*

* Includes 200 places for Distinguished Talent Visa
                 Have you got the skills?
  SkillSelect is Australia’s new service for managing its skilled migration
  program, incorporating significant visa reform and the deployment of a
  new online service.
                                         Visa Reforms

  Migrant                          EOI

                                                              Visa Processing

SkillSelect Visa Architecture

   Mandatory EOI

   Discretionary EOI
Key Policy Changes for all SkillSelect Visas
                                             SkillSelect: How does it work?

                            Access SkillSelect
                            with AUSkey              Search      Nominate                                        Nominator

State & Territory

                          Maintain Profile

                    Access/Register   Complete EOI                   Invited to                    Complete          Visa
                                                                     Apply                         Application
                                                                                                   eLodgement & Processing

       Australian           Access SkillSelect       Search            Employment arrangement                      Nomination
       Employers            with AUSkey                                      conducted outside                   and Application
                                                              Nomination Quota per month
             Intending Migrants: How does it work?
                                  Employers Search

Maintain Profile

                   Complete EOI                      Invited to     Complete    Visa
                                                     Apply          Application Processing

                                                            DIAC   Periodic invitation rounds
                                  STO’s Nominate
                           Intending Migrants: How does it work?

EOI Elements
• Personal Details
• Skills
• Education/Credentials
• Experience
• Visa Choices
• Geographic preferences
• Access to assistance and advice
State & Territories: How does it work?

      Search   Nominate         Nominator
                            State and Territories: How does it work?

State and territory governments
can search in SkillSelect and
select potential applicants for

SkillSelect will then generate an
invitation to be issued to the
selected nominees.
     Employers: How does it work?

             Employers: How does it work?

Access SkillSelect                  Sponsorship     Nomination
with AUSkey          Search
                                   arrangement          &
                              conducted outside     Application
Employers: How does it work?

                     Employers will be able to
                     search for clients using a
                     range of powerful search
                     tools, to find the clients
                     they need for the
                     • Qualifications
                     • Experience
                     • Occupation
                     • English language ability
                     • Business experience
                     • Business assets and
                     investment funds
                              Changes to Independent Migration

                             AUSkey: How does it work?

AUSkey is a single electronic key to access government online services

It is:     Available to all Australian employers with an Australian Business Number
           Currently being used by more than 750,000 Australian employers
           Secure, and able to be obtained by different employees of a business for
           different purposes

It will:   Allow employers to access SkillSelect securely to find and contact Intending
           Migrants who may have the skills and experience that they require
           Allow DIAC to track and record all usage of the system by Employers, to
           further refine the SkillSelect system

           To get and AUSkey please visit
DIAC Program Manager: How does it work?
    Occupational Ceilings: How does it work?

    Limit on how many EOIs are selected for
    skilled migration from occupation groups

 Once this limit is reached, no further invitations
for that particular occupation group will be issued

               Ceilings set by DIAC
                          Changes to Independent Migration

                        Minimum Eligibility Thresholds
Clients that meet specified objective eligibility thresholds can submit a complete EOI

      Client selects visa type
                                                     Points calculation is not a
                                                       threshold requirement

SkillSelect asks questions relating                        Updating Claims
    to each subclass of interest

                                               If no threshold is met EOI incomplete

Clients are given feedback whether
 their claims are sufficient to meet
       the minimum threshold
                   EOI Minimum Claims - GSM

    Skilled Independent and
                                                  Skilled S/T Nominated
       Family Sponsored

Subclass 189       Subclass 489            Subclass 190         Subclass 489

                                    Age < 50

                             Skilled Occupation

                                    IELTS ≥ 6

                              Skills Assessment
                   Family Sponsor in
                     regional area         Willingness to be nominated by S/T

                  Willingness to reside                        Willingness to reside
                    in regional area                             in regional area
           EOI Minimum Claims - Employer Nominated

  Subclass 186                 Subclass 187
                                                   Subclass 457
  (Direct Entry)               (Direct Entry)

       Age < 50 (potential for exemption)

      CSOL                ANZSCO Skill Level 1-3      CSOL

    IELTS ≥ 6 (waiver available ENS/RSMS)            IELTS ≥ 5

                              ANZSCO 3 Skill 3
Skills Assessment             Skill Assessment

3 years experience         Willingness to reside
                             in regional area
             EOI Minimum Claims - Business Innovation
       Business Innovation and
                                                           Business Talent 132
     Investment (Provisional) (188)

  Business Innovation          Investor          Significant Business    Venture Capitalist

                  Age < 55 (potential for exemption)

                          Willingness to be nominated by S/T
 $800 000 Personal        $2 250 000 PBA         $1 500 000 Personal    $1 000 000 funding
   and Business                                  and Business Assets     Australian Venture
       Assets             $1 500 000 PBA          $400 000 business        Capital Firm
                          $400 000 business           component
  Business Turnover           component
       $500 000                                   Business Turnover
                                                   $3 000 000 p/a
* Subclass 888 operates outside of SkillSelect
                      Invitation Criteria

                                  • Highest score
                                  • Occupation on SOL

                                  • Over pass mark
State and Territory Nominated     • Nominated
                                  • Within State Migration Plan

                                  • Sought after attributes
    Employer Sponsored
                                  • Sponsored
Visa Application: How does it work?

             •   Email notification and SkillSelect
             •   Client’s claims in SkillSelect are
                 frozen upon invitation issue
             •   Direct to eLodgement
             •   Some information unable to be
                 edited once invite issued
             •   If the client changes any
                 information in eLodgement that
                 formed the basis of the invitation, a
                 processing flag will be created.
             •   SkillSelect will record and pass all
                 relevant nomination details for
                 State and Territory Nominated
                 visas via eLodgement.


   60 Days

  Two Years


Two Invitations

Date of Effect
                             Benefits of SkillSelect
Respond quickly to changing economic needs
                                                                    An additional facility for
                                                                    employers to search and
                                                                    contact prospective
                                                                    skilled workers
Meet Australia’s skill

                                   Fair and equitable
                                   Skilled Migration
                                                                       Streamline and
                                                                       optimise State and
                                                                       Territory migration
Minimise processing times                                              plans.

                    Allocate independent places to the best and brightest
                      Consolidated Sponsored Occupation List
                               Current                            1 July 2012
Temporary Business Long Stay   Specification of Occupations for
       subclass 457            457
                               Employer Nomination Scheme          sponsored
Employer Nomination Scheme     Occupation List (ENSOL)             occupation
                                                                   list (CSOL)
  Skilled – Sponsored and      State sponsored- see
                               relevant State occupation list
Skilled – Regional Sponsored   Family sponsored- SOL

                                                                   ANZSCO skill
    Skilled Independent        Skilled Occupation List (SOL)       level
Regional Sponsored Migration   No occupation list
     Permanent Employer Sponsored - Reforms

  Collapsing existing subclasses from 6 to 2 with 3 streams each
Temporary residence transition; direct entry & agreement streams

       Streamlining pathway from 457 to PR (ENS or RSMS)

         Raising the upper age limit from 45 to 50 years

  Changes to key visa criteria including English language & skills

Refocussing RCB network on untested direct entry stream - RSMS

     Introducing one consolidated sponsored occupation list
                     (457, ENSOL, StatSOL)
Permanent Employer Sponsored Program

         Direct Entry Stream

Temporary Residence Transition Stream

         Agreement Stream
    Exemption categories

Objective Exemption Categories



                 Regional Sponsorship Migration Scheme

• Encourage migration to areas outside of the major metropolitan centres
  of Brisbane, the Gold Coast, Sydney, Newcastle, Wollongong, and

• From 1 July 2012 RCBs will provide advice on positions in the Direct
  Entry stream of RSMS providing a local perspective

• Government announced:
   – 16 000 places allocated to RSMS in 12-13
   – Regional Engagement Strategy
   – Regional Migration Agreements
   – Top priority in Minister’s Priority Processing Direction

• Visa cancellation and no training requirement retained
                             Changes to Independent Migration

                           Points Based Skilled Migration

                                    6 visas consolidated to 3

                      • 189 Skilled independent (replaces 885 & 175)
                      • 190 Skilled nominated (replaces 886 & 176)
                      • 489 Skilled regional provisional (replaces 487 & 475)

                                 Simplified visa requirements

                                   Apply through SkillSelect

From I July 2012: 175, 176, 475 closed to new applications 885, 886 and 487 closed from 1 January 2013
                         Simplified requirements

                                              Invitation to apply for a visa
    1 July 2012
                                        Can be inside or outside Australia
simplified eligibility
 requirements for                Onshore, no prerequisite visa required.
                                 Inside Australia any substantive visa or
   points tested                                   Bridging visa A, B or C

    skilled visas                  Work experience and Australian Study
                               no longer threshold eligibility requirement

                               Points Test factors set to time of invitation

                               Skilled family sponsored - provisional only
                     Business Skills Review

                • Research shows current program settings stifle
                  innovation and risk taking
                • Half of all provisional visa businesses are in fast
Comprehensive     food, cafes and restaurants
   review       • Need to align program to broader strategic
                  objectives of the skilled migration program
                • Focus on visa simplification and deregulation
                       Business Innovation and Investment

                       • Program name will be changed to
                         Business Innovation and Investment Program
                       • Target migrants with a history of innovation
                       • Facilitate entry of entrepreneurs who have
  Selecting for and
                         sourced venture capital funding in Australia
fostering innovation
                       • Introduce a points test for provisional visa
                         applicants, giving weight to innovation
                       • Introduce a new visa stream for Significant
                       • Incorporate into SkillSelect and entirely state
                              Changes to Independent Migration

                              Business Innovation and Investment

                                     13 visas consolidated to 3

• 132 Business Talent (Migrant) (Permanent)
• 188 Business Innovation and Investment (Provisional) (replaces 160-165)
• 888 Business Innovation and Investment (Permanent) (replaces 845, 846, 890-893)

                                        Focus on innovation

                                     Apply through SkillSelect

  From 1 July 2012: Subclasses 160-165, 845, 846 closed to new applications.
  Subclasses 890-893 still open for current provisional visa holders.
                          Application Process from 1 July 2012

Current program visas                                     “old to old, new to new”

    •   No new primary applicants for existing provisional visas.

    •   Existing provisional visas progress to existing permanent visas.

    •   No change in process (ie: paper lodgement, paper sponsorship)

New program visas

    •   New provisional visa progresses to new permanent visa

    •   Visas have streams (eg: business innovation stream, investor stream)

    •   SkillSelect, electronic lodgement, electronic sponsorship

    •   S/Ts may grant access for an applicant to extend the provisional visa


                                                                                  Business Experience over       10
                                                                                  four years
                       Business Skills Points Test                                Investment Experience over     15
                                                                                  seven years
AGE                             QUALIFICATIONS
                                                                                  FINANCIAL METRICS
Range (yrs)            Points   Level                                    Points
                                                                                  Business Turnover            Points
18-24                   20      Trade Certificate or higher                5
                                                                                   $500 000                      5
25-32                   30      Bachelor Degree or higher in Business,    10
                                Science or Technology                             $1 000 000                     15
33-39                   25
                                                                                  $1 500 000                     25
40-44                   20      INNOVATION
                                                                                  $2 000 000                     35
45-54                   15                                               Points

ENGLISH                         Registered Patents or Designs             15      FINANCIAL METRICS

Range Vocational –     Points   Evidence of Trademarks                    10
                                                                                  Net Business and Personal    Points
Proficient                      Evidence of Joint Venture Agreements       5      Assets
Vocational +             5      Evidence of Export Trade                  15       $800 000                      5
Proficient +            10      Gazelle Business                          10      $1 300 000                    15
                                Evidence of receipt of grants or          10      $1 800 000                    25
STATE/ TERRITORY NOMINATION     venture capital funding
                                                                                  $2 250 000                    35
Special Endorsement     10
                                 More Information
Online Resources:

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