Urdu Nazm and its grandeur in Urdu poetry by Adeelzaidi


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									                 Urdu Nazm and its grandeur in Urdu poetry

Urdu Poetry has many forms and its beauty is beyond any description. Traditionally originated in
the Persian countries this has marked its glory all over the world today with many famous people
being associated with it. No other language has such rich treasure so the poetry written in this
language can sparkle the best way.

Urdu Nazm is also a major part of the Urdu poetry. It is normally written in rhymed verses and
also in modern prose style poems. This can be simply referred to as a ‘poem’. This Nazm has many
different forms in itself and it also describes the complete attitude of the poets who have written it.

Some of the important poets of Nazm writing were Nazeer Akarabadi, Iqbal, Josh, Firaq, Akhtarul
Iman, Ali Sardar Jafri and Kaifi Azmi. They have covered common life, philosophical thinking,
national issues and the hardship of individual human being in their work of art.

Let us put some glance over few of the Nazm forms:

       Doha

A Doha is a couplet consisting of two lines, each of 24 instants (Matras). Each line has 13 instants in
first part and 11 instants in the second part, where a short letter is counted as one instance (Matra)
and long letter as two instants (Matras).

Many Hindi and Urdu poets have written books that explain the whole stories and epics in the form
of do have. Rahim is the well known poet who has contributed to this genre a lot with his fine and
rich poetry. Kabir is also well known for writing Doha’s.

       Marsia

Marsiya or Marsia is an elegiac poem written to honor the martyrdom of Imam Hussain a.s, the son
of Imam Ali a.s and his comrades of the Karbala. The Marsia is essentially religious and are written
in sad verses.

The word ‘Marsiya’ is derived from the Arabic word ‘Risa’, meaning a great tragedy or lamentation
for a departed soul. It is usually in six lined stanzas with the rhyme aaaabb. The recitation of these
in the first ten days of Muharram is one of the greatest rituals in Muslim life. Also a fully developed
Marsia can be considered as an epic.

The famous marsia writers in Urdu are Mir Babar Ali Anis, Mir Moonis, Salamat Ali Dabeer and Mir

       Qasida
The classic form of Qasida maintains a single elaborate metre throughout the poem, and every line
rhymes with the other. It typically runs more than fifty lines, and some times more than that. It is
sung in happiness and glory.

The word Qasida means "intention" and the genre found use as a petition to a patron. A Qasida has
a single presiding subject, logically developed and concluded. Often it is a panegyric, written in
praise of a king or a nobleman, a genre known as madiha meaning "praise”.

       Qawwali

It is a form of Sufi devotional music poem. The poetry is implicitly developed to be spiritual in its
meaning, even though the lyrics can sometimes sound wildly secular, or outright parsimonious.
However the central themes of Qawwali are love, devotion and longing.

Generally, this Qawwali is performed mainly at the Sufi shrines or darghas throughout South Asia,
and today it has also gained global popularity. Qawwali music received international exposure
through the work of the late Pakistani singer Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, largely due to several releases
on the Real World label, followed by live appearances at festivals.

Thus looking at all the forms of Nazm, one can get full delicacy of this language and the work
associated with it. However this has marked a great significance to the world of Urdu poetry. Look
out the website for the collection of famous work http://www.adeelzaidi.com/

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