Rebirth

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					                                                                                                                                                                      Petrarch
             The Renaissance                                               Renaissance Defined                                                                      July 20, 1304 – July 19, 1374



                                                                                                                                                                                 “The Father of
                                                                                   The “revival of the art and literature of
                                                                                                                                                                                   Humanism”
                                                                                                 Rebirth
                                                                                   classical Greece and Rome, beginning
                                                                                   in Italy in the 14th century”
                                                                                                                                                                                “The Father of the
 What was the Renaissance?
                                                                                                                                                                                   Renaissance”
                                                                                                   www.idealcity.org.au/glossary.html

 Why, When, Where and How did it take place?
 What were the ideals of the Renaissance?
 Are Renaissance ideas still around?
 What was/is Humanism?
 In a cage fight, who wins: Plato or Aristotle?
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                        Petrarch
                     July 20, 1304 – July 19, 1374
                                                                                                 Petrarch                                                             Petrarch
                                                                          “Each famous author of antiquity whom I recover                          “Each famous author of antiquity whom I recover
                                                                          places a new offense and another cause of dishonor                       places a new offense and another cause of dishonor
                       Secretum Meum                                      to the charge of earlier generations, who, not satisfied                  to the charge of earlier generations, who, not satisfied
                                                                                                                                                               earlier generations
                            (My Secret Book)
                                                                          with their own disgraceful barrenness, permitted the                     with their own disgraceful barrenness, permitted the
                                                                          fruit of other minds, and the writings that their                        fruit of other minds, and the writings that their
An attempt to reconcile Petrarch’s Humanism                               ancestors had produced by toil and application, to                       ancestors had produced by toil and application, to
and his love for Classic literature with his                              perish through insufferable neglect. Although they had                   perish through insufferable neglect. Although they had
christianity                                                              nothing of their own to hand down to those who were                      nothing of their own to hand down to those who were
                                                                          to come after, they robbed posterity of its ancestral                    to come after, they robbed posterity of its ancestral
                                                                          heritage.”                                                               heritage.”




                                                                      4                                                                        5                                                             6




     Matteo Palmieri (1406–75) “Della vita civile”                            Matteo Palmieri (1406–75) “Della vita civile”
 Where was the painter!s art till Giotto [d. 1337] tardily                Where was the painter!s art till Giotto [d. 1337] tardily                        Petrarch’s “Dark Age”
 restored it? A caricature of the art of human delineation!               restored it? A caricature of the art of human delineation!
 Sculpture and architecture, for long years sunk to the merest            Sculpture and architecture, for long years sunk to the merest
 travesty of art, are only today in process of rescue from                travesty of art, are only today in process of rescue from
 obscurity; only now are they being brought to a new pitch of             obscurity; only now are they being brought to a new pitch of
 perfection by men of genius and erudition. Of letters and                perfection by men of genius and erudition. Of letters and
 liberal studies at large it were best to be silent altogether. For       liberal studies at large it were best to be silent altogether. For
 these, the real guides to distinction in all the arts, the solid         these, the real guides to distinction in all the arts, the solid
 foundation of all civilisation, have been lost to mankind for            foundation of all civilisation, have been lost to mankind for
                                                                                      lost to mankind for 800 years and more
 800 years and more. It is but in our own day that men dare               800 years and more. It is but in our own day that men dare
 boast that they see the dawn of better things . . . Now,                 boast that they see the dawn of better things . . . Now,
 indeed, may every thoughtful spirit thank God that it has                indeed, may every thoughtful spirit thank God that it has
 been permitted to him to be born in this new age, so full of             been permitted to him to be born in this new age, so full of
 hope and promise, which already rejoices in a greater array              hope and promise, which already rejoices in a greater array
 of noble-gifted souls than the world has seen in the thousand            of noble-gifted souls than the world has seen in the thousand
 years that have preceded it.                                             years that have preceded it.2
                                                                      7                                                                        8                                                             9
      The Energizing Myth:
                                                                                                                     Humanism                                                                                        Humanism
                                                                                                      A Renaissance philosophical and educational movement                                            A Renaissance philosophical and educational movement
                                                                                                      emphasizing the importance and dignity of the human                                             emphasizing the importance and dignity of the human
                                                                                                      existence, of the individual self, and of the here-and-now.                                     existence, of the individual self, and of the here-and-now.
                                                                                                      Central aspects of Humanism include its interest in the                                         Central aspects of Humanism include its interest in the
                                                                                                      earthly, secular life, the development of human virtues and                                     earthly, secular life, the development of human virtues and
                                                                                                      potentials, the enjoyment and understanding of the material                                     potentials, the enjoyment and understanding of the material
                                                                                                      world, the betterment of the human condition, and the                                           world, the betterment of the human condition, and the
                                                                                                      promotion of the aesthetic, intellectual and educational                                        promotion of the aesthetic, intellectual and educational
                                                                                                      traditions of classical antiquity.                                                              traditions of classical antiquity.
Man   is       the Mea su re                                                  of
           http://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/d/dc/300px-Vitruvian.jpg    All
                  Th in g s
                  http://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/d/dc/300px-Vitruvian.jpg                                                 http://fajardo-acosta.com/worldlit/glossary.htm                                          http://fajardo-acosta.com/worldlit/glossary.htm




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      Christian Humanism                                                                                      Christian Humanism                                                                           Humanism Expressed in the Arts

  ...[t] he typical and fundamental                                                                        ...[t] he typical and fundamental                                                           Artists desire to express their own emotions
  gesture of Christian humanism: to                                                                        gesture of Christian humanism: to                                                          and attitudes
  respond to the world by taking it                                                                        respond to the world by taking it                                                           Life-like Depictions
  over, by embracing it, by showing                                                                        over, by embracing it, by showing                                                              Linear Perspective
  that no beauty, intelligence, or                                                                         that no beauty, intelligence, or                                                               Study of Anatomy
  goodness is alien to Christianity or                                                                     goodness is alien to Christianity or                                                        Secular and “Worldly” Emphasis
  incompatible with it.                                                                                    incompatible with it.                                                                       Biblical and Classical Themes
                        Teaching Christian Humanism                                                                       Teaching Christian Humanism
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Architecture characterized by balance and
                        by Virgil Nemoianu
                        “First Things” (May 1996).
                                                                                                                          by Virgil Nemoianu
                                                                                                                          “First Things” (May 1996).                                                  symmetry



                                                                                                 13                                                                                              14                                                                                       15




                                                                                                        How does this Painting Display Humanism?
            Michelangelo                                                                                          The Creation of Adam by Michelangelo                                                              Who are these People?
                                                                                                                          Sistine Chapel, 1510




                                                                                                 16                                                                                              17                                                                                       18
                           Raphael                                               “The School of Athens”
                                                                                       1509-1510




                                                                            19                                            20                                                                   21




                                                                                                                                      Da Vinci’s
     Plato                                                 Aristotle                                                             Vitruvian Man, 1492
                                                                 Ra
    es




                                                                    ph
  at
cr




                                                                      ae
So




                                                                        l




     Pythagoras                      Heraclitus/Michelangelo
                                                                            22                                            23                                                                   24




     Florence
                                                                                    Cosimo de Medici
                                                                                      1439: Held a conference to try to
                                                                                      reunite Ro man Catholic an d
 Republic, divided into 4 Quarters                                                    Eastern Orthodox Churches
 21 Guilds: 7 major (wool, silk, banking)                                                                                      Lorenzo de Medici                          Giuliano de Medici
                14 minor (Bakers, shoe-makers, locksmiths, blacksmiths)               Became a significant patron of            Sixtus IV plots to kill Lorenzo and Giuliano
 Signoria: Nine guild members (6 from the major guilds, 2 from the                    the arts                                 Giuliano stabbed 19 times in the Duomo on Easter Sunday
                minor guilds, 1 chosen by lot) elected to 2 month terms                                                        Lorenzo captures and executes conspirators
                                                                                                                               Sixtus retaliates by excommunicating all of Florence
 Wealth generated by Florence drives artistic innovation                              Backs Brunelleschi’s bold visions        Lorenzo continues medici patronage of the arts




                                                                            25                                            26                                                                   27
       Girolamo Savonarola
                                                 Why does the Renaissance start in Italy?                How does the renaissance move to other
                  1494-1498

                  Bonfire of the Vanities
                                                                                                                        War
                  Extreme critic of
                  renaissance “excesses”
                                                      great wealth being generated by trade                             Trade
                                                      Italy could look to its own classical past
                                                      Close to Byzantine Empire                                         Travel
                  Falls from favor and is
                  executed                                                                                              Printing Press



                                            28                                                      29                                                         30




                                                                                                         Lorenzo Ghiberti, “Isaac and His Sons”, 1425-1452

                                                 Balance
                                                 Symmetry
                                                 Order
   Italian Renaissance                           Simple Geometric shapes
                                                 Repetition
            vs.
  Northern Renaissance




                                            31                                                      32                                                         33




Donatello, “The Feast of Herod”, 1425                                                                    Piero della Francesca, “The flagellation of Christ”,
                                                                              Masaccio, “The Holy                                1455
                                                                                Trinity”, 1428

                                                                             Santa maria Novella,
                                                                                   Florence




                                            34                                                      35                                                         36
    Botticelli, “The Birth of Venus”, 1482                 Leonardo da Vinci                             Leonardo da Vinci


                                                                                                      “All our knowledge has its
                                                                                                      origins in our
                                                                                                      perceptions.”



                                                 37                                              38                                   39




           Michelangelo                                        Michelangelo                                 Michelangelo
                                                         Dome of St. Peter’s Basilica in rome              Sistine Chapel 1508-1512
                                       David
                                     1501-1504




                                                 40                                              41                                   42




Michelangelo, “The Last Judgment”, 1534-1541          Andrea Mantegna, “The Dead Christ”, 1501




                                                 43                                              44                                   45
                                                   "The Peasant's Dance," by Pieter Bruegel, around        The Mérode Altarpiece, ca. 1425
                                                                  1560 CE, Antwerp                                Robert Campin
                                              46                                                      47                                     48




                We’re, like, the people
            who paid for this painting, so                          Jan van Eyck, 1434
            that, like, makes us the Virgin
                     Mary’s BFF!


                                                           “Giovanni Arnolfini And His Bride”




                                              49                                                      50                                     51




       It’s all about the symbols baby!


-typical wedding
presents

-taken off in sacred
precincts
                                                                   Dog >Fido > Fidelity




                                              52                                                      53                                     54
                 “Joining of Hands”

                                                                                                       Oranges:
  -allusion to
  marriage                                                                                             original innocence,
  engagement                                                                                           before sin. Also,
                                                                                                       referring to conquest of
  -woman giving                                                                                        death by Christ?
  herself to the man




                                                      55                                          56                              57




                                                                  “Jan van Eyck was here: 1434”




                                                           -Perspective
                                                           -Can I get a witness?
                                                           -ceiling and window




                                                      58                                          59                              60




Peter Paul Rubens “The Elevation of the Cross” 1610
                                                      61

				
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