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Pengaruh IT dalam Pendidikan

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  • pg 1
									Aplikasi Teknologi Informasi
     Dalam Pendidikan


Bahan Kuliah Program Studi Manajemen Pendidikan-S2
Program Pascasarjana Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Dosen: Drs. Muchlas, M.T.
     Pertemuan Ke-1:
Gambaran Umum Peranan IT
 Dalam Bidang Pendidikan
                   Tujuan:
Mahasiswa dapat:
• mendefinisikan pengertian IT
• membuat deskripsi umum tentang peranan IT
  dalam bidang pendidikan
• menjelaskan prinsip-prinsip tatakelola
  implementasi IT di lembaga pendidikan
• menjelaskan faktor-faktor keberhasilan dan cara
  penilaian implementasi IT di lembaga
  pendidikan
Pengalaman Kita Dengan IT
Dalam Bidang Pendidikan?
Teknologi Informasi?
   Teknologi Informasi (TI=IT)
• Teknologi Informasi adalah cabang dari
  engineering yang menyediakan dukungan
  dalam akuisisi, pemrosesan, penyimpanan
  dan diseminasi informasi dalam bentuk
  angka, teks, suara, dan piktorial (gambar)
  menggunakan kombinasi komputasi dan
  telekomunikasi berbasis mikroelektronika.
Teknologi Informasi (TI=IT)
IT Dalam Pendidikan

         Aktivitas
        Manajemen



         Aktivitas
         Mengajar




      Aktivitas Belajar
           Posisi Tata Kelola IT Dalam Institusi




http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/rational/library/dec07/mueller_phillipson/index.html
PertanyaanTata Kelola IT
                •


           • Apakah kita melakukan hal
                   yang benar?
           • Apakah kita melakukannya
             dengan cara yang benar?
            • Apakah kita membuatnya
               bekerja dengan baik?
            • Apakah kita mendapatkan
                     manfaat?
Tata Kelola IT: Pertanyaan-pertanyaan
Implementasi IT


              Are we      Are we
Level          doing      getting
Pengelola    the right      the
Lembaga       things?    benefits?
                                               Nilai-nilai
                                               Manajemen
                                               Lembaga

Level         Are we       Are we
Pengelola   doing them     getting
IT           the right   them done
               way?         well?



                                     Source: The Information Paradox
  Model Tata Kelola IT (1): ISO 38500

                       Corporate
                      Governance                      1.   Responsibility;
                        Evaluate                      2.   Strategy;
           Direct                      Monitor        3.   Acquisition;
                                                      4.   Performance;
           Policies




                                        Conformance
                          Proposals
           Plans,




                                        Performance
                                                      5.   Conformance;
                                                      6.   Human
                                                           Behaviour.

             IT                          IT
          Projects                    Operations


                Corporate Management
Page 12
Model Tata Kelola IT (2): Best Practice di MUSC




     Lihat lebih detil di http://www.musc.edu/ocio/presentations/it_gov.pdf
Model Tata Kelola IT (3): Axin




     Lihat lebih detil di http://axin.co.uk/insights/insight004.htm
  Model Tata Kelola IT (4): IBM




http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/rational/library/dec07/mueller_phillipson/index.html
   Model Tata Kelola IT (5): COBIT




http://community.ca.com/blogs/itil/archive/2009/08/31/5-deadly-sins-of-governing-your-
itsm-environment-part-1.aspx
            Faktor Keberhasilan
              Implementasi TI




10/8/2012           17
   Business Systems and Change
• Operating context of the organisation
    – External
    – Internal.

• Four key elements of operating
  organisations                                                  People
    –     People – who participate in business events
    –     Process – what business events take place
    –     Structure – where business events happen
                                                                  The
    –     Technology – enabling and recording events
                                                        Process Business Structure
                                                                System
• IT intrinsic to day to day operations
    – Business process specific - Transactions,
      Customers, Etc
    – Generic - Email, Telephony, Information                  Technology



                                                                          This model is a
                                                                          variant on H.J.
                                                                          Leavitt’s Model of
                                                                          organisational
                                                                          change, published in
  Page 18                                                                 1965.
   0:25
    Business Systems and Change
• Operating context of the organisation
    – External
    – Internal.

• Four key elements of operating
  organisations
    –   People – who participate in business events            People
                                                               People
    –   Process – what business events take place
    –   Structure – where business events happen
    –   Technology – enabling and recording events             The
                                                                 The
                                                      Process Business Structure
                                                       Process          Structure
• IT intrinsic to day to day operations                        System
                                                                System
    – Business process specific - Transactions,
      Customers, Etc
    – Generic - Email, Telephony, Information
                                                               Technology
                                                             Technology
• When IT fails, whole organisations and
  extended organisations stop
    – Citylink Melbourne, Tuesday 20 Sept 2006                          This model is a
                                                                        variant on H.J.
                                                                        Leavitt’s Model of
                                                                        organisational
                                                                        change, published in
   Page 19                                                              1965.
    0:26
     Business Systems and Change
                                        Change Program
                                                                                   Changed
                 People                 • Business System                            People
                                                                                     People
                                                                                    People
                                             •Process
                                             •Technology
                The                          •Structure                  Changed
                                                                                   Change
                                                                                   The
                                                                                 The     Changed
         ProcessBusines Structure            •People                      Processd         Structure
                                                                          Process Busines Structure
                                                                         ProcessBusiness Structure
                s                       • Business Context                        s
                                                                                  Busines
                                                                                 System
                System                        •Process                             s
                                                                                   System
                                              •Technology                          System
                                                                                   Changed
              Technology                                                             Technology
                                                                                     Technology
                                              IT Change
                                “Traditional” •Structure Project                  Technology
                                              •People




•   IT is now a fundamental enabler of change      •   Implementing IT enabled change involves
    and is leading to new business models and          attention to every facet of business models
    new business practices                             and practices
     –   Eg e-Government                                 –   Internal and external factors

• Governing IT Enabled Change involves much more than governing technology
  activities.
   Page 20
     0:28
      Why “Best Effort” is not good enough?

• “Best Effort”, “Some Progress”, “Improved
  Performance”… are not measurable.
• “Performance is improved 10%”, “Time to Market
  decreased from 100 days to 50 days”, “Customer
  Satisfaction Rate improves 23 percents”. Those are
  good measurements.
• All the measurements must be
  quantitative!
Pengukuran Kinerja Implementasi IT
Generic Maturity Model
                   Model Kematangan
                         Responsibility and
                          Accountability
                              [RA ]



Awareness and            Policies, Plans and              Goal Setting and
Communication                Procedures                    Measurement
    [AC ]                       [PPP]                          [GSM]




         Tools and Automation                 Skills and Expertise
                 [TA ]                                [SE]
Collecting Maturity Model Data
                                          0   1   2   3   4   5

      Awareness and Communication


  Policies, Standards and Procedures


                Tools and Automation


                   Skills and Expertise


    Responsibility and Accountability

       Goal Setting and Measurement

								
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