Blended Learning

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					Joseph Fong      Fu Lee Wang     (Eds.)

Blended Learning
Workshop on Blended Learning 2007
Edinburgh, United Kingdom
15-17 August, 2007

 Organized by:        The Hong Kong Web Society

 Sponsored by:        City University of Hong Kong

The Workshop on Blended Learning 2007 provides an open forum for two kinds of
professionals: Computer Scientists and Educators, to share their ideas and experiences
on supplementing e-Learning with classroom learning. In the reality of today’s
education, students can learn anywhere and at any time through Internet. Very often,
students can learn new advanced computer technologies through self learning on the
Internet, and universities can only provide basic knowledge in the classroom. As a
result, there is a need to combine both learning methods to speed up the students'
learning abilities.

This workshop focuses on e-Learning as a supplementary learning to classroom
learning. The era of e-Learning enables students learning any time and anywhere
through Internet. It can reduce teachers’ administration work to a minimum by
computerizing clerical work. It can also personalize each student’s need by adaptive
learning. However, traditional classroom learning is needed for face-to-face lecturing
and tutoring. Above all, the experimental work must be supervised and monitored for
its progress. As a result, it is important to combine the benefits of both e-Learning and
classroom learning into an enhanced teaching method, namely blended learning.
Lecturers can then motivate students to learn both in breadth by getting important
referenced course materials and practice online, and also in depth by detailed
discussion with the lecturers in the face-to-face classroom. The issue is how to create
a curriculum which can fit students’ personal needs. Education theory, peer-to-peer
learning, and web-based technologies should be applied together in defining
techniques and guidelines for the creation of the e-Learning contents and blended

The Workshop on Blended Learning 2007 has record a total of 139 papers. The
Workshop had the collaboration of an 18-member program committee composed of
well-known blended learning experts and researchers from America, Asia, Australia
and Europe. The wide coverage of program committee meant that the Workshop
reach out to more participants and thus ensured good-quality paper submissions. The
reviewing of papers was carried out by reviewers chosen among the Program
Committee members and invited reviewers. The reviewing process was managed
using the OpenConf Conference Management System developed by Zakon Group.
Twenty-eight papers were finally selected.

On behalf of the Program Committee of WBL 2007, we thank all authors for their
submissions and camera-ready copies of papers, and all participants for their active
participation in the workshop. We also acknowledge the sponsor, program committee
members and individuals who gave their continuous help and support in making the
workshop a success. We hope that the workshop will continue to grow.

                                          Joseph Fong (City University of Hong Kong)
                                         Fu Lee Wang (City University of Hong Kong)
August 2007

Joseph Fong
Department of Computer Science
City University of Hong Kong
Kowloon Tong
Hong Kong

Fu Lee Wang
Department of Computer Science
City University of Hong Kong
Kowloon Tong
Hong Kong
                        Conference Organization

The Workshop on Blended Learning 2007 (WBL 2007) was organized by the Hong
Kong Web Society and sponsored by City University of Hong Kong.

Workshop Co-chairs
 Joseph Fong, City University of Hong Kong
 Fu Lee Wang, City University of Hong Kong

Program Committee
 Bressan, Stéphan (National University of Singapore, Singapore)
 Cheng, Yin Cheong (Hong Kong Institute of Education, Hong Kong)
 Corkindale, David (University of South Australia, Australia)
 Fong, Joseph (Hong Kong Web Society, Hong Kong)
 Hughes, John (National University of Ireland, Ireland)
 Karlapalem, Kamal (International Institute of Information Technology, India)
 Kwan, Reggie (Caritas Francis Hsu College, Hong Kong)
 Lau, Rynson (University of Durham, U.K.)
 Le, Gruenwald (University of Oklahoma, U.S.A.)
 Li, Qing (Hong Kong Web Society, Hong Kong)
 Lim, Cher Ping (Edith Cowan University, Australia)
 McLeod, Dennis (University of Southern California, U.S.A.)
 Meersman, Robert (Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium)
 Orlowska, Maria (The University of Queensland, Australia)
 Sharman, Rex (English Unlimited, Hong Kong)
 Smith, Peter (Sunderland University, U.K.)
 Zhao, Wei (Texas A & M University, U.S.A.)
 Zhu, Zhiting (East China Normal University, China)

 Alberts, Philip (Brunel University, U.K.)
 Barker, Philip (University of Teesside, U.K.)
 Bressan, Stéphan (National University of Singapore, Singapore)
 Chan, Fun Ting (The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong)
 Fong, Joseph (Hong Kong Web Society, Hong Kong)
 Huang, Shi-Ming (National Chung Cheng University, Taiwan)
 Jones, Norah (University of Glamorgan, U.K.)
 Lau, Rynson (University of Durham, U.K.)
 Lim, Cher Ping (Edith Cowan University, Australia)
 McLeod, Dennis (University of Southern California, U.S.A.)
 Smith, Peter (Sunderland University, U.K.)
 Siu, Cheung Kong (The Hong Kong Institute of Education, Hong Kong)
 Wang, Fu Lee (City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong)
 Zhu, Zhiting (East China Normal University, China)
                              Table of Contents

Keynote Paper
Towards a Definition and Methodology for Blended Learning                 1
 Won Kim

Towards Blended Learning of Computer Programming Supported by an
Automated System                                                          9
 M. Choy, S. Lam, C.K. Poon, F.L. Wang, Y.T. Yu, L. Yuen

Web-based Logging of Classroom Teaching Activities for Blended Learning   19
 Joseph Fong

Blended Learning for Programming Courses:
A Case Study of Outcome Based Teaching & Learning                         30
 Fu Lee Wang, Joseph Fong, Marian Choy

Blended Learning with Webs, Wikis and Weblogs                             42
 Philip Barker

Blended Learning: Beyond Web Page Design for the Delivery of Content      53
 Philip P Alberts, Linda A Murray, Darren K Griffin, Julia E Stephenson

Discovery of Educational Objective on e-Learning Resource:
A Competency Approach                                                     66
 Shi-Ming Huang, Hsiang-Yuan Hsueh, Jing-Shiuan Hua

Blended Learning: Experiences of Adult Learners in Hong Kong              79
 P. W. R. Lee, F. T. Chan

An Observational Study on Blended Learning for Japanese Language
Studies in a Local University in Hong Kong                                88
  Kenneth K.C. Lee, Melody P.M. Chong

Structured Blended Learning Implementation for an Open
Learning Environment                                                      101
  Jason K. Y. Chan, Ken C. K. Law

The Disruptive Effect of Technology: a University Case Study              114
 Norah Jones

The Marriage of Rousseau and Blended Learning: An Investigation of
3 Higher Educational Institutions’ Praxis                                 123
  Esyin Chew, Norah Jones, David Turner
Developing an On-line Medical Curriculum Management Platform             136
 Jenny Fang, Francis Wong, Raymond Chu

Concepts of Blended Learning for Different Content Types                 150
 Andreas Henrich, Stefanie Sieber

Blended Learning: Towards a Mix for SMEs –
Stakeholders and their Priorities                                        162
  Sabine Moebs, Stephan Weibelzahl

Supporting Self-Regulated Learning in a Blended Course                   174
 Giuliana Dettori, Donatella Persico

A Study on the Impact of the Use of an Automatic and Adaptive
Free-text Assessment System during a University Course                   186
 Diana Perez-Marin, Ismael Pascual-Nieto, Enrique Alfonseca,
 Eloy Anguiano, Pilar Rodriguez

A Wiki-Based Collaborative Learning Design and Its Effects in
Secondary Math Studies                                                   196
 Liming Zhang, Chan Lam Wong

Implementation of an E-Learning System – Learning Design and Learning
Objects Management and Evaluation through Stardardization of Resources   206
 Hugo Rego, Tiago Moreira, Francisco José Garcia

Visualisation of Learners’ Contributions in Chat Conversations           217
 Stefan Trausan-Matu, Traian Rebedea,
 Alexandru Dragan, Catalin Alexandru

HECACEJ: B-Learning Tool for Static Content Creation in Joomla!          227
 Angel Mora-Bonilla, Domingo López-Rodríguez,
 Enrique Mérida-Casermeiro, Salvador Merino-Córdoba

MAAS – Mobile Administrative and Assessment System                       237
 Apple W P Fok, Horace H S Ip, Chilli C K Chan

Large-scale Computer-Assisted Assessment in Computer Science
Education: New Possibilities, New Questions                              257
 Mario Amelung, Michael Piotrowski, Dietmar Rösner

Exploratory Research on an Affective e-Learning Model                    267
 Liping Shen, Enrique Leon, Victor Callaghan, Ruimin Shen

Design and Development of Blended Learning through LMS                   279
 K. P. Hewagamage, S.C. Premaratne, K.H.R.A Peiris
An Access Monitoring Tool Based on Cookies for Course
Management Systems                                                    292
 Raquel Hijón-Neira, Ignacio López-López, Ángel Velázquez-Iturbide,
 Francisco Domínguez-Mateos

Learning News Writing Using Emergent Collaborative
Writing Technology Wiki                                               303
 Will Wai-kit Ma, Allan Hoi-kau Yuen

Description Patterns in Learning Design Authoring Systems             315
 Lei Xu, Li Zheng, Jing Liu, Yintao Liu, Fang Yang

M-Learning: A Pedagogical and Technological Model for Language
Learning on Mobile Phones                                             327
 Yannick Jolliet

Author Index                                                          340

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