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					 EEA / CRI / REC Country Visit
   Zagreb, 14 March 2011



    WASTE MANAGEMENT
     Republic of Croatia



Jasna Kufrin, B.Sc., Head of Waste Department

        Croatian Environment Agency



            Country Visit EEA/CRI/REC
            Zagreb, 14 March 2011
                            CONTENT


•       Legislation / institutional
        framework
•       Waste quantities and
        management / Specific
        waste streams
•       Facilities

•       Data / Reporting




Country Visit EEA/CRI/REC
Zagreb, 14 March 2011
                                                        BASIC FACTS

                           Population - 4,437,460 (2001 census)
                           Zagreb, population – 779,145

                           Land area – 56,542 sq.km

                           Diverse terrain, karst topography makes up
                           more than 50% territory




•Croatia - a candidate country for EU membership (2004)
•Accession negotiations – in progress




                                       Country Visit EEA/CRI/REC
                                       Zagreb, 14 March 2011
                                                                                  POLICY

STRATEGIC-PLANNING FRAMEWORK

•Strategy for Sustainable Development of the Republic of Croatia (OG No. 30/09)
•National Environmental Strategy (OG No. 46/02)
•National Environmental Action Plan (NEAP) (OG No. 46/02)
•Environmental Protection Act (OG No. 110/07)


 Waste management- marked as priority in environment protection


Waste Management Strategy of the Republic of Croatia
(OG No. 130/2005)


Waste Management Plan of the Republic of Croatia for 2007-2015
(OG No. 85/2007)


                                                   Country Visit EEA/CRI/REC
                                                   Zagreb, 14 March 2011
                                                                             LEGISLATION

LEGISLATION

Transposition of EU legislation in waste management sector – completed
(with the exception of the Directive 2008/98/EC)

•Waste Act (OG No. 178/04, 111/09, 60/08, 87/09)
•2 Regulations and 19 Ordinances

•Regulation on categories, types and classification of waste with a waste catalogue and list of hazardous waste (OG
No. 50/05, 39/09)
•Regulation on supervision of transboundary movement of waste (OG No. 69/06, 17/07, 39/09)
•Ordinance on waste management (OG No. 23/07, 111/07)
•Ordinance on methods and requirements for thermal treatment of waste (OG No. 45/07)
•Ordinance on the methods and conditions for the landfill of waste, categories and operational requirements for
waste landfills (OG No. 117/07)

•Ordinances on special waste categories (packaging, WEEE, waste oils,...)




                                                           Country Visit EEA/CRI/REC
                                                           Zagreb, 14 March 2011
                                                                    INSTITUTIONS

INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK

•Ministry of Environmental Protection, Physical Planning and
Construction
general policy, legislation + enforcement (inspection)
Permits for Hazardous waste / Incineration


•Croatian Environment Agency                – data, information system, reporting


•Environment Protection and Energy Efficiency Fund – co-financing waste
projects, organization of collection/recovery schemes (fee collection)


•21 County offices – regional self-government units
waste management plans preparation, permits for non-hazardous waste


•429 municipalities / 127 towns – local self-government offices
measures-municipal waste, separate collection



                                                     Country Visit EEA/CRI/REC
                                                     Zagreb, 14 March 2011
                                                                                  STATUS

NATIONAL INTEGRATED WASTE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM -underway
-Last 5-6 years – numerous activities and measures in waste sector
 large improvements

-Measures for increase of separate collection/ recovery - implementing
(collection schemes and treatment facilities for special waste categories)


-Remediation of landfills and hot-spots - in progress

-Construction of waste management centres (WMC) – in preparation
(network of max. 21 WMCs – to apply MBT+ waste to energy plant for City of Zagreb)


-Information system –developing

Economic instruments - introduced
(charges for burdening environment with waste; fees for puting the certain products on the market)


                                                     Country Visit EEA/CRI/REC
                                                     Zagreb, 14 March 2011
                                         WASTE MANAGEMENT
                                           MUNICIPAL WASTE
MUNICIPAL WASTE


Produced in 2008
– 403 kg / inhabitant (1,788,311 t)

86% mixed municipal waste (2008)
Landfilled, without treatment

Separate collection – improving
(247 252 t in 2008)
14% Other municipal waste types,
including bulky waste
-not all for recovery

Population covered by organized
collection - 93%

                                      Country Visit EEA/CRI/REC
                                      Zagreb, 14 March 2011
                                WASTE MANAGEMENT
                                  MUNICIPAL WASTE

BIODEGRADABLE WASTE from municipal waste
Almost all quantities landfilled
1,088,196 t (2008)


-32000 t composted
(green waste)
6 composting plants




                             Country Visit EEA/CRI/REC
                             Zagreb, 14 March 2011
                                        WASTE MANAGEMENT
                                          MUNICIPAL WASTE
HAZARDOUS WASTE

Estimated quantities – 213 000 t

Reported – 58 432 t (2008)
No landfill, no public incinerator
Waste oils
(incineration /cement kilns)




                                     Country Visit EEA/CRI/REC
                                     Zagreb, 14 March 2011
                                WASTE MANAGEMENT
                          SPECIAL WASTE CATEGORIES
SPECIAL WASTE CATEGORIES

for which concessions are given for collection and treatment / recovery

Ordinances adopted on:
•packaging waste
•waste tyres
•waste oils
•waste batteries and accumulators
•end-of-life vehicles
•WEEE

-Fee collection from producers/importers of product,
-compensation of expences for collection/treatment/recovery
Environment Protection and Energy Efficiency Fund (EPEEF)

New facilities for treatment/recovery put in operation


                                     Country Visit EEA/CRI/REC
                                     Zagreb, 14 March 2011
                                 WASTE MANAGEMENT
                           SPECIAL WASTE CATEGORIES




Tyres- max 30% from collected quantities
to be used for energy purposes (cement          WEEE (2008)
kilns)                                          2009 - 3 kg/inh, 2010 – 4 kg/inh?

Waste oils (Lubricant)- 2008 - collected
- 7 058 t (39%) Recovery (cement kilns)

                                      Country Visit EEA/CRI/REC
                                      Zagreb, 14 March 2011
                                      WASTE MANAGEMENT
                                SPECIAL WASTE CATEGORIES
Other Special waste categories regulated by ordinances (2007/2008)
•waste containing asbestos; medical waste; construction waste; wastewater treatment
sludge when used in agriculture; polychlorinated biphenils and polychlorinated terphenils;
waste from research and mining of mineral raw materials

Construction waste
Recycling does not exceed 7%, poor data

Medical waste
Autoclaving 81%

Wastewater treatment sludge
106 wastewater treatment plants, sludge management:
-stored on site
-landfilling

Animal by-product
Collection and treatment by rendering plant 65000 t (2008)

PCB (transformers, condensors) – inventory building

                                            Country Visit EEA/CRI/REC
                                            Zagreb, 14 March 2011
                     waste management permits

No. of waste management permits




                              Country Visit EEA/CRI/REC
                              Zagreb, 14 March 2011
          transboundary movement of waste

Transboundary movement of waste




                             Country Visit EEA/CRI/REC
                             Zagreb, 14 March 2011
                                                                     FACILITIES

Landfills – remediation in progress

-300 „official” landfills

Municipal Waste Landfills Remediation cost – 387 mil €
financing by EPEEF (55%) and self-government units

2010:
-92 municipal landfills remediated
-649 wild dumpsites remediated

Transitional period requested for remediation of landfills for 2018 and for
gradual reduction of biodegradable waste to 35% by 2020.




                                         Country Visit EEA/CRI/REC
                                         Zagreb, 14 March 2011
                                                                    FACILITIES


Waste management centres (county, regional)

Max. 21 WMC (MBT + 1 waste to energy plant)
mechanical biological treatment

Planned completion of construction - end of 2018

Planned investment - financing by EPEEF and EU funds (Pre-accession and
Cohesion Fund)-up to 80%, 20% by local / regional self-govermnet units

-ISPA funds – 6 MEUR – Šibenik-Knin Couny – execution of works started
-Preparation for IPA programme 2007-2009 – two locations approved (Primorje-
Gorski kotar, Istra county – 13,2 MEUR)




                                        Country Visit EEA/CRI/REC
                                        Zagreb, 14 March 2011
                                                                  FACILITIES
Economic instruments

Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency Fund (EPEEF)
extra-budgetary institution - finance environmental protection programmes
and projects

The EPEEF collects different environmental charges as its own revenue,
which includes
-charges for burdening the environment with hazardous and non-
hazardous industrial waste.
-collects or pay charges within specific waste streams collection/recovery
schemes, prescribed in detail by different ordinances regulating special
waste categories.




                                      Country Visit EEA/CRI/REC
                                      Zagreb, 14 March 2011
                                                           CONCLUSION
CONCLUSION

Big efforts to cope with EU and national requirements

Objectives and targets fullfilment
-Some already accomplished
-Some will be hard to accomplish – e.g. diverting biodegradable waste from
landfills

Important factors influencing the speed of fullfillment:
- financing factor
- social factor (education, public awareness, approach to public in project
planning)




                                         Country Visit EEA/CRI/REC
                                         Zagreb, 14 March 2011
                                     CONCLUSION



Data / reporting




                   Country Visit EEA/CRI/REC
                   Zagreb, 14 March 2011
                                                         CEA responsibilities

Croatian Environment Agency (CEA)

CEA role – defined in Waste Act and sub-laws
Responsible for data gathering/ running info-system / reporting

CEA - Appointed as central institution which will coordinate reporting to the European
  Comission on the implementation of environmental legislation


CEA process the data and information on waste and waste flows:
           COMPANIES and FACILITIES (permits / registers)
           WASTE TYPES / QUANTITIES
           (consignement forms, Waste inventory-KEO)
           IMPORT / EXPORT
           DOCUMENTS /PROJECTS /LEGISLATION
           INDICATORS



                                              Country Visit EEA/CRI/REC
                                              Zagreb, 14 March 2011
                                      INFORMATION SYSTEM
WASTE MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM – developing

Data quality and quantity – improving


CEA Databases
-Waste management permits register (on-line database)
-Environment Emission Register (ROO) - data on generated,
collected and waste recovered/disposed, by waste types (on-line data
entry)
-Landfill Inventory - GIS database
-Waste Management Plans Database
-Databases on special waste streams
-Transboundary movement database



                                    Country Visit EEA/CRI/REC
                                    Zagreb, 14 March 2011
                                                      Waste data collection

Data collection

         - data on waste - directed mostly to CEA

         - some data on specific waste streams collected by
         Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency Fund

         - biannual statistical surveys on waste flows – Central Bureau of Statistics

         - data on transboundary movement – Ministry


Problems:
- Duplication of data collection
- Poor data quality
- Networking of competent institutions / information system development




                                              Country Visit EEA/CRI/REC
                                              Zagreb, 14 March 2011
Data collection on waste types/quantities




             Country Visit EEA/CRI/REC
             Zagreb, 14 March 2011
Data and information available:
- Annual reports
- On-line databases, www.azo.hr
- On request (Catalog of information)




On CEA web pages www.azo.hr

Information on legislation, projects, waste management isssues,
data, on-line databases, reports (pdf), guidelines




                                   Country Visit EEA/CRI/REC      25
                                   Zagreb, 14 March 2011
                                                                        Reporting
Annual reports
- Annual report on waste produced and sent off-site (ROO, waste flows)
- Annual reports on specific waste stream (ELVs, WEEE, batteries, waste oils, ..)
- Annual report on transboundary waste movement
- Preparation of Yearly report to the Basel convention
- Annual report on waste management permits and registered companies
- List of Laboratories…..

CEA Guidelines:
     -waste code determination,
     -R/D operation,
     -waste data keeping and reporting




                                            Country Visit EEA/CRI/REC
                                            Zagreb, 14 March 2011
                                                                  Reporting


Indicator based:
Annual publication: Environment in your pocket
State of Environment Report (2010)




National List of Indicators – revision 2011- ongoing




                                      Country Visit EEA/CRI/REC
                                      Zagreb, 14 March 2011
     Thank you
Croatian Enivonment Agency
     Trg maršala Tita 8
       Zagreb-10000
          Croatia

  Phone: + 385 1 4886 840
    Fax: + 385 4826 173
    e-mail: info@azo.hr




                  Country Visit EEA/CRI/REC
                  Zagreb, 14 March 2011

				
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