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					Sentence Correction


         Nuts and Bolts
    Tips
   Read the sentence
   Circle key words
   Look for adjectives ,
    adverbs, coordinators
   Identify the problem
   Think of possible way(s) to
    go about it
   Read the options
   Pick the best answer
   Try it out
    Pitfalls
   Parallel structure
   Paired conjunction
   Conditional if
   Subjunctive mode
   Verb tense
   Expressions of desire
   Using the gerund form
    Pitfalls
 Pronoun errors
 Errors with

  comparatives and
  superlatives
 Errors with because

 Dangling modifiers

  commonly confused
  words
Errors in verb tense
 When I came home, the children still
  did not finish dinner.

 When I came home, the children still
  had not finished dinner.
Errors in verb tense

 As we ate dinner, the
  phone rang

 As we were eating
  dinner the phone rang
Errors in verb tense
 She promised she will come

 She promised she would come

 She said she does not know his phone
  number

 She said she did not know his phone number
Errors in tense formation
 He throwed it out of the window

 He threw it out the window

 Having just drank some water, I wasn’t thirsty

    Having just drunk some water, I wasn’t
    thirsty
Errors in subject verb agreement
  Ted, Linda and I is going to the party.

  Ted, Linda and I are going to the party.

  The bride, together with the groom and
   her parents, are receiving at the door.

  The bride, together with the groom and
   her parents, is receiving at the door.
Errors in subject verb agreement
 There is many reasons why I can’t help you.

 There are many reasons why I can’t help you.

 His mastery of several languages and the social
  graces make him a sought after dinner guest.

 His mastery of several languages and the social
  graces makes him a sought after dinner guest.
Errors in conditional sentences
  Future: If I have time, I will do it
   tomorrow

  Present: If I had time, I would do it
   now

  Past: If I had had time, I would have
   done it yesterday
Errors in conditional sentences
  If I was you, I wouldn’t do that.

  If I were you, I wouldn’t do that.

  She would not say that if she was not
   true

  She would not say that if she were not
   true
Errors in conditional sentences
  If I would have known, I would not have
   gone.

  If I had known, I would not have gone

  You would not be so tired if you were
   not going to bed so late.

  You would not be so tired if you did not
   go to bed so late.
Errors in expressions of desire

  Present: I wish I knew him

  Future: I wish you could/would come

  Past: I wish he had come
Errors in expressions of desire
  I wish I heard that story about him
   before I met him

  I wish I had heard that story about
   him before I met him

  She wishes you will be on time

  She wishes you would be on time
Errors in Verbs followed by
Verb words
  She ignored the doctor’s recommendation
   that she stops smoking.

  She ignored the doctor’s recommendation
   that she stop smoking.
Errors in Verbs followed by
Verb words
 It is essential that you are on time.

 It is essential that you be on time.

 He suggested that we should meet at
  the train.

 He suggested that we meet at the
  train.
The Subjunctive
   Ask          Suggest
   demand       urge
   desire       it is essential/
   insist        imperative/important
   prefer        necessary that
   recommend    requirement
   require      suggestion
Errors in negative imperatives

 Would you please don’t smoke here?

 Please do not smoke here
Errors in Affirmative and negative
agreement of verbs
  I am an American and so is she.
  I am an American and she is too.

  Mary likes Bach and so does John.
  Mary likes Bach and John does too.

  My father will be there and so will my
   mother
  My father will be there and my mother will
   too.
Negative agreement
 I am not American and he is not either
 I am not American and neither is he.

 Mary does not like Bach and John does
  not either.
 Mary does not like Bach and neither
  does John.
Negative Agreement
 I have seen the film and she also has.
 I have seen the film and so has she.

 I have not seen the film and she has
  not neither.
 I have not seen the film and she has
  not either.
Errors of Infinitives or Gerunds
Verbs requiring an infinitive:

    agree          refuse
    fail           expect
    intend         want
    promise        plan
    decide         learn
    hope
Verbs requiring a gerund
   admit           finish
   appreciate      practice
   avoid           quit
   consider        regret
   deny            risk
   enjoy           stop
Phrases requiring a gerund
 Approve of      Get through
 to be better    keep on
  off             look forward
 can’t help       to
 count on        think about
 do not mind     think of
 forget about    insist on
 I intend learning French next semester.
 I intend to learn French next semester.

 I have stopped to smoke
 I have stopped smoking

 We are looking forward to see you.
 We are looking forward to seeing you.
Errors in verbs requiring How in
the complement

 She know to drive
 She knows how to drive.

 I will teach you to sew.
 I will teach you how to sew.
Errors in tag endings

 I’m right aren’t I?

 We ought to go, shouldn’t we?

 Let’s see, shall we?
 She has been there before, isn’t she?
 She has been there before, hasn’t she?

 You would rather go yourself, hadn’t
  you?
 You would rather go yourself, wouldn’t
  you?
Errors in Idiomatic verb expressions
 A: must have done- it is a logical conclusion
    They are late, they must have missed the bus.

 B: Had better do - it is advisable
    It is getting cold. You’d better take your

     coat.
 C: Used to do - was in the habit of doing in the
  past
    I used to smoke a pack of cigarettes.

 D: To be used to - to be accustomed.
    In America, you will get used to hearing only

     English all day long.
Errors in Idiomatic verb expressions
  E: make someone do- force someone of do
   something
     My mother made me take my little sister to

      the movies.
  F: would rather - would prefer
     I would rather speak to her myself

     I would rather not speak to her myself

     I would rather you spoke to her

     I would rather you did not speak to her.

         (Past is used when someone other than the
           subject to do the action, use the past)
Pronoun Errors
 All of us- Fred, Jane, Alice, and me were
  late.
 All of us- Fred, Jane, Alice, and I were
  late.

 How could she blame you and he for the
  accident?
 How could she blame you and him for
  the accident
Errors with Who and Whom
 I do not know who Sarah meant.
 I do not know whom Sarah meant.

 There was a discussion as to whom
  was better suited.
 There was a discussion as to who was
  better suited.
Errors of pronoun subject verb
agreement
 John is absent, but a few of the class is
  here.
 John is absent, but a few of the class are
  here.

 Everyone on the project have to come to the
  meeting.
 Everyone on the project has to come to the
  meeting.
Errors of pronoun subject
verb agreement
 Either of those dresses are suitable for
  the party.
 Either of those dresses is suitable for
  the party.

 Neither of them are experts on the
  subject.
 Neither of them is an expert on the
  subject.
Either or and Neither nor
 Either his parents or he is brining it.
 Either he or his parents are brining
  it.

 Neither his parents nor he was there
 Neither he nor his parents were
  there.
Singulars      Plurals:

   anyone        both
   anything      few
   each          many
   either        several
   neither       others
   no one
   nothing
   what
   whatever
   whoever
Errors of possessive pronoun
agreement
 If anyone calls take their name.
 If anyone calls, take his name.

 Those of us who care should write to
  their congressman.
 Those of us who care should write to
  our congressman
Errors of possessive pronoun
agreement

 Some of you will have to come in their
  own cars.

 Some of you will have to come in your
  own cars.
Errors in pronouns after the
verb to be
 It must have been her at the door.
 It must have been she at the door.

 I wish I were him.
 I wish I were he.

 He did not know that it was me who did it.
 He did not know that it was I who did it.
Errors in position of relative
pronoun
 He could park right in front of the door,
  which is very convenient.
 His being allowed to park right in front
  of the door was very convenient.

 The traffic was heavy, which made me
  late.
 I was late because of the heavy traffic.
Errors in Parallelism of
Impersonal pronouns

 One should take your duties seriously

 One should take one’s/ his/her duties
  seriously.
Errors in the use of adjectives
and adverbs
 I sure wish I were rich.
 I surely wish I were rich.

 The young man writes bad.
 The young man writes badly.

 He is real good teacher
 He is a really good teacher
 Errors with verbs of sense

 She looked very well.
 She looked very good.

 The food tastes deliciously
 The food tastes delicious.
Verbs of sense
   Be
   feel
   look
   smell
   sound
   taste
   seem
   appear
Errors in comparatives
 This exercise is harder then the last
  one.
 This exercise is harder than the last
  one.

 He works faster than her.
 He works faster than she (does/ does
  she)
Errors in comparatives
 She was much different than I
  expected.
 She was much different from what I
  expected.

 This year, I will have littler free time.
 This year I will have less free time.
Errors in question word
connector:
  Do you know when does the movie start?

  Do you know when the movie starts?

  I do not know what is his name.

  I do not know what his name is.
Errors in question word connector:
  Did he tell you why hasn’t he come
   yet?

  Did he tell you why he hasn’t come
   yet?
Errors in purpose connectors:

 We took a cab so we would be on time

 We took a cab so that we would be on
  time
Errors with because

 The reason he was rejected was
  because he was too young

 The reason he was rejected was that
  he was young
Errors of dangling modifiers:

 Seeing that the hour was late, it was
  decided to postpone the committee
  vote.

 Seeing that the hour was late, the
  committee decided to postpone its
  vote.
Errors of dangling modifiers
 Unaccustomed to getting up early, it
  was difficult for him to get to work
  on time.

 Unaccustomed to getting up early, he
  found it difficult to get to work on
  time.
Errors in modifying countable
and noncountable nouns:

 I was surprised by the large amount
  of people at the gate.

 I was surprised by the large number
  of people at the gate.
    Errors in connectors:
 She speaks not only Spanish but French as well.

   She speaks   Spanish and French
   She speaks   Spanish. She also speaks French
   She speaks   not only Spanish but also French
   She speaks   Spanish and French too
   She speaks   not only Spanish but also French
   She speaks   both Spanish and French
   She speaks   Spanish as well as French
Errors of illogical comparisons
 Texas is bigger than any state in the
  United States.

 Texas is bigger than any other state in the
  United States.

 That is the most important of any other
  reason.

 That is the most important reason.
Errors of illogical comparisons

 Of the two books, this one is the
  best.

 Of the two books, this one is better.
Errors of identical comparisons

 This dress is the same like mine

 This dress is like mine
Errors in idiom using comparative
structure
 You may have to spend so much as two
  hours waiting.

 You may spend as much as two hours
  waiting.

 It cost twice more than I thought it would.

 It cost twice as much as I thought it would
Errors in parallel comparisons

 The more children you have, the house you
  need will be bigger.

 The more children you have the bigger the
  house you need.

 The earlier we leave, we will get there earlier.

 The earlier we leave, the earlier we get there.
Errors in parallel comparisons
  The busier you become, the lesser
   the time you have for reading.

  The busier you become, the less time
   you have for reading.
Errors in parallel construction:
 The film was exciting, interesting and made
  well.

 The film was exciting, interesting and well-
  made.

 The purpose of the meeting is to introduce
  new members and raise money.

 The purpose of the meeting is to introduce
  new members and to raise money.
Errors is noun adjectives:

 You are talking like a two years old
  child.

 You are talking like a two-year-old
  child.
Errors in ordinal and cardinal
numbers:

 We missed act one
 We missed the first act

 May first
 The first of may
 Gate three not the third gate
Errors in ordinal and cardinal
numbers:

 His birthday is on Feb twenty two.

 His birthday is on February twenty
  second.
Errors in unnecessary modifiers
 He drove in a carefully way.
 He drove in a careful way.

 The problem was difficult and
  delicate in nature
 It was a difficult, delicate problem
 Errors in unnecessary modifiers
 The new innovations were startling.
 The innovations were startling.

 Would you please repeat again what you
  said?
 Would you please repeat what you said?

 He left more richer than when he came.
 He left richer than when he came.
Errors in unnecessary modifiers

 That depends on the state of the
  general condition of the situation.

 That depends on the situation.
Identify problematic areas in the
following sentences and try to fix
them:

  The reason we are late is due to the
   fact that the bus was delayed by
   heavy traffic.


  Before starting a program of diet and
   exercise. A consultation with your
   physician is advisable.
 He interviewed several candidates who
  he thought had the experience and
  qualifications the position required.

 More than any other animal, the
  wolverine exemplifies the unbridled
  ferocity of nature red in tooth and
  claw.
 Familiar with the terran from
  previous visits, the explorer’s
  search for the abandoned mine
  site was a success.

 If any one calls while you are in
  the conference, tell them I will
  return their call after the
  meeting.
 Neither the earthquake not the
  subsequent fire was able to
  destroy the spirit of the city
  dwellers.

 Of the two candidates for this
  government position, Jason
  Harold is the most qualified
  because of his experience in the
  field.
PRACTICE

				
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