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					Promoting Safe and Healthy
      Relationships
       Chapter 10-13, 19 & 20
                Myth or Fact
 About 1/3 of teens in grades 9-12 are
  involved in at least one physical fight each
  year
 Teens are more likely to be victims of
  violence than adults are
 By age 13, the American child has watched
  100,000 acts of violence on TV.
 Joining a gang is not effective protection
  from violence.
 Homicide, or murder, is the leading cause of
  death among teens.
                 Myth or Fact

 Use of ATOD’s is a contributing factor in
 incidents of violent crime.
 Programs intended to treat violent behavior
 are ineffective.
 Nearly half of all rapes and sexual assaults are
 committed by acquaintances of the victim.
 Schools can promote effective ways to prevent
 violence.
 Of the industrialized nation in the world, the
 US had the highest rates of homicide and
 firearms related deaths among adolescents
    Healthy Relationships
 Relationship is a bond or connection you have
with other people
 All of your relationships can have effects on
your physical, social, spiritual and
mental/emotional health.
 Healthy relationships are based on shared
values and interests and mutual respect.
 A healthy relationship is one in which both
people benefit and feel comfortable
        Healthy Relationships
   Family Relationships
       It involved immediate and extended family. It
        enhances all sides of your health triangle.
   Relationships
       Is a significant relationship between two people
        that is based on caring, trust, and consideration.
   Roles of Family and Friends
       A role is apart you play in a relationship.
     Build a Healthy Relationship
              (Three C’s)
 Communication- refers to your ways of
 sending and receiving messages.
 Cooperation- working together for the good of
 all.
 Compromise- is a problem-solving method that
 involves each participation’s giving up
 something to reach a solution that satisfied
 everyone. (give and take)
      Characteristics of a Health
            Relationships
   Mutual respect and consideration
   Honestly
   Dependability
   Commitment
          Effective Communication
 Communication is critical to healthy
 relationships.
 Communication Styles
     Passive Communication- involves the inability or
     unwillingness to express thoughts and feelings.
     Aggressive Communication- often try to get their
     ways through bullying and intimidation.
     Assertive Communication- involves expressing
     thoughts and feelings clearly and directly but
     without hurting others
     Techniques For Active Listening
    Reflective listening- rephrase or summarize what the
    other person has said.
    Clarifying- Questioning the speaker about how he/she
    feels or asking questions to help you understand.
    Encouraging- Encourage the speaker when you signal
    that you are interested and involved. You can show
    your interested by saying “I see” “Uh-huh” “I
    understand”
    Empathizing- You are able to imagine and understand
    how someone else feels.
         Eliminating Communication
                   Barriers
    Image and identity issues- a sense of who they are
    and their place in the world. If someone is unsure of
    his or her values, the uncertainty can complicate the
    communication.
    Unrealistic expectations- Avoid imposing unrealistic
    expectations on your listener, this may cause the
    individuals to become frustrated or defensive.
    Lack of trust
    Prejudice- unfair opinion or judgment of a particular
    group of people.
   Gender Stereotyping- is a type of prejudice that
    involves having an a belief about people of a certain
    gender.
              The Mediation Process
  Mediation- a process in which specialty
 trained people help others resolve their
 conflicts peacefully.
 Mediation session take place in a neutral
 locations.
 Mediation is strictly confidential.

 Some schools offer peer mediation programs
 for settling conflicts.
       Peer mediators, are students trained to help other
        students find fair resolution to conflicts and
        disagreements.
              The Role of the Family
  Family is a basic unit of society, provides a safe
  and nurturing environment for it member.
 Extended Family- that is, your immediate
  family and other relatives such as
  grandparents, aunt, uncle, cousins.
 The importance of Family
     Meets physical and other basic needs
     Meets mental/emotional needs

     Meets social needs

     Develops a value system
         Build   your Character
Strengthening Family Relationships
 Demonstrate care and love
 Show support, especially during difficult
 times
 Demonstrate trust

 Express commitment

 Be Responsible

 Spend time together

 Respect individuality

 Work together to solve problems

 Be sensitive to others’ needs
         Changes in Family Structure

 Separation- is a decision between married
 individuals to live apart from each other.
 Divorce- is a legal end to a marriage contract.

 Remarriage-becoming a blending family

 When there is children involved
       Custody- is a legal decision about who has the right
        to make decisions affecting the children in a family
        and who has the responsibility of physically caring
        for them.
                       Family Structure
   Marriage- is a long term commitment
       Commitment is a promise or a pledge that a couple makes to each other.
   Successful Marriage- marital adjustment-how well a person
    adjust to marriage and to his or her spouse.
       Good communication
       Emotional maturity
       Similar value and interests.
   Resolving Conflicts-even the best marriages, conflict
    occasionally. Some common issues include:
       Differences spending money
       Conflicting loyalties involving family and friends
        Lack of communication
        Lack of intimacy
        Jealous, infidelity, or lack of attention
        Decisions about having children and arranging child care
        Abusive tendencies or attitudes.
    Teen marriage: Maturity makes a successful marriage, do
    teen have that?
                    Family Violence
   Domestic Violence- any act of violence involving
    family members. This is a criminal act that can be
    prosecuted by law.
       Spousal Abuse is domestic violence at a spouse.
       Child Abuse is domestic violence at a child.
    Emotional abuse- is a pattern of behavior that attacks
    the emotional development and sense of worth of an
    individual.
    Physical Abuse- is the intentional infliction of bodily
    harm or injury on another person.
   Sexual Abuse-involves any sexual contact that is
    forced upon a person against his or her will.
           Changing Family Violence
   Breaking the cycle the violence.
    Avoiding the Violence
       Recognize
       Resist
       Report
    Crisis Center- a facility that handles emergencies and
    provides referrals to an individuals needing help.
    Support Groups meeting in which individuals share
    their problems and get advice from others facing
    similar issues.
    Family Counseling therapy to restore healthy
    relationships in a family.
                       School Safety
    Violence- is the threatened or actual use of physical
    force or power to harm another person or to damage
    property.
    Bullying- the act of seeking power or attention
    through the psychological, emotion, or physical abuse
    of another person.
       How does it start? How does it stop
    Sexual Harassment- is a UNINVITED and unwelcome
    sexual conduct directed at another person.
       Inappropriate jokes, words, gestures, or touching of a sexual
        form sexual harassment.
        Reducing the Risk of Violence

   Recognizing Warning Signs
       Has difficulty controlling anger, or disobeys school rules,
        (more examples Figure 13.2. Pg. 337)
   What can you do?
    

    

    

   What a school can do?
       Peer mediation
       Rules of the school
       Keeping the school a safe place
          Why Violence Occur
 A way to deal with conflicts. Some people use
 violence as a means of dealing with conflicts.
 In these cases, the victim may know his or her
 assailant (a person who commits a violent act
 against another)
 Need to control others

 Way of expressing anger

 Prejudice-unfair opinion or judgment of a
 particular group of people
 Retaliation
            Influences of Violence


   Weapons Availability
   The Media
   ATOD’s
   Mental and Emotional Issues
       Anger management
                 Types of Violence
   Assault and Homicide
     assault is an unlawful attack on a person with the
     intent to harm or kill.
     random violence is committed for no particular
     reason.
   Sexual Violence
       Is any form of unwelcome sexual conduct directed
        at an individual, including sexual harassment,
        sexual assault, and rape.
   Gang Related Violence
                Types of Abuse
 Abuse- is the physical, mental/emotional, or
  sexual mistreatment of one person by another.
 Physical Abuse- is the intentional infliction of
  bodily harm or injury on another person.
 Emotional Abuse
     Verbal abuse -using words ti mistreat or injure
     another person. (name calling, insults)
     stalking- is the reported following, harassment, or
     threatening of an individual to frighten or cause him
     or her harm.
                     Dating Violence
   Dating violence includes all forms of abuse.
   Sometimes teen victims may accept abuse as part of a
    relationship.
    Signs indicating that an unhealthy dating relationship
    may be headed toward abusive behavior:
       expressions of jealously
       attempts to control a partner’s behavior
       use of insults or put-downs to manipulate a partner
        use of guilt to manipulate a partner
   date rape occurs when one person in a dating
    relationship forces the other person to participate in
    sexual intercourse
               Overcoming Abuse
 It is important for people who have suffered
  abuse or rape to remember that they are
  victims and have not done anything wrong.
 If you know someone that was rape
     call law enforcement immediately
     seek medical attention

     Get into a support group or therapy.
                Fact or Myth
 The egg from the mother determines a baby’s
 gender
 Twins result when more than one sperm
 fertilizes a single egg
 A fetus usually remains in the uterus for about
 nine months
 If a pregnant female using uses ATOD’s these
 substances can harm the fetus.
 A female should gain as much weight as
 possible during pregnancy
Questions or Comments?

				
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posted:10/8/2012
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