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									SciVal: Input, Output and Outcomes




            IREG Forum: National University Rankings on the Rise
            Bratislava, October 11th 2011
            Valerie Thiel MBA, SciVal Consultant, Elsevier
Scopus: a unique vantage
point on science       18,000+ titles across 5,000+ global publishers.
                                        Health Sciences (100% Medline coverage): 6,800
                                        Physical Sciences: 7,200
                                        Life Sciences: 4,300
                                        Social Sciences & Humanities: 5,300
                                   30+ million citations added per year (80,000 per day)




                                                                                           2
    Scopus has significantly more journals in its
    database than the nearest competitor

                  Number of active journals                                   Scopus Subject Area penetration
                 (Scopus versus Competitor)                              (Scopus and competitor versus Scopus only)
      Competitor total:                         Scopus total:
      11,180                                         18,241
                                                                        Life Sciences     15%

  Unique
Comp titles:                                                         Social Sciences                  27%
  1,176
   (6%)
                                              Unique Scopus
                   Joint titles:                  titles:
                     10,004                                        Physical Sciences                            34%
                                                  8,237
                     (52%)                        (42%)


                                                                     Health Sciences                                  24%



                                                                Total Scopus journals                                 100%


                                                                                        Scopus only
                                                                                        Scopus and Competitor

           Source: JISC Collections Academic Database                                                                 3
Example of users of Scopus data




                                  4
                  Research is a global growth industry: inputs
Gross Expenditure on R&D - global, $ Billion                                                                                                Gross Expenditure on R&D as % of GDP
                                                                                                                                             Sweden                3.8% Russian Federation    1.0%
                                                                                                               +4%                           United States         2.8% Hungary               1.0%
                                                           -1%                                                                               Denmark               2.7% Ukraine               0.9%
                   +6%                       1,122                       1,107                   1,151                    1,192              Germany               2.5% Lithuania             0.8%
                                                                                                                                             Singapore             2.5% Turkey                0.7%
                   789
                                                                                                                                             France                2.0% Poland                0.6%
                                                                                                                                             United Kingdom        1.9% Romania               0.6%
                                                                                                                                             Slovenia              1.7% Slovakia              0.5%
                                                                                                                                             Netherlands           1.6% Thailand              0.2%
                                                                                                                                             Czech Republic        1.5% Kazakhstan            0.2%
                2002                         2008                        2009                    2010                     2011               China                 1.4% Viet Nam              0.2%
                                                                                                                                            Spain                  1.3%
                               R&D spend as a proportion of GDP: 2%
                                                                                                                                            Source: UNESCO Institute of Statistics May 2011


Researchers - globalPeople
              1800000
                                                                                                                                            Researchers – global “ranking”
              1600000
                                                                                                                                                                   •   EU 27
              1400000
                                                                                                                                                                   •   USA
                                                                                                                           EU 27                                   •   China
                                                                                                                                                                   •
              1200000
                                                                                                                           Canada

                                                                                                                                                                       Japan
                                                                                                                                                                   •
                                                                                                                           France
Researchers




              1000000
                                                                                                                           Germany
                                                                                                                                                                       Germany
                                                                                                                                                                   •
                                                                                                                           Italy
              800000
                                                                                                                           Japan
                                                                                                                                                                       UK
                                                                                                                           United Kingdom
                                                                                                                                                                   •   France
                                                                                                                                                                   •
              600000                                                                                                       United States
                                                                                                                           China
                                                                                                                                                                       Canada
              400000
                                                                                                                                                                   •   Italy
              200000

                                                                                                                                                                                                5
                                                                                                                                                                                                5
                   0
                        1997   1998   1999   2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009   2010
                                                                                                                                            Source: UNESCO Institute of Statistics May 2011
 Research is a global growth industry: inputs




                                                                                                                       6

Sources: CIA World Factbook May 2011, IMF World Economic Outlook April 2011, UNESCO Institute of Statistics May 2011
   Research is a global growth industry: outputs
Articles Published - global
                          Annual growth: +4%




                                               Citations - global
                                                                    Annual growth: +6%




         Source: Scopus                                                                  7
What do we hear around the globe?




                                    8
     Performance levers to manage research outcomes
              Inputs                                  Throughputs                                        Outputs

                                                                                                  Academic
1 Funding                                                                                          • Articles, citations
                                             6 • Strategic management
                                                    – Portfolio analysis                           • Competencies        5
      • National                                    – Capitalisation on strengths
       – Block grants                               – Emerging trends
       – Project grants: Research Council,                                                        Esteem
         corporate and charity
                                                • Capital, equipment, facilities                    • Awards, prizes,
      • International , e.g. EU                       – Space utilisation                             recognition
                                                      – Staff recruitment


2                                            3 • Collaboration                                    Commercial
    Human Capital
                                                      – Internal                                    • Patents, licences,
                                                      – Domestic vs. international
                                                                                                      spin-outs
    • Researchers                               • Skills development
                                                      – PhD employment
     – Domestic vs. international                                                                 Impact
    • PhDs                                                                                          • Social, economic,
     – Domestic vs. international               • Spending efficiency
                                                      –Start/end date slippage
                                                                                                      political, cultural


                                                  4     Information
                                              • Metrics, case studies, vignettes                                        9

                                                                                     Performance lever             Outcome
Lever 1: increase funding – project grants
Example - Food Security
                                                                                                                      1




  • Launched EU and UK Summer, 2011
  • Daily updated funding opportunities from 4,100+ public and private funding sources
  • 1.8 million+ awarded grant records                                                                   10
                                                                                         View funding opportunities
  • 5 million+ Scopus researcher profiles enables alerts                                       & intelligence
Lever 2: Attract and retain top researchers
Example - Norwegian University, Energy                                                                                       2




         Researcher A, University X
                                                                                                                        SciVa
         Researcher B University X

         Cluster C, University X                                                                                        • Launc
         Researcher B University X
                                                                                                                          Summ
                                                                                                                        • Daily
                                                                                                                          oppor
                                                                                                                          4,100
         Cluster C, University X
         Cluster D, International
                                                                                                                          privat
                                                                                                                        • 1.8 m
                                                                                                                          grant
                                                                                                                        • 5 mill
                                                                                                                          resea
                                                                                                                          enabl

         Anonymised!




 • Helps inform decisions about recruitment, retention and promotion
 • Compares publication activity of individual researchers and research clusters
 • Models collaborative networks and what-if scenarios for cross- and multi-disciplinary research                11
  Source: SciVal Strata (based on Scopus data)                                                      Benchmark performance
  Source: SciVal Strata (based on Scopus data)                                                      of researchers & teams
Lever 3: Facilitate internal collaboration
Example – Two American institutions                                                                                                    3




   www.experts.scival.com/Umichigan                                            www.experts.scival.com/JHU

Form effective research teams within your institution and across organizations.
Access accurate, comprehensive author profiles of your researchers, including
publication lists, without burdening authors to input data. Grant, patent and CV data
can also be integrated to provide a more comprehensive picture of your institution’s
research expertise.


  Note: SciVal Experts is customized for the institution. Sample screens from other organizations provided.
  Source: SciVal Experts (April 2011), University of Michigan, Johns Hopkins University                                    12
                                                                                                              Establish directory of
                                                                                                               research expertise
                        Lever 3: Facilitate international collaboration
                                                                                                                                                   3


                                                                                             International scientific collaboration is widely
                                                                                              acknowledged as a positive force driving
Citations per article




                                                                                              national impact and prestige
                                                                                             Domestic articles (‘1’) have no collaboration
                                                                                              partners have around 3 times fewer citations
                                                                                              per article than those with four collaborating
                                                                                              countries (‘5’)

                                 Number of collaborating countries (where 1 = domestic)




                                                                                                                                       13
                                                                                                                          Identify collaboration
                         Source: Scopus and SciVal Spotlight                                                                     patterns
 Lever 3: Facilitate international collaboration
 Example – Chinese Academy of Sciences: Cold and Arid
 Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute                                                          3




Numbers represent number of institutions that CAS CAREER Institute has at least one co-authorship
relationship with—thus for the US it has ties with 81 institutions

                                                                                                       14
                                                                                          Identify collaboration
   Source: SciVal Spotlight                                                                      patterns
 Lever 3: Facilitate international collaboration
 Example – Chinese Academy of Sciences: Cold and Arid
 Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute                                                           3




Numbers represent number of co-authors that CAS CAREER Institute has with other institutions in China,
Korea, and Japan. Similar patterns can be seen in North America and Europe.

                                                                                                        15
                                                                                           Identify collaboration
   Source: SciVal Spotlight                                                                       patterns
    Lever 3: Facilitate international collaboration
    Example – Chinese Academy of Sciences: Cold and Arid
    Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute                                                                   3




Clicking on individual circles allow drill-downs to individual institutions and even to individual co-author relationships,
allowing one to scale from the global pattern of collaboration to the local institutions to individual co-authors.

                                                                                                                   16
                                                                                                      Identify collaboration
       Source: SciVal Spotlight                                                                              patterns
Lever 4: Improve research management information
Example: Project Snowball in the UK                     4




                                                   17
Outcome: Identify research strengths and their
multidisciplinary character
                                                                                                                                    5




                                                                        Physics/Math
                            Computer Science




                                                                                       Chemistry
                 Social Science
                                               Competencies with
                                               multiple colored lines
                                               are multi-disciplinary
                                               research areas
             Brain Research
                                                                                            Engineering




                Heath Science                                                             Earth Science


                                                                                  Biology

                     Medical Specialties
                                                                              Biotechnology


                                                         Infectious Disease




                                                                                                                        18
                                                                                                          Analyze institutional &
 Source: SciVal Spotlight                                                                                   country strengths
Lever 6: Strategic management of the research
portfolio                                                                                                                                      6


                           Segment A                                                                            Segment B
                           High growth competencies where                                 High growth and output leadership
                           the Lund University is not (yet)                               combined  what about the quality
                           leader  more funding? Recruit                                  of output? Who are the authors to
                           more talents in these areas?                                                        retain / hire?
 Market Size Growth high




                                                                                                                Segment D
                           Segment C                                                     Lower growth and output leadership
    low




                           Lower growth and follower’s position                              combined  how long will Lund
                            are these new emerging areas of                                        University sustain these
                           research or durable niches? Should                            competencies? Do they still receive
                           they be “enhanced”?                                                            sufficient funding?
                                                              low   Relative Article Share high



                                                                                                                                   19
                                                                                                                     Manage institutions &
 Source: SciVal Spotlight                                                                                            countries strategically
  The components of the SciVal suite


                                  Establish directory of        Analyze institutional
                                   research expertise                strengths



         View funding opportunities                                                     Benchmark performance
               & intelligence                                                           of researchers & teams




Source
Data
                                        Other
                                       Sources
                                         Custom Development and Data
                                                     Reporting Services


                                                                                                                 20
Study on the International Comparative
Performance of the UK Research Base – BIS
Comprehensive data sources and broad set of tools

          Scopus
                                                         provide
                   We will use a broad set of tools toSpotlight a fuller picture
                                                  SciVal                                                                           Lexis-Nexis Patents




                                 Standard tools                       +                New tools



                                 Publications                                       Competencies
 HESA
                                                                                                                                                   ASTP
                                                                                                    Interdisciplinary, new areas



                                  Citations                                          Usage




                                                                                             Different perspective; Social Sciences
 HE-BCI                                                                                      & Humanities more visible
                                                                                                                                                  HE-BCI
                                    Patents                Collaboration networks   Brain circulation




                                                                                              Researcher mobility and attraction


                                                                                                                    London │17 March 2011
                                                                                                                                               ScienceDi
                                                                                                                                                  rect

        OECD                                    Eurostat                                      ProTon Europe

                                                                                                                                                         21

                                                                                                                                                              London │8 April 2011
Australian Research Council – ERA 2010

                              – Assessment of research quality within
                                Australia's higher education institutions
                                using a combination of indicators and
                                expert review by committees comprising
                                experienced, internationally-recognized
                                experts.
                              – ERA uses leading researchers to evaluate
                                research in eight discipline clusters.
                              – ERA will detail areas within institutions
                                and disciplines that are internationally
                                competitive, as well as point to emerging
                                areas where there are opportunities for
                                development and further investment.

                              – Early January 2010 – Aug/Sep 2010
                              – First trial (PCE) in 2009
                              – Scopus selected as source information
                                provider and partner

                              More info on:                         22
EID tagging   Dedicated Web
                              http://www.arc.gov.au/era/default.htm
  process        Service
Last but not least – REF 2014




                                23
Summary



                                                   Quality of life


                                Quality research


          Quality information




                                                          24
Thank you!




     “Innovation distinguishes between a leader and a follower.”
     Steve Jobs – American Entrepreneur – Apple co-founder – 1955-2011

								
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