Report on Aging and how tech can help by JRoan

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									Aging : its process and remadies :


                                                  Aging




The biological and natural process of growing old is called aging, and it is an inevitable part of life. The
entire body effectively ages and all internal biological processes are affected; that is to say, that all
metabolic or other chemical processes taking place within the human body are affected in different ways:
one of the easiest way’s to noticeaging is that the hair cover on the body gets thinner and there is a very
gradual but noticeable graying or silvering of the hair on the head. As we age another change is in the
quality of the skin, it loses its elasticity, becoming coarser and can no longer maintain its tautness, the
skin tone changes and becomes duller. Alongside the changes occurring in the general skin texture, the
most obvious sign of aging is the appearance ofwrinkles, and the formation of crow’s feet around the
eyes. The process of aging also affects bone density and calcium uptake internally and it accelerates the
loss of mineral ions at the same time. Bone density loss due to reduction in ions like calcium leads to
painful joints and in cases is the warning flag signaling the possible and painful onset ofarthritis, another
aging related symptom besides painful joints is that muscle mass is lost and muscles lose their flexibility,
becoming flabby and weak, the bones themselves lose their strength, senility often sets in and in a
majority of cases, besides our normal mental acuities our general memory declines. Our general vision
which starts deteriorating sometime in the forties also considerably weakens and declines in a variety of
ways, most of them very normal in old people, our eyesight is very often the first casualty of the aging
process. Another common accompaniment to the process of aging in the human body is that the
general immunity and the effectiveness of the immune system which is the main weapon in the body’s
ability to fight illnesses is weakened as the process of aging continues.

In a normal human body, one that is in puberty or one that is in the throes of aging, there are a definite
number of cells that undergo division a definite number of times in a continually renewing cell cycle. Old
cells that die off are recycled so to speak and are replaced by newly produced cells in the body, this
turnover of the cellular structure is very high in a young body and especially so in the body of a growing
person. With the coming of old age, this process slows down appreciably almost to a crawl and becomes
less effective, there is a decrease in cellular growth in an older person and hence a slow but certain break
down of all biological functions within the body sets in. Much of this decline due to aging is normal and
unavoidable, in other words we are simply growing old.

There may, however be more to this decline involving other factors, much of which if carefully regulated
and controlled can stall and slow the process of aging, research has indicated that short lived molecular
byproducts of cellular activity, mostly derivatives of oxygen called free radicals are responsible for cellular
aging-these free radicals which are extremely unstable and short lived molecular forms of oxygen-can
largely accentuate and increase the rate of cellular destruction and thereby the process of aging to a very
great extent, this molecules are natural byproducts of metabolic processes taking place inside the human
body, and are released as cellular byproducts in all cells, they are however extremely harmful to the
cellular framework and can interfere in many of the normal synthetic activities of the cell, they can thus
make us age faster by increasing cell death rate and hence can bring about an abnormal situation in
which we actually seem to be growing older at a rapid rate and much before our time has come for the
natural process of aging to change us noticeably, in other words we may actually age faster only due to
the production of a large number of these molecular forms.

Free radicals as such are unavoidable and they are not necessarily more harmful in the biological
systems of older people-in fact they are the reason, the process of aging exists in the human body, in the
first place! But the body is generally less capable of warding off their effects in an aging cellular system,
hence the onset of cellular damage is unavoidable because free radicals are produced during the normal
course of cellular activity, their production and more importantly their effects can however be precluded
and counteracted by, for example: the maintenance and adoption of a very careful and
natural diet regimen. We may also be able to minimize the aging process by avoiding external factors that
engender free-radical formation within the body, dropping habits such as- smoking, choosing to live in an
environment that has little or a minimal level of polluted air, lifestyle choices like place of residence are
very important as most human environments are usually rich in free radical forming compounds from car
exhaust and industrial waste, especially so if you live in a city. Avoiding the consumption ofalcohol can
also check the process of aging or at least its early onset, aging is also accelerated by over exposure to
direct sunlight-that tan may not be very good for you in the long term! It is verifiably known that solar
radiation can aid in the formation of free radicals due to the ultra violet component of sunlight- the very
process of aging itself can also be minimized by strengthening the body's own antioxidant defenses
through a careful and selected diet, rich in compounds that aid in the absorption of free radicals, these
compounds come under the general classification of antioxidants.

Antioxidants are the primary weapons in our fight against free radicals, these compounds are
manufactured quite normally by the body’s own cells and are obtained through a normal human
diet, antioxidants are the first line of defense that can absorb free radicals, and through a process of
chemically combining with them in the body, they annihilate so to speak the free radicals inside the body
before these have had the chance to interfere with very important biological processes-most of which may
have a direct bearing on aging. Green and leafy vegetables, including all herbs and fruits are the greatest
sources of antioxidants and are naturally occurring sources for these compounds. It is therefore highly
advisable to include exactly such kinds of food in our diet, not only for their substantial nutritional benefits-
but because of their excellent value as sources for antioxidants.

 SUPPLEMENTS AND HERBS

Herbal and herb based supplements are excellent sources for antioxidants. Herbal supplements along
with other chemical or mineral based supplements should be consumed preferably along with a
regimented diet by people worried or unhappy about the effects of premature aging or those unhappy with
the telltale signs that an early onset of aging can bring around in the body.Water soluble and fat-soluble
vitamins like vitamin C (ascorbic acid) and vitamin E (tocopherol) are known to be naturally occurring
antioxidants that can effectively handle free radical production within the body. The water soluble vitamin
vitamin C andflavonoids are active inside the cellular structure and are useful in water retention and
maintenance of the osmotic potential within cells, this is important as cellular water content and retention
is very important for a healthy body, and a good water reserve is important for cellular activity, since the
human body is 70% water. A lot of water should therefore be ingested daily, recommended quantities are
at least 7 glasses a day. Water is an essential constituent of a healthy diet.

The important fat based vitamin-vitamin E helps in the formation and the maintenance of the lipoid
membranes that make up a large part of the cellular architecture, and is essential for fatty tissue
formation and function within the cellular environment. Vitamin E is very important for a normally
functioning immune system in older people, and its use as a supplement in food can alleviate or lessen
some of the symptoms associated with a poorly functioning immune system and some other types of
illnesses brought on by the aging process, this includes the ever present danger of heart disease which is
always a clear and present danger in old age, it can also stall the onset of other forms of cardiovascular
illnesses. Its use as a supplement can also possibly bolster the body against the onset of cancer and
other tumors within the body, and it is very likely thought to be effective in avoiding early memory loss,
and in preventing Alzheimer's, a disease that is always related to senility and old age. Other supplements
that have a high antioxidant content include green tea extract, which unarguably is also known to be
effective in increasing the lifespan of regular drinkers, it is almost legendary in its ability to promote a
health and a long life and has been a staple in east Asia, where life spans are known to be the longest in
the world. Other herbal supplements abundant in antioxidants are pycnogenol, and the easily
available grape seed extract these substances are thought to be much more effective in combating aging
and age related illnesses than the vitamin C and E. Dosage should preferably be about a 100 mg of
extract two times a day, along with the normal diet.

The B complex vitamins, especially the folates such as folic acid, a B vitamin, helps maintain the
production and normal functioning of red blood cells (RBC’s) especially their oxygen binding properties,
and their proper structural. And these vitamins in addition also play a very important part in the correct
and seamless functioning of nervous tissue and in their ability to conduct nervous impulses in a proper
way. These supplements are also good for the nervous system to maintain its normal conductive function
and speed. These vitamins are also an essential element in the processing and elimination of a
substance calledhomocysteine within the body, and are thus important for proper cardiac function, a high
level of homocysteine in a sulfur-containing amino acid, in the body can complicate cardiac function and
is implicated in heart disease in old age, these vitamins B and E aid in getting rid of this amino acid and
are thus indispensable in the maintenance of a proper cardiac system. With regard to this property other
B complex vitamins like pyridoxine B6 and B12 are also important and vitamin B12 or cobalamin is very
important in the proper functioning of neural tissue and for smooth brain activity. Ingestion of this vitamin
as a supplement is very important due to the fact that its absorption is hampered by age. The ability to
absorb B12 naturally through food is lost with age and the only way to keep up is to take it in tablet form
as a supplement, a decrease in the levels of this vitamin may possibly cause the onset of dementia and
other forms of senility.

A pure and natural base for effective combat against aging related illness is the oil of evening primrose.
This herbal supplement has a rich oil, which is filled with gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), which is
an essential fatty acid for many processes in the human body, along with about 20 fatty acids that the
body cannot manufacture on its own. The body may not always be able to convert the lipids in the diet
into fatty acid forms such as GLA with aging. Therefore it is essential that herbal supplements such as
these be consumed along with the diet to increase the chances of its effective absorption into the body.

Additionally, some supplements address very particular and specific areas of the body and have peculiar
importance.Glucosamine is a compound that is prevalent in cartilage and cartilaginous tissue, and may
aid in the maintenance of cartilaginous tissues around the joints and in easing the major
chronic pain arising due to the onset of arthritis in and around the joints. Due to its property of enhancing
blood circulation and blood flow in the arteries and veins, the all purpose herb ginkgo biloba is an
effective and necessary supplement in the prevention and alleviation of age related symptoms and
illnesses such as, the onset of mild to chronic dizziness, the sudden and unexplained occurrence
of impotence in old people, and in decreasing some of the unhappy and inexplicable causes of memory
loss or senility that often accompanies old age.

 AROMATHERAPY

Commonly used essential oils for aging:

       Frankincense
       Lavender
       Myrrh
       Neroli
       Rose
       Rosemary
 ADDITIONAL THINGS YOU MAY DO

One of the best things you can do for yourself is to avoid an excessive exposure to sunlight, or if
exposure is unavoidable to use skin creams-such as SPF 15 or higher. Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet
rays is a primary cause for skin to age at a faster rate and can also bring on symptoms of melanoma and
other skin cancers. Reducing exposure time to sunlight also proportionally reduces the chances of skin
cancer; needless exposure to ultraviolet rays from sunlight increases the aging rate of the skin and has
other health risks. Smoking is not only bad for your lungs it can also effect the way in which your skin
ages, smokers lose elasticity in their skins at a faster rate than non-smokers, so if you smoke, the first
thing you must do is to quit. There are also reports that smoking speeds bone mass loss and is of course
well known as the main cause in lung damage and pulmonary cancer, even in people who normally
smoke a lesser number of cigarettes or cigars at the same rate as chain smokers. Besides this, quitting
smoking has other health benefits that may contribute to your longevity. Another important thing is to try
and build and maintain your bone and muscle mass with weight-bearing exercise, supplemented by
aerobic exercises such as walking and mass building-muscle building fat reduction type aerobic and
weight bearing training. It is known that as we age bone mass and muscle mass are both lost at an
alarming rate and having a well conditioned body aids in lessening this loss. Another equally obvious and
healthy option is diet and one must ensure that one eats at least 5 to 10 servings of a variety of
vegetables and fruits each day since they're rich in antioxidants and the more antioxidants in your body
the healthier you become, and the lesser the rate at which you will age.

 USUAL DOSAGE

       Evening primrose oil, 1,000 mg three times daily. Can be replaced with 1,000 mg borage oil once
        daily.
       Ginkgo biloba, 40 mg three times daily. Standardized to have at least 24% flavone glycosides.
       Vitamin B6, 10 mg once daily. If taking levodopa for Parkinson's disease, vitamin B6 should be
        avoided.
       Vitamin B12 / Folic acid, 1,000 mcg vitamin B12 and 400 mcg folic acid once daily. For best
        absorption, take sublingual form.
       Flavonoids / Vitamin C, 500 mg flavonoids and 1,000 mg vitamin C twice daily.
        If diarrhea develops reduce vitamin C dose.
       Vitamin E, 400 IU daily. If taking anticoagulant medicine check with your doctor.
       Glucosamine, 500 mg glucosamine sulfate two times a day. If you have osteoarthritis increase to
        3 times a day. Should be taken with food to lessen stomach upset. Not for diabetics.
       Green tea extract, 250 mg two times a day. Standardized to contain at least 50% polyphenols


                                              Brahmi
                                           Bacopa monniera
 COMMON NAMES

       Brahmi
       Indian Pennywort
       Water Hyssop

The semi-aquatic plant called the brahmi is found growing in India, as well as in the tropical marshes and
wetlands along Florida, brahmi is also found in parts of Central America and other tropical regions of the
world. The plant is an aquatic creeping perennial herb, marked off by crinkled leaves and distinctive white
flowers; it is related to the plant family containing plants like the spinach and the snapdragon. The herb is
found floating in the waters of marshes and wetlands in tropical regions of the world. Herbalist make used
of the tops of the plant to prepare herbal remedies of many kinds for the treatment of all types of
problems and disorders. The brahmi is considered to be an important herb in the ancient Indian ayurvedic
system of medicine, in fact, the brahmi is said to be similar in its medicinal properties to another herb
called the gotu kola and the remedies made from both plants are used in similar fashion and to treat
related symptoms worldwide.

 USES

Brahmi has an established reputation as an effective and powerful brain and nerve tonic, among all the
Indian ayurvedic herbal therapies used to this end. Cells in the brains and the nerves are restored and
revitalized by this herb and thus is acts in restoring nervous function. Traditional has given a
reputed name to the effectiveness of this herb, and the brahmi is believed to be very effective in
improving the circulation ofblood in the brain, it is believed to help in increasing a person’s intelligence, it
is believed to be endow longevity to a person, and said to promote both the short term as well as long
term memory of people, last but not least the herbal remedy is said to be capable of staling the symptoms
of physical aging and is believed to reduce senility in older individuals.

The herb is used extensively by many practitioners of traditional ayurveda in treating all sorts of disorders,
the brahmi has been used to treat fevers in patients, it is used in the treatment of inflammation on the
body, it is used in the treatment of pain in the joint, and it is extensively made use of in treating a number
of skin problems, it is also a gooddetoxification agent and is used as a blood cleansing herb in the
traditional medicine of India. The growth of hair is believed to be stimulated by the brahmi, and the herb is
believed to induce growth of skin and nails in individuals as well.
The following specific health problems are treatable by the distinct beneficial properties of the brahmi,
these are:

A number of disorders related to the deterioration of brain functioning is treatable using the brahmi, these
includes the well known Alzheimer's disease, the nervous disorder called ADD - attention deficit disorder,
different types of memory problems, and disorders such as Parkinson's disease - all of these are
disorders connected to some impairment in the mental capacity of the individual. All such problems
involving reduced mental capacity are treatable to some extent using the brahmi as an herbal remedy.
The efficiency and the effectiveness of the brahmi in the treatment of such disorders is attested by
several laboratory based studies which show that brahmi leads to a better balance in the amounts of the
essential chemicals gamma-aminobutyric acid or GABAand glutamate within the brain, this directly results
in improvement in the intellectual capability of the person. In consequence, all the nerve cells in the brain
handling the verbal memory and symbol recognition are able to fire in an orderly and efficient manner and
with maximum effectiveness. Brahmi also acts on the regions of the brain involved with long term
memory, where the two active compounds found in the brahmi called the bacosides A and B, are
responsible for bringing about an increase in the activity of protein kinase and the synthesis of new
protein molecules. The brahmi has been attributed in many laboratory studies as inducing faster mental
performance times, it is also believed to reduces the rate of neural errors, and benefits the brain by
considerably improving the capacity to acquire and retain learned behaviors. Brahmi is also said to help
increase the adaptability of the brain for new learning and essentially helps in reducing forgetfulness or
the temporary loss of memory which often affects many individuals around the world. A disrupted
circulation in the brain is believed to be one of the major causative factors for attention deficit disorder or
ADD, the brahmi is believed to help in reducing the synthesis of inflammatory chemicals inside the brain
which tend to that interfere with the circulation, thus it restores normal circulation and helps the person
overcome the disorder. Normal physical activities are not affected by the brahmi’s well known calming
effect on the body - for this reason, the herbal remedy has become the best medication for the treatment
of children affected by attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or ADHD in short. The toxic effects of free
radicals are also warded off by the brahmi, this herb has an antioxidant ability and aids in beating back
and neutralizing all the free radicals inside the brain, the linings of the brain cells are protected by the
brain and this action prevents long term damage to the nervous tissues making up the brain. The brahmi
is excellent and effective in the treatment of anxiety disorder and stressaffecting an individual. As it has
been already mentioned, calm and peace of mind is induced by taking the brahmi based remedies.
Restlessness and mental distractions caused by nervousness are easily reduced and defeated by taking
the brahmi. Ideally, people who spend a lot of time in very stressful work or study environments can take
the brahmi, not only for its calming effects but also due to its unique property of bringing about an
improvement in the cognitive functioning of the brain. Disorders such as the irritable bowel syndrome can
also be treated using the brahmi as an herbal remedy. The brahmi has beneficial effects for the treatment
of irritable bowel syndrome, this property of the herb was confirmed by a study that evaluated brahmi in
the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome and compared it to the action of other herbs, the brahmi is a
good treatment option particularly in those cases where the main symptom of the condition is a
persistent diarrhea that affects patients for days on end.

 USUAL DOSAGE

A tablet form of the bacoside extract of brahmi is available in the market from many herbal stores. Brahmi
is of great importance in the ancient Indian system of medication called ayurvedic medicine, and in this
system of medication brahmi is used in a traditional medical formulation called the rasayana, which is
made up of a mixture of the brahmi plant, along with different types of spices and some
sweetening honey to make it more delectable. By careful and simultaneous supplementation with nutrient
compounds such as inositol and or the B-vitamin complex, the total effectiveness of the brahmi herbal
supplements can be increased in the body of the person. Optimum effective dosage levels of the brahmi
for adults are about 3,000 mg of the herbal remedy taken once or two times every day of the treatment
period. The first signs of improvement many start to appear only following up to four weeks of continuous
supplementation. The ideal times to take a dose of the brahmi is at dawn, the next ideal time is at noon to
the late afternoon, it can also be taken once as a single dose just before the person undertakes the
dailymeditation or yoga session.

 SIDE EFFECTS AND CAUTIONS

A few side effects can be induced by the brahmi, the herbal remedy can cause temporary hearing loss in
women, especially those who are affected by problems of excess production of estrogen in the body or
even those women under estrogen replacement therapy and those on regular courses of contraceptives.
Temporary hearing loss in such women may result by an interaction between the hormone estrogen and
the increased levels of GABA brought on by the brahmi supplement.

 COMBINATIONS

Circulatory boosting substances such as the well known herb ginkgo and the compound lecithin are often
combined in a formula with brahmi. The cognitive functioning of the body gets a boost from the
independent but synergistic cooperative actions of these three substances within the body, for this reason
they are often used together in a combination.

 COMMENTS

                                                 Joints




While the joints in the knees are the most common place for an injury to occur, almost any joint can crack
and be injured due to a variety of factors. The vulnerability of the joints in the jaw is also very high; this
causes what is known called tempero-mandibular jaw syndrome in affected individuals. While in most
cases, only an uncomfortable sensation may be apparent, the majority of cracking joints are not terribly
painful.

An improper dietary regimen leading to an imbalance affecting the connective tissue is responsible for the
majority of cracking joints in the human body. Damaged or impaired connective tissue functioning will
severely affect joints as these tissues along with the muscles are what hold up a joint in its correct
position-thus joint disorders are almost inevitably linked to connective tissue disorders. Occurring mostly
in the cartilaginous parts of the tissues, the compound glucosamine is a nutrient found and synthesized
naturally in the body. It is a chemical compound manufactured by a combination of the
nutrient glucose and another chemical compound called an amine-which is a derivative of ammonia rich
in nitrogen and hydrogen atoms. The problem is that as the human body ages, the cartilage loses the
compound glucosamine at an increased rate, this loss will lead to the thinning out of the cartilage and
thus the joint gradually becomes painful-it also becomes stiff and swollen as a result. Some other factor
may be responsible for the presence of a continuous spate of cracking in the same bones-such as the
development of a misalignment in the joints, itself brought on by stiffness in the muscles and arising
perhaps from an under use or an overuse of certain muscle groups. This can also occur because of
injuries related to sports or it can come about due to bad posture over a long period of time. In the long
run, the misuse of any joint in the body can lead to disorders like arthritis, which is serious and
irreversible. When the immune systems resistance and physical conditioning of the body is low, the
occurrence of any extreme weather conditions can also affect the joints in a person’s body.

 SUPPLEMENTS AND HERBS

The healing process within the body will be supported by the use of these supplements. Further injury
and physical stress can be avoided by the supplemental use of the vitamin C, which improves the
lubricating effects of the fluids present in the joints. Use supplemental vitamin Eand the coenzyme
Q10 on a daily basis to prevent knee cracking because of tightness. Tissue repair and circulation can also
be promoted by the use of the vitamin E which is an excellent antioxidant. The levels of the vitamin-like
substance coenzyme Q10 declines withage, though it naturally exists and is synthesized within human
tissues. The supplemental dose of this compound also supports the immune system and is an excellent
supplement for use to promote health in the joints.

Treat long term chronic cases through supplement forms of the glucosamine sulfates and chondroitin
sulfates, these two compounds act as anti-inflammatory agents and are excellent painkillers-they are best
used in the treatment of severe cases that persist over a long period of time. They produce no side
effects within the body and used in combination with other factors such as an improved diet and the use
of vitamins, they can help in the restoration of damaged cartilage and also help in regulating the
many enzymes responsible for the destruction of cartilage. After being on a regimen of glucosamine for
six weeks-the majority of patients experience relief from all symptoms of cracking joints.

The following herbal remedies and herbs can be used in the treatment of joint disorders.

Take the horsetail herb in a juice form using a tbsp. of herbal juice everyday to revitalize connective
tissue, if preferred 3 cups of herbal tea or some 15 drops of horsetail tincture mixed in water can also be
used-the dosage must be for a total of two weeks, with a two-week break in between. If you find the
symptoms still persist, then repeat as needed. Take 2-3 capsules thrice daily if you prefer to use an
aqueous horsetail extract. The immune system benefits from the herbal remedies made using the cat's
claw; its natural anti-inflammatory properties have been used to treat rheumatoid
arthritis and osteoarthritis successfully in many affected individuals.

 ADDITIONAL THINGS YOU MAY DO

Cracking joints result if the physical fitness levels decline, for this reason though daily stretching and
warm up exercises is suggested for overall fitness in everyone-it is further stressed for those affected by
any joint which cracks within the body. A high fitness level will lead to the boosting of the circulatory
system and it will also ensure that the joint is well supplied with all the essential nutrients needed during
tissue recovery and for the purposes of a proper cellular repair mechanism. Problems like an
underlying food allergy, or some deficiency in thedigestive enzyme and the presence of absorption
problems must be considered as likely causes if the cracking in the joints persists.

 USUAL DOSAGE

       Vitamin E, 400 IU.
       Vitamin C, with bioflavonoids, 1,000 mg thrice a day.
       Glucosamine, 500 mg 3 times a day for a period of 4 months.
       Coenzyme Q10, 400 mg.
                                   Circulatory Problems




The improper functioning of the circulatory system in a person is felt in various ways. Therefore an
impaired circulation in the fingers causes theRaynaud's disease . The other symptoms are fatigue, due to
a poor circulatory function, this may also bring on other signs like dizziness, and spells of fainting, the
person also experiences an inability to concentrate, the reason being the condition of the blood supply,
the brain as an organ is very sensitive to sudden changes in blood flow, coldness in the hands and the
feet are the usual first signs of a poorly functioning circulatory system. The other related symptoms may
even be arteriosclerosis, which could probably affect the blood flow, there are other connected circulatory
problems, but there development is slow and hence they are not apparent. The other signs are the
coming on of spells of dizziness, there could be paralytic attacks and severeheadaches, problems due to
deficient oxygen supple could set in, leading to angina and high blood pressure due to the onset
ofarteriosclerosis. As all cells in the body need and use oxygen, a restricted circulatory system will affect
every cell in the body in many ways. Circulatory problems in diabetics are related to high sugar levels, the
ability of the body, in wound healing is impaired due to this and consequently impaired nerve problems
like polyneuropathy may set in as a result. Another obvious sign of a poor circulatory system is
manifested in the skin, which is quite unhealthy.

As the cells are supplied with oxygen and nutrients essential to their survival and proper functioning, an
active and healthy circulation is a vital function. The heart and the blood vessels are the most important
and necessary parts of the circulation. If the heart and cardiac function isn’t impaired, then an improper
circulation can have two main reasons for existing, one of them is arteriosclerosis and the other is hypo-
tension or a low blood pressure in the person. The deposit of plaques in the arteries, which causes the
narrowing of the blood vessels, is the reason for a restricted circulatory function in people with
arteriosclerosis. The plaque deposits formed in arteries, are due to a diet rich in saturated fats and poor in
the essential fatty acids that the body cannot process. A low pressure in the veins is what is known as low
blood pressure, because the veins return blood to the heart, this is dangerous. Therefore the blood slows
down, and can collect in the extremities due to the weak tissues and the motionlessness. A fall in blood
pressure can result from standing for extended periods in the sunlight; this can overload the venous
system. An additional strain on the circulatory system can result due to blood loss from injury
and dehydration from an illness. The circulatory system can become sluggish and collapse because of an
episode of extended bed-rest. Whatever be the cause, a person involved in some form of physical
activity is at a reduced risk from circulatory troubles.

Anyone experiencing circulatory problems should avoid cigarette smoking at all costs, since this activity
noticeably constricts blood vessels and aggravates problems in those already ill. Buerger's disease,
which impedes circulation even to the point of causing gangrene which might bring on a consequent need
for amputation of limbs and is caused by smoking. Other substances and drugs like some oral
contraceptives and diuretics can also cause circulatory distress.

 SUPPLEMENTS AND HERBS
Herbs like evening primrose oil contain essential fatty acids and, these are also abundant in fish
oils made from fishes like salmon, these acids are effective against arteriosclerosis. They prevent the
development of arteriosclerotic plaques by improving fat metabolism and reducing the stickiness of blood
platelets. An excellent supplement to defeat arteriosclerosis and plaque formation is phosphatidylcholine.
A functional circulatory system needs the vitamins C and E andbioflavonoids . An improved oxygen
supply and elasticity is promoted by the tocopherols such as vitamin E and this is essential to a proper
venous system function, while at the same time, vitamin C and bioflavonoids provide the cells with
strength and stability.
To increase the uptake of oxygen in cells, and enhance circulation, thecoenzyme Q10 is another
excellent supplement. To lower high blood pressure, green food supplements are also recommended as
they strengthen and clean veins.

For the promotion of the circulatory system in proper blood pressure regulation blood pressure and to
strengthen veins, herbal remedies should be taken in conjunction with other dietary treatment and
supplements.

The regulation of the blood pressure and fortification of the heart can be effected by
taking hawthorn berries. Doses of this supplement can be used thrice a day as 40 drops of tincture. The
herb horsetail is rich in vegetal silica and a tea prepared from this can help in the normalization of the
circulation by bolstering the tissues that constitutes the walls of arteries and veins. A potent tonic for the
heart can be made fromrosemary leaves, by steeping them in aged red wine and taking this concoction,
in doses of about a tablespoon once daily. This tea andhyssop can be taken 2-3 times daily after meals,
or if preferred in 15-25 drops of tincture diluted in water. While rosemary is stimulating circulation and
normalizing blood pressure the herb hyssop increases blood pressure, these working together are potent.
Some peppermint can be used for flavoring. To flavor add to each part of hyssop and rosemary, 1/2 part
of peppermint. The small veins and capillaries are strengthened and circulation in them is improved
using bilberries, which can be used in doses of 40 drops of tincture thrice daily or as a cup of tea twice a
day. For general stimulation of the circulatory system a tea made out of the herbs Siberian
ginseng, ginger root and ginkgo biloba can be effectively used. Warm rosemary baths will help stimulate
circulation, these should preferably short lasting about ten to fifteen minutes. For dilating arteries the
herb cayenne is excellent.

 HOMEOPATHY

The following homeopathic treatments may be used according to the symptoms present, in measured and
suggested doses, and in chronic cases, from one to three times daily. It is best to start at low potencies
and increase dosage as treatment proceeds.

       Arsenicum
        Arsenicum is to be used in patients who are always feeling cold, and have icy cold limbs. They
        may break out in coldsweats. Physical signs may include besides a bluish or pale skin, cramps in
        the hands and feet. The patient may be very weak, always exhausted, and posses extreme
        restlessness. Other pains may include a burning sensation, there could be developing gangrene
        in people with diabetes, and the elderly, especially after suffering from burns. The patient may
        deal with the situation with alcoholism. The arteries may be inflamed. Buerger’s disease may set
        in, and there may beintermittent claudication, puffy and swollen limbs in the patient are usual, the
        patient may worsen in cold weather and after midnight, the patient may get worse due
        to tobacco and will avoid damp places.
       Carbo veg
        Carbo veg can be used in cases where the circulation is sluggish and stagnant. The patient is
        easily bruised and the veins are congested, skin ulcers or gangrene may set in. Physically the
        person is very exhausted and feels weak. The other sensations in the patient may be those of
        burning heat felt internally, he may feel cold and have icy cold limbs, the cold affecting particularly
        the knees, the feet and hands and conspicuously the nose. Lack of oxygen may bring
        on numbnessof parts of the body used for reclining. There may be a bluing and paling of the skin.
        Due to the lack of oxygen in the body, the patient feels a strong craving for fresh or flowing air.
       Lachesis
        Lachesis is to be used in patients suffering flushes of heat, and sensation of blood rushing to the
        head. There may be an inflammation in the veins. The other symptoms that the patient may feel
        are an icy coldness in the legs and hands. Gangrene and skin ulceration can set din. Other
        symptoms and signs are the coming on of chilblains. And a mottling of the skin with purple spots
        and red blotches coming up. The skin may also become red or blue and swollen. Internally there
        may be liver spots. The limbs may experience needles and pins frequently. The patient may
        tremble, and there could betwitching in the body. The person may worsen and feel suffocated
        under pressure and the heart may be affected. The worst symptoms may come on in periods
        immediately after waking, there may be sensitivity to touch, the person may feel uncomfortable
        clothed, and at the same time, the person may feel constricted and dislike heat.
       Secale
        Secale is to be used for the treatment of a sluggish circulation due to distended veins and the
        formation of blood clots in the patient. Internally the vessels of the person may have hardened
        and the arteries may be inflamed. The physical symptoms may include a sensation of burning,
        the patient feels hot internally but is in fact icy cold to touch. Other signs that the patient may
        display include numbness in the body. They may develop purplish spots and ulcers of the skin,
        other signs include withered skin and flabby muscles, and a scrawny look. Due to a drop in blood
        flow gangrene of the toes can result in those suffering from diabetes or the aged. The blood that
        is released in bleeding is dark, thin, foul. The person worsens when exposed to heat and lying
        under covers. The patient improves in cold weather.
       Tabacum
        Tabacum is to be used in patients with symptoms including legs that become icy cold, from the
        knees down. The hands may be cold to the touch while the body is warm. Other physical signs
        are cramps in the limbs. Sensations like a tingling and trembling in the limbs. The toes may
        experience numbness. And the extremities may become feeble and weak. The coronary arteries
        may experience hypertension and arteriosclerosis may result. The limbs feel the sensation
        commonly called needles and pins. The patient may feel despondent and indifferent to life. He or
        she will show mental fatigue, and give a lot of silly talk. The person may have irrational fears such
        as those of persecution. The person may worsen in the evenings, and dislike too much heat and
        cold. He will feel better when left uncovered in the open air and in being motionless.
       Veratrum album
        Veratrum album is to be prescribed in patients who with complaints of icy cold hands and who
        feel cold all the time; there may be blueness in the feet of such persons. The blood vessels may
        have a burning sensation, and their may be a feeling of ice water or heat in these vessels. Other
        signs may include cold sweats. There may have to endure Raynaud's cramps in the legs and the
        feet, including the calves. The patient may suffer from weight in the limbs, which might appear
        heavier than usual. The skin and body may be numb. A physical sign such as milk leg may
        manifest itself. The other physical signs that the patient often displays are a tendency to fall
        asleep and a tingling sensation in the skin. The afflicted person may also have a strong craving
        for sour fruits, condiments like salt, drinks that are cold or chilled. The patient will worsen when
        he/she is up and about while standing or even when sitting. The patient will recover and feel
        better in letting the limbs hang loose and relaxed, and will enjoy walking and other moderate
        physical exertions.

 ADDITIONAL THINGS YOU MAY DO

The use of hydrotherapy in order to stimulate the circulation is an effective method and is recommended.
Other physical therapies that can be utilized are taking hot and cold showers on an alternative basis, and
physical therapies that relax the feet like dew walking or stepping on water. Dry brushing regularly in the
mornings also stimulates the circulatory system. The benefits and the importance of regular exercise
cannot be overemphasized. Activities that are healthy and good for the circulatory system include all
aerobic outdoor exercises such as walking or hiking, machine aided exercises like cycling and swimming
outdoors in the natural environment. What you wear affects you noticeably, it is therefore advisable to
wear fabrics made of natural-fiber clothing, as clothing made from artificial fiber can impair the body’s
circulatory system and interfere with the body’s electric field, destroying it in the process.

 USUAL DOSAGE

       Evening primrose oil. Two 500 mg capsules 3 times a day
       Coenzyme Q10, 100 mg
       Green food supplements, 1 table spoon
       Vitamin C, with bioflavonoids, 1,000 mg 3 times a day
       Vitamin E, with mixed tocopherols, 400 IU two times a day with meals
       Lecithin, 3 tbsp. 3 times a day
       Phosphatidylcholine, 100 mg

 OTHER BENEFICIAL HERBS

       Baical Skullcap
       Buckwheat
       Butcher's Broom
       Coleus
       Crampbark
       Garlic
       Grape
       Guggul
       Lavender
       Lemon
       Maidenhair Fern
       Prickly Pear Cactus
       Rosy Periwinkle
       Tibetan Rhodiola
       Turmeric

 COMMENTS

                                         Skin Problems




The human skin and the integumentary system is the largest organ in the human body, it also constitutes
the first line of defense in the human body and is, in addition, an important organ for detoxification.
Another important function that the human skin performs is that of osmoregulation, maintaining the proper
balance of important minerals and water within the body; additionally the skin also absorbs vital
substances into the body and keeps out pathogens. Therefore the quality of the skin is of prime
importance to a healthy body. The most important stigma attached to skin disorders and unhealthy skin is
a superficial one; it is aesthetically unpleasant and becomes very obvious to onlookers, adding
substantially to the discomfort of the patient. There is however one positive aspect to skin disorders, the
majority of them are considered harmless and easily treated; at the same time treatment is always
necessary and unavoidable, in order to restore the skin.

Some very commonly occurring skin irritations and disorders including the formation of rashes on the skin
are normally experienced as a part of daily life and often have underlying causes such as internal
physiological and chemical imbalances. Many people seem to be more vulnerable to skin disorders when
compared with others, these disorders and ailments can include scars and bruises due to irritation and
injuries, the formation of blisters on the skin and the chapping of the skin, for example scar tissue tends to
develop to a greater extent in some individuals than in others. Other skin ailments and disorders can also
have very unpleasant aesthetic outcomes, these include problems with fatty tissue deposition in
conditions like cellulite, problems like birthmarks that do not fade with time, common and easily
observable conditions like freckles, and otherpigmentation problems like liver spots, all of these
conditions of the skin can mar the aesthetic appeal of an individuals body and are treated
ascosmetic concerns and not necessary as health issues. Additionally natural methods and treatment
regimens are utilized to deal with common problems such as the excessive production of oil in the skin
and in other cases where the skin is very dry due to the absence of moisture in the skin. Additionally
common disorders like oily and dry skin conditions are treatable using natural treatment regimens and
methods as these are simple conditions and do not reflect greatly on the health of the individual.

The vulnerability of the skin both to external and internal factors such as pathogens and to
physicochemical changes is increased if there are any biological imbalances within the body. Both the
internal and the external factors have to be accounted for and addressed when undertaking a treatment
regimen to restore the health of the skin. Some simple precautionary steps can also handle many
common problems with the skin, exposing the skin too may times to soap and bath products is bad for the
skin, as sensitive and even normal skin can react badly to an overuse of the chemicals used in many of
the soaps on the market today. Repeated use of such soaps can be detrimental to the skin and even mild
soap can remove the skin's protective acid mantle layer, it is therefore advisable to use soaps and bath
products that are mild on the skin and to use soap sparingly. In addition to bath products lotions and
perfumes normally used on the skin can irritate skin to a great extent, this can come about because of the
ability of the skin to absorb substances; minimal use of cosmetics and beauty products such as creams
and lotions is therefore a good way to avoid undue irritation to the skin. For all household tasks involving
chemicals and when washing clothes, the use of protective gloves is recommended at all times.
Overexposure to direct sunlight is another factor that can seriously affect the human skin and proper
protection from the glare of the sun must be taken when outdoors.

The human body rids itself of toxins and other harmful substances through organs such as the liver, the
kidneys and the bowels, the skin is also very important in this role of detoxification. Most skin conditions
can be alleviated by the simple expedient of bolstering the functioning of the renal and hepatic systems
thereby boosting the performance of the liver and the kidney, while maintaining a balanced and
healthy diet at the same time. Many forms of skin ailments are caused by the presence of underlying and
undiagnosed digestive conditions, particularly disorders like constipation that can lead to the
accumulation of toxins within the body and can seriously impair nutrient absorption rates and the
assimilation of vital substances. The detoxification function of the human skin is also aided and bolstered
by the maintenance of a regular and proper exercise regimen; this increases the metabolic rate and
promotes sweating. A regular exercise regimen also increases the rate of circulation and aids the body
eliminate toxins at a faster rate.

 SUPPLEMENTS AND HERBS
People deficient in essential nutrients such as beta-carotene, the B complex vitamins, and vitamins
C and E often suffer from the drying of the skin. Skin disorders that involve fungal infections require
supplementation with the strain of friendly bacteria called Lactobacillus acidophilus, this supplement will
restore the complement of healthy bacteria in the intestines; aiding the body in its fight
against infectionand disease. Free radicals running riot within the body are the reason for wrinkling in the
skin, because of their ability to damage cellular structure, the use of antioxidants as supplements can
remove free radicals from the body and aid in the alleviation of skin damage. Some
excellent antioxidants are natural substances like the beta-carotenes and vitamins such as the C and E
type; these can be included in supplemental form to combat the production of free radicals in the body.
During chronic disorders of the skin, it is important to bolster the function of the detoxification organs such
as the liver, the bowels and the kidneys in order to relieve the pressure on the skin, which is an active
eliminator of toxins from the body. Detoxification via the liver can be boosted in the body through
supplementation with certain lipotropic factors. Supplementation can also be carried out through the use
of fermented bee pollen which will supply the skin internally with restorative hormones.

External use of herbal treatments and herbal teas can be utilized to moisturize, cleanse and tone
damaged skin and disorders. Such traditional herbal treatments can heal and treat damaged skin in no
time at all.

To heal and cleanse damaged skin internally as well as externally, the herb known as the aloe vera can
be used; this herb is effective and excellent for healing all types of skin conditions. In order to fully utilize
the beneficial properties of this herb snip off a small piece of an aloe vera leaf, take this piece and slice it
open lengthwise and gently dab the gel onto the skin before going to bed. Damaged skin is healed and
rejuvenated in this way especially if this treatment is carried out in a regular fashion; the herb also tones
and strengthens the skin. Another great way to utilize the herb is to drink at least a quarter cup of aloe
vera juice thrice weekly on a regular basis.

Dry skin:
        For the treatment of dry skin types in affected individuals take bath using bath water treated using
        about five drops of the oil of the lavender herb or water to which an extract of the oat herb has
        been added. For further treatment an application made from the diluted oil of the evening
        primrose or a cream made from the aloe vera herb. To aid in the restoration of damaged skin
        prepare herbal teas from herbs such as the chamomile, dandelion or the peppermint, drink these
        herbal teas for maximum benefit on a daily basis. The health of the skin can also be improved
        through drinking herbal teas made from herbs such as the borage, the fennel, and herbs like
        the coltsfoot and the calendula. It is very easy to prepare these herbal teas, mix about a tsp. of
        the herbs of your choice to a cup of boiling water, strain this mixture and drink on a regular or a
        daily basis. The restoration of the skin at a cellular level is believed to be achieved using the tea
        tree oil when used as a topical treatment. To aid in the restoration of the moisture level and to
        bring back the smoothness in the skin, just take the simple step of adding a drop of the oil to your
        favorite cream for use during the day or the night.
Sensitive skin:
        To treat sensitive skin types in affected individuals combine a tbsp. of freshly-pressed onion juice,
        add to this a tsp. ofhoney and a tbsp. of the oil of the lily along with some water, add a yolk of a
        single egg into the mixture at the end and mix thoroughly. This mixture can improve the tone of
        the skin and restore skin health when it is rubbed onto the skin and then left overnight; this
        mixture can be used on a regular basis or as and when needed.
Pale skin:
        Iron is a very important and essential mineral in maintaining the health of the skin, to treat pale
        skin, use supplements such as the juices of herbs like the stinging nettle, chives and
        the watercress. These herbs are rich in iron and can correct any deficiency of the mineral in the
        skin. The treatment regimen can include about a tbsp. of the fresh herbal juice at least once
        everyday of the treatment period. Drink at least three cups of an herbal tea made from
        the borage herbs on a regular and daily basis for a treatment period lasting at least three weeks;
        this can also be followed by supplements of a tbsp. ofcelery roots which have been boiled for ten
        minutes using three cups of water. The herbs in general can be steeped in boiling water and used
        as a drink for several weeks on a daily basis during this period.
Sagging and tired skin:
        For the treatment of tired and sagging skin use the following methods and herbs, to treat the
        facial skin, follow this preparation. Allow three handfuls of the chamomile herb to simmer for half
        an hour in three qt. of water. After the mixture has been simmered for the requisite length of time,
        remove it from the stove and expose your face to the rising steam from the mixture; expose the
        face to the steam in this way for sometime and allow the skin on your face to absorb the steam
        from the herbal bath. To increase the effectiveness of the treatment, use a towel as a covering
        over the head and the mouth of the pot to maximize exposure and to channel the steam in a
        proper direction. To further treat sagging and tired facial skin a refreshing skin mask can be made
        from a mixture of a single egg yolk taken along with a few drops of the wheat germ oil. Use this
        facial skin mask and let it soak into the skin for about twenty minutes in a single session. Use cold
        water to rinse off the mask after enough time has passed. Additional treatments can be done
        utilizing an herbal tea made from three parts walnut leaves along with two parts black currant
        leaves and a part of meadowsweet, a part of peppermint and a part stinging nettle. Mix these
        herbs well and prepare the herbal tea by pouring a cup of boiling water over a tsp. of this mixture.
        These herbs can then be steeped for about fifteen minutes; once they have been steeped in the
        water, the resulting mixture can be strained and the herbal tea can be drunk after meals, this tea
        should not be sweetened. Drink this herbal tea thrice a day after every meal for a total treatment
        period lasting three weeks.
Wrinkles on the neck:
        To treat wrinkled skin in the neck, use this herbal mixture: mix together a tbsp. of the oil of
        bitter almond and one and a half tbsp. of the juice of the stinging nettle juice, add to this mixture a
        single tbsp. of the moisturizing cream that you use normally. Use this combination as a topical
        treatment to massage the face and neck on a daily basis and do this regularly as long as
        required.

 ADDITIONAL THINGS YOU MAY DO

It is very important for the health of skin, to get enough rest and relaxation on a daily and regular basis,
sleep times must also be sufficient and at regular times on a day to day basis. In addition outdoor
exercises daily can rejuvenate and aid in maintaining the health of the skin. Perhaps one of the most
effective and beneficial treatments possible for skin problems consists in having regular swims in cold
water. Such swims can have many beneficial effects, besides promoting a feeling of well being and
bolstering health, the physical exertion that such activity involves can tone the skin and the muscles, and
as a further benefit the entire circulatory system is also bolstered. The rejuvenation of the skin can also
be increased and brought about by through activities such as regular dry brushing and massage of the
entire body, such activity also stimulates the circulatory system and aids in the promotion of overall
health. Human skin undergoes a lot of wear and tear on a daily basis and as a part of normal life; these
damaged areas of the skin and associated ailments can be treated using alternate treatments such
as face masks, different oils and lotions utilizing a variety of supplements. Damaged and tired skin can be
greatly eased and relaxed through the use of face masks that can tone and relax the tissues of the skin.
These face masks can stimulate the skin and increase the rate of detoxification of skin by
increasing blood circulation in the skin. Some preliminary preparations will have to be undertaken before
treatment can begin with these face masks, the pores on the skin should preferably be encouraged to
open up by covering the facial region with a warm and moist cotton compress on the face for about five
minutes before the application of the mask. It is important to leave the mask on the face for about thirty
minutes to let it dry up on the face, therefore lie down immediately after the mask has been applied on the
face.

Dry skin:
        For the treatment of dry skin, utilize the following combination of herbs. Prepare a mixture by
        mashing half an avocado in combination with a few drops of lemon juice obtained from a freshly
        cut lemon, apply this mixture as a topical treatment onto the area of cleaned skin, this treatment
         will nourish and smooth out the dry skin. After every such application, the mixture must be
         allowed to stay on the skin for fifteen to twenty minutes in order to allow the skin to absorb the
         substances, the excess mixture can be dabbed away using a soft tissue; repeat this treatment as
         often as required to treat dry skin. Another simple measure against dry skin is to splash the skin
         using alternate splashes of cold and warm water on a regular basis. An additional treatment can
         also be carried out using a mashed ripe banana as a quick and simple skin pack, the mashed fruit
         can be spread using a fork onto the skin in the regions of the face and throat, and the application
         can be put onto the skin in thick layers. This simple skin pack can be left on the skin for ten to
         fifteen minutes after application; the cream can then be rinsed off using lukewarm water after it
         has dried. Use this simple and easy to prepare skin pack as often required.
Eye lines:
         Follow these methods to treat crow feet and lines around the eyes. Prepare a paste using stiff-
         beaten egg-whites from foureggs, these can be mixed with about twelve oz. coffee grounds, stir
         this mixture into a paste. This paste can be used to massage the skin around the eyes as a
         topical measure to remove the lines around the eyes. This massage can be carried out on a daily
         basis in daily sessions of about twenty minutes for a total treatment period of two weeks. Apply a
         moisturizer onto the area after the massage, after the area has been carefully rinsed, and dried
         using a soft cloth or cotton wool.
Oily skin:
         Treat oily skin in affected individuals using apple cider vinegar as a topical measure and by
         rubbing this onto the skin on a daily and regular basis. This topical measure will have a
         neutralizing effect and bring down the production of oil in the skin.
Sagging and tired skin:
         To treat this type of skin condition especially in the face, follow the given treatment methodology,
         splash the facial region using a mixture of half a cup of Epsom salts and hot water; this treatment
         will invigorate the skin and aid in the restoration of the skin on the face. The skin can also be
         treated using slices of freshly cut cucumber; these can be squeezed from time to time to allow the
         juices to seep into the skin. To bring down the puffiness in the affected skin, these cucumber
         slices can be left on the skin for about fifteen minutes at every session. To rejuvenate and
         improve skin quality, prepare a natural skin revitalizing combination utilizing two tbsp. cucumber
         juice, along with two tbsp. of carrot juice and with about five tbsp. of fresh lemon juice; this herbal
         mixture can be rubbed on the affected areas to reinvigorate the skin.

 USUAL DOSAGE

       Vitamin E 400 IU.
       Vitamin C (with bioflavonoids) 1,000 mg.
       Vitamin B complex, 50 mg thrice a day.
       Bee pollen, one table spoon.
       Beta-carotene, 25,000 IU.
       Lactobacillus acidophilus, one tea spoon or three capsules.
       Lipotropic factors.

 OTHER BENEFICIAL HERBS

       Andiroba
       Anise
       Arjuna
       Arnica
       Bittersweet
       Black Root
       Black Snakeroot
       Brahmi
       Burdock
       Camphor
       Catnip
       Celandine
       Chickweed
       Cleavers
       Comfrey
       Echinacea
       Figwort
       Fireweed
       Fumitory
       Gotu Kola
       Hops
       Licorice
       Marshmallow
       Myrrh
       Pansy
       Plantain
       Queen's Delight
       Sarsaparilla
       Sassafras
       Schisandra
       Scotch Pine
       Slippery Elm
       Suma
       Tamanu Nut Tree
       Tormentil
       Witch Hazel
       Wormwood
       Yellow Bedstraw
       Yellow Dock


                                        Detoxification




In our society today, the majority of disease is blamed on stress, poordiet, genetics, physical and
chemical agents, biological organisms, degeneration, inflammation, autoimmunity, lack of exercise, and
abnormal growths. While these factors do indeed cause disease, there is an underlying factor that
contributes to all health problems. Toxicity is the common component. Exposure to toxins and
subsequent toxic accumulation cause untold health problems, both immediate and long term.
Despite our exposures to toxins, however, it is possible to enjoy good health. We do not have to live in
fear, nor do we have to be obsessed by "our poisonous world" or to succumb to "germaphobia." Most
people do not have to create or escape to a remote, sterile environment. By using simple treatments we
can improve our current state of health.Detoxification techniques and balancing methods make it possible
for us to rebuild our bodies and immune systems. Common sense protective measures allow us to
maintain our health, resulting in longer lives, with a significantly lower risk of degenerative diseases and
other illnesses.

 WHAT IS A TOXIN?

A toxin is often defined as a poisonous substance produced by plants, some animals, and disease-
causing bacteria. Another, but rather narrow, definition for a toxin is a xenobiotic, which means a foreign
chemical not produced by the human body. The term toxin also refers to anything that can be harmful or
hazardous to the body, or that affects the balance of the body.

 HOW ARE WE EXPOSED TO TOXINS?

Since the beginning of human history, people have been exposed totoxins that have affected their health.
Over many thousands of years, our bodies have evolved to tolerate most naturally occurring substances.
However, the "Chemical Revolution" that has occurred since World War II and ever increasing
industrialization in all parts of the world have multiplied our exposures to harmful substances to
incalculable levels. Our bodies have been exposed to over two million new synthetic substances with no
time to adapt. Chemical exposures for most people do not occur from a toxic waste spill or from
mass pesticide spraying. They come from small-scale exposures that occur day after day, contributing to
a buildup of chemicals in our bodies. Because our bodies have had no previous experience with these
chemicals, they have no efficient mechanism to metabolize or eliminate them.

Today the health of people is affected adversely on a daily basis. While industry and science have made
incredible progress, we have paid a high price for it. Our air is no longer clean; the soil is contaminated;
ourwater supply contains high levels of toxic chemicals and microorganisms; the purity of our food cannot
be guaranteed, and its quality is dangerously low.

We are all exposed to toxins as we go through our daily schedules - even by something as simple as
taking a shower. Performing our daily toiletries, such as putting on makeup or shaving, exposes us to
chemicals unless we have selected these products with care. Going to the beauty salon or barber-shop
can mean a massive exposure. The grocery store provides a wide variety of exposures, including laundry
and cleaning products; pesticides, both from produce and treatment of the store premises; and personal
care products. Shopping in malls and large discount stores results in formaldehyde exposures. Even
going to work or school can subject our bodies to toxins.

Regardless of their occupation, all people are exposed to toxins. Mechanics who generally work with no
skin protection are exposed to gasoline, greases, oils, and solvents. Numerous building materials cause
toxic exposures for contractors, carpenters, and house painters. Office workers are exposed to chemicals
emitted by computers, copy machines, paper, correction fluid, and the personal care products of their
coworkers. Like office workers, teachers are exposed to office supplies and others' personal care
products, but may also be subjected to other toxins. Science teachers use many toxic chemicals in the
laboratory, and shop, auto mechanics, and industrial arts teachers work with a variety of toxic materials.
Medical supplies, laundry and cleaning products, and pesticides can adversely affect the health of people
involved in the healthcare field.

Homemakers are exposed to cleaning and laundry products, the family's personal care products,
pesticides, dust, and mold. Children are subjected to numerous exposures, at home, at school, and in
their recreational activities.
 EXTERNAL TOXINS

Our exposures to toxins are classified as external and internal. External toxins are those to which we are
exposed in our daily lives. Sources of external toxins include foods, water, air, plants, microorganisms,
solvents, pesticides, herbicides, agricultural and industrial chemicals, toxic metals, noise, weather,
temperature, altitude, and radiation. The exposures may be from serious contamination, such as
industrial pollution, or from everyday toxins, such as cleaning supplies, perfume, or cigarette smoke.

Any of these exposures can cause a variety of symptoms in the sensitive person. Symptoms can
include headaches, muscle pain, fatigue, mental confusion, emotional upset, poor coordination,
skin rashes, neurological problems, and vision disturbances. Toxic chemicals have been associated with
decreased immune function, autoimmune disease, enzyme dysfunction, hormonal imbalance,
psychological abnormalities, nutritional deficiencies, and cancer.

 INTERNAL TOXINS

Internal toxins are those which are stored or produced in our bodies. Our bodies act like sponges,
absorbing the chemicals to which we are exposed. Water-soluble chemicals are absorbed and then
excreted. However, fat-soluble chemicals accumulate in our fat cells and cell membranes, becoming
internal toxins. When the body is under stress, it releases these chemicals from the fat to circulate in the
bloodstream. Later, these chemicals will return to the fat cells and cell membranes, to be released
another time. The release and return cycle of these chemicals continues indefinitely unless we help our
bodies rid themselves of toxins.

Internal toxins can include normal metabolic products. The improper formation or metabolism of normal
body chemicals, such as hormones and neurotransmitters, can cause a harmful imbalance. Internal
toxins also include substances that our bodies create in response to various conditions, and which
become toxic in excess amounts. For example, injury, anesthesia, and pollution cause the body to
produce free radicals that are toxic to all tissues. Exercise can cause an excess of lactic acid in the
muscles, resulting in stiffness and pain in people who cannot properly process it.

Stress, emotional trauma, and cumulative life experiences can also become internal toxins. People who
are experiencing emotional or spiritual challenges will benefit from special detoxification methods.

Symptoms caused by internal toxins include headaches, fatigue, memory loss, mental confusion, "flu like"
symptoms, mucous membrane irritation, skin problems, iritis (inflammation of the iris), and
musculoskeletal pains. Internal toxins can also cause gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea,
vomiting, and diarrhea.

 WHAT IS DETOXIFICATION?

The term "detoxification" means to diminish or remove the toxic quality of a compound, and the body
contains mechanisms that do just that. Toxic compounds are changed through chemical reactions into
less toxic compounds that can be excreted from the body.

The term "depuration"- which means to cleanse or purify - may be more accurate for describing the
methods we use to cleanse the body. The terms cleansing, balancing, and detoxification are often used
interchangeably. Balancing, which means to achieve homeostasis or equilibrium in the body, enables
detoxification; detoxification cleanses; cleansing leads to balance. This interaction in the body helps to
restore and maintain health.

 WHO NEEDS TO DETOXIFY?
Our bodies detoxify naturally every day, which allows some people to stay balanced. For many others, a
slow detoxification system and a multitude of exposures cause their bodies to gradually become
overloaded. The detoxification mechanisms of the body become unable to completely cleanse the tissues
and the organs, and the body is unable to maintain balance. In these cases, detoxification procedures will
help the body to cleanse and balance itself, removing the cause of disease before illness manifests.

Almost everyone would benefit from some detoxification measures, although some people are affected
more seriously by toxic exposures. Biochemical individuality and genetic differences partially determine
the effects of toxins.

People who are burdened by a toxic overload will demonstrate numerous symptoms; however, many
people are not aware that their symptoms may be a warning sign from their body. Signals that you may
need to undergo detoxification include chronic respiratory problems, asthma, or sinus problems;
abnormal body odor, bad breath, or coated tongue; frequent unexplained headaches, back or joint pain,
or arthritis; environmental sensitivities, food allergies, or multiple allergies; poor memory, mental
confusion, insomnia, depression, irritability, or chronic fatigue; brittle nails and hair, psoriasis, or
adult acne; and being underweight or over-weight.

Even if we lived in a pollution-free environment, ate organic foods from soils that had no pesticide
residue, drank pure water, and breathed clean air, many people would still need detoxification from
internal toxins, or metabolic products. People who have minor health problems often carry a toxic load in
their bodies. Without proper cleansing and balancing, toxins stored in the body will continue to cause
health problems and can lead to degenerative diseases later in life.

 IT'S A QUESTION OF BALANCE

Early civilizations looked on disease as a matter of imbalance or disequilibrium in the body. Today, this
philosophical approach is still valid; health can be viewed as a question of balance. A healthy body is a
remarkable instrument, maintaining harmony among many elements in order to maintain health.

To have good health, we must be balanced:

       Allergically: Allergic reactions imbalance the body by causing an increase in antibodies, an
        activation of immune system cells, and tissue inflammation as the body releases chemicals in an
        attempt to heal itself.
       Biochemically: life is possible because hundreds of biochemical reactions take place in our
        bodies each second. Acid-alkaline balance in the body must stay within an optimal range for the
        detoxification pathways to function properly.
       Electrically: An electrical imbalance in the body causes sleep problems, acute sensitivity to
        weather changes, and symptoms when exposed to electrical equipment or appliances.
       Emotionally: Emotional health depends on balance. Love must be given and received.
        Anger, grief, and anxiety must be expressed and relieved.
       Energetically: The breakdown of organic molecules releases energy that is used by cells. An
        imbalance in this energy makes it impossible for the body to perform its work and maintain body
        temperature.
       Environmentally: A safe home and work-place that has minimal environmental stresses and
        toxins is necessary to maintain health.
       Enzymatically: Enzymes are essential for biochemical reactions. A deficiency or excess of
        any enzyme affects the efficiency, speed, and balance of these reactions. Detoxification reactions
        in the body are enzyme controlled.
       Hormonally: Hormones play a major role in metabolism, circulation, water and electrolyte
        balance, reproduction, and stress. An imbalance can greatly reduce or even stop these
        processes in the body.
       Magnetically: Our brains produce a steady magnetic field, and we project a magnetic field into the
        space around our bodies. An imbalance affects our biological cycles, such as the sleep cycle.
       Microbiologically: Our bodies contain normal microbiological flora that aid in body functions, such
        as digestion. A deficiency or an overgrowth of these organisms, or an infection by pathogenic
        organisms, can cause imbalance and illness.
       Nutritionally: The body must have a certain balanced amount of nutrients for proper functioning,
        repair, and good health. A continued deficiency of any vitamin, mineral, essential fatty acid, or
        amino acid can lead to serious health problems.
       Psychologically: Psychological health depends on the proper balance between emotions and the
        mind. An imbalance of any of the other health factors can affect psychological health.
       Spiritually: Spiritual balance is necessary for health. The sense of our higher self must be
        nurtured by prayer, worship, ormeditation, depending upon a person's beliefs. Neglecting this
        aspect can cause a serious imbalance, resulting in illness.
       Structurally: The skeleton must be aligned properly to keep the body healthy and balanced. In
        addition, all of the cells of the body must be structurally correct and in balance.

The human body is in a constant process of biological change, subject to both internal and external
stimuli. It may help to picture a well-balanced mobile formed from all of the above elements. The slightest
touch on one part of the mobile causes all of the remaining elements to move. They re-establish balance
by conforming to a different but stable position. Larger changes to one part of the mobile cause more
active movement of the other elements and more time is needed to achieve a balance. Some changes to
our balance occur rapidly, in seconds or minutes, while others may take days or years to occur.

If the tension created by an imbalance remains, the healing process is impeded. When our functions
become rigid, unadaptable, and unable to change, disease usually results. Unraveling the imbalance and
finding the causative factors can be a difficult and slow process.

 BENEFITS OF DETOXIFICATION

The benefits of detoxification are many, and can improve every aspect of your health. As your body
detoxifies, you can expect digestion to improve, sinus congestion to clear, blood pressure to normalize,
mental clarity and memory to improve, and emotional and hormonal fluctuations to stabilize. Once your
body achieves balance, your energy level will rise.

With the removal of its toxic burden, the body's immune system will be strengthened, enabling it to cope
more effectively with common illnesses. Chronic health problems can be expected to improve or
disappear entirely.

In addition to helping restore the body and mind to full health, detoxification increases the effectiveness of
any subsequent healing treatment. Over the long term, people who maintain the balance of their body can
expect to live longer in better health, to experience fewer degenerative diseases such
as diabetes, arthritis, and cancer, and to recover from illness and injury more quickly.

 THE WAY TO HEALTH

There are many ways of detoxification but, for complete health, the whole person must be addressed:
body, mind, emotions, and spirit. Healing is a comprehensive process of cleansing and rebalancing.
People with a low toxic burden will need only a few detoxification methods, and their health will be
restored quickly. Those with more serious health problems will have to follow a more complete
detoxification program, and their recovery will take longer. If you have serious health problems, consult a
qualified practitioner to help you detoxify. Choose a person who is proficient in more than one method of
detoxification, who can help you cleanse, rebalance, and rebuild your body.
Once you have taken steps to cleanse and balance your body, you will want to maintain your new level of
wellness; thus, methods of prevention are also important. Preventive techniques help to ensure continued
good health.

We are the guardians of our own health - it is our most precious gift. Without it, our adaptability declines,
our quality of life suffers, and our enjoyment of life is mediocre. Cleansing and balancing the body to
restore health becomes a learning experience, even an adventure, when we accept the challenge to
pursue the best health possible and therefore the highest quality of life.

       Early methods of detoxification
       Phases of detoxification
       Minor routes of detoxification and excretion
       Responses to toxins
       Organs of protection and detoxification
       Organ cleansing
       Detoxification baths
       Detoxification saunas
       Detoxification diet, fasting, & juicing
       Detoxification exercises
       Detoxification herbs
       Detoxification nutrients
       Topical detoxification
       Detoxification methods for kids

 COMMENTS

Post your comments, tips, and suggestions about this article.


                                      Memory Problems




Age is one of the biggest contributing factors the onset of problems associated with the memory,
as dementia and senility strike in old age, moreover the capacity to store information or short-term
memory endues on the person a certain insignificant but relevant storage space where daily tasks and
objectives are “filed” so to speak by the brain, old age may also affect this short term memory bank, in an
adverse manner. Unless and otherwise accompanied by severe forms of more serious problems such as
confusion and changes in behavior leading to an unstable mental condition, the disorder and
forgetfulness appearing as symptoms of dementia are not seen as debilitating, as memory decline is quite
inevitable in an old person.
The presence of factors such as stress and nervous conditions like a lot of anxiety and the lack of proper
periods of rest and sleep can also cause a decline in the memory and recall abilities of a person. Short-
term functions of the memory can also be affected from not using it, this can result form prolonged
periods of boredom and from conditions like chronic or acute depression present in a person. With old
age, a median level of performance as far as long-term memory is concerned is often reached, and
unless memory is impaired by other graver disorders this equilibrium is hardly ever breached. The
memories collected and remembered from childhood compared to those generated in adulthood persist
longer and are remembered better in many people.

The loss and displacement of entire areas of our past through lost memory can come about due to a
variety of causes. Factors that can lead to the erasure or rubbing out of memories in a person include
surgical processes, the onset of a high fever, intoxication from high levels of alcohol and epileptic shocks
in disorder such as epilepsy, which may be present in a person. The memory can also be wiped out in a
person by situations like the incidence of a stroke, which is usually accompanied by slurred speech and
visual disturbances and physical signs like buckling and weakening knees, the sudden loss of memory
that comes with a stroke is also followed by different neurological symptoms, like a feeling of
intense dizziness and the other signs mentioned before. The incidence of a stroke can also be heralded
by an unexplained and temporary loss of short-term memory known as an ischemic attack, these
incidents may take place over a few minutes at a time after which memory recall is restored and
a stroke might strike at such moments. The slow and inevitable deletion of all traces of personality to
severe loss of memory in Alzheimer's disease and in other forms of memory loss like senile dementia are
considered to be disorders of old age and the memory loss that occurs during their incidence may have
other factors and causes.

The mnemonic abilities and the function of retention and recall of memory can be directly affected by
many external factors and substances, some of these substances include large dosages of alcohol during
chronic alcoholism, compounds found in sleep inducing drugs and antidepressant medications and many
types of prescription medications. With particular reference to the loss of memory in old people, the
presence of deficiencies of essential nutrients must be thoroughly identified and dealt with, as old people
are often nutritionally deficient in at least one essential substance due to poor dietary regimens. The
presence of factors such as intense physical fatigue and the subsequent loss of concentration can also
create problems with memory in a person. The imbalance of hormones that results due to the onset
of menopause in middle-aged women, often leads to impaired memory. An overburdening of the mind
with information and the constant stress of daily life is the usual cause of loss of memory short-term and
reducing levels of anxiety in a person may help that person in improving short-term memory retention.
Unconnected and different serious conditions such as anemia, the presence of an under active
thyroidgland and hyperactivity in a person may cause fatigue and the disturbance of an ability to
concentrate, thus leading to the rise of loss of memory. Psychological reasons underlie severe mental
trauma and or emotional pain, where whole sections of the past have been suppressed or disappear
completely; this situation is a not uncommon psychological system that humans use to cope with bitter
realities. It is important to immediately seek professional help and examination in cases where incidences
of loss of memory have begun after a person has sustained severe physical trauma or injury to the head.

 SUPPLEMENTS AND HERBS

The bolstering of an active memory-recall and retention-and proper brain function and the concomitant
reduction of levels of incident stress are some of the properties that supplements such
as inositol and cholineand the B vitamins can play in the affected person. Both these substances are
present in abundant quantities in compounds such aslecithin, which can be used as a source supplement
for these two substances. In order to preclude the appearance of imbalances in nutrient levels and to help
strengthen the nervous system, supplementation can also be carried out using the other B complex
vitamin at the same time.

To maintain proper and healthy states of mental activity, it is important that circulation to the brain is at an
optimal rate and thatfree radicals are not allowed to interfere in the due cellular processes of the brain,
the utilization of the supplement having the most effective antioxidant property, vitamin C which can
restrict the damage due to free-radicals and eliminate them from the body is an important step in recovery
and health. A red flushed face can result as blood rushes to the facial region during supplementation
with niacin, a vitamin that improves the rate and flow of blood by widening the arteries and the veins, this
vitamin also stimulates the functioning of the nerve tissue in the brain and is an effective supplement. An
essential complement in all neural functions is a hormone like fatty acid called gamma-linolenic acid, this
fatty acid or GLA is abundant in the oil of theevening primrose herb, and the oil may be used as a
supplement to help out during memory dysfunction.

All of the herbs given below can be used to make herbal teas by mixing a tsp. of the herbs in a cup of
hot water, steeping it in the water for ten minutes. This herbal tea can then be drunk as an herbal aid to
memory function and health.

Problems with impaired memory recall and retention can come about because of the depletion of the
mineral silica in the cells that make up the nervous tissues and the cells of the brain. Drink tea brewed
from the horsetail herb, or if you prefer the juice of the herb as the plant is very high in its silica content.
Alternate on and off for a period of two weeks using a tbsp. of juice once in the mornings and once in the
evenings daily, alternately you can instead use a capsule of aqueous extract of the horsetail herb on a
daily basis for a total treatment period of from two to six months in total. Impaired memory can also
benefit from supplements that use a combination of ginkgo biloba with the oil of the wheat germ. By its
ability to increase the rate of circulation and its promoting of increased amounts of the flow of blood to the
small capillaries in the brain, the herb ginkgo biloba can greatly stimulate circulation and oxygenation in
the cerebrum, and promote the state of mental clarity, improve levels of alertness and memory function in
retention and recall. Dosage of the wonder herb can be about two to three capsules once a day. Its
regular and systematic utilization is important and does not pose a problem, as the ginkgo biloba herb
does not have any chemical conflicts with standard medication. Stress reduction is another notable area
where supplements of ginseng can help, besides its usual role in increasing capillary circulation. Memory
is enhanced and improved and the staying power or mental stamina is increased through the use of gotu
kola as a supplement. The brain is also supported in a secondary way through the use of the root of
the licorice, which plays a main role in the adrenal glands functioning. Memory can be significantly
improved by the use of the leaves of the sage herb as supplements. Memory and nervous function can be
bolstered and strengthened by the use of the eyebright herb. Memory strength and the improved
oxygenation of the brain are brought about by the use of the blessed thistle as a supplement.

 HOMEOPATHY

The homeopathic remedies given below can be taken a dose a day at dosage levels of 30c, in order to
alleviate the symptoms of memory disorders which are not very severe, including things like forgetfulness.
The potencies of the homeopathic medicine used should be in the low potency range of 6x to 12x for
more severe forms of the disease, as the medication regimen progresses, the potency of the substance
used can be increased every month or two, dose per day should be thrice in one day. If there is difficulty
in identifying and telling the symptoms apart, it is best to use separate substances to cure it over a
prolonged period of time.

       Alumina
        Alumina is to be used as a homeopathic treatment option in cases where the person has
        problems with his or her identity and forgets who she or he is. The person may feel that time is
        dragging and passing very slowly and he is thus frustrated. The person displays quick and
        alternating moods and has symptoms of senility and dementia; he is also not in a position to think
        things thoroughly and has an illusion of things being unreal. He or she is also irresolute and
        forgets the names, words and does not think clearly when speaking or writing things down. The
        loss of memory also brings its own psychological problems that are manifested in defiant and
        arrogant behavior alternating with dependency and timidity. The person in addition to the
        aforementioned behaviors may display fears of going insane; he or she is fastidious about things.
        The patient will also have developed deep feelings of guilt and can be reproached easily at such
    times. The patient may worsen, and stress is evident when ever he or she has to hurry about, the
    patient may also get worse in the mornings. The person’s condition shows signs of improvement
    slowly as the day progresses. Therefore in the appearance of all such symptoms alumina can be
    used as a homeopathic cure.
   Anacardium
    Anacardium is to be prescribed in people who keep forgetting things and events, which include
    general forgetfulness in remembering people and their names, or things that they have seen or
    read from a book, in general the person forgets all kinds of things due to the development of an
    extremely weak memory. The symptoms of senility and dementia can appear quite suddenly, the
    person may experience events in a dreamy state, he or she is also often confused, absent-
    minded, and is muddled because sense perceptions is weakened to a great extent.
    Psychologically the person may also show malicious and abusive behavior and cruelty, he or she
    may also curse a lot. And is very suspicious about things occurring around him or her. There is
    insecurity and he or she may fear going insane. The insecurity comes about because of
    nervousness and the general loss of confidence; in fact the person is so insecure that he or she
    may constantly try things out to prove that he or she is not afflicted with loss of memory.
    Psychological signs such as indecisiveness and apathy are displayed in behavior. The person
    may feel there are two people inside, one of these persons being good and the other one bad, he
    may feel both natures fighting for control.
   Baryta carb.
    Baryta carb. is to be prescribed when there is a loss of memory, and the person may display
    signs of forgetfulness about the names of things and people especially things that she or he has
    learnt. In addition he or she may repeatedly forget what was about to be said or done.
    Psychological signs are also present and come out in the person through a general loss of self
    confidence, additionally the person is often confused, shows signs of disorientation and is not
    resolute when carrying out activities. The person may avoid social contact and is extremely shy.
    There are insecure feelings about being watched and gossiped about, the person may feel
    people are laughing at him or her. Other mental states displayed by the person include a child like
    behavior. Certain signs of senility also appear. The thinking and acting processes can be slow
    and unhurried. Due to such displays of fear and insecurity the person may stay put at home and
    will only then feel secure psychologically. If this form of loss of memory sets in during childhood, it
    may lead to the stunting of normal development. Physical symptoms include the enlargement of
    glands in many areas of the body and feeling cold all over the body.
   Conium
    Conium is to be used as a homeopathic treatment option when there is a slow but steady
    reduction in the emotional and mental states of the person. The person may be very forgetful and
    easily forgets the names of people and places, words to use during speaking all because of a
    weakening of the memory. The person also commits a multitude of errors while calculating,
    speaking or writing and in telling the time of the day. There is a weakening of the ability to
    concentrate and the person finds it hard to comprehend things and events occurring around him.
    The patient withdraws from the world and is extremely introverted. Insecurity may be displayed in
    the dislike of company while there is a fear of isolation and loneliness. The person is emotionally
    indifferent and may have a case of depression. Other signs are a feeling of vertigo that strikes
    suddenly. These symptoms in the person are from the effects of old age or celibacy.
   Lycopodium
    Lycopodium is to be used as a prescription homeopathic remedy when there is a lot of confused
    thinking in that person, an inability to concentrate may come about, there is a slowing of the
    mental faculties includes a weakened brainpower. There is severe loss of memory and recall, the
    person forgetting names and dates, words to music and certain events, music an inability to
    decide and aphasia- which is inability to get at the meanings of things. Due to this forgetfulness
    the person may be unable to write legibly, utilizing the wrong words and omitting letters and
    choosing wrong syllables while writing. Thus all the symptoms point to the learning disorder of
    dyslexia since the symptoms are similar to that disorder. The person fears being alone, and is
    insecure and has a total loss of confidence about his or her own feelings and thoughts, the
    patient may additionally fear a nervous breakdown and is not enthusiastic about trying new things
    and going to different places.
       Mercurius
        Mercurius is to be used as a homeopathic treatment option during loss of memory, which is
        nearly total, and the person may even lose direction in streets and places, which are known, to
        him or her. The person acts slowly and may stammer, and sometimes shows signs of speaking
        too fast. He or she may feel disoriented with regards to the time of the day or the night, as time
        seems surreal and strange to the person. The person has problems making decision and is very
        easily distracted. Skills such as the ability to write can be severely affected. The person shows
        signs of apathy and is indifferent to the surrounding. The person may like ordered and considered
        decisions and actions and withdraws him or herself compensating in a way for the mental
        instability he or she feels. Psychologically the person is suspicious of all around him or her and
        can act impulsive and violent. He or she also displays deep discontentment and in general
        displays low levels of confidence in his or her abilities.
       Thuja
        Thuja is to be used in all cases where loss or weakening of the memory in a person leads to the
        inability to use the correct words; syllables, words and other ideas may be totally muddled up.
        The person has a difficulty expressing things in clear language and the faculty of speech slows
        down. The patients are unable to concentrate on things and events and often lose their direction
        when going to familiar places. Metal states in such patient include the inability to articulate
        thoughts and a dullness or fogginess in the mind. They have difficulty with using time probably,
        and seem indecisive about proper usage of time. The persons may also show a dislike for
        company and guests. There are signs of irritability and the person may be always in a hurried
        frame of mind. Insecurity and the feelings of wretchedness including a hatred of the self are
        manifested; the person may also be extremely insecure about his or her looks. Strange and
        inexplicable ideas are generated in the mind of such a person and the body feels a disconnection
        with a feeling of fragility and detached thoughts.

 ADDITIONAL THINGS YOU MAY DO

It is important to stay mentally active and alert to stimulus, by working puzzles and other memory games,
this avoids the disuse and calcification of the brain. Going back to school to take up new subjects or
hobbies and solving crossword puzzles, memorizing things and events and playing chess are all good
stimulators of the brain. The ability to retain and recall things and general memory can best be achieved
when staying in a calm environment. Doing too many things at one and the same time regularly can bring
about the appearance of a poor memory. Lifestyle must be free of stress and a hectic life or activity must
be avoided. Small actions and concentrating on a single task at a time helps the memory therefore one
must switch the television or the radio off when involved in other activities. Exercising on a daily basis can
help the body and free the mind; therefore it is good idea to walk for sometime everyday. Relaxation and
sleep must be in optimal amounts, since the brain must have some rest to recharge and renew itself. If
memory is already poor, a diary or a book is a good idea, as a device to help forgetful people, who can
write or jot things down as an aid to memory.

 USUAL DOSAGE

       Evening primrose oil, 2 capsules 500 mg thrice a day
       Vitamin C, with bioflavonoids, 1,000 mg
       Vitamin B complex, 100 mg
       Lecithin, 3 tbsp. thrice a day
       Niacin, 100 mg

 OTHER BENEFICIAL HERBS

       Acorus
       Ashwaganda
       Brahmi
       Rosy Periwinkle

 COMMENTS

                                         Ashwaganda
                                          Withania somnifera




 COMMON NAMES

       Ashwaganda
       Indian Ginseng
       Withania

The herb known as the ashwaganda is a small plant in the same plant family as the common
garden tomato. This plant is a stout shrub which can grow to a height of about five feet-170 centimeters-
when fully matured. The ashwaganda is similar to the tomato, in that it too bears yellow flowers and has a
red colored fruit, the fruit is however, berrylike in size and shape and the resemblance to the berry of
tomato is not very easy to recognize. This herb is endemic to south Asia, and the ashwaganda grows
abundantly in the wild in countries like India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka-all of which are in south Asia and
share a similar climate. Herbal remedies make use of all the parts of this particular herb-and many
different herbal medicines are prepared from this herb.
The meaning of the name ashwaganda, which is a Hindi word, is "horse's smell". The Hindi word not only
reflects the idea of the smell of a horse exuded by the plant, but also connotes the properties of the plant
to the strength of a horse. The use of the ashwaganda is immense in the Indian, ayurvedic system of
medicine and for this reason certain herbalists have called the ashwaganda, the Indian ginseng. This is
very appropriate as the variety of uses this herb is put to in the ayurvedic medicine is as great if not
greater than the use of ginseng in the traditional Chinese medicine- TCM -system.

 USES

The role of the herbal ashwaganda preparation in traditional herbal medical systems for more than 2,500
years has been as a "vitalizer" or energizer of the human body. These days, this herbal remedy is placed
in the category of remedies known as the adaptogens. The herb has powers of rejuvenating the body; it
can help in balancing and strengthening the body, and aids in calming the nervous system of an affected
individual. The herbal remedies made from the ashwaganda are also very useful in brining effective relief
from physical fatigue; it can aid in alleviating nervous exhaustion, and improve the chances of recovery
from memory loss suffered by a person. At the same time, the remedial properties attributed to the herb
also include an aphrodisiac action; it has a great reputation in this regard and is believe to be capable of
preventing the onset of sterility in males and also possibly aiding in the treatment of various sexual
ailments. The herbal remedies made from the ashwaganda also acts as a mild sedative and it reduce
mental turmoil and promote a calm sleep in a person with an agitated or stressed mind. The ashwaganda
is also believed to promote rapid tissue regeneration and is believed to slow down the aging process in
individuals using the remedy for long periods of time.

The ashwaganda is considered to be an excellent aid in bodybuilding and for enhancing performance in
all types of sports which are physically challenging. This is because the ashwaganda gives the user an
instant charge of very long lasting energy increases, precluding the need to use other chemical stimulants
by the athlete.

The beneficial effects of the ashwaganda have been successfully used in the treatment of Alzheimer's
disease and in the correction of certain disorders with the memory and mental functions. Any loss in
memory suffered by the patients is corrected by the ashwaganda through its ability of modifying the way
in which the brain utilizes a chemical neurotransmitter known as acetylcholine; this chemical messenger
is the agent responsible for transmitting messages from one nerve cell to the other nerve cell within the
brain. The brain sometimes gets the acetylcholine it needs, by the destruction of its own cells especially in
situations when the oxygen levels within the brain become very low. The transmission of nervous signals
is blocked in areas where these cell remnants form neuro-fibrillary tangles and the consequence is that
the person displays symptoms similar to Alzheimer's. The consumption of ashwaganda by a person will
reduce the likelihood of this cannibalization process in the brain. The persistent continuation of such an
action will result in a lowering the cognitive deficit and memory loss which come with
memory diseases like the Alzheimer's disease and other brain disorders.

Ashwaganda has also been used in the treatment of arthritis and thecarpal tunnel syndrome. Studies
conducted on animal test subjects indicate that many of the naturally occurring steroids in the
ashwaganda herb have greater potency in the treatment of arthritis and carpal tunnel syndrome, than the
synthetic steroid hydrocortisone usually used to control the inflammation in such disorders. Furthermore,
the natural steroidal compounds present in the ashwaganda also help to reduce thepain evident during
arthritis as effectively as other compounds and medications including aspirin and the compound
phenylbutazone - especially when they are taken in small amounts. At the same time, these compounds
bring on these effects without the immune depressing side effects associated with the other medications.

Herbal remedies made from the ashwaganda are also effective against many autoimmune disorders of
the human body. During the course of treatment for a common autoimmune disorder like lupus, taking the
ashwaganda remedy can lead to an increase in the counts of both red and white blood cells following
initial treatment of the affected patient using drugs such as azathioprine-lmuran, drugs
like cyclophosphamide - generic names, Cytoxan, Neosar, or prednisone which are normally used in the
treatment of autoimmune diseases.

Remedies made from the herb are also used in the treatment of cancer. The herbal extracts of the
ashwaganda herb increases the platelet count, and the total red blood cell count, along with the total
white blood cell count which tends to dip during the chemotherapy treatment with cyclophosphamide-
Cytoxan, Neosar-used in the treatment of cancer. The ability of the ashwaganda to sensitize cancer cells
against radiation treatment have also been demonstrated in several animal studies undertaken in the
country of India, in fact, the use of the ashwaganda during the radiation treatment made the treatments
approximately fifty percent more effective than normal. The ability of the ashwaganda and its
effectiveness in putting cancer tumors into a state of regression has also been observed in certain
studies.

Ashwaganda has also been used as a remedy in the treatment of people with diminished or reduced sex
drives. The herbal properties of the ashwaganda and its power as a sexual "grounding" herb helps in
reducing the frequency of premature ejaculation and increases the sexual stamina of patients. The herb is
also known to be capable of enhancing longevity, and also possesses sexual stimulating abilities; these
beneficial effects are due to the ashwaganda's active ingredients, such as the alkaloids and the
withanoloids.

Ashwaganda remedies are also used to relieve stress in patients. The Ayurvedic system of Indian
medicine has utilized the ashwaganda herb in the form of a general tonic for centuries as a stimulant for
long term endurance and strength. The resistance of the body may be increased because of the high
content of steroid like compounds in ashwaganda.

The herbal remedies made from the ashwaganda are available in the form of a capsule. The ideal herbal
product of choice is the ones that are standardized for their content of the withanolides. During the course
of dosage for the bolstering of faltering sexual drives, the ashwaganda herbal remedy must not be taken
in cases of acute sexual anxiety, as the full physical effects will take hold of the person, only after about a
week of daily use of the remedy. The product called the ashwaganda oil must not be used as a remedy in
the treatment process for the conditions given above. The function of the oil is as a remedial facial toner
and it is made up of a combination of the ashwaganda with some almond oil and rose water-it is not to be
consumed. Severe gastric pains can result from consuming ashwaganda berries, and the consumption of
these berries must be strictly avoided at all times. Loss of muscular coordination and drowsiness can
result when taking ashwaganda along with tranquilizers or other sedative compounds. The use of any
ashwaganda herbal remedy must also be avoided when taking prescription medications which are meant
to treat anxiety, cases of insomnia, or a seizure disorder-as there could be side effects.

 COMMENTS

From Louise - May-12-2011

        I cannot commend this wonderful herb enough. I had a severe attack of Carpal Tunnel syndrome
        and treated it myself with a radical raw juice and food diet and supplementation with focus on
        ashwaganda. It is an awesome herb and I have now re-continued usage on a daily basis to assist
        various injuries I sustained over the years causing slightly arthritic conditions. It has definitely
        alleviated the normal aches and pains that seemed to be a daily occurrence despite a very
        sensible and organic diet ! I can highly recommend it.

From Nancy - 2010

        I have had good luck using it as a sleep aid. I take it about 30-60 minutes prior to bedtime and
        can feel it working by the time I get in bed. Then when I get up about 2-3 hours later, I take a
        tincture of passionflower. Then I sleep for another 2-3 hours. I have sleeping issues and this two-
        prong approach seems to work for me. The combo was recommended by a well-known herbalist
        in Maine.

From Linda - 2010

        That's all I can say about my personal trip with ashwaganda! I'm a 57 yr old female,
        with fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome. I was at my wits end with the fatigue, so at
        bedtime I took 2 125mgs and woke up the next day with a tremendous decrease in fatigue, it is a
        week later, still taking 2 tabs twice a day and I have never been so blessed by anything herbal
        before this. some things have helped a bit, but ashwaganda is a miracle to me. Praise God! I
        prayed for him to lead me into some help as to which supplement I should try, he led me to
        ashwaganda, true miracle for which I give all the glory and honour to Jesus!

Post your comments, tips, and suggestions about this article.


                                             Ayurveda




Ayurveda, an ancient Indian stream of medicine, is basically a Sanskrit term that has been drawn from
two roots - ‘Ayus’ denoting life and ‘vid’ meaning knowledge. In effect, life or ‘Ayus’ manifests an
amalgamation of the body, the mind, the sense organs as well as the soul. It may be noted here that the
Vedas are earliest Hindu texts of knowledge which are known to have been exquisitely discovered by the
sages or wise men of India several thousand years back. The four Vedas enclose the information,
cadence as well as the makeup of the universe, in addition to the secrets behind the ailments and health.

As aforementioned, there are four Vedas - the Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda and the Atharva Veda.
Precisely speaking, Ayurveda is an element of the fourth Veda, which comprises comprehensive critiques
related to treating the sick by means of using mantras, potions and herbs. Actually, Ayurveda is an
amalgamation of both science as well as philosophy that specifies the numerous physical, emotional,
mental as well as spiritual elements that are essential for complete or universal health. The superiority of
this system is evident in the most prominent among all the ancient ayurvedic manuscripts - the Charaka
Samhita.

Charaka Samhita is a significant manuscript regarding internal medicine that was written over 2,000 years
prior to the invention of the microscope. This document presents a detailed explanation of the manner of
the composition of the cells, in addition to listing as many as 20 dissimilar microscopic organisms that
may be responsible for various ailments. Another such text in Atharva Veda - the Sushruta Samhita
elucidates surgical techniques, surgical tools, suturing as well as the significance of hygiene during the
period or as well as following any surgery. Thorough medical knowledge is merged with philosophical and
spiritual guidance regarding the manner to lead a healthy as well as meaningful life. As per the Vedic way
of life, human lives would be complete with purpose when they endeavour to accomplish their utmost
potential, but this is not possible to achieve devoid of health on a primary level.

 AYURVEDIC MEDICINE

Ayurvedic medicine, mainly practiced in India as well as Sri Lanka, is a customary and comprehensive
system of medicine of these two nations. In effect, Ayurvedic medicine is an all-inclusive healthcare
system and has several elements that function in conjugation stipulating a lifestyle or routine, instead of a
cure for particular ailments. Ayurvedic medicine comprises several elements and some of them comprise
the following.

       Detoxification by means of ‘panchakarma’ wherein in Ayurveda, ‘panchakarma’ - a Sanskrit term -
        denotes the five purifying therapies used in this ancient Indian medicine stream.
       Yoga
       Diet
       Meditation and prayer
       Herbal medication

The fundamental belief in Ayurveda is that all things in the universe, counting ourselves, are made up of
five elements known as ‘panchamahabhutas’ and ‘tridoshas’. By means of rectifying the equilibrium of the
tridoshas inside us as well as concerning the environment and humanity around us, we will be able to
endorse health on every level.

It is interesting to note that Ayurvedic cure is customized to suit the requirements of every individual. In
fact, in Ayurveda there is no single cure that works for any disease in all the patients. Precisely speaking,
the combination of the different doshas that comprise an individual may possibly result in the best
possible health for him or her. In the instance of another individual, the equilibrium of doshas may be
responsible for the origin of the ailment. Therefore, in Ayurvedic medicine, each individual ought to be
treated separately. The talent of a practitioner of Ayurvedic medicine actually lies in evaluating every
individual’s nature, make a diagnosis of the reasons in case there is any lack of equilibrium of the doshas,
recognizing the constitutional types as well as identifying the location of the doshas’ equilibrium and,
subsequently, making a decision on the optimum treatment.

Ayurveda is also a wonderful guide for wellbeing and leading a good and ethical lifestyle. Similar to
several other comprehensive treatments, the stress of Ayurveda is on the body, mind as well as spirit.
Moreover, in Ayurveda, this theology is inherent for good health as well as a dignified and righteous
manner of life. The objective of ayurvedic medicine is not just to treat ailments, but also to develop
wellbeing and happiness.

Ayurvedic conjecture is founded on the individual structure of a person depending on which he or she is
vulnerable to specific ailments. Ayurveda takes into account the sway of psychosomatic aspects in
majority of the ailments as well as the lack of balance of the fundamental constitutional aspects that are
liable to cause any ailment.

Ayurvedic treatment aims at reinstating the troubled mechanisms. The primary constitutional aspects are
the three doshas - Vata, Pitta and Kapha and reinstating their dynamic equilibrium controls the life cycle
as well as regulates the total body, thereby restoring our health.

 HOW IT WORKS
Ayurvedic medicine is rooted in the theory that each individual person possesses a distinct constitution
which is associated with energies inside their body. An excellent and balanced constitution is considered
to be the greatest resistance against ailments. In case your body is performing at its best possible plane,
there is no possibility of ailments gaining ground. Nevertheless, a feebly balanced constitution makes an
individual vulnerable to physical as well as mental ailments. Ayurveda aspires to avoid the development
of ailment by functioning with the individual foundation of a person. In effect, our constitutions are decided
upon by the equilibrium of the three key energies within the body, which are also known as doshas or
tridoshas. According to Sanskrit, the three doshas or tridoshas are known as Vata, Pitta and Kapha.
Every personal constitution is regulated by all the three doshas to dissimilar extents, although an
individual may have one or two prevailing doshas. A practitioner of Ayurvedic medicine will first evaluate
the individual’s constitution and then decide on the prakrti or physical construction to which he or she
belongs.

It may be noted that besides determining the attributes of our constitutions as well as the nature of
ailment to which we are almost certainly going to give in, the three doshas also decide on the aspects that
make us distinct, for instance our hair color, the shape of our body, our desire for food and the type of
foods we ought to consume. The doshas have an effect on each and every feature of our lives.

We are in the pink of our health when there is equilibrium among all the three doshas or the tridoshas.
Every dosha has a distinct function in our body. For instance, Vata creates movement and primarily has
to do with the nervous system as well as the energy of the body. Pitta is actually fire and is concerned
with digestion, metabolism, bile, enzymes and acids. Kapha is associated withwater in the phlegm,
mucous membranes, moisture, lymphatics and fat. To a great extent, the equilibrium of the tridoshas is
dependent on an assortment of issues, especially appropriate diet as well as exercise, healthy elimination
of body wastes, proper digestion as well as an even-handed emotional and spiritual wellbeing.

Every constitution is decided on by the condition of the parental doshas during the time of formation. In
addition, every individual is born with a distinct prakrti (physical structure) - a blend of doshas that are
exclusive to him or her. In fact, this is the individual’s constitution and this continues with you throughout
your life. However, while we traverse life, environment, diet, trauma, stress and injury make the doshas to
turn out to be imbalanced - a condition called the ‘vikrti’ state in Sanskrit. When the intensity of loss of
equilibrium becomes too elevated or low, it may cause ill health. Practitioners of ayurvedic medicine
endeavour to reinstate every individual to the optimum balance that is possible in their prakrti.

Constitutions or physical structures are basically innate and can never be altered. The philosophy of
Ayurveda recognizes as well as acknowledges the dissimilarities between individuals and the uniqueness
of each person. In effect, the science of Ayurveda assists us to comprehend our individual constitutions
as well as to subsist in a manner that underlines their constructive features, which, of course, is not easy
all the time.

It is important to note that in Ayurveda, every disease is associated with the tridoshas or the three
doshas. Imbalances of the doshas have an effect on additional aspects that are at work within our body,
and result in disparities that are responsible for development of diseases. These additional aspects
comprise the five elements, also known as panchamahabhutas, the ten pairs of attributes of the
tridoshas, agni (fire), the three malas as well as the seven tissues (known as ‘sapha dhathus’ in Sanskrit).

Our body as well as the mind may be the dwelling of ailments in the same way and as easily like
healthiness. We can achieve good health by means of the equilibrium of the biological elements, and
ailments are a result of the imbalance of these elements. The aim of Ayurveda is to restore the balance at
times when we are sick and also to sustain the equilibrium with a view to help us maintain our good
health.

 THE TRIDOSHAS
In Ayurveda, the tridoshas, which denotes three doshas, are the basic and vital aspects of the human
body that manage our complete physical formation as well as utility. The tridoshas include Vata, Pitta and
Kapha and they are drawn from the five primary perpetual substances, called the ‘panchamahabutas’ in
Ayurveda. In fact, every dosha has a prevalence of at least one of the five ‘bhutas’.

Vata comprises the collective prevalence of ‘vayu’ (air) and ‘akasha’ (space), while Pitta comprises of
‘tejas’ (fire) and ‘jala’ (water). Similarly, Kapha consists of ‘jala’ (water) and ‘prithvi’ (earth).

When our health is in the pink, all these three doshas are balanced or in a condition of stability. When the
tridoshas are in their usual and balanced condition, they provide us with potency, an excellent
complexion, standard or usual working of the fundamental organs as well as a long life. On the contrary,
when these three doshas are unbalanced or unstable, they result in diseases.

It may be noted that all the three doshas have their respective sub-types, having attributes that carry out
a variety of functions at dissimilar levels in our body.

Several of the bodily as well as mental occurrences, which contemporary physiology attributes to the
nervous system may be related to Vata. In the same manner, the whole chemical progression functioning
in your body may be attributed to Pitta, countinghormones, enzymes and the entire dietary system. The
actions of the skeletal as well as anabolic system (the features of metabolism concerned in developing
the physical body) may be credited to Kapha, which implies that, the complete bodily volume in any living
being is in effect of Kapha.

To be precise, the whole productive procedure in any living being may be credited to Kapha; the total
chemical process may be attributed to Pitta; while the sensory as well as the motor movements or
activities may be credited to Vata.

VATA

In Sanskrit, Vata denotes ‘to progress’ or ‘to stimulate’. In effect, Vata comprises the most significant
component of the tridoshic structure and has a prevalence of ‘akasha’ (space) and ‘vayu’ (air)
mahabhutas. Vata is accountable for all the movements of our body (including physical and mental). In
addition, this dosha sustains the entire supportive framework as well as tissue, in addition to managing
circulation all through the body.

Vata has numerous physical attributes and they have been depicted in the form of:

       Chala (unstable)
       Laghu (light)
       Ruksha (dry)
       Suksma (subtle)
       Site (cold)
       Visada (clear and transparent)
       Khara (rough)

Every one of the above mentioned physical attributes of Vata originate from one’s intra-uterine life, which
denotes the life inside the womb. These attributes actually determine one’s individual prakrti (physical
structure).

Generally, Vata is accountable for the total physiological performance of your body. In addition, Vata also
controls the mind as well as its functioning. Hence, when Vata is unstable or not in equilibrium, it is likely
that you will undergo a variety of psychosomatic problems. In fact, it results in weight loss and depleting
strength and, at the same time, generates various emotions, such as concern, nervousness,
apprehension, sorrow and even anger.

Vata can be present in these five forms according to its role and the site of action:

       Apana
       Prana
       Samana
       Udana
       Vyana

When the equilibrium of Vata is bothered, it brings about:

       Abnormal blood pressure and heart disease
       Arthritis
       Constipation
       Mental instability
       Rheumatic and joint pain

Diseases that can be caused by unbalanced Vata:

       Aksepaka (violent muscular convulsion, as in "clonic" fits in epilepsy)
       Aksibheda (eye pain)
       Aksivyudasa (sunken eyeball)
       Aksisula (pinching pain in the eye)
       Atipralapa (delirium)
       Anavasthitacittatva (mental instability)
       Arasajnata (ageustia - loss of the sense of taste)
       Ardita (facial paralysis)
       Asabdasravana (tinnitus)
       Asvapna (sleeplessness)
       Badhirya (deafness)
       Bahusosa (atrophy of the arm)
       Bhrama (giddiness)
       Bhruvyudasa (drooping of the eyebrow)
       Dandaka (continuous muscular convulsion)
       Dantasaithilya (loose teeth)
       Dantabheda (toothache)
       Ekangaroga (monoplegia - paralysis of one limb)
       Ghrananasa (anosmia - loss of the sense of smell)
       Grdhrasi (sciatica)
       Grivastambha (stiff neck)
       Gudarti (tenesmus, a bowel disorder)
       Gudabhramsa (rectal prolapse)
       Gulphagraha (stiffness of the ankle)
       Hanubheda (pain in the jaw)
       Hikka (hiccup)
       Hrddrava (tachycardia - rapidity of heartbeat)
       Hrnmoha (bradycardia - slowness of heartbeat)
       Jrmbha (yawning)
       Januvislesha (genu valgum - club feet where the feet are turned outward)
       Janubheda (genu varum - "knock-knees," where the feet are turned inward)
     Kanasula (earache)
     Kanthoddhvamsa (hoarseness)
     Kasayasyata (astringent taste in the mouth)
     Kesabhumisphutana (dandruff)
     Khanjatva (lameness)
     Kubjatva (kyphosis - curvature of the spine)
     Lalatabheda (frontal pain)
     Manyastambha (torticollis - twisted neck)
     Mukatva (aphasia - loss of speech)
     Mukhasosa (dry mouth)
     Nakhabheda (cracking of the nails)
     Osthabheda (pain in the hip)
     Padabhramsa (fallen arches)
     Padasula (pain in the feet)
     Padasuptata (numbness of the feet)
     Paksavadha (hemiplegia - half body paralysis)
     Pangulya (paraplegia)
     Parsvamarda (chest pain)
     Pindikodvestana (cramps in the calf)
     Prasthagraha (stiffness of the back)
     Rauksya and Parusya (dryness and hardness)
     Sankhabheda (temporal pain)
     Sephastambha (priapism)
     Sarvangaroga (polyplegia - paralysis of all limbs)
     Siroruk (headache)
     Sroni bheda (pelvic girdle pain)
     Syavarunavadhasata (dusky red appearance)
     Tama (fainting)
     Timira (cataract)
     Trikagraha (sacroiliac arthritis)
     Uccaihsruti (hard of hearing)
     Udaravesta (gripping abdominal pain)
     Udavarta (misperistalsis - difficulty with passing food down into the gut)
     Urusada (pain in the thigh)
     Urustambha (stiffness of the thigh)
     Vaksanga (slow speech)
     Vaksastoda (stabbing pain in the chest)
     Vaksa uparodha (impaired thoracic movements)
     Vaksa uddharsa (friction pain in the chest)
     Vamanatva (dwarfism)
     Vanksananaha (groin tension)
     Vartmasamkoca (entropion - introversion of the eyelids)
     Vartmastabha (ptosis - drooping of the eyelids)
     Vatakhuddata (clubfoot)
     Vepathu (tremor)
     Vidbheda (diarrhea)
     Vipadika (cracking of the feet)
     Visada (weakness)
     Vrsanaksepa (scrotal pain)

PITTA
In Sanskrit, the term Pitta denotes ‘to burn’ or ‘to heat’. The entire biochemical activities, counting heat
generation, are attributed to Pitta. Pitta is made up of ‘jala’ (water) and ‘tejas’ (fire).

The inherent ordinary attributes of Pitta are:

       Acrid and sour tastes (arnlam)
       Blue and yellow colors (neelpitta)
       Fluidity (sara)
       Fleshy and unpleasant smell (pichhila)
       Heat (ushma)
       Liquidity (drav)
       Sharpness (teekshna)
       Slight oiliness (sneham)

The prakrti or individual constitution of a person possesses aspects that are analogous to these natural
attributes. When one is ill or suffering from any disease, the natural attributes as well as actions of Pitta
are present, often completely or to some extent.

Pitta has been divided into five categories:

       Alochaka
       Bhrajaka
       Sadhaka
       Ranjaka
       Pacaka

When the equilibrium of Pitta is disturbed, it can bring about:

       Subnormal or abnormal temperature
       Burning feelings all over the body
       Confused mind and anger
       Impaired skin health, luster, complexion and color
       Impaired visual perception
       Impaired skin health, color luster, and complexion
       Yellowness of urine, eyes, feces, and skin

Diseases that can be caused by unbalanced Pitta:

       Aksipaka (conjunctivitis)
       Amlaka (acid eructation)
       Amsadaha (burning sensations in the shoulder)
       Angavadarana (cracking pain in the body)
       Angagandha (foul odor of the body)
       Antardaha (burning sensations in the body)
       Asyavipaka (stomatitis - inflammation of the lining of the mouth)
       Atisveda (excessive perspiration)
       Atrpti (dissatisfaction)
       Carmadalana (itching of the skin)
       Daha (burning)
       Davathu (boiling)
       Dhumaka (fuming)
       Galapaka (pharyngitis)
       Gudapaka (proctitis - inflammation of the anus)
       Haridratva (icterus, jaundice)
       Haritaharidra netra, mutra, purish (greenish yellow coloration of the urine, eyes, and feces)
       Haritatva (greenishness)
       Jivadana (hemorrhage)
       Kamala (jaundice)
       Kaksa (genital herpes)
       Lohita gandhasyata (smell of blood from the mouth)
       Mamsakleda (sloughing of the muscles)
       Medhrapaka (inflammation of the penis)
       Miluca (skin warts)
       Osa (heat)
       Plosa (scorching)
       Putimukhata (foul odor of the mouth)
       Raktakoshtha (urticaria)
       Raktapitta (bleeding tendency)
       Raktavisphota (red vesicles)
       Rakta mandala (red wheals)
       Sonitakleda (sloughing of the blood)
       Tamahpravesa (fainting)
       Tiktasyata (bitter taste)
       Trsnadhikya (excessive thirst)
       Tvagavadarana (cracking of the skin)
       Tvagdaha (burning sensation of the skin)
       Usmadhikya (high temperature)
       Vidaha (burning sensations in the chest)

KAPHA

In Sanskrit, the word Kapha basically denotes ‘phlegm’. In addition, it also means ‘to keep together’ or ‘to
embrace’. Kapha is known to be the basis of potency as well as resistance (known as ‘bolla’ in Ayurveda).
Going by Ayurveda, Kapha is accountable for the formation of the living body, and Kapha comprises
water (‘jala’) and earth (‘prithvi’) elements. Owing to the composition of Kapha, it is additionally stable in
nature compared to the two other doshas - Vata and Pitta. When it is in its usual state, Kapha is
accountable for the power as well as the construction of the body.

Physical features of Kapha are described as:

       Guru (heavy)
       Ishat (viscous)
       Madhura (sweet)
       Mirdu (soft)
       Picchila (slimy)
       Sita (cool)
       Sthira (stable)

Kapha can bring about:

       Enthusiasm
       Plumpness
       Sturdiness
       Virility
       Wisdom

Kapha is of five categories, depending upon their location and purpose:

       Avalambaka
       Bodhaka
       Kledaka
       Sleshmaka
       Tarpaka

When the equilibrium of Kapha is disturbed, it can bring about:

       Confusion, lack of understanding and ignorance
       Emaciation of the body
       Flabbiness
       Immobility and loss of function of the joints
       Impotence and sterility
       Loss of oiliness
       Weakness and susceptibility to disease
       Lethargy and weariness

Ailments that can be caused by unbalanced Kapha:

       Alasya (laziness)
       Apakti (indigestion)
       Atisthaulya (obesity)
       Balasaka (loss of strength)
       Dhamanipraticaya (atherosclerosis - narrowing of the arteries)
       Galaganda (goiter)
       Gurugatrata (heaviness of the body)
       Hrdayopalepa (mucus around the heart)
       Kanthopalepa (mucus in the throat)
       Maladhikya (excess bodily excretion)
       Mukhasrava (salivation)
       Mukhamadhurya (sweet taste in the mouth)
       Nidradhikya (excessive sleep)
       Sitagnita (suppressed digestive power)
       Slesmodgirana (excess mucus production)
       Staimitya (timidity)
       Svetavabhasata (pallor)
       Tandra (drowsiness)
       Trpti (anorexia nervosa)
       Udarda (urticaria - irritation and inflammation of the skin)

 COMMENTS

                                           Adaptogen
In 1946 a Russian scientist N.V. Lazarev introduced the term "adaptogenic substance" to the world. He
used this term to express the ability of this substance to produce a unique effect in the human body which
increases non specific resistance to an adverse influence. Earlier this substance was well known for its
ability to enhance the human body’s non specific resistance towards stress causing factors. However,
Lazarev was the first scientist to introduce this term bearing high technical precision.

Herbalists use the term to suggest a natural herb that helps the body increase its ability to fight against
trauma, stress, fatigue, and anxiety. Accordingly, adaptogens were classified under a broad category of
tonics, rasayanas, restoratives, etc.

It is also claimed that these substances possess unique action of balancing hormones as well as immune
system. Also they help the body to maintain optimum dynamic balance of systems or homeostasis. Due to
this unique ability, this substance is distinguished from other substances exhibiting similar actions. They
are thought to exhibit a normalizing effect on the body and are also thought to possess a capacity to tone
body systems. As consequence it is proclaimed that these substances bring down the accelerated activity
of hyper functioning systems. Similarly they strengthen activity of hypo functioning systems. Thus both
the fast and slow paced functions of the body are normalized to give optimum physiological outcome.
However, adaptogens are thought to start showing their action at a level described as allostasis, a stage
of body function resulting from long term stress. Allostasis lacks fixed reference of homeostasis which is a
more stable state of the human body.

Adaptogens contain antioxidants. However, antioxidants are not adaptogens. Adaptogens
and antioxidants exhibit their properties by different mechanisms.

Dr. Brekhman (a Russian holistic medical doctor) and his co-workers rephrased the definition of
adaptogens to cover all aspects of application of adaptogens. According to them adaptogens are:

       The plants which are entirely safe for human consumption.
       The plants which increase the body’s non specific resistance. In other words they are the ones
        which provide wonderful supportive mechanism by which the human body can withstand
        pressures excreted by external and internal factors on its different systems.
       The plants which assist the body in normalizing the system.

The naturally occurring biologically active substances or the organic chemicals are the stress protectors
of the human body. Due to the unique properties these plants are of vital importance to human health.

It was also evident many other plants have the same properties. They produce neither stimulating nor
inhibitory effects on the body, but they do equalize (tonify) the body functions, so as to get an optimum
output from body systems.

The adaptogens primarily exhibit their anti-stressor properties through their ability to help the body
effectively fight the stresses caused by external and internal factors. The adrenal glands located at the
upper surface of each kidney are responsible for the body’s response to stress and emotional changes in
a fight and flight manner (either attack or defend). However, adaptogens recharge and optimize these
adrenal glands and thereby strengthen the body’s anti-stressor mechanism. This proposition also raises a
question whether adaptogens can be used to enhance the body’s general health and performance
because they normalize the body and enable it to utilize energy more effectively in a situation where
stressors are not physical threats. Several studies have supported the above stated probable application
of adaptogens, i.e. their use in enhancing the body’s general health and performance.

There is ample historical evidence to prove adaptogens were used in ancient times for their unique
actions on human body. These herbs were used by Chinese people as physical and mental capacity
enhancers, fatigue reducers and longevity extenders. People also found that using adaptogens in
challenging situations is of vital importance and extremely beneficial as well. It was a customary among
Chinese soldiers to use these herbs a night before battle. Serbian hunters used to consume them a night
before going on a dangerous journey. Similarly Tibetan monks used adaptogens as s tool of survival
during their stay in high mountains where food and warm cloths were virtually unavailable. These herbs
were utilized for thousands of years in China, Russia, Japan, Korea and Europe, and have legendry
records of popularity. However, in spite of these facts its effectiveness and physiological utility was
established only 45 years ago by physician and scientist Dr. Israel Brekhman.

The scientific discovery that these herbs are effective in helping the human body to adopt or to adjust
strains and changes of daily living has proved to be the mother of the word adaptogens. The adaptation
to changing environment as a tool of survival for living systems is very well accepted. It is also well known
scientific fact - better is the adaptability of an organism, better are the chances of survival of that
organism (e.g. human, plants). As a matter of fact these herbs have withstood the harsh environments
and have survived for centuries because they possess the right weapon i.e. their unique composition of
biological activity.

Owing to their capacity to increase the body’s ability to adapt to stresses and fluctuating situations,
people have been consuming them for years in Asia. In 1940s Western scientists started research to
explore more facts about adaptogens. The exact mode of action by which they exhibit their effects on the
human body is still unclear. Their action is thought to be mediated by an interaction of a number of
compounds and complex processes. Adaptogens in pure form are sold by a majority of health food
stores.

The start of use of these compounds as a remedy to treat fatigue, stress and anxiety can be dated back
to many centuries. Adaptogens were a part of tonics and drinks even before their effects were
perceived. Liquorice is an ingredient of many folk remedies in Europe. Similarly ginseng has been
extensively used in Asia for millenniums. Even in modern times Native Americans use their own ginseng
species.

Herbalist may recommend the use of adaptogens as a part of a daily routine to benefit their patients with
better health, stability, and happiness. The herbs may be recommend alone to treat stress related issues.
Alternatively the herbalist may suggest combining adaptogens with other components - either a
compound or herb to reach specific therapeutic effect. Adaptogens are the most common category of
natural product medicines that are used to treat depression, stress, anxiety. This fact becomes evident by
reading the list of ingredients that appears on many traditional remedies available in market.

Adaptogens essentially help the body to regain a state of normalization by restoring the dynamic
equilibrium among various body functions or homeostasis. However, apart from these primary actions one
gets benefitted tremendously by secondary actions of adaptogens also. These benefits (such as
protection against heart diseases) arise from their ingredients viz. antioxidants which are found in
abundance in them. Antioxidants are responsible for correcting heart ailments.

Although adaptogen provides good solution to treat imbalances in the body, it should not be considered
as cure all remedy. A self medication should be avoided and should be taken under expert supervision of
a herbalist. Being an expert in the field of herbal remedies, the herbalist shall take time to recommend
proper herbal preparations depending on the condition of a patient and the severity of the disease. In the
event a patient decided to add an adaptogen to his daily diet, it should be done only after consultation
with a physician. This is essential in the event one is already under treatment with prescription drugs.

 COMMENTS

                                                 Fatigue




Fatigue commonly accompanies another disorder or condition affecting the body and cannot be
considered to be a disease in and of itself. It is a part of a wide array of other disorders and problems;
poor nutrition is a good example of something that will induce fatigue in an individual. Working too hard
can strain one both, physically and mentally and is a primary cause of fatigue and exhaustion in the
modern world. Too little or too much exercise and other physically strenuous activity are also a major
contributor to fatigue. Other problems often associated with fatigue and exhaustion are problems such
as insomnia and poor sleeping habits at night. Many forms of medical disorders such aspremenstrual
syndrome can also give rise to fatigue in an individual. The difference between simply being tired and
fatigue is that fatigue is a persistent and recurring loss of energy and initiative felt by the individual over a
period of time, it is also generalized in its effects on the person concerned and robs them of much needed
energy. The exhaustion and hopelessness felt during fatigue can be overwhelming and oppressive.

Underlying psychological factors such as the presence of stress, emotional anxiety and conditions
like depression play an important and major role in the cause of fatigue in the vast majority of people. In
addition to these psychological factors, metabolic disorders such as a lowered immune system function
and chronic or recurring infections can also sap the energy of the person and induce deep and persistent
fatigue in them. This is the reason that the symptoms of fatigue are observed and always appears
accompanying disorders such asdiabetes, impaired thyroid glands or malfunctioning adrenal gland or
imbalances, these disease can cause extreme exhaustion and fatigue in the individual. Problems with
the heart, the liver, and many forms ofkidney disease all induce severe fatigue in the patients. Because of
their role in the production of red blood corpuscles, any deficiency of essential vitamin and
mineral nutrients gives rise to fatigue, the reduced nutrient levels reduce red blood cell synthesis and
because these red cells are the transporters of oxygen within the body, any decrease in their absolute
numbers will lead to a lowering of overall energy levels in the person. The imbalances and fluctuating
hormone levels duringpregnancy and menopause can give rise to extreme and extended bouts of fatigue
in women. Heavy periodic flows during the menstrual cycle can also lead to fatigue by
causing anemia due to excessive loss of blood. Many forms of drugs and medications which include
drugs for controlling the blood pressure and various medications used to quell sleeping disorders can also
induce fatigue in an individual and are a major source of concern because of this side effect.

 SUPPLEMENTS AND HERBS
Only when a possible and hidden fatigue inducing drug or medication has been ruled out, as a possibility
should these supplements be used on the patients. Recovery and relief can be confidently expected
within in about two month’s time from starting the supplements. It is advisable to begin the
supplementation utilizing the two ginsengs along with the vitamins. Slowing including the essential
mineral magnesium, the essential amino acids, and the oil of the flaxseed if the fatigue shows no sign of
abating or fading slowly.

Both the nervous system and the immune system are bolstered and supported by the supplements of
the B-complex vitamins. These vitamins are essential factors in inducing proper replication of red blood
cells, their most important role however is in their ability to boost the effectiveness of the white blood
cells, these fight bacteria and virusesand prevent infection of the body by foreign pathogens. Because of
its ability to support the functioning of the adrenal glands, the vitamin C is a very important additional
supplement, since the adrenals control stress hormones, which play important parts in the psychological
state of the person. The vitamin C additionally promotes immune function, and aids in recovery and repair
of tissues and damaged cellular structures.

The bolstering of the energy levels of the body is the major reason the use of ginseng is so popular
nowadays; it is a great energizer. To induce energy Asians have traditionally made use of Panax ginseng.
Fatigue is also effectively warded off by the use of the Siberian ginseng, which is known to contain anti
fatigue compounds. Some people in addition are affected by fatigue due to the mild deficiency of the
mineral magnesium in their bodies; including supplements of this vital mineral in the diet of the person
can easily rectify this. Any deficiency can quickly be corrected through the supplementation of
magnesium during a two-month treatment regimen. Low levels of the essential amino acids may also
contribute to fatigue in some cases, as every cell in the body requires a mixture of amino acids to
synthesize its own proteins. The oils of the flaxseed is rich in essential fatty acids, substances that boost
immune system performance and are major components of the cellular membranes, supplementation
should also include some of this oil.

 HOMEOPATHY

All the homeopathic remedies given below can be used once every day during a treatment period of one
to two weeks at a stretch and at strength of 30c. Lower potencies are preferred the weaker a person is;
the potencies can be matched with the energy levels of the patient. The dosages must be repeated
regularly so as to slowly restore strength and the energy levels to the maximum.

       Arsenicum
        Arsenicum is to be used in the homeopathic treatment of individuals suffering from fatigue in
        which the symptoms include restlessness, and anxiety combined along with extreme physical
        weakness. These symptoms appear and disappear in the person on a regular basis. Other
        physical symptoms during the condition can include the sudden and abrupt appearance of
        episodes of exhaustion and weakness, if any strenuous physical exertion is undertaken. The
        other signs are weight lossthat the person experiences, the breath may be foul and excretions are
        produced, the person may also experience burningpains and feels cold at most times due to
        passing chills. Psychological manifestations of the condition include the development of a fear of
        disease and death, coupled with emotional insecurity, and dependency. The person also
        becomes fastidious, and stingy in habits. The condition of the patient will greatly worsen if the
        skin eruptions are suppressed; the condition is also aggravated from exposure to cold air and
        weather, during midnight, on the consumption of alcohol. The condition of the patient improves on
        the other hand when some heat is applied to the body. The appearance of one or any of these
        symptoms requires the immediate use of Arsenicum as a homeopathic remedy to treat fatigue in
        the patient.
       Carbo veg.
        Carbo veg. is to be used in the homeopathic treatment of individuals afflicted with fatigue in which
        the symptoms include utter physical exhaustion and low vitality and strength. The patient may
    become extremely listless and sluggish, often experiencing sleepiness on a constant basis. The
    person is also inert and indifferent to things happening around him or her. The reasons for this
    state of affairs or the underlying reasons for the fatigue can include exhausting diseases and
    metabolic disorders, the period following major surgery and any serious or substantial loss of
    blood or fluid from the body. The presence of toxic substances in the diet can also contribute to
    this form of disorder. The other physical symptoms of the condition are clammy and cold skin.
    The breath of the person is very cold. The person may desire to be in fresh air and the outdoors.
    The circulation of the blood and other body fluids of the person slow down and becomes very
    sluggish. The body may be bloated and there is a lot of gas produced in the abdomen. The
    complexion of the person may turn blue. Aggravating factors are fats in the diet, and excessive
    consumption of alcohol. The person may have a strong liking forcoffee. The condition of the
    patient worsens when exposed to humid weather and conditions, when wearing tight clothes,
    when eating fats and fatty foods, on consuming milk, when exposed to excess heat. The
    condition of the patient can improve when he or she is given to belching. The presence of one or
    more of these symptoms requires the immediate utilization of Carbo veg. as a homeopathic
    remedy in the treatment of the fatigue in the affected individual.
   Gelsemium
    Gelsemium is to be used in the homeopathic treatment of individuals suffering from fatigue in
    which the symptoms include emotional and physical weakness along with psychological
    problems. All initiative is lose as the person loses his will and gives up very easily on anything
    that he sets his mind on. The underlying reasons for this form of fatigue may be an excess of fear
    and anticipation about ordeals likely to be faced or the doubts about one’s ability to perform, this
    form of fatigue can also set in as a result of a viral infection from any type of pathogenic virus.
    The person appears very dull, and looks drowsy most of the time, he or she is also dizzy and
    affected constantly, there is trembling, and heaviness in the limbs, the development of muscular
    weakness is also often observed in the individual. The ability to concentrate is rather impaired
    and the person loses focus very easily. The eyelids may droop as they become very heavy and
    affected during the condition, the vision is also dim and there is a dull and persistent headache.
    Other physical symptoms are the development of soreness in the eyes. The condition of the
    patient greatly worsens on exposure to hot and humid weather, and if physically or emotionally
    disturbed in any way. The condition of the patient shows a marked improvement in peaceful and
    quiet places, when allowed to urinate freely, and on the consumption of some alcohol. The
    presence of one or more of these symptoms requires the immediate use of Gelsemium as a
    homeopathic remedy in the treatment of the condition in the patient.
   Kali phos.
    Kali phos. is to be used in the homeopathic treatment of individuals suffering from fatigue in which
    the symptoms may include weakness and extreme physical and nervous exhaustion, the person
    becomes very sensitive, and the body is weak, the affected individuals tires rapidly even after
    minor exertion. The underlying reasons behind this condition are psychological factors such as
    stress, which is caused by overwork, excessive worry, or over excitement, stress and depression
    can also be brought on by an exhausting illness which takes a long time to recover from. Physical
    symptoms of the condition include a low-grade fever and weakness in the musculature. The
    person affected is given to ready perspiration and sweats profusely and easily when excited. He
    or she may complain of feeling cold constantly and develop chills and colds. There is also a
    production of putrid yellow discharges from the body. Psychological symptoms include excessive
    shyness, being suddenly given to blushing, and the person may desire solitude, the person also
    does not like to talk and is irritable at most times of the day and the night. The irritability is very
    high in such persons; there is a tremendous cruelty and malevolence towards members of the
    family. The person is also given to sudden and unseemly outbursts. The person may work himself
    or herself into such a rage that they can become speechless with anger. The presence of one or
    more of these symptoms requires the utilization of Kali phos. as a homeopathic remedy in the
    treatment of the individual afflicted by fatigue and exhaustion.
   Phosphoricum acidum
    Phosphoricum acidum is to be used in the homeopathic treatment of individuals afflicted with
    fatigue in which the person becomes very sensitive and mild, such individuals are overwhelmed
    by events, and often suffer from some illness or the other, they may have endured some loss
        or grief. Such conditions of fatigue is also seen in people who study too much and are
        workaholics, this type of fatigue can also set in during growth spurts in teenagers, due to the loss
        of massive amounts of blood or body fluid, and after recovering from anesthetics. The
        psychological symptoms of such patients include an apparent indifference to everything; the
        person becomes apathetic and is given to listlessness. The person may also turn deadly quiet,
        and is given to answering by using single words. Physical weakness is almost always present.
        The person is affected mentally as well and has a difficulty understanding and thinking about
        things. Other mental symptoms may be the impaired memory and the struggle to bring out words.
        The person perspires profusely very easily and is affected by cold and chills. The affected person
        also has a great desire for refreshing foods and fruits. The condition of the person improves when
        taking naps or resting. The presence of one or more of these symptoms means Phosphoricum
        acidum should be used in the homeopathic treatment of the fatigue.
       Picric acid
        Picric acid is to be used in the homeopathic treatment of individuals afflicted with fatigue in whom
        the symptoms may include total nervous exhaustion. Psychological signs are the aversion to
        talking and socializing as well as a great deal of indifference to the surrounding environment, the
        person finds it difficult to act and to think about or do any activity. The underlying reasons behind
        this condition could be stress due to mental or psychological strain, caused by apprehensions
        from forthcoming exams, mental anxiety, some loss or grief suffered, and even chronic conditions
        like depression, or illnesses such as anemia. Another important condition occurring in such
        individuals is insomnia and sleeplessness. There is a great deal of physical weakness, and
        heaviness and even burning sensations along the spinal column, particularly the limbs. The facial
        features may be really sallow. Any sort of mental exertion or movements of the body can bring on
        splitting headaches along with the dilation of the pupils. The condition of the patient worsens a
        great deal after any form of mental or physical exertion, or on being exposed to slight increases in
        heat and cold. The condition of the patient improves when given cold water. The presence of one
        or more of the symptoms requires the utilization of Picric acid as a homeopathic remedy in the
        treatment of fatigue in the affected individual.

 ADDITIONAL THINGS YOU MAY DO

Set an alarm and take a daily nap in the afternoons or in the evenings for about twenty minutes. Your
sleep at night could be disturbed if the napping period is extended beyond twenty minutes. It is important
to remember that breakfast is the most important meal of the day and should never be missed. Some
kinds of food groups should not be included in the meal close to the time you are going to sleep, these
include fatty foods and caffeinated drinks, do not eat heavy and rich meals and don’t drink alcohol, if all
these are consumed too close to the time of sleep, they can seriously hinder sleep quality and length. It is
important to sleep for a minimum of about eight hours every day, and you will be much healthier if you are
able to sleep and wake up at roughly the same times each day. Exercise and physical activity are two
other important factors to a healthy life. Fatigue and persistent tiredness can be dealt with, through taking
moderate exercises every day. Sugar laced foods will not necessarily give you an energy boost and
should not be used for this purpose. Good food choices should include lots of fruits and vegetables and
complex carbohydrates found in foods like pasta, whole grains, and beans. If the fatigue is persistent, it
may be advisable to have yourself medically examined for potential problems like anemia and possible
impaired thyroid functioning.

 USUAL DOSAGE

       Flaxseed oil, one tbsp daily. Should be taken in the morning.
       Siberian ginseng, 100-300mg two times daily.
       Panax ginseng, 100-250 mg two times daily.
       Vitamin C, 1,000 mg thrice daily. If diarrhea develops, reduce the dose.
       Vitamin B complex, one pill two times daily with meal (B-50 complex with 400 mcg folic acid, 50
        mcg vitamin B12, 50 mcgbiotin, and 50 mg of all other B vitamins).
       Amino acid complex, one pill two times a day on an empty stomach.
       Magnesium, 400 mg daily for eight weeks. Take with meal. If diarrhea develops, reduce the dose.

 FOR KIDS

See age-appropriate dosages of herbal remedies

The abundant micronutrients and trace minerals content of Siberian and American ginseng will give you a
holistic constitutional energy boost and are excellent for kids. Dosage of these herbs for children can be
ten drops of the ginseng, one time each day, for a treatment period of six weeks and five days every
week; this is the dosage requirement for children above six years of age. After completing every six-week,
the treatment can be discontinued for one week as an interval and the same dosage can be repeated for
another six weeks, if fatigue persist. Any infection induced weaknesses and fatigue can be treated
through the use of the herbs like the Echinacea and the goldenseal, which are great energy boosters. A
liquid combination formula of the Echinacea and goldenseal herbs can be given to children, thrice a day
for a treatment period of one week, to rid lingering fatigue and symptoms of chronic tiredness.
For your attention: the effectiveness and restorative power of Echinacea will be rendered ineffective, if the
herb is given continuously once a day for more than ten days in one treatment period, take appropriate
break in between to avoid this possibility. Fatigue can also be eased and reduced through the use of the
root of the licorice herb, which bolster the functioning of the adrenal glands. Dosage of this herb for
children can be a single dose of the herb, given twice daily for a treatment period lasting two weeks in
total.
For your attention: Children with high blood pressure problems cannot be given this herb.

 OTHER BENEFICIAL HERBS

       Andrographis
       Angelica
       Ashwaganda
       Avens
       Basil
       Blue Cohosh
       Chat
       Cinchona
       Coca
       Cocoa
       Eyebright
       Guarana
       Golden Root
       Horseradish
       Kava Kava
       Maitake
       Maté
       Myrrh
       Plantain
       Prickly Pear Cactus
       Raspberry
       Rose
       Rosemary
       Tibetan Rhodiola
       Watercress

 COMMENTS
BRAHMI

BACOPA MONNIERI (L) PENNEL FAMILY - SCROPHULARIACEAE

A CREEPING SUCCULENT HERB BRANCHES PROFUSELY AND ROOTING AT THE
NODES. THE

SUCCULENT LEAVES ARE SESSILE, OPPOSITE DECUSSATE, OBOVATE-
OBLANCEOLATE IN SHAPE, 1.0-

2.5 CM X 0.4-1.0 CM IN SIZE. IT IS FOUND IN DAMP OR MARSHY AREAS NEAR
STREAMS OR ON

THE BORDER OF PONDS, THROUGHOUT INDIA.

COMMON NAMES: BRAMBHI, SAFED KAMMI, JAL-NIM & BRAMI.

LOCATION: UTTAR PRADESH, PUNJAB, HARYANA, BIHAR, BENGAL, TAMIL
NADU, KERALA,

KARNATAKA, FOOT HILLS OF HIMACHAL PRADESH & UTTARANCHAL.

PART USED: WHOLE PLANT

CULTIVATION:

SOIL AND CLIMATE

THE PLANT IS KNOWN TO GROW UNDER VARYING SOIL AND CLIMATIC
CONDITIONS. IT GROWS

EXCEPTIONALLY WELL IN POORLY DRAINED SOILS AND WATERLOGGED AREAS
UNDER SUB-TROPICAL

CONDITIONS. THE PLANTS GROW FASTER AT HIGH TEMPERATURES (33-40

0

C) AND HUMIDITY

(65-80%) AND SHOULD BE CULTIVATED AS SUMMER-RAINY SEASON CROP.

LAND PREPARATION

THE FIELD SHOULD BE PLOUGHED THOROUGHLY AND MADE FREE OF WEEDS.
THE LAND SHOULD BE
IRRIGATED A DAY BEFORE PLANTING FOR SUCCESSFUL ESTABLISHMENT OF
PLANT CUTTINGS.

TRANSPLANTING

PLANT CUTTINGS ABOUT 4-5 CM LONG, EACH CONTAINING A FEW LEAVES,
NODES AND ROOTS ARE

IDEAL PLANTING MATERIALS. THESE CAN BE OBTAINED BY CUTTING MOTHER
PLANTS INTO SMALL

PIECES WITH ROOTS. THE CUTTING ARE TRANSPLANTED IN WET SOIL AT
SPACING OF 40 CM X 40

CM. FLOOD IRRIGATION IS PROVIDED IMMEDIATELY AFTER PLANTING. IDEALLY,
THE PLANTS SHOULD

BE TRANSPLANTED IN MARCH-JUNE AND ALLOWED TO GROW AND
PROLIFERATE THROUGH HOT AND

HUMID MONTHS OF MONSOON TILL SEPTEMBER AFTER WHICH HARVESTING
SHOULD BE DONE. THE

PLANTS CAN ALSO BE MAINTAINED IN A PERENNIAL STATE WITH TWO
HARVESTS IN A YEAR, THE

FIRST ONE IN JUNE AND THE OTHER ONE AFTER MONSOON, IN OCTOBER.

MANURES, FERTILISERS AND PESTICIDES

THE MEDICINAL PLANTS HAVE TO BE GROWN WITHOUT CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS
AND USE OF

PESTICIDES. ORGANIC MANURES LIKE, FARM YARD MANURE (FYM), VERMI-
COMPOST, GREEN

MANURE ETC. MAY BE USED AS PER REQUIREMENT OF THE SPECIES. TO
PREVENT DISEASES,

BIO-PESTICIDES COULD BE PREPARED (EITHER SINGLE OR MIXTURE) FROM
NEEM (KERNEL, SEEDS

& LEAVES), CHITRAKMOOL, DHATURA, COW'S URINE ETC. IRRIGATION

IRRIGATION IMMEDIATELY AFTER TRANSPLANTING IS ESSENTIAL FOR THE
SUCCESSFUL SURVIVAL OF
THE PLANTS. SUBSEQUENTLY, THE FIELDS ARE IRRIGATED BY FLOODING AS
PER REQUIREMENT

USUALLY EVERY 7-8 DAYS. THERE IS NO NEED FOR IRRIGATION DURING THE
MONSOON.

WEEDING

INITIALLY HAND WEEDING IS REQUIRED EVERY 5-20 DAYS. LATER AS THE
PLANT PROLIFERATE AND

FORMS A DENSE MAT OF VEGETATION, WEEDING MAY BE REQUIRED
SPORADICALLY.

HARVESTING/POST-HARVESTING

THE PLANTS SHOULD BE HARVESTED BETWEEN OCTOBER-NOVEMBER, AFTER
THAT THERE IS LOSS

OF PLANT BIOMASS AND BACOSIDE YIELD. THE PLANT CAN BE IDEALLY
HARVESTED BY RATOONING

SO THAT THE UPPER PORTIONS OF THE STEM 4-5 CMS FROM THE BASE ARE
REMOVED AND THE

REST LEFT FOR SUBSEQUENT REGENERATION.

THE PLANTS CAN BE DRIED IN A CONVENTIONAL MANNER BY SPREADING ON
THE GROUND UNDER

SHADE AT ROOM TEMPERATURE. ALTERNATIVELY, THEY CAN BE TREATED AT
80

0

C IN OVEN FOR

30 MINUTES IMMEDIATELY AFTER HARVEST FOR A TWO-FOLD MORE
RETENTION OF BACOSIDE-A

CONTENT OF DRIED HERB. AFTER TREATMENT THEY CAN BE FURTHER AIR
DRIED BY SPREADING ON

THE GROUND AT ROOM TEMPERATURE OR IN THE OVEN AT 37

0
C. THE MATERIAL IS TO BE

CLEANED FREE OF ANY EXTERNAL MATTER. THE DRY MATERIAL SHOULD BE
STORED IN A COOL DRY

ROOM PACKED IN BAGS/BOXES HAVING CONCRETE FLOORING, AWAY FROM
WALLS. PRECAUTIONS

ALSO NEED TO BE TAKEN TO AVOID INFESTATION WITH FUNGI AND INSECTS

YIELD

THE FRESH AND DRY HERB YIELDS OF BRAHMI GO UPTO 300Q/HA AND 60/Q/HA,
RESPECTIVELY,

WHEN HARVESTED AFTER SEPTEMBER WHILE BACOSIDE-A YIELD CAN BE AS
MUCH AS 85KG/HA.

AFTER THE FIRST HARVEST, 40Q DRY HERB YIELD FROM THE JUNE HARVEST,
TOTALLING TO 100 Q

DRY HERB YIELD IN A YEAR WILL BE OBTAINABLE.

ECONOMICS

EXPENDITURE PER HECTARE RS.35,000/-

GROSS RETURN @RS.20/KG OF DRY

MATTER YIELD RS.2,00,000/-

NET INCOME RS.1,65,000/- (YEAR-2001)

NOTE: MARKET FOR MEDICINAL PLANTS IS VOLATILE AND THE ECONOMICS
MAY VARY.

INSTITUTE TO BE CONTACTED:

HERBAL GARDEN, HERBARIUM & RESEARCH

INSTITUTE,

JOGINDER NAGAR, (GOVT OF H.P. ) SHIMLA.

CENTRAL INSTITUTE OF MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANT (CIMAP), LUCKNOW

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF PHARMACEUTICAL
 EDUCATION

 & RESEARCH ,

 SECTOR 67, PHASE-X, SAS NAGAR ,


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  Amla

  English Name:      Indian   Goose    Berry,     Emblic
  Myrobalan
  Hindu                 Name:                     Amla,
  Sanskrit              Name:                   Amalakai
  Botanical Name: Emblica officinalis, Phyllanthus
  emblica,Euphorbiaceae.
  Amla                                Powder
  How to use: Soak Amla Powder with adequate
  amount of water preferably in an iron vessel.
  Leave overnight and wash your hair in the morning
  with this extract. Repeat this every 3rd pr
  4th day. Alternatively prepare a constant paste with
  henna powder and apply it on the hair.
  Leave for half and hour to an hour and rinse the
  hair             properly             afterwards.
  Regular use of Amla gives nourishment to the hair.
  It   may    also   remove mild       dandruff    from
  hair and scalp while giving body to the hair strands.
  When used on skin, the paste of this powder
  brightens the complexion and removes pimples
  and grime. Mix 1 table spoon of amla with hot water
  and       gently        scrub      your        face.
  100%                                   VEGETARIAN
  Ingredients: 100% Amla
  Send Enquiry
               Brahmi
               English   Name:      Brahmi     Powder,    Water       Hyssop
               Botanical Name:        Bacopa    monniera        ,   Herpestis
               monniera
               Brahmi Powder is Ayurveda's most potent hair
               vitalizer.
               Brahmi powder is a remedy for people with chronic
               hair problems. Brahmi can make hair dark,
               dense, and lustrous. It strengthens hair roots, thus
               controlling  hair    thinning    and    hair    loss.
               Regular use         control premature graying and
               massaging it        into the scalp clears dandruff.
               Brahmi Powder has the            following advantages:
               - Cools the scalp and            induces sound sleep
               -                     Controls                       dandruff
               -    Makes   hair    long, dark,     Dense       &   lustrous
               -          Strengthens         hair       roots
               Ingredients: Herpestis monniera / Thyme Leaves
               MIXING                YOUR                 PASTE
               1: Place required amount of powder in a bowl then
               add water      and    mix     well   to   create      a    thick
               paste.
               2: Gently massage the paste into the hair and scalp
               rotating     with      your        finger      tips.
               3:          Wait           for            1                hour.
               4:        Wash        thoroughly          with            water.
               100%                                         VEGETARIAN
               Ingredients:                  100%               Brahmi
               Food                   for                  thought:
               Brahmi is also used as a mental tonic, to rejuvenate
               the body, as a promoter of memory and as
               a nerve tonic. It improves memory and helps
               overcome the negative effects of stress. It is
               unique in its ability to invigorate mental processes
               whilst reducing the effects of stress and
               nervous anxiety. Brahmi induces a sense of calm
               and peace.
Send Enquiry
Indigo

Indigo or neel or woad consists of the genus
Indigofera, of the family Pailionoideae. Indigo is an
indigenous plant of India. This small erect shrub is
cultivated extensively in Southern India & in some
parts of Northern India .Indigo is stimulant &
purgative. It is an anteseptic & an astringent.
Indigo is a vat dye & is extensively used as a fabric
dye. It is also used for dying hair.

Other Information


        Pay Mode Terms: L/C (Letter of Credit),

    D/A (Documents Against Acceptance), D/P

    (Documents Against Payment), T/T (Bank

    Transfer), Western Union, Other

        Port of Dispatch: Mundra, Kandla, Delhi

        Production Capacity: 3-5 tons per day

        Delivery Time: By air with in 5 days and

    by sea 20 days.

        Packaging Details: Small and Bulk both.


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                                            Brangraj (Maka)
                                            Maka is a coolant, tonic and stimulant. It has been
                                            in use for centuries for hair treatment and helps
                                            prevent falling hair, stops premature greying and is
                                            known as a brain tonic. It is also known for treating
                                            insomnia.
                                            Maka Powder has the following advantages: -
                                            Removes scurf - Cures Alopecia - Makes hair dense
                                            and promotes hair growth.

                                            Other Information


                                                   Pay Mode Terms: L/C (Letter of Credit),

                                                D/A (Documents Against Acceptance), D/P
                                                  (Documents Against Payment), T/T (Bank

                                                  Transfer), Western Union, Other

                                                     Port of Dispatch: Mundra, Kandla, Delhi

                                                     Production Capacity: 3-5 tons per day

                                                     Delivery Time: By air with in 5 days and

                                                  by sea 20 days.

                                                     Packaging Details: small and bulk both.


Send Enquiry




Neem

Against Dandruff and Itches. It removes lice and
dandruff when applied to the hair. It has triple
advantage of being a natural antiseptic, germicide
as well as an excellent deodorant. It is therefore
very effective on skin allergies, prickly heat, sweat -
rashes, itches. It is antiseptic, germicidal, effective
for skin allergies, bed sores, lice, dandruff and
itching. The trusted antibacterial & Anti-dandruff
powder. The antiseptic and curative properties of
Neem are legendary. Neem powder can also be
used on hair for treating acute dandruff problems.
When used on skin, Neem powder has an instant
germicidal and anti bacterial action that cures
allergies, bed sores, prickly heat and rashes. It
removes excessive oiliness from the skin pigments
and helps fight skin disorders and eruptions. When
used generally, the powder acts as a prophylactic.
Moreover, the powder is an excellent deodorant and
is active against nappy rashes and dried up
measles. It removes oiliness, fights skin disorders,
try a "neem mud" facial mask. Briefly, 'Neem
Leaves Powder' has the following advantages: -
Powerful natural antiseptic - Cures skin disorders -
Controls natural oil balance of skin - Clears dandruff
Ingredients: 100% Neem Leaves Powder
Send Enquiry
                                          Ritha
                                          English Name: Aritha Powder (Reetha Powder)
                                          Soapnut                                                      Powder
                                          Botanical        Name:              Sapindus               Trifolatus
                                          Aritha                                                       Powder
                                          The    Natural          Shampoo             for      your       hair
                                          Aritha Powder is a natural cleansing agent
                                          recommended by Ayurvedic experts. Aritha Powder
                                          has all the goodness of this natural marvel. When
                                          used on skin, the powder cleans the pores
                                          and helps the skin breath better. It also improves
                                          the texture of skin over a period of usage. As
                                          a shampoo, it cleans hair completely. It is specially
                                          recommended      for  washing    oily   hair.   The
                                          powder has excellent foaming and shampooing
                                          properties.  Aritha     powder    is   also
                                          recommended for your laundry, washing silk,
                                          woolen clothes, silver and gold ornaments and
                                          utensils.
                                           Aritha Powder        has     the    following        advantages:
                                          -             Cleans                skin                 thoroughly
                                          -       Excellent    as         a          natural         shampoo
                                          -  Gives  hair  natural   floss and    bounce
                                          - Can be used to clean ornaments, clothes and
                                          utensils.
                                          Ingredients: Sapindus Trifolatus / Soap Nut Powder
                                          MIXING                YOUR                 PASTE
                                          1: Place required amount of powder in a bowl then
                                          add water       and     mix    well    to         create    a   thick
                                          paste.
                                          2: Gently massage the paste into the hair and scalp
                                          rotating     with      your        finger      tips.
                                          3:       Wait     for        2     to              5       minutes.
                                          4:       Wash           thoroughly                with       water.
                                          100%                                                 VEGETARIAN
                                          Ingredients: 100% Aritha
Send Enquiry




Shikakai

                             SHIKAKAI                                    POWDER
English               Name:                   Shikakai                   Powder
Botanical              Name:                   Acacia                   Concinna
Shikakai Powder acts as a natural astringent for hair enhancing its binding
properties.                            It                            clears
   dandruff and cleans the dirt accumulated on the scalp. Being a natural
   conditioner                         for                           hair,
   SHIKAKAI strengthens hair roots and promotes luxuriant growth.Shikakai
   powder                               has                            certain
   vital properties that act as coolants for the scalp. This powder has to be
   mixed                         with                           water                           and
   used      as     a       paste    on       the       hair     instead        of         shampoo.
   FOR         SOFT            &      HEALTHY                 DANDRUFF-FREE                  HAIR!
   Traditional    Hair         Care    Formula             for   men    and                 women.
   Shikakai       Powder           has            the            following            advantages:
   -        Provides            new            life             to        hair            strands
   -                     Strengthens                                hair                       roots
   -        Increases        bounciness              and            silkiness         of        hair
   -                                      Clears                                            dandruff
   -         Keeps            the            scalp             clean            and            cool.
   MIXING                             YOUR                             PASTE
   1: Place required amount of powder in a bowl then add water and mix well to
   create                                        a                                             thick
   paste.
   2: Gently massage the paste into the hair and scalp rotating with your finger
   tips.
   3:             Wait          for            2               to           5              minutes.
   4:               Rinse                 thoroughly                    with                 water.
   100%                                                                              VEGETARIAN
   Ingredients: 100% Shikakai


 MOHALI (PUNJAB).


100% Natural Face Packs                                                                                Share:

100% natural face packs avilable in variety. Our face packs are made from 100% natural and pure
Indian herbs like Multani Mitti, Rose Powder, Sandal Wood Powder, Lemon peel Powder, Orange Peel
Powder. Our face packs help to remove pimples and black head from skin. It soften your skin, make it
smooth and increase your face glow naturally. It balances the natural oil of skin. Our face packs are
far better than chemically processed facepacks which results into elergy of skin, irritation of skin and
temporary glow. Its 100% natural, pure and best friend of skin.
Lawsone Sandal Face Pack

Lawsone Sandal Face Pack is 100% natural face
pack made from Sandal Wood Powder,Multani Mitti
Powder etc.

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       Pay Mode Terms: L/C (Letter of Credit),

    D/A (Documents Against Acceptance), D/P

    (Documents Against Payment), T/T (Bank

    Transfer), Western Union, Other

       Port of Dispatch: Mundra, Kandla, Delhi

       Production Capacity: 2 tons per day

       Delivery Time: By air with in 5 days and

    by sea 20 days.

       Packaging Details: 100 gms standing

    pouch and bulk packaging.


Send Enquiry




                                          Lawsone Multani Face Pack
                                          Lawsone Multani Face Pack is 100% natural and
                                          pure face pack made from pure Multani Mitti
                                          Powder.

                                          Other Information


                                                  Pay Mode Terms: L/C (Letter of Credit),

                                              D/A (Documents Against Acceptance), D/P

                                              (Documents Against Payment), T/T (Bank

                                              Transfer), Western Union, Other

                                                  Port of Dispatch: Mundra, Kandla, Delhi

                                                  Production Capacity: 2 tons per day

                                                  Delivery Time: By air with in 5 days and
                                              by sea 20 days.

                                                  Packaging Details: 100 gms standing

                                              and bulk packing.


Send Enquiry




Lawsone Lemon Face Pack

100% natural and pure Lawsone Lemon Face Pack
made from Lemon Peel Powder and Multani Mitti.

Other Information


       Pay Mode Terms: L/C (Letter of Credit),

    D/A (Documents Against Acceptance), D/P

    (Documents Against Payment), T/T (Bank

    Transfer), Western Union, Other

       Port of Dispatch: Mundra, Kandla, Delhi

       Production Capacity: 2 tons per day

       Delivery Time: By air with in 5 days and

    by sea 20 days.

       Packaging Details: 100 gms standing

    and bulk packaging.


Send Enquiry
                                 Lawsone Orange Face Pack
                                 100% natural and pure Lawsone Orange Face Pack
                                 made from pure Orange Peel Powder and Multani
                                 Mitti.

                                 Other Information


                                         Pay Mode Terms: L/C (Letter of Credit),

                                     D/A (Documents Against Acceptance), D/P

                                     (Documents Against Payment), T/T (Bank

                                     Transfer), Western Union, Other

                                         Port of Dispatch: Mundra, Kandla, Delhi

                                         Production Capacity: 2 tons per day

                                         Delivery Time: By air with in 5 days and

                                     by sea 20 days.

                                         Packaging Details: 100 gms standing

                                     and Bulk both.




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Guggul (Commiphora mukul)
BOTANICAL NAME: - Commiphora mukul

OTHER COMMOM NAMES : Indian Bdellium Gum, Guggulipid, Gum Guggul, Salaitree Gugulipid, Moql,
Moqle-arzagi

The mukul myrrh (Commiphora mukul) tree is a small, thorny plant distributed throughout India. Guggul
and gum guggulu are the names given to a yellowish resin produced by the stem of the plant. This resin
has been used historically and is also the source of modern extracts of guggul.

PARTS USED : Guggul is a tree which exudes a resinous sap out of incisions that are made in its bark.
This resin has been used for centuries as part of
India's traditional medicine called Ayurveda.


BENEFITS OF GUGGUL / USES :There are ample references to
Guggul and its medicinal properties in 'Sushruta Samahita', the
classical ancient treatise on Ayurvedic medicine, which describes the
use of Guggul for a wide variety of conditions. Some of these are
rheumatism, obesity, and atherosclerosis. - In the treatment of
arteriosclerosis it is useful in reducing existing plaque in arteries.
"Guggul is the best among herbs that are used for obesity and Vata
disorders." (Charaka Samhita, Sutra Section, Ch. 25) - Guggul for
weight loss: In terms of obesity, Guggul increases body’s metabolic
rate,
- Guggul for Thyroid: Guggul improves thyroid function, increases fat-burning activity of the body, and
increases thermogenesis or heat production.
- Guggul as cholesterol medication: Guggul helps to lower cholesterol and triglycerides. It has been
shown to reduce total cholesterol up to 30% in 3 months. Guggul’s cholesterol regulating properties are
especially important in reducing LDL by 35% and increasing HDL by 20% in 12 weeks.
- Guggul for Heart protection:Guggul decreases platelet stickiness and reduces risk of heart disease and
stroke.

ENERGETICS:

       Rasa (taste) Bitter, Pungent
       Virya (action) Hot
       Vipaka (post-digestive effect) Pungent
       Prabhav[Special potency] - Rasayana
       Dosha effect VK-, P+
       It is alterative, antiatherogenic, antihypercholesterolemic, anti-inflammatory (powerful),
        antipyretic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antisuppurative, aperient, aphrodisiac, astringent, bitter,
        carminative, demulcent, diaphoretic, disinfectant, diuretic, emmenagogue, enhances
        phagocytosis, immunostimulant (increases leukocytes), stimulating expectorant, stomachic,
        thyroid stimulant, uterine stimulant.

ACTIVE CONSTITUENTS: Guggul contains resin, volatile oils, and gum. The extract isolates ketonic
steroid compounds known as guggulsterones. These compounds have been shown to provide the
                                                                   1
cholesterol- and triglyceride-lowering actions noted for guggul. Guggul significantly lowers serum
                                                                                               2
triglycerides and cholesterol as well as LDL and VLDL cholesterols (the “bad” cholesterols). At the same
time, it raises levels of HDL cholesterol (the “good” cholesterol). As antioxidants, guggulsterones keep
                                                                                     3
LDL cholesterol from oxidizing, an action which protects against atherosclerosis. Guggul has also been
shown to reduce the stickiness of platelets—another effect that lowers the risk of coronary artery
          4
disease. One double-blind trial found guggul extract similar to the drug clofibrate for lowering cholesterol
        5
levels. Other clinical trials in India (using 1,500 mg of extract per day) have confirmed guggul extracts
                                   6
improve lipid levels in humans. A combination of guggul, phosphate salts, hydroxycitrate, and tyrosine
coupled with exercise has been shown in a double-blind trial to improve mood with a slight tendency to
                                              7
improve weight loss in overweight adults. One small clinical trial found that guggul (Commiphora mukul)
                                                                       8
compared favorably to tetracycline in the treatment of cystic acne. The amount of guggul extract taken in
the trial was 500 mg twice per day.

GUGGUL DOSAGE: Dosage recommendations for guggul are usually based on guggulsterones
                             9
concentration in the extract. A typical dosage of guggulsterones is 25 mg three times per day. Most
extracts can be taken daily for 12 to 24 weeks for
lowering high cholesterol and/or triglycerides.

GUGGUL SIDE EFFECTS AND INTERACTIONS: Known Hazards: Although the use of guggul in
therapeutic doses appears to be safe and non-toxic, the following precautions are advised. Guggul is
considered an emenogogue (an agent that promotes the menstrual discharge) and a uterine stimulant,
and should not be used during pregnancy. Possible diarrhea, hiccups, restlessness, apprehension.
In addition, caution is recommended with patients currently on prescribed medications for cardiovascular
disease. Due to the diuretic action of this herb the following drug interactions are possible: increased risk
of toxicity with anti-inflammatory analgesics; if hypokalemia occurs possible antagonism with
antiarrhythmics and potentiation of muscle relaxants; antagonizes antidiabetic (hypoglycemic) drugs; may
potentiate and/or interfere with antihypertensives; may potentiate lithium therapy; when taken with
corticosteroids there is a risk for hypokalemia; may potentiate other diuretics and increase the risk of
hypokalemia.

AYUVEDA GUGGUL- Important points to be noted:
When administering guggulu in accordance with the principles of Ayurvedic medicine, the following points
must be considered:
1. Guggul resin is produced more abundantly and is stronger in potency during the season of autumn;
hence, Ayurveda states that guggul resin must be collected in autumn.

2. Different selections of guggul resin have different therapeutic actions based on the age of the guggulu.
Freshly collected guggulu has a Brumhana (weight increasing) quality, where as Purana guggul (guggul
which is at least one year old) has an Atilekhana (weight reducing) quality.

3. Shuddha Guggul: Guggul has to be purified in cow's milk in order to remove toxic substances and
render the guggulu easily absorbable. Ayurveda specifies Shodhana (purification) as one of the important
procedures before oral administration of guggul. To purify guggul in this manner, it should be wrapped in
a sack of cotton cloth and dipped in simmering cow's milk, which must be continuously stirred until all the
pure substance of the guggul is absorbed into the milk. When this process is complete, the milk
containing the pure guggul gum resin will be solidified and the cotton sack containing the impurities or
toxins of the guggulu is to be discarded.

4. Classical Ayurvedic texts never recommend administering guggulu alone; it has to be given
along with other herbs in compounds such as Triphala Guggul, Kaishore Guggul, Trayodashanga
Guggul, Yogaraja Guggul, Kanchanara Guggul, etc. The administration of guggulu with other
herbs has the effect of purging Ama (toxic, morbid substance) from the body.


We have made available these ''Guggul compounds" in our online Drug Store -
Buy Guggul Here!

5. Finally, during the course of using guggulu one should avoid the following: foods that are sour or bitter
in taste, alcohol, excessive exercise, physical and mental strain, anger, and exposure to direct sunlight.

REFERENCES:
1. Satyavati GV. Gum guggul (Commiphora mukul)—The success of an ancient insight leading to a
modern discovery. Indian J Med 1988;87:327–35.
2. Nityanand S, Kapoor NK. Hypocholesterolemic effect of Commiphora mukul resin (Guggal). Indian J
Exp Biol 1971;9:367–77.
3. Singh K, Chander R, Kapoor NK. Guggulsterone, a potent hypolipidaemic, prevents oxidation of low
density lipoprotein. Phytother Res 1997;11:291–4.
4. Mester L, Mester M, Nityanand S. Inhibition of platelet aggregation by guggulu steroids. Planta Med
1979;37:367–9.
5. Malhotra SC, Ahuja MMS, Sundarum KR. Long-term clinical studies on the hypolipidemic effect of
Commiphora mukul (guggul) and clofibrate. Ind J Med Res 1977;65:390–5.
6. Nityanand S, Srivastava JS, Asthana OP. Clinical trials with gugulipid—a new hypolipidemic agent. J
Assoc Phys India 1989;37:323–8.
7. Antonio J, Colker CM, Torina GC, et al. Effects of a standardized guggulsterone phosphate supplement
on body composition in overweight adults: A pilot study. Curr Ther Res 1999;60:220–7.
8. Thappa DM, Dogra J. Nodulocystic acne: oral gugulipid versus tetracycline. J Dermatol 1994;21:729–
31.
9. Brown D, Austin S. Hyperlipidemia and Prevention of Coronary Artery Disease. Seattle, WA: NPRC,
1997, 4–6.

 Introduction
 What is Knee Arthritis
 Sign and Symptoms
 Structure and function of Knee
 Risk factors and causes of Knee Arthritis
 Types of Knee Arthritis
 Diagnosis
 Treatment Options
 Alternative Therapies
 Green Remedies
 Prevention
 Helpful tips
 New study on Knee Arthritis
 Knee Exercise video

 Introduction
  Arthritis word is derived from two different words- the arthro which means
joint and the second is athirst which means inflammation. Arthritis simply
refers to the inflammation of the joint. A joint is an area of the body where
two different bones meet. A joint functions to move the body parts
connected by its bones. Almost any joint in the body can be affected.
Arthritis is inflammation of one or more joints.

 What is Knee Arthritis

  Knee arthritis generally affects people with growing age after 50 years.
Knee Arthritis is more common in patients who are overweight, and weight
loss tends to reduce the symptoms associated with knee arthritis.
Osteoarthritis is the most common type of knee arthritis also called wear-
and-tear arthritis or degenerative joint disease. As the protective cartilage is
worn away by knee arthritis, bare bone is exposed within the joint.
  Osteoarthritis in the knee begins with the gradual deterioration of cartilage.
Without the protective cartilage, the bones begin to rub together, causing
pain, loss of mobility, and deformity.




  Sign and Symptoms
   Knee arthritis symptoms tend to progress as the condition worsens. The
common symptoms of knee arthritis are: 1.Pain with activities 2. Limited
range of motion 3. Stiffness of the knee 4. Swelling of the joint 5. Muscle
weakness and atrophy (muscle on front of thigh) due to inactivity or
stiffness 5. A feeling the joint may "give out" 6. Deformity of the joint (knock-
knees or bow-legs)
  Generally the pain associated with arthritis develops gradually. The joint
may become stiff and swollen, making it difficult to bend or straighten the
knee. Pain and swelling are worse in the morning or after a period of
inactivity. Pain may also increase after activities such as walking, stair
climbing, or kneeling. The pain may often cause a feeling of weakness in
the knee, resulting in a "locking" or "buckling."

Structure and function of Knee

  The knee is a joint that has three compartments. This joint has an inner
(medial) and an outer (lateral) compartment. The kneecap (patella) joins the
femur to form a third compartment called the patellofemoral joint. The
thighbone (femur) meets the large shinbone (tibia), forming the main knee
joint.




  The knee joint is surrounded by a joint capsule with ligaments strapping
the inside and outside of the joint (collateral ligaments) as well as crossing
within the joint (cruciate ligaments). These ligaments provide stability and
strength to the knee joint.
  The meniscus is a thickened cartilage pad between the two joints formed
by the femur and tibia. The meniscus acts as a smooth surface for motion
and absorbs the load of the body above the knee when standing. The knee
joint is surrounded by fluid-filled sacs called bursae which serve as gliding
surfaces that reduce friction of the tendons. Below the kneecap, there is a
large tendon (patellar tendon which attaches to the front of the tibia bone.
There are large blood vessels passing through the area behind the knee
(referred to as the popliteal space). The large muscles of the thigh move
the knee. In the front of the thigh, the quadriceps muscles extend the knee
joint. In the back of the thigh, the hamstring muscles flex the knee. The
knee also rotates slightly under guidance of muscles of the thigh.
  The knee functions to allow movement of the leg and is critical to normal
walking .The knee flexes normally to a maximum of 135 degrees and
extends to 0 degrees. The bursae, or fluid-filled sacs, serve as gliding
surfaces for the tendons to reduce the force of friction as these tendons
move. The knee is a weight-bearing joint. Each meniscus serves to evenly
load the surface during weight-bearing and also aids in disbursing joint fluid
for joint lubrication.
  The knee functions to allow movement of the leg and to normal walking.
The bursae, or fluid-filled sacs, serve as gliding surfaces for the tendons to
reduce the force of friction as these tendons move. The knee is a weight-
bearing joint. Each meniscus serves to evenly load the surface during
weight-bearing and also aids in disbursing joint fluid for joint lubrication.

  Risk factors and causes of Knee Arthritis

  A combination of factors that can cause to develop the arthritis of the
knee. The factors include muscle weakness, obesity, heredity, joint injury or
stress, constant exposure to the cold, and aging. Cartilage in the knee
begins to break down and leaves the bones of the knee rubbing against
each other as you walk. Persons who work in a place that applies repetitive
stress on the knees are also at a high risk of developing arthritis of the
knee. Bone deformities increase the risk for osteoarthritis of the knee since
the joints are already malformed and may contain defective cartilage.
Having gout, rheumatoid arthritis, Paget's disease of bone or septic arthritis
can increase your risk of developing osteoarthritis.



                                Types of Knee Arthritis

                                There are three basic types of arthritis that
                              may affect the knee joint:
                              Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most
                              common form of knee arthritis. OA is usually a
                              slowly progressive degenerative disease in
                              which the joint cartilage gradually wears away.
                              It most often affects middle-aged and the
                              people in old age.
 Rheumatoid Arthritis: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory type of
arthritis that can destroy the joint cartilage. RA can occur at any age. RA
generally affects both knees.
 Post-traumatic Arthritis: Post-traumatic arthritis can develop after an injury
to the knee. This type of arthritis is similar to osteoarthritis and may develop
years after a fracture, ligament injury, or meniscus tear.

  Diagnosis

  As part of the diagnosis process, you may go through various lab tests
such as antinuclear antibody tests, joint fluid
tests or erythrocyte sedimentation tests. The tests for right diagnosis
include:
* Joint space narrowing,
* Osteophyte formation at the joint margins
* Subchondral Sclerosis (new subchondral bone formation in response to
stress on the bone)
* Subchondral Cyst formation (joint fluid under pressure gets into cracks in
the cartilage)




  Treatment Options

   Nonsurgical Treatment
 1.Lifestyle Modification: Lifestyle modifications can include losing weight,
switching from running or jumping exercises to swimming or cycling, and
minimizing activities that aggravate the condition, such as climbing stairs.
Simple weight loss can reduce stress on weight bearing joints, such as the
knee. Losing weight can result in reduced pain and increased function,
particularly in walking. Your knees are your biggest weight-bearing joints,
every extra
pound you carry increases the stress on them.
 2. Exercise: Exercises can help increase range of motion and flexibility as
well as help strengthen the muscles in the leg. Physical therapy and
exercise are often effective in reducing pain and improving function. Your
physician or a physical therapist can help develop an individualized
exercise program that meets your needs and lifestyle
 3. Supportive Devices: Using supportive devices, such as a cane, wearing
energy-absorbing shoes or inserts, or wearing a brace or knee sleeve can
be helpful. Some research studies have focused on the use of knee braces
for treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee. They may be especially helpful if
the arthritis is centered on one side of the knee. A brace can assist with
stability and function. There are two types of braces that are often used. An
"unloader" brace shifts load away from the affected portion of the knee. A
"support" brace helps support the entire knee load. In most studies, the
knee symptoms improved, with a decrease in pain on weightbearing and a
general ability to walk longer distances.
  4. Physiotherapy : Physiotherapy may include applications of heat or ice,
water exercises, liniments or elastic bandages.
 5. Drug Treatment: Several types of drugs can be used in treating arthritis
of the knee. Anti-inflammatory medications can include aspirin,
acetaminophen or ibuprofen to help reduce swelling in the joint. Simple pain
relievers such as Tylenol are available without a prescription and can be
very effective in reducing pain. Pain relievers are usually the first choice of
therapy for osteoarthritis of the knee. The use of *oral steroids* and *anti-
inflammatory medicines* help to
reduce the amount of inflammation and pain felt in the knee. All drugs have
potential side effects and simple analgesics are no exception. Hence
discuss these issues with your orthopaedist or primary physician.
  Surgical Treatment
``If your arthritis does not respond to these nonsurgical treatments, you
may need to have surgery. There are a number of surgical options,
including the following:
 1. Arthroscopic surgery uses fiber optic technology to enable the surgeon
to see inside the joint and clean it of debris or repair torn cartilage.
 2, An osteotomy cuts the shinbone (tibia) or the thighbone (femur) to
improve the alignment of the knee joint.
 3. A total or partial knee arthroplasty replaces the severely damaged knee
joint cartilage with metal and plastic.
 4 Cartilage grafting is possible for some knees with limited or contained
cartilage loss from trauma or arthritis.




Alternative Therapies
 Alternative therapies include the use of acupuncture and magnetic pulse
therapy.
 Acupuncture uses fine needles to stimulate specific body areas to relieve
pain or temporarily numb an area. Although it is used in many parts of the
world and evidence suggests that it can help ease the pain of arthritis, there
are few scientific studies of its effectiveness.
 Magnetic pulse therapy is painless and works by applying a pulsed signal
to the knee, which is placed in an electromagnetic field. Like many
alternative therapies, magnetic pulse therapy has yet to be proven.



Green Remedies
  For thousands of years, in ancient India, China and in other countries, green remedies have cured a lot
of people from all kinds of diseases. Also green remedies usually do not cause any side effects. In
Ayurvedic system of medicine, the effective green remedies of Knee Arthritis is Indian bdellium or
guggul The Ashwagandha powder using with milk is also an anti-inflammatory.
  A regular gentle message of effected knee with Til oil boiled with Garlic relieves the inflation.
  Boswelia and Bromelain herbs have been clinically proven be highly effective in reducing inflammation
and pain. There are natural ways to eliminates arthritic knee pain by reducing joint and cartilage
inflammation. The combination of enzymes and herbs fight the inflammation effectively. *Enzymes are
created in your body. These enzymes fight the inflammation and repair damage caused by overuse of
your joints and aging. They also clean your blood, break down scar tissue and even fight viruses and
bacteria.
  Turmeric, ground from Curcuma longa, a knobby root has been used as an anti-inflammatory in India
for thousands of years, says Shailinder Sodhi, who teaches ayurvedic at Bastyr University, in Kenmore,
Wash. It can be used for any type of pain, whenever an anti-inflammatory is needed, he says. It can be
combined with oil and applied topically to injured areas to reduce swelling and pain, he adds.
  Ginger contains active components, including gingerols and zingibain, which have anti-inflammatory
properties. According to James A. Duke, author of "The Green Pharmacy," zingibain is an enzyme that
breaks down proteins and suppresses inflammation by inhibiting prostaglandins --- substances that
cause inflammation. It also suppresses substances that trigger pain and cause tissues to swell.

 Prevention
  Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent joint damage. Keeping active and losing weight are the
best ways to prevent and fight arthritis knee pain. Take a walk every day, as much as you can bear. This
will reduce the stiffness and strengthen the muscles around your knee – allowing them to properly
support the knee joint.
 Yoga.: Yoga combines stretching, balance, muscle strengthening, and meditation — all of which can
make you feel better emotionally and physically. A recent Indian study found that as part of a
comprehensive treatment plan, yoga lessened not only pain and morning stiffness, but also anxiety and
blood pressure in elderly people with knee arthritis.
  Helpful tips

  The following tips are particularly helpful in early and medium stages and can help reduce pain and
swelling.
  1. Choose the correct type of shoes. not too high or too hard. Don't wear sandals.
  2. Walk on flat terrain and avoid walking up or down steep inclines or hills as they put strain on the
knee.
  3. Use the handrail to support yourself as much as possible while climbing the stairs.
  4. Do not Carry Heavy Objects as it will increases the stress on your knees.
  5. Avoid standing for long periods of time as puts your knees under considerable strain.
  6. Avoid folding your legs under your chair when seated and gently stretch your legs frequently.
  7. Avoid sitting on low chairs and choose chairs with a higher seat to take the load off your knees.
  8. Do not Kneel as kneeling concentrates pressure directly on your knees.
  9. Have a good laugh - Laughing can relax muscles, reduce stress, relieve pain and boost your immune
system.
 10. A warm bath before bed can relieve muscle tension, ease aching joints and help you get a good
night’s sleep.
 11. Listening to your favorite music can lighten your mood and may even help you to forget your pain
  New study on Knee Arthritis
  * Many macro-scale studies have looked at how the various components of a knee joint " cartilage,
menisci, ligaments and bone " respond to weight and other external loads. However, Erdemir and
colleague Scott C. Sibole wanted to better understand how those large mechanical forces correspond to
the related deformation of individual cartilage cells or chondrocytes within the knee. Previous micro-
scale studies of cartilage have not commonly been based on data from body-level scales, in particular,
by the musculoskeletal mechanics of the knee joint.
 * Turmeric, a bright-yellow spice best known as an ingredient in curry, is gaining scientific interest as a
natural alternative to arthritis medications.
 * Working with the Cardiff and Vale University Health Board researchers collected and analysed data
relating to the compressive forces acting on the knee joint from 20 people who were taught techniques to
run forwards and backwards. In 85 per cent of the participants, researchers found that the compressive
forces behind the knee cap are increased in forward running compared to running backwards.
Introduction:
  Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), also
known as Indian ginseng, and as Indian
Winter Cherry is an important ancient plant,
the roots of which have been employed in
Indian traditional systems of medicine,
Ayurveda and Unani. It grows in dry parts in
sub-tropical regions. Rajasthan, Punjab,
Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat,
Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh are the
major Ashwagandha producing states of the
country. The estimated production of
Ashwagandha roots in India is more than
1500 tonnes and the annual requirement is
about 7000 tonnes necessitating the increase
in its cultivation and higher production.
  Ashwagandha, the Indian ginseng or winter        Ashwagandha Plant
cherry has been used as a quiet valuable
herb in the Ayurvedic and indigenous medical
system for over 4000 years. The roots,
leaves and fruits (berry) possess tremendous
medicinal value. A famous Ayurvedic
rejuvenative botanical used in many tonics
and formulas, Ashwagandha is the best
rejuvenative that helps maintain proper
nourishment of the tissues, particularly
muscle and bones, while supporting the
proper function of the adrenals and
reproductive system.
 Common Name:
Hindi -         Asgandh
English -       winter cherry
Latin -         WITHANIA somnifera                 Ashwagandha Plant
Sanskrit -      Ashwagandha
Tamil -         Asuragandhi, Amukkira
Kannada -       Keramaddinagaddi
Telgu      -    Vajigandha, Pennerugadda
Malayalam-      Amukkuram, Trittavu.
Marathi -       Askandha
Marathi -       Asgundh, Kanchuki, Askandha
Bengali -       Ashvagandh
Punjabi -       Asgand
Urdu        -   Asgandanagaori
Chinese -       睡茄 (Shui Qie)
 Ashwagandha Plant:
  Ashwagandha is an erect branched under
shrub up to 1.25 m in height, minutely stellate    Ashwagandha Plant
tomentose. Root fleshy, tapering, whitish
brown. Leaves ovate, flower greenish. It
grows in dried parts in subtropical regions.



                                                   Ashwagandha dried rots




 Stem: Ashwagandha stem is terate, branched, cylindrical, solid, clothed
with mealy, stellate-hoarytomentun
 Root: Ashwagandha roots are straight, unbranched, thickness varying
with age. Its roots bear fibre like secondary roots, outer surface buff to
gray yellow with longitudinal wrinkles. Stem bases variously thickened;
nodes prominent only on the side from where petiole arises, cylindrical,
greenwith longitudinal wrinkles; fracture, short and uneven. Roots odour is
characteristic;bitter and acrid. The roots when dry are cylindrical, gradually
tapering down with a brownish white surface and pure white inside when
broken
 Leaves: Ashwagandha leaves are cauline and ramal, simple, exstipulate,
petiolate, ovate, acute, entire and up to 10 cm long. Petioles up to 1.25
cm long.
 Flowers: Ashwagandha flowers are ebracteate, pedicellate, complete,
hermaphrodite, pentamerous,actinomorphic and hypogynous,
gamosepalous, 4-6 mm in diameter, lucid-yellow or greenish. Its flowering
time is in Winter
 Fruits : Ashwagandha fruitis a berry enclosed in the green persistent
calyx, 5 mm in diameter, smooth, more or less globose, green when
unripe, orange-red coloured in ripening stage
Seeds Ashwagandha seeds are bean shaped, endospermic, yellow
andorange-red coloured, some what scurfy. .
 Chemical Constituents:
  The methanol, hexane and diethyl ether extracts from both leaves and
roots of Ashwagandha were found. Alkaloid percentage in roots ranges
from 0.13 to 0.31%. The roots of Withania somnifera are alterative,
aphrodisiac, deobstruent, diuretic, narcotic, sedative and restorative in
nature. The pharmacological activity of the root is attributed to the
alkaloids and steroidals lactones. The total alkaloid content in the roots of
Indian types has been reported to vary between 0.13 and 0.3, though
much high yields (up to 4.3 per cent) have been recorded elsewhere.
Many bio-chemical heterogeneous alkaloids, including choline, tropanol,
pseudotopanol, cuscokygrene, 3- tigioyloxytropana, isopelletierine and
several other steroidal lactories. Twelve alkaloids, 35 withanolides and
several sitoindosides have been isolated from the roots of the plant have
been studied.
  A sitoindoside is a biologically active constituent known as withanolide
containing a glucose molecule at carbon 27. Indian ginseng’s
pharmacological activity has been attributed to two main withanolides,
withaferin A and withanolide D. Withaferin-A is therapeutically active
withanolide reported to be present in leaves. In addition to alkaloids, the
roots are reported to contain starch, reducing sugars, glycosides, dulcitol,
withancil, an acid and a neutral compound. The amino acids reported from
the roots include aspartic acid, glycine, tyrosine, alanine, glutamic acid and
cysteine.
 Cultivation
  W.somnifera grows well in sandy loam or light red soil, having pH 7.5-8.0
with good drainage. It can be cultivated between 600-1200 m altitude. The
semi-tropical areas receiving 500-750 mm rainfall are suitable for
cultivation of this rained crop. The crop requires dry season during its
growing period. Temperature between 200C to 350C is most suitable for
cultivation. Late winter rains are conducive for the proper development of
the plant roots
  LAND PREPARATION
  Ashwagandha is usually grown in fields which are not well covered by the
irrigation systems. The field on which food crops cannot be taken profitably
for the above reason may be used for Ashwangandha cultivation. The soil
of the field selected for Ashwagandha cultivation is well pulverized by
ploughing, disking and/or harrowing. The field may be then leveled by the
application pata.
  PLANTING
  The crop can be sown either by broad casting or in lines. Live to line
method is preferred as it in creases root production and also helps in
performing intercultural practices properly. The seeds are usually sown
about 1-3 cm deep in June- July in nursery. A light shower after shower
after sowing ensures good germination. About 500-750 gm seeds are
sufficient for 1 ha. field. Seeds can be treated, with Thiram or Indofil or
Dithane medicinal plants - 45 (@ 3 gm/kg seed), before sowing to protect
seedlings from seed borne diseases. The seedling after 25-35 days after
sowing can be transplanted in the field marinating 60 x 60 cm. Spacing
between the plants & the rows. It may be noted that since 'Asagnadh' is a
rainy season Kharif crop, the time of sowing is decided by date of arrival of
monsoon in that area.
  THINNING AND WEEDING
   The seeds sown by broadcasting or in the line in furrows should be
thinned out by hand at 25-30 days after sowing to maintain a plant
population of about 30-60 plants per square meter (about 3.5 to 6 lakh
plants/hectare). The plant density to be used may depend on the nature
and fertility of the soil. On the marginal land the population is kept high. If
some fertiliser (N:P:K::20:20:0) is applied then the population should
preferably be kept at a lower level. One hand weeding at an early stage is
sufficient to enable the Ashwagandha plants to take over the growth of
weed which get suppressed by its smothering effect.
  MANURES, FERTILISERS AND PESTICIDES
   The medicinal plants have to be grown without chemical fertilizers and
use of pesticides. Organic manures like, Farm Yard Manure (FYM), Vermi-
Compost, Green Manure etc. may be used as per requirement of the
species. To prevent diseases, bio-pesticides could be prepared (either
single or mixture) from Neem (kernel, seeds & leaves), Chitrakmool,
Dhatura, Cow's urine etc.
  Withania somnifera is prone to several pests and diseases. Leaf spot
disease caused by Alternaria alternata is the most prevalent disease,
which is most severe in the plains of Punjab , Haryana , and Himachal
Pradesh. In some cases insects or mite infestations are noticed. To spray
pest repellents such as roger or nuvan 3 per cent diluted in one litre of
water three times a week to control this infestation.
   Damping off is a major disease in Withania somnifera at seedling stage
and results in heavy seedling mortality under field condition. However, it
can be controlled by application of Dithane M-45 (0.3%) as foliar spray.
  IRRIGATION
  Light shower after transplantation ensures establishment of seedlings.
There is no need of irrigation if rainfall is at regular intervals. Excessive
rainfall/water is harmful to the crop. Life saving irrigations may be applied,
if required.
  HARVESTING/ POST HARVESTING
  The plants start flowering and bearing fruits from December onwards.
The crop is ready for harvest in January- March at 150 to 180 days after
sowing. The maturity of crop is judged by drying out of leaves and yellow
red berries. The entire plant is uprooted for roots which are separated from
aerial parts by cutting the stem 1-2 cm above the crown. The roots are
then either cut transversely into small pieces (7 to 10 cm) or dried as it is
in the sun. About 650-800 kg roots can be obtained from 1 ha on drying it
comes to 350-435 kg. Berries are hand plucked separately. They are dried
and crushed to take out the seeds.
 The dried roots, entire or transversely cut into smaller pieces, have to be
further cleaned, trimmed and graded. The roots are beaten with a club
which removes adhering soil and breaks off the thin, brittle lateral rootlets.
Lateral branches, root crown and stem remains on roots are carefully
trimmed with the help of knife. Roots are collected 6 months after the
sowing of crop.




 Aeroponic system for cultivation                                                  Ashwagandha
                                                                                  (Withania somnifera),
  Ashwagandha traditionally grown outdoors in soil, the UA team decided
                                                                                  also known as Indian
to use an entirely nontraditional method - aeroponics - to produce bulk         ginseng
amounts of withaferin A needed for biological evaluation. In aeroponics,
plants are set over enclosed chambers where their suspended roots are
misted with water and nutrients, instead of growing in soil. The withania
plants grew about five times larger using this method than if they had been
grown in soil.
 "Using the aeroponic system for cultivation, we were able to produce
more than 20 grams of withaferin A in a single greenhouse. It normally
costs around $195 for just 10 milligrams," Gunatilaka said. "Also, it usually
takes two to three years to mature to sizeable roots to be commercially
viable, but here it takes just six to nine months." Not only did the
aeroponic method yield bigger plants faster, with more withaferin A than
usual, it also unexpectedly stimulated the plants to produce large amounts
of the new natural product - a water-soluble sulfate form of withaferin A.         Chinese ginseng
 Upon testing, this new form demonstrated the same bioactivity as
withaferin A. It was able to inhibit the proliferation and survival of tumor
cells, disrupt tumor formation and induce the healthy cells' heat-shock         Ashwagandha cure
response to reduce stress and increase survival, according to the               Sleeplessness
researchers.
 The difference is that the sulfate form of withaferin A is slower acting and
water-soluble; it can be converted to withaferin A in cell culture media. The
researchers, expecting that this withaferin A form will convert to its active
form when metabolized in the body, are pursuing further testing in animal
models. The patent will be held by the UA and the Massachusetts Institute       A survey conducted by
of Technology.                                                                  Better Sleep Council
  YIELD                                                                         (BSC) states, 65% of
  On an average, the yield from 1 hectare of commercial cultivation is          Americans are losing
approximately 3 to 5 q./ of dry roots and 50 to 75 kg of seeds. A maximum       sleep due to stress, more
yield can be procured upto 6.5 to 7.0 q/ha. There are instances where           than 32% Americans are
farmers have achieved root yields as high as 1 tonne. Commercially, 6 to        facing sleeplessness at
15 mm diameter and 7 to 10 cm length root species are better. Alkaloid          least one night every week
percentage in roots ranges from 0.13 to 0.31%. n an average yield from          and stress induced
one hectare land under commercial cultivation is approx 3-5 quintals of         insomnia creating trouble
dried roots and 50-75 kg seeds.                                                 in almost 16% of
 Ashwagandha as Medicinal Herb                                                  Americans. The details
                                                                                further add, Women are
   Ashwagandha is considered to be one of the best rejuvenating agents in       more stressed than men.
Ayurveda. Its roots, seeds and leaves are used in Ayurvedic and Unani             Ashwagandha has anti-
medicines. Ashwagandha root drug finds an important place in treatment          stress and adaptogenic
of rheumatic pain, inflammation of joints, nervous disorders and epilepsy.      action that helps to relieve
Dried roots are used as tonic for hiccup, cold, cough, female disorders, as     daily stress, fatigue and
a sedative, in care of senile debility, ulcers, etc. Leaves are applied for     sleeplessness.
carbuncles, inflammation and swellings. Leaf juice is useful in
conjunctivitis. Bark decoction is taken for asthma and applied locally to         Ashwagandha for
bed sores. Ashwagandha and its extracts are used in preparation of herbal       athletes
tea, powders, tablets and syrups.                                                 Recently, athletes have
 Ashwagandha has anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, anti-stress, antioxidant,       discovered ashwagandha
mind-boosting, immune-enhancing, and rejuvenating properties.                   and have begun to
Ashwagandha root has also been noted to have sex-enhancing properties.          supplement with it to
Ashwagandha is mentioned in the ancient Kama Sutra as an herb to be             increase endurance,
used for heightening sexual experience. Ashwagandha has the ability to          reduce stress, and control
restore sexual health and improve overall vitality while promoting a calm       pain, all of which are
state of mind. A 2002 laboratory study indicates ashwagandha stimulates         important for optimal
the growth of axons and dendrites. A 2001 study in rodents showed               exercise performance.
ashwagandha had memory boosting ability. A 2000 study with rodents              Ashwagandha has great
showed ashwagandha to have anti-anxiety and anti-depression effects.
   The plant has been used as an aphrodisiac, liver tonic, anti-inflammatory   potential for athletes and
agent, and more recently to treat asthma, ulcers, insomnia, and senile         other active people, as
dementia. Clinical trials and animal research support the use of               well as for anyone
ashwagandha for anxiety, cognitive and neurological disorders,                 interested in improving
inflammation, and Parkinson's disease. Incorporation of ashwagandha in         health. It contains many
the diet may prevent or decrease the growth of tumors in human.                active compounds that
  It helps in providing progressive, long lasting results for various health   may promote optimal
concerns like aging, anemia and slow growth, arthritis, fatigue, waning        performance.
memory, sports fitness and stress-disorders. Pharmacological studies and
research so far have indicated that Ashwagandha has anti-tumour, anti-
stress, antioxid boosting, haemopoeitic and rejuvenating properties. It is
also an exceptional nerve tonic and nourishes the nerves and improves
nerve function to maintain calm during stressful conditions. It also
nourishes crucial mind and body connection and psychological immune
response.
 Ashwagandha Side Effects
 Ashwagandha does not have any significant side effects reported in the
medical literature. Safety in pregnancy has not been fully established for
Ashwagandha.
 Ashwagandha Benefits
  Ashwagandha benefits all parts of the body and can be used as a tonic
or in oral form. Several studies have shown that Ashwagandha is useful in
addressing the following health problems:
1) Osteoarthritis: A study in 2008 , scientists tested ashwagandha's
effects on human cartilage and found that the herb may help protect
against inflammation and cartilage damage associated with osteoarthritis.
2) Anxiety: In an animal-based study published in 2000, researchers found
that ashwagandha had an anti-anxiety effect similar to that of lorazepam (a
medication used to treat anxiety disorders). The herb also appeared to
ease depression.
3) Type 2 Diabetes: Ashwagandha may help normalize high blood sugar
and improve insulin sensitivity, according to preliminary, animal-based
research published in 2008.
4) Cancer:: : In a 2003 study, tests on human tumor cell lines revealed that
ashwagandha may slow the growth of lung, breast, and colon cancer
cells.Published in 2007, another study on human cells shows that
ashwagandha may inhibit tumor growth without harming normal cells.
5) Anti-Oxident: Ashwagandha used as an anti-oxidant, as studies have
shown that it can eliminate free radicals from your immune system. Free
radicals are the agents that cause the breakdown of your body’s tissue,
alternatively known as aging.
6).Provide energy: Studies show that supplementing with ashwagandha
can provide the energy needed to get through long workouts while also
allowing for maximum recovery and cell re-growth.
7) General tonic: Ashwagandha is a tonic, which increases sperm count
and sexual potency. In the rural areas vegetable made out of this plant is
given to tuberculosis patients. It also increases the iron content in the
blood.



  Economics
 Unit cost
 The unit cost for development of 1 ha transplanted Ashwagandha
cultivation is Rs.22,400/-. The details of the income assumed are also
presented in the given table.
Income                    (Rs./ha)
From roots                 35000
From seeds                 3600
Total gross income         38600
     Cost                 22400
Net income                16200
  The estimated production of Aswagandha roots in India is more than
1,500 tonnes and the annual requirement is about 7,000 tonnes
necessitating the increase in its cultivation and higher production. The
most important trade center of the country for availability of Ashwagandha
is Nimach Mandi in Madhya Pradesh and other trade centers
are Bombay, Calcutta, Delhi and Amritsar.Market for medicinal plants is
volatile and the economics may vary.
  HELP: For details on cultivation and marketing details some of the
following institutes can be contacted:
 * National Medicinal Plants Board, Department of AYUSH, Ministry of
Health & Family Welfare, Government of India, Chandralok Building, 36,
Janpath New Delhi - 110001, Phone: 011 - 23319255, email:
nmpbindia1@indiatimes.com <mailto:nmpbindia1@indiatimes.com>
 * Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, P.O. - CIMAP, Near
Kukrail Picnic Spot, Lucknow - 226 015, Indiaphone: 0522-2359623 E-
mail: director@cimap.res.in <mailto:director@cimap.res.in>
 * Medicinal Plants Unit, Horticultural College and Research Institute,
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU), Coimbatore: 641 003, phone:
0422-5511365, email: herbs@tnau.ac.in <mailto:herbs@tnau.ac.in>
 * Aromatic and Medicinal Plants Research Station, Odakkali, Asamanoor
post-683549, Ernakulam district, phone: 0484-2658221, email:
amprs@satyam.net.in <mailto:amprs@satyam.net.in>
 * Gandhi Krishi Vigyan Kendra, University of Agricultural Science,
Bangalore-560065, phone: 080-55315598, email:
vasunuthan@rediffmail.com <mailto:vasunuthan@rediffmail.com>
 * Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic plants, Allalasandra, GKVK
post, Bangalore- 560 065, phone: 080-28460563.
 * National Research Centre for Medicinal and Aromatic plants, Boriavi-
387 310, Anand, Gujarat, Phone: 0268-2578602, or 0268-2578644, email:
nrcmap@wilnetonline.net <mailto:nrcmap@wilnetonline.net>
 * College of Agriculture, Medicinal and Aromatic plants division,
Mandsaur-458001, Madhya Pradesh., Phone: 07422- 242289.

 Recent research
  New anti-cancer drug from Ashwagandha
  University of Arizona scientists have used a new quick-growing technique
to produce a water-soluble form of withaferin A compound that combats
cancer and encourages the survival of healthy cells. Research trials are
under way on this sulfate form of withaferin A, which could develop into a
new anti-cancer drug.Scientifically studied since the 1960s, withaferin A
reduces tumor mass by preventing the growth of blood vessels that make
a tumor malignant.
  The compound is derived from the roots of a winter cherry plant, the
extracts of which have been used for more than 3,000 years in India as a
general tonic to build stamina, improve mental concentration, relieve
stress and enhance health. "Finding a water-soluble analog of withaferin A
is significant, especially if it turns out to be a clinically useful drug," said
Leslie Gunatilaka, director of the UA's *Southwest Center for Natural
Products Research and Commercialization
  Recent studies on benefits of Ashwagandha herb reports, how it is
effective in the treatment of bone cancer, nerve problems, rheumatism,
diabetes, bipolar disease, constipation and impotency. Research of
scholars from Banaras Hindu University shows that, elements of
Ashwagandha acts as an antioxidant, helps to increase memory power,
relieve inflammation, stress and anxiety.
  Ashwaganda Cure Alzheimer's
  New research has revealed this herb may also fight off the devastating
effects of Alzheimer's disease. Researchers at the National Brain
Research Centre (NBRC), have conducted studies on mice that suggest
ashwaganda extract may reverse memory loss and improve cognitive
abilities in those with the disease. Initially, mice with Alzheimer's were
unable to learn or retain what they learned, but after receiving
ashwaganda for 20 days, this improved significantly. After 30 days, the
behavior of the mice returned to normal.
  Other research work found that
 * Free radical scavenging activity of Ashwagandha root powder was found
in 15 days of experimental studies on rats.
 * Liver and kidney protective roles of Ashwagandha were proved in metal-
induced toxicity in experimental studies on mice in Indore.
 * Ashwagandha tablets improved the physical and mental health of pre-
school children in clinical trials in Chennai.
 * In a reported study, this herb was given to 30 mental patients suffering
from anxiety neurosis in doses of 40
ml/day. (in two equally divided doses.) for one month. At the end of the
month, most of the anxiety disorders, panic attacks and similar mood
phobias, had disappeared.
Reference
  1.Ashwagandha About Herbs . New York: Memorial Sloan-Kettering
Cancer Center.
 2. Ahmad, M. K.; Mahdi, A. A.; Shukla, K. K.; Islam, N.; Rajender, S.;
Madhukar, D.; Shankhwar, S. N.; Ahmad, S. (2010). Withania somnifera
 3. Mirjalili, M. H.; Moyano, E.;Bonfill, M.; Cusido, R. M.; Palazón, J.
(2009). "Steroidal Lactones from Withania somnifera, an Ancient Plant for
Novel Medicine".
 4. Abraham, A., I. Kirson, E. Glotter and D. Lavie.1968. A chemo
taxonomic study of Withania somnifera
 5. Ven Murthy, M. R.; Ranjekar, P. K.; Ramassamy, C.; Deshpande, M.
(2010). "Scientific Basis for the Use of Indian Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants in
the Treatment of Neurodegenerative Disorders: Ashwagandha".
 6. Van Der Hooft, C. S.; Hoekstra, A.; Winter, A.;De Smet, P. A.; Stricker,
B. H. (2005). "Thyrotoxicosis following
the Use of Ashwagandha"
 7. Sandhya Singh, Sushil Kumar: Withania somnifera: the Indian ginseng
ashwagandha, Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, 1998.
 8. Dhalla, N.S., K.C. Gupta, N.S. Sastry and C.L. Malhotra: "Comparative
studies of Withania somnifera Dunal and Withania ashwagandha Kaul"
 9. Archana, R., Namasivayam, A., 1999. Anti stress effect of Withania
somnifera
 10. Davis, L., Kuttan, G., 2000, Immunomodulatory activity of Withania
somnifera
 11.Dhalla N.S., Sastry, M. S. and Malhotra , C. L. 1961. Chemical studies
of Withania somnifera -J. Pharm. Sc.
Introduction
  Neem (        ) is a native tree of India, found
in every parts in India especially in semi-arid
conditions. The Neem Tree is an incredible
plant that has been declared the "Tree of the
21st century" by the United Nations. In India, it
is variously known as "Divine Tree", "Life
giving tree", "Natures Drugstore", "Village
Pharmacy" and "Panacea for all diseases". It
is one of the major components in Ayurvedic
medicine, which has been practiced in India           The neem edible fruit — is about
since many centuries. The neem is an ancient         3/4 of an inch (2 cm) long, with
Indian cure-all due to its antibacterial,            white kernels
antifungal, antiviral, antihistamine and
antiseptic properties. The neem leaves,
flowers, seeds, roots, bark and fruits are
utilized to treat inflammation, infections, skin
diseases and for dental care.
  In India's ancient Ayurvedic Medical texts it is
explained that every part of the Neem tree has
health promoting benefits. What is clear from
the above information is that the general
population of India for, over 5000 years, has
used Neem safely and effectively. In fact the
people of India call the Neem Tree "The
Village Pharmacy". It is also called Holy Tree
(Azadirachta indica.). In ancient times neem
was the most celebrated medicinal plant of
India and found mention in a number of
Puranic texts like the Atharava Veda,
Upanivahod, Amarkosha and Ghrysutra. They
all dealt with the outstanding qualities of the
neem tree as a source of medicine and as a
natural pesticide.                                    Postage Stamp on Neem
   Today, neem is once again steadily
becoming an agro-scientific celebrity. Neem          Neem tree may hold clues for
tree believed to cure 40 diseases has hit            HIV treatment
headlines in homeopathy journals. It has
figured as the priority in seminars and serious
agricultural workshops all over the world.
Modern western medicine is finally
                                                       An Indian origin researcher has
discovering what the ancient Indians have
                                                     hinted that extracts from neem
known for thousands of years: that the neem
                                                     tree, profuse in tropical and
tree has superb pharmaceutical and pesticide
                                                     subtropical areas, may thwart the
controlling qualities. Its effectiveness,
                                                     virus from multiplying. Sonia Arora,
availability and safety have made agro-
                                                     from Kean University in New
scientists promote cultivation of neem forests.
                                                     Jersey finds the curative properties
The azadirachton compound in neem has
                                                     of the neem tree in fighting the
been recognized as an effective insecticide
                                                     virus that causes AIDS. Her
that is biologically selective, not harming the
                                                     results indicate that there are
useful pest-predators but keeping almost 250
                                                     compounds in neem extracts that
harmful ones at bay. Scientists recommend
                                                     target a protein essential for HIV to
coating urea with neem cake to kill nitrifying
                                                     replicate. If further studies support
bacteria. Even water management with neem
to control vectors of Japanese encephalitis     her findings, Arora`s work may
was the success of neem over DDT.               give a new HIV-AIDS therapy to
                                                pursue. Arora`s scientific training
                                                gave her expertise in the cellular
                                                biology of cancer, pharmacology,
                                                bioinformatics and structural
                                                biology. More... :
                                                 New drugs based on Neem

                                                  On the occasion of
                                                Independence day on 15th August
                                                2012 in Allahabad a floral tributes
                                                were paid to the historical neem
                                                tree in Chowk area.
 Common Name
  Neem (       )
 Botanical name:     Azadirachta indica
 Latin name:         Melia azaderach
 English name :      Margosa tree
 Sanskrit:           Nimbah
 Hindi:              Neem (      )
 Marathi:            Nimba
 Tamil:             Vempu, Vembu
(           )
 Telgu:              Kondavepa
 Kannada:            Bevu (              )
 Malayalam           Arya Veppu
 Bengali             Nim ( )
 Gujarati           Limdo
 Punjabi             Nimm                          Neem on ASEAN's negative list
 Urdu               ‫ن یم‬                          An innocuous document revealed
 Indian names:       Neem, nim, Indian lilac,    at a conference held in Singapore
nimmi, limbo, limda                              on June 29-30, 2012, threatens to
 Note: Kannada name for neem is "bevu"           jeopardise the export prospects of
suggested by Savitri Basaviah on October 21,     the whole Ayurveda industry. The
2010- Thanks.                                    inclusion of neem in the ASEAN's
  Neem tree                                      list of negative ingredients for
                                                 traditional medicine and health
 The neem tree, Azadirachta indica, is a
                                                 supplement (TMHS) by the product
tropical evergreen with a wide adaptability.
                                                 working group (PWG), an expert
Native to India and Burma, it has been
                                                 committee of TMHS has the
transplanted to Africa, the
                                                 industry worried. The move is being
Middle East, South America and Australia. It is
                                                 spearheaded by Indonesia. The
especially suited to semi-arid
                                                 PWG discussed and is said to be
conditions and thrives even in the poorest soil
                                                 finalising the inclusion of
with rainfalls as little as 18 inches (450 mm)
                                                 Azadirachta indica or neem in the
per year and temperatures up to 50° C (120°
                                                 negative list. It could lead to an
F). It may grow up to 50 feet (15 m) tall and
                                                 outright ban or severe restrictions
live for 200 years. The lifespan of the Neem
                                                 on the sale of neem-based
tree is described to be anywhere between 150
                                                 medicines and food supplements in
to 300 years.
                                                 the ASEAN countries.
  Its blossoms are small, white flowers with a
very sweet, jasmine-like scent. Its edible fruit
— is about 3/4 of an inch (2 cm) long, with
white kernels. A neem tree generally begins
bearing fruits at three to five years of age, and
can produce up to 50 kg (110 lbs.) of fruit
annually when mature. The pinnate leaves
have a very bitter taste and a garlic-like
smell.
  Raw Neem parts used are:
  Neem Leaves , Neem Seeds, Neem Bark,
Neem Fruit, Neem Flower,
  Neem Twig, Neem Gum, Neem Root and
Neem Kernel                                        Flowers of neem, its blossoms are
  History of Neem                                 small, white flowers with a very
                                                  sweet, jasmine-like scent.
 The neem tree has been used for more than
4,500 years in the Indian sub- continent. The
Indian physicians CHARAKA (2nd century AD)
and SUSRUTA (4th century AD), whose
books provided the foundation of the Indian
system of natural treatment, the Ayurveda,
also mention the the tree and its medical use.
In Ayurveda the neem tree was called the
"Sarva Roga Nivarini" (= one that could cure
all ailments and ills). At the beginning of this   Leaves of neem
century the neem tree was still highly estimed
by Indian emigrants and they took it along to
the places were they settled. Thus, the neem
tree was introduced in places like Australia,
East and sub- Sahelian Africa, South East
Asia, and South America. Pioneering work in
the possible commercial use of Neem oil and
cake had been done by the Indian Institute of        Neem Gum
Science in Bangalore in 1920.                      Neem Gum is a clear, bright and
  Pioneering work in the possible commercial brown-coloured gum a by product
use of Neem oil and cake had been done by obtained as a result of certain
the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore as metabolic mechanism of plants and
early as the 1920s. In the last two decades       trees. The gum is a multipurpose by
research on neem has been intensified and         product either water soluble or
many of the trees agricultural and medical        absorb water to form a viscous
properties were rediscovered. Today, Neem         solution.
plays a major role in the rural industry of India
and projects for the commercial use of Neem
have been successfully introduced in other          Teatulia’s Neem Nectar Tea
countries.
 Chemical Compounds in Neem
  The chemical compounds that have been
identified and scientists feel that there are
many more compounds yet to be identified in        New drugs based on Neem
neem. Other then sodium, potassium, salts, it
contains chloriphyle, calcium, phosphorus,
iron, thiamine, riboflasium, nicocin, vitamin C,
carotene, and oxalic acid. The chemicals
classified are:
Nimbin:     anti-inflammatory, anti-pyretic,
anti-histamine, anti-fungal
Nimbidin: anti-bacterial, anti-ulcer, analgesic,
anti-arrhythmic, anti-fungal
Ninbidol: anti-tubercular, anti-protozoan,
anti-pyretic
Gedunin: vasodilator, anti-malarial, anti-
fungal
Sodium nimbinate: diuretic, spermicide, anti-
arthritic
Quercetin: anti-protozoal
Salannin: insect repellent
Azadirachtin: insect repellent, anti-feedant,
anti-hormonal
  Other chemicals that form its therapeutic
value are:
1. Limonoids 2. Terpenoids and steroids 3.
Tetranortarpenoids
4. Fatty acid derivatives like margosinone and
margosinolone
 5. Coumarins like scopoletin,
dihydrosocoumarins 6.Hydrocarbons like
docosane, pentacosane, hetacosane,
octacosane etc. 7.Sulphur compounds 8.
Phenolics 9.Flavonoglycosides 10. Tannins
 The highest concentrations of the active
ingredients are found in the seed and oil,
however the active ingredients are also found
in lesser amounts in the bark and the leaves.
Traditionally in Ayurveda the fresh leaves and
twigs were used on a daily basis as a
preventative for many conditions, including
tooth decay, gum disease, malaria, etc. When
a serious condition was treated a
concentrated paste of the leaves or strong
decoction of the leaves and/or the bark was
used, for blood purification (in case of
bacterial, fungal, or viral infections), malaria,
fever, arthritis, rheumatism, and many more. It
was also used as a protective agent from
nature’s pests both as an insect repellant and
insecticide that is both safe and harmless to
humans. Traditionally Neem oil was applied
externally to the hair, scalp, and skin for
parasites and as an insect repellant. It was
also massaged into arthritic joints, after being
slightly warmed, to relieve pain and
inflammation.




Medicinal use of Neem                                                                        Usefulness of
                                                                                            Neem for ear,
 Traditionally Neem was used in Ayurveda for a number of conditions. It is one of the
                                                                                            eye infections
main ingredients in every blood purification formula used in Ayurveda and it appears in
most Diabetic formulas as well. It is also used for arthritis, rheumatism, the removal of
external and internal parasites, including malaria and fevers and as an insect repellent.
 Neem possesses anti-diabetic, antibacterial and antipyretic (fever reducing)
properties. Neem is used for a wide range of ailments including flu, fever, sore throat,
cold, fungal infections, skin diseases, malaria and many more ailments. The main              Researchers
medicinal use of different parts of neem in Ayurveda are:                                   in a follow up to
Medicinal use of NEEM in Ayurveda                                                          a survey of
                                                                                           plants in the
                                                                                           northern parts
  Part          Medicinal Use
                                                                                           of Nigeria,
  Leaf      Leprosy, skin problems, skin ulcers, intestine worms, anorexia, eye problems, epistaxis, biliousness
                                                                                           indicated that
  Bark      Analgesic, curative of fever
                                                                                           extracts of
  Flower Elimination of intestine worms, phlegm, bile suppression,                         neem seed
  Fruit     Diabetes, eye problem, piles, intestine worms, urinary disorder, wounds, leprosy, epistaxis in
                                                                                           could be used
  Twig                                                                                     the spermatorrhoea
             Asthma, cough, piles, intestine worms, obstinate urinary disorder, phantom tumor,manufacture
   Gum      Scabies, wounds, ulcer, skin diseases                                          of eye and ear
   Seed     Intestine worms and leprosy                                                    drops or
   Oil      Intestine worms, skin diseases and leprosy                                     ointment for the
  Root      Refrigerant, diutretic                                                         treatment of
                                                                                           common
  According to Ayurveda, it is useful in treating all sorts of Pitta, Kapha and Vatic      problems
disorders. It should be consumed early in morning on empty stomach for 15 days             caused by
during the end of winter till the starting of summer season. This prevents most of the     germs. The
diseases through out the year.                                                             2010 study
  Under no circumstance should Neem products be taken by pregnant women.                   entitled “The
  Modern Research                                                                          antibacterial
                                                                                           activity of
 (i) Neem's Effects against Bacteria: There have been a number of clinical studies
                                                                                           Azadarichta
showing that Neem has significant effects on several bacterial strains. Among some of
                                                                                           indica (neem)
the more prominent strains studied were staphylococcus aureus, streptococcus
                                                                                           seeds extracts
pyogenes, cornebacterium, E. coli, and salmonella typhosa. These bacteria’s can
                                                                                           against bacterial
cause meningitis, cystitis, sore throats, typhoid, blood poisoning, and food poisoning.
                                                                                           pathogens
Neem's ability to exert significant effects over the above mentioned bacterial strains
                                                                                           associated with
indicates it’s ability to resolve the aforementioned conditions.
                                                                                           eye and ear
(ii) Neem's Effects against Viruses: There are certain compounds in Neem that
                                                                                           infections”
demonstrate a unique ability to surround viruses, which prevents them from causing
                                                                                           involved A. M.
infection. Neem also inhibits viral multiplication by interacting with the surface of the
                                                                                           El- Mahmood,
cells to prevent the cell from becoming infected by the virus. Neem has been observed
                                                                                           O. B. Ogbonna
to be effective against a number of viral pathogens in various clinical studies
                                                                                           and M.
demonstrating it contains unique properties to inhibit viral disease. Neem is one of just
                                                                                           Raji, all from the
a few known antiviral agents. Chickenpox, shingles, herpes, and hepatitis are viral
                                                                                           Federal
conditions, which have been successfully treated, in clinical studies by Neem’s
                                                                                           University of
therapeutic compounds. The uncomfortable symptoms of colds and flu’s can be
                                                                                           Technology,
relieved during seasonal changes by the regular consumption of Neem Leaf capsules,
                                                                                           Yola, Adamawa
extract, or tea.
                                                                                           State.
 (iii) Neem's Effects against Fungi: India's tropical climate especially in the coastal
                                                                                             In concluding
regions creates the kind of humid hot house atmosphere that funguses thrive in.
                                                                                           they wrote: “the
Traditionally, in Ayurveda, Neem seed oil, aqueous extracts of Neem leaf, Neem leaf
                                                                                           results of this
powder, the smoke from burning dried Neem leaves, and Neem leaf pastes have been
                                                                                           study, supports
used for the prevention and treatment of fungal conditions in India. Athlete's foot,
                                                                                           the use of the
ringworm, and Candida, which causes vaginal yeast infections and thrush, are some of
                                                                                           crude seed
the more common fungi that attack humans. There are two medicinal compounds in the
                                                                                           extracts of the
Neem leaf, gedunin and nimbidol, which have been clinically proven to control these
                                                                                           neem plant in
fungi. Jock itch, another fungi that attacks humans, has been treated traditionally in
                                                                                           traditional
India for thousands of years with Neem seed oil and aqueous extracts of Neem leaf.
                                                                                           practice to treat
Creating medicinal smoke by burning dried Neem leaves, is an ancient practice in
                                                                                           infections
Ayurveda for purifying the atmosphere around a seriously ill patient. A clinical study
                                                                                           especially those
examining the efficacy of this ancient practice found that smoke from burning dried
                                                                                           that affect the
Neem leaves exerted an extreme suppression of fungal growth and germination.
                                                                                           ear and eye, but
Amongst the thousands of Ayurvedic medicinal plants in India, modern clinical research
                                                                                           only if adjusted
has now proven that Neem extracts contain some of the most powerful antifungal
                                                                                           to suitable
compounds against certain fungi.
 (iv) Neem's Effects against Parasites: Ayurveda has recommended the use of Neem                 conditions of pH
to rid the body of all forms of parasites. Simple aqueous extracts of Neem leaves have           and
been the standard treatment for external parasitic infestation without any side effects          temperature,
throughout India. Neem’s effectiveness against parasites is due to compounds that                and provided
mimic hormones. This activity interrupts the life cycle of parasites by inhibiting the ability   the infections
of the parasites to feed, and preventing parasite eggs from hatching. Neem has                   are caused by
demonstrated these effects against lice, and against itch mites which cause scabies.             susceptible
Intestinal worms are treated and prevented throughout the tropics by regular                     bacteria.”
consumption of Neem teas.                                                                          Neem in
   Neem has both curative and preventative effects on the Malaria parasite the methods           dental gel
for accomplishing this are as varied as the active ingredients in Neem. There are two
compounds in Neem, which are clinically proven to be as effective against the malarial
parasite as both quinine and chloroquine; they are gedunin, a limonoid and quercetin, a
flavonoid. The leaves can be chewed and consumed on a daily basis as a preventative
like quinine and Neem leaf extracts are clinically proven to be as effective as
chloroquine against the malarial parasite. There is still another study, which shows that          The College of
Neem leaf extracts prevent the normal development of the malarial plasmodia by                   Pharmaceutical
increasing the state of oxidation in the red blood cells. One of the most impressive             Sciences in
accomplishments of Neem against parasites is its effectiveness against encephalitis.             India found that
 (v) Neem's Effect against Skin diseases :                                                       Neem leaf
    Eczema: In the case of eczema clinical studies demonstrate that even the                     extract in a
application of weaker Neem leaf extracts effectively cured acute conditions of eczema.           dental gel
Using a Soap or shampoo containing Neem oil can easily relieve the itching and                   reduced plaque
redness of eczema.                                                                               and bacteria. Of
   Acne: Neem effectively ills the bacteria that cause Acne and studies prove that Neem          three groups
will reduce inflammation, even the inflammation produced by Acne.                                (one treated
  Skin problems: Dry Skin, Wrinkles, Dandruff, Itchy Scalp, Skin Ulcers and Warts are            with neem gel,
other conditions that can be effectively resolved by the use of soaps, lotions, and              one with a
creams, containing Neem leaf extracts and oil.                                                   common anti-
   Grind neem leaves and turmeric together and apply the paste on the face to remove             bacterial
dark spots.                                                                                      substance
 (vi) Neem's effectiveness against Periodontal Disease: Throughout India village                 used in
people use Neem twigs and leaves to brush their teeth, and keep their gums free of               mouthwashes
disease and infection even though they have limited access to modern dental care. The            and one with a
ancient Ayurvedic practice of using Neem to heal and rejuvenate gum tissue and to                placebo gel),
prevent cavities and gum disease is verified in modern clinical studies.                         the neem gel
 (vii) Neem’s effects on the immune system: According to the ancient healing                     group had
system of Ayurveda the bark of the Neem tree will strengthen an individuals resistance           the lowest
to disease. Modern clinical studies have identified a number of compounds in the Neem            levels of plaque
tree that effectively regulate immune system functions. There are immunomodulatory               and bacteria.
polysaccharide compounds, especially present in Neem bark, that apparently increase                Neem Juice
antibody production.                                                                             health benefits
 (viii) Treatment for several diseases:
 Heart Disease:         Including high blood pressure, blood clots, cholesterol, and
Arrhythmia/rapid heart beat.
Blood Disorders:         Including poor circulation, blood poisoning, and kidney problems.
Digestive Disorders: Including heartburn/indigestion, peptic/duodenal ulcers, gastritis,
and hemorrhoids.
Nervous Disorders: Including anxiety, epilepsy, and hives.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Including gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia, genital
herpes, genital/vaginal warts, candidacies, and urinary tract infections. As far as AIDS
is concerned the immunomodulatory properties of                                                   Neem juice is
Neem appear to enhance cell-mediated immune response in people who are HIV                       very bitter and
positive but who do not have full blown AIDS.                                                    difficult to drink
Jaundice and Hepatitis: Drink the diluted juice of the tender neem leaves with a tea             but there are
spoon of honey to flush out toxins in liver disorders. Neem is anti-pruritic, thermogenic,   several health
tonic, stomachic and abdominal movement controller. 2 teaspoon of Neem leaves juice          benefits of
with honey is indicated to accelerate the process of cure.                                   neem juice.
Birth Control: Works for Men and Women. It is said that neem might be the solution           *Neem juice
for birth control in men as                                                                  extract is best to
experiments have shown it can make sperm infertile without affecting sex drive or            get rid of acne
impeding the sperm count.                                                                    or pimples.
Respiratory disorder: Decoction of Neem bark is used as anti-tussive in dry cough.           Neem juice also
Dried Neem leaves powder given daily in 1 gm dose twice a day with honey suppresses          improves the
cough. Neem oil 5-10 drops given with 2 tablespoon of sugar once a day for 15 days           complexion.
helps in tropical Eosinophilia. The expectorant, depurative and antiseptic properties of     *By drinking
Neem attribute to cure cough.                                                                neem juice, the
 Diabetes: Neem being biter, stomachic, anti-pruritic, and revitalize works wonders in       toxins from the
this disease. One table spoon of Neem leaves juice approximately 5 ml taken early in         system are
the morning on empty stomach for 3 months is helpful in diabetes. 10 Neem leaves             flushed out.
chewed or powder taken daily in the morning also controls diabetes.                          This improves
 Cancer: Neem being depurative purifies the blood and being an astringent decreases          the hair quality,
the body heat. Chewing of 10 to 20 Neem leaves early morning with warm water is              skin complexion
helpful.                                                                                     and digestion.
 Leprosy and Leucoderma: 10 drops of Neem oil mixed with 1 teaspoon sugar twice              *Neem juice is
a day acts as a supportive part of treatment. The anti-leprotic action of Neem works.        considered
 Allergy: 8 to 10 fresh Neem leaves are to be eaten early morning on an empty                effective for
stomach. This helps in purifying blood and controls the allergic condition.                  diabetic
  It is used also in Tuberculosis, Bronchitis, Conjunctivitis, Allergies, Bad Breath,        patients. By
Hangover, Stress, Insomnia, Smoking, and on and on.                                          having neem
  (ix) Treatment for AIDS: The National Institutes of Health reported positive results       juice everyday,
from a 1993 study using neem to kill the AIDS virus in a lab. The suggested pathway is       you control the
via neem’s immune modulating polysaccharide compounds that may cause increased               sugar levels in
antibody production. Further research is underway.                                           the body.
 (x) Diabetes: Neem has been shown to reduce insulin in the blood. The Indian                *Applying few
Government allows the sale of neem for this purpose. Dosage as small as one                  drops of neem
tablespoon a day can reduce insulin levels by 50%.                                           juice on the
                                                                                             eyes improves
                                                                                             eye sight and
                                                                                             also cures
                                                                                             conjunctivitis.
                                                                                             *Massaging the
                                                                                             skin with neem
                                                                                             juice reduces
                                                                                             dark chicken
                                                                                             pox marks.
                                                                                             Skin diseases
                                                                                             such as eczema
                                                                                             and small pox
                                                                                             are also cured
                                                                                             by having neem
                                                                                             juice.
                                                                                             * Neem juice
                                                                                             cures malaria.
                                                                                             Neem juice
                                                                                             reduces the
                                                                                             development of
                                                                                             virus and
                                                                                             improves the
                                                                                             liver functioning.
* Neem juice
reduces vaginal
pain during
pregnancy.
Many pregnant
women
massage with
neem juice to
get rid of labor
pain.
  To drink neem
juice easily, you
can also add a
pinch of salt or
black pepper or
both in neem
juice.

Immunostimul
ant activity
  The aqueous
extract of neem
bark and leaf
also possesses
anticomplement
and
immunostimulan
t activity. Neem
oil has been
shown to
possess activity
by selectively
activating the
cell-mediated
immune
mechanisms to
elicit an
enhanced
response to
subsequent
mitogenic or
antigenic
challenge.
 Neem is a
suitable
biofuel crop.




 The
                                                                                         Karnataka State
                                                                                         Biofuel
                                                                                         Development
                                                                                         Board (KSBDB)
                                                                                         is promoting
                                                                                         honge species
                                                                                         along with
                                                                                         several locally
                                                                                         available and
                                                                                         useful tree
                                                                                         species such as
                                                                                         neem,
                                                                                         jathropha,
                                                                                         simaruba and
                                                                                         hippe tree for
                                                                                         the
                                                                                         development of
                                                                                         bio-diesel.
                                                                                          Apart from
                                                                                         having
                                                                                         medicinal value,
                                                                                         neem is a
                                                                                         suitable biofuel
                                                                                         crop. A kilogram
                                                                                         of neem seeds
                                                                                         has 2,500-
                                                                                         3,000 numbers.
                                                                                         A well grown
                                                                                         10-12 year old
                                                                                         neem tree
                                                                                         yields 15
                                                                                         kilograms of
                                                                                         seeds.
                                                                                         Simaruba and
                                                                                         jatropha are
                                                                                         also known to
                                                                                         be good bio-fuel
                                                                                         crops which can
                                                                                         be grown as
                                                                                         inter-crops.
 Modern Studies:                                                           Honey,collected from
 1. Anti hyerglycemic activity of neem leaf extracts was observed in      beehives on neem trees
experimental studies on non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus -
induced rats.
 2. Antifertility effects of aqueous and steroidal extract of neem leaf
were observed observed in an experimntal study in West Indies.
 3. Immunomodulatory effects of NIM-76, a volatile fraction of neem oil
were found in experimental study in Delhi.
 4. Anti diabetic and antihyperlipemic effects of neem seed powder
were observed in experimental studies in Baroda.                           Doctors at the All-India
 5. Neem Seeds found to be a promising coagulant in defluoridation        Institute of Medical Sciences
according to a research in Ghana. The plot of the fluoride conc. levels   (AIIMS) have devised a "sweet"
of neem seeds as coagulants reveals that it has the potential of          method to treat patients with
removing up to 10 mg/L of fluoride in 24 hours.                           severe wounds visiting its out
 6. Recently it is found that neem trees have been hit by a plant virus   patients' department. Inspired
called root-knot nematode, which destroys trees by killing off their       from remedies adopted by
roots. Worse, this virus is spreading among other trees also. Experts      soldiers in World War II, the
treating the trees are unable to ascertain how the trees caught the        doctors are using Honey to heal
virus.                                                                     chronic wounds and bedsores.
 7. Injury-induced infections often heal faster with turmeric, neem and    The honey, collected from
rose water than antiobiotics. Or, neem and turmeric could cure an          beehives on neem trees, has
upset stomach in an hour, according to a group of doctors in Kolkata       been supplied to the premier
who believe in "ethical                                                    institute by Baba Ramdev's
treatment". Good medicine is not necessarily allopathic, homeopathic       Patanjali Yogpeeth in
or ayurvedic. Rather, it could be a combination of the three or any two    Haridwar.
of these depending on the symptoms and the condition of the patient.
 8. Contraceptive Agents : Indian scientists from the Defence Institute      Ash tree treatment
of Physiology & Allied Sciences (DIPAS) have applied for patents on          Oakville has the most
chemicals isolated from the neem oil which have proved to be               aggressive EAB management
promising contraceptive agents which are DK-1 & DNM-5. A third             program in the country,” Mayor
active agent coded as DNM-7 acts as an abortifacient causing abortion      Rob Burton said. In total, the
if administered orally after implantation has already occurred. A Neem     Town is treating approximately
oil formulation called "Sensal" is now sold in                             6,000 municipal ash trees on a
India for contraceptive purposes.                                          bi-annual basis for the next 10
   Neem Extracts and Oils                                                  years; forty per cent receive
                                                                           treatment in odd years, while 60
   Neem extract contains the concentrated form of active or principle      per cent receive treatment in
compounds found in neem.                                                   even years. TreeAzin is a
  Method of Neem Extraction: Industrial scale neem extraction              natural and safe bio-insecticide
process make use of solvents such as alcohol, ether, and                   derived from the seeds of the
hydrocarbons instead of water. Aqueous extracts are said to work           neem tree. It provides two
nearly as well as others.                                                  years of protection against EAB
  Aqueous Neem Extraction : Powdered seeds, kernels or leaves are before it must be reapplied.
soaked overnight in water and the next morning the extract is strained
through a piece of cloth; the desired volume of concentrated extract
can then be
used for desired purpose. Aqueous extract is generally rich in water
soluble amino acids, pigments, soluble bitters and carbohydrates.
  Solvent Neem Extraction : Organic solvents such as alcohol,
dimethyl sulfoxide and ethers are also used to manufacture high
concentration extracts. The choice of solvent and temperature and
time determine the efficiency of extraction.
  Neem oil: Neem oil is a versatile natural vegetable oil extracted from Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) is
the neem tree (Azadirachta indica), a renewable resource native to         now infesting ash trees across
eastern India and Burma. It kills insects, mites and fungi, and is said to the Greater Toronto Area. The
repel mosquitoes. It's hardly a new product, having been used for          invasive pest is responsible for
medicinal and agricultural applications for more than 4,000 years. Over killing tens of millions of ash
the past few years, neem oil has become one of the most highly             trees in Canada and the U.S.
recommended pesticides in Florida because it controls pests without        since 2002. This year is
harming most beneficial insects. Pure neem oil is a therapeutic            believed to be a tipping point for
ingredient found in products ranging from lotions and salves to            the EAB population in the GTA,
shampoos and soap.                                                         a time when ash trees will
  Neem Oil an effective repellent: Neem oil is an effective repellent      begin to decline rapidly if left
of a wide variety of common garden bugs, including caterpillars,           untreated.
nematodes, locusts, aphids, Japanese beetles and mites. In the home,
neem oil can be used to combat ant, cockroach, fly, termite, mosquito        Government is yet to
and bedbug infestations.                                                   recognize neem worth
  Neem Oil Pesticide: Neem oil is a cost-effective pesticide has
steadily increased in usage and popularity over the past few years. To
make a litre of general-purpose neem oil spray, mix 5mls neem oil,
2mls of liquid soap and 1 litre of water. Add the soap to the water first
and then slowly stir in the neem oil. Pour the mixture into a spray bottle
and use the mix within 8 hours as beyond that the ingredients will start
to break down.
 Neem Honey
  In India, neem trees are a major source of honey bee forage. Honey ,
obtained from the Neem tree has more medicinal properties. Neem
honey is composed primarily of water, fructose and glucose (22.88%),              Neem may have been
sucrose (7.46%), ash (0.06%), free acid (20.8 meg/kg). The honey is            recognized world over as the
light amber in color, and its viscosity is low. The taste is good although     wonder tree. But Indian
slightly bitter. Neem honey improves eye sight and is harmless for             government is yet to recognize
diabetic patients. It is also used to treat eye disorder by applying as        its worth and take measures for
netranjan (eye-liner). It is very beneficial in care of burning sensation of   promotion of Neem and its
the body. One teaspoon to 2 teaspoon twice a day may be given.                 products.
Since Neem is believed to be a great blood purifier and good for the            Neem Foundation, Mumbai
eyes, Neem honey is highly valued.                                             plans to discuss these along
                                                                               with scientific
                                                                               research on Neem during the
                                                                               forthcoming World Neem
                                                                               Conference being hosted by it
                                                                               in city from November 21 to 24,
                                                                               2012.
                                                                               "What the Tree of Australia,
                                                                               Ginko Biloba of China, Ginseng
                                                                               of Korea,
                                                                               Guarana of Amazon and Aloe
                                                                               Vera of Mexico could do to the
                                                                               national
                                                                               economies of respective
                                                                               nations due to the government
                                                                               support, Neem could do to
                                                                               Indian economy.

                                                                                 MALE CONTRACEPTION
                                                                                 In the past, the typical male
                                                                               contraceptives included
                                                                               chemicals extracted from
                                                                               plants. These plant chemicals
                                                                               include Neem tree oil, papaya
                                                                               seeds and hemp seeds These
                                                                               chemicals prevent sperm from
                                                                               fertilizing an egg by interfering
                                                                               with sperm concentration,
                                                                               motility and viability.
 Uses of Neem
  Neem extracts can be used in different industries like agricultural
industry, herbal industry, pharmaceutical industry to manufacture
quality natural products. Neem extracts have a high medicinal value,
they are used to cure a number of diseases such as:
                                        Neem Gum: Use of Neem Gum in
                                      Industries
                                       Cosmetic Industry: Facial masks,
                                      lotions, face powder, protective
                                      creams.
                                        Paper Industry : Used as an
                                      adhesive and strengthening the
                                      paper.
                                        Pharmaceutical Industry : In
                                      antiseptic creams, tablet binder, and
                                      coater.
                                        Textile Industry : Used in dyeing and
                                      printing of fabrics.
                                        Personal Hygiene Industry : Used in
                                      soaps, tooth paste, tooth powders.
  Food Industry : Used as a stabilizing agent, gels and thickening
agent.
  Cosmetic industries: Neem is also used cosmetically and in
toiletries. In India, Neem sprigs are boiled, and the water is then used
as a hair wash. Neem hair treatment clears scalp infections and
dandruff and stimulates both the growth and texture of the hair and rids
the scalp of nits, dry itchy scalp and excessive oiliness. It is very
effective in clearing up fungal infections like athletes foot, ringworm
                               and Candida.
                                Hair care: Neem is used to prevent
                               falling or graying of hair. Two drops of
                               Neem oil put in the nostril prevents falling
                               and graying of hair. To get rid of lice and
                               dandruff Neem oil massage should be
                               done on scalp during night. In the morning,
                               hair should be washed with Neem water.
                                Neem extract cloths
                                A Delhi-based company Advantage
Organic, is using extracts of neem and basil leaves and flecks of silver
in the briefs and panties so that the ones using it do not get any
bacterial infection The Indian underwear manufacturer says its
knickers, crafted using neem oil, basil leaves and pure silver, will
smooth the wearer's skin as well as protecting them against infection.
Neem, a type of mahogany known in India as the "Divine Tree", is
known for its soothing properties and has long been used in Asia as an
ingredient in skincare products to ease irritations.
  Malaria Prevention: Drinking neem teas or chewing a couple of
leaves every day reduces the possibility of contracting malaria a
mosquito-born fever. Extracts obtained by a water and acetone
combination are even more effective than plain neem tea.
  Apart from its use against malaria, neem plays a traditional role in
the treatment of urinary disorders, skin disease, diabetes, fungi
infections and viral diseases. Neem twigs contain antiseptic ingredients
which provide dental hygiene and has been used for this purpose by
people from rural areas in India and parts of Africa. Neem is also of
ecological importance: In Africa the tree is used as a shade tree and as
a source of fuelwood. In the Sahel countries, neem as been used for
halting the spread of the Sahara desert.In many developing countries
the wood is used in making fence post, poles for house construction,
and furniture.
Use in Agriculture:                                                                  Neem Tea To Low
 Neem tree has superb pharmaceutical and pesticide controlling qualities.           High BP
The azadirachton compound in neem has been recognized as an effective
insecticide that is biologically selective, not harming the useful pest-
predators but keeping almost 250 harmful ones at bay.
  Neem cake is traditionally put in rice fields as a fertilizer. Scientists
recommend coating urea with neem cake to kill nitrifying bacteria. Neem
also contains salanin, a chemical substance that is a potent pest controller
and is said to be far more effective than the chemically produced diethyl-
toluamide that is a part of most of the lethal synthetically produced
pesticides. Agro scientists say that neem is the most eco-friendly pesticide
which nature has bestowed on man. They recommend that neem and its                     Neem Tea is excellent
kernel should be liberally mixed with compost and set to rot. The pesticide         for lowering High Blood
is ready in around three to four months depending on the weather                    Pressure. Over the world
conditions. Organic farming using neem as a pesticide is still done on a            thousands of High Blood
very miniscule scale in India. here are hardly any pesticide-free farm              Pressure sufferers use
products available in the country though there is a growing demand for              Neem Tea to control their
these.                                                                              High Blood Pressure and
  Many western agro-scientists say that if neem is effective on a small             it works great.They only
scale, it can be done on a larger scale as well. There is a certain urgency in      continue to drink Neem
advocating the use of neem as a pesticide as there is a growing concern on          Tea to normalize their
the lethal pesticides being used in our day-to-day foods. For example, a            High Blood Pressure
minimum of six to seven chemical pesticides are sprayed on an apple tree            because it works, no
before the fruit is plucked. Just before harvesting the apple trees are             other reason. To lower
sprayed with fungicides and pesticides along with daminozide, a growth              your blood pressure back
regulator. Finally the fruit is sprayed with 'alar' to heighten its redness. Once   to the normal range, you
the apples reach the cold storage they are sprayed with pesticides once             drink the Neem Tea 2
again to keep off the rats and insects. Just imagine what it does to your           times a week by drinking
body every time you eat an apple. Which is exactly the reason why                   1 cup per serving.
scientists are so bullish about the neem option as a pesticide. Because not
just as a pesticide, neem has its medicinal values as well.                          Women wearing neem
  Neem Dream Insect Control: Mix neem oil in water and spray on plants.             leaves perform nude
Neem oil doesn't kill pests outright, It affects their physiologic processes so     worship
that they no longer eat, mate or mature. And because insects must feed on
plant tissues to be affected, neem-treated plants are safe for beneficial
insects such as bees and butterflies.
  Neem-based bioinsecticides: Thapar University, one of India’s top
technical universities, announced the commercial production of neem-
based bioinsecticides at the university’s bio processing unit on October 06,
2008. Dr. Abhijit Mukherjee, Director, Thapar University, said, “We are
confident that herbal bioinsecticides have tremendous market potential and            Women continues to
will become a promising small scale business venture.”                              worship nude in
  “Bioorganic farming is of significant importance as bioinsecticides and           Handanakerae village of
biopesticides are herbal, non-toxic and environment friendly. Broad                 Chikkanayakanahalli
spectrum insecticides offer effective protection against pests. These               taluka of Tumkur district.
environment- friendly products do not cause contamination of soil and               Over 100 women
ground water, and have wide applications,” added Dr. Mukherjee. India               worshipped
plans to register neem-based products as a pesticide under its Insecticide          in this manner, with men
Act. A pilot project using neem is being implemented since 2000 in some 80          looking on. The incident
villages in South 24 Parganas district in West Bengal and Nagpur district in     took place on Friday
Maharashtra, with support from the United Nations Industrial Development         night in this remote
Organization.                                                                    village in the district.
 Neem purify air                                                                   The whole village was
 Neem purify air and helps to clean environment. Neem compounds from             euphoric as villagers
neem trees are said to have anti- inflammatory and antiviral properties.         were celebrating the
Neem trees should be planted around hospitals and sanitariums. Place             festival of goddess
packets of neem tree leaves or camphor balls inside bookcases or                 Gonimaradamma. As per
cupboards to protect from insect infestation.                                    the tradition, women take
                                                                                 a vow that if their prayers
  Neem leaf tea                                                                  are answered, they'll
  A tea made from the leaves and mature seeds is still a popular remedy          perform nude worship.
today for treating bladder, kidney and prostate ailments. This brewed tea        Women wear neem
can be added to a base cream and used as a healing, soothing treatment           leaves, and with a lock
forhaemorrhoids. The bark and roots can be made into a tea and has been          on their mouths, go once
used for centuries to treat jaundice and liver ailments, intestinal parasites,   around the village.
stomach ulcers and malaria.                                                      Women wearing neem
  A strong tea of the leaves is used as a lotion for sprains, bruises and        leaves are treated like
swollen glands – a bandage or cloth soaked in the hot tea is applied to the      the goddess and if
area and held in place, often with a banana leaf wrapped around it. As a         anyone misbehaved, the
wash and lotion the same tea is used for eczema, rashes, grazes and              goddess punishes them.
scrapes and to wash out wounds. Leaves heated in boiling water are
                                                                                 (Source: Jagran)
applied to boils, sprains, infected wounds, bites, stings and infected grazes.
  To make neem leaf tea : pour 1 cup of boiling water over ¼ cup fresh
leaves, stand for 5 minutes, strain and sip slowly. The tea is taken to
reduce blood sugar levels, lower fevers, and to treat tuberculosis, bladder
ailments, arthritis, rheumatism, jaundice, worms, malaria and skin disease.




 Economy                                                                           Mosquitoes repellents
  The exports of the neem seeds from India have increasing rapidly. The           Famous *OnGuard*
overseas companies rushing to India has also results a ten-fold rise in the      mosquitoes repellent is
price of neem seeds from Rs. 300 to Rs. 3,000 a tonne. If the prices shoot       produced in
up and exports keep rising, the ubiquitous neem may become out of reach          Johannesburg, South
for the ordinary Indian farmer.                                                  Africa, where its active
  Even some of the most cautious researchers are saying that neem                ingredients are harvested
deserves to be called a wonder plant. According to Noel Vietmeyer, the           "hrysanthemum
study director of a 1992 National Research Council report entitled "Neem:        cineriaefolium", a natural
A Tree for Solving Global Problems."                                             pyrethrum insecticide,
  Today, Perrin Fitter’s is the promoter of ‘Greening of India with neem’        and oil from the seeds of
project. Born and brought up in Kenya, Fitter has been a teacher-cum-            the neem tree. Neem oil
environment conservationist there for the last 40 years. After promoting         has been used for
neem in Kenya, where she is known as ‘Mama Neem’, she wants to create            centuries as an
awareness about the qualities of neem. In India, neem is not valued much         insecticide and also an
economically. In Kenya, even leaves of neem fetch you money “My project          ingredient in cosmetics.
is not just confined to planting neem trees but to promote its use to the
grassroots by way of talks, seminars, workshops, conferences and
demonstrations,” Fitter says.
  Neem in co-generation of electricity: The 12 sugar mills identified by
Tamil Nadu Government for co- generation of electricity under a Rs 1,500
crore programme would start producing a total of 187 MW from June 2011,
a top official of Tamil Nadu Electricity Board (TNEB) has said on first week
of October 2010. After completion of the installation, the 12 sugar mills         To grow Rose and other
would start producing 187 MW of power from June, 2011, Mr Singh said             plants - protect them from
last evening at Chennampatty village in the district after inspecting              diseases - pests without
cultivation of Hill Neem trees, whose wood is used as a fuel to burn surplus       using chemical solutions.
bagasse for producing energy. Stating that the government and TNEB were            Pests can be controlled
encouraging cultivation of Hill Neem trees, he said farmers would get Rs           with Neem Tree Oil.
2,500 per tonne for the wood. He appealed the farmers to raise more neem           Neem Oil also tends to
trees and supply them to paper industry also                                       reduce the problem of
  Some of Neem products are soaps, bath powders, shampoos, lotions and             black spot. Diseases
creams, toothpastes, neem leaf capsules to increase immunity and as a              such as rust, black spot,
skin purifier, insect repellents and pet care products are in great demand.        powdery mildew and
 Neem in Hindu Religion                                                            botrytis are controlled by
  In Hindu traditions, on the first day of Chaitra, Hindu's in North India         neem extract sprays,
worship the neem and eat its leaves, mixed with pepper and sugar, as a
safeguard from fever. The neem tree besides having various medicinal
benefits is a highly revered tree among the Hindus because it is a
manifestation of "Goddess Durga" or "Maa Kali". That is why the tree is
sometimes referred to as Neemari Devi. Tamil Ladies, while worshiping
Maa kali dress in red, carry branches of the Neem tree, and dance in public
places swishing the branches as an act of exorcism and to purify the world.
The multi-headed occult goddess Yellamma sometimes assumes the
appearance of a young neem tree. Young maidens worship this Goddess                  Chemicals used to kill
by cladding themselves all over in neem branches. In Bengal, neem is               insects in your garden
considered to be the tree which is the abode of "Sitala" (the great Pox-           have a time and a place
mother who can cause or cure disease). The customary treatment of pox is           in your options for pest
therefore to rub the body with neem leaves while making prayers to Sitala.         control. The
It is also said that the smoke of burning neem protects both the living and        disadvantages to using a
the dead from evil spirits.                                                        chemical are
  Gudhi Padwa festival is especially dedicated to the worship of Lord              numerous, including
Brahma. Maharashtrians see the gudhi as a symbol of victory associated             upsetting the natural
with the conquests of the Maratha forces lead by the great hero Chhatrapati        balance by killing off all
Shivaji Maharaj. Traditionally, families are supposed to begin the festivities     insects. Neem
by eating the bittersweet leaves of the neem tree. Sometimes, a paste of           ingredients are more
neem leaves is prepared and mixed with ajwain, gur, and tamarind. All the          effective for your lawn
members of the family consume this paste, which is believed to purify the          and gardens. NEEM
blood and strengthen the body’s immune system against diseases.                    Ingredients contains 2
  People in many villages in south India continue to live by the belief that       ingredients, azadirachtin
their traditional practices, rituals and superstitions will invariably help them   (AZA0 and
lead a better life. In one such instance, people in a Coimbatore village           liminoids, both from the
organised a symbolic wedding of a Neem and Banyan tree on June 2009 to             seed kernels of the neem
appease Rain God.                                                                  tree fruit. Sprayed onto
  Neem patent case                                                                 plant leaves. Upsets the
  The neem patent was granted by the European Patent Office to the                 insects hormonal system
United States Department of Agriculture and the chemical multinational,            and prevents it from
W.R. Grace, on September 14, 1994. Since then, Dr. Shiva, along with the           developing to its mature
International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movement and the Green             stage. Most effective on
Party in European Parliament, had been opposing it. In 2000, the European          immature insects and
Patent Office revoked the patent but the victory was short-lived as the            species that undergo
revocation was followed by an appeal.                                              complete
  At the hearing March 09, 2005, the patent was revoked after a petition           metamorphosis. It is Non-
was filed which was backed by the signatures of more than 100,000 Indians          toxic to humans.
and 225 agricultural, scientific and trade groups in 45 countries. Dr. Shiva
said. "We gave them evidence of farmers using this knowledge for a long
time and also gave them information about the two scientists who had
conducted research on neem in the 1960s and 1970s before the patent had
been granted. During the hearing they dismissed the appeal and upheld the
earlier revocation of the patent." Calling it a historic moment, Dr. Shiva
said: "Patenting is one of the ways through which traditional users can be
threatened. But now, such patents will no longer be a threat for traditional
users.




  Neem Africa’s green gold                                                         Neem flowers in Ugadi
   Senegalese scientist, Dr. Doudou D.Faye, has said that African unity can      festival
be achieved through the maximum exploitation of natural resources like the         The Telugu people
'Neem' tree if the development needs of the African continent are to be          celebrated Ugadi, the
properly addressed.                                                              Telugu New Year Day on
  Now northern Nigeria has discovered a huge economic potentials in Neem         April 5, 2011 with great
tree .According to Bello Ahmad, "Beyond all the possible pesticides and          enthusiasm. On eve of
pharmaceuticals, neem provides many useful and valuable commonplace              the Ugadi festival almost
materials. For instance, oil extracted from the seeds goes into soaps,           all people distribus Ugadi
waxes, and lubricants, as well as into fuels for lighting and heating. The       pachidi' (chatney) among
solid residue left after the oil is removed from the kernels, is employed as a   their relatives and
fertilizer. In addition, wood from the trees is valued for construction,         friends.
cabinetry, and fuel. The bark is tapped for gum and extracted for tannins
and dental-care products. The leaves are sometimes used for emergency
livestock feed. And the profuse flowers are a prized source of honey." Of all
these products, the neem oil is perhaps the most commercially important.
According to Bello, "In composition, it is much like other vegetable oils,
composed primarily of triglycerides of oleic, stearic, linoleic, and palmitic
acids.
 To obtain neem oil, the seeds are first broken open and the kernels
separated. The kernels are then pressed in industrial expellers or in hand-
or bullock-operated wooden presses (ghanis). The oil yield is sometimes as
high as 50 percent of the weight of the kernel. This "cold-pressed oil" is
mainly used in lamps, soaps, and other nonedible products. It is generally
dark, bitter, and smelly. Unlike most vegetable oils, it contains sulfur
compounds, whose pungent odor is reminiscent of garlic."
  While lending credence to the numerous views on the diverse benefits of
the tree, the Katsina state governor, Alhaji Ibrahim Shema, was quoted as
saying that the neem tree has a huge potential for industrial use and export
purposes. "The neem tree is a wonderful plant," Shema said. "It is in
abundance in Katsina State. It is a tree that you plant which does not
require a lot of water after it has grown up, and it works to reduce
desertification." According to him, the neem tree has potential for industrial
use with great potential for export.
   Azadirachta indica is an extensively popular tree in Nigeria and is
commonly referred to as Neem (English), “Dogon Yaro” (Hausa) and “Akun
shorop” (Igbo).

 Neem checks Climate Change and Global Warming
  Creating awareness of the importance of neem, conservation and
protection of the existing neem saplings and planting new ones will be the
focus of a state-wide drive that will undertaken by youths and citizens.
"The Neem Tree Conservation Project An Answer to climate
Change and Global Warming ", a two-year awareness campaign floated
by Pune-based youth organisation Uth 2 Uth, will soon commence.
  "Neem is said to have an impact over the water availability, soil fertility,
control over pest insects, shift in agricultural practices, spread of
epidemic diseases and sudden climate changes resulting in drought.
Taking our environmental initiatives further, we are implementing this           Bergen Technical
massive neem tree plantation and conservation programme in order to            Academies senior and
make the city and the surroundings of Pune greener, and help reduce the        Rutherford resident Khushali
pollution levels," said Ameya Jagtap, president of Uth 2 Uth.                  Upadhyay recently tested the
  A systematic plantation of healthy neem saplings in the premises of          Neem leaves from a largely
schools, colleges, government buildings, housing societies, gardens,           un-researched tree in India to
open spaces, industry premises, hill tops and slopes will follow in June       see how they would affect
2011 during the onset of monsoons. The initiative will also involve            cancer cells. Khushali
publishing an informative booklet, organising orientation programmes,          Upadhyay of Rutherford
identifying areas and reaching out to the interested individuals and           recently placed as a semi-
organisations.                                                                 finalist for research she did
 "The idea is to achieve a conservation target of at least ten thousand        on the effectiveness of
neem trees in the first phase of two years. A birth certificate and progress   chemical extracts taken from
card will be recorded for each sapling that is planted. We want to have at     the Neem tree on leukemia
least 2,000 participants involved in this project," Jagtap added.              cells.
  Neem checks desert and enrich environment
  Inspired by the green cover in the desert area of Israel, a man here is         A 13 year girl studying
determined to transform the Thar desert by undertaking massive                  neem properties
plantation on his own. Kishore Khimawat, a diamond merchant by                    The Bucks County
profession, has so far planted over 1.75 lakh neem plants in the district.      Intermediate Unit holds its
The green cover along many roads in the region reflects the dedication          first annual Girls In Focus
and hard work behind the plantation work done by him. Not only road             with Technology (GIFT) Day
sides, but hospitals, schools and institute premises also have green cover      at the BCIU office center in
due to the efforts of Khimawat, who hails from Khimel village, about 60         Doylestown
kms from here, and is now settled in Mumbai.                                    Borough on May 9, 2011. A
 "Over 1.75 lakh saplings on several road sides, in a total area of 290         13-year old girl Tanya Kumir
kms, have been planted in the district so far with cent per cent survival       who is already succeeding in
rate," Khimawat said. "Experts suggested that I plant neem which grows          science, placed first in a
even in adverse conditions, offering maximum greenery which in turn             regional science fair,
attracts rainfall and keeps the environment healthy," he said                   studying the antibacterial
                                                                                properties of the neem tree,
  Neem undiscovered cure for cancer                                             a tree that is native to India,
  Khushali Upadhyay of Rutherford recently placed as a semi-finalist for        but has been brought into the
research she did on the effectiveness of chemical extracts taken from the United States.
Neem tree on leukemia cells. Upadhyay took leaves from the Neem tree,
a species native to Southeast Asia and rarely found outside India and
Pakistan. The tree is widely used in India as a home-cure for many
different ailments: it's used in tea and in toothpaste, it's recognized as
having anti-fungal and
anti-bacterial properties. "The Neem is something we use in almost
everything," said Upadhyay. Her family moved to the United States from
India when she was about five years old, but she and her family have
travelled back there each year to visit their relatives in Bombay. "It's
considered the miracle tree in India."
 The uses got Upadhyay wondering if anyone had ever tested to see if
the tree be effective against cancer. A review of the available research
showed that relatively little had been done and almost all of it overseas in
India. Upadhyay then set about getting leaves from the Neem tree and
using solvents to extract different chemical compounds from the plant.
Using the extensive facilities provided by Bergen Academy, Upadhyay
tested the chemicals on healthy human immune system cells called
"natural killer cells" and on leukemia cells. Her research showed that the
Neem extract helped strengthen the immune system cells. "The Neem
[acted] as a natural antioxidant to help the natural killer cells survive," she
said. After two years of research, Upadhyay submitted her research to
the Intel Science Talent Search, a prestigious nationwide research
competition for high school students that's been around since 1942. Out
of 1,744 applicants across the country, (Courtsy :www.northjersey.com)



  Story of JustNeem business
   Peter, a biochemist by profession and Magda, a teacher, wanted to do
more and put their passion to work in a meaningful way. After traveling
with a Disaster Relief Organization doing work in Africa. He observed the
Neem, was growing well in this part of Africa. Peter then turned to his
                               many colleagues in biochemistry to do further
                               research into Neem’s healing properties. All
                               parts of the tree have been studied
                               extensively in Neem research. The fruit, and
                               in particular the kernel, contains oil with very
                                                                                     Natural solutions for
                               high amounts of active bio-molecules. These
                                                                                  head lice
                               bio-molecules hold a variety of beneficial
                                                                                    Although head lice aren't
                               compounds. Well-documented properties of
                                                                                  dangerous, the critters can
                               Neem include its anti-bacterial, anti-fungal,
                                                                                  cause serious itching and--
                               and anti-viral effects, as well as its role in
                                                                                  it turn--set kids up for skin
                               accelerated wound healing. It is with these
                                                                                  infections that result from
healing oils that JustNeem makes their products. All soaps and lotions are
                                                                                  constant scratching.
made with the finest cosmetic grade raw materials and contain Neem and
                                                                                    Shampoos made with a
other natural ingredients. Here is a list of the bath and body products now
                                                                                  chemical called permethrin
being produced there with Neem oil:
                                                                                  are the standard
 Soaps - 20 different scents, all made with natural ingredients including
                                                                                  treatment for head lice
lavender, shea butter, cranberries, Aloe Vera, ginger, vitamin E, coconut &
                                                                                  infestation. But if you'd like
sunflower oils
                                                                                  to steer clear of synthetic
 Body Lotions – 9 different scents and all contain the valuable properties
                                                                                  chemicals, some research
of Neem and act as a natural skin protector and soothing agent.
                                                                                  suggests that certain
 Outdoor Body Spray – Neem oils combined with herbal extracts provide
                                                                                  natural remedies can help
a deterrent to biting insects without the use of chemicals. Also used to
                                                                                  get rid of head lice. An herb
disinfect minor cuts and sooth itching skin.
                                                                                  long used in ayurveda,
 Men’s Shaving Soap & After Shave – Contain the antiseptic and
                                                                                  neem has been found to
healing properties of Neem and soothes the skin after shaving.
                                                                                  eliminate head lice and
 Bath Salts & Tub Tea – Soothing to the skin.
                                                                                  their eggs in several small
 Lip Balm – Protects and moisturizes
                                                                                  studies. Neem paste with
 Neem Cure Oil – Neem oil has been known for centuries to help treat
                                                                                  green neem leaves help
topical wounds, skin blemishes, burns, and infections These products
                                                                                  knock out head lice when
containing the Neem oils are said to also treat: * topical wounds, * skin
                                                                                  applied to the scalp.
blemishes, * burns, * infections, * eczema and psoriasis. * athletes foot
* bug bites, * diaper rash
  The first de novo sequencing of neem                                                After treating your
    Bangalore-based Ganit Labs, a genome sequencing and translational               child's head lice, make
genomics lab, has taken it a step further. The company announced at a               sure to wash all bed
press conference here on September 30, 2011 that it had “completed the              linens
first de novo sequencing of neem”. The not-for-profit, government-funded            and recently worn
public-private initiative between Institute of Bioinformatics and Applied           clothing and soak all hair-
Biology (IBAB) and Strand Life Sciences, has completed the analysis of the          care items in rubbing
neem plant and has unravelled its genome and coding parts.                          alcohol to keep the tiny
  Those involved in this study believe that by understanding the molecular          bugs from coming back.
architecture of the neem genome, knowledge about this traditional medicine
will be enhanced. Announcing their achievement, Binay Panda, head of
Ganit Labs said, “We believe our current sequencing study on neem will
provide the right scientific impetus for students and young scientists in
studying one of the most important plant species of our country.” M.N.
Vidyashankar, Principal Secretary, Department of Information Technology,
Biotechnology, and Science and Technology, said, “The findings will be
useful in education, healthcare and agriculture.” “The results of the neem
project have been communicated to the State Biodiversity Board,” said
Vijay Chandru, Chairman and CEO of Strand Life Sciences.                             As courts go green,
                                                                                   trees vanish from SHC
 Neem tree under attack from new pest                                                Healthy trees, including
  Neem tree a panacea for many ills,is under attack from a new voracious           a Neem and Ashoka tree,
pest that is found to devour the leaves of the wonder tree, say scientists.        that stood outside the
The pest has been identified as 'Cleora Coronaria' belonging to a family of        Sindh High Court building
moths and previously known as a minor pest of the neem tree, referred to           have been uprooted to
as 'Arishta' or reliever of sickness in ancient Sanskrit texts. A study of the     make room for a new
pest by zoologists of the University of Lucknow indicate it is a fast-growing      structure – a fountain
insect with a voracious appetite. The newly-hatched insects were usually           made of red stone.
found clumped on the edges of neem leaves feeding in a frenzied manner,            Ironically, this is being
Prof Omkar and Geentanjali Mishra reported in 'Current Science'. "They             done at a time when the
moved around actively in search of food and cut leaves rhythmically in             superior courts
semi-circles," they said. After feeding on the neem leaves for four to five        announced that they will
days, the insects become sluggish and burrow themselves in moist soil to           establish a court to hear
transform into a moth in about a fortnight.                                        cases on the
  In their ifetime of five to seven days, the moths mate thrice with the female    environment. Green
laying over 500 eggs of which over 95 per cent were found to be viable, the        courts were planned so
zoologists said. Two peculiar incidents of entire defoliation of mature neem       that no one would cut
trees in 2009-10 in some villages of Uttar Pradesh caught the scientists'          trees to make space for
attention. "The increasing spread of this defoliating insect on a tree believed    huge commercial plazas
to be invincible, led to studies about its identity, previous records, status as   or giant
an occasional pest and life history," they said. They now recommend that           billboards.(Source:The
the insect be re-classified as a major pest. Observations that locusts settled     Express Tribune , May
on the neem tree but did not feed on it, led to numerous studies which             26, 2012)
aided the identification of around 200 compounds responsible for various
insecticide and medicinal properties.
  References
1.Kausik Biswas, Ishita Chattopadhyay, Ranajit K.Banerjee and Uday Bandyopadhyay. "Biological
activities and
medicinal properties of neem (Azadirachta indica)
2. Ganguli, S. "Neem: A therapeutic for all seasons"
3. Zillur Rahman and M. Shamim Jairajpuri. Neem in Unani Medicine.
4. Neem Foundation <http://www.neemfoundation.org/>



                  Neem Natural Mosquito Repellent
           Is neem oil really 100% effective as a natural mosquito repellant?

Neem's natural mosquito repellent properties are an important weapon in the fight against
malaria in third world countries.

Malaria is a big problem in tropical regions, and that is where neem grows best.

Neem is widely established so it is easily available and—most importantly—it works.
    You have two main options for using neem oil to repel mosquitoes naturally:

    You can use neem in a personal mosquito repellant on the skin, or you can burn it, for example as
    incense, or by adding neem oil to citronella flares or kerosene lamps.

                   Research on neem as a natural mosquito repellant plant

    Here are results of some of the field studies that were done on the natural mosquito repelling action
    of neem oil:

           In 1994 the the Malaria Research Centre of Delhi, India, tested whetherkerosene lamps
     with 1% neem oil can protect people from mosquito bites. For that test they burned the lamps in
     living rooms, and from 6 pm to 6 am caught the mosquitoes sitting on the walls and those attracted
     to human bait (i.e. volunteers).

     Neem oil clearly reduced the number of bites on the volunteers and also the number of
     mosquitoes caught. The protection was greater against anopheles species (the ones that
     transmit malaria) than against culex.
          A 1995 study at a field station the Malaria Research Centre in Ranipur, Hardwar, India,
     tested a mix of 2% neem oil mixed in coconut oil.

     They showed that applying that mixture to the skin provided significant protection from various
     mosquitoes. It worked best against anophelines,offering 96-100% protection! (The malaria
     transmitting anopheles mosquitoes fall into this group). The numbers for other species were 85%
     for Aedes (carries dengue fever), 61-94% for Culex spp. (can carry West Nile virus) and 35% for
     Armigeres.
         In 1996 the Malaria Research Centre of Delhi, India did another field trial with kerosene
     lamps in an Indian village. Kerosene lamps with 1% neem oil were kept burning from dusk to
     dawn in living rooms.

     They found that the lamps kept the mosquitoes out of the living rooms and that the malaria
     incidents of the population dropped dramatically (from about ten cases per thousand people to only
     one in thousand). Once the lamps were removed, the mosquitoes returned and so did the malaria.

    (As for the safety of this method, another 1996 study by the Malaria Research Centre in Delhi, India
    tested the effects of kerosene lamps with 1% neem oil. Clinical examination of 156 adults and 110
    children did not reveal any major adverse effects after one year of exposure to 1% neem oil.)

        What does it all mean? Is neem oil an effective natural mosquito repellent?

    Well, it depends what species of mosquito you are dealing with. For malaria protection neem oil is
    fantastic. If you combine the 96-100% protection rate of the home made mosquito repellent
    with burning some neem oil when sitting outside and wearing sensible clothing, you are well
    protected indeed.
But take for example the common house mosquitoes in northern America. They are a culex species,
and neem's effectiveness against culex varies. The number of bites will be greatly reduced, but you
probably still get bitten.

So to make an educated guess how effective neem oil will be, it helps to know what mosquito
species are common in your area or in the area you want to visit. There are many different kinds of
mosquitoes and they are specific to different regions.

Another way to determine how well neem oil works for you as a natural mosquito repellent is to
simply try it out.

And now to one important caveat. The only studies that showed significant protection from mosquito
bites through neem oil, were those that used the neem oil in coconut oil mix. Rubbing pure oil on
your skin is not the most pleasant sensation in hot an humid climates where mosquitoes are most
active. Oh, and neem oil does not smell of roses!

Several companies offer personal neem outdoor sprays. They may not necessarily use neem oil, as
neem leaf extract has similar properties though it is not as powerful as the oil. Those outdoor sprays
do offer some protection against biting insects in general. The neem leaf is also wonderfully soothing
for skin that is irritated from the heat and insects.

But realistically these sprays do not offer the protection that you would get from a neem oil/coconut
oil mix. In fact, those neem sprays are in my experience little more effective than other natural
mosquito repellents and you most certainly can not expect them to perform like a DEET containing
mosquito repellent. Also, just like other natural repellents those neem sprays need to be applied very
frequently, whereas DEET lasts for many hours.

Natural mosquito repellents do work. I use only natural mosquito repellent, sometimes neem,
sometimes others. For most of the year and around my house the amount of protection those natural
mosquito repellents offer is good enough. But there are times of the year where the mosquitoes are
so thick that neem spray seems to do nothing. (I live in a tropical area.) During those times I make
sure I also cover up from head to toe, avoid the wettest and most overgrown areas in the garden and
avoid being outside at dusk and dawn. I will still not put any DEET on my skin. That stuff is way too
toxic for my liking to use it regularly.

Don't count on neem natural mosquito repellent to perform a miracle. It won't. But if you use it right
(i.e. using the coconut oil/neem oil mix and also burning neem in a lamp, candle or flare) and
combine that with other common sense measures, like covering up and using mosquito netting, then
there really is no need to put DEET on your skin.


Insect repellent with Neem oil
Repellent for insects such as mosquitoes, midges and flies
This herbal insect repellent contains an extract of Neem seed oil known as Margosa. It is suitable for
anyone, even those with a sensitivity to conventional insect repellents because it doesn’t contain any
DEET, a synthetic and potentially toxic ingredient that appears in most repellents.
    Benefits and features of Neem Insect Repellent:
           Repellent for insects such as mosquitoes, flies and midges
           Made from Neem seed extract
           Suitable for those sensitive to conventional insect repellents
           Does not contain DEET
           Does not harm clothing or spectacle frames
           Can be used on children
    Neem insect repellent doesn’t harm clothing or spectacle frames, as with some other repellents.
    Neem Insect Repellent can be used on children, but make sure that it is applied by an adult and
    cover their eyes before spraying around the head.

    The Neem tree has a long history of use in Indian culture and Ayurvedic medicine. It has long been
    known that Neem can act as an insect repellent – it was traditional practice to add a few Neem
    leaves to rice stored in homes to repel insects and other similar creatures.

    Ingredients:
    Ethanol, octyldodecanol, Margosa extract (an extract of neem oil), bergamot oil, rosemary oil,
    eucalyptus oil.
    Directions for use:
    As an insect repellent, apply onto exposed areas every three hours or as required.
    Avoid contact with eyes. Avoid when pregnant due to essential oils. Neem insect repellent is for
    external use only.




     For the handy spray you will need:

     5ml Neem Oil
     2ml washing up liquid, or soap (organic)
     1L Water
     1x Spray bottle (clean)

     1: Add 5ml of Neem Oil to the 1L of Water (or 5% Neem if you want to make a different quantity).

     2: Add 2ml emulsifying agent, like washing up liquid or soap.

     3: Decanter into a clean spray bottle, shake and apply directly to exposed skin.
To make coil we can use maida and gugulu as base then mix neem oil in it .



We can also mix following item in it .



Neem 7.77 %

Vekhand 3%

Tulsi 3%

Ajwin 2.22 %

Raal 3.9%

Leman grass oil 8.6%

Cowdung 46%

Maida 6.35%

 Etc

MIX AND GIVE A SHAPE TO YOUR COIL FOR BURNING .



YOU CAN PREPARE FOLLOWING BASE:



COWDUG + GUGGLU + OPTIMISED INGRADIENTS

COWDUG+ MAIDA + OPT , IND

COAL POWDER + MAIDA + OPT,IND,

COAL POWDER + GUGGLU + OPT. IND.
Field studies on the mosquito repellent action of neem oil.

Date: 7/23/2005 8:03:57 PM ( 7 y ) ... viewed 10772 times

1: Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 1995 Mar;26(1):180-2. Related Articles, Links


Field studies on the mosquito repellent action of neem oil.

Sharma SK, Dua VK, Sharma VP.

Malaria Research Center (Field Station), BHEL Complex, Ranipur, Hardwar, India.

Repellent action of neem oil was evaluated against different mosquito species. 2% neem oil mixed in
coconut oil provided 96-100% protection from anophelines, 85% from Aedes, 37.5% from Armigeres
whereas it showed wide range of efficacy from 61-94% against Culex spp. Therefore, neem oil can be
applied as a personal protection measure against mosquito bites.

Publication Types:
Clinical Trial
Controlled Clinical Trial

PMID: 8525409 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=8525409&dopt=Abst
ract

More Info about Neem Oil

ENJOYING THE OUTDOORS WITH NEEM
Summer is the time when most people want to get out and enjoy the outdoors. But biting insects can
quickly turn a fun time into a nightmare. Keeping insects away usually involves synthetic repellents
containing a potentially dangerous chemical called N,Ndiethyl-m-toluamide, commonly called DEET.
Though these repellents are effective they may also be responsible for severe medical problems reported
by some people who use them. A safer alternative was needed.

Neem oil is a natural vegetable oil used since antiquity as an insect repellent for both people and food
crops. Researchers at the Malaria Institute have discovered that neem repels the mosquito that causes
malaria for up to twelve hours as well as biting flies, sand fleas and ticks. In fact, several compounds in
neem are more effective insect repellents than DEET yet are much safer.

For those seeking a safe alternative to potentially dangerous synthetic repellents, neem offers an
attractive alternative:

Neem oil is an excellent skin moisturizer while DEET is not recommended for repeated application to the
skin, around the face or on the hands of small children.
Neem oil is a natural vegetable oil safe for most surfaces while DEET should not be sprayed on furniture,
plastics, watch crystals, leather and painted surfaces.
Neem is a healing herb that is famous for its healing properties for cuts, scrapes and poison oak and ivy.
DEET products contain warnings against getting them in open sores or on damaged skin.
When we go outdoors insects will usually be a part of the experience. Keeping them from biting and
possibly transmitting diseases can be accomplished safely with neem oil products. The compounds
developed over millions of years by the neem tree offer natural, safe and effective protection from insects.
Although neem may not always prevent the insect from landing, it will prevent bites.
http://www.neemdirect.com/herbal.htm
    Add This Entry To Your CureZone Favorites!


    Ingredients:
         2 tablespoons of one or a combination of the following: witch hazel or grain alcohol
         2 tablespoons of one or a combination of the following: grapeseed oil, jojoba oil,
       almond oil, olive oil, or neem oil (which contains natural insecticidal compounds)
         ½ teaspoon grain alcohol as preservative (if not already using)
         100-110 drops essential oils




     NEEM LEAVES CONTAIN HIGH PERCENTAGE OF VITAMIN E , WHICH IS VERY
     GOOD FOR SKIN .



     PASTE FROM NEEM LEAVES : 1 KG OF LEAVES , 5 LTR OF WATER , SOAK
     OVER NIGHT , MAKE PASTE NEXT DAY WITH PROPER GRINDING , APPLY THIS
     PASATE TO EFFECTED AREA , KEEP IT FOR 20 MINUTES THEN WASH .

      FOR PASTE CONTROL 1 % NEEM OIL IS SUFFICIENT .




     Using Neem Oil: Making Neem Shampoo, Lotion
                      And Cream
    To make your own neem shampoo, neem lotion or neem cream from scratch would be quite an
    undertaking. Making your own cosmetics requires a lot of skill and knowledge.

    But you need not do it from scratch!

    It can be so simple: just add some 100% pure, organic neem oil to your favourite shampoo or lotion,
    and voila! You have neem shampoo or neem lotion.

    Here are the amounts you use, and how to use them:

    Neem oil mixes readily with shampoos, lotions or creams.

         Use 1 to 5 ml of neem oil for every 100 ml of shampoo or lotion/cream. (That's roughly half
     an ounce to 8 ounces).
         Adjust the amount according to the intended use. For every day use a lower concentration is
     good enough. If you are battling some skin disorder, dandruff, parasite or similar, you may want to
     use more.
          Be aware that neem oil stinks! (Of sulfur and garlic.) So be careful with the amount you use.
         Only mix a small batch at any one time, ideally only as much as you will use. (Neem oil is not
     necessarily stable when mixed with other substances.)
           You can keep a flask of neem oil with an eye dropper in the bathroom. Just mix the shampoo
     or lotion with a few drops of oil in the palm of your hand.

    Neem oil can also be mixed with other carrier oils, for example olive or almond oil.

          The amounts to use are the same: 2 to 5 ml of neem oil for every 100 ml of oil mixture.
         Mask the horrible neem oil smell with a few drops of essential oil, like lavender or
     sandalwood.
           Some people prefer to use tea tree oil. It gives the blend a more medicinal smell, plus tea
     tree oil is a wonderful medicinal oil as well.
          For use as neem hair oil: massage into scalp and leave for at least one hour or over night.
          For skin problems: apply directly onto the skin two or three times a day.

    You should not use undiluted neem oil on your skin. I also suggest that you always try out a very
    small amount, on a small area, and see if your skin reacts in any way.

    Some people are sensitive to neem oil (though not at this low concentration). Depending on how the
    neem oil was processed there could also be traces of other ingredients that cause allergies. It's
    simple common sense to test it first.


                    Neem Leaf Recipes - Leaf Extract
    On this page you find some more neem leaf recipes.

    Making your own neem leaf extract is simple.

    All you need is a supply of fresh neem leaves, fresh water, and something to filter your brew.

                    1: Making large amounts of a watery neem leaf extract.

          Cover the neem leaves with water at a ratio of one kilogram of leaves to five liters of water.

          Let the leaves soak over night.
          Don't heat or boil the mix. Heat will actually lower the Azadirachtin content of the neem leaf
     extract.
          The next day grind the leaves in the water, and then strain the mixture. (I usually do this in
     two steps: first I strain the whole brew through something like cheesecloth to remove most of the
     sludge. Then I filter it through a proper filter paper. The result is a clear liquid.)

    If you want to make neem leaf extract to use for spraying in the garden you can soak the neem
    leaves for up to a week. It makes the extract more effective, but phew, it smells foul!

    If you want to use it elsewhere, for example add it to your bath water for skin protection etc., then
    you want to strain it before it starts smelling. You can keep neem leaf extract in a dark bottle in the
    fridge for several days. However, depending on the use it's much safer to make it fresh.

                                           2: A quick neem bath

    To quickly make a small amount of neem leaf extract to add to the bath water just make a strong cup
    of tea from fresh or dried neem leaves.

                         3: Neem leaf recipe for eye wash or mouth wash

    To make a neem eye wash to use for itchy, red eyes, conjunctivitis etc. boil ten fresh and clean
    neem leaves in a liter of water for ten minutes, along with some cotton (to absorb impurities).

    The same mix can be used as a gargle to treat a sore throat, or as a mouth wash to treat gum
    disease and prevent tooth decay.

                                            4: Neem face wash

    Boil neem leaves in water for a few minutes. Use the same amount you would use for strong cup of
    tea. Strain, let it cool down, and use it as an antibacterial face wash several times a day. Beneficial
    to treat acne and pimples.



    NEEM (Azadirachta indica) is called ‘arista’ in Sanskrit- a word that means ‘perfect,
    complete and imperishable’. Neem has been used in India and other southeast
    countries for thousands of years in agriculture, food storage, and in curing many
    diseases. Many research studies have proven that Neem has insecticidal, fungicidal,
    miticidal and medicinal properties.

    Organeem LLC brings all the goodness of Neem in 100% pure cold-pressed Neem Oil
    imported from India. It has no added solvents and has a minimum azadirachtin content
    of 1500 ppm*, that guarantees its effectiveness.

    We offer premium quality, 100% Pure Cold-Pressed Neem Oil and Neem
    Products at great low prices with the convenience of shopping from home. Buy
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Our 2 Fl. Oz. and 8 Fl. Oz. bottles of neem oil come with FREE spout
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                          ITEM
                                                           (US$)
   NTF-SH Neem Tree Farms Neem
   Oil Shampoowith Organic Aloe & Nopal (8                 $ 7.80
   Oz.) Buy Now!
   OX-NCON Organix
   TheraNeem Conditioner with Certified Organic $ 12.95
   Neem-Gentle Therape (12 Fl. Oz.) Buy Now!
   NTF-HC Neem Tree     Farms Hair Care (2 Fl.
                                                          $ 14.95
   Oz.)Buy Now!NEW!!!
   NTF-LO  Neem Tree Farms Neem
                                                          $ 10.95
   Oil Lotion with Organic Aloe (8 Oz.) Buy Now!
   OX-NLCAPS Organix Thera Neem Leaf
                                                          $ 16.95
   Capsules (120 Count) Buy Now!
            Organix TheraNeem Supercritical
   OX-SNEXT60
                                                          $ 51.95
   CO2 Neem Extract (60 Count) Buy Now!
   NTF-OG  Neem Tree Farms
   Botanical OutdoorGel with Neem Oil & Aloe               $ 7.75
   Vera (4 Oz.) Buy Now!
         Neem Tree Farms All-Natural Anti-Itch
   NTF-AIF
                                                          $ 10.00
   Formula(4 Oz.) Buy Now!
   NTF-CRM Neem     Tree Farms Neem Oil Cream (2
                                                           $ 9.75
   Oz.) Buy Now!
   NTF-SOALSA  Neem Tree Farms Soap with
   Neem Oil, Aloe Vera & Sandalwood (Scented)              $ 3.95
   5.3 Oz.Buy Now!
   NTF-SOAL  Neem Tree Farms Soap with Neem
                                                           $ 3.95
   Oil & Aloe Vera (Unscented) 5.3 Oz. Buy Now!
   NTF-SOGF   Neem Tree Farms Soap with Neem
   Oil, Aloe Vera & Grapefruit (Scented) 5.3               $ 3.95
   Oz. Buy Now!
NTF-SOLV   Neem Tree Farms Soap with Neem
Oil, Aloe Vera & Lavender (Scented) 5.3       $ 3.95
Oz. Buy Now!
NTF-SLV Neem Tree Farms Vegetarian Neem
                                              $ 10.99
Salve (2 Oz.) Buy Now!
NTF-NLEXT2 Neem Tree Farms Certified
                                              $ 8.75
Organic Neem Leaf Extract (2 Oz.) Buy Now!
NTF-NLEXT8 Neem Tree Farms Certified
                                              $ 29.75
Organic Neem Leaf Extract (8 Oz.) Buy Now!
NTF-NTEAPNeem Tree Farms Neem Leaf &
                                              $ 7.90
Peppermint Tea (4 Oz.) Buy Now!
NTF-NTEACNeem Tree Farms Neem Bark &
                                              $ 7.90
Cinnamon Tea (4 Oz.) Buy Now!
NTF-NBMWNeem Tree Farms Neem Bark
                                              $ 8.99
Mouthwash (2 Oz.) Buy Now!
AUR-TPMAuromere Herbal Toothpaste with
Neem and Peelu (Freshmint) (4.16 Oz.) Buy     $ 6.25
Now!
AUR-TPCFAuromere Herbal Toothpaste with
Neem and Peelu (Non-Foaming with              $ 6.25
Cardamom-Fennel Flavor) (4.16 Oz.) Buy Now!
OX-FSOAP  Organix Thera Neem Facial
Complexion Botanical Cleansing Bar (Over 4    $ 7.50
Oz.) Buy Now!
NTF-FSM Neem Tree Farms Facial Scrub &
                                              $ 7.99
Mask (3 Oz.) Buy Now!
OX-NMST Organix Thera Neem Neem Stick Lip
                                              $ 7.25
Therape (.15 Oz.) Buy Now!
       Organix TheraNeem Kids Therape
OX-KIDSH
                                              $ 13.95
Shampoo & Bodywash (12 Oz.)Buy Now!
OX-KIDCON Organix TheraNeem Kids Therape
                                              $ 13.95
Conditioner (12 Oz.) Buy Now!
OX-KIDSOAP   Organix TheraNeem Kids &
Babies Neem Therape Cleansing Bar (4          $ 6.99
Oz.)Buy Now!
OX-N&CT  Organix Neem Scrub-Nail and
                                              $ 16.50
Cuticle (7 Oz.) Buy Now!
OX-MSB Organix TheraNeem Men's Shaving &
                                              $ 7.50
Cleansing Bar (over 4 Oz.) Buy Now!
                                  NEEM PET-CARE PRODUCTS

              Please click on the item code to see description of the products below:

                                                                           PRICE
                                           ITEM
                                                                           (US$)
                  OX-PS Organix     Thera Neem Pet Shampoo (12
                                                                          $ 11.99
                  Oz.) Buy Now!
                  NTF-SS Neem Tree Farms Sprout's Spray for
                                                                           $ 8.75
                  People & Pets (8 Oz.) Buy Now!




Sales Tax and Shipping & Handling extra as applicable. We sell pure neem oil and Neem Products on
wholesale too. Please contact for our wholesale pricing.

Please click on order to order.

Note: Prices are subject to change without notice.

Disclaimer: Neem oil sold by Organeem LLC is pure unformulated neem oil and is not registered
by the EPA as a pesticide or insecticide. It has also not been registered by the FDA for treating or
curing any disease or for any specific herbal use. We are also not responsible for claims made by
manufacturers of the neem-based products we carry on our online store. We do-not guarantee
that the product(s) will work for any specific condition. We try to update the list of ingredients in
the Neem Products on our website-however if you would like, you can contact us for the latest
information.

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