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					Permitting Process

      Alasdair McKellar
    PPC Compliance Officer
     Environment Agency

   Permit Application and Determination Processes

   Consider Inter-relationship
    with IPC

   Context of Environmental
    Permitting of Incinerators
Using the ‘I’ Word
Incinerators are often described as
 ‘Energy from Waste Plant’
 ‘Energy Recovery Facility’
 ‘Resource Recovery Parks’

But this is
 Less Transparent
 Stigmatises Incineration
European Directives
Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC)
 No Significant Pollution (includes risk to
   human health)
 Apply Best Available Techniques
 Minimise Waste
 Prevent Accidents and Limit Their
 Return Land to Satisfactory State

Waste Incineration (WID)
 Sets Mandatory Minimum Standards for Emission
  Limit Values, monitoring and various operating conditions

Must comply with Both
Permit Determination Process
   Pre-Application Discussions
   Submit Application (20/10/10)
   Duly Making
   Advertising and Consultation
   Evaluation
   Further Information
   Determination
   Draft Decision
   Second Round of Consultation
   Decision
What Needs to be in an Application
   Non – Technical Summary
   BAT Assessment
   Description of the process and how it is controlled
   Emissions to the Environment (Air, Water, Sewer, Land & Waste)
   Efficient Use of Materials, Water and Energy
   Noise and Odour
   Management
   Accident Prevention
   Monitoring of Emissions
   Protection of the Land – Site Condition Report
   Environmental Impact Assessment
   Air Dispersion Model
   Health Risk Assessment
Consultation and Engagement
As part of the determination process we consult with…
 The Local Authority, (Planning and Environmental Health)
 The Primary Care Trust,
 Natural England,
 The Food Standards Agency,
 Health and Safety Executive
 Others as necessary


Local People by advertising in the local paper and on our website, both
at application and draft decision stages.
Responding to Public Concerns
   Recognise that local people have genuine concerns and these need
    to be addressed without being dismissive.
   Complex or technical information can be presented clearly and
    honestly without trivialising the issue.
   Myths and misinformation do however need to be challenged.
   Be clear about what is within our remit and what is not; and how we
    reach decisions.
   Be aware that some will have other agendas Recognise that local
    could be very well informed and
    even expert.
   Recognise that local people will
    know their area and its history
    better than we do.

It All Takes Time
Development Consent Order
and Environmental Permit
Both are needed to operate
 Don’t need a DCO to issue an incinerator permit
 Can apply sequentially
  or twin track
 EA and LA are consultees
  to each other’s process
 We exchange information
  with the IPC
Planning Policy Statement 23
Government   policy on planning and pollution
States that the two systems are separate but
Planning deals with land use and location
Pollution control deals with the processes and
    control of emissions
   Incineration is not a dirty word
   Plant must comply with IPPC and WID
   Application at the Duly Making Stage
   High public interest site
   Two stages of consultation
   Permit determination process will be thorough and
    painstaking – likely to take up to a year
   Planning and Environmental Permitting – separate
    but complementary
How do I find out more?
   From our website
       Incineration
       Permitting
       consultation link

   From Defra website - Permitting

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